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Headquarters U.S.

Air Force
Integrity - Service - Excellence

USAF Maintenance Metrics:


Looking Forward with
Aircraft Availability (AA)

Lt Col Jeff Meserve, USAF


Chief, Congressionals, Studies & Analysis Branch
Directorate of Maintenance
DCS/Logistics, Installations and Mission Support
Overview

„ Leadership Vision:
„ Defining the problem
„ Supporting metrics
„ Aircraft Availability (AA) vs. Mission Capable (MC)
„ Aircraft Availability Improvement Program (AAIP)

Integrity - Service - Excellence 2


USAF Priorities

Our priorities are clear:


-- Winning the Global War on Terrorism

-- Developing and caring for our Airmen

-- Modernizing and recapitalizing our


aircraft and equipment
- 2007 Air Force Posture Statement

The U.S. Air


I nForce
t e g r i t must
y - S e remain
r v i c e - ready
E x c e l lto
e nFly
c e and Fight 3
17+ Years of Combat Operations
Sustaining Ops in a Demanding Environment
Avg Aircraft Age

16.9 18.3 21.8 24.0

Op Enduring Freedom
Op Southern
Watch Op Iraqi Freedom

Op Northern
Watch

Avg 2.3M
FH/YR

Op Provide
Comfort Desert Fox Op Noble Eagle
Counter Narcotics Op Allied Force

Since DESERT STORM, we have been flying an average of 2.3M


hours/year, but with a force that is 31% smaller, 42% older
4
OPR: AF/A4MM & A4MY Integrity - Service - Excellence Chart validated: 26 Oct
407
Increasing Stress (how to describe?)
Flying Hours per Aircraft
Reaching service life sooner

Flying Hours per TAI


Stress well articulated

Total Aircraft in Inventory

Annual MC Rates
100
86.9 86.5 85.4
90 84.6 84.3 83.7
81.4
78.4 77.8 77.1 78 80.3 80.6 80.5 81.6 82.1
80
79.5
70 75.7 76
73.4 72.6 72.2 71.8 71.2
70.4 69.7 69.1 69.4 69.8 69.7
However…MC doesn’t support it 60 68 67.7

50

40
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Active AFRC/ANG

Integrity - Service - Excellence 5 5


MC Centric History
QUARTERLY MC RATES

y The ‘metric’: not entire fleet


y The ‘methodology’:
y Focus on historical trends
y Reactive: what happened?
y New metric…new methodology

QUARTERLY TNMCM QUARTERLY TNMCS

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The Metric (AA vs. MC)
„ What is MC? (AFI 21-101, Para 1.15.3.14)
MC Rate = MC hours / Unit Possessed hours
„ All acft that are possessed by unit (poss portions of PAI, BAI, AR)

„ What is AA? (AFI 21-101, Para 1.15.3.3)


AA Rate = MC hours / TAI hours
„ All PAI, BAI, AR acft hours (entire fleet)

„ Categories of non-availability (Five)


„ NMCM, NMCS, NMCB, UPNR (B$, X$), Depot (D$)

MC
MC‘great’
‘great’at atunit
unitlevellevel––‘not ‘notgood’
good’for forfleet
fleet
AA
AAis
istheI nmetric
the t e g r i t y for
metric S e ‘Health
-for v i c e - E xof
r‘Health c ethe
of l e n Inventory’
lthe cInventory’
e 7
Focus on Aircraft Availability
ƒ At enterprise level, forward looking approach
needed
ƒ Teaming of lead commands and programs managers
ƒ Maximize resource allocation
ƒ Addresses combat capability—”how many jets
are ready?”
ƒ Drivers include MC, NMCM and NMCS rates
ƒ Includes all factors to include Depot, Mod, TCTO, and
other fleet management factors
ƒ AA Standard is ‘requirements based’

