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MiCOM P14x

Feeder Protection

GRID Technical Institute


Formation Automation

SYSTEM DATA

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
System Data
Generalities

General configuration menus

4 setting groups

 Manage feeder « in service » or « in maintenance » mode


 Possibility to change short-circuit threasholds depending on network topology
(mainly for overcurrent protections)

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

System Data
Settings

» Choose between English, French,


German and Spanish
» Selected language will be the one
displayed on LCD front panel

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
System Data

» Settings

» Feeder name (displayed on LCD


front panel)
» Station name (displayed on LCD
front panel)

» Frequency : 50Hz or 60Hz

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CB CONTROL

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CB Control

» No manual control of the CB


» Open/Close commands can be issued only by
protection functions (such as autoreclose, trip,
…)

» Open/Close commands can be issued from


front panel using HOT KEYS or via SYSTEM
DATA menu
»Commands can also be issued from relay
• Disabled front communication port
• Local
• Remote
• Local + Remote » Open/Close commands can be issued from
rear communication port
• Opto
• Opto+ Local
• Opto+ Remote
• Opto + Rem + Local » Open/Close commands can be issued from
opto inputs (one opto for open, one opto for
close is required)
!
» CB position contacts should be available on the relay (via opto) when CB control function is enabled.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CB Control

» Minimum duration of close command


sent to CB

» Minimum duration of open command


sent to CB

!
» It may be necessary to match these values with CB manufacturing data to ensure safe operation of the CB.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CB Control

» Time between local close command


sent by operator and relay order sent to
CB (to go out of the room for safety
reasons)

» Waiting time to receive « CB Healthy »


information given by CB.
» If relay does not receive this information, no
more command can be issued and CB is locked
in open position.

» This function requires an opto input connected to relay CB Healthy internal data) (via PSL Editor).
! Opto Label 06
DDB #037
CB Healthy
DDB #230

» If not, CB Healthy will be set internally at 1, meaning CB always healthy.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CB Control

» If CB is locked, choose lockout reset by :

• Operator action (front panel)

• A successful manual close command

» At the end of this timer

» Specify which position contacts are wired to the relay opto :


» 52A for CB Closed position
» 52B for CB Open position

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
DATE AND TIME

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Date and Time

» View / modify date and time (relay front


panel )
» When creating setting file, these are default
values

» Enable / Disable IRIG-B synchronisation

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Reminder : MiCOM S1 Studio

2
1. Select relay from Studio Explorer
2. Click on « Supervise »
3. Modify

1 3

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Date and time

» Battery Status

» When Alarm is disabled, low battery will not


generate any alarm

! » In case of power supply failure, the battery will save the date,
time, events, disturbance & fault recorder.
» Settings/PSL are saved in EEPROM memory : no battery is
required to save data even without power supply.
» Battery life time is 1 year if relay is not supplied or 10 years if
relay is permanently supplied.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Date and time

» Allow to set automatic time change


(UTC, winter/summer time)

» It is possible to set time shift between


UTC and local

» Winter/Summer time changeover can be


setup accuratelyt

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CONFIGURATION

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Configuration

» Restore default settings for whole file or setting group


only
» Available only from front panel

» 4 Settings groups available (PSL included)


» Setting group change over via Menu or Opto

» Enable / Disable protection functions

» Enable one function make it visible in the setting group :

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Configuration

» Display or hide general menus (not proteciton functions)


» Choose display type for settings values (primary or
secondary values)

» Display or hide direct quick access using HOTKEYS or


FUNCTION KEYS
» Setup relay LCD contrast
© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Configuration

» Select via Menu : Active setting group is selected by » Select via Opto : Active setting group is selected
operator action (relay front panel or front/rear automatically viaOpto1 et Opto2 (only these 2 optos).
communication to PC).
» Notes : Opto 1 and 2 can be used for other
applications
Opto 1 0
» Active setting group is selected via the parameter Opto 2
0 Group 1
Active Settings

Opto 1 1
Group 2
Opto 2 0

» Notes : 0
Opto 1
» Opto inputs 1 et 2 must be set in Group 3
the PSL Opto 2 1

» Setting group change over can be


modified only by these optos (not Opto 1 1
through front panel or Group 4
communication). Opto 2 1

