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CSA 2.

17-2017

Gas-fired appliances for use at high


altitudes
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CSA 2.17-2017
July 2017
Title: Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes
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CSA 2.17-2017
Gas-fired appliances for use at high
altitudes

Interprovincial Gas Advisory Council

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A pproved on July 31 , 201 7 by IGA C

Effective in Can ada July 31 , 201 7

Publish ed in July 201 7 by CSA Group

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A ll righ ts reserved. No part of th is publication m ay be reproduced in an y form wh atsoever

with out th e prior perm ission of th e publish er.


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

Contents
Interprovincial Gas Advisory Council (IGAC) 2

CSA Technical Committee on Gas Appliances and Related Accessories 4

Preface 7

1 Scope 8

2 Reference publications 8

3 Definitions 9

4 Construction 9
4.1 General 9
4.2 Identification by model number 9
4.3 Markings 10
4.4 Field convertibility 12
4.5 Instructions 13

5 Performance 13
5.1 General 13
5.2 Burner adjustments 13
5.3 Tests 14

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 1


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

Interprovincial Gas Advisory Council


(IGAC)

J.R. Marshall Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA), Chair


Toronto, Ontario, Canada

M.E. Davidson Province of New Brunswick Dept of Public Safety, Vice-Chair


Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

J. Renaud Régie du bâtiment du Québec, Vice-Chair


Montréal, Québec, Canada

A. Ali SaskPower,
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

D.A. Balcha Manitoba, Office of the Fire Commissioner, Non-voting


Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

R. Brousseau Régie du Bâtiment du Québec, Alternate


Montréal, Québec, Canada
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P. Christensen Yukon Government Community Services,
Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada

P. Fowler Nova Scotia Dept of Labour and Advanced Education,


Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada

Z.J. Fraczkowski Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA), Alternate


Toronto, Ontario, Canada

C. Guay Standards Council of Canada (SCC), Non-voting


Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

D.N. H ird SaskPower, Alternate


Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

S.C. Manning Alberta Municipal Affairs Safety Services,


Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

R. McRae Government of the NWT Public Works & Services,


Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 2


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

A. Peters Manitoba, Office of the Fire Commissioner,


Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

B.W. Reid Department of Environment, Energy and Forestry,


Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada

A. Simard Gov’t of the Northwest Territories Public Works & Non-voting


Services,
Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada

G. Tremblett Service NL, Newfoundland & Labrador,


St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

C. Valliere Alberta Municipal Affairs Safety Services, Alternate


Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

M.A. Wani Government of Nunavut Dept of Community &


Government Svcs,
Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada

B. Wyatt British Columbia Safety Authority (BCSA),


Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 3


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

CSA Technical Committee on Gas


Appliances and Related Accessories
T.W. Poulin A. O. Smith Enterprises Ltd., Ch air

Fergus, Ontario, Canada


Category: Producer In terest

A. Gould Reliance Comfort LP, Vice-Ch air

Cambridge, Ontario, Canada


Category: User In terest

D.N. H ird SaskPower, Vice-Ch air

Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada


Category: Regulatory A uth ority

A. Abdel-Rehim A. O. Smith Enterprises Ltd., Non -votin g

Fergus, Ontario, Canada

P.A. Baker Maxitrol Company,


Port Dover, Ontario, Canada
Category: Producer In terest

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J. Boros Rheem Sales Co Inc AKA Rheem Manufacturing Co, Non -votin g

Montgomery, Alabama, USA

C. Côté Gaz Métro,


Montréal, Québec, Canada
Category: User In terest

B. Diel M.B. Sturgis Inc., Non -votin g

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

G. Fabbruzzo Enbridge Gas Distribution,


Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Category: User In terest

Z.J. Fraczkowski Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA),


Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Category: Regulatory A uth ority

