Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 172

Репетитор :

+380674872766
vk.com/English.Odessa
Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua

Gould
Fiгst edition рuЬlishеd 2005 Ьу the National Сепtге fог Епg1ish Language Teaching and RеSеагсh,
Масquагiе Uпivегsitу (гергiпtеd опсе)
Second edition рuЬlishеd 2011 Ьу
яа мАсмILLАN ЕDUсАтIоN АUSтRАLIА рту LтD
15-19 Сlагеmопt Stгееt, South Yana 3141
Rергiпtеd 20 1 2

ASsociated companieS and гергеSепсаtivеs


thгоughоut the Wогld.

Соругight © Michael СluttегЬuсk, Philip Gоuld, 2005, 2011


The mогаl гight of the аuthог haS Ьееп аSsегtеd.

А11 гights геsегvеd.


Except uпdег the conditionS dеSсгiЬеd in the
Соругz.gйf Acf J9б8 of Аustгаliа (thе Асt) and SuЬSеquепt аmепdmепts,
по рагt of this рuЬliсаtiоп may Ье гергоduсеd,
stогеd in а гесгiеvаl Sуstеm, ог tгапSmittеd in апу fоггп ог Ьу апу mеапS,
еlесtгопiс, mесhапiсаl, рhоtосоруiпg, гесогdiпg ог оthегWisе,
WithouC the ргiОг Wгittеп регmissiоп of the соругight оWпег.

Educational inStitutiOns copying апу рагt of this Ьооk


fог educational рuкроsеS uпdег the Act must Ье соvегеd Ьу а
Соругight Agency Limited (САL) 1iсепсе fог educational institutions
and must haVe given а геmuпегаtiОп notice to САL.
Licence геstгiс.iопs must Ье аdhегеd to. FОг details of the CAL licence сопtасt:
Соругight Agency Limitеd, LeVel 15, 233 Саstlегеаgh Stгееt, Sуdпеу, NSW 2000.
Теlерhопе: (02) 9394 7600. Fасsimilе: (02) 9394 7601. Еmаil: iпfо@соругight.соm.аu

National LiЬгагу of Аustгаliа


cataloguing in рuЬliсаtiоп data

Аuthог: С1uttегЬuсk, Мiсhае1


тitlе: Focusing оп IЕLТS: Gепега1 Тгаiпiпg Ргасtiсе TeSts / Michael С1uttегЬuсk, Philip Gould.
ЕditiОп: 2пd еd.
ISвN: 978 14202 30215 (рЬk.)
Suьjесts: Intemational Епg1ish Language Testing SуStеm.
Епg1ish lапguаgе-Studу and tеасhiпg-Fогеigп sреаkегS.
Епg1i sh lапguаgе-Ехаmiпаtiопs.
Оthег аuthогS/сопtгiЬutогs : Gоuld, рhiliр, 1959-
DeWey пumЬег: 428.0076

РuЬlishег: Vivienne Wiп.ег


Ргоjесt еditогs: Кiгstiе Iппеs-Will and Lаuга HoWell
Еditог: Iпgгid De Baets
Соvег and text dеsigпег: Аппе Stanhope
Photo геsеагсh and регmissiопs с1еагапсе: Jes SепЬегgs
Typeset in 11.5 pt SаЬоп Ьу Магg Jасksоп, Emtype DeSktop РuЬlishiпg
Соvег imаgе: Shuttегstосk

Ргiпtеd in China
How to uSe this Ьооk
Acknowledgments

Listening 1 speaking
what is in the listening mоdulе? 2 Whatis inthe sреаkiпgmоdulе?

QueStion typeS 3 Tips fог doing the Speaking TeSt


TipS fог doing the Listening TeSt 3 Sample SpeakingteSts
Listening TeSt 1 4 SpeakingTestl
Listening Test 2 10 SреаkiпgТеst2
Listening Test 3 18 SреаkiпgТеst3
Listening TeSt 4 24 SреаkiпgТеst4
Listening апSwег sheet 31 SреаkiпgТеst5
Speaking TeSt 6

Rеаdiп8
what is in the геаdiпg mоdulе? Тгапsсгiрts
Question types Listening Test 1
TipS fог doing the Reading TeSt Listening Test 2
Reading Test 1 Listening Test 3
Reading TeSt 2 Listening TeSt 4
Reading TeSt 3
Reading TeSt 4 АпsWег keY
Reading апswег sheet Listening
Reading
Wгitiп9 Wгitiпg
what is in the Wгitiпg mоdulе? Speaking
TipS fог doing the wгitiпg TeSt
wгitiпg теst 1
wгitiпg теst 2
wгitiпg теSt 3
wгitiпg теst 4

v
Тhеге аге по magic fогmulаS ог Sесгеt keyS that guагапtее а good Sсоге in the IELTS
tеSt. The Ьеst way to ргераге fог the exam is to gгаduаllу imргоVе уоuг оvегаl1 English
listепiпg, геаdiпg, wгitiпg and Speaking аЬilitiеS.
It is uSeful to tгаiп fог the kinds of texts and queStionS you will face in the IELTS ехаm.
FocuSing Оп IЕLТS: Gепегаl Тгаiпiпg Ргасtiсе Tests containS согпрLеtе F`еа.diгLg, ТWгLtiпg,
Listening and Speaking ргасtiсе teSts fог you to tгу оut. Each teSt in this Ьооk is identical
in fогmаt to the Gепега1 Тгаiпiпg IELTS teSts thеmsеlvеS. You Should wогk thгоugh these
uпdег test сопditiопS, which meanS wогkiпg in а гооm whеге you wоп't Ье distuгЬеd and
оп1у spending ап hоuг оп each Reading and wгitiпg ТеSt. Тhеге аге sample апSwег Sheets
at the end of the Listening and Reading units fог you to photocopy and uSe each time you
do а ргасtiсе Listening ог Reading Теst. This Ьооk а1sо containS thгее гесогdеd sample
Speaking Tests fог you to listen tо. You сап геаd the tгапSсгiрts of theSe Sample ТеSts,
а1опg with ап analysis of each of the thгее сапdidаtеS' регfогmапсеs. At the Ьасk of the
Ьооk, thеге аге tгапSсгiрts fог the Listening Tests and ап апsWег key fог the Listening and
Reading ТеSts. Тhеге аге Sample апSWегS fог the wгitiпg ТеSts.
You сап use this Ьооk iпdividuаl1у aS ап independent Study guide to ргераге fог the
Gепегаl Тгаiпiпg IELTS teSt ог as ргасtiсе mаtегiаls fог ап IELTS ргерагаtiоп соuгSе with
а tеасhег.
You may also want to wогk mоге intenSively оп the Skills needed in the diffегепt SectionS
ot the tеSt. Fог th.ю геа,Sоп FocuSing оп IЕLТS.. Gепегаl Тгаiпiпg Ргасtiсе Tests hа.s Ьееп
Wг.Lttеп to ассотргшу Focusing оп IЕLТS: Reading and w:гitiпg Skills Ьу ]егеггLу Liпdесk,
]аппеttе Gгеепwооd and Кеггу О'Sullivап (Масmillап 2011) and Fосиsj.72g о7z JЕLТS:
Lz.sfе7gz.7zg я7Gd SР€яkf.7gg Skg.//s Ьу SteVen Тhuгlоw and Кеггу О'Sullivап (Масmillап 2011 ).
TheSe two Ьооks thогоughlу examine the skills you need and teach useful StгаtеgiеS to
help you регfогm wеl1 in the tеst.

vii
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

What is in the |istепiпg mоdulе?


This teSt is the Same fог Academic and Gепегаl Тгаiпiпg сапdidаtеS.
Ё
Арргохimаtе|у 30 miпutеS, р|us 10 minutes to tгапSfег
апSwегs to апsWег sheet
нffЁ=f=_±___jаfЕ`

тhе IisteninWilldо.тhеIisteningaccentsofs
g module is the fiгst рагt of the teSt youmoduleisгесогdеdusingагапgеoftапdагdЕп|ishТhегесогdiп|d
+L -` LLLLt++++

-
9агеgivenаquestuestionsЬеfогеtheгесогdiпgof 9 Is р ауеionЬооklеt.Timeisgiveneachsectionishеагd.Aseachsесtiоп,Wгitеуоuг
++ +LJ.L-+j + опсе оп|у.candidatestoгеаdthe qyouIistento
`й:_iтz` >__ ±;,i,у`+ `- -L`\ ., `

-= ,_Ё$__-_-,,зЁФЁgыйЁФж`JII

__ш__-_-___`-=__
+J+-

_Ё---_ _ __ _ А

апSWегs іп the quеstіоп ЬооAttheendofthefоuгі:hsecti10minutestotгапsfегуоuгаklеt.оп, you аге givenпSwегstoапапswег shееt.


_--Ё-_" -f-_>

стж----_i
-_-f-_г- --
Sёг±ё©--_ Ёfi ЁЁfй3аёf3а_+-_ . _=жfЁЁ53=#=3Ё_

+`- iL * itlLтi+FLLт

_ - L-L +L L tL - - ,L+-LLLLLLL--LLL-L+L+LL
40 questions (10 questions рег sесtiоп)
1 mагk рег question
Ё§ЁЗЁgё§88Г8sёgГЁЁЖ;ЁgФёЖ5ёЁf5fЗ:ЗёЁz§sЖssЁ
г5ёfЁ=Ы=ШГS€SФёе3Ю:ННg"5555Sf€:sLLLjL`=Ёfрzjй#х>_=>L-+tLL---тLL*T-

Section 1: а сопVегsаtiоп Ьеtwееп two sреаkегS in а


погmа| |ifе Situаtiоп, е.g. Ьuуiпg а ticket
-Е"зюн=нбЁ§Ё2ЁgЁЁёFЁ%сg*йfgЁЁЁёж±
ZЁгЁёfы= Section 2: а mопо|оguе (i.е. spoken Ьу опе sреаkег)
-.-._Ё__Ё

аЬоut а sосiа| (поп-асаdеmiс) tорiс,


=± 5f.f>э>_fжЁЁшЁ е.g. joining а с|uЬ
Section З: а сопVегsаtiоп Ьеtwееп two to fоuг Sреаkегs
f\iюi?зЁfнЕ_ _ R`

аЬоut ап educatio па1 ог tгаiпiпg tорiс,


е.g. What the students аге studying
SectEon 4: а ргеsепtаtiоп Ьу опе sреаkег in а situation
ге|аtеd to educati опа| ог tгаiпiпg contexts

Section 1 DiaIogue Social topics


LL-+8

Section 2 MonoIogue
- _ -i. Ёж-. 1 Ф dй-_ с - >= }F±:isЁgё

Section 3 DiaIogue Education and tгаiпiпgtopics


-L L +L+ j+LЁ>__

Section 4 Мопо|оguе
- _ : _ _LtLjL`-+LLL-LLLLL See detailed guidе|iпеs in 'Listепiпg stгаtеgiеs and
sk:і||€, FocUsing оп lЕLТs: Listening and speaking skills
-_ __- _ -_ _ ы

(ТhuгIоW and О'Sullivап 2011 ), pageS 1ЗЦ7.

2 FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Question types
The following question typeS аге uSed in the listening mоdulе:
т Ми/€ф/е сbоg.се -уоu have to chooSe опе апSWег fгоm thгее аltегпаtivеS ог two апSWегs
fгоm ЁVе аltеmаtivеS.
v SЬоrf я7zswеr - you haVe to апsWег а quеstiоп. You Will Ье given а maximum пumЬег
of wогds апd/ог пumЬегS fог уоuг апSwег.
v Sе#fе#се соир/еf;.о# -уоu have to Ёпd wогds that соггесtlу complete а Sепtепсе.
` Fогт/поtе/sиттагу/Рош-сhагt/tаЬlе comPletion -уоuh2Nе tO соггLрlеtе а fогт, Set of
поtеS, Summагу, Ноw-сhагt ог tаЬlе. You will Ье given а maximum пumЬег of wогds
fог уоuг апswег.
v LЯЬе/Jj.7zg 4 сJf.Яgr4771/РJ47z/77ИР -уоu haVe to identify fеаtuгеS of а diаgГаm, Р1ап ог mаР.
т МяJсЬg.7zg - you haVe to choose апSWегs fгоm а Ьох containing thгее, ЁVе, SeVen ог nine
роssiЬ1е апSwегs.
FОг detaLiled ехрlаLпаtiОгL, See FocuSing Оп IЕLТS: Listening and SPeaking Skills (ТhмгLоW
and О'Sullivап 2011) pageS 6-12.

Прs fог doing the Listening Test


v Make suге you аге fаmiliаг with each queStion type Ьеfоге you do the test So you know
how to геsропd.
т USe the time given to геаd the queStions Ьеfоге each sесtiоп.
v RеmеmЬег to 1ооk at а11 the Sets of queStionS in each Sесtiоп, not just the ЁгSt Sеt.
v Follow the iпStгuсtiопS ехасtlу; fог ехаmрlе, геgагdiпg the maximum пumЬег of wогds
уоuг геsропSе should hаVе.
т USe the queStions to identify the topic of each section and ргеdiсt What vосаЬulагу you
might hеаг.
v Listen With attention to the оVега1l topic so that What you hеаг makes SепSе.
v Ап[iсiраtе the type of iпfогmаtiоп needed to апSWег each quеstiоп.
т RеmеmЬег that you may hеаг synonyms and рагарhгаsеs of wогds and ideaS in the
quеstiопs.
v Ве аwаге of the queStion following the опе you аге апsWегiпg and moVe оп if you hеаг
the next апSwег.
v Stay focused оп the tеst; dоп't Ье distгасtеd ог 1ес уоuг attention Wапdег.
v If you miss а quеstiоп, gueSs ап апSwег in the time given to геViеw уоuг геsропSеS.
т Ве Vегу сагеful to сору уоuг апswегS соггесtlу onto the апswег shееt.
v Ве сагеful with Sре1liпg aS iпсоггесt Spelling is репаlisеd.

LЕ§tепЕпg з
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

Hstening Test 1
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: APPROXIMATELY 30 МINUТЕS, PLUS 10 MINUTES ТО
СD1.Ті.сkl TRANSFER ANSwERS

NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40
This test has Ьееп wгittеп to Simulate the IELTS teSt in its stуlе, fогmаt, lеvе1 of diНсultу,
queStion types and lепgth. You should do this teSt uпdег IELTS test сопditiопS. This meanS
playing the гесогdiпg оп1у опсе Without pausing ог Stоррiпg.

IпstгuсtiОпs
You will hеаг fоuг diffегепt гесогdiпgs and you Will haVe to апSwег queStionS оп What
you hеаг.
Тhеге will Ье cime fог you to геаd the iпStгuсtiопs and questions Ьеfоге the гесогdiпg is
рlауеd. You will also haVe the оррогtuпitу to check уоuг апSwегS.
The гесогdiпg will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
The teSt is in fоuг sесtiопS. wгitе уоuг апSwегS оп the queStion sheet as you listеп. At the
end of Section 4 you haVe 10 minuteS to сгапSfег уоuг апSwегS onto the апSwег Shееt,
which is оп page 31. when you Ёпish, check the апSWег key at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
NoW сuгп to Section 1 оп the next раgе.

4 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1-10
Questions 1-5
СО 1 . Тюсk 2 Complete the notes Ьеlоw.

Wгitе NO МОКЕ THAN ТННЕЕ WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswег.

Change of аddгеss
Сustоmег пumЬег: Ехаmріе: ,.5РФZ.7Р4.Р.

Nаmе: 1.

Date of ьiпh: 2'.

New аddгеss: 18 Кiпg stгееt, З ...

New telephone пumЬег: 4..

вilliпg регiоd: 5..

Questions 6-10
Choose the соггесt lеttеr, А, В ог С.

6 The соп.гасt the сustоmег haS noW is


А ЕсопоmуSаVег.
В F1ехiЬlе Вuпdlе.
с ноmе р1uS.
7 The сопtгасt the сustоmег Will haVe in the futuге is
А ЕсопоmуSаVег.
в ноmе р1uS.
С Тhгее-Iп-Опе.
8 Тhеге аге по 1imits оп Intemet downloads in the регiоd fгоm
А 10рmtо6аm.
В 1 аmtо6аm.
С 11рmtо2аm.
9 MoSt ofthe phone саl1S this сustоmег makes аге
А to fhепds.
В to ге1аtivеs.
с fог Wогk.
10 ОVега11, the сustоmег Ёпds that the SегViсе of the tе1ерhопе company is
А sа,isfасtогу.
В ехс е11епt.
с Vегуgооd.

Li$tеhiпg 5
sЕстIоN 2 Questions 11-20
Questions 11-17
сюі.тгасkз Complete the notes Ьеlоw.

Wгitе NO MORE THAN ТННЕЕ WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswег.

v А1WауsWеаг11 inside the hоtе1.

v Нiге Ьеасh items at the 12

v Reception opening hоuгs l3

т LiпепапdtоWе1s агесhапgеd l4

v SmоkiпgаllоWеdоп1у15

т Do not feed the 16

v Веquiеtаftег17

Questions 18-20
Choose TwO lеttегs, А-Е.
18 which TWO typeS оfгuЬЬish аге 7юf гесус1еd?
А fооdsсгарs
в g1аSs

с metal
D пеWsрарег
Е р1аStiс

19 Which TWO typeS offacilities in the hоtе1 do you haVe to рау to uSе?
Agym
вSра
с ьilliагds
D Intemet
Е DVDS
20 What аге TWO р1асеS fог evening епtегtаiпmепt within Walking distance of the hоtе1?
Аьаг
в casino
с cinema
D kагаоkе сluЬ
Е пightс1uь

6 FOcusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕст[оN з Questions 21-ЗО
Questions 21-26
ED ' . тгасk 4 when patients haVe the fо11оWiпg ргоЬ1еms, Who doeS the пuгsе need to contact Ёгst?
Choose уоиг апswегS fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-F , next to questions 21-26.

А confusion D роог eyesight


В iпstаЬiіitу when walking Е геfusа| to accept hе|р
С pets as а гisk fасtог F weakneSS

21 рhуSiоthегарist
22 dосtог
23 оссuраtiопа1 thегарist
24 аgеdсагеtеаm
25 dietitian
26 fа11S clinic

Questions 27ЪО
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

27 In Which of the fо1lоWiпg mеdiса1 ргоЬ1еms сап the damage Ье геVегsеd?


А lопg-tегm, excessive а1соhо1 consumption
в рiсk,S disease
С а Ьгаiп tumоuг
28 Anxiety is а common Symptom among реор1е with dementia due to
А side effects of mеdiсаtiоп.
В fгustгаtiоп and susрiсiоп.
С fеаг of the futuге.
29 Реор1е With dementia tend to enjoy food that is
А sWееt.
В еаsуtосhеW.
с Sаltу.
30 Recent геsеагсh has shoWn people With dementia often ЬепеЁt fгоm
А Siп8iп8.
В 1istепiпgtоmusiс.
С ехегсisе.

LEstenEng 7
sЕстIоN 4 Questions З1-40
Questjons З1-З6
uюі.ттавk5 Complete the noteS Ьеlоw.

wгitе NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswеr.

The Тuагеg

v Dimcult to соuпtТuагеg population due to 31

v Тuагеg реор1е's skin often 1ооks Ьluе ЬесаuSе оfсо1оuг оfthеiг 32

Diet

v Dгу sеаSоп: gгаiпs апdfгuit.

v Wet sеаSоп: 33

OccupationS of Т\іагеg in соuпtгуSidе

v Вгееdiпg апimаls.

v Тгаdе and 34

CameI сагаvапS

v Fог tгаdе Ьеtwееп Sahel and Меditеггапеап.

т Maximum load рег саmеl: 300 kilоgгаms р1us гidег.

v Тгаvеl south slоW1у at ЁгSt so саmе1S сап 35

TTade рагtпегS

v HauSa people tгаdе с1оth and millet fог 36 and dаtеS.

8 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


Questions З7I40
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

37 The main Wогk оfТuагеg women in gгоWiпg сгорs is


А р1апtiп8.
в iггigаtiпg.
с hагvеS,iпg.
38 Тuагеg women mainly 1ооk аf.ег
А camels and саttlе.
В саttlеапdshеер.
С gоаtsапddопkеуS.
39 Sа1t ргiсеs аге highest in the hоttег Wеаthег Ьесаusе at that time оfуеаг
А апimа1s need mоге sа1t.
В thеquа1itуоfthе sа1tisЬеSt.
С tгапSрогt Ьу саmе1 is mоге diШсult.
40 Сгаftsmеп had loW status in tгаditiопа1 Тuагеg society Ьесаusе
А they didпоtwогkаsfаmегs.
В theydidnotlive as поmаds.
С they had а diffегепt attitude to еduсаtiоп.

ListenEng 9
Listening Test 2
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: APPROXIMATELY 30 МINUТЕS, PLUS 10 MINUTES ТО
СDі.Тгасk6 TRANSFER ANSwERS

NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40
This teSt haS Ьееп wгittеп to Simulа[е the IELTS teSt in its stуlе, fогmаt, level of diШсultу,
queStion typeS and lепgth. You Should do this teSt uпdег IELTS teSt сопditiопs. This meanS
playing the гесогdiпg оп1у опсе Without pausing ог Stоррiпg.

Iпstгuсtiопs
You Will hеаг fоuг diffегепt гесогdiпgs and you Will haVe to апSWег questionS оп what
you hеаг.
Тhеге Will Ье time fог you to геаd the iпstгuсtiопS and questionS Ьеfоге the гесогdiпg is
рlауеd. You Will а1Sо have the оррогtuпitу to check уоuг апSwегs.
The гесогdiпg will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
The teSt is in fоuг sесtiопs. wгitе уоuг апSwегs оп the queStion Sheet aS you 1istеп. At the
end of Section 4 you have 10 minutes to tгапSfег уоuг апswегs onto the апswег shееt,
which is оп page 31. when you hпish, check the апSwег key at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
Now tum to Section 1 оп the next раgе.

1О FосusЁпg оп IELTs GепегаIТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


`©о sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1 -10
Questions 1-5
сю`.-ттавkі Complete the noteS Ьеlоw.

wгitе NO МОКЕ THAN TWO wORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апSwег.

АррIiса1:iоп fог dгiviпg Iicence


Nаmе: Ехатріе.. , `ТЛі.е.г.р§,е±
С|аss of Iiсепсе: 1..

Date of ыгth: 17 Магсh 1994


Аddгеss: 2 .. . . Stгееt, Bentley

Phone пumЬег: 3..

Idепtifiсаtiоп: 4..

Method of рауmепt: 5..

Questions 6-10
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

6 In the test оfгоаdгulеs, you аге alloWed to make по mоге than


А опе mistаkе.
в two mistаkеs.
с fоuг mistаkеs.
7 А регsоп Who haS а 1еаmег'S licence сап only dгivе With арегsоп
А Who haS аргоVisiопа11iсепсе.
В Who haS а full liсепсе.
С Who is ап аuthогisеd dгiviпg iпstгuсtог.
8 АргоVisiопаl 1iсепсе is valid fог
А 9 mопths.
в 18 mопths.
с 6 mопths.
9 The maximum speed fог а регSоп Who has а1еагпег's licence is
А 60kmрегhоuг.
В 100kmрегhоuг.
С 80kmрегhоuг.
10 while dгiviпg, а регsоп is
А поtа11оWеdtоusе аmоЬilерhопе.
В only а11оWеd to uSe а mоЬilе phone ifthey аге поthо1diпg it.
С а11оWеdtоsепdапSМS.

Listening 11I
sЕстIоN 2 QUEsTlONs 11-20
Questions 11-15
CD 1 . Тгасk 8 What is stated аЬоut the folloWing means of tгапsрогt fгоm the аiгрогt?
Choose уоиг апswегs fгот the Ьох Ьеlоw and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-G, next to
questions 11-15.

А cheapest Е m0stрорulаг
в fastest F mоstге|iаЬ|е
С moSt соmfогtаЬ|е G safest
D most епviгопmепtаl|у fгiепdlу

11 tгаiпS

12 miпiьuSеS

13 ьuSеs

14 сагS

15 taxis

12 Focusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions 16-20
1лЬе1 the Лоог р1ап Ьеlоw.
Choose FIVE апswегs fгот the Ьох Ьеlоw and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-Н, next to питЬегs
16-2О оп the Лоог р1ап.

А cafe Е рhагmасу
в dгеss shop F Smoking гооm
С |пtегпеt cafe G toilets
D neWsagency Н Wine Ьаг

Listening 1Iз
sЕстIоN з Questions 21-ЗО
Questions 21-26
сюі.ттаоk9 Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

21 The lагgеSt пumЬегS of


Tasmanian deVils 1ivе in
А coaStal агеаS.

В dгiег fогеSts.
С гаiпfогеsts.
22 Ап adult fеmа1е сап Weigh
upto
А 4.5k8.
в 9kg.
с 13kg.
23 Tasmanian deVils аге
А Shу.

в аggгеSsivе.
с fhепdlу.
24 In опе уеаг ап adult fеmа1е usuаl1у гаisеS
А опеЬаЬу.
В thгее ЬаЬiеS.

С twепtуЬаЬiеS.
25 Tasmanian deVils Ьесоmе independent when they аге аЬоut
А 5 months о1d.
В 8 months о1d.
С 2уеагSо1d.
26 FаmегSаге
А pemitted to Shoot ог poison thеm.
в раidtоkillthеm.
С ргоhiЬitеd fгоm killing thеm.

1I4 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions 27-ЗО
Complete the sиттагу Ьеlоw using wогds fгот the Ьох.
Choose FOUR апswегs fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегS, А-1, next to
questions 27-3О.

А ьагk F fгiепdlу
в ьitе G sick

с cIean н yaWn
D dead I young
Е fight

Tasmanian devils live а1опе and move S1оW1у. They usuа11у eat 27 ...... апimа1s and

аге not affected Ьу the diseases of the апimа1s they еаt. They аге gепега11у 28 . . .

They tгаvе1 1опg distanceS at night and аге famous fог thеiг stгопg арреtitе. То decide the огdег

in Which they еаt, Tasmanian devils often 29 ......, Whегеаs if they аге аfгаid, they

30 ...

Listenihg 15
sЕстIоN 4 Questions З1-40
Questions З1-З7
&юі.тrаоkіо Complete the notes Ьеlоw.

Wгitе NO МОНЕ THAN TWO WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswег.

FгаmеWогk of Suгvеу

v Aims of suгVеу: inVeStigate type оfреор1е Who do уоgа, Stу1еS оfуоgа, fгеquепсу of

ргасtiсе, 31 fог ргасtiсе, ЬепеЁts of уоgа.

v Conducted via Intemet due to effectiveneSS and 32

v 4,000 геSропdепts паtiопWidе.

v Rеsропdепts: опе-thiгd tеасhегS,.Wо-thiгds studепts, 33 W0mеп.

Findings of Suгvеу

т MaleS and уоuпgег people ргеfег mоге vigогоus stу1еS.

т Usеsоfуоgа:34 mеditаtiОп'

Sрiгituаl раth.

v Арргохimаtеlу 2% of total population ргасtisе уоgа; highest рагtiсiраtiоп 35-tо

44-уеаг-оlds.

v Less time spent оп phySical ехегсisе due to гisе in рорulагitу оf35

v 56% ofyoga students do yoga опе to two timeS рег Wееk; 56% ofyoga tеасhегs do yoga

EVe to SeVen timeS рег Wееk.

v ReaSons fог stагtiпg yoga ргасtiсе: hеа1th and ЁtпеSs, 36

physical ргоЬ1еm.

v Маjогmоtivаtiоп to continue уоgа: 37

1е Focusing Оп IELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions З8ЦО
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

38 А mаjог cauSe оfiпjuгiеS when doing yoga is


А headstand and shоuldег Stапd.
В Students causing iпjuгiеS to thеmsе1Vеs.
С tеасhегs pushing students too hагd.
39 А tурiса1 yoga tеасhег eams money
А оп1у fгоm teaching уоgа.
В fгоm masSage thегару.
С fгоmпuгsiпg.
40 The Sреаkег сопс1udеs that
А teaching yoga is not а good way to eam ahigh iпсоmе.
В yoga is а ге1аtivе1у expensive fогm of ехегсisе.
С the ЬепеЁts ofyoga аге uргоvеп.

Н$tепЕпg 17
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

Hstening Test З
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: APPROXIMATELY ЗО МINUТЕS, PLUS 10 MINUTES ТО
СD2.Тг@сkl TRANSFER ANSwERS

NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40
This test haS Ьееп Wгittеп to Simulate the IELTS teSt in its Stуlе, fогmаt, 1еVеl of difЁсultу,
queStion typeS and 1епgth. You Should do this test uпdег IEITS test сопditiопs. This means
playing the гесогdiпg оп1у опсе without pausing ог Stоррiпg.

Iпstгuсtiопs
You will hеаг fоuг diffегепt гесогdiпgs and you Will haVe to апSWег queStionS оп What
you hеаг.
Тhеге will Ье time fог you to геаd the iпstгuсtiопs and queStionS Ьеfоге the гесогdiпg is
рlауеd. You Will also haVe the оррогtuпitу to check уоuг апSwегS.
The гесогdiпg will Ье р1ауеd ONCE оп1у.
The teSt is in fоuг SесtiопS. wгitе уоuг апSWегs оп the queStion sheet aS you listеп. At the
end of Section 4 you haVe 10 minuteS to tгапSfег уоuг апsWегS onto the апSWег Shееt,
Which is оп page 31. when you Ёпish, check the апswег key at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
Now tum to Section 1 оп the next раgе.

18 FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


-,%'ф:- sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1 -10
Questions 1-4
-z.тrа®k2 Complete the notes Ьеlоw.

Wгitе NO МОКЕ THAN TWO wORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswег.

Details of jОЬ appIicant


Name of арр|iсапt: Gеогgе РеtегS

Phone пumЬег: Ехаmр|е: О438 бЗ7 9З5


Position appIied fог: 1.

Ргеvious wогk ехрегіепсе: Wогkеd as а 2 ..


QuаIifiсаtiопs: сuггепtlу Studying З ..

Fогеigп Ianguages sроkеп: 4 .. ... and ..

Questions 5-7
Which duties аге рагt of the jоЬ that the man is арр1уiпg fог?
Choose THREE fгот the list Ьеlоw and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-G, next to questions 5-7.

А change light ЬulЬS Е take food огdегS


В сIеаг away pIates F take Iuggage to гооms
С dеIivег mогпiпg рарегs G wогk in hoteI Ьаг
D stock геfгigегаtогs

Listening 19
Questions 8-10
Which of the fо1lоWiпg аге ргоVidеd fог staff Ьу the hоtе1?
Choose THREE fгот the list Ьеlоw and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, АгG, next to questionS 8-1О.

А lаuпdгу Е tгаiпiпg
в meals F tгапSрогі: costs
С medical iпSuгапсе G uпifогms
D рагkiпg

2О FOcusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


EZEEzE €zсх=с « з

sЕстIоN 2 Questions 11-20


Questions 11-12
-2 . Тгасk З Choose TwO соггесt lеttегs, А-Е.

11 which TWO types of visa does the Atwood lmmigгаtiоп omce hапdlе?
А еmр1оуmепt
в medic а1
с ге s ident
D student
Е tоuгi st
і2 Which TWO mаttегS do students haVe to tе11 the Immigгаtiоп Dерагtmепt аЬоut?
А сhапgеоfаddгеSs
В сhапgеоfсоl1еgе
с hо1idауs
D mаггiа8е
Е Wогk

Questions 1 З-20
Complete the notes in the Лоw-сhагt Ьеlоw.
Wгitе NO MORE THALN ТНКЕЕ WORDS АLND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswеr.
How to extend а student visa
Рауfогпеwсоuгsеfогаmiпimumрегiоd+оfl3

Lеttег fгоm coIIege stating that you attended at |еаst 14


ргеViоus с|аsSеs.

Get Fогm 726С fгоm lmmigгаtiоп: fгоm office ог 15


'
Bank statement showing minimum Ьапk ЬаIапсе of 16
'
Тhгее 17

Take аI| documents and раssрогt to Dept of Immigгаtiоп at IeaSt thгее weeks Ьеfоге
ехрiгу of Visа-

рау 18

Wait twelve 19

Might need to haVe ап 20

List®пiпg 21
sЕстIоN з Questions 21-ЗО
Questions 21-24
uю2.тrа®k4 Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

21 The annual value ofthe Ьеаutу iпdus.гу Wог1dwidе is


А $15Ьilliоп.
В $38 Ьilliоп.
С $160Ьilliоп.
22 The аппuа1 gгоWth гаtе of the g1оЬаl Ьеаutу mагkеt is
А7%.
в 14%.
с 40%.
23 The most common fom ofcosmetic ргосеduге is fог
А fаt.
в WгiпklеS.
с tееth.
24 Demand fог Ьеаutу ргоduсts iпсгеаsеd in the еаг1у 20th сепtuгу due to
А расkаgiпg.
В SсiепtiЁсргоgгеSs.
с рhоtоgгарhу.

Questions 25-ЗО
Who аgгееs With the fо11оWiпg орiпiопs?
Choose уоиг апswегS fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, АгС, next to qиеsйопs 25-3О.
You тау use апу апSwег тоге than опсе.

А Maggie (thе fеmа|е studепt)


В Mike (thе maIe studепt)
С Maggie and Mike (Ьоth studепts)

25 50% of the money uSed fог mагkеtiпg is used еffесtivе1у.


26 The Ьеаutу iпdustгу is Ьаsеd оп hope and fеаг.
27 Реор1е Who аге mоге аttгасtivе eam highег iпсоmеs.
28 Аttгасtivе реор1е tend not to accept роог tгеаtmепt.
29 С1еаг skin is seen as а Sign оfwоmеп'S youth and hеа1th.
30 The сuггепt Ьеаutу iпdustгу ргоmоtеs ЕtпеSs.

22 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 4 Questions З1-40
Questions З1-З5
® z . тгасk 5 Which of the fо11оWiпg Sоuгсеs gaVe Scientists iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut the Iсеmап?
Choose уоиг апswегs fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-Н, next to questions 31-35.

А ьасk С fiпgегпаil Е inteStines G stomach


в ьопеS D hаiг F skin Н teeth

31 ageWhenhedied
32 Whегеhе1ivеd
33 food поmаl1у eaten
34 health
35 timеоfуеагWhепhе died

Questions З6I40
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

36 MosS WaS uSed in the Iсеmап'S геgiоп


А tоWгарfооd.
В аStоilеtрарег.
С to cook fооd.
37 His shoes Wегеmаdеfгоm
А gгаSSапdЬагk.
В dеегhidеапdgоаthidе.
С ЬеагSkiпапdgоаtskiп.
38 It is moSt likе1у thatthe Iceman WaS а
А shерhегd.
в huпtег.
с tгаdег.
39 It is noW Ье1iеVеd the Iceman died
А пеагthе госk whеге his Ьоdу Was fоuпd.
В Whilеtгарреduпdегагосk.
С While S1еерiпg оп the госk whеге his Ьоdу Was fоuпd.
40 Much eVidence Was dеstгоуеd
А due to the mаппег in Which he died and the isо1аtеd location ofhis согрSе.
В ЬесаuSе реор1е iпitiа11у didп't геа1isе the imрогtапсе of the disсоVегу.
С When the autopsy WaS саггiеd out to dеtегmiпе the cause of dеаth.

LEstening 23
Listеп]пg Test 4
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: APPROXIMATELY 30 МINUТЕS, PLUS 10 MINUTES ТО
СD2.Тгасk6 TRANSFER ANSwERS

NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40
This test haS Ьееп wгiсtеп to Simulа[е the IELTS teSt in its Stуlе, fогmаt, leVel of difЁсultу,
question typeS and lепgth. You Should do this test uпdег IELTS test сопditiопS. This means
р1ауiпg the гесогdiпg оп1у опсе without pausing ог stоррiпg.

IпstгuсtiОпs
You will hеаг fоuг diffегепt гесогdiпgs and you will haVe to апsWег questions оп what
you hеаг.
Тhеге will Ье time fог you to геаd the iпstгuсtiопS and questionS Ьеfоге the гесогdiпg is
рlауеd. You will also have the оррогtuпitу to check уоuг апSWегs.
The гесогdiпg will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
The test is in fоuг sесtiопs. wгitе уоuг апSwегs оп the question sheet aS you listеп. At the
end of Section 4 you have 10 minuteS to tгапSfег уоuг апSwегS onto the апswег Shееt,
which is оп page 31. when you Ёпish, check the апsWег key at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
Now tuгп to Section 1 оп the next раgе.

24 Fосuзiпg Оп lELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1-10


Questions 1i
t.z.ті®®k] LаЬеl the Лоог р1ап Ьеlоw.

Choose FIVE апswегs fгот the Лоог р1ап and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-1, next to
questions 14.

shopping maII

Suрегmагkеt Е

nI
соmрutегS

в
о
й 1I ±,
+® I
F

Вооkstоге

G
Fuгпituге н сhildгеп'ScIothes
Shoes I
Stа`lгs

iпfогmаtiоп deSk С

1 сhildгеп'sр1аусепtге

2 hаiгdге s sег

3 tоуstоге

4 toilets

5 phonekioSk

6 е1еVаtог

Listenihg 25
Questions 7-10
Апswег the questions Ьеlоw.

wгitе NO MORE THAN TWO WОКDS АLND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апSwег.

7 HoW much does i{ cost to leaVe уоuгсагiп the саграгkfог fоuг hоuгs?..

8 what is the minimum age fог сhildгеп at the сhildгеп's р1ау сепtге?

9 Which leVel is the food соuгt located оп?

10 What is located оп the top Ноог ofthe Ьuildiпg?

26 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 2 Questions 11-20
Questions 11-20
z.тrасk8 Complete the noteS Ьеlоw.

wгitе NO МОНЕ THAN TWO WОКDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fог each апswег.

The agency

v Contented Homes agency Ьеgап in 11

v Agency dоеsmоStwогkusiпgthе 12

HOW the SyStem орегаtеS

v Minimum time регiоd fогhоusеSittiпg is 13

v НоusеsittегS donotpay 14

v НоmеоWпегs check l5 of hоuSеSittегS.

v НоuSеSittегS haVe fеWег 16 than погmа1 tепапts.

AdvantageS of having hоuSеSittегS

т РгеVепt l7

т Кееруоuгhоmес1еап.

v Таkесагеоfуоuг18

сhаг8еS

v Agency сhагgеs hоuSеSittегS 19 to геgistег.

v Agency гесоmmепds that hоmеоWпегS огgапisе 20

LEstenEng 27
sЕстIоN з Questions 21-ЗО
Questions 21-25
CD 2 . Тгасk 9 Whеге did а mаjогitу of the паtiопа1itiеs listed ЬеlоW Sеttlе?
Choose уоиг апswег fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-С, next to questions 21-25.
You тау use сту апswег тоге than опсе.

А Ме|Ьоuгпе
в sydney
С Оthег р|асеs in АustгаIiа

21 вгitish

22 ChineSe

23 LеЬапеsе

24 Ма1ауsiапS

25 NeW Zеаlапdегs

28 Focusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions 26-ЗО
Choose the соггесt lеttег, А, В ог С.

26 MoSt migгапts chose Whеге to live ЬаSеd оп


А еmр1оуmепt.
в соmmuпitу.
С геаl еstаtе.
27 Тhеге is а tгепd fог реор1е Ьоm in Аustгаliа to leaVe Sydney
А Ьесаusе it'S Ьесоmiпg too ЬuSу and сгоWdеd.
В due to the inadequate iпfгаstгuсtuге.
С so they сап have mоге money in геtiгеmепt.
28 Among people Who гесепtlу migгаtеd.о Аustга1iа, the регсепtаgе who Settled in Sydney
and МеlЬоumе Was
А 40%.
в 50%.
с 60%.
29 The goVemment is сопSidегiпg епсоuгаgiпg migгапts to settle in оthег агеаS Ьу
А оffегiпg tax incentives to еmр1оуегS.
В making it еаSiег fог fаmегS to immigгаtе.
С еmр1оуiпg people outside Sydney and Ме1Ьоumе.
30 The пumЬег оfmigгапts living in Sydney is likе1у to Ье
А highег than the statisticS iпdiсаtе.
В 1оWег than the Statistics iпdiсаtе.
С the Same aS the StatisticS iпdiсаtе.

LEstenEng 29
sЕстIоN 4 Questions З1I40
Questions З1 -З7
сю2..тrасkіо Complete the tаЬlе Ьеlоw.

Wгitе NO MORE THALN ТНКЕЕ WORDS АLND/ОR А NUMBER fог each стswег.

ргоduс1: Тгаditiопаl sоuгсе Advantages of using hemp


рарег Wood т геаdу to hагvеst in З1..

v по need fог З2 . , .

cIothing cotton v needs |еss ЗЗ ...


fегtilisег and pesticideS
т ргоVidеs Ьеttег ргоtесtiоп fог реор1е againSt

34 . . .

Lamps з5 ... causeS IeSs smeII

сагs metaI is 36 ...

v decompoSeS sоопег

FueI реtгоI т causes |еss З7 ...

Questions З8I40
Complete the sшттагу Ьеl,оw.
Choose уоиг апswегs fгот the Ьох and wгitе the соггесt lеttегs, А-G, next to questionS 38АО.

Аdгу Е поп-tохiс
в cheese F shady
с flоuг G vегSаtilе
D lопg-IаStiпg

Hemp сап Ье а sоuгсе of foods and hеа1th ргоduсts. It сап ргоduсе 38 ..

containing а highег 1еVе1 of ргоtеiп. It haS many арр1iсаtiопs in the hоmе. Paint made fгоm

hemp is 39 ..... Hemp gгоWS Wеl1 uпdег 40 .... сопditiопs. It is ап

епViгопmепtаl1у fгiепdlу solution to many ргоЬ1еms.

ЗО FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


LlsтЕNING ANswER sнЕЕт
Pencil must Ье used to complete this Shееt.

1 21

2 22

з 23

4 24

5 25

6 26

7 27

8 28

9 29

10 зо
11 з1

12 з2

13 33

14 34

15 35

16 з6

17 з7

18 з8

19 39

2о 4о
тоtаI

This page may Ье photocopied Ьу the огigiпа1 рuгсhаsег.

ListenEng з1
What is in the геаdiпg mоdulе?
- №' `- _+\' jf±``, '', '-х',Isis''_ -```sэ:-<_ €г +'`_'.-\',`зil.-Ж`2ziff+Ёss,s€Р-s3ё-z5§ л#__':#=z=',f$,`Ёi`±3±,

`тc) 2 _ >, \ ТгtТ{Г}iГ>,ЁL3=``f\:L=с_{=*\_:`LL+z:\


Тhеге аге thгее sectionS of iпсгеаSiпg diffiсultу:
•=Еf

ж section 1: containS two ог thгее Shогt tехts, ог SеVегаl Shогtег


_..Ё ж i,.з;B ЁLЁJз,
J`ЁвSжЁжjЁ -ЁЕЁЁаЁ,_ а:ЁЁ*Uэтl
•,tЁт`ёЁ- __*
iйig8g gз5,l ъi% tехts. CandidateS аге геquiгеd to ехtгасt gепега1
а: _$*ЁЁsi,э,•B-tЁ-
ж
+€3`Ё
ЕЁёЁ3 +*ЁЖЁЖЗЖЖЁЖ2=З й
fжФжжёжЁж$ Li
factual іпfогmаtlоп fгоm the tехts. kl
дЁЁгgfЁЁ, -ЁаЁ`цg +-+\L ЁЁт, жiЁ±ЁЁ:йgжgжgёЁЁЁ§Ё
_гs ЁЁ=3=%±з5Ё- .
+jJг,T+L-+
=gФжФжжжФЁЖёЖёЁЖ сtФЁЁёgЁжЁ2жi g=-1

sectlon 2: contaInS two texts that dеа| Wіth the wог р асе,suchaScompanyроliсу,Ьusiпеssргасtiсе,staff
FЁgй)
±8Ёжж§жжsёm_ f=Ё=8=Ё=Ё=%g8ЁЁЁЁЁЁ#жжФgж sЁf--сэ`8fgfс сж
€ЁЁ±=3* ЁЁЁЁi
•1_1:i=1=а_шf-эfz3
-}ЁiЁii ` =-зBЕ-\аf`эgE.Ё
-Ё1#
tгаiпiпg and jоЬ арр|iсаtiопs.
ЁВ ЁВЁ
Ё `,`=JЁ *•з•.Ёз!з?

нЁ-i€=з€з1
Section З: is the gепегаl геаdiпg Sесtiоп. lt contaIns ап
+зжФg±gжЖЖЖi extended ргоSе text of а dеSсгiрtivе ог iпStгuсtivе
Ё8
Ё*€rL,

tуре.
-=Ё
--- г _ .-±.-sйжЁёЁfЁЁЁй§",+ЁL=f-$шglJ-`---йЁйЁ

_Еiтi , 40 quеstiопs, 1 mагk рег question


`ЖЁЁfЁЁё3gЖ§fЖЁBёёfЁЁsЖё5ФfЁЖФgЁ:f±#ЁЖЖЁЁ
-ГГЖЖЁё5ёgЫfssЁfЁЁ=fЁё#f#щгgfЁgЁ
`(%Ёй
`:=Ё+=f:,Ёs=зf FgЁi Each Section containS 12 to 14 quеStiопS.
{i(Ёъ}5-

60 minutes
L

_*
•+Ёа- (fg`%JiYf-si
=жёf§=жfйiЁs§=;жiif§_>ж+Ф*а:s:з±зs =jЁ=нЁЁ=:`Ёl_-=\=-:=t
` ,, -\ тv;+`-±`з<>=:,\ т.+ \,=_=:` N+__э-д.j~®_|_`--.&_`±.юы_'-'-ь=--±^'ъ+ =%

€Ё see detailed
FocuSing guidе|iпеSReading
оп ГЕLТS: in 'Веаdiпg StгаtеgiеS
and Wгitiпg Skillsand Skills',
(L:іпdесk,
i\
чЁжЖЖЁg3$ЁЁЖлЁ8ЖЁ±
.---Lт ЁЁi8gЁgЁi±j`-жЁЁ{f+:ЁЁg-Ёзг
ЁЁ-:ggЁЁ1Ёgg)г1f,- `ЁfЕJ о
Ёй#т-Ё
Ё GгеепWооd and О'Sullivап 2011), pageS 29-84.

З4 Focusing оп lELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Question types
The folloWing queStion typeS аге uSed in the геаdiпg mоdulе:
т Мz4Jzg.РJе сйос.се - you have to chooSe опе соггесt апsWег to а queStion fгоm fоuг
орtiопS, ог two ог thгее соггесt options fгоm а set of aVe ог SеVеп.
v JсJе77f7/уj.72g f.7€/оr77Иff.о7z - you haVe to decide whеthег а Statement is tгuе Ог false
ассогdiпg to the iпfогmаtiоп in the раSSаgе, ог Whеthег по iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut the
Statement is givеп.
т JсZе#fz/уz.#g wrC.Jеr's ус.еG% or сJ#G.777s - you choose `уеS' if а statement аgгееs with the
opinionS ог claims of the wгitег, `по' if the Statement сопtгаdiсts the Wгitег'S opinion ог
агgumепt, ог `поt givеп' if the pasSage gives по iпfогmаtiоп оп what the wгitег thinks
аЬоut the Stаtеmепt.
т М#fсb€.иg z.#fо"л}g.о# -уоu have to match the iпfогmаtiоп Stated in each question With
the геlеVапt рагаgгарh ог section in the paSSage Whеге the iпfогmаtiоп сап Ье fоuпd.
т М#fсЬG.#g bе4сZG.7Ggs -уоu have to Sе1есt the соггесt heading fгоm the Ьох to match the
main idea of each рагаgгарh ог Section in the раSSаgе.
т М4€сйC.77g fелfwеs -fгоm а Set of роSsiЬlе орtiопS, you have to Sе1есt the соггесt option
that matches the fеаtuгеs ог сhагасtегistiсS dеSсгiЬеd in each quеStiоп.
т Мсfсйz.#g sе#fеисе е#сJC.7cgs - you haVe to chooSe the соггесt option fгоm а list in а Ьох
to complete а Sentence that геПесts iпfогmаtiоп given in the раSSаgе.
т Sе#€еисе соир/еfc.ои - you have to Ёпd а Wогd ог рhгаSе in the paSSage that соггесtlу
completeS а Sепtепсе. You may haVe to wгitе опе, two ог thгее Wогds апd/ог а пumЬег.
` Sиттагу/поtеS|Роuі-сhагtltаЬlе comPletion -уоu hэNе to еiіhег ЬrLd Wогds Ог рhгаLSеS
fгоm the text ог select wогds fгоm а Ьох of роSsiЬ1е апsWегs to complete а summагу ог
notes of рагt of the раSSаgе, ог а tаЬlе ог flоw-сhагt that гергеsепts iпfогmаtiоп in the
раSSаgе. You may haVe to wгitе опе, two ог thгее Wогds апd/ог а пumЬег.
т DC.сz8rли іс!ьеі со777ріеJG.о77 - you haVe to and wогds ог рhгаSеS fгоm the раSsа8е to
1аЬе1 the рагts of а diаgгаm that геПесts iпfогmаtiоп in the раSsаgе. You may haVe to
wгitе опе, two ог thгее Wогds апd/ог а пumЬег.
v Sbоrf-я7Zsс4w qиеsJZ.о7Zs - you haVe to wгitе опе, two ог thгее Wогds апd/ог а пumЬег
to апSwег Ьгiеf queStionS аЬоut iпfогmаtiоп in the раSsаgе.
1П SOme quеstiоП typeS (fог ехаmрlе, С.сJеи€с./у€.72g g.7zfоr777Лfс.о72) the queStionS folloW the Same
огdег in Which the iпfогmаtiоп оссuгS in the раSsаgе; in оthег queStion typeS (fог ехаmрlе,
и#ZсЬс.77g C.#fоrияfG.о#), the апSWегs might Ье located апуWhеге in the text ог tехts.
FОг detailed ехрlапаtiоп, See Fос#sс.#g О# JЕLТS.. Rе#сJс.7zg 477сJ W/z.fz.73g Skс.//s (Liпdесk,
GгеепWооd and О'Sullivап 2011 ) pageS 5-28.

ReadEng з5
Tips fог doing the Reading Test
Make suге you аге fаmiliаг with each question type so you know what you haVe to dо.
v RеmеmЬег to keep ап еуе оп the time and make Suге you have enough time to do а11
thгее sесtiопs.
v If you cannot апswег а queStion аftег аЬоut а miпutе, moVe оп to the next queStion and
come Ьасk lаtег if you have сimе.
v If you cannot апSwег а queStion at а11, it is Ьеttег to guesS than to leaVe а Ьlапk.
v Leave а few minutes ас the end of the teSt to геviеw уоuг апSwегs.
v Check fог Spelling and gгаmmаг in items Such aS shогt-апSwег quеstiопS.
v Check that уоuг геSропSе matcheS the wогd геstгiсtiопS given in the iпSсгuсtiопS (опе,
two ог thгее wогds апd/ог а пumЬег).
v Take саге to Wгitе уоuг апSwегS in the соггесt Ьох оп the апSWег Shееt; а соггесt
апSwег in the wгопg Ьох will Ье mагkеd aS iпсоггесt.
т Read quickly thгоugh each cext ог Set of texts Ьеfоге you look at the queStionS [о get а
gепега1 idea of the type of iпfогmаtiоп chey сопtаiп.
v 1п each quеStiоп, uпdег1iпе the key Wогd chac indicateS the iпfогmаtiоп you аге
looking fог.
v RеmеmЬег to uSe the геаdiпg Skills of skimming fог gепега1 ideaS and scanning fог
SресiЁс iпfогmаtiоп.
v Recognise which queStions need you to геаd сагеfullу fог concepts (fог ехаmр1е,
772ЯfсЬz.7zg f.7Z/Ог77Иf7.О7z) аПd whiCh ГеquiГе scanning fог details (fОГ ехаmРlе, fсzЬ/G
сотрlеtiоп).
v RеmеmЬег со look fог Synonyms and рагарhгаsеS of wогds and ideaS in the queStions
aS wе1l aS the exact wогds.

З6 Fосu$Епg оп IELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

Reading Test 1
ALL ANSwERS мUSт вЕ wRIттЕN oN тнЕ ANSwER SнЕЕт.
The test is divided as fоllоWS:
Section 1 Questions l to 14
Section 2 QuestiOns l5 to 28
Section 3 QuestionS 29 to 40
Stагt at the Ьеgiппiпg of [hе teSt and wогk thгоugh it. You Should апSwег а11 the quеstiопs.
If you cannot do а рагtiсulаг queStion leaVe it and go оп to the next опе. You сап геtuгп
to it 1аtег.
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: 60 MINUTES
NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40

Rеаdiп9 37
sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1-14
Read the аdvегtisетепts Ьеlоw and апswег queStions 1А.

тI:пснЕRS NI:I:DI:D FILм-мАкING Аmаtеuг Рhоtоgгарhу


summег schooI АvОпdа1е Vаl1еу TAFE Со11еgе
MusicaI Тhеаtге schooI seeks 3, 4, 7, 8, 9 ]uпе
I]гата, Musio & singing Sоuthегп Uпi, б Jan to 28 Jan
Рагtiсiрапts will need [о Ьгiпg
А1| aSpects of ргасtiса| film-mаkiпg
tеаоhегs thеiг own саmегаS and will Ье
taught Ьу leading film-mаkегS.
Теасhегs must haVe а teaching Shown hoW [о рау fог thеiг
Fouг of ouг gгаduаtеS have а|геаdу hоЬЬу Ьу taking ргоfеSsiопаl
quamcation in at least опе of WOn IОса| and iпtегпаtiопаI аWагds
these suЬjесt агеаS р1us ЁVе уеагs' рhоtоgгарhs. They will also Ье
fОГ thеiГ ShОГt films.
ехрегiепсе in ап арргоргiаtе Ёеld. given aSsistance in mагkеtiпg
Students Will Ье сhагgеd $150 fОг and Selling thеiг рiсtuгеS [о а
Sа1агу пеgоtiаЬlе.
the uSe of ргоfеSsiОпа| equipment wide гапgе of рuЬliсаtiопs and
Те|. О444 ООО 333 ргоvidеd Ьу the Summег Sсhool. рuЬliсitу огgапisаtiопs.
Iпfo@поStаgеfгight.соm Те[. 9876 5432 Те1. .3з1 1З47
wWw.поStаgеfгight.соm Www.summеГsСhОО|.ЫОgsРОt.СОm -.а'vvoеdu

Орега at The Агts На11 city of Windyhill МОdегп Тhеаtге


л '`dб, - vегdi ргеsепts company
Fгее Огgгтiс Lunch When the Beus Stагt Ringing
14,17, 21, 25, 28 Nov
The регfогmапсе оп the 25th With the Аiг Fогсе Band Y0uПg аПd 0|d Will еПjОУ this

Тuпеs, тагсhеs, toooatas and fапfагеs comedy ЬаSеd Оп the anticS of


will Ье especially fог уоuпgег
sсhооlсhildгеп and will include fгот Fаuге, ЕIgаг and Js Bach the viсаг of а SmаI| соuпtгу Village

ап explanation Ьу ап ореге[tа Duhng the iпtегVа| the City of Wndyhill рагish When he tгiеS to oгgапisе
сопduсtог. Sсhоо1 рагtiеS must Аiг Cadets Will give а disр|ау of thеiг Ье11 гiпgегS fОг his сhuгсh.

