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McGill

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

ECSE 461 – Electric Machinery


Winter 2020

Assignment # 2 –Three phase circuits


1. Two sets of 3 identical single-phase resistive loads, rated respectively 240 V, 3000 W, and 240
V, 5000 W, are connected to a three phase 380 V ac feeder.
(a) Each set of loads need is connected in star (Y) to the feeder to dissipate close to rated power.
Compute, for each 3-phase load, the current drawn on the feeder and the total power dissipated.
Compute the feeder current and the power drawn by the two 3-phase loads.
(b) Individual heater elements from each set are connected in series in a delta configuration ().
Compute the phase current in the combined 3-phase load. Compute the feeder current and the
power drawn by the 3-phase loads. Indicate if any resistor is overloaded (compute the voltage
across each). Give the value of the total resistance per phase required to obtain the same total
power as in Question (a).
(c) A fault occurs on the feeder side and one of the feeder lines opens. With the heaters connected
in Y, compute the total power drawn and the feeder currents for (i) a 3-wire 3-phase system; (b)
a 4-wire 3-phase system, with the neutral connected to the feeder ground. Explain the differences.

2. A 3-phase 22 kW (output power) induction motor has an efficiency of 91 % and a power factor of
0.8, when connected to a 460 V, 60 Hz three phase ac mains.
(a) Give the line current. Draw the voltage-current phasor diagram on a per phase basis, assuming
a Y-connection of the motor windings. Draw the power diagram for the motor.
(b) The feeder voltage drops to a 430 V. The motor draws the same amount of real and reactive
power as for rated voltage. Compute the feeder current. Draw the per-phase voltage-current
diagram and power diagram for the motor on the plots of Question (a). Compare to the two results
and explain the differences.
(c) The motor operates at rated voltage and power. The power factor of the installation is increased
to 0.95. Find the reactive power supplied by the power factor correction capacitors. Give the real
and reactive power supplied by the feeder. Draw the 3-phase power diagram for the compensated
installation. Compute the new feeder current. Find the per phase reactance of the capacitors if
they are connected in , and the capacitance value in mF. Compare with the value required to
bring the pf to unity.

3. Two 3-phase induction motor, a 460 V, 25 kW, 4-pole, 92 % efficiency, 0.83 pf motor, and a 460
V, 7.5 kW, 6-pole, 93 % efficiency, 0.74 pf, are connected in parallel to a 460 V, 60 Hz, three-phase
ac mains.
(a) For the 2-motor installation, compute the total real and reactive power drawn from the feeder and
the power factor. Draw the power diagram. Find the total feeder current. Draw the equivalent per-
phase voltage-current diagrams assuming a Y connected equivalent circuit.
(b) A delta connected bank of capacitors is connected on the feeder for power factor correction. Each
capacitor has a value of 60 microF. Find the reactive power supplied by the capacitor bank. Give
the real and reactive power supplied by the feeder. Indicate the new power factor. Draw the 3-
phase power diagram. Compute the new feeder current.
(c) The larger motor is disconnected in installation of Question (b). Give the real and reactive power
supplied by the feeder. Indicate the new power factor. Draw the 3-phase power diagram for the
compensated system. Compute the new feeder current. Indicate the consequences of keeping
the capacitor unchanged and capacitance value required to bring the power factor to the value of
Question (b).

ECSE 461 Joos, G.

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