Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 272

Минск

«ТетраСистемсª
УДК 811.111(075.8)
ББК 81.2Англ-923
Х93
Серия основана в 2012 году
А в т о р кандидат педагогических наук, доцент Л. П. Христорождественская
Р е ц е н з е н т кандидат филологических наук, доцент, зав. кафедрой про-
фессионально ориентированной английской речи Белорусского государс-
твенного экономического университета Н. А. Новик
Христорождественская, Л. П.
Х93 Фразовые глаголы в раговороном английском = Phrasal Verbs
in Spoken English : пособие / Л. П. Христорождественская. –
Минск : ТетраСистемс, 2012. – 272 с. – (Modern English).
ISBN 978-985-536-324-9.
Пособие посвящено изучению и практическому применению наиболее
употребляемых фразовых глаголов в современном английском языке. Они
представлены в алфавитном порядке, значения их поясняются на русском
и английском языках в примерах и упражнениях. Весь объем информации
основан на современном аутентичном материале (английские и американ-
ские пособия, словари и справочники).
Предназначено абитуриентам, студентам, аспирантам, преподавате-
лям, а также всем желающим изучить особенности употребления фразовых
глаголов в современном английском языке.
УДК 811.111(075.8)
ББК 81.2Англ-923
Учебное издание
Христорождественская Лидия Павловна
ФРАЗОВЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ В РАЗГОВОРНОМ АНГЛИЙСКОМ
Phrasal Verbs in Spoken English
Пособие
Ответственный за выпуск А. Д. Титов
Компьютерная верстка Е. Ю. Бобкова
Дизайн обложки Н. М. Перепечко
Подписано в печать с готовых диапозитивов заказчика 12.06.2012. Формат 60×84 1/16.
Бумага для офсетной печати. Печать офсетная. Усл. печ. л. 15,81. Уч.-изд. л. 10,8.
Тираж 2000 экз. Заказ
Научно-техническое общество с ограниченной ответственностью «ТетраСистемс».
ЛИ № 02330/0494056 от 03.02.2009. Ул. Железнодорожная, 9, 220014, г. Минск.
Тел. 219-74-01; e-mail: rtsminsk@mail.ru; http://www.ts.by.
Республиканское унитарное предприятие «Издательство “Белорусский Дом печати”».
ЛП № 02330/0494179 от 03.04.2009. Пр. Независимости, 79, 220013, г. Минск.
ISBN 978-985-536-324-9 © Христорождественская Л. П., 2012
© Оформление. НТООО «ТетраСистемс», 2012
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

ВВЕДЕНИЕ ................................................................................... 4
ADVERBS ..................................................................................... 7
PHRASAL (MULTI-WORD) VERBS .......................................... 22
MIXED COMBINATIONS ........................................................... 119
PHRASAL VERBS IN TOPICS .................................................. 156
Topic: Shopping .................................................................. 156
Topic: Food .........................................................................161
Topic: Holidays. Travelling ..................................................164
Topic: Travelling. Traff ic ..................................................... 172
Topic: Hotel .........................................................................184
Topic: Flat ........................................................................... 187
Topic: Appearance. Character .......................................... 199
Topic: Feelings .................................................................... 205
Topic: People ...................................................................... 208
Topic: Family .......................................................................214
Topic: Jobs and Work ......................................................... 233
Topic: Medical Matters ...................................................... 240
Topic: Education .................................................................246
Topic: News ........................................................................ 253
Topic: Telephoning ............................................................. 258
Topic: Money. At the Bank ............................................... 263
СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ .................. 272
ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Что такое фразовые глаголы?

Настоящая работа посвящена фразовым глаголам. Фразо-


вые глаголы – это многочисленные лексические единицы, со-
стоящие из глаголов, имеющих высокую частотность употреб-
ления и выражающих жизненно-важные понятия (чаще всего
глаголов со значением перемещения в пространстве: to go, to
get, to put и др.), и одного (up, down, out и др.) или нескольких
послелогов (частиц, произошедших от омонимичных им наре-
чий). Сочетание наречия с глаголом (фразовый глагол) образу-
ет единое понятие.
В некоторых случаях значение фразового глагола вытекает
из значений слов, входящих в состав сочетания:
to come back возвращаться (to come приходить, back назад,
обратно)
to go away уходить (to go идти, away прочь)
to go down спускаться (to go идти, down вниз)
В других случаях значение фразового глагола не соответс-
твует значениям его составных элементов:
to make out понимать (to make делать, out вне)
to put out тушить (to put класть, out вне)
to give in уступать, сдаваться (to give давать, in внутри)
Послелоги, входящие в состав фразовых глаголов, могут
быть отделяемыми и неотделяемыми: “I get up at 7 o’clock.” (не-
отделяемый послелог) и “She took me in.” (отделяемый после-
лог). Неотделяемый послелог чаще всего входит в состав непе-
реходных (не присоединяющих прямое дополнение) глаголов,
отделяемый послелог – переходных (присоединяющих прямое
дополнение) глаголов. Например: “I get up [Я встаю].” И “I get
someone up [Я поднимаю кого-либо].”
Отделяемые послелоги могут занимать различные места в
предложении в зависимости от того, какой частью речи выра-
жено прямое дополнение. Если это личное местоимение в объ-
ектном падеже, то послелог ставится непосредственно после
прямого дополнения: “She took me in [Она обманула меня].”
Если прямое дополнение выражено существительным, то пос-
4
лелог ставится непосредственно после глагола, реже – после
прямого дополнения: “They took in a lot of people [Они обману-
ли многих людей]. ”Реже – “They took a lot of people in.”
Таких устоявшихся сочетаний с послелогами у распро-
страненных глаголов come, go, break, put и др. может быть по
меньшей мере с десяток, и все они могут иметь различное зна-
чение.
Кроме того, один и тот же фразовый глагол может выра-
жать множество понятий. Возьмем для примера значения та-
кого фразового глагола как “to make up”.
Make up 1. составлять, приготовлять (лекарство по рецеп-
ту, обед, блюдо и т. п.); 2. выдумывать; сочинять; измышлять;
3. помирить(ся), уладить спор; 4. восполнять; возмещать; на-
верстывать; 5. гримировать(ся), применять косметику
В некоторых случаях определенные наречия придают сход-
ные значения различным глаголам, так, например, up может
указывать на завершенность действия: drink [eat] up выпить
[съесть] все до конца; dry up высушить; wash up вымыть посу-
ду; boil up вскипятить и др., off придает значение “покинуть”,
“оставить”: go off уйти; run off убежать; drive off уехать; rush off
броситься прочь; walk off внезапно уйти; hurry off поспешить
прочь.
Аналогичным образом определяют семантику фразовых
глаголов и другие наречия.
Фразовые глаголы – явление разговорного уровня и, сле-
довательно, исключительно важное с точки зрения комму-
никативной ценности, так как предоставляет говорящему на
английском языке неограниченные возможности выражения
практически любых понятий.

Cтруктура пособия

Настоящая работа представляет собой пособие для лиц, со-


вершенствующихся в английском языке и ставящих себе целью
развитие навыка практического владения им. Оно может быть
использовано студентами и аспирантами гуманитарных вузов,
абитуриентами, слушателями курсов иностранных языков.

5
Пособие имеет следующую структуру. В начале пособия
даны основные значения наречий, которые выступают в ка-
честве послелогов при формировании фразовых глаголов и
определяют их семантику. Далее следует список фразовых гла-
голов, подлежащих изучению. В этот список включены лишь
наиболее употребляемые глаголы, а также глаголы, которые
встречаются в тематическом разделе пособия. Фразовые глаго-
лы даются в алфавитном порядке, значения их поясняются на
русском и английском языках и иллюстрируются примерами.
В пособии содержится большое количество упражнений
для активизации фразовых глаголов. Однако очевидно, что
подлинное усвоение фразовых глаголов возможно лишь в про-
цессе многократного их употребления в связной речи, и для
этой цели в пособие включены тематические тексты, насы-
щенные фразовыми глаголами, с соответствующей системой
упражнений на их основе. В задачу преподавателя при рабо-
те с этими текстами входит как можно больше стимулировать
употребление фразовых глаголов в творческих высказываниях
учащихся путем создания соответствующих ситуаций, органи-
зации дискуссий и обсуждений на основе содержания текстов
и диалогов.
Пособие открывает авторскую серию работ по грамматике
современного английского языка «MODERN ENGLISH». Весь
языковой материал в пособиях подобран из современных анг-
лийских и американских источников и содержит образцы жи-
вой английской речи, которая предопределяет отбор учебного
материала и характер упражнений в предлагаемых пособиях.

6
ADVERBS

about указывает на

1. нахождение

1) в разных местах повсюду, везде, в разных местах; Не was


nowhere about. Его нигде не было (видно). Don’t leave
papers lying about. He разбрасывайте бумаги где попало.
There is a good deal of influenza about at present. Сейчас
повсюду много случаев гриппа. There is a rumour about.
Ходит слух.
2) поблизости неподалеку, поблизости, рядом; Several boys
were standing about. Рядом (неподалеку) стояло несколь-
ко школьников.

2. движение

1) в разных направлениях по какой-л. ограниченной террито-


рии (по комнате, городу, стране и т. п.) взад и вперед; пе-
редается также глагольными префиксами; to stroll about
прогуливаться; They moved the furniture about. Они пе-
редвигали мебель. The children were rushing about in the
garden. Дети носились по саду.
2) в противоположном направлении обратно; кругом; After
swimming a mile he turned about and swam back to the shore.
Проплыв милю, он повернул обратно к берегу.

3. приблизительность около, приблизительно, почти; без


малого; Не is about as tall as I am. Он почти такого же роста,
как и я.

4. готовность совершить какое-л. действие (с последующим ин-


финитивом); Не was about to reply but thought better of it. Он
собирался ответить, но раздумал.
7
ahead

1. вперед; to plan ahead составлять (строить) планы на буду-


щее; to go (to get) ahead продвигаться, устремиться (вперед);
to look ahead смотреть вперед; быть готовым к будущему

2. впереди; ahead of the time досрочно; Walk ahead of us.Иди


впереди нас.

apart

1.

1) в отдалении, в стороне, обособленно; far (wide) apart на


большом расстоянии друг от друга; This house stood apart
from others. Этот дом стоял отдельно (в стороне) от дру-
гих. Keep the dogs apart. He подпускайте собак друг к
другу.
2) в сторону; to set English books apart отложить в сторону
английские книги; to set some money apart отложить не-
много денег (для какой-л. цели)
2. раздельно, порознь; врозь; различно, отлично от; to live (to
dwell) apart жить врозь; The friends have grown much apart.
Друзья разошлись (охладели друг к другу).

3. на части, на куски; to fall apart развалиться на части; to take


apart разобрать (демонтировать); to take the watch apart разо-
брать часы

away

1. выражает

1) отдаленность от какого-л. места далеко; away from home


вдали от дома; far away далеко
2) отдаленность во времени давно; away back очень давно;
away back in the twenties давным-давно (еще) в 20-е годы
8
2. выражает

1) уменьшение, исчезновение; to boil away выкипеть; to pass


away умереть; Sounds were dying away. Звуки таяли.
2) передачу в пользование другому лицу; to give away sth to sb
дать (подарить) что-л. кому-л.; to give away a secret выдать
тайну

back

1. сзади, позади; Keep back! He подходи(те)! Отойди(те)! He


stood back in the crowd. Он стоял позади в толпе. The police
kept the crowd back. Полиция сдерживала толпу.

2. обратно, назад; to get (to take, to send, to bring) back получить


(взять, послать, принести) назад (обратно); to go (to come,
to run, to ride, to fly) back пойти (прийти, прибежать, ехать,
лететь) обратно

3. указывает на ответное действие; to pay back а) отдать долг;


б) отплатить; to answer back возражать (особ. на замечание);
to hit (to strike) back дать сдачи; to love back отвечать взаим-
ностью; to talk back огрызаться

4. указывает на сдерживание или задержку; to hold back the tears


сдерживать слезы; to hold back wages задерживать зарплату

by

1. мимо; Не passed by without a word. Он прошел мимо, не ска-


зав ни слова.
2. близко, рядом; No one was by. Рядом никого не было; to stand
by стоять рядом
3. в сторону; Stand (Step) by! Отойдите! Посторонитесь!
4. придает глаголам to put, to set, to lay значение откладывать; to
put by money копить деньги; Put the work by for the moment.
Отложите пока эту работу.

9
down указывает на

1.

1) движение вниз вниз; передается тж. глагольными при-


ставками; to come down сойти вниз; to bend down на-
клониться, нагнуться; Is the elevator going down? На этом
лифте можно спуститься?; to take sth down снять (спус-
тить) что-л.; He took the picture down from the wall. Он
снял картину со стены; to take sb down проводить кого-л.
вниз
2) движение из вертикального положения в горизонтальное
и т. п.; to lie down лечь; to sit down сесть
3) движение от центра, из столицы, от говорящего и т. п.;
further down еще дальше в ту сторону; down to the country
в деревню; to go down уехать из Лондона, уехать в про-
винцию; to come down for a weekend приехать на дачу на
уик-энд
4) амер. движение к центру; trains going down поезда, иду-
щие к центру города
5) движение или возвращение к обычной обстановке; When
did he come down from Oxford? Когда он окончил Окс-
фордский университет? Когда он приехал из Оксфорда
(из Оксфордского университета)?
6) движение на юг; Come down south this summer. При-
езжай(те) летом к нам на юг.
2.

1) нахождение внизу внизу; Не is down. Он внизу (спустил-


ся). The shades (the blinds) are down. Шторы спущены.
2) нахождение в деревне, на некотором расстоянии от како-
го-л. центра или говорящего; down in the country в дерев-
не; to live down in Hampshire жить в Гемпшире; They live
down by the river. Они живут у реки.

10
3. уменьшение количества или объема, падение, снижение, ос-
лабление, ухудшение, остановку; to go down уменьшаться;
снижаться, ослабляться; портиться, ухудшаться; to die down
стихать (о ветре, буре); to wear down снашиваться; to boil
down (in cooking) выкипеть; to bring down the price снизить
цену; The sea is down. Море успокоилось. The wind is down.
Ветер улегся (стих). Bread is down. Хлеб подешевел. The
machinery broke down. Оборудование вышло из строя.

4. завершенный характер действия; to write (to note, to set) sth


down записать что-л.; I have it down (on paper). У меня это
записано.

5. приобретение глаголом каузативного значения; to talk sb down


словами успокоить кого-л.; утихомирить; to shout sb down
а) перекричать кого-л.; б) криком заставить кого-л. замол-
чать

forward
вперед, дальше; to go forward продолжать; to send forward посы-
лать вперед; to put forward продвигать, выдвигать

in

1.

1) внутри; Is anyone in? Есть ли тут (там) кто-нибудь?


2) дома; у себя (на работе, в своем кабинете и т. п.); Не is not
in today. Его нет сегодня (дома, на работе и т. п.).
3) внутрь, туда; передается тж. глагольными приставками;
Come in! Войдите! Bring him in! Введите его! Open your
bag and put the money in. Открой сумку и положи в нее
деньги.
2. амер. указывает на длительность процесса; It set in to rain.
Заладил дождь.
3. в сочетаниях; to be in а) прибывать; The mail is in. Почта пос-
тупила. The train isn’t in yet. Поезд еще не прибыл; б) быть
11
убранным; The harvest is in. Урожай убран; в) наступать (о
сезоне); Spring is in. Наступила весна. Strawberries are in. На-
ступил сезон клубники. Football is over and hockey is in. Се-
зон футбола окончился, наступил сезон хоккея.

off указывает на
1. завершенность действия

1) движение прочь, в сторону и т. п. – передается глагольны-


ми приставками от-, у-, вы-, с- и др.; to drive off уехать,
отъехать; to walk off уйти; to go off on a journey отправить-
ся в путешествие; The children ran off. Дети убежали. He
pushed me off. Он оттолкнул меня. Не sent the parcel off.
Он отослал посылку.
2) движение сверху вниз – передается глагольными пристав-
ками с-; со-; to fall off свалиться; to jump off спрыгнуть; to
slip off соскользнуть
3) отделение части от целого – передается глагольными при-
ставками от-, с-; to break off отломать; to shake off стрях-
нуть; to bite off a piece откусить кусочек; Cut the end off.
Отрежьте (подрежьте) кончик. The handle (button) came
off. Ручка (пуговица) оторвалась.
4) снятие предмета одежды и т. п.; Не took his coat (glasses)
off. Он снял пальто (очки).
5) доведение действия до конца, до предела; to drink off вы-
пить (до дна); to pay off one’s debt выплатить весь долг; to
kill off the animals истребить животных
2. (внезапное) прекращение действия; to break off work прервать
работу; to cut off supplies прекратить снабжение (поставки)

3.

1) уменьшение или сокращение; The number of visitors dropped


off. Число посетителей сократилось. The profits fell off.
Прибыли сократились.

12
2) утихание или ослабление; The pain passed off. Боль утихла.
3) избавление, освобождение от чего-л.; to marry (to get) one’s
daughters off выдать дочерей замуж
4) выключение прибора или механизма; to turn (to switch, to
put) off выключить; Switch off the light. Выключи(те) свет.
Не turned off the radio. Он выключил радио.

on

1. указывает на

1) нахождение на поверхности чего-л.; Tea is on. Чай подан


(на столе).
2) движение на поверхность чего-л.; Put the kettle on. Пос-
тавь чайник (на плиту и т. п.).
2. указывает на

1) продолжение действия; to work (to write) on продолжать


работать (писать); She sang on. Она все пела и пела. Go
on! Продолжайте! Go on reading! Читай(те) дальше! The
war still went on. Война все шла (продолжалась).
2) продвижение вперед – в пространственном и временном
значении вперед; Go on! Идите вперед (дальше)! On, John,
on! Вперед, Джон, вперед! Не sent the luggage on. Багаж
он отправил вперед. Time glides on. Время бежит (неза-
метно). Time is getting on. Время идет.
3) приближение к какому-л. моменту к; to be well on in years
быть в годах; It is getting on for six o’clock. Скоро будет
шесть (часов). Не is going on for five. Ему скоро исполнит-
ся пять (лет). It was well on at night [in September]. Была
глубокая ночь. [Был в разгаре сентябрь.]
4) удаление – в пространственном и временном значении;
further on дальше; later on позднее, позже; from ... on на-
чиная с; from now (that day) on начиная с сегодняшнего
(того) дня
13
3. указывает на наличие или наступление действия или процес-
са; The game is on. Игра идет. Breakfast is on from eight to ten.
Завтрак подают с восьми до десяти.

4. указывает на включенность или работу механизма, прибора,


системы и т. п. – часто передается приставками в-, за-; to
turn on the tap открывать кран; to switch (to turn) on the gas
включить газ; The radio is on. Радио включено.

5. указывает на

1) надевание одежды или наличие ее на ком-л.; на натягивание


чехла и т. п. в, на; передается тж. глагольными пристав-
ками; to have one’s hat (shoes) on быть в шляпе (ботин-
ках); What had he on? Что на нем было (надето)? Не had
his spectacles on. Он был в очках. Put on your coat. Надень
пальто.
2) нанесение чего-л. на поверхность предмета в, на; переда-
ется тж. глагольными приставками; Rub this ointment on.
Вотрите эту мазь.

out указывает на

1.

1) отсутствие ( на месте) или нахождение за пределами


чего-л. – часто передается глагольной приставкой вы-; Не
is out. Его нет дома. (Он вышел.) Не left his bicycle out. Он
оставил велосипед на улице.
2) движение наружу – часто передается глагольной пристав-
кой вы-; to run out выбежать; to jump out выпрыгнуть; to
fall out выпасть
2.

1) простирание, растягивание и т. п. – передается глаголь-


ными приставками раз-, рас-; Не stretched out on the sofa.
Он растянулся на диване.

14
2) вытягивание – передается глагольными приставками вы-,
про-; She put (held) her hand out. Она протянула руку. His
legs were stretched out. Его ноги были вытянуты.
3.

1) появление чего-л. (в поле зрения) – передается глагольной


приставкой вы-; The sun came out. Солнце вышло (вы-
глянуло, появилось).
2) появление, выход или выпуск чего-л. – часто передается
глагольной приставкой вы-; His book soon comes out. Ско-
ро выйдет (из печати) его книга. The firm put out a new
line of shoes. Фирма выпустила новые модели обуви.
4. пропуск, упущение или удаление чего-л. – передается глаголь-
ными приставками про-, вы-; to leave out sth пропустить (не
включить) что-л.; Leave the first paragraph out. Пропустите
первый абзац; to cross out a word зачеркнуть слово

5.

1) завершенность действия – часто передается глагольными


приставками вы-; с-, из-, до-, от-, раз; Hear me out. Вы-
слушайте меня до конца; to type out sth напечатать (отпе-
чатать) что-л.; Не wrote out a check. Он выписал чек.
2) доведение действия до конца – часто передается глаголь-
ными приставками вы-, про-, до-, раз; to work out a plan
разработать план; I have thought it out. Я это хорошо об-
думал (продумал).
3) окончание или исчезновение чего-л. – часто передается
глагольными приставками вы-, до-, про-; to die out выми-
рать; to burn out выгорать
6. выделение из числа других или на каком-л. фоне и т. п. – пе-
редается глагольной приставкой вы-; His height makes him
stand out in a crowd. Он выделяется в толпе своим ростом.
His paper was picked out from all other papers. Его доклад вы-
брали из всех других.

15
7. внезапность действия – часто передается глагольной при-
ставкой вз-, вс-; Не shouted out. Он вскрикнул.

8. распределение – передается приставкой раз-, рас-; Give the


tickets out. Раздайте билеты.

over указывает на
1.

1) нахождение или движение над чем-л. наверху, наверх;


to hang over нависать, висеть над головой; The balloon
was directly over. Воздушный шар находился прямо над
нами.
2) движение через что-л. – часто передается глагольной при-
ставкой пере-; to jump over перепрыгнуть; to step over пе-
решагнуть; to climb over into the garden перелезть через
забор в сад
3) изменение положения, переворачивание, переход из вер-
тикального положения в горизонтальное и т. п. – час-
то передается глагольной приставкой пере-; to roll over
nepeкатывать(ся); to turn sth over перевернуть что-л. на
другую сторону; to knock sb over сбить кого-л. с ног
4) переход на противоположную сторону, изменение пози-
ции – часто передается глагольной приставкой пере-; to
go over to the enemy перейти на сторону неприятеля; to
sail over переплыть (на другую сторону); Не drove us over
to the other side of town. Он отвез нас в другой конец го-
рода.
5) приближение к какому-л. месту или лицу или переход к
чему-л. – часто передается глагольной приставкой под-;
Не led her over to the window. Он подвел ее к окну. Send
her over to me. Пришли ее ко мне. Take these letters over to
the post office. Отнесите эти письма на почту.
2. повторение вновь, опять, еще раз; over again, over and over
(again) опять, снова, много раз (подряд); Не said the same
thing over and over (again). Он все время повторял одно и то
16
же; to do sth over переделывать что-л.; You’ll have to do it over
(again). Тебе придется переделать это.

3.

1) тщательность выполнения действия или доведение его


до конца – часто передается глагольными приставками
про-, пере-; to think sth over продумать что-л.; to talk over
обсудить; to check over проверить; to read a newspaper over
прочитать газету (от первой до последней страницы)
2) окончание чего-л.; The lesson (the concert) is over. Урок
(концерт) закончен.
4. нерешенность, незаконченность, неурегулированность; to lay
over откладывать; отсрочивать; to hold over a decision откла-
дывать принятие решения

5. распространение по всему данному месту, по всей террито-


рии и т. п. (часто all over); to be all over in dust (in mud) быть
покрытым пылью (грязью) с головы до ног; to paint the wall
over закрасить (покрасить) всю стену; They searched the town
over. Они искали по всему городу.

6. передачу или переход чего-л. от одного лица к другому – часто


передается глагольной приставкой пере-; to hand sth over to sb
передать что-л. кому-л.; to take over a job from sb продолжить
работу, начатую кем-л. другим

round/around
1. указывает на
1) движение по кругу, спирали или на вращение кругом; to
run (to fly) round бегать (летать) по кругу; The wheels went
(turned) round. Колеса вертелись (вращались).
2) передачу чего-л. (по кругу), часто передается глагольными
приставками об-, раз-; to hand (to pass) sth round переда-
вать по кругу (чашу и т. п.)
3) распространение чего-л. среди группы лиц; передается
глагольной приставкой раз- и др.; Hand the papers round.
17
Раздайте всем (письменные) работы. The news was soon
carried round. Новость быстро распространилась.
2. указывает на
1) нахождение или распространение по всей площади, по все-
му району и т. п. по; all the country round no всей стране;
all round кругом; The peddler went round with his goods.
Разносчик ходил со своим товаром из дома в дом или из
деревни в деревню и т. п.
2) осмотр дома, музея и т. п.; Let’s go into town and look
round (have a look round). Давайте пойдем в город и все
осмотрим.
3. указывает на

1) изменение направления или движения в противоположную


сторону; Everyone turned round. Все обернулись.
2) изменение позиции, точки зрения и т. п.; to talk sb round
переубедить кого-л.; We soon won him round. Мы скоро
привлекли (переманили) его на свою сторону.
4. разг. указывает на приход куда-л. или к кому-л., достав-ку
чего-л. куда-л.; to ask sb round for the evening пригласить
кого-л. зайти вечерком; to bring sb round привести кого-л.
с собой; I’ll call round at eight. Я зайду в восемь. Come round
and see me. Заходите в гости.

through указывает на
1.
1) сквозное движение насквозь; soaked (wet) through про-
мокший насквозь; chilled through продрогший до костей,
окоченевший от холода
2) движение до конечного пункта (о поездах и т. п.) прямо,
до места, до пункта назначения; The next train goes (runs)
through to В. Следующий поезд идет прямо до В.
3) устранение препятствий для въезда, входа, включения и
т. п.; to let sb through впустить кого-л.; England are through
to the semifinal. Англия вышла в полуфинал.
18
2. совершение действия в течение целого периода времени весь,
целый; Не studied the whole summer through. Он занимался
все лето.

3. совершение действия (от начала) до конца или на его исчер-


пывающий характер до конца; передается тж. глагольными
приставками про-, за-, с- и др.; to look sth through просмот-
реть что-л. до конца; to sing a song through спеть всю песню;
Не heard the speech through without interruption. Он прослу-
шал всю речь, не перебивая.

up

1. указывает на движение

1) снизу вверх вверх, наверх; передается тж. глагольной при-


ставкой под-; Will you carry the box up? Отнесите, пожа-
луйста, этот ящик наверх; to fly up взлететь; Lift your head
up. Поднимите голову; выше голову. Look up. Взгляните
наверх. The temperature has gone up. Температура подня-
лась.
2) в город, в столицу или в какой-л. центр в; to go up to town
поехать в город (в центр); to go up to the university (to
Oxford, to Cambridge) поехать (поступать) в университет
(в Оксфорд, в Кембридж)
3) в глубь страны, территории, с юга на север, к верховью
реки в глубь (территории); в; на; по; The army marched up
the country. Армия продвигалась (двигалась) в глубь стра-
ны; to go up North поехать на север; to sail up the Thames
плыть вверх по Темзе

2. указывает на

1) нахождение наверху наверху, вверху; What are you doing


up there? Что вы делаете там наверху? The plane is up. Са-
молет (находится) в воздухе.
2) нахождение в городе, столице или в каком-л. центре в; up
in London в Лондоне; up at Oxford в Оксфорде; up at the
university в университете
19
3) нахождение в глубине страны, территории и т. п. и в более
северном районе; to live up in Scotland жить в Шотландии

3. указывает на

1) изменение положения из горизонтального в вертикальное,


из лежачего в стоячее – часто передается глагольной при-
ставкой вс-; to get up а) вставать (с постели); б) подни-
маться (со стула); Не isn’t up yet. Он еще не встал; to sit
up сесть (из лежачего положения); to stand up встать
2) бодрствование; to be (to stay) up till late поздно лечь (спать);
не ложиться допоздна; to be up all night не ложиться всю
ночь
4. указывает на приближение к кому-л., чему-л. к; часто переда-
ется тж. глагольной приставкой под-; The automobile drove
up. Автомобиль подъехал. Не came up and asked the way. Он
подошел и спросил, как пройти.

5. указывает на

1) увеличение стоимости, повышение оценки и т. п. – часто


передается глагольной приставкой под-; to go up in price
подняться в цене
2) продвижение, повышение в чине, ранге и т. п. или на вы-
сокое положение; to come (to move) up in the world занять
более высокое место в обществе

6. указывает на

1) появление, возникновение или сооружение чего-л.; Many


new cities have sprung up in our country. В нашей стране
появилось много новых городов; to put up a monument
воздвигать памятник
2) возбуждение какого-л. действия или процесса – часто пе-
редается глагольными приставками вс-, воз-, раз-; to blow
up the fire раздуть огонь; to bring up a new topic поднять
новый вопрос
20
3) увеличение интенсивности действия, активности про-
цесса, громкости голоса и т. п.; Sing up! Пой(те) громче!
Speak up! Говори(те) громче! Hurry up! Поторопи(те)сь!
Cheer up! He унывай(те)!
7. указывает на истечение срока; Parliament is up. Сессия пар-
ламента закрылась. Your time is up. Ваше время истекло. His
leave is up. Его отпуск кончился. The month was up yesterday.
Месяц окончился вчера.

8. указывает на завершенность действия, доведение его до кон-


ца до конца, полностью, совершенно; часто передается гла-
гольными приставками; to drink (to eat) up выпить (съесть)
все (до конца); to buy up скупать; The stream has dried up. Ру-
чей (совершенно) пересох; to tear up a letter разорвать пись-
мо; to boil up вскипятить

9. имеет усилительное значение; to invite sb up for dinner при-


гласить кого-л. к обеду; to wake up просыпаться; to fill up a
glass наполнить стакан; to gather up the books собрать книги;
The party ended up with a dance. Вечер закончился танцами;
to praise sb up расхваливать кого-л.

21
PHRASAL (MULTI-WORD) VERBS

account
account for объяснять to give an explanation of sth
He has behaved in the most extraordinary way; I can’t account
for his actions at all/I can’t account for his behaving like that.

allow
allow for предусматривать; учитывать; принимать во вни-
мание; делать поправку на (что-л.) to include sb/sth when
calculating sth
It will take about an hour to get there, allowing for traffic
delays.
All these factors must be allowed for.

answer
answer back
1. дерзить, грубить (в ответ на замечание); огрызаться
to speak rudely to sb in authority, especially when they are
criticizing you or telling you to do sth
Don’t answer back!
Stop answering your mother back.
2. ответить ударом на удар; не давать спуску to defend
yourself against criticism
He was given the chance to answer back in a radio interview.

ask
ask after осведомляться to say that you would like to know how
sb is, what they are doing, etc.
He always asks after you in his letters.
22
ask around амер. расспрашивать to speak to a number of differ-
ent people in order to try and get some information
I don’t know of any vacancies in the company but I’ll ask
around.
ask for спрашивать, хотеть видеть (кого-л.) to say that you want
to speak to sb or be directed to a place
When you arrive, ask for Jane.
ask in приглашать кого-л. пройти (войти) в дом и т. п. to
invite sb to enter the house
Mrs Sutton asked me in.
ask out приглашать (куда-л.) to invite sb to go out with you, es-
pecially as a way of starting a romantic relationship
He’s too shy to ask her out.
ask over/round приглашать в гости to invite sb to come and visit
you
What if he asks you over for the evening?
I’ll ask Sylvia Wicks round for a drink.

attend

attend to заботиться (о ком-л., чём-л.); следить (за кем-л.,


чем-л.) to deal with sb/sth; to take care of sb/sth; see to
I have some urgent business to attend to.
Are you being attended to, Sir?

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.


1. She asked me ... on Friday,’ said the Count. 2. He rang the office
and asked ... Cynthia. 3. The vicar went across the hall to ask Mrs
Daniels … . 4. She asked … but no one seemed to know where the little
boy had gone. 5. She asked ... my father. 6. Go to the office and ask ...
my secretary. 7. He didn’t ask me ...; he kept me standing at the door
while he read the message. 8. She had a lot of friends and was usually
asked ... in the evenings, so she seldom spent an evening at home.
9. I hoped he could ask me ... to his house. 10. She asked ... his health.
11. One evening he asked me ... to inspect the house. 12. A nurse at-
tended ... his needs constantly. 13. If we do not attend ... the problem,
23
it will certainly grow. 14. If you are self-employed, allow ... tax and
national insurance. 15. How do you account ... the show’s success?
16. What do you do with a child who answers ... ?

2. Translate into English.

1. Когда будешь писать, не забудь справиться (узнать) о ее здо-


ровье. 2. Они никогда не приглашают меня к себе. 3. Он спро-
сил меня, можно ли увидеть декана. 4. Кто-нибудь спрашивал
меня? 5. Он пригласил меня пообедать в ресторане. 6. Я не
знаю, но поспрашивайте (прохожих), кто-нибудь должен знать.
7. Наши соседи пригласили нас в гости. 8. Дурной характер
часто объясняется возрастом. 9. Я не могу объяснить его пове-
дения. 10. Он не находил объяснения своей нелепой ошибке.
11. С учетом дорожных заторов (пробок) путь до станции зай-
мет тридцать минут. 12. Если вы уйдете, кто присмотрит за ре-
бенком? – Не беспокойтесь, все будет устроено. 13. Мне нужно
заняться одним срочным делом.

be

be about быть поблизости, неподалеку to be nearby


Не is somewhere about.
be about (to do sth) собираться сделать что-л. to be on the point
of doing sth
We were just about to leave when you telephoned.
be after
1. (sb) преследовать, пытаться поймать кого-л. to chase
The police were after him.
2. (sth) покушаться на что-л., стремиться завладеть чeм-л.
to want, to try to gain
He’s after a job at our place.
Let’s assume that they are really after information and not
scandal.

24
be against быть против to be opposed to (often used with ger-
und)
I’m against doing anything till the police arrive.
be away отсутствовать, быть в отъезде to be away from home/
this place for at least a night
You’ll have to call again. The director is away on business.
be back вернуться to (have) return(ed)
I have to go now, but I’ll be back soon.
be down
1. быть внизу (в столовой) to be downstairs (no longer up-
stairs)
He is not down yet. (He has not finished dressing, etc.)
Is he up yet? – Yes, he is up (out of bed) and down (from the
dressing room).
2. быть не столице, в провинции, на периферии
Have you been down to see Robin Hill?
3.
1) спускать(ся), опускать(ся) to go down, to be lowered (of
blinds, curtains) .
The blinds are down.
2) заходить, садиться (о солнце) to set (of sun)
The sun was nearly down.
4.
1) уменьшаться в объеме, количестве, понижаться (о ценах)
to decrease in amount
The yield of cotton is down compared with last year.
2) ослабевать, утихать, успокаиваться to decrease in intensity
(of wind, temperature, etc.)
The wind is down.
The sea is down (is not rough).
25
5. be down (with) болеть to have or catch an illness
Mrs Ryan was down with flu.
be for стоять или быть за to be in favour of (often used with ger-
und)
I am for doing nothing till the police arrive.
be in быть дома, на работе, в помещении to be at home/ in this
building
Is Mr Baxter in?
be in for находиться в ожидании чего-л. (особ. неприятного)
to expect sth (usu. bad)
We are in for a storm. Грозы не миновать.
She is in for a rude awakening. Ее ожидает горькое разоча-
рование.
be off
1. уходить, отправляться to leave
I must be off.
The train is off.
2. быть свободным от работы to be free from work
I am off for the afternoon today.
3. быть отмененным, аннулированным to be cancelled,
finished
The meeting is off.
4. быть отключенным (о воде, электричестве и т. п.) to be
no longer on
The electricity was off yesterday.
be on
1. гореть, быть зажженным, включенным (о свете, газе и
т. п.) to be switched on
All the lights were on.
2. идти (о спектакле, фильме); демонстрироваться to be
shown (of films, plays)
There is a good film on at our club.
26
3. происходить, иметь место to be happening, to take place
What’s on? (what’s going on, what’s happening?)
The exhibition will be on next week.
be out
1. не быть дома, на работе; отсутствовать not to be at one’s
home, office
He is out at the moment.
I was out at the pictures.
2. погаснуть, быть выключенным (о свете, газе и т. п.) to be
switched off
The fire is out.
3. раскрываться, стать известным to become known, to be
revealed
It’s no use trying to keep it back. The news will be out anyway.
4. выйти из печати to be published
My book is out at last.
5. (of) испытывать недостаток, не иметь to be short of sth, to
lack sth
The money is out.
I’m out of cigarettes.
be over окончиться, завершиться to come to an and
The storm is over now; we can go.
be through (with) кончать что-л., покончить с чем-л. или
кем-л. to have finished (a relationship, job, etc.)
He is through with his work.
I’m through with that fellow.
be up
1. встать, проснуться; быть на ногах, бодрствовать to be out
of bed
I am always up at seven o’clock.

27
2. допоздна не ложиться спать, бодрствовать not to go to bed
(usu. late); stay up
I’ve been up with him all night.
3. подниматься, быть поднятым to be lifted, to have risen
The blinds are up.
4. быть в центре, в столице, в городе (в противоположность
сельской местности)
My dear Irene – I have to be up in town tomorrow.
5. подняться, достигнуть высокого положения to rise
The shares are up today.
He is up in the world now.
6. истекать (о сроке), заканчиваться, прекратиться to expire
(of time, holiday, agreement)
Time is up.
My leave is up.
7. случаться, происходить to be going on (usu. interrog.)
What’s up? В чем дело, что случилось?
Something is up. Что-то происходит, что-то случилось.
be up to
1. замышлять, затевать что-л. to do (usu. sth wrong)
What are the children up to?
I’m going to tell his parents what he’s been up to.
2. быть на уровне, подходить to be equal to
He is not up to his father as a scholar.
I’m quite up to the work, Mr Soames.
3. быть возложенным на кого-л. (об ответственности); за-
висеть от кого-л. to depend on; to be one’s responsibility or
duty
It’s up to the government to take action on violence.
I have helped you as much as I can. Now it’s up to you. (You
must continue by your own efforts.)
28
4. быть в состоянии что-л. сделать to be physically capable of
doing sth
I’m sorry, but I’m so tired that I am really not up to going to the
theatre with you tonight.
be with (sb)
1. поддерживать кого-л. to support sb
I’ll be with you in all your misfortunes.
2. понимать; следовать за тем, что говорят to be able to un-
derstand what sb is talking about
Are you with me?
I’m afraid I’m not quite with you.
be with (sb, sth) работать у кого-л., где-л. (по найму)
I’m with a shipping firm.
She’s been with a touring company for three years.

1. Fill in the correct adverb(s). Translate the sentences.


1. The decision’s not … … her, it’s … … her manager. 2. I want to see
Mrs Pitt. Is she ...? – No, I’m afraid she’s ... at the moment. (or No,
I’m afraid she’s ... for the weekend.) – When will she be ...? – She’ll
be ... in half an hour/next week. 3. Don’t expect her to answer the
doorbell at eight o’clock on Sunday morning. She won’t be ... . 4. As
soon as the examinations are ... we are going away on holiday. 5. Shall
I marry him? – It’s … … you. I can’t very well decide for you. 6. She
wants to do all the work herself but I don’t think she is … ... it. 7. He
is … … a shock. 8. What have you been … …? Where have you been?
What will Mamma think? 9. I’m ... keeping quiet and saying noth-
ing. 10. The light is ... . 11. The water is ... . 12. I’ve been ... this firm
for five years. 13. It was … … Roger to make sure all the doors and
windows were locked. 14. I’d better be ... . I’m afraid I might be late.
15. We hired a boat for an hour and when the time was ..., we returned
it. 16. We’re all ... you one hundred per cent. 17. I can never make
him out. I wonder what he is ... ... . 18. I have just seen her. She must
be somewhere ... . 19. The doctor is ... now; he’s making his rounds.
20. I knew him well enough to guess by the look on his face that he
was … … something. 21. Martin is ... career, not culture. 22. Are you
29
... or ... this plan? 23. We saw Father looking angrily out of the broken
window, and we knew we were … … it. 24. He looks guilty. What do
you think he’s been … …? 25. He’s ... in the guests’ room. 26. I’ve
done what I could. It’s … …you to make a choice now. 27. The
freezer was ...; all the food would spoil. 28. We are … … cold winter.
29. The kids are very quiet. Are they … … something? 30. When
will you be ... ? I want to know in case somebody rings up. 31. He’s
been ... his work once or twice I know, but I don’t think it was from
sickness. 32. Sarah’s ... in India somewhere. 33. The wedding is ... .
34. What’s ... TV? 35. We were without electricity for three hours
but it’s ... again now. 36. There was a war ... at the time. 37. I’m
nearly ... with the book. 38. The prices are ... now. 39. Time’s ... .
Stop writing and hand in your papers. 40. I could tell something was
... by the looks on their faces. 41. That’s the very number we’re ... .
42. He was ... on business. 43. I’m all ... seeing as much as possible.
44. Tom was ... at once. 45. The radio was ... the whole day. 46. The
light was ... in the basement. 47. This lamp has been ... since eleven.
48. The strike’s ... . 49. All is ... between us. 50. They are ... with the
job. 51. His contract’s ... at the end of the season. 52. I was just ...
to ask you the same thing. 53. Mary is not ... yet. 54. Joe had seen
her that afternoon after the news was ... . 55. The birthrate is very
much … . 56. The temperature is ... . 57. I had just been ... with fever.
58. I’ll be ... in half an hour. Wait for me. 59. We’re ... of milk. 60. Will
you get me some matches? My pipe’s ... . 61. We’re going ... to New
York for the day.

2. Translate into English.

1. Когда я позвонил, мне ответили, что хозяина нет, он вышел.


2. Собрание закончилось до десяти часов. 3. Поезд ушел. 4. За-
бастовка продолжается. 5. Он метит на мое место. 6. Он охотит-
ся за ее деньгами. 7. Кто за то, чтобы идти домой? 8. Я против
того, чтобы приглашать его на день рождения. 9. Мальчики
что-то затевают. 10. Вторую половину дня мы были свободны.
11. Он сказал, что поездка не состоится. 12. Свет выключен.
13. Вода перекрыта. 14. Выключили весь свет (горели все лам-
пы, было полное освещение). 15. Сейчас этот новый художес-
твенный фильм уже идет (вышел на экраны). 16. Что сегодня
идет в театре (кино)? 17. Полиция преследовала его. 18. Он не
30
справляется со своей работой. 19. Он, должно быть, где-нибудь
поблизости. Поищите его в саду. 20. Сдайте работы. Время
истекло. 21. “Никогда не знаешь, чем займется этот ребенок
через минуту”, – сказала бабушка сердито. 22. Долг родителей
должным образом воспитывать детей. 23. Меня не было дома.
Я ходил в кино. 24. В тот день, когда я ему звонил, он не рабо-
тал. 25. Неудивительно, что она чувствует себя усталой. Она на
ногах с шести часов утра. 26. Подождите меня у лифта. Я по-
дойду через десять минут. 27. “Я вижу, что ты задумал, – сказал
Том. – В любом случае я тебя поддержу”. 28. Интересно, поче-
му он отказался объяснить свое поведение, теперь его ожидает
выговор. 29. Я за то, чтобы начать ремонт в апреле. 30. Огонь
потух. 31. Игра идет. 32. Машина работала. 33. Ты следишь за
ходом моей мысли или мне повторить еще раз? 34. Я работаю
в страховой компании. 35. Я не в состоянии сегодня занимать-
ся уборкой квартиры. 36. Что с ним происходит? Он взбешен.
37. Пообедаем в ресторане или дома? – Ты сама решай. 38. Я
закончил статью. 39. Учиться или нет – твое дело. 40. Мы пой-
дем с тобой до конца. 41. Вы не сможете с ним увидеться на
этой неделе. Он в отъезде. 42. Машина не в порядке. Посмотри,
в чем дело. 43. В этом году стоимость проезда в автобусе сно-
ва возрастет. 44. Концерт окончен. 45. Тайна раскрыта. 46. За
последнее время цены на часы значительно снижены. 47. Ты не
дашь мне спичек? – Извини, у меня нет сегодня спичек. 48. Он
очень хочет получить эту должность. 49. Солнце зашло (закати-
лось). 50. Шторы спущены. 51. Хлеб подешевел.

blow
blow up взрывать(ся) to destroy sth by an explosion; to explode
They blew up the bridges so that the enemy couldn’t follow
them.
Just as we got to the bridge it blew up.

boil
boil away выкипеть to change into steam
The water had all boiled away and the kettle was empty.
31
boil over убегать через край (о жидкости) to rise and flow over
the sides of the container (used only of hot liquids)
The milk boiled over and there was a horrible smell of
burning.
branch
branch out расширить дело, открыть (новый цех, отдел и т. п.)
to start to do an activity that you have not done before, especially
in your work or business
I decided to branch out on my own.
break
break down
1. сломать, разрушить; сбить to smash down, to demolish
Firefighters had to break the door down to reach the people
trapped inside.
2. сломаться, разрушиться, выйти из строя (о машине и
т. п.); потерпеть аварию to stop working
The car has broken down again.
3. ухудшаться, сдавать (о здоровье) to become very bad
Her health broke down under the pressure of work.
4. потерпеть неудачу, провалиться to fail
Negotiations between the two sides have broken down.
5. не выдержать, потерять самообладание, расплакаться to
lose control of feelings (of people)
David broke down and wept when he heard the news.
break in, break into врываться, вламываться to enter by force
Thieves broke in and stole the silver.
The house was broken into when the owner was on holiday.
break off внезапно прервать (разговор, знакомство и т. п.) to
end sth suddenly
Ann has broken off her engagement to Tom.
They broke off the conversation.
32
break out
1. вспыхивать (о пожаре, войне, эпидемии) to begin suddenly
A fire broke out during the night.
2. вырываться, убегать to escape from a place
Several prisoners broke out of the jail.
break up
1. расходиться (о собрании, компании и т. п.) to go away in
different directions
The meeting broke up at eleven o’clock.
2. распадаться, разваливаться (о семье, империи, дружбе
и т. п.) to come to an end
Their marriage has broken up.
3. закрывать на каникулы; распускать на каникулы to stop
for holidays (of schools, etc.)
When do you break up for Christmas?

break with (sb, sth) порывать отношения с кем-л., чем-л. to


cease associating with sb, to do away with sth
He has broken with all his old friends.
It’s difficult for him to break with his old habit.

bring

bring about вызывать, быть причиной to make sth happen;


cause
What brought about the change in his attitude?
bring back
1. приносить обратно, возвращать to return sb/sth
Please bring back all library books by the end of the week.
2. напоминать to make sb remember sth or think about it again
The story brought back the days of their friendship.
33
bring out опубликовать, издать (книгу и т. п.) to produce sth;
to publish sth
When are you going to bring out your new book?
bring round привести в себя, в сознание to make sb who is
unconscious become conscious again
She fainted with the pain but a little brandy soon brought her
round.
bring up воспитывать, растить to educate and train children
I brought up two children alone.

brush

brush up (or brush on) освежать знания to quickly improve a


skill, especially when you have not used it for a time
I must brush up (on) my Spanish before I go to Seville.
build
build up
1. нагнетать (атмосферу), нарастать to increase in amount,
size, or intensity
All the pressure built up and he was off work for weeks with
stress.
The noise built up until Mary couldn’t stand it any longer.
2. укреплять (свое) здоровье и т. п. to make sb/yourself
healthier or stronger
You need more protein to build you up.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. The fire broke ... early this morning and destroyed many build-
ings in the city centre. 2. School breaks ... for the summer on
June 18. 3. The jewellery shop in Lewis Street has been broken ...
three times this year. 4. Mary broke ... her engagement to Bob. 5. They
locked him in a room but he broke ... . 6. Tom and Mary broke ... last
month and Mary is still very upset. 7. A fire broke ... after the football
34
match yesterday. 8. Mum’s TV has broken ... . 9. The police broke ...
and arrested all the brothers. 10. Tim and I broke ... . 11. Men
seem to be more skilled at breaking ... relationships with women.
12. Two men wearing masks broke ... Boyd’s Bank and stole ₤ 100,000.
13. At the funeral the boy’s mother broke ... and started crying.
14. My car broke ... on the motorway and I had to walk to a garage.
15. The old cars were broken ... for their metal and parts. 16. The
thieves broke ... through the back door. 17. The alarm went off as
soon as they tried to break ... the house. 18. Divorce breaks ... a lot
of families. 19. We’re lucky, we break ... quite early. 20. People start-
ed to leave at 11 o’clock and the party finally broke ... at midnight.
21. The end of the war brought ... great changes. 22. When he
became rich, he broke ... his former friends. 23. The milk is
boiling ... . 24. The police station was blown ... by the terror-
ists. 25. He brought me ... in his car. 26. The band have just
brought ... their second album. 27. He was brought ... by his aunt.
28. Nobody was making any attempt to bring her ... . 29. Seeing the
place again would bring all the horrors ... to me. 30. The Administra-
tion helped bring ... a peaceful settlement. 31. The talks broke ... over
differences on doctrine. 32. He was afraid he was going to break ... and
cry. 33. Brush ... your English! 34. The company has now branched
... into selling insurance. 35. We hepled to build ... the wealth of this
country. 36. We must build him ... before he can go home.

