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КАК НАУЧИТЬСЯ ГРАМОТНО ЧИТАТЬ И ПИСАТЬ

О.В. Терентьева
УПРАЖНЕНИЯ
ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
ДЛЯ ПОВТОРЕНИЯ
- И ЗАКРЕПЛЕНИЯ
УЧЕБНОГО МАТЕРИАЛА
N

June is a (hot, hottest)


month.
He (come, came)
last week. '

Bob’s clothes
(is, are) dirty.

ОБЯЗАТЕЛЬНЫЙ
УРОВЕНЬ ЗНАНИЙ,

4
ШМСС
УМЕНИЙ
И НАВЫКОВ

АВТОМАТИЗИРОВАННОСТЬ
НАВЫКА
Повтори правила

Чтение английских гласных под ударением


Буква Открытый слог Закрытый слог Гласная + r Гласная + re
a [ei] [ei] name [se] cat [a:] car [еэ] hare
е [i:] [i:] he [e] pet [з:] her [1э] here
о [эи] [эи] rose [d] dog [o:] sport [d:] more
U Uи:] [ju:] pupil [a ] run [з:] turn []иэ] pure
i [ai], у [war] [ai] fine, fly [i] big, myth [з:] girl [ai9] fire

Помни про исключения: have [as], come, love, some [л], give, live [i], put [u], there, where [еэ]

Употребление глаголов в Future Simple (простое будущее время)

Будущее простое время обозначает действия в будущем. Перед основным глаголом в на­
чальной форме ставится вспомогательный глагол will (или shall —для 1-го лица). Также ис­
пользуется сокращенная форма - 7/. Частыми спутниками Future Simple служат слова: tomor­
row, next week (month, year), in a day, in an hour.

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма


I will (shall) read I will not (won’t) 1
read Will (Shall) read?
We (’11 read) We shall not (shan’t) we
You You you
They They they
will read will not
He He read Will he read?
(’11 read) (won’t)
She She she
It It it

Оборот There i s / There are

Этот оборот начинает предложение, в котором говорится о том, что находится в комнате,
на столе и т.д. На русский язык такие предложения часто переводятся с конца. Не забудь по­
ставить артикль а / ап перед существительным в единственном числе.

Число Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная


форма форма форма
Единственное There is a book on the There is no book on the Is there a book on the
число table. table. table?
There is milk in the cup. There is no milk in the Is there milk in the
cup. cup?
Множественное There are books on the There are no books Are there books on the
число table. on the table. table?
Задание на неделю
• В каждой строке обведи слово, в котором указанные буквы читаются не так, как в остальных.
1) a — carpet, star, hare, sharp, start 6) a — lamp, flat, stand, carrot, share
2) e — desk, bedroom, next, here, bell 7) e - see, tree, she, he, her
3) i — fire, bike, pilot, smile, fine 8) i — dive, kite, windy, write, ride
4) о — home, hope, joke, stone, more 9) о - before, sport, short, alone, form
5) u — student, excuse, use, purple, cube 10) u - ugly, jump, but, puppy, pupil

• В каждой строке обведи слово, которое по смыслу является лишним.


1) cold, warm, hot, sunny, busy 6) large, big, little, hot, small
2) bed, shelf, kitchen, wardrobe, chair 7) table, apple, orange, sweet, cake
3) flat, house, cottage, shop, city 8) between, behind, above, under, shelf
4) floor, wall, window, picture, door 9) toilet, kitchen, fire, bedroom, bathroom
5) rain, snow, cloud, sun, warm 10) clean, dirty, nice, fine, clock

• Составь предложения, поставив слова в правильном порядке. Обращай внимание на тип


предложения и порядок слов. Перепиши готовые предложения в тетрадь.
1) park / Sunday / goes / on / he / the / to.
2) not / m other / does / my / autumn / like.
3) friends / where / live / your / do?
4) like / I / to eat / don’t / cakes / sweets / and.
5) sweets / do / like / what / you?
6) play / Ann / do / and / not / Jane / tennis.
7) walk / Jane / friend / and / park / the / her / in.
8) football / I / uncle / my / like / and.
9) like / with / and / I / to play / Tom / Bob.
10) my / like / G ranny’s / I / stories.
11) not / children / like / stories / sad / do.
12) letters / does / mother / get / your?
13) home / at / have / does / he / lunch?
14) Tom / his / the / teeth / cleans / morning / in.

• Выбери в скобках и обведи нужную форму глагола.


1) Tom often (play / plays / will play) football.
2) We (go / goes / will go) to the country next summer.
3) They (go / goes / will go) to the country every summer.
4) She always (do / does / will do) homework in the afternoon.
5) He (do / does / will do) homework in an hour.
6) I (don’t / doesn’t / won’t) like to play football.
7) (Do / Does / Will) you visit your Granny next Sunday?
8) (Do / Does / Will) he play chess every Sunday?
9) It (is / are / will be) cold now.
10) It (is / are / will be) warm tomorrow.
11) It (is / will be) often cold in autumn.
12) It (is / will be) snowy next winter.
13) (Do / Does / Will) your brother come tomorrow?
14) My mother (don’t / doesn’t / will not) drink coffee in the morning.
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Задание на неделю
• Составь знакомые слова из букв, данных в произвольном порядке. Перепиши получивши­
еся слова в тетрадь, разделив их на три группы: «Погода», «Мой дом». «Мебель».
dole nows rawm richa petrac lettoi moorthab
nair rodo llwa flesh nusny nopia atherwe
tlaf tho dinwy duocly chentik romobed robe draw
asof lahl lebat dowwin cockl nowsy richarma
sked malp useho lroof nairy turecip placefire