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Configuration

» It is possible to set up to 4 setting groups. Each setting


group can have different parameters/PSL

!
» It is advised to disable non-used setting
groups

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CT AND VT RATIOS

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CT and VT Ratios

» Main voltage transformer ratio (3 phases)

»Current transformer ratio (3 phases)

» Neutral current transfomer ratio used for


Earth Fault 1 or REF protection function

» Sensitive neutral current transformer ratio


used for SEF or REF high impedance protection
function

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
RECORD CONTROL

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Record Control

» Allow to define which information will be


stored in event memory

» Allow to clear disturbance record memory


» Only from relay front panel

» Allow to prevent one protection signal to


appear in the event list

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
DISTURB RECORDER

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Disturbance Recorder

» Configuration of disturbance record duration


» Selection of operating mode (single or
extended)

» Selection of Analog Channels signals (current,


voltage)

» Selection of Digital Channels signals (opto


status, output status, start, trip…)
» Selection of trigger for disturbance recording

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Disturbance Recorder

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Disturbance Recorder

» Trigger Mode Single : another trigger is


ignored

» Trigger Mode Extended : recording time


is extended to take into account second
trigger

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Disturbance Recorder

» For each digital channel, it is possible to choose if it is a


trigger for disurbance recording :
» yes, on rising edge
» yes, on falling edge
» no, not a trigger

» By default, digital channel linked to Output contact R3 (trip


contact) is a trigger.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

MEASURE’T SETUP

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Measurement Setup

» "Standby" display for relay front panel (after 15


min inactivity)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Measurement Setup

IA
5.62A

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Measurement Setup

» Selected value will be the reference for phase


angle calculation

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Measurement Setup
Mode 0 Mode 1

P P
i u i u
u u
i i

Q Q
i u u i u u
i i

Mode 2 Mode 3

P P
i u i u
u u
i i

Q Q
i u u i u u
i i
Direction of energy displayed on the relay depends on the selected
mode
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Measurement Setup

» Average values are calculated during this


period
» Display is refreshed after each period

» Average values are calculated during the last


« x » sub periods – each sub period lasts « y »
minutes
» Display is refreshed after each sub-period

» For fault location function, select unit for


distance and display type for the value.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CB MONITOR SETUP

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CB Monitor Setup

» Select 1 for broken current or 2 for broken


squared current

» Activation of a CB mainenance alarm if limit is


reached :
» Total broken currents
» Number of operations
» Operating time

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CB Monitor Setup

» Activation of CB lockout (in open position) if the limit is


reached :
» Total broken currents
» Number of operations
» Operating time
» Number of operations in a definite time

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
OPTO CONFIG

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Opto Configuration

» It is mandatory to select supply voltage for opto:


- same voltage for all inputs
- customed for each input

» In case no voltage is available, it is possible to


use 48VDC output voltage from the relay to supply
opto inputs.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Opto Configuration

Voltage range Undefined range

24 / 27VDC 16,2 – 19,2VDC


30 / 34VDC 20,4 – 24VDC
48 / 54VDC 32,4 – 38,4VDC
110 / 125VDC 75 – 88VDC
220 / 250VDC 150 – 176VDC

100%

80%
1
60%
Previous state*

! 0
» Opto can be damaged if overvoltage occurs
(more than300VDC ) 0%
* Schmitt Trigger
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Opto Configuration

» 1 = opto filtered  response time = 10ms


» 0 = opto non filtered  response time < 5ms

» Each opto input can be filtered. It allows a pre-filtering of half-period


wich prevent opto from wiring noise.
» This filter provide safety but input may be to slow for application such
as Intertripping. In this case, we can disable filtering.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
SYSTEM CONFIG

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

System Configuration

» Select phase sequence (usefull in case phases


wiring is reversed)

» It is possible to block current functions when harmonic 2 is


present (inrush current)
» Above the high set of current, blocking is cancelled

» For each function based on


current, it is possible to select
the threasholds blocked by 2nd
harmonic detection :

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
OVERCURRENT (50/51/67)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Overcurrent (50/51/67)
Elements I>1 and I>2

