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B.A. BACHJIBYEHKO Tunpapmueckoe OBOPYJIOBAHUHE MOBIVUIBHBIX ° MAILMH | CMPABOUHMK 4 lockBa BBK 34.447 BI9 YIIK 62-82/625.08 (03) B Penensenr a-p texn. Hayk apo. B. H. Bepman Bacnapuenko B. A. B19 Tapasauyeckoe o6opynonanne — MOSuabHBIX Ma- umn: Capanowinxk — M.: Mauminocrpoenne, 1983. — 301 c., Ha. B nep.: | p. 70 x. Conepmr pacueriiie sansicmMocti x exexeitn 06 octoniux cpoflersex, Pexnaax paGors H yenoBHAx axchayaTauHH OGteMHOrO rHAPONPHBOAA H THAPO- SGopyaovshin woGuasatx wauinn, TIpubemetos xapanrepuctin, enone “eae exon, Feuneparypinie npexenst npitnenehin 1 Penowenpaiin no. Buoy. pack Siac sammwocrel h ynaoriennh. Onieaite KonerpyKati aul rexungecae ea paxrepnertir riqpoosopyaonanitn. Tipenmoncenvi, mpaxriisecne * peroen gars ho. BuGopy rnaposcopyadeaunn paapadorke OGtemoro. Tunponpusone, ero okenayaTayMH, —TeXHHYeCKOMY OGcayKHBAHHIO. ie Thin niimeepho-rexiiteckix padorwion, saNNMaIOUXeR NpoexTponantex, npousvojerson, nentivaiasin i sxchayaraien woGHaGiu MALIN. 2702000000-014 14 9 BBK 34.447 038(01)-83 " 62.3 © Honareaserso «Maumuocrpoenner, 1983 r. NPEXUCJIOBHE OGsemusiit ruaponpunox — STO KOMMUEKC KOHCTPYKTHBHO CHOMILX H TeXHO- AOTHYECKH TPYAOEMKUX YCrPOHCTB, JUIN MATOTOBAEHUA KOTOPHX HeOGXOMHA BLICOKO- KavecrseHHBe MaTepHaiibl, TOUHBIe JTEIe GaTOTODKH 3 NyryHa H_amomMANeDLIx canon, npeusHonuiie arperatmie crankn c UTIY w aromaniueckne Hun Tep- Muveckolt, Mexannueckolt oOpa6orkH H ranbBaHonoxpiirul, MenbITaTeMbHBe CTeHALL 1H Merponornveckoe OGecnesente. ‘Tlia cosnana Honor ruxpooGopynoBannA x Ha ero OcHOBe paspaGoTKH HoBUX MoSHIbHEX MALIN ¢ OGLEMUBIM THAPONPHBOLOM Halo HMETb celManBHte gHaNHs, OGoGuleHHEIe cNpaBOWNTHE AaHlHbIe, OTPaXaioUlue COBPeMeHHBIE AOCTHAKeNHT B STOM o6uactH. 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Osvemmui THApoNpUBOA uMeeT caeAyIOMME MpeHNyuKecTBa, 1, Burcokam KoMNakTHocTs MmpH HeGombIUHX Macce M TaGapurHux pasmepax ruApoo6opyxovanHA Tio cpaplienmo ¢ Maccoll M raOapHTHBIMH pasMepaMiK MexaHH- WecKHX MPHBOAUBIX ycrpolicrs Tol %e MOMIMOCTH, TO OOBSICHSETCA OTCyTCTBHEM Ha MPUNCHEHHEM B MEHBILEM KONUECTHE TAKHX SAEMEHTOB, KAK BAM, IMecTepeHHBIE 4H UeMuLIe penyKTOPEL, MydTSI, TOpMOsa, KaHATEI HAD. 2, Bosmoxnocrs peaiuaauun Gonbux neperarounsx aucet, B oGbeMHOM THAPONPHBOAE C HCHOALIONAHHEM BHICOKOMOMEHTHEIX THAPOMOTOPOB mepenaTOuHOe HCHO MorKeT AoztHTaT 2000. 3. HeGonbisan nitepinontiocts, oBecnesmnaiomast xopoulne AuMamnyeckHe cBoit- erga npusoga, Dt NosnosAeT YMCHDUINTH MpOLOMKHTeMBHOCTS padowero WHKAA M TOBLICHT MPOHIROAHTEABHOCTS MAUIMHDI, Tak KaK BKANOYHHE H PeBepeupoBanne paGounix opration ocyiecTBAMIOTCA 3a LOMH CeKYHAB. 4, Becctynienuatoe’ peryampopaue cKopoctn AbWKeHHts, mosnommoMee n0- BHICHTS KoShhUUNENT HCMOMbIOBANKA MpHBORNOTO NBUrATeNs, yNPOCTHTS aBToMaTH- BallNi0 MpHBORA H YAYMUINTD YeroBH paGoTEt MaMINHCTa. 5. Ygo6creo HW Mpoctora ynpapzenns, KoTopse OGycrOBAMBaIOT HeGomDULLyIO SaTpary SHeprin MauIMHHCTOM H COsAaIOT YouOBHA JI ABTOMATHGALMH He TOABKO OT- ReALHLIX orepauinil, Ho HW Beero TexHONOTHecKOTO MPoueCca, BEITOAHsIeMOTO MalLHHOlt, 7 6. Hesanncnmoe pacm ; jonorKenite cOopounErx eR PHBONa, fo3sBi ranGonee jtewecoogpaaio pasnecrins ux na wawne, Hacoe o6usHo yeratiapnpaier uraTeA, THApOBHTATeAK — HenocpestcTBEHH 10 Y MeHomRHTeNbHBX sexamauny, "stoi ”yrpatacugn nym waluiuiera,_ nenoamirensiele HOM NO YCHOBHSM KOMMOHOBKH Mec! pune SAemHoe NpeOKpattente or neperpysox npwipoaHoro horatens, cHcrewt . HOKOHCTPYKLNit HK pa6ounx opranos Guar m 0, aes M NepeaHBHbIX THApOKAAaNanoB. eee erm anincayhlPOCTOTS BEAMNMOTO TpeOBpasonaiMA npanteTeADHOTO x nocrynaTenBiOrO Henn b ciiereMaX Hacoe — TuApoNoop H wacoe — rHapowuaNNAD. rng Rumen Yiu luipowanix cOopounix enn (HacocoD, Tuapoxcropon, » THAPOKJanaHOB, ripopacnpenenurenel, \ i Eyeainaeoeate aan |, (PHIbTPOB, coennHeHHi )s lee CHHSHTE ceGecToUNGCTS ef SKcnayarallmio HW pemoHT, a TAK NADEee eRe ero Skenayaratuno m_pexor, fe YPOCTHT M CoKpaTHT® mpouecc KoHeTpy- 1.2. OCHOBHBIE MAPAMETPHI rHPOOBOPYAOBAHHA Ocuosiemi napametpamn oGvenmux ri IAPONPHBOROB siBmOTeS HOMME: Aapsenue, pa6ounit aoe papnenite, paGownl OGre, YacTora BpauenHs, packon xNAKOCTH, YeaOBHf MpOXOR Homunanpuim faprentem pyox WasbiBaioT Hao. ox ab pu Koropow yerpotemo nso ators seteune yorenanenorc peeypea Coxe cant) connate napaerpon's npexeax yeraionaeitin pie Hc —§ n carr SepuererDnn ¢ FOCT 1244080 (CT COB S18—77) owtamsoe nanreme 0,1; 0,16; 0,25; 0,4; 0,63; 1; 1 50; 63; 80; 100; "125; 160; 200; 250.” Haveli HoMMHambHOTO AaBreHis 20 0,1 MIla Bu 250 Mila no paay RIO npeanovrutesonarx sce mo LOT boo a) ve mee tee HoapayioTeA elle ABYMA MOuATHAMA AaBAeHNs — MancMMambuEmM MaxcumasbHomy AaBreHHO Pmax CooTBeTeTBYe xapakrepigyiontee npesinienne Hak HoNaabisa Me Ronyenaenoe saw eeoeenet ‘ecxot padonss TwapooGopyaonanis. tan mepnont. MKOBOMY AaBteNKIO Pq cooTaEreTByeT MaKciMam emo osnikaoute np cook tuoueuoro conpornnsciin Rovowy mone: mMMYecKOHl xapakrepHCTHKOlL mpexoxpaknTenbior it " ve ud CeuCTCeTE iADOCGOpYACHENIN poaepAIoY NOH MaxeaAsoM BHeHKH mes ,25puort, MPornoct mp 1,5pyoxe. JH Mpowepkn sanaca npowHocrn THApo- oGopyxonahie nokwepraior paspyuiaoiteny Aanen, Koropoe w 3-6 pas npe- 1 T. €. Ppasp > Spon. Ti paopyuiaouteny Aanacio, « nchayaraunn he Teapot, ne TORBeDTHYEOG seacglMMNaAbHBIl padoxu oGveM Vo (ocvonxolt napawerp oGnenmerx Hacocoe, acOCOE-UOTOPOR _PiRpoworopes) = pacuernuii paSounil oGnes, BouncmeHHbit Ges 5 iH OPMEI H Aedopmaunii. H Gue (it) aupeey ns eaeayoutero pada Gio TOCE. 19804 80" coord eae routeny CT COB 52577 u mexaysaponuony ctasmapry MICO 3062): * fondle SPP igh® 93 BS 426 4,8 85; 8 10: Cd), 12.5; (ads 16; (18; 20; (Bed); (2B): 325 (80), 40; (48), 50: (G0): 63; (i). 80; (GO), 160; (119); "125; {140s 160; ( 180); 200; (224); '250; (280); 320; (360); 400; '(450); 500; (560): 630: (0) 005 (900); Lond; (1120); 1260: (1404); 1606, (1800); 2000; (2240); 2500; O); {320% (Gao): 4000; (4860); 5000; (G00); 6800; (7100); 8600; (9000). ” 1c noutPH, YRaBat Ges exOGOK, oTHOCATER K OCHOBHOMY pany, a B CKOOKax AononHuTerbHoMy. TIpH pstGope HOMNMaNbHDIX paGouuX OBeNoD OcHOBHO! PAA arse MpeANOunTaTh LONOAHMTeABHOMY. eae HaveHHS HOMHHATBHEIX OGbeMOR 2O 1 cm® BuIGn| 9000 cu? — no paay R20 npeanourarenbusx ance nO OCT 803 56 oy nieve} Hago orjasaT mpennovrenue anayennsm no pagy R10, np TOM 2,5; 4; 6,3; 10; 12,5; 16; 20; 25; 32; 40; Ornuonenne nelicrontenbinix suavenufl uomumasibx pa6owux o6beMoB OT ykagaHHuix He HoKHO ObITL Gosce +3 %. Homunanbioft Yacrotof Bpauleniia Mio, WastinaloT HanGonpmnyio YacToTY Bpa- menus, pH KOTOpoh THAPOMAWHHA AomMKIIa paGorat B TeYeHHe YcraHoBNeHHOrO pecypea (epoka cy:K6u!) © COxpalleHea mapanterpoD m mpeneax ycTavopteHHbtx Kop, SHaveHst HoMTuaAbNOH YacTOTHL mpauenvin (oG/wnn) rHnpomaumH BIOHpaior us caenylomero pata (TOCT 1244680; CT COB 519-77): 0,6; 0,96: 1,50; 2,40; 3,78; 6,0; 9,6; 18,0; 24,0; 37,8; 60; 75; 96; 120; 150; 192; 349; 300: 378; '480; 600; 750; 960; 1300; 1500; 1920; 2400; 3000; 3780; 4800; 6000; 7500; 9600; 12 000; 15 000; 19 200; 24 000. lan nacocos’ c MpHBosom oT suexTponDUraremelt YonyckaeTes MpUMeHAT SHA uenua HOMUMasbHOK YacTOTs BpALLeNNIG COOTBETeTBYIOWNX suleKTpoRBHraTenel, Hommuaasusim pacxoiom Quos THAPOAHHMIE H THApoaNNapaToB HaskIBaloT pac- xon pa6ouel 2«"AKOCTH ¢ OMpeNeMEHHOM BASKOCTHIO NPM YCTAHOB.EHIOM HOMMHATD~ hom Hepeniane jlabstenna. Cornacio TOCT 13825—80 (CT COB 620—77) Homunamb- nei pacxom (a/MuH) BEIOHpaioT H3 cTeRyIoUlero psa: 116; 2.5: 3,2; 4; 5; 6,3; 8; 10; 15,5; 16; 20; 25; 32; 40; 50; 63; 80; 100; 125; 160; 200; 250; 320; 400; 800; 630; 800; 1000; 1250; 1600; 2000; 2500. Suavennst HoMAHanbHiix pacxonon no | s/t careayer BuGupaTs Ho pray Rb, conse 2500 alan — no pay R10 npeqnowtmreabusix sicen no TOCT 8032—56. ‘Veaosnum npoxowom Dy Haswaaiot oKpyracititi 10 Gawkaluero sHaveHHA ng yeTaHouseHHoro pala AUAMETP KpYra, MfoUab KOTOPorO pasHa MutouaAH Xa~ paktepHoro Mpoxosworo cevenina Katiata THAPaBANYecKOrO YCrpoficTBA WAM. NAO ann MpoXoRHOro ceveHHs NpHCoeAMHAeNOrO TPy6onpoHORA. 'Yenowrbie npoxonst (od) BuIOupaIor Hs psa (TOCT 16516—80; CT COB 522—77): 1,0; 1,6; 2,0; 2,5; 3,0; 4,0; 5,0; 6,0; 8,0; 10; 12; 16; 20; 100; 125; 160; 200; 350. Suavens yenoBHBIx MpoxOROR Ho 1 mat cuteayer BUOHpATe No paay Rad, cere 250 wa — Tio pay Ral0 wopmansatix anueliniix pasmepon no TOCT 6636— 69. Homuuansioh pmectumoctbio KOHANuNOKepos paGouelt cpentt (ruApoGaKon, THAPOAKKYMYsATOPOB, ‘TeNNOOOMEHNMKOB H oyNcTITENeH) HasKIBaloT HanGomDUnHit OODEM KUAKOCTH, SaHUMAIOM paBouy:o HosOCTS B mpouccce sKcHayaraunn- HOME naabuyio pMcermMocts—Vuon B sa BBIOHPaIOT Ha psAa (TOCT 12448—80; CT COB 524—77): 0,4; 0,63; 1,0; 1,6; 25; 4,0; 6,3; 10,0; 16,0; 25,0; 40; 63; 100; 125; 160; 200; 350; 320; 400; 500; 630;{800; 1000; 1250; 1600; 2600; 2500; 3200; 4000; 5000; 6300; 8000; 10 000; 12 500; 16 000; 20 000; 25 000. 1.3. OCHOBHBIE PE)KHMbI PABOTBI HM YCOBHA SKCIIYATAWMH THAPOOBOPYAOBAHHA Tuapootopysonanie, ycraiasmunaemoe Ha MOOHAbILIX MauMHax c OBDeMIBIM THAPONPHBOAOM, 9KcTyaTpyeTeN MpenMyiecTBeHtHO Ha OTKPSTOM Bosnyxe MPH LIMpoKent Juarlasoue usMeneHin TeMMeparypsl, B YCTOBHALX, XapakTepusyeMbIx T1O- DMINEHHOM SAaNbINeHHOCTHIO BOSAYXa, “ACTEINH KPATKOBpeMeNHiMMH. MeperpysKanh 1 BHOpatnel. Pexxumi paGorbi rHApooopyAoBanus: onpenenmioTeA BEMAMHHOH W HH ‘TeHcuBHocTSiO ReMIHeH HarpYSKH, Xapakrepom paGowero mpomecca H ApyrHMH chak- opawn (ra6z. 1.1). Veuopust oKchayaralun Mallu C THAPONPHBOLOM ONpereAsOTeH KANMATHYe cumin ‘axtopamit Bieuttieli cpesisi — Temtiepatypoli, BaaxKHocTbIO WH Rapnenuem BOSAYXa, COMMCHIIBNE HAAYYEHHEM, NOAKAEM, BETPOM, MUNDO, HHeeM H CONIHDIM MOP- cum tTystariom, OCT 15150—69 ycravannusaet venoaHenlus, Kateropiit, yononHs SkcnayaTauHM, XPateuNa M Tpavcnoprnposanna uareAi B dacTH BosmelteTBHA KAMMATHYeCKHX (akTopos BHeMLieH cpems, KOTOPLIE pasfenmMIOTCA Ha HOPMAMbHBIe, HoMUHanbHBIe, paGoune u nperenbHBIe. je" ipa pacuerax nomunanbisix napamerpor Haxeauli yuutoiBaior BosnelicrBHe shbextusioro siavens KamMatiMeckoro ¢baktopa B Mpollecce akcnayarausn H XPA- HeHMA, KOTOPoe OKasMIBaeT BANAHWE Ha CPOK cyrKOH MH pecypC FHAPOOGOPYAOBAHHA. 9 11, Pesca: padorit ruapooGopyxonanus Pexcum paGoris Haunenona ana} Xapaxrepuctuxa noe Flereutt | Snusonuveexan pagora, we | Fipunog_Mexanwonom Hoavena u ony sete eratome | Rononnts en. Rycpelo aang USNERETPLESENS ogatth, 2° | fiherereh, “Gefooueneneh, "ate: CAMOXOAMEIX KPaNoB HM ApYrHX MALT Chenu | Tepuoguveckas padora, coa- saunas ¢ Texionoruueckin iKaIoM seamunitst Tipwnon paGowero oGopyno nan, expe fiepor, abrorpelinepon,, Syaeposepon paw" abromoGnasitix,” Kownyann a aul npinon pyaenoro Yupan= Taxenuit | Moctoauiaa paGora npk au- NoaKenuH — TexHosorn4eckoro Koomsene secensao ooyACRaNNS, OA sca re: | pxenantropon:Apenoykanatnod, aero ix i Sypiauanus Nani, MpHBOR” (arena ‘efontoyrina nex ea TMPoOGopyxoBat OOwero NpuNeHeMN, yxOBMersopsLOuIerO KoNnAeKey TenHeCKHIX TpeGosarini, oGweny AAA GombunnicTsa cay¥aeD NpHNeteMin, B Kave- tHe NOMNHAADHX NPHAHNOT sHaveinin KataTHNeCKHX daxTopoD Bueumelt epenty, sn mperenax Koroporx oGecneimuaeTes Hopwaniian snenayaranis. B-HopMariDHo: TeXmINECKOH AoKymenrauun (HT/L) sa ruspoocopyaonanine. yReaunaior. padotie Suaverni, xannrarnuecx aa bextopos, Bmperenax Koropsx oGecnevinaeten coxpa- rated , H SKOHOMHYECKH Tenecoobpastinit cpoK cy ROLt ave I pone ane axropon, MpH KOTOpEIxX rHxpooGopyfoBanne upes- wae pana Tete He Gonee 6 wont oxaoarocs » npolce axenayara- a6ounMH, H HaneAHA AOAC coxpatiat paGorocnocobiioers c om ‘oF HoMinans IYCTUMBINIH OTHeOM eaaaeee YKaSbIBACMBIX B TEXHHYCCKHX YCMOBHAX: or aeeneien ceeceee joc NpeKpauenaa yelicrBHs 971 sans Megane teat MX MpeenbHBIX pa6ounx stavennit nocera- ara emneHOTH, or Boagelicrsna KamMarHueckHx dakTopop B npouecce sKenay- HMECKHX YOROBAAX Ha KOHKpeTHise BILAN THRPOOGOPyAOBANHT Ykasbpalor KAMMATHMECKHE HeHomHeNs HM AONYCTHMbIe OTKAOMeHHA Mapanerpon 1st AOnyctuMsre OTKOHeHHA mapay Coraacno TOCT 15150—69 rey Kaumatiyeckne pafionsi, TTocrapasi ePHTOPHA sextHoro mapa padKeneia Ha waxpo- B StH palionbt ws x eA AON i - Sar cement cay Illa ee , KepHayIOULelt RoswelicTBHE 1K: 4 ren enc bene B Nipejenax AanHoli reorpaduyeckoi ee cogeennaen onery as, BURN “KauNanivecKix dartopen oie epent wt wnoromerit eee es OMbLOTO KOMIMYCCTBA MOGHJIDHEIX MallHH C OObEMHBIM THApO- ne 1 gnokasaa. <70 nexreparypa Bienict cpexW okastsaer HaHGoapinee Ba suet 1ocoHiocTh ruapooGopyaonanun [4, 5, 10, 12, 14, me qocniporcmariterKony pallony ¢ yatepenniun xausamow orwocsres pals TRE epenina Hs exronnsx abcomoristx Malennywos Texneparypa nosKyxa pasta » a Cpenlina Hs exeroANIIX aGcomoTitAx Patypa Bosayxa pasiia na noite wunye 45°C (nenonuente Yn pb xonopaamhokamntarusesxouy paony © xoaoduntn eaunamon OrHocstes pao, PMETOMHBIX AOCOMOTHBIX ATMHENYMOB TeMMepatyp a BosAyXa 10 woke smuye 45°C (enoaienne XVI), B stom o6mmpriom no Tepputopuy palione HauGonee HiaKHe TeMMepaTy pel BoaAyxa (aScomoTHBIe MuHUMyMBI — Oo MuHyC 60°C H HWDKE) JUINTeRDHOCTHIO 10 6 4 TOAPAA B SHMHNE nepHoR NMeIOT BeOATHOCTS BOS- HuKHOBeHHst ORE pas B70—80 ner. AGcoamoTisl sumOtyM TeMMepaty pst BOSAYXA, KoTopad GuiBAer OM pas B Ava ToRa AsIHTeMLUOCTHIO 5—6 w MOAPAA, HaxoRHTCs B npenesax or munye 20 n0 mnnye 60°C. "Tins MOOHABHDIX MaILHI BOSMOXKEH NepepLis B paGore, HosToMY B KaveCTBE OCHOB- Horo KaMMaTHYecKOTO (akTOPA, HEOOXOAKMOTO AAs PaceTa H MIPOEKTHPOBAHHA OGbEM- Horo THAPOMPHBONA, caeLyer NIpHHNMaTh cpeHee sHaveNHe Texmepatyps OKPY2KA- youlero Bostyxa MHHyc 50°C B Teuenme naTH cyToK nonpan (120 u) ¢ noBTops: eyoctslo OH pas B5 wer. Credonarenbio, ATA HakeKHoH sxcnayaralliH MO- GHADHBIX MalUMH ¢ OGbEMHDIM THAPONPHBOTOM B pafioHax XOMOAMOTO KamHMATA OHH ROMKHD ONT paccHHTalbl Ha HEMCHeHHe TeMnepaTypsl HOSAYXA B Mpenestax OF NAtoc 25°C. 20 mnnye 50°C. Hones B creuwanbiiom apkruueckom ucrionenn 2218 paitonon c ovens x000d- Ho KauMamom, The CpenHAN MuMUManbHas TeMnepatypa HiDKe MHAyc 60°C, Haro~ ‘ropamot wit AutapKTHAL. K MakpoksuMmaruueckomy pailony c @rasiHoim mponutecKum KausamoM OTHO- eaten palloubt, B KOTOpbIx coueranve Temneparypst, pannoll waH puILLe 20°C 1 OTHO~ San ep arauccun, pantiof nam oie 80 56, HaOmozaeren mpunepHo. 