Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 159

Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение


высшего профессионального образования
«Курский государственный университет»

Кафедра иностранных языков и профессиональной коммуникации

Essential English
Базовый курс английского языка
Часть 2

Учебное пособие для бакалавров

Курск 2015
УКД 378/800
ББК 74.58+ 81.2 Англ я 73
О-28

Печатается по решению
Редакционно-издательского совета
ФГБОУ ВПО «Курский государственный университет»

О-28
Essential English. Part2. (Базовый курс английского языка): Учебное
пособие для бакалавров.
Часть 2. – Курск: Изд-во «Курского гос. ун-та». 2015. – 159 стр.

УКД 378/800
ББК 74.58+81.2

Составители: Астахова Н.В., Бабенкова О. С., Беляева А. И., Бурак М.А.,


Манжосова Ю.А., Праведникова Т.В., Стародубцева Е.А.

© ФГБОУ ВПО «Курский государственный университет», 2015


Предисловие

Essential English представляет собой комплексное учебное пособие


по английскому языку, предназначенное для студентов – бакалавров 2
курса различных направлений обучения.
Учебное пособие Essential English состоит из 6 модулей и
дополнено тестовыми заданиями в конце каждого модуля, справочным
разделом по грамматике и приложением, содержащим список
неправильных глаголов, задания для развития навыков письменной речи и
задания для подготовки к устной части итогового экзамена.
Структурный состав каждого модуля включает 6 уроков (Lessons), в
каждом уроке имеются следующие разделы:
Warm up – раздел, предлагающий мотивационные темы для
обсуждения в виде вопросов, известных высказываний, фотографий и
картинок;
Vocabulary – основной лексический минимум по теме урока;
Reading– базовые тексты по основной теме урока;
Listening or Watching – задания, направленные на развитие навыков
восприятия иноязычной речи на слух и сопровождаемые упражнениями
для дальнейшей практики языкового материала;
Speaking– коммуникативные упражнения и творческие задания для
развития навыков устной речи;
Writing – упражнения для развития письменной речи, нацеленные на
ситуативное употребление лексических и грамматических единиц.
Предлагаемое учебное пособие отвечает основным дидактическим и
методическим принципам обучения.

3
Module 7 Lesson 1. Grammar: Reading: Top 10 Locations
Welcome to Top 10 Introduction of must, in Russia
foreign Locations in should, have to Speaking: Which place
Russia Russia Vocabulary: would you like to visit?
p.8 p.8 Describing a place
Lesson 2. Grammar: Listening: Giving advice
A trip to Russia Modal verbs must, about visiting different
p.14 should, shouldn’t, have countries in January
to, don’t have to Reading: Russia in January
Vocabulary: and February
Giving advice Speaking: Giving advice
about visiting Russia in
January and February

Lesson 3. Grammar: Reading and Speaking:


Doing the right can’t, not allowed, Customs and traditions of
thing mustn’t, shouldn’t, don’t holidays in different
p.18 have to countries
Vocabulary:
Laws in Britain and
Russia
Lesson 4. Grammar: Reading and Speaking:
A World Guide Modal verbs must, Do‘s and Don‘ts for
to Good should, shouldn’t, have Travelers to Russia
Manners to, don’t have to
p.22 Vocabulary:
Do‘s and Don‘ts for
travelers in different
countries
Lesson 5. Vocabulary: Listening and Watching:
National Adjectives describing National stereotypes about
Stereotypes. national character the British, Americans,
What are Italian, German, French and
Russians like? Russians
p.25 Speaking: What do
foreigners think of Russians?

Lesson 6. Grammar: Reading: Some random


My experience Revision of modal verbs things I learned from my
of living in incredible experience living
Russia in Russia
p.27 Speaking: Discussing
Russian tourist ―off beaten
track‖ destination

4
Module 8. Lesson 1. Town Grammar: Past Reading and speaking:
Where do you and country Continuous Three people talking about
come from? p.30 Vocabulary: Town and living in town and country
p.30 country words
Lesson 2. More Grammar: Past
Reading: Three megacities
than just a city Continuous/ Past SimpleListening(1): People talking
p.34 Vocabulary: Describing about megacities
a city Listening(2): Directions 1
Speaking: Asking for
directions
Lesson 3. Vocabulary: Buildings Listening: Describing
Poetry in stone buildings
p.39 Reading: Sergiev-Kazan
Cathedral
Speaking: Describing your
most (least) favourite
building in the city
Lesson 4. No Listening (1): People talking
place like home about their hometown
p.42 Reading: Fact File: Kursk
Listening (2): People talking
about their impressions of
Kursk
Writing: My hometown
Lesson 5. The Grammar: Prepositions Listening: Directions 2
heritage of place Reading: Top 10 must see
p.46 places in Kursk
Speaking: Presenting an
excursion
Lesson 6. City Reading: City news
legends Listening: A mysterious
p.49 story
Speaking: Storytelling
Module 9. Lesson 1. The Grammar: Past Perfect Reading: Old New York
English USA. New Vocabulary: household Listening: A Family Trip
speaking York items Speaking: Planning a day in
world p.52 New York
p.52 Lesson 2. The Vocabulary: describing Watching & Speaking:
UK. London the UK Getting to know the UK
p.56 Grammar: Past Perfect
in compound sentences
Lesson 3. India Vocabulary: Indian Listening & Speaking:
p.60 realities Learning more about India.
Grammar: Past Perfect: Your favourite holiday.
gap filling
Lesson 4. Vocabulary: "Aussie" Listening: Enjoying
Australia and words Australia and New Zealand.
New Zealand Grammar: Past Perfect Adam's trip.
p.64 and Reported Speech Speaking: A visit of an
Australian friend

5
Lesson 5. Vocabulary: Wonders of Reading: The best things
Canada Canada about Canada
p.69 Grammar: Past Perfect - Speaking: Canadian vs
gap filling Russian problems
Lesson 6. Vocabulary: Symbols of Reading and Speaking:
Ireland Ireland Have you known that...?
p.74 Grammar: Past Perfect
Module 10. Lesson 1. Time Vocabulary: Holidays Listening: American
Food for our to celebrate Grammar: Passive festivals
souls p.77 Voice Speaking: A celebration in
p.77 Russia
Lesson 2. Vocabulary & Reading: The story of a song
Charming Grammar: Passive Imagine
sounds of Voice and time phrases Listening: Imagine
music Speaking: A favourite star
p.81
Lesson 3. Vocabulary: Literary Listening: Stan Lee - the
Imagination is genres Marvel Comics founder
the best Grammar: Passive Speaking: Is Harry Potter
director p.85 Voice childish?
Lesson 4. The Vocabulary: Film Reading: Interview with
most popular genres Ewan McGregor
art Grammar: Passive Listening & Speaking:
p.89 Voice Making films
Lesson 5. A Vocabulary: Revision of Reading: The UK vs the
typical person the UK and the USA USA
p.93 realities Speaking: A typical Russian
Grammar: Passive
voice
Lesson 6. We Vocabulary: Refugees Reading: Cultural problems
are different Grammar: Passive of the UK
but still Voice Speaking: Solving problems
together p.97
Module 11. Lesson1. A trip Vocabulary: leisure Reading: Two holiday
Travel to remember activities; a trip/a places in Thailand
broadens the p.102 journey/a tour/travel/a Speaking: the holiday you
mind voyage/a cruise will never forget
p.102 Grammar: Conditional Listening: Planning a
1 holiday in Thailand

Lesson 2. Your Vocabulary: means of Reading 1: a short story


tickets, please! transport about travelling
p.106 Grammar: Conditional Reading 2: a business trip
1 Speaking: asking for
information on a business
trip
Lesson 3. Do Vocabulary: hotel Reading 1: at the reception
you have a facilities Listening: complaints to a
vacant room? Speaking 1: describing a receptionist
p.109 hotel Reading 2: Ariau Amazon

6
Speaking 2: expressing Towers vs. Jules' Undersea
approval and disapproval Lodge
Speaking 3: complaining
and apologizing at a hotel
Lesson 4. What Vocabulary: holiday Reading 1: How to pack
are you taking? necessities smartly
p.113 Grammar: Conditional Reading 2: choosing a
II package tour
Listening: packing to Speaking: talking while
New Zealand packing
Lesson 5. Grammar: Conditional Reading and Speaking:
Travel addicts II; ―I wish‖ construction Travel addicts
vs. Travel Listening: why people do
haters not like to travel
p.117 Project: a travel agency
Lesson 6. No Grammar: Conditional Watching a video: ―A man
fear! III who has walked 200 miles to
p.120 prove how kind strangers can
be‖
Listening and Reading:
young travelers
Speaking: talking to a young
traveler
Module 12. Lesson 1. Vocabulary: basic Reading: choosing an
Getting a job Choosing an vocabulary on occupation
p.124 occupation occupations Speaking: why is it hard to
p.124 choose an occupation?
Lesson 2. Vocabulary: job- Speaking: what are your
There‘s a will, position-occupation. strong points?
there‘s a way Skills, responsibilities, Listening: What‘s your
p.126 personality traits occupation? (song +
activities)
Lesson 3. Vocabulary: looking for Listening: changing your job
Business before a job Speaking: what is the best
pleasure way to find a job?
p.129
Lesson 4. Job Vocabulary: job hunting Grammar : present simple,
Hunting present continuous
p.131 Speaking: are you looking
for a job at the moment?
Lesson 5. Well Vocabulary: basic Reading: tips to write a
begun is half vocabulary on resume perfect resume
done Speaking: how good are you
p.133 at writing a resume?
Lesson 6. Give Vocabulary: job Reading: applying for a job
me a chance! interview Listening: when not to hire
p.135 your friend
Speaking: talking about the
problems of hiring a friend

7
Module
Module7.7.Welcome
Welcometotoforeign
foreignRussia
Russia

Lesson 1. Top 10 Locations in Russia


Lesson 1. Top 10 locations in Russia
Warm-up
1. a) Look at the pictures of three famous Russian cities. Do you recognize them? What
do you know about these cities, their location, population, weather, main sights
(Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg, Kazan)? Have you ever visited these places?

Vocabulary
2. a) How do you understand the following words and word collocations?
inevitably a path breaker clusters of human experience to deserve a star
to disregard guidebooks leave somebody disappointed spectacular sight
get to know the Russian soul unforgettable experience
develop their own impressions

I think “inevitably” means surely.


I guess “clusters of human experience” is a history of human
society.
b) Match the synonyms
1. inevitably a. a pioneer
2. clusters of human experience b. impressive
3. a path breaker c. knowledge of the society
4. to disregard d. let smb down
8
5. leave smb disappointed e. worth attention
6. spectacular f. ignore
7. get to know g. memorable impressions
8. to deserve a star h. without doubt
9. unforgettable experience i. meet

Reading

3. a) Read the introduction taken from the official site of Russian National Tourist
Office and answer the questions given below.
a) What did Pyotr Vail mean by these words in the first paragraph?
b) Do any other St Petersburg‘s churches deserve a star besides the Saviour on Spilled Blood?
c) Why shouldn‘t we disregard guidebooks?
d) What are the main stereotypes about Russia?

Welcome to ‗foreign‘ Russia


In his book ―The Genius of Place‖, the famous writer Pyotr Vail wrote: ―The stereotypes
where inevitably lies the route of any journey, if you are not a path breaker, of course, and
you are not a path breaker, of course, are the clusters of human experience, the concentrate
of historical wisdom‖.
If St Petersburg‘s Church of the Saviour on Spilled Blood deserves a star on the tourist map,
then surely the church around the corner, which does not, is no less of an attraction? No
tourist should disregard guidebooks and their tips from experienced tourists, or they will be
left disappointed at not having seen some spectacular sight or other which everyone else
has. Or in other words, you will have missed something significant that would help you better
understand the place you‘re visiting. That‘s why it‘s important to know which places to visit
during your visit to Russia in order to ―get to know the Russian soul‖, and make sure your
visit is an unforgettable experience.
Since the collapse of the USSR, foreign travel around Russia has increased a lot, and visitors
have already developed their own impressions and lists of places to visit. And there‘s plenty
that make Russia interesting and different from other countries besides ―vodka-balalaika-
matryoshka dolls‖. The Russian National Tourist Office has listened to their preferences and
compiled the following list of the most popular destinations.

b) Work with your group mate and try to remember some information from this text.
But you have to cover this article and use just the words in ex 2 а).

c) Many foreign visitors have fond memories of these unique places, and their albums
are full of photos from their journeys to Russia. Sometimes, it seems that foreigners
travel around Russia more than the Russians themselves. So how many places from this
list below have you visited or been on these tours?

Moscow, St Petersburg, Kazan, the Golden Ring, Novgorod Veliky, Volga cruise, Sochi,
Trans-Siberian Railway

d) Here is given some information about different Russian cities taken from the official
site of Russian National Tourist Office http://www.visitrussia.org.uk/travel-to-
Russia/toplocations. Now choose a city from the list, read about it then try to remember
two-three interesting facts about the city.

9
1. St Petersburg - the cultural ―Northern
Palmyra‖
St Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia and
one of the world's major cities. It has more to offer
than just the Hermitage Museum and the Kirov
Ballet. It is one of the biggest cultural centres in the
world, a city with an exceptionally rich history,
centuries-old traditions and a promising future.
Almost all basic trends in world and Russian
architecture of the 18th-20th centuries are found in St
Petersburg. The city has played a vital role in both Russian and European history. Founded by Peter
the Great in 1703, it was the capital of the Russian Empire for two centuries.
The city has changed its name three times: St Petersburg (1703-1914), Petrograd (1914-1924),
Leningrad (1924-1991) and St Petersburg again from 1991. The world's most fascinating city is built
on more than 45 islands, modelled in the French style by some of the world's greatest architects.
The islands are connected by more than 342 bridges, of which 21 are raised at night. This gives the
city its other name, «The Venice of the North». It is therefore little wonder that the city is also
known as a «Museum in the Open Air». Among the majestic memorials, you can feel the breath of
intellectual life, which was brought into St Petersburg by Peter the Great. The most famous
professors – people such as Leibnitz from Germany – worked on a project for the creation of the
Science Academy and other institutes.
Today, St Petersburg is ranked alongside Paris and Rome as one of the most beautiful cities in the
world.

2. Moscow – magnificence and poverty the


Russian way
In contrast to St Petersburg, Moscow is a city of
wide avenues and massive Soviet buildings – from
the Lenin Russian State Library which has 275 km
of shelves, to Stalin skyscrapers representing
Stalin‘s Empire style.
All tourists, however, go to see the Kremlin and
Red Square first. Having originally been a market
and an execution yard (the place of bread and
circuses), Red Square is now the first port of call
for foreign and local tourists alike. Even today, it is the centre of Moscow life, allowing you to
plunge into the history of the city quickly and easily.
Here you can visit the Mausoleum, the Russian Historical Museum (which formerly housed the
Lomonosov State University), and multicoloured Saint Basil‘s Cathedral, whose architect is said to
have had his eyes poked out so that he could not recreate it! TsUM (Central Universal Department
Store) is also located here where prices start with three-digit figures.
When you go to the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, don‘t forget that this is a Cathedral, so please
dress accordingly. You will not be allowed in with bare stomachs and backs. However, if you
forget, you can visit Tverskaya Street which is famous for its fashionistas, boutiques and night life.
Moscow has grown rapidly in recent decades, and, as a result, comprises high-rise suburbs
surrounding a relatively compact historic centre with plenty of fascinating ancient architecture.
Apart from being a major political player on the world stage, Moscow is also an extremely popular
city for business and tourism.

10
3. Kazan – the oldest capital city
Kazan is officially called ―the third capital of Russia‖.
In 2005, the city turned 1000 years old. Despite its
impressive age, the oldest Annunciation Cathedral,
Kazan Kremlin, and the core of the old city, the Old
Tatar Settlement and iconic buildings of the century-
before-last, are still preserved in the centre of the city.
Interestingly, there are also many modern architectural
monuments alongside the history. These include the
―Frisbee‖ of the circus as the symbols of Kazan, and
the modern Qolsharif Mosque.
Architecture lovers can also see how Christianity and
Islam coexist in Kazan. The decoration of Orthodox churches contains elements of Asian pomp.
Raifsky Bogoroditsky Cathedral has a miracle-working icon of the Mother of God of Georgia,
which is kept with special reverence.

4. The Golden Ring – onion-domed churches


The Golden Ring is the name given to the chain of
ancient towns lying to the north and east of Moscow.
These towns contain a collection of architectural
masterpieces, set in the charming landscape of central
Russia. The Golden Ring is also an opportunity to get
acquainted with life of the Russian provinces, unhurried
and calm, miles away from the hassle and bustle of the
big cities.
Fans of Russian Orthodoxy who wish to experience the
calm and profundity of the Russian faith often go on
tours around cities which are famous for their unique monasteries and churches of the 12th-17th
centuries.
These cities have rather poetic names: SergiyevPosad, Alexandrov, Kostroma, Pereslavl-Zalessky,
Uglich, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl, Rostov Veliky, Suzdal and Vladimir.

5. Novgorod Veliky – its own architect


Novgorod is one of the most ancient cities in Russia,
located in its North-West, near the site where the
Volkhov River takes its waters from Lake Ilmen.
The history of the city is closely connected with the
history of Russian statehood, of which one of the
pillars is Orthodoxy. For this reason, you can find
lots of churches, monasteries and other places of
worship in Novgorod Veliky.
The most extraordinary is Sofiysky cathedral, which
was built in the 11th century. It contains the remains
of six Russian saints and many important icons, including the miracle-working icon of Our Lady of
the Sign.
Novgorod was one of Russia's major centres of literacy and book production. As far back as the
1030s, by the will of the great Prince Yaroslav the Wise, Novgorod housed the first school to train
three hundred children at a time.
Medieval Novgorod was one of Europe‘s greatest art centres. Its architectural traditions, school of
icon-painting, jewellers and decorative applied art became famous all over the world.

11
6. Volga cruise – music playing on board
The music plays almost constantly on the top decks.
Events and discos are held here.
At night, the motorboat travels quickly, whereas during
the day, it stops in cities along the way.
In Volgograd you can visit Mamayev Kurgan and see
the giant statue of the Motherland. In Astrakhan you can
buy fish and watermelons if you go during the season.
And in the warmer months, you can swim in the Volga.
A cruise is a wonderful way to experience Russia and
all the delights that unfurl before you.

7. Lake Baikal – the pearl of Siberia

The oldest and deepest freshwater lake on the planet with


unique, untouched flora, fauna and tasty omuls which the
locals catch and then cure by smoking.
Walking along the area‘s ecological routes and
communicating with the locals who are untouched by
civilisation will help you immerse yourself in nature. You
can also visit an inhabitable Buryat yurt.

8. Sochi – from all-Union health resort to the


Olympic capital

Besides the Olympic complex, you can enjoy the things


which several generations of ordinary Soviet workers
have enjoyed for many years.
These are sanatoria, wellness activities, walks along the
waterfront, swimming in the sea, an arboretum, fresh
mountain air, tropical flowers, humming-birds, and the
world‘s tastiest khachapuris!

9. Trans-Siberian Railway – ―I will come back!‖


You need strong nerves to go on a train journey
around Eurasia. Not everyone can spend almost a
week in an enclosed space on wheels.
However, those brave souls who do make the
journey are rewarded by seeing 80 cities, the Volga
River, Ural Mountains, Baraba steppe with its
ominous clouds, Yenisei River, Barguzinsky
Mountains, the woods of Siberia, Khekhtsir Range
and Lake Baikal. Your journey will leave you with
vivid memories, while the constant motion of the
train will stay with you for days after.

e) Mingle with your friends and exchange the information about the city you‘ve just
read.

d) Now tell the class what city you must visit first and why, which city you should go
then and which one you shouldn‘t go at all and why.

12
You must visit Moscow first of course because it’s the capital of Russia and …
I think you should go to Kazan to see…
I don’t think you should go on a train journey…

Speaking

4. Make your own top ten locations in Russia. Interview your friends using these
questions and make a list of Russian cities beginning with the most popular one.

a) Which city would you like to go and why?


b) What Russian city would you choose to go if you
were a path breaker? Why?
c) Which city out of the list above or any other
Russian city has the most spectacular sights?
d) What place or sight deserves a star on a tourist
map and why?
e) What place in Russia should you visit to get
unforgettable experience and get to know Russian
soul?

13
Lesson 2. A trip to Russia

Warm up
1. a) TS 7.1 TS 7.2 TS 7.3 Listen to the Jazz Chants and repeat them with the singer.

1. What Should I Do? 2. This Can't Be Right


This can't be right.
What should I do? It has to be wrong.
You ought to ask Sue. This trip can't possibly take this long.
What should we wear? Can't we ask somebody where we are?
You ought to ask Cher. Can't we take a rest? Can't we stop the
What should he say? car?
He ought to ask Ray. We don't have to stop.
Who should she tell? I know the way.
She ought to ask Nell. I take this road almost every day.

3. When Do We Have to Be Back?


When do we have to be back, Jack?
When do we have to be back?
You have to be back at two, Lou.
You have to be back at two.
How long do we have to wait, Kate?
How long do we have to wait?
You have to wait until ten, Ken.
You have to wait until ten.
How soon do we have to pay, Ray?
How soon do we have to pay?
Pay as soon as you can, Ann.
Pay as soon as you can.

b) Someone is coming to stay in your country what advice can you give? What questions
can he/she ask?

- What should I bring?


- You should bring some warm clothes.
- Do I have to get visa?
- You have to get visa to visit Russia.
- What do you recommend me to try?
- You must try our local specialties.

Listening and reading


2. a) Do many people in your country go on holiday in winter? Where do they go?
Where would you like to go for a winter holiday? Write a sentence and read it to the
class.
I would like to go... because…

14
b) TS 7.4 Listen and read to Silvia, Fatima and Karl giving advice about visiting their
countries in the month of January. Answer the questions given after each text.

Holidays in January
Silvia
In January the weather is wonderful. It‘s the most perfect time of year,
not too hot, not too cold, but the temperature can change a lot in just one
day. It can go from quite chilly to very warm, so you should perhaps
bring a jacket but you don‘t need any thick winter clothes. The capital
city is the most populated city in the world and there are lots of things to
see and do there. We have lots of very old historic buildings. We are
very proud of our history, with Mayan and Aztec temples. But you
should also go to the coast. We have beautiful beaches. Perhaps you've
heard of Acapulco.
You don't need a lot of money to enjoy your holiday. There are lots of good cheap hotels and
restaurants, and of course you must visit the markets. You can buy all kinds of pottery and things
quite cheap, and don't forget our wonderful fruit and vegetables. We have one hundred different kinds
of pepper. You should try tacos which are a kind of bread filled with meat, beans, and salad. And our
beer is very good, especially if you add lemon and salt. Or, of course, you can always drink tequila.

a) Why is January the most perfect time of year?


b) What clothes should you bring?
c) Do you have to bring a lot of money to enjoy your holidays there?
d) What places should you visit?
e) What food should you try?
Fatima
It‘s usually quite mild in January, and it doesn't often rain.
So you don‘t have to bring warm clothes. But you'll need a
light coat or a jumper because it can get cool in the
evenings.
There is so much to see and do. We have some wonderful
museums, especially the museum of Islamic Art and the
mosques are beautiful, but of course what everyone wants to
see is the Pyramids. You must visit the pyramids. Go either
early in the morning or late in the afternoon, the light is
much better then. And if you have time you should takeа
cruise down the Nile, that‘s really interesting, you can visit all sorts of place that are difficult to get to
by land.
The best place to try local food is in the city centre. You should try кoftas and kebab which are made
of meat, usually lamb. You should try falafel which is a kind of ball made of beans mixed with herbs,
it‘s fried until it's crispy. It‘s delicious. One of the best things to drink is tea, mint tea. It‘s especially
good if the weather is very hot. It‘s really refreshing.

a) Do you have to bring any warm clothes? Why?


b) What must you visit in Egypt? What is the best time to do it?
c) What should you do if you have time?
d) What local food should you try?

Karl
Well, of course in January in my country it can be very cold with lots of snow everywhere so
you must bring lots of warm clothes, coats and woolly hats, and, if you can, snow boots.

15
Many people go skiing in the mountains at the
weekends and when you are up so high and the sky
is blue, the sun can feel really quite hot - warm
enough to have lunch outside. You can even
sunbathe, so you should bring sun cream! But you
don‘t have to go skiing, there are lots of other
things to do and see. A lot of our towns are very
pretty. They look exactly the same today as they
did four hundred years ago. And we have beautiful
lakes. If the weather‘s fine you can go for a boat trip and can get really wonderful views of
the mountains all around, from Lake Geneva you can sometimes see as far as Moot Blanc.
The food you must try is fondue, which is cheese melted in a pot. You put pieces of bread on
long forks to get it out. Also you could try rosti made with potatoes and cream - mmm!
They're both delicious.

Grammar
3. a) Look at these sentences. Which sentence expresses obligation, suggestion and
absence of necessity?
See Grammar Reference p.149

You should bring a jacket.


You must try the local food.
You don’t have to bring a lot of money to enjoy you holidays.

b) Complete the sentences with words in the box

should shouldn’t must have tox2 don’t have to do I have to

1. - I _____________ work very long hours. I‘m so tired.


- I think you ____________ talk to your boss about a pay rise.

2. - I have terrible toothache.


- You ________ go to the dentist.

3. - I can‘t sleep at night.


- You _________ drink so much coffee.

4. - ____________ get visa if I go there?


- No, you ___________ get visa but you _______ have a passport when you visit my country.

Speaking

4. a) Put the words in the correct order to make questions.

 weather / is / like / in / what / the / January?


 take / clothes / what / should /I?
 can / things / sort / of / what / do /I?
 special / any / there / places / are / that / should / visit /I?
 food / you / recommend / do / what?

16
b) Work with a group mate and ask and answer these questions about visiting Russia in
January and February. You can use the following information as a prompt.

January is a festive month in Russia, with the ―Old‖ Christmas and New Year‘s being
celebrated well until the middle of the month. It is also a relatively relaxed and quiet month
for the country, with many businesses slowing down and people staying indoors to spend time
with their friends and family over the holidays. February is an equally slow and sleepy (and
cold) month. As such, there are some places in Russia not worth going in January and
February. If you don‘t like the cold enough you have to avoid going to Moscow or St.
Petersburg in January, DEFINITELY avoid Northern Russia. Although cities like Murmansk
were built for cold weather and rarely see anything else
But there are some places to which you should absolutely go and take advantage of the low
mid-winter prices for plane tickets!
Oddly enough, Sochi was the city chosen for the 2014 winter Olympics in Russia, even
though it is probably the warmest city in the winter still lying within the Russian borders. On
the other hand, Russia‘s resort city, Sochi, is lovely, come winter or summer. Although winter
sees much colder days than summer, with average temperatures around 10-15 degrees
Celsius, the winters are still beautiful and nowhere near as harsh as elsewhere in Russia.
Although you probably won‘t get to lounge around on the beach of the Black Sea, you can
enjoy the amazing scenery of the sea and the warm atmosphere of this friendly, relaxed
seaside town.

