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MiCOM P341, P922G

Interconnection Protection

The MiCOM Interconnection Protection Relays

offer the protection requirements necessary for
operating machines in parallel with the main
power supply network. They provide flexible and
reliable integration of protection, control,
monitoring and measurements. Extensive
functionality is available to satisfy complete
protection and control for a wide range of system
applications, including protection for both
connection and generator in simple applications
or the more sophisticated interconnection
protection necessary for larger units or those
connected at higher voltages.

MiCOM P922G The variable number of opto inputs and output

Interconnection contacts available allow complex protection
protection relay
schemes to be created using the relay's powerful
but easy to use logic.

A customer choice of industry standard protocols

are available on the relay, facilitating an easier
integration into both new and existing network
control systems.

MiCOM P341
Customer Benefits protection relay
• Extensive protection
functionality to meet the
requirements for most
interconnection protection
• Cost-effective solutions
to match application
• Flexible communications
options with a number of
protocols and communications
ports available including
IEC 61850
• High break output
contact capability internal to
main protection - no reliance
on auxiliary devices


With embedded generators running in parallel with the The following global functions are generally available in
normal public supply there is a risk that, due to fault both devices :
clearances on the external system, the embedded > Under/over voltage protection
generator may become disconnected from the main > Under/overfrequency protection
supply network. The machine may continue to supply > Residual overvoltage protection
external load and there is a significant risk of > Metering
unsynchronised reconnection due to auto-reclosure of > Event recording
the remote circuit breaker. A range of protection > Disturbance recording
functions are provided to detect this condition. > Fault recording
> Breaker condition monitoring
Loss of mains techniques are provided as well as the
more traditional functions encompassing voltage,
frequency and power elements. MAIN PROTECTION FUNCTIONS

The P341 provides overcurrent and ground fault, under The main protection functions are autonomous and can
and overvoltage, under and overfrequency, thermal be individually enabled or disabled to suit a particular
overload, negative phase sequence overcurrent and application. Each protection function is available in 4
overvoltage and power protection for the generator. separate setting groups (P341) and 2 (P922G) which
In addition, rate of change of frequency and voltage can be individually enabled or disabled.
vector shift protections are provided for loss of mains. Three phase tripping with faulted phase indication is
provided for all protection functions.
The P922G provides , under and overvoltage, residual
voltage and under and overfrequency protection.
The P922G meets the specifications of EDF GTE 2666
and is only available in the French language with
MODBUS communications.

ANSI IEC61850 Features P341 P922G
81R DfpPFRC Rate of change of frequency 1 -
∆Vθ VvsPVSP Voltage vector shift 1 -
50/51/67 OcpPTOC Directional / non directional, instantaneous / time delayed 4 -
phase overcurrent
50N/51N/67N EfmPTOC Directional / non directional, instantaneous / time delayed 4 -
phase ground fault
67N/67W SenSefPTOC Sensitive directional ground fault / wattmetric ground fault 4 -
64 SenRefPDIF Restricted earth fault 1 -
59N VtpResPTOV Neutral voltage displacement/residual overvoltage 2M/2D 3
interturn - measured (M), derived (D)
27/59 VtpPhsPTUV/ Under/Over voltage 2/2 2/2
81U/81O FrqPTUF/PTOF Under/Over frequency 4/2 6
32R/32L/32O PwrPPWR Reverse/Low Forward/Over power 2 -
49 ThmPTTR Stator thermal overload 2 -
46 NpsPTOC Directional/non directional, negative phase sequence overcurrent 4
47 NpsPTOV Negative phase sequence overvoltage 1 -
50BF CbfRCFB CB Fail 2 -
SvnRVCS Current transformer supervision 1 -
SvnRVCS Voltage transformer supervision 1 -
Number of setting groups 4 2
CliAlm/TrpPTUC CLIO (4 analogue inputs+4 analogue outputs) Option -
IRIG-B time synchronisation (modulated/demodulated) Option -
Front communications port (EIA (RS) 232 9-pin) • •
Rear communications port (EIA (RS) 485 / K-Bus) (COMM1/RP1) • •
Rear communications fibre optic/ethernet port (COMM1/RP1) Option -
2nd rear communications port (COMM2) Option -
OptGGIO Opto Inputs 8-16 5
RlyGGIO Output Contacts 7-15 8
LedGGIO Programmable LEDs 8 4

IEC 2nd Remote Remote Local Fault Records Disturbance

61850 Comm. Port Comm. Port Communication Record
27 81O
VTS 59 81U 59N 81R ∆VΘ 47



32R / 32L
50 67 49
CTS 51 46 32O 50BF


Binary available Interconnection
Input / Output CLIO
Protection P341

Remote COMM1 Communication
Communication (RS232)
to SCADA / substation control / RTU / modem ...
via RS485 using Modbus
Fault Records

