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Vol ume 7
Newsletter of the
Maldives Library Association
Published triennially

2010 In this issue:

MLA in 2010 P.1
Library Profile: NLM P.2
Library Profile: Hithadhoo Public Library P.3
Editorial ILS Professional Profile P.4
Assalaam A’laikum. Welcome to the Commentary from MLA Blog P.4
third issue of meet.learn.acquire for Reference Services at MCHE Library P.5
2010. This is the last issue for the year Koha & GSDL workshop P.6
and I have great satisfaction in writing Opinions & experiences P.7
this editorial, for having succeeded in Library as a political institution P.8
reviving this newsletter after a long Occupational Health & Safety in Library P.9
gap of 10 years! – 2010 has been MLA Library Basic course P.10
remarkable for MLA on many other Library Classification P.11
fronts as well. Update on MLA activities P.12
We started the year with a grand
general assembly resulting in a
compact calendar of events for MLA. 2010 has been a busy year for MLA !
Looking at the last four months,
It has been a great year with our MLA workshop and Information Science in our country. We also
making news within the library sector is
the introductory library course, the lecture series with guest lecturers delighting us discussed how Maldives Library Association can
work carried out by MGN in initiating intellectually. Midyear activities such as Library Day become an IFLA member.
digital library collections, relocation of Celebration in collaboration with Faculty of Arts and
the National Library, and MLA This was a conference that created many milestones
the ‘bring a friend” maahefun were some of the fun
President’s participation in SLLA such as the rejuvenation of the Regional Federation
International Conference held in activities of the year. The year was concluded with the
of South Asian Library Associations (REFSALA). After
Colombo. MLA basic course on Librarianship with 18
a 5 year gap, the second council meeting of
In this issue, read our LIS professional participants. I congratulate those who have completed
REFSALA was held and discussions continued on
profile article on Fathmath Shiham, the course with such enthusiasm.
how we are going to move forward with REFSALA. It
and library feature article on NLM and
Hithadhoo public library in Addu Atoll. Throughout the year, being part of the organizing was decided that Sri Lanka will be the host country
It is amazing that this public library team of these events had made me realize that we holding the chairmanship and the President of Sri
came into being from a community still need to step up and shout louder to make Lanka Library Association (SLLA) will be the
initiative. Additionally, we have President of REFSALA 2010-2014. After that India will
ourselves heard nationally and internationally.
included articles on the effectiveness
hold the post and then Maldives…
of reference services provided in the This thought, and my team, empowered me to accept
MCHE Central Library – an eye opener It has been a great experience for me, and your
the chance to represent MLA and Maldives abroad!
for the library management, I say!
As the president of MLA, I was invited to attend the thoughts were never far from my mind as we listened,
Fewer articles in local language in this
International Conference organized by the Sri Lanka talked and discussed about empowering today’s
issue compared to the last – but, what
we have are two remarkable Library Association (SLLA) to mark their 50th information managers and users. I have always
contributions on library classification Anniversary of existence. The theme of the believed in empowering and providing support to
and occupational health & safety fellow information managers like you and me alike…
conference was ‘Libraries: Access to information and
measures for librarians [I like these].
Also, given the current political turmoil empowering people’. I extend my heartfelt By sharing my experiences I hope to inspire and
in the country, it is only appropriate to appreciation to the SLLA for giving MLA the empower the librarians and information managers of
bring libraries into that picture – read & opportunity to participate and contribute. Maldives.
fascinate yourself. I particularly like the
updates on professional development During the very first session of the conference, I had Year 2010 has come to an end and MLA is
efforts, including feedback from ACLIS. the opportunity to present a paper based on ‘Access concluding one of our most fruitful years in existence.
I would like to take this opportunity to to Information: experiences in Maldives’. I was also On behalf of the MLA members and me personally, a
wish all our readers, members, & able to chair a very interesting session on “indigenous great big THANK YOU to the wonderful team behind
contributors a very happy &
knowledge” and was able to share some experiences MLA with high spirits who made it all happen despite
prosperous year for 2011. Please do
from the Maldives as well. having had to wear multiple hats at all times. 
let us know how we are doing by
leaving a comment on our blog @ ~ Aishath Shabana, MLA President ~
One of the highlights of the conference was that I was
able to meet Dr. Ellen Tise, the president of the
Thank you. International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) Maldi ve s Librar y A ss oc iat ion
Aminath Riyaz (Editor) and discuss the current situation of Library and m e e t .l e ar n . a q ui r e
American Corner – rebranded!


National Library of
The American Corner of the National
Maldives (NLM)
Library was established in May The Library’s combined collection consists of
2004, serving as a resource centre approximately 45,000 volumes. The number of
for the Maldivian public in American
members registered at NLM to date is estimated
reading and AV material.
at 7,000.
The American Corner has been
rebranded as American Centre with
The National Library of the Maldives is an important Other Services
the move of the National Library to
government institution that has been in existence for 65 All the library sections of the National Library provide
a new building in 2010. The United
States’ Ambassador to Sri Lanka and years. The key responsibilities of the National Library photocopy services. The different sections of the library
the Maldives, Patricia Butenis, include encouraging, promoting and developing reading area are also equipped with catalogue terminals that
formally opened the new American among the general public as well as locating and will enable users to browse through the book database
Centre in the National Library of the National Library.
providing resources for educational purposes. The
Building on October 28.
National Library is one of the organizations that are
A newly formed Institute of Library and Information
The Centre offers free internet
mandated to carry out these responsibilities under the
access, information about United Service will run library training programs of different
constitution of the Maldives.
States via a large collection of DVDs, levels. Also, the institute plans to run internationally
an online research database, and Moreover, the National Library is also assigned with the accredited training programs in collaboration with the
DVC facilities. The Centre also offers Canberra Institute of Technology, Australia. They will
important task of acquiring newspapers, magazines,
students the chance to participate in
books, microform records, video and audio records also run informative and useful programs aimed at
‘Dyn Ed’, a computer based English
published in the Maldives and to preserve them for the people who use the library.
learning program. The Centre
further offers events like public generations to come. In addition to these, the National
The library also offers a bimonthly orientation program
readings, films, exhibits, workshops Library is also held responsible for authorizing the
for the users of the library to inform them of the
and lectures by various speakers. ■ registration of libraries within the country, maintaining the
services and resources available at the National
registration records of those libraries, assisting them with
Library. This program will guide them, especially
Chinese Centre – New collection the creation of the rules and regulations and to provide
students to use the resources of the library effectively.
opened at NLM them with professional development aid.
Library’s new location
Service Sections of the National Library includes: the
The National Library was re-opened on October 10,
frontline where circulation services are offered;
2010 at 10:10hrs, after a closure of a few months for
English Collection (books of all genres written in
relocation from its former building on Majeedhee magu.
English); Dhivehi Collection (all kinds of books,
New address:
magazines and newspapers written in Dhivehi) ; National Library
National Collection (material written about Maldives and Museum Building A
Medhuziyaaraiy magu,
The Chinese Centre was established by Maldivians – held as reference only); Chinese Malé 20158, Rep. of Maldives
at the National Library of Maldives Centre (material on language, culture, history and Phone: (+960) 3323943, (+960) 3323944
on November 30, 2010. Fax: (+960) 3313712
literature of China; and American Centre (consists of Website: www.nlm.gov.mv.
The Chinese government has E-mail: info@nlm.gov.mv
books, magazines and CD’s about the US. In addition to
already donated 4,800 books for
this, the American Centre also runs awareness and The current location at Medhuziyaaraiy magu is ideal
this, and this number will increase in
the future. With the opening of the training programs among the public through visits, for a library setting and will provide customers with a
Chinese Centre, services of the lectures, workshops and Digital Video Conferencing quiet environment to read and research. ■
National Library have expanded and (DVC). This corner also provides internet services.
it is believed that this will enrich The above is an adaptation
The Library’s combined collection consists of: from NLM information leaflet (2010)
people about the fascinating country
of China. ■ approximately 40,000 monographs with an annual
addition of about 2,500 books including donations and
exchange; 3000 bound serials with an annual
subscription of 39 serial titles.

