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91-5 – 6101365 – 6, 9 5? 205=,6, 9/979 6,.+16-1, :,0 ./ 9 205=,61 9 6,-
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+9365, +5 @9 ;61C975 ?1 ‘01;/=,31D,’, / .=9.7/ .F31+1D1, 2,0A,2A9:, 9 /39?1,
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.F31+1 25+2/65 ./205+65.

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:/ "?0/858" 9 D,853/ ?,801?1A9:/ 61 20,?=,+ 205:,-A9:,. T90, 39?9 / 620. Brin-
ker-Gabler (1995, 3 9 ?14,).

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<+9+/ 20131 ;1:,?69A1 (75-1769F, 179 / +/=1C,D9=1 .130,=,658 256535
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MatoviW 2010, 2010a, 2010b, 9+?.), 91-5 :, +5 30.+1 2,31D1 -101-+,09.+9C61 ;1 C9-
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golia, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, http://www.une-
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+,09:17658 -/7+/0658 61.7,>1 =58/E, :, 20, .3,81 @,7,G,D,= 79C69F
9.+509:1 9 2505?9C69F 7,8,6?9: 90% 209C1 5 61.,4131D/ J0@9:, 25C931
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61 D/ 5?65.,.

10
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(-5:1 :,, ?5?/<,, / =,>/30,=,6/, 20,961C,61 61 ?/G/) 9 ?14, / G935+65: 521-
.65.+9, :,0 39<,.+0/-9 25-/<1:9 /=901 -039 69./ /.2,<65 5-56C169.

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09:1765 61.7,>,, 91-5 ./ 3,5=1 G939 / 201-.9.11
#7,?165 <90, 5? U17-161 9 D,8539F +01?9A9:1, :1.65 :, ?1 :, 6,=58/-
E,, 69+9 9-5 9=1 9?,:/ ?1 +0,@1 <+9+9+9 201-./, 61 209=,0, -1=,6531D1
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11
I5 31G9 9 ;1 620. 61.7,?65 5@9C1:65 20135 (cf. R50>,39E Z065@0D1 2008),
-15 9 ;1 69; ?0/89F .,8=,61+1 6,=1+,09:17658 -/7+/0658 61.7,>1 -5:9 2059.+9C/
9; 20,?=5?,069F 5@79-1 .5A9:176, 508169;1A9:,.
12
K5.7,?D1 20,./?1 +, 30.+, / "016/, -5:1 :, 25.+171 25;61+1 <905= .3,+1 9
9;1;3171 205+,.+, / ;,=41=1 S121?1, ?56,+1 :, :/71 2010. 85?96,: http://www.srbi-
janet.rs/vesti/vesti-iz-sveta/58445-britanija-i-sad-traze-od-irana-da-odustane-od-ka-
menovanja-zena.html.
13
http://www.blic.rs/Vesti/Svet/223602/Sudan-Zena-bicevana-u-javnosti-zbog-
nosenja-pantalona
14
K5 25?1A9=1 UNICEF-1, 5-5 130 =979561 ?,35:1-1 9 G,61 / .3,+/ G939 .1
25.7,?9A1=1 -79+50,-+5=9:,, 9 +5 6, .1=5 / %B09A9 9 61 U79.-5= ".+5-/, 8?,
:, +1 201-.1 /5@9C1:,61, 6,85 9 / ;121?69= ;,=41=1, 8?, ., 5?0G131 / 9=98016+-
.-9= ;1:,?69A1=1. *,+1469:, /: Lewnes (2005).