C. Gibbs Guelph, Ontario, Canada


Category: Gen eral In terest

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 4


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

C. Grider Intertek Testing Services NA Inc ETL SEMKO, Non -votin g

Cortland, New York, USA

D.R. Jamieson GHP Group Inc,


Oakville, Ontario, Canada
Category: Producer In terest

C.E. Jorgenson British Columbia Safety Authority (BCSA),


New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada
Category: Regulatory A uth ority

S. Katz S. Katz and Associates Inc.,


North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Category: Gen eral In terest

J.R. Marshall Technical Standards & Safety Authority (TSSA), Non -votin g

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

M. Mausser Intertek Testing Services NA Inc ETL SEMKO, Non -votin g

Cortland, New York, USA

J. Melling SaskPower, Non -votin g

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

J. Overall Toronto, Ontario, Canada Non -votin g

G.B. Prociw Union Gas Limited,


Chatham, Ontario, Canada
Category: User In terest

B.J. Swiecicki National Propane Gas Association, Non -votin g

Frankfort, Illinois, USA

M. Thomas Natural Resources Canada CANMET Energy, Non -votin g

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

M. Travers Reliance Comfort L.P, Non -votin g

Cambridge, Ontario, Canada

P. Verhas Dettson Industries, Inc.,


Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada
Category: Producer In terest

R. Vlasic Union Gas Limited / A Spectra Energy Company, Non -votin g

London, Ontario, Canada

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 5


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

C. Ra ke CSA Group, Project Manager


Cleveland, Ohio, USA

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July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 6


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

Preface
This is the fourth edition of CSA 2.17, Gas-fired applian ces for use at h igh altitudes . It supersedes the
previous edition published in 1991.

This Standard was prepared by the Canadian Technical Committee on Gas Appliances and Related
Accessories, under the jurisdiction of the Strategic Steering Committee on Standards for Fuel Burning
Equipment, and had been formally approved by the Technical Committee, and the Interprovincial Gas
Advisory Council.

Interpretations: The Strategic Steering Committee on Standards for Fuel Burning Equipment has
provided the following direction for the interpretation of standards under its jurisdiction: “The literal
text shall be used in judging compliance of products with the safety requirements of this Standard.
When the literal text cannot be applied to the product, such as for new materials or construction, and
when a relevant committee interpretation has not already been published, CSA Group’s procedures for
interpretation shall be followed to determine the intended safety principle.”
Notes:
1) Use of th e sin gular does n ot exclude th e plural (an d vice versa) wh en th e sen se allows.

2) Th is Stan dard con tain s SI (Metric) un its correspon din g to th e yard/poun d quan tities, th e purpose bein g to

allow th e stan dard to be used in SI (Metric) un its. (IEEE/A STM SI 1 0, American National Standard for Metric
Practice, or ISO 80000-1 :2009, Quantities and units — Part 1: General, is used as a guide in m akin g m etric
con version from yard/poun d quan tities. ) If a value for a m easurem en t an d a correspon din g value in oth er

un its are stated, th e first stated value is to be regarded as th e requirem en t. Th e given correspon din g value

m ay be approxim ate. If a value for a m easurem en t an d a correspon din g value in oth er un its are both

specified as a quoted m arkin g requirem en t, th e first stated un it, or both , are to be provided.

3) A lth ough th e in ten ded prim ary application of th is Stan dard is stated in its Scope, it is im portan t to n ote th at it

rem ain s th e respon sibility of th e users of th e Stan dard to judge its suitability for th eir particular purpose.

4) Th is Stan dard was developed by con sen sus, wh ich is defin ed by CSA Policy governing standardization — Code
of good practice for standardization as “substan tial agreem en t. Con sen sus im plies m uch m ore th an a sim ple

m ajority, but n ot n ecessarily un an im ity.” It is con sisten t with th is defin ition th at a m em ber m ay be in cluded in

th e Tech n ical Com m ittee list an d yet n ot be in full agreem en t with all clauses of th is Stan dard.