Operating time for settings I>1 and I>2 can be switched


between :
» Definite Time (DT)
OR
» Inverse Time (IEC, IEEE… international curves)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Overcurrent (50/51/67)
Eléments I>1 and I>2

» Settings I>1 and I>2 can be set to :


Non directional
OR
Directional Forward
OR
Directional Reverse

» Characteristic angle can be set between -95° and +95°


» Angle is same for all elements
» Minimal polarising voltage is fixed at 0.5 V (synchronous polarisation is
enabled below this threashold)

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Overcurrent (50/51/67)
»Elements I>1 and I>2

» Set current threashold and associated


timer (or TMS for inverse time curve)

» PSL :
Phase selective
Start

Any phase

Phase selective
Trip

Any phase

» It is possible to add a fixed timer (offset)


to the inverse time curve

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Overcurrent (50/51/67)
Elements I>1 and I>2

» Timer before threashold reinitialisation

tRESET = 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP

tRESET ≠ 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Overcurrent (50/51/67)
Elements I>3 and I>4

» Elements I>3 and I>4 are only definite time


:

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Overcurrent (50/51/67)

All threasholds may be individually blocked following :


» a VT error detected by VT Supervision function (used
for direction determination)
» an inrush current detection (2nd harmonic method)

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Overcurrent (50/51/67)

Action of VT Supervision function for direction


determination :
» ex. of directional forward element when loss
of voltage occurs :

VT Supervision VT Supervision VT Supervision


Disabled Indication Blocking

Forward Fault NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP

Reverse Fault NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP


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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Overcurrent (50/51/67)

Action of inrush current blocking (2nd harmonic detection) :


» Choose blocking for each element
» Choose blocking operating mode :
1PH detection blocks 1PH
OR
1PH detection blocks 3PH

1PH detection blocks 1PH


1PH detection blocks 3PH

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Overcurrent (50/51/67)

» For I>1 and/or I>2 elements, it is possible to reduce


threashold when a voltage drop is detected (function 51V) :
for ex. to detect a remote fault

Vrms
I>1
V<

k.I>1

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
NEG SEQ O/C (46)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)


Elements I2>1 and I2>2

Operating time for settings I2>1 and I2>2 can be switched


between :
» Definite Time (DT)
OR
» Inverse Time (IEC, IEEE… international curves)

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)
Elements I2>1 and I2>2

» Settings I2>1 and I2>2 can be set to :


Non directional
OR
Directional Forward
OR
Directional Reverse

» Characteristic angle can be set between -95° and +95°


» Angle is same for all elements
» Minimum polarising voltage (Vi) can be set during commissioning :
above negative sequence voltage in stable conditions

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)


Elements I2>1 and I2>2

» Set current threashold and associated timer


(or TMS for inverse time curve)

» It is possible to add a fixed timer (offset) to


the inverse time curve

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)
Elements I2>1 and I2>2

» Timer before threashold reinitialisation

tRESET = 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP

tRESET ≠ 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP
© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)


Elements I2>3 and I2>4

» Elements I2>3 and I2>4 are only definite


time :

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)

All threasholds may be individually blocked following :


» a VT error detected by VT Supervision function (used
for direction determination)
» an inrush current detection (2nd harmonic method)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)

Action of VT Supervision function for direction


determination :
» ex. of directional forward element when loss of voltage
occurs :

VT Supervision VT Supervision VT Supervision


Disabled Indication Blocking

NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP


Forward Fault

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP

NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP


Reverse Fault

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Negative Sequence Overcurrent (46)

Action of inrush current blocking (2nd harmonic detection) :


» Choose blocking for each element

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

BROKEN CONDUCTOR (46BC)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Broken conductor (46BC)

» Define ratio of negative sequence current / positive sequence


current and associated timer

» Note : this function guarantees good operation even with low


level of load current (that is different from function 46)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

EARTH FAULT PROTECTION


(50N/51N/67N)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)
3 types of earth fault protection available

» based on IN measurement

» based on IN calculation

» based on Sensitive IN
measurement

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)


