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LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION

Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations


Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

Legal Ethics Review 2017 because the counsel is his or her friend or
Examination because he or she is sympathetic with the cause.
Despite any of the emotions, he or she manages
I. to be objective about how he or she runs trials
and renders decisions.
TWO ESSENTIAL LEGAL ETHICS
STANDARDS ENSHRINED IN THE A judge has integrity if he or she refuses to be
LAWYER’S OATH bribed or frightened by a mere display of power.
That he or she does things with her conscience
(a) The duty to uphold the Constitution as well as dictating her is of utmost importance.
obey all the legal orders of the duly-constituted
authorities. A judge demonstrates equality when he or she
does not discriminate against the people who
Being individuals tasked with defending and come to his or her court. Whether a client or a
implementing the law, a lawyer is expected at all witness is from a different gender, race, religion,
times to abide by the law. He should not or from the marginalized sector of the society, the
manipulate or maneuver himself around in order judge must treat each person with equal respect.
to gain undue advantage for himself or his client.
He is also expected to afford all authorities the Propriety in a judge is shown by his or her acts in
respect they deserve, and all legal orders and out of court. A judge must always act in such
emanating from such offices. a manner that he or she is beyond reproach
inside and outside of court. He or she must dress
(b) The duty to delay no man for money or malice. well and be cautious of his or her friendships
outside of court so he or she may not be accused
A lawyer understandably makes his living by of being improper.
catering to a client’s legal concerns. However, he
must be conscientious in his practice. He cannot Finally, a judge is both competent and diligent if
make his profession a money-making industry by he or she continuously keeps himself or herself
taking advantage of his client’s lack of knowledge aware of the latest amendments to the law and
of the law. Thus, he must dispense with cases in jurisprudence, and dispenses with cases in an
a most efficient manner, and must charge fairly efficient manner in order not to delay the
for his services. proceedings. Thus, he or she always puts in effort
to meet the periods required by law to render a
II. decision, in order not to frustrate justice.

CARDINAL VALUES OF JUDICIAL ETHICS III.

(a) Independence SEMPER FIDELIS


(b) Impartiality
(c) Integrity Semper fidelis means “always faithful to the law”.
(d) Propriety
(e) Equity Canon 1 of the Code of Professional
(f) Competence and Diligence Responsibility – A lawyer shall uphold the
Constitution, obey the laws of the land and
A judge is independent if he or she is able to promote respect for law and legal processes.
perform the functions of his or her office without
regard for the external influences and criticisms Rule 1.02, Canon 1 of the Code of Professional
surrounding a case. He or she renders decisions Responsibility – A lawyer shall not counsel or
based on evidence before him or her in court, and abet activities aimed at defiance of the law or at
not based on popular sentiment or opinion. lessening confidence in the legal system.

A judge exercises impartiality when he or she


does not pander to one side of the case either

1 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

IV. public policy. A notary public should not facilitate


the disintegration of a marriage and the family by
Yes, an administrative case may be filed against encouraging the separation of the spouses and
Atty. Defour. extrajudicial dissolving the conjugal partnership.