• Напиши, что ты, твои друзья и родные будете делать в будущем (tomorrow, next year, next
week, next month, next summer, in two hours и т.д.). Используй следующие выражения.

get up at 7 o ’clock, go to school, write a letter, read an interesting book, visit my Granny, ride a
bike, go to the Zoo, play football, watch TV, go to the country, help mother, draw a nice picture,
feed the dog, swim in the sea, buy new toys, run in the park, clean the house, meet my friends

• Перепиши предложения, вставив в пропуски There is/T h e re are/ Is there/A re there.


1) a flower in the vase. 9) ______ no sweets on the table.
2) two books on the table. 10) ______ much tea in your cup?
3) no juice in the cup. П) _____ not many children in the street.
4) a bird in the cage? 12) ______ a picture on the wall.
5) toys in the box? 13) _____ a carpet in the room?
6) apple juice in the cup. 14) _____ many books on the shelf?
7) many boys in vour class? 15) _____ a desk in the room.
8) not much snow in the street. 16) _____ blue or green birds in the tree?

• Напиши, что это не так (сделай предложения отрицательными). Не забудь, в каких случа­
ях нужен вспомогательный глагол {don’t или doesn’t).
1) I get up at 7 o ’clock. 9) Three mice live under the house.
2) Mike plays tennis on Sunday 10) Ann will visit her Granny next week.
3) Jack is my friend. 11) It is cold today.
4) They will come tomorrow. 12) It will be warm tomorrow.
5) You will like the toy. 13) There is a book on the table.
6) Ann and Jane are in the park. 14) There are pictures on the wall.
7) We live in a big flat. 15) I drink tea in the morning.
8) M r Black lives in Africa. 16) M other buys sweets on Sunday.

Задание на неделю
• Прочитай слова, обращая внимание на выделенные буквы. Какой общий звук объединяет
слова в строке? Напиши этот звук в начале каждой строки.
1)[ ] month, butter, love, country; son 6 )[ ] snow, show, cold, road, sofa
2) [ ] paint, say, break, rain, eight 7) [ ] kite, picnic, black, desk, picture
3)[ ] down, house, cloudy, cow, town 8)[ ] chair, hare, where, share, fairy
4) [ ] child, night, kite, kind, write 9) [ ] draw, wardrobe, because, autumn, floor
5)1 | weather, clever, friend, tennis, bread 10) [ ] dear, here, hear, deer, near

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• Задай общие вопросы к этим предложениям и запиши их в тетрадь. Не забудь, в каких слу­
чаях нужен вспомогательный глагол (Do или Does).
1) You get up at 7 o ’clock. 11) Three mice live in the kitchen.
2) Mike plays tennis every day. 12) Ann will visit us next week.
3) Jack is Bob’s friend. 13) It is cold today.
4) Granny will come tomorrow. 14) It will be warm tomorrow.
5) Tom will like this book. 15) There is a book on the table.
6) Ann and Jane are in the park. 16) There are pictures on the wall.
7) They live in a big flat. 17) You drink tea in the morning.
8) Mr Black lives in Africa. 18) M other buys sweets on Sunday.
9) My father is at work. 19) Tom likes to play chess.
10) Granny works in the garden in summer. 20) Bob will learn a poem tomorrow.

• Перепиши предложения в таком порядке, чтобы получился связный рассказ.


There is a sofa on the left (слева). The bookshelves are between the desk and the sofa. This is my
room. The chairs are near the desk and near the table. There is a table in the middle of the room. My
room is not large. There is a desk on the right (справа). There are two windows and one door. There
are three chairs in the room. But it is very nice.
• Переведи предложения с оборотом There is/T h ere are и перепиши их в тетрадь. Помни, что
обстоятельство места (Где) в английском предложении стоит в конце.
1) На столе яблоко. 11) В сумке нет книг.
2) В комнате два стула. 12) В комнате нет стола.
3) В парке дети. 13) На тарелке сыр.
4) В моей сумке десять карандашей. 14) На столе чашка.
5) На стене картина. 15) В моей комнате ковер.
6) В моей комнате два окна. 16) На столе нет конфет.
7) В стакане яблочный сок. 17) В коробке два котенка.
8) В чашке холодное молоко. 18) Под столом мяч.
9) В чае нет сахара. 19) Рядом с домом машина.
10) В коробке игрушки. 20) В саду нет цветов.