17
Lesson 3. Doing the right thing

Warm up

1. a) Look at the pictures of different signs. Do you understand their meaning?


A B C

D
I
E
H

b) Match the sentences and the signs in a).


1) You can‘t smoke in here.
2) You are not allowed to park your car here.
3) You must fasten your seat belt while driving
4) You can‘t make fire.
5) You should use it before May, 29.
6) You have to show your passport.
7) You can take your dog with you.
8) Members of the centre don‘t have to pay.
9) You are not allowed to take pictures in the gallery.

Listening and Grammar

2. a) Work with a partner. Read the laws in Britain and compare them with the laws in
Russia.

 You can get married when you‘re 16.


 You can‘t buy cigarettes until you‘re 18.
 You are not allowed to buy alcohol until you‘re 18.
 You have to wear seatbelts in the front and back of a car.
 You mustn‘t use a mobile phone while you‘re driving.
 Young people don‘t have to do military service.
 There are a lot of public places where you are not allowed to smoke.
 Many school children have to wear uniforms.

18
b) Look at the verbs in bold. Which two of them express strong obligation. Do they have
similar meaning? What do mustn‘t and don‘t have to mean? What verbs express
permission? See Grammar Reference p.150

3.a) TS 7.5 Listen to three conversations. After each one discuss these questions.

 What is the problem?


 What is the advice?
 Do you agree with it? Give your advice if it is different.

b) Listen again and complete the lines with the exact words.
1) I don‘t know if I ____________ go or not.
2) They told her she ______________________ to have friends over while they were away.
3) Come on! You ___________ come. It‘s a party.
4) Look. You _____________tell your mum and dad.
5) You__________ to smoke in here.
6) Do you think I______________tell her to stop?
7) No, no, You ________________ say anything
8) I __________________say something.
9) I _______________go to the shops for my dad.
10) I think he _______________ pay the fine.

4. a) Jim is going to backpack around the world for a year, but his mother is worried.
Read their conversation.
Mum: You must write to us every week!
Jim: Yes. Mum! I will.
Mum: You mustn't lose your passport!
Jim: No. Mum! I won't.

b) Work in pairs. Make similar dialogues between a person who‘s going to Russia and
his mother. Use the cues and must or mustn't.
 look after your money
 go out when it's dark
 keep an official copy of your passport
 never argue with babushka
 talk to strangers
 drink too much vodka
 go anywhere that's dangerous

Speaking

5. a) Describe what you do on the following days: your birthday, a national holiday,
New Year's Day, etc. Do you have any customs which are special to your country
or region?
b) You are going to play a game where you guess the customs of different
countries around the world. You are going to work in four teams. Take your time to
read the worksheet and to check any items of vocabulary (Team A reads worksheet

19
A, Team B reads worksheet B, and so on). Brainstorm two incorrect answers for each
question.
Example
In China you should greet someone
a) by shaking his/her hand,
b) with a nod and a bow,
c) with a kiss on the cheeks.

c) Now work with a different team. Sitting opposite each other, your team takes it in
turns with the other team to read out the custom and the three possible answers.
The students in the other team discuss and choose which answer they think is
correct. The team can get l, 2, or 3 points on their chosen answer depending on
how confident they are that it is correct. If they answer correctly, they keep the
points. If they answer incorrectly, they lose the points. The team with the most points at
the end wins.

d) Were you surprised about any of the customs?


e) What are the most popular holidays in Russia? Do we have any unusual traditions
and customs connected with the holidays?

A. Call my cultural bluff B. Call my cultural bluff


1. In Britain, you don't have to carry: 1. In lsrael, you should never eat the
a) ____________ following foods together:
b) an identity card a) meat and cheese (for religious
c)_____________ reasons).
2. In China, you shouldn't give a person: b)_________
a) white flowers (they are a symbol of tears c)_________
and death). 2. In India, you shouldn't point with
b)_________ your:
c)_________ a)_________
3. If you are in a public place in Japan, b) feet.
you shouldn't: c)_________
a) 3. lf you are in a restaurant in the
b) blow your nose United States. You should always add
c)_________ the following tip to your bill:
4. At Christmas the French make a a)_________
cake that contains a small porcelain b)
doll. lf the doll is in your slice of c) ten to fifteen per cent.
cake: 4 In Thailand, you shouldn't touch
a)_________ people on:
b) you are the king or queen for the a) the head (the top of the head is
evening, and you wear a crown. considered to be sacred).
c)_________ b)_________
c)_________

20
C. Call my cultural bluff D. Call my cultural bluff
1. lf you are in somebody‘s home in 1. The British have a traditional dance
Saudi Arabia you should never say where:
how much you like things you see a)_______
because: b) the dancers wear bells, and a clown
a)_________ hits member of the audience with a ball.
b)_________ c)_______
c) The host will feel obliged to give 2. In Egypt, it is unacceptable to touch
them to you. a person:
2. When you enter a home in Finland, a) on the back of his/her neck.
you should: b)_________
a)_________ c)_________
b) take off your shoes. 3. The Spanish have a special way of
c)_________ celebrating midnight on New Year's
3. Body language in Turkey is Eve:
sometimes very different. a)_________
For example: b)_________
a) a nod means "no" and a shake of the c) they eat twelve grapes as the clock
head mean "yes". chimes.
b)_________ 4. lf you give flowers to someone in
c)_________ Germany, you should:
4. lf you are invited to somebody‘s a)_________
home in the Philippines, it is a custom b) buy an uneven number, and take
to bring: them out of the wrapping paper first.
a) a gift from your town or region. c)_________
b)_______
c)_______

21
Lesson 4. A world guide to good manners

Warm up

1. What do you think of these sayings? Do you agree with them? Do all three have the
same meaning? Ask your friends how many of them agree with these quotations?
 My culture comes from everywhere. I'm sick of this notion of nationality, that if you're
brought up in the same city or same country you're the same. Even three kids brought up
in the same family with the same genes, they are not the same. Just consider a human a
human. (Marjane Satrapi)
 Our true nationality is mankind. (H. G. Wells)
 I have no nationality - the best possible status for an intellectual. (Emile M. Cioran)

Vocabulary

2. a) Do you know these expressions? Find the Russian equivalent to the following
expressions.

all corners of the world global village business matters talk business take off
roll up get down to work social and business behavior
establish everyone's status and position take time shake hands with wink take care

b) Answer the following questions given below together with the partner
 Is it possible to travel all over the world and visit all corners of the world?
 Do you agree that world is just a global village?
 How do Russians like to discuss business matters?
 When do Russians talk business before, after or during the meal?
 What does it mean to you to take off your jacket and roll up your sleeves?
 Are the rules of social and business behavior strict or more informal in Russia?
 Is it important to establish the status and position before you meet someone?
 Who do you usually shake hands with?

Reading

3. a) Look at the title of the article. Do you think the article will be serious or light-
hearted? Why?
b) Read it quickly to understand what kind of article it is.

A World Guide to Good Manners


Travelling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. We live in a global
village, but how well do we know and understand each other? Here is a simple test.
Imagine you have arranged a meeting at four o‘clock. What time should you expect
your foreign business colleagues to arrive? If they‘re German, they‘ll be bang on time. If
they‘re American, they‘ll probably be 15 minutes early. If they‘re British, they‘ll be 15
minutes late, and you should allow up to an hour for the Italians.
Here are more examples how to behave with foreign business friends:

22
The British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters with a
drink during the meal; the Japanese prefer not to work while eating. Lunch is a time to relax
and get to know one another, and they rarely drink at lunchtime.
The Germans like to talk business before dinner: the French like to eat first and talk
afterwards. They have to be well fed and watered before they discuss anything.
Taking off your jacket and rolling up your sleeves is a sign of getting down to work
in Britain and Holland, but in Germany people regard it as taking it easy.
The Japanese have perhaps the strictest rules of social and business behaviour.
Seniority is very important, and a younger man should never be sent to complete a business
deal with an older Japanese man. The Japanese business card almost needs a rulebook of its
own. You must exchange business cards immediately on meeting because it is so essential to
establish everyone's status and position.
When it is handed to a person in a superior position, it must be given and received
with both hands, and you must take time to read it carefully, and not just put it in your
pocket! Also the bow is a very important part of greeting someone. You should not expect the
Japanese to shake hands. Bowing the head is a mark of respect and the first bow of the day
should be lower than when you meet thereafter.
In France you shouldn‘t sit down in a cafe until you've shaken hands with everyone
you know. In Afghanistan you should spend at least five minutes saying hello.
In Pakistan you mustn't wink. It is offensive.
In the Middle East you must never use the left hand for greeting, eating, drinking, or
smoking. Also, you should take care not to admire anything in your hosts' home. They will
feel that they have to give it to you.
In Thailand you should clasp your hands together and lower your head and your eyes
when you greet.

c) Read the article again and answer the following questions. Discuss the questions in
pairs.
1. Which nationalities are the most and least punctual?
2. Which nationalities do not like to eat and do business at the same time?
3. ‗They (the French) have to be well fed and watered.' What or who do you normally
have to feed and water?
4. An American friend of yours is going to work in Japan. Give some advice about
how he/she should and shouldn‘t behave.
5. Which nationalities have rules of behavior about hands? What are the rules?
6. Why is it not a good idea to ...
... say that you absolutely love your Egyptian friend's vase.
…say ‗Hi! See you later!' when you're introduced to someone in Afghanistan.
7. Do you agree with the saying ‗When in Rome, do as the Romans do‘? Do you have
a similar saying in your language?
8. What are the ‗rules‘ about greeting people in your country? When do you shake
hands? When do you kiss? What about when you say goodbye?

Reading and speaking

4. a) Here are some do‘s and don‘ts for travelers to Russia. Look through the rules and
discuss them with your partner. Do you agree on most of the items?

23
Do's
 Learn the alphabet before coming to Russia. Names of streets, metro stations are usually written
only in Russian. Several basic words and the alphabet will help you to get around Moscow on
your own.
 Use the metro. Moscow is a big spread out city and many of the sights are not in walking
distance from each other. The traffic in Moscow is slow and unpredictable so metro will save
your time. Moscow metro is cheap, clean, fast and some of the stations are breathtaking. Do
take pictures in Moscow Metro.
 Beware of pickpockets in crowded public places. Watch out for your cameras, money and
documents.
 Keep an official copy of your passport. The police are allowed to approach to anyone and check
the documents. The usual advice is to carry your passport and visa always while in Russia. If
you're afraid to lose your papers - use photocopies.
 Negotiate the price before taking a taxi. Even if it is an official taxi and the driver says he has a
meter. There have been cases of meter showing astronomic prices after 5 minute driving.
 Bring the necessary adaptor for electronic devises if needed (Russia uses 220v)
 Take off your hat (if you're a man) when you enter a church. Religious women usually put on
scarves or hats before entering a church but this rule is not a must. Put on modest clothes if
you're planning to visit a church or a monastery (no open shoulders or miniskirts or shorts)
 Give an odd number of flowers to a person. An even number of flowers is given only to a dead
person at funerals
 While at a party, especially at a wedding or birthday party, there will be toasts. These generally
aren‘t that formal and don‘t require elaborate Russian language skills to give. Just remember
that the third toast is always ―to love‖ or ―zalyubov‖!
Don’ts
 Don't drink tap water. It's safe for teeth brushing but not good for drinking. It's better to buy
some bottled water.
 Don't be afraid of Russian winter. Wrap up warm and enjoy the snow and empty halls of
Moscow museums.
 Don't take pictures inside churches.
 Don't place your empty bottle on the table. It's bad luck. Empty bottles should be placed on the
floor
 Don't sit at a corner of the table if you're single. Tradition says you might never get married.
 Don't ask 'how're you?' if you don't have time to listen to the reply (which might be long). In
Russia this is a real question but not a greeting.

b) Work in group of fours.

Group A are foreigners (American, British, French and Japanese). You are going to
travel to Russia to visit your friends there. Prepare some questions about problems you can
face while staying in Russia.
Group B are Russians who are expecting some foreign friends (American, British,
French and Japanese) to stay at your place. Think of some advice you can give to foreign
friends.

c) Find a partner from the opposite group and discuss with him or her trip to Russia.

24
Lesson 5. National stereotypes. What are Russians like?

Warm up

1. Did you find the joke below amusing? If you did, is it because of what you know about
these nationalities personally, or what you know of their reputations? Would you like to
change the joke in some way? Can you improve it by changing some of the nationalities
or some of the jobs?

“Heaven is where the police are British, the cooks are French, the mechanics are German,
the lovers are Italian and it’s all organised by the Swiss. Hell is where the police are German,
the cooks are English, the mechanics are French, the lovers are Swiss, and it’s all organised
by the Italians.”

Vocabulary and speaking

2. a) Which adjectives in the box do you think go with nationalities below?


Use your dictionary to check new words.

hard-working easy-going punctual friendly reserved emotional lazy outgoing


hospitable sociable formal casual enthusiastic quiet tolerant talkative
sophisticated well-dressed fun-loving respectful humorous serious nationalistic
romantic

American Japanese German


French Italian British
b) Match the words on the left with their opposites on the right.

1. polite a. quiet
2. friendly b. mean
3. loud c. rude
4. generous d. unfriendly
5.open-minded e. messy
6. tidy f. intolerant
7. honest g. impatient
8. gentle h. warm
9. patient i. boring
10. funny j. dishonest
11. excitable k. aggressive
12. distant l. calm

c) How do you think people from other countries see people from your country? Would
they use any of the adjectives above?

d) Work in pairs or small groups. Which nationalities do you think are being described
below?

25
 They‘re always in big groups.
 They talk too loudly.
 The men are womanisers.
 They‘re good dancers.
 They smoke too much.
 They‘re all fat.
 They think they‘re the best.
 They‘re violent people, I think.
 They‘re so mean. They count every penny.
 They talk with their hands.
 They‘re bad drivers.
 They‘re all rich.
 They always want things done their way.
 The women are beautiful.
 They‘re all blonde-haired and blue-eyed.

e) Do you think your discussion would have offended people from any of the countries
you have been talking about? Do you mind if your country is talked about in the same
way?

Listening
3. a) TS 7.6 You are going to watch and listen to people in different parts of the world
what they think about the British, Americans, Italian, German and French. Write down
all unknown words and check their meaning.

b) Do you have the same opinion about these nationalities?


c) Can you guess what other nationalities think of Russian people? Watch the videos and
compare your ideas.
Project
4. a) Make a list of questions to interview foreign students at your University about their
impressions of Russia. You can also use the site below to get more information on this
issue.
http://www.weblogtheworld.com/countries/europe-countries/russia/city-moscow/what-do-
foreigners-think-about-russia/

b) Share with the group mates what you have learned.

26
Lesson 6. My experience of living in Russia

Warm up
1. Name 5 things that characterize Russia best of all. What images would you place here
to represent Russia?
Reading
2. a) Read the introduction of a man who has lived and worked in Russia for some time.
What have you learned about this person (his nationality, job, plans and interest)?
What‘s he like? Can you guess what is he going to write about Russia?

SOME RANDOM THINGS I LEARNED FROM MY


INCREDIBLE EXPERIENCE LIVING IN RUSSIA

Written by Donovan Nagel

G‘day everyone!
My name‘s Donovan and I‘m an Applied Linguistics graduate from sunny Queensland,
Australia. I‘ve been moving around and living in various parts of the world for the last 10
years.
I have a huge passion for language learning as well as helping to raise awareness of
endangered minority languages around the world.
My goal is to spend the rest of my life pursuing this passion.
I‘m happy to share information from my own experience that‘ll help you in your efforts to
pick up new languages whether you‘re living abroad immersed in your target language or
struggling to learn at home on your own.
Today I‘m going to share a few fairly random but very interesting things with you that I
learned during my language immersion stay in Russia.
Russia‘s a beautiful country full of interesting, kind people who are far too misunderstood
by the rest of the world in my opinion. Of all the places around the world I‘ve lived in for
language immersion it was one of the most rewarding I‘ve ever had.

b) Here are given three extracts from his blog about his Living In Russia Experience.
You are going to work in groups (A, B, C). Each group reads one extract. Discuss what
you‘ve learned from your extract. Then find partners from two other groups and share
your information with them.

A. RUSSIA’S MADE UP OF SO MANY PEOPLES AND LANGUAGES I’VE


NEVER HEARD OF BEFORE
Russia is such a massive place that it‘s no surprise it‘s made up of many many ethnic groups
and languages.
I lived in a region of Russia called Tatarstan where the ethnic group (called Tatars) are a
Turkic people with a language closely related to Turkish and a very similar culture and
cuisine. Interestingly, when I asked people if they were Russian they‘d often reply to
me, “No. I’m Tatar.”

27
IN RUSSIA MEN ARE MEN AND WOMEN ARE WOMEN
I‘m hesitant to write this one but here goes. I‘ve always been the traditional type myself. I like
to be the kind of bloke who pays the bill, holds the door open and carries the heavy stuff.
Men are men, ladies are ladies and there‘s no blurred line or malarkey about it.
When I first arrived in Russia I was quite surprised when we were unloading the car after
shopping one night and the Russian women stopped and waited for me to carry everything.
Often without even asking they would just stand there or sit down and expect that it was now
the man‘s duty to do the lifting and to be the one who gets his hands dirty.
Of course a similar kind of stark gender contrast exists in Korean culture too but it stood out
for me more in Russia (plus you‘d have a much harder time finding the styled hair, makeup-
wearing pretty boy type in Russia than you would in Korea I‘m sure).
When I lived in Georgia (which is culturally very similar to Russia) it was almost impossible
to refuse alcohol at dinners and toasts for example because if you did you were a weak man.
Women don‘t have to worry about it.
I‘m sure a lot of people out there believe this is a sign of a society that hasn‘t caught up with
the times but I say who are they to make that judgement.

B. RUSSIANS LOVE THEIR ДАЧИ, БАНИ AND THE OUTDOORS


Nearly every Russian I spoke to in the big cities has a
family house/cottage in a village somewhere called a
дача (dacha) with a sauna (баня) connected to it.
Russians are fanatical about бани. I was told that
one thing many Russians like to do is go in the sauna
in Winter and then jump into the snow naked to cool
off. I never got to try it myself unfortunately!
I went to some incredibly beautiful дачи too while I
was there with homely, log cabin designs and heated
by wood fire.
There‘s a great barbecue culture in Russia too which
suited me well as an Aussie
RUSSIAN WEATHER‘S EXTREME BUT AT
THE SAME TIME INCREDIBLY BEAUTIFUL
We all think of ice when we think of Russia.
It definitely lived up to its reputation when I was there as I‘ve never experienced such
extreme cold in my life (being an Aussie Queenslander didn‘t help). I‘m quite sure we got
down to almost -40 degrees celcius at one point and if you‘ve never been in cold like that
before then I can assure you it‘s pretty nippy.
It kinda makes you feel like your eyelids are freezing to your eyeballs when you go outside.
Despite how cold it is though it‘s truly beautiful to see and even though I never got to see the
Summer, the Spring was gorgeous. Russia‘s a nature-lover‘s paradise.

C. RUSSIA HAS A LONG TRADITION OF DRINKING BIRCH SAP /


JUICE (БЕРЁЗОВЫЙ СОК)
It isn‘t really an exclusively Russian thing but it is a really important, age-old tradition in
Russia for people to collect birch tree sap around the month of April.
Birch trees are the really tall trees with white bark that you see all over the Russian landscape.
Whether they‘re green or covered in snow they‘re absolutely beautiful.
They cut the bark and hang a bottle under it overnight to catch the sap which kind of looks
like blue water.

28
It‘s apparently packed full of nutrients and I‘m told that
Russians used to (perhaps still do) use it for medicinal
purposes. Tastes good too.
RUSSIAN PEOPLE ARE INCREDIBLY KIND AND
HOSPITABLE
I‘ve said this a few times already but I want to finish on this
point again here.
In contrast to all the biased negativity that gets spun about
Russia and the stereotypes of Russians being cold, unfriendly
people I received some of the warmest hospitality I‘ve ever
experienced during my stay in Russia.
Ordinary people there are doing it tough – wages are low,
prices are ridiculously high, and yet people always went out of
their way time and time again to make me feel welcome (can‘t say the same for the elite rich I
mentioned above however).
The first friend I made in Russia was a girl who offered to help me go shoe shopping because
she heard that I didn‘t have boots in -30 degrees cold. She spent the day showing me around
(entirely in Russian since she doesn‘t speak English) and helping me out even though I was a
complete stranger.
She ended up becoming my best friend in Kazan.

c) Do you think Donovan Nagel‘s experience and impressions of Russia are typical for a
foreigner? Do you know anyone who has lived in Russia for some time? What‘s his or
her impression of our country?

Project
3. You are working for a travel agency in Russia. Your agency
specializes in making unusual ―off beaten tracks‖ tours around
Russia. Your customer is an experienced traveler Donovan Nagel
who has lived and worked in Russia for some time. He wants to see
some spectacular sights places that deserve a star on a tourist map.
Make a tour for him. You can prepare a poster or a brochure with
some pictures. You can use the following links to help.

http://rbth.co.uk/articles/2011/03/03/12_russian_tourist_destinations_off_the_beaten_path_12522.html
https://lifeinrussia.wordpress.com/
https://www.lonelyplanet.com/thorntree/forums/europe-eastern-europe-the-caucasus/topics/off-the-
beaten-track-in-russia-74c5d6a0-673a-4229-9a55-4851018aa572

Writing

See Writing Bank p.141

29
Module 8. Where do you come from?

Lesson 1. Town and country


Warm up

1. Think about advantages and disadvantages of city and country life. Put them in the
chart and compare with your partner`s chart.

City life Country life


+ - + -

Maria finds more advantages in city rather than in country life. She thinks it`s more exciting
and fascinating…

Vocabulary

2. a) Do you know these words? What of these things can you see in the pictures?
square field
shopping centre farm
statue wood
market bridge
town hall path
street river
library cottage
car park hill
cathedral church
pavement mountain
office block pub
petrol station lake
road village

b) Fill in the gaps using the words from the box.


1. A cathedral is bigger than a ____________.
2. A mountain is higher than a _____________
3. A _______________ is smaller than a house.
4. In my town there's a _______ of King Leopold II sitting on his horse. It's in the main ____.
5. The mayor has an office in the _____________.
6. Cars drive on the _______________. Pedestrians walk on the ___________________.

c) Say where you usually go:


- to meet friends;
- for some art; I prefer going to parks to see my friends, but sometimes
- to have picnic; we can meet in a shopping centre when we want to
entertain ourselves…
- to show sights to your guests;
- when it`s a sunny day.

30
d) Compare the pictures using the words given in a). Answer the following questions:
- where are the people?
- what are they doing?
- what`s the weather like?

Reading and speaking

3. Now let`s talk about our preferences. Why do you think people prefer living in the
country? And why others like city more? Here are three people giving their opinions.
Look through them and complete the chart.

Patrick: The best thing about travelling by train ... is that you
get back to London at the end of it! I`ve just been to the
Cotswords for a week, and I couldn't get back to the city fast
enough. The village where I was staying was terribly boring.
There were no shops, no restaurants and, it seems, hardly any
people. I was having really awful time there all these days! I
didn`t want to cook every evening as I was on holiday - but the
nearest restaurant was a 20-minute drive. That's not too far, I
thought, and once decided to go there – first I was waiting for
the train for 30 minutes, then from 5 to 6 p.m. I was trying to
find it somewhere in the fields. I was dying of hunger when I
finally found it. Perhaps there was a cinema, but after the story
with the restaurant, I never tried to find it. I`ve always lived in cities — the country is not the
place for me.

31
Alice: I work as an architect. I went to university in Exeter and
then just stayed on afterwards. I've been here for ten years now,
but I don't really like the noise and dirt of city life. So, I'm
selling my flat and moving to the Lake District. When I was a
child, I used to visit my grandparents in the Lake District and I
loved it. My grandfather and I went walking every day, and my
grandmother taught me to swim in one of the lakes. My
goodness, the water was cold! Three years ago, I met two other
architects - at my grandfather's funeral, in fact. We were talking
about London when suddenly one of them offered me to join
their team in the Lake District. What an opportunity! The air is
so fresh, and the views are out of this world. I can't wait to sell
my flat.

Jake: I'm eighteen years old and I live in a small village in the Peak
District; not far from Nottingham. I: live with my parents, and
younger brother and sister. I grew up in this village, so I know
everyone here. That's not the problem, the problem is that there's
nothing to do, and nobody of my age to do it with! I was trying to
organize some cinema club, but nobody wanted to join me. In fact,
I was doing my best to make life here more interesting all these
years till I found nobody needed it. That`s why I`m going to move
to Nottingham in September. I was looking for some job when my
cousin offered me to substitute him at his position. I'm really
looking forward to living in Nottingham - I'll be able to meet new
friends and to do something interesting.

Name City or country? Why?


Patrick
Alice
Jake

4. Now share your experience. Think of one day spent in the country and in a big city.
Try to describe these days using a model. What were your impressions?

I visited my granny last summer. I remember one day very well. I woke up very early when my
granny was cooking breakfast for me…

Grammar

5. How did your friends spend yesterday? Have a talk with your partner asking and
answering question about:

See Grammar reference p. 150

- at 3 o`clock in the morning;


- when your mom came home; What were you doing at 3 o`clock in the
- from 5 to 7 p.m.; morning yesterday?
- when your friend was having dinner; I was surfing the Internet.
- the whole morning.

32
6. Choose the correct verb form.
1. I saw / was seeing a good programme on TV last night.
2. While I shopped / was shopping this morning, I lost / was losing my wallet. I don't know
how.
3. Last week the police stopped / were stopping Alan because he drove / was driving at over
eighty miles an hour.
4. ―How did you break / were you breaking your leg?‖ I asked. “I was skiing/ skied and I hit /
was hitting a tree.‖
5. When I arrived / was arriving at the party, everyone had / was having a good time.
6. Did you have / Were you having a good time last night?

7. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the Past Simple or Past Continuous.
1 While I (go) to work this morning, I (meet) an old friend.
2. I___________(not want) to get up this morning. It__________(rain) and it was cold, and
my bed was so warm.
3. The phone__________________(ring) just as I_______________(leave) the office.
4. When I________________(pick) up the phone, there was no-one there.
5. I_____________________(say) hello to the children, but they didn't say anything because
they (watch) television.

Speaking

8. Have a talk with your partner using the roles given below.

Student A. Your friend is going to move to the country. He has a good job and a nice flat and
you don`t understand his reasons to leave. Try to make him stay in the city.

Student B. You spent last weekend in the country and found that life there is much more
pleasant – it`s safer, cleaner and cheaper. You don`t want to stay in the city anymore. Explain
your friend your decision.

Hi, Mary, how was the weekend?

It was amazing! I went to the country to see my relatives – and I`ve made a
very important decision: I want to move to the country!

33
Lesson 2. More than just a city

Warm up

1. a) Let`s discuss the following:


- What do you think a population of a megacity should be?
- What are the biggest cities in the world?
- Do you think the majority of people live in cities or in rural areas?

b) TS 8.1 Listen to the urban studies expert talking about megacities. Check your ideas.