12 MK Gonee Yacos B CYTKK 3a HenpepsiHEl nepuon oT 2 Ao 12 MecueR B roxy (Heo nenne TB). Palioubt, B KOTOpBIX CpeAHAA Ha exKETOAIX aGCOMOTHBIX MaKCHMYMOB TeMITe- patypa wostyxa suile naioc 40°C, otHocates K Makpoxaumataueckomy pakony C cyxuM mponurecum Kaunamos (acnomienne TC). Vsnema B ucnomennsx ¥ un XJI moryt 9xcnayatuponateen = Tenstoll Mu aKapxoll © govax CCCP no FOCT 16350—80, 8 KoTopix cpemlian us eKeronMEIX a6coMOTHBIX MaKCHMYMOB Tenneparypa Bosayxa Bole Toc 40°C nam coveranHe Textnepatypst, papHolt WAR nule rigidc 20°C M oTtocuTenbHoh BaxaxkHocTH, paBHo Han Bune 80%, HaG2I0- haere Gonee 12 4 B cyTKH 9a HenpepiiBnull nepHon Gonee AByX mecaeD B TORY. Jlis o6ostaienua mecta pasmemenua Hazel 8 aKcHayarauHouHolt ROKyMeNTaltHHt, ‘a Take Na SaBOACKOH TAGMUKe, TAE ROMKeH OLIN MpHBeReN THM (MapKa) THAPO~ OGopyAOBaHHs, NlocHe YKagaKus KIMMATHYeCKOTO HerlOMHeHHA ykasbiBaloT KaTeTO- piuo pasMemennA IN SKonAyaTAK Ha OTKpEITOM BosAyxe (1), TOK WaBecoM HAH B riomenentiax (2), B SaKpsTLX noMewennax (3), B 3aKPBITHX OTAMNDACMEIX HA OXAaKAACMEX MPOUSBOACTREHHLIX nomeuennax (4) HB MoMeULeHUAX (B TOM ANCHE B-MOAEMHLIX) ¢ NOBLIMIEHHOM BAAKHOCTSIO (5). Tipu costanuh MOGMADIDIX MaMIMH H TpHMeHeHNN rHApasaNecKoro OGopyROBA- fia HEOGXOMNMO YUHTHIBATS PEXHMEL H ycuOBHA Hx oKenayaTauN. Tax, HANpHMeP, OMHOKOBIUODHIe SKCKABATOPH, Gyabsosepst, aBTorpeligepHt, cTpeTODKIe cAMOXOANBE Kpauibt, MOrpysYHKu, KONpoBoe OGopynonaune sKcrtyamHpylOoTen B TeveHHe BCerO Toh, 2 WINEKO-POTOPHBIe H MAY:KNBe CHeTOONNCTHTEAH, CHeTONOPYSINKH, PEIXsTH- ‘Test Mepsoro FpyHTa npeluasHavenM jAna 9KcayaTauuN B OceHte-suMHHA H TIpe- HuyulecteeHio B 3HMHHi nepHon, MHorne MeMHopaTHBHLte MaMIHHEI JK CTpoHTesb- Crea OPOCHTeNbHKIX H OCYLINTEADHBIX Kalladdo, 9KCMAYaTANWM MemHOPATHBMBIX CH Crem eHocoGom FHjIpoMexallUgallHM, @ TAKAKe GeToHOTpAHCHOpTHLLe MaUIHHEI H TEXHO~ Tornieckoe OGopyfoBatNe AIA NpONaBONeTBA CTPOHTeABIEIX mMarepHamoB 9KCmAY- aupyiores p palonax © yuepennt x sapiant KamoaroM mH TeanepaType Bosayxa He Hike 1.4, OCHOBHBIE TEXHHYECKHE TPEBOBAHHA, NPEADABIAEMBIE K OBbEMHOMY THAPOMPHBOLY MOBHJIDHbIX MALIA 1.4.1. Tpe6osanua K ruqpoobopysoBaHHio B cpasu co cneuubuveckuMn pexHMaMH YoNOBHAMH SKcTUyaTalUH CTPO~ HTeADUBIX, ROPOKULX, KOMMYHAMbULIX M APYTHX MOGHADHBIX MaMIHH K THAPOOGOPY- RoBanilo MpexbaBASIOTeR csleyIoU\He TpeGoBAHts: it i | crolikocts porn sH6panun, samumenHocts ot mum, npucnocobsenHocTs K paGote B UIHPOKOM AWanasoHe HsMeHena TeMnepatyp OKpy%KaloMlaro Bosmyxa: Rast Malu, SKoMAYaTApYeMLIX B pailoHax C YMepeHHDiM KsMMaTOM,— or nmoc 40 70 Mnuye 40°C; As MaiLHH, MpenwasHayeNHEIX jut pa6oTH B ycmOBAAX xouoAHOrO Kaumara, — oF moc 25 40 munye 50°C; Ana wauiNH TponnYecKoro HenoAMeNHA — or nme 45 20 muHyc 10°C; YMeHbillenne Ta6apuTiMIX pasMepOB, MACCHI, MOMAYH HACOCUBIX YCTAHOROK, eM KocTit THgpocucrems!, GakoB M pacxona padovell aKNAKOCTH 9a CHET MOBBILEHHA jax BHeHHs B THAPocHCTeMa: HoMmuanbHoro ot 5 Ao 12,5 H MaKeuMannuoro of 6,3 xo 14 MITa naa MallINH H TexHOAOFHNeCKOrO OGOPYAOBANKA JMIst NpousRORCTBA CTPONTENBAHX MatepHason, BLIYCKaeMbIX ¢ rHApoobopymoBaniem MuncTaHKonpoma; Homunanbrioro ot 10 20 16 (i xastee 40 20) MITa u maKcumaabuoro or 16 Ho 20 (H nace no 25) MITa juin aemaepolitio-rpancnoprunix, opoxHo-crpo- HTCMbNDIX, MeqMOPATHBHBIX, KOMMYHAABHMIX H APYHX MauLNH, arperarHpy- eMBIX C TpakTOpaMH H HCMONbsyiONLAX ruxpooGopyoBanue MuHcenbxogMallia; HoMHHanbHoro or 16 70 20 Mila u maxcumaapuoro or 25 20 32 MIla Aux senirepoiluD.x, NONSeMHO-TpaHCMOPTHBIX M APYCHX MaulMH, KoMTUTEKTY- enbix rHApooGopyqonalines, usroToBAAeMbiM sanonamn Munetpolizopmauia; HomnHaabHoro 20 25—32 MIla, maxcumanbuoro no 32—40 MITa u xpar- Koppementoro 10 40—63 MIa js’ BioBb paspaGaThBaembix H OCBaMBaeMiIx MallNH ¢ THAOMPHBOROM Ha Gade HOBOTO THAPCOBOPYROBAHNA, MOAMERKalllero ugrotosenii0 sanonamn BIIO «Coioscrpoiirnapowauin; HcHoabg0naHHe pH 9KenayaTaKHH He Goulee ABYX CopToB pabounx rKHAKOCTeM Ha Hepranoll CcHoBe, COBMECTHMBIX C PeSHHOTEXHNMECKHMH, TOMMMepHIMH H APY- THMH HoneqHsMn; OGecnevenHe pasxenbHOrO M CYMMapHoro HaMeHeHHA paouero oGeMa THApO- Mallu ¢ peryJaTOpaMH AWCKpeTHOO HM HenpepupHor xelieTBUA, ynpaBnnembinn abTOMATHNECKit B SaBUCHMOCTH OT BHeUINell HArPYaKH HAH MalLHNWcTOM-onepaTopOM © MoMOUIbIO GAOKOB rHAPABANYECKOTO HTH SNeKTPOrHAPaBAMECKOrO ynpaBseHHs; yBeanyeHve TexHHYecKOrO pecypca rHAPOOSOpyOBAKHA NyTEM: TOBBIMEHHs TOHKOCTH OMNCTKH PaGoUnX rKUsKoCTeMt 40 10 KM; NOBLIEHHA TOUKOCTH U KayecTBa OGpaGoTKH jeTaseli; TpUMeHeHHS MOAWHINHKOB Kaveunst NoBbIULeHHOrO Ksacca TOUNOCTH H OH MerauaHsallnn CONPsXKEHHBIX HOBepxHOCTel TPeHUs; Yauhuxaltna paspaGarsisaemsix ycrpoiicra, paciipee o6aacTH npHMeHeHus M COKpaileHHa BLINYcKaeMoll HOMeHKJaTy pu; MpHcMOcoGeNHOCT K TeXHHECKOMY OGcY.KUBAHHIO, BKMOUAR npHMeHeHHE cpexcrs TexHMYecKOrO AMarHOCTHPOBANUA fIX ONpeneAeHHA napamerpoB TexunYe- Koro cocTORHA H pekuMoD HarpyxenHs OGbeMHOrO THAPONPHBORA Henocpen- eTBeHHO B YCnOBHAX SKcnuyaTalNN MOOHABEBIX MALIK. Tuixpavanveckoe o6opyfonanne maccoit Oontee 40 Kr AomKHO cHaGxaTbCA np cnocoSaentismit 2am MOrpySKH M TpalicnopTupopanna, Bee pesbGonnie coeaHHeHHA LOKI MMeT HANeKHYIO (UKCAMLO, HeKmMOYAIOULyIO caMonpousBonbHoe OTBHHYHBAHMe HA Hapyulenne peryampopanus ruapaBanyecKoro o6opyfonaHHsl. 3anoq — usroropHTenb rumpaBaHYecKoro OGopyzoBaHua AOMKeH yKasEIBaTe B okcayaTaNHOHHO!t JOKYMeHTaLNH cHenyiOMWMe AatbIe: HaMMeHORAHHe H THN TH Apapsnveckoro oGopynoBaiius, yexosHoe OGosHaYeNHe H ero OGEACHEHME, OcHOBHLIE Napamerpst, raGapuTHble H MpitcoemUAHTeNbHBIe pasMepEl, HasHareHHe H YemoDHT TpHMeHenus, MoKasaTeAM HAAeKHOCTH HAN JOAFOReUHOCTH, A TAKIKE APYTHE CBEAEHUA B CooTaeTeTaHH CO cTaliapTaMH Ha THApABAUYecKOe OOOpyAOBAHe, OTPACNeBLINH TeXHHUECKHMM YcuOBHAMH H APyroll HOPMaTHBHO-TexHHecKOli 20 KyMeHTauNell, yTBepaneHHol B yctatosmeHHom nopaaKe. Baku m Apyrie emKOCTH, HaxOAAUUHECH NON AAB/EHHEM, LOMKHBI COOTBTCTBOBATE «(Ipasusam yetpoitcrsa H Gesonackoctu skcnuyaTauun CocyoB, PaboTalouX nok RaBnenuen», yrBepxnennim Tocroprexuanaopom CCCP (FOCT ‘12.2,040—79). Hanpabaenue npamenus rumpoarperaton w ycrpolicrs, HMEIOU\NX TOABKO OAHO- cTopontiee Bpautenue, AomXHO Grit OGoaHareHo crpenKoll. 2 Tipu paspa6orke Hoporo rHapooGopyaonanus HeoSxonHMO mpexycMatpHBath BOSMOKHOCTS OGeTYEHHOTO AOCTYNA K YIMIOTHUTENDUBIM eTAMAM AAT WX KONTPOMA 1H sanenss 1.4.2, TpeGosanun K rugapocuctemam TIpn npoextuponannnt HoBnx MaMIHH ¢ OGbeMHEIN THAPOMPHBOOM HeOBxoAHMO: paapa6orats TuApanamueckylo CxeMY M CorsacoBATb ce c osoBHO;t MpoeKTHOli oprainsaunel un mpuiats paapadoraniylo TIMOBY!O THAPABANYECKYIO CXeMY TPH: nofa paGovero OGopysonanusi H XOROBOTO MexaHHsMa. paccunratp ocHoBHBIe MapameTps H BEIGPat yAMpulApoBanttoe ruApaBaHyEcKoe oGopynonanne, coornetcrayione ynaorHeHis x paGoute 2xuAKocTH. TIpH 9ToM TO- TepH MOULHOCTH, MepexonAULie B Tent, cHeMYeT ONpEAeAAT B BHE CpeAHUX aHa- wewni 9a paGownit unKa no dopmyse (7.1), yeranosHemytocn temneparypy padouelt 2KHAKOCTH — no opuyste (7.2), a MpoRowMKNTEALHOCTL ROCTIDKEHHT yeraitOBHBULeTOCH ‘Tenoporo coctoaunn — no opayse (7.3); MpexYcMaTpHBATL MpHMeHCHHe cHCTeM ruAponpHBOAA c saMKuyTOM UNpKyaR- Unell, BKO“AR THAPOMepERAIH XOAOBLIX MexAHHSMOB MaluMH C MOTOP-KomecaN, H DUCOKOMOMEHTHEIX THAPOMOTOPOB THNA MP, NpenayinecTBeHHO AA GespexyKTop- HOTO MpHBOAa HCNOAHUTENDHDIX MeXAHHSMOB BpallaTenbHOrO ABHAKEHAS C ombLNNM KpYTaUIHM MOMeHTOM. Tuapocncrentst MOSHsIDHBIX MaILUM ROKHEL Gort OGopyAoBants: Yctpolicrban UIs BLINYCKA BOSAYXA U9 MECT BOIMOKHOTO ero cKonMeHHT; Yerpoiicrsamu JMiA Npemoxpanenusd H OUNCTKH paGoyel 2%KUAKOCTH OT sarpas- Henna; NpefOxpanHTenbHBIMH ycrpolicTRaMH, HacTpoeHiLIMH Ha jlaBgeHHe, paBHoe MaKCHMambHOMY KpaTKoapenenHomy; Yaaarenaun ypopus padovell aKHAKOCTH B peaepayapax; , RavUNKaMM ANH ANCTANMNONHOTO HaMepeHlHs NaBeHHA, Teanepary pul H yerpoit- CTBAMH JUIA MOMKMONEHHS HM YCTAHOBKH HSMePHTeNBHBIX NPHGoPOB B KaOHHe MaLLH- unera (Bonwtens); ‘TAGAHYKAMH C HaANHeAMH, NOACHMOMNMH HasHateHHe H NOpAAOK Manty.tipo- BAUS PYKOATKAMH, KHOMKAMH, pery.1NPOBOUHLIMH BHHTAMM H ApyrHMM yerpolicrBantit ynpaazenns; TPH HeOOXOAHMOcTH — yerpolicraaMM JIA NOOrpeDA HAH OXsAXAeHUS paGoueit AKWAKOCTH, a TAKIKE PerysInponana ce TeMMepaTypEt. Paameurene rHApooGopyAoBaHus Ha MallIKHe AowKHO OGecreYBaTh ysoGCTBO ccMorpon H MponexenHe penonTon. Tenmepatypiuti pexuM M PeXHM HarpysKH THAPOCHETENBI AOIDKUAL KoHTpOM- povaTbes cheuMabHBIMH NpHOOpaMH, YCTAHOBTEHHBINH B KAGuNe MaluNHNCTa (BOA~ ‘rens). Koutpomb 38 BASKOCTHIO paGowell AUAKOCTH MPH sKcTayaralLNH ZOmKeH OCY- UleCTBAATHCR KOCRHHO, NyTeM HaGmMOReHNA 3a TeMMepatypol paGoyeh %KNsKOCTH H paGorocnocoSkocTsI9 THApooBopynoBaHHs. Tuapocuctema nokia Ours Tepmeruunoil. Yreukn paGoveli xuAKoCTH Yepes HeNOABWKHLIE COCAMHEHH M YIVOTHEHUS, CTeHKH geTasel, cBAapHBIe HM pesbOoBEIe CoeAMHeHHA B ANanagoHe LaBACHHA OT HYNeROTO LO MAKCHMAMDHOTO H MpolKHOBeHHe BosAYXxa, OCOGeHHO BO BCacbIBAlOMy!O THAPOAMHMIO, He AoMycKaIoTCR. Tipu paspaGorke oGbemHux THAPONPHBOAOB MamMH H OGopysoBatns, npeaia- sHaveHHBIX AAR paGoTH B pallowax C XOAORHEIM KaNMaTOM, CHEMYeT PYKOBORCTBO- Batéca TpeOopaniinmn TOCT 14892—69 «Maununs, mpHOopst u ApyrHe TexunuecHe H3NeAMS, MpeqHasHaeHHue ANA 9KCHAYaTAlAH B palioHax ¢ XOJOMMLIM KHMATOM>, a TaKKe pexomensatamn BHMMcrpoligopmama, paspadoranwuimn Wa ocione pe- aysbraTon SxcepHMenTasbHEIX HecmexOBaHHii paSoTocnocoGHocTH ruApaDANEcKorO OGopyaonaist M MalUNH C OOLEMHBIM THAPONPHBOROM B YCHOBHSX HMSKEX TeMme- aryp. "Fan YMeHbUIeHHA MOTepbh AABMEHHA B THAPOCHCTeMaX NOMKHEI OLITD MPHHATEE caeayiouie MepBt: TPYOOMPOBOAM, OCOGeHHO BCACKIBAIOMINe, LOMKHEI HMeTb HaHMeHbULyIO Mpo- ‘TaKeHHOCTH; i CKOpocth MOTOKa 2KUAKOCTH jAAA BcACHIBAIONLHX, CAMBHLIX H HanopHutx tpy6o- Npovogos He JomxHa MpeBLMAT> sHaveHHit, yKasAHNLIX B Tas. 7.1, KoxppunHeHT NoTepb awateHHa no Jue TPySonpoBOAa H MecTHDIX NoTepb B ynpABAMOMHX H BCTIO- MoraTesbHLIX yerpolleTBAx He LOMKNL MpeBLMATL sHaveNHii, NOAyenMEX mo dhop- mystam (7.4) w (7.5), € yueTO UeHgoTepMHMHOrO TeYeHHA »HAKOCTH, a BYTpeHAME Ritasterput TpySonpoBonOn CHCTEMHI AUCTANLMOHHOTO ynpaBNeHHA H THAPOABTOMATHKH RowKHB onpexenatecs no dopmyse (7.6) C YueTOM MpexenbNOrO NanpmKeHHA cnpura to; B cay¥ae MpHMelicHns aKcHambHO-NOPUINEBLIX HacocoR ¢ yacroTO!t BpaleHuA, mpespittiaioutelt HOMMAAMbHYIO, H pH Como nporsxeHocTH BcactIBaIOULX Tpy6o- Mponogos B Gake Ait paGoveli HAKOCTH ueeCOOGPAsHO CoILaRATl HaGLITOTHOR Jabrenne WAM OGecrernBATS AaBNeHNe HoANUTKH He MeHee 0,03—0,05 Mla, B ruaponpinoxe c pasomkHyTol WupKyaauelt Hacoc HeOOXOAMMO YerallabsuBatb minke ypoBit paGovel AHAKOCTH D GaKe He Menee yem Ha 0,5 mM. Moxio yeranaBau- BaTL Iacoc HeMtocpercrBeHHo B GaKe, WTO COANT K MHHNMyMY MoTepH jabseNHA Ha Beacuipanun W yayswaer TeMmepatypuble YenonHs paGors, HO MpHROAHT K He- yao6crbam B oGcay2KUBaNHH. 