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MATHEMATICS Higher 2

9740/02

Additional materials: Answer paper

Cover Page

List of Formulae (MF15)

Graph Paper

Name: _______________________

Class: _______________________

At the end of the examination, place the completed cover page on top of your answer scripts and

fasten all your work securely together with the string provided.

Use Use

Write your name and class on all the work you hand in, including

the Cover Page. Question Marks

Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper. Number Obtained

You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs. 1

Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction

fluid. 2

Do not write anything on the List of Formulae (MF15).

3

4

Answer all the questions.

Begin each answer on a fresh page of paper. 5

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, 6

or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a

different level of accuracy is specified in the question. 7

You are expected to use a graphic calculator. 8

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed

unless a question specifically states otherwise. 9

Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not 10

allowed in a question, you are required to present the

mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not 11

calculator commands.

You are required of the need for clear presentation in your

12

answers.

Total

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each Calculator Model:

question or part question.

2

3

Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

1

1 Express in partial fractions. [1]

4n 2 − 1

1− n 2− n 2

Let an = 2 − 2 + 2

4n − 1

By using the method of differences, find, in terms of N, an expression for S N , where

S N = a1 + a2 + K + aN , simplifying your result. [3]

Illustrate both of these relations on a single Argand diagram. [3]

Hence find

(i) the maximum value of z + 4 , [1]

(ii) the range of values of arg ( z + 4 ) . [2]

dy

(a) Find and hence determine the exact x-coordinates of the points for which the

dx

tangents to the curve are parallel to the x-axis. [4]

The finite region bounded by the curve, x-axis, y-axis and the line x = k where −1 < k < 0 ,

k ∈ R , is rotated through 2π radians about the x–axis.

(b) Find the value of k such that the volume of the solid generated is 2π units 3 . [4]

4

4 The figure below shows a cuboid positioned on level ground so that it rests on one of its

vertices, O. The vectors i and j are on the ground.

uuu

r uuur uuur

Given that OA = 3i − 12 j + 3k , OB = 2i + j + 2k and OC = −2i + 2k

(ii) State the height of X above the ground. Hence find the angle between OX and the

level ground, giving your answer to nearest 0.1o. [3]

(iii) Find the equation of plane BDX in the form of r • n = d [3]

(iv) Find the acute angle between planes BDX and OBDC, giving your answer to

nearest 0.1o [3]

d2 y dy

5 Given that y = ln ( 1 + 2 x ) , show that ( 1 + 2 x ) 2

+2 =0. [1]

dx dx

(i) By repeated differentiation of this result, find the Maclaurin’s expansion for y up to

and including the term in x5 . [5]

(ii) By writing down the Maclaurin’s expansion of ln ( 1 − 2x ) , show that

1+ 2x 8 3 32 5

ln = 2 2 x + x + x + K [2]

1− 2x 3 5

∞ 1

1

(iii) Use the series in part (ii) for x = , find the exact value of ∑ 2 r +1 . [3]

4 r =0 ( 2r + 1) 2

5

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

6 A bag contains eleven small discs, which are identical except that 6 of the discs are blank

and five of the discs are numbered, using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. The bag is shaken

and four discs are taken one at a time without replacement.

7

(i) Show that the probability that the disc numbered “3” is not taken is . [1]

11

(ii) Find the probability that exactly two numbered discs are taken, given that the disc

numbered “3” is taken. [3]

7 [In this problem, you may assume that the mean and variance of the score on the uppermost

35

face for each rolling of a fair die are respectively 3.5 and .]

12

A fair die is rolled n times, where n > 50.

The probability that the sum of the scores on the uppermost face is more than 365 is

at least 0.05. By using a suitable approximation, show that n satisfies the inequality

3.5n + 2.809 n − 365 ≥ 0

Hence find the least value of n. [4]

8 12 friends decide to celebrate the completion of their last paper of a major examination with

a sumptuous dinner.

(i) Find the number of ways they can form themselves into 3 groups of 4 people each

for the purpose of taking taxis to the restaurant. [2]

(ii) Find the number of ways these 12 friends can be seated around a round table if Alex

must sit beside Benjamin and Charles must not sit next to Alex. [3]

After the dinner, 4 friends from this group decide to go for a late night movie. The cinema

presents them some publicity postcards produced by the movie company. There are 3

identical postcards featuring the lead actress and 2 identical postcards featuring an action

group scene.

(iii) Find the number of ways the cards can be distributed if these 4 friends select one

postcard each. [2]

6

9 An ice-cream shop provides two types of paper cups, regular or large, for its customers.

Each customer picks a cup according to his appetite, fills it with ice-cream of flavours of his

choice. The mass of each cup together with its ice-cream content is measured at the cashier

with a weighing machine, and the customer is charged at a rate of $2 per 100g measured.