In the case of FREEMAN VS. REYES, the In this case, as a lawyer, Atty. Sun is enjoined by
Supreme Court held that the act of appropriating the Code of Professional Responsibility to have
the insurance proceeds of her client’s deceased competent knowledge of the law and to faithfully
husband constitutes gross dishonesty that would execute them. Thus, Atty. Sun is expected to
warrant the disbarment of the respondent-lawyer. know that a mere stipulation in a contract cannot
dissolve a marriage as it is a union impressed
Canon 16 of the Code of Professional with public interest.
Responsibility mandates that a lawyer shall hold
in trust all moneys and properties of his client that Gross ignorance of the law is one of the grounds
may come into his possession. Thus, when a for disciplinary action against lawyers. For having
lawyer receives money from the client for a acted in ignorance of the law, Atty. Sun should be
particular purpose, the lawyer is bound to render held administratively liable.
an accounting to the client showing that the
money was spent for a particular purpose, and if
he does not use the money for the intended VI.
purpose, the lawyer must immediately return the
money to his client. Yes, Judge Nosere is liable for misconduct in
failing to disqualify herself from the case.
By misrepresenting to Mrs. Dub that she needed
to go abroad in order to obtain the visas, only to Under Rule 137, Section 1, on the disqualification
fail at obtaining them without reasonable of judges-No judge or judicial officer shall sit in
explanation, is a violation of such duty. any case in which he, or his wife or child, is
Furthermore, the forging of the signature to pecuniarily interested as heir, legatee, creditor or
collect the insurance proceeds is an even greater otherwise, or in which he is related to either party
violation, as it amounts to a crime under our within the sixth degree of consanguinity or affinity,
jurisdiction. or to counsel within the fourth degree, computed
according to the rules of the civil law, or in which
Atty. Defour was only able to facilitate the he has been executor, administrator, guardian,
commission of the crime by taking advantage of trustee or counsel, or in which he has been
the trust and confidence reposed upon her by her presided in any inferior court when his ruling or
client. Hence for violating her duty to be loyal to decision is the subject of review, without the
her client’s interest, the complaint for disbarment written consent of all parties in interest, signed by
should prosper. them and entered upon the record.

V. A judge may, in the exercise of his sound


discretion, disqualify himself from sitting in a
Yes, Atty. Sun is liable for breach of the values case, for just or valid reasons other than those
embodied in the Code of Professional mentioned above.
Responsibility.
In this case, a son-in-law falls within the above
In the case of ESPINOSA, ET AL. VS. OMAÑA, description. Hence, the proper course of action
the Supreme Court held that Atty. Omaña should have been for her to disqualify herself
violated Rule 1.01, Canon 1 of the Code of from the case on her own initiative.
Professional Responsibility which provides that a
lawyer shall not engage in unlawful, dishonest, Mere silence of the parties should not operate as
immoral or deceitful conduct. acquiescence on their part. The rule is strict that
Atty. Omaña knew that the “Kasunduan ng if they so desire to waive the prohibition, it must
Paghihiwalay” has no legal effect and is against be in writing. Hence, Judge Nosere should have

2 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

disqualified herself on her own. For failing to do surety company, they may be influenced to trust
so, she is liable for misconduct. more in the company, or he may use his influence
as judge to invite people to avail of the services
of his company. He should thus terminate his
VII management of such company in order to avoid
any legal issues.
Yes, Judge Torcos committed an infraction under
the New Code of Judicial Conduct.
Legal Ethics Review 2016
Canon 5 of the Code of Judicial Conduct - A judge Examination
should regulate judicial activities to minimize the
risk of conflict with judicial duties. I.
(Same as No 2 of 2017 Exam)
Rule 5.04, Canon 5 of the Code of Judicial
Conduct - A judge or any immediate member of II.
the family shall not accept a gift, bequest, favour (Same as No. 1 of 2017 Exam)
or loan from anyone except as may be allowed by
law. III.
In this case, Judge Torcas is the pairing judge of No, the lawyer negotiating upon the subject of
a court which handles the case of the son of the controversy to the party is unethical.
friend who gave her the gift. While she is not yet
handling the case, there is a possibility that she According to Canon 9 of the Canons of
might. By accepting the gift, she casts doubt on Professional Ethics, a lawyer should not in any
her ability to be impartial, in violation of the Code. way communicate upon the subject of
controversy with a party represented by counsel,
much less should he undertake to negotiate or
VIII compromise the matter with him, but should deal
only with his counsel. It is incumbent upon the
Yes, the judge must avoid the surety business lawyer most particularly to avoid everything that
while in office. may tend to mislead a party not represented by
counsel, and he should not undertake to advise
Canon 5 of the Code of Judicial Conduct - A judge him as to the law.
should regulate judicial activities to minimize the
risk of conflict with judicial duties. EXCEPTIONS (Not Found)
Rule 5.02, Canon 5 of the Code of Judicial
Conduct - A judge shall refrain from financial and IV.
business dealings that tend to reflect adversely
on the court’s impartiality, interfere with the Yes, the lawyer shall be subjected to disciplinary
proper performance of judicial activities, or proceedings.
increase involvement with lawyers or persons
likely to come before the court. A judge should so According to Rule 7, Section 5, Par 2 of the Rules
manage investments and other financial interests of Court on the Certification against forum
as to minimize the number of cases giving shopping, the submission of a false certification
grounds for disqualification. or non-compliance with any of the undertakings
therein shall constitute indirect contempt of court,
In this case, among the judge’s ventures is a without prejudice to the corresponding
surety company actively engaged in posting administrative and criminal actions. If the acts of
bonds in court cases. This venture has an the party or his counsel clearly constitute willful
increased chance of coming in conflict with his and deliberate forum shopping, the same shall be
profession, especially since bonds are almost a ground for summary dismissal with prejudice and
necessity in court. If people realize he owns the

