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Purpose, Audience, and Process Essay for Multiplication within 100

Kellie Marchbanks

Student ID: 001327631

Program Mentor: Krystle McCabe

Assessment Code: TDT1 Task 2

March 23, 2020


Purpose, Audience, and Process Essay for Multiplication within 100


The first image was a picture I had taken of Starbucks Mocha Frappuccino’s. The drinks

were arranged in an array in the box they come in when you buy them at Costco. The purpose of

this picture is to support student learning of arrays. When students are able to see an array from

an everyday item they begin to connect the purpose of arrays outside the classroom. Students

will see that multiplication can help them count items faster when shopping for items at a

grocery store.

The second image is a notes page that I drew for a lesson on the Distributive Property of

Multiplication. Students will draw this page in their spiral notebook to help them see a visual

representation of how to show the Distributive Property of Multiplication. This format is what

they will use on a test since they will not be able to show me using counters or erasers from the

Target Dollar Bin.

The third image was created on the software Paint to support when the students are

learning how to represent the Commutative Property of Multiplication. The image shows that

using the same three factors in a fact family can be arranged in two different ways but still show

the same product. The first set of yellow stars shows 3 x 2 = 6 and the second array of blue stars

shows 2 x 3 = 6. These three numbers are all part of a fact family and use the Commutative

Property of Multiplication to change the order of the numbers without changing the product.

The last image is an image I have seen on the web before, so I tracked it down to use for

my students on a journal blog post. They are always talking about donuts and at our class parties

my room mom will bring donuts for the students, so I knew including this picture would grab the

students attention. This image will be used for the second lesson of the unit of instruction when

the students are introduced to arrays. The students have been previously taught that

multiplication is an easier way to add equal groups. Now the students will recognize that items

can be arranged into rows and columns to easily multiply the width and length of an array to find

the product. The donuts in this image are arranged in a 4 x 4 = 16 array.

All these images are to support the Unit of Instruction of Multiplication within 100 and

published to my e-Portfolio on the graphic instructional materials page.


The audience for these four images are the 3rd grade class that were taught the Unit of

Instruction on Multiplication within 100. The students are a wide variety of learners, however at

third grade they are very curious about the everyday world and how any subject connects to what

they are being taught. Students who see visual representations of multiplication and can connect

the learning to something they are familiar with will allow the students to retain the information

long term. One of my students is a newcomer and is learning how to read and write the English

language. This student will benefit from the graphic images to represent multiplication.


For the first image I used my iPhone to take a picture of the case of Mocha

Frappuccino’s. I then used iCloud to upload the image to my MacBook Air where I could open

the image to edit. First I dragged the image out of photos and landed it on my desktop and named

the image “original”. Then I double clicked on the image to open in preview. Then I clicked

“tools”, followed by “adjust size”. I then adjusted the size to a smaller size, keeping the “scale

proportionally” box checked so the image would stay in scale. Then I saved the image as

“original_resized” and save the image to a folder for this task. Then I took the original image and

used the cropping tool to crop to get rid of the excess background so that the subject took up

most of the image. I then saved that image as “cropped”. Lastly I edited the image to a different

filter using the edit tools in the apple photos app and saved the image as “adapted”.

The second image was hand drawn on a piece of white computer paper labeled The

Distributive Property of Multiplication. Then using the printer I have at home, I placed the paper

face down on the glass and closed the lid of the printer on top. On my computer I then opened

“system preferences”,  “printers and scanners”, clicked on the printer connected at my house,

clicked “scan” and then “open scanner”. This prompts the printer to begin scanning the

document that is placed on the glass. When it is finished scanning I saved the image as

“scanned” and placed it in the folder for this task. I then reopened the image, clicked on the

“tools” tab, then clicked “adjust size” and then adjusted the photo to a smaller size, keeping the

“scale proportionally” option checked. The image was then saved as “scanned_adapted” in the

folder with the images for this task.

The third image was created on the software provided my Microsoft called Paint. This

software is not accessible on the MacBook Air, so I was able to use my work computer for this

portion of the task. I opened Paint and used the tool to add the star shape. I changed the colors to

be a black border and yellow center. I then click and dragged to adjust the size of the star and

repeated this process to have 6 stars arranged in the array of 3 x 2. I then clicked the text tool and

clicked where I wanted the type to begin. I labeled the array 3 x 2 = 6. I repeated this process but

changed the color of the stars to be blue on the inside before drawing the stars to make a 2 x 3

array. I then clicked add text and labeled the array 2 x 3 = 6. Lastly I added a label for the whole

image as Commutative Property of Multiplication and changed the color and size so the title

would stand out. I then saved the image as “paint” and emailed the image to my personal email

address. Then back on my personal computer I opened the image in the email and downloaded

the image to the folder of images for this task. I then reopened the “paint” image and used the

“tools”, “adjust size” to change the image size to a smaller image. I also made sure the “scale

proportionally” box was checked so the image stayed to scale and saved the image as


The last image of the donuts was searched for using google image search. I was

specifically looking for an image of donuts because of the students love for donuts so I searched

“donut array” in googles image search bar. The image was found on a journal blog website.

From the website I click and dragged the image to my desktop where I could rename the file

“outside” and save to the folder of images for this task.



Bluks, J. (2019, February 22). Arrays Start at Zero: What's up with that? Retrieved March 22,

2020, from https://blog.usejournal.com/arrays-start-at-zero-whats-up-with-that-f2d1054c9b77