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<+9+9+9, 1 <+1 6,, =501:/ ?565.9+9 / ;139.65.+9 5? +581 / -5:5: ./ =,09
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-56A,2+1 4/?.-9F 20131 :, 25.,@16, ?5?1+69 205@7,=, -5:9 C9+135: 209-
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Q8;5+9;1A9:1 .+31065.+9
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<+9+9 G*1$ &%$).$, ?1-7, 561 -5:1 / 75-1769= ;1:,?69A1=1 B/6-A9569-
<, 0$"$., 39?9=5 ?1 ., 9 UNESCO-35: 79.+9, -15 9 61 61A9561769= 79-
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"G939" 3075 205@7,=1+9C65, 979 @10 6, 561-5 -1-5 ./ 61 79.+1=1 20,?-
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15
01;79C9+9= 1.2,-+9=1 5?65.1 -/7+/0, 9 20131 39?9 +,-.+53, / ;@5069-/
Culture and Rights (Cowan, Dembour and Wilson 2001).
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+5=, 853509 619;87,? 25+2/65 +0939:1716 209=,0 .1 25.7,?D, ;9=.-,
79=29:1?, (M16-/3,0 2010), 61 -5:5: ., 0/.-9 27,.69 -79;1C-9 210 25:1395
.1 5@01?5= 1@509Y96.-58 +01?9A95617658 27,.1, / .-71?/ .1 5?7/-5= H,>/-
6105?6, -79;1C-, 508169;1A9:, ?1 27,.1C9 .75@5?6, 27,.53, +0,@1 ?1 5@79-
-/:/ 61 5.653/ B57- +,=1. !/.-9 -79;1C9 ./ 5?7/C979 ?1 ;1 .35: 61.+/2 9.-5-
09.+, 1@509Y96.-, 27,.53,, :,0 ./ .=1+0179 ?1 ./ 0/.-9 9 05=.-9 +01?9A95-
61769 27,.539 (-5:9 @9 =5879 "20921?1+9" "D9F535:" -/7+/09) 3,E 20,39<,
,-.2751+9.169. $5, D9F53 61.+/2 :, 9;1;315 @/0/ 205+,.+1 9; 1/.+0179:.-9F
1@509Y96.-9F ;1:,?69A1, <+5 :, 2059;3,75 5805=6/ =,?9:.-/ 21GD/. #6,3
1@509Y96.-9F ;1:,?69A1 9;1;3179 ./ 20, .3,81 ;19.+1 6,209=,0,69 -5.+9-
=9, 179 ./ ., 209=,?@, 5?65.97, 61 ",#1'$(N,"# (@,; ?5;357,) -509<E,D,
D9F53, +01?9A9:,, 61 D,6/ 96+,020,+1A9:/ -5:1 69:, / .-71?/ .1 1@509-
Y96.-9= 39>,D,= 61C961 61 -5:9 ., 561 =5G, -509.+9+9. K0,?.+1369A9
%@509Y961 5A,6979 ./ 531: 27,. -15 "/30,?493", -5=,6+109</E9:

"H9 +5 39?9=5 -15 -01>/ 1@509Y96.-, -/7+/0,, 9 +5 :, :5< :,?16 209=,0 ,-.-
2751+1A9:, 1@509Y96.-9F 6105?1 %/.+0179:," (Hersh 2010),

5?65.65:

"I5 :, 12.57/+65 /-01?,65 @,; 61<, ?5;357, 9 @,; -56./7+1A9:1 .1 0,7,316+-


69= 9801C-9= 80/21=1 1/.+0179:.-9F %@509Y961" (news.com.au 2010).

31: .7/C1: =5G, @9+9 2535? ;1 5;@946/ ?9.-/.9:/, :,0 5+3101 29+1D,
20131 61 96+,020,+1A9:, 6,=1+,09:17658 -/7+/0658 61.7,>1 316 ;1:,?69A1
/6/+10 -5:9F :, 61.+175/5C/3165, 5?65.65 316 D,85358 209=10658 -56+,-.+1,
979 6,-58 65358 – -5:9 9=1 20135 ?1 -56.+0/9<, .1=5 !$ <$:,0"*>$, C9:, :,
!#, -56-0,+65 6,=1+,09:1765 -/7+/065 61.7,>,. %-5 ., 20135 61 C/31D, 6,-
=1+,09:1769F 1.2,-1+1 .1=5.35:69F -/7+/01 @/?, +/=1C975 / 535= 2013A/ –
-15 "25.,?531D,", .1 ,-.-7/;9369= 20135= -509<E,D1 9 +/=1C,D1, 25.+1E,
6,=58/E, 29.1D, 05=161 -15 <+5 :, 620. Otherland I,?1 M979:1=.1,20 -5:9

