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ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD

(Department of Pakistan Studies)

WARNING
1. PLAGIARISM OR HIRING OF GHOST WRITER(S) FOR SOLVING
THE ASSIGNMENT(S) WILL DEBAR THE STUDENT FROM AWARD
OF DEGREE/CERTIFICATE, IF FOUND AT ANY STAGE.
2. SUBMITTING ASSIGNMENT(S) BORROWED OR STOLEN FROM
OTHER(S) AS ONE’S OWN WILL BE PENALIZED AS DEFINED IN
“AIOU PLAGIARISM POLICY”.

Course: Natural Resources and Economic Development in Pakistan (6491)


Level: B. Ed. Semester: Autumn, 2019
Total Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 50

ASSIGNMENT No. 1
(Unit 1-4)

Q. 1 Discuss the physiographic view of Pakistan and highlight the salient features
of the Northern mountains peaks. (20)

Q.2 Examine natural Gas reserves in Pakistan and critically analyse distribution
of Gas fields in the country. (20)

Q.3 What do you know about water sources of Pakistan? How far it contributes
to the country economy? (20)

Q.4 Write notes on the following; (20)


(i) Coal resources
(ii) Hydel Power

Q.5 Discuss major industries of Pakistan and analyze causes of industrial


backwardness of the country. (20)

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ASSIGNMENT No. 2
(Unit 5-9)
Total Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 50

Q.1 Critically evaluate human populations of Pakistan and discuss its


distribution in the country. (20)

Q.2 Discuss oil resources/reserves of Pakistan and highlight various oil fields
and oil refineries of the country. (20)

Q.3 What do you know about livestock faring of Pakistan? Discuss major
livestock resources of Pakistan. (20)

Q.4 Analyze Iron, Steel and Engineering industries of Pakistan in view of its
potentialities and problems. (20)

Q.5 Discuss long lasted association and good relationship between Pakistan and
China. (20)

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COURSE OUTLINE

NATURAL RESOURCES AND ECONOMIC


DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN (6491)

B. ED (4 YEARS) PAKISTAN STUDIES PROGRAM

Dr. Badshah Sardar


Course Development Coordinator

DEPARTMENT OF PAKISTAN STUDIES


ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD

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CONTENTS
Unit-1 Physical features of Pakistan
1- Definition of physical features
2- Mountains
3- Plains
4- Plateaus
5- Deserts
6- Rivers and other Sources of Water
Unit-2 Natural Resources
1- Definition and types
2- Mineral Resources
3- Forests Resources
4- Power Resources
5- Agricultural Resources
6- Livestock Resources

Unit-3 Human Resources


1- Definition of human resources
2- Indicators of human development
3- Importance of human resources
4- Role of education in the development of human resources
5- Problems in the usages of human resources
Unit-4 Urban and Rural Problems
1- Problems of urban areas
2- Problems of ruler areas
3- Need for special measures to solve rural areas' problems
4- Reasons of migration from rural to urban areas
Unit-5 Population and employment
1- Population of Pakistan
2- Distribution of population
3- Major Populated cities of Pakistan
4- Reasons of increase in population and steps to overcome it
5- Employed Population

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Unit- 6 Society and culture
1- Definition of culture
2- Types of culture
3- Ancient cultures of Pakistan
4- Architecture
5- Handicrafts
6- Traditions and customs
Unit-7 Important industries of Pakistan
1- Definition of industry
2- Cloth industry
3- Sugar Industry
4- Cement Industry
5- Pharmaceutical Industry
6- Iron Industry
7- Industry of Vegetable Oil
8- Sports and Surgical instruments
Unit-8 Five Year Plan
1- Definition and Importance of Economic Planning
2- 1st Five Year Plan of Pakistan
3- 2nd Five Year Plan of Pakistan
4- 3rd Five Year Plan of Pakistan
5- 4th Five Year Plan of Pakistan
6- Policy of Nationalization in Pakistan
7- Policy of Privatization in Pakistan
Unit-9 China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)
1- An overview of Pakistan-China friendship
2- Karakoram Highway
3- China-Pakistan economic corridor
4- Importance of Corridor in future
5- Effects on Pakistan's Economy
6- Regional corporation and new ways of development

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Recommended books;
1. B. L. C. Johnson, (2000), PAKISTAN, rep. NBF., Islamabad.
2. Khalid Nazir Ahmad (2010), PAKISTAN A Study Of Geographical
Environment Economy & Human Resources, Azeem Academy, Lahore,
Pakistan.

Suggested Readings:
i. Khalid Nazir Ahmad, (2010), PAKISTAN A Study Of Geographical
Environment Economy & Human Resources, Azeem Academy, Lahore,
Pakistan.
ii. Khan, F. K. (1984) Pakistan: An Economic Geography, Sir Sayyed
Academy Karachi.
iii. Spate, 0. H. K. & Learmonth, A. T. A. (1972), India & Pakistan Land,
People and Economy, Methuen & Co Ltd London.
iv. Spate, 0. H. K. (1957), India and Pakistan: a general and regional
geography with a chapter on Ceylon, Methuen & Co Ltd London.
V. East, W. G. & Spate, 0. H. K. (1961), The Changing Map of Asia,
Methuen & Co Ltd London.
vi. Stamp, L. D. (1957), India, Pakistan, Cyclone (Sri Lanka), Methuen & Co
Ltd London.
vii. Dobby, E. H. G. (1962), Monsoon Asia, University of London Press,
London.
viii. Khan, M. H. (1981), The underdevelopment and Agrarian Structure in
Pakistan, Vanguard publication, Ltd. Lahore.
ix. Akhtar, S. M. (1967), Pakistan—A Developing Economy, Vol. II, United
Publishers Lahore.
X. Kureshy, K. U. (1978), A Geography of Pakistan, Oxford University press
Karachi.
xi. Kureshy, K. U. (1986), Geography of Pakistan, National Book Service,
Lahore.
xii. Azam, I. (1992), Geopolitics, political geography and Pakistan, Progressive
Publication Lahor.
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xiii. Johnson B. L. C. (1981), South Asia: selective studies of the essential of
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Srilanka and Nepal, 2nd edition, London.
xiv. Israr-ud-Din (1998), Studies in Pakistan Geography, Department of
geography, applied geography, urban and regional planning University of
Peshawar, N.W.F.P.
xv. Nazir Ahmed Khalid, (2003), Geography of Pakistan, Career Book
Publishers Lahore.
xvi. 1998 Census Report of Pakistan, Islamabad Statistics Division, Govt. of
Pakistan, 2001.

AIOU-AS-694(19)PPU-09-10-2019-5000

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