2. ABOYHE )KAAKOCTH 2.1. HASHAYEHHE MH OCHOBHBIE TPEBOBAHHA, TIPEADABIAEMBIE K DKHAKOCTAM PaGovar 2KHAKOCTD B THAPONPHBOLE CAYKUT ANT MepenaNH sHeprAH OT BxOR- Horo speva (Bata Hacoca) K BbIXOAWOMY (Baily rHApoRBHraTena). Kpome storo, ola apagercn cMasnBaoulell H AKTHKOPPOSHOHHOM CpeOl H BENOAHAeT elle PAR BAXKILIX ymxuni, onpexermouyx sxcnayarannonnble cBOMCTBA M TeXHNKO-9KOHOMUNECKHe TloKasaren ruiponpuBoxa. [pm BuGope H NpHMeHeHHM paGouell xMAKOCTH caeRyer YUHTIBAT ee SKcrMYaTAlMOHHBe CBOfcTA, KOTOpHe, B CBOIO ONepeRb, saBucaT or mHOTHx ¢bakTOpoB, TecHo cBABANHIIX C YenOBHAMMH SkcnayaTalLH K pa6ownm oKHAKOCTAM, MpenuasiateniEM ANA THAPONPHBOOB MoCHsBHAX Malu, SKCTUyaTHpYeMbIX Ha OTKPSITOM nosnyxe, mMpeRBABARIOTeR cuemyIoMNe ociiopliite TpeGonanna. PaGowaa XUAKOCTS ROMKHA OGAKATS XOPOUINMH cMasbIBAIOMMMH H AHTHKOppO- SHOMMBIMH CBOficTBANH MO OTHOWIeHNIO K crasH, 4yryHY, Oponise H amomuuHeDbin cnaapan; BBICOKO!! npoTHBONeNHO; cTOHKOCTSIO, HCK.MOYaIoUIel OOpasonanHe BO3- AYUIHO-MacHAHO! cyCTeHsHH M OTHOKEHE CMOMHCTHX OCARKOB, BUIgIBAIOMINX OGAM- ‘Tepauuio MpoxoANBIX KanHJIAPHLIX KallanoB H ApocceasUIX utesIel B THAPOOGOpy- AOvAHUK; TepMUecKO!l H THAPOTHTHYECKOR CTaGUAbHOCTLIO B Mpoecce 9KenayaTa- MMMM xpaneniis. Alaa oGecrevenus pa6otocnoco6ocnt Hacocos B pallonax ¢ XoAOAHDIM KAHMaTOM paGouar XNAKOCTS NOWKHA HMeTb TeMneparypy sactoBaHKA Ha 10—15°C mnKe BOsMOKHO! paGouell TeMNepaTy pL, BASKOCTH.pu Mamoc 50°C — He menee 10 m/c, pu amityc 40°C — ne Gosee 1500 mut/c, a taKoKe uHpoKHit Temnepaty pret npeser MpHMeNeituR Mo YenOBHIO MpoKayMBaenocTH HacocaMH pasanYAHIX THnoB, Jlyuuel TPHHATO CUNTaT TaKYIO paGo¥yIO %*HKOCTD, BASKOCT KOTOPOHL Mam HIMEHAETCA pH USMeHeHHH Tetteparypst. PaGowax >KNAKOCTL ROMKHa OGecreNMBaTs ycToiNHBy!O pa6oTy HacocoB, no- CTORHCTRO pexkuMa THAPOT|PUBOAA H COXPaHsT cMasoNHBIe CBolicTBA; AOsAHBI OBIT UckmOMeHDI YpesMepHie YTENKH MPH BBICOKAX TeMMlepaTypax HM upeaMepuble NoTepH AaBaeHUA NpH HHSKHX TeMMepaTy pax. Pa6oune 2xMAKOCTH He JONKHH paspyttatses, MOPTHTSCA H OKasHIBATe BpeRHOe Bosfelicraue Ha SneMeHTH THAPONPHBONA, 7. €. ROIMKHD ObITh COBMECTHMDI C MaTe- Panam THRpOCUCTeMLI, a TIPH SaMeHe He LOMKHDI ueTyNAT BO BsaMMOseltcTENE © gameHsemoft 2KUsKOCTLIO. a B rugpocucremax stecosaroronntenbibix, CTPOHTeALILIX, LOPOXKMLIX, MeAHOpa- TMBHUX, KONMYHANBHKIX H APYFHX MOOHIBHDIX MAMI B KaYecTBe PAGOUHX 2KHAKO- Crefi npunensior Maca va uedranoit ocnone. Onn OGsanaloT pALOM TlonoMTeMbEETX Kavecrb, HanGonee BaxKibIMi 3 KOTOPHIX CaeMYeT CuTATS AOCTYMUOCTS HX TONY- MeuHs H HeBbIcoKyIo cronMocts. Has yryumrenHin 9KenAyaTaKHONHLIX cBoficTa B CO- crab paGounx xNKOCTel BRORAT MpHtCARKH. ‘ Tipu BuiGope paGounx »xuKoCTel caTeRyeT NPUITIMATb BO BHUMaHHe Hx HaNConee BAKHBIe CBOHCTRA: NAOTHOCTH, BASKOCTS, CMASbIBAIOULYIO CHOCOOHOCTS, aHTHOKHCAH- TembHHe, aHTHKOPPOsHONHEe, aiTHMeHtHite coolicTBa, CoBMECTHMOCTm C KOMMOHeH- TaMH THAPOCHCTENBI, GHSHYECKYIO H XHMITMeCKYIO CraGusbHOCT B Mpouecce SKCIITY- avaulun m xpaHenHs. i 2.2, OCHOBHBIE CBOACTBA KMAKOCTER "8 Taornocrs skugKoctH — disiveckas BeNHYNHa, XapakrepHsyiomad oTHoUIeHHe Macht m 2uKOCTH K ee obemy V: p= mv, Tlnornocts paGoanx skukocreit sapucuT or Temmeparypst H AaBenus (pHc. 2.1), olla umeer Gombiloe sHaveHHe MPH pacueTe CKOPOCTH U TeHeHNA XAHAKOCTH Yepes MecTHHe COMpOTHBJeHHM, TAK KaK MoTepH jaBAeHHA Ap gaBiicAT oT moTHOCTH >2KHAKOCT Ap = pv¥/2. OrnocuTenbHoe wameHeuvie OGEMA 2XNAKOCTH pH HSMeHeHIM TeMmeparypst a 1°C xapaitepnayeren TeMnepatypHnim Kooypuusrenrom (°C 4) o6vemtioro pac- umpenna, B= Avi(VAT), rae Vm AV — coornercrneito nayaapiath oOvext Ht npupamenne oGuena; AT = Ty — Ty — Wosenetite rewneparyper MuAKOeTH OT Mavaaeioro alaveHun Ty No KoWeMoro Ty. C yuerom sanauun Tewmepatypst usMeHenne oSbena AV m o6vem paGovelt akuaxoctn V; mpi tewmepatype 7; panit: AV = BVAT; Vy = V(L-+ BAT). Tlnortoet pasoveli xugKocTH mpw texnepatype T= Ty-+ AT Pr = pr/(1+ BAT), PAE Py — NAOTHOCTn 2UAKOCTH MPH NayaabuOR TeMMepatype Ty. Buavenna texnepatypHoro Kosppunuettra OObeMHOrO pacimmpeHUm Ava THApA- pauveckux macen BMTS 1 oo mpuneenit na pute. 2.2. nuts up passew Cpenuee sHavenne Kosmxunnenra oGvemtoro pacupen 0,1 Milan temeparype 50°C cocrananer: ain BMPS 9-108°C, aa MU-30 8,5 X X 10°C; npu stom TemmeparypHoe : pacumpenne o6bema sTHx xuRKOCTe! co- — Hrh2/H orperctaenio paptio 0,09 u 0,085 % npx narpesannn wa 1°C,'Sro HesHasrenb- Hoe HaMeiteiue oGbena xuAKocTH Bee Ke 480 HeOOXOANMO YUNTEBATS pH pacieTe H TpoekTupoparinn rusponepenad ¢ saMK- 960 nyrofi uupKyzaunell noToKa. Bosnoxkuocts paspyutenun satemet- yg rob oGsemHoit ruAponeperaun o6ycn0s- wiewa pasiulell p aHalenusx Temnepa- ‘rypuoro — Kosdypuitenta — oGremuoro 420 pacumpena paouell »1AKOCTH H ate- gone 920) 900 880 860 300, 60 7, a, 0 40 60 T, ic, 2.1. SaBncusocTH nAoTHOCTeH rHapa 20-40 60 T,C 20 4 re Pade Game Sp eng ae, x 7 oe" teg-1 Puc. 2.2. Sanuenmocrn reuneparypatix Biotec BOK ecéininon oentorg Bac angunna Tuapananeennx “nace (a) Aaa a6 MF"30°(6) or Tewneparypr m nansennn Z tel ot! [> Tata, m3 Koroporo uarorosaens 14 Suemettrst THAponepenaun, Tak KaK B 90 4—4a,2| e 3 pr ce SAMKHYTOM OGBeMe AHAKGCTH MPH ee 7 HarpesanuH MOrKeT ROSHHKHYTb He- 51 20 | 9 [oT onycTHMo BbICoKoe jaBnenue. [To- a qe [-} —bauenne xapenun Ap npn narpesa- | 3 30, HHH paGoyeit KHAKOCTH B 3aMKHYTOM so Lo OGseme (Hanpumep, B rHaponMAHHA- 42 74 fz Pe) npu HameneHHH Tennepatyps ot Fi =o parypi T; 40 T2 Ap = (B — By) ATI(B'K), 50 50 07% 530 50 OTC one g, —Temneparypimi Kosbbunnent 4) 3) CBbemopo ipucsapeti matensaa Coe ee ee are te Horo oxern nomKoor, xapaxrepioyiouih yucunrcnne obueie nox ater, KS (Pe Moogguteat. sapanropionoust Qoeutees Supetet maken cohen padorels minktcrs lain abeoeny eect enn 78. ‘Yuurotpas, 70 texmeparypabiit Kos(ypuuuenT oGbemtioro pacwMpeHNA MeraaTOB uamenseres or 3,6-10° (aaa cram) 20 7-108 °C! (nam Spongul), H npHuuMaR nam ruapasauyeckux mace BMI'3 n MI-30 cpequee auaveune B= 8,75-10, B’ S510 n= 1, nonyunae 8,75-10-4 —-5,3-10-8 aps AP CreqosatenbHio, ¢ nosbimenHem Temmepatypst paGouelt axuaKocTH na 1 °C aaBne He B GaMKHyToM OGbeMe Moxer YsemHuHTECH npUMepHO Ha-0,97 MITa. Tlostomy B PHAPONPHBOAAX ¢ GaMKHYTOR UMpKYaRUNel, SkeMAyaTUpyeMBIX TPH WHPOKOM ja Nagle usMeHeHHA TeNTepatyps paovell xNAKOCTH, LOMKHLI OLITs ycraHoBeH, Npemoxpanurensuste KaanaNbl WAM ApyrHe Yerpolicrsa, KoMMeHcHpyioulue TeNTepa- ‘TYpHOe yeenuueHHe oGbeMa 2AAKOCTH. Baskocts (wan BuytpenHee TpeHie) sBbuseTcH CBolicTROM >KHAKOCTH OKagLIBaTD Conporupuenue cABHry OAHOTO cio OTHOCHTENIBHO Apyroro nom jellcTBHeN Kaca- TeabHof cHaibt BHYTPeHHerO TpeHUs. HanpsrxeHUe T TENA cormacHo saKony He1o- ‘olla NponlopnuoHasHo Tpaguenry cKopocra duldy: ndvldy, 9,67 AT ~ 0,97 MMa dp= t orkyna 1 = w(doldy) = (F/S)K(doldy), re 1 — Koxpbiutent nponopytonaabHocTH, HAN ANNALIECKAN BASKOCTH 2KURKOCTH; y — PAccTOAMME MexAY CAOAMN XNAKOCTH, HsMepeHttoe HepnenAUKyKpHO K Hanpabselino AON 2KellHA rKUAKOCTH (paaNye Tpy6onpovoAa); F — cna BAytpellero Tpeuus, KoTOpan Ael- crayer Ha Monepxocts pasxena ABYX caGeR %HAKOCTH; S — MOMLaAl CO. Caegoparenbio, AuHamHuecKan BASKOCTb, NPOsIBAMOMaRcR AMUN MPH TeveHKH 2KHAKOCTH, YHCHeHHO PaBHa cHse TPeHA, PasBUBaIoMelicn Ha eRMHHYHOH TOBepx- HOCTH TIPH TpanuenTe cKopocTH, paBKon ene. B NoKosulelicn KUAKOCTH Kaca- TeabHBIe HanpAKHHA paBHbt HyaI0. Equnuueli Autannteckoht paskocra spanetca 1 Ma-c, Tipu mpairuyeckux pacuetax ABiaKeHHA KUAKOCTH YacTO TpeGyeTcH yunTHBATD He TOKO BASKOCTS, HO H SABHCHMOCTS CHI BHYTPeHHerO TpeHHI OT Hep NOTOKA axugKoctn. Tlostomy nosbaylored oTHOleHMeN KosppiueHTa AHHAMHYecKOl BAS~ KOCTH T] K MNOTHOCTH >KHAAKOCTH P, KOTOpoe HasbiBAeTCR KUHEMATHUECKON BABKOCTEIO: v=o. Equuuueli Kunematayeckolt Baskocta apaserca 1 w/e. 16 B HopmatupHo-rexuuyeckHx AOKYMeHTaX OGLINHO YKasbIBaIOT SHlaveHNe KUMEMa- Tuveckol BasKocmt np 100 nan 50°C (Yop Hull Vso). Baskoct XUAKOCTH 3aBHCHT OT XHMHMECKOTO cOcTaRAa H CTPOeHHA yraeBonopo- 2OB, H3 KOTOPHX OHA CocTouT, OT TeMMepaTypEI H AaBACHNS. HanGo/lee BaxKkHbN aktopom, OxasbinaioMUM BAHLSHe Ha BASKOCTE, ABsAeTeH Tewmepatypa. SaBHCH- MoCTS BASKOCTH OT TeMMepaTypbl PASAHUNA JIA PAsHBIX TO CoctaBy paGO¥HX ‘KHAKO- creli. O6swHo c noBbueHHeM TeMNepatypH BASKOCTS %RUAKOCTEl yMeHbUIaeTeR. Baskoctio-remneparypliax sasucnmocts Mist paGowx %KNAKocTelt Ha HedraKol ocHone B Auanazoue Temneparypur oT noc 50°C Ao TeMHepaTypst Havasta sacrsiBa- HH HMeeT caexyiouuit oMimMpuuecknit BHA: Vag = V0 ex (A/T S)> THE Vy — cpemvee siavenie KHNeMaTHVecKOR BAsKOCTH MPH TewTepaTyDe Ty, (K), snut/e; Yao — KiltlemaTHueckan waskoeTs pa6oxel xNAKOCTH NpH nave 50°C; wMt/e; ANH a — Kosb- Ghunenta! annpoxemenpyrouus wepHaDt: PaGowas xu qkocre BMr3 AMI-10 MP-20 - MI-30 AMO Seeger 0,09 amelie 40 94 one . 3,06 3,06 3,77 3,91 Teveutne xHAKOCTeH, NaMeHeHHe BHyTpeHHero TpeHHA KOTOPHX HoRUANSETeR saKony Hutorona, xapairepuayerca Tem, 70 Aehopmalun B HX BosKHKaOT AaKe MPH GecKOHeHHO MABIX KACATEABUIIX MaNpHREHMAX. OpHaKo 3Ta 3aKOHOMepHOCTS oKasbiBaeTca HefelicTBHTeMbHO MpM HM3KMX TeMNepaTypax BcveACTBHe aHOMaTHH BaaKocta, B 9THX YenOBHAX paGouHe KUAKOCTH HaYHHAloT TeuL (AedpopmupoBaTscA) TOMBKO Tloce TOTO, KAK KACATEMbHOE HaNpsAKeHMe, BOSHUKaIoMKee BoMeRCTEMe pas- Hoctt AasneHnit B tpyConposone, MpessofiLer onpenenenHyio BeMHYNHY To, HaseiBa- emylo npexerbibim Hanpmxennem caura. Beaescrane stro B dopmyae (2.1) no- ABAAETCH eMe ORI HALE — Ty: t= t+ ndoldy, (2.1) FRE To — npeneabHoe HanpsrKenNe cneHra Bnavenus ty B saBucuMocTH oT Temmepatypst ja BMP3, ycrattonnennue sKe- TepunetttanbHo, mpunegenst H2 pic. 2.3. Baskocr paGounx »kunkoctelt ynenunnaeTca Cc NOBMIUIeHHEM AABeHUs, 470 CcobeHtio BaxKHO ANA OObeMHIX THAPOMepenAaY BHICOKOTO AaRAENUR (puC. 2.4) C nopuumernen xannenns or 0,1 20 40 MIa npu noctosunoli texmeparype natioc 50°C pasKocts pa6ownx aKuaKocteli BMI'3 m MI-30 yneanuusaerca » 1,6—2,3 pasa. Tipu nonmxenun texmepatypst Ha 20°C wx pasKoctD yBeauunpaetca B 2—2,5 pasa. Jka Gonee BasKoi vm %/o oe SKUAKOCTH ¢ MONIKER TeMMepaTypbl NH Mocromt- HOM aBqeHH BAaKOCTS YyBeMHYBAeTCA Gonee HH- — y6q ‘TeHCHBHO. Mla Baskocts paGovell 2upKOCTH OKasbIBAeT Herlo- 74g cpenersentioe BamsHHe Ha pa6owNe mpoueccst i sB- 40 120 vote %:10Na bad 50 a 40 3 80 20 4 so Re 60 3 | 40| 30 10 2 20 =p| 12 10+ 2s 20 ! one a6) o o Ow JO 40 50 60 70 7,C 30 40 50 60 70 7, “60 -50 -40 -30 7, a) o) Puc. 2.3. apucumocrs npeneav- Horo HanpamenuA cqaira. ty aaa rHapananieckoro wacna BMS ot ‘Tennepatypist 2.4. JapncumocrH KueMaTHuecKHX —naaKocTe Fuapapauaecnnx wacea BMT3 (a) ME-30 (6) OT n10- Alena H Testnepary pes ( . ENS THT t EAT JeHUs, MPOHCXOAAME KaK B OTAEMULIX aueMeHTAx THAPOOGOPYAOBAKHIS, TAK HBO Beelt rujpocucrexe. Tip upeamepHo BLIcoKoi BaSKOCTH HapyulaeTem enouHocTb NoToKa, MPOHCXOsNT HesarlomHeHHe padowMx KaMep Hacoca, BosHHKaeT sABNeHKE KabuTalluM, CHWXalorcA Monava HM pecype Macoca — HanGomlee OTRETeTReHHOTO ar- perata riapocncrent Skenayaranwonnsie caoiicrsa paGowx aKusKOCTell Mp HHSKHx TeMMepaTypax xapaktepusyiorea onycTuMofl BASKOCTHIO MH -NpoKauwBaemocTo10. —Temme- patypy, mp KoTopolt 2KWIKocTh Teper NOABHAHOCTS B saxaHHLIX ycnOBHAX (roc 20287—74), inpunsto cunrare tenmeparypoh aacraimannir. Jas wexmoxenna Kapwrallun Ha BXOe B HACoc H APYTHX HexKedaTembNDIX ABAeHHi B rHAPocHcTeMe ‘rewmeparypa sactiiBalinit paGounx 2KUAKOCTeM HOAKHA ObIT HiDKe BOSMOKHO! pabo- ueli temnepatypst wa 10—15 °C. Temnepatypa sactuipanua He xapaKTepHsyer nope- Jenne padowx rxnqKoctelt B TuAPOCHCTeMe MIpH HHSKHX TeMmepaTypax, mOsTOMy HanGonbilian RonyCTHMa BASKOCTS paGoyell %WKOCTH oMpenesere MO ee MPO KauuBaemocTH HacocoM MpH ompenenentof Temmepatype. Veenomsonarh pa6ouylo 2xiKOCTD © NOBUO! BAsKOCTbIO HaNGomee tteNeco- o6pasHo B THApoNpuBORe BUICOKOTO AaBeHU (oT 25 MIla M BHIMe), NocKOBKY pH 9TOM YMeHbilaiOTCA OOBeMHBIe MOTepH YEpes Mase SAsOpHI B CKONBSAIMAX Ma pax Tpeitn npH MoBuMeHHOf TeMmepatype. OpwaKO HeoGXOAHMO Y4HTHBATb, 4TO BrHApoarperarax, HMCIOWNX HeSHAINTeHbHbIe SasOpbI B CKOMBSALLNX Mapax Tpewtts, Topuililentian BasKoCTb BbIsbIBaeT GouIbUIHE MlOTepH MOMLHOCTH a TpeHHe, TAK KaK Tlocaemie MpAMO MponOpuHoHaMbiLL BASKOCTH. Jlas nossuenun runpananieckoro KILI nao npumensith paGouyio *xHAKOCTD © Maso BASKOCTLIO, TaK KaK TeYeHMe 2HJKOCTH Beer Aa CONpoROKaeTeH TpenHeM BHYTpeHHNX csloeB H THAPABAMVECKHMM HOTepsMH Ha MecTHbIe comporHBseHHs. OtaKo upeameptioe ciiNKeHHe BASKOCTH MPH NOMOKUTeNDHO! TeMMepaType BHISEBACT MOBL- lee OGbeMHEIe NoTepH vepes TIOMBHAKHEE COeRMHEHHA H YiOTHeHHA, pesKoe CHUDKeHMe pacxoga H HIITeHCHBHOe UIHAMIMBANHE CKOABSAIMNX Map TPeHHs HaHCosee orneterBenHLIx ruapoarperaton, TIpH Masoit wasKocTH 2kHAKOCTh He OGeceNHBaeT THAPORMHAMHMeCKYIO cMasKy H He MosBoAKeT MpegoTBpaTHT KOHTaKTHpOBAHHe 1 voHWaMMpanne paGownx evasel rHaponpusona. MunuManbuan KuMeManiTecKas BASKOCTS paGovell KHAKOCTH He LOMKHA GbTh mOKe 15 MMM/c AA WecTepeHHLIX, 12 m/c quan naactunuathtx u 8 a/c Asa MOplINeBbIX HacocoB. CKUMAeMOCTE >KUAKOCTH — STO ee CNOCOOHOCTS NOR KelicTBHEM BcecTopoHHero pHeUINeTO AABHeHNA UBMeHATD CBO OGKeM OGpaTHMEI O6PAsOM, 7. €. TAK, TO moeae pekpalienst jeficrBHs BHeMINero AABAeHHs BOccTaHlanaAHiBaeTCA MeppoHatatb neti o6beM 2KHAKOCTH. _ Coxunaemocte xapakrepuayeres Kosypumnentom (Tle) k= —(I/V) (AV/Ap), Ha Monysiem OGBeMHOH ynpyrocrH ([Ta) K= Uk =—V (Ap/AV), rae V — o6nen 2«uAkocri; Ap H AV — ianewenme Aanaenia n oOveta 2KHAKOCTH coor- BerereHHo Tipu nossuienn antenna KosipiitnertT OkHMAeMOCTH 7KUAKOCTeM yMeubuIAeTeR (sonyitb oGsemtiofi ynpyrocra ysemuumpaeres) (pic. 2.5), a npH MoBbueHKH Teme paTypsr yeenmNBaCTCH, MpHIEM KOSppHULMEHT CAxUMAeMOCTH GosIee BASKOH rK1EAKO- crit (MP-30) menbine Kosfiputtnenra CAKUMAeMocTH MeHee BARKO! xuAKOCTH (BMI). Cuassisaiomme coolicraa padouell 2KUAKOCTH CBASAHBL C MpOUHOCTHIO MacsRHOF naeHkH H cHOCObHOCTbIO ee MPOTMBOCTORTS paspLIBy. OGIO HEM GosbUle BASKOCTS, Tem BEIE NpoyWocT MacasHol MMeHKH MPH cyBHre. PaGouan 2UNKOCTH B THIpO- MpHBORe AosGKHa MpeMoTBpAlkaTh KOWTAKTHPOBANMe H CXBATMBAHHe TPYINHXCH 10 nepxHoctell MPH MambIX CKOPOCTAX CKOABKeHHA B YCHOBNAX TpaHHMHOrO pexHwa cnasnipanns. JIPYPHMH cTOBaNt, pa6ovaN 2KUKOCT AOMKHLA, BO-NePBEIX, O61aNaT MpoTHBOsaAWPHLIMH CBOMICTRAMH H, BO-BTOPHIX, YMCHbUaT» W3HOC MORepxHOCTelt Tpe- His, costaBant FHAPOANHAMMIECKHMit pexkHN CMASKH, T. e. OGsARaTh MpoTHONsHOCHIMI cuoiicrsann. Vayuuenne xumuueckux w quauteckux cnoiters »kutKocTeit foctHraeten 0- Ganneniient K OcHOBe B HeGombULOM KONHMeCTHe NPOTHBOSAAUPHEIX H MpoTHBONSHOC- 8 Puc. 2.5. Sapncnmocrit Koad Gmupentos ‘cmnnsenoenn Twapananiecknx nacen BMT (a) MP-30 (6) or aasacnns 1 Tenmeparypu 30 40 50 60 707,°%C 30 40 50 60 707,°%C a) 6) MBX npHcaoK. TosoxuTenbioe BANAHNe MpoTHBONaHOCHEX NpHcALOK ocHORAKO Ha XWMUMECKOM BsaNMOseliCTBHH ¢ MeTailJOM, B pesyalbTaTe Hero Ha TpyLMNXxcA TO- BepxHocTax o6pasyeTen NAOTHAA MICKA H3 HpOAYKTOB peaKuuN Meraza. TIpotHno- SalupuLte MPHCAAKH npexoTepalator cxBaTHIDAHNe M YMeNbUZAIOT HsHOC. Hix naaMHe OcHopaHHo Ha XHMUMECKOM BSaHMOReHCTBHM TPYILNXeH YYACTKOB COMpAIKeHHEIX T1O- Bepxiiocreit pu BuIcoKolt remmepatype. B pesyabrare peakuNH MPHCARKH C MeTAIUIOM MexY TPYLUMNCH MOBepXHOCTAMH OOpaayeTcR HNIKOMAADKHit cnaaB, OnaroRapA MaacTHYeCKOMY TeYeHHIO KoTOporo OBecneiMBaeTcA MepepacnpeneneHNe HarpysKH, Mpevorspaulalores sarHpE, HABONAKHBANNA H uaHauMBaHHe MeTasaa, Yareuburen ne TPeHis H HeGONBILME ODbeMHBIE NOTEPH 1epEs 2290PH MEXAY COMPSAKEMNBIMH HOBepX- HOCTAMH sBAMIOTe BaxknefumMM —TpeCOBAHHAMM, MpeNbABIAeMEIMK K —paGOuuM >xHAKOCTAM. Cra6uasuocrs cHoliers — sro chocoOHocts 2KHAKOCTH COXpalsTh paGouee co- Crosiine B TexeHMe safaHHOrO BpeMeHH MPH HaMeHeHNH MepROHaTaMbHbIX cBOfiCTR B Aonyerumix mpenenax, CrausbHocTs xapakTepuayeTcs alTHOKHeAHTeABHOI cHO- cobtocrHIO uM oAHOponHOcTHIO padouell aKuNKOCTH. B Mpoulecce sxcnayaranun He OMKIE BUIREAATLCA MPOAYKTS! OKKCAEHHS B BYE HepacTBOpHMHIx ocaKoB. Cra- Guapnoct npoTHB OKHCHEMS AWAKOCTH MPH NOBBUIEHNOM TeMmepatype OleNUBAETCA HO KHeHOTHOMY sNCAY M OcaAKY nocae OKucHeMUA. KucnOTHOE YER HenOABsyeTCA 4am onperenema crapenua xugKoctn no TOCT 5985—79, Cra6usmHocts npoTHs OkHIeeHHA AocTHraeTeN pBEReHHEM 0,2—0,5.