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MEMBERS MAXIMUM FORCES AND MOMENT SUMMARY

Staad Name Fx (Kn) Fy(Kn) Fz(Kn) Mx(Kn) My(Kn) Mz(Kn)

1230 -5.951 4.761 -8.11 0.451 9.612 8.026


1279 11.173 7.679 -2.032 0 -5.455 -18.439
2046 0 7.434 0.05 0 0.017 -2.478
2047 1214.154 -251.148 -117.407 -5.819 104.349 83.688
2048 4721.168 20.262 -87.42 -7.86 228.437 -129.721
2049 -1254.499 -12.28 161.962 4.276 -144.644 -63.798
2050 4616.213 -37.698 -368.284 -21.386 -1065.092 0.695
2051 521.034 -1567.484 1515.061 -8.742 29.695 472.783
2052 32.99 316.711 -8.325 12.734 22.822 1000.912
2053 0.065 46.85 -4.828 13.334 14.521 79.386
2054 1508.493 16.71 -12.16 3.921 -23.213 1.807
2055 -2523.917 0.736 -66.79 -17.064 19.012 98.303
2056 -23.132 62.83 10.426 -10.799 52.231 -7.187
2057 0.065 31.364 10.473 -10.333 46.724 -13.6
2058 -1026.38 18.683 -103.613 -9.174 -387.994 17.846
2059 -2777.196 27.921 -90.453 -10.049 -360.268 5.843
2060 229.715 -293.102 -229.132 -12.053 237.775 -313.586
2061 1115.911 -5727.783 2103.988 45.712 838.377 6905.207
2062 0 7.434 0.05 0 0.017 -2.478
2063 -223.492 291.685 135.021 3.278 -476.361 916.995
2064 4185.349 -423.986 17.904 -20.559 418.057 107.383
2065 -181.175 -55.069 -33.25 29.312 81.788 -220.655
2066 4027.647 38.695 -1876.069 -158.273 -7128.724 -136.186
2067 -12.192 451.393 -21.676 -31.168 47.325 963.678
2068 83.496 537.398 22.572 -20.4 -57.528 1741.439
2069 -128.007 12.162 67.256 -3.142 323.706 -39.822
2070 1218.272 3.14 128.558 148.004 -712.821 -100.615
2071 12.192 -203.048 9.253 -12.551 -39.476 -848.457
2072 -61.727 85.605 -14.842 21.563 -91.863 20.751
2074 -240.511 24.498 103.218 3.377 520.928 20.55
2075 -108.521 -227.396 -161.479 -33.025 -295.231 415.845
2076 -3.088 1.027 -0.255 0 -0.585 -2.17
2077 -797.646 -3.945 -4.563 -0.125 -13.445 14.19
2078 -2530.589 -16.028 -0.205 0.098 -15.128 -17.211
2079 -62.712 44.655 -40.33 -0.093 43.08 40.091
2080 -301.548 -134.387 43.846 0.165 37.287 86.933
2081 1835.26 18.123 7.822 0.018 6.059 -22.605
2082 -893.391 1.987 -8.065 -0.112 -30.498 -4.102
2083 -874.875 -0.66 11.928 0.108 -27.924 -0.065
2084 -638.682 1.413 -6.284 -0.01 -11.636 1.967
2085 3.376 3.024 0.522 0 -1.611 8.643
2086 -81.769 -8.799 -140.085 -0.202 101.21 -7.883
2087 18.281 38.303 175.858 0.023 119.997 -24.584
2088 733.952 3.011 -9.346 -0.108 -32.695 -2.822
2089 1331.684 2.773 12.951 0.11 -28.015 3.408
2091 -485.834 8.196 0.901 -0.126 18.589 13.971
2092 2970.603 13.5 19.391 0.193 35.8 -13.463
2093 238.443 -63.106 222.229 0.312 -190.602 -20.066
2094 157.843 -2.973 25.815 0.496 -55.211 -4.913
2095 -3878.117 10.898 75.947 1.877 -187.15 195.243
2096 -1659.26 -0.318 -29.86 -0.079 71.48 24.983
2097 -1676.726 -3.44 8.825 0.158 50.983 6.893
2098 1805.384 -41.968 -15.071 1.695 60.846 36.222
2099 1729.131 -2.22 2.288 1.621 -32.14 4.986
2100 -189.926 112.028 477.538 1.098 -371.834 75.485
2101 174.569 75.844 -325.899 0.841 -253.986 -51.654
2102 -3396.065 0.149 28.15 0.155 35.417 -19.622
2103 72.157 6.472 6.69 0.239 29.671 -13.739
2104 -115.579 20.845 -11.518 -0.125 -38.048 -73.143
2105 165.71 2.564 -13.627 -0.1 -40.909 -4.595
2106 303.757 -4.311 -18.158 0.204 -41.536 19.798
2107 -102.322 -0.304 -21.261 0.291 -50.812 7.033
2108 313.906 -10.009 -2.663 0.043 12.896 -15.037
2109 12.58 -0.282 -6.206 0.04 21.671 -4.603
2110 561.917 19.456 22.664 -0.329 68.744 -62.626
2111 -380.394 32.529 1.922 0.162 35.393 -123.326
2112 124.278 -8.947 69.897 0.106 164.568 27.398
2113 -653.837 8.846 -65.009 -1.023 130.893 9.292
2114 618.543 24.233 30.569 0.505 -119.704 35.46
2115 557.368 -21.92 -8.292 0.285 16.527 -33.129
3158 -8.067 5.31 -0.121 1.918 -1.956 1.77
3229 -1828.155 -184.754 -191.672 0.017 -243.136 114.018
             

