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(Dept. of Film, TV & Animation Studies)


Submitted To: Submitted By:

Mr. Ramesh Sahu Manu Kumar

Roll No – RTVJ-11
Monthly Test No. 7 (Evaluation Task) March 2020
PG Diploma in Radio & TV Journalism
Note: Answer any 50 questions in one or two lines.
All questions carry 2 marks each.
Answers typed in MS Word & send it at ramesh1.bvb@gmail.com
Submission Date is 8th April 2020
You can answer in English or in Hindi. Total: 100 Marks

Write brief description of following terms. Your answer should be similar to the
description given in the Book of Television Production.

1. Composition 31. Ad-lib

2. Nose Room 32. AV script
3. Rule of Thirds 33. Beat
4. 180 degree rule 34. Beat sheet
5. Angle of View 35. Exposition
6. Aspect ratio 36. Feature Format
7. CCD 37. Flashback
8. Depth Of Field 38. Genre
9. Digital Zoom 39. Production script
10. Focal Length 40. Spec Script
11. Image Distortion 41. Shooting script
12. White Balance 42. Color temperature
13. Mind map 43. Lighting ratio?
14. Actualities 44. Multiple Shadows
15. Back Announcement 45. Reflected Light
16. Backgrounder 46. Acoustic treatment
17. Dope sheet 47. Amplification
18. Kicker 48. CODEC
19. Noddies 49. Condenser
20. Read News 50. Equalizer
21. Run Down 51. Frequency
22. Shooting ratio 52. Impudence
23. Signature 53. Mono-aural
24. Sound bite 54. Noise
25. Spot news 55. Overlapping
26. Super 56. Phase cancellation
27. Teaser 57. Reverberation
28. Throw line
29. Teleprompter
30. Wild-track

