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Precautions for Service

Initialize the DVD player


If microprocessor (IC401, IC405 or IC601) or servo board (ENS-001) is replaced, initialize the
DVD player in the following manner:

1. Make sure that no disk is on the tray.


2. While pressing the ON SCREEN and DVD MENU keys simultaneously on the DVD player, turn on the
primary power.
3. Press the POWER key, then "TEST" is displayed on the FL.
4. Press the ENTER key to start initialization of EEPROM (takes approx. 3seconds).
5. Press the OPEN/CLOSE key, and the tray comes out.
This key is disabled during the initialization of EEPROM. When this key command is accepted to
open the tray, the initialization of EEPROM has already ended.

Handling of Traverse Unit and Laser Pickup


1. Do not touch any peripheral element of the pickup or the actuator.
2. The traverse unit and the pickup are precision devices and therefore must not be subjected to
strong shock.
3. Do not use a tester to examine the laser diode. (The diode can easily be destroyed by the
internal power supply of the tester.)
4. To replace the traverse unit, pull out the metal short pin for protection from charging.
5. When replacing the pickup, after mounting a new pickup, remove the solder on the short land
which is provided at the center of the flexible wire to open the circuit.
6. Half-fixed resistors for laser power adjustment are adjusted in pairs at shipment to match the
characteristics of the optical block.
Do not change the setting of these half-fixed resistors for laser power adjustment.

Destruction of Traverse Unit and Laser Pickup by Static Electricity


Laser diodes are easily destroyed by static electricity charged on clothing
or the human body. Before repairing peripheral elements of the traverse
unit or pickup, be sure to take the following electrostatic protection:

1. Wear an antistatic wrist wrap.


2. With a conductive sheet or a steel plate on the workbench on which the traverse unit or the pick
up is to be repaired, ground the sheet or the plate.
3. After removing the flexible wire from the connector (CN101), short-circuit the flexible wire by
the metal clip.
4. Short-circuit the laser diode by soldering the land
which is provided at the center of the flexible
wire for the pickup.
After completing the repair, remove the solder
to open the circuit.

Short-circuit
Disassembly Procedures
1. Removing the top cover A
1) Remove the two screws 'A' on the
rear and four screws 'B' on both
sides which fix the top panel.
2) Remove the top cover.

Bx4
Figure 1

D
2. Removing the front panel
1) Remove the top cover.
2) Remove the screw 'C' which fixes
the terminal wire. Claw Claw
3) Remove the three screws 'D' which
fix the front panel on the bottom.
Claw
4) Remove connectors (CN501, CN703,
CN902 and CN905). If necessary, also
remove the tie band.
5) Remove the three claws and then the
front panel.

Figure 2

PHONES LEVEL knob

Tie band

Figure 3
3. Removing the rear panel
1) Remove the top cover.
2) Remove the ten screws 'E' which fix the rear panel.
3) Remove the rear panel.

E
E

E E E

Figure 4

4. Removing the loading base


1) Remove the top cover.
2) Remove the flexible wire which connects the loading base with the main board.
Note: The laser pickup used in the DVD player can easily be destroyed by static electricity
charged on the human body. Be sure to wear an earth band before touching the periphery of
the loading base. In addition, when the connector is disconnected, be sure to
short-circuit the flexible wire 'a' by the attached metal clip.
3) Remove flexible wire 'b'.
4) Remove the four screws 'G' which fix the loading base.

Flexible wire 'b'

Flexible wire
G G

G G

Be sure to short-circuit the


flexible wire 'a' by the
attached metal clip.

Figure 5
5. Removing the clamper plate and the clamper
1) Remove the top cover.
2) Remove the four screws 'H', and then the clamper from the loading base.
3) After removing the screws which fix the clamper, remove the three claws on the bottom to
disassemble the clamper. Take care not to damage the claws.

Clamper plate

H H

H H
Fixture
Magnet

Figure 6

6. Removing the loading tray


1) Remove the clamper plate.
2) With tweezers or the like, move the part of the rotary cam which protrudes from the bottom of the
loading base to the TRAY OPEN position.

TRAY OPEN
position

TRAY CLOSE
position
Figure 7

3) The tray can be moved to the TRAY OPEN position by hand.


4) Open outwards the left and right tray locks and pull out the tray.

Tray lock

Push

Tray

Tray lock
Figure 8
7. Removing the traverse unit
1) Remove the loading tray.
2) Remove the four screws 'I' and fixtures which fix the traverse unit.
3) The traverse unit is connected with the rotary cam. Carefully remove the traverse unit by lifting
the rear side (the side with the rotation support flat spring).

I
Connection

Figure 9

8. Disassembling parts of the loading mechanism


1) Without removing the traverse unit, gears and belt can be removed as follows:

Rotary Tray
Belt gear gear

Pulley
gear Rotary
cam

Loading motor

Figure 10
Assembling the Loading Base
9. Assembling parts of the loading mechanism
1) According to Figure 10, assembly gears and belt in order.

10. Assembling the traverse unit


1) Take the flexible wire from the traverse unit out of the loading base.
2) With the top of the traverse unit inserted in the groove of the rotary cam, tighten the four
bolts 'I'.
Tray
gear
I I I
Traverse
unit

Rotary cam I

Loading
base

Figure 11

11. Assembling the loading tray


1) Turn the tray gear counterclockwise several revolutions until the traverse unit comes
to the lowest position.
2) Push the rotary cam on point '1' in the direction of the arrow.
3) Make sure that the claws of the loading cam are all locked.
4) Insert the tray straight with respect to the loading base.

