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Jesus and Christianity

In the Perspective of

Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da'wah and Guidance
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

"The author's views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the Ministry of
Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da'wah and Guidance."

First Edition
1428 H – 2007 G
Table of Contents

Publisher’s Note 1

Introduction 2

The Birth of Mary 2

The Eminence of Mary 3

The Birth of Jesus 3

The Eminence of Jesus 5

The Raising / Ascension of Jesus 8

The Nature of Jesus 10

Muslims Believe in Previous

Revelation 12

The Single Religion 14

Reverted not Converted 16

Publisher’s Note

Prophets were sent to every nation

and tribe to support man’s natural belief in
Allah and his instinctive desire to worship
Him. Though Prophet Muhammad was
born in the Arabian Peninsula, he was sent
to All humanity to deliver a Message from
Allah to Arabs and non-Arabs alike. It was
the same Message Allah had sent down
with the earliest prophets: a description of
the way of life which Allah had established
for people to follow during their life on
earth. The Message of Islam was conveyed
in the form of a book (the Qur’an) and in
the living example of the Prophet. These
two are the basis of a way of life acceptable
to both mind and heart, the scope of which
transcends the traditional notion of
Dar Abdul Rahman is an ambitious project
which aims at presenting Islamic principles
and values that serve the propagation of

Islam. We target both Muslims and non-
Muslims to help them understand the
religion which advocates unity, tolerance
and peace, i.e. Islam.



To establish your relationship with

another on a sound basis, it is necessary to
know his perspective about you.

It is difficult for a Muslim to know

what perspective a Christian has about
Islam. However, it is easy for a Christian to
know the Muslim’s perspective about
Christianity, as he (the Christian) only
needs to refer to the Qur’an-the basic
source of religious teaching of Muslims.

It is for this purpose that this paper

was prepared. Below, is a compilation of
verses of the Holy Qur’an- which refer to
Jesus and Christianity.

The Birth of Mary

Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah

and the family of Abraham and the family
of ‘Imran over the worlds- Descendants,

some of them from others. And Allah is All
Hearing and All Knowing. [Mention, O
Muhammad], when the wife of ‘lmran said,
My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You
what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your
service], so accept this from me. Indeed,
You are the All Hearing, the All knowing.”
But when she delivered her, she said, “My
Lord, I have delivered a female.” And Allah
was most knowing of what she delivered,
and the male is not like the female. “And I
have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for
her in You and [for] her descendants from
Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of
Allah].” So her Lord accepted her with
good acceptance and caused her to grow in
a good manner and put her in the care of
Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered
upon her in the prayer chamber, he found
with her provision. He said, O Mary, from
where is this [coming] to you? ” She said,
“It is from Allah. Indeed, Allah provides for
whom He wills without account.” (Ali
‘Imran: 33-37)

The Eminence of Mary

And [mention] when the angels said, “O

Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and
purified you and chosen you above the
women of the worlds. O Mary, be devoutly
obedient to your Lord and prostrate and
bow with those who bow [in prayer]” (Ali
‘Imran: 42-43).

And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of

‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We
blew into [her garment] through Our angel
[i.e. Gabriel], and she believed in the words
of her Lord and His scriptures and was of
the devoutly obedient (at-Tahreem:12).

And [mention] the one who guarded her

chastity [i.e. Mary], so We blew into her
[garment] through Our angel [i.e. Gabriel],
and We made her and her son a sign for the
worlds.(Al-Anbiya’: 91).

And We made the son of Mary and his

mother a sign and sheltered them within a

high ground having level [areas] and
flowing water (Al-Mu’minun: 50).

The Birth of Jesus

[And mention] when the angels said, “O

Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings
of a word1 from Him, whose name will be
the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary1
distinguished in this world and the
Hereafter and among those brought near [to
Allah]. He will speak to the people in the
cradle and in maturity and will be of the
righteous.” She said, “My Lord, how will I
have a child when no man has touched
me?” [The angel] said, “Such is Allah; He
creates what He wills. When He decrees a
matter, He only says to it, ‘Be, and it is.
And He will teach him writing and wisdom2
and the Torah and the Gospel, And [make
him] a messenger to the Children of Israel,
[who will say], ‘Indeed I have come to you
 Referring to the prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), who was
conceived merely by a command from Allah — the word “Be.” 
2 The teaching of the prophet.

with a sign from your Lord in that I design
for you from the clay [that which is] like
the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and
it becomes a bird by permission of Allah.
And I cure the blind [from birth] and the
leper, and I give life to the dead-by
permission of Allah. And I inform you of
what you eat and what you store in your
houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if
you are believers. And [I have come]
confirming what was before me of the
Torah and to make lawful for you some of
what was forbidden to you. And I have
come to you with a sign from your Lord, so
fear Allah and obey me. Indeed, Allah is
my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him.
That is the straight path” (Ali‘Imran:45-51).