Повтори правила
Образование множественного числа существительных

У большинства сущест­ book —books Окончание -f / -fe wolf - wolves


вительных добавляется cake —cakes меняется на -ves wife —wives
окончание -s day —days
Согласная + у baby —babies Особые случаи
(у меняется на /) -ies family —families man [maen] —men [men]
city —cities woman [ wuman] - women [ wimin]
После s, х, ss, sh, ch, о bus —buses child [ tjaild] —children [ tjildrsn]
добавляется box —boxes snowman [ snaumaen] - snowmen [ snaumen]
окончание -es dress —dresses mouse [maus] —mice [mais]
dish —dishes foot —feet fish —fish
watch —watches goose—geese sheep —sheep
potato - potatoes tooth - teeth

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Степени сравнения прилагательных

Типы Положительная Сравнительная Превосходная


прилагательных степень степень степень
Состоящие из одного short shorter (the) shortest
слога или двух слогов dirty dirtier (the) dirtiest
с окончаниями -у, -ег clever cleverer (the) cleverest
Состоящие из трех beautiful more beautiful (the) most beautiful
и более слогов interesting more interesting (the) most interesting
Особые случаи good better (the) best
bad worse (the) worst
little less (the) least

Правописание окончаний простых форм степеней сравнения

Одна согласная после краткой гласной удваивается big - bigger - the biggest
fat —fatter —the fattest
После согласной буква -у менятся на -/ happy - happier - the happiest
Буква -е на конце выпадает large - larger - the largest

Употребление глаголов в Past Simple (простое прошедшее время)

Прошедшее простое время обозначает однократные или повторявшиеся действия, кото­


рые произошли в прошлом. Частыми спутниками Past Simple служат слова: yesterday, a week
ago, two hours ago, last week (month, year).
В утвердительных предложениях во всех лицах используется вторая форма глагола, по спо­
собу образования которой все глаголы делятся на две группы: правильные и неправильные.
Правильные глаголы образуют вторую форму с помощью окончания -ed. Обрати внима­
ние на правописание некоторых правильных глаголов.

Одна согласная после краткой гласной удваивается stop —stopped


skip —skipped
После согласной буква -у менятся на -/ cry —cried
Буква -е на конце выпадает like —liked

Неправильные глаголы имеют каждый свою особую вторую форму. Ее нужно запоминать.

Задание на неделю
• Разбей все прилагательные из списка на пары с противоположным значением и запиши их,
например: big — little. Затем напиши их степени сравнения, например: big —bigger —the biggest.

bad, beautiful, cold, clean, ugly, hot, clever, dark, dirty, easy, fat, sad, long, strong, good, stupid, slim,
short, happy, difficult, weak, light, poor, sunny, old, rich, small, future, kind, cloudy, large, past, right,
new, angry, wrong

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• Напиши сочетания, как показано в примере: a cold day — a colder day — the coldest day; a beau­
tiful girl — a more beautiful girl —the most beautiful girl.
a brave dog, a bright day, a colourful book, a good pupil, a fantastic picture, a funny kitten, a bad
singer, a noisy street, a busy man, a lazy boy, a high mountain, a tall man, a hungry dog, an important
letter, an interesting story, a healthy child, a nice doll, sharp teeth, a tasty cake, a wide street, a bad
pupil, a good runner, a polite girl, an old house

• Выбери в скобках и обведи нужную форму прилагательного.


1) June is a (hot / hottest) month. 8) Who is the (good / best) runner in your class?
2) July is (hotter / hottest) than May. 9) The car is (good / better) than the bike.
3) Summer is the (hotter / hottest) season. 10) D on’t eat this salad, it is (worst / bad).
4) Kittens are very (funny / funnier). 11) Jack is the (worse / worst) pupil in the class.
5) This cat is (funny / funnier) than that cat. 12) It is (a more interesting / an interesting) story.
6) Monkeys are the (funny / funniest) animals 13) The weather is (cold / coldest) today.
7) Tom is a (good / better) dancer. 14) This spring is (cold / colder) than last spring.

• Поставь глаголы в скобках в прошедшее время (Past Simple). Не забудь об их правописании.


1) I (call) my friend yesterday. 9) The girls (skip) in the garden.
2) They (help) their father. 10) We (enjoy) the party last Sunday.
3) We (clean) the room yesterday. 11) Ann (study) English last year.
4) Bob (carry) a large bag to school. 12) Jane (play) tennis last week.
5) We (celebrate) M other’s birthday last week. 13) He (stop) near the shop.
6) Ann (live) in the country last summer. 14) She (try) to jump.
7) The boys (ski) in the park last winter. 15) They (walk) in the forest.
8) Little Bob (cry) yesterday.

Задание на неделю
• Переделай предложения, написав выделенные существительные во множественном числе.
Не забудь об артикле, местоимениях и форме глагола.

1) This man is a teacher. 9) Take this green leaf.


2) That woman is a doctor. 10) This city is big.
3) What colour is this mouse? 11) Where is the wolf!
4) What colour is that fish? 12) This child can swim.
5) There is a child in the room. 13) That baby jumps.
6) Tom’s puppy likes to run. 14) There is a tomato on the table.
7) This woman wants to sing. 15) Bob’s friend plays tennis.
8) That man wants to ski. 16) This is a big box.

• Напиши по транскрипции вторую форму неправильных глаголов.