% mpucanKK cHoHos> (tpHKpeso.tbHOf H GyTHAeNOBOH spaKNHH TasoB Kpexutira). B pa6oune 2naKocrn BOLT MHOropyHKuKONarbuy!o npucacy Ld-11, o6ecne- YUBAIOMLYIO atTHOKNcAHTeMbHBIe H TpoTHBoUsHOCHBIe ChoficTRa M MpeCTARnsOMLyIO co6oit 50 %-iniit pacrsop AManKwsnNTHOochaTIAKA B Beperentiom Macae. Tipn poegemmn npucagKi J-11 yaysmaiores H aHtuKopposnonHbie cpofierpa, [Lax ux YAYUHHA BROAT TAKKE HATHOHTOPH praBNeHHs. ARTHKOPPOSHOHHBIe CBoltcrea eae a ne Onin Uaioe era esas g Ese TE Anrunennpie csoiicraa xapaktepayloT cnoco6Hocts paGovelt x%HAKOCTH BBIe- Jat BOSAYX HsIH APYTHe rags Ges OGpasonanna meus. Dry crloco6HOCTs OnpenestsoT TO BpeMeHH HeHeSHOBEHHS NeHD NOC NOAA B KHLKOCTS PacnbineHHOTO BOSAYXA Han Tpexpaulenus mepememmpannst. Crioco6Hocth npotHBocTomT neHoopasoRaHiio yeusupaior RoGanzenHem axrnenvof npHcankn TIMC-200A (nosmeruacusoKcatta) B Masiom KonuyectBe — 0,003—0,005 % . Crofixocts paGovell xugKocTH K OOpasoaHHio oMyabCHH XapaxTepusyeTcs cro- co6HocTHIO ee paccnANBATECA H OTMeNATECA OT NoraBulel B Hee Bose. JoGanmenHeM B OKWAKOCTS jlesMYsBTATOPOB — BeUleCTB, PaspyulaioMUX MacaaNBIe SMysIECHM, — NOMIDKaIOT MOBepAHOCTHOe HATAKEHME TIeHKH Ha rpanune pagnema Bostyx — 2KUAKOCT H MpeMOTBpamalor cMeMABAHKe paGouel AUAKOCTH C BORO! Cosmectumocrs paGownx rxuAKOCTelt c MeTaNAMH, U3 KOTOPHX. HsroTORAeHO TuApooGopyAoBanue, XapakTepusyeTcH OTCYTCTBHEM KOPPOSHH, a TAKXe cTAOHMD- HOCTHIO GH3HKO-XUMHYECKHX cBOlcTR CaMOlt XKHAKOCTH. COBMeCTHMOCTh ¢ pesHHo- TEXHMYECKHMH AeTAAIMHE NpoRepsIOT NO NoKasaTenlo AoNYeTHMOrO Ha6yxaHua pe- SHAD HAH TloKasaTemo TOTepH ee MaccsI B padovelt >KHAKOCTH. Jl1n OleHKH cOB- 19 Puc. 2.6. 3anuewocTu yaeasuoit renao- enxactit (4) W Tenaonposoanocra (6) rix- pananuecknx macen BMT3 # ME=30 oT Tenne- paTypu np AaBsten 0,1 MMA, A, Braff) nN | lass| BMI3 103 Am/[ve-%) MectuMoctH pa6ovell 2KNAKOCTH ¢ pest: Hoh wcnomsyior cranmapTiyio pesiity YIM-1. Yolenbuan TenaoemKocts %WAKOCTH €— Koamuectao TeritoTL, HeoBxonMMoe JIA NOBBUIEHUA TeMTepary pbk ERMNHIL Macent wa 1 °C, — xapaktepHayer Hu- 5 z, TeliciBHocTs nopbeNia TeMmepaTypss ae eo T,°C 20 40 o” Ty rugpocucreme, Enunnueli yaensuoi rensoenKoerh paseren 1 JhK/(ar-°C) C noptimennen temneparypsr yAeubian TentoeMKocrs padounx 2KUAKOCTeM namenseren Hesttasitensio (puc. 2.6), 10 padoxat xuAKocTs MP-30, BASKOCTE KO- ropo B 3 pasa Combine BasKoc padouell xxuaKocTH BMS, umeer B 4 pasa Gosree BEICOKME HaYeHHA YAesIbHOH TeNTOeMKOCTH. TemonposoaHocT KUAKOCTH A — 9TO KOMHUeCTBO TeNTOTKL, KOTOPOE MPOXOANT 3a enHHUNY BpeMeHH Wepes EMUHHUY NOBPXHOCTH Ha eANHURY TORAH CTO. Ese uma tensionponognocta — | Br/(st-°C). Tenonposoatocts xuaKocret BMI3 « MI-30 ¢ nopeiuennem Texmeparypst yMenburaetca. BH _|0% ee Nusa 2.3, XAPAKTEPHCTHKA PABOUHX )KHAKOCTEA OCHOBHBIX COPTOB H HX 3AMEHHTEJIEA, PEKOMEHAYEMBIX If MPHMEHEHHS B coorsercTBHH ¢ M@KAYBEOMCTECHRLIMH TEXINYECKHMH YCAOBHSIMH B MOGHsb- HHIX MaUMHaX H CTAWOHApHOM MPOMBIULTeHHOM rHAPooGopyAOBAHIH, akcrayart- PyeMBIX Ha OTKPHITOM BOSAyXe H B MoMeMeHHH NH TeMMepatype oT MOC 45 10 MH- nye 40°C, cnellyer npumeniars we Goslee ABYX copron padounx xutaKocrelt. Tunpasanieckoe macno BMI3 (TY 38-101479—74) npexuasnaeno aaa ncece- Sounoit 9KcnAyATaUMH B CTPONTEMbHDIX, AOPOXKBIX, KOMMYHAMBHLIX, MeCosaroTOBH- ‘TeAbUBIX H APYTHX MOOHABHBIX MalINHAX ¢ THAPONPHBOOM HB MPOMbILEHHOM FH- ApooGopyxowanun B paiiouax Kpaitnero Cevepa, Cu6upu u Jlansuero Bocroxa, a Take B KayectBe cesonLorO aHMHero copra B palloHax YyMepeHHoro KAHMaTa B HutTepBase Temmepatyp oT MiHye 58 0 nmoc 70°C B saBMcHMOCTH OT THT MpHt- Mensemoro nacoca (a6. 2.1). B coctas BMP3 Bxogut rayGoKooummentas HSKO- BacTLIBAIOM\AR AUCTHAAATHAR paKUA HB NepeneKTUBHLAX cepHNcTIIX edpTelt c KOM- HosuyHel NpHcaQOK, OGecneYHBAIOLLHX HeEOGXOAHMBIE BASKOCTHIE, ANTHOKUCAHTEIb~ ble, NPOTHBONSHOCHDIe, aNTHKOPPOSKOHHBe, HHaKOTeMMepaTypHEIe H aHTHNeHHBIE cBolersa. Sto Macto COBMeCTHMO ¢ PeaHHOTEXHMMECKHMH NONCIHANH, BXOAAULIMIL B KOMMUeKT FHsApAB.INNecKOTO OOOPYAOBAHHA, H He TOKCHIHO. TIpumenenne riapananyeckoro Macaa BMP3 nosponser sHaunrembHo pacuitt- puts reorpaduveckyio sony Haneaxnoll SKcnayaTalMH MailHH, OTKASATBCH OT HeTOMb~ soBanns Gosee 10 copToR Maced, COSMAHHLIX WIA APYTHX wernel (MUAYCTPHAADHBIX W-12, HC-12, HITH-12, neperennux AY 1 AYTI, tpaneopmaroputyx dUll-406-5, MBI, AMP-I0, MPE-I0A 1 ap.), oGecnewrs nyck rHponpHBoRa Mp HUSKHX ‘Temnepatypax 6e3 npewBapHTenbHOTO pasorpeBa H KPyMOroMMUHY!O SKcnAyaTaLHo MAUIHH C FHAPONPHBOOM B ceBEPHLIX H CeBePO-BOCTOUHEIX palloHax Ges cesoHHoli cwenst paGouelt 2xHAKOCTH. Cpok oxcnayarauun ruapapauyeckoro Macaa BMI3 Ges samens cocrananer 3500—1000 4 pa6oTu, 7. ¢, B 2—3 pasa npepuiuiaeT cpoK 9KcnayaTamun ApyrHx HecremHanbiLrx Mace. Tuapananyeckoe macao MF-30 (TY 38—10150—79) npenuasnaexo ana npune- Heunia B OOLEMHBIX THAPONPHBONAX CTPONTEMBHBIX, OPOIKHBIX, KONMYHAJBHLIX Ht APYTHX MOOUABHBIX MalHH H CTALLMONAPHOTO MPOMBILIEHHOTO OGOPYAOBANHS B Ka- uectBe JleTHero Copta B palioHax ymepenHOro KNUMaTa H BCecesOHHOTO CopTa B 10%K- 20 nex pailouax ctpaibt b MHTepaame TeM- nepatyp ot —20 no 4-75 °C, B aaBucu- MoctH oT THNa mpuMeHstemoro Hacoca (ew, ra6a, 2.1). Tuapasanieckoe mactio MI-30 pas- paGoraHo wa Gase _MHsYcTpHasbHEIX Macen_H-30A (OCT 20799—75) ceaex- THBHOH OYNCTKH H3 BocTONNBIX Hedreli, OTAMYaIOMLAXCA NOBEIMEHHEIM HHAeKCOM BasKocTH, H HMeeT aHTHOKHCAHTENBAY!O, AHTHHENHYIO NPHeARKH H jenpeccaTop, HoHW>KaiouKuit TeMnepaTypy sacTHIBAKHA, Macao MI-30 orsmvaeten xopoueit cwaspiparoutel enocoSHoeT»!0, _cToi- KOCTHIO NPOTHB O6pasoBaHHin H OTAOXKE- MUS CMOMUCTHX OCaAKOB, a TaIGKe MPO- THE BeneHMBaHHA; YAoBNeTBOpHTENbHO Saumuaer MeTaaaiuecKHe noBepxHOcTA or Kopposun, Tipumeienne raqpansnueckoro mac- sia MI-30 o6ecneunpaer Bcecesonnyt0 SKenayaTauiio MOGHBHBIX Mal BO MnorHx paiiouax ctpaubi 6es ero samenni B revenne 3500—4000 4 nosBonser Samenuts Gosee 20 copTos HecrellHasy- HBIX. Macen — HuayerpHanbHEIX 11-30, VIC-30, HP-30, HITI-30; rypOunneix 22 (I), TCn-22, 20 (YT), BHA HIT-403; Ausenbubix Tn-H, Hn-8, LH, J1Cn-8, C6, AC‘8;_ moropunix AKSIT-6, AKSII-10, AKI-10, ACII-6, ACII-10, AK-15, MC-14, MC-20; uununaponssx 24, 38 u ap. Tlokasateau cBoficts ruapapnnue- cxux mace BMI3 MI-30, mpenuasia- MewHBIX [WIA MpHMeHeHUs |B TH/poCH- cremax 'B KaulecTHe OCHOBHBIX copToB, Npupenenst a ta6a. 2.2 Tp orcyrerpan OCHOBHEIX copToB paGouHx >%«KUAKOCTeM Ronyekaetes ucrogsoBAHKe saMenHTe- eli B rugpocueremax mamun c urec- ‘TepenusiMH HacocaMH yonycKaeTcs He- Homsonanne — jNgeMbHAIX —— Macea (OCT 8581—78, TY 38-1-210—68 1 Ap.), HMeIOULHX np 50 C° BasKocTs 60— 70 wmue/c ana aeruero. copra u 40— 50 mat/c — asia auatuero, Tennepatypuie mpegewut npumene- Hat paGownx KHAKOCTeH MpH HOMHHAAD- HBX SHACHHAX OCHOBHEX napaneTpoB TugpooSopygonanus —ycranapnuBaloTca Aa Karol THAPOCHCTEMEI OTZEMBHO C YyueTOM KOHCTPYKTHBHEIX OcoGeHHocTelt Hacoca, 3apucimoctH BaaKocreli paGo- ‘unx akHAKOCTel OT TeMMepatypst MPH aT- MocepHoM jaBeHHK MpHBenenut -Ha pre. 2.7. Hcnoasopanwe 6 ragpocuctemax MOGHABHEIX MALIN M MpoMbiuisteHHorO 1. Tewnepatypnute npegeas (°C) mpunenenua ocHoBHEIx paGOWHX AHAKOCTEM H HX samennTeaei 21 Hacoe ‘aKcHambHO-nopmlHeBon wmectepenn Tuna Hl] nnacruwvaram (aonacrmm | % 32 z| 3 | 3 £] 2 z| & 2| 3 3| £3 a) ag 5 & "§ : g a zs es —40— +60 =15—+60 —53—+70 —30—+65 —35— +50 18-450 —5—+70 83-455 30-455 43-435 20-40 —58— 440 30-445 20-470 BMP3 TY 38-101479—74 (oc- 1642-75 (eameun- Howtaa) AY FOcT rene) Orpuuatennian +70 0-470 75 10-475 -1 0—+10 18-475 10-475 —10—+60 | —5—+60 2-467 g 3 tT Bs » 8 ze 348 SEm 5 Ménoxnrensias so000 5000 3000 2000 50 20-10 010 20 40 60 80 100 1207,% Puc, 2.7. SapsenmocTH BAsKOCTHL rHApaRAMNecKHx macen OT TeNmepatypE LeTpemKantt yKa- Sana npenedst npinenenia pagowix AHAKOCTEH NO BASKOCTH jaN HaCoCO wecTeperiMtx Sina Hid (2), maacrnudaretx. (/7/) 4 axchaabHo-nopuimessix, (V) pH KpatKonpenenmol oxenayarangit'n nam oTHx ae nacocon (Coorsercracwto 11, /¥, V1) npw AnvrexDioR ‘onemayaranqt 2.2. Xapawrepueruxa paGownx xuaKocTelt 7 Pa6owan oKWAKOCTE roeecenn conan Sawenren® pra |_Mr-30 av | H-30a Kunowanmeckan anaxoers (st/e) mpH reuneparype: "Fog 2c, we aaice a3] 6s a9 | 62 Fo0 we une 10 28 | as ETSSE; tte mute 150, | 4000 850 eS 102) ne pute 1300 : 20 000 =50°C) we nents 4000 = e = 22 é ene Tpomommenne Ta6m. 2.2 Pasowan aaiavocts Noxasarens ocnonitat samenuTenb smr3 | Mr-30 Ay, 1-308 Mugexe aaaxocta, ne wexee 130 85 - 85, Tennepatypa sactunanus, °C, we oume | —60 | —35 <45 =15 Fesmepatypa semuunc 9 onxptirow trae, | 135 190) 163 190 Kicaornoe wneno, mr KOH na lr macna | 0,05 0,06 0,07 0,05 (Gea. npuicagox) Coneprkainne Bonopactsopuniix Kiten0T, Oreyrernyior menovell, mexanunectax npymecell H BORK Coneprxainite cepti, %, we Gone = = 1 0,005 0,005 Soabnocts, %, 6 donee 0.2 Venuranie ta Koppoaiio 6 tevenue 3 4 Buaepacinaior mpi 100°C nnactiiok Ho cram 50 naw eranell, GanaKux x wel, no TOCT 1050--74 MW naaenIKoK is Meg MapKH M-2 no Toct 859—78 Hanewene maces: peau YHM-1 2-4 = = BTP Nr 01-65 nocae nosfelleraun wecna B rewenue 72 4 mpi 80°C, % Tuaetioct pit ++20°C, ‘ren’, we Gonee | 0,855 | 0,890 | 0,860,896 | 0,916 OGopynowanuA TOALKO ABYX ocHORHBIX paSo¥nX aKHAKOcTe BME3 1 MI-30 no- SBONAET CYMCCTREHHO YMEHBIUNTH UX PACKON, COKPATHT JONOAHUTeMUDIE SaTpaTHL Ha TpavenoptupoBaHne H Xpanenue, NOBAICHTE pecyPc rHAPOOGOPyAOBauHT (raaBHEINt oOpasom, BeaeACTBHe YMeHbUIeHHA sarpsisHeHHsA THApOcHcTeM TIpH cmMeHe paGounx 2KHAKOCTeM), OGecnewNT PaGoTOcHOCOGHOcTs THAPONPHBOAA B UMNLPOKOM AWanAsoHe nigMenenna Temepatypst oKpyaKaiouell cpensi. 2.4, TPEBOBAHHS! K TIOCTABKE, XPAHEHHIO WM 3AMPABKE THAPOCHCTEM PABOUMMM )KHAKOCTAMH Tipu noctapke paGownx aKHAKocTeH noTpeOuTensM coep»Kanine B HX MexaHtt= Neckux npuMeceit He RomKO MpeBEIUIaTs 0,005 % no mace. B cocrase mexaunue- CKHX MpHMecell, nperctanasioOMNx coGo!t TRepALIE H NOMYTBEPABIE MpORYKTHI OK MCA TenbUO NOAMMEPHSAKIH KOMMOHEHTOR MPHCATOK H MACE, He AOMKHO Gut» apasuD- MBX YaCTH THA NecKa HT. 1. Tipu tpancnopTuposaniu, xpaneHuM M T1pH sanpaBKe rHypocucrem MauINH pa- Goune XHAKOCTH BarpAsHAIOTCA, TTaBHBIM OOpasom, MpofykTamH HeopraHHYecKoro MpoucxorKAeHua (HanpUMep, ABYOKHCEIO KpeMHHs SiO, H OKHCHIO amowTHHT AlLOs, SBAAOWUMHCA OCHOBHEIMH KOMTIONEHTAMH NOUBeHHON MexH). Jax mpegoxpauenua paGounx 2xupKocTelt OT sarpasHelus OHM AOANKHEE AoCTa~ bastbea c HereOasnl K MecTy SKcrayaTaluH MauluH Ges MepeMBAHH H3 OKO Tapst B xpyryio. Tipunumats na xpanenite paGouyio 2KHAKOCTs HY2KHO Mlocae MpoBepKH cootsercrana ee nokasaTenell (aaaKocTH, TeMMepaTypbl SacTHIBAHNR, coseprxKaHA Bost H MeXaHMuecKHX MIpHMecei, KOppomMpyioulero feficTBHA Ha MeTaJIMYecKHe TMacTHHKH, UBeTa MK OAHOpOAHOCTH cOcTaBa) MPH BLIGOPOYHOM anasHse Npoow nac- TOpTHENM JAMMIN saBoAA-HarOTOBMTEAA HAM He*preGasts. TlocrynusmMyio va xpanenie paGouylo %KHAKOCTs cHeRyeT CANBAT B MMKCTYIO eMKOCT», OSOPYsOBaNtHyIo TPyGonpO- DORAMH JIA AATOMHEHNA H KPAHOM JUIA Pasay, a TAKIKe TepmeTHuecKH saKpuIBA- TOUNYMAICA JIOKOM AIA MepHOANecKo! oMHeTKH. THApocHicTeMbt MauIMs HeOOXOAHMO 3anpaBAAts paOoyelt 2%*UAKOCTIO TOKO ¢ MOMOLbIO Hacoca Nepes (piLIbTP TOHKOM ONHCTKH c GyMarKHLIMH ¢usIbTposmeMeH- rami «Perormacs INGO epes diitbrpAt 2 TKAHeH Ke HanpapaennE noroKa ©) npu paamiunwx wanpannenuax no- ToKa 8) np aoGom Hanpasaennn notoKa Axcuampiio-nopumenoit — Hacoe-mor b KoTOpOM ABIKCHME BELXoAKOrO sDeH ocymectanaetca Grarogapa Maanuito Yona wenAy ocbio GaoKa WiLANHApOR Axcuanbito-nopumenolt —_acoc-NoTop, B KoTOpoM ABIDKeHMe BHIXOAKOTO sBeHa ceyiecraaseren Gaaronapa casa ian Kowraxty nopulitell c maockuse TopuoNs aucka, “MaKONMIM KOCH GnOKa™ t- aMHyApOB Poropieifi Hacoc ¢ paoanmn Kanepa: oSpasonanninn paGoumen onepxu ersMi ay6yatuix Koaec u Kopnyca 25 Tepamur Onpeaenenue Npogonxwenne ta6a. 3.1 Yenonnoe oGosnasenne na éxena Hacoc naacranua- raft Tuaponovop Tgpenorop pery- amipyentil MIuGepisii Hacoc, y KoToporo”unGepm puinoment nue naacruie OGnemuun ruapoRoHtrareat © Heorpal aveAbH DIM ABIKEHHEN. BI Tuaposorop © peryaupyennas paGownn oGvenon: a) © nocroamunian nanpanaennent no- ToKa, "B. KoTopoM dacrora spauenua bana’ nanelineren mpm HaMtenensit Bea uuntur noToKa;, $9 Tlan ouenku GvicTpoxoAHOCTH TH;APOMOTOPOB c YHeTOM pasBHBaeMoro KpyTsI~ lero MoMeHTa HenousayIoT saBHcHMOCT!s ng = 2nMI(Apn), rae M — women Ma pany ruapomorop: Wpuxoge Ha Hero; nm — wacrora Bpalne Ap — nepenag aanaenis wa BxoRe © riqpoMoTop st Baa rHAPOMOTOpa. Tuapomoropst, nperHasnavennne m1 costania Goabuoro KpyTauero Mo- Menta M mpi manoit yraonoit ckopocTh @, MpHHATO ycHOBNO HasKiRaTb BbICOKO- MoMeHTHENMH. 