The Reading Area provides adequate seating for

users of the library. In addition to reading space, Library
this area is designed to provide users with recent
2 newspapers and magazines.
National Research
Collection, MCHE Library
LIBRARY PROFILE: The library at the former National
Centre for Linguistic and Historical
Research (NCLHR) is now a branch of
Hithadhoo the MCHE Library. With the changes in
the government policy, the NCLHR
Public Library was disintegrated and the historical
and research component of the Centre
Save the Hithadhoo Public Library
along with their Library became part of
– a personal appeal from the the Maldives College of Higher
Education in mid 2010.
President of MLA
This library collection is now
A public library is generally a public funded library, revealed that the library has been neglected and in considered as the MCHE Library’s

serving the general public of a country. Public very poor condition. Although the HPL has been “National Research Collection”. Work is

libraries exist in most countries and are often moved to a brand new library building recently, the in progress to integrate the collection
into the online library catalogue of
considered an essential part of having an educated Library lacks proper organization, rules and
MCHE. When the work is complete,
and literate populace. Unlike other types of libraries regulations, resources and facilities,
the public and any interested parties
such as school libraries, national libraries and special maintenance/care, and trained personnel.
will be able to check online, the details
libraries, it is mandatory to a public library to serve
It was saddening to know that the library did not have of the resources held in the collection.
the general information needs of the population of the
specific opening hours. This was a service closed for The MCHE Library catalogue is
most part of the day and was opened only on available online at

Do we have a public library in the Maldives, other demand. A closed library restricts access to www.mche.edu.mv

than in Malé? Few of us realize that there is another information for the general public. Prior to the change, there was no
public library in the Maldives, apart from NLM. computerized record of the books held
The library had a custom made integrated library
According to one of the library official, the Hithadhoo in the library.
system. However, the computer system was not
Public Library (HPL), Addu Atoll, has been in The collection is very comprehensive
functional. According to the library staff there never
existence for about 4-5 years and had been in its local/national publication
was a handwritten inventory of the library and the only
previously managed by the Island Development coverage and is highly used by
record of the items held in the library are on the hard
Committee (IDC). However, during the transition of scholars and researchers.
disk of the computer.
The library is managed by one library
the government, as the IDCs were disintegrated and
staff, who has been working at the
new administrative infrastructure has been setup, There were about 14 shelves of varying heights in the
Centre for a few years now. ■
further development plans such as staffing and library packed with books. However, a lot more books

budget for the HPL are yet to be decided. are piled on almost all the reading tables and on the MCHE Library - Staff
low shelves, waiting for new shelves. The library has Development Workshop
The Library is housed on the ground floor of the The MCHE’s annual library staff
space for more shelves but according to the library
brand new library building. The size of the collection development workshop is scheduled to
staff, there are no funds to buy the necessary
is approximately 6,000 books. The fiction collection of be conducted from 26 December 2010
to 6 January 2011.
the library is fairly large as most of them are donated
to the library by friends of the library. There is only Hithadhoo Public Library was a place locals of that The workshop series was first initiated

island were passionate about, but no more it seems. in 2001 and has been conducted
one librarian with minimal training in this profession
annually from 2006 onwards. This is
and very few registered users. Young upcoming librarians dreams of making it a
done mainly in an effort to offset the
better library. Stakeholders involved in the
lack/shortage of training opportunities
A recent visit to the Hithadhoo Public Library by
development of the island or the province should be in the Maldives to educate library staff
members of the Maldives Library Association
doing something about the development and in technical aspects of library work as
functionality of that library. For, library is one of the well as general competency required
to provide an efficient service to the
most powerful instruments that help reduce poverty
clientele. ■
and inequality. Access to information will lay the
foundation for sustained economic growth and
development in any society, community or country. ■

~ Aishath Shabana ~
from 2010 visit to Hithadhoo Public Library by MLA
members: Aishath Shabana & Aishath Afra Waheed, 3
National Library of
Why was the library PROFILE:

Maldives ILS Professionals –
Billoorijehige Building (the
former location of the National Fathmath Shiham is the Chief Librarian of the
Library) was constructed over
10 years ago. It was built
National Library of Maldives, and is the
without concrete floors and MLA Vice President for the current term
instead decked with wooden
Fathmath Shiham started her
library career at the National the Maldives sees it even as a develop successful programs in

