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PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

(iii) On Wednesday 8 boxes are selected, and on Thursday another 8 boxes are selected. Find the

probability that on one of these days the number of boxes containing fewer than 42 matches is 0,

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

and that on the other day the number is 2 or more. [3]

18 An examination paper consists of 8 questions, of which one is on geometric distributions and one is

on binomial distributions.

(i) If the 8 questions are arranged in a random order, find the probability that the question on

geometric distributions is next to the question on binomial distributions. [3]

Four of thedown

(i) Write questions, including

the values of a, the

b, cone

, d, eonand

geometric

f. distributions, are worth 7 marks each, and [4] the

remaining four questions, including the one on binomial distributions, are worth 9 marks each. The

7-mark

The totalquestions

number are the discs

of red first four questions

chosen, out of on thedenoted

3, is paper, but

by Rare arranged

. The table in random

shows order. The

the probability

9-mark questions

distribution of R. are the last four questions, but are arranged in random order. Find the probability

that

r 0 1 2 3

(ii) the questions on geometric distributions and on binomial distributions are next to one another,

P(R = r)

physicsandmathstutor.com

1

10

k 9

20

1

5

[3]

(iii) the questions on geometric distributions and 2 on binomial distributions are separated by at least 2

other questions. [4]

1 Some observations

(ii) Show of bivariate

how to obtain data

the value R = 2)made

P(were = 20

9

.and the equations of the two regression lines were [3]

of bivariate data produce the following results, denoted as (xi , yi ) for i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

foundobservations

to be as follows. (Q8, Jan 2005)

9 Five

(iii) Find the value of k. y on x : y = −0.6x + 13.0 [2]

(13, 2.7) (13, x4.0) (18,

on y : x = −1.6y + 21.0

2.8) (23, 3.3) (23, 2.2)

(iv) Calculate the mean and variance of R2. [5]

[Σ x = 90, Σ y = 15.0, Σ x = 1720, Σ y 2

= 46.86, Σ xy = 264.0.]

(i) State, with a reason, whether the correlation between x and y is negative or positive. [1]

27 A(ii)

committee

(i) Show of the

Neitherthat 7 people is to be

regression

variable chosen

line

is controlled. of y at

onrandom

Calculate x an

hasestimate of −0.06,

from 18

gradient volunteers.

andoffind

the value y = 7.0. in the form

its equation

x when [2]

y = a + bx. [4]

(i)

(iii) In how many

Findregression

(ii) The

different

of xisand

the valuesline y. to estimate the value of y corresponding to x = 20, but the value x =[3]

ways

used

can the committee be chosen? [2]

20

The 18 is accurate

volunteers only to theofnearest

consist whole

5 people fromnumber. Calculate

Gloucester, 6 fromthe difference

Hereford and between the largestThe

7 from Worcester. and

the smallest

committee is to 5bevalues

chosen that the estimated

randomly. value of y couldthat

take. willthe bag. If it is red[3]

2 A bag contains black discs and 3 redFind the

discs. Aprobability

disc is selectedthe

at committee

random from it

is(ii)

The consistinofethe

replaced

numbers , ebag.

, e ,Ifeit

12 people

2 3 from

e black,

, is it is not

are defined byreplaced. A second disc is now selected at random from

4 5 Gloucester, 2 people from Hereford and 3 people from Worcester, [4]

= a Worcester,

+ bxi − yi for i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

the bag.

(iii) include exactly 5 peopleefrom i [4]

Find the probability that

(iii) The values of e1 , e2 and e3 are 0.6, −0.7 and 0.2 respectively. Calculate the values of e4 and e5 .

(iv) include at least 2 people from each of the three cities. [4]

(i) the second disc is black, given that the first disc was black, (Q7, June 2005) [1]

[2]

4732/S05

(ii) Calculate discvalue of e2 + e2 + e2 + e2 + e2 and explain the relevance of this quantity to [3]

is black,

1 2 3 4 5

the

(iii) regression lineare

the two discs found in part (i)

of different .

colours. [2]

[3]

(v) Find the mean and the variance of e1 , e2 , e3 , e4 , e5 . [4]

33 Each of the 7 letters in the word DIVIDED is printed on a separate card. The cards are arranged in a

row. 4732/Jan05

(i) How many different arrangements of the letters are possible? [3]

(ii) In how many of these arrangements are all three Ds together? [2]

The 7 cards are now shuffled and 2 cards are selected at random, without replacement.