Metering Disturbance
27 81O
59 81U 59N


Input / Output
Interconnection Protection P922G

(Description of ANSI code nos. see Functions Overview)

MiCOM P341 :
Comprehensive protection for all your
interconnection protection requirements
Figure 1 The IDMT stages have a programmable reset timer for
grading with electromechanical relays, to reduce
autoreclose dead times and to reduce clearance times
function selection
by mouseclick where intermittent faults occur.
The phase fault directional elements are internally
polarised by quadrature phase-phase voltages, and
will make a correct directional decision down to 0.5V
(Vn = 110/120V) or 2.0V (Vn = 380/440V). A
synchronous polarising signal is maintained for 3.2s
after voltage collapse to ensure that the instantaneous
and time delayed overcurrent elements operate
correctly for close-up three phase faults.

> Standard ground fault (P341)

> Loss of mains (P341) The standard ground fault element operates from a
residual current that is derived internally from the
In order to protect against unsynchronised summation of the three phase currents.
reconnection due to autoreclosure of a remote circuit The directionality of the ground fault elements is
breaker onto a system which has become provided by either residual voltage or negative
disconnected from the mains, specific protection is sequence voltage. Voltage transformer supervision
required. Loss of the grid connection can be protected (VTS) can be used to block the directional element or
against using voltage, frequency and power protection, to revert it to non-directional.
but, when the machine rating closely matches the
connected load this condition may be difficult to detect. > Sensitive ground fault (P341)
Two methods of detection are therefore offered, rate of
change of frequency and voltage vector shift. A core balance CT should be used to drive the
sensitive ground fault function. The directionality of the
> Rate of change of frequency (P341) sensitive ground fault elements is provided by the
residual voltage.
This element detects the fluctuation in frequency that
will occur as the machine adjusts to the new load > Wattmetric (P341)
conditions following loss of the grid. It is inherently
damped allowing sensitive settings to be used. The sensitive ground fault protection is also suitable for
To improve stability for external system events an Petersen Coil grounded systems by enabling a
adjustable definite time delay can be used. wattmetric element. This form of protection uses the
sensitive ground fault protection directional
> Voltage vector shift (P341) characteristic, but with a directional residual power
threshold providing an additional constraint on
This protection measures the instantaneous change in operation.
the three phase voltage angle that occurs when the
connection to the main supply network is lost. To > Restricted ground fault (P341)
provide stability this element must be less sensitive
than the rate of change of frequency element. The sensitive ground fault element may be configured
However, it operates without any intentional time delay, as a high impedance differential restricted ground fault
providing fast tripping. element. When high impedance resticted ground fault
protection is used an additional stabilising resistance
> Phase overcurrent (P341) and a metrosil will be required.

Four independent stages are available for each phase > Blocked overcurrent logic (P341)
overcurrent, ground fault and sensitive ground fault
element. Each stage of overcurrent, ground fault and sensitive
Each stage may be selected as non-directional or ground fault protection can be blocked by an optically
directional (forward/reverse). All stages have definite isolated input. This enables the overcurrent and ground
time (DT) delayed characteristics, two of the stages fault protection to be integrated into a blocked
may also be independently set to one of nine inverse overcurrent busbar protection scheme.
definite minimum time (IDMT) curves (IEC and IEEE).

MiCOM P341 :
dual loss of mains protection -
df/dt and voltage vector shift
> Neutral displacement/residual overvoltage > Thermal overload (P341)
To monitor the thermal state of a generator or a feeder,
Three stages of measured residual overvoltage (or a thermal replica protection is provided. The thermal
neutral voltage displacement) protection are provided element has a trip and an alarm stage. Positive and
within the P922G and two stages of measured and negative sequence currents are taken into account so
calculated in the P341. Depending on the VT that any unbalance condition can be detected and any
configuration, the protection will operate from either an abnormal heating of the rotor can be avoided. There
internally calculated value from the 3 phase to neutral are separate time constants for heating and cooling
voltage measurements (P341 only) or a directly and in the event of loss of auxiliary supply the thermal
measured value of residual voltage from a broken delta state is stored in non volatile memory.
VT or from the secondary winding of a distribution
transformer ground at the generator neutral. The P341 > Negative phase sequence overcurrent (P341)
fist stage can be configured for either inverse time or
definite time operation, with all subsequent stages Four definite time negative phase sequence overcurrent
definite time only. The P922G is definite time only. stages are available within the P341.
This function provides protection against ground faults Each stage may be selected as non-directional or
irrespective of the system grounding connection used. directional (forward/reverse) and can operate for
remote phase-phase and phase-ground faults even with
> Under/overvoltage (P341/P22G) delta-star transformers present.

