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Ãåîðåñóðñû. 2016. Ò. 18. ¹ 3. ×. 1. Ñ. 186-190 Georesursy = Georesources. 2016. V. 18. No. 3. Part 1. Pp.

186-190

ÓÄÊ 550.832.44

ÂÛßÂËÅÍÈÅ ÍÅÃÅÐÌÅÒÈ×ÍÎÑÒÈ ÌÓÔÒÎÂÛÕ


ÑÎÅÄÈÍÅÍÈÉ ÍÀÑÎÑÍÎ-ÊÎÌÏÐÅÑÑÎÐÍÛÕ ÒÐÓÁ,
ÎÁÑÀÄÍÛÕ È ÒÅÕÍÈ×ÅÑÊÈÕ ÊÎËÎÍÍ ÄËß ÑÊÂÀÆÈÍ
ÏÎÄÇÅÌÍÎÃÎ ÕÐÀÍÈËÈÙÀ ÃÀÇÀ  ÑÎËßÍÛÕ
ÊÀÂÅÐÍÀÕ ÌÅÒÎÄÎÌ ÑÏÅÊÒÐÀËÜÍÎÉ ØÓÌÎÌÅÒÐÈÈ
À.Ì. Àñëàíÿí1, Ì.Â. Âîëêîâ1, Ñ.Â. Ñîðîêà1, À.À. Àðáóçîâ1, Ä.Ê. Íóðãàëèåâ2, Ä.Â. Ãðèøèí3,
Ð.Ñ. Íèêèòèí3, À.Í. Ìàëåâ4, Ð.Í. Ìèíàõìåòîâà1
1
ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ», Êàçàíü, Ðîññèÿ
2
Êàçàíñêèé ôåäåðàëüíûé óíèâåðñèòåò, Êàçàíü, Ðîññèÿ
3
ÎÎÎ «Ãàçïðîì ÏÕû, Ìîñêâà, Ðîññèÿ
4
ÎÎÎ «Ãàçïðîì ãåîðåñóðñ», Ìîñêâà, Ðîññèÿ

 ñòàòüå ðàññìàòðèâàåòñÿ ñêâàæèíà Ïîäçåìíîãî Õðàíèëèùà Ãàçà, â ìåæêîëîííûõ ïðîñòðàíñòâàõ êîòîðîé


íàáëþäàëîñü èçáûòî÷íîå äàâëåíèå. Ïðîâåäåííûé êîìïëåêñ ïðîìûñëîâî-ãåîôèçè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé, âêëþ÷à-
þùèé â ñåáÿ ñïåêòðàëüíóþ øóìîìåòðèþ, âûñîêîòî÷íóþ òåðìîìåòðèþ è ìàãíèòíî-èìïóëüñíóþ äåôåêòîñêî-
ïèþ ïîçâîëèë îïðåäåëèòü ãåîìåòðèþ ïîòîêà â öåìåíòèðîâàííûõ ìåæêîëîííûõ ïðîñòðàíñòâàõ è âûÿâèòü íåãåð-
ìåòè÷íûå ìóôòîâûå ñîåäèíåíèÿ íàñîñíî-êîìïðåññîðíûõ òðóá, îáñàäíûõ êîëîíí è êîíäóêòîðîâ.  ñòàòüå ïðè-
âîäèòñÿ ïîäðîáíûé àíàëèç äàííûõ ïðîìûñëîâî-ãåîôèçè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé è ðåêîìåíäàöèè ïî ïðîâåäåíèþ
ðåìîíòíî-èçîëÿöèîííûõ ðàáîò. Õàðàêòåð ïîòîêà è òèï íàðóøåíèé ãåðìåòè÷íîñòè ïî äàííûì ïðîìûñëîâî-
ãåîôèçè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé ïîçâîëèëè èçáåæàòü ïåðåâîäà ñêâàæèíû â ôîíä êîíñåðâàöèè.
Êëþ÷åâûå ñëîâà: Ïîäçåìíîå õðàíèëèùå ãàçà, èçáûòî÷íîå äàâëåíèå, ñïåêòðàëüíàÿ øóìîìåòðèÿ, íåãåðìå-
òè÷íîñòü ìóôòîâûõ ñîåäèíåíèé, âûñîêîòî÷íàÿ òåðìîìåòðèÿ, ìàãíèòíî-èìïóëüñíàÿ äåôåêòîñêîïèÿ, ñîëÿíàÿ
êàâåðíà.
DOI: 10.18599/grs.18.3.7
Äëÿ öèòèðîâàíèÿ: Àñëàíÿí À.Ì., Âîëêîâ Ì.Â., Ñîðîêà Ñ.Â., Àðáóçîâ À.À., Íóðãàëèåâ Ä.Ê., Ãðèøèí
Ä.Â., Íèêèòèí Ð.Ñ., Ìàëåâ À.Í., Ìèíàõìåòîâà Ð.Í. Âûÿâëåíèå íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè ìóôòîâûõ ñîåäèíåíèé íàñîñíî-
êîìïðåññîðíûõ òðóá, îáñàäíûõ è òåõíè÷åñêèõ êîëîíí äëÿ ñêâàæèí ÏÕà â ñîëÿíûõ êàâåðíàõ ìåòîäîì ñïåêòðàëü-
íîé øóìîìåòðèè. Ãåîðåñóðñû. 2016. Ò. 18. ¹ 3. ×. 1. Ñ. 186-190. DOI: 10.18599/grs.18.3.7

