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Bharati Vidyapeeth Sec. And Sr.

Sec School, Dhankawadi, Pune


MATHEMATICS WORKSHEET (2016-17)
Class XII (Holiday Homework) Date: 06/05/2107

L-3 MATRICES
ab b2
1. If A= [
−a 2 −ab ]
, then write the value of A2.

a−b 2 a+ c −1 5
2. Find the value of a, if [
2 a−b 3 c +d
=
0 13][ ]
10 −2
3. Find P−1if exists and given P =
−5 1 [ ]
2 0 1

[ ]
4. If A = 2 1 3 find A2- 5A + 4 I. Hence find matrix X such that A2- 5A + 4 I + X = 0.
1 −1 0
2 3 1

[ ]
5. Express A = 1 −1 2 as the sum of a symmetric and skew-symmetric matrix.
4 1 2
−1 1 2
6. Using elementary transformation, find the inverse of the matrix: 1 2 3
3 1 1[ ]
3 √3 2 2 −1 2
7. If A = [
4 2 0 ]
and B =
1 2 4 [ ]
then verify that (i) ( A' )' (ii) ( A+ B)' = A' + B'

8. Three schools A, B and C organised a fare for collecting funds for helping rehabilitation of
flood victims. They sold hand-made fans, mats and plates from recycled material at a cost
of Rs. 25, Rs. 100 and Rs. 50 each. The number of articles sold are given below:
School / Articles A B C
Hand- fans 40 25 35
Mats 50 40 50
Plates 20 30 40
Find the funds collected by each school separately by selling the above articles. Also, find
the total funds collected for the purpose. Write one value generated by the given situation.

L -4 DETERMINANTS
log 3 256 log 4 3
1. Evaluate: |log 3 8 log 4 9 |
x +a b c
2. Using properties of determinants, prove that a
a |
x+ b
b |
c = x 2(x + a + b + c)
x +c
3. Find the area of triangle whose vertices are (-2,-3), (3,2) and (-1,-8) using determinants.
4. Find the equation of line joining (2,3) and (-1,2) using determinants.
1 −1 1
5. Find the inverse of matrix A = 2 −1 0
1 0 0 | |
1 2 2

[ ]
6. If A = 2 1 2 then prove that A2-4A – 5I = 0. Hence find A−1 .
2 2 1
7. Test the consistency of following system of equations 3x – y = 5 and 6x – 2y = 3. Also, find
the solutions.
8. Using matrix method, solve the following system of linear equations.
5x + y – z = 7, 4x – 2y – 3z = 5, 7x + 2y + 2z = 7.
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