Under/overvoltage protection may be configured to > Negative phase sequence overvoltage (P341)
operate from either phase-phase or phase-neutral
voltage elements and from Any Phase variation One definite time stage of negative phase sequence
(OR mode) or Three Phase variation (AND mode). overvoltage protection is provided within the P341.
Two independent stages with definite time elements are Negative phase sequence overvoltage protection can
available for under and overvoltage protection. be used for the detection of voltage unbalance which
The first stage can also be configured to an inverse will quickly lead to overheating and damage of
characteristic. generators.

> Under/overfrequency (P341/P922G) > Analog (Current Loop) Inputs and Outputs
(CLIO) (P341)
The P341 provides two independent stages of
overfrequency and four of under frequency. The P922G Four analog (or current loop) inputs are provided for
provides 6 stages of frequency protection, each stage transducers with ranges of 0-1mA, 0-10mA, 0-20mA or
can be set for under or over frequency operation. 4-20mA. The analog inputs can be used for various
Each stage functions as a definite time element. transducers such as vibration monitors, tachometers
and pressure transducers. Associated with each input
> Power protection (P341) there are two time delayed protection stages, one for
alarm and one for trip. Each stage can be set for 'Over'
The selectable power element can be used to provide or 'Under' operation.
loss of mains protection whether the normal power flow Four analog (or current loop) outputs are provided with
is into or out of the utility system, tripping when import ranges of 0-1mA, 0-10mA, 0-20mA or 4-20mA which
power reverses, or export power exceeds normal limits. can alleviate the need for separate transducers. These
In addition to the standard 3 phase power protection may be used to feed standard moving coil ammeters
(minimum setting 2% Pn) a sensitive single phase for analog indication of certain measured quantities or
power protection element can be used (minimum into a SCADA using an existing analog RTU.
setting 0.5% Pn) which uses the sensitive ground fault
current input. > Phase Rotation (P341)

A facility is provided to maintain correct operation of all

the protection functions even when the generator is
running in a reverse phase sequence. This is achieved
through user configurable settings available to four
setting groups.
The phase rotation for all 3 phase currents and
voltages can be reversed. Also, for pump storage
applications where 2 phases are swapped for pumping
operation, the swapping of the phases can be emulated
in the relay via settings for the 3 phase currents and

> Circuit breaker control (P341)

> Circuit breaker failure protection (P341)
Circuit breaker control is available from the front panel
Two stage circuit breaker failure protection may be user interface, optically isolated inputs and remotely via
used for tripping upstream circuit breakers and/or the the substation communications.
local secondary trip coil. The circuit breaker failure
logic may also be initiated externally from other > Programmable scheme logic
protection devices if required.
The P922G uses simple logic to program the digital
> Voltage transformer supervision (P341) inputs, output contacts and LED's.

Voltage transformer supervision (VTS) is provided to Programmable scheme logic in the P341 allows the
detect loss of one, two or three VT signals, providing user to customise the protection and control functions.
indication and inhibition of voltage dependent It is also used to programme the functionality of the
protection elements. An optically isolated input may digital inputs, output contacts and LED indications. The
also be configured to initiate the voltage transformer programmable scheme logic comprises gate logic and
supervision alarm and blocking when used with general purpose timers. The gate logic includes OR,
miniature circuit breakers (MCBs) or other external AND and majority gate functions, with the ability to
forms of voltage transformer supervision. invert the inputs and outputs, and provide feedback.
The system is optimised to evaluate changes to the
> Current transformer supervision (P341) scheme logic signals and thus minimise any delays in
logic execution. The programmable scheme logic may
Current transformer supervision (CTS) is provided to be configured using the graphical MiCOM S1 PC based
detect loss of phase CT signals and inhibit the support software, as illustrated in Figure 2.
operation of current dependent protection elements.
The required logic is drawn as shown and is then
downloaded directly into the relay. The logic may also
PLANT SUPERVISION be uploaded from the relay and then modified using
MiCOM S1 support software.
> Trip circuit monitoring (P341)

Monitoring of the trip circuit in both breaker open and

closed states can be realised using the programmable
scheme logic.

> Circuit breaker state monitoring

In the P341 an alarm will be generated if there is a

discrepancy between the open and closed contacts of
the circuit breaker.