Tray gear

Claw

Figure 12

12. Assembling the loading base


1) Mount the clamper plate and then the loading base on the main body.
Adjustment Procedures
(1) Items to be adjusted
For this device, the following two items need to be adjusted:

Item Adjusted part Content


Reference VR-201 of ENS- Adjust the default for the RF signal equalizer to the
current source 001 board center value to absorb deviation with ICs.
VR-202 of ENS-
Slice level Adjust the slice level to improve jitter.
001 board

(2) Setting of oscillator


Output frequency Output waveform Amplitude
100kHz Rectangular wave 250mV
IC551

(3) Assignment of test points to pins of the board


CN301 Test point CN302 Test point
Pin 1 TP103(RFAS3) Pin 1 TP201(CKMON) CN302
IC101
Pin 2 TP207(AGCOP) Pin 2 TP210(D.GND)
Pin 3 TP360(S.GND) Pin 3 TP203(JITOUT) CN301
Pin 4 TP361(S.GND) Pin 4 TP309(XRFOK) IC601

Pin 5 TP204(DFLTOP) Pin 5 TP202(DTMON) IC301

Front side
* Adjustment of reference current source

Measurin Adjusted
Replacement parts requiring readjustment Measuring instrument
g point part
Oscilloscope
IC201, VR201, R201, etc. TP204
(for 100MHz or more) VR201
When peripheral element of IC201 is replaced TP207
Oscillator

(1) Adjusting method


1. While pressing the ON SCREEN and DVD MENU
keys
simultaneously on the DVD player, turn on the
primary power.
2. Press the POWER switch to start the DVD player,
then "TEST" is displayed on the FL. (TEST mode
can be canceled with the POWER ON/OFF switch.)
3. Input a 100kHz rectangular wave from the CH1
oscillator to TP207 after cutting the DC CH2
(TP207)
element by a 0.1microF capacitor. (In this case
(TP204)
with the oscillator mounted on the main unit,
set the amplitude of the oscillator to 250mV.)
4. Observe the input wave to TP207, using CH1 of
the oscilloscope. 200ns~210ns
5. Observe the output wave from TP207, using CH2
of the oscilloscope.
6. Adjust VR201 such that the delay time from the
leading edge of the waveform of CH1 to that of CH1
CH2 becomes 200 to 210ns, as shown in the 200mV,50nsec/div
figure at right.
* Adjusting the slice level

Measurin Adjusted
Replacement parts requiring readjustment Measuring instrument
g point part
Mechanical unit (pickup), ICs(IC101,IC201, The disc supplied with the
TP203
IC301,IC251,IC252) in the servo block of player or a disc without flaws on VR202
TP211
ENS-001 and the peripheral elements the market Analog voltmeter

(1) Adjusting method


1. Connect the analog voltmeter between TP203 (JITOUT) and TP211 (D.GMD).
2. Initialize the DVD player in the following manner:
1) Make sure that no disc is on the tray.
2) While pressing the ON SCREEN and DVD MENU keys simultaneously on the DVD player, turn on
the primary power.
3) Press the POWER key, then "TEST" is displayed on the FL.
(TEST mode can be canceled with the POWER ON/OFF key.)
4) Press the ENTER key to start initialization of EEPROM (takes approx. 3seconds).
5) Press the OPEN/CLOSE key, and the tray comes out.
This key is disabled during the initialization of EEPROM. When this key command is accepted
to open the tray, the initialization of EEPROM has already ended.
3. With the test disc supplied from JVC (DEMO1004) on the tray, press the OPEN/CLOSE key to let
the tray retreat. (Do not push the tray in.)

4. Press the ON SCREEN key. The disc rotates for a while and then stops.
5. Press the PLAY key.
6. Adjust VR202 such that the voltage of TP203 (JITOUT) indicated on the voltmeter becomes a
minimum.

The absolute voltage of TP203 (JITOUT) changes Relation between the angle of
with DVD players, so the absolute value cannot be rotation of VR202 and jitter
used to judge DVD players.

In general, the voltage changes from 1.6 to 1.9V


according to the angle of rotation of VR202. (The

JITOUT voltage (V)


C to D jitter (%)

minimum value is approx. 1.6V.)

If the changing range or the minimum value


apparently differs from these, the TP203 should
be considered defective.

A sample characteristic variation of TP203


(JITOUT) is shown in the figure at right.

Angle of rotation of VR202 (deg.)


Troubleshooting
1.Power-on processing Connect to outlet.

P.STAND-BY NO F001 YES Replace Return to A


Does indicating lamp (500mA) fuse
F001. and recheck.
the lamp lights up? is blown.
to
NO goes out when
Micro-
POWER switch of NO
computer YES
remote control
Volume.
box is turned
ON? Press POWER switch. Check the
AC wave
wiring
Voltage of NO supplied to YES between
IC901"1" at T901"12" to "15"
YES D902 or
approx. 12V? (transformer)
transformer
?
Check S843 to IC901"3".
(power switch) YES NO
NO STANDBY
and the line indicating lamp
to IC601. goes out? Return to A
Check the soldered and recheck.
part of the pins of
YES T901 (transformer)
and the thermal fuse
B between "5" and "6".

Return to A
YES Voltage NO and recheck.
Power-on Does FL
of IC901"3"
processing is OK. light up?
at 5 V?

NO
YES

Is IC901 NO Replace
Correct
NO hot? IC901.
to Power Supply voltage applied at each to
Volume. lead Micro-
of FL? computer
Volume. YES Return to A
YES and recheck.

NO Correct voltage
to Power Supply NG
applied to IC831 Continuity
Volume. Repair the
(FL driver)? OK between IC901"3"
wiring.
and IC601"73"?
YES
OK
Return to A
Check Oscillating and recheck.
Return to B NO To Microcomputer
IC831,R044 wave output from Volume.
and recheck.
and C834. IC831"20"?

YES

Voltage
NO Is connection NO of IC831"13"
Repair the wiring. between IC831"20"
(P.ON RESET)
and IC601"5" OK?
at +5V?

