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10 tricks for doing fast math Full Name

Here are 10 fast math strategies students (and adults!) can


use to do math in their heads. Once these strategies are Email
mastered, students should be able to accurately and
confidently solve math problems that they once feared
solving. SUBSCRIBE

1. Adding large numbers


Adding large numbers just in your head can be di icult.
This method shows how to simplify this process by making
all the numbers a multiple of 10. Here is an example:

644 + 238

While these numbers are hard to contend with, rounding


them up will make them more manageable. So, 644
becomes 650 and 238 becomes 240.

Now, add 650 and 240 together. The total is 890. To find the
answer to the original equation, it must be determined
how much we added to the numbers to round them up.

650 – 644 = 6 and 240 – 238 = 2

Now, add 6 and 2 together for a total of 8

To find the answer to the original equation, 8 must be


subtracted from the 890.

890 – 8 = 882

So the answer to 644 +238 is 882.

2. Subtracting from 1,000


Here’s a basic rule to subtract a large number from 1,000:
Subtract every number except the last from 9 and subtract
the final number from 10

For example:

1,000 – 556

Step 1: Subtract 5 from 9 = 4


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Step 2: Subtract 5 from 9 = 4

Step 3: Subtract 6 from 10 = 4

The answer is 444.

3. Multiplying 5 times any number


When multiplying the number 5 by an even number, there
is a quick way to find the answer.

For example, 5 x 4 =

Step 1: Take the number being multiplied by 5 and cut it


in half, this makes the number 4 become the number 2.
Step 2: Add a zero to the number to find the answer. In
this case, the answer is 20.

5 x 4 = 20

When multiplying an odd number times 5, the formula is a


bit di erent.

For instance, consider 5 x 3.

Step 1: Subtract one from the number being multiplied


by 5, in this instance the number 3 becomes the number
2.
Step 2: Now halve the number 2, which makes it the
number 1. Make 5 the last digit. The number produced is
15, which is the answer.

5 x 3 = 15

4. Division tricks
Here’s a quick way to know when a number can be evenly
divided by these certain numbers:

10 if the number ends in 0


9 when the digits are added together and the total is
evenly divisible by 9
8 if the last three digits are evenly divisible by 8 or are
000
6 if it is an even number and when the digits are added
together the answer is evenly divisible by 3
5 if it ends in a 0 or 5 Privacy - Terms
4 if it ends in 00 or a two digit number that is evenly
divisible by 4
3 when the digits are added together and the result is
evenly divisible by the number 3
2 if it ends in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8

5. Multiplying by 9
This is an easy method that is helpful for multiplying any
number by 9. Here is how it works:

Let’s use the example of 9 x 3.

Step 1: Subtract 1 from the number that is being


multiplied by 9.

3–1=2

The number 2 is the first number in the answer to the


equation.

Step 2: Subtract that number from the number 9.

9–2=7

The number 7 is the second number in the answer to the


equation.

So, 9 x 3 = 27

6. 10 and 11 times tricks


The trick to multiplying any number by 10 is to add a zero
to the end of the number. For example, 62 x 10 = 620.

There is also an easy trick for multiplying any two-digit


number by 11. Here it is:

11 x 25

Take the original two-digit number and put a space


between the digits. In this example, that number is 25.

2_5

Now add those two numbers together and put the result in
the center:
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2_(2 + 5)_5

2_7_5

The answer to 11 x 25 is 275.

If the numbers in the center add up to a number with two


digits, insert the second number and add 1 to the first one.
Here is an example for the equation 11 x 88

8_(8 +8)_8

(8 + 1)_6_8

9_6_8

There is the answer to 11 x 88: 968

7. Percentage
Finding a percentage of a number can be somewhat tricky,
but thinking about it in the right terms makes it much
easier to understand. For instance, to find out what 5% of
235 is, follow this method:

Step 1: Move the decimal point over by one place, 235


becomes 23.5.
Step 2: Divide 23.5 by the number 2, the answer is 11.75.
That is also the answer to the original equation.

8. Quickly square a two-digit number that ends in 5


Let’s use the number 35 as an example.

Step 1: Multiply the first digit by itself plus 1.


Step 2: Put a 25 at the end.

35 squared = [3 x (3 + 1)] & 25

[3 x (3 + 1)] = 12

12 & 25 = 1225

35 squared = 1225

9. Tough multiplication
When multiplying large numbers, if one of the numbers is
even, divide the first number in half, and then double the Privacy - Terms
second number. This method will solve the problem
quickly. For instance, consider

20 x 120

Step 1: Divide the 20 by 2, which equals 10. Double 120,


which equals 240.

Then multiply your two answers together.

10 x 240 = 2400

The answer to 20 x 120 is 2,400.

10. Multiplying numbers that end in zero


Multiplying numbers that end in zero is actually quite
simple. It involves multiplying the other numbers together
and then adding the zeros at the end. For instance,
consider:

200 x 400

Step 1: Multiply the 2 times the 4

2x4=8

Step 2: Put all four of the zeros a er the 8

80,000

200 x 400= 80,000

Practicing these fast math tricks can help both students


and teachers become secure in their knowledge of
mathematics—and unafraid to work with numbers in the
future.

The teaching tips you receive today can be used in your


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Tags: Math and Science, Mathematics