Library of Maldives in 2000 as profession. The defining moment the face of budget cuts for basic
Due to the wooden decked
services. Her next biggest
floors, the book shelves could a Librarian Trainee, moving that made this profession her
be placed only on the floor career was the actual work challenge is “reaching out to the
onto Deputy Librarian in 2006.
areas that had metal beams islands in providing library
Fathmath is among the first few experience she got at her first
running under them. This services” as the majority of the
people in the Maldives who has a library post in 2000.
prevented the optimum usage population does not have
professional qualification in the Her career aspirations lead her to
of the floor space of the adequate access to information
building. area of library and information an International Masters in Digital resources.
work. She studied for her Bachelor Library Learning at Oslo University
The building was old; some of of Information Science Fathmath strongly believes library
College, Norway. She graduated in
the beams had broken in (specializing in Library Science) at & information work to be of great
2009 and became the second
places, the walls had water importance for us in our nation
the University of Pretoria, South Maldivian to have completed a post
leaking through them and
Africa, completing her studies in building efforts. “This is a field
graduate qualification in the area of
what’s more, the wooden floors
the year 2005. which helps the general public in
library and information studies, to
were deteriorating.
developing information literacy
According to Fathmath, the initial serve the country & the profession.
skills and the love of lifelong
Due to the above said reasons few months of settling into the role
Fathmath was appointed Chief learning.”
and condition of the of Deputy Librarian was somewhat
Librarian of the National Library of
Billoorijehige Building, there
daunting at times. Fresh out of In this respect, her message for
was a fear of having the books Maldives in 2009 and has been
University and joining a workforce the wanna be librarians and
in the library infected with continuously upgrading the
with a team of people with years generally those involved in
termites. National Library to meet the
and years of experience in the field information handling is:
demands of modern day library
The English Collection and the was a challenge she had to go
users. Continuous efforts are also
“A systematic information system
Dhivehi Collection which were through. Back then, her main
being placed on finding training
situated on the first and second
is a must for every organization.
responsibilities were in
opportunities for the library staff.
floors were open spaced and The right information is a key
strengthening the information
located at the front end of the Having completed higher education ingredient for every success.
technology backbone of the
building. The users of these in this field and “applying lessons This field is great!”
National Library and its service
sections of the library faced learnt” to improve the National
provision. The initiation of an Fathmath’s initiation in forming the
with disturbing levels of noise
Library of Maldives is among her
official website and identifying an Maldives Greenstone support
from the traffic moving along
greatest achievements. Fathmath
Majeedhee Magu. appropriate library software for the Network with the aim of introducing
has great pride in what she has
library are among the first major Digital Library creation is
The environment was not been able to do so far in this
activities she undertook in her role. praiseworthy and commendable.
conducive for a library. endeavor. “Be ready to take the extra mile!!!”
When asked whether she always
aspired to be a librarian, Her long term goal for her is the last and the most important
The government needed the
professional life is “to help in piece of advice she gives out to
Billoorijehige Building for other Fathmath’s short and sweet
developing a service ethic in the one and all. ■
purposes. answer was: “not really”.
library workforce of the country”.
This is not unexpected! Library
Source: National Library [introductory Profiled by Aminath Riyaz
profession is still in its infancy in The main challenges faced are
leaflet] (2010).
the Maldives and hardly anyone in keeping the spirit up and trying to
Evaluation of Reference Services at MCHE Central Library
Introduction and were very willing to help the users even when there was no
Reference service is one of library’s primary practices besides OPAC service available. When she was asked about the reference
acquisition, classification, cataloguing, and collection maintenance. resources available earlier, she said unlike the present collection of
The term reference services can be defined as personal assistance the library, there were only very few reference resources then. She
provided by trained personnel to library users seeking information was also asked about her overall satisfaction of the library services,
(Dollah & Singh, 2005). The importance of reference services grew and she said she was happy and satisfied with the reference services
over time with the introduction of new technologies in libraries. provided in the early days.
According to Bunge (1999) reference services can be categorized into The staff interviews highlighted the challenges MCHE Central Library
three broad groups: 1. information services that involve either finding faces in providing effective reference services. These include budget
the required information on behalf of the users, or assisting users in issues, not having enough trained staff, high staff turnover, & lack of
finding information; 2. instruction in the use of library resources and facilities. These challenges are also associated with the overall
services (broadly defined as information literacy skills); and 3. user functioning and service provision of the library (Riyaz, 2010).
guidance, in which users are guided in selecting the most appropriate
information sources and services (p. 185). The result of this study shows that 60 percent of the survey
participants were overall satisfied with the reference services the
The study MCHE Library is providing. This is shown in the figure below.
This evaluation is conducted in an effort to understand the reference
services provided by MCHE Central Library. MCHE Central Library is Overall satisfation of the
the main library of Maldives College of Higher Education (MCHE). It is participants with Library reference
the primary academic information resource for the MCHE, therefore services
contributes directly to the college’s commitment to teaching, research
and development of new knowledge.
This evaluation was carried out by analyzing information collected from
a survey conducted among visiting library students, an interview with a 60% Satisfied (60%)
former student of the college, and interviews with library staff. The Not satisfied(40%)
purpose of the survey was to identify the current information resources
provided and the usefulness of these services to the students. The
purpose of the interview was to understand the difference in service Conclusion & Recommendations
provision and to evaluate the satisfactory level from then and now. The main conclusions that can be drawn from this evaluation are that
the MCHE Central Library is providing its users with very needed and
According to the information provided by the interviewed library staff
useful services even though the services are not used very often. The
and also available on the library blog (Blog@MCHELibrary, 2010) the
reference services provided by the library are being accepted by most
reference services provided by MCHE Library at present includes
of the users of the library.
Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC), databases (EBSCO,
HINARI, Lexis.Com), user education, orientation programs, information In the light of the findings of the survey and interviews, it is
literacy (IL) sessions, reference skills workshops, the provision of recommended to put in extra effort to make the users more aware of
computers in every floor to access OPAC, Internet Service, the library services, by carrying on more orientation programs. Many
photocopying services, and many more. participants of the survey do not even know about most of the
reference services provided by the library. None of the participants
have participated in the Information literacy program, even though
Half of the respondents were daily visitors to the library while the other many of them find the service useful and satisfying.
50% of the users visit the library weekly. The following graph shows
the survey participants’ satisfactory level with the reference services Another significant finding is that sixty percent of the survey
on offer at MCHE Central Library. participants have never used the databases, for which the library pays
a great deal of money as subscription fees. Therefore, it is
User satisfaction of the Reference Services recommended to the library management, to identify why the users
User satisfaction of the Reference Services are not using the expensive services of the library; this could be
80% 80%
achieved by doing a wider survey among the users from all the
70% 70%
60% faculties of the college. ■
50% 50% 50%
40% 40% 40% ~ Nasheeda Mohamed ~
20% References
Blog@MCHELibrary. (2010). Retrieved September30, 2010, from
Bunge, C. A. (1999). Reference services. Reference Librarian, vol. 66, 185-199.
Dollah, W.A.K.W. & Singh, D. (2005). Determining the effectiveness of digital
reference services in Malaysian Academic libraries. The Reference Librarian,
51(4), 329-354.
Riyaz, A. (2010). 5 years of centralized service. Blog@MCHELibrary . Retrieved
The former student of MCHE, who was interviewed, is now a September30, 2010, from http://mchelib.wordpress.com/2010/04/11/5-years-since-
respected lecturer at MCHE. She said she is still a regular user of the centralisation/
library. When she was asked about the reference services provided Su, D. (ed.). (2001). Evolution in reference and information services: the impact of the
earlier, she said the only service she could remember was the Internet internet. New York: The Haworth Information Press.
service. She said there were no orientation programs; no OPAC; no
databases; and also she cannot remember taking photocopies in the 1 This study was conducted as an assessment component for Library Resources &
library too. She said the collection then was very well maintained and Services offered in the second semester of Advanced Certificate in Library Services at
she thinks the staff of the library were very dedicated to their work the Faculty of Arts, MCHE. The report has been modified for publication here.
Commentary from
MLA blog
[Re. MLA newsletter issue 02, Koha & GSDL
2010] Love this issue … very
Training of Trainers
– 1nfo5tudies.wordpress.com
great work. i love the part on
library thah ufedhunu goi. Organized by the Maldives
– Anonymous
while reading this I’ve just got a
Greenstone support Network
idea about u guys being the focal
28 Nov to 6 Dec 2010
point for all the libraries. and all
The specific learning outcomes of the
the other libraries have to be
to build their own digital libraries. GSDL workshop include:
registered at MLA. ALL THE The Maldives Library Association
is a representative of the Maldives The software is particularly useful  Installation and configuration of the
REGISTERED. it could b done on Greenstone support Network (MGN), in developing countries, mainly Greenstone software and its
this website itself. its just an idea. along with the National Library of due to its free availability [as it is associated software,
so all the libraries could be Maldives and other institutes. open source], and also its  Creation of simple DL collections,
multilingual features.  Designing and creating standard
connected here in Maldives. & i Koha & GSDL software
think libraries all around Maldives The MGN is working in partnership Learning outcomes of metadata sets and editing them as
could be as one and help each
with Digital Library Network of South the workshop required, and
other. also MLA could keep a The objectives of the workshop  Exploration and understanding of
Asia (DLNetSA), in an effort to
count on all the libraries and what was to empower the library and the Dhivehi language interface in
promote the creation of digital
is happening there. GSDL.
libraries (DL) to promote access to information service staff and IT
– Anonymous
information resources in the country. staff of different institutes in the A total of 26 participants completed
That’s a great idea. We should
Digital Library is particularly essential Maldives in implementing GSDL the training. Participants were invited
start up a directory of libraries on
to the Maldives given its dispersed and Koha ILS software package from Centre for Dhivehi Language
this blog. Will get a tab up there
geographic nature. in their organizations. and History, Department of Heritage,
Koha ILS workshop was Maldives College of Higher
– AnthuR In this respect, the software
conducted from 28-30 November Education, Maldives National
Yes, this is such a fabulous packages designated to be promoted
and the GSDL workshop from 1-6 Defense Force, Ministry of Education
idea!!! Should we get them on the in the South Asia Region by
blog as they register or should we December 2010, at the National (Schools), National Centre for
DLNetSA are Greenstone Digital
let the libraries send us their Centre for Information Information Technology, National
Library software and Koha [Integrated
information or should we get the Technology. Library of Maldives, North Province
Library System (ILS)].
profile from National Library? Office, South Province Office, and
Koha is a full- featured modern ILS. The specific learning outcomes of
sounds very exciting!! Cheers private institutions including Billabong
Initially developed in New Zealand by the KOHA ILS workshop include:
– Shaba International School, Lale
Katipo Communications Ltd and first  Understanding the scope of
i am very much looking forward International School, Villa College,
deployed in January of 2000 for library automation,
for basic course in library service. and Mandhu College.
Horowhenua Library Trust. It is now  Creating awareness of factors
i hope i get the chance to
used worldwide. Its development is that must be considered in Resource Persons
participate in the course.
steered by a growing community of planning and implementing ICT The main resource persons for the
– Afra
libraries collaborating to achieve their applications in libraries and workshop were Dr. Mohan Raj
[Re Basic Course…] i very much
technology goals in library operation. information centres, Pradhan and Mr. Shiva Ram
enjoy every class..got to learn
 Implementing KOHA ILS Shrestha, of HealthNet Nepal. This
new things in the course.. The advantages of Koha include:
software package (with workshop was facilitated by a
– Afra savings on finance that would
Cataloguing, OPAC, and financial grant from the University of
[Re Basic Course…] Dhen otherwise be used up buying
Circulation system modules), Waikato to the MGN. ■
kondhuhukun mi course proprietary software; convenience in
ohnaany.  Creating awareness of MARC ~ Aminath Riyaz ~
managing all the functions of different
– Mariyam 21 and Z39.50 standards, and
modules; users’ searches performed
Dear Mariyam, We will be offering  Data conversion through
on one central database; and friendly
the course again next year, insha MARC Edit.
user interface.
Allah. Probably around the same
time frame. Keep following the GSDL (Greenstone Digital Library) is

