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UNIVERSIDAD SAN FRANCISCO – USFQ /50

DEPARTAMENTO DE LENGUAS EXTRANJERAS – DLE


INGLÉS NIVEL 4 (Life 4 Unit 1-10)
CURSO LI 07:00 – 08:30 / NRC. 3766 & 3754
PROFESORA: MAREIKE MUNSONIUS
FECHA: 10-15-2018
ESTUDIANTE Y CÓDIGO: _________________________________________________

MIDTERM EXAM
I. Listening Comprehension (16 credits) /16

A. LLAMAS: Are these sentences about the recording true or false?


1. Llamas, alpacas, vicuñas and guanacos are all related to camels.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
2. Llamas are the smallest of the four.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
3. Llamas only spit at humans if you treat them badly.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
4. Alpacas look as if they are sad.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
5. Alpaca wool is good for clothes.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
6. Vicuña wool is very expensive.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
7. Vicuñas eat cacti and other desert plants.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE
8. Llamas and alpacas can't live in the UK.
⃝ TRUE ⃝ FALSE

II. Reading Comprehension (14 credits) /14

THE REAL COST OF TRAVEL

Mass tourism is a relatively recent phenomenon. The tourism industry took off in the middle
of the last century and it's been growing ever since. In the last ten years especially, more and
more people have been traveling to places we had previously only read about or seen on
television. But what kind of impact does tourism have on the planet?

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A VOYAGE TO THE END OF THE EARTH?
A large cruise ship can carry as many as 6,000 passengers and there are upwards of 50 such
ships currently sailing the seas. Cruise ships dump about 90,000 tons of waste into the oceans
every year. Any harmful effects of this are made even worse by the fact that cruises tend to
visit the same places over and over again, thus concentrating the waste in specific places. In
Patagonia, this is now having a visible effect on wildlife. The population of animals has been
in decline for some years now, and things show little sign of changing.

TRASH ON TOP OF THE WORLD.


From remote ocean habitats to the world's highest mountain, our trash is everywhere.
Despite the fact that far fewer people go climbing or trekking in the Himalayas than on a
cruise, their impact is still felt. Tourism is vital to the economy of Nepal, as it is to many non-
industrial countries. But for decades, climbers have been abandoning their unwanted
equipment on Everest. For the last few years, clean-up teams of local and international
climbers have been organizing expeditions just to pick up the waste. One group has brought
over eight tons of waste down from the mountain! But their actions don't stop there.
Japanese teams, for example, have also been educating other climbers back home in Japan
about being more responsible on the mountain.

WHEN MORE IS NOT BETTER


Tourism of a different kind is causing problems in Europe. Construction on the Mediterranean
coast has been spiraling out of control for years. Beach resorts form an almost unbroken line
from Gibraltar to Greece, and natural habitats have disappeared under miles of concrete. And
so we pollute the sea, the land, and the air. Low-cost air travel is booming, in spite of (or
perhaps helped by) economic problems. For many Europeans, low-cost flights allow them to
take several short vacations a year. Yet curiously, short flights actually have a much bigger
effect on climate change than long-haul flights. So, are there less damaging ways of seeing
the world? Traveling by train, for example, is a much greener way of getting around. And
many places have been experimenting with low-impact tourism such as ecotourism. It's time
to ask ourselves some difficult questions. Have we been destroying the very places we're
escaping to?

1. Read the article and choose the best option (a-c). Only one correct option. /1
A. It describes how tourists have been getting involved in conservation activities.
B. It compares harmful and beneficial effects of tourism.
C. It looks at the negative impact of tourism.

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2. Answer the questions with information from the article, not by only copying lines
from the text, but by using your own words, and writing whole sentences.

a. Why are cruises bad for the environment? /2


_______________________________________________________________
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b. Expeditions normally climb the Everest to reach the top. What other
expeditions does the article mention? /2
_______________________________________________________________
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c. Why, aside from the cost, are low-cost flights so popular? /2
_______________________________________________________________
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d. Does the article suggest better ways to travel? How? /2
_______________________________________________________________
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3. Mark these statements true (T), false (F), or not enough information (N) based on
the article.
I. Mass tourism has grown steadily and has now reached its peak.
⃝T ⃝F ⃝N /1
II. Cruises have had a negative effect on animals in some parts of the world.
⃝T ⃝F ⃝N /1

III. Non-industrial countries accept the negative effects of tourism.


⃝T ⃝F ⃝N /1
IV. Economic problems mean that construction on the Mediterranean coast
has stopped.
⃝T ⃝F ⃝N /1
V. There are less damaging ways of seeing the world than air travel.
⃝T ⃝F ⃝N /1

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III. Writing (20 credits) /20

Write approximately 150 words about a day that you spent at any touristic site in Ecuador.
Where have you been? Why is that place important to you? Who has been there together
with you? What have you done there?
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EXTRACREDITS – FANBOYS

If you want to get some EXTRA CREDITS, please connect the following sentences by using
FANBOYS. Each sentence is worth 0.5 extra credits. Good luck!

1) I wanted to backpack through Europe last summer. My mom told me I couldn't.


__________________________________________________________________________
2) You can take a cruise to Greece. You can travel to Mexico.
___________________________________________________________________________
3) She could not go to the show. She didn't have enough money.
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4) Miranda bought her mom a sweater. Her mother loved it.
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