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The Way The Poem’s Organised – Enjambment, Repetition, Specific Words & Phrases Used To
ABOUT: AO1 Stanzas, Rhythm, Rhyme etc.
1 Point Min.
2 Points Min. DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE: Create Effect; Tone etc.
Hughes literally describes a Poem is a form of dramatic monologue; takes on a characters’ voice. (They are giving a 4 Points Min.
hawk sitting in the high trees, speech/talking to an implied audience.)  A hawk talking (In his perspective) *”I kill where I PLEASE because it is all MINE” = Violent
watching over the world. HAWK = Lethal, dangerous, fast, strong, violent, powerful. The poem is very arrogant and selfish
imagery – The hawk thinks everything revolves around him,
Metaphorically, he explores given that the majority of the poem is written in first person.
therefore he can do anything and everything he wants
ideas about powerful leaders – FIXED STRUCTURE:
particularly dictators and because he’s superior. The suggests that the hawk is the most
The poem is structure as 6 quatrains. This fixed structure of uniform stanza lengths reflects the
fascist leaders. and only important person. “Please” = Verb – Shows the
idea of control and power. – The speaker is strong and dominant and the regularity of each stanza
indicates this. The lines are different lengths and shorter lines often have a dramatic impact. control he has and how he can do what he wants wherever he
The hawk in the poem The pairs of stanzas show a development in the presentation of the speaker. The first two show a like. “Mine” = Possessive Pronoun – Reflective of the
represents an arrogant and physical superiority; 3 and 4 discuss how the speaker sees themselves within nature and 4 and 5 dominance, power and control he has as he owns/rules the
self-obsessed dictator. forms an explanation and justification of its actions. world, which is his.
The hawk in the poem also
represents a sniper used in RHYTHM / RHYME: The lack of a regular metre and rhyme scheme suggests that the speaker is “MY eyes. MY hooked head. MY feet. MY manners.”
war as a killing machine. above these things. They have ownership and control over their surroundings and are not going to Repeated use of the personification of “my” / the first person
be dictated to by patterns of rhyme or rhythm in the poem. pronouns ensure that the speaker is central to the poem. =
Speaker is arrogant and self-centred and the poem highlights
GCSE English Literature – Poetry Anthology their egotistical nature. – Reflective of the arrogance of a
MAIN QUOTES: predator who sits at the top of the food chain and preys on
6 Point Min. those below them. He’s used to winning.
“EARTH’S FACE UPWARD for my INSPECTION” – Metaphor = Suggests
the cruelty and dominance of the bird, in the sense that he dominates the
entire planet. “Earth’s face” = Personification of the earth – Suggests that
the whole planet. “Upward” = Adverb – Used by Hughes to shows how
Hawk Roosting The use of negative suggest a political speech, using political
slogans where there are rejecting rhetoric (art of
communication – uses by politicians, which manipulate words)
the whole planet is looking up. “Inspection” = Noun – Implies how the
hawk is ‘inspecting’ the world and deciding what to kill.
Ted Huges and relying on strength and brute force instead.
“It took the whole of Creation to produce my foot, my each feather.” = The The simple and direct language contrasts with the violent
speaker talks of how it is a production of ‘Creation’. This suggests that it imagery in the poem. The speaker is imitating a politicians
had evolved into a supreme predator at the top of its food chain. By: Jaskirat Kanwal sophistication but, in reality, is a brutal thug
Alternatively, by capitalising the C implies a gold-like creator indicating that
the speaker thinks of themselves as being made in God’s image. This
further accentuates the speakers arrogance and egotism. “Creator” =
Noun – A person or thing that brings something into existence. (In this
case God) 3 Point Min. Similes, Metaphors, Personification...
“Now I hold Creation in my foot” = The speaker has become this God-like
presence within their habitat/eco-system. – Hawk can take away life.
Ted Hughes was born in 1930 and grew up in the 2 Points Min.
“’Hold” = Verb – Suggests the tight clutch a hawk has on its prey. “Foot” = countryside, hence his interest in nature. He also, grew “Feet. Sleep. Eat. Me. Trees.”= Assonance – Mimics the
Noun – Shows how the prey is below his physically as well as through the up experiencing World War One as a young boy, which screeching of the hawk. This is the predominant sound in the
food chain. may have influenced his ideas about leadership. As a poem showing how the hawk dominated its surroundings.
>The speaker is presented as an indiscriminate killer and this is the young man he served in the RAF so had a military
ultimate control they have over their surroundings.< * “The sun is behind me.” = A very short sentence which makes
background. Hughes did not see combat but spent much
the hawk look intimidating as the setting sun magnifies his
of his time in the services reading.
superiority. This short and direct sentence is straight to the point
Published in 1960, the poem is part of Hughes’ second
as it shows how nothing else matters as he is the most important
person. Additionally, the nature in this shows how the world
1 Link Min. book, Lupercal. The poem is heavily influenced by revolves around him. – Shining behind him the light makes him
Hughes’ dad who was a veteran of World War One. look scary, intimidating and superior.
When it was first published it was controversial, because “I am going to keep things like this” (Ending) = Declaration –
it brought to mind the Nazi symbol. Creates a sense of control, power and entitlement is asserted at
the end.