SUMMARY OF TRIED MATERIALS FOR EACH BEAM

Required Allowable/ Capacity Force


Part Trial Member/Size Remarks
MPa MPa kN
             
             
2047            
1214.15
    W14x460 15.055 138.569 4 Safe
             
2048            
    W14x34 65.2812 85.072 421.168 Not safe
Oversize
  2 W14x53 41.8469 104.255 421.168 d
Oversize
  3 W14x43 51.8105 103.981 421.168 d
Oversize
    1 W14x426 5.225 138.569 421.168 d
  4 w14x22 100.587 44.472 421.168 NotSafe
2049            
    W14x159 41.6376 136.879 782.566 Safe
Oversize
  1 W14x426 15.5558 138.569 782.566 d
  2 W14x53 124.646 104.255 782.566 Not safe
             
2050            
4616.21
    W14x398 61.1551 138.435 3 Safe
4616.21
  1 W14x426 57.2412 138.569 3 Safe
4616.21
  2 W14x257 153.215 136.879 3 Safe
             
2051            
    W14x34 80.7604 129.196 521.034 Safe
Oversize
  1 W14x53 51.7695 135.933 521.034 d
Oversize
  2 W14x43 64.0956 135.549 521.034 d
Oversize
  3 W14x426 6.4608 145.955 521.034 d
  4 W14x22 124.438 109.856 521.034 Not Safe
2052            
    W14x22 7.879 44.472 32.99 Safe
             
2053            
    W14x22 7.879 44.472 32.99 Safe
             
2054            
1508.49
    W14x159 50.0679 126.164 3 Safe
1508.49 Oversize
  1 W14x426 18.7054 129.298 3 d
1508.49
  2 W14x53 149.883 73.1879 3 Not Safe
             
2055            
2523.91
    W14x159 83.774 126.164 7 Safe
2523.91 Oversize
  1 W14x426 31.2966 129.298 7 d
2523.91
  2 W14x53 250.774 73.1879 7 Not Safe
             
2056            
    W14x22 5.5246 44.472 23.132 Safe
             
2057            
    W14x22 7.7879 44.472 0.065 Safe
             
2058            
    W14x159 34.0662 126.154 1026.38 Safe
Oversize
  1 W14x426 12.7271 129.298 1026.38 d
  2 W14x53 101.98773 73.1879 1026.38 Not Safe
             
2059            
2777.19
    W14x159 92.1769 126.154 6 Safe
Oversize
  1 W14x426 34.4373 129.298 1026.38 d
  2 W14x53 275.947 73.1879 1026.38 Not Safe
             
1260            
    W14x22 54.8627 109.856 229.715 Safe
             

Part Trial Member/Size Allowable/ Capacity Force Remarks


      kN kN  
Bracing          
             
2076          
    L2x21/8 46.4639 3.088 Safe
           
2077          
    L6x6x3/4 810.238 797.646 Safe
  1 L3X3X1/2 263.999 797.646 Not Safe
  2 L3.5x3.5x5/6 235 797.646 Not Safe
           