And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book

[the story of] Mary, when she withdrew
from her family to a place toward the east.
And she took, in seclusion from them, a
screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel [i.e.
Gabriel], and he represented himself to her

as a well-proportioned man. She said,
“Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful
from you, [so leave me], if you should be
fearing of Allah.” He said, “I am only the
messenger of your Lord to give you [news
of] a pure boy [i.e. son].” She said, “How
can I have a boy while no man has touched
me and I have not been unchaste?” He said,
“Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is
easy for Me, and We will make him a sign
to the people and a mercy from Us. And it
is a matter [already] decreed.” So she
conceived him, and she withdrew with him
to a remote place. And the pains of
childbirth drove her to the trunk of palm
tree. She said, “Oh, I wish I had died before
this and was in oblivion, forgotten.” But he3
called her from below her, “Do not grieve;
your Lord has provided beneath you a
stream. And shake toward you the trunk of
the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe,
fresh dates. So eat and drink and be
 There is a difference of opinion among scholars as to whether
“he” refers to the baby or to the angel 

contented. And if you see from among
humanity anyone, say, ‘Indeed, I have
vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I
will not speak today to [any] man.” Then
she brought him to her people, carrying
him. They said, “O Mary, you have
certainly done a thing unprecedented. O
sister of Aaron, your father was not a man
of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.” So
she pointed to him. They said, “How can
we speak to one who is in the cradle a
child?” [Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the
servant of Allah. He has given me the
Scripture and made me a prophet. And He
has made me blessed wherever I am and has
enjoined upon me prayer and Zakah as long
as I remain alive, And [made me] dutiful to
my mother, and he has not made me a
wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the
day I was born and the day I will die and
the day I am raised Alive.” That is Jesus,
the son of Mary-the word of truth about
which they are in dispute. It is not
[befitting] for Allah to take a son; exalted is

He!4 When He decrees an affair, He only
says to it, “Be,” and it is. [Jesus said], “And
indeed, Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so
worship Him. That is a straight path”
(Maryam: 16-36).

The Eminence of Jesus

[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus,

Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you
and upon your mother when I supported
you with the Pure Spirit [i.e. the angel
Gabriel] and you spoke to the people in the
cradle and in maturity; and [remember]
when I taught you writing and wisdom and
the Torah and the Gospel; and when you
designed from clay [what was] like the
form of a bird with My permission, then
you breathed into it, and it became a bird
with my permission; and you healed the
blind [from birth] and the leper with My

i.e. far removed is He from any such need .

permission; and when you brought forth the
dead with My permission; and when I
restrained the Children of Israel from
[killing] you when you came to them with
clear proofs and those who disbelieved
among them said, “This is not but obvious
magic.” And [remember] when I inspired to
the disciples, “Believe in Me and in My
messenger [i.e.Jesus].”They said, “We have
believed, so bear witness that indeed we are
Muslims [in submission to Allah].” [And
remember] when the disciples said, “O
Jesus, Son of Mary, can your Lord5 send
down to us a table [spread with food] from
the heaven?” [Jesus] said, “Fear Allah, if
you should be believers.” They said, “We
wish to eat from it and let our hearts be
reassured and know that you have been
truthful to us and be among its witnesses.”
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our

i.e. will Allah consent to (His ability is undoubted)

Lord, send down to us a table [spread with
food] from the heaven to be for us a festival
for the first of us and the last of us and a
sign from You. And provide for us, and
You are the best of providers.” Allah said,
“Indeed, I will send it down to you, but
whoever disbelieves afterwards from
among you-then indeed will I punish him
with a punishment by which I have not
punished anyone among the worlds” (Al-
Maidah 110-115).

And We did certainly give Moses the

Scripture [i.e. the Torah] and followed up
after him with messengers. And We gave
Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and
supported him with the Pure Spirit [i.e. the
angel Gabriel]. But is it [not] that every
time a messenger came to you, [O Children
of Israel], with what your souls did not
desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of
messengers] you denied and another party
you killed (Al-Baqarah: 87).