Integrity - Service - Excellence 8


CSAF Question:
How many jets are ready?
22% 25%
63% 41%
11%
(1589)
21% (74)
18%
4%
55%
16%
Able to 15% (2445) Able to
Fighters Launch Bombers Launch
67% (1691) 57% (104)
(2506) 9% (182)
Able to
Launch
64% (2856)
Aggregate
(4465)
20% 18%
44% 43%
20% (592) FMC 23% (190)
PMC
16% 16%
Able to Depot/Mod Able to
Mobility Launch Left on Ramp Other Launch
60% (800) 59% (261)
(1337) (440)

Source: REMIS Integrity - Service - Excellence Sample: Aug 06 9


Declining Aircraft Availability
FMC PMC Depot / Mod Left on Ramp

FY93-Q3 FY07-Q3
Annual Mission Capable Rates Annual Non Mission Capable Due to Maintenance
Annual Mission Capable Rates Annual Non Mission Capable Due To Maintenance
15%
15% 19%
19% 20%
20% 100 25
18% 17%
19% 24% 25%
90 Down 9.2% Since 1991 20
9% 64%68% 55% G

Percent TNMCM
68% 63%

P e rc en t M C
63%

(3,366) 11% 53%


56%
(2,414) 80 o 15
9% B o
B ’04 ’05 ’07 d Up 9.5% Since 1991
A
A 10% 70 BB
D 316 reporting units
10 B
D AA
A
Estimates as of: D
Aggregate Mar 07Aggregate
60 D 5
D
(5,242) (4,364)
50 0
Readiness Declining at an Alarming Rate 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06
FMC availability dropped 9 points

AnnualNon
Annual Non Mission
Mission Capable Due
Due to
toSupply
Supply MX Man
MX Man Hours Per
Per Flying
FlyingHour
Hour Cost PerPer
Cost Flying Hour
Flying Hour
20 25
Up 1.4% Since 1991 Up 62% Since
MMH/FH 1991 $25,000 Up 38%OPCPFH
Since 1996
16 6.5% more aircraft
20 $20,000
15.4 16.1 15.8
Percent TNMCS

15.2 $16,037
14.3 14.6 13.9 13.6 14.4 14.1
12 15 12.5 $13,916
$15,000 $12,498 $12,513
11.2 10.9 $11,639 $11,464
9.4 9.8 10 $14,885
8 BB $39.5B 10 $10,000 $12,738 $13,247
$11,826
AA $35.9B Investment
Investment in B $11,475
B
B
D in Supply
Supply Accounts AA B
4 D since 00‘00
5 $5,000 AA
Accounts since DD DD
0 0 $0
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Integrity - Service - Excellence 10


Increasing Stress (how to describe?)
Flying Hours per Aircraft
Reaching service life sooner

Flying Hours per TAI


Stress well articulated

Total Aircraft in Inventory

Average Age

Average Aircraft Age


AA better articulates

Aircraft Availability

Integrity - Service - Excellence 11 11


AAIP…Systemic Way Ahead
ƒ Aircraft Availability Improvement Plans (AAIP)
ƒ Forward looking (FYDP)…by Weapon System
ƒ SPMs & Lead MAJCOMs jointly develop plans
ƒ Governance & standardized formats for consistency
ƒ Include improvements/initiatives at unit level,
MAJCOM, depot, supply chain, contractors, etc.
ƒ Annual targets toward Weapon System (AAIP) Goal
ƒ Goal Æ requirements-based AA Standard

Where do we want to be?