2. Translate into English.

1. Компания вскоре разошлась. 2. В доках вспыхнула забастов-


ка. 3. В 1939 г. разразилась война. 4. Он порвал отношения с
фирмой. 5. Он порвал с прошлым. 6. Они сбили (выломали)
дверь. 7. Она вдруг не выдержала и расплакалась. 8. Помолв-
ка расстроилась. 9. Пора кончать работу. 10. Воры проникли в
банк в полночь. 11. Вечеринка кончилась (и гости разошлись).
12. Он не выдержал (потерял самообладание). 13. Мы повали-
ли (сломали) этот забор. 14. Она внезапно замолчала. 15. Мой
велосипед сломался. 16. Конференция заканчивается. 17. За-
нятия кончаются (и начинаются каникулы). 18. Группа за-
ключенных совершила побег. 19. Несколько дней тому назад
была выпущена первая книга этого молодого поэта. 20. Она
вырастила троих детей. 21. Вскоре доктор привел ее в чувство.
35
22. Его рассказ напомнил о нашем счастливом детстве. 23. Вче-
ра он вернул мою пишущую машинку. 24. Что вызвало эту ссо-
ру? 25. Молоко сбежало. 26. Мост взорвался. 27. Мне нужно
подзаняться французским языком. 28. Их давление на нас уси-
ливается. 29. Сон восстановит энергию.

call
call at (a place) заходить куда-л. to pay a short visit usu. on some
business
I called at the bank and arranged to transfer some money.
call back позвонить по телефону ( в ответ на звонок) to tele-
phone sb again or to telephone sb who telephoned you earlier
She said she’d call back.

call for
1. заходить за (кем-л. или чем-л.) to visit a place to collect a
person or thing
I’ll call for you at seven o’clock.
2. требовать, взывать к (чему-л.) to require
The situation calls for attention.

call in вызывать, приглашать (кого-л. для консультации


и т. п.) to ask sb to come and do sth for you; send for
When he grew worse we called in a second doctor.

call off отменять (о встречах, собраниях и т. п.) to cancel


The flight was called off.
They had to call off the match as the ground was too wet to
play on.

call on (a person) заходить к кому-л. to pay a visit


When did he call on you last?
call out объявлять громко; выкрикивать to shout
He called out each name twice.
‘Come in,’ he called out from the balcony.
36
call round/call over заходить; навещать, посещать to make a
short visit to a person or place
I called round to a dozen places to get the proper size of bulb.
It’s OK, we’ll be calling over shortly anyway.
call up
1. звонить по телефону to telephone; phone up, ring up
I called him up and asked if he had any news.
2. призывать (в армию) to make sb do their training in the
army
Young people are called up at eighteen.
calm
calm down успокаивать(ся) to become or to make sb calm
Look, calm down! We’ll find her.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I’m going to a pop concert with Tom. He is calling ... me at eight


so I must be ready then. 2. I’m waiting for someone to call me ... with
a price. 3. They have called ... their engagement. 4. The game was
called ... because of bad weather. 5. He called ... all the housewives
in the area and asked them to sign the petition. 6. I called him ...
and asked if they had any news. 7. I was extremely lucky not to be
called ... at the time. 8. One boy rushed forward, calling ... his father’s
name. 9. The radio had an open line on which listeners could call ...
to discuss various issues. 10. If it rains, the tennis match will have to
be called ... . 11. Don’t bother to call me ... or ring me. 12. The four
of us called ... him in his room. 13. They called me ... for question-
ing. 14. The ship will call ... several ports. 15. She said she’d call ... .
16. The situation calls ... prompt action. 17. I’ll call ... and see you
on my way home. 18. He took a few deep breaths to calm himself … .
19. I’ve called ... to report what I’ve done.

2. Translate into English.

1. Вы часто навещаете своих друзей? 2. Я вам потом позвоню.


3. Я зайду за вами в шесть часов. 4. Наши новые соседи при-
37
ходили к нам на прошлой неделе. 5. Она позвала на помощь.
6. Если вы знаете ответ, поднимите руку, не кричите с места.
7. Не заходите за ним. Он придет прямо на стадион. 8. Вас про-
сят зайти за костюмом через неделю. 9. Вам придется зайти
к директору на следующей неделе. 10. Зайдите ко мне в кон-
тору в 3 часа. 11. Вам придется зайти к нему еще раз. Сейчас
его нет. 12. Почему был отменен этот рейс? 13. Мы должны
пригласить врача. 14. Ваш друг сказал, что он еще раз позво-
нит. 15. Он окликнул меня. 16. Я позвоню вам завтра вечером.
17. Сегодняшний матч отменен. 18. Когда началась война, их
призвали. 19. Заходите, когда у вас будет время. 20. Мать успо-
коила испуганного ребенка.

care

care for
1. заботиться (о ком-л., о чем-л.) to look after (not much used
except in the passive)
Pets must be properly cared for.
2. любить; питать интерес к (кому-л., чему-л.) to like (seldom
used in the affirmative)
He doesn’t care for films about war.
not to care about быть безразличным к чему-л. to be indiffe-
rent to
The professor said that he was interested only in research;
he didn’t really care about students.

carry

be/get carried away увлечься to get very excited or lose control of


one’s feelings
I got carried away and started shouting at the television.
carry on продолжать to continue
He carried on working after everyone else had gone home.
The doctor told her to carry on with the treatment.
38
carry out
1. доводить до конца, завершать to do and complete a task
Extensive tests have been carried out on the patient.
2. выполнять (план, приказ, обещание) to fulfil (a plan, prom-
ise, threat, etc.)
He read the instructions but he didn’t carry them out.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I didn’t mean to buy so much but I got carried ... .2. The first
experiments were carried ... by Dr Preston McLendon. 3. Are you
telling me to carry ... with my investigation? 4. They can’t be al-
lowed to be carried ... by their feelings. 5. They have to carry ... many
administrative duties. 6. It was the worst possible place to carry ...
his research. 7. The guest speaker was not in the least disturbed, but
he carried ... reading from his prepared script. 8. Carry … … your
work while I’m away. 9. He carried ... peeling the potatoes. 10. She
doesn’t care ... environment issues. 11. She moved back home to care
... her elderly parents. 12. He cared ... her more than she realized.
13. Would you care ... another drink? 14. He didn’t drink, he didn’t
care ... the taste of it. 15. Here is a young man whom I care ... and
who cares ... me. 16. The house looked well cared ... .

2. Translate into English.

1. Его речь увлекла нас. 2. Когда он начинает петь, забываешь


обо всем (остальном). 3. Рассказ захватил его. 4. Ее красота
заставила его потерять голову. 5. Гнев ослепил его. 6. Он про-
должил работу своего отца. 7. Мы продолжим наш разговор
завтра. 8. Продолжайте работу, пока меня не будет. 9. Его дол-
го не было, и они решили продолжить без него. 10. Они про-
должали (не прекращали) говорить. 11. Никогда не давай обе-
щаний, которые не собираешься выполнять. 12. Он успешно
справился с работой. 13. Боюсь, что он приведет угрозу в ис-
полнение.14. Больные требуют ухода. 15. Не беспокойтесь по
поводу расходов. 16. Он не интересуется музыкой (равноду-
шен к музыке). 17. Мне это глубоко безразлично. 18. Я не ин-
39
тересуюсь садоводством. 19. Она его сколько-нибудь любит?
20. Он никого и ничего не любит. 21. Какая музыка вам больше
всего нравится?
catch
catch on (to sth) paзг. понимать; улавливать, схватывать (суть)
to understand sth
He is very quick to catch on to things.
He’ll catch on eventually.
catch up with догнать, нагнать (кого-л.) to reach the same place
(level) as
I started last in the race but I soon caught up with the others.
check
check in регистрировать; записывать; регистрироваться (в
гостинице, на собрании и т. п.)
I checked in at the Gordon Hotel.
check out отметиться при уходе с работы по окончании рабо-
чего дня; расплатиться в гостинице и уехать
Guests should check out of their rooms by noon.
cheer
cheer up ободрять; поддерживать; утешать to make sb/ sth
more cheerful
Oh, come on – cheer up!
Give Mary a call; she needs cheering up.
chop
chop up рубить (сечкой и т. п.); крошить; нарезать, шинко-
вать to cut sth into pieces
Chop the carrots up into small pieces.
clean
clean out очищать (путем опорожнения) to clean the inside of
sth thoroughly; clear out
Clean out your desk.
40
clean up убирать to remove dirt, etc. from somewhere; clear up
He always expected other people to clean up after him.

clear
clear away убирать (часто со стола) to remove articles in or-
der to make space
He cleared away and made coffee.
Brody stood up and began to clear away the soup bowls.
clear out очищать, убирать to make sth empty and clean by re-
moving things or throwing things away; clean out
I’ll clear out this drawer and you can put your things in it.

clear up
1. убирать, приводить в порядок to make sth tidy and clean;
clean up
It’s time to clear up.
Clear up your own mess!
2. выяснять, разрешать, улаживать to solve, to explain, to
settle
The mystery was cleared up at last.
Inspector Standish was trying to clear up a tiresome problem.
I went to clear the matter up with him.
3. проясняться (о погоде) to become fine or bright
I hope it clears up this afternoon.
I’m going back till the weather clears up.

close
close down закрывать, прекращать работу; ликвидировать
(предприятие); закрываться, ликвидироваться to close; shut
down
They’re closing down my old school.
Trade was so bad that many shops closed down.
41
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I don’t like the dead branches lying about, we must clear


them ... . 2. There’ll be plenty of room in that closet when it’s clea-
red ... . 3. I’m fed up with clearing ... after you. 4. I found the letters
when I was clearing ... after my father died. 5. We hoped to clear
... the mystery. 6. When are you going to clear all that rubbish ... of
the greenhouse? 7. ‘I got out the vacuum cleaner,’ she said, ‘to clear
... that pile of dust in the studio.’ 8. It’s high time you cleared ...
the chest of drawers. 9. The room needs clearing ... after the party.
10. You’ve missed a whole term; you’ll have to work hard to catch …
… the rest of the class. 11. Please check ... an hour before departure.
12. The following morning he checked ... . 13. She checked ... of the
hotel and took the train to Paris. 14. Soak the plants, then chop them
... as small as you can. 15. She cheered ... a little as Miss Livingstone
went out. 16. She bought strawberries to cheer herself ... . 17. He
cleaned the room ... before leaving. 18. I spent three days cleaning
... our flat. 19.1 was cleaning ... my desk at the office on my last day
there. 20. Who’s going to clean ... this mess? 21.1 must clean the fish
tank ... . 22. If the firms failed to make enough money they would
close ... . 23. They finally caught … … our game.

2. Translate the sentences.

1. Я слишком устала, чтобы заниматься уборкой квартиры.


2. Тайна еще не раскрыта. 3. Уберите, пожалуйста, чайную по-
суду. 4. Выньте, пожалуйста, все вещи из буфета и протрите их.
5. Она решила выкинуть всю старую посуду 6. Погода проясни-
лась. 7. Доклад будет готов завтра. Нужно выяснить некоторые
вопросы. 8. Ты все убрала из кухни? Мы начинаем белить пото-
лок. 9. Разбери все на письменном столе. У тебя там страшный
беспорядок. 10. Нужно все выяснить прежде, чем начинать эту
работу. 11. Ты еще не убрала со стола, Аня? Поторопись, мы
можем опоздать на поезд. 12. Я уберу тарелки, и тогда они смо-
гут работать за столом. 13. Освободи (очисти) комнату. 14. Небо
прояснилось. 15. Он много работает, чтобы догнать остальных.
16. Вам следует зарегистрироваться в аэропорту за час до выле-
та. 17. Подготовьте счет, я уезжаю. 18. Порежь свеклу на мелкие
части. 19. Вы не должны унывать. 20. Я собираюсь навестить
42
отца, его надо приободрить. 21. Пора бы вам разобрать ящики
своего письменного стола. 22. Я бы хотела, чтобы ты убрал за
собой (весь хлам) после починки велосипеда. 23. Фабрика за-
крылась в прошлом году. 24. До него не сразу доходит (суть).
25. Она понимает (улавливает) вашу мысль.

come

come about происходить, случаться to happen


Can you tell me how the accident came about?
come across
1. встречать, находить неожиданно to meet or find sb/sth by
chance
I came across children sleeping under bridges.
She came across some old photographs in a drawer.
2. come across (as) производить/создавать впечатление to
make a particular impression
He came across as a sympathetic person.
come back возвращаться to return
They are coming back on Sunday.
come down приезжать из столицы (центра) в провинцию, из
университета домой to come from one place to another; usually
from the north of a country to the south, or from a larger place to
a smaller one
He came down to the country cottage for the weekend.
He is coming down (from) Oxford at Easter.
come /go down with амер. разг. заболеть (чем-л.) to get an illness
that is not very serious
I think I’m coming down with (the) flu.
come for заходить за кем-л./чем-л. to fetch, to pick up
I said I would come for Dolly in the afternoon.
I’ll come for the sandwiches later.
43
come from (of) принадлежать к, происходить из to belong to
He comes from (of) a poor family.
come in, come into входить куда-л. to enter a room or house
Somebody knocked on my door and I said, ‘Come in.’
Come into the garden and I’ll show you my roses.
come into получать в наследство to inherit
He came into the property when his uncle died.
come off отрываться (о пуговице и т. п.) to become separated
from sth
When I tried to lift the jug, the handle came off in my hand.
come on/along в грам. знач. междометия разг. ну-ка, ну давай
used in orders to tell sb to hurry or to try harder
Come on/along, or we’ll be late. Давай-давай, а то опоз-
даем.
Come on, children, let’s have a little quiet. Ну-ка, ребята, не
шумите.
Oh, come on, be serious! Хватит, брось шутки!
come out
1. выходить to step out, to become visible
Come out, I can’t see you there.
2. выходить из печати to be published (of newspapers, books,
plays, etc.)
The book came out in June.
3. обнаруживаться, становиться известным to become
known
His secret came out.
come over/round зайти ненадолго, заглянуть (в гости) to visit
sb for a short time
Come over and see us sometime.
Would you like to come round tomorrow evening?
44
come round/to прийти в себя, очнуться to become conscious
again
Your mother hasn’t yet come round from the anaesthetic.
That’s all I remember, until I came to in a lifeboat.
come up (to)
1. подходить to move towards sb
He came up to me and asked for a light.
2. приезжать в столицу, в университет; приезжать с окра-
ины в город или с периферии в центр to come from one
place to another; especially from the south of a country to the
north or from a smaller place to a larger one
They came up to London a week ago.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. While she was cleaning, she came ... a pair of gold earrings. 2. We
are having such a wonderful time here in Barbados that we’d like to
come ... next summer. 3. Why don’t you come ... for a cup of coffee?
4. When we found him he was unconscious but he came ... in half
an hour and explained that he had been attacked and robbed. 5. He
comes ... London. 6. Come ..., or we’ll be late. 7. Come ...! The taxi’s
waiting. 8. She came ... with pneumonia. 9. During the interview she
came ... as efficient and decisive. 10. Has he come ... the book yet?
11. Jeremy came ... looking worried. 12. The wheel of the car came
... in the middle of the road. 13. The full story came ... at the trial.
14. When is her new novel coming ...? 15. A man came ... to us.
16. Why don’t you come ... to our place? 17. Why don’t you come ...
to Scotland for a few days? 18. The rain stopped and the sun came ... .
19. She came ... a fortune when her aunt died. 20. She is the most dif-
ficult woman I have ever come ... . 21. Come ..., Andy, give us a smile.
22. Come ... later and we’ll show you our wedding photos. 23. They
came ... the bookstore. 24. All the wallpaper’s coming ... . 25. He
wasn’t coming ... as the idiot I had expected him to be. 26. He came
... from the war. 27. Where do you come ...? 28. She came ... some
money on her mother’s death. 29. The police came ... Humbolt.
30. We came ... of the tunnel. 31. He asked me to send him any new
45
stamps which might come ... . 32. All the facts came ... after Seery’s
death. 33. Tess burst into tears, and the story came ... . 34. He want-
ed me to come ... for lunch. 35. I’ve got some friends coming ... .
36. There’s something I want you to see. Come ..., children, come ... !
37. The discovery of adrenalin came … through a mistake.

2. Translate into English.

1. Попроси его зайти после того, как закончится собрание.


2. Вы встретите это выражение много раз, когда будете читать
книги. 3. “Когда вернется Фред?” – спросил Ник. 4. Не ищи-
те эти бумаги, я сам видел, как он приходил за ними. 5. Разве
вы не знаете, что этот журнал выходит раз в неделю? 6. Пой-
демте, автобус отходит через пять минут. 7. Неудивительно,
что он прекрасно играет на фортепьяно. Он вышел из семьи
музыканта. 8. Он показался мне очень приятным человеком.
9. Он заболел гриппом. 10. Она получила в наследство боль-
шую сумму денег. 11. Правда откроется. 12. Она зашла (загля-
нула) вчера вечером. 13. После ранения он не скоро пришел
в себя. 14. Пуговица оторвалась. 15. Заходите как-нибудь на-
вестить меня. 16. Подойдите, давайте поговорим. 17. Пошли
скорее! Мне надоело ждать. 18. Ну, давай же сыграем! 19. Это
случилось следующим образом.

cut

cut down (a tree) рубить (дерево) to fell it


If you cut down all the trees you’ll ruin the land.
cut down (on) сокращать потребление (чего-л.), урезывать to
reduce the size, amount or number of sth
We must cut down expenses or we’ll be getting into debt.
The doctor told him to cut down on his drinking.
cut in вмешиваться (в разговор), вставлять замечания to inter-
rupt sb when they are speaking
Stop cutting in with your remarks.

46
cut off
1. обрезать, отрезать, отрубать to remove sth from sth larger
by cutting
They held a gun to his head and threatened to cut off his ears.
2. отрезать (путь); изолировать to isolate (usu. passive)
The town was cut off by the floods.
3. перерезать, разъединять, прерывать (телефонную или те-
леграфную связь) to disconnect
We were cut off in the middle of our conversation.
4. выключать (газ, воду и т. п.) to stop the supply of sth to sb
Our water supply has been cut off.
cut out
1. вырезать, делать вырезки to remove by cutting
He cut a picture out of a magazine.
2. выпускать, выбрасывать to omit, to leave out
The editor cut out the last paragraph.
3. прекратить, перестать (что-л.) делать to stop doing, using
or eating sth
I’ve been advised to cut sugar out of my diet.
4. выключаться; отключаться to stop working
The engine’s cut out again.
be cut out for/be cut out to be sth подходить, быть подходящим;
быть словно созданным для чего-л. to be fitted or suited for
He’s not cut out for teaching.
He’s not cut out to be a teacher.
cut up
1. разрезать, разрубить на куски to divide sth into small pieces
with a knife, etc.
He cut up the meat on his plate.
47
2. причинять страдания, огорчать (usu. passive) to upset sb
emotionally
She was pretty cut up about them leaving.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He’s not cut ... to be a doctor. 2. We need to cut the article ... to
1000 words. 3. The doctor told him to cut … … his drinking. 4. They
were cut ... for not paying their phone bill. 5. How much is it going
to cost us to cut all these trees ...? 6. He cut ... all references to the
Byron being ugly. 7. The army was cut ... from its base. 8. She’s really
cut ... about getting a D in Maths. 9. ‘You have to employ a profes-
sional,’ cut ... the Englishman quietly. 10. She had cut … … smoking.
11. Don’t complain when they cut you ... by mistake. 12. Gas sup-
plies had now been cut ... . 13. When I am making a dress I mark the
cloth with chalk and then cut it ... . 14. If you want to get thin you
must cut ... sugar. 15. I won’t have a cigarette, thanks – I’m trying to
cut ... . 16. Her publishers insisted on cutting several stories … … her
memoirs. 17. She’s not cut ... for teaching. 18. Mrs Travers began a
reply, but Mrs Patel cut ... again. 19. ‘I wouldn’t drink that whisky if
I were you,’ he said. ‘Cut ... .’ 20. The new factory cuts ... our view
of the hills. 21. She feels very cut ... living in the country. 22. He is
cut ... to be a diplomat. 23. I would cut ... the bit about working as a
waitress. 24. It was too big to go into the bin so I cut it ... . 25. The
doctor said I must cut tobacco right ... .

2. Translate the sentences.

1. Я стараюсь меньше курить. 2. Телефонист разъединил нас


прежде, чем мы успели кончить разговор. 3. Мне пришлось
отказаться от мяса (исключить мясо из рациона). 4. Через не-
сколько минут мотор перестал работать (заглох). 5. Ей было
на роду написано стать учительницей. 6. Хозяйка разрубила
индейку на куски. 7. Смерть сына была для него страшным
ударом. 8. Садовник срубил (срезал) кустарник. 9. Мне велели
меньше пить. 10. Мы очень спокойно беседовали, пока он не
вмешался в разговор. 11. Я срезала увядшие цветы. 12. У нас
прекратили подачу газа. 13. Я отказался от курения (мяса, спор-

48
та). 14. Детям очень нравится вырезать картинки. 15. Статья не
подходила по размеру, и редактор опустил несколько абзацев.
16. Я считаю, что Олег Попов прямо-таки создан для роли кло-
уна. 17. Докладчик решил сократить лекцию, так как студенты
должны были еще посмотреть документальный фильм. 18. Я
потратил много денег в этом месяце, я должен сократить свои
расходы.

dig
dig in/into навалиться (на еду); наброситься to start to eat food
with enthusiasm (slang)
When the bell rang, the kids dug into their lunches.
John dug in and finished his homework very quickly.

dish
dish out разг. подавать; давать; раздавать (с блюда) to serve
food onto plates for a meal
Can you dish out the potatoes please?
dish up подавать на стол (блюдо и т. п.) to serve food onto plates
for a meal; dish out, serve
Collect these plates while I go and dish up the main course.

do
do away with упразднить, отменить, покончить с чем-л. to
abolish
We are going to do away with the old tax system.
The headmaster thinks school uniform should be done away
with.
do up
1. приводить в порядок, убирать; ремонтировать to make
tidy; to repair; to decorate
He makes money by buying old houses and doing them up.
The theatre was horrible, done up as cheaply as possible.
49
2. застегивать, завязывать to fasten
Do up your coat.
I’ve eaten so much that I can’t do my trousers up!
do with не помешало бы; не повредило бы (довольствоваться,
ограничиваться чем-л.) to be satisfied with sth as there is noth-
ing better
I’m hot and tired. I could do with a nice cool drink.
Can you do with a ten-rouble note?
do without обходиться без чего-л., кого-л. to manage without
sth/sb
Many Victorian households did without a bathroom altoge-
ther.
If you don’t have cigarettes, you must simply do without.

draw
draw out брать, снимать (деньги)
I drew out some money from the bank.

drive
drive away/off уезжать, отъезжать to leave in a vehicle
The robbers drove off/away in a stolen vehicle.
drive on продолжать путь to continue driving
Don’t stop – drive on!

drop
drop in заходить, заглядывать to visit someone without making
any formal arrangement to do so; call in
He dropped in for a few minutes to ask if he could borrow your
power drill.
drop in at sb’s place but drop in on sb
I thought I’d drop in on you while I was passing.
I dropped in at the library on my way to the office.
50
drop off высаживать to take passengers where they want to go and
leave them there
I can drop Daisy off on my way home.
drop out бросать, оставлять (учебу, занятия) to leave school,
college, etc. without finishing your studies
She started an engineering degree but dropped out after only
a year.
drop round заходить, заглядывать to visit sb without making any
formal arrangement to do so; drop in, drop by
I’ll drop round when I’ve finished the shopping.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. She can’t do ... a secretary. 2. I think we could do ... a good night’s


sleep. 3. They are doing ... the front of the house. 4. We did … … il-
literacy many years ago. 5. If they can’t get it to us in time, we’ll just
have to do ... . 6. She said she would do ... any tea. 7. At the sight of
all the food, thoughts of diets were done … … . 8. I could do ... your
sarcastic comments. 9. The flat needs doing ... . 10. He couldn’t do
... the buttons on his coat. 11. He wore a long coat that was done ...
at the neck. 12. She dug ... her bowl of pasta. 13. Help yourselves,
everybody! Dig ... ! 14. We could not wash the saucepans until the
food was dished ... . 15. We tried dishing ... earlier, but people com-
plained. 16. We heard him drive … . 17. We stopped for a few minutes
and then drove … . 18. Sorry we’re late – we dropped ... ... the pub
on the way. 19. I thought I’d just drop ... and see how you were. 20. I
dropped … … her during the afternoon. 21. He had dropped ... of the
college in the first term. 22. Can you drop me ... near the bank? 23. I
drew ... ₤ 200. 24. Can I draw $ 350 ... ... my account?

2. Translate into English.

1. Я бы не отказался от чашки чая. 2. Ему не мешало бы поб-


риться. 3. Хотелось бы хорошенько отдохнуть. 4. Я думаю, что
в настоящий момент я могу обойтись без словаря. 5. Я пола-
гаю, что в этой работе они могут обойтись без меня, посколь-
ку я еще новичок в этом деле. 6. С этой практикой покончено.

51
7. Этот устаревший метод был отменен. 8. Пора убрать в ком-
нате. 9. Отделка кабинета в современном стиле будет стоить
довольно дорого. 10. Я думаю, я смогу обойтись той суммой
(денег), которая у меня есть. 11. Необходимо уничтожить эти
старые документы. 12. Подай еду на стол. 13. Я как-нибудь к
вам загляну. 14. Давайте зайдем (заскочим) к нему. 15. Когда
они уехали? 16. Отец высадил меня у школы. 17. Сегодня хо-
лодно. Застегни пальто, а то простудишься. 18. Почему ты не
застегнул рубашку, Том? – У меня оторвалась пуговица. 19. Я
хочу купить холодильник. Я должна снять деньги со своего
банковского счета.

eat
eat in питаться, столоваться дома to have a meal at home rather
than in a restaurant
‘We won’t be eating in tonight,’ Susan said.
eat out питаться, столоваться вне дома to have a meal in a res-
taurant, etc. rather than at home
Do you feel like eating out tonight?

end
end up плохо или неожиданно для себя кончить to find your-
self in a place or situation that you did not intend or expect
to be in
If you go on like that you’ll end up in prision.

enter
enter for принимать участие, участвовать to become a
competitor/candidate (for a contest, examination, etc.)
Twelve thousand competitors have entered for the next London
Marathon.

face
face up to sth быть готовым (к чему-л.) to accept and deal with
sth which is difficult and unpleasant
She had to face up to the fact that she would never walk again.
52
fall
fall back on полагаться (на что-л., кого-л.); прибегать к
чему-л. to go to sb for support; to have sth to use when you are in
difficulty
I have a little money in the bank to fall back on.
When his wife died, at the age of 32, he fell back on his friends
and family for support.
fall behind
1. отставать, оставаться позади to lag, to get (be) behind
Don’t fall behind the leaders or you’ll never catch up.
2. (with) запаздывать, отставать по срокам to be late in doing
sth
They fell behind with the rent and got a reminder from the
landlord.
fall down падать to become unbalanced and drop to the ground
He fell down and hurt himself badly.
fall for увлечься, почувствовать влечение, понравиться to
take a liking to, to be attracted to
I fell for you the moment I saw you.
fall off ухудшаться, приходить в упадок to decrease in quantity
or quality
Attendance at my lectures has fallen off considerably.
fall out (with) ссориться to quarrel
He fell out with his family and went away to work on a farm.
They fell out over the problem of teaching foreign languages.
fall over опрокидываться; падать to fall to the ground
I just touched the vase and it fell over.
fall through провалиться, потерпеть неудачу to fail, to come to
nothing
All their plans fell through because of lack of money.

53
be fed up (with) пресытиться, быть сытым по горло to be com-
pletely bored (slang)
I’m fed up with this wet weather.
I’m fed up with waiting; I’m going home.

fill
fill in/up/out forms etc. заполнять (бланк, анкету и т. п.) to
complete them
I had to fill in three forms to get my new passport.
fill up заполнять, наполнять, наливать до краев to make sth
completely full
Fill the tank up, please.

find
find out разузнать, выяснить to discover as a result of conscious
effort
In the end I found out what was wrong with my hi-fi.
I haven’t found anything out about him yet.

flare
flare up вывести из себя, вскипеть to become angry
The argument between the two groups flared up at the meet-
ing.

fit
fit in включить (в список и т. п.); назначить (на прием и т. п.)
to find time to see sb or to do sth
I’ll try and fit you in after lunch.
I had to fit ten appointments into one morning.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. At the beginning the whole party kept together but by the end of
the day those who were less fit had fallen ... . 2. They fell ... each other
instantly. 3. I rushed for the door and fell ... the cat in the hallway.
54
4. He tripped and fell ... . 5. Unfortunately, we have fallen … … the
payments. 6. I’ve fallen … … certain members of the band. 7. We ar-
ranged to book a villa and it fell ... . 8. I’m afraid that he might fall ...
again and hurt himself. 9. Fancy falling ... over something as trivial as
that! 10. He began to limp and fell so far ... that I decided to let him
rest. 11. I bought it yesterday falling ... it because it was extremely
simple. 12. After a few moments the project fell ... owing to lack of
support. 13. She fell … … her usual excuse of having no time. 14. Eco-
nomic growth will fall ... only slightly. 15. Peter knew that even if
his business venture in Tokyo was not successful he could always fall
… … his English teaching skills. 16. Do you eat ... a lot in London?
17. Willie liked to eat ... in restaurants and stay up late in bars. 18. He
fully intends to enter ... the race. 19. I think they’re getting pretty fed
… with him by now. 20. We filled ... all the customs forms. 21. I filled
... the tank with oil. 22. Can you find ... what time the meeting starts?
23. We found ... later that he had been at the same school. 24. The
conflict flared ... into civil war. 25. Panic flared ... in her. 26. I’m on
holiday next week, but I can fit you ... on the 9th. 27. Sylvia ended ...
with no money, no husband and no house and a two-year-old child.
28. His situation was desperate, but he faced … … it.

2. Translate into English.

1. Когда мы идем в горы, он всегда отстает. 2. Вносите кварт-


плату вовремя. 3. Обсуждая новую пьесу, друзья поссорились.
4. Он поскользнулся и упал. 5. Увидев сердитое лицо Джона,
она поняла, что его проект провалился. 6. Он опоздал с выпла-
той нескольких взносов и вынужден был отказаться от машины.
7. Я знаю, что внешность бывает обманчива, но тем не менее
он мне понравился с первого взгляда. 8. Давай сегодня пойдем
куда-нибудь пообедать. 9. В конкурсе участвовало тридцать че-
ловек. 10. Мне надоели ваши обещания. 11. Разузнай, когда он
придет. 12. Он наполнил бак до краев. 13. Пожалуйста, запол-
ните эту анкету. 14. Сегодня я больше никого не смогу принять.
15. Для г-жи Браун надо найти время на будущей неделе. 16. Вы
всегда можете положиться (рассчитывать) на меня. 17. Он всег-
да использует этот метод (к этому прибегает). 18. Вот, чем ты
кончишь (вот что тебя ждет).
55
get
get across четко, убедительно объяснить, изложить; донести,
довести (до слушателя) to succeed in communicating sth; get
over
He is not very good at getting his ideas across.
A good speaker can get his idea across to his audience without
much effort.
get along (with) ладить, находить общий язык to have a friendly
relationship with sb; get on
He worked hard and was easy to get along with.
They just can’t get along together.
The two men get along well.
get at иметь в виду to mean, to imply
I don’t know what you are getting at.
get away
1. удрать, ускользнуть, улизнуть to succeed in leaving the
place; escape
The prisoner got away.
2. выбираться, уходить, уезжать; go away
I want to get away from the city.
get away with сделать (что-л.) незаметно или безнаказанно;
провернуть какое-л. дельце to escape punishment
Don’t be tempted to cheat – you’ll never get away with it.
He always gets away with it.
get back
1. вернуться to return
When will he get back?
2. получить назад to have sth back
How can I get my books back?
get by жить, прожить; обходиться to manage to survive and have
a fairly satisfactory life
How does she get by on such a small salary?
56
get down
1. спускаться to descend
Get down (off) the ladder.
2. снять to take down
Will you get down the books (from the shelf) for me?
3. подавлять, угнетать, подрывать здоровье to depress sb
These things are getting me down.
The loneliness really started to get my mother down after a few
months.
get down to браться, сесть за учение/работу и т. п. to settle
down to one’s study, work, business, etc.
Now, if you have nothing against we’ll get down to business.
get in (into)
1. входить, влезать to go inside
Never get in(to) a stranger’s car.
2. прибывать, приходить to arrive
The train got in late.
What time do you get into Heathrow?
get off слезать, вылезать; сходить to leave a bus, train or plane
When the train stopped he got off.
get on садиться (на лошадь, автобус и т. п.) to mount, to
board
She got on the bus every morning.
Some new passengers were getting on.
get on (with)
1. делать успехи, преуспевать to make progress, to be
successful
How are you getting on?
Parents are always anxious for their children to get on.
I must get on with my work.
57
2. ладить, быть в хороших отношениях to be on good terms;
get along
I’ve always got on very well with my colleagues.
She and her sister have never really got on.
get out
1. выходить, вылезать, высаживаться to leave a place
When the plane landed he was the first to get out.
2. бежать, совершить побег (из тюрьмы) to escape
Several men got out yesterday.
3. вынимать, вытаскивать to take sb/sth out
I can’t get the key out.
My children like to swim so much that I can’t get them out of
the water.
get out of sth/doing sth отвертеться (избежать чего-л.); отлы-
нивать, увиливать to avoid doing sth
She always got out of washing up.
We’ll do anything to get out of work.
get over
1. преодолеть (трудность, препятствие) to find a way of
dealing with a problem or difficulty
She managed to get over the first difficulties.
2. оправиться, выздороветь; прийти в себя to recover from
(illness, distress or mental weakness)
I’m glad to hear you have got over your cold.
Have you got over the shock?
3. донести (ясно изложить) succeed in making other people
understand you (your idea, argument, or suggestion); get
across
This is the only way I know of getting my message over to you
clearly.
How do I get it over to you?
58
get round уговорить to persuade sb in one’s own interests
She knows how to get round her parents.
get to (a place) попадать, прибывать куда-л.; добираться до
какого-л. места to arrive
When do we get to New York?
get through
1. закончить; одолеть, справиться с чем-л. to finish a piece of
work, finish successfully
I hope we’ll get through that pile of work on Saturday.
As soon as I get through with this washing, I’ll help you.
He got through his exam all right (passed it).
2. связаться по телефону to succeed in contacting sb on the
telephone
I’ve been trying for a whole hour to get through to you.
3. доходить (до кого-л., до чьего-л. сознания); довести (до чье-
го-л. сознания)
It has got through to him quickly.
I couldn’t get through to her.
get up
а) вставать, подниматься to rise (esp. from bed)
б) поднимать, заставить встать to make sb get out of bed
The old man fell down on the ice and couldn’t get up.
What time do you get up?
Could you get me up at 6.30 tomorrow?

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I rang up the hospital. It took me over two hours to get ... . 2. Our
son is getting ... well at college. 3. If I can get ... all my homework, I’ll
go to the cinema later. 4. The thief got ... climbing over the garden
wall. 5. I really get ... with my brother. 6. Ann got ... the train just as
it was about to leave and got ... at Portland. 7. He got … … the crime
59
because there were no witnesses. 8. After I put down the phone I got
… … my work. 9. They earn just enough money to get ... . 10. He’s got
some problems, but I’m sure he can get ... them. 11. I’d love to get ...
to an exotic country for a while. 12. It took Sharon two months to get
... her illness. 13. The thieves got ..., even though the police had sur-
rounded the building. 14. The speaker needs to know that his words
are getting ... . 15. The two children are getting ... very well. 16. I’ve
got to get ... to London. 17. All he wants to do is get his girlfriend ... .
18. George has climbed up that tree, and now he can’t get ... . 19. I
walked to the van, got ... and drove away. 20. What time does the
coach get ..., do you know? 21. Get ... at Mayfield Church. 22. Let’s
get ... the first bus that comes along. 23. Sylvia asked politely how
Paul was getting ... at school. 24. She got ... and slammed the door.
25. I had to go to school, and if I could have got … … it, I would.
26. I had to get ... from my stool. 27. We managed to get our mes-
sage ... . 28. I’ll have to get … … work soon – I’ve got lots to do.
29. I’m not going to allow Ann to get … … an offensive remark like
that. 30. I can’t get ... to Joe. I’ll phone again later. 31. We get … …
our neighbours very well. 32. This continual wet weather is getting
me ... . 33. All this worry has got him ... . 34. My brother doesn’t get
... till 6. 35. The class got ... when the teacher came in. 36. We’re get-
ting ... at the next stop. 37. Let’s get … … business. 38. She can’t get ...
her shyness. 39. I think the problem can be got ... without too much
difficulty. 40. He always gets ... early. 41. It was midnight before we
got ... the village. 42. I know what you are getting ..., and you’re right.
43. The audience had no idea what we were getting ... . 44. I find it
impossible to get... to her.

2. Read the text below and add a word which best fits each
place.

After a long hard winter I was looking forward to getting ... . Spring in
Seville seemed just the thing to help me get ... my winter depression.
In my job (I work for an advertising company), I don’t get ... very
much and things had been getting me ... lately so I was very keen to ...
up and go, leaving everything behind. I knew everything would still be
there waiting for me when I got ... but for ten days I would be able to
get ... from it all. The problem was I hadn’t been getting ... well with
my boss in the last few months – we didn’t see eye to eye about policy
and I just couldn’t get ... to her how I saw the future of the company.
60
Moneywise the job’s fine – I make more than enough to get ... and
I suppose prospects are good – I want to get ... in my career and the
job gives me lots of opportunities for promotion. But some day soon
I will have to get ... the difficulties I’m having with my boss.

3. Translate into English.

1. Мне надо возвращаться. 2. У моей тетки никогда не води-


лось много денег, но она сводила концы с концами. 3. Па-
роход не может отплыть (отправиться, выйти) из порта. 4. У
меня дела идут хорошо. 5. Мне удалось отвертеться и не пойти
на собрание. 6. Я не могу вставить ключ в замок. 7. Как у вас
идут дела? 8. Ему сходит с рук всё. 9. Не расстраивайся из-за
его слов. 10. Поезд прибывает (подходит). 11. Вы выходите?
12. Вот ваша лошадь, садитесь. 13. Он в хороших отношениях
со своей тещей. 14. Пора вставать. 15. Я никак не мог связаться
с начальством. 16. Наконец новости дошли до них. 17. Я ни-
чего не могу ему втолковать. 18. Я уверен, что мне это сойдет
с рук. 19. Пьеса осталась непонятой (не дошла). 20. Они хоро-
шо уживаются (живут мирно). 21. Он ушел с приема. 22. Эта
отвратительная погода угнетает меня. 23. Давайте приступим к
работе. 24. Как у вас дела с английским? 25. Выезжай (выходи)!
26. Он уже пришел в себя после потрясения. 27. Она положила
лекарство на полку, где дети не могли достать его. 28. Вы сели
не на тот автобус. 29. Все зависит от вас. Это не такие трудно-
сти, чтобы их нельзя было преодолеть. 30. Когда вы закончите
всю эту работу? 31. Мы не смогли дозвониться им и решили
послать телеграмму. 32. Чего вы хотите? (К чему вы клоните?
Что вы имеете в виду?) 33. Мы не знали, что имел в виду (хотел
сказать) оратор.

give
give away
1. отдавать, дарить; раздавать (дары, призы); распределять
to give it to someone (as a gift)
I’ll give this old coat away.
2. разг. выдавать, предавать; проговориться, подвести to
betray (a person); to reveal (a secret or information)
61
He said that he was not an American but his accent gave him
away.
give back возвращать to return sth to its owner
I must call at the library to give back this book.
give off испускать, издавать (жар, запах и т. п.) to emit (heat,
a smell, etc.)
The liquid gave off a strong smell.

give in
1. подавать, сдавать, вручать (заявление, отчет и т. п.) to
hand in
Don’t forget to give in your exercise books.
2. (to) сдаваться, уступать to yield to a person’s desires or
wishes
It doesn’t matter what you say, he will never give in.
The authorities have shown no signs of giving in to the
kidnappers’ demands.

give out
1. распределять, раздавать to distribute
The teacher gave out the exam papers.
2. оглашать, объявлять to announce, to make known
They gave out the names of the winners on the radio.
3. иссякать, кончаться (о запасах, силах, терпении и т. п.) to
become exhausted, to come to an end
The water supply at last gave out.
His patience gave out and he slapped the child hard.

give up
1.
1) отказываться (от работы, предложения, участия в сорев-
новании и т. п.) to stop doing sth
62
He had to give up studying because of his poor health.
She didn’t give up work when she had the baby.
2) оставить, бросить (привычку) to stop a habit
Do you still smoke? You really should give up, you know.
I gave up drinking coffee because it kept me awake at night.
2. признать поражение, сдаться to surrender
The war will be over when one of the countries gives up.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. Can I borrow that book? I’ll give it ... to you tomorrow. 2. After
the operation David had to give ... smoking. 3. He gave ... most of his
money to charity. 4. This chemical gives ... a strange smell. 5. They
gave ... to the strikers’ demands. 6. I tried to learn Greek but soon
I got tired and gave it ... .7. Their food supplies gave ... sooner than
they had planned, so they had to return home. 8. You’d better not
give ... this secret to anyone, or I will be angry with you. 9. The rebels
were forced to give ... . 10. Please give your work ... before Monday.
11. They also gave ... information about courses for teachers of Eng-
lish. 12. On the same day it was given ... that fresh documents had
been discovered. 13. She never completely gave... hope. 14. The hi-
jackers finally gave themselves ... to the police. 15. Her little boy had
cried so when they had given the dog ... . 16. I gave ... his ring and his
jacket. 17. We mustn’t give ... to threats. 18. She gave ... her work to
look after the children. 19. The conductor is the person on a bus who
gives ... tickets. 20. I give ... – tell me the answer. 21. Even Ruskin
gave ... the attempt in despair. 22. Someone gave ... the secret plans
and now the boss is angry. 23. The factory gives ... a lot of smoke,
causing pollution. 24. Although they were losing the match, the team
refused to give ... . 25. The shop is giving ... free gifts to anyone who
spends more than ₤ 30. 26. The papers were given ... and we had an
hour to do the test. 27. In the end he gave ... trying to explain it all
to me. 28. No chocolate for me, thanks. I’ve given it ... . 29. They
were standing in the street giving leaflets ... to passers-by. 30. When
are you going to give him ... his camera? 31. They gave ... the names
of the winners on the radio. 32. When we were only a few miles from
our destination the petrol gave ... . 33. I tried running, but I gave ...
63
after about ten minutes. 34. I said, ‘Please Ma’am. I should like to
give ... my notice.’ 35. The flowers give... a fragrant perfume. 36. Her
patience finally gave ... . 37. The motor gave ... suddenly.

2. Translate into English.

1. Она подарила свою лучшую игрушку. 2. Когда зазвенит зво-


нок, сдайте контрольные (работы) преподавателю. 3. Он не
уступит, даже если он не прав. 4. Верните книгу, которую вы
брали. 5. Из-за плохого здоровья он вынужден был оставить
учебу. 6. Кто распределял билеты? 7. Эта лампа очень ярко све-
тит (дает яркий свет). 8. Это растение плохо пахнет. 9. Я думаю,
что вам придется отказаться от мысли провести свой отпуск на
юге в июле. 10. Если бы я был на вашем месте, я бы не усту-
пил ей. 11. Продовольствие будут распределять завтра. 12. Ско-
ро объявят о дате выборов. 13. Силы покинули меня. 14. У нас
кончились деньги. 15. Не переставайте искать (не прекращайте
поиски). 16. Вам надо бросить курить. 17. Он раздал все свои
деньги. 18. Хозяева вынуждены были уступить. 19. Сдаюсь,
сам расскажи, чем эта история кончилась. 20. Не сдавайтесь!
21. Как жаль, что он бросил музыку. 22. Он не терял надежды.

go
go ahead двигаться вперед; продолжать to proceed, continue,
lead the way
Go ahead! (вперед)
go about/go (a)round ходить, гулять to wander, to walk about
The tourists went about London.
I’d like to go (a)round Africa myself.
go away уходить, уезжать to leave
I want to be alone now. Just go away.
go back возвращаться to return
We had better go back to the house. It’s beginning to rain.
go by руководствоваться чем-л.; судить по чему-л. to be
guided by
I try to go by reason as far as possible.
64
go down
1. уезжать (из столицы за город, из города в деревню) to go
to the country from the capital or town (to a place regarded as
less important)
I believe he’s going down to Exeter for the weekend.
2. падать, снижаться (о ценах), утихать (о ветре) to become
less, to be reduced (of wind, weight, price, etc.)
During her illness her weight went down from 50 kilos to 40.
The wind went down and the sea became quite calm.

go in for заниматься чем-л., увлекаться to be especially inter-


ested in; to practise, to enter (for a competition)
She plays a lot of golf and goes in for all the competitions.
This restaurant goes in for vegetarian dishes. (specializes in
them)

go off
1. уходить, уезжать; убегать, сбегать to leave
My brother has gone off to college.
She went off with my friend.
2. звонить (о будильнике, сигнализации и т. п.) to ring (alarm)
Every morning Donald’s alarm went off in time for him to go
to early Mass.
3. взорваться, выстрелить to explode, to fire
As he was cleaning the gun it went off and killed him.
4. разг. терять интерес (к чему-л.), разлюбить (что-л.) to stop
liking sb/sth or lose interest in them
I used to eat a lot of fish but I’ve gone off it a bit recently.

go on
1. продолжать; идти дальше to continue any action, to
continue a journey
He went on fighting even after I told him to stop.
65
Go on with your work.
Don’t wait for me. I’m not quite ready. Go on and I’ll catch
you up.
2. происходить, случаться to happen, to take place
Something strange was going on and I wanted to know what it
was.
3. (at) набрасываться (на кого-л.), бранить кого-л.; приста-
вать с просьбами to criticize, say repeatedly
My last English teacher was very hard to please. Every day he
went on at me about something or other.
I went on at my father to have safety belts fitted.
4. включаться, загораться (о свете) to begin operating
The light goes on automatically.

go out
1. выходить (из помещения) to leave a room, building, or other
place
Why don’t we go out into the garden?
2. бывать в обществе, ходить в театры, на концерты to join
in social life, leave one’s house for entertainments, etc.
She is very pretty and goes out a lot.
3. погаснуть to stop burning (of a fire, a light, etc.); go off
The lights went out (off).

go over
1. пойти, сходить, сбегать (куда-л.) to visit sb for a short time;
go round
I’m just going over to his office for a minute.
2. просматривать (что-л.), изучать в деталях to examine or
check sth carefully
Go over your work before you hand it in.
66
go (a)round зайти (забежать) к кому-л. to visit sb for a short
time; go over
I’ll go round and see Nell later.
go through
1. просматривать (что-л.); изучать в деталях to examine or
check sth carefully; go over
He went through Guy’s books to find something about Po-
land.
2. испытывать, переживать to suffer, to endure
During the war we went through a great deal of hardships.
3. проделать, исполнить to perform, to accomplish
He went through a lot of work last time.
It took him no time to go through the customs.
go up
1. (to) приближаться, подходить to approach
He went up to her and asked her something.
2. ездить в столицу с периферии, из деревни в город to go to
the capital, to town from the country
He used to go up to town every Sunday.
3. подниматься, расти (о ценах) to rise, increase
The price of sugar will go up 5 % at the end of this month.
go with соответствовать, гармонировать to match, to suit
Your handbag should go with your gloves and shoes.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. The alarm goes ... every morning at 7 o’clock. 2. The price of first-
class stamps has gone ... again. 3. The fire has gone ... . Would you like
me to light it again? 4. What’s going ... there? There’s a huge crowd.
5. Go ... the contract very carefully before you sign it. 6. Although she
had a headache, she went ... playing with her son. 7. Lots of people
67
go … … the cooking competition every year. 8. A bomb went ... in the
city centre last weekend. Fortunately, no one was seriously injured.
9. She went ... difficult time last winter when she lost her job. 10. The
teacher went ... my homework to check for mistakes. 11. Jane seems
to be going ... Paul. 12. You go ... and I’ll follow. 13. She doesn’t want
to go ... to her husband. 14. The price of oil is going ... . 15. Oil is
going ... in price. 16. That’s a good rule to go ... . 17. When are you
going ... to Scotland? 18. She went ... to get a drink. 19. She became
more and more talkative as the evening went ... . 20. Can we go ...
to Ann’s today? 21. She always goes … … her children for one thing
or another. 22. I always start the day by going ... my mail. 23. They’ve
gone ... to Brighton for a couple of days. 24. He goes ... drinking
most evenings. 25. Things can’t go ... as they are. Something has
to change. 26. Manfred rang up and asked me to go ... to see him.
27. I could go ... the house as freely as I liked. 28. He went ... without
saying a word. 29. She is always indoors; she doesn’t go ... much.
30. He went ... the plans again and discovered two very serious
mistakes. 31. There is a mistake somewhere: we’ll have to go ...
the accounts and see where it is. 32. Do you go ... ... sailing? 33. S-sh!
There’s a meeting going ... next door. 34. The gun went ... by accident.
35. She goes … … him continually. 36. Does this jacket go ... this skirt?
37. Many Irish people went ... to America during the holiday. 38. She
doesn’t go … … team games. 39. That’s a good rule to go ... . 40. Of
course we want to go ... some day – it’s our country, our real home.
41. I’ll go ... and tell them you’re on the way. 42. I went ... to the post
office. 43. I’m going ... to my sister’s. 44. She went ... to think about it.
45. I went ... to the kitchen and poured my coffee. 46. It started to
rain but I had not the strength to go ... for an umbrella. 47. I thought
of going … … teaching. 48. She went ... to look at the flowers.
49. When I asked what was going ..., she refused to say anything.
50. She got up and went ... to her suitcase, opened it, and took out an
envelope. 51. Cigarettes are going ... in price. 52. Tom has been going
... with Kate for six weeks. 53. The lights went … . 54. How long has
Jim gone … … stamp-collecting? 55. Let’s go ... the arguments again.
56. Certain formalities have to be gone ... before you can emigrate.
57. He’s amazingly cheerful considering all he’s had to go ... . 58. Go
... and think about it, then let me know. 59. I’m going ... on business.
60. She hesitated for a moment and then went ... . 61. I think she’s
going ... him a bit. 62. Have you a match? My cigarette has gone ... .
68
63. Let’s go ... this scene again until you’re sure you know it. 64. She’s
been going … … me for a year to buy her a new coat. 65. Let’s go ...
the structures we studied last week. 66. We’re going ... for a meal. Do
you want to come? 67. The light only goes ... at night.