YES YES

NO Voltage
To Microcomputer
of CN831"19" NO
Volume. Is connection
at +5V? Repair the Return to B
of IC831"14"-"15" and
wiring. and recheck.
IC601"2" to "4" OK?
YES

Replace IC831.
YES

To Microcomputer Volume.
Return to B
and recheck.
2. Power Supply Volume

With all the wiring removed, check unit power board (ENS-002-4).
(1) Remove all flat wires and wire assemblies which are connected to CN902 to CN906.
(2) Short-circuit CN905‡G (POWER ON) and ‡F (B5V). (Set each regulator to ON.)
(3) Short-circuit CN903‡D (A.GND) and ‡G (D.GND).
(4) Connect to the outlet and check the voltage at each part.
(For the voltage specification, see the wiring diagram.)

Then restore the connection of CN902 to CN906 and check voltage.


(1) Remove the wire short-circuiting CN905‡G and ‡F.
(2) Remove the wire short-circuiting CN903‡D and ‡G.
(3) Restore the connection of CN902 to CN906.
(4) Connect to the outlet.
(5) Turn the POWER switch on and check the voltage at each part.

If voltage abnormally drops when CN902 to CN906 are connected (load is connected) though the voltage was at
the normal level when CN902 to CN906 were disconnected, or if the protective element (fuse, etc.) is opened,
the load which is supplied power may be defective or the wiring may be short-circuited.

3. Open/Close Operation

Check S831 (OPEN/


Press OPEN/CLOSE key CLOSE) and the To Microcomputer
wiring to IC601. Volume. Check IC251 and
the periphery.
YES
NO NO
Check the
of YES Any YES connection
NO NO Voltage voltage applied
Does the tray the remote control between CN102
of IC401"35" between CN102"4"
smoothly open? box functions and mechanical
at 0V? and "5"?
normally? unit. Check the
mechanical unit.
YES

Press in by hand Check the


Voltage of Voltage of
when fully opened. YES NO connection
CN102"1" at 0V when IC401"34" at 0V when
of CN102"1"
tray opening operation tray opening operation
and
ends? ends?
IC401"34".

NO YES
Does the tray Ejected
retreat? Check the connection between Replace IC401.
CN102 and mechanical unit.
Check the mechanical unit.
YES

Voltage
Voltage of Voltage of Check the
between CN102"4" NO YES NO
CN102"3" at 0V when IC401"33" at 0V when connection of
and "5" at 0V when
tray closing tray closing CN102"3" and
tray ends
ends? ends? IC401"33".
retreating?

YES NO YES

OPEN/CLOSE Check the connection between Replace IC401.


operation is OK. CN102 and mechanical unit.
Check the mechanical unit.
4. Microcomputer Volume

Processing of Each Microcomputer

* IC601 System microcomputer (sub-microcomputer)


After powering on, this microcomputer is continuously activated to control keys and remote control
signals.
According to key operations or remote control signals, it controls (turns on/off) the power for
LSIs including IC401 (main microcomputer) and the audio/video output circuit.
It also controls the resetting of the main microcomputer, FL driver IC (IC831) for FL display, and
various LED displays.

* IC401 Main microcomputer


This microcomputer controls a group of LSIs of servo and signal processing sections according to
commands from the system microcomputer.
After receiving time information from the signal processing section, it transmits the information
together with the status to the system microcomputer.
It controls the resetting of the LSIs of the servo and signal processing sections.
It has IC405 (1Mbit ROM) as an external ROM.

Normal Starting Conditions

* IC601 System microcomputer


(1) +5V must be applied to "72" and "73".
(2) Oscillators of "31" and "32" must be oscillating correctly.
(3) Input to "16" (RESET) must be at +5V (reset cancel).

If above (1) to (3) are not satisfied when the P.STANDBY indicating lamp does not light at
power-on, IC601 may be defective.

* IC401 Main microcomputer


(1) +5V must be applied to "8", "13" and "42".
(2) Clock signal (13.5MHz) must be input to "14" from IC351 (DEM/ECC LSI).
(3) Input to "1" (CPURST) must be at +5V (reset cancel).
(4) Communication line with IC601 ("38", "39", "43", "44" and "45") and that with IC405 (external ROM)
("17" to "32", "2", "3", "4", "6", "49") must work normally.

If above (1) to (3) are not satisfied when the P.STANDBY indicating lamp goes out but FL does not
light when the POWER switch is turned on, IC401, IC601 or IC405 may be defective.

5. Clock Generator Volume

Clock signals supplied to each digital IC of this device are all generated by IC402, except those
for the system microcomputer (40MHz, 33.8688MHz, 27MHz, 18.432MHz).

VDD of IC402 is synchronized with power-on/off by the system microcomputer.


Four types of frequency (oscillation) are generated by two reference oscillators
(X401 of 18.432MHz and IC407 of 27MHz).
6. Servo Volume

The self-diagnosis function can be used for failures on the servo system.

How to start the self-diagnosis function and to display results

(1) Start this device in TEST mode.


Remove the disc in advance.
While pressing both the "ON SCREEN" key and "DVD MENU" key, connect to the outlet.
When the "POWER" key is pressed, "TEST" is displayed on FL to start the system.

(2) Insert the disc supplied with the device or a commercial disc with no flaw.
Press the " " key to open the tray; press the key again to retract it.
Note: Do not press the tray in by hand. Be sure to use the " " key to open/retract the tray.

(3) Execute automatic adjustment.


Press the "ON SCREEN" key.
In the normal condition, the disc stops after rotating for a while.
"CHECK OK" is displayed on FL.
In case of abnormality, one of the following codes is displayed on FL.