Reading and listening

2. Work in three groups.

Group A Read about Tokyo.


Group B Read about Mumbai.
Group C Read about Mexico City.

I. HIGH-SPEED TOKYO

Tokyo has a population of 35 million people. It is the largest city in the world. It is also one of
the most exciting. Everything moves fast here. It has one of the biggest and busiest railway
systems in the world. Every day, 11 million commuters use it to get to and from work. People
earn the highest salaries, and they spend the most money. They wear the latest fashions, and
have the most up-to-date phones. It is the world's most expensive city.
Old and new
Tokyo was originally a small fishing village called Edo. The name changed in 1868 when the
Emperor moved there.

34
The architecture is very modern. There are not many old buildings because of the 1923
earthquake and the Second World War, But traditional Japan is always near, with many
Shinto shrines and public baths around the city.
Visiting Tokyo
Tokyo is on the east coast of Japan. The summers are hot and humid. The most beautiful time
of year is spring, when the famous cherry blossom is on the trees. The city is huge, but it is
one of the safest cities in the world. Japan is mysterious. It is difficult for foreigners to
understand.

II. MUMBAI - A CITY OF EXTREMES

Mumbai is India's largest city with a population of 22.8 million. It is also India's most
important commercial centre. Mumbai was part of the British Empire until independence in
1947. It was called Bombay until 1995, when it was renamed Mumbai after a Hindu goddess,
Mumba Devi.
Rich and poor
Mumbai is both old and modern, rich and poor. The streets are full of people doing business,
selling snacks and clothes, or just living there.
Money is everywhere in modern Mumbai. India's most important businesses and banks have
their headquarters there. The Bollywood film industry produces more films than Hollywood
in Los Angeles.
Modern skyscrapers and new shopping malls are right next to slums. Sixty percent of the
population live with no running water, no electricity, and no sanitation.
Visiting Mumbai
Mumbai is on the west coast. The wet season is from June to September. Between November
and February it is a bit cooler and dryer.
The city is best at sunrise and sunset, when the colour of the stone buildings changes from
gold to orange and pink. The cheapest and easiest transport is by bus. Trains can »e crowded
and dangerous.
Because of its poverty, Mumbai can be a difficult place to explore, but the experience is
unique.

35
III. MULTICULTURAL MEXICO

Mexico City has a population of 23.4 million. It is the largest city in both North and South
America. The Aztecs called it Tenochtitlan, and it was already an important city when the
Spanish invaded in 1521 The country became independent in 1821.
Indian and European
Mexico City offers a variety of experiences. In the Zdcalo, the main square, you can see the
Spanish cathedral, an Aztec temple, and a modern skyscraper. The city has a lot of museums
and theatres. European squares and colonial houses sit next to busy markets selling Mexican
food and Indian handicrafts.
It is the richest city in Latin America. There are elegant shops selling high-class goods,
expensive restaurants, and supercool bars. There are also many people who live in poor
houses.
Visiting Mexico City
Mexico City is in a valley in the south central area of the country. It is surrounded by
mountains. The rainy season is from June to October. The warmest months are April and
May. It has the largest and cheapest subway system in Latin America. Traffic moves so
slowly that it is often faster to walk. The air quality is not good, and visitors need to be
careful, but the city offers a rich cultural mix.

3. a) Make notes about the city you`ve just read about under these headings:
 The city and its people
 Money and business
 Buildings and history
 Climate
 Transport

b) Present the city for other students according to the plan taking turns to talk on each
point.

4. TS 8.2 Listen to three people talking about their life in Tokyo, Mumbai and Mexico
and complete the chart.

36
Makiko Vimahl Lourdes
The people
The climate
Transport
Things to do

Project

5. Do you know any more megacities? Find a partner and prepare a presentation about
one according to the same plan.

Listening and speaking

6. a) Big city life is always exciting and people are usually very busy and have lots of
things to do. Here is Suzy`s yesterday to-do-list. Look at the map and find the places
where she could do these things.
Where can Suzie have breakfast with Jim?
8.00 breakfast with Jim
9.00 buy stamps She can have breakfast in an
Italian restaurant
12.05 bus
13.30 meeting with Julie from KJA
15.00 lunch with parents
17.00 buy meds for granny
17.10 buy newspaper
19.00 call Jessica
19.30 cinema (Jim)
21.30 dinner

b) Now let`s describe her day trying to answer what she was doing at:
- at 7.30 (get ready);
- at 8.15 (have breakfast with Jim); What was she doing at 7.30?
- at 12.00 (wait for a bus); She was getting ready for breakfast.
- at 13.45 (discuss the project);
- from 15.00 to 16.00 (have lunch);
37
- at 17.02 (wait in a queue);
- at 19.05 (talk to Jessica);
- from 19.30 to 20.00 (watch film);
- at 00.30 (sleep).

7. a) TS 8.3 Suzy moved to the city not long ago so she doesn`t know it very well. She
had some problems when she was looking for the necessary places. Listen to her
dialogues with passers-by and fill in the gaps.

1. A _________me! Is there a____________ near here?


B Yes. ________ ____ Church Street. Take the first _____ ____ ____ right. It`s _____ ____
the music shop.
A Thanks!

2. A Is there a post office near here?


B Go straight ahead, and it's____ ________ left, ______ ___ the pub.
A Thanks a lot.

3. A Excuse me! Is there a__________ near here?


B There's an Internet cafe in Park Lane ______ the bank and there's an Italian restaurant in
Church Street next to the_________.
A Is that one_________?
B No, just two minutes, that`s all.

b) Look at the map and choose the place you are now. Show this place to your partner.
Ask how to get to different places marked on the map. Take turns to ask and answer
questions using the model.

Excuse me! Is there a (cinema) near here?


Excuse me! Where`s the (cinema) here?
Yes, there is.
It`s in (Church) street opposite the (bank).
It`s next to the (café).
You`ll see it on the corner.

How can I get there?


Go straight ahead along Main Lane.
Take the (second) street on the right (left).
Turn left (right).
Ok, thanks.
You`re welcome!

38
Lesson 3. Poetry in stone
Warm up

1. Discuss the following with your group mates:


a) When coming to a new city what do you pay attention the most – the people, the buildings/
architecture, the prices, etc.?
b) Does architecture create a certain image of the city? In what way?
c) What kind of architecture do you like more – old or modern? Why? Which one prevails in
your hometown?

2. How much do you know about architecture? Do the quiz and use the Internet to check
your ideas. Who is the best expert in your group?

1. How many spectators could Roman Coliseum 2. How many years did Antonio Gaudi need to
hold? finish his Sagrada Familia Cathedral?
a) about 20000 a) 25 years
b) more than 50000 b) 40 years
c) a little bit less than 100000 c) it isn`t finished yet
3. What is the purpose of the Leaning Tower of 4. What is the highest building in the world?
Pisa? a) Burj Khalifa, UAE
a) a radio tower b) One World Trade Centre, USA
b) a bell tower c) Shanghai Tower, China
c) an apartment building
5. There is a skyscraper in the world which 6. Where can one find the Saint Basil's
doesn`t have a single window. Where is it Cathedral?
situated? a) Rome
a) New York b) Paris
b) Dubai c) Moscow
c) Moscow
7. Which city has the largest number of bridges? 8. The Eifel Tower was originally built as:
a) Venice a) the new entrance to the city
b) Amsterdam b) an entrance to the World Trade Exhibition
c) Hamburg c) a radio tower

Vocabulary and listening


3. a) Look at the buildings. Which of them do you like best? Why?

Topkapi Palace Salisbury Cathedral

39
Experience Music Project

b) Do you know these words? Add them to the correct group given below.

art deco baroque concrete courtyard glass neo- classical office block
palace shopping centre tower wood castle spire brick modern
stone dome Ottoman style

Style: gothic, classical, …


Materials: metal, …
Features: curved roof, …
Building: cathedral, museum, …

4. a) Complete the table with the words from exercise 2 and describe the buildings in the
photos.
Building Style Materials Main features
museum
palace
cathedral

The museum is built in a modern style, the materials used are glass, …

b) TS 8.4 Listen to the descriptions of the buildings and compare them with your
descriptions.

c) Listen again and answer the questions:


- Where are these buildings situated?
- What is other Frank Gehry` famous building?
- What is the Music Museum`s roof inspired with?
- Where is Topkapi Palace located in the city?
- When was it constructed?
- How high is Salisbury Cathedral?
- When was it built?

Reading and speaking

5. a) What places in your city do you like most of all? Have you been to Sergiev Kazan
Cathedral, one of the most beautiful holy places in Kursk? Do you think these facts
about the cathedral are true or false?

40
a) The cathedral was built by Rastrelli.
b) Elizabeth II ordered to build it.
c) It`s constructed in neo-classical style.
d) First it was built out of wood and then reconstructed.
e) Prochor Moshnin gave money on building it.
f) During the Soviet period it was a cinema.

b) Read the text and check your answers.

Sergiev Kazan Cathedral (its full name is


the Cathedral of St. Sergius of Radonezh
and the Mother of God of Kazan) is an
active Orthodox church in the city of
Kursk, situated in the very centre of the
city - in Gorky Street. It was erected in
1778 in Baroque style and is an example
of the classical architecture of Elizabeth II
epoch. Before the stone building was
constructed, there had been a small
wooden church, which was later destroyed
by fire. The architect is unknown, but the
historians say he was likely to be a
Rastrelli`s follower. It`s a famous fact,
that the father of Prochor Moshnin
(known to us as St. Seraphim of Sarov)
was the one who gave money on building
the church. According to the legend, being
a little child Prochor fell down from the chapel, but stayed unhurt. The temple is a slender,
upward-storey building with a ribbed dome, with lots of windows and various parts of the
decor. In the thirties, the church was closed, and served as an exhibition hall and then as an
anti-religious museum, which was looted in during the war. Now the cathedral is open to all
visitors.

6. Think of some building which you like (or dislike) in your area. Describe it to the
class, but don`t give the name of it. Let others guess what place you are talking about.
Stick to the plan:
- the location,
- the history,
- the style and materials,
- the main features.

41
Lesson 4. No place like home
Warm up

1. Do you agree with the following? Discuss the quotes with your group mates.

―America is my country and Paris is my hometown.‖ Gertrude Stein


―I was not sorry for loving Charleston or for leaving it. Geography had made me who I was.‖
Sue Monk Kidd
―I consider myself a product of my hometown. I feel great love and even greater debt to this
place, and I`m sure you always want your hometown to be the proudest of you.‖ Jewel

Listening

2. a) Look at the pictures. Do you know anything about these cities?

Villingen-Schwenningen Innsbruck Bonn

Mattighofen Hannover

b) TS 8.5 Listen to Kathrin, Stefan, Julia, Bernhard and Anja talking about their
hometowns. Where do they come from?

c) Listen again and complete the chart. Which of these cities would you like to visit?
Why?
Where is his/her What does he/she like Extra information
hometown situated? about his/her
hometown?
Kathrin
Stefan
Julia
Bernhard
Anja

42
Reading and speaking

3. a) Do you know these words and word combinations? Find the Russian equivalents
for them.

record destroy
horde rebuild
fortress include
turning point compile
struggle mention
nightingale to be taken
plant to be raided by
fair to be ruled by
iron ore repeatedly
sacred procession in honour of

b) Do you know much about the city you live in? Look at the pictures. Do you know how
these things are connected with Kursk?

A C
B

E
D

c) Read a short fact file about Kursk from a guidebook and check your ideas. Are all
these facts familiar to you? Which of them are the most surprising for you?

FACT FILE: KURSK


 The first written record of Kursk is dated 1094. It was mentioned in the Pechyor
Paterikon one of the most famous written monuments of the ancient Church,
compiled by the monk-chronicler Nestor in 1094.

43
 There are also some lines about the valour of
Kursk warriors in the world-famous The Tale
of Igor's Campaign written approximately in
1185.
 Kursk was raided by the Polovtsians in the
12th and 13th centuries and destroyed by Batu
Khan around 1237. The city was rebuilt no
later than 1283. It was ruled by Grand Duchy
of Lithuania between 1360 and 1508. Kursk
joined the centralized Russian state in 1508,
becoming its southern border province.
 At the beginning of the 17th century Kursk
was repeatedly attacked by Polish-Lithuania
(in 1612, 1616, 1617, 1634), the Crimean
Tatars, and the Nogai horde, but Kursk fortress was never taken.
 The first school was opened in 1780, the first theatre – in 1792 (Mikhial Schepkin first
appeared there in 1805).
 In the 18th century there were several city districts called ―slobodas‖ – some of them still
exist in the city.
 The area around Kursk was the site of a turning point in the Soviet–German struggle
during the Great Patriotic War and the site of the largest tank battle in history (April, 12
1943). After the war Kursk was included into the governmental short list of the cities
needed to get reconstructed as soon as possible.
 During the Soviet period Kursk was a great industrial centre. Now as a soviet heritage
one can find lots of empty industrial buildings, especially in the working areas of the city.
 One more fact from the soviet history – from 1937 till 1992 the main city cathedral,
Znamensky, situated on Red Square – used to be a cinema.
 The symbol of Kursk is a nightingale. This little bird is adored here – there is even a
museum of it!
 There is a monument to an apple in Kursk, which can sound strange except this is one
more symbol of the city. Local apples are famous all over the country and called
―antonovka‖.
 If you are very attentive, you`ll see a part of Kursk Kremlin wall – just near the plant on
Red Square. It`s not more than three meters long, but looks very authentic. Plus, it creates
a beautiful view on the main cathedral of the city. A plant, a cathedral, a part of fortress –
what a mix!
 The famous Kursk Korennaya Fair is still held as well as a sacred procession in honour of
Our Lady of Kursk.
 The oldest buildings in Kursk are the upper and lower churches of the Trinity Monastery,
a good example of the transition style characteristic of Peter the Great's early reign.
 Kursk is a part of Black Soil Zone and the so-called Kursk Magnetic Anomaly, the
world's largest known iron-ore reserve, which makes the city very important industrial
centre of Russia.
 Each year in autumn there held big jazz festival called ―Jazz province‖.

d) Why are these dates important for Kursk?

1094 1360 1780 1508 1792 April, 12 1943

44
e) Are these statements true or false?

1. Kursk is the most ancient Russian town.


2. The first written record of Kursk is found in The Tale of Igor's Campaign.
3. Kursk was destroyed by Lithuanians in 1360.
4. There is a monument to a nightingale in Kursk.
5. Kursk Korennaya Fair is held at the same time as a sacred procession in honour of Our
Lady of Kursk.
6. There is still a part of Kursk Kremlin left in the centre of the city.
7. The biggest branch of industry in Kursk region is iron ore production.

3. Think of more interesting facts about Kursk which can be added to the list.

Listening and speaking

4. a) Do you know these words and word combinations? Find Russian equivalents for
them.

dormitory hygenical situation to generalize simulation ride tank


guest of honour circumstances health facilities to dedicate

b) TS 8.6 Kathrin, Stefan, Julia, Bernhard and Anja are doing a language course in
Kursk now. Listen to their impressions of the city and find out:
 what surprised each of them in the city most of all;
 what they liked most of all;
 what didn`t they like most of all;
 what is their favourite place in Kursk.

5. Have a talk with your partner.

Student A. Your pen friend from America is coming to Russia for the first time in his life and
he wants to start from its provincial part. Tell him about your native town and advertise it for
him to visit it.

Student B. You are going to visit Russia for the first time in your life and you want to start
from its province. You are particularly interested in history and culture and you want to know
as much as possible about the city you are going to visit first.

Writing

See Writing Bank p. 142

45
Lesson 5. The heritage
Warm up

1. Discuss the following with your group mates:


a) What do you think makes ―the heritage‖ of the city?
b) What are the most famous places in the city? And what are your favourite ones?
c) Do you know famous people of your city?

Listening and speaking

2. a) TS 8.7 Listen. Complete the directions from YOU ARE HERE to the A312 to
Dorchester. Use the prepositions.
over along past round up down through under
Go __________ George Street, ___________the Bristol Hotel on your left, and__________
the bridge. At the roundabout, turn left and go __________Park Avenue. Go________ the
corner, _________the the hill. Then go ____________ the railway bridge, __________
wood, and _______________ and you are on the A312 to Dorchester.

b) TS 8.8 Start from YOU ARE HERE. Listen to the directions. Where do you finish?
1____________________ 2 ____________________ 3 ___________________

3. Talk to your partner. Describe the way to your home from university. Did he/she
understand where you live?

46
Reading and speaking

4. a) Do you recognize the places shown in the pictures? Match them with their names
and explain how to get to these places from the university.

B C D

E F G

H I

K
J

47
1. Kursk Medical University; 2. Officers` Palace;
3. Znamensky Cathedral; 4. Lenin Street;
5. The lower church of the Trinity 6. Korennaya Hermitage;
Monastery; 8. Kursk State Art Gallery;
7. The Marjino Estate; 10. The Roman Catholic Church of the
9. Kursk State University; Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary;
11. Kursk Regional Local Lore Museum

b) Read Top 10 Places in Kursk from a guidebook. Do you agree with the list?

10 Must See Places in Kursk


1. Lenin street, the main street of the city. The whole social life is concentrated here –
shopping, cafes, etc.
2. Znamensky Cathedral, the main church of the city. If you are not short of time take an
excursion – it`s really worthy, plus, you`ll have an opportunity to share real monk dinner in
the monastery canteen.
3. The Lower Church of the Trinity Monastery, the oldest church in the city and a beautiful
icon workshop available for visits.
4. The Roman Catholic Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a rare
example of gothic buildings in Eastern Russia. There are also organ concerts held inside,
always very cheap and friendly.
5. Kursk Regional Local Lore Museum, a small cozy museum in a historical building.
6. Officers` Palace, a remarkable building over viewing one of the oldest districts of the
city.
7. Kursk State Art Gallery, a small and nice local art gallery mostly connected with the
name of famous artist Alexander Deineka.
8. The buildings of Kursk State University and Kursk State Medical University. The latter
used to be a prison.
9. The Marjino estate, one day trip to the real pre-revolutionary Russia and a nice
opportunity to have a picnic just like Russian dukes did.
10. Korennaya Hermitage, a centre of Orthodox Culture with fantastic views.

5. a) Work in groups of three. Make your own must-see list for Kursk. Is it different
from the one given above?

b) Work in the same groups. Prepare a plan of excursion around Kursk using your top
10 places to see. Advertise the project to your group mates using any possible means –
pictures, brochures, a computer presentation, etc.

48
Lesson 6. City legends

Warm up

1. Find out one piece of local news to share with your group mates. Distribute the
sections beforehand: culture, politics, science, education, social issues, and
environmental issues.

Cultural news. “Kurskaya Pravda” informs that a competition “Students` springs” is going
to be held the next month. The students of higher educational institutions will compete in
different areas, such as singing, dancing…

Reading

2. a) Here are some unusual news from different parts of world. Work in groups of 4.
Each group reads one piece of news and suggests a title for it.

A. BBC informs about a strange case happened in Australia. A couple


came home one evening and discovered an enormous hole in their
roof, their dog dead and their furniture covered in litres of horrible-
smelling matter. Upset by what they saw, the couple, phoned the
police who soon arrived to investigate. After several phone calls, the
detective was finally able to explain to the couple what had happened.

B. San Diego Breaking News informs about a terrible case happened in the city. A man
bought a satellite dish and decided to set it up himself. He climbed up the ladder and attached
the dish to the side of his house. Then, with his wife inside the house shouting to him when
the reception was best, he adjusted it. When they were
satisfied, the man and his wife relaxed for the evening in front
of the TV. Even though the next day was very hot, the couple
decided to stay at home and watch television. That afternoon
they heard fire-engine sirens and lots of shouting outside.
When they went outside, they saw that the house opposite was
on fire. The fire was put out, but the firemen couldn't work out
how the fire had started.

C. An old man from Hanover, Germany, had had enough of his


cat. He was fed up with her scratching all the furniture and
making a mess. So he gave her to a friend, who lived on the
other side of town. He told his friend that he was getting too old
to look after her. A week later, on a very cold winter day, die
old man returned home from shopping and was surprised to see
the cat shivering on his doorstep. The man was moved by the
fact that his pet had found her way back from the other side of
town in such cold weather. He took the cat inside and gave her
lots of loving attention.

49
D. In Vancouver. Canada, a burglar broke into a house and had filled his
bag with the owners' possessions when he suddenly felt a pair of eyes on
him. Looking up, he saw an eagle staring at him with cold, merciless
eyes. At first the man was too frightened to move, but after ten minutes
he tried creeping towards the door. However, the eyes just followed him
and he couldn't move.

b) Present the news of your group to the class.

c) Suggest how these stories can end and discuss your ideas with your group mates.

d) Read the endings and match them with the stories. Which one is the most shocking?

1. The next day, however, the old man met another friend, who asked him if he had found his
cat. The old man said he had found her on his doorstep. His friend told him, 'Oh, well, I was
on the other side of town when I saw your cat in the road. Although she hissed and struggled
all the way, I drove her home and left her outside your door.'

2. It seemed that the container holding the waste from the lavatories on a passing plane had
burst open. The contents froze in the atmosphere as they fell towards the ground, and the
resulting block of ice had smashed through the roof of the unlucky couple's house, killing
their dog before melting all over their belongings.

3. Eventually, the homeowners returned and found the thief in their lounge. When the
husband turned on the light, the thief could see that the eagle was stuffed. But it was too late
and he was arrested. The homeowner commented, 'That dead eagle was better than any
watchdog, I can tell you.'

4. The next day, however, a fire inspector was examining the burnt remains when a sudden
flash of sunlight caught his attention. The inspector eventually worked out that the
neighbour's satellite dish had been concentrating the sun's rays on the curtains of the house
and had caused the fire. The man was fined $2,000 and forced to take down his satellite dish.
The next year he got cable.

Listening and speaking

3. a) Do you know these words? If necessary find the Russian equivalents for them.

amazing believe in carpet chest of drawers experience ghost heavy lift lounge
mind neatly noise roll up scary wardrobe scary

50
b) TS 8.9 Listen to a conversation and say:
- Where does it take place?
- Who are the people involved?
- What are they talking about?

c) Listen again and find some details about the events described:

1) Where and when did it happen?


2) Where were Martin and his friend when they heard a noise? What was Martin`s
grandmother doing?
3) What kind of noise was it?
4) What did they do?
5) What did they see in the room?
6) What was the strangest thing about it?
7) How did Martin`s grandmother react?

4. Work in pairs. Think of some unusual places in your city and make up a mysterious
story connected with this place. If you know real stories happened in your hometown
share them with the class.

51
Module 9. English speaking world

Lesson 1.The USA. New York


Warm up

1. Do you know these people? What are they famous for? What do they have in
common?
C
A B

D F

E
Vocabulary

2. Name three things you can't imagine your life without. These words may be helpful.
Match the words with the pictures.

smartphone electricity microwave oven Internet car TV bathroom credit card

B
A C D

E F H
G

52
3. a) Can you name this city?

b) Let's travel into the past! We're back in 1900! Make sure you know the following
words.

с) Read the text and say, whether you would be able to live in 1900.

What was New York like in 1900? It was very


different to New York today. Let's see!
In 1900 New York was a very big city. There were
more than three million people. It was the biggest city
in the USA. In New York today there are lots of very
tall buildings, called skyscrapers. In 1900, there
weren't any tall skyscrapers, but there were some big
buildings. There was the Statue of Liberty in New
York harbour. You can still see the Statue of Liberty
in New York today.
The biggest houses had electric lights, but lots of
houses and flats had candles. Some people had phones, but there weren't any computers so
people didn't have email. There weren't any microwaves. People had big cookers.
There were lots of theatres in New York, but there weren't any cinemas. People didn't have
TV's, but they had books.
Lots of people had horses and carriages, but some people had cars. There were taxis in New
York in 1900, and buses and even underground trains. There weren't any planes and there
wasn't an airport. There were big boats that came to New York from Europe.

4. Can you name 5 things which are different in old and modern city? Fill in the gaps.

In 1900 they didn't have __________________, but they did have

_______________. There weren't any ___________; people had

53
_______________. There were some ____________. There were

______________ in the cities, but there weren't any ____________.

Some houses had ____________, but there were lots of ____________.

5. Have you ever seen the movie "Back to the Future"? Do you remember Marty
McFly?

Once upon a time Marty heard a story about the old


New York and drew a picture, but he wasn't attentive
and made some mistakes. Find them all!

Grammar

6. Now Marty knows the difference between the old and modern New York perfectly
well. He wants to summarize his knowledge. Continue his ideas.
See Grammar Reference p.152

Before people invented electricity, they had used candles.

54
Listening and Speaking

7. Association game! Work in pairs. You have 2 minutes to think of as many things
connected with New York City as you can. The pair with the longest association list
wins!

New York

8. TS 9.1 a) Listen to the family planning a trip to New York. They are talking about
what they want to do there. Look at the pictures. Match the speakers (Mum, Dad, Anna
and George) with the pictures of what they want to do. Whom would you like to join?

B C
D
A

b) Are these statements true or false?


a) Mum suggests booking things on the Internet. T/F
b) Anna finds history boring. T/F
с) George is enthusiastic about going on a tour. T/F
d) Father thinks there's a lot to see in New York. T/F
e) Father will love shopping in New York. T/F
f) Anna says that you can see for four miles from the top of the Empire State Building. T/F
g) Father suggests going on a boat. T/F
h) All of New York City is on an island. T/F

9. Work in pairs. Discuss what you would like to do in New York City. Make some
suggestions and plan a day. Don't forget to stop and have something to eat! Use these
expressions from the recording:
Maybe we could ...
Do you know where you want to go? How about ...?
I really like ...ing. I don't mind ....but ...

55
Lesson 2.The UK. London.
Warm up

1. Do you think these sentences about Britain are true or false? If they are false, correct
them.

a) Always shake hands with your friends when you meet


them.

b) When you're introduced to someone you can just say


"Hello" and smile, or "Pleased to meet you".

с) British people don't say "please" and "thank you" much.

d) It doesn't matter if you're late for an appointment.

e) In shops you can just say "Give me..."

f) To get someone's attention, say "Excuse me".

g) British people love starting conversations with people


they don't know - feel free to ask lots of personal questions.

h) You should be as polite as possible when talking to people you don't know.

Vocabulary

2. Can you describe the United States and Great Britain with three words? Try to use
only adjectives.

3. TS 9.2 Listen to the kids from Phoenix School. What do they say about England
and what do they say about America? Match the adjectives with the countries.

too big too small amazing dangerous exciting safe boring

4. Read this postcard from Dave to Jane. What could you write instead of "cool"?
Hi, Jane

Here I am in New York. What a cool place! I'm staying with my aunt and uncle -
they have a really cool house with a swimming pool in the back garden. The people
I've met here are really cool too - they all love my accent. My cousins took me to a
very cool restaurant last night. The food was so cool and you could eat as much as
you wanted. I felt a bit ill afterwards! Tomorrow we're going up the Empire State
Building and then shopping - that'll be cool.
Back next week.
Love,
Dave xxx

56
5. Be sure you know the following words. Give a synonym if possible.

contemporary Britain
old fashioned Wales
field Scotland
incredible Northern Ireland
varied England
mainly the House of Lords
flat the House of Commons
scenery Belfast
castle Edinburgh
spectacular Cardiff
magnificent London
coastline Labour Party
island the Conservatives
capital city the Liberal Democrats
pride average
latitude semi detached house
population join
government Gaelic
elect Heathrow
parliament Gatwick
MP Stansted
budget majority

Watching and Speaking

6. Watch the 1st part of the video. Are these statements true or false. [00.00-02.10]
1) Britain doesn`t have a royal family anymore.
2) Britain can`t be called a multinational country.
3) Britain is a country of traditions first of all, the British don`t like changes.
4) The south and east are mostly mountainous areas.
5) The Lake District is famous for its castles.
6) The weather in England is not always perfect, but its climate is mild.