2. Translate into English.

1. Можно мне позвонить по вашему телефону? –Пожалуйста.


2. Он уехал в другой город. 3. Цены упали. 4. Ветер стих. 5. Он
занимается (увлекается) спортом. 6. Свет погас. 7. По мере
того, как шло время, он становился все более нетерпеливым.
8. Свет зажегся. 9. Надеюсь, дождь не будет идти весь день.
10. Продолжайте работать. 11. Давай ненадолго выйдем. 12. Мы
сегодня пойдем развлекаться. 13. Вчера мой брат зашел навес-
тить меня. 14. Температура поднимается. 15. Я потратила день
на то, чтобы походить повсюду и осмотреть музеи. 16. Теперь
пошли домой. 17. У него падает температура. 18. Яйца стано-
вятся дешевле. 19. Я уезжаю в деревню. 20. Какое у вас хобби?
21. В какие спортивные игры вы играете? 22. Они удрали. 23. Я
бросил пить кофе. (Я разлюбил кофе.) 24. Я остыла к своему
дружку (поклоннику). 25. Продолжайте, я слушаю. 26. Война
продолжалась (длилась, шла) до 1945 года. 27. Что здесь про-
исходит? 28. Идет свадьба. 29. Она вышла пройтись (погулять).
30. Мы очень редко здесь бываем. 31. Я как раз иду на минут-
ку в его кабинет. 32. Роберт занимается плаванием и, кажется,
делает успехи. 33. Прежде чем сдать экзаменационную работу,
просмотрите ее еще раз. 34. Бомба взорвалась на оживленной
улице. 35. Она меня без конца пилит (ругает). 36. Ей пришлось
многое пережить в связи с болезнью сына. 37. Туфли очень
красивые, но сумка должна соответствовать им. 38. Он никогда
не говорил мне, что происходило в школе.

grow
grow out of
1. перерастать что-л., выходить за рамки, размеры, грани-
цы и т. п. to outgrow
He’s already grown out of his school uniform.
69
2. отвыкать от чего-л. с возрастом или с течением времени
to abandon, on becoming older, a childish (and often bad)
habit
He used to tell a lot of lies as a young boy but he grew out of
that later on.
grow up вырастать, становиться взрослым to develop into an
adult
Their children have all grown up and left home now.

hand
hand in вручать, подавать to give by hand
I handed in my resignation to the employer.
Someone handed this parcel in yesterday.
hand over передавать to give sth/sb officially or formally to
another person
He handed over a cheque for $ 1000.
He handed the weapons over to the police.
hand round раздавать (всем присутствующим) to give or show
to each person present
The hostess handed round coffee and cakes.

hang

hang about слоняться, болтаться, шататься to wait or stay near


a place, not doing very much
The kids hung about in the streets.
hang on ожидать (часто у телефона) to wait for a short time;
hold on
Hang on (for) a moment!
hang up положить телефонную трубку; прекратить телефон-
ный разговор to end a phone call and put back the receiver
Hang up your receiver.
70
have

have sth on быть одетым (во что-л.), носить (одежду и т. п.)


to be wearing sth
She had a red jacket on.
He had nothing (= no clothes) on.

head

head for направляться, держать курс (куда-л.) to move


towards
I headed for the door.

hold

hold on ожидать (часто у телефона) to wait (especially on the


telephone); hang on
Excuse me, sir, hold on – Mr Smith will speak to you.
Yes, Mr Pitt is in. If you hold on for a moment I’ll get him for
you.
hold up
1. останавливать, задерживать (уличное движение, работу и
т. п.) to stop, to delay (traffic, industry, work, research, etc.)
The policeman held up the traffic to allow pedestrians to cross
the road.
The bus was held up because a tree had fallen across the road.
2. останавливать с целью грабежа; грабить to rob
Two masked men held up the bank.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. You must all hand ... your projects by the end of next week. 2. If
you don’t do what I ask, I’ll take the money and hand it ... to him.
3. Hang ... a minute. 4. We had decided to head ... Miami. 5. Do
you mind holding ... while I find out? 6. The whole thing was held ...

71
about half an hour. 7. Hang ... – I’ll just see if he is here. 8. She grew
... in Boston. 9. After I hung ... I remembered what I’d wanted to say.
10. I’ve rather grown ... ... my taste for ice cream. 11. It cost a small
fortune and she grew … … it in three months. 12. He took the tray in
and handed the glasses ... . 13. He held me ... at the point of a gun.
14. They grew ... in the early days of television. 15. She had an old
bathrobe … . 16. He hung … all day (doing nothing).

2. Translate into English.

1. Кем ты хочешь стать, когда вырастешь? 2. Она сдала курсовую


работу с опозданием (after the deadline). 3. Она передала заяв-
ление в суд. 4. Телефон занят, не вешайте трубку (подождите).
5. Не бросай трубку! 6. Движение остановилось из-за тумана.
7. Он был задержан иммиграционными властями. 8. Утром мы
отправились к озеру. 9. Пусть вас не волнует его застенчивость,
со временем он избавится от нее. 10. Она раздала пирожные.
11. Вчера был ограблен поезд. 12. На вечеринке на ней было
голубое платье. 13. Я целый час торчал (околачивался) там, но
он так и не пришел.

keep

keep away (from) держаться в отдалении; не находиться вбли-


зи to avoid going near sb/sth; stay away
‘Keep away from the fire,’ the mother said to her little son.
keep back
1. держаться сзади, в стороне, в отдалении to stay back
Keep back! Назад! Отойдите! Не подходить!
2. удерживать, задерживать; скрывать, утаивать to conceal
She was unable to keep back her tears.
I’ll keep back nothing from you.
keep from sth/from doing sth удерживаться, воздерживаться от
чего-л. to resist
She could hardly keep from laughing.
72
keep sb from sth/from doing sth мешать, препятствовать ко-
му-л. делать что-л. to prevent from
I hope I’m not keeping you from your work.
The church bells keep me from sleeping.
keep off
1. держаться в отдалении, не приближаться to stay away
from
He told them to keep off the freshly painted benches.
Keep off the grass! (park notice)
2. избегать, не касаться to avoid
I’m trying to keep off fatty foods.
It’s best to keep off politics when my father is around.
keep on продолжать настойчиво делать что-л. to continue, to
go on doing sth
They kept on looking for the little girl until it got too dark.
School keeps on till four o’clock.
keep to придерживаться чего-л., не отклоняться (от темы
и т. п.) to stick to
Keep to the point.
Keep to the letter of the law.
keep up
1. поддерживать, содержать в хорошем состоянии to keep
sth in good condition
The car will last long if you keep it up.
2. поддерживать, не давать снижаться to maintain sth at the
same level
Something must be done to keep up the prices.
We must keep up our position.
keep up (with) не отставать, поспевать, держаться наравне с
кем-л. to proceed at an equal pace
Slow down, I can’t keep up!
I never quite manage to keep up with the rest.

73
knock
knock down
1. сбить (с ног); свалить to hit and make them fall to the
ground; knock over
She was knocked down by a bus.
He knocked his opponent down three times in the first round.
2. ломать, разрушать (постройки) to destroy a building by
breaking its walls; demolish, pull down
These old buildings are going to be knocked down.
knock off
1. сбивать, сшибать to hit sth so that it falls to the ground
A stone was placed on a brick and had to be knocked off by
another stone when it was aimed at.
2. разг. прекращать, прерывать, бросать (работу и т. п.) to
stop doing sth, especially work
We knock off (work) at 5.
knock out нокаутировать (бокс) to hit sb so hard that he falls
unconscious
In the finals of the boxing championship he knocked out his
opponent, who was carried out of the ring.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I just managed to keep myself ... falling. 2. Nothing is more irri-


tating than people who do not keep ... the point. 3. I can’t keep ... ...
all the changes. 4. Wages are not keeping ... ... inflation. 5. Keep ... ...
the edge of the cliff. 6. The rain kept ... all night. 7. He kept .… staring
at me. 8. Try to keep ... a routine. 9. We must keep ... the deadlines.
10. It’s important to keep ... the standard. 11. She can drink milk, but
she has to keep ... butter. 12. He kept ... the question of whose fault it
was. 13. I tried to keep ... the conversation. 14. He was unable to keep
... the payments. 15. They kept ... ... the forest. 16. Keep your kids
... ... those bulls. 17. He kept ... from the committee the fact that he
74
was leaving them. 18. You should keep ... playing football too much,
otherwise you won’t be able to keep ... ... the class. 19. The doctor
advised him to keep ... meat for half a year. 20. You’d better keep ...
this subject. 21. If you don’t keep ... the street with your bicycle, I’ll
take it away. 22. Keep ... until you get to the church. 23. Well done!
Keep ... the good work! 24. The blow on the head knocked me ... .
25. Do you want to knock ... early today? 26. Let’s knock ... for lunch.
27. I bumped and nearly knocked ... a person at the bus stop. 28. I’d
knock the wall ... between the front room and dining room. 29. The
old man hit him so hard that he knocked him ... .

2. Translate into English.

1. Я старался не смотреть на себя в зеркало. 2. Я не мог не улыб-


нуться (я не мог сдержать улыбку). 3. Из-за этого я не пошел в
школу. 4. Этот шум не дает мне спать. 5. Цены не снижаются.
6. Мужество их не покидало. 7. Шум не прекращался целый
день. 8. Я не могу угнаться за вами. 9. Ник отставал от своих со-
учеников. 10. Если вы не хотите забыть английский, слушайте
радио, читайте газеты и книги. 11. Она старалась скрыть слезы,
чтобы никто не видел, что она расстроена. 12. Воздерживай-
тесь от откровенных разговоров с ним. Он может вас подвести.
13. Держитесь подальше от плохих товарищей. 14. Назад! Отой-
дите! 15. От больного скрыли истинный характер его заболева-
ния. 16. Не касайся (избегай) этого вопроса. 17. Воздерживайся
от (не ешь) конфет и шоколада. 18. Отчего собаки все время
лают? 19. Он придерживается строгой диеты. 20. Он все время
задает глупые вопросы. 21. Его сбила машина. 22. Он был сра-
жен пулей. 23. Мы сегодня рано закончили работу.

lay

lay off амер. увольнять рабочих to make sb redundant


City workers are being laid off at the rate of 100 a week.

leave
leave out пропускать, не включать (что-л.) to omit
We’ll sing our school song leaving out the last ten verses.
75
let

let down

1. опускать, спускать вниз to lower sth


We let the bucket down by a rope.
Delia let down her beautiful fair hair.
2. подвести, покинуть в беде to fail to help or support sb as
they had hoped or expected
This machine won’t let you down.
Sorry to let you down, but I can’t give you a lift today.
let in впускать to allow to enter
If you mention my name to the door-keeper he will let you in.
let off разг. отпустить без наказания; простить, помиловать to
refrain from punishment
I thought that the policeman was going to fire me but he let
me off.
let out выпускать, освобождать to allow to leave, to release
He opened the door and let out the dog.

live

live off
1. жить на чей-л. счет; жить с чего-л., за счет чего-л. to
receive the money you need to live from sb/sth because you do
not have any yourself
She’s still living off her parents.
They continued to live off the rents of their farms, as they
always had done.
2. питаться (чем-л.) to have a particular type of food as the main
thing you eat in order to live; live on
He seems to live off junk food.
76
live on (upon)
1. питаться (чем-л.) to eat a particular type of food to live;
live off
Small birds live mainly on insects.
2. жить (на какие-л. средства) to have enough money for the
basic things you need to live
You can’t live on forty pounds a week.
live up to жить согласно (принципам, идеалам и т. п.); быть
достойным; оправдать (ожидания, надежды) to do as well as
or be as good as other people expect you to
He failed to live up to his parents’ expectations.
The team called ‘The No-Hopers’ certainly lived up to its
name.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. ‘Please let me ...,’ Nick kept asking his mother. 2. Charlie’s never
let me ... yet. 3. Go and let them … . 4. Let the blinds ... , please.
5. I promised him that you would do the work. Why did you let me
... by doing so little? 6. The ticket-collector let him ... with a fine.
7. If you are late I’ll let you ... . 8. Let ... the child. It’s nice out-of-
doors. 9. Let the water ... of the bath-tub. 10. Don’t worry – I won’t
let you ... this time, I promise. 11. She was let ... with a warning.
12. She left ... an ‘m’ in ‘accommodation’. 13. The film didn’t live …
… my expectations. 14. She succeeded, to my mind, in living … … her
extraordinary reputation. 15. Robert had not worked for two months
when I met him, and had been living ... savings accumulated in the
previous season. 16. He’d been living ... pork pies since Monday.
17. How do you expect me to live ... ₤ 150 a year? 18.1 don’t have
enough to live ... . 19. She lived ... berries and wild herbs. 20. The play
quite lived … … my expectations. 21. I always leave ... the difficult
exercises.

2. Translate into English.

1. (Смотри) не подведи меня. 2. Она отошла в сторону, чтобы


выпустить ее. 3. Я уверен, что его пропустят (выпустят). Все
77
знают, что он потерял свой билет. 4. Вы можете положиться
на него, он вас не подведет. 5. Опустите окно, в купе холод-
но. 6. На этот раз я вас прощаю, но если это повторится, то
вам не удастся отделаться так легко! 7. Он отделался штрафом.
8. Впусти (выпусти) собаку. 9. Я пропустил слово в предложе-
нии. 10. Он не оправдал моих надежд. 11. Он оказался верным
своему долгу. 12. Он живет с земли (питается с огорода). 13. Он
сидит на шее у своей престарелой матери. 14. Как он умудряет-
ся прожить на такое жалованье?

look

look after присматривать, ухаживать, заботиться to take


care of
Who’s going to look after the children while you’re away?
Look after my garden.
look ahead (on sth) смотреть вперед; проявлять предусмотри-
тельность, предвидеть to think about what is going to happen in
the future and perhaps make plans
We’re trying to look ahead.
look away отводить взгляд, смотреть (куда-то) в сторону to
turn one’s eyes away from sth so that you can no longer see it
Their eyes met and Ida blushed and looked away.
look back
1. оглядываться to turn to see what is behind you
Jack turned and looked back at Ralph.
2. (on, upon sth) обращаться к прошлому (мысленно), вспо-
минать to think about sth in your past
The past always seems better when you look back on it.
look down on (sb/sth) смотреть свысока; смотреть с презре-
нием, презирать to think that you are better than sb / sth
She looks down on people who haven’t been to college.
look for искать to search
I looked for my keys all morning but I couldn’t find them.
78
look forward to предвкушать (что-л.); ожидать (чего-л.) с удо-
вольствием to expect with pleasure
I am looking forward to her arrival/to seeing her.
look in (on sb, at a place) зайти, заглянуть to pay a short visit
The doctor will look in again this evening.
Won’t you look in on me next time you’re in town?
I’ll look in at your place tomorrow, but I can’t stay long.
look into изучать (вопрос), детально исследовать to investigate,
to examine carefully
A working party has been set up to look into the problem.
look on (upon) наблюдать со стороны to watch an event as a
spectator
Passers-by simply looked on as he was attacked.
look on sb/sth as sb/sth считать кого-л./что-л. кем-л./ чем-л.
to consider sb/sth to be sb/sth
She’s looked on as the leading authority on the subject.
look out быть настороже to be on one’s guard
Look out! There’s a train coming!
look out on (upon, onto sth) выходить, быть обращенным
(куда-л.), в какую-л. сторону (на море, на город и т. п.) to have
a view of somewhere
The room looks out on a park.
look over просмотреть, осмотреть что-л. to examine sth to see
how good, big, etc. it is
We looked over the house again before we decided to buy it.
I want to look over this manuscript again.

look (a)round
1. оглядываться кругом to turn your head to see sb/sth behind
you
She looked round when she heard the noise.
79
2. осматривать to walk round a place in order to see what it is
like
Shall we look round the Cathedral this afternoon?
look through просмотреть, пробежать (глазами) to examine or
read sth quickly
She looked through her notes before the exam.
look up
1. поднимать глаза to raise your eyes to see what is above
I suddenly looked up and saw Mr Rutland watching me.
2. искать что-л. (в словаре, справочнике), наводить справки
to look for information in a dictionary or reference book
Can you look up the time of the next train?
I looked it up in the dictionary.
look up to sb уважать, смотреть почтительно на кого-л. to
admire or respect sb
I really look up to my teacher.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I can’t wait for the camping trip, I’m really looking … … it. 2. Ex-
cuse me. I’m looking ... Mount Street. Could you tell me where it is?
3. The police are looking ... last night’s robbery. 4. How can we find
Liz’s address? – Let’s look it ... in the phone book. 5. Who’s going
to look ... the dog while you’re away? 6. Look ... this letter to see if
there are any mistakes. 7. The students look ... ... you and admire
you. 8. You’ll need to look ... four or five years. 9. It looked ... at Mrs
Bixby with bright yellow eyes, then looked ... again and carried on
eating. 10. I looked ... and saw my car moving slowly down the hill.
11. It all seems very pathetic when I look ..., but it was painful enough
at the time. 12. They are arrogant and aggressive people. They look
… … us. 13. I think I’ll look … … my parents on the way home from
work. 14. I’ll look … … the newsagent’s and pick up a paper. 15. I’ll
look ... again tomorrow afternoon. 16. His parents looked ... with a
triumphant smile as he collected his prize. 17. They look ... him as
80
their leader. 18. ‘Look ...,’ I said. ‘There’s someone coming.’ 19. The
windows look … … the garden. 20. Will you please look... my paper
before I submit it? 21. He stopped suddenly and looked ... . 22. We
began to look ... the schoolroom with nostalgia. 23. He looked ...
the newspaper to see if there was any account of the football match.
24. He can look ... himself, you needn’t worry. 25. Tracy has lost her
keys. She’s been looking ... them all morning. 26. Don’t you have a
dentist’s appointment on Monday? – Yes, and I’m not looking …
… it at all. 27. The police are looking ... the case of the missing dia-
monds. 28. The students really looked … … Mr Jones. 29. If you are
not sure how to spell a word, look it ... in a dictionary. 30. Looking
… … my childhood, I can remember many interesting things. 31. He
looks ... me as an amateur. 32. I’m not playing, I’m merely loo-
king ... . 33. I’ve warned you, so look ...! 34. The doctor promised to
look ... . 35. I will look … … him after breakfast. 36. I’ll look … … the
club on my way to the office. 37. I want to look ... the accounts again.
38. Why do the English look … … everything foreign? 39. We’ll give
you our decision when we’ve had time to look ... the matter. 40. She
looks … … her father. 41. You’ll get into trouble if you don’t look ... .
42. There is a mystery about his death and the police are looking ...
it. 43. I’ll look ... this evening to see how she is. 44. Perhaps one day
it will be pleasant to look ... on these things. 45. They look ... this as
an absolute necessity. 46. I don’t know when the course starts but I’ll
look it ... for you. 47. My sister is very ill and is being looked ... by
our parents. 48. I’m looking .. a job at the moment, but it’s hard to
find one that is suitable. 49. We look ... this town as our real home.
50. Let’s look ... the town this afternoon.

2. Translate into English.

1. He забудьте навестить меня, когда будете в Минске. 2. Когда


я мысленно обращаюсь к прошлому, я хорошо вижу ошибки,
которые я совершил, когда был молод. 3. Присмотри за ре-
бенком, пока меня не будет. 4. Он быстро перелистал журнал.
5. Все с нетерпением ждут вечера. 6. Осторожнее! Мы въезжа-
ем в тоннель. 7. Терпеть не могу людей, которые наблюдают за
всем со стороны. 8. Неудивительно, что все относятся к ней с
уважением. 9. Найдите, пожалуйста, точное определение этого
слова. Боюсь, что вы ошиблись. 10. Вы просмотрите его работу
81
еще раз? 11. Пойди и проверь расписание. 12. Когда мы были
детьми, наша бабушка присматривала за нами в выходные дни.
13. Важно проявлять предусмотрительность. 14. Окна выходят
на море. 15. Я считаю его своим учителем. 16. Он разыскивает
своего сына. 17. Мы должны тщательно изучить этот вопрос.
18. Мы собираемся осмотреть лабораторию. 19. Я обернулся
и увидел своего брата. 20. Он на всех смотрит свысока. 21. Он
презирает бедных.

make

make for направляться, следовать (куда-л.) to move or proceed


towards
As soon as she heard the baby’s cry she made for the pram.
make off убегать, удирать to hurry away, especially in order to
escape
The vehicle made off at once.

make out
1. составлять (документ), выписывать (рецепт, чек, счет
и т. п.) to write out or complete a form or document
He made out a cheque for ₤ 100.
The doctor made out a prescription for me.
2. разобрать; увидеть; различить to manage to see sb/sth or
read or hear sth
I could just make out a figure in the darkness.
I could hear voices but I couldn’t make out what they were
saying.
3. понять, разобраться to understand
I can’t make out what she’s trying to say.
Can you make out the meaning of this sentence?
4. делать вид; притворяться to pretend
Mary has always made out that her parents were rich, but it
isn’t true.
82
make up
1. составлять, изготовлять, приготавливать (лекарство по
рецепту, обед, блюда и т. п.) to put together, to compound
different ingredients (medicine, dinner, etc.)
The druggist made up the prescription for me.
She was at a loss as she didn’t know how to make up that dish.
2. выдумывать, измышлять to invent a story (excuse,
explanation)
He was a good storyteller, and used to make up tales about
animals.
3. помириться, уладить спор to end a quarrel
Why don’t you two kiss and make up?
Has he made it up with her yet?
Have they made it up yet?
4. гримироваться, применять косметику to put cosmetics on
You need to wash, change that dress, and make up.
She spent two hours making herself up.
make up to sb for sth компенсировать, возмещать, искупать
вину to compensate for
We must make up to her for what we’ve done.
We’ll make up for it.
I’m sorry I’m late but I’ll make it up to you.
make up to заискивать перед кем-л. to seek favour with sb
Nowadays politicans are making up to rich businessmen.
make up one’s mind решить, принять решение to come to a
decision
In the end he made up his mind to go by train.
meet
meet up (with sb) разг. встретиться (случайно или по пред-
варительной договоренности) to meet sb by chance or by
arrangement
They met up later for a drink.
We planned to meet up with them later in Florence.
83
mix
mix up спутать, перепутать to confuse
Someone has mixed up all the application forms.

move
move in въезжать (в квартиру) to start to live in your new home
Our new neighbours moved in yesterday.
move off уходить, уезжать; отъезжать to start moving, to leave;
set off
The train is moving off.
move on идти дальше, продолжать движение to go on
After three weeks in Hong Kong we moved on to Japan.
move out съезжать (с квартиры) to leave your old home
We shall move out next week.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He made ... his face to look like a clown’s for the party. 2. His
handwriting is so bad, I can’t make ... what he has written. 3. They
finally made ... after their argument. 4.1 can’t make ... whether to buy
the dress or not. 5. He has a hard time making ... his mind. 6. I don’t
believe your story at all. I think you are just making it ... . 7. Isn’t it
time you and Ann made ... your quarrel? 8. Most women make ...
their faces. 9. Actors have to be made ... before they appear on the
stage. 10. She released the child suddenly and he made .... 11. I made
... the corner seat and sat down gratefully. 12. The best thing now
would be to make ... the top of Brill Hill. 13. Take this prescription
to the chemist’s. They will make it... for you there. 14. He made ...
some excuse about his daughter being sick. 15. Have you made ...
your minds where to go for your honeymoon? 16. If you miss a les-
son, we can make … … it later. 17. The cat took one look at her and
made ... . 18. After the concert the crowd made ... the nearest door.
19. He opened a drawer and made... to be looking for something in it.
20. I can hardly make... the number on the door. 21. Beauty can-
84
not make … … stupidity. 22. Some students make ... to their teach-
ers to get good marks. 23. Tom watched his sister make ... before
her date. 24. The boy was making ... the nearest railway station.
25. I can’t make ... why he allows his children to do as they like.
26. Mr Smith gave the clerk in the store some money and the clerk
made ... a receipt. 27. Mary is always making ... stories for her chil-
dren. 28. After the quarrel the two young lovers kissed and made
it ... . 29. How can I make … … my rudeness? 30. He mixed ... the
addresses so that no one got the right letters. 31. I have found a new
flat. The present tenant is moving ... this weekend and I am moving ...
on Wednesday. 32. They moved ... as soon as the cloud lifted. 33. The
fleet of cars prepared to move ... . 34. It happened twenty years ago.
We met ... at a wedding.

2. Translate into English.

1. Я решил закончить работу в тот же день. 2. Он направил-


ся к двери. 3. Мы составим список того, что нам требуется.
4. Я не могу понять, что он хочет сказать. 5. Он представля-
ет дело так, будто с ним плохо обращаются. 6. Это ты выду-
мываешь. 7. Это поможет мне наверстать упущенное время.
8. Она никогда не красится. 9. Она была сильно накрашена.
10. Он очень хорошо сочиняет стихи. 11. Передайте мне очки.
Я не могу разобрать мелкий шрифт. 12. Вам придется выпи-
сать копию чека, он потерял оригинал. 13. Сойдя с поезда, он
сразу направился в почтовое отделение. 14. Что-то не ладится
в наших отношениях в последнее время, мы то ссоримся, то
миримся. 15. Джемме иногда казалось, что ей никогда не ис-
купить вины перед Артуром. 16. Странно, что она заискивает
перед этим глупым человеком. 17. Я не могу понять, как вы
можете обходиться без словаря. 18. Он воспользовался этой
возможностью и сбежал. 19. Они не так богаты, как стараются
это представить. 20. Он не мог разобрать ее почерка. 21. Давай
помиримся. 22. Он сам написал эту речь? 23. Пока я ожидал,
аптекарь приготовил лекарство. 24. У нее уходит очень много
времени, чтобы накраситься. 25. Я всегда их путаю. 26. Поезд
отходит. 27. Проходите! (Не задерживайтесь!) 28. Он съедет с
квартиры завтра, а мы вселимся в воскресенье. 29. Она все еще
(никак) не может решить. (Она все еще думает.)
85
pass
pass away уйти в мир иной, скончаться to die
His mother passed away last year.
pass for сойти за кого-л.; быть принятым за кого-л. to be
accepted as sb/sth
He speaks the language so well he could easily pass for a
German.
We had some wine – or what passes for wine in that area.

pass off
1. проходить, утихнуть, постепенно исчезать (о боли, ощу-
щениях) to disappear, gradually to decrease in strength or
intensity
Take this tablet and the pain should pass off within an hour.
2. пройти удачно, хорошо (о концерте, вечере и т. п.) to be
carried through well, smoothly
The concert passed off well.
3. сбывать, подсовывать
The police caught him for passing off false money.

pass sb/sth off as выдавать (себя/что-л.) за to represent falsely


He’ll pass me off as his sister.

pass on
1. проходить дальше to go on
Pass on, please!
He bowed and passed on.
2. передавать дальше to hand over to sb
He passed the book on to his wife.
3. переходить к другому вопросу to move on to another sub-
ject
They passed on to the second item on the agenda.
86
pass out падать в обморок, терять сознание to lose conscious-
ness
The atmosphere in the hall became so stifling that two of the
women passed out.
pay
pay back
1. возвращать деньги to repay
I must pay back the money that I borrowed.
2. (for) отплатить, отомстить to revenge oneself
I’ll pay you back for this (for the harm you have done me).
pay sth in / pay sth into sth вносить деньги в банк to put money
into a bank account
I paid in a cheque this morning.
I’d like to pay some money into my account.
pay off расплатиться сполна; рассчитаться (с кем-л.) to finish
paying money owed for sth; repay
He had used the firm’s money to pay off gambling debts.
He paid off his creditors.
pay out выплачивать to pay a large sum of money for sth
I had to pay out ₤ 500 to get my car repaired.
pay up разг. платить, расплачиваться to pay money owed in full
(there is often a feeling that the payer is reluctant)
Unless you pay up I shall tell my solicitor to write to you.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He tried to pass her remark ... ... a joke. 2. My head thumped so-
lidly on a rock and I passed ... . 3. The demonstration passed ... peace-
fully. 4. They passed ... to other matters. 5. He escaped by passing
himself ... ... a guard. 6. Pass the book ... to me when you’ve finished
with it. 7. The man lowered his eyes and passed ... . 8. Fortunately the
effects of the gas passed ... relatively quickly. 9. I passed your message
... to my mother. 10. Do you think he will pass ... a cook wearing that

87
hat? 11. Her uncle passed ... last week. 12. She could pass ... a much
younger woman. 13. When the young man heard the news, he passed
... with the shock. 14. She passed the idea ... ... her own. 15. I’ll just
sit here quietly till the giddiness passes ... . 16. He passed his secretary
… … his wife. 17. I had a hard time getting him to pay ... . 18. I’ll pay
you ... next week. 19. I’ll pay him ... for making me look like a fool
in front of everyone. 20. We paid ... our mortgage after fifteen years.
21. They pay ... half of their income in rent. 22. She had paid ... good
money to send Julie to school. 23. So she fell into debt and had to
pay it ... by selling the house. 24. I’m going to pay every penny of it
... to him! 25. Come on, pay ...! 26. Things might not go too well if
he didn’t pay ... . 27. I felt that I would like to wake her up to pay her
... for keeping me awake. 28. He paid ₤ 100 ... his savings account
yesterday.

2. Translate into English.

1. Демонстрация сторонников мира прошла успешно. Более


ста тысяч человек приняли в ней участие. 2. Боль еще не про-
шла. 3. Он умер, когда ему было девяносто лет. 4. Он передал
мне все материалы. 5. Когда произошла утечка газа, несколько
человек упало в обморок. 6. Давайте перейдем к обсуждению
нового проекта. 7. Лекция прошла хорошо. 8. Это было подано
как шутка. 9. Прочтите записку и передайте ее дальше. 10. Его
приняли за моего брата. 11. В этом маленьком городке он слыл
зажиточным человеком. 12. Проходите (не останавливайтесь)!
13. Одолжи мне двадцать рублей, верну в понедельник. 14. Я
тебе за это отплачу сполна (in full)! 15. Он расплатился с води-
телем и пошел на вокзал. 16. Вчера рабочим выплатили зарпла-
ту. 17. Ничего не оставалось, как заплатить. 18. Мы, наконец,
расплатились с долгами. 19. Вам придется заплатить (выложить
деньги). 20. Рабочим дан расчет. 21. Она отомстила ему за все
его оскорбления. 22. Вчера я внес 300 долларов на свой теку-
щий счет в банке.

pick
pick off срывать, обрывать, снимать (ягоды и т. п.) to remove
sth from sth
Mr Black picked off the dead flower heads.

88
pick on цепляться, придираться; дразнить; приставать to treat
sb unfairly, by blaming, criticizing or punishing them
You’re always picking on me.
pick out выбирать to choose, to select
Here are six rings. Pick out the one you like best.
pick up
1. поднимать, подбирать to raise or lift a person or thing,
usually from the ground or from a table or chair
He picked up the child and carried him into the house.
He picked up the phone and dialled the number.
2. заезжать, заходить (за кем-л., чем-л.) to call for, to take
someone in your car
My dad is going to pick me up from the party at midnight.
3. научиться (чему-л.), быстро нахвататься (знаний) to learn
without effort
Children usually pick up foreign languages quickly.
4. разг. идти на лад/на поправку, наладиться (о здоровье, по-
годе, бизнесе) to improve
Dad’s been quite ill, but he’s picking up again now.
Trade has been picking up again since the winter.
When is the weather going to pick up?
5. спасать, подбирать (в море) to save
A lifeboat picked up survivors.
6. разг. арестовать to arrest
He was picked up by the police and taken to the station for
questioning.
7. покупать (по случаю); приобретать to buy sth, especially
cheaply or by chance
We managed to pick up a few bargains at the auction.

point

point out указывать (на что-л.), выделять (какой-л. предмет


из группы других) to indicate, show

89
As we drove through the city the guide pointed out the most
important buildings.

pop

pop in заскочить по дороге to go somewhere quickly, suddenly


or for a short time
Why don’t you pop in (= visit us) for a drink next time you’re
in the area?
If you’re passing by, you should pop in for a chat some time.

pull

pull down сносить to demolish (used of buildings)


Why did they pull all those houses down?
pull in/up останавливать; останавливаться (в пути) to stop
He was pulled in for speeding.
They saw a filling station and pulled in.
He pulled up at the traffic lights.
pull in/into прибывать (на станцию, к месту назначения
и т. п.) to enter a station and stop
As the train pulled in there was a rush to get seats.

pull out
1. отходить от станции, выйти со станции (о поезде) to leave
a station
Не turned in his seat as the train pulled out.
2. отъезжать, уезжать to move away from the side of the road
A car suddenly pulled out in front of me.
pull over подъехать к тротуару или к краю дороги to move to
the side of the road in order to stop or let sth pass
A green VW pulled over next to me.

90
pull off стаскивать, снимать, срывать (одежду) to take off one’s
clothes quickly
I managed to pull my boots off.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He picked ... my bags and took them to my room. 2. Pick ... all the
dead leaves. 3. She picked … Spanish when she was living in Mexico.
4. She was picked ... by the other girls because of her size. 5. I’ll pick
you ... at 9. 6. She was picked ... from dozens of applicants for the
job. 7. The weather seems to be picking ... . 8. Try this – it will pick
you ... . 9. He picked ... the ripest peach for me. 10. The older men
pick ... the boys and are always looking for faults. 11. The economy is
picking ... . 12. They’ll look through the applications, they’ll pick ...
the ones they like, and invite you in for interview. 13. He managed to
pick ... a few bargains at the auction. 14. If the baby starts crying, pick
him ... . 15. I’ll pop ... and see you this evening. 16. The council said
it would close the flats and pull them ... . 17. I’ll point him ... to you
next time he comes in. 18. They decided to pull ... at the first small
taverna in the next village. 19. As the 4.30 to Newcastle pulled ...,
there was a mad scramble to get on. 20. The patrolmen put their spot-
light on the car, and told me to pull ... . 21. I saw a bus pull ... in front
of us. 22. Her parents looked sad as the train pulled ... of the station.
23. Brian shifted forward and told the driver to pull ... . 24. Critics
were guick to point ... the weaknesses in these arguments. 25. Anne
had already kicked off her shoes and was pulling … her socks.

2. Translate into English.

1. Зазвонил телефон, и Джон взял трубку. 2. Она взяла перчат-


ки и сумку. 3. Я заеду за вами в 7 часов. 4. Она выбрала серую
шляпу. 5. Он выбрал (подобрал) несколько книг. 6. Вечно ты
ко мне пристаешь. 7. Поднимите эту книгу. 8. Я зайду и захвачу
письма. 9. Высадите меня там, где вы меня посадили. 10. Когда
я была в Италии, я нахваталась несколько итальянских слов и
выражений. 11. Ты не заедешь за моей посылкой, когда будешь
проезжать мимо почты? 12. Он забегает (к нам) каждый вечер.
13. Я заскочил на минутку. 14. Старый дом снесли. 15. Его ос-

91
тановили за превышение скорости. 16. Поезд подходил к стан-
ции с опозданием. 17. Поезд отошел. 18. Подъезжайте (сюда)
и предъявите права. 19. В Каире он по случаю приобрел не-
сколько восточных (oriental) рукописей. 20. Чашка кофе взбод-
рит меня. 21. Он удивительно быстро оправляется от болезни.
22. Дела поправляются (налаживаются). 23. Укажите то место,
о котором вы говорите. 24. Машина остановилась перед домом.
25. Машина отъехала от обочины тротуара (the curb).

put aside

1. откладывать (в сторону) to place an object somewhere next


to you; lay aside
Jimmy put aside his pipe.
2. копить (деньги) to save money for a particular purpose
Every summer he worked hard to put aside enough money to
continue his education.

put away убирать, прятать to put sth in the place where it is kept
Put away your toys.

put by откладывать (на черный день); припрятывать; put aside


I put by a few shillings in order to buy that.

put down

1. класть, ставить (на стол, пол и т. п.) to stop holding sth and
place it on a table, shelf, etc; set down
John put his drink down on the table.
2. записывать to write, to put on paper
Put that telephone number down before you forget it.
3. осуждать, критиковать; унизить, сбить спесь to make
humble, to lower in position, to criticize
She put me down all the time.
They mentioned his poetry only to put it down.
92
put down to относить, приписывать to consider that sth is caused
by sth
He put his failure down to lack of efficiency.
What do you put her success down to?
put forward выдвигать, предлагать to suggest sth for discussion
The idea was first put forward by J. Good.

put in
1. проводить (электричество, газ и т. п.), устанавливать
(телефон и т. п.) to install
Shortly gas will be put in in every house.
2. прерывать, вмешиваться (в разговор) to interrupt another
speaker in order to say sth
He had no opportunity to put in a word for his friend.

put off откладывать (дело, занятие, встречу) to postpone, to


delay
I’ll put off my visit to Scotland till the weather is warmer.
put on
1. надевать to dress oneself in
Put your coat on; it’s cold outside.
2. запускать, включать, приводить в действие to cause to
work by pressing a switch or turning a knob; turn on, switch
on
Shall I put the fire on?
He put on the light.
3. набирать, прибавлять (о весе) to become heavier
She put on over a stone.
She looks like she’s put on weight.

put out тушить, гасить to extinguish


Put out that light.
93
put through (to) соединять (по телефону) to connect by tele-
phone
We are trying to put you through.
Put me through to the director.
put up
1. поднимать to raise a hand, a sail
Those who have read the book put up your hands.
2. строить, воздвигать (здание и т. п.) to build, to erect
He put up a shed in the garden.
3. выставлять, вывешивать (объявление и т. п.) to fix up a no-
tice, sign, etc. for public view
They’ve put up a notice about the alterations in the timetable.
4. (at, with) остановиться (в гостинице и т. п.); давать при-
ют, принимать (гостей) to stay for a time; to let sb stay at
your home
We put up at a motel.
We can’t put him up here.
put up with терпеть, мириться to bear patiently
We had to put up with a lot of noise when the children were at
home.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He puts ... ₤ 100 a month to pay for his summer holiday. 2. When
he gave up smoking he put... nearly ten kilos. 3. Some friends put
me ... when I visited York so I didn’t have to pay for a hotel. 4. The
firemen put ... the fire in less than 10 minutes. 5. I don’t know how
she puts ... ... him. 6. She didn’t put ... her jacket as it wasn’t cold
outside. 7. Due to the storm I put ... my doctor’s appointment until
the following week. 8. The old man put his books ... and spoke to us.
9. She put her shopping ... in the kitchen. 10. ‘But didn’t you hear
what I said?’ put ... Sally Jones. 11.1 had a new lock put ... . 12. All
you have to do is put ... exactly what we’ve just said. 13. He puts it

94
… … a deep fear of change. 14. The Liberal party put ... a plan for
national recovery. 15. Why do you have to put me ... in front of ev-
eryone like that? 16. Townsend picked up the receiver and was put
... to the Laboratory. 17. We shall have to put ... a fence. 18. She put
... a large sign outside her house. 19. Don’t forget to put the fire ...
before you go to bed. 20. Our monthly meeting has been put ... until
next Wednesday. 21. Put ... every name on a piece of paper. 22. The
receptionist put me ... to the manager’s secretary. 23. I’m not going
to put ... ... their smoking any longer. 24. She’s always putting him …,
although he’s a very competent man. 25. How much money can we
put ... ? 26. I put his bad temper ... ... his recent illness. 27. It’s very
easy to put difficult discussions ... . 28. She took a pair of dark glasses
out of her pocket and put them ... . 29. She put her bag ... by the door.
30. The fire was put ... before the firefighters arrived. 31. We hadn’t
a room to spare so we put him ... with the Browns. 32. Jim puts his
success ... ... hard work. 33. I’m prepared to put ... ... it for the time
being. 34. At the end of the exam the teacher told everyone to put ...
their pens. 35. Let me put these books … . 36. You never support me.
You are always putting me ... .

2. Translate into English.

1. Я только поставлю машину. 2. Он отложил (накопил) поря-


дочную сумму. 3. Позвольте мне вмешаться (вставить слово).
4. Отложи рисунки в сторону, мы можем испачкать их. 5. Пос-
тавь сумку, я сама отнесу ее наверх. 6. Запишите фамилию это-
го автора. 7. Ее манеру одеваться не одобряли. 8. Она всегда все
откладывает. 9. Я отношу неуспех дела на счет его небрежности.
10. Если бы поставили ванну и провели телефон, ваша кварти-
ра стала бы еще удобней. 11. Он прибавил в весе. 12. Подожди,
пока я не надену пальто. 13. Он потушил сигарету. 14. Я не могу
больше выносить (терпеть) это. 15. Включи свет. 16. Погаси
свет. 17. Я думаю, что вам не следует откладывать разговора с
ним. 18. Соедините меня, пожалуйста, с директором. 19. Они
остановились в мотеле. 20. На вашем месте я убрала бы все не-
нужные вещи. 21. Я думаю, что пора вывесить объявление о
собрании. 22. Мы установили палатку на берегу озера. 23. По-
жарные потушили пожар в течение часа. 24. В Москве я оста-
новился у своих родственников. 25. Никогда не откладывайте
95
на завтра то, что можно сделать сегодня. 26. Ей было трудно
мириться с такими шумными соседями. 27. Он объясняет свой
поступок застенчивостью. 28. Он записал ее реплику. 29. Отло-
жи шитье и пойди прогуляться. 30. Нам только что поставили
телефон. 31. Убери посуду со стола. 32. Почему ты всегда пы-
таешься унизить меня?

ring
ring off давать отбой (по телефону), вешать трубку to put down
the telephone because you have finished speaking
He rang off before I could explain.

ring up звонить, вызывать (кого-л.) по телефону to telephone


sb/sth; phone up; call up
I’ll ring you up later.
He rang up the police station.

rip
rip off обобрать как липку; ограбить to cheat sb, by making
them pay too much, by selling them sth of poor quality, etc.
Don’t buy anything at that shop – I’ve been ripped off there a
few times.

rub
rub off стирать(ся), счищать to remove sth or to be removed by
rubbing
She rubbed off the dead skin.
The gold colouring had begun to rub off.

rub in втирать
Rub the ointment well in.

rub out стирать, вычищать to remove the marks made by a


pencil, etc. using a rubber
The child wrote down the wrong word and then rubbed it out.
96
rule

rule out исключать to exclude


Police have not ruled out the possibility that the man was
murdered.

run
run about суетиться, бегать туда-сюда to run without direction,
here and there; run around
I’ll run about a bit, I am quite chilly.

run across (sb/sth) встретить кого-л., что-л.; натолкнуться


на кого-л., что-л. to meet unexpectedly, to find by chance; come
across, bump into, run into
I ran across an old friend of mine the other day.
run after
1. бежать за кем-л., чем-л. to run to try to catch sb/sth
Run after him!
Mike threw the ball and the dog ran after it.
2. разг. ухаживать, “бегать” за кем-л. to try to have a romantic
or sexual relationship with sb
Beautiful women run after me and I can’t resist them.

run away убегать to escape; to get away by running


She ran away laughing up the road.

run down
1. сбить, наскочить на кого-л. to knock someone down by
running into him with a vehicle
The careless motorist ran down two small children.
2. быть утомленным, нездоровым (usu. predic.) to become
weak, exhausted
You’ve been working too hard and look run down.
He is still run down after his illness and unfit for work.
97
run into (sb/sth)

1. наскочить, встретить случайно to meet unexpectedly; run


across, come across, bump into
I ran into my cousin in Harrods yesterday.
2. столкнуться to collide with sth
The brakes went out of order and the car ran into a bus.

run off убегать, удирать to move quickly away from a place or


person; run away
The boys ran off.

run out (of) исчерпать запасы; иссякнуть, кончиться to reach


the end (of a supply)
I can’t give you coffee, we’ve run out of it.
We were rapidly running out of money.

run over переехать, задавить (кого-л.) to hit sb/sth with a vehicle;


run down; knock down
Two children were run over and killed.

rustle
rustle up разг. сварганить, сообразить что-л. поесть; раздо-
быть to make or find sth quickly for sb and without planning
We don’t have much in the fridge, but I think I can rustle up
something.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. What do you want from the shop? – Well, we’ve run … … eggs, so
get a dozen. 2. What’s happened to Sam’s bicycle? It’s in pieces! – It
was run ... by a bus yesterday. 3. I ran ... an interesting article while
I was reading the newspaper. 4. When the dog barked, the child-
ren ran ... . 5. Have you heard the news? Billy’s in town. – Yes, I know
I ran ... him this morning. 6. We needed a large garden where the kids
could run ... freely. 7. She spends a lot of time running ... wellknown
98
singers. 8. ‘You’re probably run ...,’ Clarissa said. ‘You need a holiday.’
9. He ran ... from home at the age of thirteen. 10. Guess who I ran ...
today! 11. Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run … . 12. Our
neighbour was run ... by a taxi and was badly injured. 13. We’ve run …
… flour and sugar – how can I make a cake? 14. David lost control
of the car and ran ... a tree. 15. I can’t do any more sit-ups. I’ve run
… … energy. 16. The policeman ran ... the burglar for five minutes
before he finally caught him. 17. You’re extremely run ..., of course.
I’m not sure that I oughtn’t to tell you that you are dangerously
run ... . 18. The girl laughed and ran ... . 19. It’s advisable to ring ...
first to make an appointment. 20. They can’t rule ... the possibility
that he was kidnapped. 21. I’ll try and rustle you ... something to eat.
22. The local shopkeepers were all trying to rip ... the tourists. 23. If
you write on the blackboard, rub it ... at the end of the lesson. 24. She
rubbed ... the dirt with her hand. 25. You forgot to rub ... your name.
26. Rub ... the pencil marks.