[ Error codes displayed on FL when single-layer DVD is inserted ]


Error Check point for each error
Content of error
code in [Servo Volume 1]
01 Servo RAM writing NG
02 Servo RAM writing NG
03 Servo RAM writing NG
04 Servo RAM writing NG
05 None
06 Servo RAM writing NG
07 Spindle start error to (1)
08 Servo RAM writing NG
09 Servo RAM writing NG
0A Disc type judgment error to (2)
0B Traverse movement NG to (3)
80 Servo RAM writing NG
81 Servo RAM writing NG
82 Servo RAM writing NG
83 None
84 Focus ON NG to (4)
85 Focus balance coarse adjustment NG to (5)
86 Phase difference cancel adjustment NG to (6)
87 Tracking balance adjustment NG to (7)
88 Tracking ON NG to (8)
89 Spindle 1 8T mode NG to (9)
8A Focus balance fine adjustment NG to (10)
8B Focus loop gain adjustment NG to (11)
8C Tracking loop gain adjustment NG to (12)
8D Equalizer adjustment NG to (13)
8E Spindle CLV NG to (14)
8F None
90 Address read NG to (15)

Check the item corresponding to the error code on the FL.


[ Error codes displayed on FL when double-layer DVD is inserted ]
For double-layer DVD, L0 is checked after checking L1.

Error Check point for each error


Content of error
code in [ Servo Volume 1 ]
01 Servo RAM writing NG
02 Servo RAM writing NG
03 Servo RAM writing NG
04 Servo RAM writing NG
05 None
06 Servo RAM writing NG
07 Spindle start error to (1)
08 Servo RAM writing NG
09 Servo RAM writing NG
0A Disc type judgment error to (2)
0B Traverse movement NG to (3)
80 Servo RAM writing NG
81 Servo RAM writing NG
L1 checking
82 Servo RAM writing NG
83 None
84 Focus ON NG to (4)
85 Focus balance coarse adjustment NG to (5)
86 Phase difference cancel adjustment NG to (6)
87 Tracking balance adjustment NG to (7)
88 Tracking ON NG to (8)
89 Spindle 1 8T mode NG to (9)
8A Focus balance fine adjustment NG to (10)
8B Focus loop gain adjustment NG to (11)
8C Tracking loop gain adjustment NG to (12)
8D Equalizer adjustment NG to (13)
8E Spindle CLV NG to (14)
8F Layer change jump NG to (16)
90 Focus balance coarse adjustment NG to (5)
91 Phase difference cancel adjustment NG to (6)
92 Tracking balance adjustment NG to (7)
93 Tracking ON NG to (8)
94 Spindle 1 8T mode NG to (9)
L0 checking
95 Focus balance fine adjustment NG to (10)
96 Focus loop gain adjustment NG to (11)
97 Tracking loop gain adjustment NG to (12)
98 Equalizer adjustment NG to (13)
99 Spindle CLV NG to (14)
9A None
9B Address read NG to (15)

Check the item corresponding to the error code on the FL.


[ Error codes displayed on FL when CD or video-CD is inserted ]
In TEST mode, a video-CD is treated as a CD.
Error Check point for each error
Content of error
code in [ Servo Volume 1 ]
01 Servo RAM writing NG
02 Servo RAM writing NG
03 Servo RAM writing NG
04 Servo RAM writing NG
05 None
06 Servo RAM writing NG
07 Spindle start error to (1)
08 Servo RAM writing NG
09 Servo RAM writing NG
0A Disc type judgment error to (2)
0B Traverse movement NG to (3)
80 Servo RAM writing NG
81 Servo RAM writing NG
82 None
83 None
84 Focus ON NG to (4)
85 Focus balance coarse adjustment NG to (5)
86 Phase difference cancel adjustment NG to (6)
87 Tracking balance adjustment NG to (7)
88 Tracking ON NG to (8)
89 Servo RAM writing NG
8A None
8B None
8C None
8D Spindle CLV NG to (9)
8E Focus balance fine adjustment NG to (10)
8F Focus loop gain adjustment NG to (11)
90 Tracking loop gain adjustment NG to (12)
91 None
92 Spindle CLV NG to (9)

Check the item corresponding to the error code on the FL.


7. Audio Volume

Power NO to Power Supply


supplied correctly
Volume
to each IC?

YES
* IC701 and IC702 are supplied
power from IC705.
Is sound Check I/O voltage of IC705.
signal output
from J701 (pin
jack)?

YES NO
Approx
. 5V
Check Q851, NO Is sound Is sound NO Voltage of NO Check Q913 and
Q852, IC850 output from output from Q707 collector at Q946 of muting
and J851. headphone? headphone? -10V? drive circuit.

YES
YES YES

OK Check Q705, Is
Q706 and J701 NO Check according to
digital signal output
(soldered part). the signal flow for
from IC701"5", "6" and
main CB.
"7"?

YES

Is NO
digital signal output from
Replace IC701.
IC701"18" and "19"
?

YES

Is
digital signal NO Check IC702 * PLL normal lock voltage
output from and PLL. Between TP701 and TP702.
IC702"7"?
When fs=44.1kHz 0.6V
YES When fs=48kHz 0.9V
When fs=96kHz 2.6V

Is NO Replace
digital signal output
IC701.
from IC701"20"?
* Changing over the cutoff frequency of analog LPF

YES When fs=44.1kHz or 48kHz,


Microcomputer port FS2 is at the "L" level,
Is digital and Q703 and Q704 are turned ON.
signal output from NO Replace
IC702"10", "13", "16" IC702. When fs=96kHz,
and "19"? Microcomputer port FS2 is at the "H" level,
and Q703 and Q704 are turned OFF.
YES

Check IC703, IC704


and their periphery.
* Signal Flow of Each DISC Media

1. DVD

IC101 IC201 IC351 IC453 IC451 IC501 IC701 IC702


DISC LPF
PRE AMP READ CH. DEM/ECC DESCRAMBLER V-DEC A-DEC K2 I/F DAC

2. CD

IC101 IC201 IC354 IC501


DISC
PRE AMP READ CH. CD-DSP A-DEC

3. V-CD

IC101 IC201 IC354 IC351 IC453 IC451 IC501


DISC
PRE AMP READ CH. CD-DSP DEM/ECC DESCRAMBLER V-DEC A-DEC
8. Video Volume

Power NO
supplied correctly
to Power Supply * +5V power for video section is
Volume supplied from IC654.
to each IC?
Check I/O voltage of IC654.

