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GLOBAL SERVICE TRAINING

374F / 390F Hydraulic Excavator


PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MODULE 7 - TEXT REFERENCE

SERV1994

CAT, CATERPILLAR, their respective logos, ACERT, “Caterpillar Yellow” and the POWER EDGE
trade dress, as well as corporate and product identity used herein, are trademarks of Caterpillar
and may not be used without permission. © 2014 Caterpillar Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -2- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY BRIEFING��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 3
PURPOSE����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4
REASON������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5
COMPETENCY STATEMENT����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6
LEARNING OUTCOMES������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 7
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM - OVERVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 8
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM - COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION������������������������������������������� 10
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OPERATION����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 23
PURPOSE REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 35
REASON REVIEW�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 36
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 37
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 38
MODULE CONCLUSION���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 39

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -3- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

SAFETY BRIEFING
• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

3
SAFETY BRIEFING

Before beginning this module, the following topics will be reviewed:


• Emergency Phone Numbers
• First Aid Responders
• Location of Exits
• Location of Fire Extinguisher
• Room Alerts or Hazards
• Designated Location for Evacuation
• Storm Shelter
• Hazardous Material

Safely Home. Everyone. Every Day.™

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -4- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

PURPOSE

This module is designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
major components in the pilot hydraulic system and
demonstrate knowledge of flow and distribution of pilot
oil throughout all the machine hydraulic systems and
circuits.

4
PURPOSE

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -5- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

REASON

It is necessary for technicians to properly identify pilot


hydraulic system components and to demonstrate
knowledge of the pilot hydraulic system operation
in order to accurately diagnose and correct system
problems, which will ensure customers experience
quick, accurate resolution of problems in the pilot
hydraulic system.

5
REASON

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -6- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

COMPETENCY STATEMENT

At the completion of this training session, participants


will be able to locate, identify, and describe the
functionality of all major components in the pilot
hydraulic system, and demonstrate the ability to test
and make adjustments to the pilot hydraulic system
during lab exercises. Participants will also be able to
demonstrate general knowledge of the pilot hydraulic
system operation and the usage of pilot oil during
a classroom post-assessment with at least 80%
accuracy.

6
COMPETENCY STATEMENT

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -7- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this 374F and 390F Hydraulic


Excavator Pilot Hydraulic System module, participants
will be able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all major
components and service points in the pilot hydraulic
system.
• Test and properly adjust components in the pilot hydraulic
system.
• Describe the pilot hydraulic system operation and the
usage of pilot oil in the entire hydraulic system and all
circuits.
7
LEARNING OUTCOMES

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -8- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

(8)
374F / 390F PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM Travel Pilot
SYSTEM COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION Control Valves

(9)
ACS Main
Hydraulic Control
(10) Valve
Pilot
Manifold
(11)
Hydraulic Cooling
Fan Reversing
Valve

(12)
Pilot
Accumulator
(7)
Hydraulic
Oil Tank
(6)
Swing Brake
(1) Solenoid
Pilot Oil
Pump (5)
Pilot Oil
Filter

(2) (4)
Pilot Oil Pump Main Hydraulic Oil
Suction Hose Suction Tube

(3)
Pilot Solenoid
Manifold

8
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM - OVERVIEW
• Overview of the pilot hydraulic The 374F and 390F pilot hydraulic systems consist of six major components, which
system: include:
• Gear-type Pilot Oil Pump (1)
-- Six basic components • Pilot Oil Filter (5)
-- Eight distinct pilot oil circuits • Pilot Manifold (10)
• Pilot Accumulator (12)
-- Brief, high-level description • Pilot Solenoid Manifold (3)
of how pilot oil is used by the
• Hydraulic Lockout Lever assembly (in the cab).
basic components in the pilot
oil circuits
The pilot manifold and the pilot solenoid manifold contain a number of
sub-components that will be discussed in greater detail in this module.

The pilot hydraulic system delivers pilot pressure oil to eight major components
and/or circuits for the following functions:
• Pilot oil is directed to the main hydraulic pump regulators for pump flow control.
• The Negative Flow Control (NFC) Proportional Reducing Valves (PRVs)
and the Power Shift PRV (PSPRV) use pilot oil to control the main hydraulic
pumps.
• The lift control solenoid valve uses pilot oil to increase the main relief
pressures in the Adaptive Control System (ACS) Main Hydraulic Control
Valve (9) on the 374F only. (The 390F does not use the Lift Mode strategy.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -9- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

• The two-speed travel solenoid valve uses pilot oil to operate the travel speed
change valves in the travel motors in order to activate the high-speed mode.
• Pilot oil is directed to five places on the ACS main hydraulic control valve for
operation of the high pressure valve spools that control boom, stick, bucket,
swing, and travel functions. This oil is also used to operate the bypass cut
valves and the flow combiner valve.
• Pilot oil flows to the Swing Brake Solenoid (6) for operation of the swing
parking brakes.
• Pilot oil is sent to the Travel Pilot Control Valves (8) for operation of the travel
controls.
• Pilot oil is delivered to the Hydraulic Cooling Fan Reversing Valve (11) for
operation of the reversing fan.