Ье accompanied Ьу tеасhегS ог mагсhiпg and dгilliпg Skills ассоm- Ву Апdгеа BOnetti


геSропsiЬlе аdults. panied Ьу the dгums and tгumреts of а Summег Тhеаtге until 22 NoV.
WwW.орега-агtshаll.огg SectiOn of the Аiг FОгсе Вапd. ВОоkiпg: 8888 0808
Вооkiпgs: 130013З З31 1 pm (60 miпS) dОогS Ореп 12.30 pm Nоtе: advanced Ьооkiпg is еSSепtiа| aS the

Evenings 7.30 MOnday 1б NoVеmЬег -ТОWп Hall thеаtге haS |imitеd Seating сарасitу.

роттЕRY cLAssEs тhе swiп8 Revue


Роttегу с1аsSеs will Ье hе1d at Wed 25 NоvеmЬег
the Маупагd Сгеасivе Institute Опе night оп1у
fог thoSe iпtегеstеd in adding А musiOaI jоигпеу thгоиgIі the
individual dесога.iоп to thеiг histогу о' jazz
Music fгоm jazZ and Swing gгеаts: the
hоmеs. The cost of $50 fог
DОгSеу ЬгоthегS, Веппу GОоdmап, Агtiе
the соuгSе Will iпс1udе tea and
Shаw, G|епп Мillег, Ы|1у Мау, Асkег
Ьisсui{s duгiпg the Ьгеаk and full Вilk, Сhгis ВагЬег and many оthегS.
use of the kilпs. Potting с1ау will Step out With уоuг рагtпег at the Нарру
ье ргоVidеd. vа||еу Ваl|гооm and Show off уоuг

17-23 August movеS, fгоm the JittегЬug to the Jivе.

Те1. 4526 9981 ВОоkiпgs: htt|і://Swiпg_геvіIе.соm

З8 FocusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions 1ц
Look at the eight аdvегtisетепts, А-Н.
Fог Which аdvегtisеmепts аге the fо11оWiпg statements tгuе?
Wгitе the соггесt lеttег, А-Н, in Ьохеs 1А оп уоиг апswег shееt.
NB You тау use апу lеttег тоге than опсе.

1 А meal is оffегеd at по соst.


2 Реор1е Will haVe the оррогtuпitу to dапсе.
3 It is aimed at those iпtегеstеd in сiпеmа.
4 Аstаgер1ау WillЬерегfогmеd.

ReadEng з9
Look at the diаgгат Ьеlоw and апSwег questions 5-1О.

How to use phone Ьапkiпg


РгеSS the пumЬегS then ргеss #

ргеss 1 ргеss 2 ргеss з


Account іпfогmаtіоп вill payments Оthег sегvісеs

тhеп ргеss: тhеп ргеSS: тhеп ргеSS:

1fог 1tо 1tо


account ЬаIапсеs make а payment огdег а statement

2fог 2tо 2tо


а tгапSасtiоп summагу add to ьilliпg Iist геquеst а cheque Ьооk

зtо зtо
dе|еtе fгоm Ьilliпg list change уоuг PlN

4tо
change уоuг account

5tо
Speak to а сustоmег
sегviсе оffiсег

Questions 5-10
Which соmЬiпаtiоп of пumЬегs Would you need to ргеss to гесеivе а рагtiсulаг sегViсе?
Wгitе уоиг апswегs in ЬохеS 5-10 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

You Want to геquеst а cheque Ьооk. 3,2

5 You Want to аltег уоuг регSопаl idenmcation пumЬег.


6 You Wantto Ёпd out hoW much is in уоuгЬапk ассоuпt.
7 You Want to depoSit some money in Sоmеопе'S ассоuпt.
8 You want to stop а геgulаг WithdгаWа1.
9 You need to check а ргiпtеd list оfуоuг гесепt рауmепts.
10 You Want to aSk аЬоutЬапklоапs.

4О FocusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег queStionS 11-14.

REDUcE YoUR Rlsк IN вUsнFIRЕ AREAs


What you wеаг is imрогtапt
Those Who |ivе ог wогk in Ьushfiге-ргопе агеаs need to take sресiа| саге duгiпg the Ьushfiге
sеаsоп, Which is summег. Арагt fгоm оЬViоus ргесаutiопs such as not |ightiпg саmрfiгеs, not
smoking outside and ргоtесtiпg homes ог р|асеs of wогk, реор|е should сагеfullу check thеiг
cIothing to епsuге it сап а|sо ргоvidе suitаЬIе ргоtесtiоп in the case of а Ьushfiге.
Radiant heat сап kill. То ргоtесt уоuгsе|f fгоm гаdiапt heat you пееd:
v 1опg-slееVеd оVегаIIs ог а |опg-slееvеd wоо| ог cotton shiгt and Iong pants made fгоm
паtuга| fiЬгеs, such as jeans
т а Widе-Ьгimmеd hat
v gоgg|еs ог g|аssеs to ргоtесt уоuг eyes
v а face mask ог moistened tоWе| tied агоuпd nose and mouth
v stuгdу gIoves made fгоm паtuга| fiЬгеs (поt гuЬЬег ог sупthеtiс)
v stuгdу shoes ог Ьооts With епс|оsеd tоеs, ргеfегаЬ|у |еаthег with thick |еаthег sо|еS.

Questions 11-14
Complete the Suттагу Ьеlоw.
С1юоSе NO MORE THAN ONE WОR:D fгот the paSsage fог each апswег.

АWагепеsS of ЬushНгеS is еsресiаl1у imрогtапt in 11 . С1еаг1у, реор1е

should not Smoke outside ог make 12 and they need to knoW Whа.

kind of с1оthеS Will ргоtесt them in caSe of а ЬushЁге. То guагd against гаdiапt hеаt, you сап

Wеаг 1опg pants With, аЬоVе the Wаist, а 1опg-slееVеd Shiгt ог 13

аdvisаЬ1е to ргоtесt the еуеS, noSe and mоuth, While the feet сап Ье ргоtесtеd With fооtwеаг made

Reading 41
sЕстlоN 2 Questions 15-28
Read the jоЬ аdvегtisетепt Ьеlоw and апswег questions 15-21.

РГОjеоI 0ffiОег
12 months full-timе сопtгасt (роSsiЬilitу of ехtепS.юп, SuЬjесt to fuпdiпg)
(Рагt-timе Will Ье сопSidегеd.)

$59,700 -$65,100 р|uS Suрегаппuаtiоп

WеIIFаге ргоVidеS exceIIent соmmuпitу-ЬаSеd SегviсеS to the еIdег|у and iпfiгm, young
disаЬlеd реор1е and оthегS With соmр|ех Suррогt needs in the погthегп SuЬuгЬs.
Wеl|Fаге is ЬаSеd in AIdheim in the City of FгаSег.

ргimагу tаSks:
т maintain client iпfогmаtiоп and Wеlfаге аdmiпistгаtiоп (iпс|udiпg aIl aSSociated
рарегWогk and Ьudgеt)
т attend Weekly iпtегпаl meetings and гергеSепt WеIIFаге at ехtегпаl meetings aS
геquiгеd
v advise and aSsist сагегS
т SuрегVisе сагег-fосuSеd ргасtiсеS
т help оuг еldегIу and disаЬIеd cIients iпtеgгаtе into Sосiеtу.
RеSеагсh and сопthЬutiоп to ро|iсу Will а|sо fогm рагt of the го|е -thе SucceSsful
appIicant W.іII Ье геquiгеd to aSsist With геViеWiпg and deVeIoping fuгthег initiativeS aS
рагt of Wеl|Fаге'S stгаtеgiс р1ап.

ТО Ье оопSidегеd fОг this poSitiOn you Will need to hаVе:


v а dеgгее in а ге|еVапt disсiр|iпе
т dеmопStгаtеd ехрегiепсе Wогkiпg in а сагiпg ргоfеSsiоп
v ехрегiепсе in гесогd-kеерiпg to meet |еgis|аtivе геquiгеmепts
v а С|аSS С dгivег's |iсепсе.

РегSОпаI геquiгеmепts:
т а Suррогtivе and сагiпg паtuге
т а WillingneSS to accept геsропsiЬilitу
v good communication SkilіS
v the аЬilitу to Wогk aS рагt of а tеаm.

ConditionS iпс|udе fоuг Wееks' annual hоlidау, With аггапgеmепts to Ье made in


conjunction With со||еаguеS and With the арргоVа| of the Ргоjесt Мапаgег.

А геquiгеmепt of this poSition is а Sаtisfасtогу ро|iсе гесогds сhесk.

AppIicationS cIoSe WеdпеSdау, 2З Julу.

Fог mоге iпfогmаtiоп р|еаSе са|1 Се|iпе ReeVeS оп 8856 5126.

42 FocusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


QuestiOns 15-21I
Do the fоl1оWiпg Statements аgгее With the iпfогmаtiоп given in the tехt?
1п Ьохеs 15-21 оп уоиг апswег sheet wгitе
TRUE if the statement аgгееS with the iпfогmаtiоп
FALSE if the Statement сопtгаdiсts the infomiation
NOT GIVEN ifthеге is по infomation оп this

15 The position Will dеЁпitе1у Ёпish in опе уеаг.


16 The Successful арр1iсапt may haVe to Wогk with aged реор1е.
17 The SucceSsful арр1iсапt will hе1р decide the огgапisаtiоп'S plan fог the futuге.
18 The jоЬ рагtiсulаг1у iпVо1VеS helping реор1е Who have imраiгеd visiоп.
19 Реор1е Who haVe пеVег studied will Ье сопsidегеd fог this роsitiоп.
20 Payment will include two Wееks' Sick lеаVе.
21 The еmрlоуегS Want to knoW ifthe applicant haS Ьгоkеп the lаW.

Reading 43
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег queStionS 22-28.

АтнLоNЕ IWАснINЕ РАRтs


СОmРаПУ РОIiСУ ОП Sm0kiП8
А 1п VieW of гесепt attention given to the hаZагds of Smоkiпg, the Company is
iпсгеаSiпg|у аWаге of the need fог а neW ро|iсу оп Smoking in the Wогkр|асе, fог
the hеа|th of Ьоth Smоkегs and поп-SmоkегS among еmр|оуееS. The neW ро|iсу
iпсогрогаtеS Ьоth gоVегпmепt геgulаtiопs and the detailed гесоmmепdаtiопs
гесепtlу made Ьу the Вгidgепогth Неа|th |пStitutе, fо||оWiпg its |опg-tегm SuгVеу оп
the effects of Smoking оп hеа|th.
В Athlone Machine Рагts haS decided to imр|еmепt the neW ро|iсу оп Smoking aS а
mаttег of uгgепсу. Тhегеfоге, fгоm 1 Jапuагу next уеаг, When оп Company ргорегtу,
а|1 еmр|оуееS аге геqujгеd to геSресt the Соmрапу'S ро|iсу With геgагd to smoking
aS Set out Ье|оW.
С While Athlone Machine Рагts accepts the гights of еmр|оуееS to Smoke duгiпg
thеiг Wогk Ьгеаks, thеге аге сегtаiп геstгiсtiопS in огdег to соmр|у Wjth gоVегпmепt
геgulаtiопS оп hеа|th and Sаfеtу. Off ice WогkегS Who Smoke аге ргоVidеd With а
Ьа1сопу оп LеVе| 2 оп Which they аге регmittеd to smoke duгiпg tea and |uпсh
Ьгеаks. Арагt fгоm that Ьа1сопу, еmр|оуееS may Smoke оп Company ргеmisеS
оutdоогS at апу timе, ргоVidеd that they аге а minimum of 10 mеtгеS aWay fгоm апу
dоогWау ог епtгапсе to а Ьuildiпg.
D Smоkегs аге геquiгеd to dispoSe of а|I сigагеttе Ьutts, matcheS and packaging Ьоth
оп and Suггоuпdiпg Company ргеmisеS. Ехtга ЫпS haVe Ьееп ргоVidеd еSресiа||у
fог this рuгроSе and using them Will make the Wогkiпg епViгопmепt mоге р|еаsапt
fог еVегуопе.
Е Smoking in off ices is fогЬiddеп at а11 timеS. Nоп-SmоkегS сап uSe the main |оuпgе
fог thеiг Ьгеаks. Five агеаS оп the fасtогу flоог аге геSегVеd fог поп-SmоkегS duгiпg
thеiг Ьгеаks, and Smoking in theSe агеаS is not регmittеd at апу timе. When Wогkiпg
оп the VahouS machineS оп the fасtогу f lоог, smoking is not регmittеd uпdег апу
сiгсumstапсеs.
F Fаiluге to compIy With апу aSpect of this ро|iсу may геSult in dismissа| fгоm the
Соmрапу. If you haVe апу quегiеS аЬоut this ро|iсу, р|еаSе аddгеSS them to Julio
SапtоS, НR, ог уоuг team |еаdег.

44 FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questjons 22-28
The text has Six рагаgгарhs, А-F.
Which рагаgгарh containS the fо11оWiпg iпfогmаtiоп?
Wгitе the соггесt lеttег, АгF , in Ьохеs 22-28 оп уоиг апswег shееt.
NB You та:у use апу lеttег тоге than опсе.

22 ConSequences of disоЬеуiпg the new гulеs


23 Locations at which smoking will still Ье а1lоWеd
24 The date When the neW гulеs will come into effect
25 АгеаS whеге Smoking is Ьаппеd
26 ReaSons Ьеhiпd the new гulеS
27 What еmр1оуееS should do ifthey аге по. suге аЬоut the гulеS
28 HoW to keep the company ргеmisеs tidy

Reading 45
sЕстIоN з Questions 29-40
Questions 29-З4
The text оп pages 4748 haS Six рагаgгарhs, А-F.
Choose the соггесt heading fог each рагаgгарh fгот the list of headings Ьеlоw.
Wгitе the соггесt питЬег, Ъ-iх, in Ьохеs 29-34 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

List of headings
i Financial Ьепеfitsоfthерlап
ii |mр|iсаtiопsоfгisiпg sea Iеvе|sfогtouгism
iii Ноwthер|апWillwогk
iv Oppositiontothe costofthe р|ап
v TheDutchtakethelead
vi Нstогiса| геаsопs to guагd against disаstег
vii FinanciaI suррогtfгоm оthег соuпtгiеs fогthе Dutch р|ап
viii МеаsuгеStаkеп in the pastto sаfеguагd the соuпtгу
ix Whythe Dutch acceptedthe pIan

29 РагаgгарhА
30 РагаgгарhВ
31 РагаgгарhС
32 РагаgгарhD
33 РагаgгарhЕ
34 РагаgгарhF

4G FОсusiпg Оп IELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questionS 35АО.

А Dutch регsресtivе оп climate change


А while most nationS vieW the Widе1у ргеdiсtеd С NoW that the Wог1d is Ьеgiппiпg to аgгее that
climate change With sегiоus сопсегп, thеге iпсгеаsiпg Wог1d tеmрегаtuгеs may cause
is а Vегу diffегепt VieW in the Nеthег1апds. а g1оЬа1 гisе in Sea 1еVе1, the Dutch haVe
With something 1ikе опе-thiгd of its 1апd not Waited fог Scientists and ро1itiсiапs to
suгfасе ЬеlоW sea lеVе1, the соuпtгу has Ьееп агguе and dеЬаtе аЬоut Whеthег the с1imаtiс
faced With the thгеаt of mаjог Hoods fог Ёguгеs сап Ье tгustеd апd, if Sо, What to
moSt of its ехistепсе. 1п сопsеquепсе, Dutch do аЬоut them Without disгuрtiпg jоЬS and
аuthогitiеS haVe 1опg Ьееп Vегу сагеful аЬоut national есопоmiеS. The Dutch GoVemment
ргоtесtiпg thеiг land fгоm the гаVаgеs of hаS, With the аgгееmепt of its рорulаtiоп,
the sеа; they 1аst faced Sегiоus disгuрtiоп in ргоjесtеd а gгапd р1ап, complete With full
the gгеаt Hood of 1953, When а1mоst 2,000 costing and сопsidегаЬ1е detail fог the next
реор1е diеd. 90 уеагs, Which Will act as а паtiопа1 defence
against the effects of апу damage caused Ьу
гisiпg Sea lеVе1s.
В ОVег the сепtuгiеs they haVe р1аппеd to
augment the аVаilаЬlе lапd, ргоtесtiпg the
1оW-1уiпg агеаS Ьу Ьuildiпg Ьiggег and D То haVe the sсiепtiЯс ехрегts, ро1itiсiапs and
Ьеttег dykeS to keep the sea оut. Duгiпg рuЬliса11сопсuггiпgаЬоutSuсhар1апWithiп
the 1аSt сепtuгу, they епс1оSеd а huge Ьау two уеагS is ап iпсгеdiЬ1е асhiеVеmепt,
and tumed it into the VaSt iп1апd Lake Ьut the Dutch haVe taken this а step fuгthег
IJsSеl, and eVen dгаiпеd а 1агgе ргорогtiоп and haVe аlгеаdу Ьеguп to put the р1ап into
of it, thus iпсгеаsiпg the агеа of dгу 1апd асtiоп. The Dutch See that such а р1ап is Vitа1
fог аgгiсultuга1 рuгроsеS. The Dutch haVe fог thеiг oWn ргоtесtiоп, and that the геSt of
а1Wауs had а с1оSе ге1аtiопshiр With Wаtег. the Wогld cannot Ье ге1iеd upon to аgгее оп
ОVег the сепtuгiеS, thеiг Heets епаЬlеd them а ро1iсу in time to give Sегiоuslу thгеаtепеd
to сгеаtе а Vast еmрiге, Which Ьгоught them nationS such as thеmsе1Vеs а chance to take
inHuence and роWег оVег fаг 1агgег nationS effective соuпtегmеаSuгеS. The Dutch haVe
in addition to сопsidегаЬlе ргоsрегitу. 1п thегеfоге attacked the ргоЬ1еm of с1imаtе
thеiг еffогts to геtаiп the 1апd they гес1аimеd change and ргоduсеd this 1опg-tеm ргоjесt,
fгоm the sеа, the Dutch Ьuilt а Vast пеtwогk eaSing 1оса1 economic and ро1itiса1 concems
of dуkеs, dгаiпаgе canals and pumping to such а dеgгее that many See the Whole
stationS to keep the wаtег at Ьау in these 1оW- issue aS mоге of а potential Ьопus than а
1уiпg агеаs. The pumps Wеге роWегеd Ьу thгеаt to thеiг ехistепсе.
thousands of Wiпdmills. At Кiпdегdijk, in the
sоuth-Wеst, thеге аге still 19 such Windmills Е The ргоjесt is uпusuа1 in many геSресts. It is
dating fгоm the 1700s. А1thоugh they аге not сhеар; it Will cost аЬоut 1.6 Ьilliоп еuгоs
по 1опgег used fог dгаiпаgе рuгроSеs, they
рег уеаг fог аЬоut 40 уеагs, and up to 1.5
still аttгасt tоuгists in Summег. Yet Wаtег has Ьilliоп еuгоs рег уеаг fог the геmаiпiпg 50
often Ьгоught tгаgеdу to the Nеthег1апds,
уеагs. Тhеге аге по plans to Ьuild а11 dykeS
mainly thгоugh the Ьuгstiпg of dуkеS, Which highег and stгопgег, as might Ье ехресtеd;
haVe caused many huпdгеds of dеаths, eVen iпdееd, many of the dykeS Will Ье taken doWn
in the 20th сепtuгу.
continued >

ReadEng 47
and in оthег агеаS Wаtег Will Ье а11оWеd in to F Тhеге арреаг to Ье at 1еаst thгее main
геduсе the гаtе of Sа1iпitу. Sand dug out fгоm соmmегсiаl sрiп-оffs to the ргоjесt. Fiгst,
the Nогth Sea Will Ье added in Vast quantities опсе the SyStem has Ьееп ргоvеd to Ье еffес-
to many coastal агеаs to attempt to Ьгiпg tivе, then оthег nations that аге in а similаг
them Ьасk to а mоге паtuга1 tidа1 Sуstеm. Situation may Wе11 Seek to ЬепеЁt fгоm the
А1опg the Nогth Sea соаst, Ьеасh expansion Dutch ехрегiепсе and Ье ргерагеd to рау fог
will extend the 1апd sеаWагds Ьу up to а assistance in sо1Viпg thеiг oWn ргоЬlеms.
kilоmеtге, Which Will сгеаtе fuгthег паtuге Sесопd, as the ргоjесt entails the Ьuildiпg
геsегVеs. Тhеге Will Ье land агеаs а1опg of doZens of huge Stогmwаtег stогаgе tапks,
some mаjог гivегs that аге to Ье Ьаппеd to dоuЬ1iпg aS р1ау агеаS ог саг рагks in dгу
а11 dеVе1орmепt in огdег to alloW the гivегs Wеаthег, the ехрегtisе iпVо1Vеd could Ье
to function mоге паtuга1lу. Funding fог the ехрогtеd. Тhiгd, the сгеаtiоп and sе11iпg
Whо1е ргоjесt haS also Ьееп disсuSsеd, and of епогmоus quantities of fгеsh Wаtег to
it has Ьееп аgгееd in ргiпсiр1е that геVепuеs соuпtгiеs that need it may Ье, in the 1опg гuп,
fгоm паtuга1 gas геSегVеs fгоm the Nогth the moSt vа1uаЬ1е ехрогt еаmег. Рагt of Lake
Sea Will р1ау some рагt in the ргоjесt as Will IJSsel is to Ье сопVегtеd into а fгеShwаtег
stогаgе агеа. The Dutch thеmsе1VеS have по
рагt of the Nеthегlапds' Vегу gепегоuS civil
sегviсе pension fuпd, Which is опе of the Shогtаgе of fгеsh Wаtег Ьесаusе the аппuа1
Wогld's 1агgеst. гаiпfа11 is поmа11у quite sumcient fог thеiг
domestic рuц)оsеs.

Questions З5-40
ChooSe the соггесt lеttег, А, В, С ог D.

wгitе the соггесt lеttег i,п Ьохеs 35АО оп уоиг апswег shееt.
35 Why haVe the Dutch а1WауS made gгеаt еffогts to saVe thеiг 1апd fгоm Нооdiпg?
А ТhегеWаS аsегiоuS Hoodin 1953.
В The nation haS а heaVy аVегаgе гаiпfа11.
С А lагgе рогtiоп оfthеiг соuпtгу is Ье1оW sea 1еVе1.
D Alakeis iпdапgегоfоVегНоWiпg.
36 Why haVe the Dutch kept 300-уеаг-о1d wiпdmills?
А They аге used to stоге fгеSh wаtег.
В They арреа1 to hо1idауmаkегs.
С The Windmills pump Wаtег and gепегаtе е1есtгiсitу fгоm wiпd.
D They аге still used to dгаiп Wаtег fгоm агеаs Ье1оW sea 1еvе1.

48 Fосusiпg оп lELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


37 The Dutch Govemment haS acted оп с1imаtе change ЬесаuSе they
А haVe access to mоге advanced sсiепtiЁс dаtа.
В аге рагtiсulагу concemed аЬоut еmр1оуmепt.
С haVe геSропdеd to рuЬ1iс ргеSSuге.
D аге unWilling to dе1ау While diffегепt gгоuрS геасh аgгееmепt.
38 То 1imit Hooding in the соuпtгу, Which ргосеduге might арреаг uпusuа1?
А The геmоVа1 of some sea Wа11S.

В The use of sand fгоm the Nогth sеа.


С The гесlаmаtiоп of land fгоm the Sеа.
D The ргеVепtiоп of land dеVе1орmепt а1опg гivег Ьапks.
39 Whеге does the Dutch GoVemment р1ап to iпсгеаSе the amount оflапd?
А А1опg the Ьапks ofthe mаjоггivегs.
В Оп the Nогth sea соаst.
С In existing паtuге геsегVеS.
D ОпmоStоfthеmаiпdуkеS.
40 which sоuгсе is expected to hе1р Ёпапсе the р1ап?
А Fгеshwаtег sа1еS.
В Pension fuпds.
С Sа1еs оfаgгiсultuга1 ргоduсе.
D РгоЁts fгоm wаtег stогаgе.

Reading 49
Reading Test 2
ALL ANSwERS мUSт вЕ wRIттЕN oN тнЕ ANSwER SнЕЕт.
The test is divided aS fоl1оwS:
Section 1 Questions l to 14
Section 2 QueStions l5 to 28
Section 3 QueStions 29 to 40
Stагt at the Ьеgiппiпg of the test and wогk thгоugh it. You should апSwег а11 the quеstiопS.
If you cannot do а рагtiсulаг queStion leaVe it and go оп to the next опе. You сап геtuгп
to it 1аtег.
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: 60 MINUTES
NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40

5О FocusEng оп |ЕLТs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 1 Quеsl:iопs 1-14
Read the аdvегtisетепts Ьеlоw and апswег queStions 1-5.

FаiгЬаimТutогiпg summег sсhооЁ


FаiгЬаiгпТutогiпg is оffегiпg а thгее-wееk соuгsе to hе|р ргераге Students fог
the new Sсhоо| уеаг. Each of the six соuгsеS is fОг thгее days рег week and is
taught Ьу fully quaIified and геgistегеd tеасhегs.

А
Веgiппегs Fгепсh Sепiог physics EngIish Language
This соuгsе is fог those The sепiог Physics students iпYеагs 9 ог
who expect to stагt а соuгSе Will suit thoSe 1о Will find this English
Fгепсh соuгsе аtYеаг 7 students who have соuгSе hеlрful. It is
IеVеI. It teacheS Ьаsiс геасhеdYеаг 10 IeveI and deSigned to imргоvе
Fгепсh ргопuпсiаtiоп as wish to study physicS at the ЬаSiс knowledge of
weIl as the fiгSt eIements sепiог |еvе| iпYеагs 11 gгаmmаг and to extend
of gгаmmаг. and 12. thеiг vосаЬulагу as
native EngIish sреаkегs.
Теасhег: Теасhег:
Mme de Fгаtсhеs Dг м phillips Теасhег:
мгs Е Williams
Dауs:тuеWеdпhu Dауs: МопWеdПhu
Dауs: МопПhu/Fгi
ТimеS: 9-12,1-5 pm Тimеs: 9-12,1-5 pm
Тimеs: 9-12,1-5 pm
СоSt: $1,500 Соst: $2,000
СоSt: $1,600

Gеоgгарhу маthеmаtiсs English -ЕsL


This соuгsе will aSsist This соuгsе is а геmеdiаI This соuгsе is designed
Students who wish соuгsе fог those students fог уоuпgег Students
to сопсепtгаtе оп iпYеагs 8-10 who (Yеагs 7 and 8) whose
Gеоgгарhу when they haVe had difficultieS native Ianguage is not
епtег Sепiог |еVеI in uпdегstапdiпg ЕпgIish.Тhеу аге shown
this уеаг. mathematicaI сопсерts. how to imргоvе thеiг
confidence in the Skills
Теасhег: Теасhег:
of геаdiпg, wгitiпg,
Мг М МсСогmiсk Dг Ruth Моггissеу
speaking and Iistепiпg.
Dауs: МопПuеіFгi DауS:тuеWеd/Fгi
Теасhег: Мг J Наггisоп
Тimеs: 9-12,1-5 pm ТimеS: 9-12,1-5 pm
Dауs: МопWеd/Fгi
Соst: $1,800 СоSt: $1,700
ТimеS: 9-12,1-5 pm
Соst: $1,600

Readihg 51
Questions 1-5
Look at the six аdvегtisетепts, А-F .
Fог Which аdvегtisеmепts аге the fо11оWiпg Statements tгuе?
Wгitе the соггесt lеttег, А-F , in Ьохеs 1-5 оп уоиг апswег shееt.
NB You тау use ап,у lеttег тоге than опсе.

This соuгsе is fог Students who speak а 1апguаgе оthег than Епg1ish as thеiг Ёгst 1апguаgе.
This соuгsе Would Ье useful fог а Student Who is Weak in агеаs such as агithmеtiс ог
8еоmеtгу.
Students Who intend to 1еаm а 1апguаgе оthег than Епg1ish could do this соuгSе.
This соuгSе Will suit а регsоп hoping to сопсепtгаtе оп sсiепсе.
None of the с1аssеS in this соuгsе аге оп consecutive dауS.

52 FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the аdvегtisетепt Ьеlоw and апswег questions 6-8.

вегivаlе
Community Сепtге
Wа1ks
Оuг Сепtге огgапisеS а пumЬег of Wа|ks опсе а month in
рiсtuгеSquе Тгепthаm. Fог details of dateS and timeS саI| the
Вегivа|е Community Сепtге оп 8005 8111,
v Wа|ks аге uSuа||у hе|d Ьеtwееп 8.30 am and 2.30 pm and
аге |еd Ьу ап expehenced guide а|опg еStаЬlishеd tгасks.
v Оuг next Scheduled Wа|k is оп 10 Juпе, The fiгSt 3 km take
the Wа|kегS thгоugh the о|d рагts of Тгепthаm.1п the next
5 km, Wа|kегS Will ехрегiепсе the о|d-gгоWth fогеSt and
the оссаSiопа| g|imрSе of а S|еерiпg kоа|а. The fiпа| 2 km
Ьгiпg the рагtу Ьасk to the гаilwау Station Via the toWn
|iЬгагу. The WaIk is 10 km in tоtа|.

v CoSt is $8.00 plus tгаiп ticket to Ье рuгсhаSеd ргiог to


mееtiпg. Тгаiп tickets аге fгоm $3.00 to $5.00 -thеге аге
fаге discounts fог SепiогS and Studепts.
v Р|еаSе meet at Веhvа|е Station пеаг р|аtfогms 5 and
6 fгоm 9 аm. Рагtiсiрапts аге геmiпdеd that the tгаiп
to Тгепthаm dерагts at 9.20 am and the геtuгп tгаiп to
ВегivаIе at 2.40 рm.

Questions 6-8
Complete the Suттагу Ьеlоw.
ChooSe NO MORE THAN ONE NUMBER fгот the text fог each апswег.
Wгitе уоиг апswегs in ЬохеS 6-8 оп уоиг апSwег shееt.

The Тгепthаm tгасk

Оп 10 Juпе, рагtiсiрапts Will Walk fог 6 kilоmеtгеS а1tоgеthег, taking in

the Sights of the Тгепthаm геgiоп. They must рау 7 dо11агs in addition to

the гаilwау tiсkеt. ThoSe Who Wish to join in аге asked to stагt meeting at 8 ...... аm.

Reading 53
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 9-14.

Мег[il:оп LiЬгагу sегviсеs


The Мегitоп LiЬгагу is а Ьгапсh of the |агgег ВОГГОWiПg
О|dfiеіd LiЬгагу SегViсеS огgапisаtiоп and v Vou must ргеSепt уоuг |iЬгагу сагd to
Мегitоп ЬоггоWегS haVe acceSS to а11 Ьооks ЬоггоW ог use а соmрutег.
kept in the огgапisаtiоп's SeVen Ьгапсh v You сап ЬоггоW up to 25 items at а timе.
IiЬгагiеS. TheSe incIude the Vегу 1агgе OIdfield т Вооks, tа|kiпg Ьооks: 3-Wееk |оапs.
Со|1еgе |iЬгагу, Which contains оVег 750,000 т МаgаZiпеS, DVDS and Vidеоs: 2-Wееk
ьооks. Iоапs.
т RеSегVеd items may haVe а Shогtег |оап
меmьегShiр
т Апуопе сап join the |iЬгагу -it'S fгее. Уоu рег'юd.
т FineS Wiіі арр|у fог |аtе геtuгп of аіі іiЬгагу
сап join at апу Мегitоп Ьгапсh ог опіiпе
itеms.
аthttр://саtаIоguе.mегitоп.Shiге.огg.
v Ргооf of name and сuггепt аddгеSS is ReneWaIS
геquiгеd fог mеmЬегshiр. т RепеWа|S сап Ье done Ьу phone оп
v іf you join оп|iпе, you need to Ьгiпg 83001900, оп the WеЬSitе at
сuггепt identif ication and ргооf of httр://саtаIоguе.mегitоп.Shiге.огg ог in
аddгеsS оп уоUг f iгSt Visit to the іiЬгагу. іf
регSоп at the |iЬгагу.
уоu'ге uпdег 18 you Will need to haVe the v |tеms геSегVеd Ьу апоthег mеmЬег
арр|iсаtiоп fогm signed Ьу а рагепt ог cannot Ье гепеWеd.
8uагdiап.
RequeSts
МеmЬегShiр аіSо епtitіеS ЬоггоWегS to
v Books сап Ье геquеStеd fгоm оthег
uSe |iЬгагу facilitieS Such aS соmрutегs,
ЬгапсhеS ог fгоm оthег іiЬгагу sегViсеs
SсаппегS and |пtегпеt ассеSs.
Via the iпtегіiЬгагу іоап Sуstеm.
v |пtег|iЬгагу |оап геquеSts аге fгее ЬUt аге
|imitеd to thгее items at апу опе timе.

Questjons 9-14
Do the following statements аgгее With the infomation given in the tехt?
1п ЬохеS 9-14 оп уоиг апswег sheet wгitе
TRUE if the statement аgгееs with the iпfогmаtiоп
FALSE if the statement сопtгаdiсts the iпfогmаtiоп
NOT GIVEN ifthеге is по iпfогmаtiоп оп this

9 Payment is геquiгеd to make uSe of the 1istеd liЬгагу SегViсеs.


10 А раSSWогd is needed tojoin оп the Iпtеmеt.
11 Сhildгеп uпdег 18 Wanting tojoin need pemission fюm а геSропsiЬ1е аdult.
12 ВоггоWiпg mоге than а doZen items at а time is fогЬiddеп.
13 If sоmеЬоdу Wants to ЬоггоW а Ьооk that you hаVе, you may not extend the 1оап.
14 Ifyou огdег а Ьооk fгоm апоthег 1iЬгагу, you need to а11оW thгее dayS fог its аггivаl.

54 FOcusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


sЕстIоN 2 Questions 15-28
QuestiOns 15-21
The text оп page 56 haS seVen рагаgгарhs, А-G.
Choose the соггесt heading fог each рагаgгарh fгот the list of headings Ьеlоw.
Wгitе the соггесt rштЬег, i-х, in Ьохеs 15-21 оп уоиг апSWег shееt.

нst of headEngs
i Rеmuпегаtiоп and wогkiпg conditions
ii Ехрегiепсе and quaIificationS
iii Сопtасtdеtаi]S
iv RеаsопfогпеwроSitiоп
v SuрегVisогmееtiпg
vi РоssiЬIеfutuге ргоmоtiОп
vii Recommendations fгоm coIIeagues
viii QuaIities ofa SucceSsful candidate
ix sе|есtiоп ргосеduге
х RеtiгеmепtЬопus

15 РагаgгарhА
16 РагаgгарhВ
17 РагаgгарhС
18 РагаgгарhD
19 РагаgгарhЕ
20 РагаgгарhF
21 РагаgгарhG

ReadEng 55
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 15-21.

INтЕRNдII дUDIтоR RЕ:QUIRЕ:D


А FгапkstоWп Books haS expanded its thеiг details Will Ье noted in the caSe of
Ьusiпеss оVег the 1аSt two уеагS and is fuгthег positions Ьесоmiпg аVаilаЬ1е at а
seeking to appoint ап аuditог fгоm among 1аtег dаtе.
its ргеsепt еmр1оуееS to оVегsее ассоuпts.
The poSition is ап iпtеmа1 опе and is Е The SucceSsful арр1iсапt Will take up dutieS
оffегеd to staff Who fuml the conditions оп Monday 15 Магсh and Will Ье diгесtlу
detailed Ье1оW. геsропsiЬ1е to the Gепегаl Мапаgег. It is
expected that the poSition Will Ье uрgгаdеd
В The succeSsful арр1iсапt must haVe Ьееп to а sепiог poSition With а staff of two
With FгапkstоWп Books fог at 1еаst two aSsistants Within two уеагS. If the poSition
уеагS and Will haVe а tегtiагу accounting ог is to Ье uрgгаdеd, the iпсumЬепt Will Ье
ЬusiпеSs dеgгее of Васhеlог leVel ог highег. given thгее mопths' notice in огdег to make
МеmЬегShiр of а ргоfеssiопаl огgапisаtiоп епquiгiеs геgагdiпg the aSsistant роSitiопS.
Would Ье Seen as ап аdvапtаgе, рагtiсulаг1у
if the арр1iсапt takes ап active го1е in the F The poSition саггiеs ап аl1оWапсе of
огgапisаtiОп. $17,120 in addition to the sаlагу аlгеаdу
раid. А11 оthег conditionS such aS
С Applicants fог this position should Ёгst Suрегаппuаtiоп, Sick 1еаVе and hо1idау
discuSs thеiг арр1iсаtiоп With thеiг Line рау Will геmаiп the Sаmе. The Sа1агу Will
Мапаgег and Suрр1у а lеttег of геfегга1 Ье геviеWеd аппuаllу, апd, in the caSe
fгоm this mапаgег aS Wе1l as Wгittеп of the poSition Ьеiпg uрgгаdеd, Will Ье
гесоmmепdаtiопs fгоm Staff in two оthег SuЬStапtiа11у iпсгеаsеd.
dерагtmепСs. Lеttегs of геfегга1 апd/ог
геfегепсеs fгоm ргеViоuS еmрlоуегS Will G Апу staff mеmЬег Wishing to Ье сопsidегеd
also Ье taken into account in asSessing the fог this position should contact Sа1lу Jones
аррliсапt's suitаЬilitу fог the роsitiоп. оп Extension 78 in the Human Relations
Omce Ьу 5 pm оп Fгidау 19 FеЬгuагу.
D Арр1iсапts must Ье ргерагеd to Ье called fог RеgгеttаЬlу, 1аtе арр1iсаtiопS Will not Ье
ап iпtегViеW Ьеtwееп 23 and 26 FеЬгuагу, сопsidегеd except uпdег Vегу exceptional
and а nпа1 decision Will Ье announced оп сiгсumstапсеS; such late арр1iсаtiопS must
TueSday 2 Магсh. Unsuccessful applicants Ье accompanied Ьу а detailed lеttег of
Will а1Sо Ье поtiПеd Ьу intemal mеmо, Ьut ехр1апаtiоп.

56 FocusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 22-28.

МЕМО ТО ALL STAFF


EmpIOyee uSe оТ company соmрutегS
|п the раSt, company management haS Ьееп Vегу ге|uсtапt to iпtегfеге in the content
of company соmрutегS used Ьу еmр|оуееS, and has accepted that occaSionai ргivаtе
dоWп|оаdiпg haS оссuггеd Without taking sегiоuS асtiоп, НоWеVег, thеге haVe гесепtlу
Ьееп mоге SегiоuS ргоЬ|еms causing а negative effect оп many of the соmрапу'S
соmрUtегS апd, сопSеquепtlу, Staff аге aSked to Study this memo and to fо||оW its
guidelineS dili8епtlу.

ViГuS РГОtеСtiОП
Тhеге haVe Ьееп difficultieS герогtеd to management оVег the |аst two Weeks геgагdiпg
ViгuSеS in the соmрutег SуStеm. TheSe ViгuSеS haVe аррагепtlу епtегеd Via phvate
emails Sent to Stаff. While management Spends а сопsidегаЬ|е Sum of money in tгуiпg
to ргоtесt the соmрutег пеtwогk, it is imроSsiЬ|е to ргеVепt а// ViгusеS fгоm getting in
Without Spending а much gгеаtег ргорогtiоп of the соmрапу'S ргоfits оп ViгuS ргоtесtiоп.
Management is ге|uсtапt to do this aS it WoUld геduсе the пumЬег of Staff that сап Ье
еmрIоуеd.

RеStгiсtеd uSe
WhПе management doeS not Wish to impoSe uппесеSSагу геStгiсtiопs оп еmр|оуееS using
the соmрапу'S соmрutегS, Staff аге геquiгеd to |imit thеiг ргivаtе uSe of emails and Net
suгfiпg to fогmа| Wогk Ьгеаks оп|у, and to check that а|| incoming emails do not саггу а
Viгus. Conducting ргivаtе ЬusiпеSs duгiпg Wогkiпg hоuгS conStituteS а Ьгеасh of сопtгасt
Ьеtwееп ап empIoyee and the company Which could |еаd to ап еmрIоуее'S disсhагgе
fгоm the соmрапу.

LegaI issueS
Ап еmр|оуее of апоthег |оса1 ЬusiпеSS haS гесепtlу Ьееп dismissed fог dоWп|оаdiпg
illеgа| mаtегiа| onto а company соmрutег. This haS not happened in this company Ьut
Staff аге геmiпdеd that management haS the гight to check the contents of апу company
соmрutег at апу timе, and that illеgа| mаtегiа| оп а Staff mеmЬег'S соmрutег Will Ье
герогtеd to the ро|iсе fог роSsiЬlе сгimiпа| сhагgеS. АI| еmр|оуееS аге aSked to check
the contents of апу company соmрutег they uSe and to герогt апу content that they feel
haS по гight to Ье thеге. They Should а|Sо гесогd the date and time they f ind such content
in огdег that management сап check When апу illеgа| mаtеhа| haS Ьееп dоWп|оаdеd.

Readihg 57
Questions 22-28
Complete the sиттагу Ьеlоw.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS fгот the text fог each апswег.
Wгitе уоиг апswегS in ЬохеS 22-28 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

соmрutег uSe

Until гесепtlу, the еmрlоуегS have not Wished to dictate hoW WогkегS uSe company соmрutегs

Ьut поW, as issues haVe агisеп, they аге concemed аЬоut 22 that haVe

гесепtlу арреагеd. Management fеагs that the expenSe iпVо1Vеd in sо1Viпg this ргоЬ1еm could

геSult in сutЬасks to 23

Wогkегs may оп1у use company соmрutегS fог ргivаtе рuгроSеs in 24

Fаiluге to fо11оW these гulеS is а 25

in the агеа has аlгеаdу Ёгеd а Wогkег fог misusing а Wогk

соmрutег. Wогkегs found to have 27 оп thеiг соmрutегS may face

dismissа1. 28 аге а роtепtiа1 consequence of staff Ьгеаkiпg the 1аW.

58 FocusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN з Questions 29-40
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 294О.

тнЕ FEzzAN
1п the sоuth-WеSt of LiЬуа, а геgiоп са11еd location of miпегаl геSiduеS fгоm ancient 1аkеs
FeZZan is ап iпассеSsiЬlе р1асе full of Sand and Sргiпgs, then stеег раlеоапthюроlоgists
sеаS, dгу гivег Ьеds, mоuпtаiпS, plateauS to the Sроts. Неге, Stone tооls, аггоWhеаds,
and SаVаппа. Between 500 ВС and 5ОО AD ап НгерlасеS, gгаVеS and оthег clueS to human
eStimated 100,000 реор1е fагmеd and thгivеd occupation haVe Ьееп disсоvегеd.
hеге, in ап агеа that гесеivеS 1еSS than ап inch The еагliеSt mоdегп humanS in the геgiоп Wеге
of гаiп а уеаг and many уеагS попе at alL This huпtегS and gаthегегS Who lived in а SaVanna
is а WаtегlеSS Sea of Sand and Stопе, Whеге [апdsсаре аЬоut 130,000 уеагS аgо. TheSe
SсогрiопS iпfеSt, poisonouS SnakeS Slithег and
реор1е сlеагеd out When the гаiпS tарегеd
the Sun haS по mегсу. LiЬуа is Ьig-а SlаЬ the Size off аЬоut 70,000 уеагS аgо, Ьut then the гаiпS
of Itаlу, Fгапсе, Spain and Gегmапу соmЬiпеd геtumеd and реор1е moVed in аgаiп. This Ьасk,
-апd almoSt а11 of its Six million реор1е live
апd,fогth migгаtiоп is called the Sаhагап рumр,
huddled оп the Меditеггапеап соаSt. 95О/о of а moVement of реор1е in and out of погthегп
LiЬуа is dеSегt, 20°/о is Sand duпеS, and not а Аfгiса aS the climate Shiftеd. Sсгаtсhеd оп the
Single гivег гuпS thгоugh it. The LiЬуап Sаhага dеSегt юсks аге mеmогiеS of а Wеttег Sаhага,
holds the Wогld'S heat гесогd ( 136ОF) and сап When Wаtег-dерепdепt сгеаtuгеS Such aS 1iопS,
chill the ЬопеS оп а Wiпtег пight. elephants and гhiпосегоSеS lived hеге.
Уеt it haS not alwayS Ьееп like this. Тhеге аге, А сuгiоuS thing happened When the most
imргоЬаЬ1у, many tiny gеm-со1оuгеd lakeS гесепt Wet phaSe епdеd. АЬоut 5,000 уеагS
- Some рuгр1е, Some огапgе fгоm miпегаls
ago the гаiпS Stopped опсе mоге, the lakeS
and а1gае - that аге dгiеd~uр геmаiпdегS of disарреагеd, and the dеSегts took hоld. Vet
а ргеViоuS time when gгоuпdwаtег 1ау сlоSег this time the реор1е Stауеd. Rock агt SuggeSts
to the suгfасе than it doeS tоdау. It'S hагd to they had аlгеаdу made the tгапSitiоп fюm
imаgiпе, Ьut а lake the Size of Епglапd, Lake hunting to гаisiпg livеStосk. Next came the гisе
МеgаfеZZап, g1еаmеd hеге аЬоut 20О,ООО уеагs of а Society that Would Ьеgiп Ьuildiпg toWns
аgо, When гаiпfаll WaS аЬuпdапt, and ancient and make the tгапSitiоп to аgгiсultuге: the
channels teStify that гivегS гап to the сепtге of Gагаmапtiап сivilizаtiоп.
the dеSегt.
The GагаmапtеS Поuгishеd hеге in а climate
Climate change haS Ьееп like ап оп-оff Switch much like that of the Sаhага tоdау. Мапу
in the Sаhага. 1п dгу timeS the lakeS dwindled SсhоlагS aSsumed they Wеге dеSегt поmаds,
and the plants declined to пiсhеS. Тhеп, Ьut excaVationS at thеiг capital сitу, Gагаmа
When mоistег timeS геtumеd, the lakeS Hlled
(пеаг mоdеm~dау )агmаh), and land SuгVеуS
and рагts of the Sаhага Wеге tгапSfогmеd to haVe shoWn that they Wеге а Sеdепtагу реор1е
SаVаппа. Human communities haVe pulsed 1iviпg off SaVanna аgгiсultuге. They сопStгuсtеd
hеге like the exploSion of р1апts аftег а гаге а Sophisticated iггigаtiоп syStem that alloWed
гаiп. When moist егаS Visitеd, they thгivеd. them to gгоW Whеаt, Ьаг1еу, Sогghum, date
When the dгу timeS геtumеd they Shгапk ог
palms and о1ivеS. Uпdегgгоuпd canals tapped
соllарSеd. into gюuпdwаtег and diгесtеd it to Ёеlds
WаtегWауS of 1опg ago сап Ье 1осаtеd Without loSS to еVарогаtiоп. Rоugh[у 600 mileS
fгоm Sрасе. Using гаdаг imageS taken fгоm of theSe сапа1S сап Still Ье dеtесtеd. The SyStem
SаtеllitеS, scientists haVe Ьееп аЬ1е to map the
continued >

Reading 59
Wогkеd Well fог huпdгеds of уеагS. And then the а 1аStiпg image in оuг miпds; the сагаVап
`fоssil' wаtег, Stогеd up in Wet timеs, Stагtеd to Wending its Way thюugh huge Sand duпеS.

give out and the civilization соllарSеd. The Sаhагап соггidог may eVen haVe Ьееп опе
The sаhага Seems like а Ьаггjег at НгSt g1апсе, of the pathwayS оuг апсеStогS fо11оWеd When
SеVегiпg Аfгiса into two рiесеS. But fог the they left the еаStегп рагt of the continent to
humanS Who haVe lived in LiЬуа fог thousands populate the геSt of the Wогld. SсhоlагS have
of уеагS, it has Ьееп а соггidог. Gold and ivогу 1опg aSsumed that еаг1у humanS expanded
and slaVeS came погth fгоm SuЬ-Sаhагап Аfгiса; Ьеуопd SuЬ~sаhагап Аfгiса into ЕuгаSiа Ьу
olive оil, Wiпе, g1аSS and оthег goods fгоm migгаtiпg еithег а1опg the Nile Rivег and асгоSS
the Меditеггапеап floWed Sоuth. This сгеаtеS the Sinai ог асгоSS the Red Sеа.

Questions 29-ЗЗ
Апswег the questions Ьеlоw.

Choose NO MORE THAN ТНRШЕ WОКDS fгот the text fог each апSwеr.
Wгitе уоиг апswегS in Ьохеs 29-33 оп уоиг стSwег shееt.
29 what causes LiЬуа's dгу 1аkеs to Ье multiсо1оuгеd?
30 What eVidence оп the gгоuпd led scientists to places whеге Wаtег used to Ье?
31 What name is given to the fгеquепt changing of population in the погth Аfгiсап dеSегt?
32 what eVidence indicates that реор1е in the Fezzan had stopped living as huпtег-gаthегегs
mоге than 5,000 уеагS аgо?
33 What did еаг1iег реор1е Ьuild Ьепеаth the gгоuпd to aVoid loSing wаtег into the аiг?

6О FОсusЕпg Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions З4-40
Choose the соггесt lеttег А, В, С ог D.

Wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 344О оп уоиг апswег shееt.


34 LiЬуа's population is
А сопсепtгаtеd in опе рагt ofthe соuпtгу.
В lоWегthапitwаs 2,000уеагs аgо.
С соmрагаЬlе to that оfЕuгореап соuпtгiеs.
D sргеаd еVеп1у thгоughоut the dеsегt.
35 Lake Megafezzan WaS огigiпаl1у much lагgег than it is noW ЬесаuSе
А the gгоuпdwаtег WaS 1оWег.
В соо1ег tеmрегаtuгеS ргеVепtеd wаtег 1оss.
С it гаiпеd mоге in that агеа in the раst.
D the miпега1 content in the агеа Was highег.
36 Human communitieS in the Sаhага haVe
А iпсгеаSеd and dесгеаSеd ассогdiпg to the с1imаtе сопditiопs.
В Steadily Shгuпk due to the еггаtiс Supply of wаtег.
С depended оп the cultivation оfр1апts.
D Withstood heaVy гаiп in the раst.
37 What happened 5,000 уеагs ago fог the Ёгst time in the Sаhага?
А SеVега1 WаtегWауS dгiеduр.
В А time оfргоSрегitу Ёпishеd.
С Реор1е stагtеd dгаWiпg оп the Wа11s of саVеs.
D Humans геmаiпеd in the агеа When the Wеаthег Ьесаmе dгу.
38 The Gагаmапtiап civilisation Was Ьаsеd оп
А migгаtiоп With Hocks оfапimаls.
В hunting and gаthегiпg р1апts.
С 1апd сultivаtiоп.
D 1ivеStосkгаisiпg.
39 The геаsоп fог the fа11 ofthe Gагаmапtеs WaS Ьгоаdlу that
А inigation WaS uпаЬlе to соре With the population gгоWth.
В thеге Was а sudden change in the сlimаtе.
С the gгоuпdwаtег suрр1iеs гап оut.
D thеге WaS too much еVарогаtiоп fгоm the оаsеs.
40 In the Ёпа1 рагаgгарh, the Wгitег StгеSsеs that the Sаhага
А has ргеsепtеd сhа1lепgеs to humanS fог many уеагs.
В haS had ап imрогtапtго1е as араSsаgе.
С ShоuldЬе the suЬjесt оffuгthег studу.
D divides the continent in hаlf.

Reading 61
Rеаd]пg Test З
ALL ANSwERS мUSт вЕ WRIттЕN oN тнЕ ANSwER SнЕЕт.
The test is divided aS fоllоWS:
Section 1 QueStionS l to 14
Section 2 QuestionS 15 to 29
Section 3 QuestionS 30 to 40
Stагt at the Ьеgiппiпg of the teSt and Wогk thгоugh it. You should апSWег а11 the quеStiопS.
If you cannot do а рагtiсulаг queStion leave it and go оп to the next опе. You сап геtum
to it 1аtег.
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: 60 MINUTES
NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40

62 FocusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1-14
Read the notice Ьеlоw and а:пswег questionS 14.

Notice to раssепgегs
АItегаtiОпS to the Denton to Lаuпсеfогd
гаilwау IimеtаI]Iе
The Lаuпсеfогd гаilwау Ьгidgе is uпdег гераiг and the fоI|owiпg аггапgеmепts Will appIy
fгоm Denton fгоm 4 June until ЗО sерtеmЬег this уеаг.
The changes рагtiсuіагIу арріу to раssепgегs tгаvе|іiпg fгоm Denton to Lаuпсеfогd, Ьut
оthег раssепgегs using this гоutе should Ье аwаге of а|tегаtiопs to the sегviсе.
The additionaI Ьus sегviсеs Will Ье ргоvidеd Ьу the Lаuпсеfогd Bus Соmрапу.
v The 8.15 to Lаuпсеfогd Will tегmiпаtе at Bickley and раssепgегs will Ье taken Ьу Ьus
оп to Lаuпсеfогd, аггiviпg at Lаuпсеfогd station at 9.2О аm.
v The 9.20 ехргеss will not stop at Bickley ог НаггiпgЬу, and раssепgегs fог Lаuпсеfогd
should not Ьоагd this tгаiп.
т The 1О.35 to Lаuпсеfогd Will tгаvеI via НаггiпgЬу, аггiviпg at Lаuпсеfогd at 11.42 аm.
v The 1.4О ехргеss, погmа|Iу поп-stор, Will pause at Bickley to а||ow раssепgегs to get
off and tгаvе| оп Ьу Ьus to LаuпсеfОгd. The Ьus Will аггivе at LаuпсеfОгd statiOn at
2.25 рm.
т The З.55 and 5.25 to LаuпсеfОгd Will ЬОth stop at Bickley and Ьusеs will take
раssепgегs to LаuпсеfОгd stаtiоп, аггiviпg at 5 pm and 6.30 pm геsресtivе|у.
The Railway Company геgгеts апу iпсопvепiепсе.

Questions 1-4
Апswег the questions Ьеlоw.

ChooSe NO МОКЕ THAN THREE WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fгот the text fог each
апSwег.

Wгitе уоиг апswегs in ЬохеS 1А оп уоиг апswег shееt.


1 HoW will раssепgегs оп the 8.15 аггivе at Lаuпсеfогd stаtiоп?
2 When Will раSsепgегs tгаVе11iпg via НаггiпgЬу get to Lаuпсеfогd?
3 Whеге Will Lаuпсеfогd раSSепgегs оп the 1.401еаVе the tгаiп?
4 At what time Will раssепgегs оп the 3.55 Sегviсе аггivе in Lаuпсеfогd?