7. Watch the second part of the video. Correct the wrong facts in the following part of
the text.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland. People usually refer to it as the UK or simply England. With a
population of sixty nine million, Britain has the second largest population in the world.
Cardiff is the capital city of Northern Ireland. It grew up in the eighteenth century, during
Britain's industrial revolution. It's a city of grand buildings. And interesting monuments.
Belfast is the capital city of Wales. It's an old city that takes pride in its historic traditions. The
capital of Scotland, London, is on the same latitude as Edinburgh. It's a beautiful city which
is rich in history. London, the major city of Britain, has a population of nearly nine and a
quarter million, which makes it the largest city in Europe.
Politics
London is also the centre of government. There are three Houses of Government, the House
of Commons, with non elected MPs, or Members of Parliament, and the House of Lords,
which is elected. There are many political parties, Labour, the Conservatives and the Liberal
Democrats. The Head of State, Queen Elizabeth the second, has the main role.
57
In 1999 the Labour government moved some political power to London. There is now a
Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh and National Assemblies for Northern Ireland in Belfast,
and for Wales in Cardiff.

8. Watch the last part of the video and fill in the gaps.
At home
The _______of British people live in_______. Incredibly one in three homes
is____________. The British are famous for their love of________. Which perhaps explains
why only __________percent of families live in flats. The average family size in Britain is
getting smaller, with only two point four people per property. In fact, _________percent of all
homes only have one occupant.
Languages
English, of course, it the ________language in the UK but there are other native languages.
About twenty percent of the ____________ of Wales speak Welsh. ________is spoken in
Northern Ireland and Scotland.
Travel
Britain has been politically ____________to Europe since it joined the European Union in
__________and it's been physically joined to the continent since 1994, by the Channel Tunnel
At just over _________kilometres long, the Channel Tunnel takes passengers from Waterloo
Station in London to Paris, Brussels and Lille. Britain is a major centre for __________
travel. __________is the world's busiest international airport with over ___________million
passengers a year. Other major airports around London are Gatwick and Stansted, which are
important for the ___________ airlines.
And London, like so much of Britain, is always on the move.

9. Answer the following questions.


1) What can you tell about London?
2) What is the capital of Wales?
3) When did Cardiff grow up?
4) Edinburgh is the capital of ... ?
2) What is special about the UK`s politics? What are the main
political parties in the UK?
3) What are the preferences of the British in the way they live?
4) What is the official language of Britain?
5) How is Britain connected with Europe?
6) Which part of Britain would you like to visit?

Grammar

10. You already know that the British are ordinary people living ordinary lives. Look at
the pictures and make sentences about people's problems. Use one verb in Past Simple
and one verb in Past Perfect.

See Grammar Reference p.152


He bought a bike because had failed his driving test six times.

58
11. What were the reasons of the actions from the pictures in exercise 10? Answer the
question using the model and answer them.

1) Why did he fail his driving test six times? - Because he hadn't practiced enough.
2) Why didn't he go to the supermarket? - ______________________________________
3) Why did she go to the club yesterday? - _____________________________________
4) Why did she steal the jewellery? - ___________________________________________
5) Why did he draw his best picture? - _________________________________________
6) Why did he star in the films? - ______________________________________________

59
Lesson 3. India
Warm up
1. Look at the photos of Delhi, India. Would you like to go there? Why?/Why not?
Compare the pictures.

I would like to visit India because of its rich culture.


I wouldn't like to visit India because there are many diseases.

Vocabulary
2. What do you know about India? Match the adjectives in column A with the words in
column B.
A B
1. the most popular Indian food a) Taj Mahal
2. the most famous Indian building b) Mumbai
3. the most common religion с) Mahatma Gandhi
4. the largest city in India d) chess
5. the most famous Indian person e) yoga
6. one of the most difficult games, invented f) curry
in India
7. one of the oldest forms of exercise g) Hinduism

60
3. How many national holidays of your country can you name? Do you know any Indian
holidays? Read the text and say whether you have ever heard of this holiday.
Diwali is an important Indian festival. Diwali is
also known as the Festival of Lights. People in
India and Nepal celebrate Diwali to mark the end
of the Hindu calendar year. Diwali is a national
holiday in India and Nepal. The Diwali
celebrations last for five days. Many other
countries around the world hold multicultural
events to mark the holiday, too. During Diwali
people light lamps and pray for good health, peace
and wisdom. They clean their homes and decorate
their doorways with pictures made with painted
rice called rangoli. Children light fireworks and
adults buy new clothes and give gifts and sweets to their family and friends. The fourth day of
Diwali marks the start of the New Year and is the most important day of the festival. People
pray to Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, for prosperity in the coming year.

4. Check your memory! Fill in the gaps. Don't peep in the text! How many gaps can you
fill in?
a) Diwali is an Indian _____________ .
b) Diwali is also known as the Festival of _____________ .
с) Diwali marks the end of the Hindu _____________ year.
d) At Diwali, _____________ pray to the Hindu goddess of wealth.
e) People light lamps and pray for good health and _____________ .
f) Children light fireworks and people give ______________ .
g) The Diwali celebrations last for ____________ days.

5. Do the crossword!
Across: Down:
3. a happy time 1. religious words
4. connected to 2. these light up
religion the sky
5. places to pray 8. close relatives
6. musical events 9. opposite of sad
7. these help us 11. movement to
see in the dark music
8. a type of 13. these are nice
celebration to eat
10. noise made by
instruments
11. Indian festival
12. burning lights

61
Grammar
6. Read the story about an Indian couple and fill in the gaps with the appropriate verb
form.
Last night, Raj and Kushi _____________
(have) a wedding and
_____________(dance). They
_________________ (practice) for 6 months
before they ____________(dance)on the
wedding. They _____________ (be)very
good.

Raj and Kushi's friends _________(be)


invited. Before that night, they never
_____________ (see) Raj and Kushi dance.
In fact, Raj and Kushi never _____________
(dance) in front of anyone before the
wedding.

They ________ (be) the best dancers that day.Kushi __________ (say) she never
___________________ (practice)so hard before! She _______ (be) glad they had practiced a
lot. Everyone _________ (like) the wedding.

Listening and Speaking

7. TS 9.3 Listen to the conversation about India. What do these figures refer to?
a) 12 million _________________________________
b) 900 million ________________________________
с) 1600 _____________________________________
d) thousands _________________________________

8. Listen again. Are the following statements


true or false?
a) Mount Everest is in India.
b) More people live in India than China.
с) English is the official language.
d) There are more than 1600 languages in India.
e) There are no tigers in India now.
f) Everyone in India has clean water.
g) The film making industry is very important
in India.

9. Work in pairs. Compare your country with India. Use the words from the box and the
model.
big poor hot expensive modern

Is your country bigger than India? - No, I think it's smaller.

62
10. Ask about the following:
high mountains busy cities size of population number of languages

Are the mountains in your country higher than in India? - No, I don't think they are as high.

11. Work in pairs. Tell each other about your favourite holidays. Then share your
experience with the group mates.
1) What is your favourite festival or celebration?
2) When do you celebrate it?
3) How do you celebrate it? What special things do you do?

63
Lesson 4. Australia and New Zealand

Warm up

1. How much do you know about Australia? Write down three facts, then compare them
with a partner.
2. Read some Australian jokes. Are they funny?

Q. What's small, furry and bright


purple?
A. A koala holding its breath!

Q. What's a koala's favourite


drink?
A. Coca Koala!

Q. What do crocodiles call children?


A. Appetisers!

Q. What animal can jump higher than


the Sydney Harbour Bridge?
A. All animals, because bridges can't
jump!

Q. Why do kangaroo mums hate bad


weather?
A. Their kids have to play inside!

Vocabulary

3. Read the dialogue. Do you understand all the phrases? Why?

- Oi, George, how ya going?


- Hi, mate! Great, I've just taken the tickets for the upcoming concert of One Direction. You
know, I'm keen to their songs.
- I reckon you're cheeky! It must be your girlfriend who really wants to go there!
- It will be a real disaster. I hate them!
- Give the blokes a fair-go. I was at Madonna's concert with my wife a year ago.
- How was it?
- Sweet as! The concert was heaps of fun! So no worries, mate. Let's go to the water hole, we
need to cheer you up.
- Bonzer! My favourite one is just along this street!

4. Find all the "Aussie" words and fill in the chart. Try to guess their meaning.

64
5. Choose the appropriate Australian word for its British equivalent.
seemingly incomplete expression, means "fine,
good"
No dramas.
interested, excited
a lot of
chance
sarcastic
Yo!
great
pub
How are you doing? + How is it going?
man, guy
to believe, to think

Listening and speaking

6. TS 9.4 Listen to people and match the speakers with the things described.

Speaker 1 a) immigrants
Speaker 2 b) Ayers Rock
Speaker 3 с) convicts
Speaker 4 d) surfing
Speaker 5 e) Aborigine
Speaker 6 f) Great Barrier Reef
Speaker 7 g) Sydney

7. TS 9.5 Complete the following sentences choosing the correct alternative.


1. Oliver likes Bondi Beach because...
a) it's trendy.
b) it's cool and everyone has really fit bodies.
с) it's full of nightlife.
2. The only thing Oliver doesn't like about Bondi Beach is...
a) there are too many surfers in the water.
b) there are too many tourists.
с) there are sharks and a dangerous current.
3. Alexis enjoyed...
a) going to the beach.
b) the wildlife.
с) riding camels across the desert.
4. Steven enjoyed...
a) bungee jumping.
b) driving across the Outback.
с) doing a hot air balloon ride at dawn.
5. Steven didn't enjoy...
a) being bitten by mosquitoes.
b) the Outback because it was empty.
с) the heat, it was too much for him.

65
8. Read these facts about New Zealand and find two false ones.
a) The population of New Zealand is less than four million.
b) There are more sheep than
people.
с) Maoris are the original New
Zealanders.
d) You can't ski in New Zealand.
e) Part of Lord of the Rings was
filmed in New Zealand.
f) The people of New Zealand are
known as "kiwis".
g) You can see 35 kinds of whales
around New Zealand.
h) Rugby is not popular in New
Zealand.

9. TS 9.6 Listen to the letters from a tourist to New Zealand, Adam, and choose the
correct options below.
Letter 1
1. a) The customs officer washed Adam's boots at the airport.
b) Adam washed his own boots at the airport.
2. a) The boots needed to be cleaned to protect agriculture.
b) Adam wanted his boots to be cleaned so that customs
officer didn't stop him.
Letter 2
3. a) Adam couldn't believe how cheap things were in New Zealand.
b) Adam couldn't believe how many sheep there were in New Zealand.
4. a) Adam took a helicopter up to the top of the Fox's Glacier.
b) Adam misses London nightlife

Letter 3
5. a) Adam has already done white water rafting and
paragliding.
b) Adam has been getting up late because the nightlife is so
good in Queenstown.
6. a) Adam has done a bungee jump.
b) Adam is going to do a bungee jump.
Letter 4
7. a) Adam has entered a competition.
b) Adam is whale watching in Kaikoura.
8. a) Adam went swimming with the dolphins.
b) Adam wanted to go swimming with dolphins but they couldn't find
any.

Letter 5.
9. a) Adam has got sunburnt in Rotorua.
b) Adam thinks Rotorua smells bad.

66
10. Listen again. Match the things Adam wrote about with the adjectives.
1. New Zealand a) fantastic
2. Number or sheep b) scary
3. Helicopter ride over Fox's Glecier с) fab
4. Some of the activities to do d) amazing
5. Bungee jumping e) disgusting
6. Swimming with the dolphins f) awesome
7. The smell of Rotorua g) beautiful

Grammar
See Grammar Reference p.152

11. What did the customs officer actually say to Adam? Write the conversation.

The Kiwi customs officer asked if I had taken walking boots with me. I said yes. Then he asked
me if I had cleaned them. I said no. He immediately looked at them and asked me if he could
clean them for me.

Customs officer: ..Have you taken...........................................................................?


Adam:........................................................................................................................
Customs officer:.........................................................................................................
Adam:..........................................................................................................................
Customs officer:...........................................................................................................

12. When Adam gets back he tells you all about his holiday. Later that week, you meet a
friend and tell him what Adam said. Read Adam's words in the speech bubbles and
write down what you said to your friend. Use the verbs say, tell, etc.

a) We hired a car and drove to Fox's glacier.


b) Everybody goes to bed early in New Zealand.

с) Queenstown is amazing. d) We went black motor rafting.


e) I have been swimming with dolphins.

g) You can see lots of whales


f) I can really recommend New Zealand. around the coast of New
Zealand.

h) Rotorua was very smelly. i) I don't think Nicola will go


back to New Zealand.

j) I'm hopefully going back next year.

a) Adam said, they had hired a car and driven to Fox's glacier.
b) _____________________________________________________________________
c) _____________________________________________________________________

67
d) _____________________________________________________________________
e) _____________________________________________________________________
f) _____________________________________________________________________
g) _____________________________________________________________________
h) _____________________________________________________________________
i) _____________________________________________________________________
j) _____________________________________________________________________

Speaking

13. Role play.

Speaker A: Your Australian friend comes to visit you. Ask him/her what he/she thinks of your
country. Suggest, what he can do to learn more about it.

Speaker B: You are an Australian tourist visiting your friend abroad. Tell him/her what you
think of his/her country. Listen to his suggestions and say what you would and wouldn't like
to do and why.

Speaker A: What do you think of Russia?


Speaker B: I think Russian people are very reserved.
Speaker A: Not really! I think you should go to the circus to see them happy!
Speaker B: I love circus!

68
Lesson 5. Canada
Warm up

1. Do you know where Canada is situated? Can you find it on the map?

2. a) Have you heard these surprising facts about Canada? Read the fact file.

1. Canada‘s name comes from a misunderstanding


between Jacques Cartier and some Iroquois youth who
were pointing out a village (for which they used the word
―Kanata‖). They were actually trying to identify the small
area which is present day Quebec City, but Cartier used the
similar-sounding word ―Canada‖ to refer to the whole area.
Oops!

2. Canada‘s official languages may be French and


English, but our geese have their own language:
scientists believe that Canada geese have as many
as 13 different calls for everything from greetings
and warnings to happiness.

3. In 1962, Pincher Creek, Alberta experienced the


fastest, biggest temperature change ever recorded in
Canada as a result of a Chinook (a warm, dry wind
that comes off the Rocky Mountains). The temperature
rose from -19C to 22C in just one hour!

69
4. Forget the Loch Ness Monster: Canada has its own
mysterious lake creature, Ogopogo, who reportedly lives in
Lake Okanagan, British Columbia.

b) Which one do you find the most interesting? Would


you like to visit Canada?

Reading and Vocabulary

3. Do you know these words? Match the words and the pictures.

whales tourist seal tower waterfall igloo

4. a) Read some information about Canada.

Cities (1)

Canada is the northern neighbor of the United States of America. The


capital of Canada is Ottawa, but the biggest city is Toronto. In Toronto
you can see the CN Tower, which is 553 meters high-the tallest
building in Canada. At the top you can look at the city through a glass
floor.
70
Languages (2)
Canada has two national languages-English and French. Every Canadian pupil studies both
languages in school. The French-speaking Canadians live mainly in a region called Quebec.
The Inuits have got their language too.
Niagara Falls (3)
The most famous tourist attraction is the Niagara
Falls. The waterfalls are between the U.S.A. and
Canada. The Canadian part of the falls is 49 meters
high-higher and 5.5 million litres of water pour
over the waterfall each second. The Canadian part
is more exciting than the American part. Millions
of tourists come to see the Niagara Falls every
year.
Animals (4)
The moose is the biggest Canadian animal. It's over two metres tall and its antlers (horns) are
1.5metres long. You can see moose in the mountains. There are polar bears in Canada too. In
the north of Canada polar bears sometimes walk into the cities near Hudson Bay.

Maple Syrup (5)


The maple leaf is the symbol of Canada; it's on the flag. In February
farmers collect the sap (juice) from the maple trees. It's like water.
They heat 40 litres of sap and it makes 1 litre of maple syrup. 60%
of all the maple syrup in the world comes from Quebec. It's delicious
with pancakes.

Inuits (6)
The native Canadians are Inuits(once called "Eskimos"). The
word "inuit" means "human beings". The Inuits live in the cold Arctic region
in the north. They build their houses from whale bones. The Inuit hunt for
whales, seals and fish. When they go hunting, they build igloos. They make
summer igloos from animal skins and they make winter igloos from wood or
stone. When they travel on long journeys they make igloos from blocks of
hard snow and ice.
b) Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

the biggest city, Niagara Falls, the capital city, the tallest building

a) Ottawa is _______________________ .
b) Toronto is ______________________ .
с) The CN Tower is __________________ .
d) The most well known attraction in Canada is __________________ .

5. Find the mistakes in the sentences about the Inuits and correct them:

a) The Inuit were once called Indians .


b) They live in western Canada.
c) They use straw to build their houses.
d) When they go hunting, they hide in igloos.
e) The igloos are made of bricks .

71
6. Check yourself! Complete the sentences choosing the correct alternative.
1) Every pupil in Canada learns ______________ at school:
a) either English or French
b) both English and French
с) neither English nor French
2) Niagara Falls are:
a) on the border between the USA and Canada
b) in Ottawa
с) in the Arctic region
3) The Canadian part of the Niagara Falls is:
a) as high as the American part
b) higher as the American part
с) not that high as the American part

7. Find the words in the text above which are opposite in meaning to:
a) the smallest _______________________ (paragraph 1)
b) the shortest ________________________(paragraph 1)
c) hot ___________________(paragraph 6)
d) soft ____________________(paragraph 6)
e) low ______________________(paragraph 3)

8. Write the names from the box under the pictures and match the pictures with the
places on the map.
Inuit polar bear moose Niagara Falls CN
Tower

72
Grammar

9. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of the verb. See Grammar Reference p.152

a) Jill __________ (to phone) Dad at work before she __________ (to leave) for her trip
to Niagara Falls.
b) Susan __________ (to turn on) the radio after she __________ (to wash) the dishes.
c) When she __________ (to arrive), the hockey match already _______________ (to
start).
d) After the man __________ (to come), he ___________(to feed) the moose.
e) Before she ________________ (to sing) a song, he ____________ (to play) the guitar.
f) She __________ (to watch) a video about the Inuits after the children ___________
(to go) to bed.
g) After Eric ___________ (to make) breakfast, he ______________ (to phone) his
friend.
h) I __________ (to be) very tired, because I __________ (to study) English.
i) After Fred ____________ (to spend) his holidays in Canada, he __________ (to want)
to learn French.
j) They ___________ (to ride) their bikes, before they __________ (to meet) their
friends.

Speaking

10. Look at these typical Canadian problems. Discuss them with your group mates.

a) Do you like winter? How long does it last in your


country? Would you like to live in such climate?

b) What is the national sport of your country?


Are you fond of it? How do you feel when you don't like something that all the other
people like?

с) How important is ethnic self-awareness? What do you think


are the reasons that it is difficult for the students to remember
Canadian writers "on the spot"?

73
Lesson 6. Ireland

Warm up

1. TS 9.7 Listen to Paul and Sally talking about their future holidays. Have they
already decided where to go?

2. Listen again. Where are they thinking of going to this year? Put the words into the
correct boxes and complete the table with the words from the box.

India America Scotland Ireland Australia England


Paul Sally Ann

3. There are different ways to spend your holidays? How do you prefer to spend it?
Have you ever considered the opportunity to study English abroad? Which English-
speaking country would you choose and why? Can you name any more countries, where
English is an official language, and which haven't been studied during this module?

Vocabulary

4. One of such countries is Ireland that is also called the Emerald Isle because it's so
green. Do you know these symbols of this country? Match the word with the pictures.
1) Irish jig
2) shamrock
3) rock-band (U2)
4) beer
5) Leprechaun
A
E

D
B
C

Reading and Speaking

5. a) Read some information about Ireland and answer the questions.

Music
Irish people love music. You can hear pipes, flutes and violins everywhere playing traditional
Irish music. There are lots of famous modern Irish pop stars too: The Corrs, Westlife, Ronan
Keating, U2 and Samantha Mumba.

74
● Find the odd instrument that wasn't mentioned in this part.

A C D
B

Dance
Ireland has lots of traditional folk dances. The fastest dance is the Irish jig. It's 600 years old.
Traditional Irish dancing is like traditional Scottish dancing but there is one big difference:
Irish dancers don't move or bend their hands. They let them hang straight at their sides. You
can see this in Riverdance.

●Riverdance is a theatrical show consisting mainly of traditional Irish music and dance. Have
you ever seen any folk dance shows? What is your national dance? Would you like to learn
how to dance it? Why or why not?

Sport
The Irish national sport is hurling. It's a very old sport
and it's like hockey. The players hit the ball with a stick
called a "hurley". There were no rules until 1884.

●Look at the photo of hurling. What sport does it


remind of? What makes you think so?

Traditions and Customs


The national symbol of Ireland is a shamrock, a plant with three leaves.
Irish people believe, that a shamrock with four leaves brings good luck.
They also believe in little green men called Leprechauns. They are like
little green fairies. Green is the Irish lucky colour.

● Do you believe in superstitions? What brings you good luck? What


situations in your life made you become "occasionally superstitious"?

Drink
Irish people love Guinness. It's a thick, black beer.

●What is your attitude towards alcoholic drinks? What are the


national alcoholic or non-alcoholic drinks in your country?
Which one is your favourite?

75
Animals
Irish people love horses. A lot of poor children in Dublin
own a horse. Their horses are their "bicycles". These
young boys are called "city cowboys". They ride their
horses bareback (without a saddle) in the fields outside the
city and sometimes they ride into the city too.
●Some people are afraid of horses and some admire them.
What group do you belong to? Do people ride horses in
your city? Do you think that horse riding should be
allowed in the cities? Why or why not?
Festivals
On March 17th, Irish people celebrate St. Patrick's Day.
There are big parades in Dublin, the capital city, and all the
other towns. People wear green clothes, and some people
paint their face and hair green! There are parties and
fireworks. Many years ago lots of Irish people went to live in
America, Canada, Australia and the UK. There are St.
Patrick's Day parties in these countries too
● Does your country celebrate St. Patrick's Day?

b) Can you give Russian equivalents to the following words?


isle custom pipe flute to bend straight symbol
to believe fairy beer parade to paint firework saddle

Grammar
6. a) St. Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. Read and complete the sentences about
him with the correct adjectives from the box. Write the alphabet letters after each
adjective in the correct spaces in the grid underneath. You can read the name of the city
which has the biggest St. Patrick's Day celebrations in the world.
young(E) dangerous(K) religious(Y) Welsh(N) terrible(W) national(O) afraid (R)
1) St. Patrick was born in the 4th century. People think he was Irish but in fact he was ___.
2) Some people kidnapped him and took him to Ireland when he was very _____.
3) He had a ______ time in Ireland. He had to work as a slave.
4) He escaped to France. He read the Bible and prayed all the time. He was very ___.
5) St. Patrick chose the shamrock as a symbol of his religion. Now the shamrock is the ____
symbol of Ireland.
6) There are lots of myths and legends about the shamrock. Irish people say that it's very
lucky and bad people are ____of it.
7) They say that all the ____ animals ran away when they saw St. Patrick with the shamrock
in his hand. Maybe this is true because there are no snakes in Ireland.
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

7. Write sentences, using the facts from exercise 6. Don't forget about the Past Perfect
Tense. See Grammar Reference p.

Before St. Patrick was kidnapped he had lived in Wales.

Writing
See Writing Bank p.144

76
Module 11.Food for our souls

Lesson 1. Time to celebrate


Warm up
1. Which festivals do you associate with these things?
fireworks presents children asking for sweets cards love midnight
a day off work last-minute shopping

2. a) These days are important in Britain. Do you know what they are?
25 December 1 January 14 February 24 December 31 October
5 November 31 December
b) Think of four or five important dates for you or in your country. Why are they
important?
10 September is important because it's my birthday.
9 May is important for my country because it's Victory Day.
Vocabulary

3. Think of two things that British people do on each of these days. Do you do the same
things?
birthday Christmas New Year Valentine's Day
4. Read the texts and match the days from the box above with the descriptions. Were
your ideas right? Was there anything you didn't know?
1. ‒ In some countries they celebrate it on the 24th, but in Britain we
celebrate it on the 25th. In our family we get up early and go to the church.
Then we come home and open the presents under the tree, which is always
covered with beautiful decorations and lights. The bit I enjoy most is
having a traditional dinner of turkey, roast potatoes, and vegetables, and
because it's a special occasion we always...
2. ‒ Some people say the place to be is Princes Street in Edinburgh,
where they have a huge street party. There is music, dancing, singing
and of course drinking, and at midnight everyone hugs and kisses
everyone else, friends, family and even complete strangers! Lots of
people make resolutions which...

3. ‒ We had a postbox at school where you could put cards. Some people
got lots of cards, and some people didn't get any. Most of the cards were
handmade, with hearts and romantic poems on them. Now I send my
girlfriend a single red rose and pretend I didn't. I proposed...

4. ‒ Children love these. They get cards and presents from family and
friends and they usually have a party with a cake and candles. We tell
them to make a wish when they blow out the candles. The most
important used to be your 21st but now it's your 18th. In some
countries you buy the drinks, but in Britain...

77
5. Match the endings of the final sentences with the texts.
1) ... to her last year!
2) ... everyone else pays for you.
3) ... have a bottle of champagne.
4) ... they can't usually keep!

6. Work in pairs. Make a word web for each of the celebrations, using words from the
texts. Can you add any more things?

Cake ...

Birthday
Presents ...

7. a) Match the words with the nouns to get word combinations. Some verbs go with
more than one noun.

1) give a) to your girlfriend


2) open b) candles
3) go с) a bottle of champagne
4) have d) a cake
5) make e) a wish
6) propose f) dinner
7) cut g) presents
8) blow out h) resolutions
i) to church

b) Make as many sentences about yourself as you can using these word combinations.
I gave my wife lots of presents for her birthday.

Grammar

8. a) Read the text about St. Valentine's Day.