Those messengers-some of them We caused
to exceed others. Among them were those
to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some
of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the
Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We
supported him with the Pure Spirit [i.e.
Gabriel]. If Allah had willed, those
[generations] succeeding them would not
have fought each other after the clear proofs
had come to them. But they differed, and
some of them believed and some of them
disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they
would not have fought each other, but Allah
does what He intends (Al-Baqarah: 253).

And We sent, following in their footsteps,6

Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that
which came before him in the Torah; and
We gave him the Gospel, in which was
guidance and light and confirming that
which preceded it of the Torah as guidance

 i.e. following the tradition of the prophets of the Children of

and instruction for the righteous (Al.
Ma’idah: 46).

Then We sent following their footsteps [i.e.

traditions] Our messengers and followed
[them] with Jesus, the son of Mary, and
gave him the Gospel. And We placed in the
hearts of those who followed him
compassion and mercy, But monasticism,
which they innovated; We did not prescribe
it for them except [that they did so] seeking
the approval of Allah. But they did not
observe it with due observance. So We gave
the ones who believed among them their
reward, but many of them are defiantly
disobedient (Al-Hadeed: 27).

And [mention] when Jesus, the son of

Mary, said, “ O children of Israel, indeed I
am the Messenger of Allah to you
confirming what came before me of the
Torah and bringing good tidings of a
messenger to come after me, whose name is

Ahmad.”7 But when he came to them with
clear evidences they said, “This is obvious
magic “8 (as-Saff: 6).

And when the son of Mary was presented as

an example9 immediately your people
laughed aloud. And they said, “Are our
gods better, or is he?”10 They did not
present it [i.e. the comparison] except for
[mere] argument. But, [in fact], they are a
people prone to dispute. He [i.e. Jesus] was
not but a servant upon whom We bestowed
favor, and We made him an example for the
Children of Israel. And if We willed, We
could have made [instead] of you angels
succeeding [one another]11 on the earth.
And indeed, he [i.e. Jesus] will be [a sign
for] knowledge of the Hour, so be not in

Another name of prophet Muhammad (‫)ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ وﺳﻠﻢ‬ 
 i.e.,  fraud or deception.
 Of a creation of Allah which is being worshipped along with 
 Implying that they must all be the same. 
 Or “ Succeeding [you].” 

doubt of it, and follow Me.12 This is a
straight path. And never let Satan avert you.
Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy. And
when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I
have come to you with wisdom [i.e.
prophethood] and to make clear to you
some of that over which you differ, so fear
Allah and obey me. Indeed, Allah is my
Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This
is a straight path.” But the denominations
from among them differed [and separated],
so woe to those who have wronged from the
punishment of a painful Day (Az-ukhruf:

The Raising / Ascension of Jesus

But when Jesus felt [persistence in]

disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my
supporters for [the cause of] Allah?” The
disciples said,” We are supporters for Allah.

12 i.e., follow the guidance and instruction of Allah.  

We have believed in Allah and testify that
we are Muslims [submitting to Him]. Our
Lord, we have believed in what You
revealed and have followed the messenger
[i.e. Jesus], so register us among the
witnesses [to truth].” And they [i.e. the
disbelievers] planned, but Allah planned.
And Allah is the best of planners. [Mention]
when Allah said, “O Jesus, indeed I will
take you and raise you to Myself and purify
[i.e. free] you from those who disbelieve
and make those who follow you [in
submission to Allah Alone] superior to
those who disbelieve until the Day of
Resurrection. Then to Me is your return,
and I will judge between you concerning
that in which you used to differ. And as for
those who disbelieved, I will punish them
with a severe punishment in this world and
the Hereafter, and they will have no
helpers.” But as for those who believed and
did righteous deeds, He will give them in
full their rewards, and Allah does not like
the wrongdoers. This is what We recite to

you, [O Muhammad], of [Our] verses and
the precise [and wise] message [i.e. the
Qur’an]. Indeed, the example of Jesus to
Allah13 is like that of Adam. He created him
from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and
he was. The truth is from your Lord, so do
not be among the doubters (Ali ‘Imran:52-

And [We cursed them]14 for their breaking

of the covenant and their disbelief in the
signs of Allah and their killing of the
prophets without right and their saying,
“Our hearts are wrapped” [i.e. sealed
against excerption]. Rather, Allah has
sealed them because of their disbelief, so
they believe not, except for a few.15 And
[We cursed them] for their disbelief and
their saying against Mary a great slander.16
And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have
 i.e. regarding His creation of him.
 Another interpretation is “And [We made certain good foods 
unlawful to them], based upon verse 160. 
15 Or “except with little belief.”  