The pilot oil pump is driven by a through-drive connection from the hydraulic
cooling fan pump, which is driven by a gear in the engine flywheel housing.
The pilot oil pump draws oil from the Hydraulic Oil Tank (7), via the Main Hydraulic
Oil Suction Tube (4) and the Pilot Pump Oil Suction Hose (2). Pilot oil pump
discharge provides oil flow to the pilot manifold, via the pilot oil filter. The pilot
manifold contains the pilot relief valve, which sets the pilot oil pressure. The pilot
manifold then distributes pilot pressure oil to the main hydraulic control valve, the
travel pilot control valves, the swing brake solenoid, and the fan reversing valve.
At the same time, pilot oil is delivered to the pilot solenoid manifold. The pilot
solenoid manifold contains two ON/OFF solenoid valves:
• two-speed travel solenoid valve
• lift control solenoid valve
The pilot solenoid manifold also contains three proportional solenoid valves for
controlling the main hydraulic pumps output:
• Front pump (Pump 1) NFC PRV
• Rear pump (Pump 2) NFC PRV
• PSPRV
The two-speed travel solenoid valve supplies pilot pressure oil to the travel motors
for operation of both the left and the right travel speed change valves.
The lift control solenoid valve sends pilot pressure oil to the two main hydraulic
relief valves on the ACS main hydraulic control valve for increasing the relief
pressure when the lift mode is active (374F only).
The main hydraulic pumps are electro-hydraulically controlled by the two
NFC PRVs, which use full pilot pressure oil to keep the main hydraulic pumps
DESTROKED. As flow demands increase during machine operation, the
Machine ECM controls the NFC PRVs to create an artificial NFC signal to the main
hydraulic pump regulators to control pump flow rates.
The PSPRV provides oil to the main hydraulic pump regulators for maintaining a
balance between the main pump pressures and the optimum load on the engine.
Pilot pressure oil is also supplied directly to both main hydraulic pump regulators
from the pilot pump to control oil flow from both main hydraulic pumps.

NOTE: The image above is that of a 390F Hydraulic Excavator.


Component locations are nearly the same for the 374F, with the exception
of the pilot oil filter, which is located in the pump compartment on the 374F.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -10- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

3
10
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM - COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
Hydraulic Lockout Lever
• Hydraulic lockout lever - The hydraulic lockout (activation) lever (1) is located outside the left console and
explanation of components and beneath the front of the left armrest in the operator compartment. The hydraulic
functionality: activation crossbar (3) is mechanically operated by the hydraulic lockout lever.

-- Hydraulic lockout (activation) The position of the hydraulic activation crossbar indicates the position of the
lever (1) hydraulic lockout lever. The hydraulic lockout lever and crossbar are shown
in the LOCKED position in the top photo. The engine will not start unless the
-- Limit switch (behind gray hydraulic lockout lever is in this LOCKED position. Implement operation (boom,
housing) (2) stick, bucket, and swing), travel operation, and factory installed attachments will
be DISABLED in the LOCKED position. However, pilot oil is still delivered to the
-- Hydraulic activation fan reversing valve and the bypass cut solenoid valves in the ACS main hydraulic
crossbar (3) control valve.

Moving the hydraulic lockout lever FORWARD will raise the crossbar UP to the
horizontal, or UNLOCKED position, as shown in the bottom photo. When the
hydraulic lockout lever and crossbar are moved to the UNLOCKED position, a
limit switch beneath the gray housing (2) is CLOSED. When the limit switch is
CLOSED, the hydraulic lockout solenoid is ENERGIZED, via a relay, making pilot
pressure oil available to the pilot operated travel controls and the main hydraulic
control valve. Implement and travel operation is then ENABLED.

Operation of the hydraulic lockout lever, crossbar, and limit switch will be discussed
further in this module.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -11- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

1
2

4
11
Pilot Oil Pump
• Pilot oil pump and related The pilot oil pump (1) is located in the pump compartment, at the right rear of the
components identification machine. The pilot oil pump is a gear-type, fixed displacement hydraulic oil pump
with brief descriptions of each that provides oil flow to the pilot hydraulic system. The pilot oil pump is driven by a
component: mechanical “through-drive” connection to the hydraulic cooling fan pump (4). The
pump delivery rate at full load rpm is approximately 85 L/min (22.5 US gpm).
-- Pilot oil pump (gear type, fixed
displacement) (1) The pilot oil pump draws hydraulic oil through a hose (2) connected to the main
hydraulic suction tube. Pilot oil pump output is directed to the inlet of the pilot oil
-- Pilot pump suction hose (2) filter base through the pilot oil pump discharge hose (3). The pilot oil filter is a
spin-on type filter that removes contaminants from the oil before it is distributed to a
-- Pilot oil pump discharge number of components on the machine.
hose (3)
A Tee in the pump discharge hose delivers unfiltered oil directly to the two main
-- Hydraulic cooling fan pump (4) hydraulic pump regulators, which is used to hold the pumps in the STANDBY
condition when there is no hydraulic demand.

NOTE: The top image shows the location of the pilot oil pump, installed
near the top, front inboard wall of the 390F pump compartment. The pilot
oil pump is located in the same place in the 374F.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -12- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

4
2

12
Pilot Oil Filters
• Pilot oil filter (1) location on 374F The spin-on type pilot oil filter (1) on the 374F is located at the upper rear of the
pump compartment, at the right rear of the machine. The filter is easily accessible
-- Pump compartment through the pump compartment door.

• Pilot oil filter (2) location on 390F The pilot oil filter (2) is the outboard filter mounted at the rear of the hydraulic oil
-- Service platform compartment tank (3) on the 390F. The filter is easily accessible through the service platform
compartment door (4).
• 390F hydraulic oil tank (3)

• 390F service compartment


door (4)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -13- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

6 5 4

7 3

8 2

1 13
• Identification of the pilot oil filter Most of the oil from the pilot oil pump is directed to the pilot oil filter (1) inlet through
and related components: the pump discharge hose (7). Filtered pilot oil is directed to the pilot manifold
through the upper pilot supply hose (4) connected to the filter (base) outlet.
-- Pilot oil filter (1)
Filtered pilot oil is also supplied to the pilot solenoid manifold through the lower pilot
-- Pilot supply hose to pilot supply hose (2).
solenoid manifold (2)
Unfiltered pilot oil is delivered to the main hydraulic pump regulators through the
-- Pilot pressure test port (3) rear hose (8) connected to the filter inlet.
-- Pilot supply hose to pilot The hydraulic oil S•O•S test port (6) is installed at the pilot oil filter inlet. The pilot
manifold (4) pressure test port (3) is installed at the pilot oil filter outlet.
-- Bypass valve (5) A bypass valve (5) is installed in the pilot oil filter base. When the pressure
-- Hydraulic oil S•O•S test port (6) difference between the filter inlet and the filter outlet exceeds approximately
172 kPa (25 psi), the bypass valve will open and non-filtered oil will be delivered to
-- Pilot oil pump discharge the pilot manifold and the pilot solenoid manifold. The bypass valve protects the
hose (7) (filter inlet) pilot oil filter from pressure spikes in the system and when the oil is cold and less
-- Unfiltered pilot supply hose viscous. The bypass valve can also open when the filter becomes dirty enough
to the main hydraulic pump to create the filter inlet/outlet pressure differential. There is no switch for the filter
regulators (8) bypass valve, therefore, the operator will not be warned if the filter is clogged and
being bypassed.
Always change the pilot oil filter according to the guidelines found in the
maintenance section of the Operation and Maintenance Manual (OMM).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -14- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