(iii) Find the probability that at least one of these 2 cards has D printed on it. [3]

(Q3, June 2006)

4 (i) The random variable X has the distribution B(25, 0.2). Using the tables of cumulative binomial

probabilities, or otherwise, find P(X ≥ 5). [2]

(ii) The random variable Y has the distribution B(10, 0.27). Find P(Y = 3). [2]

(iii) The random variable Z has the distribution B(n, 0.27). Find the smallest value of n such that

P(Z ≥ 1) > 0.95. [3]

1 The table shows the probability distribution for a random variable X .

(ii) Give a reason why it would not be sensible to use your answer to draw a conclusion about all the

PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

households in the town. x 0 1 2 3 [1]

PX x 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4

43 The digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are arranged in random order, to form a five-digit number.

Calculate EX and VarX . [5]

(i) How many different five-digit numbers can be formed? [1]

2 Two

(ii) judges

Find theeach placed skaters

probability that thefrom five countries

five-digit in rank order.

number is

physicsandmathstutor.com

(a) odd, Position 1st 2nd4 3rd 4th 5th [2]

(b) less than 23 Judge

000. 1 UK France Russia Poland Canada [3]

5 The stem-and-leaf diagram shows the masses, in grams, of 23 plums, measured correct to the nearest

gram. Judge 2 Russia Canada France UK Poland (Q3, Jan 2007)

rank5correlation

Calculate Spearman’s 5 6 7 8 8 coefficient,

9 rs , for the two judges’ rankings. [5]

6 1 2 3 5 6 8 9

7 0 0 2 4 5 6 7 8 Key : 6 2 means 62

53 8 0

(i) How many different teams of 7 people can be chosen, without regard to order, from a squad

of 15? 9 7 [2]

(i) The

(ii) Find squad consists

the median and of 6 forwards

interquartile and of9 these

range defenders.

masses.How many different teams containing

[3]

3 forwards and 4 defenders can be chosen? [2]

(ii) State one advantage of using the interquartile range rather than the standard deviation (Q3,asJune

a measure

2007)

of the variation in these masses. [1]

4 A bag contains 6 white discs and 4 blue discs. Discs are removed at random, one at a time, without

physicsandmathstutor.com

replacement.

(iii) State one advantage and one disadvantage of using a stem-and-leaf diagram rather than a box-

and-whisker plot to represent data. 2 [2]

(i) Find the probability that

61 (i) The

Jamesletters A, B, calculate

wished C, D and the

E are arranged in a straight line. of the given data. He first subtracted

(iv) (a) the secondtodisc mean

is blue, given andthe

that standard

first discdeviation

was blue, [1]

5 from

(a) each

How of the

many digits toarrangements

different the left of theare

line in the stem-and-leaf diagram, giving the following.

possible? [2]

(b) the second disc is blue, [3]

(b) In how many0of 5these 6 7arrangements

8 8 9 are the letters A and B next to each other? [3]

(c) the third disc is blue, given that the first disc was blue. [3]

1 1 2 3 5 6 8 9

(ii) From the letters A,2 B, 0C,0D 2and4 E,

5 two

6 7different

8 letters areKey

selected

: 1 at2random.

means 12Find the probability

(ii) The random variable X is the number 4732/01

© OCR 2007 of discs

Jan07 which are removed up to and including the first

that these two letters

3 0 are A and B. [2]

blue disc. State whether the variable X has a geometric distribution. Explain your answer briefly.

4 7

(Q1, Jan 2008)

[1]

2 The mean

A random and T

variable standard

has thedeviation of the

distribution data

Geo! 5

". Find

1 in this diagram are 18.1 and 9.7 respectively, correct

to 1 decimal place. Write down the mean and standard deviation of the data in the original

(i) P( T = 4),

diagram. [2]

(ii) P(T > 4), [2]

76 (iii) T ).