3 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

shall constitute direct contempt, as well as a ADDENDUM:


cause for administrative sanctions.
LAWYER’S OATH
In this case, the lawyer knowingly violated the
rules on CNFS. As such, he must be subjected to I, _________, do solemnly swear that I will maintain
allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines, I will
disciplinary proceedings in accordance with the support the Constitution and obey the laws as well as
Rules of Court. the legal orders of the duly constituted authorities
therein; I will do no falsehood, nor consent to the doing
V. of any in court; I will not wittingly or willingly promote or
(Same as No. 6 of 2017 Exam) sue any groundless, false or unlawful suit, or give aid
nor consent to the same; I will delay no man for money
or malice, and will conduct myself as a lawyer
VI. according to the best of my knowledge and discretion,
with all good fidelity as well to the courts as to my
clients; and I impose upon myself these voluntary
Yes, the judge violated the New Code of Judicial obligations without any mental reservation or purpose
Conduct. of evasion. So help me God.

According to the New Code of Judicial Conduct,


Canon 3-Impropreity, Section 2. Judges shall CODE OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY
ensure that his or her conduct, both in and out of
court, maintains and enhances the confidence of CHAPTER I. THE LAWYER AND SOCIETY
the public, the legal profession and litigants in the
impartiality of the judge and of the judiciary. CANON 1 - A lawyer shall uphold the constitution, obey
the laws of the land and promote respect for law of and
legal processes.
In this case, the birthday trip given by one whose
son has a case to be decided before the sala CANON 2 - A lawyer shall make his legal services
where the judge was assigned as pairing judge available in an efficient and convenient manner
violates the rule on impropriety as the same may compatible with the independence, integrity and
affect the outcome of the pending case. effectiveness of the profession.

CANON 3 - A lawyer in making known his legal


VII. services shall use only true, honest, fair, dignified and
objective information or statement of facts.
(Same as No. 5 of 2017 Exam)
CANON 4 - A lawyer shall participate in the
development of the legal system by initiating or
VIII. supporting efforts in law reform and in the improvement
of the administration of justice.
Yes, the lawyer should be disciplined.
CANON 5 - A lawyer shall keep abreast of legal
CANON 18 - A lawyer shall serve his client with developments, participate in continuing legal education
competence and diligence. programs, support efforts to achieve high standards in
law schools as well as in the practical training of law
students and assist in disseminating the law and
Rule 18.03 - A lawyer shall not neglect a legal jurisprudence.
matter entrusted to him, and his negligence in
connection therewith shall render him liable. CANON 6 - These canons shall apply to lawyers in
government services in the discharge of their tasks.
In this case, the lawyer committed gross
negligence in protecting the interest of his client. CHAPTER II. THE LAWYER AND THE LEGAL
The fact that he failed to assure that the title of PROFESSION
the property transacted to his client constitutes
CANON 7 - A lawyer shall at all times uphold the
gross negligence which prejudiced his client. integrity and dignity of the legal profession and support
the activities of the integrated bar.
-END-

4 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

CANON 8 - A lawyer shall conduct himself with


courtesy, fairness and candor towards his professional CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT
colleagues, and shall avoid harassing tactics against
opposing counsel. PREAMBLE

CANON 9 - A lawyer shall not, directly or indirectly, An honorable competent and independent judiciary
assist in the unauthorized practice of law. exists to administer justice and thus promote the unity
of the country, the stability of government, and the
CHAPTER III. THE LAWYER AND THE COURTS well-being of the people.