14
374F Pilot Manifold
• Location of the pilot manifold on Removing the access panel beneath the 374F upper structure, immediately to the
the 374F and brief description of rear of the swing bearing and beneath the ACS main hydraulic control valve (3),
the manifold sub-components: gains access to the pilot manifold (1). The pilot manifold contains the hydraulic
activation solenoid valve, the hydraulic activation valve, and the pilot relief valve
-- Pilot manifold (1) The pilot accumulator (2) is connected to the pilot manifold by a hose and stores
hydraulic energy. An internal bladder inside the accumulator is filled with nitrogen
-- Pilot accumulator (2) gas. Pilot oil enters the accumulator and acts against and compresses the nitrogen
gas filled bladder. A check valve in the pilot oil manifold prevents back flow of the
-- ACS main hydraulic control stored oil in the accumulator.
valve (3)
The pilot accumulator ensures a constant, steady supply of pilot oil in case of
fluctuations in pump oil flow. The accumulator also stores pilot pressure oil for
• Brief explanation of the purpose lowering the implements with the engine OFF, in order to discharge high pressure
of the pilot accumulator oil trapped in the implement circuits. However, the accumulator stores only enough
pilot pressure oil to safely operate one implement circuit per charge. The engine
should be started and the hydraulics UNLOCKED long enough to recharge the
accumulator before discharging pressure in each circuit.
Refer to the OMM for the approved, safe procedure for discharging high pressure
oil from implement circuits prior to performing any service work on the hydraulic
system.
NOTE: The pilot manifold and accumulator are located in approximately
the same place on the 390F, but are easily accessible from the service
platform.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -15- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

8 7 1

3
2
5

4
6
15
390F Pilot Manifold

• Location of the pilot manifold on Removing the walkway panel on the service platform (6) of the 390F upper
the 390F and identification of the structure, immediately rearward of the ACS valve (1), gains access to the pilot
manifold sub-components: manifold (2). Sub-components of the pilot manifold identified above are:

-- ACS valve (1) • Hydraulic activation solenoid valve (3): ENERGIZED when the hydraulic
activation lever is moved to the UNLOCKED position.
-- Pilot manifold (2)
• Hydraulic activation valve (not visible): Shifted to the IMPLEMENT
-- Hydraulic activation solenoid ENABLE condition when the hydraulic activation solenoid valve is
valve (3) ENERGIZED.

-- Pilot relief valve (4) • Pilot relief valve (4): Sets the pilot oil pressure for the entire pilot hydraulic
system on the machine.
-- Pilot accumulator (5)
Also shown above is the pilot accumulator (5).
-- Service platform walkway NOTE: Also visible above, after removing the panels to the rear of and
panel (6) (removed) above the ACS valve, are the main hydraulic pump oil inlets (7) and the
return oil manifold (8).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -16- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System
374F / 390F PILOT MANIFOLD AND ACCUMULATOR (13) (7)
COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION (8) Cover Pilot (6)
Pilot Relief Drains Pilot
(14) Valve Drain
Pilot Tank
Supply 5 Port

(9)
Tank
Port D
P
(10) D
Pump
Supply
Port
(1)
Pilot
Supply 1 (4)
(2) Pilot
Pilot Supply 4
(5) (3)
Supply 2
Hydraulic Pilot
Activation Supply 3
(15)
Solenoid
Pilot
Valve
Supply 6

(12) (11)
Pilot Accumulator
Accumulator Charge Valve
16
Pilot Manifold and Accumulator Component Identification
• Pilot manifold component and There are differences between the two machines in pilot supply ports. Pilot
port identification manifold components and ports identified in the illustration above are:

• Differences between 374F and • Pilot Supply 1 (1): This supply is always pressurized when the engine is
390F running, regardless of the hydraulic lock ON, and supplies pilot oil to:
-- Reversing fan valve and to the bypass cut valves in the center section of
• Brief description of the purpose the ACS valve on the 390F.
of all components and ports -- Bypass cut valves only on the 374F. .

• Pilot Supply 2 (2): This supply is always pressurized when the engine is
running, regardless of the hydraulic lock ON, and supplies pilot oil to:
-- Swing brake solenoid and to the lower IMV sections of the ACS valve
(boom/bucket) on the 390F.
-- Travel pilot valves, and the travel and combiner valves in the center section
of the ACS valve on the 374F.

• Pilot Supply 3 (3): Pilot supply to:


-- Center section (travel/combiner) and to the upper IMV sections of the ACS
valve (stick/auxiliary) on the 390F.
-- Upper IMV sections only on the 374F.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -17- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

• Pilot Supply 4 (4): Pilot supply to:


-- Travel pilot valves on the 390F.
-- Lower IMV sections (boom/bucket) on the 374F.

• Hydraulic Activation Solenoid Valve (5): ENERGIZED when the hydraulic


activation lever is moved to the UNLOCKED position.

• Pilot Drain Tank Port (6): Directs to tank the combined return oil from the
operation of all solenoid valves in the pilot oil system.

• Pilot Drains (7): Return oil ports from the operation of solenoid valves in the
pilot oil system. This oil is combined and returned to tank through the pilot
drain tank port.

• Pilot Relief Valve (8): Sets the pilot oil pressure for the entire pilot hydraulic
system on the machine to approximately 4120 kPa (598 psi).