Ââåäåíèå Òåõíîëîãèè
Ïîäçåìíîå õðàíèëèùå ãàçà ÿâëÿåòñÿ ñîâðåìåííûì è Äàëåå ïî òåêñòó ïðèâåäåíî êðàòêîå îïèñàíèå êàæäîé
áåçîïàñíûì îáúåêòîì õðàíåíèÿ ãàçà ñ öåëüþ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ èç ïðèìåíåííûõ òåõíîëîãèé.
áåñïåðåáîéíîé, âêëþ÷àÿ ïèêîâûé ïåðèîä, ðàáîòû ñèñòåì
ãàçîñíàáæåíèÿ. Èç âñåõ òèïîâ Ïîäçåìíûõ Õðàíèëèù Ãàçà Âûñîêî÷óâñòâèòåëüíàÿ ñïåêòðàëüíàÿ
(ÏÕÃ) â íåïðîíèöàåìûõ ãîðíûõ ïîðîäàõ íàèáîëåå ðàñïðî- øóìîìåòðèÿ
ñòðàíåíû ãàçîâûå õðàíèëèùà â ñîëÿíûõ êàâåðíàõ. Îñíîâîé òåõíîëîãèè ïàññèâíîé øóìîìåòðèè ÿâëÿåòñÿ
 äàííîé ñòàòüå ïðåäñòàâëÿþòñÿ òåõíîëîãèè è ðåçóëü- ðåãèñòðàöèÿ âî âðåìåííîé îáëàñòè àêóñòè÷åñêèõ ñèãíà-
òàòû ãåîôèçè÷åñêîãî êîìïëåêñà èññëåäîâàíèÿ âûñîêîòî÷- ëîâ, ñîçäàâàåìûõ:
íîé òåðìîìåòðèè (HPT), ñïåêòðàëüíîé øóìîìåòðèè (SNL- - ôèëüòðàöèåé ôëþèäà ïî ïëàñòó,
HD) è ìàãíèòíî-èìïóëüñíîé äåôåêòîñêîïèè (EmPulse). - òå÷åíèåì æèäêîñòè è ãàçà ïî òðåùèíàì â öåìåíòíîì
Öåëüþ èññëåäîâàíèÿ êîìïëåêñà HPT-SNL-HD-EmPulse êàìíå çà îáñàäíîé êîëîííîé,
áûëî âûÿâëåíèå ìåñò íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè â ìíîãîêîëîííîé - óòå÷êàìè æèäêîñòè ñêâîçü äåôåêòû â êîíñòðóêöèè
êîíñòðóêöèè ñêâàæèíû è îïðåäåëåíèå òðàåêòîðèè äâèæå- ñêâàæèíû,
íèÿ ãàçà â ñêâàæèíå ÏÕÃ â ñîëÿíîé êàâåðíå. Àíàëèç òåõ- - ïîòîêàìè æèäêîñòè è ãàçà âíóòðè ñêâàæèíû.
íè÷åñêîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ ñêâàæèíû ñ ïðèìåíåíèåì ñîâðåìåí- Ïîñëåäóþùèé àíàëèç äàííûõ ñïåêòðàëüíîé øóìîìåò-
íûõ òåõíîëîãèé ïîçâîëÿåò âûÿâèòü äåôåêòû ñïóùåííûõ ðèè âî âðåìåííîé è ÷àñòîòíîé îáëàñòÿõ îáåñïå÷èâàåò êîì-
êîëîíí,óñòàíîâèòü èñòî÷íèê èçáûòî÷íîãî ìåæêîëîííîãî ïëåêñíûé ïîäõîä â îïðåäåëåíèè èíòåðâàëîâ íåãåðìåòè÷-
äàâëåíèÿ (ÌÊÄ) â ìåæêîëîííîì ïðîñòðàíñòâå (ÌÊÏ) è íîñòè îáñàäíîé êîëîííû è íàñîñíî-êîìïðåññîðíîé òðó-
ïðîñëåäèòü òðàåêòîðèþ äâèæåíèÿ ãàçà çà íåñêîëüêèìè áû (ÍÊÒ), âûÿâëåíèå èíòåðâàëîâ ôèëüòðàöèè ôëþèäà.
ìåòàëëè÷åñêèìè áàðüåðàìè â ñêâàæèíå. Èçó÷åíèå è óñòà- Èññëåäîâàíèÿ, ïðåäñòàâëåííûå â íàñòîÿùåé ñòàòüå,
íîâëåíèå ïåðâîïðè÷èíû âîçíèêíîâåíèÿ ÌÊÄ äåëàþò âîç- áûëè âûïîëíåíû ïðèáîðîì SNL-HD-9, îáåñïå÷èâàþùå-
ìîæíûì íå òîëüêî ïðîâåäåíèå ðåìîíòíî-èçîëÿöèîííûõ ãî ðåãèñòðàöèþ àêóñòè÷åñêèõ ñèãíàëîâ â øèðîêîì äèàïà-
ðàáîò (ÐÈÐ) â òåêóùåé ñêâàæèíå, íî è ïðåäîñòàâëÿþò ðå- çîíå ÷àñòîò îò 9 Ãö äî 58.6 êÃö. ×àñòîòíîå ðàçðåøåíèå
êîìåíäàöèè ê êðåïëåíèþ êîëîííû ïîñëåäóþùèõ ñêâàæèí. ñîñòàâëÿåò 9 Ãö â äèàïàçîíå íèæå 5 êÃö è 114 Ãö â äèàïàçî-
Òåì ñàìûì óâåëè÷èâàÿ âðåìÿ èõ ýêñïëóàòàöèè è ñíèæàÿ íå îò 0.1 äî 58.6 êÃö, äèíàìè÷åñêèé äèàïàçîí èçìåíåíèÿ
âðåìÿ è ðàñõîäû íà ïðîâåäåíèå ÐÈÐ.