20
Iad Williams, Otherland (1996-2001). ' 20,?85350/ 1/+50 -1G,: "H5:1 61=,-
01 :, 203,6.+3,65 ?1 9.209C1= 209C/, 179, 1-5 561 613,?, 6,-, C9+15A, ?1 61/C,

!"#$"!%#&#'#()* &%#+',-* "... /#0. 6. .1.1 (2011)


('M%PQ $QH%IQ!"O%&$ # )'&I'!$ # $%J&QR% 231

61:<905: 2/@79A9 61.+5:9 ?1 209@79G9 7,8,6?, 9 3,0531D1 U/<=161 9


1/.+0179:.-9F %@509Y961 .21-5316, / .1:@,0-216- 6101+93, .69=1D, B97-
=531 -15 <+5 :, E#.',0=* !$'$. K9+,01 M901,21 -5:9 +5 9.+5 01?9 .1 9.-4/-
C935 1@509Y96.-5= +01?9A9:5=, -15 9 -5=27,+16 World music 205:,-1+, /20-
-5. D,8535= /.2,F/ +5-5= ?31?,.,+ 85?961 25.+5:1D1 ((57539E 2006).
"6.9.+901D,= 61 531-35= 2096A92/ @975 -1-35 316-80/265 -509<E,-
D, ,7,=,61+1 6,=1+,09:17658 61.7,>1 =5G, @9+9 5.250,65, 979 C1- 25-
.+1+9 20,?=,+ ./?.-58 .2501, 1 /25;6131D, ?0/89F -/7+/01, ?1 @9 ., 56,
01;/=,7,, / 25+2/65.+9 .20,C,65 5.9= / 21-531D9=1 -5:, .1=, 80/2, G,-
7, ?1 5@79-/:/ / 205A,./ .358 .1=520,?.+1341D1 *0/89=1, C9=, ., /-9-
?1 .31-1 9?,:1 -/7+/0658 -56+1-+1 -5:1 @9 +0,@175 ?1 @/?, 5.653 UNE-
SCO-3, 9?,:, 5C/31D1 -/7+/0658 ?93,0;9+,+1, 21 +1-5 9 )563,6A9:, 5
5C/31D/ 6,=1+,09:17658 -/7+/0658 61.7,>1.

***
)1-5 :, -/7+/01 A,7539+ .9.+,=, :1.65 :, ?1 69:, =58/E, 5C/31+9 :,?16
D,6 ?,5 -15 G935, B/6-A9561765 61.7,>,, ?5- ./ ., .39 5.+179 ,7,=,6+9
.9.+,=1 205=,6979; 5?65.65 – =58/E, 9F :, 5C/31+9 .$-# /; 25+2/6/
205=,6/ -/7+/0658 -56+,-.+1 9 /; 2056171;1- 6,-, 653, B/6-A9:,, 61:C,-
<E, 20,@1A931D,= / -56+,-.+ +/09.+9C-, 256/?, 979 6,-, ?0/8, 30.+,
-/7+/06, 2059;35?D,/25+05<D,. I9=, ., -/7+/065 61.7,>, .+1341 /
B/6-A9:/ ,-565=.-58 205.2,09+,+1 ;1:,?69A, 9 6,./=D935 =5G, ?1 ?5-
2096,., 5:1C131D/ D,658 9?,6+9+,+1. $5, 91-5 B50=1765 / 25+2/65.+9
5C/3169, +1-39 ,7,=,6+9 6,=1+,09:17658 -/7+/0658 61.7,>1 39<, 69./
565 <+5 ./ @979 6,-1?1, 20, .3,81 ;1 .1=/ ;1:,?69A/. 69 25.+1:/ / 25+-
2/65.+9 9.201GD,69 5? ;61C,D1 -5:, 9= :, 209?13171 -/7+/01 / -5:5: ./
61.+179, <+5 9= =,D1 9 =,.+5 / .+0/-+/09 -/7+/0, / -5:5: 9F C/31=5.
"1-5 +5 6, =501 ?1 ;61C9 /-9?1D, .3,81 56581 <+5 -/7+/0/ C969 G935=,
;31$=,, /20-5. 96+,6A9:9 )563,6A9:,, =5G, ;61C1:65 ?1 /.2509 205=,6,
-5:, ./ 650=176, 9 6,9;@,G6,, .+3101:/E9 -/7+/06, ,7,=,6+, -5:, :, 6,-
-1?1<D1 ,+657589:1/16+05257589:1 61;93171 .3%1*1$'*-$ – 20,G9A9=1
9; 6,-58 ?0/858 ?5@1, -5:9 / .1?1<D5.+9 6,=1:/ 69-1-3/ B/6-A9:/,22 535-
81 2/+1 @905-01+.-9 2059;3,?,6,.