[bo:t] ________ [wAn] _ _ _ _ _ [gru:] _______________[bro:t]
[ko:t] ________ [bilt] ________ [nju:] _______________[9o:t]
[red] ________ [ d r u : ] ________________ [raut] _________________ ______ [faund]
[sed] ________ [flu:] ________ [so:] _________ ______ [h3:d]

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• Поставь прилагательные в скобках в правильную степень и перепиши предложения в тет­
радь.
1) Father’s car is (old) than uncle’s car. 9) This is the (interesting) cartoon.
2) What is the (long) river in Europe? 10) Jane is (fat) than her sister.
3) Kate is (beautiful) than Jane. 11) Is Bob (lazy) than his brother?
4) Ann is the (beautiful) girl in the class. 12) This is the (good) stamp in my collection.
5) The cake is (tasty) than bread. 13) Who is the (bad) pupil in your class?
6) This story is (good) than that story. 14) What is the (big) house in Moscow?
7) This shop is (bad) than that shop. 15) I think dogs are (clever) than cats.
8) Bob is the (bad) runner in my class. 16) Is Ann (slim) than you?

• Раздели эти глаголы на две группы: правильные и неправильные. Перепиши их в тетрадь


и напиши рядом с каждым форму прошедшего времени.

bring, carry, take, give, put, cry, do, make, eat, drink, say, talk, tell, sing, shout, look, see, meet, read,
write, hear, listen, begin, stop, buy, catch, draw, have, play, enjoy, fly, try, hope, grow, like, want, win,
swim, walk, work, watch, think, thank, know, sit, ride, sleep, send, skate, ski, choose, come, go, fall,
get, find, feed, feel, build, stand, study

Поставь глаголы в скобках в прошедшее время и перепиши предложения в тетрадь.


1) I (buy) bread yesterday. 11) Bob (cry) yesterday.
2) Не (come) last week. 12) The bird (fly) in the sky.
3) We (go) to school. 13) He (learn) the poem.
4) My cat (catch) a mouse. 14) I (read) this book last year.
5) He (can) skate. 15) I (meet) my friends.
6) We (have) dinner an hour ago. 16) Ann (draw) a picture.
7) I (enjoy) the party. 17) He (see) this film last week.
8) Mike (ride) his bike. 18) We (hear) the music.
9) They (walk) in the park. 19) He (listen) to music.
10) She (grow) vegetables. 20) I (do) homework.

Задание на неделю
• Закрась красным карандашом согласные буквы, которые в этих словах не произносятся.
Если надо, загляни в словарь.

know, knee, knew, knight, light, bright, night, right, sleigh, high, climb, lamb, write, wrote, wrong,
knock, answer, listen, half, autumn, daughter, neighbour, when, what, why, who, white, whale, whis­
per, which, hour, often, talk, walk, Wednesday, would, half, bought, caught, taught, brought, thought

• Обведи в каждой строке слово, которое по смыслу является лишним.


1) sea, river, ocean, desert, lake 6) come, become, walk, before, like
2) long, short, dirty, play, happy 7) on, in, behind, at, busy
3) hen, eagle, duck, parrot, dolphin 8) song, film, music, sing, cartoon
4) London, August, Paris, Moscow, Berlin 9) like, live, wash, walk, go
5) big, hot, shorter, small, strong 10) lamb, puppy, kitten, chicken, dog

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• Перепиши предложения, как будто это произошло в прошлом (yesterday, last year, two hours
ago, last month, last week и т.д.)
1) I call my friend. 9) Nick rides his bike.
2) Bob invites me to the party. 10) He opens the door.
3) Ann sends a letter. 11) They finish their work.
4) They buy a cake. 12) I understand it.
5) M other brings toys. 13) We have lunch at 12 o ’clock.
6) I read the book. 14) Bob has dinner at home.
7) Bob reads the book. 15) Ann meets her friends.
8) We choose a bike. 16) They do their homework.

• Перепиши предложения, вставив в пропуски указатели времени usually, every day, often,
every morning, every Sunday, tomorrow, next week, next year, in two hours, yesterday, two weeks ago,
last summer, an hour ago. Иногда возможно более одного варианта.
1)1 had dinner 12) Bob went to bed at 10 o ’clock
2) Tom does homework in the evening. 13) I wrote a letter to my friend
3) They will go to Paris 14) I don’t drink coffee.
4) We went to the Black Sea 15) My brother goes to the swimming-pool
5) Ann helps her mother. 16) Our family bought a new car
6) We’ll have dinner 17) He will go to Britain
7) I eat porridge 18) 1 ate sweets at the party
8) We go to school 19) My cat caught a mouse
9) Father will come from London 20) Our cat catches mice.
10) We’ll visit Granny 21) Do you drink milk
11) She watches TV 22) I ’ll write this letter

• Перепиши предложения, поставив глаголы в скобках в правильное время (настоящее, бу­


дущее, прошедшее).
1) We (visit) Granny every Sunday. 8) We (have) soup an hour ago.
2) He (visit) his friend last week. 9) I (have) breakfast at 8 o ’clock tomorrow.
3) They (visit) us next Sunday. 10) I ( finish) this work tomorrow.
4) M other (buy) a new bag tomorrow. 11) M other (write) two letters yesterday.
5) Granny often (buy) us sweets. 12) Tom always (do) his homework after dinner.
6) My uncle (buy) a new car last year. 13) We (get) a letter from Granny last week.
7) Ann usually (have) dinner at 2 o ’clock. 14) Jane (help) her mother every day.

Повтори правила
Употребление глаголов в Past Simple (простое прошедшее время)

Обрати внимание на то, что в вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях глаголу нужен


особый «помощник» —вспомогательный глагол did, а сам глагол ставится в начальную форму.