• Tank Port (9): Directs the relief oil from the pilot relief valve to tank.

• Pump Supply Port (10): Oil supply inlet from the pilot oil pump.

• Accumulator Charge Valve (11): Valve used to test and/or charge the rubber
bladder-type accumulator with nitrogen.

• Pilot Accumulator (12): Ensures a constant, steady supply of pilot oil in case
of fluctuations in pump oil flow. The accumulator also stores pilot pressure oil
for lowering the implements with the engine OFF.

• Pilot Supply 5 (14): Pilot supply to the reversing fan valve on the 374F. This
supply is always pressurized when the engine is running, regardless of the
hydraulic lock ON.

• Pilot Supply 6 (15): Pilot supply to the swing brake solenoid on the 374F.

Removing the Cover (13) on top of the manifold gains access to the pilot activation
valve and return spring.

The plugged ports on the pilot manifold that are marked with the letter P are
available for pilot supply to auxiliary pilot oil circuits. The plugged ports identified
with the letter D are available for return oil from auxiliary pilot oil circuits.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -18- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

374F / 390F PILOT MANIFOLD AND ACCUMULATOR


COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION

(3)
Inlet
(1) (2)
Filter
Accumulator Hydraulic
Check Valve Activation Valve

18
• Pilot manifold component and Additional components on the pilot manifold identified in the illustration above are:
port identification
• Accumulator Check Valve (1): Maintains the pilot pressure in the pilot
• Brief description of the purpose accumulator for a few minutes after the engine is shut OFF.
of all components and ports
• Hydraulic Activation Valve (2): Shifted to the IMPLEMENT ENABLE
condition by pilot pressure oil when the hydraulic activation solenoid valve is
ENERGIZED.

• Inlet Filter (3): Small filter that prevents fine debris from reaching the small
valve spool in the hydraulic activation solenoid valve.

The plugged port on the pilot manifold marked with the letter P is available for pilot
supply to auxiliary pilot oil circuits.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -19- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

3 4
2 5
6
1
7

10 9 8
19
374F / 390F Pilot Solenoid Manifold - Pump Compartment
• Pilot hydraulic system The pilot solenoid manifold (1) is located immediately inside the pump compartment
component identification - pilot door, at the bottom of the compartment and beneath the main hydraulic pumps (7).
solenoid manifold and the The manifold contains the following control solenoids:
sub-components installed in the
manifold • Power Shift Pressure PRV (2): ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM to send
a proportional hydraulic control pressure to both the front and rear pump
• Brief description of the function regulators.
of each sub-component
• Rear pump (Pump #1) NFC PRV (3): ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM to
create an NFC hydraulic signal pressure that is sent to the rear pump
(Pump #2 ) regulator.

• Front pump (Pump #2) NFC PRV (4): ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM to
create an NFC hydraulic signal pressure that is sent to the front pump
(Pump #1) regulator.

• Two speed travel solenoid valve (5): ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM to
send pilot pressure oil to shift the displacement change spools in the travel
motors, ACTIVATING the high speed travel mode.

• Lift mode solenoid valve (6): ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM to


INCREASE the opening pressures of the two main hydraulic relief valves,
when the standard Lift Mode or the Heavy Lift mode are ACTIVE (standard
equipment).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -20- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

The pressure test ports on top of the manifold allow the technician to test the
following pressures during test and adjust procedures for the main hydraulic pumps
control pressures:
• Front pump (Pump #1) NFC signal pressure (8)
• Rear pump (Pump #2) NFC signal pressure (9)
• Power Shift Pressure (10)

The pilot solenoid manifold is installed in the same location on both the 374F and
390F machines.

NOTE: The front pump is the pump nearest the pump compartment door
and is referred to as Pump #1 in the monitor and in Cat ET. The rear pump
is the pump closest to the engine and is referred to as Pump #2 in the
monitor and in Cat ET.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -21- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

4 3
5 2

10 8

9
21
Travel Pilot System Component Identification
• Forward service access opening The forward service access opening beneath the cab allows access to several
beneath the cab - travel pilot travel pilot system components. The left travel pilot control valve (3) and the right
system component identification travel pilot control valve (4) are located beneath the floor plate of the cab, at the
and functional descriptions: front of the machine. If equipped, the straight travel pilot control valve (7) is
-- Pilot supply hose for left and installed to the right of the left and right travel pilot control valves. Both left and
right travel control valves (1) right travel are controlled with the travel levers and/or pedals (in the operator
compartment) that are connected to the top of the travel pilot control valves.
-- Left travel control pressure
sensor (2) Pilot pressure oil from the pilot manifold is supplied to the left and right travel pilot
-- Left travel pilot control valve (3) control valves through travel pilot supply hose (1) connected to the center of the
left and right travel pilot control valves. Another pilot supply line (10) connects to
-- Right travel pilot control the main line with a Tee and directs supply oil to the straight travel pilot control
valve (4) valve. When travel is requested, the travel pilot control valves deliver pilot control
-- Right travel control pressure pressure oil to move the travel control valve spools in the center section of the ACS
sensor (5) main hydraulic control valve through four pilot lines (9) in direct proportion to the
-- Straight travel control pressure amount of movement of the travel pedals. The four lines control LEFT and RIGHT,
sensor (6) FORWARD and REVERSE for travel control in the ACS valve.
-- Straight travel pilot control The arrangement in the illustration above is that of a machine equipped with the
valve (7) (if equipped) optional straight travel pilot control valve. When so equipped, a travel pilot logic
-- Travel pilot logic valve (8) valve (8) is also installed. The travel pilot logic valve ensures LEFT and/or RIGHT
travel control pressures for FORWARD and REVERSE travel are delivered to the
-- Travel pilot lines to ACS left and right travel control valve spools when the left and right travel control
valve (9) levers/pedals are operated.
-- Pilot supply hose for straight
travel control valves (10)
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -22- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

If the straight travel pedal is operated, the travel pilot logic valve also ensures
both left and right travel control pressures for FORWARD or REVERSE travel are
delivered equally to both the left and right travel control valve spools at the same
time.