186 GEORESURSY
À.Ì. Àñëàíÿí, Ì.Â. Âîëêîâ, Ñ.Â. Ñîðîêà è äð. A.M. Aslanyan, M.V. Volkov, S.V. Soroka et al.

óðîâíÿ øóìà ñîîòâåòñòâóåò 90 äÁ. Ñïåêòð øóìîâ ñîäåðæèò Ìàãíèòíî-èìïóëüñíàÿ äåôåêòîñêîïèÿ


512 ÷àñòîòíûõ êàíàëîâ, ÷òî ïîçâîëÿåò ïðåäñòàâëÿòü ñïåêò- (EmPulse)
ðû øóìîâ â âûñîêîì ðàçðåøåíèè. Íàëè÷èå øèðîêîãî äè- Ââèäó íàëè÷èÿ àãðåññèâíîãî ñîëåâîãî ðàñòâîðà (ðàñ-
íàìè÷åñêîãî äèàïàçîíà ðåãèñòðèðóåìûõ ñèãíàëîâ è áîëü- ñîëà) â ÍÊÒ, è ìíîãîêîëîííîé êîíñòðóêöèè ñêâàæèíû,îï-
øîå êîëè÷åñòâî êàíàëîâ ïîçâîëÿåò íå òîëüêî âûÿâëÿòü èí- ðåäåëåíèå òîëùèí ïîäâåñíîé (177.8 ìì), îñíîâíîé îáñàä-
òåðâàëû ñ ïîâûøåííûì óðîâíåì àêóñòè÷åñêèõ øóìîâ, íî íîé êîëîííû (244.5 ìì) è òåõíè÷åñêîé êîëîííû (324 ìì)
è äèôôåðåíöèðîâàòü èõ ïî ñïåêòðàëüíîìó ñîñòàâó (íàïðè- çíà÷èòåëüíî çàòðóäíåíû.Äëÿêîíòðîëÿ òåõíè÷åñêîãî ñîñòî-
ìåð, øóì îò äâèæåíèÿ ôëþèäà âäîëü ñêâàæèíû – ïðåèìó- ÿíèÿ: îöåíêè ìåñò êîððîçèè ñêâàæèííîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ è
ùåñòâåííî íèçêî÷àñòîòíûé, øóì îò äâèæåíèÿ ôëþèäà ïî âûÿâëåíèÿ ìóôò êîëîííû,â äàííîì èññëåäîâàíèè èñïîëü-
ïëàñòó – ñîäåðæèò âûñîêî÷àñòîòíóþ êîìïîíåíòó). çîâàëàñü òåõíîëîãèÿ ìàãíèòîèìïóëüñíîé äåôåêòîñêîïèè
Ïîäðîáíîå îïèñàíèå òåõíîëîãèè âûñîêî÷óâñòâèòåëüíîé ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïðèáîðà EmPulse-3. Ïðèáîð EmPulse-3
øèðîêîïîëîñíîé ñïåêòðàëüíîé øóìîìåòðèè áûëè îïóáëè- ïîçâîëÿåò ïðîâîäèòü èññëåäîâàíèÿ â êîëîííàõ áîëüøîãî
êîâàíû ðàíåå (Maslennikova et al., 2012; Suarez et al, 2013; äèàìåòðà (äî 355 ìì). Ïðèíöèï äåéñòâèÿ ïðèáîðà EmPulse-
Aslanyan et al., 2015; Marzouqi et al, 2012; Ahmed et al., 2015). 3 îñíîâàí íà àíàëèçå âðåìåííîãî õàðàêòåðà ñïàäîâ íà-
ìàãíè÷åííîñòè íà êàæäîé ãëóáèíå ïîñëå îáëó÷åíèÿ ñèëü-
Âûñîêîòî÷íàÿ òåðìîìåòðèÿ (High íûìè èìïóëüñàìè ìàãíèòíîãî ïîëÿ. Ôîðìà ñïàäà ñîäåð-
Precision Temperature – HPT) æèò èíôîðìàöèþ î äèàìåòðå, ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ïðîâîäèìî-
HPT ÿâëÿåòñÿ îäíèì èç íàèáîëåå èíôîðìàòèâíûõ ãåî- ñòè, ìàãíèòíîé ïðîíèöàåìîñòè, à òàêæå òîëùèíå âñåõ èñ-
ôèçè÷åñêèõ ìåòîäîâ èññëåäîâàíèÿ òåõíè÷åñêîãî ñîñòîÿ- ñëåäóåìûõ áàðüåðîâ. Âîññòàíîâëåíèå ýòîé èíôîðìàöèè
íèÿ ñêâàæèí. Âûñîêàÿ òî÷íîñòü èçìåðåíèé äîñòèãàåòñÿ èç ñïàäà íàìàãíè÷åííîñòè îòäåëüíî äëÿ êàæäîãî èç èçó-
