Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Page 1 Name:

EE 5375/7375 Homework 2
Electrical Engineering Department
Southern Methodist University
Due: 18 September 2017, 2:00PM

Download the assignment and print. Do all work on the printed document. Work only on 1 side of paper,
add page if needed. Also, read the document Sets.pdf on the website for 5375/7375 for some set definitions.

1. A coin with P ŒH  D p D 1 q is tossed n times. Show that the probability that the number of heads is
even is equal to
1
P Œeven number of H’s D Œ1 C .q p/n 
2

Assume q > p; k Heads, then

.q C p/n D P Œk even C P Œk odd


.q p/n D P Œk even P Œk odd

so that

2 P Œk even D .q C p/n C .q p/n


D 1 C .q p/n

Therefore,

1
P Œk even D Œ1 C .q p/n 
2
Page 2 Name:

2. You win a lottery if you correctly predict (not ordered) the numbers of 6 balls drawn from an urn contain-
ing balls numbered from 1, 2, 3,: : :, 49. What is the probability of your winning for the cases below if you
by 1 ticket.
(a.) After noting the ball number, it is replaced in the urn.
(b.) After noting the ball number, it is not replaced in the urn.
(a.) Say the 6 balls are a; b; c; d; e; f , and let (b.)
P ŒX1 D a D 1=49
X1 ; X2 ; X3 ; X4 ; X5 ; X6 be associated RVs, then
P ŒX2 D b D 1=48
P ŒX1 D a D 1=49 ::
:
P ŒX2 D b D 1=49
P ŒX6 D f  D 1=44
::
:
Thus,
P ŒX6 D f  D 1=49 6Š  43Š
P Œwinning D
49Š
Let X represent the RV of drawing a; b; c; d; e; f ,
then
P ŒX is a specific sequence D 1=496
How many possible sequences amounts to the num-
ber of ways to put 6 balls into 6 boxes. Ball a can
go into 6 different boxes. Next, ball b can go into 5
different boxes for each of the 6 “a boxes,” etc., so
that there is 6Š ways.
Thus,

P Œwinning D
496
Page 3 Name:

3. How many distinct permutations (arrangements) are there of 4 red balls 2 white balls.
The number of ways to put 6 balls into 6 boxes is

The number of ways to arrange 4 red balls is

The number of ways to arrange 2 white balls is

Distinct permutations is

6Š 56
D D 15
4Š2Š 2