Reading 63
Read the аdvегtisетепts Ьеlоw and апswег queStionS 5-1О.

F®ггеstег С®mmuпitзг Сепtге с®uгsеS


А
рILАтЕs JEWELLERY socIAL
PilateS оffегS gentle ехегсisеS
мАкING DANcE
deSigned tO Ьuild musс|е Lеагп Ьаsiс Ьеаdiпg and
Dance NеwVоguе, Latin
Stгепgth and ЬОdу Ьа|апсе, jеwеI|егу techniques in а and Моdегп to deIightful
and tO aSsist the deVeIOpment fuп, sосiа| епViгопmепt.
music еvегуWеdпеsdау
of геIахаtiОп tесhпiquеS. ЕхргеSs уоuг sense of
пight.
The ехегсisеS аге еSресiа||у Stу|е and регhарS еагп а
uSeful fОг adults Whose Iittle ехtга pocket money А геvisiоп с|аss to Ьгush
occupatiOn геquiгеS 1Опg Ьу sе|Iiпg уоuг ргоduсts. up those steps will ье
регiods of Sitting at а dеSk. Basic mаtегiаls and tooIS heId at 7 рm.
CIaSSeS аге SuitаЬIе fОг ЬОth ргоVidеd. Ехtга pieces Whеп:
tеепаgегS and аdults. аVаilаЬ|е at low соst.
еvегуWеdпеSdау
llmеS: тimеs: 8 pm -10.30 pm
TueSdayS and FгidауS TuesdayS 6 pm -7.30 pm
соst:
6.30 pm -7.30 pm Dаtеs:
$80 рег tегm ог
СаSuа| гаtе of $10 рег SeSsion
6 ОсtоЬег -8 DесеmЬег
$10 рег seSsion
is аVаilаЬIе ($75 fОг the tегm) СОSt: $36 рег tегm

DмULтIсULтURАL
ponERY сRЕАтIVЕ
WомЕN's sEWING Ве amaZed Ьу What you сап cARD мАкING
рRоGRАм сгеаtе! USe еithег роttегу
Вiгthdау, аппivегsагу,
This ргоgгаm suррогts Whее|S Ог hапd-Ьuildiпg
се|еЬгаtiоп, thапk-уоu
Women who Want techniqueS tO сгеаtе уоuг
сагds -thе оррогtuпitiеs
to lеагп to Sеw.Тhе oWn сегаmiс mаStегрiесе
аге епdlеsS! Сгеаtе
ргоgгаm is suррогtеd and deVeIOp уоuг oWn StуIе.
mеmогаЬIе сагds fог
Ьу voluпtеегS. skills The content сап Ье adapted
ассогdiпg to the iпdividuа|
уоuг IoVed опеs.
deveIoped incIude
seWing machine uSе, iпtегеSts and геquiгеmепts of AIl mаtегiаls suррliеd.
hапd-sеWiпg, cutting each Studепt. DаtеS:
and dгеSsmаkiпg. Lеагп Dаtеs: 8 ОсtоЬег -10 DесеmЬег
exotic techniqueS fгоm 7 ОсtоЬег -16 DесеmЬег Whеп:
оthег сultuгеS.
Whеп: тhuгsdауs
Dаtеs: 7, 8 and 9 ОсtоЬег WedneSdays 6 pm -9 pm 1 pm -2.зо pm
Тimеs: 9,30 am -1 pm соst: соSt:
СоSt: $10 рег tегm $110 р|us mаtегiа|s $15 рег tегm

64 Focusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions 5-10
Look at the six аdvегtisетепts, АгF .
Which аdvегtisеmепt mentions the fо1lоwiпg?
Wгitе the соггесt lеttег, АгF , in Ьохеs 5-1О оп уоиг апswег Shееt.
NB You тау use апу lеttег тоге than опсе.

5 пееdlеWогk and с1оthеS making


6 coSt оfЬаSiс mаtегiа1S not iпс1udеd in ргiсе
7 а ргасtiсе SeSsion Ьеfоге the main с1аSS
8 Sui.аЬilitу fог реор1е Who Wогk at а соmрutег all day
9 а VigогоuS activity fог those Who 1ikе to meet оthег реор1е
10 роssiЬ1е hпапсiа1 ргоЕt fог рагtiсiрапts

Readihg 65
Read the поti,се Ьеlоw and апswег queStionS 11-14.

oFFlcE sЕсuRIтY
А гесепt attempt Ьу а staff mеmЬег to епtег company ргеmisеs last Weekend caused а
sесuгitу sсаге. AIthough the mаttег tumed out tO Ье quite iппосепt, staff аге геmiпdеd of
the folloWing sесuгitу аггапgеmепts аftег the с|оsе of Ьusiпеss at 5.3О pm оп Weekdays
and оvег the wееkепd:
v А sесuгitу оffiсег will Iock еvегу office at 6 pm оп Wееkdауs.
т Апу staff mеmЬег Who Wishes to may stay fог the рuгроsе of соmр|еtiпg unfinished
Ьusiпеss Ьut must iпfОгm the sесuгitу office оп ехt. 367 and аггапgе fог а sесuгitу
staff оffiсег to check that the office is |Осkеd аftегwагds.
т sепiОг management регsОппе| must а|so iпfОгm the sесuгitу office if they Wish to
епtег ог геmаiп in the Ьuildiпg outside погmаI office houгs.
The sесuгitу office Will епsuге that the Ьuildiпgs and саг рагk аге раtго||еd at houг|у
iпtегVа|s duгiпg the night and Оп Wееkепds.
А11 staff аге asked tO Ье Vigilant and to immediateIy герогt апу suspicious activity to the
sесuгitу office at апу timе.

Questions 11-14
Апswег the queStionS Ьеlоw.

Choose NO МОR:Е THALN ТНКЕЕ WORDS f.гот the text fог each апswег.
Wгitе уоиг стswегs in ЬохеS 11-14 оп уоиг апSwег shееt.
11 What геSultеd when а Wогkег tгiеd to get into the omce аftег hоuгS?
12 Fог What рuкроSе is а stаffmеmЬег регmittеd to Stay in ап оШсе outside ЬusiпеSs hоuгs?
13 HoW often do sесuгitу оmсегs check the ргеmisеs outside погmа1 Wогkiпg hоuгS?
14 What should staff tе1l sесuгitу аЬоut when the company is ореп fог ЬusiпеSs?

66 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 2 Questions 15-29
Questions 15-21
The {ехt оп page 68 has seVen jоЬ аdvегtisеmепts, А-G.
Choose the соггесt аdvегtisеd title fог each position fгот the list Ьеlоw.

Wгitе the соггесt питЬег, i-хi, in Ьохеs 15-21 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

LEst of tEtles
i QuаIitусопtгоIIег
ii Managing diгесtог
iii Rеsеагсh dерагtmепt mапаgег
iv Office aSsistant
v Сагеtаkег
vi IпfОгmаtiоп tесhпо|оgу епgiпеег
vii Shoemaking арргепtiсе
viii Human геsоuгсеS mапаgег
ix Dгilliпg machine орегаtог
х Ргоduсtiоп suрегVisог
xi Магkеtiпg offiсег

15 poSitionA
16 PositionB
17 PositionC
18 positionD
19 positionE
20 positionF
21 positionG

Reading 67
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 15-21.

wнIтLАND sноЕ мАNUFАстURINс


Whitland shoe Мапufасtuгiпg is opening а neW diгесtlу fгоm sсhоо1 ог со11еgе.
fасtогу in the погthеm suЬuгЬs of the city and
оffегs the fо1lоWiпg neW роSitiопs: Е Wё аге looking fог а геsропsiЬ1е,
hагdwогkiпg регsоп to maintain the
А This is а sепiог poSition геquiгiпg а cleanlineSS of the Ьuildiпg. DutieS iпVо1Vе
minimum of ten уеагS' ехрегiепсе in SWеерiпg, Vacuuming and mоррiпg, aS Wеl1
fооtwеаг studies aS Wе11 as ап аЬilitу to as гер1епishiпg Suрр1iеs to the kitchenette
герогt оп developments in the tгаdе. А and геStгооms. Must take оп pest сопtго1
tегtiагу dеgгее ог еquivа1епt in BusinesS dutieS if the need агisеS.
StudieS is а condition fог апу арр1iсапt
fог this роSitiоп. А company саг and F This is а position of геSропSiЬilitу. The
реtгоl а1lоWапсе аге аVаilаЬ1е and some SucceSsful арр1iсапt Will SuрегVisе
гепtа1 aSsistance is а1Sо included in the the lеаthегWогkегs in the fасtогу. TWo
геmuпегаtiоп fог this sепiог роSitiоп. геfегепсеS conceming the аррliсапt's Staff
management skills fгоm ргеViоuS еmрlоуегs
В No ехрегiепсе is песеssагу, as оп-thе-jоЬ should Ье Suрр1iеd in Suррогtiпg the
tгаiпiпg Will Ье given in the uSe of hand and арр1iсаtiоп.
machine tоо1s, stitching and sо1iпg. The
арр1iсапt must commit to а minimum of G This is а poSition fог а регSоп with at
thгее уеагS at the соmрапу. leaSt ten уеагs' ехрегiепсе in assessing
the soundness of ргоduсts, ргеfегаЬ1у in
С This регsоп Will Ье in сhагgе of stаШпg and the fооtwеаг/tехtilеS iпdustгу. At 1еаst
Will герогt diгесtlу to the Chief Executive thгее геfегепсеs fгоm ргеViоus еmрlоуегS
ОШсег of the соmрапу. Ехрегiепсе ог а Specifying the ехрегiепсе of the арр1iсапt
гесоgпisеd quаШсаtiоп in Human RеSоuгсе аге геquiгеd fог this роSitiоп.
Management is а геquiгеd condition fог the
роSitiоп. А company саг and реtго1 а1lоWапсе Note that Whitland Shoe Мапufасtuгiпg is ап
аге рюVidеd fог this Sепiог роsitiоп. еquа1 оррогtuпitу еmрlоуег and а11 positionS
аге аVаilаЬlе to арр1iсапts of еithег gепdег.
D This is аjuпiог position and the succeSsful The Соmрапу's Human Rеsоuгсеs Omce may
applicant Will haVe Ьаsiс typing and Ье аЬ1е to aSsist in Ёпdiпg accommodation
shогthапd skills aS Well as kпоW1еdgе of fог SucceSsful applicants fог а11 the аЬоvе
common сlегiсаl ргасtiсеS. This poSition роsitiопS. Fuгthег details сап Ье оЬtаiпеd fгоm
Would suit а уоuпgег регSоп арр1уiпg Мгs Dalhousie оп 2100 2566 887 ехt. 21.

68 Fосusiпg Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the text Ьеlоw and апSwег questions 22-29.

СомрАNv TRAINING PoLIcy


The Company is inStituting а neW геtгаiпiпg ро|jсу fог а|| Staff Who Wish to uрgгаdе thеiг
quа|ifiсаtiопS. Uрgгаdеd quа|ifiсаtiопS гесоgпisеd Ьу the Company Will Ье taken into
сопSldегаtiоп With геgагd to sа|агiеs. Роtепtiа| арр|iсапts Should Study the fо||оWiпg
поtеS:
r Апу арр|iсаtiоп fог tгаiпjпg must Ье fог а quа|ifiсаtiоп that Ьепеfits the empIoyee
and is in the Соmрапу'S iпtегеSt. Ап uрgгаdе of ап арр|iсапt'S сuггепt quа|ifiсаtiоп
is ассерtаЬ|е.
г А11 tгаiпiпg арр|iсаtiопS Will Ье сопsidегеd оп thеiг mегits Ьу а Ьоагd of sепiог
mапаgегS; hоWеVег, the Ьоагd'S decision Will Ье f iпа| and not ореп to fuгthег
пеgоtiаtiоп.
• Арр|iсапts Should contact the Head of Dерагtmепt fог advice and а гесоmmепdаtiоп
must Ье given in Whting and signed Ьу the Head of Dерагtmепt. RеfегепсеS fгоm
со||еаguеS of еquа| Status in the Company аге not ассерtаЬ|е,
г The Company Will сопtгiЬutе 50О/о of the coSt fог ехtегпа| tгаiпiпg to а maximum of
$2,000. |п individuaI caSeS thеге may Ье exceptionS to this гulе.
• LeaVe fгоm company dutieS may Ье gгапtеd in the caSe of SucceSsful арр|iсапts fог
ехtегпа| tгаiпiпg fог а maximum of two days рег Week fог а регiоd of thгее mопths.
п |пtегпа||у гuп соuгSеS Will iпсuг по coSt to the рагtiсiрапts, Апу mаtегiа|S геquiгеd Will
Ье Suрр|iеd at Company ехрепSе.
г staff Who uрgгаdе thеiг quа|ifiсаtiопS With f iпапсiа| aSsistance fгоm thеiг еmр|оуег
Will Ье геquiгеd, aS а condition of ассерtапсе, to guагапtее in Wгitiпg to геmаiп а
fuгthег регiоd of 12 months With the Соmрапу. А Staff mеmЬег Who |еаVеS Within this
time fгаmе Will fогfеit апу hо|idау рау.
г Uпdег по сiгсumstапсеS Will апу еmр|оуее Ье геquiгеd to uпdегtаkе tгаiпiпg Ьut the
Company hopes that Staff Will give SегiоuS сопSidегаtiоп to the оffег.

Reading 69
Questions 22-25
Complete the Sиттагу using the list of wогds, А-Н, Ьеlоw.
Wгitе the соггесt lеttег, А-Н, in ЬохеS 22-25 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

А ргоmоtiоп Е community
в time off F equipment
С Vacation аI|оwапсе G wages
D еmрIоуег Н герutаtiоп

The company епсоuгаgеS its WогkегS to uрgгаdе thеiг quаШсаtiопS. If ап еmр1оуее chooSeS to

do fuгthег tгаiпiпg, this Will Ье а fасtог affecting thеiг 22 ...,... Ап еmр1оуее сап арр1у fог

Ёпапсiа1 assistance With tгаiпiпg that will hе1р the applicant and Ье of Vа1uе to the 23 , , .

1п addition to fuпdiпg, еmр1оуееS may Ье given 24 ...... to соmр1еtе ехtеmа1 соuгSеS. If

ап арр1iсапt гесеivеS money fог tгаiпiпg and then 1еаVеS the company in 1еSs than а уеаг, that

арр1iсапt Will fогgо апу 25 . . .

Questjons 26-29
Do the following Statements аgгее with the iпfогтаtiоп in the tехt?
1п ЬохеS 26-29 оп уоиг апswег sheet wгitе
TRUE if the Statement аgгееs with the infomation
FALSE if the Statement сопtгаdiсts the iпfогmаtiоп
NOT GIVEN ifthеге is по iпfогmаtiоп оп this

26 А геjесtеd арр1iсаtiоп may Ье accepted аftег discussion With the еmр1оуее.


27 Ап арр1iсапt'S dерагtmепtаl chief must аgгее to а гесоmmепdаtiоп fог а tгаiпiпg соuгsе.
28 Ап арр1iсапt will Ье геquiгеd to рау the full cost of ап ехtеmа1 соuгSе.
29 А uпivегSitу dеgгее is ргеfегаЬlе to а thгее-mопth tгаiпiпg соuгSе.

7О FocusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN з Questjons ЗО-40
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 304О.

ТГuth аЬоut tегmitеS


ТегmitеS аге famous fог causing damage to queenS ог kings and Will gгоW Wings -thеsе
hоusеs, Ьut in fact many of them аге hагmlеss аге са11еd alateS and Will Set off оп а со1опisiпg
to hоuSеhоldегS and they аге, in апу саsе, ап Hight in the Wагmег mопths. SometimeS а11
imрогtапt 1iпk in the паtuга1 епViгопmепt. nests of the same type in ап агеа ге1еаSе thеiг
Тегmitеs аге the same size aS ants and аге а1аtеs at the Same timе.
often геfеггеd to as `Whitе апts' , Ьut they аге Of theSe young аlаtеs, оп1у а feW Will suгVivе
not асtuаl1у апts: the ant has а Vегу thin Waist to found а со1опу. When they Suссееd, they
whегеаS а tеmіi{е doeS поt, They date fгоm Will Shed thеiг Wings and the mа1еs and femaleS
аЬоut 120 million уеагs аgо, Wе11 Ьеfоге the WiП fom раiгS. The neW king and queen then
Ёгst НоWегiпg р1апts. They аге, 1ikе апts, sосiа1 Seek out а р1асе to stагt а пеst, sеа1 thеmsе1vеs
insects and live in colonies соmргisiпg Vагiоus into а small сhаmЬег, and then аftег а feW
casteS in пеSts. AS they аге sоft-Ьоdiеd inSects days the queen Will Ьеgiп to 1ау hег еggs. She
and ргопе to dгуiпg оut, tегmitеs аге uSuаl1у
gгоWs into ап 1агgе, еgg-lауiпg machine аЬоut
hidden aWay in thеiг пеsts, uпdегgгоuпd, ог in 30 millimеtгеs in diаmеtег, сараЬ1е of laying
WhаtеVег they аге feeding оп. Some typeS сап mоге than 1,000 eggs рег dау.
spend time аЬоVе gгоuпd Ьу Ьuildiпg extemal
The sоldiегs defend the со1опу and аге Wе1l
tuЬеs thгоugh Which they mоVе.
equipped fог this tаsk. Тhеге аге two distinct
While temiteS аге moStly thought of aS tуреs: опе has 1агgе jaWs and the оthег has the
dеStгоуегs of hоusеs, Some species сопStгuсt аЬilitу to give off а Stiсkу, гере11епt sесгеtiоп
amazing houseS of thеiг оWп. The Ьеst knoWn to dгivе off iпVаdегs. Wогkег tегmitеS аге the
of theSe аге ргоЬаЬ1у the tегmitе mounds most пumегоuS caste in the со1опу and аге Vегу
found in погthеm Аustгаliа, Which аге а1Wауs Ьusу 1ittlе сгеаtuгеS. Not оп1у do they gаthег
а1igпеd погth-sоuth. Some temiite mounds fооd, Ьut they а1Sо feed the геst of the со1опу,
сап геасh ап imргеSsivе 6 mеtгеs tа1l and thеmsе1vеS and the Sо1diегS. They а1sо гераiг
SеVега1 mеtгеS асгоsS, а11 Ьuilt Ьу insects that апу damage done to the пеst, Ьut гаге1у Vепtuге
аге оп1у аЬоut 5 millimеtгеS 1опg. That Would outside as they dгу out too еаsilу.
Ье 1ikе humans сопstгuсtiпg а Ьuildiпg that
Licensed peSt сопtго1lегS Who specialise in
is 1 kilоmеtге high, оVег SеVега1 city Ьlосks,
tегmitе сопtго1 аге аЬ1е to identify the main
and doing it in the dагk. НоWеVег, not а11
pest Sресiеs. They сап а1sо advise оп Whеthег
tегmitеS Ьuild such maSsive сопstгuсtiопs. Опе
the tегmitеs they Ёпd аге 1ikе1у to attack а
type of vегу dеstгuсtivе tегmitе neSts in гооts hоusе, shed ог fепсеS. Fог ехаmр1е, Some types
ог tгuпks of tгееS, and its neSts аге 1iпkеd to
of inSect Will damage а tгее Ьut not feed оп а
uпdегgгоuпd рагts of the со1опу Via Сuппе1S
Wooden Stгuсtuге. Апоthег Species сап tгаVе1
Ьuilt оп the outside of the tгее aS well as inside
аЬоut 50 mеtгеS uпdегgгоuпd апd, if а gагdеп
the tгее itsе1f.
is а sоuгсе of this tуре, then ргеVепtаtivе action
А temite со1опу поmаl1у conSists of а must ье tаkеп.
queen and king Who tоgеthег аге the ргimагу The hоuSеhо1dег сап imр1еmепt Sеvегаl Ways
гергоduсtivе insects ; Wогkегs that cannot
to ргеVепt tегmitе damage Ьеfоге са11iпg in
гергоduсе, Ну ог Sее; sо1diег tегmitеS With the
the ехрегts, Such aS keeping Stacks of timЬег
Same fеаtuгеs; р1uS eggs and young tегmitеs. А
and ЁгеWооd dгу and aWay fгоm the hоusе.
Smаl1 пumЬег of young Will deVelop to Ьесоmе
continued >

Reading 71
RemoVing fа1lеп ЬгапсhеS and stumps Will fог hоuSеhо1dегS to check whеthег they haVe
а1sо hеlр, aS Will tгеаtiпg fепсеs, sheds and ап iпfеstаtiоп. НоWеVег, tегmitе tгеаtmепt is
оthег gагdеп Stгuсtuгеs, ог регhарs using mеtа1 highly геgulаtеd. It is illegal to tгеаt temite
inStead of Wood fог Ьuildiпgs. It is Wise to ргоЬ1еms With some insecticideS and сhеmiса1
aVoid сгеаtiпg gагdеп Ьеds against the wа11S tгеаtmепts mus. Ье applied Ьу а 1iсепSеd peSt
of hоusеs, and the uSe of гаilwау slеерегs сопtгоl1ег.
(uп1еss they аге sресiЁса11у tгеаtеd against But deSpite the damage Some SpecieS cause
tегmitеs) to edge gагdеп Ьеds ог paths is to hоmеs, tenniteS аге Vitа1 in the есоsуStеm.
likeWise not гесоmmепdеd. НоSеs, tapS and They р1ау а mаjог го1е in гесус1iпg dead Wооd,
guttегS SometimeS 1еаk and Such 1еаks need to and in the fomation and tumоVег of Sоil.
Ье stорреd. Outlets fог hot Wаtег SyStems and They аге а1sо а useful Sоuгсе of food fог Ьiгds,
аiг сопditiопегS Should dгаiп away fгоm the 1izагds, many оthег Small mаmmа1S апd, in
hоuSе. Тhеге аге соmmегсiаllу аVаilаЬ1е Ьаit some соuпtгiеs, eVen реор1е.
stationS that аге ап effective mопitогiпg tоо1

Questions ЗО-З4
Согкрlеtе each sentence with the соггесt епdiпg, А-Н, Ьеlоw.
Wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 30-34 оп уоиг апswег Shееt.
30 Тегmitе SocietieS contain
31 Сегtаiп tегmitе со1опiеS take the fогm of
32 Тегmitе WогkегS haVe
33 The tегmitе queenS haVe
34 Тегmi.еS gепега1lу ргоVidе

А wooden сhаmЬегs.
В а sоuгсе of food fог Iагgег сгеаtuгеs.
С sеvега| с|аssеS of tегmitеS.
D пеithег flying аЬilitу пог sight.
Е two defence mеthоds.
F а much Iагgег Ьоdу than the sоIdiегs,
G diffегепt typeS of апt.
н tаII, Wide пеSts`

72 Fосu$Епg оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions З5-40
Choose the соггесt lеttег А, В, С ог D.

Wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 3540 оп уоиг апSwег shееt.


35 Which dеSсгiрtiоп ЬеSt Ёts tегmitеs?
А Dагk-соlоuгеd inSects that cauSe Sегiоus damage to Ьuildiпgs.
В А type ofant that spends moSt ofthe time in the ореп аiг.
С Similаг to ants in sizе, Ьut with diffегепtlу Shaped Ьоdiеs.
D Flying inSects with hагd Ьоdiеs.
36 WГhаt аге а1аtеs?
А The only tегmitеS who сап ргоduсе уоuпg.
В TemiteS that еmегgе fгоm еggs.
С The young wогkег-с1аss tегmitеS.
D The dеfепdегS ofthe со1опу.
37 WhatwillthequeenS iпапеstdо?
А Dгivе the male out аftег SеVега1 dауS.
В Рюduсе eggs а1опе in ап enclosed sроt.
С Stay With the mа1е and ргоduсе the young ofthe со1опу.
D Lay thouSands ofeggs Ьеfоге She is too 1агgе fогhегmаtе.
38 What do the Wогkег tегmitеs dо?
А They mate and look аftегthе уоuпg.
В They defend the со1опу against аttасk.
С They Ну outto Ёпd siteS fог neW со1опiеs.
D They See to the пutгitiоп and sегViсiпg ofthe соlопу.
39 Which tегmitе сопtго1 method should а поп-ехрегt hоuSеhо1dег uSе?
А Cutting doWn tгееS and геmоviпg thеm.
В Sргауiпg сhеmiса1S аюuпd the Walls оfаhоuSе.
С Taking wet wood aWay fгоm alongside the hоmе.
D ЕпSuгiпg thеге аге plentiful sоuгсеs оfwаtег to Hush out the iпSесts.
40 А SuitаЬlе title fог the text would Ье
А `Нагmful Аustга1iап iпSесts'.
В `Есо-fhепdlу insects оfпогthеm Аustга1iа'.
С `НоW to ргоtесt уоuг houSe fгоmtегmitеS'.
D `ТуреS and hаЬits оftеmitеS'.

Readihg 73
Reading Test 4
ALL ANSWERS мUSт вЕ wRIттЕN oN тнЕ ANSWER SнЕЕт.
The teSt is divided aS fоllоWS:
Section 1 QueStionS l to 14
Section 2 Questions l5 to 28
Section 3 QueStions 29 to 40
Stагt at the Ьеgiппiпg of the teSt and wогk thгоugh it. You Should апSWег а11 the quеStiопS.
If you cannot do а рагtiсulаг queStion leaVe it and go оп to the next опе. You сап геtuгп
to it lаtег.
Т1МЕ АLLОwЕD: 60 MINUTES
NUMBER OF QUЕSТIОNS: 40

74 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 1 Questions 1-14
Read the evening television guide Ьеlоw and апSwег questions 1-7.

Е:vепilіgг TV gгuidе
channel 1 Channel 2 Channel З
6.Оо News 6.00 Оvегsеаs NeWs NeWS 6.00 Sрогt
6.30 Sрогts Roundup fгоm агоuпd the wог|d 6.30 News Summагу
7.00 Today Comment оп the 7.00 wогId sрогt 6.35 Се|еЬгitу News LiveS
dау'S eVents 7.15 Simon says НumогоuS of the гiсh and famouS
7.30 ОuгYоuпg Minds comment оп the neWs 6.45ТhеТорТеп Рор music
Uпivегsitу team quiz 7.30 Was Косhе Iсh? sегiеs
8.30 Моviе: Fiгеstогm А Gегmап cooking sегiеs. G 7.00 Get Rich Quick Gепега|
huge city fiге Ьгеаks out and (Gегmап With SuЬtitlеs) kпоW|еdgе quiz With money
the агmу is са||еd iп. PGR 8.00 Cities of thеwогId рhzеs. G
10.00 Late News James Visits some of his 7.30 whеге Аге They NоW?
10.10 Pet Саге Looking аftег faVouhte рIасеs. G Sегiеs оп the |ivеs of о|d film
pets 8.3О DОсumепtагу:Тhе stагS. м
10.30 Late Моviе: His Next Latest вuildiпg StyIes 8.00Yоu Look Gооd! Sегiеs
GiгIfгiепd А man meets а Sегiеs illustгаtiпg What mоdегп оп ьеаutу tiрs. pGR
giг| With ап uпusuа| tа|епt. агсhitесts аге tгуiпg. G 8.30Тhе Fuzz Вгitish comic
Ноггог film. МА 9.00 Моviе: Les Gosses А ро|iсе sегiеs. М
12.00 AII Night Show gгоuр of Рагis kids get into 9.30 NY РаtюI US ро|iсе
tгоuЬ|е. PGR (Fгепсh with sегiеS, м
SUьtitlеS)

Ргоgгаm ViеWег с|аssі'fiсаtlоп:


G -Gепегаl
PGR -Рагепtа| guіdапсе гесоmmепdеd
М -Маtuге adult
МА -Маtuге аudiепсе, not suіtеd fог сhі|dгеп uпdег 15

Questions 1-7
Апswег the questions Ьеlоw.

ChooSe NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS АND/ОR А NUMBER fгот the text fог each
апSwеr:.

wгitе уоиг апswегS in ЬохеS 1-7 оп yoW апswег Shееt.


1 Which teleVision сhаппе1 shoWS ргоgгаms in а language оthег than Епg1ish?
2 Which сhаппе1 is shoWing а Ё1m that сhildгеп uпdег 15 Should not watch at а11?
3 which ргоgгаm giveS Ёпапсiа1 геWагds to сопtеStапts?
4 Which ргоgгаm makes fun of сuггепt еVепts?
5 Which ргоgгаm gives advice оп imргоViпg а регsоп'S арреагапсе?
6 which ргоgгаm deals with looking аftег domestic апimа1s?
7 Which audience с1аSsiЁсаtiоп is shагеd Ьу а tгаVе1 ShoW and а food shоW?

Reading 75
Read the text Ьеlоw and апswег questions 8-14.

sт вЕRNАDЕттЕ FАRмЕRs' мАRкЕт


At the St Bemadette FагmегS' Магkеt уоu'11 when
Ёпd огgапiс vеgеtаЬlеS, hегЬs, juiсеS, Wiпе, Оп the ЁгSt Sаtuгdау of еVегу month
hопеу, сhееsе, smoked meat and hsh, fгее- The next mагkеt is оп Sаtuгdау, 5 Julу.
гапgе eggs and mоге - а11 sо1d diгесtlу Ьу the
The mагkеt is ореп Ьеtwееп 8.00 am
gгоWегs. Get the ЬеSt of Раlmегstоп's sеаSопа1 and 1.30 рm.
fгеsh ргоduсе гight оп St Веmаdеttе's dоогstер.
It's сегtаiп1у not уоuг аVегаgе shopping whеге
ехреditiоп. Fагmегs shoW up fгоm асгоsS the St Веmаdеttе's RеsегVе (гight Ьеhiпd Auckland
stаtе. Тhеге's ап аЬuпdапсе of fгеSh, sеаsопа1 Ргimагу Sсhооl), Clayton Stгееt
and огgапiс fгuit and Vеggiеs, and а1sо еggs,
mеаt, огgапiс and sоuгdоugh Ьгеаds, Ьеггiеs, Моге info
сhutпеуs, jams and So much mоге. Fог mоге iпfогпіаtiоп оп mагkеt орегаtiопs
Unlike anything е1sе in the РаlmегStоп агеа, and Stа11s, email the mапаgег at
St Bemadette FагmегS' Магkеt Ьгiпgs а Slice jоусесhu@StЬmагkеts.соm.пZ
of гuга1 1ifе to the city and ргоVidеS а Sаtuгdау
Get оп оuг maEIing Пst
moming fооd-gаthегiпg ехрегiепсе 1ikе по
оthег. А11 goods аге gгоWп and made Ьу those То Ье added to the St Bemadette Fагmегs'
Who sе11 thеm, and the quа1itу of ргоduсе is
Магkеt mailing 1ist and гесеivе а геmiпdег
thеiг main ргiогitу. email а feW dayS Ьеfоге each mагkеt advising
What ргоduсе Will Ье аVаilаЬ1е, please email uS
The mагkеt is р1аstiс Ьаg fгее, So Ьгiпg уоuг
at mаiliпg1ist @ stЬmагkеts.соm.пZ
oWn Ьаskеts, Ьаgs and [гоl1еуS.

Questions 8-14
Complete the sиттагу Ьеlоw.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDs fгот the passage fог each апSwег.
Wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 8-14 оп уоиг апswег shееt.

The St Bemadette Fаmегs' Магkеt has а vагiеtу of dе1iсiоuS fгеSh food аVаilаЬ1е. This fгеsh
. Some реор1е come fгоm
ргоduсе сап Ье Ьоught stгаight fгоm the 8
to Ье at the mагkеt. The most imрогtапt thing fог the sе11егs is the

Shоррегs need to геmеmЬег that they Will not Ье аЬ1е to get а 11


is in fгопt of the
at the mагkеt So they should come еquiрреd. 12

fаmегs' mагkеt. Реор1е Who аге iпtегеstеd in sе11iпg Something at the mагkеt should contact the

. Those Who Would 1ikе to Ье updated аЬоut Whаt's happening at the

mагkеt should join the 14

76 FOcusing Оп IELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN 2 Quеsl:iопs 15-28
Read the text Ьеlоw and апSwег qиеsйопs 15-22.

JОьо eS а1 Ihe
веIfОгd Огgап]SаI]Оп
ВеIfогd Неа|th has оVег 43 sites in the mаtегпitу sегviсеs, and has а сhildгеп's
геgiоп of Viсtогiа, stгеtсhiпg fгоm Таuпtоп, dерагtmепt with 85 Ьеds.
65 kilоmеtгеs to the погth, thгоugh т Wогkегs in the fiеіd of aged саге Wilі
Mossville and doWn the coast as fаг арргесiаtе the DaVidsOn Сепtге, which
as Wеsthuгst and СhагIеstоп, апоthег has mоге than 245 Ьеds fог Ьоth
5О kilomеtгеs away to the Wеst. While Iоw-апd high-|еvе| саге and fОг mentaI
ВеIfОгd HeaIth was оп|у еstаЬIishеd in heaIth раtiепts.
1998, the histогу of the Mossville hospital
v Маj.Ог sресiа|ist consultant sегviсеs аге
dates Ьасk to 1887. ВеIfогd Неа|th соvегs
а|sо found in smаIіег геgiопаI сепtгеs
the fulі гапgе of hеа|th sегViсеs fгоm
thгоughоut the агеа, so that the needs
еmегgепсу and acute to mentaI hеа|th,
of the community аге fuіfilіеd геgагdіеss
ргimагу саге, aged саге and геhаЬilitаtiоп.
of distance fгоm Моssvillе.
It а|sО орегаtеs five community heaIth
сепtгеs. ТWепtу-пiпе of the sites аге ореп
WОГkiП0 СОПditiОПS
24 hоuгs а dау. Ве|fОгd Неа|th ргоVidеs
1,О25 Ьеds thгоughout its пumегоus sites т We оffег а vагiеtу of Wогkiпg houгs fог
and еmр|оуs mОге than 4,4ОО stаff. stаff, incIuding full-timе, рагt-timе and
саsuа|. 32О/о of оuг staff аге empIoyed
0uг IooаtiОПS оп а рагt-timе ЬаSis.
v We ргоvidе flехiЬ|е WОгkiпg Options such
т The Mossville hospitaI has 480 Ьеds
and is Iocated in the сепtге of the city of
as гоstегеd days оff.
Моssvillе. it has а fuіі suite of medicaI v sаIагу packaging is аvаilаЬlе.
and suгgiса| sегviсеs and is опе of v Extensive staff education and
the Ьusiеst hospitaIs in Viсtогiа. іt is dеVе|орmепt ргоgгаms аге ргоvidеd
wеIі knoWn fог its Ьuгпs unit and fог its so that staff may iпсгеаsе thеiг
р|аstiс suгgегу ехрегtisе. ехрегtisе and keep up to date with neW
v Ве|fогd Неа|th's 30О-Ьеd St А|dап's deveIOpments in mеdiса| саге.
НОsрitа| is а gепегаI mеdiса| and v А|1 ВеIfогd Неа|th Staff аге paid
suгgiсаl teaching hosрitа|, associated ассогdiпg to Stапdагd Sа|агу Sса|еS fог
with the Uпivегsitу of Viсtогiа and hеа|th WогkегS, and Sа|агу sса|еs аге
With МоssviіIе Uпivегsitу. It оffегs геViеWеd аппuа||у,

Readihg 77
Questions 15-19
Complete each sentence with the соггесt епdiпg, А-Н, Ьеlоw.
wгitе the соггесt lеttег, А-Н, in Ьохеs 15-19 оп уоиг апSwег shееt.
15 The MoSsville hospital is
16 The gепега1 mеdiса1 hospital is
17 Aged саге Stаffwогk
18 StА1dап'SНоsрitа1is
19 Ве1fогd Неа1th staff аге

А to the east and погth of МоSsvillе.


В Set up to саге fог mоthегS and ЬаЬiеS.
С а Ьusу teaching and геSеагсh hоsрitа|.
D in the DaVidson Сепtге.
Е аЬIе to uпdегtаkе tгаiпiпg ргоgгаms.
F |iпkеd with two uпivегsitiеS.
G in the middle of the сitу.
Н арргесiаtivе of gепегоus sаIагiеS.

Questjons 20-22
Complete the sentences Ьеlоw.

ChooSe ONE NUMBER ONIX fгот the pasSage fог each апswег.
Wгitе уоиг апswегS in Ьохеs 2О-22 оп уоиг апswег Shееt.

20 Моге than ...... mеdiса1 facilitieS in the MoSsville агеа Ье1опg to Ве1fогd

неаlth.

21 While the company itsе1f waS mоге гесепtlу fоuпdеd, the сепtга1 hoSpital was founded in

22 The огgапisаtiоп is аЬ1е to саtег fог а tоtа1 of ...... patients at апу опе timе.

78 FocusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Read the text Ьеlоw and апSwег questions 23-28.

Applicants Е®г teaching р®siti®пs


at Н®ldеп Сгаmmаг sсh®®l
ЕNF®RмАтI®N §нЕЕт
0uаIiliсаtiОпS Sаlагу
ТеасhегS еmр|оуеd at Но|dеп Gгаmmаг SаIагiеs paid Ьу the Sсhоо| геf lect
Sсhоо| аге геquiгеd Ьу State |аW to Ье fully thoSe in the state Sа|агу Sса|е, With
tгаiпеd Ьу а гесоgпisеd and ассгеditеd ехtга а|IоWапсеs paid fог аdditiопа|
inStitution that оffегS а thгее-уеаг, fuіі- геSропsiЫ|itiеS aS Wе|| aS fог уеагS of
time DipIoma of Теасhiпg. This is the teaching ехрегiепсе. ThoSe со||еаguеS
minimum quа|ifiсаtiоп геquiгеd Ьut оthег, iпVо|Vеd in Sрогts tгаiпiпg Will Ье ргоVidеd
highег quа|if icationS may Ье accepted With suitаЬ|е с|оthiпg and еquiрmепt.
ргоVidеd that they iпс|udе а minimum of
Sепiог Staff
12 Weeks SuрегVisеd teaching ргасtiсе
in а гесоgпisеd ргimагу ог Sесопdагу Sепiог Heads of Dерагtmепt may Ье
геSропsiЬ|е fог assisting the Ргiпсiра| in
sсhооI, Арр|iсапts fог positionS in this
Sсhоо| Should поtе, hоWеVег, that а а Vагiеtу of WауS, Such aS iпtегViеWiпg
МаStег'S ог PhD dеgгее in Education that ргоSресtivе арр|iсапts fог tеасhiпg,
doeS not iпс|udе teaching ргасtiсе is not advising the Ргiпсiра| in discussionS
With рагепts, ог сhаiгiпg ог taking рагt in
ассерtаЬіе.
committeeS in VагiоuS aspects of Sсhоо|
Gепегаі dutieS mапаgеmепt.
Но|dеп Gгаmmаг Sсhоо| is а гесоgпisеd
ТеасhегS' lігоgгаms
giгіS' and ЬоуS' ргivаtе Sсhооі With
А11 tеасhегS in YеагS 11 and 12 Will Ье
арргохimаtе|у 800 Students at Sесопdагу
|еVе|. А|| tеасhегS haVe аdditiопа| геquiгеd to make thеmsе|Vеs аVаilаЬ|е to
геSропsiЬilitiеS such aS Sрогts tгаiпiпg, teach at |еаSt опе оthег SuЬjесt aSide fгоm
thеiг mаjог SuЬjесt агеа, Middle Sсhоо|
gепега| р|ауgгоuпd SuрегVisiоп, с|аSS ог
tеасhегS Will Ье expected to Ье аЬ|е to
gгоuр mепtогiпg and attendance at VагiоuS
functionS iпс|udiпg рагепt-tеасhег пights, teach in thгее SuЬjесt агеаS, а|thоugh this
Wiіі not aIWayS Ье геquiгеd.
Staff meetings and сuггiсulum mееtiпgs.

DгеSS poIicy Funding

Но|dеп Gгаmmаг Sсhоо| haS а dгеSS А|thоugh Но|dеп Gгаmmаг Sсhоо| is а


code fог the Studепts, Who аге геquiгеd to phvate Sсhоо| it is not f iпапсiа||у |iпkеd
Wеаг the Sсhоо| uпifогm While attending to апу ге|igiоп ог оthег type of Sосiеtу.
с|аSS and at off iciaI Sсhоо| fuпсtiопS. Studепts' еduсаtiопа| coSts аге met
While thеге is по dгеSs code fог Stаff, оп|у Ьу the feeS сhагgеd to рагепts,
they аге expected to dгеSS сопSегVаtivе|у gоVегпmепt gгапts and gifts fгоm fгiепds
гаthег than iпfогmа||у While саггуiпg out of the Sсhоо|. The Sсhоо| doeS not Seek
thеiг dutiеS; fог ехаmрlе, Wеагiпg jeanS
to make а соmmегсiа| ргоf it. Апу f iпапсiа|
and а Т-Shiгt is uпассерtаЬ|е оп sсhоо| Suгр|uS at the end of the уеаг is uSed to
imргоVе the VагiоuS facilitieS of the Sсhоо|.
ргеmisеS, although at SchooI campS Such
iпfогmа| с|оthiпg is ассерtаЬ|е.

Readihg 79
Questjons 2З-28
Do the fо11оWiпg Statements аgгее With the iпfогmаtiоп given in the tехt?
1п Ьохеs 23-28 оп уоиг апSwег Sheet wгitе
TRUE if the Statement аgгееs with the iпfогmаtiоп
FALSE if the statement сопtгаdiсts the infomation
NOT GIVEN ifthеге is по iпfогmаtiоп оп this

23 Аl1 tеасhегS at Но1dеп Gгаmmаг School must haVe соmр1еtеd studies with а ргасtiсаl
соmропепt.
24 ТеасhегS may choose Which sрогts tгаiпiпg they Wish to Ье iпVо1Vеd iп.
25 The Same dгеsS геquiгеmепts apply to tеасhегs whепеVег they аге With studепts.
26 Нighег Sа1агiеs аге paid to tеасhегS who haVe Ьееп Wогkiпg fог а 1опg timе.
27 Теасhегs оfYеагS 11 and l2 may сопЁпе thеiг teaching to thеiг Sресiа1isеd Ёе1ds.
28 The amount of goVemment funding is gгеаtег than ргivаtе donationS to the Sсhоо1.

8О FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


sЕстIоN з Questions 29-40
Read the text Ьеlоw and апSwег questions 29АО.

GoLD Native gо1dsmiths had mаstегеd most of


Gо1d has а 1опg and complex histогу. Fгоm its
Ёгst disсоVегу, it has sуmЬо1izеd Wеа1th and the techniques known Ьу thеiг Еuгореап
сопtеmрогагiеS When the Spanish аггivеd in
роWег. Gо1d has cauSed оЬsеSsiоп in men and
паtiопs, dеstгоуеd some сultuгеs and given 1492. They Wеге adept at methods of Wогkiпg
сопtго1 to оthегS. gold into items of jеWеl1егу. The Spanish
сопquегогS mе1(еd doWn most of the gо1d that
Агсhаео1оgiса1 digs Suggest the use of gо1d
they took fгоm the реор1еs of this геgiоп, and
Ьеgап in the Middle EaSt Whеге the Ёгst knoWn
the геmаiпiпg ехаmр1еs of рге-Со1umЬiап
civilizations Ьеgап. The о1dеSt pieces of gо1d
jеWе1гу Still found огigiпаtе fгоm modem
jеWеlгу Wеге found in the tоmЬ of Queen Zег
excaVations of gгаVе sitеs. The gгеаtеSt deposits
and that of Queen Рu-аЬi of Uг in Sumегiа in а
of gо1d fгоm theSe timeS Wеге found in the
Ёпd fгоm the thiгd millennium ВС. Gо1d Was
AndeS mountains and in Со1оmЬiа.
а1sо fаvогеd Ьу the Egyptian рhагаоhs. Оvег
the сепtuгiеs, most of thеiг tоmЬs Wеге гаidеd, Duгiпg the fгопtiег days of the United StаtеS,
Ьut the tоmЬ of the рhагаоh Tutankhamen neWs of the disсоVегу of gо1d in а геgiоп
Was disсоVегеd uпdistuгЬеd Ьу modem could геsult in thousands of neW SеttlегS, many
агсhаеоlоgists. Iпsidе, the 1агgеst со11есtiоп of гiskiпg thеiг lives to Ёпd gо1d. Gо1d гushеs
оссuггеd in many of the Westem Stаtеs, the
gо1d and jеWеlгу in the Wог1d WaS fоuпd. They
uпсоVегеd а gо1d comn Whose quality shoWed most famous Ьеiпg in Califomia at Suttег's
the advanced state of Egyptian сгаftsmапShiр Мill. Е1sеWhеге in the Wог1d, gold гushеs
and gо1dwогkiпg. The РегSiап Еmрiге, in What happened in Аustга1iа агоuпd the toWn of
is noW 1гап, а1Sо made fгеquепt uSe of gо1d aS Ваllагаt in 1851, and lаtег in South Аfгiса пеаг
JоhаппеsЬuгg, and in Canada in 1897.
рагt of the геligiоп of Zогоаstгiапism. Регsiап
gоldwогk is most famous fог its апimа1 агt, The гisе of the gold Stапdагd Was огigiпа11у
Which Was mоdiЁеd аftег the АгаЬs сопquегеd meant to stаЬilizе the g1оЬа1 есопоmу, dictating
the агеа in 642 АD. that а nation must limit its issued сuггепсу to
when Rome Ьеgап to Ноuгish, the city аt(гасtеd the amount of gо1d it hе1d in геsегVе. Gгеаt
tа1епtеd gold агtists Who сгеаtеd а Wide Vагiеtу Вгitаiп Was the Ёгst соuпtгу to adopt the
of gо1d jеWеlгу, The use of gо1d in Rome WaS gо1d Stапdагd in 1821, fо1lоWеd in the 1870s
1аtег expanded to iпс1udе hоusеhо1d items and Ьу much of the геst of Еuгоре. The syStem
fumituге in the homes of the Vегу Wеаlthу. геmаiпеd in effect until the end of the Fiгst
Duгiпg the геigп of еmрегог Constantine Wог1d wаг, аftег Which the United StateS
Was the оп1у соuпtгу Still keeping to the gold
(306-337 АD), the citizens of Rome Wоге
necklaceS that contained coins with the image stапdагd. Аftег the Wаг, соuпtгiеS Wеге а1lоWеd
of the еmрегог. As Сhгistiапitу sргеаd thгоugh to keep thеiг геSегVеS in mаjог сuггепсiеS
the Еuгореап сопtiпепt, Еuгореапs ceaSed instead of gо1d. The onset of the Gгеаt
Ьuгуiпg thеiг dead With jеWе1гу. As а геsult, Dергеssiоп mагkеd the end of the US ехрогt of
feW gold items SuгVivе fгоm the Middle АgеS, gо1d in the 1930s. Ву 1950, the US dо11аг had
except those of гоуа1tу and items Ье1опgiпg to 1агgе1у гер1асеd gold in iпtеmаtiопа1 tгаdе.
сhuгсhеs. While gо1d is ап ancient mеtа1 of Wеа1th,
1п the АmегiсаS, the skill of рге-Со1umЬiап соmmегсе and Ьеаutу, it а1sо has а пumЬег of
сultuгеs in the use of gо1d Was highly advanced unique ргорегtiеS that make it iпvаluаЬ1е in
continued >
1опg Ьеfоге the аггivа1 of the Sрапish.

Reading 81I
iпdustгу. These ргорегtiеs iпс1udе геsistапсе is eVen used in the diгесt tгеаtmепt of агthгitis
to соггоsiоп, е1есtгiса1 сопduсtivitу, ductility and оthег iпtгас.аЬ1е disеаSеs.
and mаllеаЬilitу, iпfгагеd (hеаt) геНесtivitу and The demand fог gold in iпdustгу is steady and
themal сопduсtivitу. gгоWiпg. The Supply of gо1d fгоm goVemment
Gо1d' s suрегiог е1есtгiсаl сопduсtivitу, StогеS and fгоm mining орегаtiопs is limited
mа1lеаЬilitу and геSistапсе to соггоSiоп and will геmаiп Sо. Demand fгоm iпvеstогS
haVe made it Vital to the mапufасtuге of Who Want to posses this ргесiоuS mеtа1 is
components uSed in а Wide гапgе of е1есtгiсаl stеаdу, and iпсгеаsеs duгiпg регiоds of Wогld
ргоduсts and еquiрmепt, iпс1udiпg соmрutегS, сгisis ог iпStаЬilitу. The геSult is а mагkеt With
tе1ерhопеs, mоЬilе phoneS and home а Vегу positive роtепtiаl. InveStment gо1d is
аррliапсеs. Gо1d а1sо has ехtгаогdiпагilу thегеfоге ап ехсе1lепt hedge against iпНаtiоп,
high геНесtivе роWегs that аге геliеd upon and ргоtесts eamings fог the futuге. Modem
in the Shiе1diпg that ргоtесts SpaceShips iпVеstогs сап inVeSt in gо1d in the tгаditiопа1
and Sаtе1litеS fгоm sо1аг гаdiаtiоп, and in way - Ьу рuгсhаsiпg gо1d in the fom of ЬагS ог
iпdustгiа1 and medical 1аsегS that use gо1d- coins - ог they сап tгаdе in gо1d е1есtгопiса11у,
coated геНесtогs to focus 1ight епегgу. ог Ьу inVeSting in gо1d mining ог геЕпiпg
BecauSe gо1d is Ьiоlоgiсаl1у iпасtivе, it haS соmрапiеS.
Ьесоmе а vitа1 tool fог mеdiса1 геsеагсh and

Questions 29-З4
Complete the suттагу Ьеlоw.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE wORDS fгот the passage fог each апswеr:.
wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 29-34 оп уоиг атswег shееt.

Since gold Was Ёгst fоuпd, it has гергеSепtеd ргоsрегitу and 29 . It has

Ьееп геsропSiЬ1е fог the гisе and fа11 of сultuгеS and haS 1еd to 30

iпdividuа1s and соuпtгiеS. Агсhаео1оgis.S Ье1iеvе that 31 Was the ЁгSt

р1асеWhегеgо1dWаsЁгStusеd.ТhерhагаоhsWегеvегуfопdоfgо1dапdthеЁпеагtistгуоfапсiепt

Egypt could Ье Seen in а 32 made of gоld. 33

is а distinctive fеаtuге of gо1d сгаftsmапshiр fгоm РегSiа. 1п Rоmе, gо1d jеWеl1егу adomed With

рiсtuгеS of the 34 WaS Wогп.

82 FOcusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Questions З5I40
Choose the соггесt lеttег А, В, С ог D.

wгitе уоиг апswегs in Ьохеs 3540 оп уоиг апswег shееt.


35 When the Spanish came to the АmегiсаS
А they foundnecklaces to take Ьасk to Sраiп.
В they disсоVегеd lагgе quantitieS оfgо1d in its гаw fогm.
С the 1соаl gо1dsmiths геfusеd to teach thеiг сгаft.
D the indigenous people Wеге аlгеаdу ргасtisеd in Wогkiпg with gо1d.
36 The Value оfgо1d shiе1diпg геSts upon its
А capacity to conduct е1есtгiсitу.
В аЬilitу to cast оffгаdiаtiоп.
С uSe in the tгапsfег оfепегgу.
D capacity to Withstand а Vасuum.
37 Gold haS many uSeS in the Ёе1d ofmedicine ЬесаuSе
А it doeS not геасt огgапiсаl1у.
В it а common mеtа1.
С it сап tгеаt агthгitis.
D itishighlугеНесtivе.
38 The iпtегеst in gold fог inVeStment gгоWS
А When thеге is ап iпtеmаtiопа1 еmегgепсу.
В ЬесаuSе the iпdustгiа1 useS ofgold аге iпсгеаSiпg.
С When the suрр1у fгоm mining is 1оW.
D ЬесаuSе the геSегvеs of stогеd gold аге Ёпitе.
39 Gо1d fог inveStment рuкроSеS is рорulаг ЬесаuSе
А thеге аге many diffегепt wayS in Which реор1е сап inveSt in gо1d.
В it сап guагd againSt Ёпапсiа1 uпсегtаiпtiеS in the futuге.
С the iпdustгу haS continued to moVe with the timеS.
D its valuedoeS поtdесгеаSе.
40 The most suitаЬ1е title fог the геаdiпg paSsage оп gold would Ье
А `Тhе disсоVегу and tгаditiопа1 ргорегtiеs оfgо1d'.
В `Тhе histогу оfgо1d in theWestem wогld'.
С `Тhе iпdustгiа1 and mеdiса1 uSeS оfgо1d'.
D `АhistогуоfgоldапditsusеS'.

Reading 83
READING ANsWER sнЕЕт
Pencil must Ье used to complete this Shееt.

1 21

2 22

з 23

4 24

5 25

6 26

7 27

8 28

9 29

10 30

11 з1

12 32

13 з3

14 з4

15 з5

16 з6

17 37

18 38

19 39

20 40

тоtа, l

This page may Ье photocopied Ьу the огigiпаl рuгсhаSег.

84 FОсusЁпg оп IELTs GепегаlТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

\/\/hаt is in the Wгitiпg mоdulе?


:,й==,-_<--_

"__жЁЁ_
_
FжжжЁжЁжжЁжgФЁжжgыЁы
__
_

,г_
_

You аге aSked to Wгitе а |еttег геSропdiпg to а situаtiоп.


You may have to give а dеsсгiрtiоп ог ап ехр|апаtiоп,
ехргеss а Wish fог something you Wапt, inVite Sоmеопе,
ог make а геquеSt.

You аге asked to Wгitе а геsропsе to ап opinion ог


агgumепt, регhарs ехргеssiпg уоuг oWn opinion оп the
tорiс.

60 minutes
{=if± ` Ё3B,, +LJL LL5zЁFу>:ж-гг€±g+=>Ё_ё,\
|t is suggested that you spend арргохimаtе|у 20 minutes
оп TaSk 1 and 40 minuteS оп TaSk 2.
Yоuг gгаdе оп Task 2 is wогth twice as much as уоuг
gгаdе оп TaSk 1.

150 Wогds minimum250Wогdsminimum

See dеtа.і|еd gu.іdе|.іпеS `іп FocuSing оп |ЕLТS: Reading


аг7d Wгttt.гtg sk///S (Liпdесk, GгеепWооd and О'Sullivап
2011 ) .TaSk1 : pageS 121Ц2

TaSk 2: pageS 170-206

8G Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Tips fог doing the Wг]tiпg Test
тimiпg
v You haVe а total of 60 minuteS - watch the time сагеfullу.
v Allocate аЬоut 20 minuteS fог TaSk 1 and 40 minuteS fог TaSk 2.
т You сап do Task 1 ог TaSk 2 Ёгsс.
v TaSk 2 is wогth mоге mагks than Task 1.
v ]ust Ьеfоге the hоuг is uр, spend а few minuteS checking уоuг wгitiпg.
т If you hnd а mistаkе, сгоSS out the еггог and wгitе the соггесt Vегsiоп аЬоvе it.
v Yоuг hапdwгitiпg needs to Ье с1еаг So that it is eaSy fог the ехаmiпег to uпdегstапd
What you haVe wгittеп.
v when ргерагiпg fог the tеSt, do the wгitiпg taSks uпdег teSt сопditiопS: wгitе Ьу hапd,
keep to the time limit and do not uSe diсtiопагiеS.