ïðîâåäåíèåì èññëåäîâàíèé íà ñïóñêå, ïðèáîðîì âûñîêî- ÷àåìûõ áàðüåðîâ ðåøàåòñÿ ïóòåì ñðàâíåíèÿ, ìîäåëüíîãî
ãî ðàçðåøåíèÿ. è çàìåðåííîãî ñïàäîâ íàìàãíè÷åííîñòè äëÿ êàæäîé êîíê-
Ïðè äëèòåëüíîì ïðîñòîå â ñêâàæèíàõ äîñòèãàåòñÿ òåð- ðåòíîé êîìïîíîâêè ïðèáîðà (Ansari, 2015).
ìîäèíàìè÷åñêîå ðàâíîâåñèå ìåæäó ñêâàæèíîé è îêðó-
æàþùèìè ïîðîäàìè. Ïîýòîìó êîíñòðóêöèÿ ñêâàæèí, âêëþ- Êðàòêàÿ èñòîðèÿ ñêâàæèíû è öåëè
÷àÿ öåìåíò çà êîëîííîé, íå îêàçûâàåò ñóùåñòâåííîãî âëè- èññëåäîâàíèÿ
ÿíèÿ íà òåìïåðàòóðó â ñòâîëå ñêâàæèíû, çàìåðåííóþ â Èññëåäóåìàÿ ñêâàæèíà ïðîáóðåíà â àïðåëå 2012 ãîäà
óñëîâèÿõ, êîãäà ñêâàæèíà çàêðûòà â òå÷åíèå êàê ìèíèìóì è çàïóùåíà â òîì æå ãîäóäëÿ ìíîãîôàçíîãî ðàçìûâà ñî-
íåñêîëüêèõ äíåé. Â òàêèõ óñëîâèÿõ çàìåðåííûé òåìïåðà- ëÿíûõ êàâåðí è ïîñëåäóþùåé ýêñïëóàòàöèè ÏÕÃ. Â äåêàá-
òóðíûé ïðîôèëü íàçûâàåòñÿ ñòàòè÷åñêîé òåìïåðàòóðîé. ðå 2013 ãîäà ïðîÿâèëîñü èçáûòî÷íîå äàâëåíèå â öåìåíòè-
Îòêëîíåíèå òåìïåðàòóðíîé êðèâîé, çàìåðåííîé â äè- ðîâàííîì ìåæêîëîííîì ïðîñòðàíñòâå244.5/324 ìì, êîòî-
íàìè÷åñêèõ óñëîâèÿõ, îò ñòàòè÷åñêîé òåìïåðàòóðû ÿâëÿåò- ðîå äîñòèãàëî 64 êãñ/ñì2 (Ðèñ. 1).  àâãóñòå 2015 ãîäà â õîäå
ñÿ ñëåäñòâèåì äâèæåíèÿ æèäêîñòè èëè îïðåññîâêè è ñòðàâëèâàíèÿÌÊÏ 244.5/324 ìì è 324/426 ìì
ãàçà ïî ïëàñòó, èëè ÷åðåç íåãåðìåòè÷- ïîäòâåðäèëîñü íàëè÷èå ñîîáùåíèÿ ìåæäó íèìè. Ïîñëå-
íîñòü êîëîííû, à òàêæå êîììóíèêàöèÿ- äíèå ïðîâåäåííûå çàìåðû äàâëåíèÿ â ÌÊÏ íà ïîâåðõíîñ-
ìè ìåæäó ïëàñòàìè. Ïîýòîìó ïðè àíà- òè ïîêàçàëè íàëè÷èå èçáûòî÷íîãî äàâëåíèÿ â ∅ 244.5 ìì
ëèçå äàííûõ òåðìîìåòðèè â ñêâàæèíàõ êîëîííå – 114 êãñ/ñì2, â 324 ìì – 58 êãñ/ñì2 è â ∅ 426 ìì –
èññëåäóþòñÿ è àíàëèçèðóþòñÿ òåïëîâûå 16 êãñ/ñì2.
àíîìàëèè, âûçâàííûåòåðìîäèíàìè÷åñ-
êèìè ýôôåêòàìè,íàïðèìåð, äâèæåíèåì Ðåçóëüòàòû èññëåäîâàíèÿ êîìïëåêñîì
ôëþèäà â ïëàñòå èëè â ñòâîëå ñêâàæè-
íû. Òàêèì îáðàçîì, ïî ôîðìå òåìïå-
HPT-SNL-HD-EmPulse
ðàòóðíûõ àíîìàëèé äåëàþòñÿ âûâîäû Ïî âûïîëíåííîìó êîìïëåêñó ïðîìûñëîâî-ãåîôèçè-
îá èñòî÷íèêàõ è íàïðàâëåíèè ïîòîêîâ. ÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé (ÏÃÈ) èñòî÷íèêîì èçáûòî÷íîãî äàâ-
ëåíèÿ ÿâëÿåòñÿ ãàç ÌÊÏ 177.8 ìì/244.5 ìì, ïîñòóïàþùèé

Ðèñ. 1. Êîíñòðóêöèÿ ñêâàæèíû è äèíàìèêà äàâëåíèÿ â ìåæêîëîíîì ïðîñòðàíñòâå ìåæäó 177.8 ìì/244.5 ìì,
244.5 ìì/324 ìì è 324 ìì/426 ìì.