> Circuit breaker condition monitoring

Figure 2 PSL Editor (MiCOM S1)
The circuit breaker condition monitoring features
• monitoring the number of breaker trip operations
• recording the sum of the broken current quantity
∑Ix, 1.0 ≤ x ≤ 2.0 (P341 only)
• monitoring the breaker operating time
• monitoring the fault frequency counter
(P341 only)

Comprehensive Post-fault analysis

and communication options
> Control inputs (P341) > Event Recording

The ON/OFF status of 32 control inputs can be The P922G can store up to 75 event records for
changed manually or remotely via the communications viewing via the local and remote communication
to provide user defined control functions within the ports using MiCOM S1. The P341 relay can store up to
P341 PSL. 512 event records for viewing locally on the LCD, or
extraction via the communication ports.
> Latched output contacts
> Fault Recording
Each P922G and P341 relay output contact can be
individually programmed to be latched. Once in the The relays store the last 5 faults records, typically
latched state, the contact can be reset either locally or containing:
remotely (P341/P922G), or via the PSL in the P341 • Date and time
• Protection operation
• Active setting group
In addition to the ability to latch output contacts, on the
P341 relays, each of the contacts can be individually • Fault voltages, frequency, etc..
conditioned by a timer to give pulse, dwell, delay on
pick-up or delay on drop-off operation. > Disturbance Recording

The relays have an internal waveform capture facility

MEASUREMENTS & with a user programmable trigger point. The P922G
POST FAULT ANALYSIS can record five disturbances, each with a duration of
2.5 seconds at a sampling rate of 32 samples per
The P341 and P922G are capable of measuring and cycle. The P341 can record 10 disturbances, each with
storing a number of quantities. All events, faults and a duration of 7.5 seconds (75s maximum) at a
disturbance records are time tagged to a resolution of sampling rate of 24 samples per cycle. All disturbance
1ms using an internal real time clock. On the P341 records capture both analog and digital information
relays a pulsed opto input or an optional IRIG-B port is and when extracted via the communication ports, are
also available to maintain the accuracy of the real time stored in Comtrade format.
clock. A supervised and easily accessed lithium These records can be examined using MiCOM S1 or
battery ensures that the real time clock and records any other suitable software programme.
are maintained during auxiliary supply interruptions.

> Power System Measurements

The measurements provided will depend upon the

application and model of the relay. Where appropriate
the measurements may be viewed in primary or
secondary terms and can be viewed locally or

Measurements include:
• Phase / line voltages
• Sequence voltages
• Phase angles
• System frequency
• Phase / line currents (P341)
• Sequence currents (P341)
• W/Var/VA (P341)
Information exchange is done via the local control
panel, the front PC interface, the main rear >> KVFG/MX3VI: First numerical relays combining voltage and
communications interface (COMM1) or an optional frequency protection features.
Over 3500 devices installed since 1996.
second rear interface (COMM2 - P341).
>> MiCOM P92x: Combined numerical voltage and frequency relay.
Over 4000 devices installed since 2000
> Local communication
>> MiCOM P94x: Designed for all frequency based load applications.
The front EIA(RS)232 communication port has been Over 600 units installed since 1999.
designed for use with the MiCOM S1 software and is >> MiCOM P342/3: Designed for all generator protection applications.
primarily for configuring the relay settings and Over 2,000 units installed since 1999.
programmable scheme logic. It is also used to locally >> MiCOM P341: Designed for all Interconnection protection
extract event, fault and disturbance record information applications. Over 600 units installed since 1999.
and can be used as a commissioning tool by viewing
all relay measurements simultaneously.

> Rear communication

MiCOM is a registered trademark of AREVA. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. - 389191982 RCS PARIS - PDF ONLY - SONOVISION-ITEP
The P341 main rear communications interface
supports the five protocols listed below (selected at
time of order) and is intended for integration with
substation control systems.

• Courier/K-Bus
• Modbus

AUTOMATION-L3-P341/922G-BR-03.08-1798-GB - © - AREVA - 2008. AREVA, the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA.
• IEC 60870-5-103*
• DNP 3.0
• IEC61850
IEC 61850 is available when the optional Ethernet port
Compliance with the
is ordered. IEC 61850 offers high-speed data
89/336/EEC European Commission
exchange, peer-to-peer communication, reporting,
Directive on EMC
disturbance record extraction and time
PRODUCT SAFETY Compliance with the
The P922G only supports the MODBUS protocol.
An optional fiber optic interface is available for any of European Commission
73/23/EEC Low voltage directive
the above protocols with the P341.
An optional 2nd rear communications port with the
Courier protocol is available with the P341. This port is
intended for central settings or remote access with
MiCOM S1. File Number : E202519
Clock synchronization can be achieved using one of C UL
fi US Original Issue Date : 05-10-2002
the protocols or using the IRIG-B input (P341) or using (Complies with Canadian and
an opto input (P341). US requirements)

Certificate Number : 104 Issue 2

> Password protection Assessment Date : 16-04-2004

To prevent unauthorised setting changes, all relays

have password facilities. On the P922G one level of
password control is available, whereas the P341
provides two password levels.

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effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure
Tel.: +44 (0) 1785 250 070 should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for
information purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer
for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in
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www.areva-td.com decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.