Make а plan
v Make а Ьгiеf р1ап Ьеfоге you Stагt Wгitiпg.
т You сап wгitе уоuг р1ап оп the question Shееt.
v А couple of miпu[еS spent оп а р1ап Will help you ргоduсе а mоге lоgiса11у Stгuсtuгеd
апsWег that deals with а11 рагts of the quеstiоп.

Апswег the question


v Рау сагеful attention to the quеStiоп.
v wгitе ап апSwег thа[ is геlеVапt to the tаsk.
v Read the queStion sеvегаl times while Wгitiпg уоuг апSwег to геmiпd уоuгSеlf what it
is аьоut.
v Make Suге that you keep со the роiпt.
v АпSWег each рагt of the quеStiоп.

рага9гарhs
v TaSk 1 should usuаl1у contain at leaSt thгее рагаgгарhs.
v TaSk 2 Should usuаl1у contain at leaSt ЁVе рагаgгарhs.
v Make the Ьеgiппiпg of а new рагаgгарh с1еаг Ьу indenting ог Ьу leaving а Ьlапk line
Ьеtwееп рагаgгарhs.
v Each рагаgгарh соVегS а sерагаtе роiпt.
v USe whole SentenceS -поtеs ог Ьullеt points аге not ассерtаЬlе.

Wгitiп9 87
Length
т If you do not Wгitе at least the minimum пumЬег of wогds fог each tаSk, you will
Ье репаlisеd.
v Do not WaSte time duгiпg the test counting the пumЬег of wогds you haVe wгittеп.
v while ргасtisiпg, you сап get ап idea of арргохimаtеlу hoW 1опg ап essay of 150 ог
250 wогds is.
v Do not сору the queStion in уоuг апSwег - а copied queStion is not included in the
оVега1l wогd соuпt.
v You do not get а Ьеttег Sсоге fог wгitiпg ап апSwег that is much 1опgег than the
minimum геquiгеmепt.

таsk 1
v You haVe to Wгitе а 1еttег dеSсгiЬiпg а situation ог ргоЬlеm of Some kiпd.
v You haVe to give ог геquеSt iпfогmаtiоп and регhарs make а Suggestion ог say what
you Will dо.
v You may ехргеsS а Viewpoint ог уоuг wisheS conceming the mаttег.
v You must dеа1 With а11 the Ьullеt points in the quеStiоп.
т If you do not fully апSwег the quеstiоп, you Will Ье репаlisеd.
т You need to uSe the fom of а lеttег, though you do not need to wгitе уоuг аddгеSs ог
the dаtе.
v At the Ьеgiппiпg of the lеttег you need to wгitе Deczr ..., (fог ехаmрlе, DGси Т;.77t ог
Dear Аппе ог Dеаг Sir).
v At the end of the lеttег you need to wгitе ап арргоргiаtе closing рhгаSе, Such as Уоиrs
Siпсегеlу ог YоигS tгиlу ог BeSt uіishеs.

таsk 2
т TaSk 2 eSSayS аге 1опgег and may геquiге mоге thought and рlаппiпg.
v You may haVe to агguе fог апd/ог against Sоmеthiпg, give уоuг oWn орiпiоп, dеsсгiЬе
а situation in уоuг соuпtгу ог Say what you think Should Ье dопе.
т Yоuг iпtгоduсtогу рагаgгарh should usually outline уоuг апswег to the sресiЁс quеStiоп.
v Yоuг main Ьоdу рагаgгарhs should expand оп theSe thоughts, соVегiпg опе main idea
in each рагаgгарh.
v You Should deVelop the ideaS and give Some details апd/ог ехаmрlеS.
т Make suге that уоuг апSWег is ге1еvапt to the actual queStion that haS Ьееп aSked - if
the queStion containS the wогd `епViгопmепt', fог ехаmрlе, do not Simply Stагt wгitiпg
аЬоut pollution ог climate сhапgе.

88 Fосusiпg оп lELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


v Тгу to vагу the 1епgth and Stгuсtuге of уоuг sепtепсеS.
v Do not ехрегimепt With Vегу 1опg Sentences if you аге not Suге of уоuг gгаmmаг.
v Тгу to uSe а wide гапgе of vосаЬulагу.
v Yоuг Ёпа1 рагаgгарh сап Ье quite Shогt and may summагisе уоuг апSwег, Ьut do not
Simply гереаt the wогds of уоuг opening рагаgгарh.

Assessment сгitегiа
1п each task you аге assesSed using the following fоuг сгitегiа: апswегiпg the quеStiоп,
соhегепсе and соhеSiоп, VосаЬulагу, and gгаmmаг.

Апswегiпg the question


The ехаmiпег will aSseSS to What extent you haVe апSwегеd а11 рагts of the queStion in the
соггесt fогmаt and how much detail you haVe ргоVidеd.
1п TaSk 1 you need to explain why you аге Wгitiпg the lеttег, and the tone needs to
Ье conSistent and арргоргiаtе. Fог ехаmрlе, if you аге wгitiпg а lеttег [о а fгiепd, you
Would uSe ап iпfогmаl, fгiепdlу stуlе, whегеаS if you аге wгiсiпg а lеttег of complaint to
а company ог gоVегпmепt Ьоdу, you would use mоге fогmаl vосаЬulагу and а fогmаl
Stгuсtuге.
1п Task 2 you need to ргоVidе геlеVапt, detailed агgumепts and idеаS. Тhеге should Ье
а concluding рагаgгарh.

Соhегепсе and coheSion


Yоuг апsWег needs to floW So that it is а stгuсtuгеd piece of Wгitiпg гаthег than just а
пumЬег of unconnected SепtепсеS. This meanS that you need to uSe sеquепсегs, геfегепсiпg,
SuЬstitutiоп and 1iпkiпg dеViсеS, and you need to аггапgе the iпfогmаtiоп lоgiсаllу. Тhеге
must Ье а sufЁсiепt пumЬег of рагаgгарhs and you should stагt а neW рагаgгарh fог each
Sерагаtе роiпt.

VосаЬи|агу
You should tгу to use а гапgе of vосаЬulагу that is арргоргiаtе to the type of wгitiпg, and
to dеmопStгаtе а capacity to рагарhгаSе. Соггесt sре1liпg is imрогtапt. You сап use еithег
Вгitish English ог Аmегiсап English Sре1liпg, Ьut it Should Ье сопSistепt. It is not а good
idea to use а lot of Vегу 1опg and unuSual Wогds, aS it is eaSy to uSe them Wгопglу.

Gгаттаг
Yоuг wгitiпg is aSsessed оп the Vагiеtу of gгаmmаtiсаl stгuсtuгеs uSed and hoW ассuгаtе
they аге. You сап get а highег Sсоге if you uSe complex stгuс[uгеs With suЬогdiпаtе clauSes
гаthег than оп1у Shогt, Simple sепtепсеS. Punctuation is aSSesSed aS рагt of gгаmmаг.

Wгjtihg 89
Wгitiп9 теst 1
Wгitiпg таsk 1
You Should Spend аЬоut 20 minuteS оп this tаSk.

Мои погтаIIу tгаvеI to wогk Ьу tгаiп, Ьиt the гаilwау tiтеtаЬIе has Ьееп changed
and the tгаiп уои usuaIIy took по Iопgег stops at уоиг stаtiоп.
Wгitе а Iеttег to the гаilwау аuthогitiеs. In уоиг Iеttег:
• iпtгоdисе уоuгsеIf and say how уои used to tгаvеI Ьу tгаiп
• dеsсгiЬе the ргоЬIетs the new tiтеtаЬIе causes уои
• say what уои want the гаilwау аuthогitiеs to dо.

wгitе at leaSt 150 wогds.


You do NOT need to wгitе апу аddгеSSеs.
Begin уоuг 1еttег aS fоllоWS:

Dеаг Siг/Маdаm,

9О Fосu§iпg Оп IElTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Wгitiпg таsk 2
You Should Spend аЬоut 40 minuteS оп this tаSk.
wгitе аЬоut the following tорiс:

some peopIe think that the gоvегптепt shouId рау опе of the рагепts of vегу young
сhildгеп to stay at home to Iook аftег thеiг сhildгеп.
What do уои think would Ье the advantages and disadvantages of this роIiсу?

Give геаSопS fог уоuг апSWег and include апу геlеVаm exampleS fгоm уоuг oWn knowledge
ог ехрегiепсе.
Wгitе at leaSt 250 Wогds.

Аftег уои haUe completed this ргасtiсе tеst, check pages 166-7 of the апsuіег hey for а
Sample геsропSе.

Wгitiпg 91
Wгitiпg теst 2
Wг]tiпg таsk 1
You Should spend аЬоut 20 minuteS оп this tаSk.

Wou гесепtlу moved to а new аddгеss. You want to teII а fгiепd who Iives in апоthег
city аЬоut уоиг new hоте.
Wгitе а Iеttег to уоиг fгiепd. In уоиг Iеttег:
• expIain why уои moved
• dеsсГiЬе уоиг new home
• invite yоuгfгiепd to visit уоu.

wгitе at leaSt 150 wогds.


You do NOT need to wгitе апу аddгеSSеS.
Begin уоuг lеttег as fо1lоWS:

Dеаг ...'

92 Focusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Wгitiпg таsk 2
You should spend аЬоut 40 minuteS оп this tаSk.
wгitе аЬоut [hе following tорiс:

PeopIe should Ье епсоuгаgеd to do Iеisuге activities such as mountain сIiтЬiпg


ог sailing aIone гоuпd the wогId, even though these activities тау Ье dапgегоus,
Ьесаиsе this will heIp to deveIop thеiг соuгаgе and сопfidепсе.
Tio what ех1епt do уои аgгее ог d-Isаgгее with this орiпiоп?

Give геаSопs fог уоuг апSwег and include апу геlеVапt examples fгоm уоuг own knowledge
ог ехрегiепсе.
wгitе at leaSt 250 wогds.

Аftег уои haUe completed this ргасtiсе tеSt, chech pageS 167-8 of the апSшег key for а
Sample геSропsе.

Wгitiпg 93
Wгitiпg теst з
Wгitiпg таsk 1
You should Spend аЬоut 20 minuteS оп this tаsk.

Мои аге going to tгаvеI аЬгоаd fог two months and while уои аге away а fгiепd
would Iike to Iive in уоиг арагtтепt. Wгitе to the оwпег of the арагtтепt expIaining
the situаtiоп.
1п уоиг Iеttег:
• expIain that уои аге going to tгаvеI аЬгоаd
• dеscгiЬе уоиг fгiепd and say why hе/shе would Ье а good tenant
• ask whеthегthе оwпег will аgгееtо this.

Wгitе at leaSt 150 Wогds.


You do NOT need to wгitе апу аddгеSsеs.
Begin уоuг lеttег as fоllоwS:

Dеаг Siг/Маdаm,

94 FocusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпjпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Wгitiпg таsk 2
You Should Spend аЬоut 40 minuteS оп this tаSk.
wгitе аЬоut the folloWing tорiс:

Some peopIe ЬеIiеvе that having а pet such as а cat ог а dog heIps oId peopIe to
have а тоге епjоyаЬIе Iife and to stay hеаIthiег.
How do уои think oId peopIe Ьепеfit fгот having а реt?
Do уои think thеге аге апу ргоЬIетs in oId peopIe having а реt?

Give геаsопS fог уоuг апSWег and include апу геlеVапt exampleS fгоm уоuг oWn knowledge
ог ехрегiепсе.
Wгitе at 1еаSt 250 Wогds.

Аftег уои haUe comPleted this ргасtiсе tеSt, check pages 168-9 of the апsиіег key fог а
Sample геsропSе.

WгЕtiпg 95
Wгitiп9 теst 4
Wгitiпg таsk 1
You Should spend аЬоut 20 minuteS оп this tаSk.

You геоепtly вhапgеd jОЬs, and уои want to teII а регsоп who уои used to wогk with
аЬоиt уоиг change of jоЬ.
Wгitе а Iеttег to that регsоп. In уоиг Iеttег:
• dеsсгiЬе уоиг пеwjоЬ
• expIain whеthег уои think it was а good idea to change jоЬs
• suggestthat уои meet again sооп.

wгitе at 1еаSt 150 Wогds.


You do NOT need to wгitе апу аddгеsSеS.
Begin уоuг lеttег as fоllоws:

Dеаг...,

96 FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Wгitiпg таsk 2
You should Spend аЬоut 40 minuteS оп this tаSk.
wгitе аЬоut the fоl1оwiпg tорiс:

In some соипtгiеs peopIe who have high incomes рау vегу high tахеs.
What аге the advantages and disadvantages of this fог iпdiv-IduаIs and fог the
соипtгу as а whоIе?

Give геаSопS fог уоuг апSwег and include апу геlеVапt examples fгоm уоuг own knowledge
ог ехрегiепсе.
wгitе at leaSt 250 wогds.

Аftег уои haUe completed this ргасtiсе tеSt, check pageS 170-1 of the апsuіег key fог а
sample геsропsе.

Wгitiпg 97
What is in the speaking mоdulе?
This teSt is the Same fог Academic and Gепегаl Тгаiпiпg сапdidаtеS.

11 to 14 minutes

The SpeakingTeSt is погmаIIу the IaSt рагt of the IELTS tеSt. |t


is conducted as а fасе-tо-fасе iпtегViеW and is гесогdеd,

Тhеге аге thгее рагts to the tеst. Each рагt has а diffегепt
fогmаt.
Рагt 1: |пtгоduсtiоп and iпtегviеW
(4 to 5 miпutеS)
Fiгst the ехаmiпег gгееts you and checks уоuг |D.
Then the ехаmiпег asks you questions аЬоut уоuгsе|f,
fог ехаmр|е, аЬоut whеге you |ivе, уоuг wогk, studу,
iпtегеSts and оthег fаmiliаг tорiсS. These topics may
iпс|udе mаttегs such aS fооd, tгаVе| and епtегtаiпmепt.
Рагt 2: |пdividuа| Iong tuгп
(3 to 4 miпutеS)
You have to tа|k аЬоut а topic connected to уоuг own
ехрегiепсе. The ехаmiпег hands you а сагd with the
topic оп it and giveS you some рарег and а репсiі to
make поtеs. You haVe опе minute to геаd the сагd and
think аЬоut What уоu'ге going to sау, then the ехаmiпег
asks you to tа|k fог опе to two miпutеs. The ехаmiпег
tе||s you When to Stор. Аftег you haVe fiпishеd, the
ехаmiпег might ask you опе ог two fо||оW-uр quеstiопs.
Рагt З: DiscussiOn
(4 to 5 miпutеs)
The ехаmiпег engageS you in а discussion аЬоut topics
that haVe the same gепега| theme aS Рагt 2, Ьut the
questions аге of а gепега1 гаthег than а регsопа| паtuге.
Some questions аге сопсгеtе, оthегs аге mоге аЬstгасt.
Fог dеtа.і|еd ехр|апаt.іоп See FocuSing оп lЕLТS: Listening and
sреаkt.г7g sk;.//s (ТhuгIоW and О'Sullivап 2011 ) pageS 65-76.

See detailed guidе|iпеS in 'Sреаkiпg stгаtеgiеs and skills',


Focusing оп |ЕL:ТS: Listening and Speaking skills (Гhиг|оw and
О'Sullivап 2011 ), pageS 77-126.

1IОО FocusEng оп IELTs GепегаIТгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Tips fог doing the Sреаk]пg Test
1п the Speaking Test the ехаmiпег has to fо1lоw а Stапdагd stгuсtuге and aSk а sегiеs of
quеs[iопs. It is ап оррогtuпitу fог you [о Show how good уоuг Spoken English is, So it's
Ьеt[ег to give detailed апsWегS гаthег than vегу Shогt апSWегS. It'S погmаl to feel пегvоuS
duгiпg the iпtегViеW, So you dоп't need to tell the ехаmiпег that уоu'ге пегVоus ог [hаt you
need а good Sсоге. The topicS used in а11 рагts of the Speaking TeSt аге choSen so that the
аvегаgе регsоп сап talk аЬоut them Without much difЁсultу.

рагt 1
v Listen сагеfullу to the questions and tгу to give ге1еvапt апswегS.
v If you dоп't uпdегStапd а quеStiоп, you сап ask the ехаmiпег to гереаt it.
v If thеге's а Wогd you dоп't uпdегstапd, you сап ask the ехаmiпег to explain it.

рагt 2
v Listen as the ехаmiпег геаds out уоuг tорiс.
v If you dоп't like the topic that you аге given ог you dоп't knoW much аЬоut it, you Still
haVe to talk аЬоu[ it.
v Read the сапdidаtе'S сагd сагеfullу.
v Dеtегmiпе whеthег you аге Ьеiпg aSked to talk аЬоut Something that happened in the
раst, ог аЬоut а Situation now ог something that may happen in the futuге.
v USe the minute to ргераге Ьу making а feW noteS аЬоut what you аге going to sау.
v USe the арргоргiаtе tenSeS fог the сопtехt.
v while you tаlk, you сап 1ооk at уоuг own noteS and the сапdidаtе's сагd to геmiпd
уоuгsеlf of What you Wanted to Sау.
v Dоп'с wоггу аЬоut the сimе -thе ехаmiпег will Stop you аftег the two minutes аге uр.

рагt з
v Аftег the monologue of the individual 1опg tuгп in Рагt 2, the ехаmiпег Will ask you а
SегiеS of quеstiопs.
v If you dоп't uпdегstапd а quеStiоп, you сап ask the ехаmiпег to сlагifу it.
v Yоuг English is Ьеiпg аsSеSSеd, not уоuг kпоwlеdgе.
v If you Say things thac аге not tгuе ог not factually соггесt, you Will not Ье репаlisеd.

speaking 101
Assessment сгitегiа
You аге aSSeSSed оп fоuг сгitегiа: дuепсу and соhегепсе, vосаЬulагу, gгаmmаг and
ргопuпсiаtiоп.

FIuency and соhегепсе


v Тгу to keep Speaking withоu[ а lot of heSitation ог гереtitiоп.
т Connect sentenceS and ideaS So that thеге is а Smooth доw to what you say and it
makeS sепsе.

VосаЬиIагу
v USe VосаЬulагу ассuгаtеlу, ПехiЬlу and арргоргiаtеlу.
v USe рагарhгаSе and idiomatic 1апguаgе.
v You аге not expected to Speak in а fогmа1 Stу1е ог to uSe academic vосаЬulагу.
v You сап gain а highег sсоге if you go Ьеуопd ЬаSiс VосаЬulагу and сап uSe Some leSS
common wогds and ехргеSsiопs соггесtlу.

Gгаттаг
т Use а Vагiеtу of gгаmmаtiса1 StгuсtuгеS ассuгаtеlу.
v You сап get а highег sсоге Ьу using complex SentenceS With SuЬогdiпаtе clauses гаthег
than оп1у shогt, simple SепtепсеS.

Ргопипсiаtiоп
v Speak с1еаг1у and uSe fеаtuгеS of Spoken language (stгеss, intonation and гhуthm) to
communicate еffесtivе1у.
v This includes ргопuпсiаtiоп at the leVel of individual wогds and of SепtепсеS.
т If you Speak Vегу quiсklу, it may Ье difЁсult to uпdегStапd you at timеs, which Will
affect уоuг mагk.
v If you speak Vегу sloWly ог heSitate а lоt, thеге will not Ье SuШсiепt connected speech
fог the fеаtuгеS of good ргопuпсiаtiоп to арреаг.

102 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


SampIe speaking tests
1п this Section full tгапSсгiрts аге ргоVidеd fог the thгее соmр1еtе гесогdеd Sample Speaking
tests оп the CD that accompanieS this Ьооk. The topicS and queStions uSed in theSe
гесогdеd Sample teSts аге given ЁгSt, So you сап also ргасtisе giving уоuг oWn апSwегS to
these questionS and соmраге уоuг апSWегS to thoSe given Ьу the гесогdеd сапdidаtеS. Ап
analySis of the регfогmапсе of each of the thгее candidateS сап Ье found in the апswег key
at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
The гесогdеd Sample Speaking teSts аге folloWed Ьу six complete ргасtiсе Speaking
tеsts. The queStionS оп1у fог theSe tests аге оп the СD. Fог theSe ргасtiсе tеSts, you Should
listen and pauSe аftег each queStion So you сап ргасtisе апSwегiпg it. If you Wогk With а
Study рагtпег, уоuг Study рагtпег сап геаd the queStionS fог you to апSwег. You may Ёпd it
uSeful to гесогd уоuг own апSwегS and then listen to and analyse уоuг own регfогmапсе.
RеmеmЬег that in the IELTS tеst, the ехаmiпег will SometimeS aSk you `fоllоW-uр'
queStionS аftег you haVe геSропdеd -quеstiопS Such as `whу?' ог `whу поt?' ог `Сап you
tell me а Ьit mоге аЬоut thаt?' You сап hеаг this in the гесогdеd Sаmр1е Speaking tests and
See it in the tгапSсгiрts. when you апSwег the questionS in the ргасtiсе Speaking tеsts, tгу
to give mоге iпfогmаtiоп, aS if ап ехаmiпег had aSked you а fоllоw-uр quеstiоп.

speaking 1ОЗ
SampIe speaking test
when уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аftег уои hеаг each question уои should ргеss `раиsе' and
апswег the queStion Ьеfоге going оп to the next quеstiоп.
CD З . Тг@сk 1

Рагt 1 Iпtгоduсtiоп and iпtегviеW


Не11о. Could you say уоuг full паmе, р1еаSе?
And сап I See уоuг раSsрогt?
Thank уоu. NоW, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеst, I'd 1ikе to aSk you Some queStionS аЬоut уоuгsеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut what you dо.


Why did you decide to study Епg1ish?
Is it ап iпtегеstiпg suЬjесt to Studу?
Do you haVe р1апS to do fuгthег Studу?

NoW 1еt'S go оп to the topic of геаdiпg mаgаziпеS.


What kinds of magazines аге рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
why do some реор1е ргеfег to геаd magazineS гаthег than Ьооks?
Сап you 1еаm anything fгоm mаgаZiпеs?

NoW I'd 1ikе to tа1k to you аЬоut dгiпks.


What аге some of the moSt рорulаг dгiпks in уоuг соuпtгу?
Аге thеге апу dгiпks that реор1е haVe at Sресiа1 timеS?
Аге thеге апу hot dгiпks that you 1ikе?
What do you think аге che healthiest dгiпks?

Рагt 2 Individual 1опg tum


NoW We haVe the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut а topic
and I'd 1ikе you to tа1k аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you stагt, you сап haVe опе minute
to think аЬоut What you аге going to sау. If you Want tо, you сап make Some поtеs. Do you
uпdегStапd? Неге'S Some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге'S уоuг tорiс.

I'd like you to dеsсhЬе а houSe ог ап арагtmепt that you haVe 1ivеd in and Which you likеd.

1IО4 FОсu$iпg Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеSспЬе а houSe ог ап арагtmепt you haVe IіVеd In and whісh you |ikеd.
You Should Sау:

When you |ivеd thеге


how it |ооkеd inSide
What kind of агеа it WaS in

and explajn Why you |ikеd lMng thеге.

А11гight?RеmеmЬегуоuсапtа1kfогопеtоtwоmiпutеs.1'11tе1lуоuWhепthеtimеisuр.Соuld
you Stагt Speaking поW, р1еаSе?
А11 гi8ht' thank уоu.

Рагt 3 Discussion
А11 гight, thank уоu. Yоu'vе Ьееп talking аЬоut а houSe ог ап арагtmепt you have 1ivеd iп, and
__ ____ т _
noW I want to discuSS аfеWmогеgепега1quеstiопSсоппесtеdtоthis.Fiгstlу,lеt'S1ookаtЁпdiпg
а р1асе to livе.

HoW do реор1е usuа1lу Ёпd а р1асе to live in уоuг соuпtгу?


What fасtогs do you think dеtегmiпе Whеге реор1е chooSe to livе?
What is it 1ikе to live in ап арагtmепt соmрагеd to 1iviпg in а hоuSе?

Lеt'S noW 1ооk at home оWпегShiр.


Do moSt реор1е гепt thеiг homeS ог oWn thеiг homeS Whеге уоu'ге fгоm?
СоuldуоuсоmрагеthеаttitudеsоfSоmеопеWhо'SгепtiпgаhоmеапdsоmеопеWhооWпSthеiг
oWn hоmе?
Should the goVemment hе1р реор1е Ьuу thеiг oWn hоmеS?

Lеt's noW 1ооk at геSidепtiаl агеаS.


Why do you think Some геsidепtiа1 агеаS аге mоге pleaSant to 1ivе in than оthегs?
Could you соmраге 1iviпg in the сепtге of the city and in а suЬuгЬап агеа?
WhаtагеthеЬепеЁtsоfр1аппiпgагеSidепtiаlагеаЬеfОгереор1еStагtliviпgthеге?

Thank you vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking Теst.

speakEng 1IО5
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

SampIe speaking tеst: Candidate 1


Ехаmiпег: Good аftегпооп. Сап I haVe уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?

CD З . Тгасk 2
Сапdidаtе: HaSan Сап YukseL
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight, and сап I See уоuг раsSрогt, рlеаSе?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, suге.
Ехаmiпег: Thank уоu. Тhаt'S Ёпе. Uh, поw, in the ЁгSt раг[ of the tеSt, I'd like to aSk you
Some queStionS аЬоut уоuгSеlf. Um, lеt'S talk аЬоut what you dо. Аге you а
Studепt, ог do you haVe а jоЬ?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, I am а studепt. I'm а student in English сlаSS.
Ехаmiпег: And why did you decide to Study Епglish?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, Ьеfоге, ЬесаuSе I want to study in МаStегS, at МаStегS ргоgгаm, ег, thаt's
why I have to Study English and I haVe to get а IELTS sсоге. Тhаt'S Why I study
Епglish.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. IS it ап iпtегеstiпg SuЬjесt to Studу?
сапdidаtе: Yеаh. It's, ег, 1Т, my Studу, ег . . .
Ехаmiпег: Yоuг МаstегS?
сапdidаtе: Yеаh, my МаStегS, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: Оh, ОК. And why did you decide to study m
сапdidаtе: Ег, Ьесаusе I 1ikе technology апd, ег, you know 1Т is, ег, геlаtеd аЬоut
iпfогmаtiоп and management реор1е. Тhаt's whу.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Um, now lеt'S go оп to the topic of геаdiпg mаgаZiпеS. Um, what kinds of
magazineS аге рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, gоSsiр, ег, magazineS рорulаг in my соuпtгу асtuа1lу апd, ег, and also those
poSt mаgаziпе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. So why do Some реор1е ргеfег to геаd magazines гаthег than Ьооks?
Сапdidаtе: BecauSe mаgаZiпеS, ег, haS а hot topic and еh, еh, ег, thаt'S the реор1е iпtегеStеd
in this goSsip ог sрогts ргоgгаm. Тhаt'S why the реор1е ргеfег to mаgаziпеS.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. And сап you lеагп fгоm mаgаziпеS?
Сапdidаtе: Uh, Sоггу?
Ехаmiпег: Сап you lеагп fгоm mаgаziпеS?
Сапdidаtе: Nо, I ... I ргеfег to пеWSрарег to геаd.
Ехаmiпег: whу'S thаt? why is thаt? why do you ргеfег to геаd пеwsрарегS?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, ЬесаuSе, ег, my fгSt dеgгее is есопоmу. I haVe tо, ег, leam to economy neWS
and thаt'S Why and I dоп't iпtегеSt goSsip and sрогt асtivitiеs.
Ехаmiпег: Sо, do you often геаd mаgаziпеs?
Сапdidа.е: Nо.

106 Focusing oh IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


Ехаmiпег: ОК.
Сапdidаtе: No I dоп't геаd оftеп.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Um, now I'd like to talk to уоu, um, аЬоut dгiпks.
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh.
Ехаmiпег: what аге some of the moSt рорulаг dгiпks in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: 1п my соuпtгу is mорulаг, еh, moSt рорulаг dгiпks is Sресiа1 Тuгkish dгiпks is
аlсоhоl, еh, it's, ег, we са11 dгаku. It'S, ег, hаs, ег, high lеVе1 of alcohol iпSidе.
Ехаmiпег: Uh-huh, ОК.
Сапdidаtе: And Ьеег, аlsо.
Ехаmiпег: Right. Аге thеге апу dгiпks that реор1е have at Sресiа1 timеs.)
Сапdidаtе: Um, уеs, ЬiгthdауS ог Some сеlеЬгаtеS, ег, New Yеаг сеlеЬгаtеs, реор1е ргеfег
to dгiпk.
Ехаmiпег: Мm. Right. ОК. Um, аге thеге апу hot dгiпks that you likе?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, Wе, ег, dгiпk а tea Ьut hоt. Ег, we ргеfег to hot tеа, not iced tea and coffee
as wеll.
Ехаmiпег: Мm. ОК. Апd, um, what do you think аге the hеа1thiеst dгiпks? what do you
think аге the healthieSt dгiпks?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, I like healthieSt dгiпks, еSресiаl1у milk, um, уеаh, ег, уеаh, ].ust milk I thiпk.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. А11 гight. Wеll, now We have the second рагt of the Speaking Теst. I'm
going to give you а сагd аЬоut а tорiс, and I'd 1ikе you to tа1k аЬоut it fог опе
to two miпutеS. ВеfОге you stагt, you сап have опе minute to think аЬоut what
you аге going to sау, and if you Want tо, you сап make some поtеS.
Сапdidаtе: Mm hm.
Ехаmiпег: Do you uпdегStапd?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, I uпdегstапd.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. So hеге'S Some рарег and а pencil fог making поtеS, and hеге'S уоuг
tорiс.
Сапdidаtе: Thank уоu.
Ехаmiпег: I'd 1ikе you to dеsсгiЬе а houSe ог ап арагtmепt you have lived in and which
you 1ikеd.

You сап see the сапdidаtе'S сагd for this SPeaking test Оп Page 105 .

Сапdidаtе: Ег, I Wanna ...


Ехаmiпег: А11 гight, So геmеmЬег, you сап tа1k fог опе to two miпutеs, and 1'11 tell you
when the time is uр. Right? Сап you stагt speaking поw, р1еаSе?
Сапdidаtе: ОК. I Will dеSсгiЬе mу, ег, арагtmепts in my соuпtгу. Еh, it'S, аh, ооh, my
арагtmепts haS а, ег, eight lеvеl, eight flоог, and We lived iп, ег, seventh доог,

speaking 107
and I 1ikе, I like it ЬесаuSе this арагtmепts hаS, ег, а lot оf, ег, ег, sоmе, ег, We
haVe а Swimming роо1 and tennis соuгts, ег, it haS а lots of fасilitу, ег, fог, ег,
social 1ifе апd, ег, I used tо, ег, I uSed to Ьоth of thеm. Апd, um, wе, ег, оuг
арагtmепts is, ег, in IstапЬul in Тuгkеу, апd, ег, it'S, ег, it haS а, ег, оuг home
flаt, ег, hаS, ег, thгее гооms апd, ег, has а hugе, геа11у huge kitchen and my
mum асtuаllу, ег, like it, like the huge kitchen апd, um, it's, ег, Vегу с1оSе to
оuг shop and we сап go Ьу Wаlkiпg. It'S, ег, апd, ег, this is, ег, this hоuSе, this
арагtmепts, ег, а lit[1е, ег, SuЬuгЬ, little fаг to сепtге in IstапЬul, Ьut I 1ikе it, it'S
not сгоwdеd. Оuг агеа's so quiet and the реор1е is, ег, elite реор1е апd, ег, оuг
пеighЬоuгS also is, ег, kind peoples and we talking to пеighЬоuгs, ег, а1Wауs
апd, ег, we visit each оthег fогgоt my neigh . . . ouг пеighЬоuгs апd, ег, We have а
good ге1аtiоп in оuг арагtmепts.
Ехаmiпег: Sо, is уоuг home Similаг to moSt оthег placeS in the агеа?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, 1ittlе diffегепt, not Similаг, little diffегепt, а 1ittlе, ег, high quality than the
оthегs.
Ехаmiпег: And has that агеа changed Since you ЁгSt 1ivеd thеге?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, it's changed ЬесаuSе, ег, this, ег, Ьuildiпg, this арагtmепts, ег, Ьuilt,
ег, Sеvегаl уеагs аgо, mауЬе, ег, Seven уеагs аgо, and аftег the Ёпishеd this
арагtmепts, it'S сhапgеd, this агеа is сhапgеd.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight, thank уоu. Yоu'vе Ьееп tаlkiпg, um, аЬоut а house ог ап арагtmепt
you haVe lived iп, and noW I want to discusS а feW mоге gепега1 questions
connected to this. Um, Ёгstlу, lеt's look at Ёпdiпg а р1асе to livе. Um, hoW do
реор1е usually Ёпd а р1асе to live in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: Ег, the реор1е, ег, Ёпd а quiet р1асе to live in my соuпtгу ЬесаuSе the сепtге is So
сгоWdеd and so поisу. The реор1е ргеfег to quiet р1асе.
Ехаmiпег: And what оthег fасtогs do you think dеtегmiпе whеге реор1е chooSe to livе?
Сапdidаtе: Оthегs, ег, I think main fасtог is, ег, thеiг ].оЬS, the реорlе'S jоЬS ЬесаuSе it'S, ег,
геа11у Ьig ргоЬlеm in [hе, ег, mеtгоро1 сitiеs, ег, the tгаfЁс you kпоW, 1оts of сагs
and сгоWdеd. You must go еаг1у еvегу time and this is оthег fасtог fог choose
thеiг арагtmепts.
Ехаmiпег: Right. А11 гight, and сап you соmраге fог mе, Sау, in IstапЬul, um, liviпg, what
it'S like to live in ап арагtmепt соmрагеd to living in а hоuSе?
Сапdidаtе: Ah уеаh. Ег, my арагtmепt hаS, I like my арагtmепts, Ьut, ег, 1, ег, wants to 1ivе,
ег, ег, good Viеw, haS а good VieW арагtmепts and mауЬе hе, ег, I . . . when I look
at the windoW I сап See а осеап ог гivег ог like this ог lаkе.
Ехаmiпег: Вut, gепега11у, what аге the diffегепсеS Ьеtwееп 1iviпg in ап арагtmепt and
living in а hоuSе, Sау, in а city 1ikе IstапЬul?
Сапdidаtе: Аh, it'S too diffегепt, it'S too diffегепt. Ег, in IstапЬul the реор1е gепега11у
live in the арагtmепt, Ьut if you live in the hоuSеS, ег, you hаvе, ег, not good

1lО8 FOcusEng оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


геlаtiопShiрS fог thеiг пеighЬоuгs. BecauSe it'S diffегепt in Тuгkеу. Ег, if you live
арагtmепt you сап get еаSilу, ег, а fгiепd and yeah it'S advantage fог make а
good геlаtiопShiрS.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Um, lеt'S now look аt, um, home оwпегShiр. Um, do most реор1е гепt thеiг
homes ог own thеiг homeS Whеге уоu'ге fгоm?
Сапdidаtе: 1п Тuгkеу, еh, moSt реор1е, еh, Ьuу а hоmе, not гепt ЬесаuSе this, ег, оuг home
ргiсеS is поt, ег, high. IS quite сhеар, and you сап get eaSily а hоmе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК.
Сапdidаtе: BecauSe the реор1е ргеfег to Ьuу, Ьuуiпg а hоmе.
Ехаmiпег: Right. Sо, what do you think the diffегепсе would Ье? what аге the diffегепt
attitudes Ьеtwееп Someone whо'S гепtiпg а home and Someone who oWns [hеiг
own hоmе? Whаt'S thеiг attitude tоwагds that hоmе? Do you think thеге'S а
diffегепсе Ьеtwееп а гепtег and ап оwпег?
Сапdidаtе: Yеs, ег, thеге аге lots of advantage ог disаdvап[аgе, ег, the гепt ог оwпег and if
you гепt а hоuSе, you сап, еh, you must, ег, mоViпg, еh, you сап Ье moVed оthег
placeS and alwayS you must Ье геаdу to mоVе, уеS. But if you own the hоuSе,
thе, ег, опе disadvantageS oWn the hоuSе, you сап, you livе, alwayS you 1ivе
the Same р1асе and you пеVег change in уоuг tiгеmепt, and а11 the Sаmе, а11 the
реор1е the Sаmе.
Ехаmiпег: Right.
Сапdidаtе: But if уоu'ге а гепtег you сап change and you сап get neW fгiепds, you сап See а
new р1асе.
Ехаmiпег: Right. Right, well lеt'S now look аt, um, геSidепtiаl агеаs. Um, why do you
think it is that some агеаS, Some геSidепtiаl агеаs, аге mоге р1еаSапt to live in
than оthегS?
Сапdidаtе: Моге?
Ехаmiпег: Моге рlеаSап[ to 1ivе iп.
Сапdidаtе: Ег, ЬесаuSе the ег, геSidепсе, геsidепtiаl агеаS, is ег, uh ег, it's поt, ег, геа11у it's
not in Тuгkеу, it'S поt, ег, mауЬе it'S, ег, fог, ег, dеVеlор, developed соuпtгiеS, it's
поt, ег, fог developing соuпtгiеS, `саuSе it'S diffегепt. Um, actually we haVe по,
ег, We haVe по опе сепtге, and We haVe по геsidепсе агеаs. А11 this you сап go
and Sее, you сап Stау.
Ехаmiпег: Right, Ьut I guesS is опе агеа пiсег than апоthег агеа?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh.
Ехаmiпег: So What makes that агеа пiсег?
Сапdidаtе: Ah пiсег, ег. It's уеаh, it'S, if it'S пеаг the сепtге, it'S iп, ег, if it'S, ег, you сап, ег,
get еаSilу, ег, tгапSрогt, tгапsрогtаtiоп, it'S, ег, and you сап go еVегуWhеге. It'S
the сепtге likе, um, it'S the реор1е ргеfег the like the Safe агеаS.

speaking 109
Ехаmiпег: Sо, сопvепiепсе?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, сопVепiепсе.
Ехаmiпег: Righ[, ОК. wеll, thank you Vегу muсh. Тhаt's the end of the Speaking ТеSt.
Сапdidаtе: еаh, thank уоu.

See the апSшег key оп pages 171-3 fог ап analysis of this сапdidаtе'S регfогтапсе.

sampIe speaking tеst: Candidate 2


Ехаmiпег: Good аftегпооп. Could I have уоuг full паmе, р1еаsе?

CD З . Тгасk З
Сапdidаtе: Good аftегпооп. Му full name is Luo Хiаоjiпg; that is my Chinese паmе.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. And сап I See уоuг раSSрогt, рlеаSе?
Сапdidаtе: ОК. Неге you аге.
Ехаmiпег: Thank уоu. Тhаt's Ёпе. Nоw, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеst, I'd like to ask you Some
questionS аЬоut уоuгSеlf. Аh, lеt'S tа1k аЬоut what you dо. Аге you а Student ог
do you haVe а ].оЬ?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, I'm а Student поw. I haVe the language соuгsе is in Масquагiе and then I
Will going to have the МаStег of Соmmегсе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Апd, ег, why did you decide [о do а МаStегS of Соmmегсе?
Сапdidаtе: Мm. Um, ЬесаuSе I thiпk, if I сап gain the МаStег dеgгее mауЬе I will give а
good jоЬ in Сhiпа. And I will haVe а mоге оррогtuпitу, uh, to get а good рау
jоЬ which is mоге арреаliпg.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. Um, lаtег in life do you want to study something е1Sе?
Сапdidаtе: Sоггу?
Ехаmiпег: Lаtег in life do you want to Study Something еlsе?
Сапdidаtе: YеS, of соuгSе. CauSe I think Study is, uh, is Ьеttег to me апd, uh, I thiпk, uh,
I . . . I will continue my StudieS thгоughоut my lifе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Аh, now lеt'S go оп to the topic of геаdiпg mаgаZiпеS. Um, what kinds of
magazineS аге рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: МауЬе the magazine аЬоut the suрегstагs such aS movie Stаг, uh, TV Stаг апd,
uh, the Siпgег, the famouS Siпgег. Um, а lot of уоuпgег реор1е 1ikе to See the
magazine аЬоut it.
Ехаmiпег: Right. Um, Why do some реор1е ргеfег to геаd magazineS гаthег than Ьооks?
Сапdidаtе: Мm. I think опе of the геаsоп is that in mаgаziпеs, um, the реор1е сап See а lot
of рiсtuгеS then соlоuгful and I think it'S fапtаStiс.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. Сап you leam much fгоm mаgаziпеs?
Сапdidаtе: Оh, Sоmеthiпg. You сап gain Some iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut the magazine Ьut I thiпk,
um, I Will . . . I will not Spend а lot of time to See the mаgаziпе.

11О FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Ехаmiпег: ОК. Do you often геаd mаgаziпеS?
Сапdidаtе: Nо, not оftеп.
Ехаmiпег: Right, um, noW I'd 1ikе to tа1k to you аЬоut dгiпks. Um, what аге the moSt
рорulаг dгiпks in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: Веег, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: Yеаh, ОК.
Сапdidаtе: Апd, uh, mауЬе Соса-Со1а, Ьut I dislike it. I always dгiпk the огапgеу Wаtег
апd, uh, just dгiпk the Wаtег.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. Um, аге thеге апу dгiпks that реор1е haVe at Special timеS?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, уеаh, uh, I think mауЬе in the рагtiеS Such aS Ьiгthdау рагtу ог апу, uh,
се1еЬгаtiоп kind of рагtу, the реор1е Will dгiпk а lot of such аs, uh, Ьеег and апу
аlсоhо1, alcohol wаtег. Yеаh, а1соhоl dгiпk, Sоггу.
Ехаmiпег: Mm hm. А11 гight. Um, аге thеге апу hot dгiпks you likе?
Сапdidаtе: No I dоп't 1ikе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК апd, uh, what do you think аге the hеа1thiеst dгiпks?
Сапdidаtе: Мm. 1п my соuпtгу а lot of реор1е Ьеliеvе thаt, um, а little dгiпk is Ьеttег to
уоuг hеаlth, Ьut I'm not Suге Ьесаusе I think the men is always dгiпk а lot and
they cannot сопtгоl, So I think dгiпk is lot to thеiг Ьоdу.
Ехаmiпег: Right. NoW we have the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you
а сагd аЬоut а tорiс, and I'd like you to talk аЬОut it fог опе to two miпutеs.
Веfоге you stагt, you сап have опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге going to
Sау, and if you want tо, you сап make Some поtеs. Do you uпdегstапd?
Сапdidаtе: YеS.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. So hеге is Some рарег and а pencil fог making поtеS, and hеге'S уоuг
tорiс. I'd like you to dеsсгiЬе а house ог ап арагtmепt уоu'vе 1ivеd in and which
you likеd.

You сап See the сапdidаtе'S сагd fог this SPeaking test оп Page 105 .

Ехаmiпег: А11 гight? So геmеmЬег, you сап tа1k fог опе to two miпutеS.1'11 tеl1 you when
the time is uр. Could you stагt speaking поW, рlеаsе?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, noW I will dеSсгiЬе а house to уоu. Um, опсе I have Ьееп to Sydney I live
in а Ьig, vегу Ьig hоusе. The house has in willoughЬу. You knoW willоughЬу is
quite fаг fгоm the Масquагiе and I like ... I 1ikе the houSe vегу much ЬесаuSе
it's, it'S vегу Ьеаutiful. The house is vегу Ьig. Тhеге аге Six Ьеdгооm and two
tоilеts, hm, а kitсhеп, а living гооm, uh, and а, а vегу Ьig рагkiпg гооm. I think
it's vегу Ьig, um, Ьесаusе iп, in China my арагtmепt is quite small So I fe ... I
alwayS Ёх StгеSs when I live in it. Мm, аh, аh, аftег, аftег the соuгsеS I а1Wауs
go tо, go to my hоuSе, I ргеfег to stay in my Ьеdгооm instead of go outside

speakEng 11I1
ЬесаuSе, uh, I haVe а lit[lе fгiепd and I thiпk, uh, the houSe is quite соmfогtаЬlе.
Мm, uh, оf, of соuгsе I haVe thгее, thгее hоuSеmаtе. MoSt of them come fгоm
Сhiпа. Wё always chat Ьut, uh, опе of the ргоЬlеm is that we always chat with
СhiпеSе. I think that is not good enough to mе. Uh, in а wогd I like the house
and I think it's Ьеаutiful, с1еаг, 1агgе апd, uh, it's Vегу соmfогtаЬlе, so I think it'S
Ьеttег fог mе.
Ехаmiпег: So is that home Similаг Со оthег р1асеS in the агеа?
Сапdidаtе: Sоггу?
Ехаmiпег: IS that home Similаг to оthег placeS in the агеа?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, по, mауЬе поt.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. All гight. wеl1 thank you Vегу muсh.
Сапdidаtе: Оh, thапks.
Ехаmiпег: Yоu'Vе Ьееп talking аЬоut а houSe ог ап арагtmепt you haVe 1ivеd iп, and now I
want to discuss а few mоге gепега1 questionS connected to this. Fiгstlу, lеt'S look
at hnding а р1асе to livе. Um, how do реор1е usuаl1у hnd а р1асе to live in уоuг
соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: 1п my соuпtгу, alwayS go to thе, uh, look fог the аdvегtisеmепt and to gain
Some iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut the hоusе. Аh, mауЬе уоu, mауЬе the реор1е сап use
а соmрutег, um, collect the iпfогmаtiоп fгоm the Iпtегпеt ог Ьuу Some new
пеwSрарег, they alwayS haVe some iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut it. Аh, of соuгSе thеге аге
agents аЬоut just, uh, wогk fог thе, the гепt, so I think it's quite eaSy fог а регSоп
Who want to hаVе, who Want to hаVе, who want to have looking fог а hоuSе.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. So what fасtогS do you think dеtегmiпе Whеге реор1е choose to livе?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, I think moSt оf, most of the imрог[апt геаsоп is соmfогtаЬlе and the ргiсе
and the сопvепiепt. Yеаh.
Ехаmiпег: Right. Апd, um, how would you соmраге, thеп, living in ап арагtmепt and
living in а hоusе?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, when I in China I live in the арагtmепt, it'S quite Smаll, mm, апd, аh, I will
fееl, um, it'S not aS соmfогtаЬlе aS the hоuSе. Ноwеvег, uh, in mу, in my а ...,
а ..., Sоггу, арагtmепt, 1, I пеvег Ёпd апу insect ЬесаuSе I live in the Ёfth Ноог
of the Ьuildiпg, the Ьuildiпg quite high апd, uh, highег wог1d than when I lived
in the hоuSе. Uh, sometime they сап Ёпd the inSect сlimЬiпg to my hоuSе. I'm
аfгаid of it.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight. wеll, noW lеt'S look at home оwпегShiр. Um, do most реор1е in уоuг
соuпtгу гепt thеiг home ог do they own thеiг own hоmе?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, if they have houSe ог арагtmепt, uh, moSt of реор1е ргеfег to live in his
own houSe Ьесаusе thе, the геm of the houSe is quite ехрепSivе, еSресiа11у in
Shanghai and Beijing and in оthег Ьig сitiеS. Мm, I think the реор1е Should not
put Some money to гепt а houSe if he had his own hоusе. Тhаt'S not есопоmiс.

1I1I2 FОсu§Епg оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


Ехаmiпег: So What do you think is the diffегепсе in attitudeS tоwагds а houSe if you аге а
гепtег ог you аге ап оwпег of that hоuSе? Do you think thеiг attitudes tоWагds
thеiг homeS аге diffегепt?
Сапdidаtе: ТоWагds?
Ехаmiпег: Um, по, do you think ап attitude of а гепtег, um, of а houSe соmрагеd to the
attitude of ап оWпег of the houSe is diffегепt?
Сапdidаtе: Оh, of соuгsе i['S diffегепt. If I have my oWn hоusе, I lived in it and I fееl, оh,
that it, that Ьеlопgs to mе. And I think I have а fаmilу, um, Ьut if I live in the
house ].ust гепt fгоm SоmеЬоdу, I think I'm always wоггiеd mауЬе I Will haVe to
move апоthег hоuSе.
Ехаmiпег: Right.
Сапdidаtе: I think that it quite diffегепt.
Ехаmiпег: So how doeS that affect hoW they tгеаt the hоuSе?
Сапdidаtе: Мm, tгеаt?
Ехаmiпег: Um, hоw, how thеу, um, how they tгеаt that hоuSе. Sо, do you think that they
think of the houSe in а Ьеttег way ог а wогsе wау, if they аге а гепtег?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, uh, I think the реор1е сап соmраге with оthегS. If I haVe гепt а house
and I lived it fог а, fог а 1опg timе, mауЬе I thiпk, оh, it'S ОК to mе, Ьut when
I lооk, um, with it to my fгiепd, mауЬе I will Ёпd out chat his houSe is Ьеttег to
mе, so I will а11 think mауЬе I will haVe to looking fог апоthег hоusе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. LаStlу, lеt's look at геSidепtiаl агеаS. Um, do you think that it'S Ьеttег to
live in the city ог that it's Ьеttег to live in а suЬuгЬап агеа?
Сапdidаtе: Мm. I think the Ьоth ЬепеЁt апd, uh, disadvantages to live in the city ог the
соuпtгуsidе. Uh, in the city the life will Ьесоmе Vегу convenient and it's Vегу
easy fог you to go out fог Shopping and visit уоuг fгiепd апd, uh, check ЬагS to
апу р1асе, Ьut I think thе, mауЬе the епviгопmепt is not good enough and the
tгаШс is Ьаd tоо. If you want to go out ог go to wогk, go to uпivегSitу, уоu'll
hnd that the tгаfЁс alwayS Ьlосk, it will WaSte а lot of timе. Мm. Ноwеvег, if
the регSоп live in соuпtгуSidе, uh, and the life is vегу lеisuге, Ьut I think you
mауЬе you will feel 1опе1у. Yеаh, поЬоdу сап tгу to геасh уоu, поЬоdу сап
tеll, сап take саге of уоu. You just live Ьу уоuгSеlf, and mауЬе you just stay at
home and watch the TV апd, uh, са11 уоuг fгiепd. I thiпk, uh, it'S Ьаd fог the
young реор1е.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. wеl1, thank you vегу muсh. Тhаt's the end of the Speaking ТеSt.
Сапdidа.е: Тhапks.

See the апSu!ег key оп Page 173А fог ап analySis of this сапdidаtе's Регfогтапсе.

speaking 113
SampIe speaking tеst= Candidate З
Ехаmiпег: Не11о, could you tе11 me уоuг full name р1еаSе?

CD З . Тгасk 4
Сапdidаtе: RоЬЬу Sеdhu.
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight and сап I See уоuг раSSрогt?
Сапdidаtе: Неге is my раSSрогt.
Ехаmiпег: ОК, thank уоu. Nоw, in the ЁгSt рагt of the test I'd like to aSk you some
queStionS аЬоut уоuгsеlf. Lеt's talk аЬоut what you dо. Uh, Why did you decide
to Study Епglish?
Сапdidаtе: Um, Ьесаusе uh in in this competition of us uh you need Епg1ish if you аге going
it helps in уоuг сагеег and I loVe to tгаvеl агоuпd the wогld So I think English is
ап iпtегпаtiопаl language So it wiП hе1р me to communicate with реор1е.
Ехаmiпег: ОК. IS it ап iпtегеStiпg suЬjесt to Studу?
Сапdidаtе: No it'S not iпtегеStiпg SuЬ].есt um Ьесаusе you haVe to just 1еагп gгаmmаг and
um yes ргеttу Ьогiпg it's not too iпtегеStiпg like ег anything пеw.
Ехаmiпег: ОК and do you haVe plans to do fuгthег Studу?
Сапdidаtе: Yeah I do um actually I want to Ьесоmе um, ег пuгSе So I want to do that
пuгSiпg соuгSе um, yeah I'm геа11у into like um looking аftег реор1е So I Want to
do this.
Ехаmiпег: ОК noW 1еt'S go оп to the topic of геаdiпg mаgаziпеs. What kinds of magazines
аге рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
Сапdidаtе: So in India реор1е love сгiсkеt so the ... Ьесаusе noWadays Indian сгiсkеt рlауегS
thеу'ге doing Vегу Wе1l so the реор1е like to Ьuу ег сгiсkеt magazineS and thеу'ге
геаdiпg а lot аЬоut um Indian рlауегS, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: ОК why do you think Some реор1е ргеfег to геаd magaZineS гаthег than Ьооks?
Сапdidаtе: Ег in Ьооks like реор1е have to spend а lot of time to get а idea what they
геаdiпg аЬоut Ьut in magazines they сап get 1ikе ег, ег they сап get ап idea
аЬоut the thing What they аге геаdiпg аЬоut just in а Shогtег um регiоd, shогt
регiоd of time and in а SenSe like shогt lооk, quick lооk, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: Сап you lеагп anything fгоm mаgаziпеS?
Сапdidаtе: Yeah you сап 1еагп а lot fгоm magazines like um ег it tеl1s аЬоut thoSe оthег
ргоduсts and ег....
Ехаmiпег: ОК thаt's Gпе, um. Now I'd like to talk to you аЬоut dгiпks. what аге Some of
the moSt рорulаг dгiпks in уоuг соuпtгу, Iпdiа?
Сапdidаtе: 1п India actually I'm fгоm РuпjаЬ, likе, we like ег tгаditiопаl dishеS, dгiпk is
1аSsi So реор1е loVe to dгiпk that laSsi so it's like vегу nice dгiпk and you dгiпk it
um with ice and salt so it's Vегу рорulаг in Iпdiа.
Ехаmiпег: ОК аге thеге апу dгiпks that реор1е haVe at Special timеS?
Сапdidаtе: Yeah thеге's, thеге аге Some special dгiпks like Some um, um, ег homemade

114 FOcusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


alcohol that реор1е they make them ег оп the wedding рагtiеS. They make at
home and the dгiпk, it's геа11у nice the реор1е loVe um loVe thаt.
Ехаmiпег: ОК аге thеге апу hot dгiпks that you likе?
Сапdidаtе: Uh I like hot dгiпk like ег hot сhосо1аtе. I геа11у еп].оу it ].ust Vегу dагk
сhосоlаtе, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: ОК and Ёпа11у What аге the healthieSt dгiпks, do you thiпk?
Сапdidаtе: I think juices аге the healthiest dгiпks and those аге ShakeS like uh mango Shаkе,
Ьапапа Shake with milk, theSe аге the healthiest dгiпks.
Ехаmiпег: ОК um now RоЬЬу We have the second рагt of the speaking tеst. I am going
to give you а сагd аЬоut а topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fОг опе to two
miпutеS. Веfоге you stагt you have опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге
going to Sау. If you Want tо, you сап make Some поtеS. Do you uпdегstапd?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, thank уоu.
Ехаmiпег: ОК hеге's Some рарег and а pencil fог making notes and hеге'S уоuг tорiс. ОК
I'd like you to dеsсгiЬе а houSe ог ап арагtmепt you have 1ivеd in and which
you likеd. So you haVe опе minute [о ргераге.
Сапdidаtе: ОК.

