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Frias, Danielle Mei C.

March 10, 2020

BS ACC 2-1 Ms. Bacor

“Chapter 9: Gender and Politics (A Reflection Paper)”

Politics had always been a fundamental and very influential aspect of our society. It is
recognized to be the twin sibling of governance. Often, it is composed of social practices
involving the government and public, safety, health, education, employment, economy,
power and authority. And it is known not only to be gendered, but also it is a social institution
were in individuals belonging to it act, make decisions and work together for a common goal.

As to what I have reflected from this chapter of gender and society, politics seems to
be still conservative towards gender equality not only in the Philippines but also around the
world. But it is quite overwhelming knowing that there are lots of improvements encouraging
gender equality, responsible politics and good governance, meaning the world is slowly
adjusting, accepting and recognizing the roles of women in the society. There are growth of
equal opportunities given to both women and men, and giving them chances to contribute
and participate, not only in the field of politics but also for the entire sustainability of the
economy and national well-being of the public. The government is also doing its best on
passing laws and programs towards the total eradication of gender inequality in politics, but
even though that is the case, gender divide can still be felt in our present society.
International Human Rights Law Framework and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable
Development are only few of the programs around the world that prohibits gender
stereotyping and encourage equality towards men and women. In fact, women now are
given the chance to voice out there opinions and concerns as well as recognize their
decisions and contributions in the society.

The Politics in the Philippines is slowly improving regarding the issue of gender
divide. Throughout the years, even though it is quite snail-paced, the number of women
candidates for position and actually being elected is increasing. But of course we still cannot
deny the fact that majority of those who are in position and being elected at top positions are
men. And the wide gap towards men and women is still present. Magna Carta of Women
(R.A. 9710), Local Government Code of 1991 and the Women in Development and Nation
Building Act (R.A. 7192) of the government improves the benefits, opportunities and
participation given to women in decision-making and policy-making processes in government
and other private entities and organizations. An evident example is having two women
leaders in our country for the past years, President Corazon C. Aquino and President Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo. Other initiatives of the government towards gender equality in politics is
the mainstreaming of GAD, enhancement of the role of women on leadership and
participation, gender sensitivity of media, and the allotment of 5% of the budget of agencies
for GAD.

It is quite gratifying that the Philippine government is striving hard to be responsive

enough in the recognition and promotion of the rights of women to lead, decide and
participate in government, particularly in having relevant roles and exercising responsibilities
in politics. We should just remember that our main goal in gender and politics is not only to
increase the number of women in position and them participating, but we have to see the
bigger and better picture. And that is the harmonization of both men and women by working
side by side achieving a common goal for our society, political equality and total eradication
of gender gaps and stereotypes. Someday, our country will possess such gender-based
respect and equity. We are working on it, slowly but effectively.