2. Translate into English.

1. Я случайно встретился (столкнулся) с ним на улице. 2. У нас


кончилась бумага для пишущей машинки. 3. Автомобилист
сбил велосипедиста. 4. Он удрал (скрылся) с моим кошельком.
5. Мне пришлось потратить много времени и энергии на эту
работу, я чувствую себя очень утомленной. 6. Дети бегали по
двору. 7. В тумане наш теплоход наскочил на маленькую ры-
бацкую лодку. 8. У меня сбежала собака. 9. Не дайте ему уйти
(убежать)! 10. Он попал под машину. 11. В результате напря-
женной работы она переутомилась. 12. Никогда не знаешь,
кого встретишь на вечеринке. 13. Когда вы с ним в последний
раз виделись? 14. Kаждое утро он бегал по саду, чтобы быть в
форме. 15. Какой толк бежать за автобусом, все равно его не
догонишь. 16. Кто за вами гонится? 17. Дети разбежались, ког-
да они увидели его. 18. Мне придется сейчас кончить разговор.
19. Я вам позвоню. 20. Президент считал возможным (не ис-
ключал) свое собственное участие в конференции. 21. Доктор
запретил родственникам посещать больного. 22. Сотрите это
слово. 23. Мел легко счищается (стирается).

99
scrape
scrape through сдать экзамен на “государственную” оцен-
ку (на тройку); еле-еле сдать, чуть не завалить to succeed in
doing sth with difficulty, especially in passing an exam
I might scrape through the exam if I’m lucky.

see
see about заняться чем-л.; позаботиться о чём-л. to make en-
quiries or arrangements about sth; to deal with
Robert went to the station to see about Thomas’s ticket.
I’ll have to see about getting that roof repaired.
see off провожать (отъезжающих) to accompany a traveller to
his/her train, plane, etc.
I’ll see you off at the airport.
see out проводить из помещения to accompany sb to the door/
exit of a house/building
When guests leave the house, the host usually sees them out.
see over осматривать (здание) to inspect a place; look round
Can I see over the flat before I make my decision?
see through видеть насквозь, разобраться not to be deceived by
sb/sth, to understand the real nature of
She pretended that she loved him but he saw through her, and
realized she was only after his money.
see to заботиться, присматривать за чем-л., кем-л. to take
care of
I’ll see to it that the work is done in time.
The porter will see to the luggage.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He promised to see ... the matter. 2. We saw ... him from the start.
3. ‘Will you see ... the arrangements for the next meeting?’ – ‘Don’t
100
worry – I’ll see ... it.’ 4. Can you see ... it that the fax goes this af-
ternoon? 5. Do you like being seen ... by many friends or do you
prefer a quiet departure? 6. Will you see me ...? I’m a stranger in this
place. 7. The engine wants seeing ... . It is not operating properly.
8. I saw ... the salesman’s trick and refused to buy his goods. 9. They
came to the airport to see us ... . 10. I’ll see you ... or you may get
lost in the building. 11. Will you see ... putting the children to bed?
12. I’ll see ... that boy as soon as I get back. 13. All the parents were
at the railway station seeing the children ... to school. 14. Will you see
... that customer, please? 15. While Donna bought the theatre tick-
ets I saw ... the parking of the car. 16. She had learnt to see ... him.
17. Don’t you worry about that. I’ll see ... that. 18. She saw him ...
of the kitchen. 19. I must see ... lunch. 20. We’ve seen ... two hous-
es today, but I didn’t like either of them. 21. ‘How did Edith do in
Maths?’ – ‘She only just scraped ... .’ 22. He was lucky to scrape ...
because he never did any work.

2. Translate into English.

1. Кто позаботится о билетах? 2. Он обещал заняться этим


вопросом. 3. Мы обо всем позаботимся. 4. Вы можете меня не
провожать. Я уже здесь был и могу найти выход сам. 5. Людям
всегда бывает очень грустно, когда они провожают своих близ-
ких. 6. Оставьте (поручите) это мне, я прослежу за этим. 7. Мы
понимали, что кроется за его планом. 8. Я вижу его насквозь.
9. Мы пошли на вокзал провожать его. 10. Я едва сдал экзамен
по химии.
send
send away прогонять, увольнять to tell someone to go away from
you
‘What are you doing here?’ – ‘Don’t send me away again!’
send for вызвать, пригласить to summon
One of our water pipes has burst. We must send for the plum-
ber.
send in подавать (заявление) to send a report or an application to
a place where it can be dealt with officially
Send in your application in good time.
101
send off отсылать, отправлять (письмо, посылку) to send sth to
a place by post/mail
I’m sending the files off to my boss tomorrow.
send on пересылать (в другое место) to forward, to send after a
person
If any letters come for you after you have gone I will send them
on.
send out отправлять, рассылать to send sth to a lot of different
people and places
Have the invitations been sent out yet?

serve

serve up/out подавать (на стол), разносить (пищу, напит-


ки); обслуживать to put food onto plates and give it to people;
dish up
He served up/out a delicious meal.
set

set in наступить, установиться (о явлениях природы/погоде) to


start and seem likely to continue
Winter has set in early this year.
set off/out отправиться, тронуться в путь to start on a journey
They set off/out at six and hoped to arrive before dark.
They set out/off for Rome.
set out намереваться, собираться (что-л. делать) to begin a
job, task, etc. with a particular aim or goal
She set out to break the world record.
set up
1. создавать, организовывать; открывать (какое-л. дело)
to establish, to start a business
An office was set up to deal with such affairs.

102
2. воздвигать, устанавливать, ставить to erect; put up
They set up their tent in the middle of a field.

settle
settle down поселяться, водворяться; устраиваться, усажи-
ваться to become accustomed to, and contented in a new place,
job, etc.
He soon settled down in his new school.
I settled down with a book.
settle in (into) переехать, вселиться в новую квартиру, устро-
иться на новом месте to move into a new home, job, etc. and
start to feel comfortable there
Madame gave her three weeks to settle in.
How are the kids settling into their new school?
settle up расплачиваться, рассчитываться to pay people what
you owe them
As soon as the money arrived I was able to settle up with him.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. We had to set ... at 6 a.m. to get to the village by 2 p.m. 2. She


loves travelling, so she’s decided to set ... a travel agency. 3. The rain
seemed to have set ... for the day. 4. They set ... on the last stage of
their journey. 5. In the middle of the square they set ... a big Christ-
mas tree. 6. They succeeded in what they set ... to do. 7. They serve
... far more food than could possibly be eaten. 8. Clare and I served ...
slices of cold meat. 9. He had settled ... to watch a sports programme.
10. At eight o’clock he settles ...for supper. 11. And how are you set-
tling ..., Mr Swallow? 12. We settled ... last week. 13. I’ll pay for the
tickets and you can settle ... with me afterwards. 14. The Grants have
lived in several parts of England, but they’d like to settle ... in Nor-
folk. 15. You must send ... your application before Friday. 16. The
director sent ... me and asked for an explanation. 17. He had sent ...
the rest of the family’s belongings the day before. 18. If she sends it
to me I’ll send it ... to you. 19. We sent ... a leaflet to every house-
hold. 20. Humboldt sent ... his resignation. 21. Send the beggar ... !
22. I won’t send it ... just yet.
103
2. Translate into English.

1. Она выехала в Лондон. 2. Наступала (приближалась) ночь.


3. Они выехали рано утром на следующий день. 4. Скоро здесь
будет воздвигнут памятник Пушкину. 5. Он открыл небольшой
книжный магазин. 6. Нам придется организовать (создать) но-
вую лабораторию. 7. Подайте кофе в гостиной. 8. На завтрак
была подана рыба. 9. Суп следует подавать очень горячим.
10. Пожалуйста, приходите к нам, когда мы устроимся. 11. Я
снял этот дом, но не буду переезжать до осени. 12. Он прочно
обосновался в Лондоне. 13. Они поселились в небольшом го-
родке на юге Франции. 14. Мы остановились на ночь в старой
деревенской гостинице. 15. Вы уже устроились? 16. Я распла-
чусь с вами в следующем месяце. 17. Он расплатился с креди-
торами. 18. Он намерен установить рекорд в плавании. 19. Да-
вайте поставим две палатки. 20. Приглашения уже разосланы?
21. Подайте заявление заблаговременно. 22. Она уволила гор-
ничную. 23. За доктором уже послали? 24. Если придут письма,
перешлите их мне, пожалуйста. 25. Ты уже отправила банде-
роль?

show
show (a)round сопровождать кого-л. (во время осмотра); по-
казывать кому-л. город (выставку); знакомить кого-л. с го-
родом (c выставкой) to be a guide to sb when they visit a place
for the first time; take round
We were shown around the school by one of the students.
Has anyone shown you round yet?
show in провожать, сопровождать кого-л. куда-л. to lead into
a room or building
A servant came to the door and showed me in.
show off похваляться, хвастать; красоваться, рисоваться to try
to impress people by making certain qualities/ achievements very
obvious
I hate him! He’s always showing off about how much money
he’s got.
He was eager to show off the new car.
104
show out провожать кого-л. до двери to accompany sb to the
door
Will you show Miss Nester out, please?
show up (по)являться, приходить to arrive at a place where
people are expecting you; turn up
I don’t think he will show up now. It’s nearly midnight.

shut
shut up груб. замолчать, заставить замолчать to stop talking
(informal)
Just shut up and listen!

slow
slow down снижать скорость to go at a lower speed
The car slowed down as it approached the junction.

sort
sort out привести в порядок; уладить проблему/отношения;
утрясти to organize the contents of sth; to tidy sth; to organize sth
in a satisfactory way
The cupboards need sorting out.
It’s up to the director to sort out difficulties like this one.

speak
speak up/out говорить внятно и отчетливо; говорить ясно и
громко to speak louder
You must speak up a little. I can’t hear very well.
speed
speed up увеличивать (скорость) to move or happen faster; to
make sth move or happen faster
The train soon speeded up.
Can you try and speed things up a bit?

105
split
split up (with) порвать (отношения), разойтись to stop having
a relationship with sb
She’s split up with her boyfriend.

stand
stand by не бросать, поддерживать to help sb or be friends with
them, even in difficult situations
No matter what happens, I’ll stand by you, so don’t be afraid.
stand out (from) выделяться, блистать to be excellent,
conspicuous or prominent
The book stands out from the others on the subject.

stay
stay away отсутствовать, не приходить; держаться в стороне
от кого-л., чего-л. not to go to a particular person or place
She stayed away from school for a month.
stay behind оставаться (после окончания чего-л.) to remain in a
place after most of the other people have gone
You can just stay behind and do it over again.
stay in не выходить, оставаться дома not to go out
I feel like staying in tonight.
stay on оставаться, задерживаться to remain somewhere longer
than other people, longer than in the past, or longer than you
planned
Pupils have to stay on at school till they are 16.
He had stayed on to have a drink.
stay out отсутствовать, не возвращаться домой to continue to
be outdoors
I don’t like you staying out so late.
stay up засиживаться допоздна, не ложиться спать to go to bed
later than usual

106
He stays up every night until after one o’clock preparing his
homework.

stop
stop off амер. остановиться в пути, сделать остановку to make
a short visit somewhere during a trip in order to do sth
We’ll stop off for a few days in Kiev to visit our cousins.

strike
strike up начинать, завязывать (знакомство, разговор и т. п.)
to begin a friendship, a relationship, a conversation, etc.
Не would often strike up conversations with complete strang-
ers.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. Everybody shuts ... as soon as you mention it. 2. Oh, shut ... about
yourself! 3. He promised to come on Tuesday but he never showed ... .
4. He was afraid the others might think he was showing ... or being
superior. 5. I was showing a group of visitors ... the school. 6. Miss
Livingstone showed ... a guest. 7. Over a hundred people showed ... at
the meeting. 8. Will you show Miss Dobson ... please? 9. He was just
being shown ... as I arrived. 10. Don’t show ...! 11. I will show you ...
the gallery. 12. He’s just showing ... because that girl he likes is here.
13. We stay ... almost every night and watch television. 14. Please
don’t stay ... for me, I may be late. 15. My instructions are to stay ...
from him. 16. We stayed ... all night. 17. Why had she not stayed ... to
talk to them? 18. Can you stay ... after the others have gone and help
me clear up? 19. She’s staying ... at university to do research. 20. Al-
ice and I struck ... a friendship immediately. 21. On the way home I
stopped ... in London to attend a conference. 22. Bad housing and
poverty speed ... the breakdown of family life. 23. Could you please
speak ...? We can’t hear you at the back. 24. I told him several times
to slow ... but he paid no attention. 25. The new clerk spent hours
sorting ... the files. 26. Julia decided that the only solution was to split
… … James. 27. She’s my friend and I’ll stand ... her, no matter what.
28. Jim and Mary must be left to sort ... their own affairs – it doesn’t

107
concern anyone else. 29. After three years of marriage the unhappy
couple finally split ... . 30. The road was slippery, so Mr Jones slowed
... the car. 31. There was one episode that stood ... from the rest.

2. Translate into English.

1. Меня провели в комнату. 2. Его выпроводили из кабинета.


3. Приезжих водили по всему городу. 4. Вечно он воображает.
5. Пойдемте, я вам все покажу. 6. Мой друг уже пришел? 7. Он
так и не объявился. 8. Заткнись! 9. Пожалуйста, скажи Нику,
чтобы он замолчал. 10. Служанка ввела их в гостиную. 11. Гид
провел нас по выставке. 12. Ребята выламываются (рисуются)
перед девчонками. 13. Он хотел похвастаться новой машиной.
14. Он снизил скорость до 20 миль в час. 15. Говорите громче,
в задних рядах не слышно. 16. Она всегда поддерживала его в
беде. 17. Пожалуйста, побыстрее. Мы можем опоздать. 18. Я на
несколько дней остановилась в Москве, чтобы повидаться с
родственниками. 19. Даже будучи школьником, он выделялся
своим мастерством среди остальных членов команды. 20. Два
мальчика сразу подружились. 21. Он целыми неделями не по-
являлся в школе. 22. Я просидел дома целую неделю, стараясь
избавиться от простуды. 23. Вчера тебя не было за полночь, что
с тобой случилось (где ты был)? 24. Она позволяла своим де-
тям гулять на улице допоздна. 25. Она часто засиживалась до-
поздна. 26. После пяти лет совместной жизни они расстались.
27. Эти проблемы следует подробно обсудить на конференции.
28. Я должна привести в порядок свои бумаги. 29. Врач поре-
комендовал мне посидеть дома. 30. Можно мне погулять еще
немного? 31. Не сидите сегодня допоздна. 32. Некоторые сту-
денты остались после лекции, чтобы задать вопросы лектору.
33. Почему бы вам не остаться?

take

take aback поразить, ошеломить; захватить врасплох (usu.


passive) to surprise
I was taken aback by his appearance.

108
take about/take (a)round сопровождать; показывать достоп-
римечательности to accompany; show round
Who is taking you about?
I’ll take him around and then bring him back.

take after пойти в кого-л.; быть похожим на кого-л. to look


or behave like an older member of your family, especially your
mother or father
He takes after his grandmother; she had red hair too.

take away убирать, уносить to remove


Take away the garbage.

take back отводить; отвозить; относить to return


He was taken back to his cell.

take down
1. снимать (со стены, с полки и т. п.) to get sth from a high
place
I’m going to take down the curtains today.
2. записывать (под диктовку); стенографировать to put
down, to write down
He read out the names, and the secretary took them down.

take for принимать за кого-л. to mistake sb for sb


I took him for his brother. They are extremely alike.

take in провести, одурачить, околпачить to deceive


I was taken in by his appearance.
She was taken in again by the same trick.

take off
1. взлетать, отрываться от земли или воды to leave the
ground
The plane takes off at six.
109
2. снимать одежду to remove clothes
He took off my wet boots and made me sit by the fire.
take on нанимать (на службу, на работу и т. п.) to engage, to
hire
Is the supermarket taking on any more assistants?
They took me on because I was a good mathematician.
take out
1. вынимать to remove sth from a container or from the place
where it was
Emma opened her bag and took out a comb.
2. пригласить, повести (в кино, в театр и т. п.) to go to a
restaurant, theatre, club, etc. with sb you have invited
He never takes me out.
take over принимать дела, вступить в должность, взять на себя
ответственность to succeed to; to assume control of a business,
management, duties
After the manager retired John is likely to take over.
He took the job over from his uncle.

take to
1. привыкнуть, пристраститься, приобрести склонность к
чему-л. to develop a habit, to show a liking for
They’ve taken to skating together.
2. привязаться, полюбить to form a liking for
Our dog always takes to children quickly.

take up
1. браться (за что-л.), заниматься (чем-л.) to start doing sth
He took up golf and became very keen on it.
He’s taken up jogging in order to lose weight.
2. отнимать (время и т. п.); занимать (место) to occupy (a
position in time or space)
I’m afraid I’ve taken up too much of your time.
The bed took up half the room.
110
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. My doctor advised me to take ... sport to help me lose weight.


2. Michael is very tidy. In that way, he takes ... his father. 3. The air-
plane took ... on time. 4. The boss asked the secretary to take ... some
notes. 5. My husband is taking me ... tonight to celebrate our anni-
versary. 6. The patient had to take ... his shirt for the doctor to exam-
ine him. 7. The waiter took ... the dishes at the end of the meal. 8. He
was taken ... when he heard the news. 9. Sam has really taken ... his
new school – he loves it. 10. Many people were taken ... by the con-
man. 11. Do you take me ... a fool? 12. Is the supermarket taking ...
new assistants? 13. The airplane pilot fainted and his co-pilot had to
take ... . 14. The table takes ... very much room here. 15. If a person
once takes ... . gambling, it’s difficult to stop. 16. I took my son ... the
laboratory. 17. ‘More hot coffee?’ She shook her head so he took the
tray ... . 18. He took ... a volume of verse. 19. The postmistress began
to take ... the message. 20. At the moment ‘Oliver’ is taking a lot of
my time .... 21. I was keen to take him ... my editorial staff. 22. He’s
very musical. He takes ... his grandfather in that respect. 23. He can’t
fool me! I won’t be taken ... by his lies. 24. If it was hot indoors she
took ... her jacket. 25. Little Tommy loves dancing and wants to take
... ballet. 26. Recently I’ve taken ... getting up earlier in the morning.
27. I’d like to take you ... for a meal on your birthday to give you a
holiday from cooking. 28. The equipment is expensive and takes ... a
lot of space. 29. Even after years of close acquaintance he could take
you ... . 30. At first sight you would take him ... a football player, not
a poet. 31. I will tell you how to get to my place; you had better take
it ... . 32. The boy took ... his clothes and put on his pajamas. 33. The
dreadful sight of the accident took me ... . 34. The whole day has
been taken ... with making phone calls. 35. She took ... languages and
now speaks Chinese quite well. 36. She’s going to take ... those cur-
tains and put on different ones. 37. A helicopter is able to take ... and
land straight up or down. 38. Your daughter doesn’t take ... you at all.
39. Who will take ... the leadership of the party next time? 40. She
was taken ... as a trainee. 41. Hе took ... duty at 8 a.m.

2. Translate into English.

1. Дети ее сразу полюбили, у нее есть подход к ним. 2. Еще в


детстве он пристрастился к чтению. 3. Я не стану больше от-
нимать у вас время. 4. Летом он брал уроки игры на фортепь-
111
яно. 5. Пора снимать теплую одежду. 6. Она опешила (расте-
рялась) от его слов. 7. Лодочник привезет нас обратно. 8. Его
не проведешь (его вокруг пальца не обведешь). 9. Я не верю
твоим красивым словам. 10. К сожалению, я не могу никуда
с тобой пойти в эту субботу. 11. В воскресенье я поведу детей
в зоопарк. 12. Он с удовольствием занимается латынью? 13. Я
полюбил быстрорастворимый кофе. 14. Мне он сразу понра-
вился. 15. Вы в кого – отца или мать? 16. Я принял его за англи-
чанина. 17. Вы что, меня дураком считаете? 18. Он думал, что
его возьмут (примут) на работу. 19. Пожалуйста, убери посуду.
20. Я покажу вам город. 21. Посмотрите, пожалуйста, когда вы-
летает самолет. 22. Вам придется взять на себя эти обязанности,
пока не вернется начальник. 23. Телевизор занимает слишком
много места. 24. Я хочу записать твой адрес (в записную книж-
ку). 25. Сними картину со стены. 26. Я занялся собиранием ма-
рок. 27. На эту работу у него уходят все вечера. 28. Во время
лекции мы делали записи. 29. Он пристрастился к азартным
играм.

talk
talk sb into уговорить, склонить to persuade sb to do sth
The salesman tried to talk me into buying a car.
talk sb out of отговорить, разубедить to persuade sb not to do
sth
She tried to talk him out of leaving.
talk over обсуждать (подробно), дискутировать to discuss
Talk it over with your wife and give me your answer tomorrow.

tell
tell off отчитать, обругать, пропесочить to speak to sb angrily
because they have done sth wrong
Mr Black got angry and told off the boss.

think
think over обдумывать, продумывать, взвешивать to consider
sth carefully
He’d like more time to think things over.
112
throw

throw away выбрасывать to get rid of sth


I don’t need that – you can throw it away.

try
try on прикинуть, примерить to put on a piece of clothing to see
if it fits
I like the dress. Could I try it on?
try out испытывать, пробовать to test
First they tried it out on a small group of children.

tuck
tuck in/into разг. уплетать за обе щеки; уписывать (о еде) to eat
sth with a lot of pleasure
Well, there we are, tuck in.
‘Was that a helicopter?’ she asked, tucking into her breakfast.

turn
turn down
1. убавлять, уменьшать (звук, свет, газ и т. п.) to reduce the
volume, heat, noise, etc.
Please turn the volume down.
He turned the lights down low.
2. отвергать, отклонять, отказывать to refuse an offer
Why did she turn down your invitation?
He asked her to marry him but she turned him down.
turn into превращать(ся) во что-л. (кого-л.) to become, to
change into
He will turn into an excellent painter with time.
Look they’ve turned the boat into a floating home.
113
turn off выключать (радио, газ), гасить (свет), закрывать
(кран, воду) to stop the flow of electricity, gas, water, etc. by
moving a switch, button, etc; switch off
They turned off the water while they repair a burst pipe.
Please turn the television off before you go to bed.
turn on включать (газ, радио, рубильник), зажигать, включать
(свет) to start the flow of electricity, gas, water, etc. by moving a
switch, button, etc; switch on
I’ll turn the television on.
turn out
1. гасить (свет), выключать (газ), закрывать (кран); turn off
She didn’t turn the light out when she went out of the room.
2. оказаться to prove to be in the end
It turned out that she was a friend of my sister.
The job turned out to be harder than we thought.
turn to (sb) обращаться (за помощью, советом) к кому-л.
to go to sb for help, advice, etc.
She has nobody she can turn to.
turn up
1. неожиданно появляться, находиться, обнаруживаться to
appear, to arrive, to be found by chance
He turned up with a friend of his.
The book turned up in one of the boxes.
2. прибавлять (газ, свет), усиливать (звук) to increase the
sound, heat, etc.
Could you turn the TV up?
turn over переворачивать(ся) to change position so that the other
side is facing outwards or upwards
If you turn over you might find it easier to get to sleep.
He turned the novel over to see the title.

1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. I had to turn ... Fred’s invitation to his party as I’ll be out of town
that evening. 2. In the famous comic strip, Clark Kent turns ... Su-
114
perman in a phone booth. 3. You’ll never guess who turned ... at
Chris’ barbecue yesterday! 4. Could you turn ... the air conditioning,
please? It’s very hot in here. 5. You can always turn ... me if you’re
in trouble. 6. It was getting dark so I turned ... the lights. 7. If you’ve
finished, please turn the light ... . 8. The play turned ... to be a com-
plete success. 9. The car skidded and turned ... . 10. John said he was
coming at 6.00, but he didn’t turn ... until 8.00. 11. When a better
job turned ..., he decided to accept it. 12. When the princess kissed
this ugly frog, he turned ... a handsome prince. 13. Vanessa turned ...
the answering machine before she left the house. 14. James was of-
fered the job, but he turned it ... because the salary wasn’t very high.
15. Unfortunately, we turned ... at the restaurant just as it was closing.
16. Despite our worries everything turned ... well. 17. Who would you
turn ... if you had a problem? 18. Please turn ... the volume of the
TV – it’s too loud. 19. I can’t hear the TV. Could you turn it...?
20. He turned ... to be an old friend of Helen’s. 21. We’re planning to
turn the spare room ... a study. 22. Some guests turned ... unexpect-
edly. 23. We offered them ₤ 60,000 for the house, but they turned
us ... . 24. The noise turned ... to be just the dog scratching at the
door. 25. The music was turned ... loud. 26. We arranged to meet her
but she never turned ... . 27. Their proposals have been turned ... be-
cause they will cost too much. 28. If the music’s too loud for you,
why didn’t you ask me to turn it ...? 29. Somebody forgot to turn
... the tap in the bathroom. 30. It’s a bit dark in here. Shall I turn
the light ...? 31. You’ll have to turn the volume ... – she’s a bit deaf.
32. He turned ... late, as usual. 33. The taxi didn’t turn ... so we had
to walk. 34. I can’t decide straight away but I’ll think ... your idea
and let you know what I decided. 35. What a delight to see hun-
gry children tucking ... like that. 36. Mary put a plate of scrambled
eggs and bacon in front of Morris and he tucked ... appreciatively.
37. I didn’t want to move abroad but Bill talked me ... it. 38. You’ll
find it helpful to talk things ... with a friend. 39. I told the boys ... for
making so much noise. 40. He tried to talk me ... of buying such a
big car. 41. Always try shorts ... in the shop. 42. Oxford is trying …
another idea to help working parents. 43. That old chair should be
thrown ... .

2. Translate into English.

1. Потерянные ключи обнаружились. 2. Потерянная книга


так и не нашлась. 3. Сделай радио погромче. 4. Пусти горячую
115
воду, ты быстрее смоешь грязь. 5. Ребята превратили этот са-
рай в настоящую крепость. 6. Сделай потише магнитофон. Уже
поздно, и мы, возможно, беспокоим соседей. 7. Его не при-
няли на работу, так как считали, что он недостаточно опытен.
8. Он появился в последнюю минуту, когда все уже перестали
ждать его. 9. Я вчера вечером забыл выключить свет в ванной
комнате. 10. Не беспокойтесь, ваши часы найдутся. 11. Она ка-
тегорически мне отказала. 12. Он обратился ко мне за помо-
щью. 13. Это оказалось правдой. 14. Как выяснилось, он уже
был с ней знаком. 15. Он убавил звук телевизора. 16. Он убавил
газ. 17. Включи радио. 18. Отключи газ. 19. Не думаю, чтобы он
объявился сегодня вечером. 20. Загляните на следующей неде-
ле, может быть, к тому времени появится какая-нибудь работа.
21. Брак оказался счастливым. 22. Он оказался скучнейшим че-
ловеком. 23. Отец отчитал меня за то, что я накануне вернулся
поздно домой. 24. Подумайте над тем, что я сказал. 25. Я хотел
бы еще раз примерить этот костюм. 26. Давайте это обсудим.
27. Она уговорила меня принять его предложение. 28. Он ра-
зубедил меня покупать эту машину. 29. Он уплетал суп за обе
щеки. 30. Мне нужно кое-что с тобой обсудить. 31. Обдумайте
этот вопрос. 32. Идея кажется хорошей, но ее нужно проверить
на практике. 33. Я никогда не выбрасываю пищу.

wait
wait on/upon прислуживать, служить кому-л. to attend to, serve
(at home or in a restaurant)
The man who was waiting on us seemed very inexperienced;
he got our orders mixed up.

wash
wash up мыть to wash dishes after a meal
I didn’t wash up the pans.

warm
warm (up) греть; нагревать, согревать; разогревать to make
sth/sb warm or warmer; heat up
I’ll warm up some milk.
As the climate warms (up) the ice caps will melt.
116
warm to почувствовать симпатию, расположение к кому-л. to
begin to like sb
I warmed to him in the bar.

wear

wear out
1. изнашивать(ся) to use till no longer serviceable
Children wear out their shoes very quickly.
2. изнурять, истощать; изматывать to exhaust
Playing with children really wears me out.

wolf

wolf down уминать, уплетать to eat food very quickly and


greedily
I wolfed down an enormous meal.

work

work out
1. высчитать, вычислить to calculate
He worked the sum out twenty times on the adding machine.
2. разрабатывать (план); составлять, вырабатывать (доку-
мент и т. п.) to plan or think of sth
I’ve worked out a new way of doing it.
3. решить проблему to find the answer to sth, to solve sth
I couldn’t work out where the music was coming from.
4. срабатывать; оказаться удачным, неудачным to prove
to be
I wonder if their marriage will work out.
5. спорт. тренироваться to train the body by physical exercise
I work out regularly to keep fit.

117
1. Fill in the correct particle(s). Translate the sentences.

1. He expected his wife to wait ... him hand and foot. 2. When we
have dinner very late we don’t wash ... till the next morning. 3. Cheap
clothes wear ... quickly. 4. Why do I feel worn ... after an ordinary
day’s work at the office? 5. It takes an hour or so for some children
to warm ... strangers. 6. He wolfed the food ..., bones and all. 7. Did
your plan work ...? 8. Start warming ... the soup now. 9. We are always
hopeful that a more peaceful solution can be worked ... . 10. The kids
have totally worn me ... . 11. Tell me where you want to go and I’ll
work ... a route. 12. ‘Help yourself,’ I say. ‘I’m not waiting ... you.’
13. Calculate how much you owe each person, then work ... how
much you can afford to pay each of them. 14. We cleared the table
and washed ... the dishes. 15. He wore ... two pairs of shoes last year.
16. The arrangement worked ... rather badly for Leo. 17. She worked
... in a ballet class three hours a week.

2. Translate into English.

1. Все они – слуги короля (служат королю). 2. Я чувствую к


нему расположение. 3. Это сукно будет плохо носиться. 4. Я
очень устаю от всех этих разговоров. 5. Подогрей молоко.
6. План провалился. 7. Пока нельзя сказать, к чему это приве-
дет. 8. У нее есть горничная, которая ее обслуживает. 9. За ним
некому ухаживать. 10. Где девушка, которая обслуживает этот
стол? 11. Он помог жене вымыть посуду. 12. Я сразу почувство-
вал к ней расположение. 13. Молоко подогревается на плите.
14. Пудинг разогревается в духовке. 15. Он с жадностью про-
глотил обед. 16. План оказался удачным. 17. Задача не выходит
(не решается). 18. Они нашли решение вопроса. 19. Они разра-
ботали детальную программу. 20. Жизнь в тропиках измотала
его. 21. Его терпению пришел конец. 22. Он устал от тяжелой
работы. 23. По утрам он занимался гимнастикой в спортивном
зале.

118
MIXED COMBINATIONS

1. Fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. I left the milk heating for too long and it all boiled ... . 2. When we
had worked ... the cost of a holiday abroad, we decided to stay at
home. 3. Ring this number and ask ... Bill (to speak to). 4. I always
mix ... the painters Monet and Manet. (confuse). 5. I’ll do the shop-
ping if you see ... the lunch. 6. I asked him ... a cup of coffee.
7. I can account ... her sudden friendliness; she wants me to look ...
her parrot while she is away. 8. You mustn’t answer ... like that when
your mother scolds you. 9. Workers don’t always clean ... very thor-
oughly after they have made a mess. 10. Ring ... the station and find
... what time the train goes. 11. He stopped to pick ... a hitch-hiker.
12. He would like to ask her ... but he is too poor to pay for meals in
restaurants. 13. The committee left him … … the team as he had re-
fused to practise. 14.1 couldn’t get any bread. All the bakers’ shops
were sold ... . 15. James was asking ... you today. He says he hasn’t
seen you for weeks. 16. He wasn’t walking very fast. You’ll catch … …
him if you start at once. 17. She’ll be busy seeing ... the children’s
clothes before they go back to school. 18. I’ve been invited ... to
Brighton this weekend. 19. He doesn’t like being seen ... .He prefers
to go to the station alone. 20. I’ll see you ... when you leave. It’s easy
to get lost in this enormous building. 21. If the business continues
to lose money, I’m afraid we’ll have to close ... . 22. You’d better ring
her ... and tell her you’ll be late. 23. ‘I’ve made a mistake; I must rub
it ... ,’ said the child. 24. Drop ... any time you’re passing, and have a
cup of tea. 25. I’ll pay for both of us and you can settle ... afterwards.
26. Mother’s having a holiday; we are waiting ... her for a change.
27. He rang ... angrily before I could explain why I hadn’t turned ... .
28. An English husband usually helps his wife to wash ... after a meal.
29. It takes some time to settle ... to work again after a holiday. 30. She
took ... her glove so that she could show ... her diamond ring. 31. I

119
tried ... several coats but none of them suited me. 32. If you can’t af-
ford it you’ll have to do ... it. 33. Watch ...! That man tried to take
your purse out of your shopping-bag. 34.1 pointed ... all her mistakes
but she didn’t seem very grateful. 35. The Italian course started in
September and it’s now March. I’m afraid you won’t be able to catch
... ... the class now. 36. There’s no point in doing ... ... the old regula-
tions if you are going to introduce equally stupid new ones. 37. It’s
your turn to make some suggestions; I’ve run ... ... ideas. 38. He may
be sorry but that won’t make ... ... the damage he has done. 39. Some
people can break the law and get ... ... it. Others get punished. 40. He
would get ... ... his work better if you left him alone. 41. Children used
to look ... ... their parents; now they are inclined to regard them as
equals. 42. He only puts ... ...his secretary’s bad spelling because he
can’t find a better one. 43. My legs are too short; I can’t keep ... ...
you if you walk so fast. 44. I suppose you’ll look ... ... me when I tell
you I prefer kippers to caviare. 45. I’ve had a busy day and I’m look-
ing ... ... going to bed early. 46. It took him a long time to grow ... ...
the habit of biting his nails. 47. My room is rather dark because it
looks ... ... a blank wall. 48. We’ll settle ... when you produce all the
bills. 49. She goes ... ... yoga and spends ten minutes every day stand-
ing on her head. 50. He used to be very shy but he has grown ... ... it
now. 51. I can pay ... the money you lent me after I’ve been to the
bank. 52. Applications for the job must be sent … before next Wednes-
day. 53. We must keep ... working; it’s too soon to relax. 54. The ter-
rorists blew ... the railway line. 55. I had to send ... an electrician to
mend the switch. 56. After nursing the whole family when they had
flu she was completely worn ... . 57. My nephew wants to be an ex-
plorer when he grows ... . 58. As soon as the decorators have finished
work in my new house, I’ll move ... . 59. You can’t move into this flat
till I move ... . 60. He’s going to turn this old building ... a block of
flats. 61. My shoes wear ... very quickly since I started walking to the
office. 62. On a touring holiday you can move ... to a new place every
day if you want to. 63. The lifeboat is standing ... in case it is necessary
to take off the crew of the damaged ship. 64. Don’t sit ... for me. I
shall probably be back very late. 65. The strike was called ... when the
management agreed to the strikers’ demands. 66. I don’t care ... the
expense; I want the party to be a real success. 67. I can’t account ...
the disappearance of the pictures; they were all there yesterday.
68. If passports were done … … (abolished), travel would be much
120
simpler. 69. You will have to allow ... some extra expenses on the
train. 70. They set ... on their camping trip with great enthusiasm.
71. When you have thought ... what I have said, you will understand.
72. He doesn’t care ... continental cookery. He thinks it’s too rich.
73. The car pulled ... beside me and the driver asked me the way to
Piccadilly. 74. You can throw ... the packet; it’s empty. 75. They set ...
at six and reached their destination before dark. 76. I don’t know
how she manages to care ... ten children without help. 77. My chil-
dren are picking ... English very quickly but I find it more difficult.
78. She fainted but they brought her ... by throwing cold water on her
face. 79. The teacher pointed ... several mistakes that the student had
not corrected. 80. You need capital before you can set... on your own
in any kind of business. 81. He suddenly gave ... his job and went to
Australia. 82. Don’t make ... your mind at once; talk it... with your
lawyer first. 83. The room needs doing ...; it’s very shabby.
84. We must get the roof mended before the wet weather sets ... .
85. He picked ... all the biggest ones for himself. 86. You must carry
... the instructions on the packet exactly. 87. These boys are very po-
lite; they have obviously been well brought ... . 88. She carried ... with
her work in spite of all interruptions. 89. You can stay ... till your fa-
ther comes home and then you must go to bed. 90. I’ll pick you ... at
your office and take you straight to the station. 91. Several new re-
cords were set ... at the last Olympic Games. 92. Clear ... your books.
I want to set the table for lunch. 93. You should cut ... this tree. It is
too near the house. 94. The examination was so easy that all the can-
didates handed ... their answer papers after the first hour. 95. My
plans for starting a restaurant fell... for lack of capital. 96. Our water
supply was cut ... because the pipe burst. 97. The wall was covered
with pictures of pop stars which Mary had cut … … magazines.
98. They won’t let you ... if you aren’t a member of the club.
99. A heavy snowfall held ... the trains from the north. 100. If you re-
ally want to slim you must cut … … sweets. 101. The two brothers fell
... over their father’s will. 102. You would recover your sense of taste
if you cut ... smoking altogether. 103. Children, you must clear ... this
mess before going to bed. 104. I was cut ... in the middle of my call
because I ran … … money. 105. The mystery of his sudden disappear-
ance was never cleared ... . 106. I hope the weather will clear ... soon.
I want to go out. 107. You’ll need somewhere to keep your books. I’ll
clear ... this cupboard for you. 108. He won $ 300 and gave it all ... .
121
109. Riding is very expensive; I’ll have to give it ... . 110. I’ll put ... my
visit to the Royal Mint till you can come with me. 111. The roads
were crowded with people making ... the coast. 112. He gave ... all the
books he had borrowed. 113. She had invited me to dinner but she
had to put me ... as she was taken ill. 114.1 can’t make ... the post-
mark on the letter; it looks like Basingstoke. 115. Put ... the light, it’s
getting quite light again. 116. That vase is very valuable. Put it ... be-
fore you drop it. 117. She makes ... very skillfully. She looks much
younger than she is. 118. He broke ... completely on hearing of his
daughter’s death. 119. He wasn’t rich by any means, but he never
turned ... anyone who needed help. 120. On his way to work he called
... the florist’s and ordered a dozen red roses. 121. Burglars broke ...
the house and stole some jewellery. 122. It’s time they made ... that
silly quarrel. 123. I turned ... the job because it was badly paid.
124. We called ... a specialist when he grew worse. 125. When the
police questioned him he broke ... and confessed. 126. Turn ... the
radio if you are not listening. 127. War broke... in 1939. 128. Can you
be ready at six? He is calling ... us to take us out. 129. Mary has bro-
ken ... her engagement to Charles. 130. She called ... for a few min-
utes to return a book. 131. The lift broke ... and we had to use the
stairs. 132.1 wish you would put ... the dishes instead of leaving them
on the table. 133. He didn’t want to go to the cinema but they begged
so hard that he gave ... and went with them. 134. I don’t believe that
story. I am sure you made it ... . 135.1 asked him to put ... the lights if
he was the last to leave. 136. I don’t know how you put … … the noise;
it would drive me mad.

2. Fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. After his fourth attempt he gave ... trying to pass the driving test.
2. Here’s a crash helmet. Put it ... . 3. He should try to make … …
his loss of sleep by going to bed early. 4. If you can’t find a room
in a hotel, I could always put you ... . 5. If you want to save money
give ... eating in expensive restaurants. 6. There was a man giving ...
leaflets outside the church. 7. Не put ... his name for the excursion.
8. The representative of the computer company called ... all the fac-
tories in the district. 9. The situation is difficult and calls ... great
tact. 10. They broke ... their conversation when I came in. 11. The
school broke ... for the holidays at the end of July. 12. In this book
122
the mysterious stranger turns ... to be the long-lost son of the duke.
13. The firemen had to break … the door to rescue the children. 14. The
garden party was called ... because of the rain. 15. He was called ... at
the age of eighteen and spent a year in the army. 16. She was plain as
a child but she turned ... remarkably pretty. 17. Mrs Jones rang. She
wants you to call her ... . 18. The family was broken ... after the death
of the parents. 19. The boat turned ... and threw us all into the water.
20. We arranged to meet at the theatre but she didn’t turn ... . 21. The
three men who broke ... ... prison yesterday were later recaptured.
22. A huge crowd turned ... to see the international football match.
23. When he offered me ₤ 5,1 was too taken ... to say a word.
24. He has already run … … the money his father left him two years ago.
25. She took ... riding because she wanted to lose weight. 26. I can’t
start the car; the battery has run ... . 27. The policeman ran ... the
thief. 28. He takes ... his mother; he has blue eyes and fair hair too.
29. He took ... going for a walk every night before he went to bed.
30. I wish we could sell the grand piano; it takes ... too much space.
31. I had to wait for permission from the Town Council before I could
go … … my plans. 32. He had a sandwich and a cup of coffee, then
went ... working. 33. The gun went ... by accident and wounded him
in the leg. 34. A hen ran in front of my car and I’m afraid I ran ... it.
35. You’d better take ... your coat if you’re too hot. 36. We took ...
each other the first time we met and have been friends ever since.
37.I ran ... an old school friend in the tube today. 38. Seeing me from
across the room, she came ... ... me, and said that she had a message
for me. 39. The early colonists of Canada went ... many hardships.
40. When his father died, Tom took ... the business. 41. He came
... a fortune last year. 42. The policeman took ... the number of the
stolen car. 43. People often take me ... my sister. We are very like each
other. 44. My neighbour is always running … … bread and borrow-
ing some from me. 45. Wait till prices come ... again before you buy.
46. I refuse to go ... now. I’m going on. 47. If a bull chased me I’d
run ... . 48. Even a child wouldn’t be taken ... by such an obvious lie.
49. If she takes ... the job of director she’ll have to work harder.
50. He always takes ... his false teeth before he goes to bed. 51. They
have gone ... all the calculations again but they still can’t find the
mistake. 52. The party went ... very well; we all enjoyed ourselves.
53. Come ... . It’s far too cold to wait here any longer. 54. He wanted
to talk to me but I kept ... working and refused to listen. 55. If he
doesn’t know a word he can look it ... in a dictionary. 56. Look ...
123
the baby while I am out. 57. She kept the children ... all day because
it was so wet and cold. 58. You must look ... and make plans for the
future. 59. ‘Keep ...!’ he said. ‘Don’t come any nearer.’ 60. She went
... ... a beauty contest and got a prize. 61. The price of tomatoes usu-
ally goes ... in summer in England. 62. I’m at home all day. Come ...
whenever yon have time. 63. Why don’t you go … … stamp collect-
ing if you want a quiet holiday? 64. I have started getting up at five
a. m., but I don’t know if I can keep this ... . 65. He had an unhappy
childhood and he never looks ... ... it with any pleasure. 66. Look
...! You nearly knocked my cup out of my hand. 67. Tom is looking
… … his first trip abroad. 68. He looks … … me because I spend my
holidays in Bournemouth instead of going abroad. 69. If you don’t
give the children something to do, they’ll be … … some mischief.
70. Mary wants to study medicine but she is not very clever. I don’t
think she is … … it. 71. She didn’t really know what he’d been ... ... .
72. It’s your birthday, so what we do tonight is … … you. 73. The
Cabots look … … us. 74. You’d better talk him … … his plan.
75. I haven’t got ... my cold yet. 76. You can look ... the house.
77. How did it come ... ? 78. Is there anyone here to wait ...
us? 79. ‘Did you turn ... the gas?’ ‘Yes, I’ve just turned it ... .’
80. ‘Have you given the papers ...?’ ‘Yes. I’ve given them ... .’
81. Chop that wood ... . 82. Leave that word ... . 83. Let him ... .
84. Fill this car ... . 85. Close the shop ... . 86. Drive the car ... .
87. Lock him ... . 88. Pick that ... . 89. Put it ... . 90. When will
they bring your article ...? 91. Why don’t you call ... your mother?
92. You’ve given ... the secret. 93. I’ll pay you ... for this! 94. You work
and I’ll look ... . 95. I waited for him, but he never showed ... . 96. I’m
glad they’ve done … … that bad law. 97. Harry puts money ... every
week for his holiday. 98. I’ve decided to take ... tennis. 99. This is a
difficult problem. I can’t work it ... . 100. Her new book came ... last
week. 101. She pleaded with me, and I finally gave ... . 102. I think
the rain has set ... for the day. 103. You always show ... at parties.
104. Can you turn ... the sound? 105. They are too far ahead for us to
catch … … them. 106. I dropped … … Bill and Sheila on my way home.
107. Do you get ... ... your new boss? 108. It would be best to run
away now but she could not let Jimmie ... : he needed help. 109. Alan
told her that after this, he would settle ... and marry her. 110. Madame
Maire gave her three weeks to settle ... . 111. We filled ... all the cus-
toms forms. 112. We stayed ... the whole evening, didn’t go to the disco
124
at all. 113. We have been let ... our homework because of the concert.
114. Diplomatic relations were restored after being broken ... during
the war. 115. He went on sorting ... the flowers. 116. When I was told
... by my parents, it was nearly always justified. 117. I saw ... his inten-
tions at once. 118. Why don’t you stay ...? 119. Why don’t you take
the children ...? 120. I spent three days cleaning that flat ... . 121. It is
sometimes difficult to make ... what is said over an airport loudspeaker.
122. I asked him how he was, and how his job was working ... .
123. She had fallen ... so severely with her parents that she couldn’t
go home. 124. It was an intelligence test, intended to sort ... the chil-
dren capable of attempting the papers. 125. I’ll talk it ... with Len
tonight and let you know tomorrow. 126. Some people wanted to take
... my father’s oil importing business. 127. We helped to build ... the
wealth of this country. 128. The first thing to do in a crisis is to set
... a committee. 129. I have somehow mixed ... two events. 130. He
went back to the studio and tidied it ... . 131. He used ... all the coins
he had. 132. Did you pick ... any Turkish while you were in Turkey?
133. Can you pick ... the kids from school tonight? I’ve got a meeting.
134. She decided to take ... medicine as a career. 135. They advised
him to plan … for an election. 136. Put that cigarette … immediately.
137. Can you drop me ... near the supermarket? 138. But the scheme
fell ... , despite all my careful instructions. 139. You’ll wear yourself
... if you carry ... working so hard. 140. That boy wolfed ... the whole
cake, while my back was turned.

