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University of St.

La Salle
College of Engineering
Engineering Mathematics Review

ALGEBRA/TRIGONOMETRY
1. Find x from the following equations: 13. The polynomial x3 + 4x2 -3x + 8 is divided by x-5. What is the
27x = 9y, 81y3-x = 243 remainder?
A. 2.5 C. 2 A. 281 C. 812
B. 1* D. 1.5 B. 218* D. 182

an 14. If x-1/x = 1, find the value of x3 – 1/x3.


2. Solve for a if (a )(a ) = 100000 and m =10
m n
A. 1 C. 2
a B. 3 D. 4*
A. 15.85* C. 10
B. 12 D. 12.56 15. If 1/x + 1/y = 3 and 2/x – 1/y = 1. Then x is equal to:
A. 1/2 C. 2/3
3. 4xy – 4x2 –y2 is equal to: B. 3/4* D. 4/3
A. (2x-y)2 C. (-2x-y)2
B. (-2x+y)2 D. –(2x-y)2* 16. Simplify: (a+1/a)2-(a-1/a)2.
A. -4 C. 0
4. Factor x4 – y2 + y – x2 as completely as possible. B. 4* D. -2/a2
A. (x2 + y)(x2 + y -1) C. (x2 + y)(x2 - y -1)
B. (x2 -y)(x2 - y -1) D. (x2 -y)(x2 + y -1) * x +2
17. Resolve 2 into partial fraction.
5. Factor the expression 3x3+3x2-18x as completely as possible. x −7 x +12
A. 3x(x+2)(x-3) * C. 3x(x-2)(x+3) 6 2 6 7
B. 3x(x-3)(x+6) D. (3x2-6x)(x-1) A. − C. +
x−4 x−3 x−4 x−3
6. What are the roots of the equation (x-4)2(x+2) = (x+2)2(x-4)? 6 5 6 5
A. 4 and -2 only* C. 1 only B. − * D. +
x−4 x−3 x−4 x−3
B. -2 and 4 only D. 1, -2, and 4 only
18. If (x+3):10 = (3x – 2) : 8, find (2x -1)
7. Solve the simultaneous equations: 3x – y = 6; 9x – y = 12.
A. 1 C. 2
A. x = 3; y = 1 C. x = 1; y = -3*
B. 3* D. 4
B. x = 2; y = 2 D. x = 4; y = 2
19. Solve for x: -4 < 3x - 1 < 11.
8. Solve algebraically: 4x2 + 7y2 = 32, 11y2 – 3x2 = 41
A. 1 < x < -4 C. -1< x < 4*
A. y = 4, x = ± 1 and y = -4, x = ±1 B. 1 < x < 4 D. -1 < x < -4
B. y = +2, x = ± 1 and y = -2, x = ±1*
20. Solve for x: x2 + 4x > 12.
C. x = 2, y = 3 and x = -2, y = -3
A. -6 > x > 2* C. 6 > x > -2
D. x = 2, y = −2 and x = 2, y = -2 B. -6 > x > -2 D. 6 > x > 2
9. Solve for w from the following equations: 21. Solve for x: log 6 + x log 4 = log 4 + log (32 + 4 x)
3x – 2y + w = 11 A. 1 C. 2
x + 5y -2w = -9 B. 3* D. 4
2x + y - 3w = -6
A. 1 C. 2 22. Find a if log2 (a+2) + log2 (a-2) = 5
B. 3* D. 4 A. 2 C. 4
B. 6* D. 8
10. When (x+3)(x-4) + 4 is divided by x – k, the remainder is k.
Find the value of k. 23. The logarithms of the quotient and the product of two
A. 4 or 2 C. 2 or -4 numbers are 0.352182518 and 1.556302501, respectively.
B. 4 or -2* D. -4 or -2 Find the first number?
A. 9* C. 10
11. Find k in the equation 4x2 + kx + 1 = 0 so that it will only have B. 11 D. 12
one real root.
A. 1 C. 2 24. Find the 6th term of the expansion of (1/2a – 3)16.
B. 3 D. 4* 22113 66339
A. - C. - *
12. Find the remainder when (x12 + 2) is divided by (x – √3¿. 256 a11 128 a11
A. 652 C. 731* 22113 66339
B. - D. -
B. 231 D. 851 128 a11 256 a11
25. In the expansion of (x+4y) 12, the numerical coefficient of the 38. There are seven arithmetic means between 3 and 35. Find
