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Automotive department

## Name of the experiment:Friction of Plane Surfaces

:By
Purpose of Experiment: Determine the coefficient of friction between any two
.surfaces

:Theory

## Dynamic friction. It is the friction, experienced by a body, when in motion. -2

The dynamic friction is also called kinetic friction and is less than the Static
:friction. It is of the following three types

.anther body

## c-Pivot friction. It is the friction, experienced by a body, due to the motion of

rotation as in case of foot step bearings. It is the friction, experienced between
the surfaces

Law of static friction. The magnitude of the limiting friction (F) bears a
constant ratio to the normal reaction (R) between the two surfaces.
.Mathematically F/R=constant

## Coefficient of friction. It is defined as the ratio of the limiting friction (F) to

the normal reaction (R) between the two bodies. It is generally denoted by (u).
Mathematically, coefficient of friction u=F/R. as shown in fig (1). Let: 1-
W=weight of body acting through (C.G) downward. 2- R=normal reaction of
body acting through (C.G) upward. 3- P= applied force acting on the body
through (C.G) and parallel to the horizontal surface. 4- F= the force of friction
acting on the body in the direction opposite to (P).and as shown in fig (1) we
:get

## R= W & F=P µ= limiting force of friction /Normal reaction. u= P/ W

Angle of friction, is defined as the angle between the resultant of the nomal (R)
and the limiting force of friction (F) and the normal reaction (R). It is denoted
.by angle (). Fig (2) shows a body resting on a rough horizontal plane
:Result and calculation

)weight friction

)weight friction

)weight friction

.
:Discussion