Let X and Y be the respective mass, in grammes, of the regular and large cups with their ice-

cream content. It is found that both X and Y independently follows a normal distribution,

with parameters given in the table below:

X, the mass of a regular cup with ice-cream content 200 30

Y, the mass of a large cup with ice-cream content 350 60

A family of six, consisting of a couple and four boys, enters the ice-cream shop. The couple

decides to share ice-cream in a large cup and each of the boys independently takes a regular

cup of ice-cream.

(i) Show that the probability that one of the boys pay more than $5 for his regular cup of

ice-cream and the other three pay less than $4 each is 0.0239. [2]

(ii) Find the probability that total cost of the children’s regular cups of ice-cream exceeds

twice that of the parents’ large cup of ice-cream. [3]

The mass, in grammes, of an empty regular cup is known to follow a normal distribution

with mean 30g and standard deviation 5g. The ice-cream content, in grammes, in a regular

cup also follows independently a normal distribution.

Find, with adequate justification, the variance of the ice-cream content in a regular cup. [2]

average of λ scratches per plastic sheet.

(i) Show that, if λ is sufficiently small, the probability that a plastic sheet has at least 2

λ2

scratches is approximately . [2]

2

500 plastic sheets produced by manufacturer A, for which the value of λ is 0.12, are

randomly selected and inspected for quality control. A plastic sheet will be rejected if it has

at least 2 scratches. Let Y denote the number of plastic sheets rejected.

(ii) State the exact distribution of Y. Find, by using a suitable approximation, the

probability that at most 6 plastic sheets are rejected. [4]

scratches per plastic sheet. 25 plastic sheets from manufacturer A and 20 plastic sheets from

manufacturer B are randomly selected.

(iii) Using a suitable approximation, find the probability that there are a total of at least

11 scratches found in the 45 plastic sheets selected. [4]

7

11 The table shows the number of 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students in a college. The students

are distributed into 60 classes of 24 students each.

1st 408

2nd 384

3rd 336

4th 312

Total 1440

At the beginning of the year, the school implemented a new web-based learning portal for all

its students.

(a) At the end of the year, a sample of 120 students is to be chosen to take part in a

survey that aims to investigate students’ opinions on this new portal.

(i) The school generates a list of the students arranged according to their classes

and, within each class, in descending order of the students’ performance in the

end-of-year examination. Explain why systematic sampling using this list as

the sampling frame would be inappropriate. [2]

(ii) Suggest how a stratified sample can be obtained and state one advantage of

adopting this sampling scheme in this context. [3]

(b) Based on records maintained over many years prior to the implementation of this

new web-based learning portal, it is known that the mean mark obtained by the

students in the end-of year examinations is 63.

A random sample of 12 students who have used the new portal is taken and their

marks, x, in the end-of-year examination are summarized as:

∑ x = 806 , ∑ x 2

= 54764 .

(i) Calculate unbiased estimates of the mean and variance of a student’s marks in

the end-of-year examination. [3]

increasing students’ mean marks in the end-of-year examination. State an

assumption made for the test to be valid. [5]

Justify whether your conclusion would be changed if a wrong test-statistic were used

in (ii) instead. [1]

8

12 [A sheet of graph paper is provided for use in this question.]

Alice obtains cash from an ATM (cash machine). She suspects that the rate at which she

spends cash is affected by the amount of cash she withdrew at her previous visit to an ATM.

To investigate this she deliberately varies the amounts she withdraws. She records, for each

visit to an ATM, the amount, $x, withdrawn, and the number of hours, y, until her next visit

to an ATM. The following is her data for the 2-month period from April to May.

Withdrawal 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

x 40 100 120 150 30 90 80 130

y 56 195 94 270 52 196 214 286

(i) Calculate the equation of the regression line of y on x and sketch this line on the

scatter diagram of the data. [4]

(ii) Alice made one withdrawal immediately before going on a weekend visit to Kuala

Lumpur, Malaysia. Identify the most likely withdrawal, giving a reason. [2]

By removing the exceptional case in (ii), the product-moment correlation coefficient of the

remaining data is computed to be 0.949.

(iii) Write down the equation of the corresponding regression line of y on x. Hence

estimate the number of hours, correct to nearest integer, until Alice’s next visit to the

ATM if she withdraws $50. Comment on the reliability of the estimate. [4]

(iv) Alice also fits a model of the form y = a + b ln x to her data. Estimate, using this

model, the number of hours, correct to nearest integer, until Alice’s next visit to the

ATM if she makes the minimum withdrawal of $20 and explain why the model

would probably not be appropriate in this context. [3]

In the months of November and December, Alice collected data for her 8 withdrawals.

Alice then combined all her data for the months of April, May, November and December,

with the exceptional case in (ii) removed, and computed the resulting product-moment

correlation coefficient to be 0.426.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ End of Paper ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

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