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POST-TENSIONED CONCRETE COLUMN SUPPORTED

SLAB DESIGN

(FLAT PLATE SYSTEM)

DESIGNED BY

Mr. JAMALUDDIN CHALERMTHAI

STRUCTURAL ENGINEER
TWO-WAY COLUMN-SUPPORTED POST-TENSIONED SLAB DESIGN CRITERIA CRITERIA : 1 FROM 1
MATERIAL CONDITIONS
Concrete:
fc' = 350 ksc
β1 = 0.80
Ec = 282495 ksc
Mild Steel:
fy = 4000 ksc ( SD40 GRADE )
fu = 5600 ksc
Es = 2.04E+06 ksc
Prestressing Steel:
fpy = 17100 ksc (1860 GRADE)
fpu = 18600 ksc
0.94fpy = 16074 ksc
0.80fpu = 14880 ksc
Total Approximate Losses = 25 % Due to the condition of symmetrically prestressed, the
Effective Losses = 12.5 % effective loss is equal to a half of total approximate loss.
R= 0.88
fe = 14880 ksc
fj = 13020 ksc
Ep = 1.97E+06 ksc

LOAD CONDITIONS
DL : LOAD FACTOR 1.4
3
Concrete = 2400 kg/m
2
Other Super Imposed DL = 50 kg/m

LL : LOAD FACTOR 1.7


2
Super Imposed LL = 400 kg/m

Ln Ln Ln Ln
Ln

L2 L2 L2 L2
Ln

L1
Ln
Ln

P L A N

FLOOR TO FLOOR HEIGHT

FLOOR TO FLOOR HEIGHT

L2 L2 L2 L2

EQUIVALENT FRAME SECTION


FP6000X6000 : 1 FROM 4
POST-TENSIONED FLAT PLATE DESIGN SPREADSHEET
PROJECT SLAB DESIGN FOR ESTIMATE
SLAB CODE FP6000

DIMENSION ANALYSIS
2
Column Size (c1xc2) = 0.60 x 0.60 m
Floor to Floor Height = 4.00 m
L1 = 6.00 m
L2 = 6.00 m
ts min = L2/45 = 13.33 cm
Apply ts = 18 cm
Concrete to Strand covering = 3 cm
Concrete to Steel covering = 1.5 cm
dp = 15 cm
ds = 16.5 cm
e= 6 cm
y= 12 cm

LOAD ANALYSIS
Total Super Imposed DL = 2
0.18x2400+50 = 482 kg/m
Total Super Imposed LL = = 400 kg/m2
Total Super Imposed DL+LL = 482+400 = 882 kg/m2
Total Super Imposed Factored Load = 1.4x482+1.7x400 = 1354.8 kg/m2

PC-STRANDS ANALYSIS
Equivalent Balancing Loads = Total SDL = 482 kg/m2
Balanced Distributed Loads = 482 x 6 = 2892 kg/m
Pe = Wb·L2 / 8y = 2892x6^2 /(8x0.12)= 108450 kg
Pj = Pe/R = 108450/0.875 = 123943 kg
fpe = 14880 = 14880 ksc

FROM SEVEN-WIRES STRAND Ø 1.524 cm.


2
Abp = 1 40
1.40 /t d
cm /strands
Approximated nos. of Required Strands = 123943/(14880x1.4)= 6 nos.
APPLYING : SEVEN-WIRES STRAND Ø 1.524 cm. x 9 nos.
Pe = 9x1.4x14880x0.875= 164052 kg

COLUMN'S STIFFNESS ANALYSIS


Kc = 4·Ec·Ig /(Lc - 2·ts)= (4x(282495x100^2)x(0.6x0.6^3/12))/(4-2x0.18) = 33526879 kg-m
ΣKc = 2xKc = 2x33526879 = 67053758 kg-m
CHK. bw+2hw = 60+2x18 = 96 cm
bw+6hf = 60+6x18= 108 cm
x1 = 18 cm
y1 = 96 cm

3
C = Σ(1-0.63x/y)x ·y/3 = (1-0.63x18/96)x18^3x96/3 = 164579 cm4
ΣKt = Σ9Ec·C/[L2(1-c2/L2)3] = 9x(282495x100^2)x(164579/100^4)/[6x(1-0.6/6)^3] = 9566408 kg-m
From: Kec = (1/ΣKc+1/ΣKt)-1
FOR EXTERIOR SPANS :
Kec = (1/67053758+1/9566408)^(-1) = 8371994 kg-m
FOR INTERIOR SPANS :
Kec = [1/67053758+1/(2x9566408)]^(-1) = 14885465 kg-m

SLAB'S STIFFNESS ANALYSIS


Kes = Ks = 4·Ec·Ig /(L1 - c1/2) = [4x(282495x100^2)x(6x(18/100)^3/12)]/(6-0.6/2) = 5780740 kg-m

MOMENT DISTRIBUTION FACTOR ANALYSIS


From: DFs = Kes /(Kec+Kes)
DF exterior = 5780740/(8371994+5780740) = 0.408
DF interior = 5780740/(14885465+2x5780740) = 0.219