A testE(consists of 4 algebra questions, A, B, C and D, and 4 geometry questions, G, H, I and J. [1]

The examiner plans to arrange all 8 questions in a random order, regardless of topic.

3 A sample of bivariate data was taken and the results were summarised as follows.

(i) (a) How many different arrangements are possible? [2]

n=5 Σ x = 24 Σ x2 = 130 Σ y = 39 Σ y2 = 361 Σ xy = 212

(b) Find the probability that no two Algebra questions are next to each other and no two

Geometry questions are next to each other. [3]

(i) Show that the value of the product moment correlation coefficient r is 0.855, correct to 3 significant

Later,figures.

the examiner decides that the questions should be arranged in two sections, Algebra followed [2]

by Geometry, with the questions in each section arranged in a random order.

(ii) The ranks of the data were found. One student calculated Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient

(ii) r(a)

s , and

Howfound

many that rs = 0.7.

different Another student

arrangements calculated the product moment coefficient, R,[2]

are possible? of

© OCR 2007 these ranks. State which one of the following statements is true, and explain your answer briefly.

4732/01 Jun07

(b) Find the probability that questions A and H are next to each other.

(A) R = 0.855

[1]

R =the

(c)(B)Find 0.7probability that questions B and J are separated by more than four other questions.

[4]

(C) It is impossible to give the value of R without carrying out a calculation using the original

data. (Q6, Jan 2009)

[2]

(iii) All the values of x are now multiplied by a scaling factor of 2. State the new values of r and r .

physicsandmathstutor.com PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

4

87 Three letters are selected at random from the 8 letters of the word COMPUTER, without regard to

order.

(ii) Find the probability that the letter P is included in the selection. [3]

Three letters are now selected at random, one at a time, from the 8 letters of the word COMPUTER,

and are placed in order in a line.

(iii) Find the probability that the 3 letters form the word TOP. [3]

(Q7, June 2009)

8 A game at a charity event uses a bag containing 19 white counters and 1 red counter. To play the

game once a player takes countersphysicsandmathstutor.com

at random from the bag, one at a time, without replacement. If the

red counter is taken, the player wins a prize and the game ends. If not, the game ends when 3 white

5

counters have been taken. Niko plays the game once.

9

8 The

(i) five

(a) letters

Copy of the

and word NEVER

complete the treeare arranged

diagram in random

showing order in a straight

the probabilities line.

for Niko. [4]

(i) How many different orders of the letters are possible? [2]

First counter

(ii) In how many of the possible orders are the two Es next to each other? [2]

19 the firstWhite

(iii) Find the probability that two letters in the order include exactly one letter E. [3]

20

(Q8, Jan 2010)

9 R and S are independent random variables each having the distribution Geo(p).

physicsandmathstutor.com

(i) Find P(R = 1 and S =201) in termsRed

1

of p. [1]

4

(ii) Show that P(R = 3 and S = 3) = p2 q4 , where q = 1 − p. [1]

10

7 The menu below

(b) Find theshows all thethat

probability dishes available

Niko will winataaprize.

certain restaurant. [3]

(iii) Use the formula for the sum to infinity of a geometric series to show that

Rice dishes

(ii) The number of counters Main

that Niko takes dishes by X . Vegetable dishes

is denoted

(a) Find P(X = 3). P(R Chicken

= S) =

p

2−p

Boiled rice . Mushrooms [5]

[2]

(b) Find E(X ). Fried rice Beef Cauliflower [4]

Pilau rice Lamb Spinach

9 Repeated independentKeema

trials ofrice

a certain experiment

Mixed grillare carried out. On each trial the probability of

Lentils

success is 0.12. Prawn Potatoes

(i) Find the smallest value of n such thatVegetarian

the probability of at least one success in n trials is more

than 0.95. [3]

A group of friends decide that they will share a total of 2 different rice dishes, 3 different main dishes

(ii) Find the probability that the 3rd success occurs on the 7th trial. [5]

and 4 different vegetable dishes from this menu. Given these restrictions,

(i) find the number of possible combinations of dishes that they can choose to share, [3]

(ii) assuming that all choices are equally likely, find the probability that they choose boiled rice.