blog – we will be posting news a suite of software for building and

about our activities & events. distributing digital library collections.

– infomalias Greenstone empowers users,
…continued on p. 7 particularly in universities, libraries,
6 and other public service institutions,
…continued from p.6

Commentary from
My experience...as a And our second semester included subjects like:
MLA blog
 Library resources and services: in this subject we were
first batch student of introduced to different services provided by the library such as
[Re. News from SLLA
Conference] Thanks Shaba, for
ACLIS the circulation service and reference services, and to the the kind words about me
different types of library resources. In addition to this we were The conference sounds very
Ever since I started working in libraries I have
also exposed to book mending techniques, writing collection interesting and I have all the
been hearing comments like ‘what do you do in
development policies, how to maintain the library collection, and confidence in you that you did a
libraries, stack books?’ or ‘it must be a very
also acquisition of library materials. great job representing the
boring job, there must not be much to do
 Office administration: we did not think that there were many Association for the international
except shelve books, right?’
administrative works to be done in a library. However, in this audience. Taking the time out of
These kinds of comments always make me a little
subject we learned about the importance of paperwork your holiday and also making
frustrated. I know for a fact that it is not only about
maintenance, no matter how tedious the work is. We were travel arrangements and
shelving items. Therefore, I was very happy when
briefed about the responsibilities of both the employer and the associated costs on your own, is
I heard a course related to library was starting.
employee to make an office a successful organization. commendable. The association
And I was not disappointed even a little bit with
 Information literacy skills: where we were actually asked to should in the future try to cater
the outcome of the ACLIS [Advanced Certificate
prepare and present a lesson plan to the fellow students for such expenses – and this
in Library & Information Services] course.
 Industry placement: where we got the chance to see and work requires us to do more in terms
We did learn how to stack or arrange books; at real and successful libraries such as the College [MCHE] of fund raising.
however, in addition to this we also learned a lot library and the National Library of the Maldives. The piece of news about
of new things from this course. Our first semester REFSALA is also very
In addition to studying, we also got a chance to participate in
included subjects like: interesting. 2014 and 2015 will
extra curricula activities and events such as “Maadharee
 Cataloguing and classification: where we had to be exciting years for MLA – we
dhuvas”, Journalism day and the Library day.
actually classify and catalogue items, need to move things faster and
 Introduction to library services: where we were Today I can, and I am sure all the other students of ACLIS, also
achieve big to live up to the
taught about the basics and history of the library say that the library is not only about stacking library items. It is
expectations. 2010 so far has
foundation, including the different types of also about maintaining the library collection in such a way that
been a busy year for MLA – it
libraries and different locations where useful its users will want to come to the library again and again. It is
should be busier the following
information can be found, about providing the information from the library and from other
 English for advance study: where we learned places to the library users.
– AnthuRiyaz
different types of writing skills etc, To conclude, I would say what we learned during the ACLIS [Re.: Visit to Hithadhoo
 Computer applications: where along with other course was more than enough for us to start and run a small Public Library]
IT stuff, we were taught to build a website in library on our own. The hands on experience we got in our last i agree with you..this library is
Dreamweaver. semester during Industry placement was the highlight of the really special...if we all
whole course as we got the chance to work with professionals (librarians) work together we
LIBRARY Classification within this field. ■ can save the library..when we

Library is a mine of treasure are together we will be stronger

~ Fathimath Nashfa ~
Where you can spend your leisure – @fr@
Your benefits are beyond measure Are we loosing this library :(
If you use it with great pleasure
Count me in. I’m with you guys.

Reading takes you to a land of your own – Shiu

Whether it is night day or morn. Can we please have a map of
You can see the spines are so visible Maldives on the website
Making the subject-identification possible
somewhere so that we can map

Dewey saw the knowledge explosion the libraries we’ve visited and
And devised a decimal classification confirmed
Knowledge is divided into ten main division – Shaba
Decimals are used for more specification
why is the basic course not

For your pleasure there is fiction accredited? If the MLA is

And to your knowledge various non-fiction working at its best i think the
Handle the books with love and affection “The Image of a Library” –
basic course should be
For they give you great satisfaction through the creative & observant eyes of a 5-year old boy
accredited here in Maldives. i
By Mrs. Arasarathnam hope i get see the basic
(written in 1997) E.P.S School certificate being accredited.
– Anonymous
…continued on p. 8 7
…continued from p. 7