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма


I/We/You walked I/We/You walk I/we/you walk?
did not
H e/S he/It wrote H e/She/It write Did he/she/it write?
(didn’t)
They went They go they go?
Употребление глагола to be в настоящем, прошедшем и будущем времени

Время Утвердительная Отрицательная Вопросительная


форма форма форма
Настоящее I am I am not Am I?
время
Не He he?
She is She is not Is she?
It It (isn’t) it?
We We we?
You are You are not Are you?
They They (aren’t) they?
Прошедшее I I I?
время He was He was not Was He?
She She (wasn’t) She?
It It It?
We We We?
You were You were not Were You?
They They (weren’t) They?
Будущее I will be I will not (won’t) be Will I
время We (shall) We shall not (shan’t) be (Shall) we
You You you
He He he be?
She will be She will not (won’t) be Will she
It It it
They They they

Употребление местоимений some / any / по

Утвердительные Вопросительные Отрицательные


предложения предложения предложения
some any not any = no
There are some books on the Are there any books on the There are not any books /
desk. table? no books.
I have got some books. Have you got any books? I have not got any books. /
I have got no books.

Исчисляемые и неисчисляемые существительные


И счисляемы е сущ ествительные имеют формы единственного и м нож ественного
числа. Н еисчисляемы е сущ ествительные могут употребляться только в единственном
числе (bread, butter, milk) или только во м нож ественном числе (shorts, trousers, jeans,
clothes).
9
Задание на неделю
Вставь в пропуски местоимения some или any.
1) There a re ____ apples on the plate. 10) I don’t e a t____ butter.
2) There are not ____ pencils in the bag. 11) Does Ann d rin k ____ coffee?
3) Are th e re ____ toys in the box? 12) Did you e a t____ chocolate?
4) I have g o t____ English books. 13) Ann hasn’t g o t____ pets.
5) He hasn’t g o t____ balls. 14) Has he g o t_____ pets?
6) Have you g o t____ red pens? 15) Yesterday I bought____ sweets.
7) I want to d rin k ____ milk. 16) I can give y o u ____ toys.
8) There isn’t .juice in the glass. 17) He can’t give me _ books.
9) Is th e re ___ water in the cup? 18) Ann doesn’t know _ poems.

Вставь в пропуски глаголы am, is, are, was, were, will be.
1) I t ___ Monday today. I at school now.
2) Yesterday i t ___ Sunday. I at home.
3) Tomorrow i t ____ Tuesday. My brother and I at school tomorrow.
4) Yesterday the w eather____ cold, but today it warm and sunny. I think tomorrow the
w eather____ warm too.
5) Last Saturday my sister and I ___ in the park.
6) T h e re___ some sweets on the table an hour ago. Where the sweets now?
7) I t ___ my birthday today. T h e re____a lot of presents on the table.
8 ) you at the Zoo yesterday? —No, I ____not at the Zoo. I ____in the park yesterday.

Напиши, что это не так (сделай предложения отрицательными).


1) Tom was in the park yesterday. 11) The Blacks were in Africa.
2) It was windy yesterday. 12) Mrs Green was in London.
3) The weather was warm last week. 13) It was Ann’s birthday yesterday.
4) They were hungry. 14) Tom was at the Zoo last Sunday.
5) Ann was happy. 15) Bob and Ann were at school.
6) You were polite. 16) There was a bird in the tree.
7) They were in the park. 17) There were children in the park.
8) There was a book on the table. 18) It was sunny last week.
9) There were toys in the box. 19) The teacher was angry yesterday.
10) You were happy. 20) Tom and Sam were hungry.

• Напиши, что это не так (сделай предложения отрицательными). Какой вспомогательный


глагол тебе нужен для этого?
1) Mike invited me to the party. 12) We ate porridge.
2) They enjoyed the party. 13) They had soup for dinner.
3) We played chess yesterday. 14) Tom had tea for breakfast.
4) Tom cried yesterday. 15) I did my homework.
5) Ann skipped yesterday. 16) Ann cleaned her room.
6) They came last week. 17) They did their homework in the evening.
7) I read this book last year. 18) We heard the song.
8) Tom knew the poem. 19) He said “Goodbye”.
9) They saw this film. 20) Granny told us a fairy-tale.
10) Tom went to the park. 21) Our team won the match.
11)1 found the toy. 22) Mother gave us sweets.
10
Задание на неделю
• Прочитай слова, обращая внимание на выделенные буквы. Какой общий звук объединяет
слова в строке? Напиши этот звук в начале каждой строки.
1) [ ] eight, sleigh, break, neighbour, lay 6) [ ] windy, children, busy, women, build
2) [ ] world, early, dirty, surname, heard 7) [ ] mother, son, study, some, sun
3) [ ] friend, weather, bread, said, ready 8) [ ] doll, wash, want, watch, orange
4) [ ] near, here, dear, deer, ear 9) [ ] ski, piece, tree, people, please
5) [ ] fish, Russia, sugar, ocean, dictation 10) [ ] town, blouse, now, trousers, cow

Составь знакомые слова из букв, данных в произвольном порядке. Перепиши получившие­


ся слова в тетрадь, разделив их на две группы: «Одежда», «Посуда».
seblou рас stoob taco timtens slags weatser
noops puc botlet ssedr frasc tuis jra
sloveg sneaj sckos secloth strosh shose tacorain
trish trisk tepla ckajet sertrous nertrais aht

• Обведи красным карандашом существительные, которые имеют только единственное чис­


ло, а зеленым - те, которые имеют только множественное число.
man, child, mitten, bread, glove, shorts, socks, butter, apples, women, clothes, jeans, sweater, shoes,
shirt, skirt, jam , jar, orange, mouse, scarf, trousers, plate, trainer, coat, blouse, banana, baby, bottle,
cap, cake, cheese, tea, dress, coffee, juice, egg, milk, honey

Переспроси (задай общий вопрос к предложениям).