5th term is. the sum of all terms.
A. 253440 C. 126720* A. 169 C. 171*
B. 63360 D. 506880 B. 167 D. 173
26. The middle term in the expansion of (x2 – 3)8 is: 39. The sum of all even numbers from 0 to 420 is:
A. -70x8 C. 70x8 A. 43410 C. 44300
8
B. -5760x D. 5760x8* B. 44310* D. 44130
27. If 1/4and -7/2 are the roots of the quadratic equation Ax2 + 40. The sum of five arithmetic means between 34 and 42 is:
Bx + C = 0, what is the value of B? A. 150 C. 160
A. -28 C. 4 B. 190* D. 210
B. -7 D. 26*
41. Solve for x if x + 3x + 5x + 7x + … + 49x = 625
28. In the equation 3x2 + 4x + (2h – 5) = 0, find h if the product of A. ¼ C. ½
the roots is 4. B. 1* D. 1 ¼
A. -7/2 C. -10/2
42. The sum of all numbers between 0 and 10000 which is
B. 17/2* D. 7/2
exactly divisible by 77 is:
29. The roots of a quadratic equation are 1/3 and ¼. What is the A. 546546 C. 645568
equation? B. 645645* D. 645722
A. 12x2 + 7x + 1 = 0 C. 12x2 + 7x – 1 = 0
2 43. What is the sum of the following finite sequence of terms?
B. 12x – 7x + 1 = 0* D. 12x2 – 7x – 1 = 0
18, 25, 32, 39, .., 67?
30. Find k so that the expression kx2 – 3kx + 9 is a perfect square. A. 234 C. 181
A. 3 C. 4* B. 213 D. 340*
B. 12 D. 6
44. The 10th term of the progression 6/4, 4/3, 3/2, … is:
31. Two times the father’s age is 8 more than six times his son’s A. 12* C. 10/3
age. Ten years ago, the sum of their ages was 44. The age of B. 12/3 D. 13/3
the son is:
45. Determine the sum of the infinite geometric series of 1,
A. 49 C. 15*
-1/5,+1/25, …?
B. 20 D. 18
A. 4/5 C. 5/7
32. A man is 41 years old and in seven years he will be four times B. 4/6 D. 5/6*
as old as his son is at that time. How old is his son now?
46. Find the sum of the first 10 terms of the Geometric
A. 9 C. 4
Progression 2, 4, 8, 16 …
B. 5* D. 8
A. 1023 C. 2046*
33. A 40-gram alloy containing 35% gold is to be melted with a B. 1596 D. 225
20-gram alloy containing 50% gold. How much percentage of
47. If x, 4x+8, 30x +24 are in geometrical progression, find the
gold is the resulting alloy?
common ratio.
A. 40%* C. 30%
A. 2 C. 4
B. 45% D. 35%
B. 6* D. 8
34. A 100-kilogram salt solution originally 4% by weight. Salt in
48. If one third of the air in the tank is removed by each stroke of
water is boiled to reduce water content until the
an air pump, what fractional part of the total air is removed
concentration is 5% by weight salt. How much water is
in 6 strokes?
evaporated?
A. 0.9122* C. 0.0877
A. 10 C. 15
B. 0.8211 D. 0.7145
B. 20* D. 25
35. The sum of two numbers is 21, and one number is twice the
other. Find the numbers.
A. 7 and 14* C. 6 and 15
49. Evaluate the following determinant:
|79 84|
A. 64 C. 44
B. 8 and 13 D. 9 and 12 B. 54 D. -44*
36. Ten less than four times a certain number is 14. Determine 50. Evaluate the following determinant:
the number.
1 5 −2
A. 4
B. 6*

so that the sum is 66?