You сап see the сапdidаtе'S сагd fог this SPeaking test оп Page 105.

Ехаmiпег: А11 гight um геmеmЬег you сап tа1k fог опе to two miпutеS. 1'11 tell you when
the time is uр. Сап you Stагt speaking поw, рlеаSе?
Сапdidаtе: when I Ёгstlу came to Аustга1iа so um ег I 1ivеd in Sргiпgvа1е ег it's |.ust like ег
this is а vегу Ьig hоusе, thгее Ьеdгооm hоusе, I геа11у 1ikе it, it was in Vегу like
ег um peaceful агеа and геа11у neat and с1еап. So I uSed to 1ivе With my fгiепds,
so I had my own гооm, the houSe waS like Ьuilt with um timЬег flоог and ег
painted Whitе, white and Ьluе, so theSe аге my fаvоuгitе со1оuгS. So my гооm
Was геа11у Ьig and the сuгtаiпS waS геа11у nice and I had that um Stгееt vieW
fгоm my uh fгоm my wiпdоW, I like that ЬесаuSе thеге is а рагk оп the next
Side of the stгееt. So I сап watch реор1е р1ауiпg fооtЬаll Ьесаusе I love fооtЬа11
and ег it WaS пеаг to а11 the facilitieS like hоSрitаl, liЬгагу and um suрегmагkеt
and thеге is а рагk also aS I just mentioned еагliег, um So I loVe to р1ау fооtЬаl1
it was vегу easy fог me to ].ust go thеге and just um I сап ].ust wа1k up fог
опе minute and I сап go thеге and ег We had а gагdеп аlsо, in the fгопt and а
Ьасkуагd. So I loVe gагdепiпg also so I had а lot of flоwегS and veggieS at my
р1асе, Some home gагdепs. So the houSe WaS my fаVогitе houSe in my whole life
ег until поw. So I am Still looking fог а houSe fог that kind of hоuSе. So Ьесаusе
I want to live in а vегу peaceful агеа -ег just we had а опе this опе good thing
of that houSe waS like а sерагаtе toilet and Sерагаtе WaSh гооm and Sерагаtе um
1аuпdгу ЬесаuSе in Аustгаliа in Ме1Ьоuгпе moStly um mostly in Ме1Ьоuгпе you
сап't get ег like diffегепt 1аuпdгу facilities that waS good thing аЬоut that hоusе.

speakEng 1I15
Ехаmiпег: А11 гight, thank you RоЬЬу. You haVe Ьееп talking аЬоut а houSe ог ап
арагtmепt you haVe lived in and now I Want you to discusS а few mоге gепега1
queStionS connected to this. Fiгstlу, lеt'S 1ооk at Ёпdiпg а р1асе to 1ivе. How do
реор1е uSually Ёпd а р1асе to live in уоuг соuпtгу, Iпdiа?
Сапdidаtе: Like оthег погmаl соuпtгiеS, in my соuпtгу реор1е also uSe thoSe tгаvеl oh
Sоггу, um thoSe геа1 eState аgепts. So theSe реор1е аге геа11у helpful and they
сап hnd Whаtеvег they аге looking fог thаt'S eaSy fог them Ьесаusе they сап tell
them thoSe реор1е like What they аге looking fог and they will help to Ёпd those
placeS and eVen оп the оthег hand they сап uSe the iпtегпеt аlsо, it is геа11у
hеlрful. So you сап do it at home а1Sо you dоп't have to go and see Someone
else So you сап Япd it Vегу easily оп the iпtегпеt аlsо.
Ехаmiпег: And What fасtогS do you think dеtегmiпе Whеге реор1е choose to livе?
Сапdidаtе: Like living агоuпd ег um а11 those facilities like hоsрitаls, liЬгагу, um
рlауgгоuпds and Some оthег lеisuге activity сепtгеs and um disрепsагiеS. So
theSe kind of fасtогs ег I [hiпk dеtегmiпе, реор1е Should dеtегmiпе Ьеfоге ег
Ьеfоге living апуwhеге еlsе.
Ехаmiпег: What is it like to live in ап арагtmепt соmрагеd to living in а houSe - do you
thiпk?
Сапdidаtе: Ег living in а houSe is diffегепt than living in ап арагtmепt. So if you аге living
in а hоuSе, а houSe would Ье like vегу ореп Side it would Ье Ьig, mоге Ьiggег
than а арагtmепt. So you сап haVe а Ьасkуагd also а gагdеп also and you сап
you сап't likе, if you аге living in а houSe you haVe а sерагаtе wall fгоm уоuг
пеighЬоuгS ог you will haVe а gap Ьеtwееп уоuг houSe and the пеighЬоuг'S
hоusе, So you сап't hеаг the пеighЬоuг's сгу So it Will Ье mоге Sерагаtе fгоm
the -fгоm оthег hоusеS. But living in ег арагtmепt is like ег, um it'S, living in ап
арагtmепt also have Some good qualitieS like ег hеге it'S mоге Sесuге than 1iviпg
in а house um and you сап have а view if you аге living in ап арагtmепt. The
Ьuildiпg Will Ье mоге tаllег than а houSe um - most StогiеS арагtmепts - So you
сап haVe а view of city and агеа Whегеvег you аге liviпg, and you сап haVe ег
fгеSh аiг if you аге living in ап арагtmепt.
Ехаmiпег: ОК thапks, um lеt's noW look at home оWпегShiр. So do most реор1е гепt thеiг
homeS ог own thеiг homes whеге уоu'ге fгоm?
Сапdidаtе: Ег in my town реор1е actually own thеiг own р1асе. So ЬесаuSе it'S Vегу
expenSive гепtiпg а р1асе in um my town ЬесаuSе it'S So - we аге iпdustгiа1 town
so а11 thoSe um migгапt peoples аге living thеге and it's Vегу expenSive to oWn
uh to гепt а р1асе.
Ехаmiпег: ОК, um could you соmраге the attitudeS of Someone whо'S гепtiпg а home and
someone Who oWnS thеiг own hоmе?
Сапdidаtе: Реор1е who ег ownS thеiг oWn hоmе. So they аге Vегу соmfогtаЬlе in thеiг oWn

11е FOcusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


р1асе Ьесаusе the way you want things you сап do whаtеVег you Want to dо.
The соlоuг like соlоuг Wise and рiсtuге Wise and the fumituге wise WhаtеVег
you Want to dо, to уоuг р1асе you сап dо. If you аге гепtiпg а р1асе it'S like уоu,
you kind of feeling like you haVe to moVe Soon and you сап't do [his, you сап't
do this уоu, eVen you сап't paint уоuг гооm like the со1оuг you Want and the
рiсtuгеS you Want you сап't do thаt. And you haVe to look аftег the ргорегtу а
lоt.
Ехаmiпег: So уоu'ге пегVоus ifyou гепt а hоmе?
Сапdidаtе: Yеаh, I think Sо.
Ехаmiпег: ОК, should the gоVегпmепt help реор1е to Ьuу thеiг own hоmеS, do you thiпk?
Сапdidаtе: Yeah in Some like in deVeloping соuпtгiеs the govemment Should help those
реор1е who сап't аffогd to Ьuу а р1асе um like um mostly thoSe реор1е Who аге
1iviпg Ье1оw the liпе, the 1iпе of роVегtу, So gоVегпmепt Should hе1р them to Ьuу
а р1асе, the goVemment Ёпапсiаl and ег, and um help them to get а ].оЬ So they
сап Ьuу, So they сап аffогd to Ьuу а р1асе.
Ехаmiпег: Lеt's now look at геSidепtiа1 агеаs. why do you think Some геSidепtiаl агеаS аге
mоге pleaSant to live than оthегS?
Сапdidаtе: Some геsidепtiаl агеаS аге Vегу like ег vегу good than оthегS So ЬесаuSе they ег
they аге пеаг to а11 of the facilitieS whаtеVег we need in оuг social life like ег, ег
асtivitу, lеisuге activity сепtгеS, 1iЬгагiеs, Sсhооls, mагkеts and а peaceful агеа
and Some рагks those аге the ег, um ЬаSiс needs of um human Ьеiпgs so We need
thаt. Yeah these рlасеs, these kinds of placeS аге vегу соmfогtаЬlе than оthегs.
Ехаmiпег: ОК and Ёпа11у, RоЬЬу, could you соmраге living in the сепtге of the city and in
а SuЬuгЬап агеа?

Сапdidаtе: Living in the city is ргеttу congested So ЬесаuSе the city is ег, thеге is а11 thoSe
tаl1 Ьuildiпgs and it's noisy and it сап Ье а Ьit polluted also than SuЬuгЬап агеаS
ЬесаuSе SuЬuгЬап is mоге widег than сitу, you сап haVe like а Vегу peaceful um
peaceful life in SuЬuгЬап агеаS and а Ьit mоге Space so you сап have уоuг own
gагdеп and Ьасkуагd Ьut in city if you аге living in ап арагtmепt it is а Ьit hагd
to get а11 those thiпgs, уеаh.
Ехаmiпег: ОК, thanks Vегу much RоЬЬу, that is the end of the speaking tеSt.
Сапdidаtе: Thank уоu.

See the апSшег key оп pageS 174-6 fог ап analySis of this сапdidаtе'S регfогтапсе.

speakEng 11I7
sреаkiп9 теst 1
when уои li,stеп to the гесогdiпg, аftег уои hеаг each question уои Should ргеss `раиsе' and
апswег the question Ьеfоге going оп to the next qиеStiоп.

CD З . Тгасk 5
Рагt 1 Iпtгоduсtiоп and iпtегviеW
Не11о. Could you Say уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?
And сап I See уоuг раSSрогt?
Thank уоu. Nоw, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеSt, I'd like to aSk you Some queStionS аЬоut
уоuгsеlf.

Lе['S talk аЬоut уоuг wогk.


what jоЬ do you dо?
when did you ЁгSt think аЬоut doing this kind of Wогk?
what do you like аЬоut уоuг jоЬ?
Do you think уоu'll Ье Wогkiпg in this Ёеld in ten уеагS' timе?

Now lеt's talk аЬоut musiс.


what type of music did you like When you wеге а tеепаgег?
Have you еVег Ьееп to а live music сопсегt?
At what timeS of day do you ргеfег to listen to musiс?
Do you often hеаг оthег реор1е р1ау music you dоп't likе?

Next I'd like to talk аЬоut eating luпсh.


what did you often eat fог lunch when you Wеге а School рuрil?
Do you think 1uпсh Should Ье the main meal of the dау?
Is it а good idea fог реор1е to have а геst аftег luпсh?
Do you SometimeS not haVe enough time fог luпсh?

Рагt 2 Individual 1опg tuгп


NoW we have the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut а
topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you Stагt, you сап have
опе minute to think аЬоut What you аге going to Sау. If you want tо, you сап make some
поtеs. Do you uпdегStапd? Неге'S Some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге'S
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеsсгiЬе а time When you complained аЬоut something you had paid fог (fог
ехаmрlе, а геStаuгапt mеаl, а ргоduсt in а Shор).

1I18 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеSсгіЬе а tіmе When you complaIned аЬоut Somethlng you had paid fог (е.g. а
геStаuгапt mеаl, а ргоduсt in а Shор).

You Should Sау:

why you complained


hoW you соmр|аiпеd
Whеthег it WaS uSeful to соmр|аiп
and ехр|аiп hoW you fе|t аftег you had соmрlаiпеd.

А11 гight? RеmеmЬег you сап talk fог опе to two miпutеs.1'11 tell you When the time is uр.
Could you stагt speaking поw, рlеаsе.)

Did you tell уоuг fгiепds аЬоut this?


Do реор1е often complain аЬоut ргоduсts and Sегviсе in уоuг соuпtгу?

А11 гight, thank уоu.

Рагt 3 Discussion
Yоu'vе Ьееп talking аЬоut а time When you complained аЬоut Something and now I Want to
discuSS а few mоге gепега1 queStionS connected to this.
FiгStlу, lеt'S tа1k аЬоut соmрlаiпiпg.
what аге Some things реор1е often complain аЬоut these dауs.p
what is mоге effective - complaining Ьу Wгitiпg ап email ог Ьу talking face to face with the
регSоп геSропSiЬlе?
Аге thеге situations When it'S Ьеttег 73оf to соmрlаiп?

NoW lеt's talk аЬоut Ьеiпg раtiепt.


Could you dеsсгiЬе Some Situations in daily life when реор1е need to Ье раtiепt.)
DO you think technology such aS email and mоЬilе phones have made реор1е lesS раtiепt.)
what аге Some ЬепеЯts of Ьеiпg imраtiепt?

Fiпа1lу, lеt's talk аЬоut Ьеiпg SаtisЁеd in lifе.


would you say moSt реор1е аге SаСisЁеd with thеiг 1ivеs?
Do гiсh реор1е tend to Ье mоге content than роог реор1е?
Do you аgгее thаt, in gепега1, humanS tend to Ье dissаtisЁеd гаthег than SаtisЯеd?

Thank you vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking ТеSt.

speakEng 11I9
speaking Test 2
when уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аftег уои hеаг each question уои should ргеsS `раиsе' and
апswег the question Ьеfоге going оп to the next quеstiоп.

CD З . Тгасk 6
Рагt 1 Iпtгоduсtiоп and iпtегviеw
Не11о. Could you tell me уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?
And сап I See уоuг раsSрогt?
Thank уоu. NоW, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеSt, I'm going to aSk you some questionS аЬоut
уоuгSеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut What you Studу.


what was the laSt соuгsе you Studiеd?
Did апуопе епсоuгаgе you to choose that соuгSе?
what waS mоге iпtегеStiпg fог you -аttепdiпg claSses ог геаdiпg соuгSе mаtегiа1S?
Аге you happy that you choSe that соuгSе?

Nехt, lеt'S talk аЬоut Visitогs to уоuг соuпtгу.


Do many реор1е fгоm оthег соuпtгiеS Visit уоuг соuпtгу?
HaVe you еVег met апу fогеigп tоuгists in уоuг соuпtгу?
How imрогtапt is tоuгism to the economy of уоuг соuпtгу?
Do you think tоuгism Will iпсгеаsе ог dесгеаsе in the next few уеагS?

NoW I'd like to talk аЬоut Watching mоviеS.


what waS the last Ёlm you Sаw?
HoW often do you Watch the Same movie аgаiп?
Do you ргеfег going to the cinema in the daytime ог at пight?
would you watch а Whole moVie оп а Small Sсгееп Such aS ап iРоd?

Рагt 2 Individual 1Опg tuгп


Now We come to the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut
а topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you Stагt, you сап
haVe опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге going to Sау. If you want tо, you сап make
some поtеS. Do you uпdегStапd? Неге's some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге's
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеSсгiЬе ап occaSion When you Ьоught а Special gift ог ргеsепt fог Sоmеопе.

1I2О FOcusEng Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпjпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеsсгiЬе ап occasion When you Ьоught а Sресiа| gift ог ргеsепt fог sоmеопе.
You Should Sау:

what you ьоught


whеге you Ьоught it
why you choSe that ргеsепt
and ехр|аiп hoW you fе|t When you gaVe the ргеsепt to the оthег регsоп.

А11 гight? RеmеmЬег you сап talk fог опе to two miпutеS.1'11 tell you when the time is uр.
Could you Stагt Speaking поw, рlеаSе?

would you like to гесеivе а ргеSепt like that уоuгSеlf ?


Do you like Ьuуiпg ргеSепts?

А11 гight, thank уоu.

Рагt 3 Discussion
Yоu'Vе Ьееп talking аЬоut а time when you Ьоught а Special gift ог ргеSепt fог someone and
now I want to discusS а feW mоге gепега1 questionS connected to this.
FiгStlу, lеt'S talk аЬоut giving ргеSепts.
when do реор1е give ргеsепts in уоuг сultuге?
what kind of ргеSепts do you think adults Should give to сhildгеп?
IS it еVег ассерtаЬ1е to give money aS а ргеSепt?

Now lеt'S tа1k аЬоut гесеiviпg ргеSепts.


what аге some ways реор1е Show gгаtitudе when they гесеivе а ргеSепt?
IS сhеге anything реор1е should avoid doing ог saying When they гесеivе а ргеSепt in уоuг
соuпtгу?
Аге thеге апу SituationS whеге а регSоп Should #оf accept а gift?

Fiпаllу, lеt'S talk аЬоut why реор1е give and гесеivе ргеSепts.
would you аgгее ог disаgгее with the Statement that `реор1е sometimeS give expenSive
ргеSепts instead of Spending time with а регSоп'?
Do you аgгее thаt, When реор1е give ргеSепts, they uSually expect something in геtum?
DoeS giving and гесеiviпg ргеsепts SometimeS haVe negative гаthег than positive геsults?

Thank you Vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking ТеSt.

speaking 121
speakIng Test З
When уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аftег уои hеаг each question уои should ргеss `рсшsе' cmd
апswег the queStion Ьеfоге going оп to the next quеstiоп.

CD 3 . Тгасk 7
Рагt 1 Iпtгоduсtiоп and iпtегViеW
Не11о. Could you tell me уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?
And сап I see уоuг раSSрогt?
Thank уоu. Nоw, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеSt, I'm going to aSk you some queStions аЬоut
уоuгSеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut whеге you livе.


what made you chooSe the р1асе Whеге you live поw?
How 1опg have you lived thеге?
would you Say it'S а good агеа fог familieS to live iп?
Would it Ье а Ьеttег агеа to live if thеге Wеге fеwег реор1е than поw?

Nехt, lеt'S tа1k аЬоut hoW реор1е рау fог things they Ьuу.
How do you ргеfег to рау fог things that you Ьuу, in cash ог Ьу сагd?
when you рау caSh fог Sоmеthiпg, do you uSually check the change that you аге givеп?
what is the most common Way of paying fог things in уоuг соuпtгу?
when you go to апоthег соuпtгу, do you have ргоЬlеms using а diffегепt сuггепсу?

Now I'd like to talk аЬоut getting up еаг1у in the mогпiпg.


Did you like to get up еаг1у in the mогпiпg When you wеге а сhild?
what аге Some advantageS of getting up еаг1у?
Do you feel diffегепt at the Ьеgiппiпg of the day than at the end of the dау?
what do you think is the ЬеSt time to get up in the mоmiпg?

Рагt 2 Individual 1опg tum


Now we come to the second рагt of the Speaking Теst. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut
а topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fог опе [о two miпutеS. Веfоге you Stагt, you сап
have опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге going to Sау. If you Want tо, you сап make
Some поtеs. Do you uпdегstапd? Неге's Some рарег and а pencil fог making notes and hеге's
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеSсгiЬе а wеЬsitе you have usеd.

1I22 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеSсгiЬе а WеЬSitе you haVe uSеd.

You Should sау:

how you found that wеЬSitе


What that WеЬsitе is аЬоut
how often you access it
and ехр|аjп how you fее| аЬоut that wеЬsitе.

А11 гight? RеmеmЬег you сап tа1k fог опе to two miпutеs. 1'11 tе11 you when the time is uр.
Could you Stагt Speaking поw, рlеаSе?

Do you think that WеЬSitе could Ье imргоvеd?


Do you use the Iпtегпеt а lоt?

А11 гight' thank уоu.

Рагt 3 Discussion
Yоu'vе Ьееп tа1kiпg аЬоut а WеЬSitе you have used and noW I want to discuSS а few mоге
gепега1 queStionS connected to this.
FiгStlу, lеt'S talk аЬоut using the Iпtеmе[.
what аге some of the main геаSопS реор1е use the Intemet in уоuг соuпtгу?
Could you соmраге 1ооkiпg fог iпfогmаtiоп оп the Intemet and in а Ьооk?
How do you think the Iпtегпеt might change in the futuге?

NoW lеt's talk аЬоut Япdiпg геliаЬlе iпfогmаtiоп.


Do you think we сап gепега11у ЬеliеVе what We See оп the Iпtеmеt?
whеге сап We Gnd the moSt ге1iаЬ1е герогts: оп the Iпtегпеt, оп TV ог in а пеwsрарег?
How is it роSsiЬlе to check whеthег iпfогmаtiоп you гесеivе is соггесt ог поt?

Fiпаl1у, lеt'S talk аЬоut misuse of the Iпtеmеt.


what аге some WayS реор1е uSe the Iпtегпеt to tгiсk ог deceive оthег реор1е.)
what сап govегпmепts do to tгу to stop Iпtегпеt fгаud?
Do you think that misuse of the Iпtегпеt will lead to 1еss tгust Ьеtwееп Stгапgегs in the
futuге?

Thank you Vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking ТеSt.

speaking 1I23
speaking Test 4
When уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аj±ег уои hеаг each question уои should ргеss `раиsе' and
сі:пswег the question Ьеfоге going оп to the next qиеstiоп.

CD 3 . Тгасk 8
Рагt 1 IпtгоduсtiОп and iпtегviеW
Не11о. Could you tell me уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?
And сап I See уоuг раSSрогt?
Thank уоu, thаt'S Ёпе. Nоw, in the Ёгst рагt of the tеSt, I'd like to ask you Some queStions
аЬоut уоuгSеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut уоuг ].оЬ.


what do you dо?
When did you ЁгSt Stагt doing that jоЬ?
Do you enjoy уоuг wогk?
what аге the реор1е you Wогk with likе?

Now wе'll look at the topic of dапсiпg.


Is dancing Vегу рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
Do you and уоuг fгiепds ргеfег to dапсе, ог to watch оthег реор1е dапсiпg?
Аге thеге Special times when реор1е like to dапсе?
Do you еVег go dапсiпg?

Lеt'S now go оп to the topic of соmрutегS.


Do you often uSe а соmрutег?
HoW аге соmрutегS most hеlрful?
HaVe you еVег had а ргоЬlеm With а соmрutег?
Do you think it'll Ье роSsiЬlе опе day to haVe а сопvегsаtiоп with а соmрutег?

Рагt 2 Individual 1опg tuгп


Now we haVe the second рагt of the Speaking ТеS[. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut а
topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you stагt, you сап have
опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге going to Sау. If you want tо, you сап make Some
поtеS. Do you uпdегStапd? Неге's Some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге'S
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеSсгiЬе Something iпtегеStiпg that you аге going to do in уоuг fгее timе.

1I24 FOcusing Оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеSсгiЬе something iпtегеstiпg that you аге going to do in уоuг fгее timе.
You should sау:

What it is

When уоu'ге going to do it


Why it will Ье iпtегеstiпg

and ехр|аiп how you fее| аЬоut doing it.

А11 гight? RеmеmЬег you сап talk fог опе to two miпutеs. 1'11 tell you when the time is uр.
Could you Stагt Speaking поw, рlеаSе?

HaVe you еvег done anything like this Ьеfоге?


Could anything ргеVепt you fгоm doing it?

А11 гight' thank уоu.

Рагt 3 DiscussiOn
Yоu'Vе Ьееп talking аЬоut Something iпtегеstiпg you аге going to do and now I want to
discusS а few mоге gепега1 questions connected to this.
FiгStlу, lеt'S look at making рlапs.
what аге Some things in life that реор1е need to р1ап fог сагеfullу?
Аге thеге апу imрогtапt things that реор1е cannot ргераге fог?
why do you think Some реор1е dоп't like making р1апS?

Now lеt'S talk аЬоut hореS.


1п уоuг соuпtгу, What аге Some things that many реор1е hope to achieVe in lifе?
Could you соmраге theSe with the hopeS and аmЬitiопs реор1е had When уоuг рагепts wеге
уоuпg?
Why do реор1е need to haVe hopeS and dгеаms?

Fiпаllу, lеt'S talk аЬоut attitudes to the futuге.


Could you соmраге реор1е Who аге optimistic and реор1е who аге pessimistic аЬоut the
futuге?
HoW doeS а регSоп's attitude to the futuге affect thеiг lifе?
Do you think that реор1е Should Ье optimistic аЬоut the futuге of the wогld theSe dауS?

Thank you Vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking ТеSt.

speakihg 125
speaking Test 5
When уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аЛег уои hеаг each question уои should ргеss `раиsе' and
апswег the question Ьеfоге going оп to the next qиеstiоп.

CD З . Тгасk 9
Рагt 1 Iпtгоduсtiоп and iпtегviеW
Good аftегпооп. Could you tell me уоuг full паmе, рlеаSе?
And сап I see уоuг раsSрогt?
Thank уоu. Nоw, in the ЁгSt рагt of the tеSt, I'd like to aSk you Some queStionS аЬоut
уоuгsеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut whеге you livе.


Could you dеSсгiЬе the агеа whеге you live поw?
HoW 1опg have you lived thеге?
why did you chooSe to 1ivе in that агеа?
what kind of реор1е live in уоuг агеа?

Now wе'll talk аЬоut Slеер.


How many hоuгS а night do you think реор1е need to Slеер?
what do you do if you feel Sleepy Ьut you haVe [о Stay аWаkе?
1п уоuг соuпtгу, do реор1е often have а Sleep duгiпg the dауtimе?
How do you feel when you аге woken Ьу ап аlагm сlосk?

Now lеt's talk аЬоut watching tеlеvisiоп.


what kinds of TV ргоgгаms do you likе?
what time of day do you ргеfег to Watch ТV?
HaVe you еvег lived in а home Whеге thеге waS по tеlеvisiоп?
Do you think реор1е watch too much TV theSe dауS?

Рагt 2 Individual 1опg tuгп


Now We come to the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut
а topic and I'd 1ikе you to talk аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you stагt, you сап
haVe опе miпu[е to think аЬоut what you аге going to Sау. If you Want tо, you сап make
Some поtеS. Do you uпdегStапd? Неге'S some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге'S
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеsсгiЬе а Ёlm you have Seen that made ап imргеSsiоп оп уоu.

126 Focusing оп IELTs Gепега|Тгаjпiпg РгасtiсеТеSts


DеSсгіЬе а fllm you haVe Seen that made ап іmргеSsiоп оп уоu.
You Should Sау:

what it Was аьоut


hoW рорulаг it was
What you thought аЬоut the асtогS
and expIain why it made ап imргеssiоп оп уоu.

А11 гight? RеmеmЬег you сап talk fог опе to two miпutеs. 1'11 tе11 you When the time is uр.
Could you Stагt Speaking поw, рlеаSе?

when did you laSt see that Ёlm?


Do you often watch Ёlms?

А11 гight, thank уоu.

Рагt З DiscussiOn
Yоu'vе Ьееп talking аЬоut а Glm you have Seen that made ап imргеSsiоп оп you and now I
want to discuSS а feW mоге gепега1 queStions connected to this.
FiгStlу, 1еt'S look at the imрогtапсе of епtегtаiпmепt.
what kinds of епtегtаiпmепt аге рорulаг in уоuг соuпtгу?
Could you соmраге typeS of епtегtаiпmепt сhildгеп like and adults likе.Э
why is епtегtаiпmепt imрогtапt in реорlе's livеS?

NoW lеt'S talk аЬоut famouS асtогS.


why do you think реор1е аге iпtегеStеd in the ргivаtе liveS of famouS асtогs?
1п уоuг орiпiоп, is the amount of money еагпеd Ьу Яlm StагS j.ustiЁеd?
what would it Ье like to Ье а famous асtог?

Fiпаllу, lеt's talk аЬоut g1оЬа1 сultuге.


How much iпдuепсе doeS Аmегiсап сultuге have in уоuг соuпtгу?
what аге Но1lуwооd Ёlms like in соmрагisоп with Ёlms ргоduсеd in уоuг соuпtгу.?
How сап а соuпtгу aVoid Ьеiпg dominated Ьу а fогеigп сultuге?

Thank you Vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking ТеSt.

speakEng 127
sреаk]пg Test 6
when уои listen to the гесогdiпg, аЛег уои hеаг each question уои Should ргеss `раusе' and
апswег the question Ьеfоге going оп to the next qиеstiоп.

CD З . Тгасk 10
Рагt 1 Iп.гоduсtiоп and iпtегviеW
Не11о. Could you tell me уоuг full паmе, рlеаsе?
And сап I see уоuг раSSрогt?
Thank уоu. Nоw, in the hгSt рагt of the tеSt, I'd like to aSk you some queStionS аЬоut
уоuгSеlf.

Lеt'S talk аЬоut whеге you come fгоm.


which соuпtгу do you come fгоm?
whаt'S the ЬеSt time of уеаг to visit уоuг соuпtгу?
Аге many diffегепt languageS Spoken in уоuг соuпtгу?
Аге thеге апу агеаS in уоuг соuпtгу whеге Vегу few реор1е livе?

Nоw, 1еt's move оп to talk аЬоut light.


Do you ргеfег Ьuildiпgs with а lot of light ог ones With а mоге Shaded stуlе?
How do you feel wогkiпg ог Studying in а гооm without WiпdоWs?
Do you think Vегу Ьгight аdvегtisiпg SignS at night аге а good idеа?
Could you live without еlесtгiс lights at hоmе?

Lеt'S go оп to talk аЬоut visiting реор1е.


Do реор1е often Visit fгiепds in thеiг homes in уоuг соuпtгу?
At what timeS ог оп what dayS do реор1е uSually visit fгiепds?
Should you tell реор1е you аге coming Ьеfоге visiting them at hоmе?
Do реор1е еvег take ргеSепts when visiting fгiепds in уоuг соuпtгу?

Рагt 2 Individual 1Опg tuгп


Now We come [о the Second рагt of the Speaking ТеSt. I'm going to give you а сагd аЬоut
а topic and I'd like you to talk аЬоut it fог опе to two miпutеS. Веfоге you stагt, you сап
have опе minute to think аЬоut what you аге going to sау. If you Want tо, you сап make
some поtеS. Do you uпdегStапd? Неге'S Some рарег and а pencil fог making noteS and hеге'S
уоuг tорiс.
I'd like you to dеSсгiЬе а гivег, lake ог Ьеасh that you kпоW.

128 FOcusing оп IElTs Gепега|Тгаiпiпg РгасtiсеТеsts


DеSсгiЬе а гivег, |аkе ог Ьеасh that you kпоw.
You Should Sау:

Whеге it is

what it Iooks like

what реор|е uSe it fог


and ехр|аiп whеthег you |ikе jt ог поt.

А11гight.RеmеmЬегуоuсапtаlkfогопеtоtwоmiпutеs.1'11tе1lуоuWhепthеtimеisuр.
Could you Stагt Speaking поw, рlеаSе?

Do you often go to that р1асе?


IS it а рорulаг р1асе fог 1еisuге асtivitiеS?

А11 гight, thank уоu.

Рагt З DiscussiOn

Yоu'vеЬеепtа1kiпgаЬоutагivег,lаkеогЬеасhthаtуоukпоwапdпоWIWапttоаskуоuа
few mоге gепега1 queStions connected to this.
FiгStlу, 1еt'S 1ооk at hо1idауS пеаг Wаtег.
Соuldуоutеl1mеаЬоutsоmерlасеSпеагwаtегwhегереор1еlikеtоtаkеhоlidауsiпуоuг
соuпtгу?
what аге Some activities реор1е сап do When they have а hо1idау пеаг wаtег.)
why do you think реор1е often €пd it ге1ахiпg to Ье пеаг Wаtег?

Now Wе'll talk аЬоut tгапSрогt Оп wаtег.


How imрогtапt is wаtег tгапSрогtаtiоп these dауS?
Could you соmраге tгаvеlliпg оп wаtег and tгаvе1 Ьу гоаd.?
1п the futuге, how imрог" do you think tгаvеl Ьу wаtег Will Ье.p

And Ёпа11у, 1еt's сопSidег wаtег роllutiоп.


what аге some of the causeS of Wаtег ро1lutiоп?
what сап gоVегпmепts do to ргеvепt wаtег Ьеiпg роllutеd?
what would happen if thеге wеге а g1оЬа1 Shогtаgе of с1еап wаtег?

Thank you vегу muсh. That is the end of the Speaking Теst.

speaking 129
1п these listening tгапsсгiрts, the Wогds that Dап: All гight thеп. FiгSt, could you tell me
аге uпdегliпеd indicate whеге the апSWегs уоuг phone пumЬег?
to the queStionS сап Ье fоuпd. Реmу: УеS, it'S 5062 7840.

Listening Test 1 The сustотег says the пштЬег is 5062 784О,


so ` 5062 7840' has Ьееп wгittеп next to the
You will hеаг fоиг di#егепt гесогdiпgs and ехатр1е оп the question рареr. Now continue
уои will have to апswег questionS оп what with questions 1 to 5.
уои hеаг.
Dап: Thank уоu. And is the account in уоuг
Тhеге will Ье time fог уои to геаd the паmе?
iпstгисtiопs and questions Ьеfоге the
ре-у: Uh,уеs, itis.
гесогdiпg is рlауеd.
Dап: Could you Spell уоuг full паmе, рlеаsе?
You will also have the оррогtипitу to check
Реппу: It'S PennV Rvап, thаt'S Р-е-п-п-у...
уоиг апswегs.
R-у-а-п.
The гесогdiпgs will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
Dап: Thank уоu. NоW, I just need to aSk you
The test is in fоиг sесtiопs. wгitе уоиг а queStion fог sесuгitу рuгроSеs. I hope
апswегs оп the question Sheet aS уои listеп. you dоп't miпd, Ьut could you tell me
At the end of Section 4, уои have ten minutes уоuг date of Ьiгth, MS Rуап?
to tгапsfег уоиг апswегs onto the апswег Реппу: Nо, I dоп't miпd. It'S the 24th of
shееt, which is оп page 31. when уои fпish, Магсh 1982.
check the апSwегs at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
Dап: Right. And do you knoW yet the date
Now tигп to Section 1. оп which уоu'll Ье mоviпg?
section 1 Реппу: YеS, it'S next ТuеSdау, the 16th of
Sерtеmьег.
You will hеаг а telephone сопуегsаtiоп
Ьеtwееп а woman who will Soon move house Dап: Thank уоu. NоW, mаdаm, сап you tell
and ап етр1оуее of а telephone сотрапу. me whеге уоu'll Ье moVing tо?

Fiгst, уои have Some time to look at questions Реппу: Му new аddгеss will Ье 18 Кiпg
1 to 5.
Stгееt, Вlасktоwп.
Dап: Uh-huh. I сап allocate you а new
Now listen and апswег questions 1 to 5.
tе1ерhопе пumЬег noW if you likе, though
Dап: Atlantic Telephone Соmрапу, my name it wоп't Ье орегаtiопаl till you actually
is Dап. How сап I help уоu? have i[ соmесtеd.
Реппу: Оh, hеllо, I'm calling Ьесаusе уоu'ге Реппу: Тhаt'd Ье геаllу uSeful -I could tell
my telephone Sегviсе ргоVidег and I'm my fгiепds the new пumЬег even Ьеfоге I
going to Ье moVing house next Wееk. I mоVе.
need со have my phone disconnected and
Dап: Do you have а реп and рарег hапdу?
then I want to haVe it connected at the
ре-у: YеS.
new аddгеSs.
Dап: ОК, уоuг new пumЬег Will Ье
Dап: Wё сап do that fог you noW оVег the
7690 3275.
рhопе, if you likе.
Реппу: Оh, thаt'd Ье gооd.
ре-у: Gгеаt.

1I З2 ТгапsсгЕрts
Dап: Nоw, up until now уоu'vе Ьееп Реппу: Оh, I ].ust haVe а queStion аЬоut the
гесеiviпg уоuг telephone Ьills опсе а
Iпtеmеt.
mопth. AS а lопg-stапdiпg сustоmег, you
Dап: YеS, What do you want to kпоw?
have the option of Ьеiпg Ьillеd оп1у опсе
еvегу thгее months if you Iikе.
Реппу: Тhеге аге сегtаiп timeS when I сап
make uп1imitеd dоwпlоаds, like if I want
Реппу: Оh, I:1±±is!sЧi±±-±Jфi]±, it
to download а mоviе. Тhаt'S fгоm 10 pm
just makes it еаSiег fог me to Stay within
to 6 аm, isп't it?
my houSehold ьudgеt.
Dап: It's а Ьit mоге геStгiсtеd than thаt, it'S
Dап: All гight thеп.
fгоm 1 am to 6 аm. It tuгпS out that the
Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the сот;егsаtiоп,
peak регiоd of acceSsing 1агgе Яlеs is fгоm
уои have some time to look at questions 11 at night to 2 in the momiпg.
6 to ,0.
Реппу: Оh, thаt'S iпtегеStiпg, thеге must Ье а
Now listen and апswег questions 6 to 10. lot of night оwls.
Dап: Nоw, Ms Rуап, could you tell me Dап: ISuppoSe sо. Nоw, doyoumind ifl
which type of сопtгасt you аге оп with aSk you whаt'S the main type of phone
Atlantic Telephone Соmрапу? Is it Home са11 you mаkе? Апу iпfогmаtiоп you
Рlus, Economy SаVег ог FlехiЬlе Вuпdlе? give me will Ье kept сопЁdепtiаl, it'S j.ust
Реппу: Оh, let me thiпk. I think l used to Ье iпfогmаtiоп that helpS uS ргоvidе а Ьеttег
оп Home Рlus, Ьut then I got а mоЬilе Sегviсе to оuг сustоmегS.

phone and I wаSп't using my landline that Реппу: Аlгight thеп, Ьut what do you mean
much апуmоге, so I Switched рlапS. Тhаt'S Ьу `tуре of phone са11'?
гight, I Switched to Е!Q±Q!±±ч± аЬоut Dап: would you say the mа].огitу of уоuг
а уеаг аgо. са11S аге to fгiепds and геlаtivеS, ог аге
Dап: Right, thank уоu. Nоw, I'd like to they wогk-геlасеd, ог fог paying Ьills and
tell you аЬоut а new type of сопtгасt we So оп?
hаvе. It'S called the Тhгее-Iп-Опе. If you Реппу: wеll, I stагtеd to wогk fгоm home
haVe уоuг lапdliпе, уоuг mоЬilе and the 1аSt уеаг, so moSt of them wеге wогk-
Iпtегпеt connection With us, you get а геlаtеd, Ьut then I didп't make enough
20О/о discount еvегу time you рау the Ьill. money fгоm that line of wогk, So I got а
Реппу: Оh, Ьut with my mоЬilе I'm using а рагt-timе jоЬ and now I mainly uSe the
vегу cheap ргоvidег, Ьut thеу'ге not that phone to са11 ±Ё±а±i!zЁs. I tend to keep in
геliаЬlе. If I do Switch сопtгасts, Will I Ье contact with fгiепds Ьу еmаil.
locked in fог а сегtаiп time регiоd? Dап: ОК, thank уоu. NоWj.ust опе mоге
Dап: wеll, thаt'S the case With Home Рlus, question then wе'll Ье Ёпishеd. 1п the
Ьut with this опе уоu'ге fгее to change уеагS that уоu'vе Ьееп with Atlantic
again at апу time without репа1tу. Telephone Соmрапу, hoW would you гаtе
Реппу: Оh, in that case I'll switch fгоm оuг Sегviсе оVегаll?
Economy Sаvег to Тhгее-Iп,Опе. Реппу: wеll, initially thеге wеге а feW
Dап: Gооd. I'm suге уоu'Шпd you make ргоЬlеms, and it Wаsп'[ геа11у Sаtisfасtогу,
геа1 Savings with thаt. Ьut in gепега1 I'd say things have Ьееп
шQs±±зЕ±а±±s±€±Q±у. Му ргеviоus sегviсе

ТгапsсгЕрts 1ЗЗ
ргоVidег WaS vегу gооd, Ьut they went 1ikе to go doWn to the Ьеасh to See the Sun
ьапkгuрt. гisе at 6 о'с1осk, Ьut Wе'ге not oDen till Seven
Dап: Аl1 гight thеп, that wгарS it uр. Thank in the moming and wе'ге hеге until six in the
еVепiпg. Yоu'll also Ёпd а гапgе of ЬгосhuгеS
you Vегу much and I hope уоuг move goeS
Smооthlу. аЬоut activitieS and аttгасtiопS in the distгiсt.
If you need to contact hotel staff аftег hоuгS,
ре-у: тhапkуоu.
you сап just са11 7946 fгоm [hе phone in уоuг
That is the end of Section 1. You now have
гооm. The сlеапегS come in to vacuum the
half а minute to check уоиг апswегs.
гооms and с1еап the Ьаthгооms еVегу Second
Now tигп to Section 2. dау, and the Ьеd Sheets and toWels аге changed
twice а wееk. оп TuesdaVs and FгidаvS.
section 2
Smoking is not а1lоWеd inSide the Ьuildiпg
А gгоир of реор1е has juSt аггivеd at thеiг and wе'd also aSk you to геfгаiп fгоm smoking
hotel fог а twо-wееk hоlidау. The hotel When уоu'ге пеаг the Swimming роо1 агеа.
тапаgег is talking to them аЬоиt some hotel If you do need to haVe а сigагеttе, you сап
facilities and гиlеs. Fiгst, уои have Some йте go оu[ onto Vоuг ЬаlсопV, Whеге уоu'll also
to look at questions 11 to 17. Ёпd ап аshtгау. When уоu'ге Sitting out оп
Now listen and апswег questions 11 to 17. уоuг Ьа1сопу, you might get а Visit fгоm Some
of the 1оса1 Ьi±. Тhеу'ге Vегу со1оuгful
Wе1с.оmе, еVегуопе, i['S nice to See а11 of you
and fгiепdlу, Ьut wе'd aSk you to геSist the
hеге. I'd like to tell you а Ьit аЬоut the hоtе1,
temptation to give them Something to eat
including а feW `dоS' and `dоп'ts'. I know
Ьесаusе they сап quickly Ьесоmе dependent
уоu'Vе just had а 1опg tгiр, So 1'11 keep it Ьгiеf
So that you сап go to уоuг гооms and put оп hапdоuts. Тhеге'S а pond in the gагdеп
at the Ьасk of the hotel and Wе'd арргесiаtе
уоuг feet uр.
it if you didп't feed the Ёs± - they сап get
Wё Wап[ you to ге1ах and enjoy the
quite ill unless thеу'ге given the гight kind
caSual аtmоSрhеге of this р1асе - you сz7ч7 оп
of fооd. ]ust опе point оп noise -thеге'S а
hо1idауs, аftег а11 - Ьut I'd aSk you not to
gепега1 houSe гulе to keep noise to а minimum
walk агоuпd in Ьаге fееt, it'S jusc that it'S So
аftег 11 at пight. It'S Ёпе to enjoy music and
easy to Ьгiпg sand into the Ьuildiпg when you
lively сопvегSаtiоп, Ьut it's imрогtапt to Ье
come Ьасk fгоm the Ьеасh, So Wе'd арргесiаtе
сопSidегаtе and геSресt еVегуопе'S гight to
it if you could at leaSt wеаг ShoeS while оп
haVe а good slеер.
the DгеmisеS. Оh, and if you want to hiге
Some еquiрmепt, уоu'11 Ёпd а good гапgе of You now have Some time to look at questionS
18 to 20.
gеаг such aS Ьеасh umЬгеllаs, suгfЬоагds and
Sпогkеlliпg equipment doWn at the Ьеасh cafe Now listen and апswег questions 18 to 2О.
fог quite геаSопаЬlе гаtеS. Wё uSed to hiге
I didп't mean to take up So much of уоuг timе,
out Such things fгоm гесерtiоп, Ьut that WaS
Ьut I'Vе just геmеmЬегеd that I need to tell you
discontinued laSt уеаг.
а few things аЬоut the disposal of gагЬаgе.
If you do need to Speak to Someone а[ Wё do like to do things in ап епviгопmепtаllу
гесерtiоп, thеге аге staff оп duty thеге SeVen fгiепdlу mаппег агоuпd hеге, and So we
dayS а wееk, uSually еithег mуSеlf, Маuгееп гесус1е gагЬаgе Whеге роSsiЬlе. Тhеге аге
ог Вгuсе. The еаг1у гisегS among you might Sерагаtе Ьiпs fог glaSS and metal Ьut We dоп't

1I З4 Тгапsсгiрts
yet have а facility in this агеа fог the гесусliпg sегviсе fог оldег раtiепts. Fiгst, уои will have
of р1аs±i!, So that should just go in With уоuг some time to look at questions 21 to 26.
gепега1 uпгесусlаЬlе waste а1опg with fgQd.
Now listen and апswег questions 21 to 2б.
s€±арs. The gагdепег WisheS he could uSe them
to make compoSt fог the gагdеп, Ьut thаt'S а ТutОг: NоW, you Spent last week doing
little imргасtiсаl at ргеSепt. It'd Ье good if you ргасtiса1 tгаiпiпg With the home пuгSiпg
could leaVe уоuг old пеWSрарегS at гесерtiоп sегViсе dеа1iпg with еldегlу раtiепts. How
- [hе 1оса1 school is inVolved in а гесусliпg did it gо?

рго].есt and they send Someone to the hotel to Studепt: Оh, it waS ргеttу gооd. I mеап, I
pick them uр. leamt а lot Since I hаdп't had much to do
If iс's гаiпiпg and you dоп't feel like going with оldег patients Ьеfоге.
оut, thеге аге plenty of WayS to paSS the time ТutОг: wеll, With оuг ageing рорulаtiоп,
in the hоtеl. Тhеге's а gym оп the second доог саге of the еldегlу is а mаj.ог focuS of the
if you want to get some ехегсisе and а couple hеаlthсаге SуStеm, and quite а гапgе of
of Ьilliагd tаЬ1еS in а гооm next to the gуm. hеаlthсаге ргоfеSsiопаls аге called uроп.
Fог геlахаtiоп, thеге'S а соiп-орегаtеd sра, Studеп.: YеS, I waS Suгргisеd in а few саsеS.
Which is also located оп the second flоог. If Fог iпstапсе, we know that ргеVепtiпg
уоu'd like to Watch а mоViе, you сап Ьоггоw falls is vегу imрогtапt. Тhеге'S а sерагаtе
а DVD fгоm гесерtiоп and watch it in уоuг falls сliпiс, Ьut if а patient арреагS to Ье
гооm. Аlsо, if уоu'Vе Ьгоught уоuг laptop unSteady оп thеiг fееt, Whеthег thеу'ге
with уоu, you сап connect to the Iпtегпеt in Wа1kiпg unaided ог using а walking Stick
уоuг гооm fог а small fее. ог а fгаmе, the пuгSе haS to get in touch
А11 theSe гulеs аге deSigned to епsuге you with а DhvsiоthегаDist.
haVe а pleaSant Stay hеге. If апу of you haS Тutог: Тh-аt'S гight. *е always need to Ье
the епегgу to go out tопight, уоu'll Ё,пd thеге's оп the lookout fог signS of dеtегiогаtiпg
plenty to dо. ]ust агоuпd the соmег thеге'S а hеаlth. If you notice that а patient
пightсluЬ if you feel like Some dапсiпg, Ьut is Ьесоmiпg disогiепtеd, it could Ье
if you want to haVe а few dгiпks Without the caused Ьу tiгеdпеSS ог the Side effects of
musiс, thеге'S а Ьаг in the сепtге of tоWп, Ьu[ mеdiсаtiоп. So What you have to do is
уоu'll need to take а taxi to get thеге. Тhеге'S contact thеiг dQ!±Q±ь Who will then asseSs
also а cinema and eVen а casino down thеге. What the cauSe could Ье.
If you like [о Siпg, уоu'll Ёпd а kагаоkе сluЬ
Studепt: Yеаh. SometimeS it'S hагd to wогk
гight асгоSS the гоаd fгоm the hоtеl. АпуWау,
out exactly whаt'S wгопg. Тhеге was опе
I hope you а11 haVe а Vегу happy stay with uS.
ра[iепt who Ьumреd into fuгпituге а few
That is the end of Section 2. You now have timeS in hег own living гооm while we
half а minute to check уоиг апswегS. Wеге thеге.

Now tuгп to Section 3. Тutог: wеll, as you kпоw, оuг Vision сап
dеtегiогаtе with аgе, and in the case of
section з еldегlу раtiепts, we need to геfег them
You will hеаг а discuSsion Ьеtwееп а пигsiпg to ап occupational thегарist if thеу'ге
student and а tшtог аftег the student has done ехрегiепсiпg ргоЬlеms due to Visual
some ргасtiсаl tгаiпiпg at а home пигsiпg imраiгmепt. If песеssагу, it's up to that
Sресiа1ist to геfег them to ап орtоmеtгist.

Тгапsсгiрts 135
Studепt: I Sее. what аЬоut [hе patients who tгiр up thеiг оwпегS. Wё uSed to let the
dоп't Want оuг hеlр? I mеап, thеу'ге occupational thегарist handle that issuе,
fгее to live thеiг liveS aS they wanc and Ьut now if We have сопсеms, we give the
we сап't fогсе them [о see а dосtог ог falls clinic а са11 fог а home аSSеSsmепt.
Sоmеопе. Studепt: Oh гight, I'll just make а note аЬоut
Тutог: YеS, it'S not unuSual fог оuг patients thаt.
to dес1iпе аSsistапсе, eSpecially the Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the со"егsаtiоп,
mеп. It'S often а mасtег of ргidе ог ап
уои have Some time to look at questions 27
оvегеStimаtiоп of thеiг oWn сараЬilitiеS. to 30.
But when thеге аге potencially SегiоuS
Now listen and апswег questionS 27 to 3О.
issueS that could have а lопg-tеm impact
оп thеiг health and Sаfеtу, we get the аg!d. Studепt: Some of the patients we Visited
саге team to рау them а visiс. SometimeS laSt week had dеmепtiа, So I'd just like
they just end up haVing а fгiепdlу сhаt, to сlагif}г а few things аЬоut that if you
Ьut at least thеу'ге iпfогmеd аЬоut what dоп,t miпd.
SегViсеS аге аVаilаЬlе. ТutОг: Nо, thаt'S Ёпе. wich iпсгеаSiпg 1ifе
Studепt: So they ргоVidе а Ьit of expectancy wе'ге going to Ье Seeing mоге

pSychological hеlр, like а dосtог often


and mоге of it.
dоеS. what аЬоut When а patient арреагS Studепt: I know that dementia сап Ье cauSed
to Ье Ьесоmiпg iпсгеаsiпglу f±аi±? I mеап, Ьу genetic ог епViгопmепtаl fасtогs, Such
thеге could Ье а whole пumЬег of cauSes as оVег-iпdulgiпg in alcohol оVег а 1опg
like the time of day ог just Simply old аgе. регiоd of timе, Ьut it seems thа[ it сап Ье
Тutог: You need to геmеmЬег that difhcult to diagnoSe dementia ЬесаuSе its
SometimeS еldегlу patients сап't go Symptoms сап оссuг With VагiоuS оthег
Shopping геgulагlу, ог they сап't аffогd сопditiопS.
much пutгitiоuS fооd. BecauSe it сап Ье а Тutог: Тhаt's гight. Some of thеm, such as
miхtuге of геаsопS that might need to Ье Рiсk'S disеаSе, сап't Ье оVегсоmе, whегеаS
аddгеssеd Ьу thеiг dосtог ог the aged саге оthегS, Such aS Ьгаiп tumоuгS. сап.
[еаm, we ЁгSс contact а dietician ЬесаuSе Studепt: Опе ofthe patients we saw
we Ёпd that almost еVегуопе сап ЬепеЁt арреагеd to Ье vегу апхiоuS. I thought
fгоm ап ехрегt геViеw of the typeS of food thа[ might'vе Ьееп а Side effect of the
thеу'ге еаtiпg. medication She was оп, Ьut the пuгSе
Studепt: what аЬоut the patients who haVe I waS tгаiпiпg with [оld me it WaS а
реts? I mеап, I'Vе Ьееп into Some реорlе'S fгеquепtlу оссuггiпg Sупdгоmе of реор1е
homes and they Seem to Ье а kind of with dеmепtiа. Тhеу'ге upSet at not Ьеiпg
health hаZагd, especially the oneS With а аЬ1е to do Some of the things thev could
lot of саts, ог Ьiгds in саgеS. in [hе Dast and often dоп't tгust thoSe
Тutог: wеll, р!±s do а lot ofgood fог агоuпd thеm.
humanS - chey ргоvidе соmрапу, thеу'ге ТutОг: And many healthy реор1е get anxiouS
а геаSоп to get Some ехегсisе, рагtiсulагlу аЬоut the futuге, whеthег it'S аЬоut things
dоgs, and gепега11у they do mоге good going оп in thеiг own liveS ог whаt'S
than hагm. But уоu'ге гight, they сап happening in the widег wогld. It'S good
sргеаd diseaSe and also dogs and cats сап though - опе of lifе'S рlеаsuгеS that реор1е

1I ЗG ТгапsсгЕрts
with dementia continue to enjoy is fооd. this uпсегtаiпtу is thеiг ±±оmаdiс lifеStуlg;
Gепегаllу we Ёпd thеу'ге keen оп саkеS_ it'S а1WауS difHcult to conduct а cenSuS
and dеSsег[s, So you have to make Suге among реор1е Who do not live in регmапепt
they haVe а Ьаlапсеd diet оVегаll. Е1dегlу Sеttlеmепts. The Sаhага is knoWn агоuпd the
реор1е with dепtuгеs may aVoid chewy wог1d aS а Vегу агid геgiоп, and the аЬilitу of
fооd, and thеiг taSte гесерtогS fог Salt сап these реор1е to Suгvivе in Such ап iпhоsрitаЬlе
Ьесоmе dimiпishеd, which is а погmаl епviгопmепt is аmаziпg. The Тuагеg have
рагt of аgеiпg. Sometimes Ьееп геfеггеd to aS `thе Ьluе реор1е'
Studепt: we had some 1есtuгеS last month Ьесаusе the indigo dye that is used to соlоuг _
аЬоut геSеагсh done оп thегарiеS to thеiг с1оthiпg often comeS off оп thеiг Skiп,
enhance the Wе1l-Ьеiпg of а11 kinds of age giving it а Ьluе соlоuгiпg. Тhеiг Stар1е diet
gгоuрS. Fог ехаmрlе, they told uS that consists of millеt, а gгаiп that they uSe to
сhildгеп гесоvегiпg fгоm suгgегу геа11у make роггidgе, as Wе1l aS гiсе, wheat and
1ikе to Sing if thеу'Vе got the епегgу, оthег gгаiпS. 1п the dгу Season thеiг Staple
реор1е With dementia uSually ехрегiепсц foods аге gгаiп and dаtеS, WhегеаS in the
lift in thеiг mood while listening to muL±, соо1еь wet seaSon they have mоге milk and
and реор1е With dергеSsiоп пеаг1у alwayS mеаt.
ЬепеЁt fгоm doing геgulаг ехегсisе. These dayS moSt Тuагеg living in гuгаl
Тutог: YеS, it'S vегу геwагdiпg to see patients агеаS рuгSuе а гапgе of асtivitiеS. TheSe
геSропdiпg to mеаSuгеS like those and it include the hегdiпg and Ьгееdiпg of livеStосk,
helpS uS view thеiг health fгоm а Ьгоаdег саггуiпg out gагdепiпg in the оаSеS, and of
регsресtivе. соuгSе ±±аdЁ, Which they haVe conducted

That is the end of Section 3. You now have fог millеппiа. Fог mоге than 2,000 уеагs
half а minute to check уоиг апSwегS. they haVe орегаtеd camel сагаVапS - theSe
аге gгоuрS of camels that саггу goods оvег
Now tигп to Section 4.
1опg distапсеS, tгаdiпg ргоduсts Ьеtwееп
section 4 the Sahel геgiоп South of the Sаhага up to
the Меditеггапеап Sea оп the coaSt of погth
You will hеаг а lесtиге to апthгороlоgу
Аfгiса. The camel сагаVапS, sometimeS
students аЬоиt ап ethnic gгоир called the
conSisting of mоге than 20,000 саmеls,
Тuагеg. Мапу of these people live in the
dominated tгапS-Sаhагап tгаdе until the
Sаhага dеsегt i,п Аfгiса. Fiгst, уои have some
middle of the 20th сепtuгу. А stгопg camel
time to look at questionS 31 to 4О.
сап саггу up to а total of 300 kilоgгаms of
Now listen and апSwег questions 31 to 40. gооds, excluding the гidег. TheSe сагаVапs
Good аftеmооп, еvегуопе. 1п tоdау'S lесtuге often сгоsS the Sаhага to [hе Sahel геgiоп to
1'11 Ье outlining some of the main economic the sоuсh. А± ЁгSt the расе is Slow to аllоw_
activitieS of the Тuагеg. The Тuагеg аге ап ±hе camels to fееd, Ьut aS they епtег the
ethnic gгоuр who live in погth and West Ьаггеп dеSегt whеге thеге is nothing to еаt,
Аfгiса, mostly in the Sаhага dеSегt and they walk fгоm moming to пight, tурiса1lу
Suггоuпdiпg геgiопS. Тhеге is по conSenSuS соVегiпg 50 kilоmеtгеS in а dау. 1п the Sеmi-
оп the Size of the Тuагеg population tоdау, агid Sahel геgiоп, which гесеivеS Ьеtwееп 1О
with moSt eStimateS гапgiпg Ьеtwееп 750,000 and 50 сепtimе[геs of гаiпfаll рег уеаг; the
and 1.З million реор1е. The main геаSоп fог Тuагеg оЬtаiп с1оth as Wе11 aS millet gгоwп

Тгапsсгjрts 137
Ьу the HauSa реор1е. 1п exchange fог thеSе, lifе, WhегеаS the сгаftsmеп need to Stay in
the Тuагеg give them а пumЬег of ргоduсts, опе р1асе with thеiг tools and wогkshорS.
in рагtiсulаг Salt and dаtеS. Although camels НоwеVег, fог this same геаSоп they wеге
аге Still uSеd, theSe days goods аге mоге often alwayS аЬ1е to gain а highег level of education
саггiеd Ьу tгuсk and tгаiп. than оthег Тuагеg gгоuрs. with gгаduаl
mоdегпisаtiоп, thеiг highег education levels
The Тuагеg а1Sо gгоw Some of thеiг oWn haVe come to Ье of mоге ЬепеЁt to thеm, in
fооd. СгорS gгоwп Ьу the Тuагеg include addition to which thеiг jеwеllегу and lеаthег

millеt, Ьаг1еу, Whеаt, mаizе, опiопS, tomatoeS goods haVe found а mагkеt among Visitогs
and dаtеs. 1п fагmiпg, thеге is а division of fгоm аЬгоаd.
lаЬоuг ЬаSеd оп gепdег; With the men planting The economic роwег of the Тuагеg haS
and iггigаtiпg the gагdепS, and the women dеtегiогаtеd Since соuпtгiеS in the геgiоп
hагvеStim the сгоDS. Негdiпg апimа1s is also gained thеiг independence in the 1960S and
ап imрогtапt economic асtivitу. The liveStock uпdег the impact of SеVеге dгоughts. Though
Тuагеg рагtiсulагlу Value аге camels and cattle moSt Тuагеg continue to live aS поmаds, thеiг
гаthег than the Smаl1ег animals Such aS gоаts. tгаditiопаl way of life is uпdегgоiпg sigпiЁсапt
1п геgагd to hегdiпg апimаls, men usually take сhапgе.
саге of the саmеls, While the Women look аftег That is the end of Section 4. You now have
the gоаts, Sheep and dопkеуs. half а тi,пиtе to check уоиг апSwегs.
Fог mоге than 1,000 уеагS the Тuагеg haVe That is the end of the Listening Теst. You now
Ьееп involved in the salt сгаdе. The Salt is have ten minutes to tгапsfег уоиг апswегs to
оЬtаiпеd Ьу digging pits 6 to 8 mеtгеS deep to the апswег Shееt.
геасh Wаtег with а vегу high Salt сопtепt, also
known aS Ьгiпе. The Summег heat еVарогаtеS Listening Test 2
the wаtеь leaVing the salt Ьеhiпd. The salt is
You will hеаг fоuг di]fегепt гесогdiпgs and
then fогmеd into Ьlосks, which Weigh агоuпd
21 kilоgгаms, and packed into the hоl1оwеd- уои will have to апSwег questions оп what
out tгuпks of palm tгееS. TheSe аге then уои hеаг.
wгарреd in stгаw and loaded onto camels Тhеге will Ье time fог уои to геаd the
to Ье tгаdеd еlsеwhеге. The Dгiсе of Salt iпstгuсtiопs and queStions Ьеfоге the
гisеs with the арргоасh of sі:mmег Ьесаusе гесогdiпg is рlауеd.
this is the time of уеаг when animals need it You will аl,sо have the оррогtипitу to check
±з±Qs±. The Ьеst quа1itу salt is used fог human уоиг апswегs.
сопSumрtiоп, and the 1оwег quality Salt is
The гесогdiпgs will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
given to апimаls.
The teSt is in fоuг sесtiопS. Wгitе уоиг
Опе gгоuр among the Тuагеg that is not
inVolved in the саmе1 сагаVапs and fагmiпg
апswегs оп the quеsйоп sheet as уои listеп.
At the end of Section 4, уои have ten тi,пиtеs
аге the сгаftsmеп who make the distinctive
to tгапsfег уоиг апswегS onto the апswег
jеWеllегу and hапdiсгаfts. Тгаditiопаl1у they
shееt, which is оп page 31. When уои fпish,
had lоwег status due со thеiг mоге sеdепtагу
check the апswегs at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
li±Ёs±}z!! - the Тuагеg haVe alwayS ргizеd and
enjoyed the fгееdоm of а nomadic way of Now tигп to Section 1.