1. Rule of thirds – It 7. Digital Zoom – Digital zoom I when a

helps capture the camera recreate the effect of zooming in
subject of a photo in a with a en by capturing the image from an
way that’s pleasing to increasingly smaller area of the camera’s
look at it. It involves sensor, and then blowing up that image to
breaking any image you the regular size.
want to photograph into 8. Focal length – Focal length is the distance
thirds, horizontally or between the center of a convex lens or a
vertically. concave mirror and the focal point of the
2. 180 Degree Rule – The lens or mirror the point where parallel ray of
180 degree rule is a light meet, or converge.
filmmaking guideline for 9. White Balance – White balance is how
spatial relations warm or cool the overall colors in your
between two characters photograph look. Our camera is pretty good
on screen. The 180 rule at reproducing color because it has the
sets an imaginary axis, ability to analyse the scene and
or eye line, between compensate for overly warm or cool colors.
two characters or 10. Composition – Composition is a way of
between a character guiding the viewer’s eye towards the most
and an object. important elements of your work,
3. Angle of view – It sometimes in a very specific order.
mean that a lens can 11. Mind Map – A graphical way to represent
take in everything – ideas and concepts. Helps structure
from turning your head information, analyse, comprehend and
90 degrees to the left to generate fresh ideas.
90 degrees to the right 12. Back Announcement – The phrase that
and everything in the newscaster uses Wider lenses that are
between. close to the objects cause after a story has
4. Aspect Ratio – Aspect been played on air.
ratio is a number that 13. Backgrounder – A story concerning the
compasses how wide history (recent or distant past) of a person,
your video is. It’s the group, event.
proportional relationship 14. Dope Sheet – A list of shots and their
between a video’s width durations on a sheet of paper, also known
and height. as the Ingest copy.
5. CCD – It stands for 15. Kicker – A light story which is normally
‘Charged Coupled included at the end of a news bulletin.
Device’. CCDs are Kickers should not be cruel to people,
sensors used in digital animals, or religious institutions.
cameras and video 16. Noddies – Short shots of the interviewer’s
cameras to record still ‘nods’ on tapes that can be used as
and moving images. cutaways.
The CCD captures light 17. Read News – A news story that has no
and converts it to digital visuals to go along with, normally read out
data that is recorded by by the newscaster and are rare on TV.
the camera. 18. Run Down – Generally, the list of stories to
6. Depth of field – Simply be aired on any given day and the order in
refers to the area of the which they are to be telecast.
scene which appears 19. Shooting Ratio – The shooting ratio is the
well focused. It is the relationship between the amount of footage
product of three factors recorded during production and the amount
– the lens aperture, the of footage that makes it into the final edited
focal length, and how piece for viewing by an audience.
far away from the
camera the subject is
20. Sound bite – In the that lays out the lyrics, their durations, and
context of journalism, a the possible shots for the specified
sound bite is duration, helps in shot breakdown.
characterized by a short 29. Exposition – The initial portion in which
phrase or sentence that the world of the story, information, and
captures the essence of conflict between characters is revealed,
what the speaker was especially in Drama and documentaries.
trying to say, and is 30. Feature Format – Format used to write
used to summarize feature films, has scene headings,
information and entice characters, and dialogues written one after
the reader or viewer. the other.
21. Spot News – Spot 31. Flashback – A scene from the past that
news can also called interrupts the present action. Explain the
the latest news. When reason behind character’s present action.
any mistake happens in 32. Genre – The category a story or a script
a speech to any leader. falls into.
And it was spotted and 33. Production Script – A script that is ready
reported immediately. to be filmed.
22. Teaser – A teaser is a 34. Shooting Script – The final draft used on
short video segment set by the production people, the actors,
related to upcoming and the director to make the movie from
film, television the screenplay.
programme, video 35. Color Temperature – A term to explain
game that is usually whether white balance has been performed
released in advance to or not; usually measured in “Kelvin”.
understand about 36. Lighting Ratio – The key to fill light; for
upcoming segment. example, if the first is 100 fc and the
23. Throw line – A second 50 fc, the ratio is 2:1.
sentence in the news 37. Reflected Light – The light reflected from
story that leads on to a a surface, after losses due to absorption
sound bite. and scattering.
24. Teleprompter – A 38. Amplification – Modification of signal
device in front of the magnitude from lower to higher levels
studio camera lens that causing an increase to a higher magnitude.
allows anchors to read 39. CODEC – Abbreviated for Compression,
out news from a copy DECompression. A computer program that
directly to the audience. shrinks both large digital audio or video
25. Wild-Track – The files.
ambience sounds on 40. Condenser – An electrostatic mic that
tape, also called needs extra power to run it.
SOT(sound-on-tape). 41. Equalizer – A device on an audio mixer to
26. AV Script - A dual modify frequencies. The process of
column screenplay with modifying or sweetening the audio is called
video description on equalizing.
the left and audio and 42. Frequency – The number of vibrations in
dialogue on the right, units per second (measured in Hertz).
used in documentaries 43. Impudence - The resistance that the
and fiction genres. microphone cable offers to the flow of
27. Beat – Suggestion in a audio. High impudence mics can work only
script that the actor with short cables, while low impudence
should pause a mics can work with longer cables.
moment, in silence, 44. Noise – It is a unwanted sound judge to be
before continuing the unpleasant, loud or disruptive to hearing. It
scene. need medium to propagate. For example, it
28. Beat Sheet – A format need medium like air or water. It arises
used for music videos when brain used sound to receive.
45. Overlapping – It is a
period of time or an
area covered by
multiple people or
things, or a situation in
which multiple people
share responsibility or a
common interest.
46. Phase cancellation – It
is an acoustic
phenomenon in which
two or more out of
phase sound wave
result is weakened or
lost frequency. When
two identical frequency
are cycling 180 degrees
opposite to each other
called phase
47. Reverberation – It is
created, when a sound
or signal is reflected
causing numerous
reflections to build up
and decay the sound
absorbed by surface of
object in the space,
which includes furniture,
people and air.
48. Nose Room – In
Photography, nose
room is the space in
front in the direction of
moving or the stationary
object. It leaves space
in direction in moving
object like car.
49. Image distortion –
Distortion of the image
caused due to the
distance between the
lens and the object.
Wider lenses that are
close to the objects
cause distortions.
50. Mind Map –– A
graphical way to
represent ideas and
concepts. Helps
structure information,
analyse, comprehend
and generate fresh