The left travel control pressure sensor (2), right travel control pressure sensor (5),
and the straight travel control pressure sensor (6) are monitored by the Machine
ECM to determine the amount of travel requested. The signal from these sensors
are used by the Machine ECM as inputs, in conjunction with the input signals from
other hydraulic circuits to determine pump flow rates.

When any of the three travel pressure sensors send signals to the Machine ECM,
the travel alarm is activated. The Machine ECM also uses the signal from these
sensors to activate or de-activate other hydraulic and machine strategies, such as
Automatic Engine Control (AEC).

If the machine is equipped with an electronic attachment pedal, it is also accessible


through this service access opening. (The electronic attachment pedal is not part
of the pilot hydraulic system.)

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -23- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

PILOT OIL FILTER


AND
FILTER BYPASS VALVE
OPERATION
(7)
Pilot Oil
Filter Base
(2)
Filter
Bypass
Valve
(1)
(5) (6) Pilot Oil
Pilot Pilot Filter
Pump Manifold
(5) (6)
Pilot Pilot
Pump Manifold

(2)
(1) Filter
Pilot Oil (3) Bypass (4)
Filter S•O•S Valve Pilot
Pressure

23
PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OPERATION
Pilot Oil Filter and Base
• Pilot oil filter and related The spin-on type Pilot Oil Filter (1) removes contaminants from the pilot oil before
components - operation the oil is delivered to the Pilot Manifold (6).
explanation
The pilot oil flows from the Pilot Pump (5) to the inlet port in the Filter Base (7).
If the pilot oil is cold or if the flow of pilot oil through the filter media is restricted
by contaminants (clogged filter), the Filter Bypass Valve (2) will open. When
the pressure differential between the filter inlet and the filter outlet exceeds
approximately 147 kPa (21 psi), the filter bypass valve will open, allowing
non-filtered oil to be delivered to the pilot manifold. The filter bypass valve protects
the pilot oil filter from pressure spikes in the system and also lets oil flow around
the filter when the oil is cold and less viscous.
The hydraulic oil S•O•S Port (3) is installed in the pilot oil filter base, ahead of the
filter. This allows the technician to take a sample of the hydraulic oil before the
oil is filtered and is a true sampling of the oil in the system. A port for testing Pilot
Pressure (4) is also installed in the filter base, after the oil is filtered.

NOTE: There is no pilot filter bypass switch, so the operator will not be
warned if the filter is clogged and being bypassed. If the filter element
becomes restricted by contaminants, the oil bypasses the filter element
through the bypass relief valve.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -24- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

HYDRAULIC LOCKOUT LEVER

(6)
Unlocked
Position

(1)
Hydraulic
Lockout Lever
(Locked Position)

(5)
Lever Base

(4)
Hydraulic (3) (2)
Activation Plunger Limit Switch
Crossbar
24
Hydraulic Lockout Operation
• Hydraulic lockout lever and The Hydraulic Lockout Lever (1) is located on the left side of the operator’s seat.
related components - operation With the hydraulic lockout lever shifted (back) to the LOCKED position, the
explanation hydraulic lockout solenoid valve is DE-ENERGIZED.

The Limit Switch (2) is an input component that is monitored by the Machine ECM.
When the switch is CLOSED, the signal from the limit switch to the Machine ECM
is shared with the Engine ECM through the Cat Data Link. The engine will not start
unless the hydraulic lockout lever is in the LOCKED position (as shown above).

The limit switch is mounted to the hydraulic lockout Lever Base (5). When the
hydraulic lockout lever is in the LOCKED position, the Plunger (3) is not depressed.
In this position, the limit switch is not closed and the circuit is OPEN. With the
switch in the OPEN condition, the hydraulic lockout solenoid is DE-ENERGIZED,
blocking pilot oil flow to the hydraulic activation valve. This condition will prevent
any implements or travel functions to operate.

When the hydraulic lockout lever is moved FORWARD to the UNLOCKED


Position (6), the plunger will contact and CLOSE the limit switch. When the limit
switch is CLOSED, it completes the connection to the battery, via a relay, and the
hydraulic lockout solenoid is ENERGIZED, allowing pilot oil flow to the hydraulic
activation valve. This condition makes pilot oil available for the operation of the
implements, travel, and swing functions. The Machine ECM then shares the state
of the limit switch with the Engine ECM, which will prevent the engine from starting.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -25- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

The Hydraulic Activation Crossbar (4) is a visual indicator of the machine’s


hydraulic lockout status for the operator and the service technician. When the
hydraulic lockout lever is moved REARWARD to the LOCKED position, the
hydraulic activation crossbar moves to the LOWERED position (as shown). When
the hydraulic lockout lever is moved FORWARD to the UNLOCKED position, the
hydraulic activation crossbar is in the RAISED (horizontal) position, as shown
earlier in this module.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -26- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

(16) To Bypass (17) To Travel Pilot Valves


Cut Valves (18) To ACS Valve
Upper IMV Sections

(19) To ACS Valve


(15) To Fan Center Section
Reversing Valve
(20) To Swing Brake Solenoid
(21) To ACS Valve
Lower IMV Sections

(9) (10)
Hydraulic Pilot
(8) Lockout Accumulator
A
Hydraulic Solenoid
Activation Valve
Valve
(6)
Pilot
Relief
(7)
Valve A
Accumulator
Check Valve
VIEW A-A

(25) Pin
(4)
Pilot (14) From ACS Valve (26) Spring
Center Section (24)
(3) Pressure
(13) From ACS Valve Drain (27) Spool
S•O•S Test
Port Port Upper IMV Sections
(12) From Bypass
Cut Valves
(5) To Pilot Solenoid
Manifold (11) From ACS Valve
Lower IMV Sections (23) From Hydraulic
Activation Valve
(1) (2) (22) From Pilot Oil Pump
Pilot Oil Pilot Oil
Pump Filter
PILOT MANIFOLD
LOCKED - IMPLEMENTS DISABLED
(9) Hydraulic Lockout
Solenoid Valve

