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Sophia Dawal April 13, 2020

PE 2

I. HISTORY OF FILIPINO GAMES

Sungka​ - is the Filipino term for the widely-known mancala that is played in Africa and
Southeast Asia. Philippine migrants who live in Macau, Taiwan, Germany, and U.S.A.
are believed to be fond of playing sungka. Father Jos​é Sanchez, who came to the
Philippines in 1643, wrote that the game was originally played with seashells on a
wooden, boat-like board.

Sungka is a Philippine traditional game similar to Congkak and other variations of the
game in Southeast Asia. The board, where the seashells are put, is called the
sungkahan​. The game involves moving shells or pebbles around the holes carved into
the boat-like board.

Traces of these boards have also been found in Ancient Sumeria. The term “sungka”
may be derived from the name of a river in Indonesia, which used to be called ​sonka​, but
is now referred to as the Red River.

Patintero ​- also known as ​harangang taga,​ is derived from the Spanish word ​tinte​ (tint or
ink) in reference to the drawn lines. Another name for it is tubigan, tubigana’y, or
tubig-tubig (“water [game]”), because the grid lines are, sometimes, drawn by wetting the
ground with water.

Piko​ - or hopscotch, is a popular street game during the ‘80s. Evidence of this game was
found when ancient Roman cities were dug up. There were drawings of the lines found
on the stone floors, indicating that this game has been played for ages.

Palosébo ​- is derived from the Spanish words ​palo​ (stick) and ​sebo​ (grease). Palosébo
is a local variant of the “greasy pole,” which is likely based on the cucaña of Spain. The
greasy pole was a popular subject in paintings during the 18th century. Francisco de
Goya was one of the artists who used the game as a theme, having called his painting
“The Greasy Pole.”

II. IMPACT OF TRADITIONAL FILIPINO GAMES ON CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOR

While computer games can help children develop cognitive skills, these may cause them
to live a sedentary lifestyle, making them prone to many ailments associated with
physical inactivity. Based on statistical reports, the Philippines is one of the countries
that has a high obesity rate among children. Because of this, traditional Filipino games
Sophia Dawal April 13, 2020
PE 2

must be taught to kids, to encourage them to get involved in active playing. These
games can also be as enjoyable as video games, as long as your kid has people to play
with. Traditional games can benefit the cognitive thinking of children, too, requiring them
to use their creativity, develop their social skills, and act under pressure.

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