3. Put in the appropriate verb.

1. The police ... by in case of trouble. 2. We’ll ... off as soon as Tim’s
ready. 3. My favourite TV programme ... on tonight. 4. People who ...
up early don’t always ... up early. 5. They decided to ... off the theatre
visit for a while. 6. Can you ... out what this sign means? 7. Please ...
after my luggage while I go to the toilet. 8. I like my job but I don’t ...
on with my boss. 9. 1 suddenly ... up my mind to emigrate. 10. They
... up our office last week. It looks nice now. 11 . We ... in on Uncle
Tom when we were in Bristol. 12. Don’t all go to a hotel. We can
easily ... up some of you here. 13. ‘Hello, John. How are you ... on?’
‘Fine, thanks.’ 14. If you ... for it carefully, you’ll find it. 15. Mike
never ... up his room. 16. The pupils ... their books away after the les-
son. 17. Could you lend me ten pounds? I’ll … you back on Friday.
125
18. Several boats ... over in the strong wind. 19. The boxer didn’t ...
round for ten minutes after the fight. 20. He had flu for weeks, but
finally he ... over it. 21 ... . on a minute – I’ll fetch my pen. 22. I ...
out of money before the end of the holiday. 23. ... after my case. I’ll
come and ... it up later. 24. I’ll ... you up at seven o’clock and we’ll
go to the cinema. 25. Could I ... in a word at this point? 26. We ... up
sailing when we moved to Portsmouth. 27. This man is not ... out for
an office job. 28. ‘I’ll never finish in time.’ ‘... on. Of course you will.’
29. This magazine ... out once a month. 30. ... on with the work or
we’ll never finish today. 31. ‘Shall we leave at 9 or 10?’ ‘I don’t mind.
It ... up to you.’ 32. I feel tired, but I must ... down to work again.
33. After three failures I finally ... through the driving test. 34. There
was an article in the newspaper that I wanted to … out and keep.
35. I phoned John to ... out when he was coming. 36. In spite of the
cold weather he ... out without a coat. 37. I can’t ... up with that noise
any longer. 38. You can watch television while I ... on with this book.
39. He ... away at the age of 80. 40. That dog ... on barking all night.
41. After stopping to ... out exactly where they were, they ... on at full
speed. 42. Janet will ... to the housework while Mother is away. 43. You
must ... round and see me when you have time. 44. My shoes are ... out.
I need some new ones. 45. Shall I ... up your glass? 46. What ... up with
John? He looks very angry. 47. ‘Are you ready?’ ‘Yes, you can ... ahead
now.’ 48. Smile at the new teacher and you’ll ... away with anything.
49. The job won’t be easy without help, but we’ll ... by. 50. John ...
up languages very easily. 51. Early next morning they ... off for Paris.
52. Be ready at two and I’ll ... you up in the car. 53. After spend-
ing a week in Paris we ... for the south coast. 54. I’ll ... out these
old letters and ... some away. 55. The children are ... forward to the
holidays. 56. I can’t ... without a cup of coffee at ten o’clock. 57. Can
I borrow your car? I’ll... it back in an hour. 58. Jane was unhappy
at first, but she soon ... down in her new school. 59. ‘I’m going
now.’ ‘... on a second. I’ll come with you.’ 60. ... on with your work.
61. ‘Have you seen Ted lately?’ ‘Yes. I ... into him at the cinema last
week.’ 62. I ... across your letter while I was ... up my office. 63. ...
the lights out. We must economise on electricity. 64. What’s ... on?
Is anything wrong? 65. Mary ... on John as a good friend. 66. His
writing is so bad that I can’t... out a word. 67. His clothes were
covered with mud when he ... in. 68. Can’t we go out somewhere?
I don’t want to … in all evening. 69. I must ... up my French or
126
I’ll forget everything. 70. Malcolm is working hard. I hope he
can ... it up. 71. I tried to ... up smoking, but I couldn’t ... it up.
72. I agreed with Peter who ... all for leaving immediately. 73. I told
the salesman to ... the suit by for me until next week. 74. It was late,
but we ... on for an hour. 75. The boss ... Bill off for working so slow-
ly. 76. Children are always in a hurry to ... up. 77. She never stops
talking. She ... after her mother. 78. If you ... through these books
you’ll find what you want. 79. He is a pleasant friendly man who
... on well with nearly everybody. 80. You’re really ... up with your
job, aren’t you? 81. Wages don’t always ... up with inflation. 82. You
paid ₤ 50? They really ... you off! 83. The snow and ice ... about
a number of accidents. 84. ... in and see me next time you pass by.
85. He filled his pockets with money and ... off. 86. The soup is
too hot to eat, but it’ll soon ... down. 87. Children ... out of their
clothes very quickly. 88. I like the new neighbour, but I didn’t ...
to his wife. 89. He likes to ... off in his noisy fast car. 90. When ice
melts, it ... into water. 91. They are all good apples. It’s hard to ...
out the best one. 92. He ... out at the moment. He’ll ... back in ten
minutes or so. 93. I ... up to a policeman and asked him the way.
94. I’ll ... these parcels off tomorrow. 95. It’s time to ... the an-
nouncement out. 96. He works too hard. He’ll … up with a heart
attack. 97. The man in front … round and stared at me. 98. She ...
the dress on, but it was too small. 99. The assistant ... the book up in
brown paper. 100. He imitated the boss’ voice and ... us in complete-
ly. 101. ... out! There’s a car coming! 102. The children ... up when
father Christmas arrived, and gazed at him in wonder. 103. She said
she’d meet me there, but she didn’t ... up. 104. ‘... John here?’ ‘No,
he won’t ... in until ten o’clock.’ 105. She didn’t want to go to the
party, but we ... her into it. 106. A good soldier always ... out or-
ders. 107. We ... through the list again to check it. 108. You owe me
a pound. ... on, pay up! 109. Don’t throw your cigarette away. ... it
out in the ashtray. 110. If the fire brigade doesn’t come soon, the
whole house will ... down. 111. My room is in a mess. I must ...
it up today. 112. We ... out to dinner at John’s expense when he got
his rise. 113. We must ... out these drawers and ... away the rubbish.
114. The car ... down, so I had to walk. 115. The meeting ... up about
six o’clock. 116. Friends and neighbours were ... up for military ser-
vice.
127
4. Put in the appropriate verb.

1. They ... off the game because of the weather. 2. When did you
last ... out with your husband? 3. She never really ... over the death
of her husband. 4. Daughters are good at ... round their fathers.
5. They argued and argued, but eventually George ... in. 6. I’ll have
to … these books back to the library. 7. I would prefer not to ...
my children up in a big city. 8. Now don’t ... me down, will you?
9. Did you ... back the money you owed John? 10. He had to ...
off the interview. 11. Who do you think I ... into yesterday? 12. I
must ... about the tickets. 13. We ... off early. 14. Have you ... down in
your new flat yet? 15. They ... down his proposal. 16. Where can
I ... up all my guests? 17. I’m afraid these shoes may ... out very
quickly – they were very cheap. 18. Well-off people used to have
servants to ... on them. 19. I said to the shop assistant, ‘I like this
coat; could I ... it on?’ 20. You won’t ... on very fast with your work
if you try to watch television at the same time. 21. ‘I heard two men
planning to break into a house. What should I do?’ ‘You should ...
on the information to the police.’ 22. ‘Someone is following us!’
‘Never mind; ... on walking and pay no attention.’ 23. The train
leaves at eight tomorrow evening. Will you come and ... me off?
24. He doesn’t ... on with his family. That’s why he doesn’t live at
home. 25. The plane ... off at seven and climbed rapidly into the
stormy sky. 26. English people have to ... up with English weather.
27. The party didn’t ... up till 3 a.m. and the guests left very noisily.
28. If you want a new passport you must... up this form. 29. He wast-
ed two weeks and tried to ... up for it by working madly the last day.
30. When war ... out, prices usually ... up. 31. He dictated and I ...
it down in shorthand. 32. I ... over the accounts several times but
couldn’t find the mistake. 33. What a terrible journey! We ... down
twice on the way home. 34. The police caught one thief but the
other ... away. 35. We are spending too much; we’ll have to ... down
our expenses. 36.1 can’t... out who it is. He is too far away. 37. I can’t
believe you ... those tickets away. 38. To her surprise she found that
all the dishes had been washed and ... away. 39. I left lots of messages
for Sue but she never ... me back. 40. I’m nervous about using the
washing machine in case it ... down again. 41. Even if you’ve smoked
all your life, it’s never too late to ... down or stop. 42. ... me down,
Mummy! 43. It’s a good idea to ... in two hours before your flight
128
is due to leave. 44. Will you ... the kids up on your way into town?
45. 1 know things seem bad, but life must ... on. 46. I didn’t have
a key, but luckily someone was there to … me in. 47. I’d like ...
on with my composition. 48. My trip to London didn’t ... out
the way I’d planned. 49. She can’t walk properly – she keeps
... over. 50. Jack was walking fast, but I ... up with him. 51. Jill ...
round last night and stayed for hours. 52. The bus stopped to let
more people ... on. 53. If anyone ... Sonia off, she goes and hides
in her room. 54. Work on your own and ... down the answers to these
questions. 55. Jack doesn’t ... after his father at all. 56. I’ve never
... across anything like this before. What is it? 57. We were ... up by
the sound of breaking glass. 58. I closed the window and ... up the
heating. 59. There’s a crisis at the office and they need me there
to ... it out. 60. ... on a minute, I need to get my coat. 61. The TV
set ... on, but the sound had been ... off. 62. You have to ... in a
registration form before you can use the library. 63. He realised he
was driving too fast and began to ... down. 64. Looking for a place
to live has ... up all my time recently. 65. Why did you … down such
a good offer? 66. She ... the book over and read the notes on the
back cover. 67. My mother is living with us now, which is ... out well.
68. Please try not to ... the baby up. I’ve only just got him to sleep.
69. I can’t hear the radio. Can you ... it up? 70. I can’t … out if it’s
a man or woman over there. 71. If you want to lose weight, try to ...
down on fatty snacks such as crisps. 72. Jack had ... down with his
new wife in a small town near London. 73. Why did you ... down the
invitation to Kate and Joe’s wedding? 74. My pride was hurt, but I’ll ...
over it. 75. The thieves robbed the store and then ... it up. 76. I’m go-
ing to tell his parents what he ... up to. 77. She ... the letter away with-
out reading it. 78. I put the radio on loud, but Dad shouted to me to
... the volume down. 79. Are you ... forward to the wedding? 80. Has
she ... you in yet? 81. He ... in the truck and ... off. 82. The farm is
often completely ... off in the winter. 83. The taxi didn’t ... up so
we had to walk. 84. He says it’s a nuisance but he can ... up with it.
85. She loves singing and even ... up her own songs. 86. You’ll have
to ... up, I’m afraid. Mrs Newton is rather deaf. 87. His false iden-
tity papers ... him away. 88. Joe is ... up their number in the phone
book. 89. I’m sorry to be so slow. Am I ... people up? 90. My father
and I both like climbing so I ... after him in that respect. 91. Jack ...
for his name on the list but couldn’t find it. 92. ... in the blanks with
129
the correct word or phrase. 93. No one knew why Ray had ... off
all contact with his family. 94. Is this where we ... off? 95. The bus
was so full that he couldn’t even ... on it. 96. The public meeting
gave us a chance to ... out what was ... on. 97. I can’t see that. I haven’t
... my glasses on. 98. Dad often ... us off about watching too much
TV. 99. The driver’s door opened and an elderly woman ... out.
100. They ... out for nearly a year, but they’re not together any more.
101. They tried to ... out the fire themselves. 102. ‘Why has that car
stopped?’ ‘It’s .. . out of petrol.’ 103. These children seem to ... on their
teachers as their enemies. 104. She ... off before I could ask her name.
105. I can’t ... out how you got here so quickly. 106. I haven’t seen
you for weeks. What have you ... up to? 107. He has just ... up with
his girlfriend. 108. Some couples ... off having children until they are
older. 109. I went shopping to ... myself up. 110. Oh, ... up! Stop be-
ing childish! 111. The car struck the wall and ... over.

5. Fill in the correct particle(s).

1. If you are seen stealing that 1. after, back, for, through


car the police will be ... you.
2. What are the children ... ? 2. up, up to, against, over
They are very quiet.
3. We are ... bad weather this 3. away, on at, in for, over
week.
4. I hope nobody disturbs me; 4. out, off, after, on
my favourite television pro-
gramme will be ... in five
minutes.
5. I have broken my leg skiing, 5. over, at, back, off
so I will be ... work for two
months.
6. If they are late for the meet- 6. over, through, out of, off
ing again I will be ... with
them.
7. If you press the wrong but- 7. down, in, off, through
tons, the machine will break
... .
130
8. School breaks ... for Easter 8. out, up, down, off
on 2nd April.
9. The robbers used iron bars to 9. in, into, through, away
break ... the bank.
10. When she was told her mum 10. down, off, through, in
was in hospital she broke ... .
11. The troops managed to break 11. off, down, through, over
... the enemy lines.
12. Sheila broke ... her engage- 12. in, up, out, off
ment last week.
13. A fire broke ... just as we we- 13. out, down, into, off
re leaving the match.
14. By stealing, Mark brought ... 14. down, about, off, over
his dismissal from work.
15. The music brings ... happy 15. to, back, out, along
memories.
16. We managed to bring him 16. about, round, together, on
... by splashing his face with
water.
17. The author will bring ... his 17. in, about, to, out
new novel soon.
18. They had to call ... the foot- 18. back, in, off, out
ball match because of the
weather.
19. My boss is calling ... us to- 19. on, to, back, up
night at 8 o’clock.
20. This situation calls ... imme- 20. over, for, out, in
diate action.
21. I didn’t mean to buy so much 21. off, on, away, out
but I got carried ... .
22. The police are carrying ... an 22. over, out, off, through
investigation into the cause
of Andrew’s death.

131
23. I don’t feel well but I’ll carry 23. on, off, away, over
... working anyway.
24. Despite the difficulties, we 24. over, away, off, on
managed to carry ... the
project.
25. I came ... my old photo al- 25. at, by, down, across
bum while tidying up.
26. I feel terrible! I must be com- 26. up, down with, out, through
ing ... the flu.
27. When Sally’s uncle died, she 27. by, up, with, to, into
came ... a small fortune.
28. The details of the corruption 28. in, off, out, round
scandal eventually came ... .
29. If you don’t pay your water 29. across, off, back ,in
bill, your water supply will
be cut ... .
30. I’m not cut ... working in an 30. out, out for, up, to
office.
31. You must cut... the amount 31. into, in, off, down on
of sugar you consume.
32. The village was cut ... for 32. off, out, up, to
days because of the snow.
33. Most countries have done ... 33. out, away with, with, up
the death penalty.
34. I’m really thirsty. I could do 34. up, with, out, in
... a drink.
35. I’m afraid you’ve fallen ... 35. for, in, behind, through
with your schoolwork.
36. He fell ... her at first sight. 36. through, out, for
37. They got ... the stolen 37. off, on, through, away with
goods.
38. Ann is getting ... her collea- 38. on, on with, by, round
gues.
132
39. I don’t understand what you 39. in, at, through to, out
are getting ... .
40. He always gets ... me by buy- 40. off, round, up, on with
ing me presents.
41. I tried to call you last night 41. on, over, across, through to
but I couldn’t get... you.
42. Get ... the train quickly, be- 42. round, up, with, on
fore it leaves.
43. Her secret was given ... by 43. out, away, up, off
her friend by mistake.
44. He has tried to give ... smok- 44. away, off, up, out
ing twice.
45. When milk turns sour, it 45. in, up, off, to
gives ... a horrible smell.
46. They were forced to give ... 46. in, back, off, out
to the enemy.
47. Ricky went... the flu. 47. down with, up, over, away
48. My aunt has gone ... that pop 48. along, back on, in for, by
quiz.
49. The fireworks went ... at 49. into, off, on, out
midnight.
50. The detective carefully 50. away, by, back on, over
went... the facts with the wit-
ness.
51. The film was so sad she 51. down, back, off, on
couldn’t hold ... her tears.
52. I was asked to hold ... while 52. to, with, down, on
Mr Smith was fetched to the
phone.
53. We were held ... on the mo- 53. back, up, to, over
torway for three hours.
54. Cindy kept... information 54. in, out, back, on
from the police.
133
55. My boss told me to keep ... 55. out, up, after, at, on
the good work.
56. ‘You have to keep ... a word 56. from, off, to, at
limit of 200,’the teacher
said.
57. He warned them to keep ... 57. off, back, on, in
the freshly painted benches.
58. Darren was let ... by the judge 58. off, down, in, on
as this was her first offence.
59. Vicky was often let ... by her 59. into, in, up, down
forgetful sister.
60. Could you please look ... this 60. out, over, in, up
contract? If you agree, sign
it.
61. Ann has a nanny to look ... 61. out, over, into, after
her children while she’s at
work.
62. Look ... all the unknown 62. round, to, up, up to
words in the dictionary.
63. Look ... this magazine and 63. through, out, on, for
find the problem page.
64. She looks ... everyone who 64. into, onto, down on, in
hasn’t been to college.
65. We are all looking ... Christ- 65. back, on, forward to, up to
mas.
66. We must look ... this prob- 66. up to, on, out, into
lem and find out its cause.
67. Without my glasses I can 67. for, out, off, up
hardly make ... the words on
this page.
68. She must have made ... that 68. up, up for, for, over
story; it can’t be true.
69. They didn’t make ... after 69. up, for, off, over
their quarrel.
134
70. He bought her some flowers 70. up for, off, up, over
to make ... his bad behav-
iour.
71. His grandmother passed ... 71. away, by, off, over
in March last year.
72. At the party he passed him- 72. out, through, off as, by
self... a rich businessman.
73 Help me to a seat;I think I’m 73. off, up, out, back
going to pass ... .
74. Don’t worry, I’m going to 74. down, back, up, off
pay him ... for what he did
for you.
75. Pull yourself ... and stop be- 75. together, in, down, out
having like a child.
76. The train pulled ... at the sta- 76. back, down, out, in
tion 20 minutes late.
77. We arrived just in time to see 77. off, in, out of, from
the train pull ... the station.
78. We put ... $300 to buy Christ- 78. down , aside, in, on
mas presents.
79. We’d better put ... our meet- 79. off, in, on, up
ing until tomorrow; I’m busy
now.
80. The firemen tried hard to 80. back, in, down , out
put the fire ... .
81. Could you put me ... to the 81. through, on, forward, by
manager, please?
82. I can’t put ... those children 82. down, up with, on, off
any longer. They’re very
noisy.
83. Our flight was delayed, so 83. out, up, off, in
the airline company put us
... in a hotel for the night.

135
84. He ran ... his old friend, 84. up, in, across, through
Tom, in Oxford Street last
week.
85. We’ve run ... sugar; could 85. in, off, out of, on
you go and buy some?
86. Steve ran ... my skateboard 86. after, out, of, over
with his motorcycle.
87. If you’d like to take a seat, 87. off, about, for, into
I’ll see ... changing your
ticket.
88. I took my parents to the air- 88. out, over, off, to
port and saw them ... .
89. He tried to convince us he 89. to, about, for, through
was an actor but we saw ...
him.
90. You clear the table and I’ll 90. for, to, with, at
see ... the washing-up.
91. Make sure you see ... the 91. to, over, out, about
property before you agree to
buy it.
92. The cold weather has finally 92. about, down, in, up
set ... .
93. They set ... at 5.00 in the 93. out, to, back, by
morning and returned at
9.00 in the evening.
94. He decided to set ... his own 94. up, back, off, to
business.
95. Don t worry. I will stand ... 95. out, by, for, up
you if you get into trouble.
96. Sheila has taken ... her 96. away, for, after, off
mother in looks. They’re
very alike.
97. I was taken ... completely by 97. on, in, down, out
all his lies.
136
98. When he retired, he took ... 98. out, to, back, up
collecting postcards.
99. She took my mother ... the 99. off, for, aback, in
headmistress.
100. He took ... the company 100. out, over, up, back
when his father died.
101. We were taken ... by his 101. aback, to, away, down
rude behaviour.
102. Passengers are not allowed 102. off, after, over, up
to use their mobile phones
while the plane is taking ... .
103. Can you turn ... the radio; 103. on, off, in, down
it’s too loud.
104. In a crisis, I always turn ... 104. away, on, in, to
my father for help.
105. We were surprised when 105. up, in, off, down
John turned ... at Ann’s
wedding.
106. They turned the attic ... a 106. on, to, into, out
playroom.
107. Turn ... the page and start 107. over, up, out, on
reading silently.
108. I turned my chair ... to face 108. over, round, down, off
the fire.
109. Your shoes are worn ... . 109. in, out, on, off
You’d better buy a new pair.
110. It took me a long time to 110. on, out, up, down
work ... the solution to my
problems.
111. Ronald called in at the bank 111. out, back, in, for
to pay his first cheque ... .

137
6. Complete each sentence with two to five words, including
the word in bold.

1. With her gorgeous blue eyes, she really looks like her mother.
takes With her gorgeous blue eyes, she really ... her mother.

2. Joe met his ex-boss at the conference today.


into Joe ... at the conference today.

3. The puppy was digging holes in the garden, trying to find the bone
he had buried.
looking The puppy was digging holes in the garden ... he had
buried.

4. When you go camping, always remember to stop the camp fire


from burning before you go to sleep.
out When you go camping, always remember to ... before
you go to sleep.

5. ‘Why didn’t the security guard chase the thief?’


run ‘Why didn’t the security guard ... the thief?’

6. Samantha inherited an enormous amount of money when her


aunt died last year.
came Samantha ... of money when her aunt died last year.

7. It was such a cold day that I wore my woollen hat and gloves.
on It was such a cold day that I ... and gloves.

8. Do you know when school stops for Easter?


up Do you know when ... Easter?

9. Cathy’s application wasn’t accepted because she had very little


experience.
turned Cathy’s application ... had very little experience.

10. I stopped drinking coffee as it was bad for my stomach.


gave I ... coffee as it was bad for my stomach.

138
11. Someone revealed the company’s plans for the new project.
gave Someone ... the company’s plans for the new project.

12. How can you bear so much traffic noise?


put How can you ... traffic noise?

13. Charles cheated in his exams, and didn’t get caught.


got Charles cheated in his exams, and ... it.

14. Our supplies of drinking water have come to an end; we need to


refill the bottles.
given Our supplies of drinking water ...; we need to refill the
bottles.

15. The oven is emitting a smell of gas; there must be a leak.


giving The oven ... a smell of gas; there must be a leak.

16. I visited a few friends while I was in Manchester.


called I ... while I was in Manchester.

17. What are you trying to say?


getting What...?

18. Although United were losing 3:0, they refused to admit defeat
and continued trying.
give Although United were losing 3–0, they refused ... and
continued trying.

19. He was surprised when he heard Linda’s speech.


taken He was ... heard Linda’s speech.

20. Paul doesn’t really like his new job.


taken Paul ... his new job.

21. I’m tired of living in a flat – I want to buy a house.


fed I’m ... in a flat – I want to buy a house.

22. Do you have a good relationship with your colleagues at work?


on Do you ... your colleagues at work?
139
23. The thieves escaped without being punished for the robbery.
with The thieves ... the robbery.

24. It’s time for John to start revising for the exam.
down It’s time for John to ... revising for the exam.

25. I must go to the dentist, and get my teeth taken care of.
seen I must go to the dentist ... to.

26. The telephone was disconnected because I forgot to pay the bill.
cut The telephone was ... I forgot to pay the bill.

27. Have you recovered from your operation?


got Have you ... operation?

28. They removed two chapters from the book in order to make it
shorter.
cut They ... from the book in order to make it shorter.

29. He didn’t fulfil his threat.


carry He ... his threat.

30. The house proved to be a good investment, didn’t it?


turned The house ... a good investment, didn’t it?

31. The car has stopped working – we must get it repaired.


broken The car ... – we must get it repaired.

32. Laura has become too old to play with dolls – she plays computer
games instead.
grown Laura has ... with dolls – she plays computer games in-
stead.

33. Let’s postpone the meeting until tomorrow.


put Let’s ... until tomorrow.

34. She used cold water to make him regain consciousness after he
fell.
bring She used cold water to ... after he fell.
140
35. A bus collided with a lorry last night.
ran A bus ... last night.

36. Everyone left the building when the fire alarm rang this morn-
ing.
went Everyone left the building when ... this morning.

37. The doctor advised him to reduce his consumption of fatty


foods.
cut The doctor advised him to ... fatty foods.

38. I’m sorry to interrupt, but I need to ask a question.


cut I’m sorry ... but I need to ask a question.

39. After the meeting, I continued correcting the essays.


carried After the meeting, I ... correcting the essays.

40. Terry refused the invitation because he was going on a business


trip.
turned Terry ... because he was going on a business trip.

41. That group has just produced a new album.


bring That group ... a new album.

42. While the meeting was in progress, Jill was taking notes.
going While the meeting ..., Jill was taking notes.

43. She has experienced a lot of personal problems this year.


gone She ... a lot of personal problems this year.

44. I can’t tolerate his bad behaviour any longer.


up I can’t ... his bad behaviour any longer.

45. This sofa becomes a bed.


turns This sofa ... a bed.

46. John arrived two hours late for the meeting.


turned John ... late for the meeting.

141
47. Please reduce the volume on the CD player – I can’t concen-
trate.
turn Please ... on the CD player – I can’t concentrate.

48. The prisoner escaped from the prison through a secret tunnel.
broke The prisoner ... the prison through a secret tunnel.

49. Julie’s friend looks after the dog while she is on holiday.
cares Julie’s friend ... while she is on holiday.

50. Someone entered the building illegally during the night.


broke Someone ... building during the night.

51. When you become an adult, what do you want to do?


grow When ... what do you want to do?

52. Charlie has become too big to wear those trousers.


out Charlie ... those trousers.

53. She dressed herself in her new clothes as soon as she got home.
put She ... as soon as she got home.

54. Quite by chance, Brenda met Philip at the station.


run Brenda ... at the station.

55. Do you have a good relationship with your in-laws?


get Do you ... in-laws?

56. Mary stopped eating chocolate as she wanted to lose weight.


gave Mary ... as she wanted to lose weight.

57. Alison looks like her mother.


taken Alison ... her mother.

58. Before the plane left the ground, we fastened our seatbelts.
took Before the plane ... we fastened our seatbelts.

59. The old man wasn’t deceived by the salesman.


taken The old man ... by the salesman.
142
60. The burglar escaped even though the police chased him.
got The burglar … the police chased him.

61. After the man left my office, I continued typing the reports.
with After the man left my office, I ... typing the reports.

62. The village was isolated after the storm.


cut The village ... the storm.

63. Jack and Sally ended their relationship six months ago.
broke Jack and Sally ... months ago.

64. John has gained weight recently, hasn’t he?


put John ... weight recently, hasn’t he?

65. My friend let me stay at her house last weekend.


put My friend ... last weekend.

66. Heavy rain caused the accident to happen.


brought Heavy rain ... the accident.

67. We haven’t got any apples left, so I can’t make a fruit salad.
run We ... apples, so I can’t make a fruit salad.

68. John secretly escaped from boarding school and his parents were
very worried.
ran John ... and his parents were very worried.

69. I’m afraid we have encountered some problems in the production


of this car.
run I’m afraid ... some problems in the production of this
car.

70. The price of oranges has increased now that they’re out of sea-
son.
gone The price of oranges ... now they’re out of season.

143
7. Complete these dialogues with the phrasal verb and
a pronoun.
e. g. A: Has Mary put her hat on?
B: Yes, she’s put it on.

1. A: Who brought up the children?


B: Their uncle ... .
2. A: Did you cross out the wrong words?
B: No, the teacher ... .
3. A: When do we have to give in the homework?
B: We have to … tomorrow.
4. A: Can you pick Sally up after school?
B: OK, I’ll ... on my way home.

5. A: Children, can you put your toys away now please.


B: Can’t we ... later?

6. A: Has somebody put the lights on?


B: I think Joe’s ... .

7. A: When did they knock down the cinema?


B: They … several months ago.
8. A: Look at this skirt! How can I get the ink off?
B: I think the only way to ... is to take it to the cleaner’s.
9. A: Somebody’s rubbed out my name.
B: Well, I haven’t ... .
10. A: Sally and Pete have broken off their engagement.
B: Oh! When did they ...?

8. Replace the words or phrases in italics by phrasal verbs.


Some of the sentences may sound awkward as they stand.

1. Can he give a good explanation for his extraordinary behaviour?


2. He mended the tyre of his bicycle and then filled it with air. 3. They
were having a violent quarrel but stopped suddenly when I came in.
144
4. The meeting was cancelled because of the flu epidemic. 5. If you
refuse to perform my orders you’ll be dismissed. 6. I don’t think you
can overtake them; they left two hours ago. 7. Sherlock Holmes was
often able to solve a mystery without leaving his rooms in Baker Street.
8. I found a twenty-pound note by chance in the street. What should
I do with it? 9. If my scheme had succeeded, I should have made a
profit of a thousand pounds. 10. He recovered consciousness when the
doctor had applied artificial respiration. 11. He swore to revenge him-
self on me for the wrong I had done him. 12. Three thousand students
are candidates for the examination every year but very few pass.
13. My sister promised to sing at the concert and though she doesn’t
want to now, she can’t free herself from the obligation. 14. If cigarettes
get any dearer, I shall have to abandon the habit of smoking. 15. Pric-
es always increase; they never become less. 16. The police investigated
the case very thoroughly but finally said there was no suspicion of
foul play. 17. He started his journey in a great hurry. 18. He needs
more exercise; he should start playing tennis. 19. It is difficult to train
children well. 20. The train was delayed by fog and arrived late.
21.I waited for her for ages but she didn’t come. 22. She is good at
languages. She learnt Spanish without effort in a few months. 23. It is
your responsibility to make success of your own life. 24. Don’t walk on
the grass. 25. He dictated so quickly that his poor secretary couldn’t
go as fast as he did. 26.1 hit him so hard that he fell unconscious.
27. If I don’t punish you this time, will you promise never to do it
again? 28. She was very upset over her failure but now she is recover-
ing from it. 29. You mustn’t omit the difficult sentences; do them all.
30. She kept asking me all the difficult words instead of searching for
them in a dictionary. 31. I took the children to the zoo today to com-
pensate for the party they missed yesterday. 32. Students of English
often confuse the words ‘lie’ and ‘lay’. 33. If you don’t allow me to
enter I’ll break down the door. 34. The line was so bad when I tele-
phoned him that I couldn’t understand what he said. 35. Will you take
care of the garden while I am in hospital? 36. I don’t believe a word
of his excuse; I’m sure he invented it. 37. He’s had the best doctors
available but he won’t recover unless he has the will to live.
38. Be careful! The tree’s going to fall. 39. Never postpone till tomor-
row what you can do today. 40. He dressed himself in uniform for the
occasion. 41. He keeps hearing strange footsteps in the house, so he
has hired a private detective to investigate the matter. 42. Whenever
you are in Paris do go and visit my sister. 43. The Albert Hall was

145
erected in memory of Queen Victoria’s husband. 44. I can’t offer hos-
pitality to you all because my flat is too small. 45. Suppose you tele-
phone the station and ask them. 46. She is in poor health after working
for three years without a break. 47. The village is so small that we are
always meeting our friends accidentally. 48. Peter’s leaving. Why don’t
you apply for his job? 49. There is something wrong with the televi-
sion set; we’d better summon an electrician. 50. I’m feeling rather
tired today because I stayed out of bed later than usual last night.
51. He lost his reputation and all his money but he had good friends
and they continued to support and help him. 52. The father was thor-
oughly dishonest and the son resembles him. He has already been in
the courts for stealing. 53. He started playing golf as he thought it
would help him socially. 54. I used to believe his tall stories; now he
rarely succeeds in deceiving me. 55. It is silly to abandon a good job
like yours, just because you don’t like the coffee in the canteen.
56. They rejected her application because they preferred a man for
the job. 57. Take a pencil and paper and calculate how long it will
take us to reach London from here. 58. He undertook evening work to
make some extra money but at the end of the year he was completely
exhausted, and had to abandon it. 59. The manager is to turn up be-
fore long and you’d better be available for another half an hour.
60. I could hardly exchange a couple of words with him. A minute
later he was gone. 61. ‘Well, we’ve been invited to. You are to decide.’
62. You needn’t worry about his absence. He’ll be home before the
train starts. 63. When educating children we ought to implant in our
children a love of work. 64. You needn’t come and collect your laun-
dry. It will be delivered to you. 65. When you are out will you go to the
Post Office and see if there are any letters for me? 66. They had to
cancel the meeting as the president was ill. 67. Having settled down in
the town the Woods began paying visits to their neighbours.
68. It usually takes me fifteen minutes to remove the dishes from the
table and wash up. 69. When summer set in Mr Brown removed all the
things from the veranda and put in camping beds for the children to
sleep in. 70. Let’s go. We are behind as it is. 71. The article is too long.
Would you make it shorter by, say, 500 words?’ said the editor.
72. I was in the middle of telling him about my mother’s letter when
we were disconnected. 73. You’ll have to pay if you want to get your
flat painted and decorated. 74. We have heard that he quarrelled with
his family over some political issues and left for good. 75. Though the
picture was not a genuine Rembrandt, we liked it at once. 76. The
146
soup is boiling over. Will you reduce the gas, please? 77. They are sure
to engage him. He is a good worker. 78. You must get rid of this large
sideboard; it occupies too much room. 79. All the time of the lesson
was filled up with the discussion of three questions. 80. He invites her
to places nearly every evening. 81. You’d better take your prescription
to the chemist and he’ll compound the medicine. 82. You may think I
have invented this news. But I pass it on to you for what it’s worth.
83. Please continue your report. You shouldn’t cut it down for my
sake. 84. The cardigan doesn’t match your skirt. 85.1 searched for his
number in the telephone book. 86. In trying to avoid injuring the
children, the car collided with the bus. 87. When the guests are leav-
ing the host usually accompanies them to the door. 88. He tried to get
round me but I discovered his plan. 89. She promised to attend to the
food for the picnic and asked us to arrange about the tickets. 90. You
ought to start a laboratory going where you can carry on experiments.
91. She had a passion for gardening. It is her pastime now. 92. His of-
fence is grave this time and he won’t escape punishment. 93. She is a
very agreeable person by nature and she is on good terms with every-
body. 94. He didn’t want to go to the cinema but they begged so hard
that he yielded to their desire and went with them. 95. He returned all
the books he had borrowed. 96. Don’t you try this game on me, you
won’t deceive me. 97. I don’t think I could ever get to like what is
called abstract art. 98. ‘Why, haven’t you got connected?’ ‘No, I’ve
been trying for about an hour but got nowhere.’ 99. Don’t worry
about the frog. It can’t escape from the jar I put it in. 100. You should
be very careful with her. She is just recovering from a bad heart attack.
101. The girl certainly has winning ways, she persuaded everybody
beginning with the director himself. 102. He seemed so ungrateful for
anything we did that we have ceased trying to help him. 103. What’s
happening next door? 104. Work on the building had been delayed by
bad weather. 105. Little Hans could not make progress at an equal
pace with the miller who was riding a horse and soon Hans fell be-
hind. 106. It’s like searching for a needle in a haystack. 107. ‘Why
don’t Peter and Polly make friends again?’ ‘They’d like to, but unfor-
tunately they can’t remember what they quarrelled about.’ 108. Iwould
not advise young girls to apply cosmetics. The less make-up the better.
109. I’m head over ears in work now and I’d rather get them to post-
pone their visit to us. 110. Dress yourself in this woollen sweater.
It will keep out the cold. 111. When the firemen came the house was
all in flames and they could do nothing to extinguish the fire.

147
112. ‘Hallo,’ shouted the man. ‘Operator, will you connect me with
the hospital?’ 113. The plane had a forced landing as they had come
to the end of fuel. 114. At Hyde Park Corner Soames met by chance
George Forsyte, very sunburnt from racing. 115. I got to like him at
first sight. 116. If I were you I wouldn’t take up this sport. You look
quite exhausted after every training. 117. Ann is someone I really re-
spect. 118. I’m saving up to buy a new house. 119. The government
refused to yield to the demands of the terrorists. 120. We offered them
₤100,000 for the house but they refused our offer. 121.I can’t calculate
how much the whole trip will cost. 122. When do you think your
book will be published? 123. The plane is going to leave the ground.
124. I think you invented this story. 125. I think Matthew and Emma
have quarrelled. 126. The traffic was delayed by road works.

9. Study and practise. Note the use of phrasal verbs.

Modern-Day Thieves Pick Up the Habits of the Past

In modern day York, thieves often throw away empty purses and
wallets. By observing this habit, archaeologists have cleared up a mys-
tery.
‘We often wondered why there were so many empty purses dat-
ing from the 13th century on this site,’ one of the archaeologists said,
‘Then suddenly we found out why.’
Mr Nick Pearson, the senior archaeologist, said to reporters
yesterday: ‘Every Monday when we came back to the site after going
away for the weekend, we found empty purses and wallets which had
been thrown over the fence round the site.
They had obviously been stolen from people in the area. The
thieves had run off and taken out the credit cards and cash, they didn’t
want the purses and wallets, so they threw them away. It seems that
criminals haven’t changed much in 700 years!’

Not Only Red in the Face

Ken Rose is a company director and he has to sit at a desk all


day. He likes to keep fit by running to work every morning. He arrives

148
at the office early, gets out of his shorts and vest and puts a business
suit on. Last week, Ken got to his office earlier than usual, dressed in
red shorts and a red vest. He had just put his shirt and tie on, when
the phone rang. Ken picked up the receiver and sat behind his desk.
A business colleague had called him up early. Could he see Ken later?
Could he bring someone round? Could they check over some figures?
Could they think of ways of cutting down expenses? Could they put
the meeting off till later in the week? Ken was writing some notes
when he noticed the time. It was after 9. ‘Excuse me,’ Ken said,
‘I’ll call you back.’ He had just put down the receiver when someone
knocked at the door. The managing director came into the room with
six important guests, ‘Ah, Ken,’ he said, ‘I want to introduce you to
our visitors and I’d like you to show them round the company.’ ‘Of
course, sir,’ Ken said and he got up to shake hands, forgetting he still
had his red shorts on!

Holiday Problems

Last month we decided to drive to Scotland for a few days, for


a short holiday. We were really looking forward to a quiet rest in the
country. Unfortunately, lots of things went wrong. First of all, the
car broke down just after we had left home, and we had to phone a
garage and then wait by the side of the road for hours. By the time
the car had been repaired, it was too late to go on, so we went home.
The next day we set off early to avoid the traffic, but we had forgotten
that it was a public holiday. Every single person in the country must
have had the same idea, so we found ourselves in a long traffic jam.
We decided that the best thing to do was to take a different road, and
look for a hotel.
First we got lost on a narrow country road, and then the car ran
out of petrol. Finally, we gave up and went home for the second time.

The Letter

The alarm clock rang loudly close to his head. He put out his
hand and turned off the alarm. For some moments he lay there, half-
awake. ‘I must get up,’ he thought. Then he sat up, and lowered his
feet to the floor. He took off his pyjama jacket, put on his slippers,
149
walked over to the basin, and turned on the hot tap. He drew back the
curtains and looked out into the street. As he watched, the postman
came up the path and delivered the post. Quickly he turned off the
tap, slipped on his dressing-gown, and hurried downstairs. There was
a letter from Claire. He sat down on the bottom step and opened the
envelope.
‘My dear,’ she began, ‘after our conversation last week, this letter
will come as a surprise. I told you that I could look after myself, that
my career must come first, that I was looking for something, I didn’t
know what; well, I’ve changed my mind. I will marry you after all!’
He sat there, at the bottom of the stairs, unable to grasp the full
truth. Suddenly the kitchen door opened, and his landlady came out
into the hall. ‘Well, well, Mr Mitchell,’ she said, in her broad Irish ac-
cent, ‘that’s a strange place to read your mail, to be sure ...’ She broke
off, as she noticed how pale he looked, ‘Not bad news I hope?’
He looked at her for a moment, then a huge grin spread across
his face. ‘No ... marvellous news,’ he said, ‘I’m going to get mar-
ried.’

The Flood
The announcer wished everyone goodnight, and the picture
faded from the screen. Mr Barly stood up, turned off the television,
and looked round the room. Then he turned out the lights and went up
to bed. It was raining outside. He looked out across the road towards
the river.
‘If this rain continues, there could easily be a flood,’ he
thought.
He drew the curtains, took off his clothes, washed, put on his
pyjamas and got into bed.
Some hours later he awoke. He sensed that something was wrong.
It wasn’t a noise that had woken him up, it was more the lack of any
noise at all. He got up, went over to the window, and looked down into
the garden. The rain had stopped. The night was still clear, and the
moon was nearly full. But the garden wasn’t there any more, and the
road wasn’t there; instead there was a lake, which stretched as far as
the eye could see, with odd trees and bushes sticking out of it here and
there. The house was completely cut off.
‘My goodness,’ he thought, ‘I wonder what it’s like downstairs.’

150
Letters

• Dear Wendy,
I’m sorry I missed you yesterday. I didn’t get up until nine o’clock
and, although I set off from home at half past nine, you had left when
I arrived. I do hope you didn’t wait for me. I am very disappointed
because I wanted to talk to you and look at your old photographs. To
make matters worse, I took with me some of my photographs but I
lost them on the way to meet you. I was looking at them on the bus
and I remember putting them down/away when I opened my purse
and took out my money to pay my fare. Someone must have seen my
photographs and picked them up. I only hope they haven’t thrown
them away. I look forward to getting a letter or phone call from you
soon.
Love,
Mary

• Dear Anna,
I am writing to you as we always seem to get cut off whenever we
talk to each other on the phone. Anyway, I’m afraid I have to call
off our visit to the cinema as I have been asked to look after my baby
brother that evening. Can we possibly put it off until the end of the
week?
I was glad to hear that you were not fined for parking outside the
city hall last week. I felt sure the police would let you off when you
explained everything to them.
This must be all for now. I do hope we can arrange to go out
another evening, especially as I feel very lonely now that I have broken
off with Jerry.
Love,
Maria

• Dear Susie,
I hope you got on (managed) all right when you went to London
last week.
Yesterday I went on a school picnic. I got up very early and then
met my friends. We waited for over an hour before the coach turned
up. We found out later that the coach had set off half an hour late. The
driver was in such a hurry that he almost crashed into a car on the way.

151
Luckily, he pulled up in time. Then half-way to the beach we had a
puncture. What a day! We were all worn out and angry when we at last
got back home.
Write soon.
Love,
Mary

My Aunt

My aunt’s getting on for sixty, and she’s always been a very dy-
namic sort of person, but recently she’s started to behave in a rather
strange way. A few months ago she took up karate and judo, and now
she’s taken to riding a powerful motorbike everywhere she goes. Last
week she turned up at my sister’s birthday party dressed in a leather
jacket with Hell’s Angels written on the back. ‘I’ve come to liven
things up,’ she said, and immediately began dancing wildly to loud
rock music. My sister found it rather embarrassing. ‘I wish she’d act
her age,’ she said. ‘She behaves as if she were sixteen rather than six-
ty.’ But it doesn’t bother me at all. It takes all sorts to make a world.

My Cousin

The strangest person I know is my cousin. He was an only child,


and was used to being the centre of attention, so he tended to show off
a lot in front of other people. I can’t say he changed very much when
he grew up. On his eighteenth birthday he shaved off all his hair and
started wearing a safety-pin through his nose. I suppose he thought
it would make him stand out in a crowd. He went to university but
dropped out after only one week – he said he wanted to graduate from
the university of life. The last thing I heard, he was trying to join a
circus.

Mistake Search

On Friday morning at 8.00 a.m. Brian Hawkins went to work as


usual. He walked to the underground station, waited a few minutes
for his train on the crowded platform, and then got on. As usual he
had to put up with standing the whole way.
152
At Victoria, where a large number of passengers always change,
Brian felt someone push past him aggressively. It was a tall, well-
dressed young man. At first Brian couldn’t work out what was hap-
pening and then he felt for his wallet. To his horror, he realised it
wasn’t there and it had all his credit cards plus over ₤ 100 in cash.
Brian couldn’t believe that he had been taken in by such an old trick.
He was furious. He certainly wasn’t going to let this guy get away with
it that easily.
He tried to find out where the young man had gone. Finally he
saw him on the platform. He ran out of the train, grabbed the man
and pulled him back towards the train. The man tried to make out that
he didn’t know what was going on.
Brian jumped back into the train just as the doors were closing.
The doors shut on the young man’s coat, trapping him. A look of
panic crossed his face as the train started to move. The train slowly
accelerated and the young man had to run to keep up with the train.
Just as the train was leaving the station and the young man was about
to come off the end of the platform, he pulled himself away from the
train and fell backwards onto the platform.
That evening, when Brian got back home, he was about to tell his
wife the whole story, when she asked him how he’d managed to get by
without any money.
‘What do you mean?’ Brian asked.
‘Well, you left your wallet here on the kitchen table when you
went to work this morning.’

On the Way to Dallas

Gina: It was nice to run into your mother.


Frank: Yeah. I’m sorry we can’t stay for dinner.
Gina: Me too, but I really have to get back to Dallas. I don’t want
to miss class.
Frank: I know. And I should go home and work on that report,
anyway. It’s due on Monday and I still have to go to the
library to look for some information.
Gina: That reminds me. I have ten words to look up in the dicti-
onary. I have to find out their meanings and make up sen-
tences with them.
153
Frank: That doesn’t sound like fun.
Gina: It isn’t. But it’s a good way to learn vocabulary.
Frank: Shall we stop and get something to eat on the way home?
We could try out that restaurant we passed on our way here.
I hear they have good hamburgers and French fries.
Gina: Frank, you really should cut down on fried foods. You’re
getting fat.
Frank: I am not! I’m in great shape. And did you know that I’ve
kept up my jogging for over three months now?
Gina: I’m only kidding about getting fat. But I’m not kidding
about fried food. It’s not good for you. Anyway, let’s eat at
home. I don’t really want to stop at a restaurant.
Frank: Fine. But first we’d better stop at a gas station or we’ll run
out of gas.

• Refer to the conversation and match these two-word verbs


with the definitions on the right.

1. run into a. find information in a book


2. get back b. return
3. look for c. invent
4. look up d. decrease
5. find out e. meet by chance
6. make up f. test
7. try out g. find
8. cut down (on) h. discover information
9. keep up i. use all of something
10. run out (of) j. continue

Isn’t It Good News?

Rachel: I’ve found out what the problem is with the exam.
Vicky: Oh, good. Tell me.
154
Rachel: When they printed the papers, they left out a page. No one
noticed until the papers had all been sent out. Now they’ll
have to throw away all the papers and put off the exam.
Vicky: Are you sure you haven’t made up this whole story?
Rachel: It’s true, I tell you. And isn’t it good news?
Vicky: I don’t know about that. It means we’ll have to go on/
carry on revising.

Bad News
Mr Collins is the sales manager, and Mr Franks his assistant.

Mr Collins: Ah, come in, I’ve had a letter from head office I want
you to look at.
Mr Franks: It seems as if we really are going to have to cut down
on our sales force this time.
Mr Collins: The question is ... can we get away with making just
one of the reps* redundant?
Mr Franks: I hope so, but I don’t think we can put off making
a decision any longer.
Mr Collins: Do you want to put forward any suggestions?
Mr Franks: You know my views. There’s only one of our reps I’d
like to get rid of.
Mr Collins: Mr Welch?
Mr Franks: Of course. I ran out of patience with him a long time
ago.
Mr Collins: Have you looked through his sales record recently?
Mr Franks: Yes, his orders have been falling off steadily over the
last four years, and he’s not prepared to put in any
extra effort at all. If you suggest it, he always tries
to get out of it.
Mr Collins: Right. I suppose I’d better break the news to him.

* reps: representatives (salesmen)


155
PHRASAL VERBS IN TOPICS

Topic: Shopping

l.

Wl: Woman 1 W2: Woman 2


Wl: Well, what do you think of this one?
W2: Mm. It doesn’t really go with the colour of your jumper.
Why don’t you try on the red skirt?
Wl: OK ... Goodness, I can’t get into it. And if 1 do, I won’t be
able to do the buttons up. It’s no good. I’ll have to go on a
diet.
W2: What about this one? I think this is fantastic! You’ll look out
of this world in it.
Wl: Do you think so?

2.

M: Man A: Shop assistant


A: Hello, can I help you?
M: Yes, please. I’d like to try on these trousers.
A: Of course, sir. The changing rooms are just over there.

3.

H: Husband W: Wife
W: Aren’t you going to get changed?
H: No, I’m going like this.
W: You can’t go looking like that.
156
H: Well I’m not going to dress up just to have dinner with my
parents.
W: That’s not the point, that shirt’s filthy, and it’s worn out.
Look, it’s got holes in it. Take it off and put on that one I gave
you for Christmas.

4.

W: Woman A: Shop assistant


W: Excuse me. I can’t get my foot into this shoe. Can I try on a
size 6?
A: I’m afraid you’re out of luck, madam. We’re completely out
of stock in that particular size.

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A B

1. to take something off a. to dress oneself in clothes


or jewellery
2. to have (got) (something) on b. to put on a piece of clothing
to see if it fits and looks
nice
3. to try something on c. to fasten something (a
button or a zip)
4. to wear out d. to be wearing a piece of
clothes
5. to dress up e. to remove clothes, to
undress
6. to put something on f. to put clothes without
difficulty because they
aren’t too small
7. to do something up g. to wear smart clothes for a
special occasion

157
8. to get into something h. to become useless because
it has been used so often

2. Decide what you would say in the following situations. Use


the phrasal verbs in brackets.