YES

YES Is video
Is video NO Check the insertion of
signal output from
signal output from L680, L683, IC651,
J651 composite
J652 S terminal? IC655 and CN651.
terminal?

NO YES

OK

YES
Is signal
Check L681,
output from CN651"2"
L682 and IC651.
and "4"?

NO

Is clock NO Check
signal input to
IC451.
IC551"9"?

YES

Is digital
signal output from NO Check
IC551"1" to"8", "10" and IC451.
"11"?

YES

Check
IC551.

* Service tips

(1) The disc playback screen is in the normal condition but graphics in the "ON SCREEN"
mode are abnormal => Replace IC553.
(2) Only 1/4 compressed playback screen of DVD or video-CD is abnormal => Replace IC552.
[ Servo Volume 1 ]
Troubleshooting when error code is displayed in TEST mode

Single-layer DVD Automatic adjustment


(Basically the same with double-layer DVD)

Remove the top cover.

IC251 (4CH driver)


NO R261
Tray opened?
While pressing both the "ON IC401
SCREEN" key and "DVD (main microcomputer)
MENU" key, connect the AC
cord to the outlet. YES

Insert single-layer
Press the "POWER" key. DVD and press the
"OPEN/CLOSE" key.
(Automatic adjustment
is executed)
Some
component NO "TEST"
other than displayed
Check for errors
servo may be on FL?
corresponding to the
defective. "CHECK OK" NO error code displayed
displayed
YES on FL by the self-
on FL?
diagnosis function
as follows.
Press YES
"OPEN/CLOSE" key.

OK

Check points for each error


(1) Spindle start error

* Defective spindle motor


•EWith the power turned off, measure the resistance between CN101"33", "34" and "35" pins.
(Must be approx. 11ohms.)
•EHall element: Is a sine wave output between CN101"25" and "27", between "28" and "29",
•@and between "30" and "31" during rotation?
In either case, replace the mechanical unit.
* Defective spindle driver (IC252)
•EIs a driving wave output from CN101"33", "34" and "35"?

During
rotation

Is IC252"1" at "H" level (START)?


* Servo IC Is control signal sent to the motor driver?
TP256: Duty is 50% during stop, but varies during rotation (greatly varies at start).
If not sent, pattern or servo IC (IC301) is defective.
W004: Approx. 2.5V during stop, but varies during rotation (greatly varies at start).
If not sent, pattern or servo IC (IC301) is defective.
* Is FG input to servo IC?
Observe FG wave from IC301"45". If not output, pattern, IC252 or IC301 is defective.
(2) Disc type judgment error (no disc, no RFENV)

* Laser is defective.
* Preamplifier is defective (IC101).
* LPF circuit is defective. Q101, R125 to R129.
* Pattern is defective. Lines for CN101"15" and "17".
Lines for IC351"41" to IC101"6" (LDON).
* DEM/ECC is defective (IC351).
* Servo IC is defective (IC301).
* Is signal sent to IC301 (servo)"78" AS2 (TP108)?
* IC101 For signal from IC101 to IC301, is signal output from IC101"11" AS1 (TP109) and
IC101"53" FRENV (TP105)?

(3) Traverse movement NG


* For automatic adjustment, traverse movement occurs only when the position is changed to retry
judging the disc type after the 1st judgment resulted in an error. Therefore, traverse movement
rarely occurs because, in most cases, disc judgment at the current position (1st time judgment)
is executed successfully. (Of course, NG rarely occurs in this step.)

Note: 1st time judgment of disc type resulted in NG. The re-judgment of disc type may not be
successful. Therefore, after removing the cause of traverse movement, re-execute automatic
adjustment and confirm that no problem exists.

* Check points
a). During stop
Whether 50% duty pulse is output to TP253
Whether W003 is at approx. 2.5VDC
Offset voltage between CN101 "34" and "35" (scores mV if exists)
b). When tray is opened or closed
Check by oscilloscope whether a rectangular wave signal is output from W003 or CN101"34" or "35".

50msec

2.5V Approx.
500mV
GND

If checking a) or b) resulted in NG, IC301 may be defective.

(4) Focus ON NG

* Is FE output? (TP101) Pattern, IC101


* Is control signal sent? (W002) Pattern, IC301
* Is driving voltage sent?
CN101"20", "21" If NG, pattern, driver, mechanical unit (with the power turned off, measure the
resistance between CN101"20" and "21").
* Are IC101"40" to "42", CN101"7" (SRF1) as below? (Changes with disc type.)
Mechanical unit (laser power too low), IC101 (defective gain)

IC101"40" IC101"41" IC101"42" CN101"7"


IC
XDVD XCD2 XCD4 SRF1
Single-layer DVD L L L L
Double-layer DVD L L L H
CD-DA H H H H
V-CD H L H H

* Mechanical unit is defective


(5) Focus balance coarse adjustment NG (This error rarely occurs.)

* Mechanical unit is defective.


Although focusing is executed normally, blooming occurs if vibrated during coarse adjustment.
* Periphery of driver is defective.
. Due to cold soldered or short-circuited resistor, capacitor, etc., of the gain setting
section, gain becomes too large, and blooming occurs when vibrated.
. BTL offset occurs due to defective driver IC.
(Compare DC voltage of CN101"20" and "21" during stop.)
. IC301 is defective. Is W002 (TP252) at approx. 2.5V during stop?

(6) Phase difference cancel adjustment NG (This error rarely occurs.)

* Same as above (5). Periphery of the driver for the tracking system is defective.
* Mechanical unit is defective.
Blooming occurs if vibrated in the direction of tracking.
* Driver IC
Compare DC voltage of CN101"20" and "21" during stop.
* IC301 is defective.
Is W001 (TP251) at approx. 2.5V during stop?