 When they accused her of fornication.

killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary,
the messenger of Allah.” And they did not
kill him, nor did they crucify him; but
[another] was made to resemble him to
them. And indeed, those who differ over it
are in doubt about it. They have no
knowledge of it except the following of
assumption. And they did not kill him, for
certain. Rather, Allah raised him to
Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in
Might and Wise (An-Nisa: 155— 158).

The Nature of Jesus

And [beware the Day] when Allah will say,

“O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the
people, “Take me and my mother as deities
besides Allah?” He will say, “Exalted are
You! It was not for me to say that to which
I have no right. If I had said it, You would
have known it. You know what is within
myself, and I do not know what is within
Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower
of the unseen. I said not to them except
what You commanded me-to worship
Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a
witness over them as long as I was among
them; but when You took me up, You were
the Observer over them, and You are, over
All things, Witness. If You should punish
them-indeed they are Your servants; but if
You forgive them-indeed it is You who is
the Exalted in Might, the Wise. Allah will
say, This is the Day when the truthful will
benefit from their truthfulness.” For them
are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which
rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever,
Allah being pleased with them, and they
with Him. That is the great attainment. To
Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens
and the earth and whatever is within them.
And He is over All things competent (Al-
Maidah: 116-120).

O People of the Scripture, do not commit

excess in your religion17 or say about Allah

Another meaning is “And they did not kill him being certain
[of his identity]”, i.e. they killed another assuming it was Jesus
(upon whom be peace).

except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the
son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah
and His word which He directed to Mary
and a soul [created at a command] from
Him. So believe in Allah and His
messengers. And do not say, “Three”;
desist-it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is
but one God. Exalted is He above having a
son. To Him belongs whatever is in the
heavens and whatever is on the earth. And
sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.
Never would the Messiah disdain to be a
servant of Allah, nor would the angels near
[to Him]. And whoever disdains His
worship and is arrogant-He will gather them
to Himself All together. And as for those
who believed and did righteous deeds, He
will give them in full their rewards and
grant them extra from His bounty. But as
for those who disdained and were arrogant,
He will punish them with a painful punish-
ment, and they will not find for themselves


besides Allah any protector or helper (An-

They have certainly disbelieved who say

that Allah is Christ, the son of Mary. Say,
“Then who could prevent Allah at All if He
had intended to destroy Christ, the son of
Mary, or his mother or everyone on the
earth?” And to Allah belongs the dominion
of the heavens and the earth and whatever is
between them. He creates what He wills,
and Allah is over All things competent (Al-
Maidah: 17).

They have certainly disbelieved who say,

“Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary”
while the Messiah has said, “O children of
Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your
Lord.” Indeed, he who associates others
with Allah, Allah has forbidden him
Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And
there are not for the wrongdoers any
helpers. They have certainly disbelieved

who say, “Allah is the third of three.”18 And
there is no god except one God. And if they
do not desist from what they are saying,
there will surely afflict the disbelievers
among them a painful punishment. So will
they not repent to Allah and seek His
forgiveness? And Allah is Forgiving and
Merciful. The Messiah, son of Mary, was
not but a messenger; [other] messengers
have passed on before him. And his mother
was a supporter of truth. They both used to
eat food19. Look how We make clear to
them the signs; then look how they are
deluded. Say, “Do you worship besides
Allah that which holds for you no [power
of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is
the Hearing, the Knowing?’ (Al-Maidah:

 Such as attributing divine qualities to certain creations of Allah 
or revering them excessively. 
 They were in need of sustenance, proving that they were
creations of Allah, not divine beings.

Muslims Believe in Previous Revelation

The religion of all Prophets is one- though

their laws are different-The Muslim
(follower of Muhammad) cannot be
considered a Muslim unless he believes in
All Prophets including Jesus and their

[Allah said], “O Messengers, eat from the

good foods and work righteousness, Indeed
I, of what you do, am Knowing. And indeed
this, your religion, is one religion20 and I
am your Lord, so fear Me.” But they [i.e.
the people] divided their religion among
them into portions [i.e. sects]-each faction,
in what it has,21 rejoicing (Al-

 i.e. a collective way of life or course of conduct followed by a
 Of beliefs, opinions, customs, etc.