1. It’s very cold outside and your friend is about to leave without a
coat. What do you say?
(put on)
2. You have been invited to an important dinner party. You are not
sure if you need to wear very smart clothes or not. What do you
say?
(dress up)
3. A man comes to your house to repair the TV. His shoes are very
dirty. You want him to remove them before he comes in. What do
you say?
(take off)
4. You are in a clothes shop and you see a nice pair of trousers. You
are not sure if they are the right size or if they’ll suit you. What do
you say to the shop assistant?
(try on)
5. You can’t fasten the button on your shirt. You ask for help. What
do you say?
(do up)
6. You look at your shoes and see there are holes in them. What do
you say?
(wear out)
7. You are trying to put on some shoes but they are too small for you.
What do you say?
(get into)

8. You saw a thief in a green jumper and blue jeans. The police ask
you what he was wearing. What do you say?
(have sth on)
158
How multi-word verbs work

off = removing clothes


Please come in and take your hat and coat off.
on = wearing clothes
Put on some thick gloves. It’s very cold today.

Note: to help someone on with clothes = to help them


put clothes on

get sth on/off leave sth on/off put sth on take sth off
help sb on/off pull on/off slip on/off try on

3. Fill in the blanks in the conversation below, using a suitable


phrasal verb from the list above.

A: I’d like a pair of brown shoes, please. Just like those on the shelf
over there.
B: Certainly, sir. What size are the shoes you’ve … … now?
A: I’m not certain.
B: Well, why don’t you ... your shoes ... and let me measure your
feet. Hold your foot straight out, sir. Ah, you’ll need size 8 shoes.
Would you like to ... this pair ... and see if they’re comfortable?
A: All right. Have you got a shoe horn?
B: There’s one here, sir, but I’ll ... you ... with them.
A: Oh dear! They seem far too small.
B: ... them ... a moment and walk a few yards on the carpet. How do
you feel when you walk in them?
A: Terrible. They make my feet hurt. Oh dear, my feet seem to be
stuck in them!

159
B: Leave it to me. I’m very strong. Just hold your right foot out and
I’ll... the shoe ..., sir.
A: Ow!

4. Sally and Jane are staying in Barcelona and are planning to


do some shopping. Complete the dialogue with the correct
form of one of the verbs in the box.

find out, get off, look up, put on, run out of, set off,
take off, try on, work out

Sally: Have you ... worked out ... where the best shopping centre
is?
Jane: Yes, I ... it ... in the guidebook. We can take the metro right
across the street and we ... at the fourth station.
Sally: By the way, I’ve ... euros so we’ll have to call at a bank.
Jane: We can go to the hotel reception and ... if there’s a cash ma-
chine near here. What are you going to wear?
Sally: If we’re going to ... clothes, I think I’ll wear a skirt. It’s more
difficult to ... jeans and ... them ... all the time.
Jane: OK, as soon as you’ve changed we can ... .

5. Translate into English.

1. Почему ты не снимаешь пальто? 2. Я не могу надеть эти бо-


тинки – они слишком маленькие. 3. Она была в шляпе? 4. Он
принял душ и надел новую тенниску. 5. Дешевая обувь быстро
изнашивается. 6. Мои ботинки сносились. 7. Я хочу примерить
эту кофточку. 8. Юбка была ей слишком мала – она даже не
могла ее застегнуть. 9. На этот случай она очень нарядно оде-
лась. 10. Мне нужно купить сумку, которая подходила бы по
цвету к моей куртке.

160
Topic: Food

boil over Turn the heat down, please. The water’s


boiling over.
chop up Those are too big. Chop the meat up into
smaller pieces.
cut down on sth Cut down on fried food if you want to lose
weight.
cut sth out The doctor advised Henry to cut all eggs out
of his diet.
dig in (slang) Here’s the meal. I know you’re very hungry,
so dig in.
dish (food) out Will you help me to dish the rice out to all
our guests?
dish (food) up The meal’s ready now. Shall I dish it up?
eat in Let’s stay at home and eat in tonight. I don’t
want to go out.
eat out Let’s eat out tonight. Do you know any
good restaurants?
get through Do you think we can get through all this
(food, etc.) food?
rustle (a meal, She always manages to rustle up something
etc.) up to eat.
serve up Is everyone ready to eat? Can I serve the
food up now?
tuck in (informal) ‘Tuck in, boys,’ he said when the meal was
ready.
tuck into (food, etc.) Sue sat down, smiled and at once tucked
into her dinner.
wolf (food) down You should eat slowly. You always wolf
everything down.

161
1. Complete the paragraph, using a suitable phrasal verb from
the list below.

chop up boil over put in tuck in


drop in jump up rustle up dish out
pour in cut up sit down take out

When I … … to see Joe, he asked me to stay for a meal. ‘I’ll soon ...
something ... for us,’ he said. I was about to sit down when he said,
‘Before you sit down, could you … … a saucepan and … … about two
litres of water?’ After he had put the water on the cooker, he … … and
began to tell me about all the dishes he could make. Suddenly he …
… and ran to the cooker. ‘Oh dear!’ he cried. ‘You’ve let the water …
…!’ The next moment he turned to me again. ‘Can you see a packet
of hot sour mix?’ he asked. I pointed to a small packet under his nose.
He took the lid off the saucepan, … … the hot sour mix and began to
stir vigorously. ‘If you … … some small pieces of chicken, I can add
them to the soup,’ he said, handing me a knife. After the soup had
been cooking for twenty minutes or so, Joe then asked me to wash
some lettuce and ... it ... . ‘Now … … the soup in those small bowls
and serve it with the chopped lettuce,’ he told me. ‘Then … … and
enjoy the soup I’ve made!’

2. You have a friend who is becoming overweight. What ad-


vice would you give them about food and eating? (Use a
phrasal verb containing cut in your answer.)

3. Complete the conversation, using phrasal verbs from the


list at the beginning of this unit. Use a different verb in each
gap.

A: Shall we … … tonight?
B: No, let’s … … I just feel like staying at home.
A: But have we got enough food for a meal?
B: Yes, I can soon … … something you like. Why don’t you watch TV
while I do the cooking?
(30 minutes later)
162
B: It’s ready. Shall I ... it ... now?
A: Yes, please. This programme’s almost over.
B: Good. Here it is, so ... … . It’s chicken – your favourite.
A: You’ve given me too many potatoes. I don’t think I can ... ... them
all. Take some off my plate and have them yourself.
B: No, thanks. I’m trying to … … potatoes. I’ve got to lose weight.
Anyway, I’m sure you can eat it all. You usually ... ... everything
on your plate.
A: Yes, but it’s different tonight. I ate some chocolates while you
were cooking!

How multi-word verbs work

up
The particle up can be used with some verbs to give the idea of com-
pletion.
We’d better drink up. The bar closes in five minutes.
In this sentence, drink up = finish drinking. Several verbs use up in
this way.

eat up tidy up wash up dry up clean up clear up

4. Use the multi-word verbs above to correct the following


sentences.

1. Look at all these dirty dishes. I really don’t feel like doing them.
Could you eat them up? 2. My room looks like a bomb hit it. I can’t
find anything. I must dry it up. 3. ‘Tidy up all your vegetables or you
won’t grow big and strong,’ my mother used to tell me. 4. After the
party her friends offered to help her wash up the mess. 5. I’ll wash the
dishes if you clean them up.

163
5. What is the general meaning of the particle up when used
with the group of verbs below?

1. I felt so angry that I tore up the letter. 2. The workmen have start-
ed to dig up the road. 3. Let’s make a model castle; we can cut up
the cardboard. 4. We can all have a piece of cake if we divide it up.
5. Mr White is in the yard chopping up wood. 6. The ship went on the
rocks in the storm and broke up. 7. He’s smashed up his new car.

6. Translate into English.

1. Пойду раздобуду что-нибудь на ужин. 2. Вот торт. Налетай-


те. 3. Мне велели меньше курить. 4. Врач сказал мне, чтобы я
отказался от жирного и спиртного. 5. Порежь мясо на мелкие
кусочки. 6. Я не люблю обедать в ресторанах, я предпочитаю
обедать дома. 7. Время подавать рыбу. 8. Он набросился на вет-
чину. 9. Выключи плиту. Вода выкипает. 10. Он с жадностью
проглотил ужин.

Topic: Holidays. Travelling

Getting Away from It All


1.
I: Interviewer J: Jean
I: Hello. I work for Sun Tour holidays and I’m interviewing people
about their last holiday. Would you mind answering a few ques-
tions for our survey?
J: No, not at all.
I: Thank you. Firstly, could you tell me about your travel arrange-
ments? Did you experience any difficulties in reaching your des-
tination?
J: Well, our plane didn’t take off on time. It was delayed five hours,
so we didn’t get to Cyprus until three in the morning and we were
very tired when we got there. But there was a coach at the airport
waiting to pick us up and it dropped us off at the hotel in time for
breakfast, so that was all right.
164
I: And how was the hotel?
J: Well, we were a little disappointed with the room. It didn’t have a
balcony and it looked out onto some rather ugly, noisy streets, but
the beach was just a stone’s throw away – it only took us a couple
of minutes to get there.
I: And how important are holidays to you?
J: Oh, we always look forward to going on holiday. We always make
sure we get away at least once a year.

2.
I: Interviewer A: Andy
I: Could you tell me first about your travel arrangements? Did you
have any problems with them?
A: We had no problems flying out, but coming back was awful. We
checked out of the hotel early Saturday morning and set off for the
airport by taxi. We were supposed to get back to London in the
afternoon, but our plane didn’t touch down until Sunday at four in
the morning, so we were absolutely worn out when we got home.
I: Oh, and why was there such a delay?
A: Technical difficulties, they said. Something wrong with the en-
gine.
I: And apart from that, how was the rest of the holiday?
A: Oh, it was great. I took up windsurfing and I want to go back and
do it again next year.
I: And how important are holidays to you?
A: I think they’re important. You need a change, you need to see
somewhere different. Travel broadens the mind, doesn’t it?

3.

I: Interviewer S: Susan
I: And what was your last holiday like?
S: Marvellous, absolutely marvellous. We went to Rome and we met
up with some very nice people from Manchester. We looked round
the city together and saw all the sights – the Colosseum and St.
Peter’s ... And on the way back to England we stopped off in Paris
and spent a couple of days there. We had a marvellous time.
165
I: And how important are holidays to you?
S: Oh, it’s good to get away from it all and forget all your worries and
problems, even if it’s only for a few days.

4.

I: Interviewer S: Sheila
I: So could you tell me about your last holiday?
S: It was a complete disaster, and it was a pity, because I was really
looking forward to it. The plane didn’t take off on time – it was
delayed six hours! The flight was awful – I suffered from air-sick-
ness all the way. My hotel room was small and dirty. I complained
about it to the manager and I insisted on having a different room,
and I even succeeded in getting one, but it was just the same!
I: Goodness, it sounds terrible.
S: I was really disappointed with the beach – it was ugly and miles
from the hotel. No, the whole thing was a complete disaster. In
the end I couldn’t wait to get back home.
I: So you weren’t at all satisfied with your holiday?
S: No, I wasn’t. I’d never go back there again!
I: And how important are holidays to you?
S: Very. I love visiting beautiful places. That’s why I was so angry
about the holiday and with the man who booked it for me.
I: Yes, I’m sure you were. Which company did you book your holi-
day with?
S: Sun Tour Holidays.
I: Oh...

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В

1. to take off a. to leave a hotel after paying the bill


2. to pick someone up b. to break one’s journey for a short time
3. to drop someone off c. to leave the ground and begin flying
166
4. to get away d. to walk round a place in order to see
what it is like
5 to check out e. to have a holiday
6. to set off f. to drive someone where they want to go
and leave them there
7. to get back g. to begin a journey
8. to touch down h. to collect someone by car or coach, to
stop and give someone a lift
9. to look round i. to land after a flight (somewhere)
10. to stop off j. to arrive back at the place you started
from

2. Decide what you would say in each situation, using multi-


word verbs from this unit. The first sentence has been done
for you.

1. You are at the airport and you want to know what time the plane
departs. What do you say?
e.g. What time does the plane take off?
2. You are going on a coach trip with some friends and you want to
know what time it starts. What do you say?
3. Your friend is giving you a lift in her car. You want her to let you
out at the station. What do you say?
4. Your friend is going out and you want to know what time she will
return. What do you say?
5. You want your friend to collect you by car at 6.00 o’clock. What
do you say?
6. You are staying at a hotel and you want to know what time you
have to vacate your room. You go to the receptionist. What do
you say?
7. You are on a plane flying to Madrid and you want to know what
time the plane lands. What do you say?
8. You are going to Oxford to see a play and you want to know if
there will be time to see the town. What do you say?
9. You are on your way home with a friend. You want to suggest that
you both go into a bar for a drink. What do you say?
167
10. Last summer you did extra work for your boss instead of going on
holiday. He asks you if you would like to do the same thing this
year. You think you need to have a holiday this summer. What do
you say?

3. You are on holiday in Rhodes. Your travel representative


leaves you a note giving details of an excursion to the
nearby island of Symi. Fill in the missing words.

Trip to the island of Symi


Hi there!
The arrangements for tomorrow’s trip to the island of Symi are
as follows:
The coach will ... us ... at 7.00 a.m. outside the post office – so
remember to set your alarm clock! It will take us to Rhodes harbour
and then we’ll catch the ferry to the island of Symi. When we get
there, another coach will ... us ... and take us to the main town. We
will have about two hours to ... the shops and have lunch.
At 3.00 p.m. we’ll... for the village of Pixos. At 5.00 we’ll catch
the ferry again and we’ll ... to Rhodes harbour at about 7.00. Another
coach will ... us ... and we’ll ... somewhere for a meal on the way
back.
The coach will ... us ... at the post office around 10.00, so you’ll
probably ... to your apartment about 10.15.
See you tomorrow,
Sharon

4. Complete the following story by choosing the second word


of each phrasal verb.

We were looking forward to/on our holiday but the night before we
were going to leave we stayed down/up talking until about three
o’clock. We didn’t hear the alarm clock so we got up/in late and we
were late getting to the airport. When we went to check in/up, we
were lucky because some passengers hadn’t shown up/out so there

168
were still some seats left. When we got on the plane, Tim was a bit
nervous because he hadn’t flown before but I gave him a pill and that
calmed him down/out. The cabin crew told us to turn in/off our mo-
biles. Then the lights went up/off and Tim thought something was
wrong but I pointed out/up that they always do that before the plane
takes out/off. When we got to Rome we went to pick up/off our cases.
Mine was one of the first to come out, but Tim’s didn’t appear. We
hung about/up for a long time but it didn’t turn out/up. We went
to an office to report it and Tim had to fill in/on all his details on a
form. After several phone calls it turned out/up that Tim’s case was
in Athens. Luckily we got it back that same evening. As soon as it ar-
rived, Tim pulled out/off his sweaty clothes, had a cold shower and
put in/on a clean shirt and trousers. We were just in time to go and
have dinner.

How multi-word verbs work


back
The particle back is often used with verbs to give the meaning of
someone or something returning to the place where he/she/it was
before.
What time will you be back tonight?
It can also be used to give the idea of reciprocating an action, that is,
repeating a similar action.
I’ve received a letter inviting us to a party. Shall I write back and
accept the invitation?

5. Work with your partner. Look at the verbs below and think
of sentences to illustrate what they mean. Say if the verbs
have the idea of returning or repeating a similar action (re-
ciprocating).

ring/phone/call someone back give something back walk back


put something back drive (someone) back shout back
pay something back take something back fly back
play something back send something back turn back
169
away/off = towards another place, from here to there
We’re going away on holiday tomorrow.
The small boy threw a stone at the window and ran off.
I don’t want to see you again. Go awayl

Note: Away suggests ‘for a long time’ or ‘for ever’.

drive away /off, frighten sb away/off


run away, fly away, go away (and not come back soon)
throw sth away, take sth away
run off, fly off, go off (but not go far)

6. Look at the pictures below and write answers to the ques-


tions.

1. Why don’t you apologise to Mr Talbolt?


I can’t. He’s driven off.

2. Have you still got your parrot?


170
3. Where’s your dog?

4. What shall I do with the rest of the cake?

5. What are they doing with the furniture?

6. Are Mr and Mrs Rosario in?


171
7. Translate into English.

1. Когда они отправились в путь? 2. Высадите меня на углу.


3. Я осмотрел лабораторию. 4. Я заеду за тобой в шесть часов.
5. Он расплатился в гостинице и уехал. 6. Самолет вылетает в
10 часов. 7. Самолет приземлился в 7 часов. 8. В июле мне, на-
конец, удалось вырваться (уехать) в отпуск. 9. Моя подруга ос-
тановилась в Минске, чтобы повидаться со мной. 10. Когда он
вернется, скажите ему, чтобы он подождал.

Topic: Travelling. Traffic

break down The bus has broken down. We have


to get out and walk.
drive off/away Ann drove off after the accident
without telling the police.
drive on Don’t stop here. Drive on to the
next garage.
fill (a petrol tank) up I’ve got very little petrol left. I’d better
fill up at the next garage.
go through (traffic lights) Look at that car. It went through the
red lights.
knock sb/sth down The bus has just knocked poor Dan-
ny down.
pull in/over The police signalled to me to pull
in / over and stop at the side of the busy
road.
pull out Dave suddenly pulled out into the
middle of the road.
pull up I’ll pull up here so you can get out of
the car.
slow down You’re going too fast. Slow down!
speed up We’re crawling. Can you speed up a
little or I’ll be late.

172
1. Fill in the blanks in the questionnaire below. (Note that most
of the phrasal verbs used are concerned with travelling and
are in the list above, but a few other common phrasal verbs
are also used.)

1. The car you are travelling in breaks .... Do you


a) get... and walk?
b) try to repair it?
с) ring ... the nearest garage?

2. It is dark, and you have just got into your car. What is the first
thing you do?
a) Start the engine.
b) Turn the headlights ...
с) Fasten your seat belt.

3. You accidentally knock someone ..., but you don’t think the per-
son is badly injured. Do you
a) slow ... to see they are all right and then drive ...?
b) pull ..., give them first aid and then go to the nearest tele-
phone?
с) pick the person ... and drive ... to the nearest hospital?

4. You get in your car and you are about to leave. Do you first
a) look in your rear mirror to make sure there are no cars be-
hind?
b) put your hand ... and pull... into the middle of the road?
c) switch ... your indicator and then drive ... slowly?

5. You have some petrol but not a lot, and you see a petrol station.
Do you
a) drive ... and try to get to your destination?
b) slow ... and look out for the next petrol station?
с) pull... and fill...?
6. The lights are changing from green to amber. Do you
a) pull ...?
b) speed ... and go straight ... them?
с) slow ... a little but drive ...?
173
Now answer the questions to find out how good a driver you are. Then
check your answers using the scores below.

1. A1 B3 C2 16 – 18 points = You are probably a very good


driver.
2. A2 B1 C3 12 – 15 points = You are an average driver.
3. A1 B3 C2 Below 12 points = Don’t go near a car!
4. A3 B1 C2
5. A1 B2 C3
6. A3 B1 C2

check (sth) in Let’s check our luggage in first and then have
a coffee.
see sb off All Anna’s friends went to the station to see
her off.
set off Let’s set off early and then we can arrive
before lunch.
take off The plane took off a few minutes after we’d
got on.
hold sb/sth up Our flight was held up by the airport workers’
(often passive) strike.

2. Complete the conversation, using a suitable phrasal verb


which means the same as the verb or phrase in italics.

A: What time did you ... from home this morning?


B: We left at half past six.
A: How long did it take you to get to the airport?
B: Only half an hour. We reached the airport at seven.
A: Did you … … as soon as you arrived?
B: Yes, we handed in our tickets and gave in our luggage then.
A: Did anyone go with you to ... you ...?
174
B: Yes, my brother came with us to say goodbye.
A: What time did your plane … … ?
B: It didn’t leave until half past nine, so we had plenty of time to
talk.
A: But I thought it should have left at ten past eight. Why was
it … … ?
B: It was the fog that delayed us. We were very lucky to be able to
leave.

How multi-word verbs work

up = towards, as far as
The small boy ran up to his mother and burst into tears.
come up drive up run up walk up

3. Complete the paragraph, using a suitable phrasal verb from


the list above. Use each verb once only and put it in its cor-
rect form.

Ted Short is a trainee policeman. Yesterday was his first day on duty,
and he had to patrol the town all day. For several hours nothing at all
happened. Eventually, however, a young woman slowly … … to him
and asked the way to the nearest hospital. A minute later a man …
… and said he’d been robbed. At the same time a car … … , and the
driver reported an accident. Ted was amazed. Nothing had happened
all day, and then three people had ... to him within a few minutes.

4. Translate into English.

1. Стена разрушилась. 2. Они уехали два часа тому назад. 3. Ты


уже залил бензин в бак? 4. Его сшиб автобус. 5. Они быстро
остановились. 6. Когда они прибыли в гостиницу? 7. Мы по-
ехали провожать его на аэродром. 8. Когда вылетает самолет?
9. Извините меня, что я опоздал. Я застрял в дорожной пробке.
175
10. Он увидел на дороге лошадь и притормозил. 11. Я опазды-
вала и попросила водителя ехать побыстрее.

My Nightmare Journey

The worst journey I have ever made was the time when I had to
go to London for a job interview. I was living in York, in the north of
England, at the time and my car was under repair. I planned to go
by train, but a friend called Martin said, ‘No, don’t go by train. You
know how unreliable they are. They never run on time. I’m going to
London next week, so I can give you a lift.’ I told him I had to be at
the interview by 3.00 o’clock without fail. He assured me we would
arrive in time. ‘Don’t worry,’ he said. ‘We’ll be there in no time.’
The following weekend Martin picked me up at 8.30 a.m. He said
his alarm clock hadn’t gone off and he had overslept, so we set off later
than we had planned. My mother was quite excited by the idea of my
going to London for an interview, and she came to the front door to
see us off. Unfortunately, it was the rush hour, and we were held up
in a traffic jam for the next thirty minutes, but eventually the road
was clear and we headed for the motorway. I noticed we were short of
petrol and pointed this out to Martin.
‘Aren’t we going to run out of petrol quite soon?’ I said. ‘No, don’t
worry, there’s plenty left,’ he said. Five minutes later the car came to
a standstill. We were out of petrol. Martin told me not to worry and
said he was sure there was a petrol station somewhere nearby. He got
out of the car and walked off. Much to my surprise, he came back ten
minutes later with a can full of petrol. He put the petrol in the tank,
got in, and we drove off. I felt more relaxed now, and thought that ev-
erything would be all right. Two miles later the car broke down.
I didn’t panic, but I could feel the nervous tension building up in
my stomach. ‘Don’t worry,’ he said, ‘I know what’s wrong with it. I’ll
fix it in no time at all.’ An hour later he was still under the car trying
to repair it - but without success. Then another car pulled up next to
us and the driver asked if we needed any help. He asked where we
were heading for, and when we told him, he pointed out we were go-
ing in the wrong direction. He repaired the car, we thanked him for
helping us, and we set off again. I don’t know how it happened, but
instead of arriving in London we ended up in Manchester.
176
Martin told me not to worry. He said he knew a quick route to
London from Manchester that would reduce our journey time by half.
This sounded too good to be true, but I tried to believe him. He said
that if we drove fast, we would make up for lost time. To some extent
this was true, because he did drive faster, but unfortunately a police
car caught up with us and told us to pull over to the side of the road.
The policeman fined him for speeding and we drove off. We contin-
ued our journey. We were near London when it started to rain.
Martin switched on the windscreen wipers, but we couldn’t see
the road very well. A few minutes later we couldn’t make out anything
because the rain was so heavy. I warned him about the dangers of
driving on wet roads, but instead of slowing down, he speeded up. He
said it was getting late. Fortunately, we finally found the street where
my interview was to take place. Martin turned to me and said, ‘Better
late than never.’ As he said this, a car pulled out in front of us with-
out warning. Martin managed to swerve just in time to avoid hitting
it – but he ran into a parked car instead. The parked car was beyond
repair – it was a complete write-off.
Martin got out of the car and told the other driver he was respon-
sible for the accident. The other driver blamed Martin for what had
happened. I left them arguing and went in for my interview. I apolo-
gized for being five minutes late, but they said it was all right because
the interviewer hadn’t arrived yet. When he came in, I recognized
him – it was the man who had pulled out in front of us. I didn’t get
the job.

1. Match the verbs in A with the def initions in B.

A B

1. to break down a. to manage to see or read something


2. to pull over b. to have no more of something
3. to hold someone/ c. to find yourself in a place or situati-
something up on that you had not intended
4. to pull out d. to delay someone or something
5. to see someone off e. to move or travel towards some-
where
177
6. to end up somewhere f. to stop working because of mecha-
nical failure (of a vehicle or ma-
chine)
7. to pull up g. to accompany someone to a place
of departure and say goodbye
8. to head for somewhere h. to slow down and stop a vehicle
9. to run out i. to drive a vehicle into a different or
(of something) faster lane (in order to overtake)
10. to make something out j. to move a vehicle closer to the side
of the road either to stop or to allow
other vehicles to pass

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts.

1. You look in the fridge and see there is no milk. What do you say?
(run out of)
We’ve run out of milk.
2. You arrive late for a meeting because you were delayed in a traffic
jam. What do you say?
(hold up)
I’m sorry, I’m late. I was held up in a traffic jam.
3. You want to know if your parents will come with you to the air-
port to say goodbye when you leave. What do you say to them?
(see off)
Will you see me off at the airport?
4. Your friend is reading a letter but the handwriting is not very clear.
She asks you to try and read one of the words for her. You try but
you can’t. What do you say?
(make out)
I’m sorry, I can’t make it out.
5. You are talking to someone at a motorway restaurant. He tells
you he is driving north. You want to know what his destination is.
What do you say?
(head for)
Where are you heading for?
178
6. You’re in a taxi and you want the driver to stop outside the bank.
What do you say?
(pull up)
Can you pull up outside the bank, please?
7. You’re in your car on the motorway and it stops working. You
phone a garage for help. What do you say?
(break down)
My car has broken down on the motorway. Can you help me,
please?
8. You want the driver of another car to move his car closer to the
side of the road so that you can pass in your car. What do you
say?
(pull over)
Can you pull over, please?
9. You are in your friend’s car and you see another car begin to move
out in front of you. You want to warn your friend. What do you
say?
(pull out)
Watch out! That car’s going to pull out!
10. You are in your friend’s car and your friend isn’t driving very
carefully. You are frightened the journey will end with you both in
hospital. What do you say?
(end up)
If you don’t drive more carefully, we’ll end up in hospital.

• Make up your own sentences using the same phrasal verbs.


How multi-word verbs work

up

The particle up can be used with some verbs to give the idea of an
increase in quantity or intensity.
We must hurry up or we’re going to be late.
Instead of slowing down, he decided to speed up.
179
3. Complete the following sentences with multi-word verbs
that use the particle up.

1. I can’t hear the radio. Can you ... , please? 2. The cost of living is ...
all the time. 3. I’m afraid this is a very bad line and I can’t hear what
you’re saying. Can you ... , please? 4. This soup isn’t very hot. Shall I
... ? 5. You’re still very weak after your illness. I think you need to ...
your strength before you go back to work. 6. The airline company was
losing money, so it was forced to ... prices.

4. What is the general meaning of the particle off in the follow-


ing sentences?

1. The plane was meant to leave at 6.00 but it didn’t take off until
9.00 a.m. 2. At the end of the film the two lovers got into a boat and
sailed off into the sunset. 3. The small boy took my purse from my
bag and ran off before I could catch him. 4. The next morning we
set off on our journey to see the Himalayas. 5. I would like to jump
on a plane and fly off to somewhere exotic and warm. 6. He jumped
onto his horse and rode off at speed. 7. He gave me the money for the
books but he walked off before I could give him his change. 8. The
thieves made off when they saw a policeman. 9. The policeman got
into his car and drove off.

5. Translate into English.

1. Я не могу разобрать надпись на стене. 2. У него кончаются


деньги. 3. Куда направляется судно? 4. Машина остановилась
перед домом. 5. Давайте сделаем остановку в следующей дерев-
не. 6. Полицейский приказал водителю-лихачу (the wild driver)
прижаться к обочине и остановиться. 7. Мы застряли на дороге
из-за аварии. 8. Я думаю, что он докатится до тюрьмы. 9. Ста-
рый мост рухнул.

Breaking Down

Mary: Steve ... John ... at last! Come in ... give me your coats.
So ... you finally got here!
180
Steve: Yes. We’re so sorry. We really did set off early as planned.
Mary: Well, what happened then? Why are you so late?
Steve: Basically, a series of disasters. First of all, I’d agreed to pick
John up on the way and he wasn’t ready of course!
Mary: Typical!
John: Hey, that’s not fair. That wasn’t the only thing that made
us late. In case you’d forgotten, we ran out of petrol, just
outside Lincoln. Now that certainly wasn’t my fault.
Steve: OK, OK ... as it happens I forgot to fill up last night. In
fact I went to the garage especially to get petrol but when I
got home I realised I’d bought my cigarettes but no petrol.
Well, we all make mistakes!
John: Yes, you certainly do. It was really embarrassing. We were
in this really narrow country road. There was nowhere to
pull up out of the way of the traffic, so we just had to stop in
the middle of the road! We held up all the other traffic for
well over half an hour.
Steve: Yes, well, I really did try and make up the lost time after
that. I didn’t want to be late. I mean it’s not every day
you’re twenty-one.
Mary: So, was the rest of the journey OK?
John: Not at all. That was just the beginning! The next thing that
happened was when we were going through this small vil-
lage ...
Steve: Oh yes ... do you mean when that child ran out into the
road in front of us?
John: That’s right ... I was sure you were going to run her over.
Steve: Me too. How I managed to stop in time I will never know.
Mary: Goodness me. How awful! Was she all right?
Steve: Oh yes, she was fine. But you can imagine the kind of state
I was in.
Mary: Yes. You must have felt terrible.

181
John: And that’s not all!
Магу: Oh no, there surely isn’t more?
Steve: Would you believe it, but we were almost here when the car
broke down.
John: What do you mean ‘almost here’, we’ve been walking for
the last half an hour in the pouring rain!
Магу: Well, don’t just stand there ... come and have a drink. You
look like you both need one!
John: You can say that again. Is there any birthday cake left?
Mary: Yes I think so, but you’ll have to be quick!

1. Focus on phrasal verbs.

1. We really did set off early as planned.


2. I’d agreed to pick John up on the way.
3. We ran out of petrol,
4. I forgot to fill up last night.
5. There was nowhere to pull up.
6. We held up all the other traffic.
7. I really did try and make up the lost time.
8. I was sure you were going to run her over.
9. We were almost here when the car broke down.

2. Make up complete and grammatical sentences from the


prompts.

e.g. We / set off / tomorrow / week’s holiday / Wales


We are setting off tomorrow for a week’s holiday in Wales.

1. I/pick you up/station/8.30 pm tomorrow evening.


2. He/fill up/car/before/they go/the journey yesterday.
3. John, we/run out/milk/again!/That is/third time/this week.
4. Look!/large black car/pull up/in front/our house.
182
5. We/hold up/several hours/the airport/because of/bomb scare.
6. He promised/make up /lost time/working/his holidays.
7. I/never/actually/run anybody over/but/I/do/once/hit/cyclist.
8. If/car/break down again/I/sell it.

3. Answer these questions using the phrasal verbs in brac-


kets.

e.g. – Do you have any problems with your car? (break down)
– Generally no, but it sometimes breaks down in very
cold weather.
1. Why are you so late? (hold up) 2. Is there any petrol in the car?
(fill up) 3. How are you going to get home after the party? (pick up)
4. How are you going to get to London by 10 am? (make up) 5. What
are you looking at? (pull up) 6. I thought you said you were going to
be late. You’re the first one to arrive. (set off) 7. Have you ever had
an accident? (run over) 8. Have you got any more orange juice? (run
out)

How multi-word verbs work

4. What is the general meaning of the particle over in all the


examples below?

1. The wind was so strong it blew over the garden wall. 2. As he ente-
red the room he tripped over and fell onto the floor. 3. The car knocked
over a man on a bicycle. 4. She placed her bicycle carefully against
the wall but it fell over. 5. Our car was run over by a lorry last week.
6. The little girl pushed him over and he fell onto some glass.

5. Have you ever been on a disastrous car journey? Prepare


to talk about one, either real or imaginary. Remember to in-
clude any phrasal verbs from this or other units that are
appropriate.

183
Topic: Hotel

A Narrow Escape

A blaze swept through a hotel in London yesterday, leaving dam-


age estimated at ₤ 200,000. Some of the residents staying in the hotel
at the time were able to escape via the roof onto adjoining premises.
At present it is not known how the fire started. It seems the fire
broke out in the early hours of the morning. The fire alarm went off
at around 2.00 a.m. It is thought it was set off by smoke coming from
one of the bedrooms on the first floor. The fire spread quickly from
the first floor to the second floor. The fire brigade were called in im-
mediately, and firefighters were on the scene within fifteen minutes,
but by this time the hotel was already in flames. They fought the blaze
and managed to get it under control, though it took them two hours
to put the fire out.
Senior Fire Officer Mike Jones, who was in charge of the op-
eration, said, ‘It’s a miracle no one was hurt. We had to break down
several doors to rescue some of the residents from their rooms. Our
people did a wonderful job. Two of them are suffering from smoke
inhalation, but it doesn’t look too serious at the moment.’
Mrs Lunnon, a resident, said, ‘I never want to go through an ex-
perience like that again. Everywhere was on fire. I’m just so relieved
the firefighters succeeded in getting to us so quickly. Without their
help we wouldn’t have got out.’
Another resident, Mr Dale, said, ‘I heard the alarm go off and
then people started screaming. It was very frightening. My wife and
I had a narrow escape. We managed to get out of the building just in
time – as we left the third floor it burst into flames! We could hear
people calling out for help, but we couldn’t do anything to help
them.’
The hotel manager said, ‘The fire probably started by accident.
Perhaps someone was smoking in bed, forgot to put out their ciga-
rette, and accidentally set fire to the bedclothes. Some people are
very careless, and things can catch fire very easily.’
A policeman said, ‘We will be looking into the causes of the fire.
We think it started by accident, though at this stage we don’t want to
rule anything out.’

184
1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В
1. to break out a. to cause something to start
working or happening
2. to go off b. to experience or suffer some-
thing unpleasant
3. to set something off c. to begin suddenly, usually some-
thing unpleasant
4. to call someone in/out d. to leave, to escape
5. to put something out e. to exclude something, to decide
something is impossible
6. to go through something f. to shout loudly in order to
attract someone’s attention
7. to get out (of somewhere) g. to extinguish something, to stop
something burning
8. to call out h. to ask someone professional to
come and provide help
9. to look into something i. to operate, making a sudden
loud noise
10. to rule something out j. to investigate something

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done
for you.

1. Can you extinguish that cigarette, please?


(put out)
Can you put out that cigarette please?
2. The alarm bell started ringing.
(go off)
3. I shouted his name loudly but he didn’t hear me.
(call out)
185
4. The police are investigating the accident.
(look into)
5. Come quickly – a fire has started!
(break out)
6. He experienced a lot of pain.
(go through)
7. He started the fire alarm by accident.
(set off)
8. The government has said that tax cuts are not possible.
(rule out)
9. The prisoners escaped through the window.
(get out)
10. I think we should ask for the help of a doctor.
(call in)

How multi-word verbs work

1. The particle out can be combined with verbs to indicate move-


ment from somewhere inside to somewhere outside (to get out,
to check out of somewhere, to go out), or to a location outside the
home (to move out).
Say what you think the following multi-word verbs mean, and
give examples of when you would use them.

to eat out to invite someone out to camp out


stay out to take someone out

2. The particle out can also be used with verbs to give the idea of
excluding something (to rule something out, to cut something out).
Say what you think the following multi-word verbs mean and give
examples of when you would use them.

to cross something out


to rub something out
to leave someone/something out

186
3. Translate into English.

1. Когда началась война, многие студенты добровольно пошли


на фронт. 2. Каждый делал шаг вперед, когда выкликали
(называли) его фамилию. 3. Если состояние вашего здоровья
ухудшится, вызовите (пригласите) специалиста. 4. Врач полу-
чил экстренный вызов. 5. Он потушил сигарету. 6. Ей приш-
лось многое пережить в связи с болезнью сына. 7. Когда они
собираются рассмотреть его предложение? Оно заслуживает
того, чтобы его внимательно изучили. 8. Нельзя исключить
ошибку пилота. 9. Бомба взорвалась, когда они проходили
мимо универмага.

Topic: Flat

Looking Round a Flat

EA: Estate agent A: Ann

EA: Well, this is the flat. It’s vacant at the moment. I’m afraid the
previous owners didn’t look after it very well, so it’s not in per-
fect condition.
A: Mmm ...
EA: As you can see, it’s in need of some decoration and repair.
There are four rooms altogether: kitchen, living room, bed-
room, and bathroom. This is the living room. It hasn’t been
decorated recently.
A: Yes, it certainly needs doing up ... . All the wallpaper is co-
ming off the walls, and it’s very cold and damp. How is the
flat heated?
EA: Well, there’s an open fireplace, but it could be taken out and
central heating could be put in.
A: Mmm ... It’s not very large. I suppose I could put up some
shelves for books and things. Do the carpets come with the
flat?
187
EA: Yes, though as you can see, they are rather old and don’t add
much value to the property.
A: Yes, I agree. I think they all need throwing out, to be honest.
What’s that up there? Is that a hole in the ceiling?
EA: Oh, yes. I’m afraid it is. I didn’t notice that the last time I was
here.
A: Well, that will definitely need seeing to before it does any dam-
age to the property.
EA: Yes, of course. But I do think the flat has potential. It could
look very good if it’s done up nicely.
A: Well, I’m certainly interested. Obviously I’ll need to talk it
over with my husband. You say it’s vacant. Does that mean we
could move in immediately?
EA: Yes, the flat’s empty so you could move in when you’re ready.
A: Well, I’ll certainly think it over and if we decide to make an
offer I’ll call you tomorrow. Thank you for showing me round
the flat.
EA: No trouble, Mrs Jones. We hope to hear from you tomorrow
then. Goodbye.
A: Goodbye.

1. Read the sentences. Then agree with them, using the multi-
word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done for you.

1. This room looks terrible. It really needs decorating.


(do up)
Yes, it needs doing up.
2. Look, the wallpaper isn’t sticking to the walls.
(come off)
3. That fireplace is very ugly. We could remove it.
(take out)
4. The flat doesn’t have any central heating. We must install it.
(put in)

188
5. There are no shelves or cupboards. We could fix some to the
walls.
(put up)
6. There’s a lot of rubbish in this room. It needs putting in the dust-
bin.
(throw out)
6. The cooker doesn’t work. It needs repairing.
(see to)
8. We must discuss this before we decide.
(talk over)
9. We could start living here immediately.
(move in)
10. We must consider it carefully before we decide.
(think over)

put something in put something up see to something


talk something over throw something out do something up
take something out come off think something over
move in

2. Replace the words in italics in the sentences below with the


multi-word verbs in the box.

1. Nothing has been done to this flat for a long time. It needs new
curtains and a new carpet. The doors and walls also need paint-
ing. It needs ... (decorating/renovating).
2. The wallpaper was very old and ... (wasn’t sticking to/ attached to)
the walls.
3. The fireplace was old and ugly, so they ... (removed it).
4. The house was cold and damp, so they had central heating ...
(installed).
5. There was nowhere to put any books, so they decided to ... (fix in
place) some shelves.
189
6. The carpets were old and full of holes, so he ... (disposed of them
by putting them in the dustbin).
7. There was a serious problem with the roof. The rain was com-
ing in and making everything wet. It needed ... (repairing/ dealing
with) immediately.
8. Before I make a decision I need to talk to my husband about it
and see what he thinks. I must ... (discuss it) with him.
9. We would like to ... (start living there) as soon as possible.
10. It’s a good idea, but I need time to ... (consider it carefully) before
I make a decision.

How multi-word verbs work

off = separated, detached from


I can’t open the door now. Who broke the handle off?
on = attached to, part of
Can you glue the doll’s hand on?

break sth off fall off put sth on stay on


come off pull sth off screw sth on stick sth on
cut sth off take sth off sew sth on tie sth on

3. Fill in the blanks with verbs from the list below and on
or off.

stay stick screw put pull tie take sew break come

1. A: Oh dear. One of my buttons has … … .


B: Don’t worry. I’ve got a needle and thread. I can ... it ... for
you.
190
2. A: Oh no! I’ve knocked this jug and the handle has ... ... .
B: Try using this glue to ... it ... .
3. A: Someone’s ... the door handle ... .
B: Don’t worry. I’ll ... it... again.
4. A: What do I do after I’ve ... this wheel ...?
B: Take the spare wheel out of the boot and ... that ... .
5. A: The lid won’t … … the container.
B: Why don’t you ... it ...?

4. What is the general meaning of the particle in when used


with the group of verbs below?

1. Jeremy came in looking worried. 2. He nearly knocked me over in


his eagerness to get in the house. 3. I pushed open the door of the of-
fice and went in. 4. Evidently she had let herself in with a front door
key. 5. We had moved in at the height of summer. 6. He ran in through
the open glass door of the sitting room. 7. I took in the coffee.

5. Replace the noun objects with pronoun objects (it / them) in


the following sentences.
e.g. Shall I fill in this form? – Shall I fill it in?
1. I’d like to talk over my financial position. 2. Did you throw out
those old newspapers? 3. They’ve decided to put off the wedding.
4. We’re going to do up the kitchen. 5. I’d like more time to think
over your offer. 6.1 didn’t take down his telephone number. 7. Did
you hand in your homework? 8. Can you help me put up these pic-
tures?

6. Translate into English.

1. Мы должны обсудить детали нашей предстоящей поездки.


2. Мы должны повесить несколько полок в кухне. 3. Я выбро-
сила всю свою старую обувь. 4. Когда в вашей квартире был ре-
монт? 5. Посередине дороги отскочило колесо. 6. Необходимо
вынести всю мебель из комнаты. 7. Нам собираются установить
телефон. 8. Когда вы вселились? 9. Носильщик позаботится о
багаже. 10. У вас достаточно времени, чтобы все обдумать.
191
A Place of Your Own
Tony is a student. He has recently moved into his own flat. He wrote
to his friend Paul to tell him about it.

Dear Paul,
I’ve done it! I’ve got a place of my own at last! I found it through
an agency a couple of weeks ago. I was looking through the paper,
when I came across an advertisement for flats, so I gave the agency
a ring and went to see what they had. I saw several good flats, but I
couldn’t make up my mind about them. Then I saw one I really liked.
I was in two minds about taking it because the rent was rather high,
but I thought it was time I became more independent of my parents,
and I’m sure I was getting on their nerves – they said they couldn’t
put up with the noise from my stereo system any longer! So I moved
out and here I am in my own flat!
It’s in the suburbs on the outskirts of London, and it’s very con-
venient for the shops. It’s on the second floor and consists of a bed-
room, a living room, a kitchen, and a bathroom. It’s nothing out of
the ordinary, but it’s in quite good condition.
I moved in last week and I’ve already put up some shelves and new
wallpaper in the living room. At present the kitchen is painted dark
brown and has a small window, so it needs brightening up. I haven’t
finished doing up the bedroom yet. I’m going to convert it into a study
and paint it blue so that it will go with the curtains my mother has
promised to give me. There’s a lovely view from the window – it looks
out onto the garden, which I share with four other people.
I get on well with the people living above me, but unfortunately
I’m not on good terms with the landlord at the moment. We had an
argument about sticking pictures on the wall – he said it would dam-
age the wallpaper. And the people below me say they are fed up with
the noise from my stereo!
The good thing is that I’ve got somewhere I can call my own.
I can easily put you up any time you’re in London. So don’t hesi-
tate – you can drop in any time.
All the best,
Tony
PS I’m thinking of having a house-warming party at the end of
the month, so if you’d like to come, drop me a line or give me a
call.
192
1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В
1. to look through a. to give someone
something accommodation
2. to come across someone/ b. to have a view of somewhere
something
3. to put up with someone/ c. to visit someone informally, to
something pay a casual visit
4. to move out d. to match or suit, to make a
(of somewhere) good combination (for example,
of colours)
5. to brighten something up e. to read something quickly and
briefly
6. to look (out) onto f. to find something or meet some-
somehing one by chance
7. to go with something g. to leave accommodation and
take everything with you, to
vacate a house or flat
8. to put someone up h. to make something brighter, less
dull, and more full of light
9. to drop in (on someone) i. to tolerate something, to accept
something unpleasant or diff-
cult without complaining

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done
for you.

1. I can’t tolerate that noise any longer!


(put up with)
I can’t put up with that noise any longer!
2. You can visit us any time.
(drop in on)
193
3. We leave our flat on Friday.
(move out)
4. Can I quickly read your history notes?
(look through)
5. The curtains don’t match the wallpaper.
(go with)
6. Could you let me sleep in your house on Saturday night?
(put up)
7. I found by accident an old love letter you sent me two years ago.
(come across)
8. These flowers will help to make the room brighter.
(brighten up)
9. From my bedroom window I can see a garden full of flowers.
(look out onto)

How multi-word verbs work

up

The particle up can be used with some verbs to give the idea of im-
proving something.
I haven’t finished doing up the bedroom yet.

3. Look at the sentences and say what you think the verbs in
italics mean.

1. I’m going to work in Paris next year, so I really need to brush up


my French. I studied it at school several years ago but I think I’ve
forgotten a lot of it.
2. Her job is to train up people to become clerks or accountants.
3. He didn’t know very much about computers, so he decided to
read up on the subject in preparation for his job interview.
4. He was told that if he wanted to continue working for the com-
pany he would have to smarten up his appearance.
194
5. She managed to build up the reputation of the company in a very
short time.

down = from a higher to a lower place or level, towards the


ground
The sun will go down in an hour.
Put your books down and come here.
down = into a lower body position
I’m going to lie down for a few minutes.
up = from a lower to a higher place or level, away from
the ground
Is this lift going up?
Can you help me hang the picture up?
up = into a higher body position, upright
Everyone stood up when the principal entered the
room.

bend down pick sth up stand up


go down/up put sth down/up straighten up
jump up (and down) sit down/up take sth down/up
kneel down walk down/up

4. Look at the pictures and complete the story, using one of


the phrasal verbs from the list above.

As soon as Susan reached the entrance to the block of flats where


Dave lived, she ... the case ... . A moment later the lift door opened
and out stepped Dave. After warmly greeting her, he ... her case ... .
‘My flat’s on the third floor, but there may not be enough room for
both of us in the lift,’ he said.
‘If you take my case in the lift, I’ll … … ,’ Susan said. When the
lift reached the third floor, Dave … … to pick the case up. Then he
cried out in pain and … . As soon as he caught sight of Susan, how-
ever, he tried to … … . But it was no use! Realising that he had hurt his
195
back, Susan … … to see what the matter was. ‘… … here,’ she said to
Dave after she had brought a chair for him. I’ll get a doctor.’

5. Translate into English.

1. Ей трудно было мириться с такими шумными соседями.


2. Она просмотрела газету, чтобы узнать последние новости.
3. Вчера я неожиданно нашел несколько старых писем. 4. Дом
выходит на реку. 5. Эти занавески гармонируют по цвету с
обоями. 6. Я думаю, что мои родственники примут тебя, если
ты надумаешь поехать в Москву. 7. По дороге в университет я
хочу зайти к Линде. 8. Они выселились из квартиры (вселились
в квартиру) неделю назад. 9. Эти цветы украшают комнату.
10. Кухню необходимо отремонтировать.
196
Moving In

1441 Baker Street,


San Francisco,
California,
94115 USA.
3rd October, 91

Dear Tom and Jane,


Hi! How are things? How’s life with the new baby? I hope Tom’s
doing his share of the nappy-changing!
I can hardly believe how long we’ve been out here now. As you
know we got here at the beginning of August and are now really be-
ginning to settle in. It was quite difficult at first – away from every-
thing and everyone, but now things are much better.
Anyway, things began to get better once we’d found somewhere
to live. The company put us up in a hotel at first but we had to look
for our own accommodation and that wasn’t easy. Finally we were
able to take someone else’s flat over – they had suddenly decided to
leave the company and the area for one reason or another. We moved
in on Sunday. They brought all our stuff on Monday – boxes and
boxes! – and we’ve been sorting them out ever since. We found one
or two great shops nearby and have picked up some marvellous bits of
furniture. We’ve now got a fantastic sofa-bed in the living room so we
can easily put friends up. (When are you coming?). The people round
here are incredibly nice – we’ve already made lots of friends – people
just seem to pop in all the time to chat and have a coffee. It’s all very
informal and I’m really enjoying that side of things.
Jeff started his new job a couple of weeks ago. It’s going very
well, but he’s working very long hours, I suppose that’s inevitable at
the beginning.
All in all we’re having a great time but we really miss you and
hope you’ll come out here soon. We’ll probably be back for Christ-
mas so we’ll tell you more news then.
Much love,
Dee and Jeff

197
1. Define the meaning of the phrasal verbs used in the text:

settle in move in look for pick up


put up sort out take over pop in

2. From the above list of phrasal verbs, put one in each sen-
tence in the correct form.

1. If you could just ... me ... tonight, I promise I’ll catch the first train
home tomorrow morning. 2. You’ll never guess who … … to my of-
fice the other day. It was Jim, Mike’s old boss. 3. I hope Tony … …
to his new school. It’s the third time we’ve had to move him because
of Simon changing jobs. 4. If you don’t … … all those papers on your
desk, I will! 5. I’m … … someone to do some secretarial work in the
afternoons. 6. We’ve got a spare room. You can … … as soon as you
like. 7. It’s a great shop. If you’ve got time to look around you can …
… some real bargains. 8. A really nice couple … … our flat when we
left. We gave them our cats because we couldn’t take them with us.