187
Ãåîðåñóðñû. 2016. Ò. 18. ¹ 3. ×. 1. Ñ. 186-190 Georesursy = Georesources. 2016. V. 18. No. 3. Part 1. Pp. 186-190

Ðèñ. 2. Îáíàðóæåííûå êîìïëåêñîì ÏÃÈ çàêîëîííûå ïåðåòîêè è íåãåðìåòè÷íûå ìóôòîâûå ñîåäèíåíèÿ:1) Ïî èçìåíåíèþ ãðàäèåíòà
òåìïåðàòóðíûõ êðèâûõ, èçìåíåíèþ äàò÷èêà ÑÒÈ è íàëè÷èþ âûñîêîàìïëèòóäíîé àíîìàëèè ñïåêòðàëüíîé øóìîìåòðèè íà ãëóáèíå
157.3 ì äåëàåòñÿ âûâîä î íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè ìóôòîâîãî ñîåäèíåíèÿ Ò/K 177.8 ìì. 2) Ïî äàííûì ñïåêòðàëüíîé øóìîìåòðèè â
èíòåðâàëå ãëóáèí 199-211 ì îòìå÷àåòñÿ èçìåíåíèå àìïëèòóäû øóìà ïðè ñòðàâëèâàíèè ÌÊÏ 244.5 ìì/324 ìì.  òîæå âðåìÿ, ïî
äàííûì òåðìîìåòðèè â èíòåðâàëå 202.0-203.0 ì îòìå÷àåòñÿ àíîìàëèÿ òåìïåðàòóðû, èç ýòîãî ñëåäóåò âûâîä î íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè
ìóôòîâîãî ñîåäèíåíèÿ êîëîííû ∅ 244.5 ìì íà ãëóáèíå 203 ì. 3)Â èíòåðâàëå 132-138 ì íàáëþäàåòñÿ øóì, ñâÿçàííûé ñ íåãåðìåòè÷-
íîñòüþ ìóôòîâîãî ñîåäèíåíèÿ Ò/Ê 324 ìì.

÷åðåç íåãåðìåòè÷íîå ìóôòîâîå ñîåäèíåíèå êîëîííû ∅ Çàêëþ÷åíèå


244.5 ìì íà ãëóáèíå 203 ì â ìåæêîëîííîå ïðîñòðàíñòâî Ïðîãðàììíî-àïïàðàòíûé êîìïëåêñ ñïåêòðàëüíîé
244.5 ìì/324 ìì è ÷åðåç íåãåðìåòè÷íîå ìóôòîâîå ñîåäè- øóìîìåòðèè, âûñîêîòî÷íîé òåðìîìåòðèè è ìàãíèòíî-
íåíèå òåõíè÷åñêîé êîëîííû ∅ 324 ìì íà ãëóáèíå 133 ì â èìïóëüñíîé äåôåêòîñêîïèèîêàçàëñÿ ýôôåêòèâíûì è ïî-
ìåæêîëîííîå ïðîñòðàíñòâî 324 ìì/426 ìì. (Ðèñ. 1).Òàê- çâîëèë:
æå áûëî îáíàðóæåíî íåãåðìåòè÷íîå ìóôòîâîå ñîåäèíå- 1) îïðåäåëèòü ìåñòà íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè ìóôòîâûõ ñî-
íèå ïîäâåñíîé êîëîííû ∅ 177.8 ìì íà ãëóáèíå 157.3 ì. åäèíåíèé ÍÊÒ, îáñàäíîé è òåõíè÷åñêèõ êîëîí,
Íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòü ìóôòîâûõ ñîåäèíåíèé êîëîííû ∅ 2) ëîêàëèçîâàòü èñòî÷íèê ìåæêîëîííîãî èçáûòî÷íî-
244.5 ìì â èíòåðâàëå 203.0 ì è êîëîííû ∅ 177.8 ìì â èí- ãî äàâëåíèÿ,
òåðâàëå 157.3 ì ïîäòâåðæäàåòñÿ èçìåíåíèåì àìïëèòóäû 3) ïðîñëåäèòü òðàåêòîðèþ äâèæåíèÿ ãàçà, â òîì ÷èñëå
øóìà ïðè ñòðàâëèâàíèè, íàëè÷èåì òåìïåðàòóðíîé àíî- çà íåñêîëüêèìè êîëîííàìè.
ìàëèè, à òàêæå ðåçóëüòàòàìè èíòåðïðåòàöèè äàííûõ äå- Àíàëèç ðåçóëüòàòîâ êîìïëåêñíîãî èññëåäîâàíèÿ óêà-
ôåêòîñêîïèè ïðîâåäåííîãî êîìïëåêñà ÏÃÈ. çàë íà ïåðâîïðè÷èíû âîçíèêíîâåíèÿ ÌÊÄ:
Íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòü ìóôòîâîãî ñîåäèíåíèÿ òåõíè÷åñêîé 1) íåäîñòàòî÷íûå èçîëÿöèîííûå ñâîéñòâà öåìåíòà, è
êîëîííû 324 ìì íà ãëóáèíå 132.4 ì õàðàêòåðèçóåòñÿ óâå- êàê ñëåäñòâèå ïëîõîå ñöåïëåíèÿ ñ êîëîííîé è ïîðîäîé,
ëè÷åíèåì èíòåíñèâíîñòè øóìà ïðè ñòðàâëèâàíèè. Ïîêà- 2) íå îïòèìàëüíî ïîäîáðàííûå àíòèêîððîçèîííûå
çàòåëüíî, ÷òî äàò÷èêàìè âûñîêîòî÷íîé òåðìîìåòðèè åå ñâîéñòâà ìåòàëëè÷åñêèõ áàðüåðîâ,
çàðåãèñòðèðîâàòü íå óäàëîñü, òàê êàê èíòåíñèâíîñòü ïîòî- 3) íåäîñòàòî÷íàÿ ãåðìåòèçàöèÿ ìóôòîâûõ ñîåäèíåíèé.
êà áûëà íåçíà÷èòåëüíîé äëÿ ôîðìèðîâàíèÿ òåìïåðàòóð- Îïðåäåëåííûå ìåñòà è õàðàêòåð íåãåðìåòè÷íîñòè ïî-
íîé àíîìàëèè.  òîæå âðåìÿ ñîçäàâàåìûé àêóñòè÷åñêèé çâîëèëè èçáåæàòü ëèêâèäàöèè ñêâàæèíû, à òàêæå ñïëàíè-
øóì îêàçàëñÿ äîñòàòî÷íûì äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè ñïåêòðàëü- ðîâàòü ÐÈÐ. Ãåîìåòðèÿ ïîòîêà ïðè ñòðàâëèâàíèè îáîèõ
íûì àâòîíîìíûì øóìîìåðîì SNL-HD, ÷òî ãîâîðèò îá ÌÊÏ ïðåäïîëàãàåò ýôôåêòèâíîå åãî óñòðàíåíèå ïóòåì
óíèêàëüíîñòè àïïàðàòóðû è ìåòîäà. öåìåíòèðîâàíèÿ êîëîííû 177.8 ìì è ñïóñêà äîïîëíèòåëü-
Íàðÿäó ñ ýòèì, èññëåäîâàíèÿ ïðèáîðîì EmPulse-3 ïî- íîé êîëîííû.
êàçàëè ñïîñîáíîñòü ìàãíèòíî-èìïóëüñíîé äåôåêòîñêîïèè
îïðåäåëÿòü òîëùèíû êîëîíí äèàìåòðàìè 177.8, 244.5 è
324 ìì çà îäíó ñïóñêî-ïîäúåìíóþ îïåðàöèþ.