CANON 10 - A lawyer owes candor, fairness and good CANON 1-A judge should uphold the integrity and
faith to the court. independence of the judiciary.

CANON 11 - A lawyer shall observe and maintain the CANON 2-A judge should avoid impropriety and the
respect due to the courts and to judicial officers and appearance of impropriety in all activities.
should insist on similar conduct by others.
CANON 3-A judge should perform official duties
CANON 12 - A lawyer shall exert every effort and honestly, and with impartiality and diligence.
consider it his duty to assist in the speedy and efficient
administration of justice. CANON 5-A judge should regulate extra-judicial
activities to minimize the risk of conflict with judicial
CANON 13 - A lawyer shall rely upon the merits of his duties, advocational, civic and charitable activities.
cause and refrain from any impropriety which tends to
influence, or gives the appearance of influencing the
court. NEW CODE OF JUDICIAL CONDUCT FOR THE
PHILIPPINE JUDICIARY
CHAPTER IV. THE LAWYER AND THE CLIENT A.M. No. 03-05-01-SC

CANON 14 - A lawyer shall not refuse his services to CANON 1-Independence. Judicial independence is a
the needy. pre-requisite to the rule of law and a fundamental
guarantee of a fair trial. A judge shall therefore uphold
CANON 15 - A lawyer shall observe candor, fairness and exemplify judicial independence in both its
and loyalty in all his dealings and transactions with his individual and institutional aspects.
clients.

CANON 16 - a lawyer shall hold in trust all moneys and CANON 2-Integrity. Integrity is essential not only to the
properties of his client that may come into his proper discharge of the judicial office but also to the
profession. personal demeanor of judges.

CANON 17 - A lawyer owes fidelity to the cause of his CANON 3-Impartiality. Impartiality is essential to the
client and he shall be mindful of the trust and proper discharge of the judicial office. It applies not
confidence reposed in him. only to the decision itself but also to the process by
which the decision is made.
CANON 18 - A lawyer shall serve his client with
competence and diligence. CANON 4-Propriety. Propriety and the appearance of
propriety are essential to the performance of all the
CANON 19 - A lawyer shall represent his client with activities of a judge.
zeal within the bounds of the law.
CANON 5-Equality. Ensuring equality of treatment to
CANON 20 - A lawyer shall charge only fair and all before the courts is essential to the due performance
reasonable fees. of the judicial office.

CANON 21 - A lawyer shall preserve the confidence CANON 6-Competence and Diligence. Competence
and secrets of his client even after the attorney-client and diligence are prerequisites to the due performance
relation is terminated. of judicial office.

CANON 22 - A lawyer shall withdraw his services only


for good cause and upon notice appropriate in the
circumstances.

5 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

school. Any and all pleadings, motions, briefs,


RULE 137 memoranda or other papers to be filed, must be signed
Disqualification of Judicial Officers by the supervising attorney for and in behalf of the legal
clinic.
Section 1.Disqualification of judges. — No judge or
judicial officer shall sit in any case in which he, or his Section 3. Privileged communications. — The Rules
wife or child, is pecuniarily interested as heir, legatee, safeguarding privileged communications between
creditor or otherwise, or in which he is related to either attorney and client shall apply to similar
party within the sixth degree of consanguinity or communications made to or received by the law
affinity, or to counsel within the fourth degree, student, acting for the legal clinic.
computed according to the rules of the civil law, or in
which he has been executor, administrator, guardian, Section 4. Standards of conduct and supervision. —
trustee or counsel, or in which he has been presided in The law student shall comply with the standards of
any inferior court when his ruling or decision is the professional conduct governing members of the Bar.
subject of review, without the written consent of all Failure of an attorney to provide adequate supervision
parties in interest, signed by them and entered upon of student practice may be a ground for disciplinary
the record. action. (Circular No. 19, dated December 19, 1986).