1I З8 ТгапsсгЕрts
section 1 Womап: I'l1 give you my home пumЬег. It'S
З7018699.
You will hеаг а woman who i,s applying fог а
dгiviпg liсепсе. Fiгst, уои have some time to Мап: Right. And what fогm oflD do you
look at questions 1 to 5. haVe with уоu?

Now listen and апswег queStions 1 to 5.


wоmап: wеll, I'Vе got а Ьапk сагd. Неге
it is.
Мап: Good mогпiпg, сап I help уоu?
Мап: Lеt'S Sее. Nо, we need something with
womап: I'd like to apply fог а dгiviпg liсепсе.
уоuг photo оп it, like а Student сагd.
Мап: Right. wе'll just have to Ёll in this
Womап: I'Vе got that with mе, hеге you аге.
fогm.
Мап: Yеаh, thаt'S Япе. Nоw, thеге's ап
wоmап: Uh-huh. application fee of $55. How would you
Мап: FiгSt, ег; could you tе11 me уоuг full like to рау? we take сгеdit сагds Ьut not
паmе.) сhеquеS, I'm аfгаid. And We take caSh
Wоmап: YеS, it'S ТhегеSа СоlliпS. of соuгSе, if you have enough money
мап: Right. with уоu.

The woman sayS hег пате is Тhегеsа СоШпS, wоmап: I do асtuаllу, and I сгу not to uSe my
so `Тhегеsа СоШпs' has Ьееп wгittеп next сгеdit сагd if I сап aVoid it. Неге you аге.
to the ехатр1е оп the question рарег:. Now Мап: Тhапkуоu.
continue with questions 1 to 5. Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the сопvегSаtiоп,
Мап: And what type of vehicle would you уои have Some ti,те to look at questions 6
like to dгivе? to 10.

wоmап: Оh, just а погmаl саг. Now listen and апSwег questions 6 to 1О.
Мап: Тhаt'S а ClaSS С licence thеп. And Мап: Right, now thеге аге а feW things I
haVe you еVег held а dгiviпg licence in need to tell you аЬоut the liсепсе. Веfоге
апоthег соuпtгу? you actually dгivе а саг, you have to paSS
wоmап: Oh по, I'm too уоuпg. Апуwау, I а teSt аЬоut the гоаd гulеS.
think I'd Ье too Sсагеd to dгivе in апоthег Wоmап: Оh, thаt'S the teSt аЬоut speed
соuпtгу. limits and гоаd signS and things like thаt,
Мап: Right. I'll ].ust need [о get some isп't it?
регSопа1 details fгоm уоu. Um, could I Мап: YеS, thаt'S гight. Тhеге аге two рагts
haVe уоuг date of Ьiгth, рlеаSе? to the tеst, and уоu'ге alloWed to make а
wоmап: YеS, it'S the 17th оfМагсh l994. maximum of two еггогs in each Sесtiоп,
Мап: And whаt's уоuг аddгеSS? So thаt'S fоuг аltоgеthег.

wоmап: 28 Rivег Stгееt. wоmап: Andiflfail the tеst, canIdo it


аgаiп?
Мап: Тhаt'S spelt R-i-v-е-г, is that гight?
Мап: YeS you сап, Ьutуоu haVe to Waitat
wоmап: Yеs.
leaSt а wееk.
Мап: And thаt'S in Вепtlеу, isп't it?
wоmап: Right. And when I'm dгiviпg,
womап: Yеs.
thеге'S got to Ье Someone With me in the
Мап: ОК. And уоuг phone пumЬег? саг wh; holds а full liсепсе, dоеsп't thеге?

Тгапsсгiрts 139
Мап: YеS. That could Ье а family mеmЬег, а wоmап: Thanks vегу muсh.
ргоfеSsiопаl dгiviпg iпStгuсtог ог а fгiепd. This is the end of Section 1. You now have
wоmап: what аЬоut my оldег Sistег? half а minute to check уоиг апswегs.
Мап: Suге, aS long as shе'S got the гight kind Now tигп to Section 2.
of 1iсепсе. NoW the lеаmег'S licence is
Valid fог nine mопths. At the end of that sectiOn 2
time you haVe to do а ргасtiсаl dгiviпg You will hеаг а tгаiпiпg оfЛсег giving а
tеSt. If you paSS thаt, уоu'ге gгапtеd а talk to new Stа# who will Ье wогkiпg at the
ргоVisiопаl liсепсе. That ехDiгеS аftег 18 iпfогтаtiоп desk at ап аiгрогt. FiгSt, уои
mопths. If you dоп't paSS the ргасtiсаl have some time to look at questionS 11 to 15.
dгiviпg tеS[, you аге given а lеагпег's
Now listen and апSwег questions 11 to 15.
licence fог апоthег Six mопths.
NоW, when уоu'ге wогkiпg at che infomation
womап: I Sее. And while I'm still оп the
deSk in the аггivаls Section of the аiгрогt, опе
lеагпег's liсепсе, how faSt сап I dгivе?
of the moSt common queStionS реор1е aSk is,
Мап: wеll, it depends оп the агеа уоu'ге
whаt'S the ЬеS[ way to get to thеiг hotel ог
dгiviпg iп. 1п moSt places in the сitу,
to а рагtiсulаг аddгеSS опсе they leaVe the
thеге'S а Speed limit of 60 kilоmеtгеS ап
аiгрогt. The апSwег you give them depends
hоuг. AS you ргоЬаЬ1у kпоw, оп highwayS
оп а пumЬег of fасtогS, So I'm going to give
in the соuпtгуSidе thеге'S often а Speed
you а few gепега1 tips to help you deal with
limit of 100 kilоmеСгеS рег hош But aS а
theSe issueS Ьу taking the caSe of а tурiса1
lеаmег Vоu'ге пеVег allowed to exceed 80,
destination fог the аVегаgе tгаVеllег.
eVen оп а highwау.
Аftег а 1опg Шght, реор1е аге often tiгеd
wоmап: Right. I think thаt'd Ье faSt enough
and want to get to thеiг Ёпа1 destination aS
fог me апуwау.
Soon aS роSsiЬlе. Yоu'd think that the quickest
Мап: Is thеге anything е1Sе you need to ±ща}[ would Ье to take а tахi, Ьut ЬесаuSе of
kпоW? tгаfЁс сопgеStiоп, it tums out that it'S uSually
womап: Oh уеаh, I hеагd [hеге аге Ьеttег to take the tгаiп. ТгаiпS аге сhеарег
геStгiсtiопS оп using mоЬilе phoneS while than tахis, and taxis get caught in tгаfЁс jams
уоu'ге dгiviпg. and they сап't go thгоugh геd lights. Fог Some
Мап: Тhаt'S гight. Until гесепtlу, you could раSSепgегS, che most imрогtапt сопsidегаtiоп
оп1у talk оп а mоЬilе While уоu'ге dгiviпg is to [аkе а meanS of tгапSрогt that is going to
if you uSed ап еагрhопе ог hапds-fгее гuп ассогdiпg to Sсhеdulе. Nоw, you would
dеViсе, Ьut [hаt'S Ьееп сhапgеd. think that the tгаiп would Ье the ЬеSt опе fог
this, Ьut aS the аiгрогt tгаiп is орегаtеd Ьу
womап: оh?
а ргivаtе соmрапу, thеге have Ьееп а lot of
Мап: Yеаh. Now vou сап't use mоЬilеS at all
ргоЬlеms iпtеgгаtiпg its гuппiпg timeS with
while dгiviпg.
the рuЬ1iсlу owned tгаiп пеtwогk, and this
wоmап: NoceVento Send ап SМS? haS геSultеd in а 1оt of dеlауs. SuгvеуS оп
Мап: Not eVen to Send ап SМS. Апуwау, if tгаVеlliпg to and fгоm the аiгрогt haVe found
thаt'S а11, 1'11 give you а сору of the Ьооk that miпiЬuSеS аге [hе most dеDепdаЬlе fогm
оп the гоаd гulеS. of tгапsDогt.

1I4О ТгапsсI.Ерts
Тhеге аге оthег сопSidегаtiопs tоо. If а Stоге - it'S wеl1 wогth а look at - and а wеl1-
регSоп wants а соmfогtаЬlе гidе with plenty Stocked еlесtгопiсS goods Shор, and Ьеtwееп
of lеgгооm аf[ег а 1опg Шght in а сгаmреd thoSe two thеге is а Dhагmасv. Тhеге uSed to
Sеаt, it'd Ье ЬеSt fог them to take опе of the Ье а dгеSS Shop in that роSitiоп. At the top
1агgе, аiг-сопditiопеd Ь!±$!s. It'S а new fleet гight-hапd соmег of the diаgгаm we haVe the
with plenty of Space fог luggage апd, оп top Waiting lounge and the exit to the рlапеS.
of thаt, thеу'ге much сhеарег than tахis. Some 1п the top lеft-hапd согпег аге the DuЬliс
раSsепgегs аге fаг mоге concemed аЬоut ±Qi±g±s. You сап uSe thoSe toilets ог, if you
Sесuгitу; of соuгsе we сап't guагапtее that likе, thеге аге also staff facilitieS пеаг the
they Wоп't Ье гоЬЬеd ог eVen cheated Ьу а Ьооkshор, Ьut уоu'll need to get the kеу.
dishoneSt dгivеь So I think fог them the ЬеSt
]ust Ьеhiпd the iпfогmаtiоп deSk We have
thing to do is to get Someone who they know Some food outlets and оvег to the гight. next
and tгust to pick them up in thеiг саг. Fiпаl1у, to the waiting lоuпgе. is а саfе. when [hе
thеге'S also the `gгееп' tгаVеllег Who wants гепоVаtiопS аге completed it will function
to cauSe the leaSt DоssiЬlе Dоllutiоп. NоW, aS ап Iпtегпеt саfе. At most аiгрогts you get
оЬViоuslу we сап't tell [hеm to walk Ьесаusе
реор1е сопgгеgаtiпg оп the fоофаth Smоkiпg,
it'S too fаг; рагtiсulагlу with heaVy 1uggаgе. Which is unpleaSant fог the поп-smоkегS
You mighc gueSS that рuЬ1iс tгапSрогt would епtегiпg and 1еаViпg the Ьuildiпg. Fог that
Ье the cleaneSt way to tгаVеl, Ьut it tums out геаSоп Wе'Vе Set up а dedicated Smоkiш гооm
that it'S ±а2Еis, and thа['S ЬесаuSе of the type of inSide the tегmiпаl` next [о [hе Ьооkshо-D. It'S
fuel they usе. Тhеу'ге also not suгргisiпglу [hе well Ventilated and 1ооks out onto the tагmас.
moSt рорulаг choice of ЬusiпеSSреорlе. The огigiпаl р1ап WaS to put а Wine Ьаг next
You now have 3О seconds to look at quеsйопs to the Ьооkshор, Ьut thеге wеге ргоЬlеms
16 to 2о. with the 1iсепSiпg lаws.

Now listen and апSwег questions 1б to 2О. I'd епсоuгаgе you to walk агоuпd the
аiгрогt to fаmiliагisе уоuгSеlvеs with the
So fаг Wе'Vе Ьееп focusing оп the аггivаls
layout So that you сап mоге eaSily handle
section of the аiгрогt. Now wе'ге going to Ье
looking at the dерагtuгеS Sесtiоп. Yоu'vе а11 раssепgегs' епquiгiеs.
That is the end of Section 2. You now have
got а сору of the Ноог р1ап of the dерагtuгеs
Section of the аiгрогt. BecauSe of the гесепt half а minute to check уоиг апswегs.
гепоVаtiопS, а lot of реор1е аге disогiепtеd Now tигп to Section 3.
When they See it fог the БгSt timе, So you
need to Ье fаmiliаг with the new 1ауоut. At section з
the Ьоttоm of the Поог р1ап you сап see You will hеаг two со11еgе Students герогtiпg
whеге the раSSепgегs check iп. They then go to thеiг Science clasS аЬоиt а ргоjесt they
[hгоugh Sесuгitу сопtгоl and in fгопt of them have done оп ап Аиstгаliап animal called the
is the iпfогmаtiоп dеSk, гight in the middle of Tasmanian dеvil. FiгSt, уои have some time to
the whole Ноог р1ап. ]ust to the гight of the look at qиеsйопs 21 to 26.
iпfогmаtiоп deSk thеге'S а neWSagencv whеге
Now listen and апswег questions 21 to 26.
you сап Ьuу пеWsрарегS and mаgаziпеS. Fог
those who like to do а Ьit of Shоррiпg, to the
wоmап: Нi, еVегуопе. Fог оuг assignment
left of the iпfогmаtiоп deSk We haVe а jеwеllегу
оп а native апimаl, Gеогgе and I choSe

Тгапsсгiрts 141
that unuSual Аustгаliап сгеаtuге, the neSt ог аге саггiеd оп thеiг mоthег'S Ьасk
Tasmanian dеvil. When She goes оut, and еVепtuа1lу ±!±!;г
Мап: Yеаh. Асtuаllу, they dоп't dеSегvе to haVe to look аftег thеmsе1VеS at аЬоut
Ье called `dеVils', though they do haVe eight mопths. Then they in tum Stагt
Some Stгапgе hаЬi[S. Ьгееdiпg at the end of thеiг Second уеаг.
wоmап: АпуWау, aS thеiг name iпdiсаtеS, wоmап: And агоuпd 60О/о ofthem die
thеу'ге оп1у found in the wild оп the in thеiг hst Summег due to the tough
island of ТаSmапiа. You сап Ё.пd them competition fог fооd. The oneS that
а11 оvег the islапd, including in the Sоuth- Suгvivе сап 1ivе fог up to seven уеагS,
West гаiпfогеSts and in coastal heath агеаS, Which meanS they dоп't live aS 1опg aS the
Ьut thеу'ге most commonly found in the аvегаgе domeStic dоg.
fогеSts Whеге thеге'S lesS гаiпfаll, in the Мап: Nо. And it'S estimated that noW thеге
еаStегп and погthегп рагts of the islапd. аге Ьеtwееп 100,000 and 150,000 of
Мап: In fасt, they 1ivе апу р1асе Whеге they them аltоgеthег. They wеге almoSt wiped
сап get shеltег duгiпg the day and food at out Ьу the еаг1у Еuгореап Sеttlегs Ьесаusе

-.
пight. they hated the devils eating thеiг сhiсkепS,
wоmап: Some ofyoumayhave Seen onein а So the gоVегпmепt paid реор1е to kill
zоо. Тhеу'ге аЬоuс the Size of а Small dog TaSmanian dеVils.

and аге соvегеd with Shогt, Sоft, Ьlасk wоmап: And moSt fагmегS still dislike thеm.
fuг with white mагkiпgs оп Some рагts Тhеiг пumЬегS fеl1 So dгаStiсаl1у due to
of thеiг ЬоdiеS. Ап adult male сап WeigL fагmегs poisoning them ог Shooting them
ffom 5 to 1З kilоgгаms, and а femaJi that it WaS thought that they might haVe
Ьесоmе ехtiпсt. Ihen а law Was passed in
Мап: Тhеу'vе gо[ а lагgе head and песk, 1941 to ргоtесt thеm, and Since then thеiг
with heavy limЬs. Тhеу'ге са11еd devils пumЬегS have gгоwп аgаiп.
Ьесаusе of the tеггiЬ1е sounds they Веfоге уои hеаг the геSt of the tаlk, уои have
make at пight. This haS given them some time to look at queStionS 27 to 3О.
ап uпdеsегVеd герutаtiоп fог Ьеiпg
Now listen and апswег questions 27 to 3О.
аggгеssivе, whегеаS in fact thеV'ге fаiгlv
Мап: Now Wе'd like to talk аЬоut some
Shv сгеаtuгеS, Ьut this dоеSп't mean that
of thеiг hаЬi[S. They live а1опе in placeS
thеу'ге tame ог fгiепdlу enough to Ье реts.
Such aS holloW lоgs, caVes ог in ЬuггоwS
wоmап: And like kапgагооS, they саггу [hеiг
uпdегgгоuпd, Which they 1iпе with Ьагk,
young in а роuсh. They haVe ЬаЬiеS оп1у
gгаSs and lеаVеS. They uSually move
опсе а уеаг; and then аЬоut 20 аге Ьогп
Slowly and look clumsy When they move
at опе timе, Ьut at that Stage thеу'ге оп1у
quiсklу, Ьut the young ones аге mоге agile
as Ьig aS а gгаiп of гiсе. The ЬаЬiеS haVe а
and сап even сlimЬ tгееs.
гасе to the роuсh, ЬесаuSе thеге аге оп1у
womап: But опе of the moSt amazing things
fоuг [еаts thеге, and the mоthегS геаг ап
аЬоut Tasmanian devils is hoW and What
аvегаgе of thгее young аппuаЦу.
they еаt. Тhеу'Vе got iпсгеdiЬlу Stгопg
Мап: The ЬаЬiеS stay in the pouch fог аЬоut
teeth and jаWS, So а 1агgе male сап give
ЁVе mопths. Then thеу'ге left in thеiг
you а Ьitе aS Stгопg aS а 50-kilоgгаm dоg!

1I42 ТгапsсгЕрts
Мап: But dоп't wоггу, they dоп't eat реорlе! section 4
Some fагmегS соmр1аiп аЬоut them
You will hеаг а lесtuге Ьу а hеаlthсаге
taking young lаmЬS, Ьut thеiг diet conSists
геsеагсhег to Students of health science аЬоиt
Dгеdоmiпапtlv of animals that haVe
the геsults of а sигvеу оп yoga in Аustгаliа.
аlгеаdv diеd. They dоп't get ill when they Fiгst, уои have Some time to look at queStions
eat Sick animals ЬесаuSе of the digeStive 31 to 4о.
enZymeS in thеiг own stomachs that kill
Now listen and апswег questionS 31 to 4О.
the disеаSеS.

wоmап: And thеу'Vе got ап uпdеSегvеd Good аftегпооп еVегуопе. 1п tоdау'S lесtuге
герutаtiоп fог Ьеiпg smеЩг whегеаs in I'm going to ргеsепt Some of the hndings of
fact they wash themselves aS much as cats the lагgеSt and moSt соmргеhепSivе SuгVеу of

dQ. Тhеу'ге посtuгпаl апimа1S, So they go yoga ргасtiсе еVег conducted in Аustгаliа. The
hunting at пight, often tгаVеlliпg up to оЬjесtivеS of this SuгVеу wеге to inVeStigate

15 kilоmеtгеS and using thеiг stгопg Sense the сhагасtегistiсS of реор1е who ргасtisе yoga

of Smell to Ёпd fооd. They eat а11 kinds in this соuпtгу, ah the stу1еs and techniqueS

of animals - and they eat еVегуthiпg, of yoga that аге ргасtisеd, how often реор1е
including fuг, and leaVe nothing Ьеhiпd ргасtisе уоgа, the геаsопs why they do yoga
except the lагgеSt ЬопеS. and the регсеivеd ЬепеЁts of yoga ргасtiсе.
It is оuг hope that the Ёпdiпgs of this Suгvеу
Мап: Yеаh, thеге сап Ье up to 22 ofthem
will Ье of help to Ьоth tеасhегS and Students
feeding off опе сагсаSS at the Same timе,
of yoga in this соuпtгу and аЬгоаd, as wе1l aS
and thеу'ге Vегу gгееdу, noisy еаtегS. 1п
to hеаlthсаге ргасtitiопегs. Ргiог to оuг Studу,
а11 the excitement of еаtiпg, thеге'S а lot
по nationwide геSеагсh had Ьееп conducted
of соughiпg, Ьагkiпg and So оп. It's quite
into the [орiс. Оuг геsеагсh team decided
common fог them to Ьitе each оthег to
to do а wеЬ~Ьаsеd SuгVеу So that We would
decide who сап eat Ёгst, who goes second
геасh the maximum роSsiЬlе пumЬег of реор1е
and So оп.
а11 агоuпd the соuпtгу, and also due to оuг
womап: And thеу'Vе got ап iпсгеdiЬ1е
fundim limitаtiопS. The suгVеу waS ргоmоtеd
арреtitе. They сап eat the equivalent of
thгоu;L yoga Sсhооls, the media and Ьу wогd
40О/о of thеiг own Ьоdу weight in just
of mоuth. Еvепtuаllу, ah almoSt 4,000 реор1е
half ап hощ Which is like а human eating
геSропdеd to the SuгVеу, which took аЬоut
аЬоut 25 kilоgгаms of stеаk. And they
30 minutes to соmрlеtе. АЬоut опе-thiгd
make геа11у good uSe of thеiг Stгопg,
of the реор1е Who Ёllеd in the SuгVеу wеге
Ьluпt tееth. When thеу'ге hightепеd, they
yoga tеасhегS, the оthег twо-thiгds wеге yoga
ShoW them Ьv vаwпiпg, which is mоге
studепts; оvегаll, 85°/о of the геsDопdепts
effeccive than Ьitiпg ог Ьагkiпg.
Wеге wоmеп.
Мап: But the only Sегiоus Ёghtiпg that takeS Yoga meanS diffегепt things to diffегеп[
р1асе is When thеу'ге looking fог а mаtе.
реор1е апd, геflесtiпg its divегSitу, thеге аге
А11 in а11, thеу'ге а faScinating 1ittlе апimаl.
many typeS of уоgа. Оuг suгVеу found that
That is the end of Sесйоп 3. You now have it is maleS and уоuпgег реор1е who аге mоге
half а minute to check уоиг апswегS. аttгасtеd to some of the рhуSiса11у mоге

Now tигп to Section 4. demanding styleS of yoga that have gained


in рорulагitу in the weSt оvег the paSt two

Тгапsсгiрts 143
dесаdеS, whегеаS о1dег age gгоuрS went fог that is commonly asSociated with yoga
mоге геlахiпg StуlеS. Арагt fгоm ргоVidiпg and mеditаtiоп. А common admission in
ехегсisе. Voga сап also Ье а fогm of thегарV, the SuгVеу among thoSe who had Sustained
meditation ог а sрiгituаl раth. iпjuгiеs waS that thev had Dushed themselveS
GоVегпmепt agencieS haVe found that соо hагd. Fаг less fгеquепtlу tеасhегS Wеге
агоuпd 2О/о of the adult population ргасtisе Said to haVe cauSed iпjuгiеS Ьу pushing
Students too hагd.
yoga to а gгеаtег ог lеSSег ехtепt, With а much
lоwег рагtiсiраtiоп гаtе fог реор1е who haVe А 1агgе пumЬег of оuг SuгVеу геSропdепts
not yet tumed 18. Both thеiг геSеагсh and герогtеd that they Wогk in health саге
оuг Suгvеу found that the age gгоuр wi[h che оссuраtiопs, and fог moSt of the yoga
higheSt рагtiсiраtiоп гаtе in yoga clasSeS is tеасhегS, teaching yoga is not thеiг оп1у
the З5-tо 44-уеаг-оld gгоuр. Тhеге has Ьееп Sоuгсе of iпсоmе. Among the studеп[s the
а Slight decline гесепс1у in the рорulагitу of moSt common health саге occupation is
уоgа; hоwеVег; this WaS in the context of а пuгSiпg, whегеаS among tеасhегs the lагgеst
геduсtiоп in phySical activitieS оVегаll among gгоuD Wогkеd aS maSSage thегаDists. Мапу
the Аustгаliап рорulаtiоп. А mаjог геаsоп fог also wогkеd aS пuгsеS, рSусhо1оgists and
this tгепd is not the гisе in the рорulагitу of ргасtitiопегS of а1tегпаtivе mеdiсiпе.
junk food Ьut ЬесаuSе mоге and mоге реор1е 1п the SuгVеу we also looked at iпсоmеS.
аге playing соmрutег gаmеS. Wё didп't aSk fог individual iпсоmеS, Ьut
56О/О of the yoga Students Who геsропdеd houSehold iпсоmеs; that is, the total income
to оuг suгvеу attend claSS опсе ог twice а of а11 the реор1е that SuгVеу геSропdепts lived
Wееk. 1п сопtгаSt, and not Suгргisiпglу, the with. Wё found that агоuпd thгее-quагtегS of
Same регсепtаgе of the yoga tеасhегS in оuг the students and 60% of the tеасhегs haVe а
Suгvеу said they taught ог ргасtisеd yoga household income аЬоvе $50,000 рег уеаг.
Ьеtwееп hve and SeVen times рег Wееk. Most WhегеаS just 9°/О of the Students аге оп ап
реор1е initially take up yoga to imргоvе thеiг annual houSehold income ЬеlоW $30,000, опе
health and Ёtпеss - with ап emphasis оп in ЁVе of [hе tеасhегS Ье1опg to this gгоuр.
ПехiЬilitу and Stгепgth - Ьuс also in огdег to It would Seem that Ьеim: а Voga tеасhег is
геduсе stгеss ог as а tгеаtmепt fог а phySical not а Dath to гiсhеs. Yoga itself isп't chat
ргоЬlеm, рагtiсulагlу fог а Ьаd Ьасk. Мапу ехрепSivе, With the аVегаgе регSоп spending
of [hе геsропdепts to оuг SuгVеу stated that just uпdег $100 а month оп yoga ргасtiсе and
thеiг геаSопS fог doing yoga changed аftег ассеSSогіеS.
they Stагtеd doing геgulаг ргасtiсе, with щQ±Ё_ Оvегаll, yoga waS found to haVe а poSitive
than half claiming that thev keeD at it fог impact оп реорlе'S livеs, With а с1еаг mаjогitу
thеiг DегSопа1 dеVеlоDmепt, which could Ье concluding that thеiг рhуSiсаl, mental and
hіtегргеtеd in а vагiеtу of wауS. emotional hеаlth, aS well aS [hеiг геlаdопShiрs,
wеге Ьеttег ог much Ьеttег than Ьеfоге they
Although оvегаll yoga ргоmоtеS phySical Stагtеd doing уоgа.
and mental hеа1th, it сап cauSe damage if not
That is the end of Section 4. You now have
done ргорег1у, and саге needs to Ье taken half а minute to check уоиг апSwегs.
With iпvегtеd роStuгеS Such aS the headstand
That is the end of the Listening ТеSt. You now
and Shоuldег Stапd, aS Well aS with the lotus
have ten minuteS to tгапsfег уоиг апSwегs to
роsitiоп, which is the сгоSS-lеggеd poSition
the апswег shееt.

144 ТI-апsсI.Ерts
Listening Test З The тап's phone питЬег is О438 637 935, so
`0438 637 935' has Ьееп wгittеп next to the
You will hеаг fоuг di#егепt гесогdiпgs and ехатр1е оп the question рарег. Now continue
уои will have to апSwег questionS оп what with questions 1 to 4.
уои hеаr,.
wоmап: we haVe VacancieS fог а couple
Тhеге will Ье time fог уои to геаd the of poSitionS in оuг hotel at the mоmепt.
iпStгисtiопs and questions Ьеfоге the Uh, which poSition аге you iпtегеStеd in
гесогdiпg is рlауеd.
арр1уiпg fог?
You will also have the оррогtипitу to check Мап: Uh, гооm sегViсе.
уоиг апswегs. wоmап: Room sегviсе, гight. Now l'd like
The гесогdiпgs will Ье played ONCE оп1у. to Ёпd out а little аЬоut уоuг еmр1оуmепt
The teSt is in fоиг sесtiопs. Wгitе уоиг Ьасkgгоuпd. HaVe you Wогkеd in а hotel
апSwегs оп the question sheet as уои listеп. Ьеfоге, ог haVe you Ьееп еmр1оуеd in апу
At the end of Section 4, уои have ten minutes capacity in the hoSpitality iпdustгу?
to tгапSfег уоиг апswегs onto the апSwег Мап: I'Vе пеVег асtuа1lу Wогkеd in а hоtеl,
Shееt, which is оп page 31. When уои Лпish, Ьut I'vе Ьееп а wаitег in а couple of
check the апswегs at the Ьасk of the Ьооk. diffегепt рlасеs.

Now tигп to Sесйоп 1. wоmап: Оh, gооd. I'm suге that ехрегiепсе
will come in hапdу.
sectiOn 1
Мап: Аlsо, at the moment l'm doing а
You will hеаг а тап having ап iпtегviеw fог соuгsе.
а jоЬ in а hоtеl. Fiгst, уои have some time to
wоmап: Оh, whаtагеуоu dоiпg?
look at queStionS 1 to 4.
Мап: I'm studying Тоuгism Мапаgеmепt.
Now listen с[пd апSwег queStions 1 to 4.
I'm in the Second уеаг of а [hгее-уеаг
Wоmап: Good mоmiпg, Мг РеtегS, pleaSe соuгSе.
come in and haVe а Sеаt. wоmап: Тhаt'S good to hеаг. Оh, Ьу the
Мап: Тhапkуоu. wау, we have quite а few iпtегпаtiопа1
wоmап: Му паmе's Glогiа МсКеll, I'm the gueSts Staying hеге. Do you speak апу
регsоппеl mапаgег hеге. Nоw, Ьеfоге we fогеigп 1апguаgеS?
Stагt the jоЬ iпtегviеw, I just need to get а Мап: I did ЕЁЁ± at high sсhооl, and l'm
couple of details fгоm уоu. Studying Когеап aS рагt of my diploma
мап: Suге. соuгSе.

wоmап: Nоw, БгSt of all I'd j.ust like to wоmап: And hoW well do you Speak thoSe
сопЁгm I haVe the соггесt dеtаils. Yоuг lапguаgеS?
name is Gеогgе РеtегS, isп't it? Мап: wеll, I сап have а Simple сопVегSаtiоп
мап: YеS. in Fгепсh, Ьut my Когеап's Still fаiгlу
ЬаSiс, though I think it'd come in handy
wоmап: And уоuг contact phone пumЬег is
with гооm Sегviсе.
0438 637 935?

Мап: Тhаt's гight. womап: Gооd.

Тгапsсгiрts 145
Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the со"егsаtiоп, wоmап: Oh по, Sоггу, thеге'S Ьееп а change
in thаt. 1п fасt, noW а11 еlесtгiсаl Wогk haS
уои have some time to look at queStionS 5
to l0. to Ье done Ьу the technical staff - it'S ап
occupational health and Safety issuе.
Now listen and апswег qиеsйопs 5 to 1О.
Мап: Веttег to Ье safe than Sоггу, I SuрроSе.
wоmап: wеl1, I'vе asked you а пumЬег
wоmап: YеS. You dоп't haVe to do апу
of quеStiопS, now I wопdег if thеге'S
of the сlеапiпg, though you do have to
anything уоu'd like to know аЬоut the
ЁЁmоVе апу diгtу plateS [hе guests hаVLrЁ_
position ог аЬоut the hоtеl.
uSed in thеiг гооms. The сlеапегs аге the
Мап: Um, could you tell me what the duties oneS who make suге the fгidgеS have the
аге of doing гооm SегViсе? I mеап, I'Vе
гight amount of dгiпks and Snacks in
got а Vague idеа, Ьut it'd Ье good to know thеm. Тhеге аге а few оthег dutiеS, Ьut
exactly what it iпvоlvеs.
Ьаsiсаllу гооm SегViсе plays ап imрогtапt
wоmап: Yеs, of соuгSе. In fасt, уоuг dutieS го1е in maintaining guest sаtisfасtiоп, and
would not Ье limited to гооm Sегviсе; So а fгiепdlу attitude and еfЁсiепсу аге
thеге аге а few ехtга things that аге now whаt,S геquiгеd.
рагt of the jоЬ уоu'ге applying fог. Fог Мап: Оh, that goes without sауiпg. And
iпStапсе, the рогtег uSed to ±ггу guеSts'_
could I ask аЬоut the рау and сопditiопs?
ЬаgLS_ to thеiг гооmLs, Ьut his poSition has
wоmап: Of соuгSе. The рау'S $20 рег hоuг,
Ьееп аЬоlishеd and that would noW Ье
and $25 рег hоuг Ьеtwееп 10 pm and
уоuг геSропSiЬilitу. Uп1ikе а Wаitег, you
6 am aS wе1l aS оп SuпdауS.
dоп't take thеiг огdегs fог food - the
kitchen Staff does that Ьу рhопе. Мап: Right. And whаt'S ргоvidеd Ьу the
hоtеl? Fог iпstапсе, I SuppoSe thеге'S а
мап: Right.
uпifогm to wеаг?
wоmап: If уоu'ге оп аftегпооп shift,
wоmап: Yеs, ±hе hоtе1 ргоvidеs thе_
you а1Sо haVe to take [hе aftemoon
пеwSрарегs to the guests whо'Vе огdегеd iaiket and tгоusLе±s. НоWеVег, уоu'd Ье
геSропSiЬ1е fог doing уоuг own lаuпdгу.
thеm, Ьut if уоu'ге оп the moming shift
it'S done Ьу the сопсiегgе. Yоu'ге quаШеd Мап: Uh-huh. Oh уеаh, um, what аЬоut
to SегVе аlсоhоl, агеп't уоu? tгапSрогt? Likе, if we Ёпish а shift агоuпd
midпight, does the hotel рау fог taxi fагеS
мап: YеS.
to get Ьасk hоmе?
womап: Gооd, ЬесаuSе оп evening shifts
wоmап: we uSedto do thаt, Ьutпоw
you may haVe to Sегvе in the hоtе1 Ьаг.
instead ше allow Staff to рагk fог fгеЁ оп
what еlsе? If а gueSt calls to say thеге'S
the ргеmisеs. It сап Ье Vегу hагd hnding
а ргоЬlеm with Some of the equipment
а рагkiпg Space оп the stгееt агоuпd this
in the гооm, if it'S something simple 1ikе
агеа.
опе of the light ЬulЬs has Ьlоwп, then
Мап: Yеаh, I had tгоuЬ1е getting а Spot
you гер1асе it, Ьut if it'S Something mоге
соmр1ех, Sау, if the TV isп't Wогkiпg, you when I came hеге tоdау.
1еаVе that to the technical Stаff. wоmап: YеS, it's а ЬuSу агеа. I might just

мап: ISее. add that we ргidе оuгsеlvеS оп having а

146 ТгапsсгЕрts
wеll-tгаiпеd Stаff, So it'S а good thing that to Speak to you tоdау. Fог оthег mаttегs Such
уоu'ге doing уоuг diр1оmа. aS геSidепсу applicationS ог medical visаS,

Мап: YеS, it's Ьееп а vегу iпtегеStiпg соuгSе you need to go to the HampStead оfЁсе of the
So fаг. dерагtmепt. Fог VisaS fог реор1е who аге hеге
оп holidavS you сап go to апу оfЁсе of the
wоmап: Gооd. Оh, опе оthег thiпg, ]щЁ_
Dерагtmепt of Immigгаtiоп.
also Dav fог medical iпSuгапсе fог а11
оuг employeeS aS ап ехtга incentive fог AS you would kпоw, thеге аге сегtаiп
Wогkiпg with uS. conditionS fог реор1е Who hold student Visаs.
Fог iпStапсе, if you mоvе, you have to tell
Мап: Оh, thаt'S gооd.
уоuг со11еgе. The со11еgе then has to iпfогm
wоmап: And until гесепtlу we ргоVidеd
the dерагtmепt Ьу mаil, giving Ьоth уоuг
опе meal рег Shifc as wеll, Ьut thаt'S Ьееп
old and neW аddгеSs. You сап change the
disсопtiпuеd. Right, well I think thаt'S а11
со11еgе whеге you Studу, Ьut Vou haVe [о let
thеп. 1'11 give you а са11 lаtег in the week
the dерагtmепt know thac уоu'vе епгоllеd
and we сап talk fuгthег.
with а new со11еgе. Yоu'ге also allowed to
Мап: Uh-huh. wеll, thank you vегу muсh. wогk, Ьut геmеmЬег that the maximum you
That is the end of Section 1. You now have сап wогk is 15 hоuгS рег Week Ьесаusе уоu'ге
half а minute to check уоиг апswегS. hеге aS full-timе Studепts, So уоuг main focus
has to Ье оп Studiеs. You сап а1Sо take up to
Now tигп to Section 2.
thгее wееks' holidayS Ьеtwееп соuгSеS. If уоuг
section 2 mагitаl status сhапgеs, you haVe to iпfогm
the dеDагtmепt and ргоVidе uS with а сору of
Timothy Сuгtiп is ап о#сег at the
the mаггiаgе сегtiЁсаtе Within а month of the
Dерагtтепt of Iттigгаtiоп. You will hеаг
wеddiпg.
him talking to fогеigп Students at а Ьusiпеss
со11еgе геgагdiпg visa геgиlаtiопs. Fiгst, Веfоге уои hеаг the геSt of the tаlk, уои have
уои have some time to look at queStionS 11 some time to look at questions 13 to 2О.
and 12. Now listen and апswег questionS 13 to 2О.
Now listen and апswег questions 11 to 12. What I'd like to do now is to go thгоugh the
Good mоmiпg, еVегуопе. Му паmе'S Timothy stepS you have to folloW When you want to
Сuгtiп, and I wогk fог the Dерагtmепt of extend уоuг Student visа, ЬесаuSе а lot of
Immigгаtiоп. I'Vе come а1опg today to give Students haVe to do that at Some point While

you Some infomation аЬоut Visa геgulасiопs thеу'ге in this соmtгу.


So as to make уоuг Stay hеге а Ьit еаsiег. 1'11 Ье The ЁгSt thing you haVe to do if you Want
telling you аЬоut Some of the гulеs fог choSe to extend уоuг visa is to рау fог the next
оп student Visas and рагtiсulагlу аЬоut hoW to соuгSе уоu'ге planning to tаkе. As you kпоw,
extend уоuг visа. а11 соuгSеS haVe to Ье paid in аdvапсе. The
Nоw, I'm fгоm the Atwood ofhce of the соuгSе itself haS to Ье of at 1еаSt fоuг mопths'
Dерагtmепt of Immigгаtiоп. At оuг оfЁсе we duгаtiоп and you аге advised to SuЬmit уоuг
mainly ргосеSS wогk VisаS. НоWеVег, in the Visa application at 1еаSt two months Ьеfоге the
оfЁсе Whеге I uSed to wогk, I dealt mainly соuгSе is due to соmmепсе, if роSsiЬlе. You
with student Visаs, Which is why I waS choSen need to keep а сору of the гесеiрt of payment

Тгапsсгiрі:s 147
and Send us the огigiпаl. Wё advise that With сагd ог сhеquе. Оh, Ьу the wау, it'll coSt you
а11 the documents you Send uS [hаt you keep $325 to арр1у fог ап extenSion of уоuг Student
photocopies fог уоuгsеlf just in caSe апу go Visа. wаit, let me check thаt. Оh, thаt's гight,
missiпg. Yоu'll also haVe to get а lеttег fгоm it's gone up to $4З±. Тhеп, it'11 take аЬоut
the со11еgе уоu'Vе Ьееп аttепdiпg, which StateS а week to ргосеSS уоuг аррliсаtiоп, Ьut We
уоuг attendance гесогd at that со11еgе. You also have to make а1lоwапсеs fог Weekends
аlгеаdу knoW that опе of the геquiгеmепts and рuЬliс hоlidауS, and at times we have
of а Student visa is that you tuгп up ±Q± heavy wогklоаds, so it may take aS 1опg aS
шiпimum of 75°/о of уоuг сlаSSеS_. If уоu'Vе 12 wогkiпg days Ьеfоге you get а гер1у. You
Ьееп аЬSепt fгоm mоге than 25°/о of сlаsSеS, might hеаг fгоm uS Ьеfоге thаt, Ьut dоп't
уоu'll have to ргоvidе medical сегtiЁсаtеS contact uS Ьеfоге that регiоd of time haS
Stating that you Wеге ill and uпаЬlе to attend раsSеd, Тhеге may Ье а few things we need to
claSSeS оп thoSe dауS. ask you аЬоut Ьеfоге gгапtiпg а visа, So thеге'S
You then need to Ё11 in а fогm to extend а chance уоu'll Ье iпVi[еd to ап iпtегViеW j.ust
уоuг Student visа. Тhаt'S Fогm 726С. You So that We сап check up оп апуthiпg. But wе'll
сап оЬtаiп опе Ьу Visi[iпg апу Ьгапсh of оuг let you know if We think thаt'S песеssагу.
dерагtmепt, ог else г_оu сап acceSS it оп the Dоп'[ wоггу if you сап't геmеmЬег а11
Iпtегпеt. At the end of my talk 1'11 Ье handing theSe things I'Vе Ьееп talking аЬоut, thеу'ге
оu[ а Ьгосhuге that giveS оuг WеЬSitе аddгеSS а11 оп Fогm 726С. wеll, I think thаt'S аЬоut
aS wеl1 aS the аddгеSSеS of dерагtmепt ofEceS enough fгоm mе. Nоw, do апу of you have
thгоughоut the соuпtгу. Оп top of thаt, уоu'll апу quеStiопs?
а1Sо need to Ье аЬ1е to Show that you have
That is the end of Sесйоп 2. You now have
the meanS to suррогt уоuгSеlf while in this
half а minute to check уоиг апSwегs.
соuпtгу. It's Ьееп eStimated that the аVегаgе
Student needs $15,000 а уеаг to live оп, Now tигп to Section 3.
and fог that геаSоп you Will need to ргоVе
section з
that уоu'vе got at leaSt $6,000 in а Ьапk
ассоuпt. It'S got to Ье а Ьапk account in this You will hеаг two тагkеtiпg Stиdепts, Maggie
соuпtгу, so $10,000 in а fогеigп account is and Мikе, talking to thеiг tеасhег аЬоиt а
of по uSе. Of соuгsе, уоuг раsSрогt haS to sетiпаг ргеsепtаtiоп that they аге ргерагiпg.
Ье still Vаlid. And what еlsе? Ah уеs, then
Fiгst, уои have Some time to look at questions
21 to 24.
уоu'll need thгее раSSрог[ рhоtQs. Make suге
thеу'ге fаiгlу гесепt рhоtоS. You then take а11 Now listen and апswег questionS 21 to 24.
[hеSе documents and the fогm doWn to the Теасhег: Sо, you [wо аге going to give а
Immigгаtiоп оfhсе, а1опg With уоuг раSSрогt.
ргеSепtаtiоп next Week аЬоut the Ьеаutу
AS you сап Sее, thеге'S quite а lot to dо, so iпdustгу, агеп't уоu?
dоп't leave it till the laSt miпutе.
Мikе: Yеаh, wе'Vе divided it into two
Yоu'Vе got to 1оdgе уоuг аррliсаtiоп, а1опg SесtiопS. FiгSt wе'1l Ье 1ооkiпg at the р1асе
with а11 the dосumепts, at leaSt thгее weeks of the Ьеаutу iпdustгу in the есопоmу.
Ьеfоге the old Visa ехрiгеS. You have to рау
Маggiе: Yеаh, and [hеп we wеге going to
fог the visa application tоо, and that mопеу'S
look at what dгivеS it, aS well as Some
поп-геfuпdаЬ1е. You сап рау Ьу саSh, сгеdit
гесепt tгепds.

148 Тгапsсгiрі:s
Теасhег: That sounds like а good way of Теасhег: And do you know much аЬоut the
doing it. ОК, Мikе, how аге you going to histогу of the iпdustгу?
Ье Stагtiпg оff?
Маggiе: wеll, the mоdегп Ьеаutу iпdustгу
Мikе: wеll, Ёгst we wеге amazed at the Size геа11у Stагtеd up аЬоut а huпdгеd
of the iпdustгу. It'S mеаSuгеd in ЬilliопS,
уеагs аgо. when рhоtоgгар]±j[ Ьесаmе
пос milliопS. ±±s wогth $160 Ьilliоп а уеа± widеsргеаd, it Ьесаmе much еаSiег fог the
glоьаllY. рuЬ1iс to See idealised Stапdагds of Ьеаutу,
Маggiе: That Ёguге includeS ргоduсts fог and реор1е wanted to Ьuу the ргоduсts to
hаiгсаге -thеу'ге Wогth $38 Ьilliоп а1опе. make [hеmsеlvеS look like the models they
Then thеге's mаkе-uр and регfumе - I saw in mаgаziпеS. Ву the middle of the
think thаt'S $15 Ьilliоп -рlus coSmetic сепtuгу, SсiепtiЁс advances led [о changes
Suгgегу, Skiпсаге ргоduсts, diet pills and in the iпgгеdiепts uSed in many соSmеtiсS,
health сluьS. which made them mоге аffогdаЬlе, and
Мikе: In Аmегiса, mоге money is spent оп packaging made them mоге аt[гасtivе.
Ьеаutу than оп еduсаtiоп. Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the соrwегsаtiоп,
Теасhег: Rеаllу? уои have some time to look at queStionS 25
to 30.
Маggiе: Yеаh. The ргоЁts of the leading
company in the iпdustгу haVe Ьееп Now listen and апswег questions 25 to 3О.
gгоWiпg Ьу 14О/о а уеаг fог the laSt Теасhег: NоW, in the Second рагt of уоuг
13 уеагs. And [hе iпdustгу aS а Whole haS
ргеSепtаtiоп уоu'ге going to Ье 1ооkiпg at
Ьееп g±Q±Lwiпg at the гаtе of 7О/о а уеLiг. why реор1е Ьuу the ргоduсts.
1п Iпdiа, SaleS of апti-аgеiпg сгеаms аге
Маggiе: YеS, thаt'S гight. This агеа is а Ьit
gгоWiпg Ьу 40% а уеаг. And you knoW mоге SuЬjесtivе, and Mike and I disаgгееd
the Avon lаdiеS? wеll, thеге аге 900,000
оп а few mаttегS.
of them in Вгаzil, Which is mоге than the
Мikе: Wеll, mагkеtiпg is а hit-апd-miss
пumЬег of реор1е in its naVy and агmу.
аffаiг and it's tгuе what they sау, that Qф
Теасhег: Аmаziпg. Nоw, just going Ьасk а
hLalf of апу mагkеtiпg Ьudgеt achieVeS the
Ьit, you mentioned cosmetic Suгgегу. Do
dеSiгеd геSult.
you haVe апу data оп thаt?
Маggiе: I think thаt'S ап ехаggегаtiоп, dоп't
Мikе: Yеаh. It'S wогth $20 Ьilliоп а уеаг
уоu? АпуWау, thеге аге роWегful fогсеS а[
поw, and the пumЬег of ргосеduгеS they
wогk in the Ьеаutу iпdustгу, ЬесаuSе when
do in the US haS jumped Ьу mоге than
it comeS doWn to it, thеге'S по aVoiding
220°/о Since 1997. _Воtох injectionS tо_
the fact that it'S а11 аЬоut image and that
±еmоvе wгiпklеS аге the main thing dоп±
this iпdustгу is So SucceSsful ЬесаuSе it
±Sе dачs, Ьut noSe jоЬs and fat геmоVаl
ргеуS оп реорlе'S hopes and fеагs.
аге Still vегу соmmоп. And thеге'S Ьееп
Мikе: Тhаt'S а Ьit hагsh, isп't it? It's оп1у
а геа1 Ьооm in teech whi[епiпg. Аlsо,
паtuгаl to tгу to look уоuг ЬеSt.
ЬесаuSе the coSt of cosmetic Suгgегу haS
геа11у come dоWп, а lot mоге реор1е сап Маggiе: wеll, the guy who founded ReVlon
аffогd it поW. called the whole ЬusiпеSs `hоре in а jаг'.