Elements IN>1 and IN>2

Operating time for settings IN>1 and IN>2 can be switched


between :
» Definite Time (DT)
OR
» Inverse Time (IEC, IEEE… international curves)

» Note : operation is same for EARTH FAULT 2 and SEF/REF in SEF mode
functions

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)
Elements IN>1 and IN>2

» Settings IN>1 and IN>2 can be set to :


Non directional
OR
Directional Forward
OR
Directional Reverse

» Characteristic angle can be set between -95° and +95°


» Angle is same for all elements

Polarisation can be performed using :


» residual voltage (-3Vo) – mandatory for SEF function : we can define minimum voltage for polarisation
» negative sequence elements : in this case, residual current provides starting and direction is determined by negative
sequence voltage and current : we can define minimum values for theses elements

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)


Elements IN>1 and IN>2

» Set current threashold and associated timer


(or TMS for inverse time curve)

» It is possible to add a fixed timer (offset) to


the inverse time curve

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)
Elements IN>1 and IN>2

» Timer before threashold reinitialisation

tRESET = 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP

tRESET ≠ 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)


Elements IN>3 and IN>4

» Elements IN>3 and IN>4 are only definite


time :

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)

All threasholds may be individually blocked following :


» a VT error detected by VT Supervision function (used
for direction determination)
» an inrush current detection (2nd harmonic method)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)

Action of VT Supervision function for direction


determination :
» ex. of directional forward element when loss of voltage
occurs :

VT Supervision VT Supervision VT Supervision


Disabled Indication Blocking

Forward Fault NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP

Reverse Fault NO TRIP NO TRIP TRIP

NO TRIP NO TRIP NO TRIP

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)

Action of inrush current blocking (2nd harmonic detection) :


» Choose blocking for each element

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)


SEF/REF Add-ons

SEF cos(PHI) / sin(PHI)

For specific applications, it may be difficult to discriminate healthy


from faulty feeder as the residual current may be similar. We can use
IcosΦ characteristic as the faulty feeder will have a higher active
component than the healthy.
For isolated networks, we prefer using IsinΦ

Wattmetric
It is possible to add a power criteria from existing elements by
choosing Wattmetric characteristic

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)
SEF/REF Add-ons

REF : Restricted Earth Fault

For transformer protection it is advised to use instantaneous protection


for earth fault at low voltage side. To ensure stability of the protection
in case of external fault, we can use :
» High impedance method
» Low impedance method (bias characteristic)

Note : It is possible to use both low impedance REF and DTS/Wattmetric function while using high
impedance REF is exclusive

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)


High impedance REF operating mode principle

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Earth Fault Protection (50N/51N/67N)
Low impedance REF operating mode principle

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

RESIDUAL O/V NVD (59N)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Residual overvoltage (59N)

Note : this function is based on calculated VN =


VA+VB+VC

» Operating time for element VN>1 can be switched between :


Definite time (DT)
OR
Inverse time (IDMT)
» We can then set the threashold and associated timer/TMS

» Second element VN>2 is only definite time


» We just need to set the threashold and associated timer

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Residual overvoltage (59N)


Element VN>1

» Timer before threashold reinitialisation

tRESET = 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP

tRESET ≠ 0
I>1

TIMER
TRIP
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
THERMAL OVERLOAD (49)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Thermal overload (49)

Note :
» Single characteristic (one time constant) is used to
protect cables or dry transformers.
» Dual characteristic (two time constants) is used for oil
insulated transformers with natural air cooling
» one time constant protects against slow increase
of oil temperature
» one time constant protects against fast increase
of windings temperature

» We define full load current setting (maximum load)


» It is possible to set an alarm to warn operator of thermal state
increase

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
NEG SEQUENCE O/V

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Negative sequence overvoltage

» For specific applications where the input voltage must


be perfectly balanced (motor supply…), it is advised to use
negative sequence overvoltage function
» Set the threashold and corresponding timer

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
COLD LOAD PICKUP

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Cold Load Pickup

» After closing the circuit breaker, it is possible to block


phase & earth overcurrent elements, or to define new
settings (generally increase threasholds) during a fix
timer.
» Blocking or new settings will be activated during tclp
Time Delay after CB closure.
» Blocking or new settings will also be activated after
tcold Time Delay when CB is open (load disconnected).