5) Th is Stan dard is subject to review at least every five years; suggestion s for its im provem en t will be referred to

th e appropriate com m ittee. To subm it a proposal for ch an ge, please sen d th e followin g in form ation to

in quiries@ csagroup. org an d in clude “Proposal for ch an ge” in th e subject lin e:

a) Stan dard design ation (n um ber);

b) relevan t clause, table, an d/or figure n um ber;

c) wordin g of th e proposed ch an ge; an d

d) ration ale for th e ch an ge.

6) To subm it a request for in terpretation of th is Stan dard, please sen d th e followin g in form ation to

in quiries@ csagroup. org an d in clude “Request for in terpretation ” in th e subject lin e:

a) defin e th e problem , m akin g referen ce to th e specific clause, an d, wh ere appropriate, in clude an

illustrative sketch ;

b) provide an explan ation of circum stan ces surroun din g th e actual field con dition ; an d

c) wh ere possible, ph rase th e request in such a way th at a specific “yes” or “n o” an swer will address th e

issue.

Com m ittee in terpretation s are processed in accordan ce with th e CSA Directives and guidelines governing
standardization an d are available on th e Current Standards Activities page at stan dardsactivities. csa. ca .

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 7


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

CSA 2.17-2017
Gas-fired appliances for use at high
altitudes

1 Scope

1.1
This Standard covers the construction and performance* (see Clause 3, Definitions) of gas-fired
appliances with inputs up to and including 400 000 Btu/h (117.23 kW)† to determine their suitability for
use at high altitude. The appliances include furnaces, boilers, room heaters, unit heaters, water heaters,
and such other appliances where field conditions indicate the necessity of testing for high altitude use
(see Clause 3, Definitions). The test rate means the appliance's input at a datum of 600 ft (152 m) or
29.38 in Hg (99.2 kPa) pressure.
* At the option of the manufacturer, tests specified in Clause 5, Performance, may be conducted at a high-altitude
location.
† This input limitation reflects what is currently required by inspection authorities in high-altitude areas (i. e. ,
appliances under 400 000 Btu/h (1 1 7. 23 kW) must meet the requirements of this Standard). Appliances with inputs
in excess of 400 000 Btu/h (1 1 7. 23 kW) may still be reviewed for compliance with this Standard.

1.2
This StandardGet
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standards from Clause 1.1 Sharing
in Standard when forGroup
use over
andanour
altitude
chatsrange of 2000
to 4500 ft (610 to 1370 m), or 0 to 4500 ft (0 to 1370 m).

1.3
In this Standard, “shall” is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to
satisfy in order to comply with the standard; “should” is used to express a recommendation or that
which is advised but not required; and “may” is used to express an option or that which is permissible
within the limits of the Standard.

Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a
note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as
requirements.

Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (nonmandatory) to define their


application.

2 Reference publications
This Standard refers to the following publications, and where such reference is made, it shall be to the
edition listed below, including all amendments published thereto.

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 8


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

CSA Group
CSA 2.17-2017
Gas-Fired A ppliances for use at High A ltitudes

3 Definitions
The following definitions shall apply in this Standard:

High altitude — locations having an elevation above mean sea level between 2000 and 4500 ft (610 and
1370 m).

Low altitude — locations having an elevation not greater than 2000 ft (610 m) above mean sea level.

4 Construction
4.1 General

4.1.1
Appliances for use at high altitudes shall comply with the applicable CSA Standard for the appliance in
addition to this Standard.

4.1.2
Space-heating and water heating appliances intended for installation in mobile housing or recreational
vehicles shall be suitable for use over an altitude range of 0 - 4500 ft (0 - 1370 m).

4.1.3
High-altitude ratings may be obtained by a change in orifice size or by a change in manifold pressure
when the appliance is equipped with a gas pressure regulator.

4.1.4
Appliances may be equipped or adjusted at the factory for the high altitude rating, or may be field
converted to obtain the high-altitude rating using a manifold pressure change, or by using a certified
field conversion kit.