3.2, OCHOBHDIE TIAPAMETPbI THAPOMALIMH M 3ABHCHMOCTH MEXKKAY HUM OcHosHbimn napamerpamit Hacoca HH THApOMOTOPA sBAOTCH paounil o6veM V, HOMHHAMbHBIE ABEHHE Pyone U ACTOTA BPAICHUS Myox, a NPORSBORHEIMH — nO- fata Qu Ht MomHocTS Ny Ju wacoca, pacxon paGouell KHAKOCTH Quy H KPYTALUT Moment M jai THApoMoTOPa, a Take nomHUit KILL raapomaunn 7). Teoperuveckan monaa Hacoca aM pacxon THXpOMOTOPA MpomopuHoNamLND paGouewy oGwemy H NactoTe Bpantenta: Q~ Va. B peficraurensiocm ykasantian nponopunonasbHocts oTcyTeTByeT BereqerBHe OGveMHEIx noTeps paovell XULKOCTH, HOsTOMY felicTBHTeABHA Nonava Qu Berna MeHbUIe TeopeTHuecKoi. OGnemuble MoTepH xapakTepHsyroTeH BHYTpenHMMH mepe- TeuKAMH paGouell AUAKOCTH B rHAPOMALMHHe HS MOMOCTH BLLCOKOTO JADEN (HarHe- ‘railta) B NOmOCTs HHSKOTO RaBAeHHA (BcaCKIBAHHA) M HapYaKubIN yTeUKaMH Yepes ‘sasopht 9 KOpnyca No fpeHaxnoMy TpySonpoBoAy Bo BeaciBa‘oMly!o THAPOAHAHO naw 3 Gax, Tlo Mepe usHauMBaHNs conparaempx xeTarel m yBemUTeNnA sasopa MOXY HMM OGBEMHEIe NoTepH yBenNUuBaioTes. OHM TaKAe BOSpacTaior NpH O- DUIMLEHUN Mepenana AANCHIA H YMEHbULEHUH BASKOCTH paGoYelt xusKoCTH. CarenoBa~ ‘TenbHO, YBeMHeHHe OGLeMUDIX TloTepb BbIahBacT yMeHbiLeHHe OGEeMHOrO KIL ny, npegerabamowero co6oft OTHOUIeHHe yelicTBHTeMbHOH monaNM Hacoca K TeopeTH ueckoil: 6) © penepcunitis oroKoM, 8 KoTOpOM Manparaenue n vacora mpamenua nasa HNesioren npH Tepenenuoh senwanne w Hanpapaenun noToKa | Tuapomorop wepe- | THapoMorop ¢ Heperyampyemum paGo- i ryanpyenuitt AMM OGreMow: a) ¢ mecroniuum nanpannenues mo: roKa, 'y. Koroporo wacrora spautertita bana’ wanenserca mpi WepeMennow 110. ‘ToKe; Sa 6) © penepcuaiun noToKOM, ¥ KoToporo ba MOXeT BpamaTber B Oe cTopoxts © vacrotoll, sasnemmel or menue Tuapomotop _ opto kpatuoro jeflerous Tuapowotop muoro- Kparioro jellerDus, Tuapomorop, y Kotoporo 8 KaxRolt pa~ Gouell Kawtepe covepiiaeres oAUH pa6o~ AuNiL Uji 34 OB OGopeT BAIXoRHOrO Tuapomotop, y Koroporo 8 Kaxknofl pa- ualotea Ba HatH Gosiee paGounx WKAOB 3a OAM OGOpOT Gowen xamepe cone} Buixogworo Basa QE 26 | | | Ny = Qu/Q Torna neliersurenbuas monaya = Vurtytiy, rae Vag ~ padount oGrew wacoca; my ~ vacrora apamenHn wacoee, Tipu npensaputenbueix H npHeMOUHIX HenbITAHHAX TlORAYY, NpHBeReHUY!O K Ha crore Bpaulenus Hacoca, paccyuTHBaIoT no Gopmyae Qn = Qusmtte/ tus TAC My YaoroTa spauteHun, K KOTOPOR MpHBEAEHA NOAAYE; Mygyy — YacTOTA BpauteHHR Hacoee, pH KoTOpOR HoMepmaace MORAYA Oper Tip usMepennu nonayn pacxonomepaMn KosppuunenT Honan cnenyeT onpe- REMATS TAK Kq = alplia wan Kq = 10°Quox/(Vutinane)s mmo a — Kosdgunuent, a = Vp t/(Vartpr) (9AeC Vp — Pa6ounl obvem pacxonoMeba, en! fn fp ~- AlenO MMnyascod HE BANEX cooTHeTCTREHHO HaCOeA H PacXoxOMepA se ORK aBopor);?f a fy — WleHO lnnyAbcoD coorbeTcrBeHKO Ha nadax PacKoRoMepa M NAcoce 9a penn nasfepenh. Teoperuueckan MomsoeTs wacoca HAM rHApoMoTopa Nx =Qrhp 27 nponopuonambua nogave (pacxony) H nepenany NaBNeHHA Ha BXOAe H BBIXOAe HE runpomaumust. Ho ecu usBecrHHt Kpytauunl MoMeHT Mz i yraoBam cKopoct TH- Apomaunust, 10 Ny = Mror. Conocrassiaa BbIpaKeHliA TeoperHYeckoll MOMHOCTH, HaXOAUM KpyTauIHit Moment Ha Baay rHspoMauIMHEI: Mr = QrAp/or, rae Ap = pi — ps — hepenan nannenun » nogsoaaulem M oTsonaumen tpyGonposonax Momnocts (KB1), neoSxosuMmast As MpHBORA Hacoca (HAH THAPOMOTOPa), Berna Gombe TeoperHueckoit MOM\HOCTH Ha BeNHYMHY ToTepb: Nap. «= 4Qr/(61,20H), rae Sp — MMla, Qy — D AMI; yy = yMyexMy (Rec Ny — OSvemna KIA, yuurir- Baiougih puytpentiie nepereuxn paGowell axiqKoeTH 9 MO“OCTH Nariteranita B nogocTs BCa~ eubaniin M Hapyniite yrevkW Ho KOphyca Yepes 9490Pu B CONPAKEHHDX AETAAX: Mygoe — Mexamuyeckifl KTIL, yuvirumaromiit norepH, nosumkaiomMe mph BpauenH W nepemellter uit padownx meranek otHocHTeNbHO APYS APYFa; Ny — THAPaDANYecKHA KIT, yaHresaout HotepHt RasAeNHn, BOSHHKAIOUHE NPI ADIDKEHHM PaGowell rNAKOCTH MO BHYTPEHHNM KaHasaM PiapooGopynonanis). Tlonmui KIT nacoca onpenenseten us oTuomrenia nomesHolt Momuocri Na = ApQu « notpe6asemoii, 7. e. tn = Na/Nup. 1 Ecan wamepen Kpytaumuit Moment My, 10 KILL nacoca onperensior mo dop- yae B cucreme CH 108 Ap Qu 59 42% = Bae Mam ~ 19! Bt B cuereme MKICC ti = 1,591 ApQu/(Muntu), rae Sp —» MITa (Kre/em®); Qy — nonava Macoca, a/mnN; Myy — B Heat (Kre-s); My — a- cTora Bpameunst wacoca, o6/witH. Telicrsuterusit pacxon ranpomoropa Qe Vac ys Tae Vyy — paGount oGvem riApoMOTOPA; Ng —~ HsMepeltian Hactora npaulestiiA rHAPoMeTOpa, Mounocts (KB1), notpeasemas raapomotopoM, Nap, ot = ApQue/(61,2tene)» PAC Qgg ~ NORAIA, ANIC: Tyg — THAPOMEXAMIINECKHA KIT riapomotopa, yuHruipaIoul THAPABAWYECKHe M MexaHHyecKHe noTepH, Tipu vcnoirannax oSnemmet KIL ruapowotopa sumneamior no dopmyze ty = Vuttul(V pty + 4) He Vp — padoumt o6ven pacxonowepa; ny — HawepeHiaR vacrora spauieniin pacKonoweps: Oy ~“HaDYHEHIE yTeUKH HB rHAPoMorOPA. Kospipunuent uepasiomepoct npamenia ruapoMotopa 8 = (max — Omin)/Ocp, FRE Omay> Ominy Sop — COOTRETCTBENHO MaKcHMaMbHaA, MHNHMaNbHER H epenHAA apHi- MerHyecKan YacTorH BpaujeNHs 5 TeveHVe oRMoro oGopoTa. Tlonesxan MomHocts ruapomotopa Nu. «== Nap. mix (snecb KIT rnapo- Moropa thy = Tyra). 28 Tuapomexannuecknit KIL, npn venbiranuax rupomoropos Busucasior 10 ¢op- myae Toc = My/Mr wan » cucrene CH Test = Myy109/(159Ap Vin); B cucteme MKTCC Tem = Myyl08/(1,59Ap Va), TRE Myy — ReficrourensintA (obbexriansih) Moses, pasn¥oaeKnll riapoNotopom, —H-x (kre-m)!" My — Teoperitueckiih NoMexT Ha naay rHApoMoTopa, H-m (Kre+N); Ap — nepe- aq qanaenna 8 rhapootope, MTTa (Krc/en); Vay —~ MaMepelsill” padounl Gwen rHapO- Moropa, en? Zelictourensusit moment (H+), passusaemsili runpomotopom, Mu = Var Spnesi/(2%), rae Vy —8 em’, Ap — a Mla, Ecau uapecten xpyrauuii moment (H-M), To sarpauupaeman MouHocTh Hacoca uw stbeKTHBHAaA MOULHOCTS rHApoMoTopa (KBt) MoryT GxiTh onpenemenbs U3 cHesy- roux coorHoMenti: Nap. w= Mytty/9740; Nox Tloansit KELL runpostoropa B cucteme CH Max = Magrtar/(1,59 -10? ApQu)s B cucreme MKE'CC Thea = Maytra/(1,59 SpQu1), PRE Myy, — 0 Heat (4reom); my — 8 06/6 (OG/una); Ap — 0 MMla (Kre/ew*); Qe — 9 Aw*/e (aun Tlofcrabaas HSMepeHHbIe sHaveHHa MccenyeMiIX napamerpoB B dopMystEr, mpupeqenute B Ta6a. 3.2, nloxcwuTsiBaior KILL orgeauuux anementon H Bceit oGbeM- Hoit Tuaponepenaun. Tloanuti KIT oOsemnoit ruxponepeqaun You ysuTsBaer oOemmEe, rHApaBsH- MeckHe H MexaHHTecKHe NloTep B HACOCAX M THAPONBHFATeNAX, a TAKE NOTE! Na BAEHHA B THAPOAMMHAX, yeTpolicTBAX ynpaBeHNA NOTOKOM paGoxelt %KHAKOCTH, MECTHLIX CONPOTHBMEHHAX W XapaKTepHayer sfipeKtHBHOCTs oGLemHoH rHAponepe- asa: Myre /9740. Ten = Tyra. 3.2. @opmyau nam onpereaenun KIL Koobgnunent noaesuoro netteroun O6eent Ce THAPOMEXeHHYECKH onuett Voitp (i — Pe) Hacoe ae he Ny My 2AM fF 1" naa | Vpitp = Po) Vogts Vig yy (Ps — Pa) yg My (D1 — Pa) sal ‘Mae Mag anpon Tanponepeneua | yen | Vy Os = Pd) Thy My (Ps = Po) OGoswauenwa, My H My — KDYTAMHe MoMeHTH Ha Bay THAPOMOTOPA HW Macoca; p, H py — AABACHS IKHAKOCTH Ha BXOAE B HACOE H BEIXORE HI HErO; Py H Pa — Rabaeitua WUAKOCTHE Ha BXORE B THAPOMOTOP M BLIXOAe Ha Hero. 29 Momuocts, neo6xogumas 1.11 npuBona OGvemHolt rHjxponepenatH, npercranaser co6oit oTHOUIeHHe sfeKTHEHO! MOUWHOCTH, pasBHBaeMOi TH/POABHTATeReM, K TOM- niomy KIM osemuof ruaponepenatn Nexen Caexonarensio, sppextisian MoMHocTb, oTAaBaeMan rHmpoABHraTeMeM HCHOA- HuTeMbHOMY MexanHaMy, Nap. ew Neg = Nap, rotiea- 3.3, CPABHUTEJIbHAS| OWEHKA PHPOMALIHH PASJIM4HDIX THIOB B oGtemubix rHaponpHBoax MOGHABHBIX MAIN NaHGosee mHpOKO HeTOM- aYloT WlecTepeHHie H AKcHaTbHO-MOPUMHEBHe, PEKe MAACTHHMATHe Hacocbl H TH/APO- MoTopst. THM i HcromHeHHe THAPOMAMIHHD BLIGHPAIOT M0 OCHOBHLIM TlapaMerpaMt © yHeToM HasHayenHA H yorOBHi skentyaTaNutH. TexnHueckHil YpoBeHb THAPOMAMIKN ONpesedsIOT 1O yAeMBHEIM NOKasaTenAM — meraaoemkoctH (kr/KBt), sHeproemxocTH (KBr/qm°) Hu TexHuuecKomy pecypcy. Kpome 970r0, BaKHBIMH NoKasaTeAsMH 9kcrTyaTauHOHHUX cBoficTs FHAPOMAlLLHH SIBAMIOTCA PadoTOCMOCOOHOCTs B UIKPOKOM HHTepBae H3MeNeHHA TeMNepatyPEI, AuaNagoH PeryaUpoBAHHA H BOSMOKHOCTE jLNCTAHLMONNOrO ynpaBlenHA H3MeHe- nue (neausunoll) padouero oSnema. B cbagit c TeHAeHUMel MOBLIMEHHA NaBNEHHs B rHAPOCHCTeMAX MOGHABHDIX Ma- MWHM JIA CpaBHHTeMsHOTO anasHsa BHOPAL rHAPOMANIKADI, UMHPOKO MpUMeNTeMbIe 1B FHAPONPHBONE MOGHABHEIX MALIN C HARGONEC BICOKUM HOMMHAIbNDIM JaBseHHeM. AxcHambHo-nopurenble Hacocht H THAPOMOTOPH PAccHHTaHbI Ha HaHGoee BLICO- KHe SHAeHHA HOMUHAMBHOTO H MaKCHMAtbHOTO jaBeHHsL. laa HacocoB jpyFHx ‘Timon XapaKrepHtt Gonee HHSKHe sHatenHA JaBeHHA. ‘Maxcuambuble aBrenHe H WaCTOTa BpalllenHt saBHeaT oT paGowero oGveMa rHapomaman (pic. 3.1). HakGouee YeTKo BbIpaxeHa 3Ta SaBUCUMOCTE MIA THAPO- Mauini.c paGouuM oGremom 0 100—150 cm. Pagnuunbte MakcuMambuble sHavenHs RABACHHA HK YACTOTHX BpAMLeHHA OOHACHAIOTeR KOHCTPYKTHBIBIMH OcoGeHIOCTAMK THRpOMAWHH H Mpedxxe Beero BeANIHHOH 3ag0poB cONPHKeHHEIX jeTamelt KauaI0~ mero Yana H THApaBANYECKHM conpOTHBJEHHEM BeacHiBaloulelt THAPOHMHUE. CpapHu- ‘TEAbHBIMH HCMMTAHHAMH HACOCOB PasuIHHBIX THTOB B OMHAKOBLIX youIOBUHX YCTAHO- BaeHO, TO MecTepeHUBIe H MlacTHNaTEIe HacocK! OOMataioT ayuUielt BacuIBaioUKelt cocoSuoctsio H MoryT paGoTaTb Ha Go.tee BASKOH %KHAKOCTH, eM aKCHadLHO-TIOpU- nepbie, OfHakO B CBASH ¢ TeM, WTO UlecTepeHHMle H MMACTURYATHIE Hacochl HMeIOT Gombiine 2a30pbi B Katialomlem yaue, OHM Gostee 1YBCTBHTEAHBI K HSMEHEHHIO BASKOCTH PaCouell 2KHAKOCTH H He COCOOHE COszaBaTs BLICOKOE jaBmeHHe, OCOGeHHO MPH M0 MOKUTEABUBIX TeMTIepatypax MaOBRIKOK pabouell xUAKOCTH. Tl ORNOTANHEIX HACOCOB, MPHMEHAeMEIX B AHAJOTHYHBIX YeHOBHAX, MEHBITHS YAeAbHEIE NOKagaTeH MeTammoemKocTH (0,14—6,8 Kr/KBt) uMeioT naacTHHMaTHe, Arma 06fo Pmgy, Hila 7000 60 6000 50 5000 40} 9000 30} 3000 2 =a 2000 = B00 Ton” 90° “i930 400 oe gy 4 Puc. 8:1. Sannenyocrs mancuyamenoro anrentia (a) M1 MaxcHMaawHOM actors spauienna (6) or paGouero oGxema axcuaasuo-nopuiMesoro (cHaowWHaR AMKUA), WlecTepeRHOrO (WTPH- OBA ANHHA), NAacTHNUATOrO (WITPHX-YHKTHpHAR JHA) HAcoca 30 tg Se WZ . ize = | 95 = - L.-4 7 A 85 fh = 65 a. / 75 15 o 1000 2000 ryodfmun 0 50 100 180 ¥,uwife y a) 6) Wt. 90 tp 80 oO 70 20 30 pHa 7) Puc. 3.2. SapucunoetH oGemnoro KIA tl, OT vacToTe Bpamenun 1 (a), KuKenaTH¥ecKO’ BAIKOCTH Y (6), Rae P (8), AM HACOCOD pAsAHIHKIX THHOB (CM. OGosHAYEHUT pwc. 3.1) cpenune (0,2—13,6 xr/xBr) — mecrepenune x Goasmme (0,41—20,4 xr/iB1) — axenaabnontopunessie. HanGoaee | sanonn | sxenayaranionnan, noKasare, awl rapoMauaN! apanionen wx osesuUM (puc. 8.2) nom (pxC. 3.3) i. Axcnansuo-nopumesue acocu E umeior Gonee pucoKuii noanbit KIL, no_cpasnenwio c. KIL mectepeninix Mm naactunathix wacocos. OGvemntsi KIJL akcuanbno-nopumnensix Hacocon HauNHaeT aaMeTHO CHIIKATRCH —TO:DKO pH BasKocTH paGovelt r*KHAKOcTH Menee 10 Mw%/c, LIN MaacTAHYATHIX HacocoB ‘9Tor mpened BasKocrH coctannser 50-80 mut/e, a jas’ mrectepertbix — 80 mut/c, Cpapuntenbiias OleHKa OcHOBHMIX napaMeTpoB THAPOMAMIMH pasmAUIKENX THOR ToKasuiBacr, UTO KaxkAD Ha HUX HMeeT ONpeneNeHUBIe NPeHMyMLecTBA H HeAOCTATKH. Tlostomy KouetpyKTops, cosnatomMe THAPOMAMIMHE, ROIKHEI OnpereMAT o6AcTs UX HeMOMBSOBAKHs, MeMecooSpashyio c TexHHYecKOH HM 9KOHOMHIeCKO! TOueK apenus, Ilectepenie raapomammist mHpoKo MenomssyioT B MOGHAbHEIX MamINHAX HeGombWOft MomHOCTH NH HHSKOM H cpenHeM RaBaeHHH B rHapocucreme. OH AocTa- TOYO HaReKUBI B OKcTMIYATALHH, Meee TpeGoBaTeAbNLI K YUCTOTe Padouell 211/1KO- CTH H HMCIOT MeHBILYIO CTOHMOCTS NO cpaBHeHMTIO CO CTOHMOCTHIO THAPOMAUI APY Hx THnoB. Puc. 9,8. Qaauennocrs noamore KILA oF Aunacins warnerailin AAA pana non na Cocon € padounin OGbenoN 24-40 CHI? pH OAUHAKOBLIX waCTOTS BPAUleHHA, ‘Tenmeparype 1 BASKOCTH paGovel xKHAKOCTH (CM. OGOsHaTeHHA K PHC. 3.1) ees 31 Tipnsenenne axcnambuo-nopuinesbx rHapoMamuHN HaHGosee memecoo6pasKo TPH CpeAHEM H BKICOKOM JaBNEHHM B THAPOCHCTEMAX MOGHIBHBIX MALIN H MMKTH HOM xapaicrepe HaMeHeHHA BHEUIHeH HarpysKH. JlonomHHTenbHBe yeTpolicTaa OGecme- wHBaIOT peBepcHpoBaHHe NOTOKA H HaMeHeHMe Nonaut. B pesyasrate ananga compeMeHHbix KOHCTPyKUMi aKcHasbHO-nloplulneBbIx THapoMaluHH ycraHoBAeHo caeayioutee. 1, Ocuosisim wanpapaeniem coBepmiencTaonania KoHCTpyKUMi aKcHambHo- HOPWUEBLIX THAPOMALHH ABAKeTCA YAy4UeHNe SHEpreTHYecKUX NoKasaTesci, rvaB- HBIM OOpasoM, NYTeM YBCAMMHH HOMUNANLHOTO NaBAeHHA, YaCTOTH BpAMenHs HyTaa HakToHa 60Ka itaNHAPOB. Tlo KHTepHIO HaHMeUbUMeH CTOHMOCTH OGHEMHOTO THAPONPHBORA MaKCHMagbHOe RaBNENHE csenyeT noBEICHTs Ro 32—40 MIla. Ua- CTOTY Bpamenua MoxHO MoBHICHTS Ha 20-30% nyTem cosnanus HaOsITOWNOTO Aa~ BaeHUA BO BeachiBaIOMel THApOTHHUH, TloBBIeHHE YacTOTH BpalkeHUT cBAgAHO TaKKE C HEOOXOMMMOCTHIO COEAMHEHHH HACOCOB HeMocpexCTReHHO C KOWeHYATKIM BaJloM ABHTaTeneli BAYTPeHHeTO CropaHHA, a TAKE YBEAHYEHA MOLKHOCTH FH/|paBAU- NecKHx mpHposon. 