A judge may, in the exercise of his sound discretion,


disqualify himself from sitting in a case, for just or valid RULE 139
reasons other than those mentioned above. Disbarment or Suspension of Attorneys

Section 2.Objection that judge disqualified, how made Section 1. Motion or complaint. — Proceedings for the
and effect. — If it be claimed that an official is removal or suspension of attorneys may be taken by
disqualified from sitting as above provided, the party the Supreme Court on its own motion or upon the
objecting to his competency may, in writing, file with the complaint under oath of another in writing. The
official his objection, stating the grounds therefor, and complaint shall set out distinctly, clearly, and concisely
the official shall thereupon proceed with the trial, or the facts complained of, supported by affidavits, if any,
withdraw therefrom, in accordance with his of persons having personal knowledge of the facts
determination of the question of his disqualification. His therein alleged and shall be accompanied with copies
decision shall be forthwith made in writing and filed with of such documents as may substantiate said facts.
the other papers in the case, but no appeal or stay shall
be allowed from, or by reason of, his decision in favor Section 2. Service or dismissal. — If the complaint
of his own competency, until after final judgment in the appears to merit action, a copy thereof shall be served
case. upon the respondent, requiring him to answer the same
within ten (10) days from the date of service. If the
complaint does not merit action, or if the answer shows
RULE 138 to the satisfaction of the Supreme Court that the
Attorneys and Admission to Bar complaint is not meritorious, the same shall be
(See Rules of Court) dismissed.

Section 3. Investigation by Solicitor General. — Upon


RULE 138-A the issues raised by the complaint and answer, or upon
Law Student Practice Rule failure of the respondent to answer, the case shall be
referred to the Solicitor General for investigation to
Section 1. Conditions for student practice. — A law determine if there is sufficient ground to proceed with
student who has successfully completed his 3rd year the prosecution of the respondent. In the investigation
of the regular four-year prescribed law curriculum and conducted by the Solicitor General, the respondent
is enrolled in a recognized law school's clinical legal shall be given full opportunity to defend himself, to
education program approved by the Supreme Court, produce witnesses in his own behalf, and to be heard
may appear without compensation in any civil, criminal by himself and counsel. However, if upon reasonable
or administrative case before any trial court, tribunal, notice, the respondent fails to appear, the investigation
board or officer, to represent indigent clients accepted shall proceed ex parte.
by the legal clinic of the law school.
Section 4. Report of the Solicitor General. — Based
Section 2. Appearance. — The appearance of the law upon the evidence adduced at the hearing, if the
student authorized by this rule, shall be under the direct Solicitor General finds no sufficient ground to proceed
supervision and control of a member of the Integrated against the respondent, he shall submit a report to the
Bar of the Philippines duly accredited by the law Supreme Court containing his findings of fact and

6 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

conclusion, whereupon the respondent shall be a certified copy of the order of suspension and a full
exonerated unless the court orders differently. statement of the facts upon which same is based.

Section 5. Complaint of the Solicitor General. Answer Section 10. Confidential. — Proceedings against
of respondent. — If the Solicitor General finds sufficient attorneys shall be private and confidential, except that
ground to proceed against the respondent, he shall file the final order of the court shall be made public as in
the corresponding complaint, accompanied with all the other cases coming before the court.
evidence introduced in his investigation, with the
Supreme Court, and the respondent shall be served by
the clerk of the Supreme Court with a copy of the RULE 139-A
complaint with direction to answer the same within Integrated Bar of the Philippines
fifteen (15) days. (See Rules of Court)