188 GEORESURSY
À.Ì. Àñëàíÿí, Ì.Â. Âîëêîâ, Ñ.Â. Ñîðîêà è äð. A.M. Aslanyan, M.V. Volkov, S.V. Soroka et al.

Ëèòåðàòóðà Ìàêñèì Âÿ÷åñëàâîâè÷ Âîëêîâ – ýêñïåðò ïî îöåíêå òåõ-


Ahmed S. Eldaoushy, Moudi Al-Ajmi, Maali Al-Shammari, Aslanyan íè÷åñêîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ ñêâàæèí, ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ»
A., Aslanyan I., Prosvirkin S., Farakhova R. Quantification of Ðîññèÿ, 420108, Êàçàíü, óë. Ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ, 59/1
Reservoir Pressure in Multi- Zone Well under Flowing Conditions Òåë: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: volkov@tgtoil.com
Using Spectral Noise Logging Technique, Zubair Reservoir, Raudhatain
Field, North Kuwait. Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition
and Conference. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2015. Available at: https://
Ñòàíèñëàâ Âëàäèñëàâîâè÷ Ñîðîêà – äèðåêòîð ïðèáî-
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-177620-MS ðîñòðîèòåëüíîãî çàâîäà, ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ»
Al Marzouqi Ayesha Rahman, Al-saiidKeshka Ashraf, Bahamaish Ðîññèÿ, 420108, Êàçàíü, óë. Ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ, 59/1
Jamal Nasir, Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Filenev M., Andreev A., Sudakov Òåë: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: stanislav.soroka@tgtoil.com
V., Farakhova R., Barghouti J., Al Junaibi Tariq Abdulla. Integrating
Reservoir Modelling, High-Precision Temperature Logging and Spectral Àíäðåé Àëåêñàíäðîâè÷ Àðáóçîâ – êàíäèäàò ôèçèêî-ìà-
Noise Logging for Waterflood Analysis. Abu Dhabi International
Petroleum Conference and Exhibition. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2012. òåìàòè÷åñêèõ íàóê, çàìåñòèòåëü Ãåíåðàëüíîãî äèðåêòîðà
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE- ïî íàó÷íîé ðàáîòå, ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ»
157149-MS Ðîññèÿ, 420108, Êàçàíü, óë. Ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ, 59/1
Ansari A., Libdi Z., Khan N., Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Volkov Òåë: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: andrey.arbuzov@tgtoil.com
M., Arbuzov A., Achkeev A., Shnaib F., Makhiyanov R. Triple-Barrier
Thickness Scanning Using Through-Tubing Pulse-Magnetic Logging
Tool. SPE Russian Petroleum Technology Conference. Moscow,
Äàíèñ Êàðëîâè÷ Íóðãàëèåâ – äîêòîð ãåîë.-ìèí. íàóê,
Russia. 2015. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ ïðîôåññîð, ïðîðåêòîð ïî íàó÷íîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè, Êàçàíñ-
SPE-176655-MS êèé ôåäåðàëüíûé óíèâåðñèòåò
Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Karantharath R., Minakhmetova R., Ðîññèÿ, 420008, Êàçàíü, óë. Êðåìëåâñêàÿ, 18
Kohzadi H., Ghanavati M. Spectral Noise Logging Integrated with
High-Precision Temperature Logging for a Multi-Well Leak Detection
Òåë: +7 843 233-74-07, e-mail: danis.nourgaliev@kpfu.ru
Survey in South Alberta. SPE Offshore Europe Conference and