1) Bob was in the park yesterday. 11) The Blacks were in Africa.
2) It was windy yesterday. 12) Mrs Green was in London.
3) The weather was warm last week. 13) It was Ann’s birthday yesterday.
4) They were hungry. 14) Tom was at the Zoo last Sunday.
5) She was polite. 15) Bob and Ann were at school.
6) You were happy. 16) There was a bird in the tree.
7) They were in the park. 17) There were children in the park.
8) There was a book on the table. 18) It was sunny last week.
9) There were toys in the box. 19) The teacher was angry yesterday.
10) You were happy. 20) Tom and Sam were hungry.

• Переспроси (задай общий вопрос к предложениям). Какой вспомогательный глагол тебе


нужен для этого?
1) Mike invited her to the party. 11) You ate porridge.
2) You enjoyed the party. 12) He had soup for dinner.
3) He played chess yesterday. 13) Tom had tea for breakfast.
4) Tom cried yesterday. 14) You did your homework.
5) Ann skipped yesterday. 15) Ann cleaned her room.
6) They came last week. 16) They did their homework in the evening.
7) She read this book last year. 17) She heard the song.
8) Tom knew the poem. 18) He said “Goodbye” .
9) They saw this film. 19) Granny told you a fairy-tale.
10) Tom went to the park. 20) The team won the match.
Задание на неделю
С какого звука начинается каждое слово? Напиши транскрипционный значок.
[ ] celebrate [ ] sugar [ ] know [ ] knock [ ] ugly [ ] ask
[ ] Christmas [ ] phone [ ] knee [ ] knight [ ] right [ ] easy
[ ] autumn [ ] photo [ ] queen [ ] wrong [ ] knew [ ] also
[ ] August [ ] whale f ] quiz [ ] white [ ] city [ ] early
[ ] umbrella [ ] write [ ] whisper [ ] useful [ ] climb [ ] think

Вставь в пропуски местоимения some, any или по.


1) D on’t eat _ ice-cream, you are ill (болен).
2) I ’ve g o t____ books about animals, but I haven’t g o t_____fairy-tales.
3) Has Tom g o t___ new toys? - Yes, he has g o t____nice toys.
4) Have you g o t___ English books? - No, I have g o t____English books.
5) It is warm, but there a re ___ clouds in the sky.
6) Are th e re ___ clouds? —No, there a r e _____clouds.
7) Please, b u y ____ bread, there isn’t _____bread at home.
8) Ann showed m e ____ nice pictures.
9) D on’t b u y ___ milk. There is _____ milk in the bottle.
10) Children m ustn’t d rin k ____ coffee.

• Составь предложения, поставив слова в правильном порядке. Перепиши готовые предло­


жения в тетрадь.
1) my / in / are / bag / the / in / books. 9) write / Tom / doesn’t / the / pen / with.
2) some / there / on / are / books / table / the. 10) park / like / they / the / in / to skate.
3) is / there / box / a ball / the / in. 11) didn’t / soup / have / I / dinner / for.
4) my / yesterday / cleaned / I / room. 12) film / Bob / this / saw / week / last.
5) summer / was / in / weather / the / fine. 13) come / tomorrow / he / will.
6) Paris / year / was / in / Mr Smith / last. 14) won’t / to / tomorrow / Tom / go / us.
7) were / there / in / children / garden / the. 15) T-shirts / like / and / I / to wear / jeans.
8) Sunday / we / Granny / on / our / visited. 16) Tom / can / little / write / read / and.

Начни вопрос подходящим вопросительным словом.


1) did you swim? In the river. 8) _ is your brother? At school.
3) . were you yesterday? In the park. 9) _is Ann’s birthday? In May.
4) _films do you like? Cartoons. 10) . can play chess? Bob can.
5) does Bob live? In Britain. 11) . is the best pupil? Kate is.
6) are my books? On the table. 12) . was in Africa? Mr Smith was.
7). will they come? Tomorrow. 13) _has got a blue pen? Ann has.

Повтори правила
Указательные местоимения
Единственное число Множественное число
this - этот, эта, это (this book, this toy) these - эти (these books, these toys)
that - тот, та, то (that book, that toy) those - те (those books, those toys)

12
Употребление слов many, much, a lot o f (много)

Существительные, имеющие форму Существительные, имеющие только


множественного числа форму единственного числа
many friends, many toys, many clothes much bread, much milk, much cheese
С любыми существительными в утвердительных предложениях
a lot of friends a lot of bread
a lot of clothes a lot of milk

Притяжательный падеж существительных (Чей? Чья? Чье? Чьи?)