(7) Tracking balance adjustment NG (This error rarely occurs.)

* Check the same as (6) above.


* Is TE sent? (TP106)
This error does not occur in relation with the adjustment value of "5" to "7".
This error basically occurs only when abnormality such as blooming occurred during adjustment.

(8) Tracking ON NG

* Mechanical unit is defective.


Cannot retract normally due to abnormal adjustment value of "5" to "7".
* Periphery of driver (IC251)
Constant or IC itself is defective.
(When passed without entering abnormal condition in the adjustment of "5" to "7")
* Servo IC (IC301)
When improperly adjusted due to defective IC ("5" to "7")

(9) Spindle 1 8T mode NG

* Is RFAS3 input to IC201 (R-CH)? (Voltage from IC101"64" is divided and input through coupling
capacitor.) CN301"1"
* IC201 Is signal output from TP206 and TP207 (AGC OUT)?
* IC201 Is signal output from TP204 and TP205 (EQ OUT)?
* IC201 Is signal output from "27" (RDCK) and "28" (SRD) (binary-coded clock and data)?
* IC201 Is "2" (TRON) at "H" level? (Reverse logic for CD)
* IC201 Is "3" (XRFOK) at "L" level?
* IC201 "9" to "12" Is signal output to IC301"43", "44", "47" and "48"?
(Serial communication of rotation information)
* Spindle motor driver is defective.
Even when one of the three phases is defective, item (2) may be passed.
Check the second item in (2) above.
* C259 to C261, C271 Defective soldering
If noise eliminating capacitors are not properly soldered, noise may ride on the waveform.

(10) Focus balance fine adjustment NG

Basically, when above (1) to (9) are OK, this error does not occur.
Though rarely, this error occurs if blooming does not occur in above (5) to (7) but occurs in
this step.
(11) Focus loop gain adjustment NG

This error occurs only when the gain cannot be adjusted in the specified range.
Therefore, this error rarely occurs.
Out-of-range gain due to using a low-sensitivity pickup or abnormality on the circuit tends to
result in other errors.

(12) Tracking loop gain adjustment NG


Same as above (11)

(13) Equalizer adjustment NG

When time-out occurred while adjusting equalizer


Command may not be sent to the servo system, or the register cannot be read.
Because suitability of the adjustment value is not judged, improper adjustment may not be the
only cause of this error.
(If out of adjustment, ends after adjusting to default value.)

(14) Spindle CLV NG

Spindle control system is defective, or equalizer adjustment value is abnormal.


* When spindle control system is abnormal, refer to (9) above.
* When equalizer adjustment value is abnormal
After filtering signal from IC201"17" (JITOUT(TP203)), is DC voltage of TP203 lower than 2.17V?
(Connect to an oscilloscope and press the PLAY key.)
.•@When higher than 2.17V, due to improper adjustment caused by defective mechanical unit,
IC101 or IC201, or abnormality in IC301 IC251,IC301 IC252
.•@When lower than 2.17V, due to defective input to A/D"75" of JIOUT of IC301, although this
rarely occurs.

(15) Address read NG


Continuity of CRC OK and address is checked.
Press the PLAY key.
* Is signal output from pin 121 of IC351 to IC301"30" (CRC OK)?

This error occasionally occurs (during kick, etc.)


(If this error occurs 3 to 4 times consecutively, check the
OK OK OK NG OK OK following item.)

(16) Layer change jump NG (double-layer disc only)

* This error occurs if blooming occurred during jump for changing layers.
Because all adjustments for L1 layer must be successful, this error may rarely be due to a
circuit defect.
* Crosstalk might occur from tracking to focus system. (See (4) in Servo Volume 2.)
Replace the mechanical unit.
* Is SRF (CN101"7") at "H" level?
If this results in NG, the error probably occurred prior to CLV.
* Voltage of JITOUT
Even when lower than 2.17V, mechanical unit may be the cause if this voltage is from
1.9 to 2.0V.
* IC351 is defective.

For double-layer discs, after checking CLV on layer L1, jumps to layer L0 after mode changes
to FG. Then tracking is turned off, and adjustments are executed from the focus balance
coarse adjustment in order.
Errors which occur on layer L0 are given error codes of "90" or greater.
For CDs Automatic adjustment

(1) Spindle start error See DVD

(2) Disc type judgment error See DVD

(3) Traverse movement NG See DVD

(4) Focus ON NG See DVD

(5) Focus balance coarse adjustment NG See DVD

(6) Phase difference cancel adjustment NG See DVD

(7) Tracking balance adjustment NG See DVD

(8) Tracking ON NG See DVD

(9) Spindle CLV NG

If error code "8D" occurred:


Periphery of IC354 (CD-DSP)
* Is TRON at "L" level?
Because "8" is OK, check the pattern, or check IC354"51", IC201"2", IC301"33" and IC401"55" for
short-circuiting or cold solder.
* Is RF signal input?
Check IC201"51" (TP204), C365 and IC354"3" for cold solder.
If the signal is not input, check also the items in (9) for DVD.
* Is ECS signal output?
IC354"55" (pulse) R309, R311, R312, C310 IC301"74" (analog voltage after filtering)
* Check the constant of the periphery of DSL and PLL
Check the capacitors and resistors connected to IC354"2" to "6" for cold solder.
* Is clock signal input?
IC402 R415 C362 IC354"33"
* Is clock signal output?
IC354"34"
* IC354 is defective

Error code "92" occurs when re-judging whether CLV is OK or not after all adjustments have
succeeded. Therefore, this error rarely occurs.
Check RF signal system (defective jitter).
Check DSL and PLL (PLL does not lock).
Mechanical unit is defective.