Note : It is possible to modify the 4 phase overcurrent elements and the first element of earth fault 1 & 2
functions.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Cold Load Pickup

» If element is set as Enable, the new settings will be


applied when function Cold load pickup will be activated.

» If element is set as Block, it will not be active anymore


when function Cold load pickup will be activated.

Note : Elements will appear in Cold Load Pickup function only if they are enabled in the relevant PHASE
OVERCURRENT & EARTH FAULT functions.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Cold Load Pickup

» Cold Load Pickup function activation is linked to circuit breaker position. It is thus necessary to wire CB position on relay
digital inputs.
» CB position is managed by two signals: 52A (CB CLOSED) & 52B (CB OPEN). If only one signal is available, the other one
will automatically be calculated by the protection.

» REMINDER : CB position should be defined both in settings


file & PSL file with coherence:

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Cold Load Pickup
» Activation of Cold Load Pickup function

52A

52B

Function
activation

tclp tcold

Note : If CB position (52A or 52B) is not available, it is possible to activate the function using the signal
« CLP initiate ». Behaviour will be the same as 52B signal (check above diagram).

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

SELECTIVE LOGIC

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Selective logic

» On specific logic input activation – for example – it is


possible to modify timers of elements 3 & 4 for overcurrent
functions (phase & earth)

Note : It is possible to modify elements 3 & 4 for OVERCURRENT, EARTH FAULT 1 & 2 and SENSITIVE
EARTH FAULT (SEF).

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Selective logic

» New timer settings will be applied as long as blocking


signals will be active (PSL configuration):

Note : if Selective Logic function is disabled, signals such as I>3 Timer Block will completely block the
corresponding element while if Selective Logic function is enabled, element is not blocked anymore but new
timer settings will be applied.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
VOLT PROTECTION

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Voltage Protection
Measur’t Mode: Phase-Neutral

50 V VAN 50 V
VAN

VBN VCN VBN


VCN

No start of element V<1 Start of element V<1


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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Voltage Protection

Measur’t Mode: Phase-Phase

VAN
VAN

57,7 V 49 V

VBN VCN VBN


VCN

No start of element V<1 Start of element V<1

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Voltage Protection
Operating mode:

» Any phase : protection will start if fault appears on any


of the three phases
» Three Phase : protection will start only if fault appears
on the three phases

Note : measurement mode and operating mode are defined for each function UNDER VOLTAGE &
OVERVOLTAGE. They will be applied for all elements of each function.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Voltage Protection
Function definition

Settings for a definite time element:


» Level
» Timer

Settings for an inverse time curve element (available only for


first element V<1 & V>1):
Trev = K / (1 – M)
with :
K = time multiplier setting TMS
M = ratio measured voltage / voltage threashold

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Voltage Protection
Inhibition of Under Voltage protection when CB is open

It is possible to block undervoltage elements when CB is open:


just enable setting « Poledead Inh »

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
FREQ PROTECTION

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Frequency Protection
Function definition

Setting definition:
» Threashold value
» Timer

Note : 4 elements available for UNDER FREQUENCY function and 2 elements for OVER FREQUENCY
function.

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Frequency Protection
Inhibition of Under Frequency protection when CB is open

It is possible to block underfrequency elements when CB is


open: just check box « Poledead Blk » for the required element:

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

DF/DT PROTECTION

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
df/dt protection
Function configuration

Element configuration :
» Threashold value (df/dt rate in Hz/s)
» Timer (for trip)
» Direction:
» Negative for falling frequency conditions operation
» Positive for rising frequency conditions operation
» Both

Note : 4 elements available for DF/DT function

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

df/dt protection
Rate of change of frequency calculation

Rate of change calculation on 6 cycles will be faster but less


accurate than 12 cycles calculation.
Maximum fault detection delay is:
t = 2 x M + 1 (in cycles)
where M = df/dt Avg.Cycles

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CB FAIL & I<

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Breaker failure

» CB Fail stage 1 (re-trip) with corresponding timer

» CB Fail stage 2 (bad-trip) with corresponding timer

! » CB Fail elements are strictly


independant

»Note : after protection trips, if CB is not open before the end of set timer, CB fail element will operate

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Breaker failure
CB Fail function operation

Trip

No Breaker Failure
CB Open

CB Fail 1 timer

Bfail 1
activation

Trip.