Exhibition. Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. 2015. Available at: https:// Äìèòðèé Âàëåðüåâè÷ Ãðèøèí – çàìåñòèòåëü ãåíåðàëü-
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-175450-MS íîãî äèðåêòîðà – ãëàâíûé èíæåíåð ÎÎÎ «Ãàçïðîì ÏÕû
Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Minakhmetova R., Maslennikova Y., Ðîññèÿ, 117420, Ìîñêâà, óë. Íàìåòêèíà, 12À
Karantharath R., Hadhrami B., Zaaima Al Gafri. Integrated Formation Òåë: +7 495 428-45-09, e-mail: D.Grishin@phg.gazprom.ru
MicroImager (FMI) and Spectral Noise Logging (SNL) for the Study
of Fracturing in Carbonate Reservoirs. Abu Dhabi International
Petroleum Exhibition and Conference. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2015.
Ðîìàí Ñåðãååâè÷ Íèêèòèí – çàìåñòèòåëü ãåíåðàëüíî-
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE- ãî äèðåêòîðà – ãëàâíûé ãåîëîã ÎÎÎ «Ãàçïðîì ÏÕû
177616-MS Ðîññèÿ, 117420, Ìîñêâà, óë. Íàìåòêèíà, 12À
Maslennikova Y.S., Bochkarev V.V., Savinkov A.V., Davydov D.A. Òåë: +7 495 428-45-01, e-mail: R.Nikitin@phg.gazprom.ru
Spectral Noise Logging Data Processing Technology. Proc. SPE
Russian Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Technical Conference
Àëåêñåé Íèêîëàåâè÷ Ìàëåâ – íà÷àëüíèê ãåîëîãî-ãåî-
and Exhibition. Moscow, Russia. 2012. Available at: https://
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-162081-RU ôèçè÷åñêîãî Óïðàâëåíèÿ ÎÎÎ «Ãàçïðîì ãåîðåñóðñ»
Suarez N., Otubaga A., Mehrotra N., Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Ðîññèÿ, 117149, Ìîñêâà, óë. Áîëîòíèêîâñêàÿ, 18/2
Khabibullin M., Wilson M., Barghouti J., Maslennikova Y. Òåë: +7 495 921-05-46
Complementing Production Logging with Spectral Noise Analysis to
E-mail: a.maljov@gazpromgeofizika.ru
Improve Reservoir Characterisation and Surveillance. SPWLA 54th
Annual Logging Symposium. New Orleans, Louisiana. 2013.
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPWLA-
Ðîçà Íàñèõîâíà Ìèíàõìåòîâà – âåäóùèé ñïåöèàëèñò
2013-TTT îòäåëà ýêñïåðòîâ ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ»
Ðîññèÿ, 420108, Êàçàíü, óë. Ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ, 59/1
Òåë: +7 843 210-17-74
Ñâåäåíèÿ îá àâòîðàõ
E-mail: roza.minakhmetova@tgtoil.com
Àðòóð Ìèõàéëîâè÷ Àñëàíÿí – êàíäèäàò ôèç.-ìàò. íàóê,
ãëàâíûé òåõíè÷åñêèé ñîâåòíèê, ÎÎÎ «ÒÃÒ Ñåðâèñ»
Ðîññèÿ, 420108, Êàçàíü, óë. Ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ, 59/1 Ñòàòüÿ ïîñòóïèëà â ðåäàêöèþ 25.07.2016
Òåë: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: ama@tgtoil.com

Identification of Leakage in Couplings of Tubing, Casing and Intermediate


Casing for Wells of Underground Gas Storage in Salt Caverns by means
of Spectral Noise Logging

A.M. Aslanyan1, M.V. Volkov1, S.V. Soroka1, A.A. Arbuzov1, D.K. Nurgaliev2,
D.V. Grishin3, R.S. Nikitin3, A.N. Malev4, R.N. Minakhmetova1
1
TGT Oilfield Services, Kazan, Russia
2
Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
3
Gazprom UGS, Moscow, Russia
4
Gazprom Georesource, Moscow, Russia

189
Ãåîðåñóðñû. 2016. Ò. 18. ¹ 3. ×. 1. Ñ. 186-190 Georesursy = Georesources. 2016. V. 18. No. 3. Part 1. Pp. 186-190