(10) Focus balance fine adjustment NG See DVD

(11) Focus loop gain adjustment NG See DVD

(12) Tracking loop gain adjustment NG See DVD

* For video CD, because it is treated as CD in TEST mode, the above items are checked.
Even in normal operation, shifts into double-speed mode after TOC reading. Therefore, if NG
occurs only with video CD, check the constant of the periphery of DSL and PLL.
If picture does not appear in normal operation, check the lines between
IC354"18", "20", "21", "26" to "28" and IC351.
[ Servo Volume 2 ]

Troubleshooting when TEST mode check was OK.


DVD During normal playback operation (TEST mode is OK)

(1) Neither picture nor sound is output

* Cannot search
a). Can the feed system be driven?
Check the waveform of control voltage W003. Line between IC301 and W003 or TP253.

Search results in a change of duty


(three values with 2.5V at the center)
(The figure is exaggerated.)

Check the waveform of CN101"1" and "2". After the driver (IC251)

For short-distance search, the waveform


Approx. becomes roundish, not trapezoidal, and
2.5V voltage is low.

b). Is kick available?


Check the control voltage waveform from TP251 (W001) From IC301 to W001

Check the waveform of CN101"22" and "23" After the driver (IC251)
Although differs in amplitude and DC offset, the waveform is similar to that of W003.

Long-distance seek

Feed

Tracking

Kick pulse (fine seek) is


inserted after long-
distance seek.
Acceleration pulse at start;
(Not one)
deceleration pulse at stop
Kick pulse
(each one)
(In the direction of search,
opposite to this figure)

Hold (DC) during feed

* NG after DEM/ECC (IC351, etc.)


(2) Picture is distorted or abnormal sound occurs at intervals of several seconds.

Does JITOUT
change periodically? NO Some system other
(2V or more in peak than servo may be
value, except defective.
during kick)

YES

Feed system is defective (drive gain is defective: too large).


Check the waveform according to a) in (1).
Play back a simple disc with no angle change.
OK when the following waveform appears at intervals
of several seconds.

5~10Sec.
If this voltage is too
high (2V or more, for
example), feed motor
1~1.2V
may be defective, or
the mechanical unit
has seized.

* VDC adjustment value (including the circuit) is NG.


Check the connection to Q102 to Q108, C141 to C160, and IC101.

(3) Block noise appears in picture or abnormal sound occurs occasionally.

Does noise NO Is JITOUT YES Mechanical unit


exist on higher than
is defective.
RFAS3? 2 V?

YES NO

If noise exists, check If noise exists, check the


each connector for loose Does noise YES constant of the periphery of
connection. exist on JITOUT? IC201, DSL and PLL as well
Check the line of IC101, (Except during kick) as for cold solder (connection
IC201 and IC301 (cold of "33" to "47").
solder, etc.)
NO

Do pulses of
200usec or longer YES
occur frequently on UNCF DEM/ECC
(TP359)? (Except
during kick)

Note: Even with acceptable products, pulses


NO of 25 to 50usec may occasionally occur.
When pulses of 200usec or longer
occasionally occur, the picture may begin
After DEM/ECC to be distorted occasionally.
CDDuring normal playback operation (TEST mode is OK)

(1) Is TOC reading normal? NO


Displays total time Because TEST mode is OK, CLV control must be available.
for CD-DA. Does pulse frequently occur on IC354"18" during
Shifts to double-speed TOC reading?
mode for V-CD. If occurs, IC354 is defective.
Check that signal from IC354"36" (SUBQ), "37" (SQCK)
and "47" (STAT) is correctly input to IC351.
YES

NO
(2) Playback possible? * --:-- is displayed during FL search.
According to [ * Cannot search ] for DVD, check the feed
and tracking systems.
* No sound is output although the time is displayed.(CD-DA)
DAC, etc., other than servo.
* The passage of time is not stable, or picture is
abnormal.(V-CD)
Jitter measurement or error rate measurement.
With IC354"17" (FLAG) connected to a frequency counter,
play back the 1st program of CTS-1000 on a 1-second
gate. OK when the indication of the counter is 10 to 20.
If the indication is 50 to 100, the mechanical unit may
be defective.
(Counter indication must be 7.35kHz during stop.)
When error rate is OK, fine flaws are probably the
cause.
Check that signal is input from IC301"61" to IC354"61" (DO).
When above check is OK, some system other than the servo
seems to be defective.

(3) Others

Error frequently occurs in the middle to outer part of V-CD (even with discs containing no flaws).
Check the waveform of TE.
Does 700 to 900Hz wave exist?
(This problem depends on the disc combination. If this claim arises, borrow the problem
disc.)
Caused by resonance of mechanical unit. Replace the mechanical unit.
(4) Others (unusual events experienced to date)

* Problem occurs with double-layer discs although no problem occurs with single-layer DVD.
(Error occurs, or search becomes unstable and takes longer.)
Crosstalk might occur from tracking to focus system.
When FE was observed during search (skip, etc.), it was found that a wave resembling TE
with an amplitude of 200mVp-p was riding on FE.
Mechanical unit was replaced.

* Error frequently occurred in the outer part of discs although no error occurred
in the inner part.
Mechanical unit was replaced because tilt seemed to be defective.
oscilloscope
FE Zoom
Because of storage oscilloscope overwrite mode, RF related waveform may be different from
those observed by an analog oscilloscope.
TE Zoom
27MHz 33.8688MHz 33.8688MHz 18.432MHz

CN101 3.5V REG.


