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Interview Questions

.NET Windows Forms

1. Write a simple Windows Forms MessageBox statement.

2. System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show

3. ("Hello, Windows Forms");

4. Can you write a class without specifying namespace? Which namespace does it
belong to by default??
Yes, you can, then the class belongs to global namespace which has no name. For
commercial products, naturally, you wouldn’t want global namespace.
5. You are designing a GUI application with a window and several widgets on it. The
user then resizes the app window and sees a lot of grey space, while the widgets
stay in place. What’s the problem? One should use anchoring for correct resizing.
Otherwise the default property of a widget on a form is top-left, so it stays at the same
location when resized.
6. How can you save the desired properties of Windows Forms application? .config files
in .NET are supported through the API to allow storing and retrieving information. They
are nothing more than simple XML files, sort of like what .ini files were before for
Win32 apps.
7. So how do you retrieve the customized properties of a .NET application from XML
.config file? Initialize an instance of AppSettingsReader class. Call the GetValue
method of AppSettingsReader class, passing in the name of the property and the type
expected. Assign the result to the appropriate variable.
8. Can you automate this process? In Visual Studio yes, use Dynamic Properties for
automatic .config creation, storage and retrieval.
9. My progress bar freezes up and dialog window shows blank, when an intensive
background process takes over. Yes, you should’ve multi-threaded your GUI, with
taskbar and main form being one thread, and the background process being the other.
10. What’s the safest way to deploy a Windows Forms app? Web deployment: the user
always downloads the latest version of the code; the program runs within security
sandbox, properly written app will not require additional security privileges.
11. Why is it not a good idea to insert code into InitializeComponent method when
working with Visual Studio? The designer will likely throw it away; most of the code
inside InitializeComponent is auto-generated.
12. What’s the difference between WindowsDefaultLocation and
WindowsDefaultBounds? WindowsDefaultLocation tells the form to start up at a
location selected by OS, but with internally specified size. WindowsDefaultBounds
delegates both size and starting position choices to the OS.
13. What’s the difference between Move and LocationChanged? Resize and
SizeChanged? Both methods do the same, Move and Resize are the names adopted
from VB to ease migration to C#.
14. How would you create a non-rectangular window, let’s say an ellipse? Create a
rectangular form, set the TransparencyKey property to the same value as BackColor,
which will effectively make the background of the form transparent. Then set the
FormBorderStyle to FormBorderStyle.None, which will remove the contour and
contents of the form.
15. How do you create a separator in the Menu Designer? A hyphen ‘-’ would do it. Also,
an ampersand ‘&\’ would underline the next letter.
16. How’s anchoring different from docking? Anchoring treats the component as having
the absolute size and adjusts its location relative to the parent form. Docking treats
the component location as absolute and disregards the component size. So if a status
bar must always be at the bottom no matter what, use docking. If a button should be
on the top right, but change its position with the form being resized, use anchoring.