Breaker Failure
CB Open

CB Fail 1 timer

Bfail 1
activation
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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Breaker failure

Acknowledge CB Fail when it has been started by a


non current based protection:
» I< only : When currents drop below the settings I<
Current Set & IN< Current Set.
» CB Open & I< : When currents drop below the
settings I< Current Set & IN< Current Set AND
protection relay receives external signal for CB open
position (from digital input).
» Prot Reset & I< : When currents drop below the
settings I< Current Set & IN< Current Set AND
started elements has stopped (fault has disappeared)

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to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
Breaker failure

Acknowledge CB Fail when it has been started by an


external protection:
» I< only : When currents drop below the settings I<
Current Set & IN< Current Set.
» CB Open & I< : When currents drop below the
settings I< Current Set & IN< Current Set AND
protection relay receives external signal for CB open
position (from digital input).
» Prot Reset & I< : When currents drop below the
settings I< Current Set & IN< Current Set AND
started elements has stopped (fault has disappeared)

* Requires an opto input assigned to External


Trip signal in PSL:

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Breaker failure

When CB fail acknowledge criteria I< is used, we define levels of


current under which current is considered has disappeared:
»I< Current Set and IN< Current Set for all functions based on
current (except SEF) + protections non based on current + external
protections
»ISEF< Current for Sensitive Earth Fault protection (SEF)

It can be interesting to block start signals for first elements I> and
IN> when CB fail conditions occurs:
when these signals are used to block another protection, CB fail allow
to stop blocking it so that it can trip corresponding CB.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
SUPERVISION

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CT & VT Supervision

» In case of VT failure, VTS can operate as:


» Indication = an alarm is raised
» Blocking = optional blocking of voltage dependant
protection elements + optional conversion of
directional overcurrent elements to non-directional

» After a VT failure detected by VTS, blocking signal will be


latched after the delay VTS Time Delay
» VTS Reset Mode: Acknowledgement of blocking can be
manual (front panel or communication) or automatic after
restoration of the 3 phase voltages (3 V > fix threashold –
30V for Vn=100/120V)

Note : VTS operates when a residual voltage is detected without negative sequence current. In case of loss of
voltage on the 3 phases, other calculation will take place to detect VT failure.

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
CT & VT Supervision

» It is possible to disable VTS blocking if phase current (or


negative seq. current) is above the threashold VTS I>
Inhibit (or VTS I2> Inhibit).
» For example, in case of a close up three phases fault on
line energisation, VTS function should not block tripping!

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

CT & VT Supervision

» CT Supervision activation

» If a zero sequence current appears above the CTS IN>


Set and the zero sequence voltage is below the CTS VN<
Inhibit, CTS function will operate.
» An alarm is raised on relay front panel after CTS Time
Delay

Note : CTS operates when a zero sequence current (calculated) appears when no zero sequence voltage is
measured or calculated.
When CTS function starts, protection functions based on calculated values (such as Broken Conductor, Earth
Fault 2, Negative sequence overcurrent…) are automatically blocked.
Other functions can be blocked by customising the PSL using signals « CTS Block » - instantaneous or « CT
Fail Alarm » - time delayed:

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X
FAULT LOCATOR

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Fault locator

» Line length can be set in miles or km:

» Line Impedance: positive sequence line impedance


» Line Angle: angle of positive sequence impedance
» kZN Residual: zero sequence line impedance
» kZn Res Angle: angle of zero sequence impedance

Note : distance to fault is displayed in the fault report. It can be displayed as a distance, as an impedance or
as % of line length:

© ALSTOM 2010. All rights reserved. Information contained in this document is provided without liability for information purposes only and is subject
to change without notice. No representation or warranty is given or to be implied as to the completeness of information or fitness for any particular
purpose. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties, without express written authority, is strictly prohibited.

Oscilloperturbographe MX7X