RFAS3 DFL TOP TX IC502
CD-DSP
LD PRE AMP READ-CH ARF MC33269D-X
LDON IC354 A-DEC BCK
IC101 IC201 LRCK CN602
LASER 3 MODE SRD MN66261JV IC501 DOUT0
A1~A4,B1+B2, AN8824FBP SELECT
AN8623FBQ-V AUDIO DATA OUT
PICK-UP RDCK C MN67730
B3+B4,PD (*1) MUTE CONTROL
FEO TE ECS IEC OUT
DMSRVR SRDATA DAC MODE SET
DMSRVP SCKDA
DMSRDT LRCK
DMSRCK
SPINDLE- JITOUT

SPINDLE DRIVER
MOTOR IC252 ACLK
FG M56755FP-X ADATA 27MHz CN603
ASYNC
40MHz CHNDATA
PWMDA
AREQ DIGITAL OUT
PLLCLK VD0~7
YOUT
DESCRAMB HSYNC
DGC
DEM/ECC V-DEC VSYNC COUT VIDEO DATA OUT
FEED ADDI0 LER IC551
IC351 IC451
MOTOR SERVO IC453 BU6559AKS
ADDI3
M64405FP MN67740 VCLK AV.COMPULINK
IC301 13.5MHz MN67790
MN67700VR
27MHz JLIP I/F
ZB VIDEO MODE CONTROL
FG
FEED+/-

ACTF+/-
ACTT+/-

REST SW 27MHz 27MHz


16M SDRAM
ACTT IC452
CN102 4CH DRIVER 1M SRAM 4M PSRAM 4M ROM
ACTF UPD4516821-A12-X
LOADING M+/- IC251 IC352 IC353 IC553
M56759AFP-X FEED
MOTOR 5M5100BFP M548512D- DATA BAS JCE8009(DO)

LSI RESET
55L 80GS-X ADRESS BUS JCE8010(J,C)
OPEN/
CLOSE SW
2M FRAM
CPU ROM
IC552
IC405
UPD42280GU-30-X
AT27C010L-70TC
MAIN CPU
DVD MECHA A`SSY IC401
T OPEN
MN1020819 SUB CPU
ELM-V001 CPU RESET
T CLOSE IC601
REMO MN1886424
OSC. CN252
IC407 RESET D5V POWER SUPPLY
KEY I/O
27MHz CLOCK 40MHz LED. IC603 DIGITAL 5V
GENERATO FL DRIVER CONT. PST574CMT-X D3.3V
33.8688MHz DIGITAL 3.3V
R B5V SUB CPU BACK UP 5V
27MHz
IC402
X'TAL JLC1570FA 18.432MHz EEP ROM OSC.
X401 IC602 X601 CN251
18.432MHz AK93C65LF-W 20MHz POWER SUPPLY
CN601 MAIN CB M9V
ENS-001 MOTOR DRIVE 9V

REMOTE CONTROL DATA


FL DRIVER CONTROL

(*1) 3 MODE SELECT LED CONTROL


KEY MATRIX

40PIN XDVD L H H
FW810 FW810
41PIN XCD2 L H L CN831
SDATA
DVD IND. FW811
SCK
42PIN XCD4 L H H D831 LED CS F1
DRIVER P.O.R
F2 POWER
MODE DVD CD VCD Q831~836 FL DRIVER
ENS-002-3 -30V SUPPLY
IC831
B5V
M66004SP
KEY REMO
LED D841 MATRIX
D836~838 REMOTE
POWER CONTROL FL DISPLAY
KEY RECEIVER DI831
S843 CN832 IC832
CN841 QLF0001-001
ENS-002-2 ENS-002-1 GP1U271X
ENS-002-5

PLL BLOCK
D701~D703
L701
DOUT0 DO1
CN701 LRCK SYO
AUDIO DATA BCK BCO PDO
INPUT K2
DAC
INTERFACE CKO XIN
M1,M3 IC702 J701
MA~MD IC701 LPF MUTE
DAC MODE MN35503
JCE8001 IC703,IC704 Q705~Q707
SET FS2 ANALOG AUDIO OUT

MUTE MUTE1
CONTROL
f.RESPONCE SW
Q701,Q703,Q704

CN702 CN703
P.MUTE
POWER
SUPPLY +10V
FOR AUDIO
-10V
CN851

+5V REG.
IC705 +5V J851
NJM78M05FA FW85 H.P VOL H.P H.P AMP
CN653 2 VR850 MUTE IC850 H.PHONE OUT
POWER +10V
+10V
POWER SUPPLY -10V
SUPPLY -10V
FOR VIDEO ENS-002-6
B5V
+5V REG.
IC654
NJM78M05F
A

CN651 IC651 IC651 IC655


(1/3) (1/3) (1/2) J651
Y LPF LPF
L681 L683 VIDEO OUT
QQR0623-001 QQR0622-001
VCD SOFT/SHARP SW
Q680 2SC174C
VIDEO DATA BPF
INPUT L680
BURST BURST CONT. QQR0625-001 IC655
Q681 2SK519 (1/2)
LPF
C J652
L682
QQR0624-001 S-VIDEO OUT
IC651 (S1/S2)
(1/3)

AVCO J655
AV COMPULINK AV COMPULINK I/F
I/O AVCI
Q652 AV
DIG.OUTPUT COMPULINK
DIGITAL OUT
J653
OPTICAL
DIGITAL OUT
CN906
TO ENS-002-1

FILAMENT
ON/OFF
CONT. -30V REG.
Q910~Q912 Q901,D911 +10V REG.
Q902,D910 CN902
TO ENS-002-6

D901 +10V ON/OFF CONTROL


S1VB20F Q903,Q904,Q908,Q909
AC IN POWER
TRANSFORME
R -10V REG.
Q905,D909 CN903
T901
QQT0146-001 TO ENS-002-5

MUTING DRIVER
D902 Q917
U6SBA20
ON/OFF
MOTOR +9V REG. CONTR
IC902 OL CN904
PQ09RF2
TO ENS-001

BACK UP -5V REG.


IC901
LM2940CT-5.0

DIGITAL 5V REG.
DC-DC
Q906
CONVERTE
R
IC903
DIGITAL 3.3V REG.
UPC1100C
Q907

ENS-002-4

CN905 TO ENS-001

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