Valentine's Day is a very old holiday. It goes back to the times of Ancient Rome. One of the
characters we often see on Valentine's Day is Cupid. He was the son of Venus, the goddess of
love. He shoots people with arrows of love. When a man and a woman are hit by his arrows,
they will fall in love.
Today Valentine's Day is celebrated on February 14. Men and women who are in love give
each other presents. The most popular presents include flowers (especially roses) and
chocolates. Couples may also go to a restaurant for a very nice dinner or plan something else
romantic.
In the United States, Valentine's Day is not just for lovers. Children make special Valentine's
cards for their classmates. Families and friends may give small gifts to each other. It can be a
fun day.

b) Read the text again. Find all the sentences with Passive voice.
See Grammar Reference p.152

78
9. Change these sentences into the Passive Voice.
a) We see Cupid on Valentine's Day.
_Cupid is seen on Valentine's Day._______________
b) Cupid shoots people with arrows of love.
___________________________________________
с) People give each other flowers and chocolate.
___________________________________________
d) Couples can arrange something romantic.
____________________________________________
e) Children make special Valentine's cards for their classmates.
_____________________________________________

Listening
10.a) TS 10.1 Listen to four people talking about American festivals. Match each person
with the festival they are talking about.
Speaker 1: Vicky a) New Year's Day
Speaker 2: Jeanette b) Independence Day
Speaker 3: Alex с) Halloween
Speaker 4: Adam d) Thanksgiving

b) Listen again. Match the festivals with each sentence. Write N (New Year's Day), ID
(Independence Day), H (Halloween) or T (Thanksgiving).

a) Children really like this festival. .....


b) People make promises. .....
с) This is in November. .....
d) Children dress up. .....
e) People try to give up bad habits. .....
f) People go to church. .....
g) Children are given nice things to eat. .....
h) People see relatives they haven't seen for a while. .....
i) People have barbecues and picnics with their families. .....
J) People put a vegetable outside their house. .....
k) People eat turkey. .....
l) People watch firework displays in the evening. .....
m) Americans feel pleased to be Americans. .....

11. Choose the correct words and find another day which Americans celebrate by
writing the letters in the sentence below.

a) This day is always (L) / always is (S)the first Monday in September.


b) People have usually (T) /usually have (A) a day off work.
с) People go sometimes (A)/sometimes go (B) to a country fair.
d) There are often (O) / often are (T) parades in towns.
e) The President speaks always (E) / always speaks (R) to the people.

The celebration is ______________________________ Day.

79
Speaking

12. Describe a celebration in your country. Think about these things.


1. When is it?
2. Is it for family and/or friends?
3. What do people wear?
4. What preparations do they make?
5. Do they play any special games or sing songs?
6. Do they give cards or presents?
7. What kinds of presents do they give?
8. What food do they eat?
9. How is it different to the UK?
10. Do you like it? Why/ Why not?

80
Lesson 2. Charming sounds of music
Warm up

1. Read these quotes about music. Which one do you like most of all and why?

a) "Without music, life would be a mistake." Friedrich Nietzsche

b) "Music expresses that cannot be put into words and which cannot remain silent." Victor
Hugo

с) "Music gives a soul to the Universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination and life to
everything." Plato

2. Do you like these types of music?

rap opera rock music pop music classical music jazz dance music
reggae rock'n'roll folk music

Vocabulary & Grammar

3. Check your knowledge! Fill in the gaps with time phrases from the box. Put the verbs
in brackets in the correct form of Active or Passive.

the day before yesterday last year


about 250 years ago in February 1964
last month in 1946
five minutes ago in the eighties
in the sixteenth century about 80 years ago

a) The first symphony (to write) by Mozart _________________ , when he was only eight.
b) The first electric guitar (to make) _______________________ by Adolph Rickenbacker,
an engineer, and George Beauchamp, a musician from Hawaii.
с) The Beatles' first concert in the USA (to be) at the Washington Coliseum _____________ .
Tickets cost $2 and $4.
d) The first performance of an opera (to be) in Florence, Italy, ______________ .
e) Elvis Presley's first guitar (to buy) him by his mother, Gladys, ____________ . It cost
$12.95 - but eleven-year-old Elvis wanted a bicycle!

4. a) Are you a musical genius? Check yourself! Do the quiz given below. Fill in the gaps
with the correct question word. Then answer the following questions choosing the right
option.

b) TS 10.2 Now listen to two people doing the quiz. Check the question words and
your answers. How many did you get right?

81
ARE YOU A MUSICAL GENIUS?
1. _______ did Madonna make her first 2. _______ do U2 come from?
record? a) England
a) In the seventies. b) Ireland
b) In the eighties. с) the USA
с) In the nineties.
3. _______ did Sting do before he became a 4. _______ instrument does Elton John
singer? play?
a) He was a teacher. a) the trumpet
b) He was a writer. b) the piano
с) He was an actor. с) the guitar
5. _______ were the Beatles together? 6. _______ was Colombian singer Shakira
a) For five years. when she released her first album, Magic ?
b) For ten years. a) thirteen
с) For fifteen years. b) seventeen
с) twenty-two
7. _______ was the first singer to have a 8. _______ people were in the Swedish
number one album and film in the USA at the group, ABBA ?
same time? a) three
a) Eminem b) four
b) Jennifer Lopez с) five
с) David Bowie
9. _______ real name is or was Faroukh 10. _______ didn't Elvis Presley make any
Bulsara? records between 1958 and 1960?
a) George Michael a) He got married.
b) Bob Dylan b) He was in hospital.
с) Freddie Mercury с) He was in the army

Reading

5. Do you have a favourite song? What is it? Who sang/wrote it? Why do you like it?

6. Who is this man? What do you know about him? Are these statements true or false?
a) John Lennon was born in the United States.
b) He and Paul McCartney wrote songs for the Beatles.
c) He was married to a Japanese woman.
d) He wrote the song Imagine with Paul McCartney.
e) He lived in New York City for several years.
f) He died in London.
g) There is a special memorial to John Lennon in Central
Park.
h) People now pay a lot of money for his possessions.

7. Read the text about Lennon's life to check your answers.

82
The Story of a Song: Imagine
In 1940 John Lennon was born in Liverpool,
a city in the north-west of England.
In 1957 Lennon met Paul McCartney and
they began writing songs together. They later
formed The Beatles, who became one of the
most successful groups in pop history during
the 1960's.
In 1958 Lennon's mother, Julia, died in a
road accident.
In 1969 Lennon married Japanese artist
Yoko Ono.
In 1970 The Beatles broke up and Lennon began a solo career, becoming more and more active as a
peace campaigner. He wrote the lyrics to Imagine on the back of a hotel bill while he was on an
aeroplane.
In 1971 Lennon recorded Imagine. A pop video showing Lennon performing the song with Yoko at
his side was also made, but Imagine was not released as a single. In the same year, Lennon went to
live in New York City.
In 1980 Lennon was shot dead outside his New York home by an obsessed fan. Imagine was released
as a single and became a Number One record around the world.
In 1984 the "Imagine" memorial for peace was opened in Central Park, New York, near Lennon's
former home. Every year, thousands gather round the memorial on Lennon's birthday (October, 9th) to
remember Lennon's life and work.
In 1990 on Lennon's 50th birthday, Imagine was played simultaneously in 130 countries. Yoko Ono
says, "I would like us to remember and celebrate John's birthday as a day of love because he was a
man of love and because love is much needed at this time."
In 1999 the lyrics to the song were voted the UK's favourite in a BBC poll. The song itself was voted
the second favourite song of the millenium (after Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody).
In 2000 the Steinway piano Lennon used when he was writing Imagine was sold to a pop star George
Michael for ₤1.6 million - the highest price ever paid for a piece of pop memorabilia. It is now in a
museum in Liverpool, Lennon's home town. The pair of glasses which Lennon wore while he was
writing the song was also sold for ₤6000.
In 2001 the airport in Liverpool was renamed John Lennon Airport.
In 2004/5 a musical show about John Lennon's life - Imagine - opened in New York. Twelve actors
played the part of Lennon from his earliest years to his death. The dream of Imagine lives on!

8. Here you can see the answers to some questions. Write the questions.
a) in Liverpool Where was John Lennon born?
b) 1957 __________________________
c) on an aeroplane __________________________
d) outside his home __________________________
e) in Central Park __________________________
f) Bohemian Rhapsody __________________________
g) ₤1.6 million __________________________
h) twelve ___________________________

9. Mark the pairs of words "S" if they mean the same and "D" if they are different. Can
you explain the difference? Translate the words.
a) peace/war D f) to kill/to die
b) above us/below us g) to imagine/to wonder
с) it's easy/it isn't hard h) possessions/furniture
d) heaven/hell i) greed/hunger
e) heaven/the sky j) to share/to join

83
10. TS 10.3 Listen to the song and complete the gaps with the words from ex.9.

11. a) Tick (V) the things that John Lennon thought were good and put a cross (X) next
to the things he didn't like.

brotherhood countries dreamers greed heaven


hell hunger living for today living in peace possessions

b) Which of his ideas do you agree/disagree with?

Speaking

12. Who is your favourite singer? Tell your group mates about him/her. Use these
questions as a plan.

1) What is his/her name and surname?


2) What music style does he/she represent?
3) Where is he/she from?
4) How does he/she look like?
5) Does he/she have plans for the future?

84
Lesson 3. Imagination is the best director
Warm up

1. Do you like reading? What kind of books or magazines do you read? When is your
favourite time for reading? Why? What was the last book you read? Did you like it?
Why?/Why not?

Vocabulary

2. Match the literary genres with their definitions. Give the Russian equivalents. Name
your favourite genre. Which genres do you hate?

1) biography a) writing that is made up and usually intended to entertain


2) fiction b) includes plots and themes that deal with the characters‘ participation in
sports
3) drama с) the genre of fiction that deals with crimes, their detection, criminals, and
their motives.
4) science d)work in which the plot centers around a love relationship.
fiction
5) history e) the story of a person's life
6) sport f) literary fantasy involving the impact of science on society
7) horror g) literature in metrical form
8) romance h) a play that often involves intense emotional conflict
9) poetry i) fiction in which events evoke a feeling of dread in both the characters
and the reader
10) crime j) stories that take place in particular time history; involves fictional
characters based on an actual historical setting

3. The people in the bookshop need some help in deciding what to buy. First, unscramble
the letters to find out the title of each section.

85
4. Now read what the people are saying. What section should they go to? What book can
you advise them to buy?
Tom should go to biography section to buy Elvis. the Boy.
a) James should ________________________________________ .
b) Sally should _________________________________________ .
c) Julia should __________________________________________ .
d) Geoff should _________________________________________ .
e) Danny should _________________________________________ .
f) Sarah should __________________________________________ .
g) Kate should ___________________________________________.

Listening & Grammar

5. a) TS 10.4 Listen to a radio interview with the writer, Robin Bell. Put the topics he
talks about in order.

a) Stan Lee's other superhero characters.


b) Why Spider-Man is different from other
superheroes.
с) How Spider-Man got his name.
d) Stan Lee and movies.
e) Spider-Man's superpowers.

b) Listen again. Are these sentences true or false?


a) Stan Lee's comic The Fantastic Four saved his company.
b) He thought of the idea for Spider-Man when he saw a spider crawling up a wall.
с) Spider-Man was the first name that Stan Lee thought of.
d) Spider-Man doesn't have problems like normal people.
e) He got his superpowers when he was bitten by a spider.
f) Stan Lee is usually a newspaper seller in his character's movies.

86
6. Look at these sentences from the interview. They have been changed, so now some of
them contain grammar mistakes. Find and correct the mistakes.
a) With me in the studio is Robin Bell, whose new book, Superhero, is told the story of
Spider-Man creator, Stan Lee.
b) His real name was Stanley Lieber, and he started working when he was sixteen.
с) Twenty years later the company - which was now called Marvel Comics - broke.
d) Lee was asked to invent some new superheroes.
e) First, he created a comic, which called The Fantastic Four.
f) The Fantastic Four followed The X-Men and Spider-Man.
g) Stan Lee was trying to invent a new superhero and suddenly he saw a fly crawl up a wall.
So Spider-Man born.
h) Peter Parker was bitten by a radioactive spider at a science museum.
i) Climbing up the walls can be very useful!
j) Stan Lee likes to be in his character's movies - he's usually a hot-dog seller.

7. What can these superpowers be used for? Which of them would you like to have and
why?
X-ray vision can be used to see if my little brother is sleeping.

super strength/speed X-ray vision reading minds


becoming invisible travelling in time ability to fly/teleport
moving objects with mental ... ...
effort

Speaking

8. Time to travel! Books about Harry Potter written by J.K. Rowling are loved
worldwide. Have you read any of them? Have you watched their screen versions? Would
you like to study at Hogwarts?
As you probably know, there are four groups of pupils in Hogwarts.
These groups are called "houses". The houses are called Gryffindor,
Hufflepuff, Ravenclawand Slytherin. When new pupils come to
Hogwarts, the Sorting Hat tells them which house they are in. Which
house are you in? Answer the questions then count how many As, Bs,
Cs and Ds you have.

1. Which of these colours do you like? 2. You are with Harry at Bertie Bott's sweet
blue and bronze (C) shop. Which flavour sweets do you like?
red and gold (A) egg (A)
yellow and black (B) smelly feet (D)
green and silver (D) grass (C)
strawberry (B)
3. Which is your favourite magic spell? 4. Which animal do you take with you to
a spell to make you invisible (D) Hogwarts?
a spell to make you strong (A) an owl (C)
a spell to make you fly (C) a rat (D)
a spell to change you into an animal (B) a frog (B)
a cat (A)

87
5. Which animal do you want to be? 6. What is your favourite day?
a lion (A) Christmas Day (B)
an eagle (C) your birthday (A)
a snake (D) Halloween (D)
a dog (B) the first day of school in September (C)
7. What's your favourite weather? 8. What's your perfect home?
thunder and lightning (A) a small boat (B)
fog (D) a cave (D)
sun (B) the top of a mountain (A)
wind (C) an old castle (C)

ANSWERS
Mostly As: You are strong and brave. Your house is Gryffindor.
Mostly As: You are a true friend. Your house is Hufflepuff.
Mostly As: You are clever and intelligent. Your house is Ravenclaw.
Mostly As: You are a fox! Your house is Slytherin.

9. Do you think that the story about Harry Potter is only for children? Why do you
think so? Can you name any books, which can be read with great interest by both
children and adults? Tell about such book. Follow the points:

a) the title, the author and the genre


b) the plot
с) the moral
d) why it is interesting for children and adults

88
Lesson 4. The most popular art
Warm up

1. What is your favourite film? What type of film is it? When and where did you see it
for the first time? Who are the main actors in this film? Why do you like it?

Vocabulary

2. Are you a film addict? Have you seen these films?

3. Look at the film genres below. Match each genre and its definition.
1) horror a) A love story. The main characters usually fall in love with each other but
their relationships usually have some difficulties.
2) science fiction b) The story portrays a period in the past with costumes and scenery of that
time.
3) action с) Monsters, ugly creatures and blood. Lots of special effects to frighten
you.
4) historical d) Fast and exciting. Very often the main character is a superhero trying to
save the world.
5) romantic e) The story is set in the future and often has fantastic gadgets to make you
dream.
6) war f) A film with lots of suspense, psychological games and mystery.
7) thriller g) Plenty action in the Wild West. The lives of cowboys, sheriffs and
sometimes Native Americans.
8) comedy h) Funny situations and witty dialogues to make you laugh.
9) western i) Battles and fighting are the main features of this type of film. Very often
it portrays a real battle in the past.

4. The four teenagers have each decided to watch a film this evening. What films do they
prefer? Write who would like to see the films enumerated below.

89
Romeo & Juliet ______________________________________________________
Psycho _____________________________________________________________
Saving Private Ryan __________________________________________________
Star Wars __________________________________________________________

Reading

5. a) Is it difficult to be a film star? Why? Have you ever dreamt about becoming an
actor?

b) Ewan McGregor is one of the most successful British actors. Read the note about him.
Do you know any other films where he acted?

Ewan McGregor was born in Scotland in 1971. He


left school to work in the theatre before attending
drama school in London. He is best known for his
starring roles in films such as Trainspotting, Moulin
Rouge and Star Wars. He has also worked in a
theatre. He is married and has two children.

6. a) Here are some of the questions members of the audience asked when Ewan made a
public appearance at the National Film Theatre, London. Then read the interview and
match the questions with the answers.
a) Would you like to do more theatre?
b) What film have you enjoyed acting in the most, and why?
с) What do you look for in a script?
d) How do you manage work and fatherhood?
e) Which actor has inspired you most and why?
f) Which actor would you most like to work with and why?
g) What's the best advice you can give to an actor?
An interview with Ewan McGregor
1. Yes... I trained in the theatre and I love the
theatre... yes, I'd love to do more...
2. I absolutely love what I do... and I've got a
brilliantly supportive wife and two beautiful
girls... my daughter, Clara, is six and at
school... when we went to Los Angeles, we
took her out of school and it was difficult
because she missed her friends, and you can't
do anything about that. I feel it's important to
be together, so we do the best we can.
3. The only thing you're looking for is a story... and character...
4. It's really difficult, they all do...
5. I've really enjoyed them all. The film I like the best is always the one I'm working on now
or the next... in the terms of film-making at its best... it would be Trainspotting... it was some
of the most exciting work I've ever done.
6. You can't be good at all of it... I hated mime classes at drama school... but I'd not shut down
on anything... you should just go for it.
7. I might be doing a film with Jodie Foster next year. Imagine that! I hope she's going to
direct me and I really respect her work. It's unbelievable.

90
b) Are these statements true or false?
a) He doesn't enjoy working in the theatre any more. ___
b) He has been very happy with all his films. ___
с) He has already worked with Jodie Foster. ___
d) He feels that Jodie Foster inspired him more than any other actor. ___
e) His family went with him when he worked on Los Angeles. ___
f) His daughter was very happy in Los Angeles. ___
g) He enjoyed all his classes at drama school. ___

Grammar

7. Do you know this actor? Which films did he take part in? Read his biography. Then
change the underlined sentences into passive.

Johnny Depp was born in 1963, June 9. He is the son of an


engineer and a waitress. He spent a lot of time with his
grandfather. When his grandfather died, Depp was seven years
old. His family went to Florida and in the next years, they
changed homes very often. Johnny became worse at school
and had his first experiences with drugs at the age of 15. The
school authorities threw him out of school and he started to
make music in a band called The Flame, and later on The
Kids. His ex-wife is Lori Anne Allison (Lori A. Depp). She
introduced him to actor Nicolas Cage. He has a daughter, Lily-
Rose Melody and a son John (Jack) Christopher III with his
former partner, French singer Vanessa Paradis.
Acting career
His first movie was Nightmare on Elm Street in 1984, which
was a success. Afterwards, he decided to go to an acting
school in Los Angeles. He got a small part in the
movie Platoon and shortly after this,a director offered him a
part in the TV series 21 Jump Street. At first he turned it down but finally accepted it. He became a
star and a teen idol, which he didn't like. His drug use at that time generated headlines, but his career
went on and he acted in lots of movies.
Depp is one of Hollywood's most popular actors who can play a huge range of roles. Normally he
plays rather odd characters, for example in Finding Neverland. People like him not only for his looks
but also for his acting talent and his funny actions.
Personal life
Depp lives in France but also has a home in the United States. Depp has been getting used to living
around French people, but says he is still trying to get better at speaking French. Depp has also bought
an island that helps him calm his nerves.

Listening and speaking


8. a) TS 10.5 Listen to some teenagers describing how to make a film and put the
pictures in order.

91
b) Listen again and find eight words connected with film making.

9. Put the words from the box in the correct column to make expressions.
homework fun of someone the washing up your best an effort
progress your hair good a noise an appointment exams a change
DO MAKE

10. Work in pairs. You are a directing team planning to create a new film. Exchange
your ideas. Make a plan for your work. Discuss the following points, then present your
project to your group mates.
a) the genre
b) the plot (briefly) and main heroes
с) actors
d) your ideas
We want to create a horror film about zombies. The film is about a family surviving in a
zombie world. Johnny Depp will play the main part. We want to make our film in the USA....

Writing

See Writing Bank p. 145

92
Lesson 5. A typical person
Warm up

1. Is it good to be "a typical person"? Think of three reasons "for" and "against" being
typical.

Being typical is good because you will never be a white crow.


Being typical is bad because you lose your individuality.
Vocabulary

2. What do you know about the UK and the USA? Fill in the table and find it out.

the UK the USA


Food
Sport
Places
People
Weather

a. American football b. fog c. tornado d. Steve Jobs

e. nachos g. Westminster Abbey


f. golf

h. Kate Middleton i. Golden Gate j. fish and chips

3. a) TS 10.6 Now listen to Tom and Helen talking about English customs. What do they
prefer? Choose the correct option.
Tom Helen
drinks tea tea
coffee coffee
eats fish and chips fish and chips
curry curry

93
favourite sport football football
tennis tennis
favourite animal cat cat
dog dog
the worst thing about the weather the weather
England crime crime

b) Listen again and write down words or word combinations to express the following:
a) Asking someone's opinion ___________________________________
b) Agreeing with someone's positive opinion _____________________________
c) Showing surprise __________________________________________
d) Changing the subject _______________________________________
e) Asking someone to agree with you ______________________________
f) Agreeing with someone's negative opinion ______________________________

Reading

4. Make sure you know the following words and expressions:


a) quaint - attractively old-fashioned
b) decorator - someone employed to change the way a room looks by choosing colours and
furniture
c) lifestyle - the way that you live your life
d) gadget - an object that is interesting for its novelty or cleverness rather than its practical use
e) dispenser - a machine that automatically gives out something
f) vulgar - lacking in sophistication and good taste
g) to look after Number One – to take care of yourself first

5. a) Read the text. Think of the title for each part.


1. ______________________________
Americans aim to do three things in life: 1)
"Look after Number One", 2) Live forever and
look beautiful and young as long as possible, 3)
Make lots of money and/or become famous.
They will do anything to achieve these goals.
The British are very different. They would like
to be quite rich, but are happy to accept their lot
if they're not. They would never dream of
putting themselves before others (which is why
they like to queue so much and allow people to go in front of them in races), even if their
lives depended on it. They are proud of the class system that divides them.
2. ______________________________
The Americans love food, in large quantities and endless varieties. Many American meals
often don't even fit on the plate. Americans like their food to be wrapped in clingfilm (or
shrink-wrap as Americans call it) and ready for the microwave. This is true unless of course
they are Californians in which case they eat "raw energy food" known to the rest of the world
as salad. The British only eat food to survive and would never dream of enjoying it. They
prefer to cook their food for twice as long as necessary just to make sure it's done, and don't
like to have too many choices on menus as they find it impossible to make up their minds.

94
3. _____________________________
Both British and American parents are proud of their children, but here the similarity ends.
American parents publicly admire their children and like to share their successes with
everyone, assuming that everyone else is interested. They change their children if they don't
like the way they are, by, for example, straightening their teeth or boosting their self-
confidence by planning extra activities for them. British parents think that too much praise
would make their children overconfident. British parents are happy to accept their children as
nature intended, even if it means their teeth look terrible.
4. ____________________________
In America, "hot and sunny" means that you should wear factor 20 suncream and you could
cook eggs on the sidewalk (or "pavement" as the British would say). In Britain, "hot and
sunny" means it isn't raining so you should expose any white skin in a public place until it
goes pink, or it starts to rain.
5. ____________________________
America has thousands of TV channels because most Americans have a very short attention
span. TV and film companies won't film anyone who isn't blonde and beautiful, who is
slightly overweight or who does not have perfect teeth, unless they are appearing on a talk
show. Britain is well known for its comedy, drama and award-winning commercials (or
"advertisements" as those "quaint" little Brits would say) and the fact that it has only 5 TV
channels. However, as most British people would never want to appear on TV, they don't
need more than 5 channels.
6. ______________________________
Americans spend thousands of dollars employing decorators to create a perfect home and
lifestyle for themselves. They are particularly fond of gadgets, as well as things which are
remote-controlled (garage doors and temperature controls), extremely large (fridges) or just
for lazy people (ice cube dispensers). Britons are much less vulgar than the Americans. They
really like patterned carpets and furniture (as many different patterns as possible in the same
room) and are not concerned that they live in freezing conditions indoors as well as outdoors.

b) Are these statements true or false? Correct the false ones.

a) British people would like to be rich and can't be happy if they are not.
b) The Americans think that their children will become overconfident if they receive too
much praise.
с) If Americans say it's hot and sunny it means you can cook eggs in your fridge.
d) American houses aren't complete when they don't have an ice cube dispenser.
e) British people like their houses to be cold.
f) Americans don't let anyone appear on TV even if they are beautiful.
g) British people like their food in endless varieties.
h) Californians eat large quantities of junk food.

6. What about you? Which lifestyle do you support and why?

Grammar
7. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in the Passive Voice.
a) In the USA, obesity (consider) a serious health problem.
b) Many years ago, fried fish (make) popular in the UK by the Portuguese.
c) Nowadays, children (teach) to eat healthily at school.

95
d) Tomatoes once (think) to be poisonous by the Italians.
e) fast food (sell) in Portuguese schools?
f) Bananas only (bring) to the British markets in the 20th century.
g) Smoking (not/ allow) in public facilities.
h) Last year, more than Ј3 billion (spend) in Indian restaurants in England.
i) Before Columbus got to America, potatoes (not/ grow) in Europe.
j) 10. orange juice still (deliver) in the UK?

Speaking

8. What's a typical person from your country like? What can you say about a typical
lifestyle in your country? Are you typical?

A typical Russian person is thoughtful and busy.

96
Lesson 6. We are different, but still together

Warm up

1. What is prejudice? Has anyone ever treated you or someone you know in a prejudiced
way? What social groups are people often prejudiced about? In what ways can we stop
prejudice in society?

2. Are you prejudiced? Answer the following questions HONESTLY, choosing only one
variant.
1. Your school arranges an exchange with an English school. You meet the English boy/girl who
is going to stay with you for the first time. He/she is not attractive and has unfashionable clothes.
Before you have spoken to him/her, what do you think?
a) This person isn't cool enough to stay with me.
b) If he/she has a nice personality, I'll enjoy spending time with him/her.
c) Is this what all English people look like? Weird!
2. You have a chemistry teacher. He/she speaks with a very strong regional accent. How do you
react?
a) Wait until you are outside the classroom then copy his/her accent to amuse your friends.
b) Think, "How am I supposed to believe anything he/she says with a stupid voice like that?"
c) You notice his/her accent but it makes no difference for you at all.
3. You get on the bus. There are only two seats left. One is next to an old lady and the other is
next to someone who looks about 40. What do you do?
a) Sit next to the one who is nearest to you.
b) Sit next to the 40-years old because the old lady might talk rubbish to you or smell bad.
c) Sit next to the old lady. She reminds you of your grandmother.
4. You go with one of your parents to the garage because the car is broken. You discover the
mechanic is a woman. What is your reaction?
a) We'd better go somewhere else. She might not be good enough.
b) That's not unusual.
с) It's good to see that men and women are doing the same jobs these days.
5. Imagine you are the boss of a company and you need to employ a receptionist. You are sent
two CVs. One of them is from a wheelchair user. Which person do you employ?
a) The person who is not the wheelchair user.
b) It depends upon their experiences, ability and personality.
с) The wheelchair user.
6. Your friend is going out with someone from a different race. What is your attitude?
a) Worried.
b) Pleased that your friend has a new boyfriend/girlfriend.
с) You don't care provided that he/she is not fat and does not wear horrible clothes.
7. A new person joins your sports class. Everyone knows that he/she doesn't have much money.
During the game your watch is stolen. What is your first reaction?
a) You have a mental picture of what the thief is like.
b) You are angry that you weren't careful enough to hide it.
с) You think the poor boy/girl took it.