Commentary from
MLA blog Library as a Political Institution
[Re. MLA Calendar of events] The library, like the press and broadcast media, is
looking forward for the workshop controlled and manipulated as a propaganda tool of a
In a democracy free flow of information is necessary and
on media archival, preservation & totalitarian government (Hafner, 1993). Sometimes the
essential; libraries are important institutions that have a
library is open to all the citizens, but it is the collection that
conservation. significant role in the dispersal of this information, in turn
is censored. As a social agency that reflects the society’s
– Soodha enabling informed discourse among the public. According
attitude towards knowledge, library’s function in
Unfortunately the workshop on to former American president Franklin D. Roosevelt,
authoritative political systems was to propagate the
media archival, preservation & libraries are essential to the functioning of a democratic
government’s philosophy. Likewise library collections are
conservation is delayed. Will let society (Stielow, 2001). Libraries are safe places where
maintained to reflect the government sanctioned
you know as soon as we can everyone without any restrictions should have access to
philosophy, to ensure that undesired information is not
arrange it. information and knowledge. Libraries also provide access
available for the public.
– infomalias to information published by the government so the public
could monitor the activities of their elected After looking at the undesired impacts of suppression of
So blogging is on the rise again,
representatives to ensure they are making policies and freedom and lack of democracy on the library, it is also
eh ? Nice !!!
decisions in the interest of the public, which in turn allows equally important to look at how libraries functions to
– subcorpus
them to participate in the process of governance. If a free further the values of democracy. The first notable
society is to survive, it must ensure the preservation of its departure from the traditional norm of library censorship
SLLA International records and provide free and open access to this and control was seen in the Anglo-Saxon library tradition.
Conference, information to all its citizens (Kranich, 2001). Libraries in Until their creation in America and Great Britain in the mid-
Colombo, Oct 2010 their work ensure the freedom to read, to view, to speak nineteenth century the type of library defined by George
and to participate. Therefore indeed, they are the Chandler as public library “which is freely open to all
cornerstone of democracy. irrespective of age, profession, race, color and in which
there is free access to any literature required” (Hafner,
In this essay I will be taking a historical look at the role
1993, p.13), the concept of public library was virtually
public library played in democracy/governance.
unknown. But this type of library made perfect sense for
these countries because of the democratic nature of the
Historical Overview of the Role of Libraries in
political and economic systems that were being established
SLLA International Conference 2010 in these countries.
Nature, purpose and characteristics of the libraries have
varied throughout the history of librarianship since the Democratic theory argues that a democratic government
first library was established in Egypt in 1250BC and society must enable individuals to achieve their fullest
(Chowdhury et al., 2008). However the core objective of a potential of development. It assumes that individuals who
library such as collection, organization and processing of reach their fullest potential will contribute to the society
information resources for easier and better access has better in general. In order to achieve such development, an
remained the core of librarianship. Libraries have been individual needs knowledge and access to ideas, this is
Members of REFSALA meeting 2010 established in many different societies throughout history, where the library fits the whole scheme of democracy
Seated front row: [left to right] but their holdings were usually limited to a privileged few (Hafner, 1993).
Prof Russell Bowden (Hon Adviser),
Prakash Thapa (Nepal), Dr Ellen Tise and also usually censored by a higher authority. Thus the The library in the modern context as we know it today was
(IFLA), Upali Amarasiri (Sri Lanka), restricted access was directly related to the
Prof Malahat Sherwani (Pakistan). in-part created to uphold , strengthen and realize some of
Standing back row: Dr Nazim Uddin totalitarianism and the ruler’s dependence on censorship the most fundamental democratic ideals of our society.
(Bangladesh), Aishath Shabana (Chowdhury et al., 2008). These ideals remain as important to us today as they were
(Maldives), Anton Nallathamby (Sri
Lanka), Dr Dharam Veer Singh (India). Free access to knowledge and ideas has political and back then. A free society, if it is to remain free, must
economic costs to totalitarian systems that centralize ensure the preservation and provision of accessible
decision making power in the hands of the selected few. knowledge to all of its citizens (Hafner, 1993, p.19). This is
Given the connection between knowledge and power, a requirement of any free society and democratic
this type of restrictions regarding access to knowledge government. These reasons provide adequate justification
only seems natural. Access to ideas encourages for the continued existence of a democratic purpose for the
independent thought, which often has been equated with public library in our society today. ■
open rebellion and revolution. Independent thought ~ Amman Adam ~
prevents those with power from manipulating the minds References
Shaba with
and attitudes of populace to their own ends. According to Chowdhury, G. G., Burton, F. P., Mcmenemy, D. & Poulter, A. (2008).
Prof Russell Bowden,
Founder of REFSALA a Chinese emperor when men become too wise they Librarianship: An introduction. London: Facet Publishing.
become worthless; which illustrates the animosity Hafner, W. A., & Sterling-Folker, J. (1993). Democratic ideals and the American
public library. In W. A. Hafner. (Ed.), Democracy and the public library: Essays
totalitarian rulers have against knowledge (Hafner & of fundamental issues (pp.9-43). London: Greenwood Press.
Sterling-Folker, 1993). Hafner, W. A., (1993). Democracy and the public library: Essays of fundamental
issues. London: Greenwood Press.
Censorship of information was not only restricted to Kranich, N. (2001). Libraries, the internet, and democracy. In N. Kranich (Ed.),
totalitarian regimes, even in places such as ancient Libraries and democracy: Cornerstones of liberty. (pp.83-95). Chicago:
American Library Association.
Greece or Rome where democratic ideals took foothold,
Kranich, N. (Ed.). (2001). Libraries and democracy: Cornerstones of liberty.
libraries were censored to suppress undesirable political Chicago: American Library Association.
Shaba with thought. This type of censorship has continued to this day Stielow, F. (2001). Reconsidering arsenals of a democratic culture: Balancing
Dr. Ellen Tise, President of IFLA symbol and practice. In N. Kranich (Ed.), Libraries and democracy:
8 as a means to control personal and political freedom. Cornerstones of liberty. (pp.3-13). Chicago: American Library Association.
‫މަސައް ކަ ތް ކު ރުމުގައި ސަމާ ލުވެ ލައްވާ ‪:‬‬
‫ފ ޮ ތ ް ހ ަ ރ ު ތ ަ ކ ުގ ަ އ ި ފ ޮ ތ ް އ ެ ތު ރ ުމ ު ގ ައ ި ކ ަ ން ކ ު ރ ާ ނ ެ ގ ޮ ތް‬

‫ފޮތްހަރުގެ މަތީގައި ހުންނަ އަތްނުފޯރާ ފޮތްތައް އެތުރުމަށްޓަކައި‬

‫މިގޮތަށް ކޮރައިގެން އަތުރަމުންދާނަމަ އަތާއި‪ ،‬ކޮނޑާއި އަދި‬
‫ބޮނބިފަޅިއަށް ތަދުވުން އެކަށީގެންވެއެވެ‪.‬‬

‫ފޮތްހަރުގެ މަތީގައި ހުންނަ އަތްނުފޯރާ‬

‫ފޮތްތައް އަތުރާ ތަރުތީބުކުރުމަށްޓަކައި ސްޓޫލް‬

‫ފޮތްހަރުގެ ތިރީގައި ހުންނަ ފޮތްތައް ގުދަށްއޮވެގެން‬

‫އަތުރާނަމަ ބުރަކަށީގައި ރިއްސަންފެށުމަކީ ވަރަށްކައިރި‬

‫ފޮތްހަރުގެ ތިރީގައި ހުންނަ ފޮތްއަތުރާއިރު‬

‫ސްޓޫލްއެއްފަދަ ތިރި އެއްޗެއްގައި އިށީނދެ އިނދެ‬
‫ފޮތް އަތުރާށެވެ‪ .‬ނުވަތަ ބުރަކަށި ސީދާވާގޮތަށް‬
‫އުޑަފައިން އިށީނދެ އިނދެ ފޮތް އަތުރާށެވެ‪.‬‬

‫ފޮތް އަތުރާއިރު މާގިނަފޮތް އަތުގައި ގެންގުޅޭނަމަ އަތަށާއި‬

‫ކޮނޑަށް ތަދުވާނެއެވެ‪ .‬ހަމައެހެންމެ އަތުން ފޮތްތައް ދޫވެ‬
‫އެފޮތްތައް ހަލާކުވުމަކީވެސް އެކަށީގެންވާކަމެކެވެ‪.‬‬

‫ގިނައަދަދެއްގެ ފޮތް އެއްފަހަރާ އަތުގައި‬

‫ގެންގުޅުމުގެބަދަލުގައި ގެންގުޅޭނީ އެވަގުތު‬
‫ފޮތްހަރުގައި ބަހައްޓަން ބޭނުންވާ ފޮތްއެކަންޏެވެ‪.‬‬