Now Future
Integrity - Service - Excellence 12
Review Performance & Look Forward

„ AAIP’s are dynamic…Identifying best practices and


then sharing…across organizations and weapon
systems
„ Unifying efforts across all the Centers and standardize
the reporting of AAIP Metrics
„ New focus on cost reduction and Total Ownership Cost
„ Senior level review and status updates to CSAF

Integrity - Service - Excellence 13


E-3 Aircraft Availability Glide Slope

33
TAI
31
29
77% AA
27
25
A/C

64.5% AA
23
21
19
17
15
FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11

AA Goal Line NMCM Initiatives BPNR


NMCS Initiatives Depot Possessed Initiatives Initiatives

FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11


TAI 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32
Planned I n t e 20.64
20.64 g r i t y -20.64
Se r v i19.94
c e - E 20.30
xce l l e21.00
n c e 21.19 23.93 24.7614
E-3 Availability Initiatives

Depot
Possessed Reduced by Depot Flow Enhancement Program
≥ 1.1 A/C (FY11) Depot Lean Transformation
RM&A Installs/Scheduled MX
Streamline the 107 Process

RM&A Initiatives (Airframe, Electrical and Fuel Systems)


NMCM Annual ISO
Reduce by ≥ 2.3 A/C Maintenance During Fuel Ops
552 MXG Flightline Initiatives
Improve E- E-3
Availability to the
Warfighter NMCB
≥ 20% or 4.1 A/C Reduce by ≥ 0.2 A/C
by FY11

NMCS
Reduce by ≥ 0.2 A/C MC Rate Recovery Plan
Bench Stock Analysis
Consumable RSP Kit

UPNR
Reduce by ≥ 0.3 A/C
Streamline/Eliminate PDM Acceptance Inspections

Integrity - Service - Excellence 15


Future of AA and AAIP

„ Annual refresh & approval based on new FY AA Stds


„ O&S Cost reduction incorporated into AAIP
„ Status briefed semi-annually to CSAF
„ Link AAIP to budget/resourcing decisions [CAM]
„ Addition of non-aircraft systems (ICBM, Space,
Comm…)

Integrity - Service - Excellence 16


AA and AAIP
Enterprise view of fleet health
to support Air Force Goals/Vision

Integrity - Service - Excellence 17


CSAF Aircraft Availability Dashboard
A-10 2 11 .9
F-15A/B 57 .6
F-15C/D 26 9 .1
F-15E 1 5 0.4
F-16
8 9 2.7

F-22 42 .0
F-117 35 .9
B-1 3 4 .4
B-2 8 .0
B-52
6 1.5

CAF
HC-130 17 .0
HH-60 64 .8
MQ-1 6 1 .4
E-3 2 1 .4
E-4
2 .0

E-8 10.5
U-2 22 .9
RC-135 1 0.3
EC-130H 7 .9

C-5 45 .3
C-17
12 0.1
C-130
2 7 3.7
KC-104 3 .7
KC-135R/T
2 7 6 .2

C-9 1 .6
22.9
C-12 53.0
C-21 C-32A#N/A
C-37#N/A

MAF
C-381 .6
C-40
#N/A

SOF AC-130 15 0.
CV-22 2 9.
EC-130J 4 3.
MC-130 3 7 7.
MH-531 8 9.

Trainers T-1 1 51 .2
T-6
24 3 .5
T-37 15 1 .2
T-38
3 6 9.6
T-43
6 .9

Space UH-1N 4 8 .7
MM-III #N/A
AA Color Gradient Legend
Small Fleet: <=10 A/C Large Fleet: >10 A/C
*Note: Actual rates for current period are compared with AA targets. The Within .5 Std Dev of AA Target Within 2.5% of AA Target
color gradient (AA) for the Tier I Dashboard will be comparing the number
of Aircraft of actuals and Targets that are carried out to the third decimal
-.5 Std Dev to -1 Std Dev of AA Target -2.5% to -5.0% of AA Target
place. The Tier II charts will display figures out to only one decimal.
> -1 Std Dev of AA Target > -5.0% of AA Target