PATTERN LOAD ANALYSIS


βa = WSLL/WSDL = 400/482 = 0.83 > 0.75
αc = ΣKc/ΣKs = 67053758/(2x5780740) = 5.8
α1 = Ecb Ib / Ecs Is = 0/[Ecx(6x0.18^3/12)] = 0
L2/L1 = 6/6 = 1.00
αmin = Minimum value of αc = 0.70 < 5.8
NOT NECESSARY TO DETERMINE EFFECTS FROM PATTERN OF LOADS

FLAT-PLATE DESIGN SPREADSHEETS / ACI 318-89


FP6000X6000 : 2 FROM 4
FLEXURAL ANALYSIS
NET LOADED MOMENTS :
Wb = 8Pe·y/L2 = 8x164052x0.12/6^2 = 4375 kg/m
WNET = WTSL - Wb = 882x6-4375 = 917 kg/m
FIXED END MOMENT = 917x6^2/12 = 2751 kg-m
Moments Distribution
JOINT A B C D E
MEMBER AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED
DF 0.408 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.408
FEM -2751.00 2751.00 -2751.00 2751.00 -2751.00 2751.00 -2751.00 2751.00
BALANCE 1122.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1122.41
C.O. 0.00 561.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -561.20 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 -122.90 -122.90 0.00 0.00 122.90 122.90 0.00
C.O. -61.45 0.00 0.00 -61.45 61.45 0.00 0.00 61.45
BALANCE 25.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -25.07
C.O. 0.00 12.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -12.54 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 -2.75 -2.75 0.00 0.00 2.75 2.75 0.00
C.O. -1.37 0.00 0.00 -1.37 1.37 0.00 0.00 1.37
BALANCE 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.56
ΣM -1666 3199 -2877 2688 -2688 2877 -3199 1666

CHECK ALLOWABLE STRESSES IN CONCRETE


Maximum Design Moments and Stresses :
M NEG = = 3199 kg-m
M POS = 917x6^2/8-(1666+3199)/2 = 1694 kg-m

FROM : fc stresses = Pe/A ±My / Igs = 164052/(600x18)±319900x9/(600x18^3/12) = 15.19±9.87


fcc = 25.06 ksc
fct = 5.32 ksc
Allowable Stresses :
fcc allow = 0.3x350 = 105 ksc > fcc : O.K.
fct allow = -1.6 √(350) = -29.93 ksc < fct : O.K.

NET BALANCED MOMENTS :


Wb = = 4375 kg/m
FIXED END MOMENT = 4375x6^2/12 = 13125 kg-m
Moments Distribution
JOINT A B C D E
MEMBER AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED
DF 0.408 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.408
FEM 13125.00 -13125.00 13125.00 -13125.00 13125.00 -13125.00 13125.00 -13125.00
BALANCE -5355.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5355.00
C.O. 0.00 -2677.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2677.50 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 586.37 586.37 0.00 0.00 -586.37 -586.37 0.00
C.O. 293.19 0.00 0.00 293.19 -293.19 0.00 0.00 -293.19
BALANCE -119.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 119.62
C.O. 0.00 -59.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 59.81 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 13.10 13.10 0.00 0.00 -13.10 -13.10 0.00
C.O. 6.55 0.00 0.00 6.55 -6.55 0.00 0.00 -6.55
BALANCE -2.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67
ΣM 7947 -15263 13724 -12825 12825 -13724 15263 -7947

PRIMARY MOMENTS :
M PRIMARY = 164052 x 0.06 = 9843 kg-m
JOINT A B C D E
MEMBER AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED
ΣM 0 9843 9843 9843 9843 9843 9843 0

SUMMATION MSECONDARY = M NET - M PRIMARY


NET MOMENTS 7947 15263 13724 12825 12825 13724 15263 7947
PRIMARY MOMENTS 0 9843 9843 9843 9843 9843 9843 0
SECONDARY MOMENTS 7947 5420 3881 2982 2982 3881 5420 7947

FLAT-PLATE DESIGN SPREADSHEETS / ACI 318-89


FP6000X6000 : 3 FROM 4

FACTORED MOMENTS :
WU = 1354.8 x 6 = 8128.8 kg/m
FIXED END MOMENT = 8128.8x6^2/12 = 24386.4 kg-m
Moments Distribution
JOINT A B C D E
MEMBER AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED
DF 0.408 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.219 0.408
FEM -24386.40 24386.40 -24386.40 24386.40 -24386.40 24386.40 -24386.40 24386.40
BALANCE 9949.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -9949.65
C.O. 0.00 4974.83 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -4974.83 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 -1089.49 -1089.49 0.00 0.00 1089.49 1089.49 0.00
C.O. -544.74 0.00 0.00 -544.74 544.74 0.00 0.00 544.74
BALANCE 222.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -222.26
C.O. 0.00 111.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -111.13 0.00
BALANCE 0.00 -24.34 -24.34 0.00 0.00 24.34 24.34 0.00
C.O. -12.17 0.00 0.00 -12.17 12.17 0.00 0.00 12.17
BALANCE 4.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -4.96
ΣM -14766 28359 -25500 23829 -23829 25500 -28359 14766