2, AkcHambHO-nopuMesbie ruApoMaWINHM C¢ HAKAOMHBIM OAOKOM MILK ApOB NonysHAK HayGonee WHPOKOe MpHMeHeHHe B OOKEMHEX HAPOMPHBOAAX MalLHH, PAGOTAIONLHX B CpeRANX H TAKEN PEXHMAX BHELINX HATPYSOK C OoMbUIO! YacTO- Tol BKmoNenHs. Hx caenyer mpesnountath npn aniGope nepenextupyoro THNa THAPOMAMINH C YYETOM HOMHHaMDHOTO AABACHHA, TAK KAK OHH Cone HanexHEt B YcHOBIAX NepemeHHEIX HarpySOK H MeHee YyBCTBHTCABHM K SarpasHeHHO paGo'el 2KHAKOCTH, YeM AKCHAJbHO-NOPUIHeBHIe THAPOMAUIHHEI C HaK/OHHEIM AucKOM. ‘TpanuuvionHan CxeMa HCHOAHEHHA THAPOMALIMH C HAKJOHHBIM 620KOM UHAHH- APOB H TOpUOBLIM pacnperemenHeM PaGovell KHAKOCTH MOSBOAAET MOBBICHTS HOMH- wadbuoe Aapnenne yo 32 MITa 3. TIpx buiGope npeanoutureabuok KoHeTpyKUMH 3 HaNGomee pacnpocTpanteH- HBIX KOHCTPYKUMt AKCHA/bHO-MOPUINEBEIX THAPOMALHH cueLyeT YUNTHBATS, YTO MPH NPOWHX PaBHEIX YCOBMAX THAPOMALIHNL C WaTyHHO KHHeMATHKOM HMeIOT caeLy- rome mpemymecrna: BOSMO-HOCTS PAGOTH B HACOCHOM H MOTOPHOM PEXHMAX ¢ SAMKHYTO! H pag0- MkuyTo# uAPKYasMHAMH padovell 2H;KOCTH; BHICOKAH BCACHBAIOULaA CHOCOOHOCTE, 'OGecrIeYMBalOMAas yAOBAeTBOPHTENbHOL aanoauenne pa6owero OGbeMa MPH LIKPOKOM AMaMLasOHe HSMeHeNH BASKOCTH padouell 2KWAKOCTH, ITO OCOGEHHO BAXKHO AMA THAPONPHBOAOS MOGHABHBIX MAUIKH, 9KC~ TAyaTHpYeMbix Ha OTKPHITOM BOSAYXe MPH WHPOKOM MANaIOHe HSMeHeRHs TeM- nepaty pst; OTHOCHTeAbHO MenDUIAA YyBCTANTeMBHOCTS K UHCTOTe pa6oueli xHAKOCTH (MorYT MayexHo paGorats pH TOHKOcTH dusbTpaMNH 1o 40 MKM); BOSMOXKHOCTh BCTPAHBANHA PeryAATOPOB NABEHAA M Pacxoxa, a TAKAe BeNO- MoratembHOTO HaCoca Ja MHTANHA CHCTeMBI YNPABAeHHA M NOAMTKH. B akcwaabno-nopiunesbix rHxpoMallHHaX C HAKJOHHEIM GOKOM UMAHHLpOB HcnomsoBaHa YHHPHUKPOBAHHAA KOHCTPYKLNA KAaYAIOMHX yo0B, pasmHYaromAxcs JM TaGApHTHEIM pasMepanHl. STO cosmaeT npenmocHaKH AA OpranwsaNHN HX MACCOBOTO MPOHSBOACTAA Ha ABTOMATHNECKHX M HOTOMMDIX TMANAX, OCHOBANHOTO Ha TpHAuUNe cHenMamusaMUN AeTanel 1 COOPOTHIX em, 3.4, AKCHAJIbHO-NOPUIHEBBIE THJPOMALIMHbI CEPHH 200 Sanoast Municrpoliqopmama no TexHMeckuM yenoBHsn TY 22-3444—75 ceputio BHINYCKAIOT PAN aKCHaNbHO-TOPIUNEBHIX HACOcoB ¢ pery.THpyeMO! H Hepery:upyeMo!t noqavelt H pepepcuBubix HeperyampyeMmsix rHApoMoTOpoB. B ocHoBy paxa noAOKeHa YHMpunNpoBanta KouerpyKiuiA Kavaiduero yana. Cxema yunduKalun aKcHalsHo- Topmimessix rHApoMamun Npunestea Ha puc. 3.4. Crpyktypa yeToBHOTO oGosHaye~ HHA AKCHaNbHO-NOPIIHeBHIX THLPOMAMIMH ceRyIoULas: 32 = lay} 207 — peryanpyenax notow 293 4 224 — peryaupyenan Anyx- noroanas | 20 nan 09 — ¢ inoNKo 21 man Ol — © manuant Menoaneaue wana: | [Luamerp nopunis (mat): aersrgarsneys | —rugponorop pesepcunmui ¢ pesp6onum npucoexisuennen tpySonponogon ce CAMORCACHIBAIONUI ¢ peav6onssm npucoeAMHeHueN Tpy6onponoAoR w 15 — riapoMorop (wacoc-MoTop) © daanuenait npicoeauienuen. Tpy6onponoxon = Hacoc cawoncacuisaioumit c duaiuesuiM npiicoeaMnenten TpyGonpononoD, Hacos peryanpyenmll cayoncacianaioNil € peryaxtopom Morigtoctit A 25° YW ef ey ef qj 25° \, e Lf 5 ¥ Puc. 3.4. Cxema yunduxanui akcHansio-nopumnentix riqposaut 1 — yundmysponannh Kauaiouli yser; 2 — ruapomaumaa tina 210; 3 — Heperyaupye- Aoi Denepenpuuill ruqpoMoTop c KDLUIKON Asa NpHcoeRUHENUs TpyGonpoBonoR MOcpeRCTHON gaanuen 210.XX.13.XXX; 4 — Meperyanpyensih camovcacumaiount wacoc (eperyaupye- Mbit epenepchanbil rmapomorop) 210.XX.12.XXX; 5 — meperyanpyesif pesepenaanilt THAPoMOTOp (Hacoe—MoTOD) € KPHUIKOM JIA NpHcOeANHENUA TPyGONPOBOKOR TocpeReTBOM BRepuytsix wrywepos 210.XX.11.XXX; 6 — perysupyemmih Hacoc tina 207; 7 — wenon- ungoant Kopnye, Hacoca; @ — ‘nosoporiisth Kopnye:, 3 — peryaupyeMl penepeuoussh a coe Aus rujpociicren c' sauKuyToR uupKyaAuMeR 207.XK.11.XXX; 10 — peryanpyentatt Camoncactinaiouith Hacce fa rhgpocucreM c pasoMKKyTOR wMpKYamieH 207.XX.16.XXX; 11 — peryanpyesuih canoneacuinaimuh Wacoc © peryantopom MOMKOCTH 207. X X.18. XXX 12 = enwoeunit peryanpyenuin cantovcacwarouull yacoe co netpoeuitum peryanTopon Noi Moet ‘ina 2 B.A. Bacuanuenxo 33 3.4.1. Heperyampyemuie wacoce « raapomoropnt tuna 210 Tlo npumuiny jelicraus axcuansno-nopuinenste Hacocbl H riiqpomoTopit Tuna 210 sBARIOTCR OOpATHMEIN rHsPOMaLIHHaMH. Kavaiouunii ysen (puc. 3.5, a) rHapomaumm coctout vi npHRoaNoro Bana 1, cenn nopuineli 12 ¢ matynawn 11, paguanbxoro 14 u cancenHoro paxHanbHo-ynop. voro 13 wapHKOnOAUIMNHNKOS, O10KA WMNAPOB 8, WeHTpUpyemoro cibepmNecKHM pacnpexemurenem 9 H nenTpanbuEM unoM. Or ocenoro nepenemtenna BRYTpenHe KOmbia NOMMINMHHKOB yAeprKHDAIOTeA ABYMA MpyxMHHEIMK KonbaMM 15, BTysI- Koit 3-H cTonopubim Koabuom 2. B nepesuell KpLulike /6 yctanonacHo apMupoRaHiioe MaumeTHoe ynuoTHeHHe 17, onupaiomteces Ha TepMooOpaorannyo nryaKy 18, Lenrparbusii mun 5 onpaetes c onuoii ctopoubi cipepuieckoii TonopKol na THesqo BO duane Baa, a c Apyroli — na Gponsosylo Bry.tky /0, sanpeccopannyto B pacnpenenurenb 9 B cdepuveckue ruesza diana wana f ycravosnenm cemb warynos [J 4 3a- Kpensienbi naactanol 4. Ha matynax sapanbuonans cems nopumeli 12. Tlopunu uaxofater B GioKe muauHApoB 7. K wuyrpennel nowepxnocth KpoUKH 20 (puc. 3.5, 6) npxcoeannen pacnperenuten 9, nea xyroo6paaunix nasa KoToporo Copmemtenst ¢ TaKHMH >Ke nazamH KpDuUKH 20. CéhepuecKas nonepxHocTs GloKa uuamHApOB 8 c NoMOMNbIO TapeABHaTEIX npyxHH 6 (eM. Puc. 3.5, a) TAK npwKaTa K chepHueckoi MoBepxHocTH pacnpexemHTensn, YTO IPH BpaM\eNMH GsloKa NosOcTH AWAHHAPOB B oNpenenenHol MoceAOBATeMHOCTH cOBMeMMAIoTCA ¢ AyroOSpastEm nasa pacnpeneaureas. Kavaroutuit yea yeranopmex B Kopnyce 19 (cm. pic. 3.5, 6) 4 sapuxcuponan cTonopuBi. KombtOM. 1716 15 1% 4 % Puc. 3.5. Yangnunponannui karaouuil yoen (a) weperyaupyenuitt axcHamsHo-nopulnesoti nacoc—morop (6) 34 Bpautenue npapoxuoro ApHravena vepes nau nepesaeres waTynaM. Tocaenune, onupasice Ha KOHHYecKHe 10KH NOpUIKelt, NpHBOAAT BO BpaMenHe GnoK wAAHHIRPOB oTHocuTenbHO HenomBmKHOTO pacnpexemiTess. Ecau och mentpamHoro wna 5 copnazaer c ocbio pasa 1, Kak NoKasaHo Ha pic. 3.5, a, To pH Bpaulenun pana NopuniH He conepwlaloT BosBpatiio-ocTynaTemb- Horo ABIOKEHHA H, cileLOBATENbHO, He HarHeTaOT paGouyio 2XxHAKOCTS. EcH O10K MuauUApoB 8 BMeCTe ¢ LeHTpAAsHEIM WHTIOM 5 OTKMONHTH Ha WeKxOTOpBIi yrom OT OCH baila 1 (pie. 3.5, 6), TO MpH Bpamennu GaoKa nopunnit 12 6ynyT copepliaTs BOsBpATHO- nocTynaTebHoe ABIUKeHHe B WMAMHAPAX, BCACHIBaTs H HaTieTaT pa6ouyio *KHAKOCTE Nepes KaHami B pacnpexenurene 9 ‘Ba OWN OGopOT MPHBOAKOrO Rana KaxqBIH MopmIenb coepmaer AUN Apolo! Xo; MpH stom rlopuieHb, BAIxoRAUM Hs GnoKa, sacacuiBaeT paGouyio >KHAKOCTE B OcBOGoMRaeN OGreN, a IPH ABIDKEHHH B OOpaTHOM HanpapaeHHH — BLITecHAeT ee B Hanopuyto ruposmHiuio. Konuyectso paGovelt xxHAKOCTH, HarHeTaeMolt HacocoM, SaBHCHT OT WACTOTS BPAMeNNA MpUBoMUOTO Baza. TipH HsweneHuN yrua HM HanpanseHHs HaKAONA GnOKA HMAUNApOB HoMeHsIOTeH BemHuia H HanpaaseHHe noroKa paGowell auAKocTH. Eom aabuxcupopan yrom Ha KNOHA GIOKa NUAHAPOB, TO THAPOMAMIHHA GyneT HeperyaupyeNoll, T. e. ¢ Mocromt- HBIM_paGO4nM OOFEMOM. TipH paGore oSwemuioft ruApoMALIHEL B pexXUNe THAPOMOTOPA 2KHAKOCTS OCTY- naer H3 THApocHicTeMbl B paGouxe KaMepst GroKa WHTIMHAPOB Yepes OTBepCTHe B aanHelt Kpuimke 20H tlonyKombitenoe oTBepcTHe B pacnpenemrene 9. Tanmenue >xuqKOCTH Ha NOpWUH Nepenaetca vepes WaTyunl, pacronoxenuste nox yrnon 26° x duanuy MpHwonworo Bana, B Mecte KouTaKra waryHa ¢ BalioM OCeBAR COCTanAAIOMAA CHIL AABN AHA KocTH Ha MOpilleHb BOCKpHHUMaeTeH panHanbuo-yNOpHEIMH WapHKOMOAMMTAH- kamu 1/3, a TaHrenuwanbHas cogaaer Kpytamit Moment na nany J. Kpytauifi Mo- MeHT, passunaembtlt rHpoMoropom, nporopuHouaren padoueny OOLEMY H AABeHHIO, onpeneanemouy puewuelt arpysKoil, (conporupzeniey). Tipu vsMenenMm KomHvectba padovelt 2KURKOCTH WM ManpapneHisa ee MORAY HaMewiloTeA YacTOTa M HanpaBneHMe wpailleMA ana riigpomoTopa. Hanpapnenne spaulenus wacoca yxagawo ctpexxofi a Kopnyce. Hacoc npaxoro Bpamenna moxker paGoraTb KaK rHKpOMOTOp steBOrO spaueHua. LLnx ucnomBsoBaNHs THAPOMOTOPA B peuME Hacoca HeOOXORHMO AONOAHHTEMBHOR CorsAacoBAHHE C 3ABOKOM- xaroropurenen. Tlo cheuuanbiomy sakasy MOTyT GiiTb WsroTOBAeHEI Hacocst stenoro Bpaueniia. Heperyampyensie nacocst u ruipomoroptt Tuna 210 usroTOBAAIOT B KOHCTPYKTHB WHIX HeMOMHEHHAX, MPHBEREHULIX. HIDKe: Hacockt Heperyaupyemie camoncacbiBaiouINe ¢ pessGosbim (12) nam ¢uanne- num (16) npycoeausentem tpySonponosos: 210.12.12.00; 210.12.19.00B; 210.12.12.01%; 210.12.12.01B; 210.16.12.00*; 210.16.12.00B; 210.16,12.01; 210.16.12.01B; . "210.20.12.20%; " 210.20.16.20B; 210.20.12.21*; 210.20-16.21B; “210.25.12.20*; 210.25.16.20B; 210.25.12.21*; 210.25.16.21B; THAPOMOTOPHI HeperyanpyeMbIe pesepcnBtie ¢ KPLIUIKOM AMIN NpHCcoemMHEHHA tpyGonponogos ¢ noMoMIbIo BRePTHEIX uITyMepOR: 210.12.11.00*; 210.12.11,00A; 210.12.11.00B; 210.16.11.00*; 210.16.11.00B; 210.12.11.01%; 210.1211.01A; 210.12.11.01B; " 210.16.11.01; 210.16.11.01B; 210.20-11.20"; 210.28.11.20%; 210.2.11.20;' 210.20.11.21%; — 210.25.11.21*; 210.32.11.21; THAPOMOTOPS HeperyaHpyeMBle PeBepcHBHEIe ¢ MpHcoegUHeHHEM rpyCompono Ros ¢ noMOMbIO daaHueDt 210.12.13.00%; 210.12.13.01%; 210,16.13.00*; 210,16.13.01*; 210.20.13.20*; 210.20.13.20B; 310.20.13.21%; 210.20.18.21B; 210.20.15.21B**; | 210.25.13,20; 210.25.13.20B; 210.25.13.21"; 210.25.18.21B; 210.82.18.20; 210.82.13.20B; 210.82.13.21;' 210.32.13,21B (rHIpOMAWIHHEY, OTMeNeHHBIe SHaKOM ¢*», MOcTABTaOTCA NO ocoCoMy sakasy, cornaconaHHomy ¢ SABoROM-HaroTOBHTeTeM; THAPOMALINHE!, OTMeUeHHBIE SHaKOM «**>, HSCOTOBARIOT AAR SKCHAYATALMOHNBIX HYXKA, M TPH UPOCKTHPOBAHHA HOBLIX MALIH HX NPHMeHATE He pexomeuayeTcn). ae 35 1 0,95} H | 95 I ! a | 0,85) +— 0,90) + | 1 1 ! 0,80 1} 0,85) 1 5 10 15 = 20 25" 30 32%,Mila 5 10 15 20 25" 30 32%p,MNla a) 6) Puc. 3.6. Sapneumoct# noauoro (2) 4 oGemHoro (6) KM axchaasio-nopuineasix Hacocos una 210 oT Aapaenus AAR pasananux sHaveHNh OTHOCHTEMEHON HACTOTM BPAULEHUN 7M rare pH BASKOCTH paGovelh xHAKOCTH 33. ssMt/c Octtoptie napamerpst rHapoMauMH npuBenenu B Tabu. 3.3. Tuapomaumnst, HsroTapmupaembie no TY 22—3444—75, jouxutt coorperctno- bark tpedosanuam’ OCT 13823—78, TOCT 1741181, TOCT 14892—69, TOCT 15151—69 padouel yoxymenrauun. TY 22344475 pacnpoctpausores Ha HACOCBI H PH;poMOTOpbI J\VIs| paliouoB ¢ yMepenuBmM (Y), xonomHbiM (XJ1) m TpomH- ueckun (T) Kauwatom (KaTeropus HenouKeHHs 1), B coorserersun c OCT 15150—69. SaurcuMoctH oGsemHioro H nloaHoro KILL Heperyaupyestx uacocos tuna 210 OF AABACHHA NH MAKCHMAMDHOM yrue HAKHOHA GAOKA (Omax = 25°) MOKAgaNEL Ha puc. 3.6. 3Havenua KIVL npa p = 25 4 32 MMla (ormevenst aneaqouxoll) coorser- Creyiot TombKo Hacocam THnopasMepos 210.12 1 210.16. Sapucumocta rutpomexanuueckoro KIVL raxpomoropos tuna 210 or orHocHTesD- Holl wactoTHl BpauleHHs Mik pasmMuiKIX sxaveHuil mepenaga AaBleHUs NOKAsaHEt xa puc. 3.7. 3uayenue Ap = 32 MIa (otmevexo apesgouxoll) coorsercrayer rHqpoma- umHaM ¢ AWaMerpom nopums 12 16 Ma. Yunsepcaabuste (tonorpaduyeckite) Xapakrepncruxm wacocos 210.12.12.00A, 210.16.12.00B w ranpomotopos 210.12.11.00A, 210.16.11.00B npx naaKoct paGovelt 2kHaKocTH 30 + 3 mvé/c npuBesenti Ha puc. 3.8. CruoumBle AMHHH COeEMMHAIOT TOUKK omnnaxonnx KIMI, sHavenns Koropux ykasanis van xpunuin. [lrpuxonnie mut Coorsererayiot mioctoHHoi oTHocHTesbHoli Momsocta (N/Nmmax = const). Ha puc. 3.8, a HaxnonnBe (GnH19KMe K ropHsoHTanbuBN) npsMbIe COOTBETeTBYIOT NOCTOsI- WbIM sHaveHHsIM OTHOCHTeNbHOM MONA te (Q/Qmax = const) # orHocHTenbHoi yacTorit spautentas (n/nax = const). Ha pwc. 3.8, 6 LITpHXNYHKTHDHBe MpAMEte yKasHIBAIOT OT- 0,95) wocutesbubit pacxon (Q/Qmax = const), TOpHSOHTANbHbIe — OTHOCHTeAbHBIH MoMeNIT, 090 £ cosnanaenbiit runpomoropom (M/Mmax ; 3 = consi), a Kpubble, GHOKHE x ropli2on- re TasbuLiM, — AaBseHNe Ha BxOXe B THAPO- 485{ | morop (Ap = const). Taéapurusie i npncoeanmurenbusie pasmepst eperyampyeMbix TrHApOMAUIAH Ce on iN tuna 210 npunenensi Ha puc. 3.9 B ra6n. 3.4. 0,75) 210.12 1000 2000 3000 n,od/muxt 210.16” 800 1600 240C 3200 4000 210297, 600 200 16002400 5000 pyc. 3.7. 3anucumoctn _ rnaponexannecxoro 75007000 1500 7000 700 _‘KMit ruppomoropon sana 210 ov o1nociTeagnOn 210.25" aa MaO Ome CUR Eed, tuerbre spauten 1 AAA PASMMYHLIX sHATeHHE Te NARA AABACHNA TPH BASKOCTH PAGOLe mUAKO- 20,32/ 100800 720016002000 penaga aa ‘ow paoxoctt pao i 36 WAngs. a9 08 a7 06 a5 04 43 a2 at 0 MM 0,9 08 07 06 05 on 0,5 02 at 0 Puc. NNpaxO2 5 04 95 0,6 97 08 N/Nmax=0,9 nna 40 09 8 a7 06 05 0,4 03 0,2 Of aa 2 4 6 8 0 12 T 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Ap,Mla* 4) MNmrax® 01 0,2 O35 O04 05 06 07 08 09 Yomi | 02 | 3 | 04 | O45 | 06 | 07 108 a9 Ap, Milla 50 25 484_7°282| 086 & Of 02 05 0% 05 06 07 08 9g 8, Yunpepcansinie xapantepucrunye wacocos 210.12:12.XXA, 210.10.12.XXB (a) FS. Maen ADONOTOROS 210-12-11-XXA, 210-i8:i1,KXB (0) 9,9 n]rmax a7 s96'0 296'0 96°0 96°0 gree Like aan lect ect| “= | verte vison ee | oer Vee 096 oozt oozt oost - oser = = ort osst oosz, oset = ooze ossz cose oost osez ooez 00 oosz osie 00% 0002 oose oste 000% 096 oozt ost ocer 20'0 wotekdurnoneused 2H or og ze og (oonsow0390) 60'0 (eonsorwoage) g9'9 ! 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Peryaupyemsie yacocst Tuna 207 Peryaupyewtti nacoc Tuna 207 (pic. 3.10) umeer xopnyc 2, nwa guanna 4 u 15, ToRoporibiit Kopnye 6, saqHio KpbmKy 9 H yHuuuiposannut Kayaiomui yser (cu. pic. 3.5, a), yoraionmenutit B xopnyce Ha patMansuom 20 u cRRoeHHOM past anbHo-ynopuom 19 nomumnuuKax. Bo dnanue pana 1 sazenauut romoBKu waryHon 13 ¢ nopuinam 12. Tlaactuna 3, mpukpetiiennaa Bintan Ha Topue djaHta, yAep»KH- BaeT waTyHB B cepHuecKHX rHesnax basa / oT BogRelteTBHA OceBOlt CHAM Tip! KORE Beacipania nopuiiell, 4 Mewonnoman 240.32 13.206 u210,32.15 216 be Is ” Henonnemse 210.20 16.218 teomax 502 s pe 8 al om aK irutoe 3 P S| —» spamenre O41 SOR p26tgz ff |S) =o enetoe : ls pattie “a Ni ‘tas hasan 2 Puc. 3.9. Ta6apuTuue W npHcocAHHNTeMbNLe pasnepsr ruapowauN THN 210 Ha uenrpassiom mune 10 yeranossen GnoK wiaHNapos If, nomKuntaenbsti K cihepuyeckoli nonepxtoctH pacnpeneanresa 8 Tapenbuatsinn mpyakunansn 5. Tian coennnenia c MpHBORHDIM ABHTATeTeM KONE Basta J MOET HMETS UINOHKY non manus. Ha xpyx nomex daaunax 4 1 15, npuxpenmenubx K Kopnycy 2, yera- HOBAeH Ha WapHKOMO_MMNHUKAX /4 Kopnyc 6, KOTOpLI MoxKeT noBopauHBATECA BOKDYP BEpTHKAAbHOH OCH B OGe cTopoHB! ta yrout = 25°. K topuy mopoporHoro xopnyca 6 npipepuyra KpHUIKa 9, HMeIoULAN ABA AYToOGpasiiKAX naga, coeAUHEHHEX ¢ momoctamn danies 4H 15 vepes Kanab B NOBOpoTHOM KOpHyce 6. AKcHasbHO pacomoxentbte nopumn /2 copeputaior BosBpaTHo-NocTyNaTeNbHOe ABIDKeUMe B Pa- Gowux Kamepax O70Ka LHAHAPOB OxaroRapA HasAMUMIO ra MeXKAY Ocb!O GAOKA I~ aumnapos // 1 ocbio npHBoyHOTO Basa 1. PaGoune Kamepit GaoKa uNAMUApOB 11 coo6- WAIOTCH C HAMOPHEIM KatatoM IPH MepeMeulenHH NopuHel Beye UMTHHAPOB HCO RCAcHBAIOMLNM KaHAsIOM MPH OOpatHom xone. 3a OWA OGopoT npuBoguoro Bata xaxkquiii nopurent 12 conepuiaer oni ABO!HOM XON; TIP STOM HopieHD, BLIXOALUNT a poropa, sacacbiBaeT paGouyio XHAKOCTD B OCBOGORKAAeMBIA OGbEM, a MPH ABIDKEHH b OOparion HanpansenHlt — BErTeCHsIeT pAGOUYIO KHAKOCTS B HaMlopllyto rHAPOAHHIO. 