3. Look at the following sentences and decide on the possible


positions of the phrases/words in brackets.

e.g. I’ll sort out in the morning (my room).


I’ll sort out my room in the morning.
I’ll sort my room out in the morning.
1. We put up for the night (him). 2. We put up for the night (John).
3. We settled in to our new home (quickly). 4. He picked up in that
new shop (some interesting things). 5. He picked up in that new
shop (them). 6. They looked for for their kitchen (some new chairs).
7. I will take over when he leaves (his flat). 8.1 will take over when he
leaves (it). 9. We are going to move in at the end of the month (to the
house). 10. He popped in for a quick coffee (after the meeting).

4. Translate into English.

1. Он забегает (к нам) каждый вечер. 2. Вы уже устроились?


3. Я купил дом, но не буду въезжать до осени. 4. Я не смогу при-
ютить вас. 5. Друзья предложили мне остановиться (пожить) у
198
них. 6. Когда вы вступите в должность (примите полномочия)?
7. Ты мог бы отобрать игрушки, которые можно выбросить?
8. Он по случаю приобрел несколько красивых картин. 9. Я
только что переехал (въехал). 10. Мне нужна комната (я ищу
комнату).

Topic: Appearance. Character

Going by Appearances

A
Last week, Mrs Alice Woolf, aged 65, was tricked into handing
over all her savings to a smooth-talking doorstep salesman who said
he was selling burglar alarm systems. ‘I was completely taken in,’ she
said. ‘I know it was foolish to let him talk me into giving him all my
savings, but he seemed such a nice man. He came across as com-
pletely honest. But I won’t make the same mistake again. Once bit-
ten, twice shy.’
When asked if she thought the man would be caught, she replied,
‘I don’t think he’ll get away with it. I’m sure the police will catch him
sooner or later.’

В
The police are looking for a well-dressed young man who has
been passing himself off as a doorstep salesman. Last week, he tricked
an elderly lady into giving him all her money as a deposit for a burglar
alarm system.
A police spokesman said, ‘Unfortunately, it’s quite easy for
dishonest people to make a living doing this kind of thing. I sup-
pose we all tend to go by appearances, and very often it’s not easy to
see through a clean-shaven, well-spoken young man in a good suit,
and with a pleasant manner. Appearances can be deceptive, and not
everyone is a good judge of character. My advice to people is not to
hand over any money until they have checked people’s references
and made sure they belong to a reputable organization. Meanwhile
we’ll do our best to catch the man who took Mrs Woolf s savings.’
199
1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A B
1. to hand something a. to persuade someone
over to do something
2. to take someone in b. to deceive or trick
someone
3. to talk someone into c. to pretend that someone /
doing something something is someone /
something else
4. to come across as d. to give something to
something someone so that they
control or own it
5. to get away with e. to give the impression of
something having a particular
characteristic
6. to pass someone/ f. to judge according to
something off as something
someone/something
7. to go by something g. to see the true nature of
someone/ something
despite a deceptively
pleasant appearance
8. to see through h. to escape being
someone/ something punished or criticized for
something

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. I was completely deceived by his charming manner.


(take in)
I was completely taken in by his charming manner.
2. I never base my judgements on first impressions.
(go by)
200
3. She could see what kind of man he was immediately.
(see through)
4. She pretended to be an American tourist.
(pass off)
5. She gave an impression of being a very kind person.
(come across as)
6. He persuaded me to lend him some money.
(talk into)
7. You won’t escape being punished for this!
(get away with)
8. The police told him to give them the gun.
(hand over)

3. Complete the sentences using multi-word verbs from the


text.

1. My sister is a very good judge of character. She can … people


immediately if they try to deceive or trick her. 2. He escaped from
the country by … as a tourist. 3. I lent him some money because he
seemed an honest person, but after that I never saw him again. I soon
realized I … . 4. Don’t … his appearance. He may look nice but he’s
completely untrustworthy. 5. When I first met him he … as a very
indecisive person who didn’t know his own mind. 6. The salesman
… me … buying a new washing machine, although my old one was
fine. 7. The robber told him to … the keys to the safe. 8. The robbers
laughed when the bank manager said: ‘You won’t ... this. The police
will catch you one day.’

How multi-word verbs work

into

The particle into can be used with some verbs to give the idea of per-
suading or forcing someone to do something.
She talked me into taking a week’s holiday.
201
4. The multi-word verbs below have the following form: verb +
someone + into. Using the verbs in brackets, rewrite the fol-
lowing sentences so that they have similar meaning. Make
any necessary changes to the structure of the sentences.

e.g. His boss made him resign.


(force into)
His boss forced him into resigning.
1. She persuaded me to buy a new coat. (talk into) 2. The robbers
made the bank manager think they were genuine customers. (trick
into) 3. The Mafia frightened him so much that he remained silent.
(frighten into) 4. She had to sell her house in order to pay off her
debts. (force into) 5. The government was made to feel so ashamed
that it took action. (shame into)

• Now think of your own example sentences for these multi-


word verbs.

5. Work in pairs. Take turns asking and answering the ques-


tions below. Use the multi-word verbs in brackets.

1. Do you ever base your judgement of people on first impressions?


Why?/Why not? (go by)
2. What impression do you think you give of yourself when you meet
someone for the first time? (come across as)
3. What do you think is the best way to avoid being tricked or de-
ceived by people? (take someone in)
4. Has someone ever persuaded you to do something that you re-
gretted later? If so, what was it? (talk someone into)
5. Imagine you could pretend to be someone else for a whole day.
What would you choose to be? Why? (pass yourself off as)

6. Translate into English.

1. Меня ввел в заблуждение его внешний вид. 2. Он показался


мне очень приятным человеком. 3. Он сбежал со всеми деньга-
ми. 4. Он выдавал себя за летчика. 5. Я никогда не сужу по вне-
202
шности. 6. Преступник был передан в руки полиции. 7. Я раз-
гадал его планы (проделки). 8. Его нетрудно было обмануть.

Taking After
(an extract from a novel)
‘Do you think John takes after his father?’ she asked quietly.
At first Maureen wasn’t sure what to say.
‘In what way do you mean?’
‘Well, you know... his character, his personality. I mean, they
do both seem so incredibly stubborn ...’ She paused. ‘You know, I’m
sure, how much John looks up to his Dad...’
‘Yes, I know.’ Maureen felt sad.
‘... but at the same time his Dad is always putting him down. He
doesn’t take him seriously. I think it really depresses John. I mean,
he’s doing so well in his job at the moment but his father never says
anything about it.’
Maureen was surprised by the force of Sarah’s feeling. She had
never heard her speak so strongly about anything before. She wanted
to explain.
‘Yes, I know, but his father doesn’t take dance seriously. I know it
really gets John down. He won’t even go and watch John perform. He
never did.’ Her mind went back to the difficult years.
‘Actually, it was just the same when John was growing up. I re-
member he always used to show off in front of his Dad, but Bill would
never pay any attention to him. In fact it was generally difficult...
bringing up John. His father never took any interest.’
‘But Maureen... John won’t admit it hurts. He tries to make out
that he doesn’t care. But I know he still keeps on trying... trying to live
up to some image of the perfect son. I just don’t understand.’
Maureen felt sorry for the younger woman’s frustration – she
understood it very well.
‘Well, you see, Bill was always disappointed that John didn’t go
into the family business.’
‘What! John a builder!’
‘Yes I know it sounds ridiculous. Of course it would be the wrong
thing for John but Bill always had this picture of them working side
by side, father and son. I remember him talking about when he would
change the name of the firm to ‘Henderson and Son’. And then when

203
John refused to go to the Technical College and took up dance seri-
ously ... well, Bill never really forgave him.’
Sarah was outraged.
‘But look. This can’t go on. Bill has to understand that John has
his own life to lead, his own needs ... .’

1. Define the meaning of the phrasal verbs used in the text.


take after bring up
look up to keep on
put down live up to
grow up take up
show off make out

2. Look at the following sentences and decide on the possible


positions of the phrases / words in brackets.

e.g. He often puts down (women/them)


– He often puts down women.
– He often puts women down.
– He often puts them down.
1. She says he takes after (his father/him) 2.1 am going to take up
(golf/it) 3. She always shows off in front of (new people/ them)
4. I remember when she was growing up (Juliet/her) 5. If he keeps
on playing I am going to get angry (that music/it) 6. It wasn’t easy
to bring up on my own (a young son/him) 7. Do you think he will
live up to? (his reputation/it) 8. He looked up to because she was so
clever (his sister/her)

3. Make up sentences with:

bring up, grow up, keep on, live up to, put down, show off, take after,
take up, look up to, get down, make out (pretend)

4. Translate into English.

1. Спектакль не оправдал моих надежд. 2. Работа не оправдала


наших ожиданий. 3. Он оказался верным своему обещанию.
204
4. Он пользуется всеобщим уважением. 5. Мальчику нужен
отец, который был бы для него примером. 6. Она не позволяла
себя унижать. 7. Он пошел по стопам своего отца. 8. Он вырос
в деревне на юге России. 9. Он любит выставлять напоказ свои
знания. 10. Он любит похваляться своим богатством. 11. Его
поведение действует мне на нервы. 12. Такая работа не должна
вас удручать. 13. Она снова и снова пыталась получить води-
тельские права. 14. Он сделал вид, что ничего не знает об этом.
15. Он взялся за изучение истории.

Topic: Feelings

break down When he heard the sad news, he


broke down and wept.
(not) care for sb/sth I don’t care for people who are
unreliable.
carry away (usually I got carried away when I was
passive) arguing and completely forgot about
the time.
cheer (sb) up I hope this good news cheers you up.
Cheer up!
cut up (usually We were very cut up when we heard
passive) about the accident.
fall for sb Tom’s fallen for Anna and can’t
take his eyes off her!
fall out with sb Ben fell out with Alice and stopped
speaking to her.
fed up (with sb /sth) I’m fed up with listening to all your
(passive) complaints.
flare up Maria flared up when she heard
Simon insult her friend.
get on/along (well) I always got along with Sarah: we
(with sb) never quarrelled.
let sb down You let me down. I waited an hour
but you never came.
205
pick on sb Why pick on Ben? He wasn’t the
only boy to be late.
put sb/sth down I didn’t like to hear you putting
everyone down. Why can’t you say
something good about people?
strike up a friendship We struck up a friendship as soon
as we met.
take sb aback (often I was taken aback by Mr Talbot’s
passive) refusal to let me have half a day off
work to attend my brother’s
wedding.
take to sb I took to Sue at once and we soon
became good friends.
warm to/towards Many people warmed to Mr Lee
someone when he spoke about the hardships
he had overcome.

1. Read each of the following sentences about the different


ways six people felt. Then complete the sentences, using
a suitable phrasal verb.

1. Anna felt sad and miserable.


2. Ben was shocked.
3. Pete suddenly felt extremely angry.
4. Joe felt disappointed.
5. Sue was bored.
6. Katie began to feel happier than previously.

Pete: Anger ... inside me Sue: I’m ... . I’ve been wash-
when Ann told me what ing and drying dishes all day
Ben had said. long.
206
Ben: I was quite ... – it wasn’t Katie: I certainly ... when
like him to be so rude. I heard the good news.

Anna: I just felt like ... and Joe: You can imagine how ... I
bursting into tears. felt when Ron didn’t turn up.

2. Rewrite the story below, replacing the words in italics with


the most suitable phrasal verbs from the list at the begin-
ning of this unit.

Simon and I used to be very friendly with each other, but then Simon
quarrelled with Sarah. Simon had never liked Sarah, and he started
to criticise her whenever he was with me. Eventually Simon and I
quarrelled, too. Some time later, however, Simon slowly began to like
Sarah and she also began to feel a liking for him. They soon formed a
close friendship, and Sarah stopped seeing me. I now feel very upset
about the whole matter.

3. Give suitable advice to someone who

1. often flares up when someone upsets them.


2. always needs cheering up when you see them.
3. is fed up doing their present job.

207
4. easily gets carried away when they watch a football match.
5. is badly cut up after a quarrel with a friend.

4. Translate into English.

1. Она пожаловалась матери, что мальчишки все время драз-


нят ее. 2. Она очень рассердилась (вскипела), когда услышала
это. 3. Выше голову! Не вешай носа! 4. Ваше письмо ободрило
меня. 5. Он поссорился со всеми своими соседями. 6. Все де-
вушки без ума от него. 7. Мне все это надоело (осточертело).
8. Эти двое между собой не ладят. 9. Он ненадежный человек,
он меня часто подводит. 10. Он сказал, что не позволит так с со-
бой обращаться (так себя унижать). 11. Эти двое подружились.
12. Его вид поразил меня. 13. Он увлекся теннисом. 14. Его
речь увлекла нас. 15. Он не выдержал (потерял самообладание).
16. Ему не нравится хоккей. 17. Не расстраивайтесь так из-за
этого. 18. Я почувствовала к нему симпатию, когда он загово-
рил о любви к животным.

Topic: People

ask sb round Why don’t you ask Ted round for a meal
this evening?
come round I don’t want to go out. Ann’s coming
round this evening.
drop in Please drop in any time. I’m always hap-
py to see you.
get on (well) (with sb) Dave got on well with Ken, and they be-
came good friends.
go out ‘Would you like to go out tonight?’ Ali
asked his wife.
go round Ken decided to go round to see how his
neighbour was.
look forward to sth/ I’m looking forward to seeing my old
doing sth school friends again.
meet up (with sb) Let’s meet up after the concert and have
something to eat.
208
pick sb/sth up I’ll pick Ben up: his flat is on the way
to the sports ground.
put sb up Stay here. We can put you up in our spa-
re room.
run/bump into sb Guess who I ran into today! Beluti Sadri!
What a surprise!
stay in I’m staying in tonight. I don’t feel like
going out.
stay out Don’t stay out too late. Try to come
home before ten.
take sb out My uncle Victor is taking us out for
a meal this evening.

1. Complete the paragraph below, using phrasal verbs which


mean the same as the words in brackets. Add pronouns if
necessary.

Who do you think ... (called at my house) last night? It was Henry.
He called because he wanted to ... (invite me to go with him) for a
meal. I had ... (met him by chance) in the post office the previous
day. He told me then that he was ... (anticipating with pleasure) the
chance of having a chat with me. When he called to see me last night,
he arranged to ... (come and collect me in his car) at seven o’clock
on Friday. We have always ... (been very friendly), and I’m sure we’ll
have a very enjoyable time together.

2. Fill in the blanks in the questionnaire below with a suitable


particle.

How Friendly Are You?

1. Which of the following do you get … … best of all?


a. Other people
b. Animals
c. Children
209
2. Do you prefer to go ...
a. with only one close friend?
b. with a lot of friends?
с. by yourself?

3. If you ran ... an old friend, would you


a. talk about old times?
b. say hallo and walk on?
с. arrange to meet ... soon?

4. Which of the following do you prefer to do in the evenings?


a. Stay ... and watch TV
b. Go ... with a friend
с. Ask a friend ...

5. A friend without a car visits you and will probably stay very late.
Would you
a. offer to put your friend ... for the night?
b. advise your friend not to stay ... too late and go back home
early?
с. wait and later call a taxi to take your friend home?

6. When someone you don’t like too much phones and asks if they
can come ... to see you, would you
a. say you were looking … … seeing them?
b. ask them to come ... some time later?
с. make excuses and say you were going ...?

7. If some new neighbours came to live next door to you, would


you
a. go ... to welcome them after a few days?
b. just say hallo if you happened to see them?
c. invite them at once to drop ... to see you?

8. In the evening, do you prefer to go ... to:


a. a cinema?
b. a party?
с. a shopping centre?

210
Now answer the questions to find out how friendly you are. Then check
your answers, using the scores below.

1. A3 Bl С2 18–24 points = You are very sociable


2. A2 В3 С1 and friendly. You love
3. A2 В1 С3 doing things with
4. A1 В2 С3 other people.
5. A3 Bl С2 12–17 points = You are friendly but
6. A3 В2 С1 you can also enjoy
7. A2 В1 С3 being on your own.
8. A1 В3 С2 Below 12 points = You ought to try to
get on better with other
people. Are you really an
unfriendly person?

3. Translate into English.

1. Он никогда никуда меня не приглашает. 2. Мы поселимся у


Смитов. 3. Никогда не знаешь, кого встретишь на вечеринке.
4. Она забежала, чтобы забрать книгу. 5. Я пригласила соседей
на обед. 6. “Ты видела Аню?” “Да, она заходила сегодня пос-
ле обеда”. 7. На днях он пригласил меня пообедать в рестора-
не. 8. У нас не очень хорошие отношения. 9. Он всюду бывает
только с этой девушкой. 10. Мы сегодня пойдем развлекаться.
11. Можно мне погулять еще немного? 12. Он сегодня придет
поздно. 13. Я думаю никуда сегодня не ходить. 14. Я решила
навестить сегодня своих родителей. 15. Я повстречался с одним
странным парнем. 16. Мы договорились поехать на дачу, и я
заехал за ним в 8 утра.

How multi-word verbs work

about/around/round = here and there, aimlessly (often used


to show a lack of purpose)
Several pupils were standing about in the playground.

211
I saw your pen lying around somewhere.
Tom was rushing round, doing nothing really useful.
The particle about can usually be used instead of around and
round with verbs like standing, running, hurrying, lying, etc. How-
ever, we cannot use about instead of around and round with look.
Would you like to come in and look round? (not about)
hurry about/around/round stand about/around/round
kick (a ball) about/around throw (a ball) about
lie about/around wait about/around
look around/round walk about/around/round
run about/around/round wander about/around/round
rush about/around/round

4. Complete the paragraph, describing the picture with a suit-


able verb from the list above.

A few small boys are laughing and … … on the beach while a tall man
is … … He is carrying a chair but he doesn’t know where to put it.
Two women are … … , looking bored while three young men are … …
on the sand. Three girls are ... a small ball ..., and a little boy is ... a
large ball ... .

round = to everybody in a group, etc.


Can you pass the sweets round, please?
hand sth round pass sth round
offer sth round take sth round
212
5. Write a sentence to describe each picture, using one of the
phrasal verbs above.

1. She is offering some 2. They ...


chocolate ... .

3. She ... 4. He … .

Come round to see us tonight.


You can come over tomorrow at four.
(round/over = visiting someone informally)

6. Study and practise the following sentences.

1. You can call round any time. We’ll always be pleased to see you.
2. Would you like to come round on Saturday? We’ll be in all day.
3. Let’s ask Ann and Mark round for a meal next week.
4. I’ll drop round and see him on my way home from work.
5. She isn’t here at the moment. She’s gone round to see the woman
next door.
213
6. I’ve got some friends coming over.
7. ‘Can you come and show me your new car?’ ‘I’ll drive round now
if you like.’
8. Bring the family round one evening; we’d love to meet them.
9. ‘Can you come over some time? You can leave your bicycle in the
entrance.’ ‘Shall I cycle round now?’

Topic: Family

There is a feature in a magazine in which members of the same fam-


ily describe their relationship. You will read about James Mitford, an
actor, and his daughter Amy.

My Daughter
James Mitford: My wife and I only had the one child. It might
have been nice to have a son, but we didn’t plan a family, we just had
Amy.
I see her as my best friend. I think she’d always come to me first
if she had a problem. We have the same sense of humour, and share
interests. I don’t mind animals, but she’s completely obsessed with
them, and she has always had dogs, cats, horses, and goldfish in her
life.
We were closest when she was about four, which I think is a love-
ly age for a child. They know the parents best, and don’t have the
outside contacts. She must have grown up suddenly when she went
to school, because I remember her growing away from her family
slightly. Any father who has a teenage daughter comes across an ex-
traordinary collection of people, and there seemed to be an endless
stream of strange young men coming through our house. By the time
I’d learned their names they’d gone away and I had to start learning a
new lot. I remember I told her off once in front of her friends and she
didn’t talk to me for days afterwards.
I wanted more than anything else for her to be happy in what she
was doing, and I was prepared to pull strings to help her on her way.
She went to a good school, but that didn’t work out. She must have
upset somebody. When she left she decided she wanted to become
214
an actress so I got her into drama school. It wasn’t to her liking so
she joined a theatre group and began doing bits and pieces in films.
She was doing well, but then gave it up. She probably found it boring.
Then she took up social work, and finally went to work for a designer
and he became her husband. And that’s really the story of her life.
She must be happy with him – they’re always together.
We have the same tastes in books and music, but it takes me a
while to get used to new pop songs. I used to take her to see the opera,
which is my big passion, but I don’t think she likes it very much, she
doesn’t come with me any more.
I don’t think she’s a big television watcher. She knows when I’m
on, and she might watch, but I don’t know. It’s not the kind of thing
she tells me.
We’re very grateful for Amy. She’s a good daughter as daughters
go. We’re looking forward to being grandparents. I’m sure she’ll have
a son.

My Father
Amy Mitford: I don’t really know my father. He isn’t easy to get
on with. He’s quite self-centred, and a little bit vain, I think, and in
some ways quite unapproachable. The public must think he’s very
easy-going, but at home he keeps himself to himself.
He can’t have been at home much when I was a child, because
I don’t remember much about him. He’s always been slightly out of
touch with family life. His work always came first, and he was al-
ways off somewhere acting or rehearsing. He loves being asked for
his autograph, he loves to be recognized. He has won several awards,
and he’s very proud of that. He was given the Member of the British
Empire, and we had to go to Buckingham Palace to get the medal. It
was incredibly boring – there were hundreds of other people getting
the same thing, and you had to sit there for hours. He shows off his
awards to whoever comes to the house.
I went to public school, and because of my total lack of interest
and non-attendance I was asked to leave. I didn’t want to go there
in the first place. I was taken away from all my friends. He must
have been very pleased to get me into the school, but in the end it
was a complete waste of money. I let him down quite badly, I sup-
pose. I tried several jobs but I couldn’t settle down in them. They
215
just weren’t challenging enough. Then I realized that what I re-
ally wanted to do was live in the country and look after animals, so
that’s what I now do.
As a family, we’re not that close, either emotionally or geograph-
ically. We don’t see much of each other these days. My father and I
are totally different, like chalk and cheese. My interests have always
been the country, but he’s into books, music and above all, opera,
which I hate. If they do come to see us, they’re in completely the
wrong clothes for the country -mink coats, nice little leather shoes,
not exactly ideal for long walks across the fields.
He was totally opposed to me getting married. He was hoping
we would break up. Gerald’s too humble, I suppose. He must have
wanted me to marry someone famous, but I didn’t, and that’s all
there is to it. We don’t want children, but my father keeps on and on
talking about wanting grandchildren. You can’t make someone have
children just because you want grandchildren.
I never watch him on television. I’m not that interested, and
anyway he usually forgets to tell me when he’s on.

1. Replace the words in italics in the following sentences with


a multi-word verb from the texts.

1. He started playing golf because he needed the exercise. 2. I unex-


pectedly met an old school friend last week. 3. Have you heard? Jane
and Andrew have separated. 4. What sort of relationship do you have
with your parents? 5.1 can’t stand her. She’s always boasting about
her wonderful children. 6. Are you beginning to get established in your
new flat? 7. Tennis was taking up too much of my time, so I stopped
doing it. 8. Don’t disappoint me. I’m relying on you to help me.
9. She was reprimanded for getting her new clothes dirty. 10. It was a
good plan in theory but it wasn’t successful in practice.

2. Make up sentences with the following multi-word verbs:

to work out, to let down, to tell off, to break up, to take up, to come
across, to get on (with), to show off, to settle down, to give up, to
keep on, to look forward to
216
How multi-word verbs work

on = continuing
She kept on talking for over an hour.
The pupils worked on until the teacher arrived.
The rain kept on all night.
She’s staying on at university to do research.
She turned to Poirot again. ‘Yes, go on. Go on
finding out.’

3. Study and practise the sentences where the particle on has


the general meaning of continuing with something.

1. I thought of leaving my job, but my boss persuaded me to stay


on. 2. We thought the ship would stop and pick us up, but it sailed
on. 3. The road conditions were dreadful, but we decided to drive on.
4. We camped near a village for a few days and then decided to move
on. 5. The soldiers fought on despite heavy casualties.

4. Read the following short paragraph about Dave Lawson and


answer the questions.

Last year Dave started to attend an optional training course but


dropped out after a few weeks. Dave has a tendency to give up as soon
as he meets a problem. He should keep on trying even when some-
thing is very difficult. Unfortunately, he never listens to advice and
carries on doing whatever he wants without thinking of the conse-
quences. In spite of these weaknesses, however, Dave is capable of
doing well, and his teachers are now trying to persuade him to stay on
at school so he can prepare for university.

A. Questions.

1. What happened last year when Dave took a training course?


2. What does Dave do when a problem arises? 3. What advice would
you give Dave? 4. Do you think he will listen to your advice? Why
(not)? 5. What do Dave’s teachers want him to do?
217
B. Now write a few lines about someone who is exactly the opposite of
Dave.

up = stopping or delaying something


I said goodbye and hung up.
Sorry I’m late, I was held up in the traffic.

5. Look at the sentences and say what you think the verbs in
italics mean.

1. The Soviet Union has broken up. 2. Isn’t Rose here yet? I’ll go and
see what’s holding her up. 3. Rick tried to fix the car, but he gave up
the attempt after an hour. 4. The number you dialled is busy. Please
hang up and try again. 5. ‘Why are crying?’ ‘Chris thinks we should
break up.’ 6. My parents split up last year.

6. Translate into English.

1. Он намерен заняться медициной после окончания школы.


2. Вы можете положиться на него, он вас не подведет. 3. Это
была любовь с первого взгляда. Они поженились, но вскоре
разошлись. Они совершенно разные люди. 4. Я вчера случай-
но нашел несколько старых писем. 5. Он хотел похвастаться
своей новой машиной. 6. Она бросила работу, чтобы ухаживать
за больной матерью. 7. Отец отчитал (отругал) меня, так как
я вернулась домой поздно и не предупредила его. 8. План ока-
зался удачным. 9. Он в хороших отношениях со своей тещей.
10. В твоем возрасте пора уже взяться за ум. 11. Я с нетерпением
жду поездки в Париж. 12. Он все время задает глупые вопросы.

Family Relationships

Interview with 16-year-old daughter Helen

Interviewer: How do you get on with your parents?


Helen: I think I get on with them very well, really. We don’t
always see eye to eye on some things, like boy-

218
friends – they don’t always approve of them -but on
the whole they’re very understanding. If I had a per-
sonal problem, I think I could confide in them, and
if I was ever in trouble I know I could rely on them
to help me.
Interviewer: How strict are your parents?
Helen: Well, my Dad’s quite strict about staying out late at
night, but I can usually get round him. If I’m nice to
him, he lets me come home a bit later. My Mum’s
always telling me to tidy up my bedroom and put
things away after I use them, and I have to do some
of the housework. But if I compare them with other
parents I know, they aren’t very strict.
Interviewer: And who are you most like in your family?
Helen: Oh, I think I take after my mother. Everybody says
we’re both very independent and strong-willed.
I like to have my own way a lot of the time, but I’m
not spoilt. I don’t always get my own way. And my
parents always tell me off if I do anything wrong.

Interview with 17-year-old son David

Interviewer: How do you get on with your parents?


David: I look up to them because I know they’ve worked
hard to bring us up properly.
Interviewer: How strict are your parents?
David: They can be very strict at times. I told my Dad I
wanted a motorbike, but he said it was out of the
question – it was too dangerous. My mother is strict
about keeping things tidy. I can’t get out of doing
the washing up and things like that, unless I’m very
busy.
Interviewer: How do you get on with your sister?
David: I never agree with what she says, so we are always
arguing. We’ve never been very close, but I get on all
right with her. I think I’m much closer to my mo-
ther.
219
Interview with mother

Interviewer: What’s it like being a parent?


Mother: Bringing up children is very difficult. You always
worry about them. You have to be very patient and
put up with a lot – like noise and even criticism. And
you can’t always get through to them – sometimes
they just won’t listen. But the advantages of being a
parent outweigh the disadvantages. The main thing
is to enjoy your children while they are young be-
cause they grow up so quickly nowadays.
Interviewer: How strict are you with your children?
Mother: I suppose I’m reasonably strict. They can’t do what
they like and get away with it, and I tell them off
when they do something wrong.
Interviewer: And what is the secret of being a good parent?
Mother: I think you have to give them confidence and let
them know you love them. And you have to set a
good example through your own behaviour, other-
wise they won’t look up to you.
Interviewer: And what do you want for your children in the fu-
ture?
Mother: I want them to be happy, and I want them to look
back on their childhood as a very happy time in their
lives.

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A B

1. to get round a. to respect and admire someone,


someone to have a very good opinion of some-
one
2. to take after b. to escape being punished for some-
someone thing
3. to tell someone off c. to think about something that hap-
(for doing something) pened in the past
220
4. to look up to d. to reprimand, to speak severely
someone to someone because they have done
something wrong
5. to bring someone up e. to persuade someone to let you do
or have something, usually by flat-
tering them
6. to get out of doing f. to raise a child, to look after a child
something until it is adult and try to give it par-
ticular beliefs and attitudes
7. to get through g. to resemble a member of your family
to someone in appearance or character
8. to grow up h. to avoid having to do something
9. to get away with i. to succeed in making someone un-
something derstand the meaning of what one is
saying
10. to look back j. to become more adult and mature
(on something)

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done
for you.

1. I have always admired and respected my father.


(look up to)
I have always looked up to my father.
2. The little boy said he wanted to be a train driver when he was
older.
(grow up)
3. She’s very similar to her mother – they are both very intelligent.
(take after)
4. I often think about my childhood.
(look back on)
5. I can’t make her listen to me or understand what I’m trying to
say.
(get through to)

221
6. When her mother died she was raised by her aunt.
(bring up)
7. How can we avoid going to my brother’s party?
(get out of)
8. He was not punished for using bad language at home.
(get away with)
9. At first her father wouldn’t let her go to the all-night party, but in
the end she persuaded him to let her go.
(get round)
10. She reprimanded him for breaking the window.
(tell off)

3. Match a sentence in A with one in B. Then practise saying


the questions and answers.

A B
1. Do you respect your a. No, he got away with it.
parents?
2. Do you like David? b. No, I can’t get through to him.
3. Did he do the washing up? c. No, he puts up with it.
4. Does he listen to you? d. No, he got out of it.
5. Was he punished for the e. No, I must get down to it.
crime?
6. Have you done the f. No, I don’t get on with him.
homework?
7. Has he complained about g. Yes, I look up to them.
the noise?

4. Translate into English.

1. Я смог легко убедить его. 2. Она похожа на свою мать. 3. Отец


отчитал ее за то, что она пришла домой поздно. 4. Удивитель-
но, что все его уважают. 5. Она воспитала пятерых детей. 6. Ей
удалось отвертеться от уборки квартиры. 7. Она выросла в де-
222
ревне. 8. Ему не удастся избежать наказания. 9. Он так упрям, я
просто не могу до него достучаться.

Across a Crowded Room

It was love at first sight. I saw her standing on the other side of a
crowded room sipping a glass of wine. Our eyes met. I walked over to
her and said, ‘You seem to be on your own. Can I join you?’
She smiled and said yes. At first she came across as rather shy,
but as I got to know her better I found out she was an open and
confident person who was easy to get on with. At the end of the party
I said I would like to see her again and asked her out for a meal the
following week.
I took her out to a small Italian restaurant in Soho. After talk-
ing for a while, we found out that we had a lot in common -in fact,
we seemed to have the same interests and tastes in everything. She
smiled at me when I spoke to her, and when our eyes met this time
I knew that I was head over heels in love with her. I thought that she
was falling in love with me, too. We started going out with each other,
and after some time we got engaged and decided to live together. We
were both very happy and made plans to settle down and get married
the following year.
However, it wasn’t long before things started to go wrong. She
seemed less affectionate and loving as the weeks passed, and I start-
ed to feel she was going off me. She criticized me all the time. ‘Why
are you always going on at me?’ I asked.
In the end I wondered if we were suited to one another. I was
keen on hard rock and she was fond of classical music. I was inter-
ested in sport and she was interested in politics. We finally fell out
over a TV programme. We had a terrible row, broke off our engage-
ment, and called off the wedding. A week later she moved out. I was
heartbroken, and it took me a long time to get over it. A few months
later I heard she was engaged to a man who worked in local govern-
ment. They got married, but after two years their marriage broke up
and they got divorced.
I tell you this because last night I went to a party and I was
drowning my sorrows when I saw her standing on the other side of
the room sipping a glass of wine. I saw a man walk over to her and I
heard him say, ‘You seem to be on your own. Can I join you?’

223
1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A В
1. to come across as a. to stop liking someone
something (informal)
2. to ask someone out b. to start to live a stable, regular
somewhere life in one place (perhaps after
buying a house or getting mar-
ried)
3. to go out with someone c. to give the impression of having
a particular characteristic
4. to settle down d. to cancel something (an ar-
rangement or event)
5. to go off someone e. to discontinue something, to
bring something to an abrupt
end
6. to go on at someone f. to spend time with someone so-
cially, often to have a romantic
relationship
7. to fall out (with someone) g. to come to an end
(over something)
8. to break something off h. to have an argument with some-
one and stop being friendly with
them
9. to call something off i. to keep complaining about
something to someone
(informal)
10. to break up j. to invite someone to go out
somewhere (to a restaurant or
theatre)

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. The concert has been cancelled.


(call off)
The concert has been called off.
224
2. Stop criticizing me all the time!
(go on at)
3. He’s invited her to the cinema.
(ask out)
4. Julie is having a relationship with a man from France.
(go out with)
5. He gives the impression of being rather aggressive.
(come across as)
6. Their marriage has ended.
(break up)
7. Michael has had an argument with Tony and isn’t talking to
him.
(fall out with)
8. I want to have a stable life, buy a house, and get married.
(settle down)
9. They have ended their relationship.
(break off)
10. I’m starting to dislike him.
(go off)

3. Jane is very upset. Her friend, Mary, has come to visit her.
Look at their conversation below. Replace the words in ita-
lics with multi-word verbs.

Mary: What’s the matter, Jane? Have you had an argument with
Paul again?
Jane: Yes, you could say that...
Mary: Well, it takes two to have an argument. What was it about
this time?
Jane: He said I was always complaining and criticizing him.
Mary: Is it true?
Jane: Well, in a way, yes. But I was feeling insecure because I
thought he was starting to dislike me.
Mary: How long have you been seeing one another?
Jane: Nearly a year now. But yesterday I discovered he’s been hav-
ing a relationship with someone else.
Mary: Oh, so what did you do?
225
Jane: I told him, and he said he wanted to end our relationship.
Mary: But I thought you were planning to get married in June?
Jane: We’ve cancelled it.
Mary: Well, I’m sorry to hear the two of you have ended your rela-
tionship.
Jane: I think it’ll take me a long time to recover from this.
Mary: Well, perhaps it’s for the best. You were never really happy
with him. And after all, there are plenty more fish in the
sea!

How multi-word verbs work


off
The particle off can be used with some verbs to give the idea of stop-
ping or cancelling something:
They broke off their engagement and called off the wedding.

4. Complete the following sentences with multi-word verbs


that use the particle off.

1. Can you ... all the lights when you go to bed, please? 2. Hello,
operator, I was talking to someone and we were ... . Can you try to
re-connect us, please? 3. There isn’t time to have the meeting today,
so we will have to ... till next week. 4. It’s been lovely talking to you on
the phone, but I must ... because there’s someone at the front door.
I’ll call you again next week. Bye. 5.1 wish they would make up their
minds one way or the other. Yesterday they said the wedding was on,
but now they’ve had another argument and say the wedding ... .

5. Translate into English.

1. Они уехали во Францию и обосновались в Париже. 2. Я


остыла к своему дружку. 3. Почему отменили собрание? 4. Их
брак развалился. 5. Обсуждая новую пьесу, друзья поссорились.
6. Вначале он показался мне искренним, но я была разочарована
в нем. 7. Он пригласил меня в ресторан, но я отказалась пойти с
ним. 8. Они встречаются уже год. 9. Мать бранила ее за то, что
она поздно вернулась домой. 10. Он раз и навсегда отказался от
привычки курить.
226
Happily Ever After

I: Interviewer H: Helen
I: How did you meet your husband?
H: It was on a blind date, actually. A friend invited me to meet
someone she knew. She said he was very nice, so I went along,
and as soon as I met him, I fell for him. I thought he was won-
derful. We started to go out with one another, and then I invited
him home to meet my parents, and they took to him immedi-
ately – they thought he was a lovely person.
I: So meeting him was an important event?
H: Oh, yes, it was a turning-point in my life. You see, whereas I’d
always had my head in the clouds, he was very practical and re-
alistic – he had his feet firmly on the ground.
I: Do you remember when he asked you to marry him?
H: Yes, very clearly. We were walking in the park and he proposed to
me completely out of the blue. I really wasn’t expecting it.
I: How did you feel about marrying him?
H: I was over the moon. I thought it was the most wonderful thing
that could ever have happened to me.
I: And do you still feel that way today?
H: Oh, yes, we’re devoted to one another.
I: What do you think has made your marriage such a success?
H: The fact that we’ve always supported and helped one another.
I’ve always stood by him, and he’s never let me down once. We’re
a partnership.
I: So you never have any arguments?
H: Well, we have our ups and downs now and then – everybody
does – but I know that underneath it all we were made for each
other.

I: Interviewer G: George
I: How did you meet your wife?
G: We worked for the same company. She was about the same age
as me, and she struck me as a very nice person. As time passed I
227
came to look on her as a friend. We spent some time together and
then we started going out with one another.
I: What did your parents think of her?
G: When I introduced her to my mother she said she couldn’t un-
derstand what I saw in her. She thought she was very ordinary
and not at all the right person for me.
I: Do you think your mother’s opinion influenced you in any
way?
G: I think it made me have second thoughts about marrying her,
but we still got married a few months later.
I: What was life like after you got married?
G: Things were all right for a while but then we began to quarrel.
We always kissed and made up in the end, but there were still
problems between us.
I: Why was that?
G: I think the main thing was that we weren’t really suited to one
another. After we got married we started to see one another in a
different light. We spent less and less time together, we became
interested in different things, and gradually we grew apart.
I: What happened then?
G: We started having terrible arguments and I behaved very badly
towards her. I tried to make up for it, but she couldn’t forgive me.
In the end we split up. I suppose it was inevitable really.
I: And how did this experience affect you?
G: I think it changed my outlook on life. I certainly don’t see it
through rose-coloured spectacles any more.
I: Would you marry again?
G: I would, but it would have to be the right person, and there would
have to be a lot more give and take. Otherwise I don’t think it
would work.

1. Match the multi-word verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В
1. to fall for someone a. to compensate for something
2. to take to someone/ b. to become friends again after
something an argument
228
3. to stand by someone c. to provide help or support for
someone when they are in trouble
4. to let someone down d. to fall in love with someone
5. to look on someone as e. to consider someone as something
something
6. to see in someone/ f. to find a particular quality in
something someone/something
7. to make up/to make it g. to disappoint someone, often by
up (with someone) breaking a promise or agreement
8. to grow apart (from h. to end a relationship or marriage
someone)
9. to make up for i. to begin to like someone/ some-
something thing
10. to split up j. to develop separate interests and
become gradually less close to
someone

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. When I was in trouble she gave me help and support.


(stand by)
When I was in trouble she always stood by me.
2. I have always considered you to be my closest friend.
(look on as)
3. I’m depending on you, so don’t disappoint me!
(let down)
4. The children liked her the moment they met her.
(take to)
5. She fell in love with her skiing instructor.
(fall for)
6. I don’t understand what she finds attractive about him.
(see in)
7. She tried to compensate for the trouble she had caused.
(make up for)
229
8. After a year they ended their relationship.
(split up)
9. I think we’ve become less close to one another.
(grow apart)
10. They had an argument but later they became friends again.
(make up)

3. Translate into English.

1. Когда у меня неприятности, мой друг всегда поддерживает


меня. 2. Мне он понравился с первого взгляда. 3. Им сразу пон-
равился новый учитель. 4. Он пристрастился к игре в азартные
игры. 5. Почему они расстались? 6. Я не знаю, что он в ней на-
ходит. 7. Они поссорились, но потом помирились. 8. Я должен
искупить вину за то, что сделал. 9. Он ненадежный человек. Он
много раз подводил меня. 10. Мы в последнее время очень от-
далились. 11. Они считают его своим лидером.

Getting On
С: Have you seen Julie lately? Do you know how she is?
L: ... Oh Julie? Well, actually, not very well at all. It’s that husband
of hers.
C: Why? What’s happened now?
L: Well ... you know they got married a year ago.
C: Yeah, they didn’t know each other very well, did they?
L: No. They’d only been going out for six months before that, but
they seemed to get on really well together. Anyway, recently, a
friend of Julie’s saw Mike, the husband, in a restaurant, with a
very attractive young woman, they seemed to be more than just
good friends.
C: Oh no! Poor Julie! What did she do?
L: Well, she asked Mike to explain exactly what was going on.
C: What did he say?
L: He tried to make out that the woman was a business client and,
at first, Julie was taken in.

230
C: So, what happened?
L: Well, he seemed to be having a lot of ‘business dinners’ in the
evenings.
C: Yeah, it’s a familiar story.
L: ... and on one or two occasions she even smelt perfume on his
clothes which wasn’t hers ...
C: How awful for her!
L: Then, one day, she found this letter.
C: What do you mean? What kind of letter?
L: A love letter... all very predictable.
C: Who was it from?
L: There was no name... just the words ‘I love you’ and the letter
‘P’ at the end.
C: Did she know who it was?
L: She had an idea but, anyway, she told Mike she knew what was
going on and she couldn’t put up with it any more. She confront-
ed Mike with all the different things she’d noticed and insisted
he told her the truth.
C: So what did he do then?
L: At first he again tried to make out that nothing was the matter,
but finally, after she refused to believe him, he admitted he was
in a terrible state, that he didn’t know what to do. He said he felt
he loved Julie but he’d also fallen in love with Patricia (the other
woman). Julie’s first reaction was to tell him to leave at once ...
that she never wanted to see him again.
C: And did she?
L: Well no... you see, apparently, at that point, he begged her to let
him stay and promised never to see Patricia again. Finally, she
gave in and so, they’re still together.
C: When did all this happen?
L: Oh, about a month ago.
C: Has she got over it yet?
L: No, not really. I don’t know if she ever will. I wouldn’t be sur-
prised if they split up in the end. She’s really unhappy ...

231
1. Rephrase using the phrasal verbs from this unit:

have a (romantic) relationship ...........................................


have a good relationship with someone ..........................................
happen ...........................................
pretend ...........................................
deceive ...........................................
tolerate ...........................................
agree to someone else’s demands ...........................................
recover from ...........................................
finish a relationship and separate ...........................................

2. Complete this text with one phrasal verb in each space.

Amanda and Kevin got married five years ago. They had been ...
for about two years before that. However, a friend of Amanda’s saw
Kevin with another woman in a restaurant and told Amanda. When
Kevin told her nothing was wrong and that the woman was just a
business client, Amanda was ... . However, Kevin kept having to go
away on business trips and once or twice Amanda answered the tele-
phone and the person at the other end put the phone down without
speaking. She asked Kevin what was ... . He ... that he didn’t know
what she was talking about. She didn’t accept that and insisted he
told her the truth. Finally, he told her everything. Amanda decided
to ... the situation for the sake of the children but later changed her
mind and said she was going to leave him. He begged her to stay and
eventually she ... . That was only about a year ago but they seem to
have ... it now. They are ... very well with each other and I doubt very
much that they will... .

3. Discuss the following situations:

a) What would you do in Julie’s situation?


b) Do you think a couple can get over a crisis like this?

232
Topic: Jobs and Work

Getting On in Life

Two people, Jeremy and Angela, are describing how they came to
choose their careers.

Jeremy
At the moment I have a very good, well-paid job that I enjoy do-
ing, but it hasn’t always been like this.
Several years ago I used to work as a salesman for a small compa-
ny that specialised in making motor components for the car industry.
It was the sort of job where you had to be committed to your product,
you had to believe in it and do everything possible to sell it. But times
were hard and a lot of companies were going out of business, so our
company started to cut back on the number of people it employed in
order to save money – fortunately, I wasn’t one of them – but in the
end it had to close down, and I found myself out of work for the first
time in my life. I applied for several jobs in similar companies, but I
wasn’t successful – every one of them turned me down.
Then one day I was looking through the paper and I came across
an advertisement for courses that specialized in journalism. I filled in
an application form, sent it off, was accepted onto the course, stud-
ied hard, passed my exams, and became a qualified journalist. I then
wrote to a small magazine for the car industry, attended an interview
along with dozens of other applicants and, to my surprise, they took
me on. The magazine grew in size and popularity. I moved from writ-
ing articles to being sub-editor, and this year I became the editor, so
I suppose I’ve been lucky really.

Angela
When I was young my father always told me how important it was
to get on in life and be a success. ‘You must make something of your
life,’ he used to say. I think he wanted me to be a doctor or an engi-
neer or something like that. And I can remember how disappointed
he was when I left school early and started work as a secretary.

233
It was a small, badly-run company, and when I went there they
told me the job wasn’t difficult and I would soon pick it up. At the be-
ginning I liked the job, but as time passed the work started to take up
more of my time and I found I was working late in the evenings and
even at weekends. And in addition to this I had to put up with poor
working conditions and a low salary – I earned just enough to get
by – and there were no promotion prospects at all. All this really got
me down. And then I started to wonder if I was really cut out for this
kind of work – it didn’t really suit me or my particular abilities.
Then one day – I remember I’d been working very hard that
month and had put in a lot of extra hours – I went to see my boss to
ask for some time off work. I needed to visit my mother, who wasn’t
well at the time. I have to say that I didn’t get on with my boss very
well. Anyway, he refused point-blank. He said it was out of the ques-
tion and he didn’t want to hear another word. I tried explaining but
I just couldn’t get through to him. He wouldn’t listen. So I walked
out of the office, and as far as I was concerned, that was it, that was
the last straw. The next day I handed in my resignation, and I said to
myself I would never put myself in that kind of position again. I de-
cided to return to studying and go in for law. I graduated from London
University and now I’m starting to make my way in the world. As my
father used to say, ‘The world is my oyster’.
So was my father right? Is it important to get on in the world?
Well, in some ways it is, but it depends on how your measure success
and what you want to get out of life. After all, there are other things
in life besides work.

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A B
1. to cut back (on) a. to learn something without diffi-
(something) culty or special study
2. to close (something) b. to make someone feel depressed
down
3. to turn someone/ c. to close something (a factory or
something down organization) temporarily or
permanently
4. to take someone on d. to manage to survive and have
a satisfactory life
234
5. to get on e. to use or require a certain amo-
unt of time, effort, or space
6. to pick something up f. to employ someone
7. to take up an amount g. to choose something as one’s
of something career
8. to get by h. to refuse or reject someone/
(on something) something
9. to get someone down i. to reduce something, especially
to save money
10. go in for something j. to succeed, to be successful in
one’s job

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The f irst one has been done
for you.