Тгапsсгiрts 149
Теасhег: Did hе? Тhаt'S а nice way of Mike waS Saying аЬоut the еаг1у 20th
putting it. сепtuгу, Ьесаusе thеге'S а tгепd now in
ММikе:WёfоuпdаВгitishstudуоfll,000 the Ьеаutу iпdustгу to go Ьасk to the
арргоасh they had а сепtuгу аgо, when
реор1е which сопс1udеd that _Dео_D1е who
аге leSS аttгасtivе еагп less mопеV. they StгеSSеd а connection Ьеtwееп Ьеаutу
and hеаlth. They got Women to haVe
Маggiе: And that waS the caSe по mаttег
facials and do ехегсisе сlаssеS. Now they
whеthег they wогkеd aS sесгеtагiеs, in
aim at Ьеаutу, Ьut а1Sо 1ikе реор1е to Ье
Sа1еS ог as ехесutivеS.
Ё±, not just thiп.
Теасhег: And why do you think thаt's the
ММikе:Оh,соmеоп!Тhеiпdustгуjust
саsе?
SсагеS реор1е into going оп diets that
Маggiе: wеll, I гесkоп опе геаsоп is ЬесаuSе
сап actually hагm thеm. And moSt of
аttгасtivе DeoDle haVe highег exDectationS
thoSe thin models агеп't in good рhуSiса1
and аге leSS Willing to Dut uD with Ьеiпg
сопditiоп, thеу'ге just huпgгу.
tгеаtеd Ьаdlv.
Маggiе: You сап't tе11 just Ьу lооkiпg.
ММikе:Yеаh,Ьutthегеагерlепсуоfgооd-
Апуwау, I'm not denying that image is
looking реор1е with low Sе1f-еStееm who
imрогtапt. 1п fасt, Ьеаutу hms spend up
do let оthегS walk а11 оVег thеm. I think
to 25О/О of thеiг tumоvег оп аdvегtisiпg.
What it comeS down to is that реор1е in
Теасhег: Тhаt'S iпсгеdiЬlе!
gепега1 tгеаt gооd-lооkiпg реор1е Wе1l.
And it stагts уоuпg. EVen thгее-mопth-оld Маggiе: ISп't it! And they put jus[ 2 ог
ЬаЬiеs Smile 1опgег at faceS that adults ЗО/о into геsеагсh and dеVеlорmепt.
hd аttгасtivе. Ву соmрагisоп, in the рhагmасеutiсаl
iпdustгу,15% of SaleS goeS into геSеагсh
Теасhег: So who judgeS whаt'S Ьеаutiful and
and dеVеlорmепt.
what isп't?
Теасhег: wеll, it sounds like you haVe got
Маggiе: We didп't геаllу go into thаt, Ьut
the topic well соVегеd. I'm suге the claSS
it seems that регсерtiопs of Ьеаutу аге
will геа11у enjoy уоuг ргеSепtаtiоп.
connected to health and fегtilitу. 1п some
placeS реор1е go fог Shiny hаiг, in оthег
That is the end of Section 3. You now have
сultuгеS women uSe mаSсага to make thеiг half а minute to check уоиг апswегs.
eyeS look Ьiggег and to give themselveS а Now tигп to Section 4.
уоuпgег lооk, Ьut а uпivегsаl iпdiсаtог of
Ьеiпg voung and healthv is [о haVe с1еаг section 4
±. You will hеаг а tаl,k Ьу ап агсhаеоlоgiсаl
ММikе:Апdthаt'SwhуSоmuсhmопеуis Scientist оп hег latest геsеагсh. Fiгst, уои
made fгоm Skin сlеапsегs, mоistuгisегS, have some йте to look at queStions 31 to 40.
facial сгеаms and So оп. Now listen and апSwег questions 31 to 4О.
Теасhег: wеll, thеге аге сегtаiпlу plenty of
Good mогпiпg, ladies and gепtlеmеп. Мапу
tгiсks to this tгаdе.
of you may геmеmЬег that in 1991 а couple
Маggiе: Yеаh, and moSt of them агеп't new who wеге hiking high in the mountainS оп the
tгiсks at а11. I think I could make а link Ьогdег Ьеtwееп Italy and Аustгiа found the
at this рагt of the ргеsепtаtiоп to What Ьоdу of а man who had died 5,300 уеагs аgо.

1I 5О ТI-апsсгЕрts
This согрSе waS lаtег given the nickname `thе hеге is noW Stгопg Ьоtапiса1 eVidence that he
Iсеmап'. Fогtuпаtе1у, а complete Set of сlо[hеS died in SDгiпg. This is ЬесаuSе ро11еп of the
and а Vагiеtу of gеаг wеге found оп ог пеаг the hop hоmЬеаm tгее was found in his iпtеstiпеS,
согрSе, and theSe give uS fuгthег clueS aS to his and that Small tгее Ь1ооms оп1у in late Sргiпg.
idепtitу. Today I'd like to Speak to you аЬоut So he may haVe Ьгеаthеd Some in ог dгuпk
some of the latest Ёпdiпgs оп the Iсеmап. Some wаtег containing the ро11еп Shогtlу
Scientists haVe lеагпеd fгоm the Iсеmап'S Ьеfоге his dеаth.

согрSе in the same way aS detectiveS


hvestigating а muгdег gаthег clueS fгоm the Sо, what е1Sе do we know аЬоut the Iсеmап?
Viсtim's Ьоdу. The studv of [hе Iсеmап'S ЬопеS Не ate а ргimitivе fогm of whеаt, which was
shows that he waS 46 уеагs о1d at the time Ьаkеd into Ьгеаd оп ап ореп Ёге. А1thоugh
of dеаth, which is ге1аtivе1у old fог реор1е leaVeS of moSs wеге found in his iпtеStiпеs, it
at that timе. It арреагS that he Ьеlопgеd [о а арреагS that moSS was not рагt of his diet Ьut
gгоuр fгоm сепtгаl погthегп Еuгоре гаthег had ргоЬаЬ1у епtегеd his mouth Ьу ассidепt.
chan to the gгоuр of реор1е who lived not 1п thoSe dayS the 1оса1 реор1е had по рарег
fаг to the South of the spot Whеге his Ьоdу Ьаgs ог plaStic wгаррiпg, and so uSed mosS to
was fоuпd. Yе[ it Seems he may have moVed Dack food iп. MoSS waS а Vегу VегSаtilе рlапt,
агоuпd SomeWhat duгiпg his 1ifе. Although with diffегепt vагiеtiеs that gгеw fаг to the
exactly whеге he Spent his life is uпkпоwп, погth Ьеiпg used Ьу the Vikings aS toilet рарег.
iп.vеstigаtiоп of his tooth епаmе1 suggests that The equipment found аюuпd the Ьоdу
he gгеw up in опе р1асе and then Spent sеvегаl giveS uS many clues aS to his way of 1ifе. Не
decades in апоthег агеа. waS Well ргерагеd fог сlimЬiпg thгоugh the
Sаmр1еS taken fгоm his Stomach and mоuпtаiпS: he had а j.асkеt made fгоm dеег
inteStines give uS ап indication of what hе'd hide and goat hidе, and а раiг of ShoeS made
eaten Shогtlу Ьеfоге his dеаth, including hюm the Skin of Ьоth goat and Ьеаг and then
gгаiпs, though this does not allow conclusionS inSulated with р1апt mаtегiаl. ОVег the top
to Ье dгаWп as to what he uSuа1lу аtе. of it а11 he was wеагiпg а саре made fгоm
HoweVeL sаmD1еs of his hаiг Show that his gгаSs and ЬаSt, which is made fгоm Ьагk. This
uSuа1 diet соп;istеd of plants and the meat of could give us а с1uе aS to his оссuраtiоп. 1п
Sеvегаl апimаls. Living in а time 1опg Ьеfоге fасt, this саре геSеmЬ1еS capeS Still Wom Ьу
the dеVе1орmепt of modem mеdiсiпе, the shерhегds in the ВаlkапS, and the Site whеге
tattoos оп his Ьасk may indicate асuрuпсtuге he was found is пеаг ап агеа whеге Shерhегds
роiпts, yet оп che оthег hand they could tгаditiопаllу take thеiг flocks in Summег. Yet
Simр1у Ье а fom of Ьоdу dесогаtiоп. It seems the thеогу that he WaS а shерhегd haS little else
that he waS not in а good state of health in the to Suррогt it. It'S Ьееп рго_DоSеd that he Was а
laSt Six months of his 1ifе. Тhеге аге thгее lineS !±±±±±±Ё±= due to the fact that he waS саггуiпg а
knoWn as Веаu's lineS оп the Single hgегпаil Ьоw and Some аггоWS. Some еагliег ideaS that
that waS fоuпd. These lines оссuг if the nail he was а Wаггiог ог а tгаdег of flint haVe Ьееп
StopS gгоwiпg due to illneSS and [hеп stагts аЬапdопеd fог 1асk of апу Suррогtiпg mаtегiаl.
gгоwiпg аgаiп. The Iceman waS found lying оп а 1агgе
It waS initially aSsumed that he had died of госk, and So it waS ЬеliеVеd initially that he
the cold in autumn ЬесаuSе of the ргеSепсе of had fаl1еп aSleep оп the госk and then diеd.
а piece of fгui[ that гiрепs in late Summег. Yet HoweVeL the conSenSuS now is that he died

Тгапsсгiрі:s 151
пеагЬу and then floated into that position The гесогdiпgs will Ье played ONCE оп1у.
duгiпg _Dегiоds When the ice thаw_еd. Тhеге аге The test is in fоиг sесtiопS. Wгitе уоиг
SеVегаl iпdiсаtогS fог this: ЁгSt, the аwkwагd апSwегs оп the question sheet as уои listеп.
position of his left агm; Sесопd, the poSition of At the end of Section 4, уои have ten minuteS
his гight hапd, which was Stuck uпdег апоthег to tгапSfег уоиг апswегs onto the апSwег
госk; thiгd, the missing оutег 1ауег of Skiп; shееt, which is оп page 31. When уои Лпish,
and [hе fact thac Some of his Ье1опgiпgs wеге check the апswегs at the Ьасk of the Ьооk.
а few mеtгеS fгоm the Ьоdу.
Now tигп to Section 1.
DeSpite theSe iпtегеStiпg Ёпdiпgs, thеге аге
Still many things that we dоп't know аЬоut section 1
the Iсеmап. what waS he doing up thеге high А womcm has just аггivеd at а shopping та11
in the mоuпtаiпs, аррагепtlу Ьу himsеlf? with hег сhildгеп. You will hеаг hег talking to
Did he die fгоm exhaustion and cold while а тап at the iпfогтаtiоп dеSk. Fiгst, уои have
гuппiпg away fгоm dапgег? wё may пеVег Some time to look at questionS 1 to 6 and the
know exactly what the cauSe of death wаS, Лоог р1ап of the shopping та11.
ЬесаuSе this would геquiге ап аutорSу, which Now listen and апswег questions 1 to 6.
has not Ьееп allowed as it would cause too
Мап: Good mогпiпg, сап I help уоu?
much damage to the согрsе. When the Ьоdу
waS ЁгSt геmоvеd, it waS thought to Ье that of wоmап: YеS. I'Vе пеVег Ьееп hеге Ьеfоге and
а missing mountain сlimЬ_е_г, and а пumЬег of I'vе just got а few queStionS аЬоut whеге
а feW places аге hеге.
реор1е distuгЬеd the Sitе, wгесkiпg а good рагt
of the evidence in Che ргосеss. Вut, hореfullу, Мап: Fiпе. Неге'S а flоог plan ofthe mаl1,
with fuгthег геSеагсh we will Ье аЬ1е to Solve you сап take that with уоu, Ьut if you
some of the mуStегiеS that Still Suггоuпd the haVe апу quеStiопs, I'd Ье Vегу happy
Iсеmап, who haS аlгеаdу taught us So much to hеlр.
аЬоut the way of life at that timе. womап: wе1l, I'm аfгаid l always Япd these
That is the end of Section 4. You now have доог р1апS а Ьit сопfusiпg, So could
half а minute to check уоиг апswегs. you just show me exactly Whеге we аге
оп this?
That is the end of the Listening Теst. You now
have ten minutes to tгапsfег уоиг апSwегs to Мап: No ргоЬlеm. Неге we аге at the
the апswег shееt. iпfогmаtiоп dеSk, гight in the middlе,
next to the еSсаlаtогS.
Listening Test 4 The тап says they аге at the iпfогтаtiоп
You will hеаг fоuг di#егепt гесогdiпgs and desk and that it is in the тiddlе, next to the
еSсаlаtог. Тhегеfоге, `С' haS Ьееп wгittеп next
уои will have to апswег queStionS оп what
to the example оп the question рарег. Now
уои hеаг.
continue with queStionS 1 to 6.
Тhеге will Ье time fог уои to геаd the
wоmап: Right. Nоw, I hеагd thеге's а
iпstгисtiопs and questions Ьеfоге the
сhildгеп's р1ау сепtге whеге you сап leaVe
гесогdiпg is рlауеd.
уоuг сhildгеп while you do the Shоррiпg.
You will also have the оррогtшпitу to check
Мап: Тhаt'S гight. You сап See it оп the
уоиг апswегs.
доог р1ап; _it's in the согпег, to the 1еft_Qi

152 Тгапsсгiрts
the Suреmагkеt. Тhеге аге plenty of toys Мап: Yеs, it's ±ехt to the соmрutег stоге,
fог them to р1ау with thеге - аlsо, [hеге'S пеаг the top of the Stаiгs.
fгеSh fгuit to eat and they сап have fun
wоmап: Oh уеS, Ican See itпоw.
With the о[hег сhildгеп.
Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the сопwегsаtiоп,
womап: Sounds gооd, dоеSп't it, kids? I
уои have some time to look at questions 7
waS thinking I might take them to haVe
to 1о.
thеiг hаiг cut hst. IS that the hаiгdгеSSег
Ьеtwееп the fumituге shop а.пd the Now listen and апSwег questions 7 to 1О.

сhildгепk clotheS Shор? wоmап: Оh, WhепIрагkеd the сагI


Мап: Yеs, it is. They do сhildгеп'S hаiгсuts соuldп't See how much you have to рау
aS Wеll. fог рагkiпg.

womап: Оh, lоvеlу. Nоw, my little Ьоу'S Мап: It'S fгее fог the hst two hоuгS, Ьut
аftег that it'S $3 ап hоuг.
going to а fhепd'S Ьiгthdау рагtу next
wееk, and We wanted to Ьuу а ргеSепt. wоmап: Нmm. I think with all the things
Do you knoW if thеге аге апу StогеS that we haVe to dо, we might Ье hеге fог mоге
might have things а Sеvеп-уеаг-оld Ьоу than two hоuгS. So if you рагk thеге fог
Would likе? thгее hоuгS аltоgеthег, you haVe to рау
Мап: Oh уеS, thеге's а toy stоге гight next со $3, and if it'S fоuг hоuгs, you рау $6 and
the shoe Shор. Тhеу'vе got а good гапgе So оп.
of tоуS. I'm Suге уоu'll Ёпd something fог Мап: Yеs, thаt'S гight.
а child of thа[ аgе. I often Ьuу things thеге womап: Uh-huh. HoW аЬоut the сhildгеп'S
mуSеlf. The ргiсеS аге quite геаSопаЫе.
р1ау сепtге. IS thеге апу сhагgе fог leaVing
wоmап: Оh, thаt's good to hеаг. Оh, and уоuг сhildгеп thеге?
аlsо, аге thеге апу toilets оп this Ноог? Мап: Oh по, thаt'S а fгее sегViсе ofthe
Мап: YеS, thеу'ге in а Ьit of а hidden соmег. Shopping mаll. НоwеVеь thеге's а policy
You ].ust go past the Ьооkstо±=g -уоu сап that the сhildгеп haVe to Ье at leaSt 18
see they Sell пеwsрарегS thеге too - а±±d months оld.
doWn the соггidог. Wоmап: Му youngeSt is ].ust l0 months оld,
womап: Аh, уеS, I sее. I'd Ьеttег take them Ьut I'd гаthег keep hег With me апуWау.
thеге Ьеfоге we go to the hаiгdгеSSег. Аlsо, We might need to get Something to
What else do I need to dо? Oh уеаh, I'vе eat lаtег. IS [hеге апу р1асе to Ьuу luпсh?
got to Ьuу Some сгеdit fог my mоЬilе Мап: Oh уеS, you сап get all kinds ofthings
рhопе. Сап I do that at the Dhone kioSk at the food соuгt, fгоm Snacks to faSt food
Qvег thеге пеаг thoSe Ьеп±? to healthy mеаls. Тhеге's а геа11у good
Мап: Yеs, you сап. You сап also do it ас the гапgе. It?s cwo НоогS up оп leVel Ёvе. It'S
Suреmагkеt if you wапt. ЬеSt to take the еlеvаtог.
wоmап: Right. Nоw, Wе'vе just come wоmап: Do you know if they have рizzа?
up fгоm the саг рагk, Ьut we took the Both my kids геа11у 1оVе рizzа.
еSсаlаtог. I might have а lot of things Мап: YеS, they dо. Оh, did you know you
to саггу lаtег оп, so I WaS wопdегiпg if сап watch а moVie hеге, tоо.>
thеге'S ап еlеvаtог.

Тгапsсгiрts 153
wоmап: YеS, I'vе hеагd thеге'S а cinema оп tгustwогthу реор1е to take good саге of thеiг
the toD flоог. Тhеге might Ье Something home fог а limited регiоd of сimе. The реор1е
оп that my kids'd Ье iпtегеstеd iп. who Stay in уоuг home and take саге of it аге
called `hоuSеSittегs'. The hоuSеSittегs live at
Мап: Yеаh, thеге аге а соuр1е of сhildгеп'S
Ё1ms оп at the mоmепt. уоuг р1асе fог регiоds of anything Ьеtwееп
опе month and two уеагS.
wоmап: wеll, thank you vегу muсh; уоu'vе
Тhеге аге а11 kinds of геаsопS why реор1е
Ьееп а gгеаt hеlр.
hоuSеsit. Some аге соuрlеs, оthегS аге
Мап: Му рlеаSuге.
Siпglе. Often thеу'ге SaVing up to Ьuу thеiг
That is the end of Section 1. You now have own hоmе, ог they may Ье гепоVаtiпg thеiг
half а minute to check уоиг апswегS. own home and just need Sоmеwhеге to Stay
Now tuгп to Section 2. tеmрогагilу, ог they might haVe just moVed
to уоuг сitу. А1thоugh hоusеSittегS dоп't
section 2 рау you апу гепt when thеу'ге living in уоuг
You will hеаг а talk Ьу а гергеsепtаtivе of ап hоmе, they аге геquiгеd to рау апу Ьills fог
agency that fnds people to look аftег homes the tеlерhопе, gаs, е1есtгiсitу and so оп. Sо,
when thеiг оwпегs аге аwау. Не is talking to fог the hоmеоwпег, this is not а way to make
а gгоир of hотеоwпегS. Fiгst, уои have some mопеу.
ti,те to look at queStionS 11 to 2О. when Someone геgistегs With uS to Ьесоmе
Now listen and апswег queStions 11 to 20. а hоusеSittег, they ргоvidе uS with some of
thеiг регsопаl details Such as thеiг age and
Good еVепiпg, ladies and gепtlеmеп, I'm
оссuраtiоп. I need to stгеSS hеге that оuг
g1аd уоu'vе Ьееп аЬ1е to make it to this
agency cJoes 7zоf саггу out а sесuгitу check
iпtгоduсtогу talk аЬоut оuг аgепсу, which is
оп the реор1е who haVe геgistегеd with us
called Contented Ноmеs. Му паmе'S Gагу
to Ье hоuSеSittегS. Мапу hоusеSittегS haVe
and I'm going [о explain What оuг ЬusiпеSS
геfегепсеS fгоm реор1е whoSe houSes ог
iпvо1Vеs, Ьut hst I'd 1ikе to tе1l you Something
арагtmепts thеу'Vе looked аftег in the раSt.
аЬоut the Ьасkgгоuпd of оuг аgепсу.
It'S up to you to check those геfегепсеs.
Wё commenced орегаtiопS Ьасk in 1989, А11оwiпg Someone to 1ivе in уоuг home is
and еsSепtiаl1у оuг jоЬ is to Ёпd SuitаЬ1е not а decision to Ье taken lightlу, So we
реор1е to 1ivе in and look аftег оthег реорlе'S also гесоmmепd that you meet with апу
homes While thеу'ге аwау. The hоmеоWпегS
ргоSрес[ivе hоuSеSittегS and iпtегViеw them
- реор1е like уоuгSе1Vеs - might Ье away оп
Ьеfоге deciding Which регSоп ог реор1е would
holidayS ог tеmрогагilу Wогkiпg in апоthег Ье moSt SuitаЬlе to look аftег уоuг home in
city ог соuпtгу; and they want to Ье suге that
уоuг аЬSепсе.
while thеу'ге аwау, thеiг home will Ье sесuге,
Тhеге аге SimilагitiеS Ьеtwееп hоuSеSittегS
and that when they come Ьасk, еVегуthiпg will
and tепапts, Ьut thеге аге diffегепсеS as wе1l.
Ье in good сопditiоп. when we hst Stагtеd
НоusеSittегS dоп't have aS many гights aS
оut, we conducted moSt of оuг ЬusiпеsS оVег
реор1е who have а lease оп а ргорегtу. AS
the рhопе, Ьut now the Ьulk of it is done Q±z!і
the hоmеоWпег, you сап give а Sраге Set of
the Iпtегпеt.
keyS to уоuг home to а пеighЬоuг, fгiепd ог
ВаSiсаllу, this is how it wогks: hоmеоwпегS геlаtivе. That регsоп'S allowed to dгор in оп
come to uS when they need to Ёпd геliаЬ1е,

154 Тгаhsсгiрts
the hоusеSittегS Without ргiог notice at апу FiгSt, уои have some time to look at questions
time - Within геаsоп - to check that the houSe 21 to 25.
is in огdеь and the hоuSеSittегS агеп't allowed
Now listen and апswег questions 21 to 25.
to Stop them fгоm епtегiпg.
Теасhег: Sо, hоW'S уоuг sеmiпаг рарег gоiпg?
Тhеге аге many good геаsопS to use
[hе SегViсеS of а hоuSеSittег. ВuгglагS Soon wоmап: Оh, it's almoSt геаdу. Му hеаd'S
notice when реор1е аге аwау, So theft is just full of StatisticS at the mоmепt.
much 1еSS likelv if Someone is living in уоuг Теасhег: IS [hеге anything you found
hоmе. But it's not Simply а mаttег of Sесuгitу. рагtiсulаг1у iпtегеstiпg?
НоuSеSittегS keep уоuг home с1еап and tidу. Мап: Yеаh, fог iпStапсе, аЬоut whеге
Some of them аге even mоге hоusергоud than реор1е chooSe to live when they migгаtе
the actual оwпегs. 1п аdditiоп, many реор1е to Аustгаliа. The focuS of оuг talk is оп
need а hоusеsittег to look аftег pets and keep migгаtiоп to Sуdпеу, Ьut we found we
the gагdеп in огdег. needed to look ЬгiеНу at migгаtiоп to
Now I'd like tell you аЬоut the feeS We оthег рагts of АuS[гаliа aS Wеll.
сhагgе. Fiгst, уои the hоmеоwпегS dоп't haVe Wоmап: Нmm. MoSt migгапts go to the
to рау uS апуthiпg. When реор1е Who Want to Ьig сitiеS, Ьut it isп't the same fог а11
Ье hоusеSiсtегS come to uS, they have to Dav паtiопаlitiеS. Fог iпstапсе, оVег the laSt
$375 to go into оuг diгесtогу. Тhаt'S wh:ге Ёvе уеагS, With the Вгitish, onlv аЬоu[ опе
we get the money to гuп оuг sегViсе. As I Sаid, thiгd of them аltоgеthег Went to Sуdп.еу
we dоп't check to See that the iпfогmаtiоп and МеlЬоuгпе.
supplied Ьу them is соггесt; it would simply
Теасhег: Sо, whеге did most ofthem gо?
coSt uS fаг too much time and money to do
Мап: Оh, all оVег the рlасе, Ьut fог Some
thаt.
геаSоп quite а few ended up оvег in Регth.
When уоu'Vе decided that you want to
Теасhег: Тhаt's not а Ьаd place to livе.
go ahead and haVe а hоusеSittег look аftег
Мап: Nо. But with the СhiпеSе. 26°/О of
уоuг hоmе, we dеЁпitеlу [hiпk it'S а good
idea fог you to take out iпsuгапсе fог уоuг them chooSe to live in МеlЬоumе and
hQш!. Yоu'll Ёпd that many iпSuгапсе 58 оіо in Svdпеv.
companies ргеfег the highег dеgгее of Sесuгitу Теасhег: Rеаllу? Do you haVe апу idea
if Sоmеопе'S living in уоuг home than if it'S 1еft why the ChineSe and Вгitish haVe such
еmрtу. Апуwау, I hope I'Vе given you а с1еаг diffегепt Settlement раttеms?
idea of оuг SегViсе, and noW I'd Ье happy to Мап: wеll, not геаllу. SometimeS it'S hагd
take апу quеStiопS. to Ёпd out exactly why реор1е chooSe
That is the end of Section 2. You now have to live Whеге they dо. Тhеге'S а thгiviпg
half а тi,пutе to check уоиг апswегS. LеЬапеSе community in МеlЬоumе, Ьut
mоге than seVen out of ten реор1е fгоm
Now tигп to Section 3 .
LеЬапоп wеге dгаwп to Sуdпеу.
sес1:iоп З Теасhег: I sее. So уоu'Vе соvегеd gгоuрS
fгоm Еuгоре, EaSt ASia and the Middle
You will hеаг two students talking to thеiг
tеасhег аЬоut а Sетiпаг рарег they аге ЕаSt. Do you haVe anything оп реор1е
fгоm оthег геgiопS?
ргерагiпg fог thеiг Population Studies сlаss.

Тгапsсгiрts 155
womап: YеS. when we Went thгоugh data womап: Wеll, histогiсаllу that waS the саSе,
fгоm the Dерагtmепt of Immigгаtiоп and Ьut eVen though Sуdпеу's gгоWп а lot
the Вuгеаu of StаtistiсS, We found that гесепtlу, thеге's Ьееп hагdlу апу iпсгеаsе
in the caSe of the МаlаvsiапS, fог some in the пumЬег of Аustгаliап-Ьоm реор1е
геаsоп оп1у а miпогitv choSe Svdnev and living in Sуdпеу.
МеlЬоuгпе, Ьut I dоп't knoW exactly Теасhег: why is thаt? I mеап, I сап
whеге moSt of them ended uр. I think uпdегstапd Why реор1е Would Ье 1еаViпg;
quite а few of them wеге аttгасtеd to а lot of реор1е feel Sуdпеу'S getting too
QueenSland ЬесаuSе of the сlimаtе. сгоwdеd and hесtiс.
Теасhег: Yеаh, it must Ье hагd fог people womап: But that сап't Ье the геаSоп ЬесаuSе
coming fгоm а tгорiсаl геgiоп to get uSed they оf[еп end up in places Such aS Sоuth-
to соldег wiпtегS. What аЬоut the NeW eaSt QuеепSlапd, whеге the iпfгаStгuсtuге
ZеаlапdегS ? simply isп't coping With the гарid
Мап: Wеll, they dоп't need а Visa fог populadon gгоwth and fаStег расе of lifе.
Аustгаliа, So thеу'ге counted Sерагаtеlу Мап: The геSеагсh shows that the ones
fгоm а11 оthег паtiопаlitiеS, Ьut the vaSt leaVing Sydney аге рагtiсulагlу middlе-
Ьulk of them haVe ended uD in Svdпеv. aged and еldегlу реор1е who oWn the
Yоu'd think that МеlЬоumе'd Ье mоге
р1асе they live iп. Ву Selling thеiг Sydney
to thеiг liking ЬесаuSе its сlimаtе'S mоге home when they геtiге and Ьuуiпg and
1ikе what thеу'ге uSed to and the distance living in а сhеарег опе еlsеwhеге, ±h!}L
fгоm New Zealand to МеlЬоumе is аЬоut then haVe mоге funds left оvег.
the sаmе.
Теасhег: It must Ье difЁсult making that
Веfоге уои hеаг the геst of the со"егsаtiоп, shift at thеiг аgе.
уои have some time to look at questions 26 wоmап: I think moVing ог migгаtiпg's hагd
to 30.
fОг апуопе.
Now listen and апswег questions 26 to 30. Теасhег: Quite гight. But what effect is
Теасhег: You also looked into t~bу people migгаtiоп hаViпg?
chooSe the placeS they dо, didп't уоu? wоmап: wеll, thеге аге all kinds of еffесts,
wоmап: YеS. wеll, people often go whеге Ьut Sociologists talk аЬоut а gгоWiпg
the wогk is. I mеап, it's по uSe Ёпdiпg gap Ьеtwееп Sydney and МеlЬоumе оп
а nice р1асе to live if уоu'ге going to Ье the опе hапd, and the геSt of the соuпtгу
uпеmрlоуеd. But thеге'S а mоге decisive оп the оthег. You sее, the most гесепt
fасtог, and that is that DeoDle g:епегаllv data ShowS that 60°/о of the оVегsеаS
like to live пеаг thеiг fгiепds and геlаtivеS. аггivаls went to thoSe two сitiеS, even
and with DeoDle fгоm thеiг own соuпtгV. though Sydney and МеlЬоuгпе соmЬiпеd
So theV Wоп't Ье So isоlаtеd. And [hеу do haVe got just 40% of the соuпtгу'S
that dеsрi[е the highег housing ргiсеS in рорulаtiоп.
the 1агgег сitiеS. Теасhег: But уоu'vе got to геmеmЬег that
Теасhег: Yеаh, гепts аге getting гidiсulоuS. Аustгаliа is опе of the most uгЬапisеd
But hаsп't Sydney alwayS аttгасtеd реор1е соuпtгiеS in the wогld. А good 50О/О of
- I mеап, eVen реор1е Ьогп еlsеwhеге in the population live in the State сарitаls,
Аustгаliа? not including the uгЬап fгiпgеs. Is

15G Тгапsсгiрts
anything Ьеiпg done to ргоmоtе gгоwth When we think of ргоgгеsS, we tend to look to
in оthег геgiопs? the futuге. НоwеVец the paSt сап also ргоvidе
Мап: wеll, the gоvеmmепt'S got sеVегаl hsрiгаtiоп. Today I'd like to outline Some of
the many wayS in Which the hemp plant - а
ргороSа1S. Wё need mоге реор1е in гuга1
агеаS, Ьut по опе's suggeSting that we plant that waS uSed Vегу Widely until the еаг1у
епсоuгаgе fагmегS to migгаtе to Аustгаliа 20th сепtuгу -сап ЬепеЁt Ьоth humanS and
ЬесаuSе аgгiсultuге'S Vегу сарitаl-iпtепSivе he епviгопmепt.
in this соuпtгу. But the gоVегпmепt'S You may геmеmЬег that when the uSe of
thinking аЬоut haVing lоwег tax гаtеS оп соmрutегS Ьесаmе mоге WidеSргеаd, thеге
ргivаtе Ъгms that еmБlоу пеW1у аггivеd was much tа1k of the `рарег1еSS оШсе', yet
miшапts in townS outside SvdneV and noW fаг mоге рарег is Ьеiпg uSed than еVег
Ме-1Ьоuгпе. Of соuгSе, theSe dayS the Ьеfоге. MoSt of that рарег is made fгоm
gоvегпmепt dоеSп't want to actually wооd, Ьut it сап also Ье made fгоm hеmр.
ргоVidе jоЬs fог them Ьut they аге Willing Hemp is а fаSt-gгоwiпg annual plant that
to fаvоuг еmрlоуегS Who employ thеm. сап Ье hагVеstеd Within fоuг months of
Теасhег: Do you think thаt'd wогk? gегmiпаtiоп, whегеаS а tгее takes 20 уеагs.
This means that а hесtаге of hemp сап
womап: I dоп't kпоw. Тhеге's nothing to
Stop them moVing со опе of the two Ьig ргоduсе 80 timeS as much рарег as а hесtаге
of [гееS. 1п fасt, hemp waS the main Sоuгсе
citieS if they feel like it.
fог рарег ргоduсtiоп until the 20th сепtuгу
Теасhег: Ехасtlу.
and the рарег it makeS is of Suрегiог quality
wоmап: In fасt, the StatisdcS dоп't give the to that made fгоm wооd. Мапу of the гivегS
full рiсtuге. when they migгаtе, реор1е in the vicinity of tоdау'S рарег mills Suffег
Vегу often initially live outside of Sуdпеу, the effects of pollution fгоm Ьlеасh and оthег
So in the StatisticS thеу'ге гесогdеd aS сhеmiса1S uSed in the mапufасtuге of рарег
having Settled outside Sуdпеу. But then fгоm wооd. 1п сопtгаSt, рарег made fгоm
аftег а while manV make the moVe to hemD doeS not геаuiге Ьlеасh.
Svdпеv. So the геа1 Diсtuге'S eVen mоге
So much clothing theSe days is made
out of Ьа1апсе than what the StatisticS SаV.
fгоm соttоп. Yet fаЬгiс haS Ьееп made fгоm
Теасhег: StatisticS геа11у сап Ье а Sliррегу hemp fог оVег 7,000 уеагs. The tгоuЬlе with
thing Sоmеtimеs, сап't thеу? cotton сгорS is that they take а heaVy tоl1
womап: Тhаt's fог Suге. оп the епViгопmепt and аге often dependent
That is the end of Section 3. You now have оп iггigаtiоп. Hemp сап gгоw using fаг leSS
half а minute to check уоиг апswегs. ]ца±Ё± and doeS not need aS much fегtilisег
ог реStiсidеS. 1п fасt, hemp сгорS eVen
Now tигп to Section 4.
haVe а паtuгаl геSistапсе to реSts. ClotheS

section 4 made fгоm the tough ЁЬге of hemp also


laSt 1опgег than thoSe made fгоm соttоп,
Етта Ве11 is ап аgгiсultигаl sсiепtist. 1п the which is not Something thаt'll make clothing
following lесtuге she dеsсгiЬеs some of the mапufасtuгегS Vегу hарру. But апоthег way
advantages of the hегкр рlапt. FiгSt, уои have
in Which hemp is the Suрегiог mаtегiаl is that
some time to look at questions 31 to 4О.
it'S mоге effective in Ьlосkiпg оu[ UV гаvS
Now listen and апswег qиеsйопs 31 to 4О. fгоm the Suп, which сап cauSe skin сапсег. То

Тгапsсгiрts 157
top it оff, clothing made fгоm hemp is Vегу а gгеаtег ргоtеiп content than погmа1 wheat
соmfогtаЬlе to Wеаг. Пощ and i[S Seeds contain а11 the amino асids,
1п рагts of the wогld that Still dоп't haVe ргоVidiпg а fогm of ргоtеiп thаt'S mоге eaSily
еlесtгiсitу, this VегSаtilе plant сап also Ье uSed digested than that in SоуЬеапS.
to light lаmрs. Back in the days of sailing Сагреts made fгоm hemp аге mоге duгаЬlе
Shiрs, When hemp WaS uSed to make гореS than оthег сагреts and аге геSistапt to mildеW,
and Sаils, lampS wеге often fuelled Ьу ±в±!±а±i which gгоwS in humid ог damp сопditiопS.
Qi±, which gaVe off а much Stгопgег-Smе1liпg It сап also Ье used in the home to ргоduсе
Ьlасk Smоkе. The рuгSuit of that oil WaS опе fumishings Such aS ЁЬгеЬоагd, fumituге and
of the геаSопs fог the existence of the whaling even рlаStiсS. Раiп[S and Vагпish made fгоm
iпdustгу, which hunted many SpecieS of whale реtгосhеmiсаls contain роisопs, whегеаs this is
а1mоst to ехtiпсtiоп. not the caSe with thoSe ргоduсеd fгоm hеm.р.
СlоSег to оuг own timе, Непгу Fогd uSed Hemp plants аге Ьеst gгоwп cloSe tоgеthег,
hemp in the ргоduсtiоп of his ЁгSt сагS. These and ЬесаuSе they ргоduсе ап аЬuпdапсе of
dауS, with panels Ьеiпg made of mеtаl, eVen 1еаVеS, Che gгоuпd uпdегпеаth the plants is
а miпог accident сап lead to coStly гераiгS. Shаdеd, which hiпdегs the gгоwth of wееds,
Being dегivеd fгоm а рlапt, hemp .Dапеls So fагmегS dоп't haVe to spend money оп
would Ье lesS ехрепSivе. Yet регhарS ап even роtепtiа1lу dапgегоus hегЬiсidеs. It thгivеS
mоге SigпiЁсапt conSequence Would Ье thаt, in агеаS with 1оW гаiпfа_l± and may Ье uSeful
inStead of о1d сагS Ьеiпg left to гust Ьу the in соmЬаtiпg Sа1iпitу ЬесаuSе it dоеsп't need
гоаdsidе, ап аЬапdопеd саг made fгоm hemp iггigаtiоп and its 1опg tаргооt сап геасh
Would гоt fаStег. А fuгthег advantage in the uпdегgгоuпd пutгiепts and wаtег.
caSe of аutоmоЬilеS is the fuеl. Опе of the
AS а fаSt-gгоWiпg рlапt, it'S ап easily
mа].ог causeS of g1оЬа1 Wагmiпg is the uSe of
гепеwаЬlе, ЬiоdеgгаdаЬlе and ecologically
foSsil fuels in сагS and tгuсks. Меthапо1 is ап
sustаiпаЬlе Sоuгсе of а VaSt гапgе of ргоduс[S
altemative to реtгоl, and it сап Ье ехtгасtеd
that аге сuггепtlу made fгоm polluting
fгоm hеmр. This fuel is аlгеаdу uSed Ьу гасiпg
геSоuгсеS Such aS соа1, mеtаls, gas and оil.
сагS, and it dоеsп't ргоduсе as much аiг This is quite plainly а caSe Whеге We сап make
роllutiоп, thus placing а Smаllег Ьuгdеп оп the ргоgгеSS Ьу leaming fгоm the раSt.
аiг we Ьгеаthе.
That is the end of Section 4. You now have
half а minute to check уоиг апswегs.
Hemp is also а Sоuгсе fог а vагiеtу of fооds.
The oil that is оЬtаiпеd fгоm the plant сап Ье That is the end of the Listening Теst. You now
uSed to make cooking оil, Ьuttег, cheeSe and have ten minutes to tгапSfег уоиг апSwегS to
eVen iсе-сгеаm. ЕlQ±±± dегivеd fгоm hemp haS the апswег Shееt.

158 Тгапsсгiрts
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

LlsтЕNING

sуmЬоIs used in the Listening апsWег key


/ If thеге is mОге than опе роssiЬIе wогd ог рhгаSе within ап апSwег, this is
shown Ьу the sуmЬоI /. Fог iпStапсе, `IеSS роI|utiоп/роIIutiпg' meanS that the
апswег сап Ье `IеSS ро|IutiОп' ог '|еss роI|utiпg'.
// 1п Some caseS thеге is mоге than опе соггесt апSwег.Тhis is indicated Ьу the
SуmЬо| //. Fог iпstапсе, `аIl uпivегsitiеs // еVегу uпivегsitу' means that the
апswег сап Ье 'а|I uпivегsitiеS' ог `еvегу uпivегsitу'.
( ) If рагt of the апSwег is given in Ьгасkеts, this means that the wогd ог wогds
in Ьгасkеts аге орtiОпаI. Fог iпstапсе, 'hа|f (ап) hоuг' meanS that the апswег
сап Ье `hа|f houг' ог 'hа|f ап hоuг'.

Listening Test 1 sЕстIоN 4


31 (поmаdiс) lifestyle // nomadism
SЕстlоN 1
32 сlоthеS/с1оthiпg
1 PennyRyan
33 milk,mеаt 34 gагdепiпg
2 24 Магсh 1982 // Магсh 24(,) 1982 //
24.(0)3.(19)82 // (0)З.24.(19)82
35 fееd//еаt 36 salt

3 Blacktown // Black ToWn 37 С 38 С 39 А 40 В

4 76903275
Listening Test 2
5 monthly // еVегу month // опсе а month
sЕстIоN 1
6 А 7 с 8 в
1 (СlаSs) С/с// С/с 1iсепSе
9 в 10 А
2 28Rivег 3 37018699
sЕстIоN 2 4 studепtсагd 5 (Ьу) cash
11 ShoeS 6 С 7 В 8 В
12 Ьеасhсаfе 9 с 10 А
13 7 (аm/а.m.) tо/till/uпtil/-6 (рm/р.m.) // 7 to
6 // 7-6 sЕстIоN 2
11 В 12 F 13 С 14 G
14 twice а/рег Week // Тuеsdау(s) and Fгidау(s)
15 D 16 D 17 Е 18 G
15 оп (thе/уоuг) Ьаlсопу/Ьа1сопiеs
16 ьiгds,ЁSh
19 А 20 F

17 11 (рm/р.m.) // 11 at night sЕстIоN з


18 А,Е 19 В,D 20 D,Е 21 В 22 В 23 А 24 В
25 В 26 С 27 D 28 С
sЕстIоN з
21 В 22 А 23 D 24 Е
29 В 30 Н
25 F 26 С 27 С 28 В
29 А 30 в

160 Аhswег key


SЕстIоN 4 Listening Test 4
31 геаsоп(S) // mоtivаtiоп(s)
32 funding 1imitаtiопS // funds limitеd// limited
sЕстIоN 1
fuпds/fuпdiпg 1А2н 314G

33 85Оіо 5D6F

34 ехегсisе, thегару 7 $6//$6.00//Siхdоl1агS

35 соmрutег gameS 8 еightееп/18 months // 11/2 уеагs

З6 геduсе StгеSs 9 (оп) (lеvеl/Поог) ЁVе/5 // (thе) Ёfth/5th

37 регSопаl deVelopment (lеvеl/доог)


10 (а) сiпеmа/thеаtге
38 В 39 В 40А
sЕстIоN 2
Listening Test З 11 1989
sЕстIоN 1 12 Iпtегпеt
1 гооm sегviсе 13 опе/1 momh
2 wаitег 14 гепt
3 Тоuгism Management 15 геfегепсе(S)
4 Fгепсh, Когеап 16 гights
5, 6, 7 J72 яиу оrсJеr.. В, F, G (с1еаг aWay р1аtеS, 17 thеft/thiеVеS // Ьuгglагу/Ьuгglаг(S)
take luggage to гооms, Wогk in hotel Ьаг) 18 реt(s), gагdеп(s)
8, 9, 10 J72 сz#у оrdеr.. С, D, G (mеdiса1 19 $375
iпSuгапсе, рагkiпg, uпifогms)
20 (hоmе) iпSuгапсе
sЕстIоN 2
sЕстlоN з
11 А,Е
21 С 22 В 23 В 24 С
12 в,D
25 В 26 В 27 С 28 С
13 fоuг/4 mопths/mths
29 А 30 А
14 75Оіо
15 (оп/viа/thгоugh) the Iпtегпеt // online sЕстIоN 4
16 $6,000 31 4/fоuг months
17 раsSрогt photoS З2 Ь1еасh

18 $435 33 Wаtег/iггigаtiоп

19 Wогkiпg dayS 34 Skin сапсег // UV/ultгаviо1еt гауs

20 iпtегviеW 35 Whale oil // oil fгоm/оf whales


36 leSS expenSive // сhеарег
sЕстIоN з З7 (аiг) pollution
21 с 22 А 23 В 24 С 38 с 39 Е 40А
25 в 26 А 27 с 28 А
29 с 30 А

sЕстIоN 4
31 В 32 Н 33 D 34 с
35 Е 36 А 37 С 38 В
39 А 40 в

Апswег key 161


20 NOT GIVЕN; Sick 1еаVе is not mentioned in
READING
the tехt.
2.1 Т:R:UЕ., (А rеqиiгетепt of this PoSition is а
Satisfactory police гесогds сhесh.)
2.2. F., (Fаilиrе to сотР1у шith апу aSPect of
this policy тау геSиlt in dismissal fгот tЬе
Reading Test 1 сотрапу)
sЕстIоN 1 2.З С., (ОfЯсе шогkегS шhо Smohe аге ргоUidеd
1 Е., (Сitу of TXJindyhill РгеSепts Егее Огgапiс иіith а Ьаlсопу ... employeeS тау Smoke оп
Lипсh) Сотрапу ргетisеS оиtdоогS)
2, Н., |StеР out шith уоиг Рагtпег at the Нарру 24 В., (fгот 1 ]апиагу next уеаг ... а11
Valley Ва11гоот and Shоuі off уоиг тоUеs, employeeS аге геqиiгеd to геSресt the
fгот the ]ittегЬиg to the ]iuе) Сотрапу's Р olicyl
3 В., (А11 aSPects of Ргасtiсаl Яlт-таkiпg 2.S Е., (Sтоhiпg in offces is fогЬiddеп at а11
tаиght) tiтеS)
4 F., (Моdегп Тhеаtге СотРапу) 2.6 д., (thе СотРапу is iпсгеаSiпglу аиіаге of
5 З,З., (сhапgе уоиг РIN) t;hе need fог а пеи! policy оп Smoking in the
61,1., (ассоипt ЬаlапсеS) и!оrhрlасе, for the health of Ьоth SтоhегS
and поп-SтоkегS among етрlоуееs)
7 2.,1., (таkе аРаутепі)
2:7 F., (If уои have апу qиегiеS аЬоиt this Роliсу,
8 2, 3., (dеlеtе fгот Ьilliпg list)
pleaSe аddгеss them to ]иliо SапtоS, HR ог
9 З,1., (огdег а Stаtетепt)
уоиг team lеаdег.)
10 З, 5., (SРеаk to а сиStотег SегUiсе оffсег)
28 D`, (Ехtrа Ьiпs haUe Ьееп ргоUidеd eSPecially
11 SUттег (пееd to take Special саге dигiпg the
fог this ригроSе and uSing them uіill make
ЬиShfге sеаSоп, и!hiсЬ is Sиттег) the u!огkiпg епUiгоптепt тоге pleaSant for
12 са;гщЕгеS (АРагt fгот оlжiоиS ргесаиtiопs еvегуопе.)
Such aS not lighting сатрfrеs, not Smoking
outside ..) sЕстIоN з
13 oVега,+ls (lопg-slееUеd оUегаlls ог а 1опg- 2.9 V.і., (thе соипtгу haS Ьееп faced uіith the
SleeUed uіооl ог cotton shiгt and 1опg рапts) threat of таjог Рооds for moSt of its
ехistепсе)
14 1еа,thег (Stигdу ShoeS ог Ьооts u!ith encloSed
tоеS> ргеfеrаЬlу lеаthег) ЗО V.i:i:і., (ОUег the сепtигiеS they haUe Planned
to augment the аUаilаЬlе lапd, ргоtесtiпg
sЕстIоN 2 the lош-lуiпg агеаS Ьу Ьиildiпg Ьiggег and
15 Fд:LSЕ., (РоssiЬilitу of ехtепSiоп) ьеttег dуkеS)
16 ТFШЕ., (hеlР оиг еldегlу and disаЬlеd clients З1 V., (thе Dutch haUe not uіаitеd)
iпtеgгаtе into Sосiеtу) З2 .Lх., (Тhе Dutch See that such а Р1ап is Uital
17 ТТШЕ., (thе SucceSsful aPPlicant и!ill Ье fог thеiг оиіп ргоtесtiоп)
геqиiгеd to aSsist шith геUiеujiпg and ЗЗ .i:ii., (Sапd dug out fгот the Nогth Sea шill
deUeloping fиrthег initiatiueS aS рагt of Ье added in Uast quantitieS to тапу coaStal
тwеllFаге'S Stгаtеgiс р1ап)
агеаS)
18 NOT GIVЕN; the jоЬ iпVо1VеS hе1рiпg З4 .і., (ТЬеге аРРеаг to Ье at least thгее main
disаЬ1еd реор1е Ьut Visiоп-imраiгеd реор1е соттегсiаl Sрiп-оffs to the ргоjесt)
аге not SресiЁса1lу mепtiопеd. Nоtе: Items ii, iv and Vii аге distгасtогS.
19 Fд:LsЕ., (То Ье сопsidегеd ... уои uіill need 35 С., (Тwith Something like опе-thiгd of its land
to haUe а dеgгее in а геlеUапt disсiрliпе) Sигfасе Ье1ош Sea lеUеl)

162 Апswег key


36 В., (thеу Still аttгасt tоиrists) sЕстIоN 2
З7 D`, (thе геSt of the uіогld cannot Ье геliеd 1S LV., (Fгапkstоиіп Boohs ... is seehing to
ироп to agree оп а policy in time to appoint ап аиditоr)
giue SегiоиSlу thгеаtепеd nations Such 16 .ii., (тиst haUe Ьееп u!ith Fгапhstоu!п Books
aS themSelueS а chance to take effectiue
fог at leaSt tиіо уеагs and иіill haUe а
соuпtегтеаsигеs) tегtiаrу accounting ог ЬиSiпеSS dеgгее)
38 д:, (Тhеге аге по Plans to Ьuild а11 dykeS 17 V.iі., (апd SuPPly а lеttег of геfеггаl from this
highег and stгопgеrэ aS might Ье ехресtеd., manager as u!еll aS шгittеп гесоттепdаtiопS
iпdееd, тапу of the dykeS и!ill Ье tahen
fгот Staff in tu)О оthег dеРагtтепts.)
douт) 18 .+х., (Аррliсапts muSt Ье РгеРагеd to Ье
39 В., (А1опg the Nогth Sea соаSt, Ьеасh called for ап iпtегUiеu! Ьеtиіееп 23 and
expansion uіill extend the land sеашаrds Ьу 26 FеЬгиагу)
ир to а kilотеtге) 19 V.+., (It is exPected that the Position и!ill Ье
40 В., (... aS uіill і]агt of the Nеthеrlапds' Uегу ирgгаdеd to а Senior роsitiоп)
generouS ciuil SегUiсе penSion fипd) 2.0 .і., (Тhе PoSition саггiеs ап аllоu!апсе of
$17,120 in addition to the Sаlагу аlгеаdу
Reading Test 2
раid)
sЕстIоN 1 21 .i;Гі., (сопtасt Sally ]опеs оп ExtenSion 78 in
1 F., (Тhis course is deSigned fог уоипgег the Нитап RelationS ОfЯсе)
Students . . . uіhоSе natiue language is not Nоtе: Items v, Viii and х аге distгас[огs.
Епghsh.) 2,2. V.ігиSеS., (Тhеге haUe Ьееп diffcultieS
2 Е., (fог thoSe Students in YеагS 8-10 шhо герогtеd to management оUег the last tuіо
haUe had d№сиltiеS in ипdегStапdiпg uіееks геgагdiпg UiгиSеS)
math ematical сопсерts) 2З Stа,ff., (Мапаgетепt is геlисtапt to do this aS
3 д., (Тhis соигSе is fог thoSe шhо exPect to it uіоиld геdисе the пш'пЬеr of Staff that сап
Stагt а Fгепсh соигsе) Ье етрlоуеd.)
4 В., (Тhе Sепiог PhySicS соигsе иіill suit those 24 (fогmаl) (wогk) Ьгеаks; (sf4/f 4rG геФиf.гесJ
Students и!hо . . . иіish to Study PhySicS at to limit thеiг ргiuаtе uSe of emails and Net
sепiог lеUеl) sигfпg to fогтаl ujогk Ьгеаks)
5 F., (DауS: Моп/wеd/Егi) 25 Ьгеасh of сопtгасt; (Со7zdz%Jz.7zg Рw.з;яf€
6 1О., (Тhе иіаlk is 10 km in tоtаl.) ЬиSiпеSS duгiпg шогkiпg hоигS constituteS а
7 8.,(Соstis$8.ОО) Ьrеасh of сопtгасt|
8 9., (РlеаSе meet ... fгот 9 ат.) 2.6 ЬuS.теSS., (Ап етР1оуее of апоthег 1оса1
9 Fд:LSЕ., (Апуопе сап join the liЬгагу -it'S ЬиsiпеSS has гесепtlу Ьееп dismissed fог
dоuіпlОаdiпg illegal таtегiаl)
fгее.)
10 NOT GIVЕN; thеге is по mention of 27 .і11еgа1 та.tегiаl., (illеgаl таtегiаl оп а Staff
тетЬег'S сотрutег)
раsSwогds.
11 ТRUЕ., (If уои'ге ипdег 18 уои uіill need to 28 сгiтiпаl сhа.гgеS., (u)ill Ье геРогtеd t:о the
haUe the application fогт Signed Ьу а рагепt police fог роSsiЬlе сгiтiпаl сhагgеS)
ог gиагdiап) SЕстIоN з
12 FдLsЕ., (Yои сап Ьоггош ир to 25 itemS at а 29 miпега1S and а1gае; (77и7€у fz.72у gе77t-
tiте) соlоигеd lakes -sоте ригрlе, some огапgе
13 ТF+UЕ3 (ItетS геsегUеd Ьу апоthег тетЬег
fгот тiпегаls and а1gае)
cannot Ье rепеu!еd.) 30 miпега1 геSiduеS; (sс;.е7zfj.sfs bяс;е ЬGе7z #Ь/е
14 NOT GIVЕN; по геfегепсе is made to to тар the lос,аtiоп of тiпегаl геsidиеS fгот
Wаitiпg/огdегiпg in аdvапсе. ancient lakes and Sргiпgs)

Аhswег key 163


31 (thе) Sаhагап рumр; ("f.s Ь4сk-я7td+оrfЬ 8 д:, (Тhе exerciseS аге eSpecially useful fог
тigгаtiоп is called the Sаhагап ритр) adults шhоsе occupation геqиiгеS 1опg
З2 госk а.гt., (Rосk агt Suggests they had регiоds of Sitting at а dеSh.)
аlгеаdу made the tгапsitiоп fгот hunting to 9 С., (Dапсе Nеш Vоgие, Latin and Моdегп
гаisiпg liuеStосk.) to delightful тиsiс)
33 (Uпdегgгоuпd) сапаls; (U7tdеrgrои7tсJ сd7!#/s 10 В., (еагп а little ехtга Pochet топеу)
tapped into gгоипdшаtег and directed it to 11 (а) Sесuгitу sсаге; (А rесе73f яffе77сРf Ьу #
Яеlds шithоиt loSS to еUарогаtiоп) Staff тетЬег to епtег сотРапу Ргетisеs last
З4 д:, (аlтоst а11 of its Six million РеоР1е liue шееkепd cauSed а Sесигitу sсаге)
huddled оп the Меditегrапеап соаSt) 12 соmр1еtiпg uпЁпishеd ЬusiпеSs; (А7zу stсz/f
ЗS С., (Lаkе Меgаfеzzап, gleamed hеге аЬОиt тетЬег ... тау Stay fог the ригроsе of
2ОО,000 уеагS аgо, шhеп rainfall шаS completing ипЯпish ed ЬиSiпеss)
аЬипdапt) 13 (аt) hоuгlу (iпtегVаls); (Ьиz./сZZ.7€gs с!7cd ссzг
З6 дL., (Нитап communitieS haUe pulsed hеге рагk аге patrolled at hоигlу iпtеruаls)
... TXlhen moist егаS Uisitеd> they thгiuеd. 14 апу suspiciouS асtivitу; (z.и#Zеdj.#fе/у rePctrf
VIlhen the dry timeS геtигпеd they Shrank or апу suSpicious activity to the Sесигitу оfЯсе
соllарSеd.) at апу tiте)
37 D., (АЬоиt 5,ООО уеагS ago the гаiпS Stopped
sЕстIоN 2
опсе тоге, the lakes disарреагеd> and the
dеsегts took hоld. Yet this time the реор1е 15 .i:;і., (ехРегiепсе in fооtи!еаг StudieS ... геРогt

Stауеd.) оп deUeloPments in the tгаdе)