‫ލިޔެތައްޔާރުކޮށް އެކުލަވާލީ‪ :‬އެމް‪.‬ސީ‪.‬އެޗް‪.‬އީ‪ .‬ލައިބްރަރީ މުވައްޒަފުންގެ ޓީމު‬ ‫‪9‬‬

MLA members
Abdulla Nahid Library Basic Course:
Abdulla Nashid
Adheela Mubaarak Introduction to
Ahmed Niyaz
Ahmeema Mohamed
Aishath Aroosha Maldives Library Association (MLA) organized and
Aishath Rayya conducted a library basic course, from 19 September
Aishath Shabana to 7 October 2010.
Aishath Shifaza Library and information workers from a variety of
Aishath Zaha currently working towards accreditation of the course for
institutions, people from the general service sector, and
Aminath Faruzana next year.
from among the general public participated in this course.
Aminath Fazeela Mohamed
The institutions represented include Billabong Budget constraints, lack of training facilities and
Aminath Fazna
International High School, Maldives National Broadcasting resources persons were the main obstacles faced by
Aminath Leena
Corporation (MNBC), National Library, Children’s MLA in organizing short-term training programs. The
Aminath Nasiha
Multimedia Library, Mandhu College, and Maldives support of the National Library of Maldives (American
Aminath Riyaz
College of Higher Education (MCHE). A total of 18 people Center) and Mandhu College in providing a training
Aminath Shiuna
participated, with 13 of them completing the course venue and a computer laboratory is much appreciated
Amman Adam
successfully. by the organizers and participants of this training
Asima Adam
The topics covered in the course were: program.
Athiyya Shakeel
Azhar Abdulla Saeed  Introduction, purpose and identifying library needs As for the resource people (including the students of the
 Book selection and book ordering ACLIS course conducted by MCHE), time was a
Azlifa Ali fulhu  Accessioning
Badhruhnisa Abdulla  Library catalogues sacrifice that had to be made. Therefore the basic

Dunya Zahid  Searching using library online catalogues course schedule was planned out in a flexible way to the
 Classification convenience of all parties involved. It would be an
Fathimath Nashfa  Cataloguing
Fathimath Shiham  Processing injustice not to mention all the people who put in their
Fathmath Hishma  Shelf arrangement valuable private time voluntarily as resource persons for
 Weeding the program. Some topics were conducted by ACLIS
Gulaifa Mohamed  Damage & repair
Habeeba Hussain Habeeb  Circulation students Nasheedha Mohamed, Thuzuhath Ahmed,

Hassan Ahmed  Statistics in libraries Aishath Shiuna, Naseema Anees, Fathimath Visala,
 Information resources Fathimath Nashfa and Shahuzana Mohamed. Other
Ibrahim Shiyam  Reference services
Lahma Abbas sessions were conducted by MCHE staff Aishath
The theoretical and in-class activities were supplemented Shabana, Aminath Riyaz, Aminath Shiuna, Athiyya
Majidha Ali
by a visit to Children’s Multimedia Library. Shakeel; and Fathimath Shiham and Fathimath Nashath
Mariyam Basheera
Mariyam Saeedha The topics were taught by members of the MLA, made up from the National library taught two topics. Thank you all

Mariyam Shiuza of library staff from MCHE Library, National Library, and for the contribution!