Now add up your scores. 4. a=3 b=2 с=1


1. a=3 b=2 с=1 5. a=3 b=2 с=1
2. a=2 b=3 с=1 6. a=3 b=1с=2
3. a=2 b=3 с=1 7. a=2 b=1с=3

97
Answers
7-10 You are not prejudiced. You treat everyone with respect and you get to know people
before you judge them.
11-16 You are not prejudiced but at times you notice differences between other people and
yourself and you find them strange or amusing. Try not to stereotype people.
17-21 Oh, dear! You are prejudiced! You judge people before you know them. The world is
made up of many different types of people so you must learn to appreciate people who are
different from you.

Vocabulary

3. a) Many people have to live in another country, because the war forced them to leave
their homes. This is a story of one of them. What do you think happened with him?
Translate the following words.

to graduate (picture 1) To be granted an academic degree or diploma


to force (picture 2) to make somebody do something
cargo ship (picture 5) a ship designed to carry freight
stateless (picture 6) not having any recognized citizenship in a state or nation
low-paid (picture 10) earning or providing poor pay
to settle picture (11) here: adopt a more steady or secure style of life, especially in
a permanent job and home

b) Make a sentence about each picture and retell the story. There are words to help you.
January visa settled identity escape low-paid permit cargo
boat village bitterly graduated safety

98
a) Today Michal _______________________ from college.
b) Ten years ago, Michael's family was forced out of their war-torn __________________ .
с) They walked three hundred kilometres to _____________________ the fighting.
d) They tried to reach ____________________ by crossing the sea in a small boat.
e) They were rescued by a passing ________________________ .
f) They were treated as stateless people as they had no _____________________ documents.
g) At last, they were given a _________________ for Canada.
h) They flew to Vancouver in ____________________.
i) It was a _____________ cold day.
j) They spent the next months in a tiny room while Michael got a work _________.
k) He worked hard at ______________ , part-time jobs and eventually was able to enrol for a
college course.
l) Now, Michael and his family are happily _________________ into a new life.

с) TS 10.6 Now listen to the story to check.

d) Are there good reasons for countries to accept refugees? Are there good reasons to
refuse refugees?

Reading

4. Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions. Then use these phrasal verbs to fill in
the gaps.
1. give up a) end a relationship
2. go out b) become an adult
3. carry on с) have a relationship
4. let down d) continue
5. grow up e) disappoint
6. split up f) stop trying
a) Most non-white kids consider themselves British when born in Britain and have
____________________ there.
b) Sometimes kids feel that they are _______________________ their families if they have a
relationship with someone of a different race.
c) _________________________ with someone from a different ethnic background is often
the cause of a lot of arguments with your family and friends.
d) It's not easy to continue a relationship when your parents and friends are against it, so a lot
of mixed-race couples _____________________ .
e) Despite pressure from family and friends, some mixed-race couples
__________________ seeing each other.
f) We should never ________________ trying to change people's racist attitudes.

99
5. a) Guess the answers to the following questions. Read the text to check your guesses.
a) Why do British cities have very ethnically diverse population?
b) What kinds of harassment do people in mixed-race relationships often face?
c) What might happen if someone from a strict religious group chooses a partner their parents
don't approve of?
d) How do many people believe mixed-race marriages affect their culture?
b) Read the text and check your ideas.
MIXED-RACE RELATIONSHIPS
Mixed-race relationships are common in Britain,
especially in multicultural urban areas. Unfortunately,
mixed-race couples are still often the target of racial
abuse.
Britain's ethnic population
Visitors to Britain always notice that the cities have
very ethnically-diverse populations. There are 2 main
reasons for this:
●A lot of the 5.6 per cent of the UK's ethnic population
are from ex-colonies of the British Empire. After the Second World War, people from the
colonies were invited to come and work in Britain. So many men had been killed in the war
that the workforce had grown too small.
● The British government also permits a number of people to enter the country if they are in
danger in their home countries. These people are called asylum-seekers.
Separate communities
There are areas where some people of the same race have formed their own communities.
East London, for example, has a large Bangladeshi population where there are Bangladeshi
restaurants, shops and a mosque. However, young people from ethnic minority backgrounds
are integrated into British society and usually consider themselves British.
Harassment
White nationalists are responsible for many race attacks and, among other things, they believe
that mixed-race relationships are wrong. However, some attacks on mixed-race couples come
from their families, some from people they know at school or work, or even from friends. A
lot of the attacks are verbal, but sometimes they also receive "hate mail" or are physically
attacked.
Religion and race
Muslims, Orthodox Jews and other strict religious groups prohibit inter-racial relationships.
Sometimes people convert to a religion before they marry into a religious family. In some
communities, the tradition of "arranged marriages" (when your parents choose your partner
for you) is still common. Children who fall in love with someone their parents didn't choose
are sometimes rejected by their families and live apart from them.
Culture and traditions
It is sometimes thought that if you marry someone of a different race, your own culture and
traditions will be lost. Happily, there are a lot of mixed-race families in the UK which shows
that this isn't true. In fact, mixed-race marriages often help people to understand each other
better, and their cultures are richer as a result.

Grammar

6. Read the text again and find all the cases of Passive Voice. Then change them into
Active, if it is possible.

100
Speaking

7. Role play. Work in pairs. Choose one of the situations and try to solve the problem.
Whose variant of solving was the best?

1 Student A Student B
You are the school head You are in trouble at school
teacher. A student at your again. The head teacher thinks
school has been bullying you are a bully, but you have
another student who comes only made a few jokes about a
from a different country. The foreign student. You are sure
bully has been teasing him the student thinks your jokes
about his clothes and their are funny.
accent.
2 Student A Student B
You are deeply in love with a You teenage child is dating a
person of different race. Your person of different race. Your
parents are prejudiced him/her child is very young and can't
and strongly against your understand, that dealing with
relationships. other cultures may be
dangerous.

101
Module 11. Travel broadens the mind

Lesson 1. A trip to remember


Warm Up

1. This is the list of 50 places to go from the BBC TV programme. Say which places
have you been to and choose three places you would like to visit.

I have been to…


I would like to visit … because…

50 places to go before you die

1 The Grand Canyon, USA 26 Iguacu Falls, Brazil/Argentina


2 The Great Barrier Reef, Australia 27Paris, France
3 Disney World, Florida, USA 28Alaska, USA
4 The South Island, New Zealand 29Angkor Wat, Cambodia
5Cape Town, South Africa 30Mount Everest, Nepal
6 The Golden Temple, Amritsar, India 31Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
7 Las Vegas, USA 32Masai Mara, Kenya
8 Sydney, Australia 33 The Galapagos Islands
9 New York, USA 34Luxor, Egypt
10 The Taj Mahal, India 35Rome, Italy
11 Lake Louise, The Rockies, Canada 36San Francisco, USA
12 Uluru (Ayers Rock), Australia 37Barcelona, Spain
13Chiehen Itza, Mexico 38Dubai
14 Machu Picchu, Peru 39Singapore
15 Niagara Falls, Canada/USA 40La Digue, Seychelles
16 Petra, Jordan 41Sri Lanka
17 The Pyramids, Egypt 42Bangkok, Thailand
18 Venice, Italy 43Barbados
19 The Maldives 44Iceland
20 The Great Vail of China 45 The Terracotta Army, Xian, China
21 Victoria Falls, Zambia/Zimbabwe 46 The 'Matterhorn, Switzerland
22 Hong Kong 47Angel Falls, Venezuela
23 Yosemite National Park, USA 48Abu Simbel, Egypt
24 Hawaii 49Bali
25 The North Island, New Zealand 50 Bora Bora, Tahiti

102
Vocabulary and Reading

2. a) What do you know about Thailand? Look at the photos of Phuket and Bangkok.
Read about two holiday places in Thailand and choose one you would like to visit.
Explain why you have chosen it.

Accommodation:
Kata Hotel **** (23 rooms)
Cost per week
(including flight): € 1570
Average temperature
(April-May): 32°C

The beautiful island of Phuket is famous for its fantastic beaches, delicious food and friendly
people. It's the perfect place for a week's break. You can relax and sunbathe all day on one of
the island's wonderful beaches, or rent a motorbike and travel round the whole island. In the
evening you can eat fresh fish in one of Phuket's excellent restaurants, then enjoy a quiet walk
along the beach under the stars. Whatever you want from your holiday, it's here in Phuket!

Accommodation:
Sawadee Hotel *** (162 rooms)
Cost per week
(including flight): €1240
Average temperature
(April-May): 29°C

The capital of Thailand is always a wonderful place to visit. You can go sightseeing in the
city and visit beautiful Buddhist temples, and the amazing Royal Palace. Or why not take a
boat trip on the river and go shopping in the colourful markets? You can enjoy traditional
Thai food in restaurants all over the city and then go dancing in the evening in one of
Bangkok's many exciting nightclubs. Come to Bangkok — it's the holiday of a lifetime!

b) Do you know the words in Italics in the texts? Can you translate them?

3. What other things can you do on holiday? Study the vocabulary and match the words
with the pictures.
to go sightseeing to buy souvenirs to have a rest to sunbathe
to rent a car/motorbike/a bicycle to have a bathe to take pictures to go camping
to go hiking

A B C

103
D E F

G H I

4. a) Look at these words. Do you know the difference in meaning?

a trip a journey a tour travel a voyage a cruise

b) Check your ideas.


travel - go from one place to another by car, plane, bus, etc.: He travelled over 100 miles to be
there.
a journey - when you travel from one place to another place: Did you have a good journey?
a trip - when you go to a place for a short time and then come back: How was your trip to
Pads?
a tour - when you visit lots of places in the same city or country: My parents are on a tour of
Europe.
a cruise - is a holiday during which you travel on a ship or boat and visit a number of places
en route: They cruised all around the Mediterranean for eight weeks last summer and stopped
off at a number of uninhabited islands.
a voyage - is a long journey, not necessarily for pleasure, on a ship. We don't talk about
voyages very much in the present time, but historically they were very significant: His
second voyage (1493 - 96) led to the discovery of several Caribbean islands. On his third
voyage (1498 - 1500) he discovered the South American mainland. (Christopher Columbus,
the great explorer)

c) Study the tips.

• Travel is usually a verb. When we want to use a noun, we usually use journey or trip: How
was your journey/trip? Not How was your travel?
• We usually use ―go on‖ with journey, trip and tour: I went on a tour of London. not I made a
tour of London.
• A package tour is a holiday where everything is included in the price — hotel, food, trips to
famous places, etc.

104
• When we say goodbye to people we often say: Have a good journey/trip. Not Have a good
travel/tour.

5. Choose the correct word. Answer the questions about yourself.


1. How long is your travel/journey to university?
2. Have you ever been on a business trip/journey abroad?
3. Did you trip/travel a lot last year?
4. Have you ever been on a bus trip/tour of a famous city?
5. What is the longest journey/travel you have ever been on?
6. Have you ever been on a package travel/tour?
7. Many voyages/trips were made to the Indian Ocean during that period.
8. My parents have seen nothing of the world so they are saving up to go on a world
journey/cruise when they retire.

Grammar

6. What will you do if you go on holiday? See Grammar Reference p.153

If I go on holiday I will go sightseeing.

7. Put the verb into the correct form, using Conditional I.

1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone.


2. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) glad.
3. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party.
4. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry).
5. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) the exam.
6. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Art Gallery every year.
7. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the theatre.
8. If I (to make) such a mistake, they (to be) surprised.
9. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) the football match together.
10. If he (not to come) on time, we (not to wait) for him.

Listening

8. TS 11.1 Listen to Luke and Monica planning a holiday in Thailand. Where does
each person want to go? Find one reason why they want to go there.

9. TS 11.2 Where do you think Luke and Monica went on holiday? Listen and check.

Speaking
10. Have a talk with your friend about the holiday you had last time. Here are some
points to discuss:
 When and where was the holiday?
 Who were you with?
 What was the weather like?
 What interesting things happened?
 How did you feel?

105
Lesson 2. Your tickets, please!
Warm Up

1. How do you usually travel? What is your favourite means of transport?


I usually travel by...
My favourite means of transport is …

Vocabulary and Reading

2. Do you know these words? Translate them into Russian.


by car by plane by train by sea/ship on foot by bus an airport luggage
a ticket to take off a railway station to leave/depart to arrive to land
to get on/ to board to get off to set off

3. A local magazine has asked its readers to send in short stories about travelling. The
best story wins a two-week holiday to Egypt. Read the story and think of a title.

It was very windy when I set off for the


airport last Monday morning. The sky was
full of dark clouds and soon it started
raining heavily. What a great way to start a
holiday!
While I was driving to the airport, the
storm got worse. Suddenly, a huge flash of
lightning struck a tree. It came crashing
down just metres in front of my car. The
fallen tree completely blocked the road, so
I was stuck. I tried to call the emergency services on my mobile, but the line was dead.
I was positive that I'd miss my plane, so I turned on the radio and tried to get used to the idea.
Soon there was a loud knock at the window. To my surprise it was a young man in leather
clothes, ―Need a ride?‖ he said. My plane was leaving in an hour so I didn't think twice. I
grabbed my bags, climbed carefully onto the motorcycle and shouted urgently, ―To the airport
please!‖
It was my first time on a motorcycle so I was terrified. The young man drove so fast that I
kept my eyes tightly shut all the way. Suddenly, the motorcycle came to a halt. ―We're here!‖
he said. I looked at my watch and saw that I was just in time for my flight. The young man
wished me a nice trip, then quickly sped away.
As soon as my plane took off, I breathed a huge sigh of relief. I could now relax and enjoy
my holiday.

4. Put the events in the order they happened.

…I turned on the radio. … Lightning struck a tree.


… He drove me to the airport. …A man knocked at the window.
… I set off for the airport. …A tree blocked the road.
…The plane took off.

5. How many words from ex. 2 can you find in the text? Name them. Make up three
sentences using ex.2.

106
6. Fill in the gaps with the following words in the correct form: catch, miss, drive, take,
get or ride. Translate the sentences into Russian.

1. He got held up in traffic and as a result he ... his plane!


2. He … the 8 o'clock train to Liverpool and met Steve there.
3. He … his bike to school when he was a child.
4. He always … his wife to work.
5. He ... the Tube as it was faster than driving,
6. He helped the old lady … on the bus.

Reading

7. Robert is on a business trip now. He has to fly to London and then go by train to
Brighton where he will be met by a junior manager of Continental Equipment. Read
and role play the dialogues.

Riding a city bus


-Pardon me, do the buses to Three Bridges
railway station stop here?
-Yes, they stop at the corner.
- Can I take bus number 420?
-Unfortunately, no. If you take it, you will not
get there. You can take any bus except number
420.
-How often do the buses run?
-They are supposed to run according to the schedule that you can see over there. But in fact,
they don't always run on schedule.
- What are the usual intervals between bus arrivals?
-About 15 minutes. But you won't have to wait any longer. Bus number 405 is coming. You
can take it.

At a railway station
-I've found out from this time-table that there are
several trains to Brighton daily.
-Yes, quite so. The next is at 12.20.
-Well, I'll take it. One ticket, please.
-Single or return?
-Single, please.
-Here you are. The train is leaving from platform 3.
-Is there a buffet-car on the train? I'd like to have a
snack.
-Unfortunately, no. But if you hurry, you can get a
snack at a cafeteria in the station, otherwise you'll have to do without breakfast.
-Thank you very much.
-Not at all.

Grammar

8. What type of construction is used in the first dialogue in Italics? Put the verb into the
correct form, using Conditional I. See Grammar reference p.153

107
1. If I (not to go) to their party, they (to be) offended.
2. If you (to take) more exercises, you (to feel) better.
3. If they (to offer) me the job, I think I (to take) it.
4. If I (not to ring) him, he (to be) very displeased.
5. you (to be) angry, if we (not to come)?
6. What we (to do), if the (to be) late?
7. If I (to see) my friend, I (to ask) his advice.
8. If I (to come) home late, I (to go) to bed at once.
9. If you (to ring up) me, I (to tell) you something interesting.
10. If the weather (to be) fine, we (to play) outside.

Speaking

9. Have a talk with a partner. Choose a situation from ex.7. Make up your own dialogue,
changing characters, time, places and destinations.

108
Lesson 3. Do you have a vacant room?
Warm Up

1. Look at the pictures. What can you see? Where can it be? What is it like? What
pieces of furniture can you see? What kind of hotels do you usually choose while
travelling? Which one would you prefer?
In my opinion, the hotel in the first/second/third/forth picture is more (less)...than...

I can see a hotel. It may be somewhere in Turkey. I think it is expensive, comfortable,


luxurious and beautiful. There is a bed, a table with a TV set, a telephone and a lamp in the
foreground…

Vocabulary and Speaking

2. a) Look at the spidergram. Do you know these words? Translate them into Russian.
swimming pool laundry service

room service tennis court

fast-food snack bar hotel facilities sports centre

babysitting service dry-cleaning service


children’s playground

109
b) You are filling in a hotel assessment form. Work with a partner. Ask and answer
questions.

Asking Expressing approval Expressing disapproval


What do you think of…? It’s fine/excellent/splendid. It’s horrible/ awful
How do you find…? It’s good/very good/gorgeous It’s not very good
(indeed). (indeed).
How is…? It’s really wonderful/ perfect It’s disgusting/terrible.

Reading and Speaking

3. a) Which of these sentences may be said by a receptionist?

1. How may I help you?


2. I'm afraid I can’t find the booking.
3. I demand to see the manager.
4. Just a moment, sir.
5. You mean there's absolutely nowhere to stay?

b) Read the dialogue and complete sentences 1-5. Then read out the dialogue in pairs.

A: Good evening, sir. How may I help you?


B: My name is Peter Martin. My wife and I have
reservation for a double room for tonight.
A: Just a moment, sir. I'm afraid I can't find
booking, sir. When did you reserve the room?
B: It was booked through my travel agent two
months ago.
A: I'm afraid there's no record of a booking and
hotel is completely full. There's a festival in the
town and there are no rooms anywhere.
B: You mean there's absolutely nowhere to stay?
What are we going to do?
A: Well. I could try ringing around a few other
places, but I don't think there's much hope.
B: Look here! My wife and I have been travelling all day. We're exhausted. I demand to speak to the
manager!
1. The dialogue is between Mr. _____________ and ______________________.
2. There's no room __________________ for the Martins.
3. A travel agent made _______________ two months ago.
4. There are no vacancies in the hotel because _____________________.
5. Mr. Martin is very ______________________.

c) In pairs, think of an ending of the dialogue.

Listening

4. TS 11.3 Listen to three guests making complaints to a receptionist. What problems do


they have?

110
Reading

5. Discuss these questions.


1. When was the last time you stayed in a
hotel?
2. Where was the hotel? Why were you there?
3. Did you enjoy staying at this hotel?
Why?/Why not?

6. Read the introduction to the article. Find the answers to these questions given below.
Work in two groups.

Group A. Read about Ariau Amazon Towers.


Group B. Read about Jules' Undersea Lodge.

1. What is unusual about the hotel?


2. What facilities are there (restaurants, bars, etc.)?
3. What can you do near the hotel?
4. How many rooms are there?
5. How much does it cost per night?
6. When is a good time to go there?

In our search for the world's most amazing hotels, we sent Seth Hammond to visit Ariau
Amazon Towers in Brazil, while Stephanie Nichols spent the night in Jules' Undersea Lodge
in the Florida Keys, USA. Here are their reports.
I. Ariau Amazon Towers
Ariau Amazon Towers is one of the most
incredible hotels I've ever stayed in. It's in
the middle of the Amazon rainforest in
Brazil, about 60 kilometres from Manaus,
the nearest city. What makes it so special
is that most of the hotel is up in the trees
— 30 metresabove the ground! There are
two excellent restaurants and after dinner
you can go for a drink in one of four
treetop bars. Or you can go swimming in
one of the hotel's beautiful pools and
watch the monkeys and birds in the trees
above you. There are also lots of things to do nearby. I went for a long walk in the rainforest
with an excellent local guide and saw plants, trees, birds and animals of every description.
You can also go to local villages for the day, or go on a boat trip along the River Amazon and
go fishing for piranhas. Every day is an adventure — I was never bored in the three days I
was there. Ariau Amazon Towers has 278 rooms and suites — including a Tarzan Suite —
and it costs around 8120 a night. It rains a lot from December to June, so the best time to visit
is from July to November.
II. Jules' Undersea Lodge
I was worried when I arrived in Florida because the hotel I was staying in was underwater -
and I couldn't dive. But after a three-hour class I was able to dive down to the hotel with an
instructor. (You can get a full diving certificate in three days.) Jules' Undersea Lodge began
as a research laboratory in the 1970s and it's unusual for many reasons. Firstly, it's very small

111
- just two bedrooms, a kitchen and a shared
living room. Also there aren't any staff in the
Lodge, they're on land. But they monitor the
hotel 24 hours a day and you can get room
service any time you want. The first evening I
was there I ordered a pizza and half an hour
later a diver delivered it tomcat the hotel!
During the day you can go diving or
snorkelling, or go for an underwater walk.
And you should definitely go on a tour of the
nearby shipwreck, an experience you'll never
forget. But the best moment was waking up and seeing hundreds of tropical fish watching me
through my bedroom window! The Lodge isn't cheap lone night costs $499 per person) but it
doesn't matter when you go - it's always wet!

6. a) Work with a student from the other group. Take turns to ask and answer the
questions in 5.

b) Group A, read about Jules' Undersea Lodge. Group B, read about Ariau Amazon
Towers. Check your partner's answers.

7. a) Work in the same pairs and answer these questions. Which hotel:
1. is smaller?
2. is more expensive?
3. is more comfortable?
4. has more things to do?
5. is more beautiful?
6. is more unusual?

b) Which hotel would you choose for your holiday? Why?

Speaking

8. Have a talk with your partner. Use the table given below and the situations described.

Speaker A: you are at a hotel and you are having some problems.
Speaker B: you are a receptionist and you are apologizing.

Complaining Apologising
I’d like to complain about I’m so/terribly sorry (for)…
Excuse me, but I (do) apologise for…

 dirty rooms/bed-clothes
 slow room service
 no hot/cold water
 no towels
 TV/ air-conditioner won‘t work
 no lighting

112
Lesson 4. What are you taking?

Warm up
1. Discuss the following.

1. How many bags do you take on holiday?


2. Make a list of ten things you always take while travelling.
3. Compare lists. How many things are the same?

Vocabulary and Listening

2. Sophie and Rob are packing to go to New Zealand. Find these things in the picture.
a suitcase sun cream shorts a T-shirt soap a swimsuit film make-up chewing
gum shaving foam a towel toothpaste perfume sandals a razor sunglasses
shampoo swimming trunks tea walking boots a camera

3. TS 11.4 Listen to Sophie and Rob. Find four mistakes in the picture. Who is going
to take more things?

Reading

4. Do you think you pack smartly? Read to find out.


113
1. Take comfortable, easy-to-clean clothes.
Don't take too much - for a week you should
take 2-3 shirts and pairs of trousers, 1-2 pairs of
shoes (hiking boots for a walking holiday and
sandals for a beach holiday), a jacket or a
jumper, a swimming costume and lots of
underwear
2. Don't forget the necessities. Take toothpaste,
sunscreen, insect repellent and a small first-aid
kit.
3. Put your shoes in plastic bags inside your
suitcase so they don't dirty your clothes.
4. Keep your passport with you at all times.
5. Do not carry any sharp objects such as penknives, nailfiles or scissors in your hand
luggage. Put them in your suitcase.
6. Put any breakable items such as cameras or binoculars in your hand luggage.

Grammar and Reading

5. Look at the items. If you went on holiday, which of them would you put in your
suitcase? in your shoulder bag?

toothpaste a compass a credit card a penknife sunscreen a jumper


a torch binoculars hiking boots scissors a camera maps and guide books
a passport a first-aid kit a shirt a jacket sandals soap a T-shirt

If I went on holiday, I would put toothpaste in my…

See Grammar Reference p.153

6. Read the information about some package tours. Choose one you would like to go on.
Say, what things you would take with you. Use Conditional II.

If I went to African Safari I would take…

114
Sightseeing in St Petersburg
Three nights at the luxurious Astoria hotel.Russian culture
and professionally guided tours. Don't miss the chance to
visit this city's most famous landmarks and some of the
world's greatest museums.
$1,460 per person (all inclusive)

Would you enjoy camping and trekking in tropical


rainforests? How about the thrill and excitement of white-
water rafting? If you are looking for action and adventure,
this is definitely the holiday for you!
$1,700 per person (6 days incl. flights)

African Safari
Fabulous 12-day Jeep safari in Kenya See Africa's
stunning wildlife in its spectacular natural habitat. Get a
taste of real African culture with its traditional food, and
enjoy the incredible sunsets.
$6,130 per person (incl. flights)

Mediterranean Fun
The Coral Beach Resort in Marbella.
Spain offers relaxing 2-week breaks for
all the family. Beachfront hotels with
swimming pools, cafés, restaurants,
watersports facilities and great nightlife!
Sun and fun for everyone!
Adults $2.500 Children $1,600 (14 nights incl. flights)

Babiogorski National Park offers a dramatic setting for a


fantastic holiday for the less adventurous! Family-style
accommodation. Bird-watching enthusiasts won't be
disappointed - there are about 120 species of birds here
and early risers are sure to catch a glimpse of something
unusual.
$1,170 per person (7 nights all inclusive)

Historical Mexico
Experience the rich history of the Yucatan Peninsula in
style aboard the Expreso Maya Luxury Train. Visit
Chichen Itza and the Adivino Pyramid on this 5-day once-
in-a-lifetime trip. $1,250 per person

115
7. Work with a partner. Ask questions and answer them. Use Conditional II.

1. (you win a lot of money) – If I won a lot of money, I would buy an expensive car.
2. (you lose your passport) –
3. (there‘s a fire in the building) –
4. (you are in the lift and it stops between floors) –

8. Answer the questions in the way shown. Use Conditional II.

1. A: Shall we catch the 10.30 train?


B: No. (arrive too early) If we caught the 10.30 train we would arrive too early.
2. A: Is Kevin going to take his driving test?
B: No. (fail) If he .... .
3. A: Why don't we stay at a hotel?
B: No. (cost too much) If ... .
4. A: Is Sally going to apply for the job?
B: No. (not / get it) If … .
5. A: Let's tell them the truth.
B: No. (not / believe us) If … .
6. A: Why don't we invite Bill to the party?
B: No. (have to invite his friends too) If … .

Speaking

9. Choose a situation and make up a dialogue in pairs.

1) A young couple is going to Paris for 5 days.