No Data Available No Data Available

Integrity - Service - Excellence 18


AC-130
AC-130 Aircraft Availability 15.0

AAIP Based AA Goals


30.0
12.0
25.0
Number of Aircraft

20.0 10.0

15.0
8.0

# of Aircraft
10.0
Goal
5.0 6.0
Actual
0.0
FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 4.0
UPNR 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.9
NMCB 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4
2.0
NMCS 0.9 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.8
NMCM 1.8 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.2
Depot 3.2 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.4 0.0
UPNR NM CB NMCS NM CM Depot Total
Actual Avail 14.5 13.2 12.8 11.7 15.0
AA Goals 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.3 17.1 Goal 0.3 0.5 1.5 3.3 3.3 8.9
Available 14.5 13.2 12.8 11.7 15.0 Actual 0.9 0.4 0.8 3.2 4.4 9.7

„ Constraints
„ High volume of MODs/PDMs/UDLMs
„ Drivers – Cracks/corrosion, engine nacelles, IR tubs/tracks, Inspections
„ War time OPS tempo driving increased ISO changes; added rainbow fitting inspections
„ Action Plan
„ Continue progress in implementing High Velocity Maintenance initiatives
„ Initiative to conduct Corrosion Control Inspections aimed at reducing over/above UDLM work
„ Implementing minor mod in tracks/tubs design; expect reduction in maintenance hours
„ Working complete re-design of IR tub/track system
„ Contract maintenance team performing ISO inspections in 9 days
„ FY08 projected fly days saved = 118 Days
„ 6 Mos Projection & Resources Needed:
„ Expect current upward AA trend to stabilize
„ Continued emphasis on obtaining reliable gun system for plus 4 aircraft; Expedite fielding GMS2 MOD
„ Continue working CWB procurement and schedule to maximize AA Return to Dashboard
„ High Velocity Maintenance initiatives to reduce downtime
Deep Look
Grounded: 0 Msn Limited: 4 CSAF WSR Part 2

Integrity - Service - Excellence 19


RC-135
10.3

RC-135 Aircraft Availability


AAIP Based AA Goals

25.0
14.0
20.0
Number of Aircraft

12.0
15.0

10.0
10.0

# of Aircraft
8.0
Goal
5.0
Actual
6.0
0.0
FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11
4.0
UPNR 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
NMCB 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4
NMCS 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6
2.0
NMCM 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4
Depot 8.7 9.4 9.3 10.2 9.1 0.0
UPNR NMCB NMCS NMCM Depot Total
Actual Avail 8.7 8.7 9.4 9.3 10.3
AA Goals 10.6 12.1 12.3 13.2 12.3 Goal 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.5 8.5 11.4
Available 8.7 8.7 9.4 9.3 10.3 Actual 0.1 0.4 0.6 1.4 9.1 11.7

„ Constraints
„ Currently exceeding overall goal
„ Action Plan
„ Contractor implemented lean PDM and Modification initiatives in Apr 07
„ Contractor senior leadership conducting monthly progress meeting with the program manager
„ 6 Mos Projection & Resources Needed:
„ Continue execution of AAIP initiatives
„ Current trend indicate FY07 AAIP goal will be achieved

Grounded: 0 Msn Limited: 0 Return to Dashboard

Integrity - Service - Excellence 20


How we used to look at fleet health
MD Active AFRC/NGB
Active/ARC MC TNMCM TNMCS MC TNMCM TNMCS
A-10 75.0 19.3 10.7 69.1 26.8 12.2
203/153 Std 81 17 8 71 29 8
F-15A/B 72.6 24.7 9.8
N/A N/A N/A
94 Std 73 27 8
F-15C/D 80.3 14.5 8.0 70.4 24.8 11.2
344/47 Std 81 14 8 75 25 8
F-15E 75.4 17.0 10.9
N/A N/A N/A
223 Std 80 14 10
F-16A/B 81.0 16.3 5.1
N/A N/A N/A
49 Std 71 26 10
F-16C/D 82.6 12.6 7.6 71.8 24.9 10.9
713/542 Std 82 11 10 73 27 10
F-22 59.4 26.8 21.1
N/A N/A N/A
73 ACC Goal 74 19 16
F-117 85.6 13.2 2.1
N/A N/A N/A
52 Std 76 22 5

Integrity - Service - Excellence 21

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