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Erika April V.


L92 Ms. Anne Marie Ramos

Reflection Paper on Importance of Curriculum

Curriculum Development or CURIDEV is a subject that focuses on the development,

implementation, and evaluation of curricula. As education majors, we are taking up CURIDEV

as part of our course, since we need to learn how to make an effective curricular framework and

how to develop it. This is because the curriculum is a crucial factor in education and in school,

which will be our working field in the near future. The curriculum is the totality of the learning

experiences of the learner (Bago, 2008). The curriculum is important because it guides and

directs what and how a school should teach. It determines what and how the students should

learn. A school cannot properly function and exist without a curriculum since it serves as the

school's locus of control (Palma, 2009). The curriculum is similar to a compass; without an

effective curriculum, the school will not have the right direction in teaching its students. A

curriculum that lacks a clear structure and theoretical background limits its effectiveness in

producing desired outcomes (Bago, 2008). A school will not be able to effectively provide its

students with the learning experiences they need without an appropriate curriculum. It will not be

able to reach the ultimate goal of schools, which is for all of its students to attain learning and

achievement. Furthermore, parents select a school based on the merits of its curriculum and how

well it achieves its goals (Palma, 2009). When a school does not have a proper curriculum,

parents will not likely choose it for their children. Thus, it is necessary for a school to have a

clear, well-organized, and effective curriculum.

The curriculum is a dynamic process and needs revision. This is the goal of curriculum

development. However, only positive change brings about development. (Palma, 2009). Thus, I
think that there are two sides to the implications of an ever changing curriculum to teachers,

depending on the change it involves. The good change in the curriculum will bring about

development and positive change in the learners. The negative change on the other hand will not

have good implications on the teachers. On the first side, the curriculum must somehow allow

positive changes as time passes by. This is because the curriculum is the product of its own time

(Oliva, 2005). The curriculum should have room for change depending on the changes in the

learners’ needs and society’s demands. This kind of change on the curriculum implies that the

teachers should be in pace with the changes, such as keeping in pace with the revisions in the

curriculum, teaching strategies, and being updated with the new trends and discoveries in their

respective subject areas. On the other side, a negative change connotes too much change in the

curriculum that it already lacks a clear and original structure. This occurs when a school tries to

incorporate too much change in the curriculum because of new educational fads. When a school

tries to replace so much in their curriculum, the framework becomes obscured. This will

negatively affect the teachers because the teachers will be confused with the curriculum and with

what to teach to their students. Thus, an ever-changing curriculum must lean towards a positive

change for it to have good implications on the teachers.


Bago, A. (2008) Curriculum development: The philippine experience. Phil.: C & E

Publishing Inc.

Olivia, P. F. (2005). Developing the Curriculum 6th Ed. MA: Pearson Education Inc.

Palma, J. (2009). Curriculum development system: A handbook for school practitioners in

basic education. (2nd ed). Mandaluyong City: National Book Store