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Lebanese University

Faculty of Sciences II
S1101 – Dr. Aline Mefleh
TD4 – Combinatorics and Probability

Exercise 1.
How many committees of 5 students can be selected from a class of 25?

Exercise 2.
How many 10-letter patterns can be formed from the letters of the word
“BASKETBALL”?

Exercise 3.
Out of 2 Women and 5 Men, a committee of 3 is to be formed. In how
many ways can it be formed if at least one woman is to be included?

Exercise 4.
Make all arrangement of letters of the word TAMIL,
a) so that T follows always L.
b) so that T and L are always together.

Exercise 5.
In how many ways can a party of 4 men and 4 women be seated at a
circular table so that no two women are adjacent?

Exercise 6.
How many ways can you pair up 8 boys and 8 girls?

Exercise 7.
A Club consists of 20 members, of which 9 are male and 11 are female.
Seven members will be selected to form an event-planning committee.
How many committees of 4 females and 3 males can be formed?
Exercise 8.
How many 7-digit telephone numbers can be formed if the first digit cannot
be 0 or 1?

Exercise 9.
If a multiple-choice test consists of 5 questions, each with 4 possible
answers of which only 1 is correct,
(a) in how many different ways can a student check off one answer to each
question?
(b) in how many ways can a student check off one answer to each question
and get all the answers wrong?

Exercise 10.
In a poker hand consisting of 5 cards, find the probability of holding
(a) 3 aces;
(b) 4 hearts and 1 club.

Exercise 11.
A random sample of 200 adults are classified below by sex and their level of
education attained.

If a person is picked at random from this group, find the probability that
(a) the person is a male, given that the person has a secondary education;
(b) the person does not have a college degree, given that the person is a
female.
Exercise 12.
The probability that an automobile being filled with gasoline also needs an
oil change is 0.25; the probability that it needs a new oil filter is 0.40; and
the probability that both the oil and the filter need changing is 0.14.
(a) If the oil has to be changed, what is the probability that a new oil filter is
needed?
(b) If a new oil filter is needed, what is the probability that the oil has to be
changed?
Exercise 13.
If 𝑆 = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} and 𝐴 = {0, 2, 4, 6, 8}, 𝐵 {1, 3, 5, 7, 9},
𝐶 = {2, 3, 4, 5}, and 𝐷 = {1, 6, 7}, list the elements of the sets
corresponding to the following events:
(𝑎) 𝐴 ∪ 𝐶;
(𝑏) 𝐴 ∩ 𝐵;
(𝑐) 𝐶̅ ;
(𝑑) ( 𝐶̅ ∩ 𝐷) ∪ 𝐵;
(𝑒) ̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅
(𝑆 ∩ 𝐶);
(𝑓)𝐴 ∩ 𝐶 ∩ 𝐷 ̅.

Exercise 14.
If 𝑃(𝐴) = 0.48 and 𝑃(𝐵) = 0.67 and 𝑃(𝐴 | 𝐵) = 0.22, find the
following :
a. 𝑃(𝐴 ∪ 𝐵).
b. 𝑃(𝐴 ∪ 𝐵̅).
c. 𝑃(𝐴̅ ∩ 𝐵).
d. 𝑃(𝐵|𝐴).
e. 𝑃(𝐵̅|𝐴̅).
f. Are A and B disjoint? Justify.
g. Are A and B independent? Justify.
Exercise 15.
In a certain region of the country it is known from past experience that the
probability of selecting an adult over 40 years of age with cancer is 0.05. If
the probability of a doctor correctly diagnosing a person with cancer as
having the disease is 0.78 and the probability of incorrectly diagnosing a
person without cancer as having the disease is 0.06, what is the probability
that an adult over 40 years of age is diagnosed as having cancer?

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