Indeed this, your religion,22 is one religion,
and I am your Lord, so worship Me. And
[yet] they divided their affair [i.e. that of
their religion] among themselves,23 [but]
All to Us will return (Al-Anbiya’: 92-93).

Say,[O, believers],“We have believed in

Allah and what has been revealed to us and
what has been revealed to Abraham and
Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the
Descendants [Al-Asbat]24 and what was
given to Moses and Jesus and what has
been given to the prophets from their Lord.
We make no distinction between any of
them, and we are Muslims [in submission]
to Him” (Al-Baqarah: 136).

Say, “We have believed in Allah and in

what was revealed to us and what was
 i.e. a collective way of life or course of conduct followed by a
23 i.e. one part of three, referring to the Christian concept of
 The twelve tribes of Israel descended from Jacob.

revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob,
and the Descendants [Al-Asbat?], and in
what was given to Moses and Jesus and to
the prophets from their Lord. We make no
distinction between any of them, and we are
Muslims [submitting] to Him” (Ali ‘Imran:

This is the Book about which there is no

doubt, a guidance for those conscious of
Allah25-Who believe in the unseen,
establish prayer,26 and spend out of what
We27 have provided for them, And who
believe in what has been revealed to you,
[O Muhammad], and what was revealed
 Literally, “those who have taqwa,” i.e. who have piety,
righteousness, fear and love of Allah, and who take great care to
avoid His displeasure.
 At its proper times and according to its specified conditions.

It is to be noticed that the reference of Allah (subhanahu wa
ta’ala) to Himself as “We” in many Qur’anic verses is necessarily
understood in the Arabic language to denote grandeur and power,
as opposed to the intimate singular form “I” used in specific

before you, and of the Hereafter they are
certain [in faith] (Al-Baqarah:2-4)

The Messenger has believed in what

was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so
have] the believers. All of them have
believed in Allah and His angels and His
books and His messengers,[saying],”We
make no distinction between any of His
messengers.”And they say, “We hear and
we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our
Lord, and to You is the [final] destination”
(Al-Baqarah: 285).

He has ordained for you of religion what He

enjoined upon Noah and that which We
have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and
what We enjoined upon Abraham and
Moses and Jesus - to establish the religion
and not be divided therein. Difficult for
those who associate others with Allah is
that to which you invite them. Allah
chooses for Himself whom He wills and
guides to Himself whoever turns back [to
Him](Ash-Shura: 13).
The Single Religion

The Qur’an explains clearly that the

religion of All prophets is a single one. This
religion includes a single concept of God
and a single concept of moral principles.
The Qur’an calls this single religion Islam
and calls those who believe in it, Muslims.
Since the followers of Muhammad (peace
and blessings be upon him) believe in this
single religion they are called Muslims and
their religion is called Islam.

They say, “Be Jews or Christians [so] you

will be guided.” Say, “Rather, [we follow]
the religion of Abraham, inclining toward
truth, and he was not of the polytheists”

Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian,

but he was one inclining toward truth, a

Muslim [submitting o Allah]. And he was
not of the polytheists28 (Ali Imran: 67).

But when Jesus felt [persistence in]

disbelief from them, he said, “Who are my
supporters for [the cause of] Allah?” The
disciples said,” We are supporters for Allah.
We have believed in Allah and testify that
we are Muslims [submitting to Him] (Ali
Imran: 52).

When his Lord said to him, “Submit,” he

said, “I have submitted [in Islam29] to the
Lord of the worlds.” And Abraham
instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so
did] Jacob, [saying], “O my sons, indeed

Those who associate others with Allah in worship.

The meaning of the word “Islam’ is submission to the will of
Allah.” This is the way of life ordained by Allah and taught by all
of the prophets from Adam to Muhammad (sallallahu alayhe wa
sallarn). A Muslim is one who submits himself to Allah.

Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do
not die except while you are Muslims.” Or
were you witnesses when death approached
Jacob, when he said to his sons, “What will
you worship after me?” They said, “We will
worship your God and the God of your
fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac-
one God. And we are Muslims [in
submission] to Him” (Al-Baqarah: 131-33).