Section 6. Evidence produced before Solicitor General


available. — The evidence produced before the RULE 139-B
Solicitor General in his investigation may be Disbarment and Discipline of Attorneys
considered by the Supreme Court in the final decision
of the case, if the respondent had an opportunity to Section 1. How Instituted. — Proceedings for the
object and cross-examine. If in the respondent's disbarment, suspension, or discipline of attorneys may
answer no statement is made as to any intention of be taken by the Supreme Court motu propio, or by the
introducing additional evidence, the case shall be set Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) upon the verified
down for hearing, upon the filing of such answer or complaint of any person. The complaint shall state
upon the expiration of the time to file the same. clearly and concisely the facts complained of and shall
be supported by affidavits of persons having personal
Section 7. Commissioner to investigate and knowledge of the facts therein alleged and/or by such
recommend. Rules of evidence. — Upon receipt of the documents as may substantiate said facts.
respondent's answer, wherein a statement is made as
to his desire to introduce additional evidence, the case The IBP Board of Governors may, motu propio or upon
shall be referred to a commissioner who, in the referral by the Supreme Court or by a Chapter Board
discretion of the court, may be the clerk of the Supreme of Officers, or at the instance of any person, initiate and
Court, a judge of first instance, or an attorney-at-law for prosecute proper charges against erring attorneys
investigation, report, and recommendation. The including those in the government service.
Solicitor General or his representative shall appear
before the commissioner to conduct the prosecution. Six (6) copies of the verified complaint shall be filed
The respondent shall be given full opportunity to with the Secretary of the IBP or the Secretary of any of
defend himself, to produce additional evidence in his its chapter who shall forthwith transmit the same to the
own behalf, and to be heard by himself and counsel. IBP Board of Governors for assignment to an
However, if upon reasonable notice the respondent investigator.
fails to appear, the investigation shall proceed ex parte.
The rules of evidence shall be applicable to (See Rules of Court for Section 2-20).
proceedings of this nature.

Section 8. Report of commissioner and hearing. — RULE 140


Upon receipt of the report of the commissioner, copies Charges Against Judges of First Instance
of which shall be furnished the Solicitor General and
the respondent, the case shall be set down for hearing Section 1. Complaint - All Charges against judges of
before the court, following which the case shall be first instance shall be in writing and shall set out
considered submitted to the court for its final distinctly, clearly, and concisely the facts complained
determination. of as constituting the alleged serious misconduct or
inefficiency of the respondent, and shall be sworn to
Section 9. Procedure in Court of Appeals or Courts of and supported by affidavits of persons who have
First Instance. — As far as may be applicable, the personal knowledge of the facts therein alleged, and
procedure above outlined shall likewise govern the shall be accompanied with copies of documents which
filing and investigation of complaints against attorneys may substantiate said facts.
in the Court of Appeals or in Courts of First Instance.
In case of suspension of the respondent, the judge of Section 2. Service or dismissal. - If the charges appear
the court of first instance or Justice of the Court of to merit action, a copy thereof shall be served upon the
Appeals shall forthwith transmit to the Supreme Court respondent, requiring him to answer within ten (10)
days from the date service. If the charges do not merit

7 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda
LEGAL ETHICS REVIEW SAMPLE EXAMINATION
Based on 2016 (Murcia) and 2017 (Escovilla) Examinations
Judge Maria Eloisa Maglana

action, or if the answer shows to the satisfaction of the


court that the charges are not meritorious, the same
shall be dismissed.

Section 3. Answer; hearing. - Upon the filing of


respondents answer or upon the expiration of the time
for its filing, the court shall assign one of its members,
a Justice of the Court of Appeals or a judge of first
instance to conduct the hearing of the charges. The
Justice or judge so assigned shall set a day for the
hearing, and notice thereof shall be served on both
parties. At such hearing the parties may present oral or
written evidence.

Section 4. Report - After the hearing, the Justice or


judge shall file with the Supreme Court a report of his
findings of fact and conclusions of law, accompanied
by the evidence presented by the parties and the other
papers in the case.

Section 5. Action - After the filing of the report, the court


will take such action as the facts and the law may
warrant.

Section 6. Confidential. - Proceedings against judges


of first instance shall be private and confidential.

-END-

8 | BILYAKAMPA NOTES: The Grandfather of All Past Exams Full Credits to: Mel Miranda