The wife is going to take a lot of things which the
husband supposes to be useless. Try to come to an
agreement.
- Dear, are you really going to take so many
clothes?
- What do you mean? I need this all!
-Why are you taking…?

2) Two friends are going on package tour to Thailand.


One of them is calling the other to complaint about
his/her heavy bag. They decide to distribute the
necessities between them.
- I have put only the necessary things into the bag, but
it is so heavy!
- I have an idea! Let’s distribute something! I’ll
take…, and you…

Writing

See Writing Bank p. 146

116
Lesson 5.Travel addicts vs. Travel haters
Warm Up

1. Write down three reasons why people travel abroad. Compare ideas with the class. Do
you think travelling can become addictive?

I suppose/think people travel abroad because travelling broadens the mind/ to relax/to see
some spectacular sights…

Reading and Vocabulary

2. Read the article. Put these lines in the right space a—d.

1. Until we find a way to escape


2. As soon as I have enough, I'll be off on my next trip round the world
3. If I see just one travel brochure,
4. And when I've finished that, I'll start Portuguese

My name is Ben. I am 32 years old and I am a


travel addict. I've been back home now for
almost six months, but I know that I will
always be an addict. (a)_______________ I
know I will want to go away again. Two years
ago I was on an island in Fiji, at the start of a
year-long break that took me and my girlfriend,
Jane, to 14 countries. We watched fireworks
over the Sydney Opera House at New Year,
saw the sun rise over the temples of Angkor
Wat in Cambodia, and spent my 31st birthday
on a Thai beach. It was without doubt the best year of our lives. No work, no boss, no worries.
No grey skies of Britain, just carefree months going into the distance. True, there wasn't much
money, but it didn't matter. We loved having the freedom to go where we wanted, when we
wanted. If we liked a place, we stayed. If not, we just got the next bus out. We only had one
worry in the world. We knew we had to return to Britain.
Coming back was awful. We had huge debts, and we had to find work. The routine of getting
up, going to work, going home, eating, sleeping, and getting up again is just about killing me.
I'm finding it difficult to do what other people tell me to do. Before I went travelling, I
worried about earning more money, buying a bigger car, a house, etc. Now that I'm back, I
don't care about those things any more. I'm living like a student again, and saving all my
money. (b) __________________.
Sandie & Ian's story...
While I was travelling, I met other people like me. Sandie,
28 and Ian, 33, got married and spent a year travelling on
their honeymoon. We met on a beach in Thailand. They
were both IT consultants with stressful jobs. Now that they
are home, they are making big changes to their lives. 'Work
just isn't so important anymore,' says Sandie. But I suppose
we'll have to stay in these jobs
(c)____________________.‘

117
Rebecca's story...
I met Rebecca, 26, in Australia during her round-the-world trip. Now
she's back home, and she's also having trouble readjusting to life. 'It's
terrible,' she says. 'During the first couple of weeks back at work, I
couldn't sit at my computer. Nobody understands. My parents and
friends just aren't interested in my experiences. I don't know why. It
was such an important time in my life. I keep looking at photos, so
that I won't forget.'
For me too, I wonder if life back home will ever feel normal again.
Next week I'm starting an evening course to learn Spanish.
(d)______________ . They'll be very useful languages in South
America!

3. a) Read the text again. Pay attention to the words in italics. Can you translate them?

b) Fill in the gaps, using these words.


1. It was hard to________________ himself to civil life after the army.
2. Two criminals ________________ from prison last night.
3. An old lady ______________ looking through the window.
4. Nick is a real computer ______________. He is playing games all the time!

Speaking

4. What do you think?

• Why do people become travel addicts? Do you think they are looking for something or
running away from something?
• Why are travellers‘ friends and family often not interested in their experiences?

5. You are one of the travel addicts (Ben, Sandie, Ian or Rebecca). Tell your story using
the text from ex.2.

Listening and Speaking

6. Do you know anybody that doesn't like travelling abroad? Who? Why? Work with a
partner. Write a list of reasons why people don't want to travel.
Some people are afraid of flying.
People who have pets don't want to leave them.

7. Look at the photos. Why do you think these people don't want to travel?

He doesn’t want to travel because he has to take care of his wife.

118
8.a) TS 11.5 Listen to a radio programme about Roger, Annabel and Jean-
Claudecalled ―People and Places‖. Answer the questions.

1. Were any of their reasons on your list?


2. What main reason does each person give?

b) Listen again. Who gives these reasons? Write R (Roger), A (Annabel), or J-C (Jean-
Claude).
__Tourism is destroying our planet.
__Going away is too much trouble. It's not worth it.
__I would be hungry all the time.
__You can see everything on TV these days.
__I don't like being a tourist.
__When you get home you have a mountain of mail.
__ My country can give me everything.
__Travelling by plane is bad for the environment.
__I love Europe for its history and traditions.

c) Answer the following questions.


Which places abroad have they been to? When and why? What did they think of them?
Grammar

9. Think of a place that is a very popular tourists destination. Write why you wouldn‘t
go there if you even had an opportunity. Use Conditional II.
I wouldn’t go to Venice, because it is awfully wet there.
10. Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. Use Conditional II.
1. If you took more exercise … .
2. I'd be very angry if … .
3. If I didn't go to work tomorrow … .
4. Would you go to the party if …?
5. If you bought some new clothes … .
6. Would you mind if … ?

11. Think of a place you wish you could go this summer, but you haven‘t got an
opportunity.
I wish I could go to…
12. Write sentences beginning I wish… .
1. I don‘t know many people (and I‘m lonely). I wish I knew more people.
2. I don‘t have a mobile phone (and I need one).
3. Helen isn‘t here (and I need to see her).
4. It‘s cold (and I hate cold weather).
5. I live in a big city (and I don‘t like it).
6. I don‘t know anything about cars (and my car has just broken down).
Project
13. You are beginning a travel agency. Think of its name and some interesting tours you
are going to offer in order to attract more customers. Make a presentation with pictures.

119
Lesson 6. No fear!

Warm Up

1. Comment on the following quotation. Do you agree or disagree?


“To awaken quite alone in a strange town is one of the pleasantest sensations in the world.”
Freya Stark

Watching a video

2. a) You are going to watch a video about a man who has walked 200 miles to prove
how kind strangers can be.

b) Answer the following questions.


1. Where did he start his journey?
2. Why did people help him? What did he do?
3. What kind of meal did an old lady offer him?
4. Who gave the house keys to the group of travellers?

c)Do you think it was good experience? Would you like to participate in such
experiment?

3. Watch the video once again and fill in the gaps.

"The idea of the peace pilgrimage was really to try and take the lessons I learned from the Dalai Lama
when making the road to peace and put it to the test and see if ____________ and ____________is
enough that we can survive on in 21st century Britain. Doing a walk 200 miles (322 kilometres),
without money, penniless, from London to Glastonbury to see if it was really possible to live through
kindness. Would people take us into their ____________, would we even find somewhere to stay?
When you meet somebody with ________________ and you take time to understand their story as
well, people come forward and they will naturally be kind. People automatically turn round and say,
‗Well what can we do for you, what can we offer?‘
One lady came out the campsite one morning and just said ‗Oh, we're on a pilgrimage, you know,
going walking 200 miles,‘ and she said, ‗Oh, would you like ________________?‘ And she said, ‗I
cooked some rice last night I've got a load leftover. I can give you some!‘
Where we stayed the first night was literally by the side of the road and we woke up to this guy
walking his dog, and he's like ‗Oh, I'll come back in five minutes. You guys like a cup of tea?' and he
turns up with a kettle, mugs, tea bags and the kettle with boiling water inside just making us all
_______________!
It was probably the most drastic night where we didn't we didn't know where we're going to stay and
one of the group, she got really sick and we were screening the film 'Road To Peace' in an arts centre
that night and then somebody in the arts centre said, ‗Oh, you can come in – you can come stay in our
flat, here's the keys. Let yourself come and go as you please; it's actually across the road from
________________.‘
Giving somebody the key to your house that four hours before you've never met and trusting them
with that, I think there's something really ___________ about that.‖

4. Read the video script again paying attention to the words in italics. Match the words
with their definitions. Translate them into Russian.
1. a pilgrimage a) to show a film
2. penniless b) without thinking

120
3. automatically c) difficult
4. literally d) exactly
5. drastic e) without money
6. to screen f) a journey, usually to a special place
7. a campsite g) to offer to give help or information
8. to come forward h) a place used for camping

Listening and Reading

5. a) TS 11.6 Listen to emails sent home to parents by young travellers. Where are the
travellers? What has happened that gives their parents reasons to worry?

b) Read their emails and check if you were right.

121
6. Read the e-mails again. Fill in the gaps with the right variant.
1. Kate didn't____________ anyone taking the photos.
a) see b) ask c) remember
2. She_________ to climb up to the top bunk bed.
a) wanted b) tried c) remembered
3. She forgot____________ the hospital.
a) mentioning b) to mention c) mention
4. Dan asked his mum ____________ his Australian friends.
a) put up b) putting up c) to put up
5. His Australian friends ____________ to go to London.
a) want b) are hoping c) are looking forward
6. He thinks his mum will make them _________ at home.
a) feel b) to feel c) feeling
7. William ____________ to catch piranha fish.
a) didn‘t succeed in b)didn't manage c) tried
8. They stopped ____________ on the river
bank.
a) camping b) to camp c) to spend the night
9. Sally ___________ having an en-suite
bathroom.
a) loved b) wanted c) hoped
10. She is _______________ staying two more
days.
a) planning b) looking forward to c) thinking of

7. TS 11.7 Listen and fill in the gaps with the missed words. Who is speaking? (Kate,
Dam, William or Sally)
1. When we saw the photos we ___________feeling worried.
2. The photos _____________look worse than it really was.
3. Your friends must _______________ keep their room tidy.
4. It's really kind of you _______________ them stay.
5. Did Victor ____________ escape from the crocodile?
6. He warned us not ________________ swimming.
7. We couldn't ______________ a bit scared.
8. Have you ___________come home yet?

Grammar

8. Do you agree that the young travellers, Kate, Dam, William and Sally, were kind of
thoughtless? Say, which things wouldn’t have happened.

See Grammar Reference p.154

1. If Kate had been more careful, her head would not have hit the corner of the bed.
2. If Kate‘s head ___________________ the corner of the bed, she ___________________to
hospital.
3. If Kate ________________her head, she _________________ the scar.
4. If Dan _________________ more prudent, he ___________________his mother‘s number
to the strangers.

122
5. If William __________________ a torch, he ____________________ from the crocodile.
6. If the earthquake _______________, there ____________________any holes in the walls
and the ceilings.

9. Put the verbs into the correct form. Use Conditional III.

1. I didn‘t know you were in hospital. If I _____________(to know), I _______________(to


go) to see you.
2. Sam got to the station just in time to catch the train to the airport. If he _____________(to
miss) the train, he ______________________(to miss) his flight.
3. I‘m glad that you reminded me about Amanda‘s birthday. I ______________________(to
forget), if you _________________________(to remind) me.
4. Unfortunately I forgot my address book when I went on holiday. If I ________________(to
have) your address, I ______________________(to send) you a postcard.
5. I tool a taxi to the hotel, but the traffic was bad. It ______________________(to be)
quicker, if I ____________________(to walk).
6. I wasn‘t tired last night. If I ___________________(to be) tired, I __________________(to
go) home earlier.

Speaking

10. Have a talk with your partner.

Speaker A: you are a fearless young traveler


always getting into trouble. You are calling
your parents.
 you have lost all the money
 you are going on a dangerous tour
 you have been hitch-hiking

Speaker B: you are an anxious parent worrying about the child.

- Are you OK, dear? Where are you?


- Yes, mum. Ben, my new boyfriend, is going to show me crocodiles in the local rivers
tomorrow!
- ???

123
Module 12.Getting a job

Lesson 1.Choosing an occupation

Warm up

1. Read the poem and say if you find it funny.


I Want to Ве
Some people often say to mе:
"Have уоu decided what уоu want to bе?"
I usually answer, "I don't know,"
But it isn't really so.
I want to win аn Olympic race,
I want to see the Earth from space,
I want to travel to Katmandu
I want to bе rich and famous, too.
I want to bеоn Hollywood's screen,
I want to invent а new machine,
I want to bе very clever and wise,
I want to win the Nobel prize,
But most of all, I want to bе
Healthy and strong and nice.

2. Write the letters of the alphabet. Work in pairs. Try to write one job for each letter.
Which pair has the most?

Reading

3. a) When you leave school you understand that the time to choose your future
profession has come. It‘s not an easy task to make the right choice of a job. What do you
think? Is it easy to choose a profession?

- I think choosing an occupation is an essential step in everybody’s life.


- I believe when you choose a profession you need to examine your skills carefully.
- I suppose it is very important to decide how to present your skills to a prospective employer.

b) Read the text to compare your ideas.


One of the most difficult problems a young person faces
is deciding what to do about a career. Choosing an
occupation takes time and there are a lot of things you
have to think about as you try to decide what you would
like to do. You may find that you will have to take
special courses to qualify for a particular kind of work
or may find out you will need to get some actual work

124
experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job. Fortunately there are a
lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools
there are teachers who are professionally qualified to counsel you and to give detailed
information about job qualifications. You can also talk over your ideas with family members
and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions. But even if you get other
people involved in helping you make a decision self -evaluation is an important part of the
decision –making process.

c) Answer the following questions about choosing a career.

1. What is the most difficult problem for a young person?


2. What things do you have to think about when choosing an occupation?
3. What should one do to qualify for a particular job?
4. Who can you turn to for advice when making your decision?
5. What is the most important part of the decision –making process?

d) Find the English equivalents to the following words and phrases.

столкнуться с проблемой, большинство из нас, выбор профессии, обладать


квалификацией, определенная работа, обнаружить, приобрести знания, обсудить,
привлечь других людей

4. a) Do you know the following word-combinations?


I’d like …
a good salary, friendly colleagues, my own office, long holidays, a good boss, job security
I’d like a job with…
flexible working hours, opportunities for travel, opportunities for promotion, holiday pay, on-
the-job training, sick pay

b) Choose three things that are important to you and three things that are not important
to you.

c) Work in pairs . Compare your ideas. How many are the same?

125
Lesson 2. There‘s a will, there‘s a way
Warm up

1. a) Read these proverbs and sayings and think over their Russian equivalents.
Which of them do you like most and why?

 a light purse is a heavy curse


 an hour in the morning is worth two in the evening
 business before pleasure
 if you want a thing well done do it yourself

Vocabulary and speaking

2. a) Study the following collocations connected with WORK.

to get
to do work
to find
to look for

to earn
to make a living
to do for

to have
to look for
to get
to take on a job
to offer
to do
to find

b) Work in teams. Make as many sentences of your own with these collocations. Which
team has the most?
3. Study the following definitions and choose the right word.
JOB – POSITION – OCCUPATION – CAREER - PROFESSION
Job – anything that one has to do, task, duty
Position – a person‘s place, as in society, rank, status
Occupation – that which chiefly engages one‘s time, one‘s trade
Career - an occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with
opportunities for progress
Profession - a paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal
qualification

1. He was unemployed doing only odd…


2. Knitting is a useful … for long winter evening.
3. This aid is for those who have a very low … in society.

126
4. My sister occupies an important … in the Department of Health.
5. The police called the company to find out his … at the moment.
6. He had a hard … painting the car.
7. A … is a type of job that requires advanced education or training.
8. Your … is the part of your life that you spend working.

4. a) Examine the following skills, responsibilities and personality traits using the table
given below.

1. Skills 2. Responsibilities 3. Personality traits


acting making decisions I AM … IS ONE OF MY
VERY… STRONG POINTS
analyzing meeting people accurate accuracy
assembling negotiating adaptable adaptability
building things operating machines cooperative cooperation
cooking organizing creative creativity
dancing persuading people dependable dependability
decorating repairing machines flexible flexibility
designing selling mature maturity
driving sewing organized organization
filing singing persuasive persuasiveness
growing things solving problems punctual punctuality
helping people speaking responsible responsibility
interviewing supervising tactful tact
listening typing
making crafts

b) Do you have the same skills and personality traits? Work in pairs and have a talk
with your partner to find it out.
* Are you organized?
* Is flexibility one of your strong points?
* Is decorating one of your skills?

5. Study the list of jobs.


accountant, baby sitter, baker, banker, hair stylist, bartender, bus driver, butcher, cashier,
computer programmer, construction worker, cook, dentist, doctor, electrician, employment
counselor, engineer, file clerk, fire fighter, florist, gardener, housekeeper, interpreter,
librarian, manager, nurse, pharmacist, police officer, receptionist, salesperson, secretary,
security guard, social worker, teacher, travel agent, waiter

6. Fill in the table matching jobs with corresponding personality traits and skills.
JOB SKILL TRAIT

127
Listening

7. a) TS 12.1 Listen to the song. Choose the correct word.

He‘s an accountant \ bookkeeper She‘s a salesclerk\ saleswoman


He works with numbers She sells clothing
He manages your money She works in a store \ boutique
He plans your taxes She designs clothing too
An accountant A salesclerk, that‘s her occupation, her
That‘s his occupation \ profession, his job job
She‘s in business\ selling She‘s a teacher, that‘s her job
She‘s a vice-president She‘s a nurse, that‘s her job
A vice-president in a toy company He is a pilot, that‘s his job
She‘s the boss Those are occupation, they‘re all jobs
A vice-president \ a top manager He‘s a vendor\ trader
That‘s her occupation, her job He sells food on the street
He sells hot-dogs \ hamburgers
He sells ice-cream
A vendor, an accountant
a salesclerk, a nurse,
a teacher, a pilot,
they‘re all jobs

b) Work in pairs. Compare answers.

Speaking
8. a)Would you like to be an accountant, a teacher, a nurse, a pilot? Why? Why not?

128
Lesson 3. Business before pleasure

Warm up

1. a) Think of two people you know with jobs. Work in pairs. Tell your partner what
these people do in their jobs using the words from Lesson
2. Which person has the best job, do you think?
Vocabulary

3. a) Do you know the following phrases?

find a job be unemployed


write a CV apply for a job
go for an interview unemployment
lose your job get benefit
look for a job earn a lot of money
fill in an application form

b) Put these phrases in order. There is more than one possible order. Work in pairs.
Compare answers. Are they the same?

4. a) Study the list of words and word-combinations given below.

looking for a job, assess, vacancies, place ads, be consistent with, set the level,
indispensable, demands, imply, visualize

b) Fill in the gaps.


1) There are several ways of ….
2) First you should … your own chances.
3) He studied the ads of … being published.
4) Solid companies …. in prestigious expensive
publications.
5) Your main task is to understand whether the
position … your skills and education.
6) Such special demands … of the candidate‘s
qualification.
7) Remember that the demands enumerated in the
ads …. .
8) Carefully read …. made of the given position.
9) There is a need to understand that the word does not … secretarial functions.
10) There is a need … at least in general outline the personnel structure of Western
companies.

129
Listening and reading

5. a) Finding a dream job takes time and effort. One of the first steps is to answer the
questions which help you while looking for a job.
QUESTIONNAIRE
1. Are you seeking
a) full-time employment
b) part-time employment
2. Which of these is the most important for you?
Number 1-5 in order of importance money
people
security
job satisfaction
interesting job
3. Do you like
a) meeting people
b) working alone
c) working with other people
d) working with your hands
e) travelling

b) TS 12.2 Listen to the text ―Changing your job‖

c) Discuss these questions.


1. Is it more difficult to be unemployed when you are young or when you are old? Why?
2. Is unemployment a problem in your country?
3. Can people in your country get unemployed benefit?
4. What is the best way to find a job?

130
Lesson 4. Job hunting

Warm up

1. a) Look at the photos. What are the people doing?

Reading

2. a) Read the letters and match them to the photos.


1. Dear Sir,
My son Kevin left school two months ago and now he is looking for his first job. The problem
is that companies always say they want people with experience but how can he get experience
if no one gives him a job? He reads the ads in the paper every day but there is nothing for
people like him. Today he is doing some gardening for our neighbors to earn a bit of money
but he needs a real job.
Mrs. McKenzie

2. Dear Sir,
I read your report on unemployment in yesterday’s paper and I am writing to tell you how it
feels to be unemployed. I am 54 years old and I worked for a computer company for 17 years
until it closed down four months ago. I am applying for every job I can, but I never get an
interview because people think I am too old – it is very frustrating. I’ve got a lot of
experience and I want to work. I just need someone to give me a chance.
George Carter

b) Read the letters again. Are sentences a)-f) correct? Change the incorrect sentences.
a) Kevin is looking for his first job.
b) He reads the job ads twice a week.
c) He is working in his mother‘s garden today.
d) George knows a lot about computers.
e) He lost his job two months ago.
f) He goes to a lot of interviews.

Grammar

3. a)Look at the verb forms in bold. Which are in the Present Simple and which are in
the Present Continuous? Make negatives and questions in the Present Simple and in the
Present Continuous.

131
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS AND PRESENT SIMPLE
Present Continuous(I am doing) Present Simple (I do)
some action which is happening actions in general or those which
at_or around the time of happen repeatedly:
speaking: - Strong wind often blows here
- The wind is blowing hard. in winter.
Shut the window, please. - What language do they speak
- I can't understand him. What in Switzerland?
language is he speaking? - I write letters to my mother
- It's too late. What are you twice a month.
writing? We use the Present Simple for
We use the Present Continuous a permanent situation.
for a temporary situation. - In summer they usually go to
- They are staying at the hotel the South and stay at a hotel near
until their house is ready. the sea.

b) Read George‘s email. What is his new job? How did he get it?
Hi Andrew!
Guess what? I ____ (have got) a new job! ______ you _______ (remember) that letter I wrote
to the paper? Well, the manager of a local computer company read it and offered me a job!
The company _______ (do) very well at the moment and they really ______ (need) people
with experience. I ________ (not work) now – it‘s my lunch break – so I ______ (write) a
few emails to my friends to tell them my news. I am a technical support engineer and I _____
(help) customers with their computer problems. It‘s only my first week, so I _____ (still
learn) about all the products but I really ______ (like) it here. I ______ (work) quite long days
but I ______ (not work) at the weekends. Anyway I have to go – the phone _______ (ring).
George

c) Put the verbs in George‘s email in the Present Simple or Present Continuous.

d) Work in pairs. Compare answers. Explain why you choose each verb form.

e) Choose the correct answers.


FIND SOMEONE WHO….
1. … looks \ is looking for a job at the moment.
2. … has \ is having an interesting job.
3. … studies \ is studying for an exam.
4. … usually gets up \ is getting up before seven o‘clock.
5. … wants \ is wanting to live in a different
country.
6. … tries \ is trying to stop smoking.
7. … reads \ is reading a newspaper every day.
8. … reads \ is reading a good book at the
moment.

f) Make questions with you for each


sentence.
Are you looking for a job at the moment?

132
Lesson 5. Well begun is half done
Warm up

1. a) Read the quote and say if you find it reasonable.

 An excellent resume may help you to get the job of your dreams and a poor
resume may mean a lost opportunity.

b) Give your ideas what can make a good resume or CV.


CV – is an abbreviation for `curriculum vitae'. [mainly BRIT] Your CV is a brief written account
of your personal details, your education, and the jobs you have had.

Reading
2. a) Read the short note which shows that the contents of a resume can be roughly
categorized as:

PERSONAL INFORMATION
JOB OBJECTIVE
EDUCATION
EXPERIENCE
SKILLS
EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
REFERENCES

b) Read the article to learn some useful things you need to write a resume. Comment on
each part of it.

Ideally resume should not be longer than one page. The resume begins with PERSONAL
INFORMATION centered at the top page. Then a statement of intent or JOB OBJECTIVE should be
written. This objective should be well thought out from the very beginning since it will influence the
way you will write the rest of the resume. After the statement of intent describe your EDUCATION.
List the universities, institutes, colleges you have attended in reverse chronological order. Your
working EXPERIENCE is the next section. List your experience starting with your most recent place
of employment and work backwards. Following experience you should list your special SKILLS.
These include your language skills, computer abilities and any other talent that relates to your
statement of intent. EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES should be included in the next section.
Student or professional organizations you belong to, travel, sports and hobbies should be listed here.
The last section of your resume is the REFERENCE section. List at least two people, not related to
you, who can describe your qualification for the job. Their names, titles, places of work and telephone
numbers should be included.

c) Role-play. You are looking for a job and need to write a good resume. Your partner is
a specialist in recruiting employees. Ask the specialist different questions about writing
a resume. Answer the candidate‘s questions and give him\her useful recommendations.
What should I start with when looking for a job?
What makes a good resume?
What items should my resume include?
The content of your resume should be well thought.
There are some items which are obligatory for your resume. They are…
133
3. a) Read the example of a resume.
Lauren Elizabeth Weston
5 Circus Street
Liverpool. L 22 5 EG
Laurenweston@mailme.net
Date of Birth: 5.11.1988
Nationality: British
1 ……………………………….
2004-2005 Northampton College,
Hospitality and Catering course
This course included work on:
* preparation of meat, vegetables
* food presentation
* menu preparation
1999-2004 Liverpool High School for Girls
Including Mathematics, English and French
2 …………………………………………
Summer 2002 Le Moulin, Chantonnay, France
Trainee chef experience including vegetable preparation
Summer 2001 The Fox Public House, Speke
Bar work serving food and drinks to customers
3…………………………………………….
2003 Winner of Liverpool Young Chef of the Year
4 ……………………………………………..
* Computers – word processing and spreadsheets
* Fluent speaker of French
REFEREE*
Mrs. M. James
Hospitality and Catering course
Northampton College

b) Write the correct information in a) –f)

a) Her full name. Lauren Elizabeth Weston


b) Her email address. _________________
c) The year she was born. _________________
d) The name of her school. ________________
e) A restaurant she worked at in France. __________________
f) A prize she won. ______________________

c) Look at the organization of the resume. Fill in gaps 1-4 in the resume with headings
a)-d).
a) WORK EXPERIENCE
b) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
c) ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS
d) EDUCATION AND QUALIFICATIONS

Writing

See Writing Bank p. 147

134
Lesson 6. Give me a chance!
Warm up

1. Discuss the following:

a) Have you applied for any jobs?


b) Were you interviewed?
c) What‘s the usual process for getting your first job
in your country?

Reading and vocabulary

2. a) Read the texts paying attention to the underlined words.

1. The process of finding people for particular jobs is recruitment or, especially in American English,
hiring. Someone who has been recruited is a recruit or a hire in American English. The company
employs them; they join the company. A company may recruit employees directly or use outside
recruiters, recruitment agencies or employment agencies. Outside specialists called headhunters
may be called to headhunt people for very important jobs persuading them to leave the organizations
they already work in. The process is called headhunting.

2. Fred is a van driver but he was fed up with long trips. He looked in the situations vacant pages of
his local newspaper where a local supermarket was advertising for van drivers for a new delivery
service. He applied for the job by completing an application form and sending it in.
Harry is a building engineer. He saw a job in the appointment pages of one the national papers. He
made an application, sending in his CV (curriculum vitae – the ―story‖ of his working life) and a
covering letter explaining why he wanted the job and why he is the right person for it.