5 8 17 16 15 Puc. 3.10. Peryaupyemuit peuepeuanutil Hacoc 207.XX.11.02 Aad padorer » rugponpinone fC SAMKHYTON MNpKYANKNCH (Gea peryaRTopa MoMHOcTH) PaGowan 2kHAKOCTh NoxBoguTeA K KaYaroMemy yay Ha Gaka ruppocucTeMb Yepes omsepemie B nmKHeM duane 15 no KaHany B NOBOpoTHOM Kopnyce 6, a OTBOAHTCH TaKxe M0 Kaaay B MoopoTHOM Kopnyce H Hepes OTREpcTHe B RepxHem daanue 4. Cimxponnsauua Bpamenns pana J m GnoKa unaMunpos 11 oGecnesHpaetes mlary- nan 18. Vonenenue seamunins xanpannenus noroxa paGoveli xKHAKocTH (penepcHpona- me Hacoca) BBITOMHAIeTEH HSMeHeHHeM Yr1a HAKNONA MOBOpOTHOTO KopHyca 6, COeNH- HewHoro ¢ NoMOMbIO Naabua 7 ¢ peryaRTopOM MoMHOeTH. C YRenHYeHiteM OTKIOHe- HH HOBOPOTHOTO KOPHYca OT HOMOKEHHA, MPH KOTOPOM ocd NPHBOAHOTO Basta coBTa- Haer ¢ ocbio potopa, Xon nlopulniell ynemnunnaercn M, cHeoBATeTbHO, Monata pery- ANpYemoro Wacoca MOXKeT TITABHO HEMeUsTHCA MPH HEMeHEHHM yraa HakuoHA NOBOPOT- Horo Kopnyca or 0 0 :£25°. KoxerpyKuna akcuasbHo-nopuinenoro wacoca, pemHasHa¥eHKoro JIA THApO- cucTeM MOOHNBUBIX MaluHH, B KOTOPEIX HeoGxOHMO] peryaInpoBAT pacxoR paGovelt 2KHAKOCTH HW HOMeHATE ManpaBueHHe MOTOKA Np NOcTOAHHOM HanpawieHUN BpallleHHst ApHBoRHOTO Basa, MoKasatia ua puc. 3.10. SToT Hacoc MpemHasnayeN AMI yCTAHOBKH HenocpegcTaeno B Gax c padovelt xcu”KOCTHIO MPH paGore B THAPOMpHBOKE ¢ SaNKHY- roi HupKyzsuuel uM noanurKolt. Bepxinit 4m nuxnnit 15 drainer anx nopsona u ornoga paGoueli %KUAKOCTH Npt- xpenenbi K Kopnycy Hacoca 2 BunTaMu /8, Tepwetuutiocts coeaMHeHHA NONBORAUX H oTBORAUMNX Katiasios BO daaNNax 4 H 15 ¢ HoBOpOTHEIM KOpNycom 6 RoCTHTAeTCs yeranosxol ® wenovoporuiow Kopnyce 2 oxBIRXHON Bryaxu /6, npmskunaewoR npy- sxnnolt 17. Axcianbuo-nopumenolt peryaupyensii camoncacunaromui uacoc HcnomHeHHA 207.XX.18.02 ¢ xaanom » Bepxiten duianue J jam npHcoeuHeHnA peryaAtopa MOI wocts 400.XX.13.10, npenuasiavenmsit aa perysiuponanua noxayu npit nocToAHHOM HanpapaenHM NoToKa, NoKasan Ha pyc. 3.11. TakHe Hacocbl yeraHabluBaioT Heno- cpenetaenHo B CaK Aix paGouell AUAKOCTH H HCHOMbsYIOT AAA PAGOTH B rUApOMpHROTE © pasomKnytoit unpKyaauuelt. Koucrpyxuna Hacoca He Jonyckaer HaMeHeHHa (pe- BepcHpowaHis) HanpabAcHHA BpAMleHKA Basta, TAK KAK paGouan 2%HAKOCT MocTynaer B Hacoc uepes pacumpenbiit Kanan B sannell xpuike 2 rienocpetcTBeHHO HS Gaka, a He Nepes qvianmbl 1 wm 3. B wacoce xenoro spamenns nepxnuit daanen 1 sarayuielt. 3 wc, Sst. Peryanpyenuih canoncacwaarouni wacoe 207.XX.18.02 gas paar = ruapo- Puce Soll. Eirtone € pasonnnyron wupayamiel (e peryanropom MOMMoCTH) Benegersue toro wro juin peryaanponanna ronasit Hacoca MPH BEICOKOM Hansen pebyeren npnaoxexe Gombulnx youauh, usMenene yrua waKrOna GAOKA LNAI pos jocTuraerca c Homousio rHApoycuauTess. Ha pic. 3.12 noKasan peryampyenbl pesepcusunti wacoc 207.XX.11.02, MpuenocoGnenmisit id ynpapnenuA riispoycHat- renem 452, oGecnesupaiomum pysuoe H AUCTAHUOMHOe HEMeHeHHe yraa HaKTOHa GnOKa RUMHAPOB MPH HSMeHeHHH HaNpaBeHHA BpaMeHHs. Puc. $.12. Peryaupyenutt penepenmuuti wacoc 207.XX.11,02 ¢ rugpoycnanrerem tina 452 47 Peryaupyenute nacoct tna 207 Haroronsior 8 KONCTPYKTHBHEX HenoueHAsX, Yeagauubx B ra6A. 3.5, HX TeXUNecKHe XapaktepHicTHKH NpUBexeHs B Tab. 3.3, 4 raGaputane H npucoeaMHHTeNbUBIe paaMepb — 11a pic. 3.13 HB Ta6n, 3.6, 3.7. Peryaupyensie canoncacsipaioutue Hacoctt THna 207.X X.18,02 moryr Guth yKOM naeKTopannt peryastopanH MomuocrH tuna 400 (pie. 3.14, Ta6. 3.8 1 3.9), KoTopHe aBTOMATHYecKH HEMENMIOT Yo HaKNOHA GOKA UNAHHAPOD B saBeNMOCTH OT AaABLIe- Mus, OOecherHBad NOCTOAHHYIO MoMHOCTS Hacoca Mp ONpeneneHHO! HacToTe Bpaute- MMs’ mpHBoRHorO" Basa, = Tlo xouerpyktustomyTucnoanenmo pasauuaior peryasropst: Henannence 202 XX. XXX 4 am cou pA Mennnenue 207, XX, XXK 1 Mennerte OOHK TEAK a Wane Tg (a0 341 Xx a in 2 ami 9 ei Al Feta ’ Buc. 3.13. Fadapurane 1 npucoogunurersime @ — penepettpiioro caNoneacuiaiomero Ges peryanTopa MouyHocri; B 6 ~ camoncacunaro t C Moctonuun — orpanuuitrenes — tlogayit — 400.20.13.10; 400.5.13.10; 400.32.13.10; ) Mexannueckum —orpanuuntenem. —noxay — 400.20.17.10; 400.25.17.10; 400.32.17.10; C) THApaRHyecKuM orpaKuuHTeneN nogan — 400.20.19.10; 400.25.19.10; 400.32.19.10. Hugexcur peryastopos o6pagonanm caenyioutun o6pasom: nepatie. tpH nubs (400) o6osnavaior ‘Tun peryantopa, cxeayiomue noe wippst (20, 25, 32) — auamerp (om) mopums xavaiomero’ yaaa wacoca, na KoTOporo mpenwasaven peryaatop. Tpetba rpynna wubp (13, 17, 19) — KoHctpyxripHoe ienoaNenne peryaaTopa, NO. cnegune Be unppst (10) — Hopmanbuntit papuanr. Peryasropst momuocra tunopasmepa 400.20 usroropnaer MockoscKnit man Hoctponrenbubiit sapon um. M. HM. Kamuunna, 400.25 1 400.32 — Onecceuit sason «Crpoirapanauxan, Vswewenne noxayn wacoca 8 saBucHMoctH or AaBnenuA ocymecrsameres nepe- MeuleHHeM miToKa 3, cassanuoro ¢ Hambo! 2 noBopotHoro Kopnyca Hacoca. TIpit no. DUILICHH AaBIeHHA B HanopHol rHxpomUAMH uITOK peryaaTOpa CKUMAeT HaKeT cH Hopbx npyxni 4 4 5M yeranapmumaer 640K MUIMHAPOB B MOMOKeHHe, CooTRETCTBY- Joulee Meitbureft Mogae Hacoca, pH 9TOM MouIHOCTS NORAepAuBacTes TocTOAHHON. Tip ywenbutennt Aantenua B wanopxo rHapommunH chaonbe mpyaKunst Dosnpa- ULOT OOK UHAINHAPOB B HOMOKeNHe, cooTBETCTByIOM\ee GOsIbULe NONAYe. XapaxrepHicTuKy cHAOBIIX npyxct HM TOMANHY KoMMeHcauHOHHEIX mali6 / PaccuntiBaior sia KaxKOrO KONKperHorO Hacoca Ha saBoNe-HaroTODITENe. Zin orpannvenns yra nonopora Gnoxa wHuIKHAPOR HenowLsylOT MeXaHHecKHE Han THApaBaUyeckue orpannunten (puc. 3.18). Peryaupyempie nacocst Tuna 207 moryt Gpir ykonmaeKroBansi ruxpoycnante- Hann tuna 452 (raGa. 3.10), o6ecnewmmaroutuam pyuitoe H ANcTanuHontioe HaMenenHe yrula_Hakoua opoporiioro Kopnyea B peBepcuBHEX pexHMaX. Tipu paGore runpoycnaurens (puc. 3.16) padovas >KHAKOCTE OT Hacoca ynpanze- Hua NocTynaeT B rHApOIDLMHNAD MeXaHMaMA MepecTaHOBKH, cBASAHH ¢ HAKMONHBIN La pasmeput peryaupyemnix wacocon tHna 207: lero © peryasropom momoctu THi1a 400; @ — penepciintoro © rHgpoyenatrenen tuna 1 49 3.5. Wenoanenus peryanpyemuix wacocos Tuna 207 Mpogonnenne ta6a. 3.5 50 . ] : { Hane Hanuenosaue 1 yexosioe Tpaiecxoe w206pa- { nenowanne 1 yenoaioe onaneune | ,Epaguvectoe w206pa- Fpapuucexoe na00paKenwe O6osnavenwe pa eetal pervaupasanne i rpagidecKoe uso6parxenite 060s nawer akenne. peryaupopanita ‘ Hacoc peryaupyeussh pesepen 207.20.11.02 Hacoc peryaupyewnipesepcnsiiih 11.02 , e Pinpoyeuahnenen REINO OF Sea Peneps 207.25.11.02 j or-a-11-03 1207.20.11.025 307.20.11,035 sin ei . 159.20.07-04 Sines 207.25.11.02 7 762.96.07.04 / 207.32.11,02 i 92.39.07.04 Hacoc peryaupyenut camoscacuisa- | 207.20.16.02 uit veeeaead 207.25.16.02 207/32.16.09 207-33-18.03 } Tp umewenua. 1. Cpadnseckoe uso6paxeyne peryanponauna we onpene ser Xapantepuiemuin. peryanpoanua. Yenouue’ GoosHANenwoe os yrom, “hens: Henn nonopertore nopnyca {yrom Mexny oem OmoKe Mhaimiapon 1 hoxos ta: Mapoutero yaa); Q —nlonaua iiacoca, p— Rasnenue Ha BBKOHe Nacoce: hee nepe- . wremenne arn ynbannensa, 207 2, Tip saxase nacocon peryaupyemx 2°% xpowe rpaguvecnoro oGoonave- wa caenyer ykaaare means MouMoeTH H HaCrOTH BpaU{eHU Bana, npunexestiate B TaGa. 3.9. m aes ae a s07,20,18,02 3. Hopwansioe nenpanaese ppauceniia naaa wacocon npavoe mp HaGniogent Hacoe peryaupyensil, casioucacusaio- | 207.20.18.02 co croponis nana. Heoxonuoers nenoro npauen 307 tunt'G perjanepom wotioct arate 5 TOPE aane, Heodrontnoe pawenus au wacocon una 207, 202 207.20.18.028 | » 2 ogo yuagars sana, F00-30.18.108 TY | velgGAh PSOE 8 NoMngeATS € NACOCANH 207, XX1G.XXX, 207. XX IRAN cannes A | upenwagiiaven npeaoxpainrrenbie "rigponnanaiia una 810, 26 \iacosann pan tas |e | DBPACEIT XXX" Gok tunpornenawen tana, S02 t Hacoe peryaupyenuih camoseacuisaio- | _207.20.18.02 _ gilt ¢ peryamropom Momwocti m Mexa- I Z NY HiMeckne orpansueew. mone | , (foe = t) | We f g wal ol 18.02 | 90.32.17.10 i | 5 4S 2 Moar} i 7 2 I Hacoc peryaupyemsili casoncacpinato- 207.20.18.02, e T Poe 4 ufc Pergasnopon wouroctic rx | 4g0:Z0-19:10 narseShn OFpaMMTeNeN HoReN | ae a 7 207.20.18.02B ¥00.30.19.108 1 207.25.18.02 t fe 700-35.19.10 207,32.18.02 | A 400.32.19.10 | ) Puc, 3.18. 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EF | ctor e ee ls0°0+' 8 |etovo+ Fee ¥ seor | asoce | asus ext csr see sxoce | oe1se w exo | cose | cose sens a=6re se 686 - - = H vores | vorso | Forse vores vores vores: | = - % wes teace | soe 2122 | aoe ELIT 1008 i081 trent | "Siders | hs ceees | “OL aetes BS187 sexe | 72 geez - - - * exoor | exore | cose ex08e e008 ox0ts - - a “ sore | rors | tomer zomes V0=09 vost | somes 009 “oe “ ree83 1093 10rd - = - vost | io=ss | rorse " i = = — — exetoros | ax co=st - somes | comes | coo " sors: | s‘orsct | cos - = - zost | seort | siestr 4 soreer | comror | corsie | coro | corses | core | corer | corse: | co=or! 1 a - - sores | sorsos | corer | vores | roseue | rorce 4" cece tse [estes | aree seieee | eriees asze | eoises | srises ” s'1=001 0s | 109 s'=001 s'1=08 109 =001 109 " s'1=008 ost | steer | * s't00% stsosr | sisect | et=o07 simeat sore | vomos | corse sorstt 2006 sori | sora BOLL ” ro~ O~ 50, | HOT ro~, ¥'0— 0 ro ro +0- aot tet ores! | greet | go +t8t soos! sort! | go tis sorte u | ae 25009 | vee GE62E | vee ICY sigsoi9 | “stgeeve | “ht eer . amcos zecer | crore asus | ‘lester | “Lasose | cove | sxoss | aroee 1 ¥09 ozs eek 399 8ze ser 86s aor coe souo9 au “7 ze-es% svzer | occer | ceoor $&:00% 0700+ “ sodanced wud | “eeu0s 02208 se208 $610 06-108 es een rate anti weHEC9O (1'€ “2d “H9) 202 PUNE ToD0DH XIGWOKdUEKIOd (WH) KedoNCEd aMUaKOLHHUYOODNdY H aMUMLNdEOLL “9°e 2.8, Mapanerpu peryanropon mouiocen jam nacocos Tuna 207 3 ¢ ¢ Tunopasnep wacoca m ucnonnenne peryanropa é 3 z i . = S t = ° 1 ce ie] | Tlapawerp, | 2 —| x. } 8 8 — 5 } eTS} RSP st |} eR | | 2 e ot * 400. XX.18.XXX | 400.XX.17.XXX | _400.XX.19.XXX 2 Gi Gi a g sl/l i i 2 Orpannsenne uandonsimen | 0—20 = A g = ej g | oxew ynopom,yeraita 3 * auseeun mpi istoroBte~ ee 8 | ann, % 4 3 | Moweiit ua peryaupyrouten 7 1 350 1 650 | 1000 1 - es “ o 3 waay orpannuntena noga- : a] 3 z |: Fn mono [0-301 0-281 mn e 7 paeine Ha BxORe 9 on = 8,2] 02,51 0-2, fi x] i a a z farairreny noxaun, Mitta 3 3 z g 3S \ Macca (es pa6ouel ximKo- & § i rn), ry He Gonee, an Ha s| z cocoa Kopnycou: g] « & i ftyeyiniant 120] 230) 58 ) 120) 230 ) 58 | 120) 230 2| & a i z ua amounnnesoro [43 |= | =| 43 |) | as | | s(2{[=] 0 a 2 8 | ' a| 3 3 8 3 ; 3.9. XapawrepHeritea peryanpopain canoneacuipatounx Hacocos Tuna 207 | | | xssean | assnnnsat| EERERSET" ESEoeE | aaa | | 207.20 207.25 | 207.32 | B| ¢ at E i 700.20 700.28 | | 400.32" | g) 2] . as 2 8 | eleee eal a9 i . | Tapanerp iSepnemefuchomenes]iasanrers | | 5 25 g K | t =z 53 | x { | 2 — x i 1 2 1 2 1 i 3 3 3 o s es a Yactora apamenus, o6/su 1450, 1450 970 | 8 = ry il 3 5 Homimanbian mouiocrs, nogepxtnaemaa pe- | 14,7 | 22,1 | 29,4 | 36,8 | 58,8 | 8 2 2 i 5 3 rynsvopot, KET | 2 = 5 a Auanason ‘peryaupooanus npu yrae wanaona | 3,2 | 21 | 26 | 2 18 5 |—_—_|___|__ ——| 3 Mintienbias nporoamurensioer wixaa pe- é 2 Tyamponainin, ¢ pit yrue Naxaolia GnoKa: : at 2 or 0 no 25° 0,20 0.25 z 233 a pom. eo or 3 5 face * z lonyeriinoe xonuvectno witknos peryanposa- 3 a HAH cl § { nasa Twn 3 ul 353 g cae é z 333 2 Sale ule ale = a 2 Sis Re als 3.10, Mapanenpix ruapoycnaurenen tuna 452 be g g Hie pe be 2 2 5 2 2 1G xhe Hla E a | 3 Ey 3 BRIE Khe xR Tapawerp 452,20.07.04 | 452.25.07.04 | 452.92.07.04 8 g Sis SB Sle 2 8 si§ sie sis a Bie 2 | Yeuuame Ha tare ynpenaenia, H. ne Gone 190 200 250 5 ‘ ae ar Hepestentenne varie yapannenia ‘ov sy: 3u7 40,1 49,9 5 s 3 8 8 t seaoronnonosch, a exis 8 ae 3 3 ' anuenue” NactponKit » npexoxpanuread- 40, g 4 als She as 8 8 8 | Horo anata wa xoRe b Panpoyena 3 a? So & Tenb, fa 5 * be a oa Sheri | Houinlansusif pacxon ua sxone 8 ruapo- " w 23 g x ala zg 3 g 8 | youauvenn, 2/snn z * Beppe R ae, aR a Macca (Ges paGouehl xxugkoctu), Kr, we : € slg kk eel eos Gonee, am wacocon © xopnycow s s ale OG : : ‘43 uyryHa a7 116 205 g S IS Es 3 : S sis sk x i 3 amiowmuuenoro cnnasa 2 ei S 8 a als alt = i MuiHMaabHoe BpeMa wuKaAa peryaupoa- 0,2 0,22 0,29 5 imme 7 1 Alonyctumoe uvcno quKOB peryaupopa- 10 ita sat nin a 56 Rowena eS Ch [ok > 1 56 7890 15 20ptna freee Pue. 3.16. Trapavauecka cxema rugpoyenau "pean Tuna 452 Pue. 3.17. 