Mariyam Soodha students from the Faculty of Arts studying in Advanced The feedback received from the participants was very
Mohamed Aslam Certificate in Library and Information Services course. positive. All participants agreed that this course was
Muneeza Afeef The basic certificate course was conducted in the important to understand the main works in a library.
Nafha Mohamed Ahmed American Center of the National library of Maldives. All According to the MNBC staff who participated in this
Nasheedha Abdul Rasheed classes were held from 16.00 to 19.00hrs so as to course, the course was very useful, especially because
Nasheedha Mohamed facilitate a flexible time for participants in fulltime they deal with different formats of audiovisual materials.
Nasih Jamal employment. To improve future similar programs, MLA intends to
Rishfa Ibrahim
The MLA basic course was last conducted in 2006. advertise the time and duration of the basic course for
Riyaza Mohamed
Compared to the previous courses conducted by MLA, the 2011 with enough time in advance so that those
Shaheeba Mohamed
topics taught in this current course were slightly changed. interested from other islands could make the
Shahuzana Mohamed
Topics such as ‘searching using library online catalogues’ arrangements to come to Male’ to participate in the
Shamoona Mohamed
were totally new; this includes searching other library course. The MLA is also looking at options of
Thuzuhath Ahmed
catalogues such as Library of Congress, British Library conducting the Basic course at province level.■
Wadheefa Hassan
catalogue and Libraries Australia. The other topic taught ~ Athiyya Shakeel, MLA Training Officer~
MLA Institutional was ‘Information resources’ which highlighted the effective
Members 2010 use of print and electronic reference materials.
Arabiyya School It is heartening that a fair number from the public showed
Laamu Atoll Thauleemee Marukazu interest, including library staff and school managers from
Maldives College of Higher
other islands of the Maldives. However, the shortage of
actual participation was due to the fact that the basic
Mandhu College
course has so far not been accredited by Maldives
National Library of Maldives
10 Qualification Authority. The Library Association is
‫ތ ާ ވ ަ ލ ު ‪ 530 : 3‬ގ ެ ބ ަ އ ި ބ ެ ހ ި ފ ަ އ ި ވ ާ މ ަ އ ި ގ ަނ ޑ ު ‪ 10‬ބ ަ އ ި‬
‫ނަންބަރު‬ ‫ބެހިފައިވާ މައިގަނޑު ބައިތައް‬
‫‪530‬‬ ‫ފިޒިކްސް‬
‫‪531‬‬ ‫ހަރުތަކެތި‬
‫‪532‬‬ ‫ދިޔާތަކެތި‬
‫‪533‬‬ ‫ގޭސް‬
‫‪534‬‬ ‫އަޑު‬
‫‪535‬‬ ‫އަލި‬
‫‪536‬‬ ‫ހޫނު‬ ‫ލައިބްރަރީ ތަކެތި ކްލެސިފައިކުރުން )ތަރުތީބުކުރުން(‬
‫‪537‬‬ ‫ކަރަންޓު އަދި އިލެކްޓްރޯނިކްސް‬
‫ދަގައްފާނު‬ ‫ތ ާ ވ ަ ލ ު ‪ : 1‬މ ަ އ ި ގ ަނ ޑ ު ‪ 10‬ބ ަ އ ި ‪1‬‬
‫‪538‬‬ ‫ލައިބްރަރީގައި ފޮތްފަދަތަކެތި ހުންނަންވާނީ އެއްވައްތަރެއްގެ‬
‫‪539‬‬ ‫ޒަމާނީ ފިޒިކްސް‬ ‫ނަންބަރު‬ ‫މައިގަޑު މާއްދާ‬
‫މާއްދާތައް ވަކިން އެއްތަނެއްގައި ބެހެއްޓިފައެވެ‪ .‬މިގޮތަށް‬
‫‪000‬‬ ‫ޢާއްމު މަޢުލޫމާތު‬ ‫ތަރުތީބު ކުރުމަށް އިގިރޭސިބަހުން ކިޔަނީ "ކްލެސިފައި"‬
‫މާއްދާގެ ދާއިރާ ހަނިވަމުން އައިސްފައިވާގޮތާއި ފޮތަށްދެވޭ‬ ‫ފަލްސަފާ‬
‫‪100‬‬ ‫ކުރުމެވެ‪ .‬މިއީ ލައިބްރަރީން ތަކެތި ހޯދަން އަންނަ‬
‫ނަންބަރު ޚާއްޞަވެގެންދާ ގޮތުގެ ޚިޔާލެއް މަތީގައިވާ‬
‫‪200‬‬ ‫ދީން‬ ‫ފަރާތްތަކަށް ވީހާވެސް އަވަހަކަށް އެބޭނުންވާ ތަކެތި‬
‫ތާވަލުތަކުން ލިބިވަޑައިގަންނަވާނެއެވެ‪ .‬ނަންބަރު‬
‫‪300‬‬ ‫އިޖުތިމާއީ ޢިލްމު‬ ‫ހޯދައިދިނުމުގެ ބޭނުމުގައި ކޮންމެހެން ކުރަންވާނެ ކަމެކެވެ‪.‬‬
‫ޚާއްޞަކުރުމަށްޓަކައި މަތީގައި ބަޔާންކުރެވިފައިވާ‬
‫‪400‬‬ ‫ބަސް ނުވަތަ ބަހުރުވަ‬
‫ނަންބަރުތަކުގެ ފަހަތަށް ޑެސިމަލް ނަންބަރު ދެވި އިތުރަށް‬ ‫ބައެއް ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ހުންނާނީ ހަމައެކަނި ޢިލްމީ ފޮތާއި‪،‬‬
‫‪500‬‬ ‫ސައިންސު‬
‫މާއްދާގެ ދާއިރާ މި ސްކީމްގެ އެހީގައި ހަނިކުރެވިދާނެއެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫މަޖައްލާ އެކަންޏެވެ‪ .‬އަދި ބައެއް ލައިބްރަރީގައި މީގެ‬
‫‪600‬‬ ‫ޓެކްނޮލޮޖީ‬
‫ގިނަ ފޮތް ހުންނަ ބޮޑެތި ލައިބްރަރީ ތަކެކޭ އެއްގޮތަށް‬ ‫އިތުރުން ވާހަކަފޮތް ވެސް ހުރެއެވެ‪ .‬މިގޮތުން ބައެއް‬
‫‪700‬‬ ‫ފަންނުވެރިކަން އަދި މުނިފޫހިފިލުވުން‬ ‫ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ވާހަކަފޮތްތަކަކީ ޢިލްމީ ފޮތްތައްގޮތަށް މާއްދާ‬
‫ކުދި ލައިބްރަރީތައް ތަރުތީބުކުރުމަށްވެސް މި ސްކީމަކީ‬
‫‪800‬‬ ‫އަދަބިއްޔާތު‬ ‫ވަކިކޮށްފައި ބަހައްޓާ ތަކެއްޗެއްނޫނެވެ‪ .‬އެހެންނަމަވެސް‬
‫ވަރަށް އެކަށީގެންވާ ސްކީމެކެވެ‪ .‬ކުދިލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި‬
‫ހުންނަ ތަކެއްޗަށް ކްލެސިފިކޭޝަން ނަންބަރު ދިނުމުގައި‬ ‫‪900‬‬ ‫ތާރީޚް އަދި ޖޯގުރަފީ‬ ‫އަނެއްބައި ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ވާހަކަފޮތް ލިޔެފައިވާ‬
‫މާއްދާހަނިނުކޮށް‪ ،‬ފުޅާކޮށް )މި މައިގަނޑު ނަންބަރުތައް‬ ‫ބަހުރުވައިން ވަކިކޮށްފައިވެސް ހުރެއެވެ‪ .‬އަނެއްބައި ލައިބްރަރީ‬
‫މަތީގައިވާ ތާވަލުގައި އެވަނީ ޑީޑީސީގައި ދުނިޔޭގައިވާ‬
‫ބޭނުންކޮށްގެން(ވެސް ޑީޑީސީ ނަންބަރު ދެވިދާނެއެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫ތަކުގައި މިފަދަ ފޮތްތައް މުސައްނިފުގެ ނަމުގެ ތަރުތީބުން‬
‫ހުރިހާ މަޢުލޫމާތެއް ބަހާލެވިފައިވާ ‪ 10‬މައިގަޑު ބައެވެ‪.‬‬
‫ބެހެއްޓިފައިވެސް ހުރެއެވެ‪.‬‬
‫ޑީޑީސީ އަކީ ހަތަރު ފޮތަށް އެކުލެވިގެންވާ ފޮތްބައެކެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫ކޮންމެ މައިގަޑު މާއްދާއެއް އިތުރު ‪ 100‬މާއްދާތަކަށް‬
‫ފުރަތަމަފޮތުގައި ހިމެނެނީ ޓޭބަލްސް ތަކާއި އަތްމަތީ‬ ‫ބެހިފައި ނަންބަރު ދެވިފައިވެއެވެ‪ .‬މިސާލަކަށް‪ ،‬ސައިންސު‪،‬‬ ‫ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ތަކެތި ތަރުތީބުކުރުމަށް ތަފާތު‬
‫ފޮތުގެބައެވެ‪ .‬ޓޭބަލްސް ބޭނުންކުރަނީ ޑީޑީސީގެ‬ ‫މިމާއްދާގެ ތަކެއްޗަށް ނަންބަރުދެވިފައި ހުންނަނީ ‪500‬‬ ‫ކްލެސިފިކޭޝަން ސްކީމްތަކެއް ބޭނުންކުރެވެއެވެ‪ .‬މިގޮތުން‬
‫ޝެޑިއުލްތަކުގައި ނަންބަރުނެތް މާއްދާތަކަށް ނަންބަރު‬ ‫އިން ‪ 599‬އާއި ދެމެދުގެ ނަންބަރުތަކަށެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫މިލިޔުމުގައި އަޅުގަޑު އަލިއަޅުވާލާނީ ޑުވީ ޑެސިމަލް‬
‫ހެދުމަށެވެ‪ .‬ދެވަނަ އަދި ތިންވަނަ ބައިގައި ވަނީ‬ ‫ކްލެސިފިކޭޝަން )ޑީޑީސީ( ސިސްޓަމް އާއި ބެހޭގޮތުންނެވެ‪.‬‬
‫ތ ާ ވ ަ ލ ު ‪ 500 : 2‬ގ ެ ބ ަ އ ި ބ ެ ހ ި ފ ަ އ ި ވ ާ މ ަ އ ި ގ ަނ ޑ ު ‪ 10‬ބ ަ އ ި ‪2‬‬
‫ޑެސިމަލްސްއާއިއެކު މާއްދާތަކުގެ ނަންބަރު ހިމެނޭފޮތެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫ދުނިޔޭގެ ވަރަށްގިނަ ޤައުމުތަކުގެ ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ތަކެތި‬
‫ނަންބަރު‬ ‫ބެހިފައިވާ މައިގަނޑު ބައިތައް‬
‫މިގޮތުން ދެވަނަ ބައިގައިވަނީ ‪000‬ން ‪599‬ގެ‬ ‫ކްލެސިފައިކުރުމަށް ޑީޑީސީ ބޭނުންކުރެއެވެ‪ .‬ޑީޑީސީއަކީ‬
‫‪500‬‬ ‫ސައިންސު‬
‫ނަންބަރުތަކުގެ މާއްދާތަކެވެ‪ .‬ތިންވަނަ ބައިގައިވަނީ‬ ‫ކަލެކްޝަން ބޮޑު ލައިބްރަރީތަކުގައި ބޭނުންކުރަން ވަރަށް‬
‫‪510‬‬ ‫ހިސާބު‬
‫‪600‬ން ‪999‬ގެ ނަންބަރުތަކަށް ދެވިފައިވާ މާއްދާތަކެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫އެކަށީގެންވާ ސިސްޓަމެކެވެ‪ .‬ޑީޑީސީއަކީ ހިސާބު‬
‫‪520‬‬ ‫ނުޖޫމީ ޢިލްމު‬
‫ހަތަރުވަނަ ފޮތަކީ ޑީޑީސީގެ ދެވަނަ އަދި ތިންވަނަބައިން‬ ‫ޢަދަދުތަކެއްގެ މައްޗަށް އެކުލެވިގަންވާ ސިސްޓަމެކެވެ‪ .‬އަދި‬
‫‪530‬‬ ‫ފިޒިކްސް‬
‫ނަންބަރު ހޯދުމަށް އެހީތެރިވެދޭ ފިހުރިސްތެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫މިސިސްޓަމްގައި ދުނިޔޭގައިވާ ހުރިހާ ޢިލްމެއް‬
‫‪540‬‬ ‫ކެމިސްޓްރީ‬
‫ޑީޑީސީ ބޭނުންކޮށްގެން ފޮތްފަދަތަކެތި ކްލެސިފައި ކުރުމަށް‬ ‫ބަހައިލެވިފައިވަނީ މައިގަޑު ‪ 10‬ބަޔަކަށެވެ‪ .‬މިބައިތައް ތާވަލް‬
‫‪550‬‬ ‫އާރތް ސައިންސަސް‬
‫ތިން މަރުހަލާއެއް ކަޑަށްތުކުރަންޖެހެއެވެ‪ .‬ފުރަތަމަ‬ ‫‪1‬ގައި އެވަނީއެވެ‪.‬‬
‫‪560‬‬ ‫ޕްރިހިސްޓޮރިކް އެނިމަލްސް އެންޑް ޕްލާންޓް‬
‫މަރުހަލާއަކީ ކްލެސިފައި ކުރަންބޭނުންވާ ފޮތް ލިޔެފައިވަނީ‬ ‫ޑީޑީސީގެ ނަންބަރުތައް ‪000‬ން ފެށިގެން ‪999‬ށް ވަރަށް‬
‫‪570‬‬ ‫ބަޔޮލޮޖީ‬
‫ކޮން މާއްދާއަކާއި ގުޅޭގޮތުންކަން ޚިޔާރުކުރުމެވެ‪ .‬ދެވަނަ‬ ‫ތަފްޞީލްކޮށް ހުރެއެވެ‪ .‬މިގޮތުން ފޮތަށްދެވޭ ކޯޑުތައް‬
‫‪580‬‬ ‫ޕްލާންޓް ލައިފް‬
‫މަރުހަލާއަކީ ފޮތުގެ މާއްދާ ކަޑައެޅުމަށްފަހު ޑީޑީސީގެ‬ ‫)ނަންބަރު( ހަރުކުރެވިފައި ހުންނާނީ ފޮތެއްގައިނަމަ ފޮތުގެ‬
‫ހަތަރުވަނަބައި )އިންޑެކްސް( ބޭނުންކޮށްގެ އެމާއްދާއަކަށް‬ ‫‪590‬‬ ‫އެނިމަލް ލައިފް‬
‫ބޭރު އަރިމަތީގައެވެ‪ .‬ސިޑީ‪ ،‬ވީޑިއޯ ޓޭޕް‪ ،‬އޯޑިއޯ ޓޭޕް‪ ،‬އަދި‬
‫ޑީޑީސީއިން ދެވިފައިވާ ނަންބަރެއް ހޯދުމެވެ‪ .‬ތިންވަނަ‬ ‫ތާވަލު ‪ 2‬ގައި ބަޔާންކުރެވިފައިވާ މާއްދާތަކުގެ ކޮންމެ‬ ‫ޗާރޓް ފަދަ ތަކެތީގައި ނަންބަރު ހަރުކުރާނީ ހަރުގަޑުގައި‬
‫މަރުހަލާއަކީ ޑީޑީސީގެ ދެވަނަ އަދި ތިންވަނަބައި‬ ‫ނަންބަރެއްވެސް އިތުރު މައިގަނޑު ދިހަ ބަޔަށް ބެހިފައިވެއެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫މިތަކެތި ބަހައްޓާފައި ހުންނައިރު ނަންބަރު ފެންނަން‬
‫ބޭނުންކޮށްގެން ޑީޑީސީގެ އިންޑެކްސްއިން ހޯދި ނަންބަރު‬ ‫މިގޮތުން ތާވަލު ‪ 2‬ގައިވާ "ފިޒިކްސް" މިމާއްދާ ބެހިފައިވާ‬ ‫ހުންނާނެފަދަގޮތަކަށެވެ‪ .‬ދެވިފައިހުންނަ ނަންބަރަށް‬
‫ޗެކްކުރުމެވެ‪■ .‬‬ ‫މައިގަނޑު ބައިތައް ތިރީގައި ބަޔާންކޮށް ނަކަލުކޮށްލާނަމެވެ‪.‬‬ ‫ބަލައިލުމުން ތަކެތި ހޯދަން އަންނަފަރާތްތަކަށް އެއީ ކޮން‬
‫~ އާމިނަތު ޝިއުނާ ~‬ ‫މާއްދާއެއްގެ ފޮތެއްކަން ވަކިކުރަން އެނގޭނެއެވެ‪.‬‬