[2]

Copyright Information

OCR is committed to seeking permission to reproduce all third-party content that it uses in its assessment materials. OCR has attempted to identify and contact all copyright holders

The friends decide to add a further restriction as follows. If they choose boiled rice, they will not

whose work is used in this paper. To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to candidates, all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced in the OCR Copyright

Acknowledgements Booklet. This is produced for each series of examinations, is given to all schools that receive assessment material and is freely available to download from our public

choose potatoes.

website (www.ocr.org.uk) after the live examination series.

If OCR has unwittingly failed to correctly acknowledge or clear any third-party content in this assessment material, OCR will be happy to correct its mistake at the earliest possible opportunity.

(iii) Find the number of possible combinations of dishes that they can now choose.

For queries or further information please contact the Copyright Team, First Floor, 9 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 1PB. [3]

OCR is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group; Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department

of the University of Cambridge. (Q7, June 2010)

© OCR 2009 4732 Jun09

8 The proportion of people who watch West Street on television is 30%. A market researcher interviews

people at random in order to contact viewers of West Street. Each day she has to contact a certain

number of viewers of West Street.

physicsandmathstutor.com PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

4

Red

11

6 (i) The diagram shows67 cards, each with a digit printed on it. The digits form a 7-digit number.

10

1 3 3 3 5 5 9

How many different 7-digit numbers can be formed using these cards? [3]

(ii) The diagram below4shows 5 white cards and 10 grey cards, each with a letter printed on it.

10

Blue

A C E J T

A B G L M

The total number of blue discs that Chloe takes is denoted by X .

N P Q R Z [2]

From these

The complete cards, 3 white

probability cards and

distribution 4 grey

of X cards

is given are selected at random without regard to order.

below.

(a) How many selections of seven cards are possible? [3]

x 0 1 2

(b) Find the probability that the seven cards include exactly one card showing the letter A. [4]

P(X = x) 1

6

3

5

7

30 (Q6, Jan 2011)

7 The probability distribution of a discrete random variable, X , is shown below.

(iii) Calculate E(X ) and Var(X ). x 0 2 [5]

a P(X = x) 1−a

12

6 A group of 7 students sit in random order on a bench.

(i) Find E(X ) in terms of a. [2]

(i) (a) Find the number of orders in which they can sit. [1]

(ii) Show that7Var

(b) The (X ) = 4include

students a(1 − aTom

). and Jerry. Find the probability that Tom and Jerry sit next[3]

to

each other. [3]

8 Five dogs, A, B, C , D and E, took part in three races. The order in which they finished the first race

The students

(ii) ABCDE

was . consist of 3 girls and 4 boys. Find the probability that

(a) no two boys sit next to each other, [2]

(i) Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient between the orders for the 5 dogs in the first two races

was

(b) found to be

all three −1.sitWrite

girls down

next to eachthe order in which the dogs finished the second race.

other. [1]

[3]

(Q6,race

(ii) Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient between the orders for the 5 dogs in the first June

and2011)

the

third race was found to be 0.9.

(a) Show that, in the usual notation (as in the List of Formulae), Σd 2 = 2. [2]

(b) Hence or otherwise find a possible order in which the dogs could have finished the third

© OCR 2011 race. 4732 Jun11 [2]

Copyright Information

OCR is committed to seeking permission to reproduce all third-party content that it uses in its assessment materials. OCR has attempted to identify and contact all copyright holders

whose work is used in this paper. To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to candidates, all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced in the OCR Copyright

Acknowledgements Booklet. This is produced for each series of examinations and is freely available to download from our public website (www.ocr.org.uk) after the live examination series.

If OCR has unwittingly failed to correctly acknowledge or clear any third-party content in this assessment material, OCR will be happy to correct its mistake at the earliest possible opportunity.

For queries or further information please contact the Copyright Team, First Floor, 9 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 1GE.

OCR is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group; Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department

of the University of Cambridge.