26
Pilot Manifold Operation - Implements Disabled
• When the hydraulic lockout When the hydraulic lockout lever (in the cab) is moved to the LOCKED position, the
lever is moved to the LOCKED Hydraulic Lockout Solenoid Valve (9) in the pilot manifold is DE-ENERGIZED.
position, the Hydraulic Activation
Solenoid Valve (9) is Because the solenoid valve is DE-ENERGIZED, the solenoid Pin (25) does not
DE-ENERGIZED. push down on the small Spool (26) in the solenoid valve cartridge. This condition
allows the Spring (26) in the valve cartridge to keep the small spool shifted UP,
• When the Hydraulic Activation blocking pilot pressure oil From the Pilot Oil Pump (22), and draining oil From the
Solenoid Valve (9) is Hydraulic Activation Valve (8). With no signal oil sent to the hydraulic activation
DE-ENERGIZED, pilot oil flow to valve, the valve is held to the right by the spring behind the valve. With the
the implement circuits is blocked hydraulic activation valve shifted to the right, pilot supply oil is blocked at the valve
by the Hydraulic Activation and pilot pressure oil is drained from the following pilot oil circuits:
Valve (8).
• To the Travel Pilot Valves (17)
• Blocking pilot oil flow at the • To the ACS Valve Upper IMV Sections (18) (stick and auxiliary)
hydraulic activation valve
disables implement operation. • To the ACS Valve Center Section (19) (left/right travel and combiner valves)
• To the Swing Brake Solenoid (20)
• Some pilot pressure oil
is available from the Pilot • To the ACS Valve Lower IMV Sections (21) (boom and bucket)
Accumulator (10), but only for When the pilot system is in the LOCKED condition, the Accumulator Check
a few minutes or for one or two Valve (7) will maintain Pilot Accumulator (10) pressure for a short time (one or two
implement movements. implement valve movements).

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -27- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

With the engine OFF and the key switch set to ON, the implements may be lowered
using the joysticks if the hydraulic lockout lever is moved to the UNLOCKED
position. These actions will ENERGIZE the hydraulic lockout solenoid valve,
allowing pilot pressure oil from the accumulator to supply the implement
proportional solenoid valves until the accumulator pressure is dissipated.

The Pilot Relief Valve (6) is installed in the pilot manifold and sets the pilot oil
pressure to approximately 4120 kPa (598 psi). This is the pressure in the entire
pilot hydraulic system, from the Pilot Oil Pump (1) to all components in the system.

Prior to the hydraulic activation valve, pilot pressure oil is distributed To the Fan
Reversing Valve (15) and to the Bypass Cut Valves (16) in the ACS valve. This
strategy ensures that bypass cut valves and the reversing fan can operate without
the implements being UNLOCKED.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -28- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

(16) To Bypass (17) To Travel Pilot Valves


Cut Valves
(18) To ACS Valve
Upper IMV Sections

(19) To ACS Valve


(15) To Fan Center Section
Reversing Valve
(20) To Swing Brake Solenoid
(21) To ACS Valve
Lower IMV Sections

(9) (10)
Hydraulic Pilot
(8) Lockout Accumulator
A
Hydraulic Solenoid
Activation Valve
Valve
(6)
Pilot
Relief
(7)
Valve A
Accumulator
Check Valve
VIEW A-A

(25) Pin
(4)
Pilot (14) From ACS Valve (26) Spring
Center Section (24)
(3) Pressure
(13) From ACS Valve Drain (27) Spool
S•O•S Test
Port Port Upper IMV Sections
(12) From Bypass
Cut Valves
(5) To Pilot Solenoid
Manifold (11) From ACS Valve (23) To Hydraulic
Lower IMV Sections Activation Valve

(1) (2) (22) From Pilot Oil Pump


Pilot Oil

PILOT MANIFOLD
Pilot Oil
Pump Filter

UNLOCKED - IMPLEMENTS ENABLED (9) Hydraulic Lockout


Solenoid Valve

28
Pilot Manifold Operation - Implements Enabled
• When the hydraulic lockout lever When the hydraulic lockout lever is moved to the UNLOCKED position, the
is moved to the UNLOCKED Hydraulic Lockout Solenoid Valve (9) in the pilot manifold is ENERGIZED.
position, the Hydraulic Lockout
Solenoid Valve (9) is ENERGIZED. When the solenoid valve is ENERGIZED, the solenoid Pin (25) pushes down on
the small Spool (27) in the solenoid valve cartridge, compressing the return
Spring (26) and shifting the spool DOWN. When the spool shifts DOWN, the
• When the hydraulic lockout pilot oil passage From the Pilot Oil Pump (22) is connected to the passage To the
solenoid is ENERGIZED, pilot oil Hydraulic Activation Valve (23). At the same time, the Drain (24) passage is closed
flow to the implement circuits off from the signal oil passage.
is ENABLED by the Hydraulic
Activation Valve (8). In this condition, pilot pressure oil (signal oil) is then sent to shift the Hydraulic
Activation Valve (8) to the left. Shifting (opening) the hydraulic activation valve to
• ENABLING pilot oil flow at the left ENABLES the flow of pilot pressure oil to the following places:
the hydraulic activation valve • Travel Pilot Valves (17)
ENABLES implement, swing,
attachment, and travel operation. • ACS Valve Upper IMV Sections (18) (stick and auxiliary)
• ACS Valve Center Section (19) (left/right travel and combiner valves)
• Swing Brake Solenoid (20)
• ACS Valve Lower IMV Sections (21) (boom and bucket)

When the pilot system is in the UNLOCKED condition, operation of all implements,
attachments, and the travel system will be ENABLED.

The Pilot Accumulator (10) is charged to pilot system pressure when the
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -29- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

implements are ENABLED. The pilot accumulator will provide supplemental pilot
pressure oil to the pilot system when the pilot pump is unable to provide adequate
oil flow. Insufficient supply of pilot oil flow to the pilot system could be caused by
combined implement operations (such as boom, stick, bucket, and swing operation
all at the same time).