ULTIMATE MOMENTS :
JOINT A B C D E
MEMBER AB BA BC CB CD DC DE ED
FACTORED MOMENT -14766 -28359 -25500 -23829 -23829 -25500 -28359 -14766
SECONDARY MOMENT 7947 5420 3881 2982 2982 3881 5420 7947
ULTIMATE MOMENTS : -6819 -22939 -21619 -20847 -20847 -21619 -22939 -6819

SUMMARY OF DESIGN MOMENTS


MFACTORED POS = 8128.8x6^2/8-(14766+28359)/2 = 15017 kg-m
MU POS = 15017+(7947+5420)/2 = 21701 kg-m
MU NEG = = 22939 kg-m

REINFORCEMENT ANALYSIS
Mild Steel Reinforcements :

use D 12 mm
2
Ab = 1 13
1.13 cm
EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF REINFORCEMENTS = 3x18+60 = 114 cm
EFFECTIVE LENGTH OF REINFORCEMENTS = 600/3 = 200 cm
As min = 0.00075·ts·L2 = 0.00075x18x600 = 8.1 cm2
Maximum Bar Spacing = 1.13/8.1x114 = 16 cm
APPLY 10-D12@ 12.5 cm ( L= 200 cm )

SPAN-DEPTH RATIO = L2 / ts = 600/18 = 33 < 35


fse = Pe / Aps = 164052/(9x1.4) = 13020 ksc
p = Aps/bd = 12.6/(600x15) = 0.0014 fpy = 17100 ksc
fps = fse + 700 + fc'/(300p) = 13020+700+350/(300x0.0014) = 14553 ksc < O.K.
NOMINAL NEGATIVE FLEXURAL CAPACITY fse + 2000 = 16880 ksc
a = (Aps·fps+As·fy)/(0.85fc'·b) =(12.6x14553+11.3x4000)/(0.85x350x600)= 1.28 cm
ØMn=Ø[Aps·fps(dp-a/2)+As·fy(ds-a/2)]=
0.9x[12.6x145.53x(15-1.28/2)+10x1.13x40(16.5-1.28/2)]= 30150 kg-m > 22939 kg-m O.K.
NOMINAL POSITIVE FLEXURAL CAPACITY
a = Aps·fps/(0.85fc'·b) =(12.6x14553/(0.85x350x600)= 1.027 cm
ØMn=ØAps·fps(dp-a/2)=
0.9x12.6x145.53x(15-1.027/2)= 23907 kg-m > 21701 kg-m O.K.

PUNCHING SHEAR ANALYSIS


Outer Column
PROJECTED AREA = 6x3 = 18 m2
bo = c1+2c2+2dP = 60+2x60+2x15 = 210 cm
Vup = 18 x 1354.8 = 24386.4 kg
vup = 24386.4/(210x15)= 7.742 ksc
Øvc = 1.06x0.85√(350) = 16.856 ksc O.K.

Inner Column
PROJECTED AREA = 6x6 = 36 m2
bo = 2c1+2c2+4dP = 2x60+2x60+4x15 = 300 cm
Vup = 36 x 1354.8 = 48772.8 kg-m
vup = 48772.8/(300x15) = 10.838 ksc
Øvc = 1.06x0.85√(350) = 16.856 ksc O.K.

FLAT-PLATE DESIGN SPREADSHEETS / ACI 318-89


FP6000X6000 : 4 FROM 4
DEFLECTION CHECK
4
I panel = 600x18^3/12 = 291600 cm
4
I col strip = I mid strip = 291600/2 = 145800 cm
w net = = 917 kg-m
Δf = 5x9.17x600^4/(384x282495x291600)= 0.188 cm
From Mpanel ; Mcol strip = 75%
Mmid strip = 25%
Δf col strip = Df [M col / M panel x I panel / I col ] = 0.282 cm
Δf mid strip = Df [M mid / M panel x I panel / I mid ] = 0.094 cm
Δ = M net·L /(8Kec) =
ΔB = (3199-2877)x100x600/(8x14885465) = 0.162 cm
Δc = (2688-2688)x100x600/(8x14885465) = 0 cm
SUMMARY
ΣΔ col strip = 0.282+0.162+0 = 0.444 cm
ΣΔ mid strip = 0.094+0.162+0 = 0.256 cm
Δallow = 600/240 = 1.667 cm O.K.

L2 = 6000 mm.

COLUMN STRIP MIDDLE STRIP COLUMN STRIP


COLUMN STRIP
L1 = 6000 mm.
MIDDLE STRIP

2-SEVEN WIRE STRANDS


2-SEVEN WIRE STRANDS
COLUMN STRIP

7-SEVEN WIRE STRANDS


7-SEVEN WIRE STRANDS

FP6000 ( T = 180 mm )
2000 mm
NOT TO SCALE
2000 mm

10-D12@125
REBARS REINFORCEMENT DETAIL
10-D12@125 N O T T O S C A L E

FLAT-PLATE DESIGN SPREADSHEETS / ACI 318-89