4.2 Identification by model number


Where structural changes are incorporated in the appliance by the manufacturer in order to comply
with this Standard, the model number designated shall differ from that of the corresponding low-
altitude model. A dual flue or vent collar, a change in orifice size, or a change in manifold pressure, shall
not be considered a structural change.

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 9


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

4. 3 M arkings

4. 3 . 1

N ame/rating p late

In addition to the marking specified by the applicable CSA Standard for the appliance, the following shall
be included on the name/rating plate:
a) for an appliance shipped from the factory equipped with an orifice for a specific altitude: the
altitudes as 0 to 2000 ft (0 to 610 m) and/or 2000 to 4500 ft (610 to 1370 m) with the
corresponding orifice size, manifold pressure, and ratings;
b) for an appliance using a manifold pressure change to obtain the high altitude ratings: the altitudes
as 0 to 2000 ft (0 to 610 m) and 2000 to 4500 ft (610 to 1370 m) [or 0 to 4500 ft (0 to 1370 m)] for
multiple-rated appliances with the corresponding orifice size, manifold pressure, and ratings.
In addition, the appliance shall be marked to indicate the altitudes for which it has been adjusted
at the factory, and shall include provision to indicate that it has been readjusted in the field to
obtain the ratings for the alternate altitude. This Clause may be accomplished by the use of a
separate label to be affixed by the installer or by a marking on the name/rating plate, which could
be checked off by the installer;
c) for an appliance suitable for installation at 0 to 4500 ft (0 to 1370 m) without change: the altitude
as 0 to 4500 ft (0 to 1370 m) with the orifice size, manifold pressure, and ratings.

The ratings required in Clause 4.3.1(a), (b), and (c) of this Clause include input ratings, output ratings,
bonnet capacities, and recovery capacities as specified in the applicable CSA Standard for the appliance.

(Refer to Figure 1 for suggested format, based on the aforementioned marking provisions).
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July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 10


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

Figure 1
Suggested marking format
(See Clauses 4.3 .1 and 4.3 .3 .)

THE JOHN DOE MFG. CO.


Anytown, Ontario

SYM B O L

OF

TE STI N G

AG E N CY

M od el N o. S e ri a l N o.

0 – 2 000 Ft* 2 000 – 4 5 00 Ft

( 0 – 61 0 m ) (610 – 1 3 70 m )

I n pu t + +

O u tp u t + +

M a n u fa ctu re r ’s

Re co m m e n d e d + +

O ri fi c e S i ze

M a n i fo l d P re s s u re + +

Al ti tu d e fo r

Wh i ch Fa cto ry

Eq u i pp ed

Typ e o f F u e l

SEE APPLIANCE STANDARD FOR


REMAINDER OF MARKING

* M a y b e 0 – 4 5 0 0 ft i f a p p l i ca b l e .

+ S ta m p i n a p p l i ca b l e i n fo rm a ti o n u n d e r b o th a l ti t u d e s .

4.3.2
When a conversion kit is used to convert an appliance for use at an alternate altitude, it shall include
the following Class IIIA-I conversion data plate, together with instructions that this plate shall be
attached adjacent to the name/rating plate, as stipulated in Clause 4.3.1.

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 11


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

This appliance has been converted for use at an altitude of:

Orifice Size:

Manifold Pressure:

Input:

Date of Conversion:

Type of Fuel:

Converted By:

4.3.3
Appliances equipped with two sizes of flue or vent collars, one for low altitude and a larger one for high
altitude shall show the size(s) of the flue or vent in inches diameter on the name/rating plate correlated
to the altitude for which the appliance is equipped.

(Refer to Figure 1 for suggested format based on the aforementioned marking provisions).

4.4 Field convertibility

4.4.1
A conversionGet more
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instructions from
to convert Standardfor
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an alternate chatsshall be
altitude
investigated during testing of the appliance.