As with all hydraulic systems, when the implement and travel solenoid valves are
operated, a small amount of oil is displaced into the pilot drain system.
Drain oil returns to the pilot manifold from the following circuits:
• ACS Valve Lower IMV Sections (11) (boom and bucket)
• Bypass Cut Valves (12)
• ACS Valve Upper IMV Sections (13) (stick and auxiliary)
• ACS Valve Center Section (19) (left/right travel and combiner valves)

This drain oil is returned to the pilot manifold through three drain ports. All the drain
oil, plus that of the hydraulic activation valve and the hydraulic lockout solenoid
valve, combines inside the manifold and is returned to the hydraulic oil tank.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -30- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

HYDRAULIC ACTIVATION VALVE


OPERATION

(1) Pilot Manifold (3)


Signal
(2) Valve Spool Oil Inlet

(4) Pilot Oil Inlet

(8) Drain
(5) Pilot Oil Supply Slots
Passage to
Implement Valves
(7) Spring

(6) Drain Passage

LOCKED UNLOCKED

30
Hydraulic Activation Valve Operation
• Explanation of the hydraulic The illustration above shows the two conditions of the hydraulic activation valve,
activation valve operation which is installed in the Pilot Manifold (1). When the valve is in the LOCKED
condition, implement operation (boom, stick, bucket, attachments, swing, and travel
functions) is DISABLED. When the valve is in the UNLOCKED condition,
implement operation is ENABLED.

The LOCKED condition is shown on the left. Pilot pressure oil from the pilot pump
is introduced to the hydraulic activation valve through the Pilot Oil Inlet (4). When
the Valve Spool (2) is shifted UP by the Spring (7), pilot pressure oil is blocked by
the two lands of the valve spool that are immediately above and below the pilot oil
inlet (chamber).

At the same time, the Pilot Oil Outlet (5) to the pilot distribution block and the travel
pilot control valves is connected to the large Drain Passage (6) through the Drain
Slots (8) that are machined into the lower land of the valve spool. Any residual
pilot pressure oil to the pilot distribution block and the travel pilot control valves is
also drained and no pilot oil is available for implement or travel operation. In this
condition, implement and travel operation is DISABLED.

When the operator moves the hydraulic lockout lever (in the operator compartment)
FORWARD to the UNLOCKED position, the hydraulic lockout solenoid valve in the
pilot manifold is ENERGIZED by the Machine ECM.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -31- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

When the hydraulic lockout solenoid valve is ENERGIZED, pilot pressure oil (signal
oil) is sent through the Signal Oil Inlet (3), pressurizing the chamber above the
valve spool.

Pressurizing this upper chamber shifts the valve spool DOWN against the return
spring. When the spool moves DOWN, the pilot oil inlet is connected to the pilot oil
outlet (to the pilot distribution block and the travel pilot control valves). At the same
time, the drain slots on the lower land of the valve spool are no longer open to the
pilot oil inlet. This position allows pilot pressure oil to flow through the pilot oil outlet
to the pilot distribution block and the travel pilot control valves. Implement and
travel operations are ENABLED.

NOTE: The round dashed lines in the above illustration indicate pilot oil
passages through the manifold and are completely or partially hidden
behind the valve spool in the section view. There are no cross drilled
passages through the valve spool.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -32- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

PILOT RELIEF VALVE & ACCUMULATOR CHECK VALVE

(2) Pilot Manifold (3) Accumulator


Check Valve

(11) Spring

(5) To Accumulator

(1) From Pilot Oil Pump


(7) Distribution
Passage

(10) Passage (6) Drain Passage To Tank

(9) Spring

(4) Pilot Relief Valve

(8) Adjustment Screw


32
Pilot Relief Valve and Accumulator Check Valve Operation
• Explanation of the operation of Pilot pressure oil from the Pilot Oil Pump (1) enters the Pilot Manifold (2) and is
the pilot relief valve in the pilot directed through an internal passage to a point between the Accumulator Check
manifold Valve (3) and the Pilot Relief Valve (4).
The pilot relief valve limits the pilot pressure in the pilot system. When the
• Explanation of the operation of pressure in the pilot system reaches the pressure setting of the pilot relief valve,
the accumulator check valve in the valve spool moves DOWN against the Spring (9) until the cross-drilled
the pilot manifold Passage (10) in the spool begins venting pilot oil into the Drain Passage To
Tank (6).
Turning the adjustment Screw (8) IN increases the tension of the spring beneath
the valve spool, raising the pilot oil pressure. Turning the adjustment screw OUT
decreases the spring tension and lowers the pilot oil pressure in the system.
The Distribution Passage (7) runs horizontally through the pilot manifold and directs
pilot oil to the accumulator check valve. When the pressure of the oil (set by the
relief valve) becomes greater than the tension of the Spring (11) above the check
valve, the check valve opens. When the check valve opens, pilot pressure oil flows
through the passage To the Accumulator (5), charging the accumulator with pilot
pressure oil. When the machine is shut down and pilot oil flow from the pilot pump
ceases, the accumulator check valve is closed by its spring and the accumulator
will store the pilot pressure for a short time.
Several other passages branch off the main distribution passage, further
distributing pilot oil for use in other circuits. Some of the passages are downstream
from the accumulator check valve, allowing the pilot pressure in the accumulator to
be used for lowering implements.
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SERV1994 - 05/14 -33- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

TRAVEL PILOT CONTROL VALVE


LEFT TRACK FORWARD

(1) Pedal

(12)
Rod
(3)
Dampening (8) Pilot Supply
(2) (11) Piston
Rod Orificed
Check Valve

LEFT RIGHT
(3)
Dampening
Piston
(10)
(4) Tank
Metering
(9) (13)
Spring
Spool Resolver

(5) (8)
Return Pilot FWD REV REV FWD
Spring Supply
(14) (15)
Left Travel Control Right Travel Control
Pressure Sensor Pressure Sensor
(6) Travel (7) Travel
Valve Spool Valve Spool

33
Travel Pilot Control Valve Operation
• Explanation of the operation of The travel pilot control valves operate similarly to those found in the E-Series
the travel pilot control valves Hydraulic Excavators, although there may be slight variations in dampening orifices
and the travel control pressure and spools. The illustration above and following explanation are representative of
sensors the general operation of the travel pilot control valves.

