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Lexical Expressive Means And Stylistic Devices(Examples)

Metaphor:

1. Her heart is gold.


2. The world is a stage.
3. He is a pig.
4. You are a rock.
5. You are my sunshine.

Metonymy:

1. The “Crown” substitutes itself for being the next king.


2. England decides to keep check on immigration
3. The pen is mightier than the sword.
4. The office was busy in work.
5. Let me give you a hand.

Irony:

1. Our “luxury” hotel turned out to be a farm building.


2. The “trip of our dreams” was, in fact, our worst nightmare.
3. With dawn breaking the “the beautiful view” revealed itself to be a scrap-
yard and rubbish tip.
4. I want to attend school as much as I want to gnaw off my own foot.
5. Saying “oh fantastic” when your teacher hands back your filed test.

Zeugma:

1. You are free to execute your laws, and your citizens, as you see fit.
2. Either you or your head must be off.
3. My teeth and my ambitions are bared: be prepared.
4. He took my advice and my wallet.
5. You held your breath and the door for me.

Pun:

1. The wedding was so emotional that even the cake was in tears.
2. I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.
3. He drove his expensive car into a tree and found out how the Mercedes
bends.
4. Police were called to a daycare where a three-year-old was resisting a rest.
5. Time flies like an arrow.

Epithet:

“The flowing Spring leads Sunny Summer


And Yellow Autumn presses near,
Then in its turn comes gloomy Winter
Till smiling Spring appears.”

Oxymoron:

1. Bib baby
2. Open secret
3. Passive aggressive
4. Original copy
5. Alone together

Autonomasia:

1. John is a real Romeo.


2. The Snake entered the room.
3. I agree with you Mr. Logic.
4. Beowulf- a myth
5. The Dark Knight- Batman.

Simile:

1. He crept into the room as quiet as a mouse.


2. The cloud was fluffy liken cotton candy.
3. The snowflake sparkled like millions of tiny diamonds.
4. He was as angry as a grizzly bear.
5. The world is like a stage.

Hyperbole:

1. The king’s nose was three feet long.


2. My dad can lift over two tons.
3. That food was so hot my ears were smoking.
4. That boy runs faster than a car.
5. I must have walked a hundred miles.

Periphrasis:

1. Instruments of destruction( pistols)


2. The punctual servant of all work(the sun)
3. The last evening of the year ( New Year’s Eve)
4. The big man upstairs hears your prayers
5. They do not escape Jim Crow; they merely encounter another, not less
deadly variety.

Cliches:

1. Cold as ice
2. Easy as pie
3. Kid in a candy store
4. Take a chill pill
5. When pigs fly!

Proverbs:

1. A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.


2. All that glitters is not gold.
3. Absence makes the heart grow fonder .
4. My hands are tied.
5. Actions speak louder than words.

Epigram:

God bless our good and gracious king,


Whose promise none relies on,
Who never said a foolish thing,
Nor ever did a wise one.

Quotations:

1. Only I can change my life


2. Life is beautiful
3. She said, "I will definitely do it."

4. She offered the following advice: "Don't drink the water." 

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