39<, 5 U/<=169=1 9 5 D9F535= 61C96/ G935+1, -5:9 69-5 5? 61. 6, =5G, ?1


25;61:,, :1 E/ @9+9 3,5=1 .0,E16".
21
The Last Wave (1977).
22
' 650=1765= 01;35:/ -/7+/0, 9 ?0/<+31 +5 :, 6,=58/E, – .3, <+5 ., 6,
/.2, 2097185?9+9 6539= /.7539=1 9 6535= 61C96/ G935+1 5./>,65 :, 61 6,.+1-
61-.

!"#$"!%#&#'#()* &%#+',-* "... /#0. 6. .1.1 (2011)


232 L"L%$% #%M!"& M"N

J1 ?0/8, .+016, 5.+1:/ 6,.1C/3161 (<+5 69:, 205@7,=1+9C65), C,.+5 9


6,;1@,7,G,61 (<+5 :,.+,) 61:01;6530.69:1, 20, .3,81 96?939?/1761 +/=1-
C,D1 -/7+/069F 5@01;1A1, B50=9 9 20529.169F/G,4,69F 2561<1D1, -15
9 01;79C9+, B50=, 75-179;1A9:, .130,=,69F 875@1769F -/7+/069F 5@01-
;1A1, <+5 :, :,?16 5? 61:;169=4939:9F 9 61:<10579-9:9F 205A,.1 -5:9 .,
5?39:1:/ 20,? 61<9= 5C9=1. O,?16 5? 2,31C1 1B09C-, ",+65-"=/;9-, -1?1
-1G,: "3579= 1B09C-/ -579@/, 179 ?1 :, -79=1+9;53161" (]oloviW 2006,
191-192), 853509 ;120135 5 .21:1D/ 9 =1+,09:17658 (-579@1, ,0-56?9<6)
9 6,=1+,09:17658 61.7,>1 -5:, 20921?1 01;79C9+9= -/7+/01=1 9 01;79C9-
+9= 30,=,69=1 – 1B09C-5: +01?9A9561765: ,.+,+9A9 9 /?5@65.+9 =5?,0-
6, ;121?6, A93979;1A9:,, 5?65.65 5 6,52F5?65.+9 .21:1D1 +01?9A9:, 9
.130,=,65.+9, -5:, @5:9 .31-9 75-1769 205.+50. #75-179;1A9:1 :, :,?969
=58/E9 61C96 5C/31D1 +01?9A9:, (=1+,09:176, 979 6,=1+,09:176,), /
.25:/ .1 61C969=1 G935+1 -5:, 65.9 .130,=,65 ?5@1, 1 561 ., / ?5.1?1-
<D5: 209=,69 )563,6A9:, 69-1-5 6, 39?9.
'5.+175=, 9 ;1<+9+1 6,=1+,09:17658 61.7,>1 :, ?,5 875@179;5316, -/7-
+/0,, -5:9 ., 61.+5:9 9=27,=,6+901+9 / <+5 :, =58/E, 39<, ;,=141 <905=
.3,+1,23 +, :, ;120135 / 25+2/65.+9 1=@9317,6+16 – 561 :, 875@1761 .+01+,-
89:1 5C/31D1 -/7+/0658 ?93,0;9+,+1. $1.+5:1D,= ?1 ., )563,6A9:1 5 ;1-
<+9+9 6,=1+,09:17658 61.7,>1 .2053,?, / 201-.9, =9 .+5:9=5 / 301+9=1
-5:1 .1 :,?6, .+016, 9=1:/ 205<75.+, 9?,:/ .+0585 5?35:,69F -/7+/01 9
80/265 (=,+69C-9/0,79895;65--15--/7+/065, ,.,6A9:179.+9C-9) ?,B969.1-
69F 9?,6+9+,+1, 1 .1 ?0/8, 875@179;53169 .3,+, B7/-+/901:/E, 39<,.75:6,
9 96?939?/176, 9?,6+9+,+, 9 @,.-01:65 <10,6975 875-179;53169F -/7+/0-
69F B50=9. "6.9.+901D,= 61 5C/31D/ .1=5 :,?6, .+016,, =5G,=5 2052/-
.+9+9 ?1 /25;61=5 9 01;/=,=5 56/ ?0/8/, 56/ / -5:5: .39 ?161. G939=5.