2078          
    L8x8x1.5 2678.35 2530.589 Safe
           
2079          
    L3x3x3/16 104.64 62.712 Safe
  1 L3x3x0.5 170.88 62.712 Safe
           
2080   L3.5x3.5x0.5 311.999 301.55 Safe
  1 L3x3x3/8 202.56 301.548 Not Safe
           
2081          
    L8x8x1.5 2678.35 1835.26 Safe
  1 L4x4x1/4 522.239 1835.26 Not Safe
           
2082          
    L6x6x3/4 810.238 893.391 Safe
  1 L3X3X1/2 263.999 893.391 Not Safe
    2 L3.5x3.5x5/6 235 893.391 Not Safe
2083          
    L6x6x3/4 810.238 874.875 Safe
  1 L3X3X1/2 263.999 874.875 Not Safe
  2 L3.5x3.5x5/6 235 874.875 Not Safe
2084      
    L6x6x3/4 810.238 638.682 Safe
  1 L3X3X1/2 263.999 638.682 Not Safe
  2 L3.5x3.5x5/6 235 638.682 Not Safe
2085          
    L2x21/8 46.4639 3.376 Safe
           
2086          
    L3x3x3/16 104.64 81.769 Safe
  1 L3x3x0.5 170.88 81.769 Oversized
2087          
    L2x21/8 46.4639 18.281 Safe
           
2088          
    L6x6x3/4 810.238 733.952 Safe
  1 L3X3X1/2 263.999 733.952 Not Safe
  2 L3.5x3.5x5/6 235 733.952 Not Safe
2089      
    L8x8x1 1440 1331.684 Safe
           
2104          
    L3.5x3.5x0.5 311.999 313.697 Safe
  1 L3x3x3/8 202.56 313.697 Not safe
           
2105          
    L3.5x3.5x0.5 311.999 286.557 Safe
  1 L3x3x3/8 202.56 286.557 Oversized
           

DESIGN CHECKING
Steel Properties
Designatio Theoretica Area Depth Flange Web Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
n l Mass (in2) (in) Thicknes 4
Width Thicknes I (in ) S r (in) I S r (in)
(lb/ft) s (in)
(in) s (in) (in3) (in4) (in3)

W14x159 72 46.7 14.9 15.56 1.19 0.745 1900 254 6.38 748 96.2 4
8 5

Using Maximum Axial Force:2777.2 kN

A. Web-Thickness Ratio:
bf √E
≤0.56
2t f √ Fy
b f =395.351 mm
t f =30.226 mm

395. 351 mm 200 GPa


≤ 0.56 √
2(30.226 mm) √ 248 MPa

= 6.5399< 15.9029
⸫ Non-slender

B. Depth Web-Thickness Ratio:


d E
≤ 1.49 √
tw √ Fy
d=380.492mm
t w =18.923 mm
20.1074 mm 200 GPa
≤ 1.49 √
42.3132 mm √ 248 M Pa

= 20.1074 < 42.3132


⸫ Non-slender

C. Nominal Compressive Strength

r y =101.6 mm
KL 1(5657 mm)
= =56.6791
r 101.6 mm

E 200GPa
4.71
√ Fy
=4.71

248 MPa
=133.755

Fy
KL E
r
<4.71
Fy √
; Use F cr =(0.658 F )F y e
π2 E
F e=
KL 2
( )
r

π 2 (200 GPa)
F e=
1(6000mm) 2
( )
86.868 mm

F e =636.715 MPa

Fy
Fe
F cr =(0.658 ) F y
248 MPa
F cr =( 0.658 387.57 MPa ) 248 MPa
F cr =210.693 MPa

Pn=F cr A g

Allowable strength design

F cr 192.974 MPa
= =126.164 MPa
Ωc 1.67

Checking:

For member:

F 2777.2 kN
= =92.1769 M Pa
A 30128.972 mm2

92.1769 MPa>126.164 M Pa

Therefore, W14×159 is Acceptable!

DESIGN OF BRACING
Properties of Steel (Bracing)

Theoretica Axis Y-Y


Area
Designation l Mass
(in2) r x
(lb/ft) I (in4) S (in3) z (in3) xp (in)
(in) (in)
L4x4x0.75 18.5 5.44 7.62 2.79 1.18 1.27 5.02 0.680

Use A-36 steel

Fy = 248 MPa

E = 200GPa

Tensile Stress:
F t=¿ 0.6 F y

F t=0.6 (248 MPa)

F t=148.8 MPa

Required Area:

Maximum Force at the Bracing


Required Area=
Ft

Maximum Force at the Bracing: 444.152 kN (See Summary)

444.152 kN
Required Area=
148.8 MPa

Required Area=0.003 m2

Area of the Angle Section: 0.00351 m 2

0.003<0.00351

⸫ OKAY!

Allowable Tensile Force:

f t=F t A
f t=(148.8 MPa)(0.00351m 2 )
f t=522.239 kN

522.239 kN > 444.152 kN

⸫ SAFE!