Единственное число (’s) Множественное число (s’)


A nn’s doll - Анина кукла, кукла Ани boys’ cars —машинки мальчиков
girl’s toys - игрушки девочки girls’ toys —игрушки девочек
my sister’s book - книга моей сестры my sisters’ books —книги моих сестер
m an’s car —машина мужчины m en’s cars —машины мужчин
child’s toys —игрушки ребенка children’s toys —игрушки детей

Употребление артикля

Неопределенный артикль
Перед существительными, которые можно посчитать, в единственном числе, когда это лицо
или предмет употребляется впервые (а - перед согласным звуком, ап - перед гласным звуком):
My father is a doctor. She has got an aunt.

Определенный артикль
Перед существительными в единственном или множественном числе, когда это лицо
или предмет (лица или предметы) уже знакомы:
Look at the picture o f my house. Give me the blue pen.

Перед порядковыми числительными:


the first o f September

Артикль не употребляется
С именами и фамилиями:
Bob Smith, Mr Brown
С названиями городов, стран, континентов:
Moscow, London, Russia, Great Britain, Africa
С названиями улиц и площадей:
Arbat Street, Red Square

Перед существительными, которые нельзя посчитать, или перед существительными во


множественном числе часто ставится слово some (немного, какое-то количество).

13
Задание на неделю
Прочитай слова, обращая внимание на выделенные буквы. Какой общий звук объединяет
слова в строке? Н апиши этот звук в начале каждой строки.
1) [] autumn, bought, caught, because, walk 6) [] soup, tooth, too, two, drew
2) [] hare, chair, compare, fairy, where 7) [] toilet, enjoy, coin, noisy, toy
3) [] computer, new, knew, beautiful, suit 8) [] put, woman, book, took, stood
4) [] four, floor, talk, more, wardrobe 9) [] pie, child, right, high, kite
5) [] dolphin, phone, photo, elephant, fire 10) [] yard, last, class, after, half

• Выбери в скобках нужное местоимение и обведи его.


1) Where is (you / your) sweater? 9) What is (them / their) mother?
2) What is (he / his) favourite film? 10) Do you like ( that / those) picture?
3) (She / Her) mother is a doctor. 11) Do you know (this / these) poem?
4) Let’s play with (they / them). 12) (This / These) are my brothers.
5) Take (me / my) pen. 13) Can you see (that / those) stare?
6) She likes (him / her) pupils. 14) Are (this / these) children clever?
7) Do you like (I / me)? 15) Look at (this / these) grey mice.
8) Do you see (him / his)? 16) (This / These) man is my uncle.

Переведи выражения, используя притяжательный падеж, и напиши перевод в тетрадь. Об­


ращай внимание на порядок слов.

свитер мальчика, одежда девочек, игрушка ребенка, игрушки детей, сын мистера Брауна, де­
ти миссис Смит, сад моей бабушки, дом моей тети, машина моего папы, куклы моих сестер,
платье женщины, платья женщин, брюки мужчины, брюки мужчин, компьютер моих брать­
ев, котенок этой кошки, щенки этих собак

Вставь артикли а / ап или the, если необходимо.


1) They are _ pupils. They want to b e __pilots. 8) There is ___ some water i n ___ cup.
2) This girl is student. She wants to b e _doctor. 9) I bought__ . lot o f ___ books yesterday.
3) Would you like sandwich w ith __ham? 10) Ann bought___ book a n d ____two toys.
4 ) Tom and Bob are _ pupils, 11) There is ___ no juice in ____glass.
5) 1 play__football in summer. 12) My sister likes to listen t o __music.
6) This is __d o g .__ dog is clever. 13) This boy is ___ Mr Smith’s son.
7) There is ___ chair near window.

Составь вопросы, поставив слова в правильном порядке. Перепиши вопросы в тетрадь.


1) coffee / some / would / like / you? 8) to / yesterday / go / you / did / the / Zoo?
2) like / coffee / to drink / do / you? 9) next / where / go / you / summer / will?
3) have / Tom / got / and / a car / Ann? 10) buy / did / why / these / you / jeans?
4) chess / want / you / do / to play? 11) shop / in / what / you / did / the / buy?
5) tea / some / I / have / can? 12) sweater / where / you / this / did / buy?
6) toys / have / got / what / you? 13) Tom / cry / why / yesterday / did?
7) friends / where / live / do / your? 14) yesterday / were / you / where?
14
Задание на неделю
• Как читаются выделенные сочетания? Напиши нужный транскрипционный значок.
aunt white wrote knock [ ] night
because whale photo [ ] knee [ ] knight
autumn whisper dolphin [ ] knew [ ] knight
daughter which phone [ ] light [ | sleigh
August write elephant [ ] right [ j eight
who wrong know [ ] bright [ ] neighbour

Составь знакомые слова из букв, данных в произвольном порядке. Перепиши получивши­


еся слова в тетрадь, разделив их на две группы: «Школа», «Отдых».
sonles temaclass dengar dayliho ballketbas
nicpic cilpen lerru roomsslac bordablack
ksed kram nearl trynuco narytiodic
sicmu sches kromewoh minbadton terpucom
keyhoc berbur tooncar latetrans mersum
bexttook kreab dingrea balltoof lipup

Вставь в пропуски слова many, much или a lot of.