?!,1'#,3'#

After the Water Wars: The Search for Common Ground. 2005. International Develop-
ment Research Centre
news.com.au. 2010. Aborigines claim culture theft over Oksana Domnina and Maxim
Shabalin's Olympic routin,. news.com.au, January 22, http://www.news.com.au/na-
tional/aborigines-claim-culture-theft-over-oksana-domnina-and-maxim-shabalins-
olympic-ice-dance/story-e6frfkvr-1225822375720
Brinker-Gabler, Gisela. 1995. Encountering the Other(s): Studies in Literature, Hi-
story, and Culture. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Gelner, David. 2001. "From group rights to individual rights and back: Nepalese
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23
H5G?1 6,-, 5? D9F 9 6, G,7, ?1 C/31:/ .35:, 61.7,>,, :,0 9=1:/ 25+2/65
?0/81C9:9 2587,? 61 D,81.

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spectives, eds Jane Cowan, Marie-Bénédicte Dembour and Richard Wilson, 177–
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Ljiljana GavriloviW

The Search for Distinctiveness: Challenges and Dilemmas


within the Concept of Intangible Cultural Heritage Preservation
and Representation

The paper discusses the role of anthropology in the protection of intangible


heritage, which significantly pre-dates the bureaucratic concept defined by
UNESCO’s 2003 Convention, and takes a look at the various dilemmas arising

!"#$"!%#&#'#()* &%#+',-* "... /#0. 6. .1.1 (2011)


234 L"L%$% #%M!"& M"N

from the Convention’s practical implementation. It looks at social practices that


cannot be protected because they clash with the concept of human rights
protection, or with contemporary positive legislation; at the exoticization of
practices that are in reality still alive, but are represented as though they were
not; at the relationship between the global and the local, with the aim of
highlighting the various kinds of ambivalence within the concept itself, which
the implementers of the Convention are usually unaware of.

Key words: intangible cultural heritage, anthropology, local traditions,


human rights

Ljiljana GavriloviW

Recherche de la singularité: défis et dilemmes au sein du


concept de la conservation et de la représentation de l’héritage
culturel non-matériel

Dans le texte est discutée l'anthropologie en tant que moyen de protection


de l'héritage non-matériel bien plus ancien que le concept bureaucratique
défini par la Convention de l'UNESCO de 2003; puis sont discutés les
différents dilemmes qui accompagnent la mise en pratique de la Convention.
Il y est question de pratiques sociales qu'il est impossible de protéger en
raison de leur conflit avec le concept de la protection des droits de l'homme,
ou avec les législations positives contemporaines; il y est question également
d'exotisation des pratiques toujours vivantes, mais présentées comme si elles
ne l'étaient plus; il y est question enfin des rapports du global et du local –
avec l'objectif de montrer différentes sortes des ambivalences au sein du
concept lui-même, dont ceux-là même qui mettent en œuvre la Convention,
ne sont le plus souvent pas conscients.

Mots clés: héritage culturel non-matériel, anthropologie, traditions locales,


droits de l’homme

Primljeno: 10.01.2011.
Prihva@eno: 06.02.2011.

!"#$"!%#&#'#()* &%#+',-* "... /#0. 6. .1.1 (2011)

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