4.4.2
The instructions shall include a list of parts included and complete detailed information on the
conversion.

4.4.3
The instructions shall contain the following statement:

“ TH E CON VERSI ON SH ALL BE CARRI ED OU T BY A


M AN U FACTU RER’ S AU TH ORI ZE D RE PRESE N TATI VE,
I N ACCORDAN CE WI TH TH E REQU I REM E N TS OF TH E
M AN U FACTU RER, PROVI N CI AL, OR TERRI TORI AL
AU TH ORI TI ES H AVI N G J U RI SDI CTI ON AN D I N
ACCORDAN CE WI TH TH E REQU I REM EN TS OF TH E
CSA B1 49. 1 OR CSA B1 49. 2 I N STALLATI ON CODES.”

4.4.4
When an appliance is field converted for high-altitude rating, the conversion kit used for performing the
conversion shall comply with Clause 4.3.2.

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 12


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

4.5 Instructions
The appliance installation instructions shall include information on the use of the appliance at high
altitude. The method to be used to obtain the high altitude rating shall be clearly detailed. The necessity
of attaching any supplementary labels or marking the name/rating plate relative to a field conversion
shall also be clearly indicated.

5 Performance
5.1 General
Unless otherwise specified in this Standard, the test conditions regarding plenums, temperature
measuring devices, external static pressure, temperature rise, test procedures, and test gases, shall be
in accordance with that specified in the applicable CSA Standard for the appliance.

5.2 Burner adjustments

5.2.1
The input for direct vent space heating and direct vent water heating appliances shall be adjusted at the
manufacturer’s designated high-altitude manifold pressure to within +2 percent and -0 percent of the
test rate. The test rate shall be calculated as follows:

or

where
R t = test rate;
I I

PH = actual barometric pressure, in Hg;


I I

PP I = actual barometric pressure, kPa; and


I

R ha = manufacturer’s specified high-altitude input rate.


I I

5.2.2
Except as noted in Clause 5.3.2, the input for appliances, other than those specified in Clause 5.2.1, shall
be adjusted at the manufacturer’s designated high-altitude manifold pressure, to within +2 percent and
-0 percent of the test rate. The test rate shall be calculated as follows:

or

where
R t = test rate;
I I

PH = actual barometric pressure, in Hg;


I I

PP I = actual barometric pressure, kPa; and


I

R ha = manufacturer’s specified high-altitude input rate.


I I

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 13


CSA 2.1 7-201 7 Gas-fired appliances for use at high altitudes

5.3 Tests

5.3.1
After initial adjustment of input to the test rate, R t, at the manufacturer’s designated high-altitude
manifold pressure (see Clause 5.2), the following tests* specified in the applicable CSA Standard for the
appliance shall be conducted:
a) combustion;
b) burner operating characteristics;
c) pilot burners and safety shut-off devices; and
d) blocked flue outlet (as outlined in the Clause titled Draft hoods).
* Any increase in input or manifold pressure specified in these tests over the manufacturer’s specified values, as
referred to in the applicable Standard for the appliance, shall be based on the test rate, R t, and the manufacturer’s
designated high-altitude manifold pressure.

5.3.2
When tested in accordance with the following Method of Test, flue gases shall not issue from the relief
opening of the draft hood.

Method of Test
To be conducted in accordance with the test procedures specified in the applicable CSA Standard for
the appliance, except that the input rating shall be the manufacturer’s specified high-altitude input
rating, R ha , and the height of the flue pipe, measured from the highest point of the draft hood relief
opening to the top of the vertical flue pipe, shall be reduced by Ht in accordance with the following
formula for imperial units:
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Ht = 0.228 PH – 5.71
where
Ht = stack height reduction, feet; and
I I

PH I = actual barometric pressure, in Hg;


I

or, in accordance with the following formula for metric units:

Ht = 20.6 PH – 1740
where
Ht = stack height reduction, mm; and
I I

PH I = actual barometric pressure, mm Hg.


I

In the case of down flow units having an internal length of flue above the draft hood, the reduction in
height of the vertical flue test pipe shall not be below the top of the second test elbow.

July 2017 © 201 7 CSA Group 14

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