And they say, “None will enter Paradise

except one who is a Jew or a Christian.”
That is [merely] their wishful thinking. Say,
“Produce your proof, if you should be
truthful.” Yes [on the contrary], whoever
submits his face [i.e. self] in Islam to Allah
while being a doer of good will have his
reward with his Lord. And no fear will
there be concerning them, nor will they
grieve. (Al-Baqarah: 111-112)

And never will the Jews or the Christians

approve of you until you follow their
religion. Say, “Indeed, the guidance of
Allah is the [only] guidance.” If you were
to follow their desires after what has come
to you of knowledge, you would have
against Allah no protector or helper (Al-
Baqarah: 120).

Say, “O People of the Scripture, come to a

word that is equitable between us and you-
that we will not worship except Allah and
not associate anything with Him and not
take one another as lords instead of
Allah30”. But if they turn away, then say,
“Bear witness that we are Muslims
[submitting to Him]” (Ali ‘Imran: 64).

Reverted not Converted

The sincere Christian will find that Islam is

very close to his heart and mind if he knows
the authentic Islam as described by the
Qur’an and if his perception is not
influenced by the lifestyle of ignorant

By obeying another in disobedience to Allah.

Muslims. Therefore, when he accepts Islam
he will have reverted and not converted
after All, the Qur’an relates that Islam is the
single religion of All the prophets and that
its followers are Muslims.

O you who have believed, bow and

prostrate and worship your Lord and do
good- that you may succeed. And strive for
Allah with the striving due to Him. He has
chosen you and has not placed upon you in
the religion any difficulty. [It is] the
religion of your father, Abraham. He [i.e.
Allah] named you “Muslims” before [in
former scriptures] and in this [revelation]
that the Messenger may be a witness over
you and you may be witnesses over the
people. So establish prayer and give Zakah
and hold fast to Allah. He is your protector,
and excellent is the Protector, and excellent
is the Helper (Al-Hajj: 77-78).

You will surely find the most intense of the

people in animosity toward the believers [to
be] the Jews and those who associate others
with Allah, and you will find the nearest of
them in affection to the believers those who
say, “We are Christians.” That is because
among them are priests and monks and
because they are not arrogant. And when
they hear what has been revealed to the
Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing
with tears because of what they have
recognized of the truth. They say, “Our
Lord, we have believed, so register us
among the witnesses. And why should we
not believe in Allah and what has come to
us of the truth? And we aspire that our Lord
will admit us [to Paradise] with the
righteous people.”So Allah rewarded them
for what they said31 with gardens [in
Paradise] beneath which rivers flow,
wherein they abide eternally. And that is the
reward of doers of good. But those who
disbelieved and denied Our signs-they are

 i.e. their admission and acceptance of the truth and 
commitment to Allah’s religion (Islam).  

the companions of Hellfire (Al Maidah: 82-

And We have [repeatedly] conveyed to

them the word [i.e. the Qur’an] that they
might be reminded. Those to whom We
gave the Scripture before it-they32 are
believers in it. And when it is recited to
them, they say, “We have believed in it;
indeed, it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed
we were, [even] before it, Muslims [i.e.
submitting to Allah].” Those will be given
their reward twice for what they patiently
endured and [because] they avert evil
through good, and from what We have
provided them they spend. And when they
hear ill speech, they turn away from it and
say,” For us are our deeds, and for you are
your deeds. Peace will be upon you33. We
 i.e. the sincere believers among them.  

33  This  is  not  the  Islamic  greeting  of  “Peace  be  upon  you.” 
Rather,  it  means  “You  are  secure  from  being  treated  in  a  like 
manner by us.”  

seek not (the way of) the ignorant” (Al-
Qasas: 51-55).

And indeed, among the People of the

Scripture are those who believe in Allah
and what was revealed to you and what was
revealed to them, [being] humbly
submissive to Allah. They do not exchange
the verses of Allah for a small price. Those
will have their reward with their Lord.
Indeed, Allah is swift in account (Ali
‘Imran: 199).

So if they argue with you say, “I have

submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and
[so have] those who follow me.” And say to
those who were given the Scripture and [to]
the unlearned,34 “Have you submitted
yourselves?” And if they submit [in Islam],
they are rightly guided, but if they turn
away-then upon you is only the [duty of]
notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His]
Servants (Ali ‘Imran: 20).
 Those who have no scripture(i.e. the pagans) 

50 al-Hijaz St., Almohandseen,
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Saudi Arabia
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