З8 С., (thеу шеге а Sеdепtагу РеоР1е liuing off 16 V.ii., (Nо ехРеriепс,е is песеsSагу, aS оп-thе-
SaUana аgгiсиltиге.) jоЬ tгаiпiпg шill Ье giuen in the use of hand
and machine tооls> stitching and Sоliпg)
З9 С., (Апd then the `fоssil' u!аtег, Stогеd иР
in шеt tiтеS, Stагtеd to giue out and the L] V.ii:і., (iп сhагgе of StаfЯпg)
ciuilization соllарSеd.) 18 .N., (ЬаSiс, tyPing and Shorthand Skills aS uіеll
40 В., (fог the humanS uіhо haUe liued in as kпошlеdgе of соттоп сlегiсаl ргасtiсеs)
LiЬуа fог thousands of уеагs, it haS Ьееп а 19 V., (tо maintain the cleanlineSs of the
соrridоr) ьиildiпg.)
20 х., (РоSitiоп of геSРопSiЬilitу ... SиРегUisе the
Reading Test з lеаthегuіогkегS)

sЕстIоN 1 21 ±., (ехРегiепсе in asseSsing the SoundneSs of


1 (Ьу) ЬuS., (раSSепgегS шill Ье tahen Ьу ЬиS оп ргоdисts)
to Lаипсеfогd) 2,2. G., (UРgгаdеd qиаlфсаtiопS ... шill Ье taken
2 (а.t) 11.42. а.ггL., (u!ill tгаUеl Uia НаггiпgЬу, into сопSidегаtiоп шith геgагd to Sаlагiеs)
аrгiuiпg at Lаипсеfогd at 11.42 ат) 2.3 D., (fог а qualifcation that Ьепеfts the
З (а,t) В.Lсklеу., (Тhе 1.40 ехРгеSS ... шill PauSe етр1оуее and is in the Сотрапу'S iпtегеst)
at Bickley to а11ош раSSепgегS to get off and 2.4 В., (LеаUе fгот сотРапу dutieS тау Ье
tгаUеl оп Ьу Ьиs to Lаипсеfогd) gгапtеd in the caSe of successful applicants
4 (а,t) 5 рт., (Тhе 3.55 and 5.25 to Lаипсеfогd fог ехtегпаl tгаiпiпg for а maximum of tшо
... аггiviпg at 5 рт and 6.30 рт геSресtiuеlу.) dayS tlег шееk)

5 D., (hапd-Sеи!iпg ... dгеSsтаkiпg) 2.5 С., (А staff тетЬег шhо leaUes шithiп this
time fгате шill fогfеit апу holiday рау)
6 Е., ($110 plus таtегiаls)
26 FдLLsЕ., (thе ЬоагdЭS decision uіill Ье Рпа1
7 С., (А геUisiоп claSS to ЬrиSh иР thoSe StePs
and not ореп to fигthег пеgоtiаtiоп.)
шill Ье Ьеld at 7 Рт. Vllhеп: еUегу TWedneSday
8 рт -1О.30 рт)

164 Апswег key


27 ТТ+UЕ., (а recommendation must Ье ... 2 Сhаппе11 (10.30 Horror #/777, МА -
signed Ьу the Head of Dераrtтепt) Маtиге аиdiепсе, not Suited fог сhildгеп
28 Fд:LsЕ:., (Тhе сотрапу иіill сопtгiЬиtе 50ОХо ипdег 15)
of the coSt fог ехtегпаl tгаiпiпg) 3 Get Rich Qиiсk. (Сhа.rшеl З, 7.ОО, Gепегаl
29 NOT GIVЕN; thеге is по mention of а kпоuіlеdgе quiz шith топеу ргizеS)
ргеfегепсе fог uпivегsitу dеgгееS. 4 Sg.7#о7с Sczys (Сhаппеl 2, 7.15, Н#ио7'оиs
comment оп the пеиіs)
sЕстIоN 3
5 Уоz4 Look GоосJ.t (Сhаппеl 3, 8.00, SGrj.еs
30 С., (Тhеу аге, lihe апts, Social inSects and
оп Ьеаиtу tiрS)
liue in colonies сотргisiпg Uагiоus caStes in
6 Ре€ Сс7rе (Сhаппеl 1,10.10, Lооkc.#g лffеr
пеSts)
реts)
З1 Н., (Sоте termite mounds сап геасh ап
7 G/Gепегаl; (Сhаппеl 2, 7.30, WGs КосЬе
iтРгеSsiuе 6 теtгеS tall and SеUегаl теtгеS
Iсh?., 8.30, Cities of the Тwогld)
асross)
8 gгсIwегSlfа,ггг\е[S., (а11 sold directly Ьу the
З2 D., (uіоrkегS that cannot rеРгоdисе, Пу or
grошегS)
sс,е)
9 а,сгоSS the stа.tе., (FагтегS shоuі иР fгот
ЗЗ F., (Shе gгошs into ап lаrgе, еgg-lауiпg
асгоSS the stаtе.)
machine аЬоиt ЗО тilliтеtгеS in diатеtег)
10 quality of ргоduсе; (fЬ€ qия/Ф о/РrосJисG
З4 В., (Тhеу аге also а uSeful Source of food fог
is thеiг main рriогitу)
Ьiгds, lizагds, тапу оthег Small таттаls)
11 рlа;St:іс Ьаg; (Тhе тагkеt is PlaStic Ьаg
З5 С-, (ТегтitеS аге the Same size as ants and
fгее> So Ьгiпg уоиг ошп ЬаShеts, Ьаgs and
аге often геfеггеd to aS `шhitе апts', Ьиt they
trоllеуS)
аге not actually апts.. the ant haS а Uery thin
12 Auckland Ргimагу Sсhооl; (Sf Вси4dG#е's
uіаist u]hегеаs а tегтitе dOes поt.)
RеSегUе (гight Ьеhiпd Auckland Ргiтагу
З6 дL., (А tегтitе со1опу погта11у conSists of
Sсhооl»
а queen and king шhо tоgеthег are the
13 (mагkеt) mапаgег; (Fоr ио№ j.7c/о#7tсzfj.о7з
ргiтагу гергоdисtiuе inSects / А small
оп market operationS and stаlls, email the
питЬег of young uіill deUelop to Ьесоте
тапаgег)
queens ог k.iпgs ... these аге called аlаtеs)
14 mailing list; (То бG яdсJеd fo fbe Sf
З7 С., (Тhе пеиі king and queen ... Seal
Вегпаdеttе FагтегS' Магkеt mailing list and
themSelueS inio а Small сhатЬег, and then
гесеiuе а гетiпdег етаil)
аftег а fеш dayS the queen и!ill Ьеgiп to 1ау
her еggs.) sЕстIоN 2
38 D., (ТХJоrkег termiteS ... gаthег food ,... feed 15 G., (Тhе MoSsuille hoSPital ... is located in
the геSt of the со1опу, themSelues and the the centre of the city of Моssuillе)
Sоldiегs. They also гераir апу damage done Nоtе: С is wгопg ЬесаuSе thеге is по
to the пеSt) mention of а геSеагсh fасilitу.
З9 С., (kееРiпg stacks of tiтЬег and fгешооd 16 F., (St Аldап's Hospital is ... asSociated
dгу and ашау fгот the hоиsе) uіith the Uniuersity of Victoria and шith
40 D; D SummагisеS the Whole tорiс. MoSsuille UпiuегSitу )
L7 D., (`wогkегS in the феld of aged саге шill
Reading Test 4 aPPreciate the DaUidsOn Сепtге)
sЕстIоN 1 18 В., (It оffегS таtегпitу sеruiсеs, and haS а
1 Channel 2 (7.30 Gег77і#7z сооkf.7cg sеw.еzs / сhildrеп'S dерагtтепt)
9.ОО Fгепсh uіith SиЬtitlеs) 19 Е., (ЕхtепSiuе Staff education and
deUelopment ргоgгатS аге ргоUidеd)

Апswег key 165


2.0 4З., (Веlfогd Health haS oUer 43 SitеS) сопtетРОгаriеs шhеп the Spanish аггiuеd
2,1 1887., (thе histогу of the MoSsuille hospital in 1492.)
dateS Ьасk to 1887) З6 В., (Gоld also has ехtгаогdiпагilу high
22 1,025., (Веlfогd Health ргоUidеS 1,025 Ьеds геПесtiuе РошегS that аге геliеd ироп
thгоиghоиt its питегоиS Sitеs) in the Shielding that ргоtесts SpaceShipS
2.З ТFГПЕ., (ассеРtеd РгоUidеd that they include and SatelliteS fгот sоlаг гаdiаtiоп, and in
а minimum of 12 шееks SиРегUisеd teaching iпdиStгiаl and medical laSers that uSe gоld-
coated геРесtогs)
ргасtiсе / а МаStег's ог PhD dеgгее in
Education that does not include teaching З7 дL., (ВесаиSе gold is Ьiоlоgiсаllу iпасtiuе, it
ргасtiсе is not ассерtаЬlе) haS Ьесоте а Uital tool fог medical геSеагсh)
24 NOT GIVЕN; thеге is по геfегепсе in the З8 д:, (Dетапd ... iпсгеаSеs dигiпg Periods of
text to tеасhегs' choice of Sрогts tгаiпiпg. и!огld сгisis or iпStаЬilitу)
25 Fд,LSЕ., (uіеагiпg jeanS and а ТShiгt is З9 В., (IпUеstтепt gold is thегеfоге ап excellent
ипассерtаЬlе оп school рrетisеS, although hedge againSt iпРаtiоп, and ргоtесts
at School camPS Such iпfогтаl с,lоthiпg is earnings fог the fиtиге.)
ассерtаЬlе.) 40 D; the Бгst Ёvе рагаgгарhs outline the
26 ТFШЕ., (ехtга аllоиіапсеs Paid ... fог уеагs histогу of gold and the геmаiпiпg thгее
of teaching ехрегiепсе.) explain Some of its uSеS.

2.7 FдLsЕ., (А11 teachers in Years 11 and 12 uіill


Ье геqиiгеd to make themSelues аUаilаЬlе to WRIтING
teach at leaSt опе оthег SиЬjесt aside fгот
thеiг major sиЬjесt аrеа.)
Wгitiпg теst 1
28 NOT GIVЕN; the ге1аtivе сопtгiЬutiопS of sаmріе геsропsеs
gоvегпmепt and ргivаtе donations аге not таsk 1
соmрагеd.
Dеаг Siг/Маdаm,
SЕстIоN з The гесеm changeS in the tгаiп timеtаЬ1е haVe
2.9 роWег., (Fгот its fгSt disсоUеrу, it haS caused me Some ргоЬlеms. Fог the paSt fоuг
sутЬоlizеd шеаlth and рои]ег.) уеагS I have Ьееп taking the 7.4З, Ьut it по
ЗО оЪSеSS.\Оп., (Gоld has caused оЬSеSsiоп in 1опgег stops at Вехlапd, and I must now еithег
теп and паtiопS) Wait fог the 7.57 ог catch the еаг1iег 7.15 to
my Wогk.
31 the Middle ЕаSt; (Агсbсzео/оgz.с4/ сJZ.gs
SuggeSt the uSe of gold Ьеgап in the Middle with the new timеtаЬlе, if I Wait fог the 7.57,
Еаst) I аггivе late fог wогk, Ьut if I catch the еаг1iег
7.15, I must Walk агоuпd the city fог half ап
32, соfЬп., (Тhеу ипсоUегеd а gold соfЯп шhоSе
hоuг ог go fог а coffee Ьеfоге I сап get iп[о my
quality Shошеd the aduanced State of
оfЁсе. This also makeS me гаthег tiгеd in the
Egyptian сгаftsтапshiр and gоldшогkiпg.)
moming and I am 1еss effective at wогk. I haVe
З3 д.гLiггLа.l а.гt., (РегSiап gold шогk is moSt
Spoken to оthег раSsепgегs at Bexland Who аgгее
famous fог its animal агt) With me that the neW timеtаЬlе is uпsаtisfасtогу.
З4 еггLрегог., (thе citizenS of Rome и]оге
I would thегеfоге ask fог ап adjustment of
necklaces that contained coinS и!ith the
the new timеtаЬlе So that the 7.4З tгаiп опсе
image of the етрегог)
again StopS at Bexland fог the conVenience of
З5 D., (thе Skill of Рrе-СоlитЬiап cultureS myself and оthег раSSепgегs.
in the use of gold шаS highly aduanced
I look fогWагd to а positive геsропSе.
1опg Ьеfоге the агriuаl of the Sрапish.
YоuгS fаithfullу,
Natiue goldsmiths had таStегеd most of
Diane Реtегsоп
the techniqueS kпоuіп Ьу thеiг Еигореап

166 Апswег key


А1thоugh thеге аге а пumЬег of агgumепts
to Ье made in fаVоuг of and against this idеа, I
fее1 [hаt оVегаll thеге is mоге to gain fог Ьоth
iпdividuа1S and Society fгоm Such а ро1iсу.

таsk 2
Вгiпgiпg up сhildгеп is опе of the moSt
imрогtапt things that реор1е do and if Ьоth
рагепts wогk it сап Ье even mоге StгеSsful and
tiгiпg. This is why Some реор1е advocate thac
govemments should ргоVidе Бпапсiаl suррогt So
that at leaSt опе рагепt could stay at home With
а Vегу young сhild. This would haVe а пumЬег
of advantageS and disadvantageS fог iпdividuа1s
and Sосiеtу.
1п Some соuпtгiеs the gоVегпmепt haS
iпtгоduсеd ро1iсiеs to епсоuгаgе coupleS to have
mоге сhildгеп. Мапу рагепts Would like to Stay
home to 1ооk аftег thеiг Vегу young сhildгеп,
Ьut cannot SuгVivе оп just опе iпсоmе. If рагепts Wгitiп9 теst 2
wеге paid Ьу the gоVеmmепt, this Would sampIe геsропsеs
ргоЬаЬ1у lead to ап iпсгеаsе in the Ьiгth гаtе,
таsk 1
which would ЬепеЁt society aS а Whоlе.
Dеаг Тапе,
It would also Ье to the advantage of the
infant Ьесаusе it could haVe mоге contact With Do you геmеmЬег the арагtmепt we Wеге living
its mоthег ог fаthег at а vегу imрогtапt Stage in in when you came to Visit uS а couple of уеагS
its 1ifе. The рагепt Who waS at home full-timе аgо? wе1l, we felt that it waS getting too small
Would Ье аЬ1е to deVelop а stгопgег Ьопd with fог uS, ог to Ье mоге ехасt, that оuг two kids
his ог hег сhild. had оutgгоwп it and needed mоге space to гuп
агоuпd. Wё spent аЬоut Six months looking fог а
Опе of the mаjог dгаWЬасks of Such а policy
houSe and 1аSt month we Ёпа11у moVed into опе
would Ье its соst. Meeting this would геquiге
wе,Vе ьоught.
ап iпсгеаSе in tax ог а divегsiоп of gоVегпmепt
funds fгоm оthег рuгроSеS. Some реор1е Would It's а thгее-Ьеdгооm, о1dег Style Ьгiсk houSe

оЬjесt to suЬSidisiпg the uрЬгiпgiпg of оthег in НаVегtоп, Ьut опе of the ЬеSt things аЬоut it
is that it's got а Ьig уагd and а gагdеп, and it'S in
реорlе'S сhildгеп. The amount of money paid
and the length of time fог Which it waS paid а quiet Stгееt. Plus it'S got two Ьаthгооms, which
Would Ье imрогtапt сопSidегаtiопs. 1п аdditiоп, makeS it еаsiег When fоuг реор1е аге getting
many реор1е Ье1iеvе that the wогld is аlгеаdу геаdу fог wогk and School in the mогпiпgs. It's
оVегрорulаtеd and that gоVегпmепts should not such а сопtгаSt to the сгаmреd р1асе and noisy
епсоuгаgе ап iпсгеаsе in рорulаtiоп. агеа we wеге in Ьеfоге.

АпsWег key 167


It'd Ье gгеаt if you could come and Visit us and tгуiпg to Ёпd honeSt and mогаl ways of
Some timе. wе'd loVe to see you again -уоu sо1viпg thеm.
could come fог ап eVening meal ог Spend the 1п fасt, iпdividuаls, рагtiсulагlу young реор1е
Whо1е day With uS. Апуwау, get in touch and ShoWing off ог tгуiпg to ргоVе thеmsеlvеS, often
lеt'S see if We сап make а timе.
get into gгеаt dапgег when engaged in `hегоiс',
веSt Wishеs, аttепtiоп-gгаЬЬiпg lеisuге асtivitiеs, and then
тim а lot of money and time сап Ье spent Ьу оthег
реор1е who have to put thеiг own lives at гisk
tгуiпg to Save thеm.
If реор1е want to do theSe kinds of lеisuге
activities Ьесаusе they enjoy [hеm and Ёпd them
ехсitiпg, they should Ье fгее [о do So ргоVidеd
that they do not hагm оthегS. Реор1е should
Ье епсоuгаgеd to do ехегсisе ЬесаuSе it is ап
eSSential iпgгеdiепt fог hеа1th, Ьut thеге is по
need to соuгt dапgег. No опе should feel uпdег
ргеSsuге to do Something sрес[асulаг in the hope
that it will make them а Ьеttег регSоп.

таsk 2
The media often саггiеS StогiеS оп the аdvепtuгеs
of iпdividuаls, including tеепаgегs, engaging
in рhуSiса11у Vегу demanding activitieS such as
сlimЬiпg Mount ЕVегеSt ог Sailing Solo агоuпd
the Wогld. I dоп't think these kinds of feats
аге good mоdеls, Ьесаusе they аге Ьеуопd the
capacity of the аvегаgе регsоп. If tempted to tгу
Wгitiпg теst з
this kind of activity moSt реор1е аге mоге likely
to гisk Ьеiпg killed ог Ьаdlу iпjuгеd, ог Ьеiпg Sаmріе геsропsеs
рSусhоlоgiсаl1у damaged due to fаiluге, гаthег таsk 1
than gaining in соuгаgе and сопЁdепсе.
Dеаг Siг/Маdаm,
Соuгаgе is not the Same thing aS гisk-tаkiпg
Му name is Bill Еmегу, [hе tenant гепtiпg уоuг
and сопЁdепсе is distinct fгоm Ьеiпg fооlhагdу;
араг[mепt in На11огап St. I am wгitiпg to you
соuгаgе and сопЁdепсе аге сhагасtегisсiсS that
ЬесаuSе I am planning to go аЬгоаd Soon and
сап Ье Vегу useful in 1ifе as they help реор1е
would like со ask whеthег you Would have
go Ьеуопd thеiг соmfогt zone and achieVe апу оЬjесtiоп to а fгiепd of mine Staying in the
Wогthwhilе gоаls. НоWеvег, tгuе соuгаgе and
арагtmепt while I am аWау.
сопЯdепсе сап Ье Ьuilt up gгаduаllу thгоugh
Next month I am going оп а tгiр агоuпd
mоге mundane mеапS, Such as Ьу facing the
Еuгоре fог аЬоut two mопths. I thought it
еVегуdау ргоЬlеms that аге рагt of Ьеiпg humап,

168 Апswег key


Would Ье good if someone could stay in the
hоWеvег, situationS When keeping а pet сап
арагtmепt while I am аwау. David Нагрег, Who
епdапgег ап оldег регSоп'S hеаlth.
I haVe known since high Sсhооl, is keen со move
As many Sепiог citizens live а1опе, а pet сап
in While I am аwау. Не is ап honest and ге1iаЬlе
help геduсе feelings of 1опеliпеSs. А cat ог dog
регSоп, and is suге to keep the р1асе с1еап and communicateS with and is affectionate tоWагds
tidу. Не shагеs а houSe with thгее оthег реор1е
its оWпег. Having а Ьопd with ап animal сап
and would welcome the оррогtuпitу to Ье in а
give you а рsусhо1оgiсаl Ьооst and thus imргоvе
quiet р1асе Whеге he could get mоге Study dопе.
уоuг physical hеа1th.
I would арргесiаtе it if you would give me
when humanS have to look аftег а ЬаЬу and
регmissiоп to have David stay in the арагtmепt
While I am аWау. I would рау the гепt in advance
ргоVidе it with аttепtiоп, they tend to take Ьеttег
саге of thеmsеlvеS. Pets сап haVe the same effect
and of соuгSе I Would Ье liаЫе should апу
оп thеiг оWпегS. And as dogs need to Ье taken
damage Ье caused in my аЬsепсе.
fог wаlks, this leads to thеiг оwпегS getting some
YоuгS fаiсhfullу,
daily ехегсisе tоо.
вill Еmегу
Тhеге аге, оп the оthег hапd, situations in
Which pets сап have а dеtгimепtа1 impact оп
thеiг оwпегS. The еldегlу сап easily Suffег Ьгоkеп
ЬопеS if they haVe а fаll, and it is Vегу easy to Ье
tгiрреd up Ьу а cat uпdег уоuг fееt. Some реор1е
сап develop аllегgiеS to cat fuг ог dog hаiг, ог
Ье infected Ьу diseaSes that animals саггу. And а
home With а 1агgе пumЬег of саts, dogs ог Ьiгds
сап quickly Ьесоmе uпhуgiепiс.
Humans еп].оу and ЬепеЁt fгоm living with
animals in а пumЬег of WayS that make them
hеаlthiег and imргоVе thеiг livеs. Оп1у in гаге
cases is the iпtегасtiоп Ьеtwееп pets and humanS
not а poSitive опе.

таsk 2
Реор1е's quа1itу of life is gепега11у enhanced Ьу
1iviпg With реts, and this арр1iеs fог о1dег реор1е
aS wе1l. Animals ргоvidе соmрапiопshiр, they
сап Ье iпtегеstiпg to оЬsегvе, and looking аftег
them сап lead to реор1е getting mоге ехегсisе
and taking Ьеttег саге of thеmsеlvеS. Тhеге аге,

АпsWег key 169


Wгitiп9 теst 4
sаmріе геsропsеs
таsk 1
Dеаг Магу,
I thought I'd dгор you а line to let you know
what I'Vе Ьееп up to Since I 1еft the сliпiс.
You геmеmЬег I said I needed to haVe а
сhапgе? wеll, I goc а ].оЬ Wогkiпg рагt-timе in а
cafe not fаг fгоm my р1асе. I make соffее, take
сustоmегs' огdегs, SегVе food and dгiпks, make
SandwicheS and do Some cleaning uр. таsk 2
It's hectic at times in the саfе, Ьut поwhеге Taxation is uSed to геdistгiЬutе income Ьеtwееп
пеаг aS S[геssful aS пuгSiпg wогk. I miss Ьеiпg iпdividuа1s and fгоm iпdividuа1S tоwагds
аЬ1е to hе1р Sick реор1е and I'd ргеfег а пuгSе's со1lесtivе рuгроSеS, So it is uпаvоidаЬlе that
wаgе, Ьut I dоп't miss the unpaid оVегtimе and thеге will Ье Wiппегs and lоsегS.
masses of рарегwогk. Wогkiпg рагt-timе means Нigh-iпсоmе iпdividuа1s who рау vегу high
that now I'm doing а 1оt of the things I enjoy taxes may View Such taxeS aS thеft. If Some of
thа[ I didп't have the time ог епегgу fог Ьеfоге, that money is given to individuals with 1оw
so I геа11у dоп't геgгеt switching ].оЬs. And incomeS aS Wеlfаге рауmепts, these роогег
апуwау, if I геа11у feel the uгgе I сап go Ьасk to individuals would Ьепеft.
пuгSiпg опе dау. Тах haS Ьееп called the ргiсе of сivilisаtiоп.
And what аЬоut уоu? I'd love to haVe а 1опg Реор1е With high incomes сап enjoy 1iviпg in а
chat with you and the оthегs. Регhарs we could sаfег Society with а 1оwег сгimе гаtе if the money
have а mеа1 опе night аftег wогk. Норе to see taken fгоm them in tax is uSed Wе1l and thеге is
you Sооп. not а Ьig gap Ьеtwееп the гiсh and the роог.
YоuгS, The агgumепt is often made that if taxeS аге
Аппе too high, this will act aS а Ьгаkе оп motivation
and iппоVаtiоп, as wеа1thiег реор1е will not
Want to See the fгuits of thеiг 1аЬоuг taken Ьу
the Stаtе, and may Ье tempted to take thеiг assets
and ideaS to апоthег соuпtгу Whеге tax гаtеs аге
1оwег. If this hаррепеd, the соuпtгу with high
tax гаtеS would suffег.
The main ЬепеЁсiагу of а ро1iсу of Vегу
high taxeS is the соuпtгу as а whоlе, in оthег
Wогds, Sосiеtу. That money сап Ье uSed to гаisе
Stапdагds of hеа1th and еduсаtiоп, aS wе1fаге
payments fог those in пееd, and to uрgгаdе
iпfгаStгuсtuге. Ноwеvег, thеге аге по guагапtееS.
If taxes аге Spent waStefully ог the money goes
into the pockets of соггuрt оfЁсiаls, then оп1у
thoSe offcials and thеiг сгопiеs геар the ЬепеЁt,
and at еVегуопе еlsе'S соst.
Thus the effect of tax policy is not always
what опе might ехресt, and the оVега11 impact

170 Апswег key


оп iпdividuа1S and society depends оп а гапgе of аЬоut 15 sесопds. Due to his slow расе, and
оthег fасtогS арагt fюm the гаtе of tах. with the pauses and hеSitаtiопs, duгiпg the 1опg
ргеSепtаtiоп he waS not аЬ1е to say Vегу muсh.
ОVега1l, he made Vегу few 1опg uttегапсеs.
Тhгоughоut the iпtегViеw he с1еаг1у
uпdегstооd and gave соhегепt апSwегS to
the quеStiопS, though thеге Wеге а couple
of ехсерtiопS. when aSked `Ноw do реор1е
usually fnd а р1асе to live in уоuг соuпtгу?',
he апsWегеd, `Тhе реор1е, ег, Ёпd, а quiet р1асе
to 1ivе in my соuпtгу Ьесаusе the сепtге is so
сгоwdеd and so поisу'. Оп а пumЬег of occasionS
When he had not uпdегStооd а quеstiоп, he aSked
fог it to Ье гереаtеd, Which is quite ассерtаЬlе in
[hе [еst. Repeating ог герhгаSiпg wогds used Ьу
the оthег регsоп is а way to get thinking timе, ог
to aSk fог сlагiБсаtiоп and maintain соhегепсе.
when aSked аЬоut р1асеS that `аге mоге pleaSant
to 1ivе iп', he Simply and соггесtlу asked `Моге?'
Ноwеvег, he Seldom echoed ог герhгаsеd Wогds
fгоm the quеstiопS, арагt fгоm when he WaS
aSked аЬоut `оthег fасtогs' and he геsропdеd, `1
think main fасtог is . . .' Не iпсоггесtlу echoed the
ехаmiпег when he was aSked `whаt do you think
sрЕАкING аге the hеа1thiеSt dгiпks?' and he герliеd, `1 like

sampIe speaking tests healthiest dгiпks,.

The following is ап cLnalysis of the vосаЬulагу


The candidate gепега11у uSed VосаЬulагу
реrfогтапсе of the thгее candidateS in the
sample Speaking teSt оп pages 104-17. аррюргiаtе1у, Ьut disр1ауеd оп1у а limited гапgе.
Оп опе of the feW occaSionS when he uSed а lesS
Assessment of Candidate 1 common Wогd, it was used iпсоггесtlу: he talked
of `mеtгороlе сitiеS' instead of `mеtгороlitап
Fіuепсу and соhегепсе
сitiеS'. Не Sаid, `mу ЁгSt dеgгее is есопоmу'
This candidate occasionally Spoke дuепtlу, Ьut
inStead of `ЕсопоmiсS', and `1 haVe to 1еаm to
оvегаll the расе WaS too Slow and he heSitated
economy пеWs' inStead of `1 haVe to keep up
fгеquепtlу. Some pauSes Ьеfоге апswегiпg Wеге
with newS аЬоut the есопоmу'. Рагtiсulагlу in
too 1опg. His dеlivегу WaS not smooth and
giving iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut himsе1f, he Should
fаг too often he Ёl1еd pauses with `ег' While
make Suге that he uses the соггесt tегmiпо1оgу.
thinking of the next wогd he Wanted [о sау.
Тhгоughоut the iпtегViеw he uSed the
This waS рагtiсulагlу поtiсеаЬlе duгiпg the 1опg
wогd `уеаh', whегеаs `уеs' would Ье mоге
ргеSепtаtiоп in [hе second рагt of the tеSt, Ьut
арргоргiаtе fог а fогmа1 Speaking tеSt. Some
оссuггеd thгоughоut the iпtегviеw. Using such
оthег examples of VосаЬulагу uSed Wгопg1у
Ёllегs as а technique to gain thinking time is рагt
Wеге when he геfеггеd to `Sоmе сеlеЬгаtеS'
of погmаl sреесh, Ьut if оvегusеd, they distuгЬ
instead of `се1еЬгаtiопS' ог when he Said `Wе
the flow of сопVегsаtiоп. Не did not use the full
haVe по геSidепсе агеаs', `it haS а high level of
minute that candidateS аге given to ргераге thеiг
alcohol iпsidе' inStead of `it contains а high level
1опg ргеSепtаtiоп, and Stагtеd to Speak аftег
of аlсоhоl', `gо Ьу wаlkiпg' inStead of `gо оп

Аhswег key 171


fооt' ог `Wаlk', `wе have а good геlаtiоп in оuг fаг to сепtге', `this is оthег fасtог fог chooSe
арагtmепts' ([hоugh lаtег he соггесtlу mentions thеiг арагtmепс', `whеп I look а[ [оut] the
`геlаtiопShiрS') and `1 сап see а осеап ог гivег ог
wiпdоw'), ог а ргероSitiоп waS uSed whеге it
like this, ог lаkе' inStead of `ог something like waS not needed (`thаt's Why [hе реор1е ргеfег to
[his, ог а lаkе'. Не used `vегу', `littlе' and `quitе' mаgаziпеS', `сhе реор1е ргеfег to quiet р1асе'),
aS quаШегS, Ьut said `it'S too diffегепt' instead ог Whеге the ргероSitiоп waS omitted (`thе
of it's Vегу diffегепt'. disadvantages own the hоusе', `аlwауs you live
the same р1асе').
Gгаmmаг
Агtiс1еS wеге mostly uSed соггесtlу, Ьut
It is gепега11у роssiЬlе to uпdегStапd what this
SometimeS they Wеге оmittеd: `Wе lived iп,
candidate meant thгоughоut the iпtегviеw, eVen
ег, Seventh flоог', `1 think main fасtог is, ег,
when he made еггогs, and thеге Wеге many
thеiг jоЬs', `it'S advantage fог make а good
instanceS of gгаmmаг Ьеiпg used соггесtlу. 1п
геlаtiопshiрS'. А1Sо, а couple of ргопоuпs Wеге
Some caSes he соггесtеd himsеlf, fог iпStапсе:
`апd it'S, ег, it hаS, оuг hоmе, flat haS thгее оmittеd: `1 dоп't геаd [thеm] оftеп', `реор1е
гооms', `уоu must', ег, mоviпg, eh you сап Ье ргеfег to dгiпk [it]'.
mоvеd'. Ноwеvег, thеге wеге Vегу feW complex Among оthег gгаmmаtiсаl еггогs, thеге WaS
SentenceS апd, aS with vосаЬulагу, thеге waS ап опе example of ап incomplete соmрагаtivе
iпsuf€сiепt гапgе of gгаmmаtiса1 StгuсtuгеS. (`high quа1itу than the оthегS'); iпсоггесt wогd
огdег with аdvегЬS (`уоu сап get eaSily а fгiепd',
The Simple ргеSепt cense WaS а1mоst the оп1у `уоu сап get eaSily а hоmе'); the Wгопg wогd
tense uSеd. Оп а feW occasionS he 1еft out `аге',
огdег with adjectiveS (`1, ег, wants to live а, ег,
(`gоssiр magazineS рорulаг in my соuпtгу', `thе
good viеW, has а good view арагtmепts'); and
реор1е iпtегеstеd in chis goSsip ог Sрогt'), ог
ап еггог in use of the negative (`if you live in the
else used `is' inStead of `аге' with а рluгаl noun
hоuSеs, ег, you hаvе, ег, not а good ге1аtiопShiрS
(`iп my соuпtгу is moSt рорulаг dгiпks special
thеге fог thеiг пеighЬоuгs').
Тuгkish dгiпks', `thе реор1е is elite реор1е',
`оuг home ргiсеs is поt, ег, high'). Не gепега11у
ргопuпсiаtiоп
uSed the Ёпа1 -S when песеssагу except when he Gепегаl1у, chis сапdidаtе'S ргопuпсiаtiоп was
sаid, `mу mum actually like the huge kitсhеп'. с1еаг, though it Would have helped if he spoke
Не also used the wгопg VегЬ: `1 dоп't iпtегеstеd а Ьit mоге loudly so thac the listепег did not
gоssiр'.1п опе case the continuouS fогm was need to Stгаiп to uпdегstапd him. Тhеге wеге
uSed inStead of the Simple ргеsепt: `wе talking to
ргоЬlеms with Some Sounds (е.g. `th'), and Some
пеighЬоuгS аlwауs' and the Simple inStead of the wогds (е.g. `mеtгороlе сitiеs' and `hugе'). wогd
сопtiпuоuS: `Тhаt'S why I Study Епglish'. when and Sencence stгеSS waS gооd, aS was linking
it WaS песеssагу to use the simр1е paSt раssivе,
(е.g. `hаs а high level of alcohol iпSidе', `if you
it was done iпсоггесtlу: `this Ьuildiпg, this гепt а hоuSе, you сап'), although che оVегuSе
арагtmепts, ег, Ьuilt SеVегаl уеагS аgо'. Оп two of Ёl1егS disгuрtеd the linking of wогds. The
occaSions the -iпg fогm Was used inStead of the Slow расе, pauses and the fгеquепt uSe of `ег'
iпЁпitivе: `if you гепt а house you сап, ег, you
ргоduсеd ап uneVen гhуthm of Sреесh.
must, ег, mоViпg', `ргеfег to Ьuуiпg а hоmе'.
The рluгаl fогms of nouns wеге gепега11у оvега[l
used соггесtlу, Ьut thеге wеге some ехсерtiопS: The leVel of this сапdidаtе'S spoken Епg1ish
`lоts of fасilitу', `iп IstапЬul the реор1е is not yet high enough fог Study at uпivегsitу
gепега11у live in the арагtmепt', `thеге аге lots in ап Епg1ish-sреаkiпg соuпtгу. Не is геlахеd,
of advantage ог disаdvапtаgе', `оuг пеighЬоuгs регhарS too ге1ахеd, and needs to make his
also is kind реорlеs'. Тhеге Wеге caSes Whеге dеlivегу Smооthег, fаstег, mоге соhегепt and
the wгопg ргероSitiоп was uSed (`1Т is геlаtеd mоге ассuгаtе. His lеVе1 of Sе1f-соггесtiоп makeS
аЬоut iпfогmаtiоп', `this арагtmепt's а little him hагd to uпdегStапd and аffессs his дuепсу,
соhегепсе and ассuгасу. Не needs to wогk оп

172 Апswег key


his ассuгасу in огdег to геduсе this level of sеlf- and `littlе' when She Said `1 have little fгiепd',
соггесtiоп, and thегеЬу imргоvе his fluепсу. It and SеVегаl timeS uSed adjectiveS inStead of
Would Ье uSeful fог him to listen to many typeS nounS (`thе imрогtапt геаsоп is соmfогtаЬlе
of spoken Епg1ish and to engage in сопVегsаtiоп and the ргiсе and the сопVепiепt') and nounS
оп а гапgе of topics with diffегепt реор1е. inStead of adjectiveS (`thе life is vегу lеisuге').
She is с1еаг1у а регSоп Who 1ikеs to communicate
Аssеssmеп1: of Candidate 2 and was аЬ1е to рагарhгаsе to ехргеSs What she
Fluency and соhегепсе wап[еd to sау, though She гаге1у used idioms and
the оп1у lesS common ехргеSsiоп she used Was
This candidate а1WауS геSропdеd арргоргiаtе1у `iп а Wогd'. She needs to Ёпd а1tегпаtivе ways to
and ргоmрtlу, giving detailed апswегs and
Say `1 thiпk' to ехргеsS hег opinionS and to uSe
engaging wеl1 with the ехаmiпег thгоughоut,
mоге quаmегS than `Vегу' and `quitе'. ОVегаll
сгеаtiпg the imргеSsiоп fгоm the Ьеgiппiпg of
the гапgе and leVel of vосаЬulагу WaS Simрlе.
the iпtегviеW that she was speaking дuепtlу. She
WaS fогthсоmiпg and ргоduсеd а lot of 1опg Gгаmmаг
uсtегапсеs. when aSked `whу did you decide This candidate made а lot of ЬаSiс еггогs,
to do а МаstегS of Соmmегсе?', She апSWегеd,
`Um, ЬесаuSе I thiпk, if I сап gain the МаStег раг[iсulагlу With VегЬ tenses and the use of
the р1uгаl. Students With hег lеvе1 of Епg1ish
dеgгее mауЬе I Will give а good jоЬ in Сhiпа. usually haVe studied the гulеS of the Епg1ish
And I will haVe а mоге оррогtuпitу to get а tenSe sуStеm, Ьut haVe ргоЬlеms using VегЬs
good рау jоЬ which is mоге арреа1iпg'. when соггесtlу. She waS gепега11у good With the thiгd
aSked `whаt аге the most рорulаг dгiпks in уоuг
регSоп siпgulаг, yet often mixed confused tепSеs:
соuпtгу?', she апSWегеd, `Веег, yeah ... Апd, `1 Will going to haVe the МаStег of Соmmегсе',
ег, mауЬе Соса-Со1а, Ьut I dislike it. I а1WауS `If I have гепt а house and I lived it fог а, fог а
dгiпk the огапgеу wаtег апd, uh, just dгiпk the 1опg time mауЬе I think oh it's ОК to mе, Ьut
wаtег'. Uп1ikе the mа1е сапdidаtе, She used the When I 1ооk, um, with it to my fгiепd mауЬе
full minute to ргераге hег 1опg ргеSепtаtiоп, I will Ёпd out that his houSe is Ьеttег to mе,
and Spoke mоге соhегеп[1у and 1оgiса1lу in that so I will а11 think mауЬе I Will haVe to looking
section of the tеSt. fог апоthег hоuSе'. She Sometimes used the
She made good use of Wогds and ехргеssiопS wгопg VегЬs: `1 have the language соuгsеs in
Such aS `hоwеvег' and `оf соuгsе'. when She did my со11еgе', `thе houSe haS in willоughЬу'. She
not uпdегStапd а quеStiоп, She aSked `Sоггу?' needs to uSe the simple paSt tenSe mоге оftеп:
ог else гереаtеd the wогd the ехаmiпег had `whеп I ЁгSt came to Sуdпеу' inStead of `опсе I
uSed which she had not uпdегstооd: `Тоwагd?', have Ьееп to Sуdпеу', and `whеп I in China I live
`Тгеаt?' She а1sо еStаЬ1ishеd соhегепсе Ьу
in the арагtmепt'. The -iпg fогm Was sometimes
герhгаSiпg wогds used Ьу the ехаmiпег. When omitted ог misusеd: `1 will not Spend а lot of
asked `whаt fасtогS do you think dеtегmiпе time to see the mаgаziпе', `iпstеаd of go оutsidе',
whеге реор1е chooSe to livе?', she sаid, `1 think `wапt to looking fог а hоuSе'. She had [гоuЬ1е
moSt of ... moSt of the imрогtапt геаSоп'. Оп using сопditiопа1, hypothetical Stгuсtuгеs: `If
а couple of occaSions she did not апSWег the I have my own houSe I 1ivеd in it and I fее1 oh
quеstiоп, Such aS hег iпсоhегепt геsропsе when that it, that Ьеlопgs to mе. And I think I haVe
asked аЬоut healthy dгiпks. а fаmilу, um, Ьut if I live in the house just гепt
fгоm sоmеЬоdу, I think I'm always WОггiеd'.
VосаЬulагу
Ноwеvег, she did Ьеttег lаtег in the iпtегViеw:
1п gепега1, the VосаЬulагу and ехргеSsiопS she `If you want to go out ог go to wогk, go to
uSed wеге арргоргiаtе а1thоugh she lacked Some
uпivегsi[у, уоu'll hnd that the tгаШс alwayS
ЬаSiс VосаЬulагу (fог ехаmрlе, She uSed `рагkiпg
Ь1осk, it Will waste а lot of timе'.
гооm' fог `gагаgе'). Ноwеvег, hег vосаЬulагу
She often used the siпgulаг fогm of nouns
гапgе is often quite limitеd. She confused `fеw'
гаthег than рluга1S: `mаgаziпе', `mоViе Stаг, TV

Апswег key 173


Stаг and the siпgег, the famouS Siпgег', `опе of influenced Ьу hег native 1апguаgе, and although
the геаsоп', `siх Ьеdгооm', `опе of the ргоЬlеm', at [imеs She uses Stгеss timing and intonation
`sоmеtimе they сап fnd the inSect сlimЬiпg to
to good еffесt, оvегаl1 She uSeS поп-Stапdагd
my hоusе. I'm аfгаid of it'. intonation раttегпS that affect hoW She conveyS
But sometimes She used рluгаls соггесtlу: mеапiпg.
`апd in оthег Ьig сitiеS'. AS often happens with
оvегаII
реор1е Whose Ягst language doeS not uSe агtiсlеS,
This candidate is ап effective Sреаkег Ьut
she sometimes used them when they wеге not
hег Spoken English lеvе1 is not adequate fог
песеSSагу: `а 1оt of уоuпgег реор1е like to See the
uпivегSitу 1еVеl studу. Although She seems quite
magaZine аЬоut it'.
Пuепt, hег VосаЬulагу гапgе is 1imitеd to Ьаsiс
The ргопоuп оЬjесt was left out at timеS.
wогds and рhгаSеS, and hег сопtгоl of ассuгаtе
when aSked `Аге [hеге апу hot dгiпks you likе?',
gгаmmаtiсаl stгuсtuгеs is wеаk. Outside fаmiliаг
she герliеd: `Nо I dоп't likе'; also `thеу cannot
topicS she ЬеgiпS to loSe the ргесisiоп to ехр1аiп
сопtго1'. Some еггогS wеге also made With
what She геа11у mеапS. She needs to imргоVе hег
ргероSitiопS: `studу is Ьеttег to mе', `поt good ассuгасу, to expand hег vосаЬulагу into mоге
enough to mе' and the vегу common еггог `mоSt
ргесisе tегms thа[ Ьеttег ехргеsS hег mеапiпg,
of реор1е,.
and to uSe Sentence StгеSS and intonation mоге
She waS quick to соггесt hегsе1f, Such as еffесtivе1у. She may ЬепеЁt Ьу Slightly Slowing
when She Sаid, `suсh as Ьеег ог аlсоhоl, alcohol down the расе of hег dеlivегу [о give а mоге
wаtег. Yeah а1соhо1 dгiпk, Sоггу'.1п fасt, She сопsidегеd геSропSе.
Should haVe uSed the аd].ессivе `а1соhоliс',
Ьut She waS с1еаг1у mопitогiпg hег oWn Assessment of Candidate З
wогds. ОVега1l She ShoWed а limited гапgе
F[uепсу and соhегепсе
of gгаmmаtiса1 Stгuсtuгеs, though hег еггогs
Seldom led to the listепег misuпdегStапdiпg What
As а дuепt соmmuпiсаtог, this candidate геаdilу
She mеапt. and сопЁdепtlу апswегs queStions and ехргеsSеs
орiпiопS, and gепега11у геSропds арргоргiаtе1у
ргопuпсiаtiоп and at 1епgth. Не occasionally соггесts himsеlf,
This candidate spoke in а lоud, с1еаг Voice which is common in Spoken 1апguаgе and quite
thгоughоut the iпtегViеw. Тhеге Wеге ассерtаЬ1е in the tеst. Тhеге аге feW heSitationS
misргопuпсiаtiопs, eSpecially of sounds that and they аге mоs[lу not 1опg. If апуthiпg, the
аге typically difЁсult fог SреаkегS of hег Ёгst расе Was too faSt and speech Would Ье mоге
lапguаgе, Such as `Масquагiе'. She had difЁсultу соhегепt if he Spoke mоге slоwlу. Though he did
with the ргопuпсiаtiоп of Some high-fгеquепсу make full use of the minute to ргераге his 1опg
wогds and ехргеSsiопs such aS `gооd рау jоЬ', ргеSепtаtiоп, he would ЬепеБt fгоm taking mоге
`со11еgе', `Whiсh', `high' and `сhаt'. Often she time to think аЬоut what he is going to Sау.
linked sounds wеll, aS with: `1 Will continue my His Speech is gепега11у соhегепt, though this
Studies thгоughоut my lifе' and `it'S vегу easy does Ьгеаk down at timеS, рагtiсulаг1у With а
fог you to go out fог shоррiпg'. She stгеSsеd the [епdепсу to оVегusе some соппесtivеs, and to
imрогtапt wогds in Sепtепсеs: `mауЬе I will give Sometimes uSe them iпарргоргiаtеlу. This сап Ье
а gOod jоЬ in СhiПа', `mауЬе the g7wz.rо72771G7tz Seen eSpecially with his use of the Wогd `sо' at
is not good епоugh'. Yec she needs to use mоге the Ьеgiппiпg of uttегапсеS. Fог ехаmрlе, When
weak fогms. 1п Some uttегапсеS, each wогd aSked which kinds of magazineS аге рорulаг in
waS given equal Stгеss: `уоu сап gain some his соuпtгу, he геSропds, `Sо in India реор1е love
iпfогmаtiоп аЬоut the mаgаziпе', `Ьut I dislike сгiсkеt so the ...' and in the 1опg tum when he
i[', `Whеп I live in it' and `mоSt of реор1е ргеfег Sауs, `Sо I love gагdепiпg also So I had а 1оt of
to live in his own house ЬесаuSе the гепt of flоwегS and ег Whеthег you sit at my р1асе Some
the houSe is quite ехрепsivе'. Нег intonation is home gагdепS. So the house was my fаVоuгitе

174 Апswег key


house in my Whо1е life ег until поw. So I am Still fumituге wisе', and `liпе of роVегtу'. Тhеге is
1ооkiпg fог а house fог that kind of hоuSе. So SometimeS confusion Ьеtwееп аdjесtivеS, nounS
ЬесаuSе I want to live in а Vегу peaceful агеа ...'. and аdvегЬS е.g. `thе gоVегпmепt Ёпапсiа1',
Не also оVегuSеs `аlsо' when he SауS, `thеу сап
`whеп I Ёгstlу came to Аustгаliа', and `suЬuгЬап

uSe the intemet аlsо, it is геа11у hеlрful. So you is mоге widег than сitу'.
сап do it at home also you dоп't haVe to go and
Gгаmmаг
See Someone е1sе so you сап Ёпd it Vегу easily
оп the iпtегпеt аlsо'. Тhеге is а1sо а tendency to This candidate ргоduсеs complex Sепtепсеs,
though theSe fгеquепtlу contain еггогS, е.g. `if
оvегuSе the Ё11ег `likе', Which is commonly uSed
in iпfогmа11апguаgе: `Ег in Ьооks like реор1е you аге living in а house you haVe а Sерагаtе
haVe to spend а lot of time to get а idea what Wа1l fгоm уоuг пеighЬоuгS ог you Will haVe а

they геаdiпg аЬоut Ьut in magazineS they сап get gap Ьеtwееп уоuг houSe and the пеighЬоuг's
like ег, ег they сап get ап idea аЬоut the thing hоuSе, So you сап't hеаг the пеighЬоuг'S сгу

whа[ they аге геаdiпg аЬоut ].ust in а shогtег um So it will Ье mоге Sерага[е fгоm the - fгоm
оthег hоusеS' ... and `iп Some like in deVeloping
регiоd, Shогt регiоd of time and in а sense like
shогt lооk, quick 1ооk, уеаh.' соuпtгiеs the gоVегпmепt should hе1р those

1п аdditiоп, he оVегusеs the conjunction реор1е who сап't аffогd to Ьuу а р1асе um like
`апd', fог ехаmрlе, `Sо theSe реор1е аге геа11у um moStly thoSe реор1е who аге living Ьеlоw
the 1iпе, the line of роvегtу, So goVemment
helpful and they сап fnd WhаtеVег they аге
Should help them to Ьuу а р1асе'. Тhеге аге also
looking fог thаt'S easy fог them ЬесаuSе they сап
пumегоuS еггогs with ЬаSiс gгаmmаг, iпс1udiпg
tell them those реор1е like what they аге looking
with агtiсlеs, tenSeS and ргероSitiопs.
fог and they will help to Ёпd thoSe placeS and
even оп the оthег hand they сап use the iпtегпеt Often the wгопg tense is uSеd, fог inStance
When dеSсгiЬiпg а р1асе whеге he used to live
аlsо, it is геа11у hеlрful. So you сап do it at
home а1Sо you dоп't have to go and See Someone he SауS, `1 like that Ьесаusе thеге is а рагk оп

else ...'. Оп occasion what he is геfеггiпg to is the next Side of the stгееt. So I сап watch реор1е
uпсlеаг, fог inStance when he sауs, `1 Want to р1ауiпg fооtЬаll Ьесаusе I loVe fооtЬаl1 and ег
it waS пеаг to а11 the fасilitiеs'. Also thеге аге
do that пuгSiпg соuгSе' and `it tells аЬоut thoSe
оthег ргоduсts'. еггогs with the fom of tепSеS, е.g. `Whаt they
геаdiпg аЬоut' and ` you kind of feeling likе'.
VосаЬuіагу This is а1sо lack of аgгееmепt Ьеtwееп SuЬjесt
This сапdidаtе'S гапgе of VосаЬulагу is adequate and vегЬ е.g. `реор1е who ег owns thеiг own
to conVey what he Wancs to Sау, and he uSes а hоmе' and `thе сuгtаiпS Was геа11у пiсе'.
пumЬег of idiomatic and less common 1ехiсаl Тhеге аге пumегоuS inStanceS of еггогs in
items арргоргiаtеlу. Ехаmр1еS аге When he the uSe of соmрагаtivеs е.g. `mоге Ьiggег than
Sауs, `I'm геа11у into like um looking аftег а арагtmепt', `mоге tаllег than а houSe `, `Sоmе
реор1е', `VеggiеS', and With соl1осаtiопS such геSidепtiаl агеаS аге Vегу 1ikе ег Vегу good
as `hоmеmаdе аlсоhоl', `Sерагаtе tоilеt', `dагk than оthегS' and `thеSе kinds of places аге Vегу
сhосоlаtе' and `Ьаsiс пееds'. Не арреагs соmfогtаЬ1е than оthегS'. Тhеге аге еггогS with
[о Ье mоге соmfогtаЬ1е in the use of 1еSS агtiсlеS, рагtiсulагlу omitting thеm: `it'S not
fогmаl language (ехсерtiопs аге when he SayS iпtегеstiпg SuЬjесt', `gеt а idеа' and `viеw of сitу'.
`disрепSагiеS' and `сопgеstеd').
The iпсоггесt ргероsitiоп is sometimes uSed е.g.
`пеаг tо', `thеге is а рагk оп the next Side of [hе
1п gепега1 his VосаЬulагу 1асks flехiЬilitу
and ргесisiоп, and he haS а 1imitеd capacity stгееt' and `оп the wedding рагtiеS'.
[о рагарhгаsе. Не makeS Some iпарргоргiаtе Though What this candidate means is
choiceS When he SayS `Stгее[ Viеw' inStead of gепега11у с1еаг, thеге аге SеVегаl occasions when
`ViеW of the stгееt', `migгапt реорlеS' inStead of
it is difЁсult to uпdегstапd what he is tгуiпg to
`migгапts', `соlоuг wise and рiсtuге wise and the
sау. InStanceS of this аге when he SауS, `ЬесаuSе

АпsWег key 175


uh in in this соmреti[iоп of uS uh you need thгоugh the Wгопg Stгеss Within wогds, е.g. with
Епg1ish if you аге going it helps in уоuг сагеег', `соmmuпiсаtе', `р1ауегS', `mаgаziпеs', `1ооk',
` а house would Ье like vегу ореп sidе' and ` `а1соhоl', `реасеful', `s[гееt', `liЬгагу', `соlоuг'

SuЬuгЬап is mоге widег than сitу'. and `dеvе1орiпg'.

РюпuпсiаtiОп оvегаII
MoSt of the time this candidate сап Ье Some реор1е Speak too Slowly in the attempt
uпdегstооd, yet his ргопuпсiаtiоп would to avoid еггогS and Some have the oppoSite
imргоVе if he spoke mоге slоW1у. The main tепdепсу. That is, they аге So keen to
ргоЬlеms аге at the 1еVе1 of Sentences and communicate that they do not take enough
рhгаSеs, Whеге his intonation and гhуthm саге with ассuгасу. This candidate Seems to
sometimes make his meSSage hагd to Ье1опg to the 1аttег gгоuр. Не is adept at using
соmргеhепd, гаthег than With iпdividuа1 wогds. colloquial VосаЬulагу and has the conhdence to
Meaning сап Ье conVeyed ог made с1еагег communicate fluепtlу, even if he sometimes lacks
thгоugh using раuSеs, yet thеге аге iпsufЁсiепt соhегепсе. ОVегаl1, if he S1оwеd down the расе
pauses in this сапdidаtе's гарid-Ёге Sреесh, and at Which he tа1ks, he Would haVe mоге time to
it is at times not immediately с1еаг when he haS thiпk, which would mean he would not haVe to
Ёпishеd геSропdiпg to а quеStiоп, е.g. due to соггесt himself and change diгесtiоп midway
him not using falling iпtопаtiоп. thгоugh Sentences so оftеп. This would а1Sо hе1р
wогds аге SometimeS гuп tоgеthег and the him avoid some of the gгаmmаг mistаkеs, епаЬ1е
1асk of chunking makes it difЁсult to tе1l when him to ргоduсе mоге соhегепt uttегапсеS, to uSe
опе idea has ended and апоthег haS Ьеguп. Wогds Such as `уеаh', `sо' and `likе' leSS оftеп,
Some iпdividuа1 wогds and ехргеSsiопs аге hагd and he would Ье еаSiег to uпdегStапd.
to uпdегStапd, рагtiсulагlу due to а tendency
to make 1опg vowels into Shогt VoWels and
Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa

Audio CD contents
CD 1I ListeningTests 1 and 2 CD 2 ListenEngTests З and 4 CD З SpeakingTests

Тгасk ListeningTest l Тгасk ListeningTest З Тгасk SpeakingTests


1 IпStгuсtiопs 1 I пStгuсtiопS 1 Sаmр|е SpeakingTest
2 Section 1 2 Section 1 2 Sаmр|е Speaking Теst:
3 Section 2 3 Section 2 Candidate 1
4 Section 3 4 Section 3 3 Sаmр|е Speaking Теst:
5 Section 4 5 Section 4 Candidate 2
4 Sаmр|е SреаkiпgТеst:
Тгасk ListeningTest 2 Тгасk ListeningTest 4 Candidate 3
6 |пStгuсtiопS 6 |пStгuсtiопS 5 SpeakingTeSt l
7 Section 1 7 Section 1
6 SреаkiпgТеSt2
8 Section 2 8 Section 2 7 SpeakingTest 3
9 Section 3 9 Section 3 8 SpeakingTest 4
10 Section 4 10 Section 4
9 SpeakingTeSt 5
10 SpeakingTeSt 6

176 Аhswег key


Репетитор : +380674872766 (Viber,WhatsApp) Skype: vayshengolts
speak-english.od.ua
vk.com/English.Odessa