3 (b) Hence

The Gross findProduct

Domestic the probability

per Capitathat the number

(GDP), of and

x dollars, these

theplants

Infantthat produce

Mortality blue

Rate perflowers is (IMR),

thousand greater

than the number that produce red flowers. PhysicsAndMathsTutor.com

[3]

y, of 6 African countries were recorded and summarised as follows.

9

13 A bag contains 9 discs numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.

(i) Calculate the equation of the regression line of y on x for these 6 countries. [4]

(i) Andrea chooses 4 discs at random, without replacement, and places them in a row.

The original data were plotted on a scatter diagram and the regression line of y on x was drawn, as shown

below.(a) How many different 4-digit numbers can be made? [2]

(b) How many different odd 4-digit numbers can be made? [3]

y

100 4 discs are put back in the bag. Martin then chooses 4 discs at random, without replacement.

(ii) Andrea’s

Find the probability that

80

(b) the 4 digits add up to 28. [3]

(Q9, Jan 2012)

60 physicsandmathstutor.com

4

7

14 (i) 5 of the 7 letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G are arranged in a random order in a straight line.

x

800 arrangements

(a) How many different 1000 of 5 letters

1200 are possible?

1400 1600 [2]

(ii) The

(b) GDP

How for another

many country,

of these Tanzania,

arrangements endiswith

1300 dollars.

a vowel (AUse the regression line in the diagram [3]

or E)? to

estimate the IMR of Tanzania. [1]

(ii) A group of 5 people is to be chosen from a list of 7 people.

(iii) The GDP for Nigeria is 2400 dollars. Give two reasons why the regression line is unlikely to give a

reliable

(a) How estimate for the IMR

many different for Nigeria.

groups of 5 people can be chosen? [2]

[1]

(iv) The

(b) actual value

The list of 7ofpeople

the IMR for Tanzania

includes is 96.

Jill and Jo. The data of

A group for5Tanzania

people is(xchosen

= 1300,aty = 96) is now

random fromincluded

the list.

with the original

Given 6 countries.

that either Jill andCalculate

Jo are boththechosen

value or

of neither

the product moment

of them correlation

is chosen, find thecoefficient,

probabilityr,that

for

all 7 countries.

both of them are chosen. [4]

[3]

(Q7, June 2012)

(v) The IMR is now redefined as the infant mortality rate per hundred instead of per thousand, and the

8 (i) value of r is variable

The random recalculated

X hasfor

thealldistribution

7 countries. Without

B(30, 0.6). calculation

Find P(X !state

16). what effect, if any, this would

[2]

have on the value of r found in part (iv). [1]

(ii) The random variable Y has the distribution B(4, 0.7).

4

15 (i) How manyP(Y

(a) Find different

= 2). 3-digit numbers can be formed using the digits 1, 2 and 3 when [2]

(a)

(b) no repetitions

Three values ofareY allowed,

are chosen at random. Find the probability that their total is 10. [1]

[6]

© OCR 2012 4732Jan12

(b) any repetitions are allowed, [2]

9 (i) A clock is designed to chime once each hour, on the hour. The clock has a fault so that each time it is

1

(c) each to

supposed digit maythere

chime be included at most

is a constant twice? of 10 that it will not chime. It may be assumed that [2]

probability the

clock never stops and that faults occur independently. The clock is started at 5 minutes past midnight

(ii) How many different

on a certain day. Find4-digit numbers can

the probability that be

theformed using

first time the digits

it does 1, 2 and

not chime is 3 when each digit may be

included at most twice? [5]

(a) at 0600 on that day, [3]

(Q4, Jan 2013)

(b) before 0600 on that day. [3]

© OCR 2013

(ii) Another clock is designed to chime twice4732/01 hour: on the hour and at 30 minutes past theTurn over

eachJan13 hour. This

1

clock has a fault so that each time it is supposed to chime there is a constant probability of 20 that it will

not chime. It may be assumed that the clock never stops and that faults occur independently. The clock

is started at 5 minutes past midnight on a certain day.

(a) Find the probability that the first time it does not chime is at either 0030 or 0130 on that day. [2]

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