Abstract. The article considers a well of the Couplings of Tubing, Casing and Intermediate Casing for
underground gas storage, in the annular space of which Wells of Underground Gas Storage in Salt Caverns by means
excess pressure was observed. Conducted complex of of Spectral Noise Logging. Georesursy = Georesources. 2016.
geophysical studies, including a spectral noise logging, V. 18. No. 3. Part 1. Pp. 186-190. DOI: 10.18599/grs.18.3.7
precise temperature logging, magnetic pulse fault detection
allowed us to determine the geometry of the flow in the Information about authors
cemented annular space and identify leaking couplings in Artur M. Aslanyan – PhD (Phys. and Math.), Chief
tubing, casing and conductors. The article provides a Technology Advisor, TGT Oilfield Services
detailed analysis of geophysical studies and Russia, 420108, Kazan, Magistral’naya str., 59/1
recommendations for repair and insulation works. The nature Phone: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: ama@tgtoil.com
of the flow and type of tightness failure according to
geophysical research allowed avoiding the transition of well Maksim V. Volkov – Expert on well integrity study, TGT
in the preservation fund. Oilfield Services
Keywords: Underground gas storage, excess pressure, Russia, 420108, Kazan, Magistral’naya str., 59/1
spectral sound meter, leaking couplings, precise temperature Phone: +7 843 210-17-74, e-mail: volkov@tgtoil.com
logging, magnetic pulse fault detection, salt cavern. Stanislav V. Soroka – Head of Tool Factory, TGT Oilfield
Services
References Russia, 420108, Kazan, Magistral’naya str., 59/1
Ahmed S. Eldaoushy, Moudi Al-Ajmi, Maali Al-Shammari, Aslanyan
A., Aslanyan I., Prosvirkin S., Farakhova R. Quantification of Phone: +7 843 210-17-74
Reservoir Pressure in Multi- Zone Well under Flowing Conditions E-mail: stanislav.soroka@tgtoil.com
Using Spectral Noise Logging Technique, Zubair Reservoir, Raudhatain
Field, North Kuwait. Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition Andrey A. Arbuzov – PhD (Phys. and Math.), Deputy
and Conference. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2015. Available at: https:// Managing Director, TGT Oilfield Services
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-177620-MS
Al Marzouqi Ayesha Rahman, Al-saiidKeshka Ashraf, Bahamaish
Russia, 420108, Kazan, Magistral’naya str., 59/1
Jamal Nasir, Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Filenev M., Andreev A., Sudakov Phone: +7 843 210-17-74
V., Farakhova R., Barghouti J., Al Junaibi Tariq Abdulla. Integrating E-mail: andrey.arbuzov@tgtoil.com
Reservoir Modelling, High-Precision Temperature Logging and Spectral
Noise Logging for Waterflood Analysis. Abu Dhabi International Danis K. Nurgaliev – Doctor of Science (Geol. and Min.),
Petroleum Conference and Exhibition. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2012. Professor, Institute of Geology and Petroleum Technologies,
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-
157149-MS Vice-Rector for Research
Ansari A., Libdi Z., Khan N., Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Volkov Kazan Federal University
M., Arbuzov A., Achkeev A., Shnaib F., Makhiyanov R. Triple-Barrier Russia, 420008, Kazan, Kremlevskaya str., 18
Thickness Scanning Using Through-Tubing Pulse-Magnetic Logging
Phone: +7 843 233-74-07
Tool. SPE Russian Petroleum Technology Conference. Moscow,
Russia. 2015. Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ E-mail: danis.nourgaliev@kpfu.ru
SPE-176655-MS
Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Karantharath R., Minakhmetova R., Dmitriy V. Grishin – Deputy Managing Director – Chief
Kohzadi H., Ghanavati M. Spectral Noise Logging Integrated with Engineer, Gazprom UGS
High-Precision Temperature Logging for a Multi-Well Leak Detection Russia, 117420, Moscow, Nametkina str., 12A
Survey in South Alberta. SPE Offshore Europe Conference and
Exhibition. Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. 2015. Available at: https://
Phone: +7 495 428-45-09
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-175450-MS E-mail: D.Grishin@phg.gazprom.ru
Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Minakhmetova R., Maslennikova Y.,
Karantharath R., Hadhrami B., Zaaima Al Gafri. Integrated Formation Roman S. Nikitin – Deputy Managing Director – Chief
MicroImager (FMI) and Spectral Noise Logging (SNL) for the Study Geologist, Gazprom UGS
of Fracturing in Carbonate Reservoirs. Abu Dhabi International
Russia, 117420, Moscow, Nametkina str., 12A
Petroleum Exhibition and Conference. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 2015.
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE- Phone: +7 495 428-45-01
177616-MS E-mail: R.Nikitin@phg.gazprom.ru
Maslennikova Y.S., Bochkarev V.V., Savinkov A.V., Davydov D.A.
Spectral Noise Logging Data Processing Technology. Proc. SPE Aleksey N. Malev – Head of the Geological-geophysical
Russian Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Technical Conference Department, Gazprom Georesource
and Exhibition. Moscow, Russia. 2012. Available at: https://
www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPE-162081-RU
Russia, 117149, Moscow, Bolotnikovskaya str., 18/2
Suarez N., Otubaga A., Mehrotra N., Aslanyan A., Aslanyan I., Phone: +7 495 921-05-46
Khabibullin M., Wilson M., Barghouti J., Maslennikova Y. E-mail: a.maljov@gazpromgeofizika.ru
Complementing Production Logging with Spectral Noise Analysis to
Improve Reservoir Characterisation and Surveillance. SPWLA 54th Roza N. Minakhmetova – Leading Expert, TGT Oilfield
Annual Logging Symposium. New Orleans, Louisiana. 2013.
Services
Available at: https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPWLA-
2013-TTT Russia, 420108, Kazan, Magistral’naya str., 59/1
Phone: +7 843 210-17-74
For citation: Aslanyan A.M., Volkov M.V., Soroka S.V., E-mail: roza.minakhmetova@tgtoil.com
Arbuzov A.A., Nurgaliev D.K., Grishin D.V., Nikitin R.S., Malev
A.N., Minakhmetova R.N. Identification of Leakage in Manuscript received July 25, 2016

190 GEORESURSY