3. Dagmar Schmidt is the head of recruitment at a German telecommunication company. She talks
about the selection process and the methods that the company uses to recruit people. ―We advertise in
national newspapers. We look at the backgrounds of applicants: their experience of different jobs
and their educational qualifications. We don‘t ask for handwritten letters of application as people
usually apply by e-mail; handwriting analysis belongs to the 19th century. We invite the most
interesting candidates to a group discussion. Then we have individual interviews with each
candidate. We also ask the candidates to do written psychometric tests to assess their intelligence and
personality. After this, we shortlist three or four candidates. We check their references by writing
their referees and we ask the candidates to come back for more interviews. Finally, we offer the job to
someone and if they turn it down we have to think again. If they accept it, we hire them. We only
appoint someone if we find the right person.

b) Find the English equivalents for the following words and word-combinations.

подбор кадров, нанимать, агентства по найму(2), вакансии, заявка, начать работу в


компании, резюме, процесс выбора кандидатов, опыт работы, квалификация, групповое
собеседование, сократить список, индивидуальное собеседование, назначить на
должность

c) Complete the crossword using appropriate forms of words in 1,2,3.

135
Across Down
5 I phoned to check on 1 and 2 I hope
my application, but they she................,
said because if she................
they'd already................ the job, we'll have to start
someone. (9) looking again. (7,5,4)
6 This job is so 3 That last applicant was
important, 1 very strong, but I
think we need to............... understand he's had two
someone. (8) other ................already.
8 The selection process (6)
has lasted three months, 4 They've
but finally................a
we're going to................ new receptionist. (5)
someone next week. (7) 7 Computer programmers
wanted. Only those with
UNIX experience should
........................(5)
d) Now divide the words from the crossword into two groups:
1. what a company personnel department does
2. what a person looking for work does

e) Replace the underlined phrases with correct forms of words and expressions from
1,2,3.
Fred had already (1) refused two job offers when he went for (2) a discussion to see if he was
suitable for the job. They looked at his driving licence and contacted (3) previous employers
Fred had mentioned in his application. A few days later, the supermarket (4) asked him if he
would like the job and Fred (5) said yes.
Harry didn't hear anything for six weeks, so he phoned the company. They told him that they
had received a lot of (6) requests for the job. After looking at the (7) life stories of the (8)
people asking for the job and looking at (9) what exams they had passed during their
education, the company (10) had chosen six people to interview, done tests on their
personality and intelligence and they had then given someone the job.

Listening

3. TS 12.3Listen to the text ―When Not To Hire Your Friends‖. Discuss these questions.
1. Is there anything wrong with asking for a resume from someone you know?
2. Is it a challenge to assess your friend with a clear eye?
3. Is it important to make clear to a new employee – regardless of friendship – what‘s his and
yours.
4. Do you agree with the statement that nothing poisons company morale more than an
unhealthy dose of favoritism?
5. What are the advantages of hiring a typical off-the-street candidate?

Project

4. Make a list of suitable jobs for you using the sites below. Explain your choices and get
all the necessary papers ready to apply for 2-3 jobs from your list.
http://www.headhunter.com/ http://www.jobsearch.az/ http://www.monster.com/

136
Supplementary materials
This section includes materials and patterns illustrating the procedure of the third speaking
part of the final course exam. The examiner gives the student photographs and asks him/her
to speak about the picture without interruption for about 1 minute and also answer some
questions written in the picture. The student is supposed to describe the pictures, compare
them and answer the questions.

Think of the following things while looking at the pictures or photos.


Who or what is there in the picture or photo?
What are they doing? How are they feeling?
Where are they?
What problem does the picture show?

You can use the following models to describe and compare the pictures or photos.
Both photos show…
In the first photo I can see but in the second photo…
People are dancing/ eating… The man on the left/right/ in the foreground/ in the middle/ in
the background

You can use the following models to express your opinion while answering the questions
given in the pictures or photos.
I expect that
I guess they are
It must be
It looks
Personally I think
I’m not sure

137
Module 7

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show two people of different nationalities participating in some activities. What
nationalities are they and why? Do you agree with these stereotypes?

A B

Module 8

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show people in the city and in the countryside participating in some activities.
What are they doing? What way of spending time is more suitable to you?

A B

138
Module 9

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show people dancing. What kind of dances are these? Is folk dancing popular in
your country? Is preserving traditions of your country important?

A B

Module 10

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show different kind of reading. What kind of books do you prefer? Do you think
it’s a good idea to let teenagers use smart phones to read the books?

A B

139
Module 11

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show different kind of places where you can go for your vacation. What kind of
holiday do you prefer? What are some advantages and disadvantages of both kinds of rest?

A B

Module 12

I'm going to give you two pictures. I'd like you to talk about the pictures on your own for
about 1 minute and also to answer some short questions given below.

The pictures show two people. Who is enjoying himself more? Do you think it’s important to
keep work-life balance? Why or why not?

A B

140
Writing bank

Module 7. Writing a letter of invitation

1. Read the e-mail below quickly. What is the invitation for?

Hi Sofie!

How are you? It seems ages since I last saw you - the last time we met I remember
you were very busy helping your friend get ready for her wedding - I hope it all went
well and the weather stayed fine for you. I've got a new job in the marketing
department, so it's more money but more work unfortunately!
Actually, the reason I'm sending you this is to tell you about another wedding. My
brother Andy and Anushka (I'm sure you met her one Christmas) have finally set a
date for their wedding - 20th August. We'll send you a proper invitation in a few
weeks but this is just to let you know in advance. Anyway, my parents want to
celebrate the engagement so they're having a special lunch on Sunday 3' d May. We're
inviting relatives and close friends, so there'll be about twenty people there. We'd
love to see you! It's at Martin's Restaurant - do you know it? It's on the waterfront, so
let's hope the weather's good!
I also want you to join me for a great festival which is held in Birmingham during
these days, do you remember I told you about it? There`s usually a bright
masquerade, a great farmer market there and - which you`ll be particularly
interested in – street theatre performance! I really love it and I`m sure you`ll love it
too!
I know it's quite a long way for you to come, but Robbie is driving up from
Manchester - so maybe you could arrange to come up together? If not, I can meet you
at the station - just let me know when your train gets in. I'm going away for two
weeks from tomorrow, but you can phone my parents to tell them you're coming
(their number is 0131 445892), or send me an e-mail. I really hope you can come!

Love and hugs,


Marianne

2. Read the e-mail again and put the following things in the order that they appear.
Personal news [2]
Contact details
Personal occasion
Greeting
Arrangements to meet
Signing off
Interesting events to visit

3. Find out about interesting upcoming events in Russian cities and write a letter of
invitation to your pen friend from the USA – let the personal occasion be real or
imaginary!

141
Module 8. My hometown
1. Join the sentences with the correct relative pronoun.

See Grammar reference p. 151

1 There's the boy. He broke the window.


2 That's the palace. The Queen lives in it.
3 There are the policemen. They caught the thief.
4 I bought a watch. It stopped after two days.
5 Here are the letters. They arrived this morning.
6 That's the hospital. I was born in it.

2. a) Read the description of a town. Complete the text with who, which, or where.

I was born in Newcastle, a city in the north-east of England. Newcastle is on the banks of
the River Tyne, (1)_, in the 12th century, a 'new castle' was built, (2)_gave the city its name.
Today Newcastle is one of Britain's biggest cities, with a population of about 260,000.50
years ago, it was very industrial. The main industry on the Tyne was shipbuilding, but now,
this river, (3)_once ships and coal barges sailed, is lined with fashionable hotels, bars, and
restaurants.
There are seven bridges over the Tyne, (4)_link Newcastle to the next town, Gateshead. The
most recent is the beautiful Millennium Bridge, (5)_was built in 2001.
Next to it is an old flour mill, now the famous Baltic Art Centre, (6)_you can see the work of
contemporary artists, (7)_produce many of their paintings and sculptures on site.
I moved from Newcastle ten years ago but I often return. I miss the people, (8)_are so warm
and friendly, and I miss the wild, beautiful countryside to the north of the city. I also miss
my favourite sculpture, 'The Angel of the North', (9)_ greets you as you arrive in the North
East.
People (10)__are born near the River Tyne have a special name. They are called 'Geordies'.
I am very pleased to be a 'Geordie'!

b) Answer the questions.

1. Where is the town?


2. Why is it called Newcastle?
3. What was it like 50 years ago?
4. What is it like now?
5. How many bridges are there?
6. What are the people like?
7. What is ―The Angel of the North‖?

142
8. What is a 'Geordie'?

3. Write a similar description of your home town in about 200 words. First write some
notes about it.

• Where is it? • What's its history? • What's it like now?

Next write some personal opinions.


• Do you like it? • Why?

Read some aloud and compare your towns.

143
Module 9. Capital city

1. The capital city of the UK, London, is one of the most attractive cities for tourists in
the world. Read a short article about it and complete it with the lines given below.

a where the Queen lives


b which is the biggest
c which are much bigger
d who want to drive
e where the Romans landed
f where you can buy anything
g which costs £8 a day
h where you can see

London has a population of about 7,000,000. It lies on the River Thames, (1)____nearly
2,000 years ago. From about 1800 until World War Two, London was the biggest city in
the world, but now there are many cities (2)_.
London is famous for many things. Tourists come from all over the world to visit its
historic buildings, such as Buckingham Palace, (3)__, and the Houses of Parliament,
(4)_and hear the famous clock, Big Ben. They also come to visit its theatres, its
museums, and its many shops, such as Harrods, (5)_.And of course they want to ride on
the London Eye next to the river!
Like many big cities, London has problems with traffic and pollution. Over 1,000,000
people a day use the London Underground. People (6)_ into the city centre pay the
Congestion Charge, (7)_, but there are still too many cars on the streets. The air isn't
clean, but it is cleaner than it was 100 years ago.

For me, the best thing about London is the parks. There are five in the city centre. But my
children's favourite place is Hamleys, (8)_toy shop in the world!

2. What are other capitals of English speaking countries? Choose one and write a
similar article about it according to the plan:

Paragraph 1 How big is it? Where is it? Paragraph 3 Does it have any problems?
Paragraph 2 What is it famous for? Paragraph 4 What do you like best about it?

144
Module 10. Writing a review
1. Which films are popular at the moment? What have you seen recently? Complete
these sentences. Talk to your partner about it.
 The last film I saw was…
 It starred…
 It was about…
 I really enjoyed/didn‘t enjoy it because…
2. What do you know about the classical English novel about Frankenstein? Share your
ideas with the class. Answer the questions.
a) Is Frankenstein a book or a film? Or both?
b) What kind of story is it? Is it a detective story, a science fiction story, a horror story or a
romance?
c) Who or what is Frankenstein? Is he a doctor, a monster, a student or a scientist?
3. Read the review of the novel Frankenstein. Check your answers to exercise 3.

Frankenstein (1) _____________________ by Mary


Shelley, the wife of the English poet P.B. Shelley, in
1818. From the moment it (2)
_______________________ it became extremely popular
and (3) ______________________ into many languages.
A horror story, it (4) _______________________ to be
the original science fiction novel. Sometimes the name
Frankenstein (5)_______ wrongly ________as the name
of the monster, but in fact, Frankenstein is the name of
the scientist, who created it.
The story (6) ______________________ through the
letters of a man called Walton, an English explorer. We
learn of Victor Frankenstein, a student of science from
Geneva, who discovers the secret of life and decides to
make a human being. So at night he visits graveyards and
collects bones and bodies. With these he creates a person
who is more person than man.
The monster is huge and ugly, and of course, people (7) __________________________ when they
see it. As a result, the poor creature has no friends and feel lonely and depressed. Finally, it asks
Frankenstein to make it a wife. This he refuses to do. So the monster attacks and kills not only
Frankenstein‘s brother, but also his friend, and his bride, Elizabeth. Frankenstein is heartbroken and
is determined to kill the monster.
Unfortunately, while chasing it, he dies. The monster then kills itself.
Over 40 movies (8) ______________________ of the story of Frankenstein, the first as long ago as
1910. It is a fascinating story because of the character of the monster, which is both sad and
frightening at the same time.
4. Complete the review with the Passive forms of these verbs.
translate write publish make say tell terrify use

5. Look at the headings. Find the information in the review of Frankenstein.

 title and author  type of book/film  characters  the plot


6. Make some notes under the same headings about a book or film that you have read or
seen recently. Then write a short review. Read it aloud to the class and answer questions
about it.

145
Module 11. Writing a postcard

1. Read the postcard. Where are Richard and Sandy? Are they enjoying their holiday?
Where did their friend go on holiday? What is wrong with the style of the writing?

2. Richard and Sandy use ―nice‖ eleven times. Complete the sentences below with more
descriptive adjectives from the box. Use as many different ones as possible. Sometimes
more than one word ids possible, but not always!
great warm and sunny interesting good wonderful luxurious spectacular
amazing exciting brilliant beautiful
1. We are having a _______________ time here in New York.
2. The weather is _________________.
3. We‘re staying in a ______________ hotel in a/an _______________ part of the town.
4. We have _________________ views of Empire State Building.
5. We think the skyscrapers are _________________.
6. We went on a/an ___________________ helicopter ride.
7. In the evening we saw a/an _______________ show.
8. I bought some ______________ designer jeans.
9. Did you have a ______________ time in the South of France?
10. We hear that the markets there are ________________.
3. Work with a partner. Read the postcard aloud with a variety of adjectives. Use ―nice‖
once only. Where do you think is the best place to use it?

4. Think of a holiday you once had. Imagine you are still there. Write a postcard to an
English friend about it, but use the adjective ―nice‖ once only! You can write about
some of these things
 the journey  the food
 the weather  some things you did yesterday
 the accommodation  some things you are going to do today

146
Module 12. Writing a CV

1. Make notes for your resume. You can invent details if necessary.
a) Courses and qualifications;
b) Work experience;
c) Include other skills you have.

2. Read an example of CV. What are the main parts of it?

147
3. Here is an example of covering letter. Make a plan of it.

4. Surf the Internet to find a job which you would like to apply. Prepare a CV and a
cover letter aimed at this very job offer.

148
Grammar Reference
Module 7. Modals

7.1 Introduction to modal auxiliary verbs

These are modal auxiliary verb: can could must shall should will would
1 They go with another verb and add meaning. She can drive.
I must get my hair cut.
2 There is no -s in the third person singular: He can dance very well.
It will rain tomorrow.
3 There is no do/does in the question. Can she sing?
Shall we go?
4 There is no don't/doesn't in the negative. / won't have a cup of tea, thank you.
I can't speak French.
5 Most modal verbs refer to the present and future. Only can has a past tense form, could.
I could swim when I was three.

7.2 have to

has/have + to + infinitive
Positive and negative
I have to work hard.
We/You/They don't have
He/She/It has
doesn't have

Question
Do you have to work hard? Does he have to get up early?
Short answer
Do you have to wear a uniform? Yes, I do./No, I don't. Note
The past tense of have to is had to, with did and didn't in the question and the negative.
I had to get up early this morning.
Why did you have to work last weekend?
They liked the hotel because they didn't have to do any cooking.
Use
1 Have to expresses strong obligation. The obligation comes from 'outside' - perhaps a law, a
rule at school or work, or someone in authority.
You have to have a driving licence if you want to drive a car. (That's the law.)
I have to start work at 8.00. (My company says I must.) The doctor says I have to do more
exercise.
2 Don't/doesn't have to expresses absence of obligation (it isn't necessary). You don't have to
do the washing-up. I've got a dishwasher.
She doesn't have to work on Monday. It's her day off.
Note
Have got to expresses an obligation on one particular occasion. I'm going to bed. I've got to
get up early tomorrow. She's got to work hard. Her exams start next week.
To express obligation as a habit, we use have to, not have got to. I have to write two essays a
week. Do you have to wear a uniform?

149
7.3 should

should + infinitive
The forms of should are the same for all persons. Positive and negative
He/She/We/You/They should shouldn't do more exercise, tell lies.
Question
Should I see a doctor?
Do you think I should see a doctor?
Use
1. Should is used to express what the speaker thinks is right or the best thing to do. It
expresses mild obligation, or advice.
/ should do more work. (This is my opinion.)
You should do more work. (I'm telling you what I think.)
Do you think we should stop? (I'm asking for your opinion.)
2. Shouldn't expresses negative advice.
You shouldn't sit so close to the TV. It's bad for your eyes.
3. Should expresses the opinion of the speaker, and it is often introduced by / think or / don't
think.
I think politicians should listen more.
I don't think people should get married until they're 21.

7.4 must

must + infinitive
The forms of must are the same for all persons. Positive and negative
I/He/She We/You/They must mustn't
Question
Questions with must are possible, but have to is more common. What time do I have to start?
Use
Must expresses strong obligation. Generally, this obligation comes from 'inside' the speaker.
I must get my hair cut. (1 think this is necessary.)
Because must expresses the authority of the speaker, you should
be careful of using You must... .It sounds bossy!
You must help me. (I am giving you an order.)
Could you help me? is much better.
You must... can express a strong suggestion.
You must see the Monet exhibition. It's wonderful.
You must give me a call when you're next in town.

Module 8.
8.1 Past Continuous
was/were + verb + ing (present participle) .
Positive and negative
Question
I
He was
She wasn't
It working.

150
We were
You weren't
They

I
was he
she
What it doing?
were we
you
they
Short answer
Yes, I was./No, 1 wasn't.
Usage: I was working 1) at 5 o`clock yesterday
2) from 5 to 6 o`clock yesterday.
3) when my mom came.
4) while she was cooking dinner.

8.2 Past Simple and Continuous


1. The Past Simple expresses completed past actions. The Past Continuous expresses activities
in progress. Compare:
It rained every day of our holiday.
We went for a swim even though it was raining.
2. A Past Simple action can interrupt a Past Continuous activity in progress.
When I phoned Simon he was having a shower. I was doing my homework when Jane arrived.
3. In stories, the Past Continuous can describe the scene. The Past Simple tells the action.
It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and the birds were singing, so we decided to go
for a picnic. We put everything in the car ...
4. Notice how the questions refer to different time periods. What were you doing when you
lost your passport?
I was shopping.
What did you do when you lost your passport? I went to the police station.

8.3 Relative pronounces


We use who, that, which, and where to join sentences. Look at these sentences.
I met a man. He comes from my town. I met a man who comes from my town.
I bought a house. It's in the High Street.
I bought a house which/that is in the High Street.
The hotel was very comfortable. We stayed in it. The hotel where we stayed was very
comfortable.
Who, which, that and where are relative pronouns. Complete the rules with a relative pronoun.

 is for people.
 or_is for things.
 is for places.

151
Module 9

9.1 Past Perfect


Past Perfect refers to an action in the past which was completed before another action in the
past.
The form of the Past Perfect is the same for all persons.
Positive and negative
I had seen him before.
You hadn't finished work at
We 6.00.
(etc.)
Question
Where you been before?
had she
they (etc.)
1. The Past Perfect is used to look back to a time in the past and refer to an action that
happened before then.
When I got home, I found that someone had broken into my flat and had stolen my stereo.
I didn't want to go to the cinema with the others because I'd seen the film before.
2. Notice the difference between the following sentences:
When I got to the party, Peter went home. (=After I arrived, Peter left.)
When I got to the party, Peter Had gone home. (=Before I arrived, Peter left)

Module 10

10.1 The Passive Form


am/is/are
was/were + -ed (past participle)
has/have been
Will be
The past participle of regular verbs ends in -ed. There are many common irregular past
participles.
Present
English is spoken all over the world. Nikon cameras are made in Japan. Coffee isn't grown in
England. Are cars made in your country?
Past
My car was stolen last night.
The animals were frightened by a loud noise.
He wasn't injured in the accident.
How was the window broken?
Present Perfect
I've been robbed!
X-ray machines have been used for many things. They haven't been invited to the party. Has
my car been repaired?
Future
10,000 cars will be produced next year.
The cars won't be sold in the UK.
Will the children be sent to a new school?
Short answers

152
Yes, they are./No, they aren't. Yes, it has/No, it hasn't.
Are cars made in your country? Has my car been repaired?
Note
The passive infinitive {to be + -ed) is used after modal auxiliary verbs and other verbs which
arc followed by an infinitive. Driving should be banned in city centres. The house is going to
be knocked down.
The passive is not just another way of expressing the same sentence in the active. We choose
the active or the passive depending on what we are more interested in.
Hamlet was written in 1600. (We are more interested in Hamlet.) Shakespeare wrote
comedies, histories, and tragedies. (We are more interested in Shakespeare.)
Note
The subject of an active sentence is not mentioned in the passive sentence if it is not really
important.
Active • They built this house in 1937. Passive This house was built in 1937.
NOT This house was built in 1937 by them.
Active People speak German in parts of Italy. Passive German is spoken in parts of
Italy.
NOT German is spoken in parts of Italy by people.
Some verbs, for example, give, send, show, have two objects, a person and a thing.
She gave me a book for my birthday.
In the passive, we often make the person the subject, not the thing. / was given a book for my
birthday. She was sent the information by post. You'll be shown where to sit.
Use
The rules for tense usage in the passive are the same as in the active. Present Simple expresses
habit: My car is serviced regularly.
Past Simple expresses a finished action in the past: America was discovered by Christopher
Columbus.
Present Perfect expresses an action which began in the past and
continues to the present:
Diet Coke has been made since 1982.
The object of an active verb becomes the subject of a passive verb. Notice the use of by in the
passive sentence.

Module 11

11.1 Conditionals
Type I
First Conditional sentences express a possible condition and its probable result in the future.
If + Present Simple + will
If I find your wallet, I'll let you know.
You won't pass the exams if you don't revise.
If there isn't a hotel, where will you stay?
Type II
We use the Second Conditional to express an unreal situation and its possible result. The
situation or condition is improbable, impossible, imaginary, or contrary to known facts.
If + Past Simple + would
If I won some money, I'd go round the world.
I'd give up my job if I didn't like it.
If you needed help, who would you ask?

153
Type III
Third conditional sentences are not based on fact. They express a situation which is contrary
to reality in the past. This unreality is shown by a tense shift from past to Past Perfect.
If + Past Perfect + would + Present Perfect
If you had come to the party (you didn't), you'd have had a great time (you didn't).
I wouldn't have met my wife (I did) if I hadn't gone to France (I did).

Module 12
12.1 Present Perfect Continuous
has/have + been + -ing (present participle) Positive and negative
I 've (have) been working.
We You haven't
They

He 's (has) hasn't


She
ft

Question
How long have you been working? How long has he been learning English?
Short answer
Have you been running? Yes, I have./No, I haven't
Use
The Present Perfect Continuous is used:
1. to express an activity which began in the past and continues to the present.
We've been waiting here for hours! It's been raining for days.
2. to refer to an activity with a result in the present. I'm hot because I've been running.
I haven't got any money because I've been shopping. Note
NOTE! Sometimes there is little or no difference in meaning between the Present Perfect
Simple and Continuous.
How long have you worked here? How long have you been working here?
Some verbs have the idea of a long time - wait, work, learn, live, play. They are more often
found in the Present Perfect Continuous. I've been playing tennis since I was a boy.
Some verbs have the idea of a short time - find, start, buy, die, lose,break, stop. It is unusual
to find them in the Present PerfectContinuous.
I've bought a new dress.
My cat has died.
My radio's broken.
Verbs that express a state - like, love, know, have (for possession) -are not found in the
Present Perfect Continuous.
We've known each other for a few weeks.
NOT We've been knowing each other for a few weeks.
The Present Perfect Simple looks at the completed action. This is why the Present Perfect
Simple is used if the sentence gives a number or a quantity.
I've written three letters today.
NOT I've been writing three letters today.

154
Irregular verbs

be was/were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden

155
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit lit
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn/sewed
shake shook shaken
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown/showed
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
spit spat spat
split split split
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck

156
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strike struck struck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
win won won
write wrote written

157
Список использованной литературы

1. Дроздова Т., Берестова А., Маилова В. English Grammar. Reference and Practice.
Издательство: Антология. - 2013. - 464 с.
2. Дроздова Т. Everyday English (Повседневный английский) Издательство: Антология,
2013. - 656 с.
3. Bill Mascall. Business Vocabulary in Use. Intermediate. Cambridge University Press, 2010
4. Carolyn Graham. Small Talk. More jazz chants. Oxford University Press, 1986
5. Carolyn Graham. Grammar chants. Oxford University Press, 1993
6. Chris Redston, Gillie Cunningham. Face2Face. Elementary. Cambridge University Press,
2005
7. Chris Redston, Gillie Cunningham. Face2Face. Pre-intermediate. Cambridge Yniversity Press,
2012
8. Heather Potten, Jonathan Potten. Clockwise: Elementary. Classbook. Oxford University Press,
2001
9. John and Liz Soars. New Headway. Pre-Intermediate. The third edition. Oxford University
Press, 2006
10. John and Liz Soars. New Headway. Intermediate. The third edition. Oxford University Press,
2006
11. John and Liz Soars. New Headway. Elementary. The third edition. Oxford University Press,
2006
12. John and Liz Soars. New Headway. Elementary. The forth edition. Oxford University Press,
2011
13. Mick Gammidge. Speaking Extra. Cambridge University Press, 2004
14. Timesaver. Elementary Listening. Edited by Judith Greet
15. Timesaver. Pre-intermediate Listening. Edited by Judith Greet
16. Timesaver. Reading. Edited by Judith Greet
17. Michael Harris, David Mower, Anna Sikorzynska. New opportunities (Elementary). Pearson
Longman, 2005
18. Michael Harris, David Mower, Anna Sikorzynska, Irina Larionova, Irina Sokolova, Oksana
Melchina. New Opportunities (Pre-intermediate). Russian edition. Pearson Longman, 2007
19. Sarah Cunnungham, Peter Moor, Frances Eales. New Cutting Edge: Pre-Intermediate Pearson
Longman, 2007
20. Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley. Upstream Intermediate. Express Publishing, 2008
21. Richard MacAndrew, Ron Martinez. Taboos and Issues. Thomas Heinle Press.
22. Tim Falla, Paul A Davies. Solutions (Elementary). Oxford University Press, 2010

Электронные источники

www.eng.1september.ru
http://www.bbc.co.uk/
http://www.esl-lab.com/
http://www.ezslang.com/
http://www.dailyesl.com/
http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com
http://www.visitrussia.org.uk/travel-to-Russia/toplocations
http://www.mezzoguild.com/russia/

158
Астахова Н.В., Бабенкова О. С., Беляева А. И., Бурак М.А., Манжосова Ю.А.,
Праведникова Т.В., Стародубцева Е.А.

Essential English
Базовый курс английского языка
Часть 2
Учебное пособие для бакалавров

Печатается в авторской редакции

Подписано в печать 27.09.2015


Формат 60x84/16. усл. печ. л. 10,2 Тираж 21 экз. Заказ №37

Лицензия на издательскую деятельность ИД № 062248 от. 12.11.2001 г.


Издательство Курского государственного университета
305000, г. Курск, ул. Радищева, 33

Отпечатано в типографии КГУ

159

Оценить