1. The company has employed extra staff.


(take on)
The company has taken on extra staff.
2. I’ve decided to make a career in medicine.
(go in for)
3. She survives on a very small income.
(get by)
4. He didn’t accept my offer of help.
(turn down)
5. The factory will have to reduce production.
(cut back on)
6. The bad working conditions depress me.
(get me down)
7. The company has stopped doing business.
(close down)
8. I learnt some Arabic while I was in Cairo.
(pick up)
9. She wants to be a success in her job.
(get on)
10. Writing reports uses a lot of my time.
(take up)
235
3. Work with your partner. Take turns interviewing one an-
other, using the questions below. Try to use the following
multi-word verbs and expressions in your questions and
answers.

cut out for go in for get by get on (in life/the world)


take on turn down apply for
pick up take up get someone down be accepted onto/for

e.g. A: What profession do you think you are cut out for?
B: I think I’m cut out for acting because I like speaking
in public.

1. Which of these jobs are you most / least suited to? Why?

business management acting


administrative work nursing
teaching secretarial work
social work academic work
2. What made you choose your present career or course of study?
3. What kind of things make you feel depressed at work or at
school?
4. What aspects of your work or study require most time?
5. How important is it to be successful in life? Why?
6. How important is it to have a job that pays a lot of money? Why?
7. Have you acquired any new skills recently?
8. Where did you learn them?

How multi-word verbs work

It is possible to say ‘We must cut back’ without including an object in


the sentence. However, if the object is included, we can add another
particle.

236
We must cut back on expenditure.
With this particular multi-word verb the particle on is optional. The
same is true of to cut down (on) (something).
I must cut down on the amount of chocolate I eat.
Here are some more multi-word verbs which can be used with or
without an object.

She’s falling behind. How are you getting on?


She dropped in. They’ve moved out.
Shall we carry on? I never look back.
I get by. We don’t get on.

However, if these verbs take an object, they always need another par-
ticle.
Carry on with your work while I’m away.

4. Supply the missing particles in the sentences below.

1. I’m falling behind... my work at school. 2. How are you getting


on... your studies? 3. She dropped in... us last weekend. 4. We’ve
moved out... our flat. 5. Please carry on... what you were saying. 6. I
often look back ... my childhood. 7. I can’t get by ... less than ₤ 50 a
week. 8. Stephen doesn’t get on ... his maths teacher.

5. Translate into English.

1. Он не годится для этой работы. 2. Он увлекается рыбалкой.


3. В конце концов, работа и домашние заботы подорвали здо-
ровье Луизы. 4. Как вы поживаете? 5. Ее наняли в качестве при-
слуги в богатом доме. 6. Она живет на очень маленькую пен-
сию. 7. Они отвергли мой план. 8. Его молчание угнетает меня.
9. Многие заводы закрыты из-за забастовки. 10. Он преуспел в
жизни. 11. Уборка квартиры занимает у меня много времени.
12. Он научился немецкому языку, когда работал в Германии.
13. Он наотрез отказался помочь мне. 14. Он считал, что его
примут на работу.
237
6. Seven people are talking about their work. What are their
jobs?

1.
I’m often on duty at weekends, especially if there is a football match
or a demonstration. I’m there to see things don’t get out of control. I
think you have to be cut out for this type of work because it isn’t easy
and can be dangerous. You serve the public and you’re there to pro-
tect them, but they don’t always appreciate what you’re trying to do.
The pay and conditions are all right, which is a good thing because
you can’t go on strike.
2.
Sometimes I’m on duty all night and it isn’t easy to take time off
work. The salary isn’t very good – I can get by on it – but I’d never
go on strike, because it’s my job to look after people and I know they
depend on me. Sometimes you have to put up with bad working con-
ditions but you know that what you’re doing is an extremely worth-
while job.
3.
Well, basically I pick people up and I drop them off. I take them
where they want to go to and that’s it.
4.
You have to be cut out for this kind of work, otherwise you shouldn’t
go in for it. You have to learn a lot of things by heart, and you can
suffer from nerves throughout the whole of your professional life. You
are often out of work and you have to be very ambitious and lucky to
get on, but if you do, the world’s your oyster.
5.
You have to be good at getting on with people, and you have to remain
calm at all times – you must never panic. You need some training for
this job, but some things you can pick up quite quickly. It’s exciting to
stop off in exotic places and look round for a few days, but sometimes
the work can be very routine and the pay is average.
6.
You have to work long hours, and you can be on call twenty-four
hours a day, but it’s wonderful to be able to use your knowledge to
238
help people and relieve suffering. I think people tend to look up to
you as a result.
7.
Like all professionals, you have to be committed to what you’re do-
ing. I’m at work very early in the morning to set things up so that
everything is ready when the day starts. The work takes up a lot of my
time, especially preparation time and going through people’s work
and correcting it. The poor pay sometimes gets me down, but I be-
lieve in what I’m doing and that’s the most important thing.

7. Complete this interview by putting the correct form of one


of the phrasal verbs in each space.

carry on, come about, cut down, do away with, draw out,
drop in, face up to, give up, go on, grow up, lay off, let out,
make up, pay in, set up, shut down, stay in

Interviewer: I understand that your early life was not easy. Can you
tell us a little about it? Where were you born?
Ruth: In Barnsley, in the north of England and that’s where I
grew up.
Interviewer: Were you lonely as a child?
Ruth: I had three sisters and two brothers so it was never
quiet. There was always something ... . The house was
never empty because neighbours ... all the time.
Interviewer: Do you remember any particularly happy moments?
Ruth: Yes, when we went to bed my mother always told us
stories. She didn’t have a book – she just ... them ...
herself.
Interviewer: And then things went wrong. How did that ...?
Ruth: Well, in the first place my father smoked a lot. He al-
ways said that he was going to … , but he never did. He
got very ill and he was in hospital for several weeks.
Even when the hospital … him ... , he wasn’t well. He

239
had to … and keep warm so that his bronchitis wouldn’t
start again. But at least he had the sense to finally …
smoking.
Interviewer: But things got worse.
Ruth: Yes, while he was recovering we heard that the factory
where he worked had … a lot of workers. At first he
wasn’t affected but then we heard that they were going
to … the factory … .
Interviewer: And then things got better.
Ruth: Yes, my parents had to … their new situation. They
said that businesses could … factory workers but they
would always need office staff. Luckily they had a sav-
ings account and every week they had … something
… . Now they decided to … their savings and … a little
business selling office equipment. It did quite well and
when they retired I decided to … it … .
Interviewer: Well, that is a story with a happy end. Thank you for
speaking to me.

Topic: Medical Matters

Healthy Body, Healthy Mind


Doc: Doctor
T: Ms Teresa Green RB: Mr Rich Brown
IR: Mr Ivor Rose LW: Mrs Lily White

1.
Doc: Hello, Mr Brown. And how are you?
RB: Well, I haven’t been feeling very well recently. I get out of
breath very easily when I climb stairs or walk short distances,
and last week I started getting pains in my chest.
Doc: Mm, I see. Do you smoke?
RB: Yes, I get through about 30 cigarettes a day.
Doc: That’s rather a lot. Have you tried giving up?
240
RB: I have, doctor, but I can’t break the habit.
Doc: Well, I think you should at least try to cut down on the amount
you smoke. What about your eating habits? Have you put on
any weight recently?
RB: Yes, I’m a little overweight at the moment. You see, I eat in
cafes most of the time and I tend to drive everywhere because
of my job. I sell sports equipment.
Doc: Well, it sounds as if you’re out of condition. I think you need
to take some regular exercise.
RB: What, you mean take up jogging?
Doc: Well, jogging or something like that, but the most important
thing is, I think you need to lose some weight, so I want you to
go on a diet.
RB: Go on a diet?
Doc: Yes, it’s particularly important that you cut out fatty foods.
What about alcohol? How much do you drink?
RB: About two or three pints of beer in the evenings.
Doc: I think you need to cut out drinking completely for the next
few months.
RB: That’s easier said than done, doctor.
Doc: I agree, but if you don’t change your lifestyle, you could be in
trouble ...

2.
Doc: Hello, Teresa. And what seems to be the problem?
T: Well, I’m not feeling very well at the moment. I’m preparing
for exams and I’ve been staying up late at night studying. This
morning I got out of bed very early to do some more work, and
I passed out. My flatmate found me on the floor. I came round
after a few seconds.
Doc: Mm. Have you had any other symptoms?
T: Well, I have been feeling a bit off colour and sometimes I get
splitting headaches. What do you think is wrong with me?
Doc: Well, it sounds as if you’ve been burning the candle at both

241
ends. You’ve probably been overdoing it and you’re overtired.
I don’t think it’s anything to worry about, but I think you
should take it easy for a while and try to get enough sleep.
T: Yes, I haven’t been getting much sleep lately.
Doc: I’ll give you something to help you relax in the evenings. And
just try to have a few early nights.
T: Thank you, doctor.

3.
Doc: Hello, it’s Mrs White, isn’t it?
LW: That’s right, doctor.
Doc: What can I do for you?
LW: Oh dear. I’m always tired, doctor – I’m absolutely worn out at
the end of the day.
Doc: Are you eating regular meals?
LW: Well, I don’t really have time to eat – I’m too busy with the
children. And we don’t have much money for food because
my husband’s out of work.
Doc: It sounds to me as if you’re a bit run down. I’ll write out a pre-
scription for some extra iron and vitamins, and I’d like you to
come back in a couple of weeks so I can see how you’re getting
on.
LW: Thank you, doctor.

4.
Doc: Hello, Mr Rose. How are you feeling?
IR: I feel a bit under the weather. I’ve got a headache and I ache
all over.
Doc: Mm. You’ve probably picked something up. Let me see. Yes,
you’re running a temperature. I think you’re going down with
flu.
IR: How long will it take me to get over it? You see, I need to get
back to work as soon as possible.
Doc: About four or five days. I’ll write out a prescription for some
pain killers for you. Take these tablets three times a day after

242
meals. Meanwhile, my advice is to go to bed with a hot water
bottle and drink lots of fluids. After a few days you should feel
as right as rain.

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В
1. to get over something a. to increase in weight or size
2. to come/go down with b. to recover from an illness,
something shock or surprise
3. to get through an c. to develop the symptoms of
amount of something an illness or disease
4. to pick something up d. to use a quantity of something
such as food or money
5. to cut something out e. to reduce something, to
consume less of something
6. to put on an amount f. to develop an interest in some-
of something thing as a hobby or profession
7. to take something up g. to recover consciousness
8. to cut down (on) h. to stop doing/using something
something
9. to pass out i. to catch an illness
10. to come round j. to faint, to lose consciousness
for a short time because of lack
of food or air, or because of
shock

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. Achoo! Oh dear, I think I’m starting to catch a cold.


(come down with)
Achoo! Oh dear, I think I’m coming down with a cold.
2. I think I caught my cold from Jim.
(pick up)
3. It took me a week to recover from my last cold.
(get over)
243
4. I really must reduce the amount I smoke.
(cut down on)
5. I smoke 20 cigarettes a day.
(get through)
6. My weight has increased recently.
(put on)
7. I must stop eating chips.
(cut out)
8. I’ve started playing golf as a hobby.
(take up)
9. I think I’m going to faint.
(pass out)
10. I recovered consciousness a few seconds later.
(come round)

3. Translate into English.

1. Я поправилась. Я должна отказаться от сладкого и жирно-


го. 2. Мой отец начал заниматься спортом, когда ему было уже
за 40. 3. Он заболел гриппом. 4. Когда произошла утечка газа,
несколько человек упало в обморок, но вскоре они пришли в
себя. 5. Мне необходимо сократить потребление соли. 6. В про-
шлом месяце я подхватила грипп. 7. Он болел пневмонией, но
сейчас уже поправился. 8. Он взялся за изучение истории.

How multi-word verbs work

down

The particle down can be used with some verbs to give the idea of re-
ducing something (decreasing in strength, size, or intensity).

I think you should try to cut down (on) the amount you
smoke.
The radio is very loud. Can you turn it down, please?

244
4. Work with your partner. Say what you think the following
multi-word verbs mean.

slow down bring something down calm down


cool down quieten down die down

5. In the following sentences, the multi-word verbs are all


mixed up. Correct them.

1. This soup is too hot to eat. I’ll wait for it to slow down. 2. The
government is trying to calm down the rate of inflation. 3. You are
driving too fast. Please quieten down. 4. Don’t get so angry! Just bring
down. 5. Can you ask the children to die down? They are making so
much noise I can’t hear myself think! 6. The wind blew strongly for
several hours but then it started to cool down.

6. Tell the story of Mr Brown. Use the multi-word verbs and


expressions from this unit.

out of condition to be/go on a diet


to put on (an amount of something) to give something up
to get through (an amount of something) out of breath
to cut something out to knock someone down
to cut down (on) (something) to come round
to take something up out of danger

245
Topic: Education
Getting Down to Work
George had problems with studying, so he wrote to a magazine prob-
lem page for advice.
Dear Marjorie
I’m having problems with my studies at school. I find it difficult
to get down to work in the evenings and I can’t concentrate on any-
thing at the moment. I spend most of my time listening to records or
watching TV instead of doing my homework. The other students in
my class are much better than I am and I have difficulty in keeping up
with them. I sometimes have problems with following the lessons as
well. I can’t always take down the important things my teacher says
because I write so slowly. She has told me that I’m falling behind with
my studies. I’m not good at writing essays and I usually hand in my
homework late because I put off doing it until the last minute. So I
often have to invent silly excuses to explain why I haven’t done the
work. I’m sure I’m not going to get through my final exams in June.
I scraped through the mock exams last February with 54 % – all the
other students passed with flying colours. I’m now so far behind that
I don’t know how I’m going to catch up with them. My teacher spent
some time going through my homework with me but she found so
many mistakes that I felt even more depressed.
What do you suggest I do?
Yours desperately,
George

1. Match the multi-word verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В
1. to get down to doing a. to be behind with something,
something not at the level expected
2. to keep up with someone / b. to start work on something
something
3. to take something down c. to postpone, to decide to do
something at a later date
4. to fall behind d. to pass an exam or test
(with something)
246
5. to hand something in e. to check that something is cor-
rect, to examine something
6. to put something off f. to reach the same standard or
position as someone else
7. to get through (something) g. to give something to someone
in a position of authority
8. to scrape through h. to remain at the same standard
(something) or position as someone else
9. to catch up (with someone / i. to record in writing what some-
something) one is saying
10. to go through something j. to pass an exam but with a very
low grade

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. Can I give you my homework tomorrow?


(hand in)
Can I hand in my homework tomorrow?
2. Can you check my homework to see if there are any mistakes?
(go through)
3. Could we postpone our meeting until tomorrow?
(put off)
4. I must begin work.
(get down to)
5. I didn’t pass the exam.
(get through)
6. I passed my history exam with only 54 %.
(scrape through)
7. Can I write down your name and address?
(take down)
8. She’s remaining at the same level as the other students in class.
(keep up with)
247
9. Everyone in class is making progress with their studies, but I’m
getting worse and worse.
(fall behind)
10. I must try to reach the same level as the other students in my
class.
(catch up with)

3. Ask your partner the questions below, try to use the multi-
word verbs from this unit in your questions and answers.

A: How are you getting on with your studies?


B: At the moment I’m falling behind a little, so I’ll have to work
harder to catch up with the rest of the class.

1. How are you getting on with your studies?


2. What things do you write down in lessons?
3. Do you always do your homework immediately?
4. How do you check there are no mistakes in your work before you
give it to your teacher?
5. How do you think you will do in your future exams?

How multi-word verbs work

through
The particle through can be used with some verbs to give the idea
of reading something (sometimes quickly) in order to find informa-
tion.

go through something read through something


look through something

The particle through can also be used with some verbs to give the idea
of completing something, such as an exam or test.

scrape through something get through something


sail through something (to succeed in something without
any difficulty)
248
Through can also be used to describe completing a process of
thought.

think something through (to consider something in detail in


order to understand it completely and then make a decision
or take action)

4. Study and practise the following sentences. Translate


them.

1. She has had a long and difficult life. She has lived through two world
wars and a revolution. 2. It was a horrible and painful experience.
I never want to go through anything like that again. 3. Dr Jones’s lec-
tures are long and boring. I refuse to sit through any more of them.
4. He’s a heavy sleeper. If a fire alarm started ringing, I’m sure he
would sleep through it. 5. We both felt much better after we had sat
down and talked through all our problems. 6. I’ve read through your
letter very carefully.
The particle down can be used with some verbs to give the idea of
recording something in writing.

write something down/ copy something down


put something down (to write something exactly
(to write or type words as it is written somewhere
or numbers) else)
get something down note something down
(to manage to write down (to make short notes about
what someone is saying, something so they can be
usually with difficulty) referred to later)

5. Study and practise the following sentences. Make up your


own sentences for these multi-word verbs.

1. Can you copy down his address for me? 2. Have you got the details
down? 3. The teacher will demonstrate an experiment to the students
who will then note it down and write it up. 4. You haven’t put Profes-
249
sor Mangel’s name down on the list. 5. Write down the address before
you forget it. 6. Did you get his number down?

in = from all directions (to the centre) or from several people


Have all the pupils handed in their examination papers?
out = to all directions or to several people
Will you help the teacher to give out the exercise books?

come in/out give sth in/out pour (sth) in/out bring sth/sb in
go in/out hand sth in/out send sth/sb in/out take sth/sb out

6. Complete the paragraphs, using a suitable phrasal verb


from the list above. Although there is more than one correct
answer in most cases, you should not use the same verb
twice.

A. People … … all kinds of things at a lost property office. Recently


someone even … … a small elephant! Every day hundreds of en-
quiries … … about articles which people have lost or mislaid. If no
one has … … the articles concerned, the lost property office will ...
... descriptions to all the other lost property offices in the area.
B. Over 20,000 application forms for the chess competition have
been … … . They were posted during the last three days. In ad-
dition, 2,000 forms … … yesterday by people standing in busy
shopping centres, and so it appears that the competition will be
a great success. Completed forms are already beginning to ... ... .
All forms should be … …, using the stamped addressed envelopes
provided. Forms should not be ... ... personally to this office: there
are not enough staff to deal with them.

7. Translate into English.

1. В эту сессию я едва сдал экзамен по физике. 2. Уже 10 часов.


Пора приступить к работе. 3. Запиши номер моего телефона.

250
4. Время истекло. Пора сдавать работы. 5. Он не отстает от
других учеников в классе. 6. Вначале я отстал от них, но потом я
их догнал. 7. Лекцию отложили из-за болезни лектора. 8. После
того как Том сделал домашнее задание, его мать проверила его
сочинение. 9. Боюсь, что я не сдам экзамен по физике.

Picking Up

... As for my Arabic ... well, things are not going too badly. I feel
I’m slowly picking it up. I go to classes every morning for an hour and
a half. They are OK, but the teacher is very strict. He gets irritated if
you make a mistake, so I just shut up and don’t say anything, but I do
take lots of notes. We do some speaking and a little writing every day
and I’m gradually beginning to work out the difference between all
the letters of the alphabet, though it’s not easy. Some people in the
class have studied Arabic before and they generally catch on much
quicker than me when new things are introduced, but I try and do
lots of homework and so I’m keeping up with the others OK.
The best thing though is just walking around town – people often
ask you to come in their shop and have a cup of tea. Obviously I can’t
say much yet but it’s a good chance for them to practise their English
and for me to practise my Arabic. Somehow, between us, we can gen-
erally get across what we want to say.
It’s funny but some words and expressions you hear again and
again; like ‘shokran’ (which means ‘thank you’). I try and make an
effort to find out what new words mean, either by asking someone or
by looking them up in my English/Arabic dictionary, and then learn-
ing them by heart.
All in all, I feel I’m able to get by in Arabic for the day-to-day
things like shopping, catching buses and taxis, saying ‘Hello’ to peo-
ple and so on.
My job, on the other hand, has not been going so well...

1. Find a phrasal verb in the text that means:

communicate, survive, discover, keep quiet, learn, understand,


maintain the same level, look for information in a reference book,
mentally calculate
251
2. Put the words in the correct order to make sentences. More
than one answer is possible in some cases.

e.g. was she she out angry when found very


When she found out she was very angry.
1. him up father to his told shut
2. up it you what it if know don’t means look
3. difficult it across to was get idea the
4. Spanish on enough I’ve get got holiday to by
5. what he I out means work can’t
6. catch I not saying they on could what to was
7. workers I up by job picked the watching the other
8. that him he keep so with fast can’t walks I up

3. Can you think of an appropriate way to end/begin what


these people are saying?

e.g. I have never been able to find out ... why the English drive on
the left-hand side of the road.

1. I sometimes find it difficult to keep up ... . 2. I catch on quickly


when ... . 3. I can’t work out why ... . 4. ... and so I shut up! 5. ...
and so I looked it up in a dictionary. 6. ... but I managed to get by.
7. ... but I couldn’t get across what I meant. 8. ... and I picked it up
very quickly.

How multi-word verbs work

out

The particle out can be used with some verbs to give the idea of solv-
ing something.
We have sorted out our problems and everything is fine now.

4. Look at the sentences and say what you think the verbs in
italics mean.
1. I’m only interested in finding out what the facts are. 2. It is some-
times difficult to make out what is said over an airport loudspeaker.
252
3. Oxford is trying out another idea to help working parents. 4. It may
look true in the short run and turn out to be false in the longer run.
5. Don’t tell me the answer. I want to work it out for myself. 6. If the
heating breaks down, an engineer will quickly sort things out.

5. Discuss with another student your experience of beginning


to learn a new language either English or possibly another
language. Use the phrasal verbs from this unit as appropri-
ate.

Ask and answer:


- what language it was
- why you were trying to learn it
- how you were trying to learn it (in a class, from books etc)
- what helped you the most to learn it
- if you had any particular difficulties
- if you liked learning it and why/why not
- what you think your level is in this language now and what you
can do in it, for example, get by in everyday situations

6. Write a short text for foreigners coming to your country


about the best way for them to pick up the language and
how to get by in simple everyday situations.

Topic: News

What’s in the News?

Here is the seven o’clock news. First, the news headlines.

- Thieves break in at the Royal Gallery


- Ship goes down at sea near the Sussex coast
- Three men break out of Brixton prison
- Plane comes down in jungle

253
- Chemical factory blows up
- Severe weather cuts off towns in the north
- Damaged plane touches down safely

Now here is the news in detail.

Thieves break in at the Royal Gallery


Last night thieves broke into the Royal Gallery and got away with
paintings worth over a quarter of a million pounds. The break-in hap-
pened around 11.00 o’clock in the evening, but was not discovered
until the early hours of the morning. At present it is not known how
the thieves got into the building, though a security guard is helping
the police with their enquiries.

Ship goes down at sea near the Sussex coast


A ship has gone down at sea off the south coast of England follow-
ing an explosion in its engine room. The ship was carrying a cargo of
wood and was heading for Liverpool. The fire spread rapidly and was
soon out of control. However, all the crew were picked up safely by
the rescue services.

Three men break out of Brixton prison


Three men broke out of Brixton prison this morning. They overpow-
ered a prison officer and escaped by climbing over the wall. They
were seen making off in a red car that was waiting for them outside
the prison. One of the men was later picked up by the police, but the
other two men are still on the run. Police have warned the public not
to approach these men, as they may be armed and dangerous.

Plane comes down in jungle


A plane with two English passengers on board has come down in
dense jungle in Brazil. It seems that one of the engines cut out while
the plane was heading for Rio de Janeiro, and the pilot was forced to
make a crash landing in the jungle. A rescue team is now searching
for survivors.

254
Chemical factory blows up
News is coming in of an explosion at a chemical processing plant in
Luton. It seems that part of the factory blew up and a fire has broken
out. Although the fire is dying down and the situation is under con-
trol, the fire brigade say they won’t be able to put it out completely
for several hours.

Severe weather cuts off towns in the north


Severe weather conditions in the north of England have cut off several
towns and villages. Many roads are impassable due to heavy falls of
snow. Supplies of food are being flown into some villages by helicop-
ter.

Damaged plane touches down safely


A plane had to make an emergency landing at Heathrow this morn-
ing when one of its doors blew off. Shortly after taking off an ex-
plosion was heard and the plane had to turn back to Heathrow. The
emergency services were standing by in case of a crash landing, but
the plane touched down safely.
‘I never want to go through an experience like that again!’ said
the passenger who had been sitting next to the door. ‘I don’t think
I’ll ever get over the shock of seeing the door come off and a drop of
1,000 metres beneath me!’

1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B.

А В

1. to pick someone up a. to escape from a place where


one is a prisoner
2. to pick someone up b. to catch or arrest someone
3. to cut out c. to succeed in stealing some-
thing and escaping with it
4. to blow (something) up d. to be ready to provide help or
take action if it is needed
255
5. to make off e. to explode, to destroy some-
thing with explosives
6. to break into somewhere/ f. to stop working (of an engine
to break in or machine)
7. to cut something/ g. to enter a building or room ille-
someone off gally or by force
8. to get away with h. to isolate something or some-
something one from something
9. to break out i. to rescue someone from danger,
(of somewhere) especially from the sea
10. to stand by j. to leave in a hurry, especially to
escape from other people

2. Read the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. The engine keeps stopping.


(cut out)
The engine keeps cutting out.
2. The survivors were rescued from the sea by helicopter.
(pick up)
3. Don’t touch it! It might explode!
(blow up)
4. He was arrested by the police for possessing drugs.
(pick up)
5. The police are ready for action in case there is trouble.
(stand by)
6. Someone entered our house illegally at the weekend.
(break into)
7. Our village was isolated by a snowstorm for a week.
(cut off)
8. He’s escaped from prison again.
(break out)
9. The robbers succeeded in stealing over ₤ 100,000.
(get away with)

256
10. I tried to stop the thief, but he escaped on a motorbike.
(make off)

How multi-word verbs work


Multi-word verbs as nouns and adjectives
Some multi-word verbs can be used to make nouns and adjectives.
They are usually made by combining the infinitive of the verb stem
with the particle. If your car broke down on the motorway you could
say:
I had a breakdown on the motorway, so I called the breakdown
service.
Similarly, the verb to get away (= escape) can be used to form a noun
or an adjective.
The robbers made their getaway in a blue car. The next day the
police found the getaway car a short distance from the scene of
the crime.
The stress is normally on the first part of the word. ( breakdown, get-
away)

3. The particle out can be used with some verbs to give the
idea of something stopping completely. Look at the sen-
tences below and say what it is that has just stopped.

e.g. The firefighters put out the fire. = The fire stopped.
1. The engine was working all right but then it suddenly cut out.
2. After two years at university he decided to drop out. 3. She had to
pull out of the competition because of a leg injury. 4. The shop has
sold out of that style of jumper. 5. This species of bird died out in the
nineteenth century. 6. They used to be good friends but they fell out
last summer.

4. Translate into English.

1. Его подобрала спасательная шлюпка. 2. Он был задержан по


обвинению в воровстве (on a charge of theft). 3. Мотор заглох.
257
4. Центральное отопление перестало работать. 5. В шахте было
семьдесят человек, когда там произошел взрыв. 6. Вор удрал.
7. Она всегда была готова помочь мне. 8. Грабители скрылись,
забрав более десяти тысяч фунтов. 9. Ему сходит с рук все.
10. Мы были отрезаны снежными заносами. 11. Смит вновь
совершил побег. 12. Грабители проникли в помещение через
окно.

Topic: Telephoning

be through (Operator) Go ahead and speak.


You’re through now.
call sb up Katie’s going to call you up tonight,
cut sb off We were in the middle of an interesting
(often passive) conversation when we were cut off.
get through (to sb) ‘Did you get through to Ken?’ ‘Yes, I
spoke to him at last.’
hang up I hung up when Ben began to insult me.
hold on The operator asked me to hold on while
she connected us.
look sth up Can you look up Mary’s number in the
phone directory?
phone sb up Please phone us up as soon as you get
home.
put the phone/ ‘Why did you put the receiver down
the receiver down so quickly?’ ‘The person at the other end
of the line was very rude to me.’
put sb through I asked the receptionist to put me through
to the manager.
ring /call sb back Can you ask Sue to ring /call me back when
she returns?
ring off The caller rang off before I could ask for
her number.
ring sb up Linda promised to ring the theatre up and
book two seats.

258
1. Complete the conversation, using phrasal verbs from the
list above.

A: Do you know the number of Lawson Mount Hospital?


B: I’m sorry, I don’t. Why don’t you … it … in the directory?
A: I don’t have a directory for that area.
B: Well, … … directory enquiries.
A: Oh, here’s the number. It’s 774492. I’d written it on this bit of
paper. Hello, is that Lawson Mount Hospital? Can you … me …
to Ward 2, please?
C: … … a moment, please.
A: Hello, is that Ward 2? Can I speak to ...? That’s strange. The
line’s gone dead. We’ve been … … .
B: … the phone …, wait a moment and then dial the number again.
I’m sure you’ll eventually … … to the hospital.
A: All right. Here goes! (pause) Hello, is that Ward 2? I’d ... . Would
you believe it? They’ve … …!
B: They can’t have done that. There’s obviously something wrong
with the phone.

2. Read the telephone conversation below. Substitute expres-


sions containing a phrasal verb for the words and expres-
sions in italics.

Caller: Can I speak to Sue Brown, please?


Operator: Just a moment, please. I’ll connect you.
(after a few seconds)
Operator: Go ahead, caller. You are connected now.
Secretary: Sue Brown’s office.
Caller: Hello. Is Sue Brown there, please?
Secretary: No, I’m afraid she’s just gone out. Would you like to
leave a message?
Caller: Well, tell her I phoned her. Actually, I’ve been trying to
reach her by telephone for a couple of days. Tell her that

259
the last time I phoned, the operator stopped our conver-
sation before we’d finished. I don’t want her to think
that I finished the conversation by replacing the receiver.
In fact, I waited for ten minutes, but the line was com-
pletely dead. Could you ask her to return my telephone
call this evening?

3. Translate into English.

1. He вешай трубку! 2. Подождите, пожалуйста, м-р Смит го-


ворит по телефону сейчас. 3. Прежде чем мы закончили разго-
вор, нас разъединили. 4. Я узнала его голос и положила трубку.
5. Говорите! Вас соединили. 6. Посмотри номер ее телефона в
справочнике. 7. Я звонил ему несколько раз, но не дозвонился.
8. Я вам перезвоню, когда узнаю результат. 9. Кто-то пришел,
я должен закончить разговор. 10. Сколько времени вам пона-
добится, чтобы соединить нас? 11. Я никак не мог связаться с
начальством. 12. Когда вы будете мне звонить? 13. Я не успел
ответить, как он положил трубку. 14. Ваш друг сказал, что он
еще раз позвонит.

Getting Through
Operator: Hello. Britex Ltd. Can I help you?
John Stevens: Yes. I’d like to speak to Karen Miller in Marketing.
Operator: Putting you through.
Operator I’m sorry but the line’s busy at the moment. Can you
hold on?
John Stevens: Yes. That’s fine.
Operator: You’re through now, caller.
Karen Miller: Hello?
John Stevens: Hello Karen. This is John Stevens from Comtec.
Karen Miller: Who? Sorry, this isn’t a very good line. Could you
speak up please?
John Stevens: Yes, sorry. This is John Stevens from Comtec.
Karen Miller: Oh, hello John. What can 1 do for you?
John Stevens: Well, actually, I’m phoning about next week’s meet-
ing.
260
Karen Miller: You mean the one on Thursday?
John Stevens: Yes, that’s right. Thursday the 24th at 9.30 a.m.
Karen Miller: You don’t want to call it off, do you?
John Stevens: No, not at all. But we need to put it off for at least a
week.
Karen Miller: Oh, why’s that?
John Stevens: Well. We’re having problems getting all the figures
together.
Karen Miller: I see. Have you told Jack Ryan?
John Stevens: No, not yet. I haven’t been able to get through to him.
I’ve left a message but he hasn’t called me back yet.
Karen Miller: Fine. When were you thinking of?
John Stevens: To be on the safe side, why don’t we say the 5th or the
6th of November.
Karen Miller: Just a minute. I need to check my diary. In fact I
think the 5th would be better for me. Same time?
John Stevens: Yes, that’s fine.
Karen Miller: And you’re sure you’re going to be ready by then?
This meeting is extremely important for us. You
know that we are counting on you.
John Stevens: Yes, absolutely. No question. We’ve never let you
down before, have we?
Karen Miller: No, true. Good. Well, see you on the 5th then.
John Stevens: OK. Thanks very much. Bye.
Karen Miller: Bye.

1. Focus on phrasal verbs.

1. Putting you through.


2. Can you hold on?
3. Could you speak up please?
4. You don’t want to call it off, do you?
5. We need to put it off for at least a week.
6. I haven’t been able to get through to him.
7. He hasn’t called me back yet.

261
8. You know that we are counting on you.
9. We’ve never let you down before, have we?

2. Rephrase using the phrasal verbs from this unit:

return the call …………......


wait …………......
postpone …………......
connect …………......
cancel …………......
make contact …………......
fail/disappoint …………......
depend on …………......
talk louder …………......

3. Six of these sentences are grammatically possible, six are


not. Find the incorrect sentences and correct them. The
first one has been done for you.

1. I’ve been trying to get you through for ages but the line’s always
engaged! NOT CORRECT.
I’ve been trying to get through to you for ages but the line’s always
engaged!
2. Please hold it on. Mr Jameson will be with you in a minute.
3. Don’t let down me. I really need your help this time.
4. Can you call back later, I’m rather busy at the moment?
5. You can’t call off the wedding now – we’ve sent out the invita-
tions!
6. Please call back me before this evening.
7. Do you mind if we put off coming until next weekend?
8. You can never count on him. He’s just unreliable.
9. Is your phone broken? I can never seem to get you through.
262
10. Can you put me through to Mike for a quick word?
11. Please speak it up, I can’t hear you.
12. If we let them down again, they will cancel the order.

4. In pairs, ask and answer these questions.

1. What would you do if you wanted to complain over the phone to


the manager of an organisation but the secretary wouldn’t put
you through to her/him?
2. What do you do when someone tells you to hold on and you are
still holding on five minutes later?
3. When would you ask someone to speak up?
4. If you had an important message for someone but you couldn’t
get through to them, what would you do?
5. Have you ever arranged an important event and then had to call it
off? If so, why?
6. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today. What do you
think of this saying?
7. Have you ever been seriously let down by a friend that you have
been counting on? What happened?

Topic: Money. At the Bank

Winning a Fortune

Up until a year ago, Arthur and Mildred Watkins were just a very
ordinary middle-aged couple. They lived in a small suburb, just out-
side Birmingham. With two teenage children and a large mortgage,
life wasn’t easy. And then disaster struck ... Arthur lost his job. Mil-
dred remembers what happened:
Arthur just couldn’t find another job. He was too old, you see. Soon
we had fallen behind with mortgage payments and they cut the phone
off as we couldn’t pay the bill. We had to borrow money from the bank,
263
from friends... it was awful! It began to really get me down. Arthur began
drinking a lot. I just didn’t know what to do.
And then the incredible happened ... Arthur continues the
story:
We got this letter – official-looking it was. I thought it was going to
be another demand from the bank, but it wasn’t. It was a letter telling us
we had won ₤ 2,000,000.
From that day Arthur and Mildred’s life changed completely.
But not all for the good.
The first thing they did was to settle up all their debts. Then they
bought a large Rolls-Royce and several fur coats for Mildred. They
moved down south and bought a large luxury flat in the middle of
the West End of London. They flew on Concorde to the States, went
around the casinos in Las Vegas and stayed in all the big hotels.
Our big mistake was not planning what to do with the money. We
never put any by. I suppose we just went a bit mad. As well as that, a lot
of people wrote to us, telling us about all their problems and why they
needed money. So we gave away a lot of money. We wanted to help.
Another problem arose when they were visited by a certain
Mr James Harkington. Mr Harkington introduced himself as a
‘professional investment consultant’...
That Harkington man – he really ripped us off. He looked so
respectable and told us how we had to invest our money carefully for the
future. Anyway, we agreed to buy shares in some company in Manchester.
After just four weeks we heard it was out of business and we had lost all
our money. Harkington had disappeared.
And now... the money has nearly all gone. Arthur and Mildred
are trying to sell their London flat and move back to Birmingham but
things aren’t looking good.
None of our friends want to see us now, they all say we are too good
for them now. Things just can’t go on like this but I just don’t know what
we are going to do.

1. Find a phrasal verb in the text that means:

save, continue, cheat, be late, distribute, depress, disconnect, pay


back

264
2. Match the halves of the dialogue.

e.g. 1 d)
- Can we settle up at the end of the week?
- Sure, whenever you’ve got the money.

1. Can we settle up at the end of the week?


2. Why do you never seem to have any money these days?
3. What’s the matter? Why are you looking so angry?
4. Why don’t we give away those old chairs?
5. Did you really sell him that antique table for only ₤ 20?
6. Are you and John still arguing a lot?
7. What will happen if he goes on being late for work?
8. Why do you want the money?

a) Who to? No-one would want them.


b) Yes. It’s really beginning to get me down.
c) I have fallen behind with the rent again and the landlord said if we
don’t pay we’ll have to go.
d) Sure, whenever you’ve got the money.
e) He’ll probably get the sack.
f) They have just cut off the gas and electricity but I paid all the
bills.
g) I’m trying to put by as much as I can so that we can buy a new
car.
h) Why? Do you think he ripped me off?

3. Complete the following gaps with one of the phrasal verbs


from the text.

1. If you … … working like this, you will have a heart attack. 2. It’s
easy to be … … when you buy a second-hand car. 3. He has been
unemployed for more than a year. It’s really ... him ... . 4. I promise
I’ll … … when I get my next pay cheque. 5. He decided to ... ... all
his money and go and work with the poor in Calcutta. 6. When we
265
… … with payments for our new car, they sent someone to take it
back. 7. I’m trying to ... a little money ... each month to give my
grandchildren, when they are a little older. 8. When we didn’t pay the
telephone bill, we were … … .

4. Prepare to tell the story of Arnold and Mabel, a couple


similar to Arthur and Mildred who were very poor but who
also won ₤ 2,000,000. Arnold and Mabel had a fantastic
time with the money and are now much happier as a result.
Write up the story you prepared.

Setting Up

Bank Manager: Come in, come in. Please sit down.


Mark: Thank you. Thanks very much for fitting me in. I
know you must be very busy.
Bank Manager: Not at all. We do try to be available as much as pos-
sible.
Mark: Well, as you know, I’ve come to see if there is any
chance of the bank lending me some money to
help me set up a small restaurant in the centre of
town.
Bank Manager: Yes, well ... I need to ask you one or two questions
to start with.
Mark: Of course.
Bank Manager: Do you have any capital of your own?
Mark: Well, in fact, I’ve just come into some money. You
see my grandmother recently died and left me
₤ 40,000 which I wanted to use for the business.
Bank Manager: I see. And have you actually picked out a suitable
location, a building for the restaurant?
Mark: Yes, I think so. In Lincoln Road. It’s on the ground
floor. It used to be a small supermarket but it went
bankrupt. I’ve looked it over quite carefully. It’s not
in very good condition and we need to do it up a bit
but that means it will be much cheaper to buy.
Bank Manager: Fine. And how about future plans?
266
Mark: Well obviously I will see how things go at first but
really I’d like to branch out after a year or two and
open up in the suburbs if things go well.
Bank Manager: Right, well, you just need to fill in this form with
a few details and send it to us as soon as you can.
Then we can arrange a meeting to discuss terms.
Mark: So you don’t think I’m going to be turned down?
Bank Manager: I really can’t say at this stage. We need to see all
the relevant information first and then we’ll be in a
better position to ...

1. Choose the correct meaning of each of these phrasal


verbs:

1. fit in = find time/give an interview


2. set up = buy/start
3. come into = inherit/borrow
4. pick out = look for/choose
5. look over = examine/think about alternatives
6. do up = repair and decorate/buy furniture
7. branch out = expand/sell
8. fill in = look at/complete
9. turn down = refuse/consider

2. Find the grammatical mistake in each sentence.

e.g. I’m terribly sorry, but I don’t think we can fit in you this
week.
I’m terribly sorry, but I don’t think we can fit you in this
week.
1. We’re thinking of branching it out into men’s clothes next year.
2. I can’t believe it. She’s come a fortune into. 3. Excuse me, madam,
but have you picked it out the one you want yet? 4. He looked over on
my article quickly and, without a word, threw it in the bin. 5. Of co-
urse, it needs do up, but basically it’s a real bargain. 6. If you could
just fill in, sir, with details of exactly what you saw and heard. Then
267
you can go. 7. He’s very upset. He never expected to be turn down. 8.
We must to set up a committee to discover exactly what happened.

3. Translate into English.

1. Нам придется организовать (создать) новую лабораторию.


2. Сегодня утром врач больше никого принять не может. 3. Он
очень занят сегодня, но все же постарается улучить для вас вре-
мя (найти для вас время). 4. Он был очень беден, но однажды
унаследовал большое состояние. 5 Он выбрал красивый брас-
лет для своей жены. 6. Учитель просмотрел контрольные рабо-
ты. 7. Дом только что отремонтировали. 8. Он быстро заполнил
документы. 9. Он сделал Сэлли предложение, но она ему отка-
зала. 10. Теперь они занялись новым делом.

Money! Money! Money!

A self-made woman:
I come from a very poor background. My parents never had any
money so we literally lived from hand to mouth. That’s probably why
I set out to become rich before I was thirty. I found a job in a company,
and when I’d saved enough money I started up my own business.
What do I put my success down to? Hard work. You have to work hard
for what you want in this life.

A rich woman:
I’m fortunate because I came into a lot of money when my aunt died
and left me everything. I invested the money and now I live off the
interest. I suppose I’m what you would call well-off -but money isn’t
everything. Sometimes it creates more problems than it solves.

A bankrupt businessman:
At one time I was extremely well-off, but then came the stock mar-
ket crash and I lost everything. I had no money to pay off my debts
and I was declared bankrupt. What did I learn from this experience?
Firstly, money doesn’t grow on trees, and secondly, when you lose
268
everything you find out who your real friends are – they’re the ones
who stay with you when you come down in the world.

Unemployed person:
The last job I had was so badly paid that I couldn’t make ends meet
on my salary, and as a result I was always getting into debt. Everything
was becoming more expensive all the time but my salary stayed the
same, so I couldn’t keep up with the cost of living. My bank account
was in the red and I had no savings to fall back on. And then I lost my
job. Now things are really hard and I have to get by on less than ₤ 70
a week. I know they say money can’t buy happiness, but I’d rather be
rich and unhappy than poor and unhappy.

A middle-aged regular saver:


Some people spend money like water, but not me – I believe in sav-
ing up for a rainy day. I put by a little money every week. You see,
you have to think about the future when you’re my age. When you’re
young you don’t need money but when you’re old, you can’t live
without it.

1. Match the multi-word verbs in A with the definitions in B.

A В
1. to set out to do something a. to save something so you can
use it later
2. to put something down to b. to depend on someone/
something something as a source of
income
3. to come into something c. to manage to survive (on
something) despite difficulties
4. to live off someone/ d. to inherit something
something (especially money)
5. to pay something off e. to consider something to be
the result of something else
6. to keep up with someone/ f. to begin with the intention
something of achieving something
269
7. to fall back on someone/ g. to return to someone/
something something for support, when
other things have failed
8. to get by (on something) h. to progress or rise at the same
rate as someone / something
else
9. to put something by i. to repay a debt

2. Read the sentences, then say the sentences again, using


the multi-word verb prompts. The first one has been done
for you.

1. I’ve repaid all my debts.


(pay off)
I’ve paid off all my debts.
2. I save a little money every week.
(put by)
3. He inherited a fortune when his father died.
(come into)
4. She survives on a very small income.
(get by on)
5. She gets all her money from her parents.
(live off)
6. My salary isn’t rising as fast as inflation.
(keep up with)
7. We thought her bad behaviour was the result of stress.
(put something down to)
8. I know I can always ask my parents for help if I’m ever in
trouble.
(fall back on)
9. She intended to become the best tennis player in the world.
(set out to)

270
3. Rewrite the following sentences so that they have similar
meaning, using the multi-word verbs from this unit. Make
any changes necessary to the structure of the sentences.

1. Many pensioners have to survive on very little money. 2. He cal-


culated it would take him three years to clear all his debts. 3. She ac-
cumulated a great deal of money by saving a little every week. 4. His
uncle died and left him a fortune. 5. She decided she wanted to start
her own business. 6. If I ever get into financial difficulties, I know
I can always rely on my brother for help. 7. She supports herself with
the money she gets from selling her books. 8. She thought she was a
success because she had been lucky. 9. The cost of living is going up
all the time, but my salary isn’t.

4. Complete the sentences below.

1. If I came into a lot of money, I’d ... . 2. One thing I have set out
to do, and have achieved, is ... . 3. If I earned a salary which didn’t
keep up with inflation, I’d ... . 4. I could get by on very little money
provided that ... . 5. I put the increase in crime down to ... .

5. Translate into English.

1. Они намерены выиграть матч. 2. Когда у него не хватает


фактов, он полагается на свое воображение. 3. Всегда полезно
иметь кое-что про запас. 4. Я знаю, что если у меня возникнут
проблемы, я смогу положиться на своих друзей. 5. Я объяснил
его плохое настроение его недавней болезнью. 6. Я отношу не-
успех дела на счет его неопытности. 7. Я за вами не успеваю.
8. Две недели он жил на орехах и ягодах. 9. Она живет на иж-
дивении своего дедушки. 10. Ты уже расплатился со всеми дол-
гами? 11. Я кое-что отложила на черный день. 12. Сколько нам
удалось отложить в прошлом месяце? 13. У меня небольшой
доход, но мне как-то удается сводить концы с концами.

271
ÖÀÔ¤ ÀÖ”‘÷Ÿ”Õœ‚‚”⁄ ‘À◊›—œ◊Œ—‹
Acklam, R. Help with Phrasal Verbs / R. Acklam. – Heinemann, 1992.
Alexander, L. G. English Grammar Practice / L. G. Alexander. – Longman,
1992.
Berlizon, S. English Verbal Collocations / S. Berlizon. – M., 1964.
Coe, N. Oxford Practice Grammar / N. Coe, M. Harrison, K. Peterson. –
Oxford, 2006.
Collins Cobuild Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs. – Collins Publishers, 1990.
Collins Cobuild Phrasal Verbs. Workbook / Collins Publishers, 1997.
Evans, V. Round-up 5 / V. Evans. – Longman, 2002.
Evans, V. Round-up 6 / V. Evans. – Longman, 2002.
Evans, V. Enterprise. Grammar 3. / V. Evans, J. Dooley. – Express Publishing,
1999.
Evans, V. Enterprise. Grammar 4. / V. Evans, J. Dooley. – Express Publishing,
2000.
Heaton, J. B. Practise your Phrasal Verbs / J. B. Heaton. – Longman, 1998.
Hornby, A. S. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary / A. S. Horn-by. – Oxford
University Press, 2001.
Intermediate English Course. – The Linguaphone Institute Limited, 1984.
Really Learn 100 Phrasal Verbs. – Oxford University Press, 2003.
Soars, John Headway. Upper-Intermediate / John and Liz Soars.– Oxford Uni-
versity Press, 1995.
Thomson, A. J. A Practical English Grammar / A. J. Thomson, A. V. Marti-
net. – Oxford University Press, 1997.
Thomson, A. J. Practical English Grammar Exercises / A. J. Thomson,
A. V. Martinet. – Oxford University Press, 1990.
Thorn, M. Exploring English / M. Thorn. – Prentice Hall, 1992.
Vince, M. First Certificate Language Practice / M. Vince. – Heinemann, 1996.
Vince, M. Advanced Language Practice / M. Vince. – Heinemann,1994.
Workman, G. Phrasal Verbs and Idioms. Upper-Intermediate / G. Work-
man. – Oxford University Press, 1995.
Workman, G. Phrasal Verbs and Idioms. Advanced / G. Workman. – Oxford
University Press, 1995.
Англо-русский словарь глагольных словосочетаний / под ред. Э. М.
Медниковой. – М., 1986.
Григорьев, С. В. Фразовые глаголы / С. В. Григорьев. – СПб., 2003.
Новый большой англо-русский словарь / под. ред. Ю. Д. Апресяна и
Э. М. Медниковой. – М., 1997.
Шах-Назарова, В. С. Составные глаголы. Без них не обойтись в анг-
лийской разговорной речи / В. С. Шах-Назарова, Л. Г. Памухина,
Т. Г Шелкова. – М., 1998.
Шитникова, Л. Ф. Англо-русский словарь идиом и фразовых глаголов /
Л. Ф. Шитникова, Т. Л. Брускина. – СПб., 2003.

272