1) My cat caught___ mice. 9) There are not _____ clouds in the sky.
2) Did your cat catch ___ mice. 10) There is not _ ____juice in the glass.
3) Does your cat drink milk? 11) Do you e a t__ ___bread?
4) D on’t d rin k ______ coffee. 12) I ’ve g o t_____ colourful sweaters.
5) Tom has g o t______ friends. 13) Has Tom got ___ computer games?
6) D on’t e a t____ sweets. 14) D on’t e a t__ _ ice-cream.
7) Have you got ___ clothes? 15) Do you read ___English books?
8) Granny has _ _ geese and hens.

Вставь артикли a / an или the, если необходимо.


1) 1 g e t__lot o f __ presents o n __ Christmas. 8) Did you like__photo of my dog?
2) I have g o t__Christmas present for you. 9) I s __milk good fo r__ children?
3 ) Mr Brown lives i n ___Great Britain. 10) We went t o __country last summer.
4 ) Browns visited u s ___last year. 11) This is __most interesting book I have.
5) O n __Sunday I get up a t ___ten o ’clock. 12) Do you like__second story?
6) Is your brother a t __school or a t __ home? 13) There is __garden n ear__ Browns’ house.
7) Does he like__tea or coffee? 14) It is __nice picture.

• Напиши, что это не так (сделай предложения отр ицательны ми).


1) I was at the Zoo last Sunday. 8) Ann had lunch an hour ago.
2) We went to the swimming pool yesterday. 9) They will go to the mountains next year.
3) They go to the sea every summer. 10) Jane wrote a letter yesterday.
4) Tom often goes to the park. 11) Tom hid his toys under the bed.
5) M r Brown came to our school last year. 12) I drank orange juice after dinner.
6) Pupils play games during the break. 13) Tom knows this song.
7) Little Bob can count very well. 14) Mary eats sweets every day.
15
Задание на неделю
Как читаются выделенные буквы и сочетания? Напиши рядом со словом транскрипцион­
ный значок.
please flew [ field [ soup [ chocolate [ ]
pleasure [ ] new [ build sound [ sweater [ ]
healthy [ ] knew [ busy [ child [ weather [ ]
piece [ ] beautiful [ country [ children [ said [ ]
friend [ ] woman [ mountain [ school [ autumn [ ]
drew [ ] women [ blouse [ Christmas [ Wednesday [ ]

• Ты знаешь, что некоторые слова произносятся одинаково, а пишутся по-разному.


Догадайся по смыслу предложений, какие слова написаны в транскрипции, и напиши их в
пропусках.
1) Did you . [rait] this letter? Where is my _ __[rait] boot?
2) Do you [пэи] this poem? I have g o t___ [пэи] sisters.
3) Look at my [nju:] bag! 1 [nju:] that song very well.
4) This book is about the King and his [naits]. In August the [naits] are very dark.
5) Can y o u _______ [si:] this bright star? We went to the [si:] last summer.
6) Mary has g o t__ [tu:] sisters. This is my favourite film, __ [tu:].
7) I had dinner an [аиэ] ago. Look at the photo o f __ . [аиэ] house.

• Переведи даты и напиши в тетради числа словами.

7 января, 1 сентября, 8 марта, 25 декабря, 31 мая, 23 февраля, 22 июня, 12 ноября, 18 октября,


13 апреля, 30 июля, 28 августа.

• Задай вопросы к предложениям. Начни вопрос с указанного вопросительного слова.

1) Tom was at the Zoo on Sunday. (When..?) 10) Jane wrote a letter yesterday. (When..?)
3) Tom goes to the park. (Why..?) 11) Tom knows this song. (Who..?)
4) Ann was ten last year. (How old..?) 12) You saw Bob at school. (Where..?)
5) Jane drew a picture. (What..?) 13) Tom eats a lot of sweets. (How many..?)
7) There is a picture on the wall. (What..?) 14) Ann drinks a lot of milk. (How much..?)
8) Bob liked this film very much. (Why..?) 15) He had salad for dinner. (What..?)
9) Ann had lunch an hour ago. (When..?) 16) Bob can ski. (Who..?)

• Выбери в скобках нужную форму слова и обведи ее.

Ann and Jane (live / lives) in ( - / the) London. They are in ( - / the) fourth form. They are the (good
/ best) friends. Do you see (this / these) woman? (She / Her) is (Ann / A nn’s) mother. Yesterday she
(takes / took) the girls to (a / the) Zoo. They (see / saw) different animals. Monkeys were the (fun­
n ier/fu n n iest) animals. They also saw (some / any) bears. But they didn’t (see / saw) (some / any)
tigers. The weather (was / were) cold, and the tigers (hide / hid) in (their / them) house. Next week
Ann and Jane (go / will go) to the swimming pool. They like ( - / to) swim, and they can ( - / to) swim
very well. Jane is the (bad / best) swimmer in (her / she) class. Ann swims (bad / worse) than Jane.
The girls (don’t / doesn’t) eat (many / much) sweets. They drink (many / much) juice. Every Monday
they (play / played) tennis. After ( - / the) school they listen to ( - / the) music and sometimes they
(watch / will watch) cartoons.