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Solar Thermal Systems &

Applications
By,
Abhishek Bhatewara
Clique Solar

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NEED FOR SOLAR THERMAL IN
OFF-GRID MODE
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Crude Oil caters to one fourth of India’s
primary energy

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India imports 80% of its oil consumption

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Why Solar Thermal in Off-grid mode?
~20% of this oil is used in industries in thermal
form at temperatures below 300°C
30-50% of this can be replaced by solar energy
resulting in:
Reducing a country’s Forex burden
Imparting energy security
Emission reduction of Carbon dioxide as well as
other pollutants

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SOLAR THERMAL TECHNOLOGIES

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Technologies to capture Solar Energy

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Concentrating Optics

Parabolic
Focus
Reflector

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Concentrators

Parabolic rotational solids Extruded parabolic profiles


Concentrate the irradiance Concentrate the irradiance
up to 2,000 times up to 200 times

9
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Operating Temperature Range

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Technology –
Integration with existing system

Steam for process


heat applications

Steam
Drum

Pump

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APPLICATIONS & INSTALLATION
CASE STUDIES
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Applications

Industry Working Fluids Temperature Range


Pharmaceutical Industry Steam, Air 80°C - 230°C
Textile industry Water, Steam 60°C - 150°C
Chemical Industry Steam, Air 80°C - 320°C
Pulp & Paper Industry Steam Up to185°C
Food Industry Steam, Air 80°C - 280°C
Mechanical Industry Water, Steam 60°C - 150°C
Automobile Industry Water, Steam 60°C - 200°C

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Case Study – Mahanand Dairy
Pressurized Hot Water for Milk Pasteurization with storage
Location Latur
Delivery 18 bar and 180˚C
Delivery Fluid Pressurized hot water
Dish numbers 1 dish
Commissioning February 2006

ARUN 160

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Case Study – Chitale Dairy
Steam Generation for Milk Pasteurization
Location Sangli
Delivery 5 bar and 152˚C
Delivery Fluid Steam
Dish numbers 2 dishes
Commissioning October 2009

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Case Study – Mahindra & Mahindra
Pressurized Hot Water for Degreasing Process
Location Pune
Delivery 18 bar and 180˚C
Delivery Fluid Pressurized hot water
Dish numbers 1 dish
Commissioning October 2010

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Case Study – Heavy Water Board, Kota
Steam for Effluent Evaporation

Location Kota
Delivery 5 bar and 150˚C
Capacity 80 – 100 kWth per dish
Dish numbers 4 dishes
Commissioning March 2010

ARUN 160

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Applications

Process Working Fluids Temperature Range


Laundry Steam 150°C - 180°C
Cooking Air, Steam 120°C - 280°C
Cleaning, Bathing Water 50°C - 65°C

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Case Study – ITC Maurya, New Delhi
Steam for Hospitality applications like Laundry, Cooking, Bathing
Location Delhi
Delivery 8 bar (g) and 175˚C
Delivery Fluid Steam
Dish numbers 2 dishes
Commissioning Nov 2009

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Applications

The thermal energy of solar radiation to power


thermally driven cooling machines (VAM: Vapour
Absorption Machine)
Load and Load Pattern (Time of Load) matching
between cooling loads and solar radiation needed
HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning)
networks contribute over 30% of a building energy
usage
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Case Study – Turbo Energy Limited
Pressurized Hot Water for Comfort Cooling of 40 TR

Location Chennai
Delivery 15 bar and 180˚C
Delivery Fluid Pressurized hot water
Dish numbers 2 dishes
Commissioning Dec 2011

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Applications

Cooking load and pattern matching needed


Different cooking items require different temperatures
Heat required for Temperature
Item Per meal intake
cooking required
Rice – 100gm
Rice, Dal, Veg Dal – 50gm 85-90 kcal / meal 120°C
Vegetable – 50gm (dry weight)
25gm per chapatti, 2 chapaties ~50kcal / chapatti, OR
Chapattis ~280°C
per meal 100kcal / meal
Hot water,
200ml equivalent 50 kcal / day ~100°C
milk, etc

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Case Study – Saibaba Sansthan Trust
Steam Generation for community cooking

Location Shirdi, Maharashtra


Delivery Pressure of about 3-5 bar
Delivery Fluid Steam
Dish numbers 73
Commissioning July 2009

Scheffler Dishes

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Applications

Process Working Fluids Temperature Range


Bathing & washing Water 40°C- 60°C
Kitchen – utensil washing Water 40°C- 60°C

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Case Study – Magarpatta City
Hot water generation for domestic purpose

Location Pune
Delivery 60° C
Delivery Fluid Hot water
Capacity 650000 LPD
Commissioning March 2011

Flat Plate Collector (FPC)

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Clique Solar – over the years…

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Clique Solar – over the years…
Clique Solar is promoted
by all IIT-B alumni
Clique Solar is an MNRE
Channel Partner
Developed completely
indigenous ARUN® solar
concentrator dish
Boasts of both R&D and
Engineering skills
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ARUN® - Key Features
Small Footprint Area & Retrofits: The small
footprint area of ARUN® dish (3m x 3m per
dish) enables it to be mounted at locations
which have space limitations. It can also be
erected on rooftops of existing buildings.
Performance Guarantee: Clique Solar
guarantees the performance characteristics of
ARUN® dish.

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ARUN® - Key Features
Non-Solar Hours Operations: ARUN® dish can
be augmented with a heat energy storage
facility for operation in non‐solar hours.
IBR Approval: ARUN® is the first IBR approved
Solar Boiler in India.
High Wind Bearing Capacity: ARUN® dish is
designed to operate in wind up to 10 m/s and
it can survive in wind speeds up to 45 m/s.

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ARUN Economics
Attractive investment economics
Simple Equity payback in less than 2 years
Accelerated Depreciation at 80% of residual asset value
Subsidy of Rs. 10L per dish
Sector specific economic indicators
Cost per kcal of energy delivered over the lifetime
Energy gain ratio (25 to 30)
Foot-print area (3m x 3m including integration)
Need to view this as an infrastructure
investment – life is 25-30 years+
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Copyright © 2012 Clique Developments Limited.
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Thank You!

Abhishek Bhatewara,
Clique Solar,
E: adb@cliquesolar.com

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