Update on MLA activities 2010 • Special meeting to give away Basic course
• Basic course in Librarianship certificates
A short-term course in basic library skills was To be held in January 2011.

conducted from September to October 2010.

• MLA Library Workshop Series
Professional • SLLA International Conference Sessions of the series will be continued in 2011.
MLA President participated and presented a paper
Development The topics will be decided at the forthcoming General Meeting.
at the Sri Lanka Library Association’s International
The MCHE has announced for a Conference, October 6-7, 2010.
• Basic Course in Library Services
new intake for the Advanced
Certificate in Library &
• SLLA International Conference To be held in September 2011.
MLA was represented at the 2 meeting of the
Information Services offered at
Regional Federation of South Asian Library • MLA newsletter
the Faculty of Arts. The course
Associations, held in Colombo on 7 October 2010.
was launched for the first time in The next issue of this newsletter will be coming out in April 2011.

2010. The Faculty of Arts (FA) Send us your news, feedback/comments, articles relevant to the
• Koha & GSDL Workshop
informs that 17 students library association, libraries, and information gathering &
MLA coordinated with the MGN Network in
successfully completed the organizing and conducting the GSDL & Koha ILS dissemination activities in the Maldives.

course requirements from this Training of Trainers Workshop, from 27 November

first intake in 2010. FA believes to 6 December 2010. • MLA Silver Jubilee Publication
the course to have been a We are collecting information to prepare a book to be titled

successful one and is looking Upcoming Events “Quarter of a Century of MLA”. We need your support in collecting
forward to educate more people any available information from the past years. Photos, letters,
capable to serve in library and • MLA General Meeting adverts etc. Write to us at: info.malias@gmail.com or leave a
The MLA first general meeting for 2011 is scheduled
information centers of the comment on http://infomalias.worpress.com or call us at 7765181.
to be held in January.

meet.learn.acquire Volume 7 Issue 03 December 2010

From the MLA Photo Archive

Maldives Library Association

Maldives Library Association

National Library
Male’, Maldives
Phone: 7765181 (Editor)

Certificate awarding ceremony – Basic Course 2005

From MLA dinner night - 1996