• Explanation of the function of the The amount of movement of the travel Pedal (1) or lever will determine the control
travel control pressure sensors pressure of the pilot oil directed to the respective travel control valve spools in the
and the strategies that are center section of the ACS main hydraulic control valve.
affected by these inputs to the
Machine ECM A dampening function is built into the travel pilot control valve, which allows the
operational speed of the travel lever/pedal to respond only to the operator’s
intended movements. The dampening function prevents vibration or harshness
when releasing the travel pedal. When the travel lever/pedal is moved suddenly
from the NEUTRAL position, the Rod (2) is pushed downward. The rod moves the
Dampening Piston (3) downward.

The hydraulic oil below the dampening piston becomes pressurized. An Orificed
Check Valve (11) initially allows the trapped hydraulic oil below the dampening
piston to gradually flow into the spring chamber below the check ball, until the ball
becomes seated. The spring chamber is open to the Tank (10). An orifice in the
top of the dampening piston allows oil to slowly flow into the chamber above the
piston. The gradual flow of oil through the orifice in the dampening piston provides
the dampening effect.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -34- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

As the pedal is moved forward, it contacts the rod, pushing it downward. The rod
moves the Spool (9) downward, allowing Pilot Supply Oil (8) to flow through the
center passage of the spool into the port to the Travel Valve Spool (6) (in the main
hydraulic control valve). The further the pedal is depressed, the further the spool
moves downward and proportionally increased pilot oil pressure is sent to the travel
control valve spool. The further the travel control valve spool is moved, the more
high pressure oil flow is sent to the travel motor for increasingly faster rotation of
the motor.

The Metering Spring (4) and the Return Spring (5) are compressed as the spool
moves downward. The increased pilot oil pressure beneath the spool and the
increased spring tensions modulate the spool to a balanced position in order to
maintain a precise constant pilot control pressure in the pilot line to the travel
control valve spool. This action will help maintain the travel control valve spool
position in the main hydraulic control valve until the travel pedal/lever is moved
again.

The orificed check valve operates similarly when the travel pedal is returned to the
NEUTRAL position. The oil above the dampening piston flows into a drain passage
(not visible in the view above) as the piston is returned upward by the force of the
springs. The orificed check valve slows the flow of tank oil from the return spring
chamber into the dampening chamber, which prevents the spool from moving up
too quickly. Rapid return movement of the spool would cause the machine to make
a harsh stop. The dampening chamber and orificed check valve prevent this harsh
stop condition.

Also shown are the Left Travel Control Pressure Sensor (14) and the Right Travel
Control Pressure Sensor (15). These pressure sensors inform the Machine ECM
of the pilot control pressure oil from the Resolver (13) that is directed to the travel
valve spools. The signals from these sensors are used by the Machine ECM, in
conjunction with the signals from other control sensors and system and circuit
pressure sensors, to control the flow rates from main hydraulic pumps, based on
overall need.

When either of these sensors indicate travel control pressure, the electrical signal
sent to the Machine ECM activates the travel alarm. When both travel control
pressure sensors indicate a travel request, and if any implement joystick position
sensors indicate implement movement, the Machine ECM will ENERGIZE the
straight travel solenoid valve. This allows pilot pressure oil from the pilot manifold
to flow to and activate the straight travel valve (in the main hydraulic control valve).

The Machine ECM also uses the signal from the travel pressure sensors to activate
or de-activate other hydraulic and machine strategies, such as Automatic Engine
Control (AEC). The straight travel control pressure sensor installed in the straight
travel pedal (if equipped) performs the same function as the left and right travel
control pressure sensors.

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -35- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

PURPOSE

This module was designed to ensure technicians can


locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all
major components in the pilot hydraulic system and
demonstrate knowledge of flow and distribution of pilot
oil throughout all the machine hydraulic systems and
circuits.

35
PURPOSE REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -36- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

REASON

This training was necessary for technicians to properly


identify pilot hydraulic system components and to
demonstrate knowledge of the pilot hydraulic system
operation in order to accurately diagnose and correct
system problems, ensuring customers experience
quick, accurate resolution of problems in the pilot
hydraulic system.

36
REASON REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -37- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

COMPETENCY STATEMENT

Participants are able to locate, identify, and describe


the functionality of all major components in the pilot
hydraulic system, and demonstrate the ability to
test and make adjustments to the pilot hydraulic
system during lab exercises. Participants have also
demonstrated general knowledge of the pilot hydraulic
system operation and the usage of pilot oil during
a classroom post-assessment with at least 80%
accuracy.

37
COMPETENCY STATEMENT REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -38- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Participants have completed this 374F/390F Hydraulic


Excavator Pilot Hydraulic System module and are now
able to:
• Locate, identify, and describe the functionality of all major
components and service points in the pilot hydraulic
system.
• Test and properly adjust components in the pilot hydraulic
system.
• Describe the pilot hydraulic system operation and the
usage of pilot oil in the entire hydraulic system and all
circuits.
38
LEARNING OUTCOMES REVIEW

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SERV1994 - 05/14 -39- Module 7 - Pilot Hydraulic System

39
MODULE CONCLUSION

This concludes the Pilot Hydraulic System module for the 374F and 390F Hydraulic
Excavators.

When used in conjunction with the Systems Operation Manuals, the Test and
Adjust Manuals, the Operation and Maintenance Manuals (OMM), and other
service publications, the information in this module will aid the service technician
in troubleshooting, testing, adjusting, and correcting problems in the pilot hydraulic
systems in these machines.

For service repairs, adjustments, and maintenance, always refer to the Operation
and Maintenance Manuals (OMM), Service Manuals, and other related service
publications.

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