C. 5
D. 7
37. How many terms of the sequence -9, -6, -3 … must be taken
A. -24
|2 1 −3
3 −2 1 | C. 24
A. 13 C. 12 B. -46* D. 46
B. 4 D. 11*
51. Compute the value of x from the following:
4 −1 2 3 63. arctan ¿ ¿ is equal to
x=

A. 27
| 2 0 2 1
10 3 0 1
14 2 4 5
| C. -28*
A. π /3
B. π /6
C. π /4*
D. π /2
64. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 34 cm. Find the length of
the shortest leg if it is 14 cm shorter than the other leg.
A. 15 cm C. 16 cm*
B. 26 D. -29 B. 17 cm D. 18 cm

52. Given matrix A =


|−21 31| and matrix B =
|−1
−1 1 |
−2
.
65. Two sides of a triangle measures 6 cm. and 8 cm. and their
included angle is 40°. Find the third side.
A. 5.144 cm* C. 5.263 cm
Find A + 2B. B. 4.256 cm D. 5.645 cm
A.
|12 01| |11 03|
C. 66. Two sides of a triangle are 50 m. and 60 m. long. The angle
included between these sides is 30 degrees. What is the

B.
|−10 31| D.
|−10 −13 | *
interior angle (in degrees) opposite the longest side?
A. 92.74
B. 94.74
C. 93.74*
D. 91.74
53. Find the elements of the product of the two matrices, matrix
67. In the arithmetic progression -9, -2, 5, ... which term is 131?
BC.
A. 20 C. 21*
11 8 15 9
A.
|−20 −5|
* C.
|−22 4|
B. 22 D. 23
68. Find the 5th term of (x2 – 3y)5 without expanding.

B.
|1220 −410 | D.
15 15
|−17 −6|
A. 403x2 y4
2 4
B. 404x y
C. 402x2 y4
D. 405x2 y4*
69. The 3rd term of an arithmetic progression is 4 and the 9 th
54. Find the supplement of an angle whose complement is 62°.
term is -14. Find the 5th term.
A. 28° C. 118°
A. -2* C. -3
B. 152°* D. None of these
B. -4 D. -5
55. The measure 0f 1 ½ revolutions counter-clockwise is
70. If 2x = 4y and 8y = 16z, find x/z.
A. 540°* C. 520°
A. 1/3 C. 2/3
B. +90° D. -90°
B. 8/3* D. 5/3
56. If sin 40° + sin 20° = sin Ѳ, find the value of Ѳ.
71. The equation x2 – 4kx + 10 – 6k = 0 will have two equal roots
A. 20° C. 80°*
if the value of k is
B. 120° D. 60°
A. 5/3 C. -5/2*
57. Find the value of x in the equation csc x + cot x = 3. B. -5/3 D. 5/2
A. π/4 C. π /3
72. How many consecutive terms must be taken from the
B. π /2 D. π /5*
sequence 3, -6, 12, -24, ... for the sum to equal 8,193?
58. Find sin x if 2 sin x + 3 cos x – 2 = 0. A. 11 C. 12
A. 1 & -5/13* C. -1 & 5/13 B. 13* D. 14
B. 1 & 5/13 D. -1 & -5/13
73. If 102x = 4 find 106x-1.
59. If sin A = 4/5, A in quadrant II, sin B = 7/25, B in quadrant I, A. 4.4 C. 5.4
find sin (A + B). B. 6.4* D. 7.4
A. 3/5* C. 2/5
74. If 3x 3y = 27 and 2x + y = 5, find x.
B. ¾ D. 4/5
A. 2* C. 3
60. If sin A =2.571x, cos A = 3.06, and sin 2A = 3.939x, find the B. 4 D. 5
value of x.
75. The amount of P300,000 is divided into 3 parts in the ratio
A. 0.350 C. 0.250*
2:5:8 and these parts are invested at 2%, 4% and 6%
B. 0.100 D. 0.150
respectively. Find the income from the 6% investment.
61. If sin x +1 / sin x= √ 2 , then sin2x + 1 / sin2 xis equal A. P6,600
B. P8,600
C. P7,600
D. P9,600*
to
A. 2 √ C. 1
B. 2 D. 0*
62. Find the value in degrees of arcos (tan 24°).
A. 61.48 C. 62.35
C. 63.56* D. 60.84