3% ponanus or ai cunocr youn pery.mt= eH Ha BXOAE B HACOCKI ‘runa 207 6noxoM peryattpyenoro nlacoca uandoli 2. Tipe yupanneunn Bpyunyio pyxonrKol 4 SONOTHHK pacnpeRenuTembHOrO yerpoficBa 5 iepeweiaetcn BIpABO WK BAEBO. Tipu nefitpabHom noxoxeHHH SoROTHAKA UMTNITP MeXAHHSMa MepecTaHOBKH Ha- xoMITeA B cpenHeN MOOKEHHH Y rKNAKOCTD, MocTynaomar oT Hacoca ynpawreHHA, canpaerea B 6ax. . Ecullt Mepesect SONOTHHK BIIpano, TO XKKAKOCTS HocTyiHT B OGe NoNOCTH tH auujpa, HO H3-8a pasHocTH paGounx rtoutagell nopuma HNN 3 Mepemectiten Bueno HC MoMoUIb1O uanu 4 HOBepHeT GAOK MHAHIAPOB Hacoca. EcsK MepepectHt SONOTHHK BNPAwo, paGouaA KUAKOCTS HOCTYNHT TOMLKO B eBylO TOTOCT! HHAMIApA, B TO BDeMs Kak Npapaa MomOCTS cocsMNTER co cANBHO wMHHeM. B pesymbrare MWIHAP MepenectitTes BEBO, OTKAOHHB C HOMOMLLIO Wartpst HaKMOHHENH 610K Hacoca. Tpegoxpanurenbiniit Kaanaw 1 orpauunpaer Aablene ynpanmenus. nfo Qn /mun, 0 200 10} 20} t Bal O50 6 2025 pHa O50 _—* Op a gg ee Me 0 el a 4 4 aap adits m0 Nest ; Puc, 3.18. 3apHenmocts nogaun @ 20} —}— Soe abnea Ne, BOTLES gy socom yap: 200 “00.28 ‘00 —| 207.32 ; 207-38 Gq) or ganaeusn nH no- 7 SSS cFonntion sounocr gas paaautansx bapnanroe” nacsponkh peryantope: bial a J —xeftcrauterbunie sitayenna; 2 — | feopélanvecrne ahaweiias p= naBne- “0 ii titerrateuxone, Mla; Py: — Rabaemie 03 0 5 a ae a pxoge nZorpaniunrens nopayn, bina a 36 BaoucuMocts ycuana perysnponaniit Fy wa nambe or AaBnenna p wa Bxoxe B Hacoc noKasa#a Ha puc. 3.17. Tuapoycwmrenu xonetpyktHpuom Menoanennn 452.X X.07.04 usroranausaior Jui penepcnaninix Hacocon. B unjexce neppuie TpH muppet oGosHavaior THN THApOYCH- ‘aurena, Cuenyiouwe xBe Hippo — AMaMeTp (B 4M) MOpuINs KavaroMero Y3:1a Hacoca, Juin KoTOpOTO npenwasHaseH THApoycHAHTeNMs, cnenyIoMNe ABE Tpynns ItM>p — KOH ‘CrpyxTaBioe MenomueHne rHapoycKauTens. Homenenne nogaun Hacocos Tuna 207 8 saBHcHNocTH oT AapuenliA NoKasaHO Wa pac, 3.18, Lait pexunon, ormiraiouHxca OT HOMHHAAbHOTO, OTKMONEHHA XApAKTEpH- CTHKH peryauponaHus NOmUM Gur B Mpenenax +15 %. 3.4.3. [[pyxnotounie peryanpyemmie Hacocet Tunop 223 u 224 Tpyxnorownpie aKcnampHo-nopumesbie peryaupyempre Hacocht Tana 223 (puc. 3.19) co nerpoenusinn peryasTopamH MouwooTH HMeIOT ABA YHtKpMENpOBANHEX Kanaiouux yana Tana 207, yeraHonmeHHBix napaaenbHo B osMOM O6uteM Kopnyce 5 Ha WapHKoabX NORUIATHHKAX. Kawaome yams nacocos pacrlosoxenbl B OTHEMb'DIX kopnycax 3, KoTopble NopopaiMBaioTes B NOAUINNUNKAX BOKPYT CBORX BepTHKAMbUBIX oceit Ha yron no 25°. Honoporiste Kopnyca coemunentt Mexay cooit BuaKolt 11 1 OTKAONAIOTeH CHHXPOHHO MOR BosRelicTBHeM peryaatopa MoULNOCTH, UMexouero nayxctynensarsti nayrxep 8-H KoMUTeKT npyaiut 9 ¢ yeTartoBounMH wait6amn 10. Bau 6 uacoca npHBonHTes Bo Bpamenite oT ABHraTena i Yepes BerpoeHuLtit PenYK- Top 7 nepenaet Bpamenine nanan 4 Kavaioumx ysson, Bo daarue naa 4 saxpenstertit CeMb wiaTyHoB ¢ TOpUIHANH H KeHTpaabBi uM. Ha nocseHeM yeranoneH 610K UHAHHAPOB 2, KOHTAKTHPYIOUKHH TopuoBOl chepuyecKoit ToBepxHOcTLIO ¢ pacnpene- anrenem 1. PaGouag 2xuiKocTh nonBoqHTeA K Kavalomeny Yay He BuyTpenHeh A é Puc. 3.19, Apyxnorownif aKcnaanno- nopumenoit peryaupyemuifi wacoc THN0- paamepa 229.20 8 Kopnyce M3 uyryHa oF a afar 4, afmun 220 100 60 7 0120 30 40p,ap,,hina 0 10 20. 30 4p,*p,,Ma 9 yg Puc. 9.20, Sapucunoerm no,aun anyxnoroutux Hacocos runopaswepon 225.20 mn 224.20 (a) 228.26 (6) oF aanaenna npH nocToANNOR roMnoctH naK passnaners bapnaniton peryaroge, 1 gefterurensiue suavenna; 2 —reopernecke stayenus 3.11, Kowerpyxrupuste ucnommenssa anyxnorounsix peryanpyenuix Hacocon tuna 223 4224 Hannenonanie 1 yeronnoe OGosnaxenne | Tpaiuueckoe o6oanavenne Tpapiiecxoe ,odosnauenne Tunopasnepa eryanponanus Hacocw ayxnorownse peryaupye- | 223.20.02.00 Mute camoncaciisaromue co nerpoei. | — 229.25-01-00 enw Peryastopom Mougtocrn 224.20.05.00 2 223.25-01:005, fe 228:25:02:008 ne 223:25.01.0641 223:26-01 0001 oT nae Tina Pae Gh 3.12. XapaxtepweraKa peryaupowauus qByxnoToUNMX Hacocon Tuna 223 H 224 223.20 x 24.20 | 999.26 lel? tl 1: Hactora ppatetua Baza Hacoca, o6/mHm 1700 | 2200 | 1800 | 1700 | 1700 Tpumewane. Yacrora spauenus npsoqyoro nana wacoca onpene- Amero NepenaTouTNIM WieMOM PEAYKTOPA My —= My yl (CAC My. y — WaCTOTa |opa- len Kavaiomero yaaa; ¢ — nepessTounoe uneno). Tipu yrae oTKnoneHA nonopor- Horo Kopnyca a, MeitbiueNt MaKcumambHoro, pabounl oGheM Voy — Vag Sift Osi 25%, MORBHA Qe, = Qyou SIM G/sin 26° H MoMHOeT Hacoce Ng“ Nap. y sin a/sin 25%, 68 3.18. TaGaputuoie u npicoeanmntensitete pasmeput (mM) ABYxHOTOWMBIX peryanpyentix Hacocos Tuna 228 (eM. plc. 3.21) 223.20 223.25 | 223.28.XX.XXB| 223.25. XX.XXJ1 Paswep (pc. 3:21, a) | (pue. 3.21, a)| “(puc. 3.21, 6) | (pic. 3.21, 8) L (napuany 11) 638 (614) 756 156 Ly, He Conce 4 TEct 6033—61 * 4, honk TOCT 28360~78 48122,5 3240) 177,5=0,5 265::0,7 235-0, 208,5=3,0 1100.4 2 = 3022.0 = eco, ~ = 1559.62 = 195 7096 447.7 9'939 447.7 9'939. 466,72:0,22 406,7200,2 i1==0:43 i130,2 Mio—7it Mis—THt 200,69 200,63 Se0e7 aoz0l87 Mis—7H/s | MI6—7H/8 MIS—7H Maxonra | Mazxge7H | Ma2x2—7H MB MI = 1204 io2s04 1020.4 3a, 602% 32. 60X2% X28 3q% X248yq% ‘Ha wauuessie coenunenis, xaerea TOCT 6033—80. enpoexruponanune nocae 7,820.2 130,220, 100=0,05 1980 r., pacnpoctpa- | HMenonnenue 223. 25.XX.XX.A Meonnenue 223. AX.XX.XK. 4 ke f ; Ty FA ie tet J i 7 We ' = | - X aly | y i Lbapuanm 4 4) — a) Hononwenue 223, 25.XK.XXB6 Ss Ly fl fi —7> | HY : : a Z Sy Le a| ¥ GK "\ EB 0 oe 7 q eS 3S nO 1OGT 2360-78 12X8X63 Wnonna - £01 Puc. 9.21. FaGapusnme pncoeaniinrenitte. paanepet ryanpyenuix nacocos Tilo pery ae M 224.20 aoe © 60 nomocTH Hacoca, CoeRHHEHHO! ¢ CAKOM rHapocucremst, ¥epes oTepeTHe B Kopnyce 5, a oTBoAUTCA 10 KaHasy B NOBOPOTHOM Kopnyce 3 K oTBeperHO B BepxHell Wampe. Tipu ppamenut nana 6 nopuliy, ycrawopmeniite 8 GioKe tytmMHApoD 2, BpamtaioTea oTHocHTembHO OCH O1OKa H OAHOBPeMeHHO coBepuIaIoT BOSBpATHO-nocTynaTembHLIe abibkers. 3a OAKH OGopor Bana 4 Kaxneti NoputeN> conepuract ABoltiiofi XOK Ha BeacbipaHHe H BLITeCHeHHe paGouell 2%KHAKOCTH B rHjpocHcTeMy. Tlannenne, passusaenoe wacocoM, onpemenserca BHeMIHel HarpysKolt HenOM- huTenbHOTO MeXAHHSMa MaINMHLI M OrpAHMuMBaeTcA MpenoxpalureNbHbIM KaanaHom Tinpocucremst. Hanpasseune spauens mpunoxuoro Bana Hacoca mpapoe Mpy Ha- Gmioxenuu co cTopoust Bana 6 Crynen nayxaxepa 8 peryanropa womocTH mveior panini noma Fy a Fy i K Kamo cTYMeHH MORBOANTCH KHAKOCTH NOR AaBeHNeM HS HaMopHOTO Kawasta coorseternyiomero Kayaiowero yaa. TIpu paore Ha MaabIx RapmeHuaX npyaKunn 9 YaepaUBAIOT MOBOpOTHBIe Kopnyca J Ha HaHGOMbIeM yrve NoBOpoTa, oGecneyMBAR MaxcuManbuy.o nolayy Hacoca. TIpH ynemuvenun qaBxeuna naywxep 8 mepeme- hderen, CAHMAK NPYAXHHbI 9 H YMeHDINAT MORAYY Hacoca B cOOTRETCTBHH c AWATpan- MoH MowuoctH. TIpy2Kuutt 9 peryastopa H TomMENY Wai6 10 nonGupator TAK, ¥TOGDt oGeciewnBasoch TocTosHHoe sHayeHHe MouuocTH. ‘Tiyxntorodusie Hacocks Tura 223 veroTOBAAIOT caMoBcactiBaroMuMH CO BCTPOEH- HBIM peryaaTOPOM MOMLHOCTH B ABYX HCMOTHEHHAX, OTAHYAIOMLNXCH pWAMeTPOM nopuniis Kavatoutero ysita (20 H 25 sia), MatepHamom Kopnyca H MepemaTOuHEIM HHCTOM peayxropa (ta61. 3.11). TexuHveckHe XapaxrepHCTHKH ABYxMOTOMHIX peryaNpyeMbIx HacocoB THNa 223 224 npubenenst B TAG. 3.3, a XapaKrepHcTHKH HX peryauponamna wa puc. 3.20 HOB Ta6q. 3.12. TaGapirusie H npHcoeauunrenbubie pasmepst Hacocos 223,20, 223.25.XX.XXB, 223.25.XX.XXJI b Kopnycax us vyryxa npupegenst wa puc. 3.21 HB TaGa. 3.13, Ta0apirusie H pHcoemMHNTeNIbHMe pasMepst AByxnoTOWOTO peryuUpyeMoro nacoca 234.20.05.00 » Kopnyce Hs azionMinenoro cnaiaba noKasaust Ha puc. 3.21, 2. 3.4.4. Yeranoska # sKCnayaTauna AKCHAJBHO-NOPUHeBbIX rHAPOMALIHH Hike npunenenst ocHopiible pexomenfanluH, KOTOpLIMH caenyeT pyKOBONCTBO- barsca px BbGope THopasMepa AKCHAsbNO-NopunHeBLLX rHApOMALLIH H UX nIprMeHe- HHH B Ipollecce NPOeKTHPORAHHA H SKeNTyaTAMHN MOOHABHLIX MaLIKH C THAPOTPH- BOROM. Tipogomkurenbiocts sKenayaTalun THAPOMAUIKH ¢ OpOHSOBLIM GAOKOM HHIHI- pos py jasxeuun 25 MIla we RomKua npesbuaT 2% qMWTeNbHOCTH MUKA Harpy- dxenus (10 mun), 7. e 12 c. Tip npoexaponauun M sxcnayaTaqun MOOHAbHEIX MaMINK c Hacocam Tima 223 HeOOXOAHMO MPHHUMATS BO BHUMAHHe, 4TO JA Kayaoulero ysNa, pacnonoxKeHHoro B Kopmyce cena co CTopoubt HpHBORHOTO Basa, H MpH paoTe Hacoca Ges copMeMLeHHAT TOTOKOB, RoMYcKaioter Goce BEICOKHe AABEHHA. Tiphi yeravonke Hacocos tuna 223 wa MauliNHy pexomeutyerca yunTuIpaTe aaDH- cuMocTD faBreHUA B HanopHol rHApoAHUH (p; + Py) H a6comoTHOTO AABAeHA Ha RcacuinauHH (ps) OT HACTOTEL BpaUleHHA HACOca Mx. B cayuae ienpsnoro npusoxa wacoca WAH THAPoMoTOpa (nocpencTBOM KAHHOpe- Menwof nm syOuarofl nepenaul) maxcumamsHo AONyCTHMBe paqMambuBIe HarpysKH Ha Ban sapucat of paGovero AaBreHNA H onpenedsioTca No TpadHKam, npuaeieHHEIM wa pac, 3,22, Maxcumanbuaa paquanbuad Harpyska, neficrayioMlan Ha Bait THApO maummubt THA 210, 207,XX.16.XXX, 207.XX18.XXX, Fp'max’ SIF phates (one Fy — paRtarsHan warpyaKe, onpeReameNan no pHe, 3.22, a; f, = Koxppituient, aa- awenugtA oT THnopasMepa rimpomaurnus (ra6q. 3.14); fy — Koshguuvenr, yunrsisarourHh Grnouhreneoeronoxcete mutha Aokerahn PeRiamLHOR WarpyaRH fauiOnpaior No Tpaguxy @ 2000 Fe | ° 1000 | Sef Us; 7 st Py ast + 0 5 10% 20 25 p,Wlla rT a) 9) Puc, 9.22. SaaneunocTit paguassnoh Fm axcnasbiol F, warpysox or gannenun p (a) ‘M4 Kosh munenta f, OT MecTa NpHAOKeMHs pagMansHol HarpyskH Ha Baay (6) AA THAPO- Maun Tunopaanepon 210, 207-RXcIOXKX M ZOTAR BRK HAP Ontimanbunit yrom npaaoxenus panuansiol uarpyakn ot syGuaroft wan KaN- Hopementiofi mepegaum NowKeH CoOTHeTCTHORATh yKAaaNHOMy Ha pHc. 3.23, a qa ruapomammust 207.XX.16.XXX w 207.XX.18.XXX w ua pu. 3.23, 6 naa aeex rHjtpo- I A WS 3 Puc. 8.28. Cxea mbiGopa ontumanbuoro yraa yeranoBKi sy6vaTof (a) H cnt nepeaaaH Aaa riapomauua Tuna 207 (/) 4 Son mone aaa 1 — jan wacoca npaBoro npauienua; 2 — Raa rigpoMoropa xenoro npamtenus; 3 — pan Denepenaniore. riapomoropa; 4 ann Nacoea. nesoro. wpaMmentin, 6 sa. TiapoNore) ‘npanoro ‘pauein; "> npance apauenne Bane; ~~» neove spanenie Dana 63 4.14, Snasennn sovgpuiuienta fy MammMu Tuna 210. Fp stom orksonenne H cocranamomel F, Atm rHapoMaINH vega pHORKeNHs pakHasbUo;t HarpysKH ————_—_——— donee 35° ue zonycxaeres. Tlonycruman axcuanbuas (cena) narpyska Fa, gelieryioman a pan riqponaumy ‘THi0B 210 4 207 » Hanpas- wen x Kopnycy, onpemeametea HS 3a- ‘Tunopaamep PHapoMaunint st | 210.12 1 320 lot b 500 brenocra 20720, 32 800 . 307.35 Fa, yon < Fal + Fos : 46 1250 27 83 i hy ene 3.22 20783 rae Fg ~ eto, onpeneanenan no pic. 9.22; 78 2000 ‘a pire . Fy —cuaa, onpegeasewan to ania 7800, 3.14. TCE Cneayer umerb B puny, vro pagnanbiad Harpy3Ka, MpHAOKeHHaA K KOMUY Bara TOR ONTHMANBHBIM YTVOM, a TAKKe AKCHaMbHAT HarpysKa, AelicrByiou\an Ha Kopnyc THAPOMALMNBI, YMeHbWNAIOT OOULyIO NArpyaky Ha MOAWMNNUKH Bana. B cayyanx OTKNOHEHHA WarpysKH OT AONYCTHMLIX 3HAYeHHIt HeOOXOAHMO ACTIOMHUTEBHOe commacopanie MpHMeleNHa FHAPOMAILNH c BaBoNON-HsroTOBHTENEM. Henonbsonanne nacocor Tanopaemepon 210.12—210.32 8 pexkume ripomoropa pH OOM H TOM 2Ke HANpaDMENHH BpauenHA Basa HeRONYCTHMO: Hacoc JeBOrO Bpa- leHHA NOKeT paGoTaT KAK FHAPOMOTOP MpaBoro BpallieHtisl, cooTBETeTBENHO Hacoc npanoro ppauteniist — KaK ruApoMoTop Aenoro Bpamewia. B sapucuMocTH or cron HeHHA THAPOMAMINH Ha cibepHecxO! NoBepxHOCTH pacnpenemNTerT ROM OsITb Hanecensl pasrpysouHine KaHaBKH, a cOopKa pactipenenlitenn ¢ KpBILIKo RomKwa MPOHSROANTHCA B COOTRETCTBHH ¢ OGosHAYeHHAMH Ha puc. 3.24. Tip MonTaxe HM SKCHAyaTALMH THAPOMALIMH NOMKHBI cOGmOAaTbCA TpeGoRa- nus TexHuKH Gesonacuocr#, npeayenorpennste TOCT 16028—70 «I Ipunonsx rnapanau- ueckne. OGuie TpeSopaHus To TexHke Cesonaciocay. VicnombsosaHNHio noexar TOABKO THAPOMALIMHEL, HMeIOLLHE NOMGY saBoxa-HSTOTOBHTesA MIM OpranHsalHH, BBInoaHHBUIeH penoHT. Twapomaumina yomkia GoiTe pacKoHcepBuponana He panee, vem 3a 12 4 0 yera- wonxm Ha Maun. Hs Kopnyca H penyktopa WeoSxoRUMO CANT Maco H MpoMBITL HX sHCTEIM Gen sHHOM. TIpH yeraioske Hacocon HeoGxoRMMO BEITOMHSTh cmenyIoMNe yeroBis: a) BcachiBaloMlNit TpySonpOBO! AOMKEH HMETh MHHUMAMbHBIC AVIMIY H KOsHYeCTBO HarH60B H OGecneyHiBATS cKOPOCTS NOTOKA paGovelt wUAKOCTH He Gone’ 0,85 w/e; 6) monyckaerea MpuMenenye nacoca Ges ncacti- Pacnpedenumens pajomero TpyGonpopona MpH norpyxxeunn ero B OaK eee Aan padouell KHAKCCTH (ypoBeHb padoueit KHAKOCTH B Gake JO/MKeH ObITh BEIILIe BCAcHIBaIOMeTO OTBEpPCTHS uacoca He MeHee vem Ha 0,2 m); B) MPH MOBBUNEHHH YaCTOTHI BpaMleHiis fx MpH- ROAHOTO Balla HACOCOB BUILE HOMHHAMBHO Moye aGcomoTHoe AaBseHHe Ha BeachBAHUK ps ONpeseNsIOT io rpaduxy (puc. 3.25): 1) oGecneyHTs floctyn K UITylepam Bcacbinalo- wero, HanopHoro HJapeHaxnoro TpyGonponoson. Tipu yeranopke THAPOMAUIMH Biiadasie npemBapH- renswo Kpenst x pame Ha duannax HaM sanax Hx Kopnyca, SaTeM TUlaTembHO MeNTpHpyioT HX Bas Ht coenmusiot noaymydrit. Janee numosmaior oKonya- Puc. 3.24. Cxema c6opKM pacnpereantean ¢ saqueil KpLIUI- Kofi THapomaurin: 1 — naim Hacocos npasoro spamentia (kpome tunos 223 4 204); 2 ~ Aaa riApoMoTOpoB; 3 — AAR Macocon <1enoro H Mipaworo Bpaueniit rHnos 223 224 cry Henonnenue I of Meza. aa” Ps g 7 5| 4 3 Menonnenue It ? ! 45] 10 48 oe 46} as. Ps 05 06 07 0809 10 12 14 M/now Puc. 3.25, SaBHeHMOcTb AABACHHA Ha RcacuIBaNHH OT oTHOCHTeABHOH YaCTOTHI Bpaulena Wacocon paainuntix Menoamenui: J — npn paore ¢ nognurKoll (uenonwenne I) MH aaKoeTH paGoveh xuAKOCTH AO 480 matt/c (—30"%C gan BMI3);2 — np _paGore ¢ noamIrKon (HenoamenNe 1) m BsisKocTH pa6ouell nargkocrit Ao 200 satt/e (—18 °C nan BMPS); 3 — npm_padore ¢ nognirKoA(nenoamenne 1) W nsowoetit padowel wmawocrn 10 45, uut/c (7° nan BMTS): 4 — nw paGore ua eawonee- ‘Tembioe KpemsteHe ¢ NOCHEAYIOMLUM KOHTPOMEM COOCHOCTH cOeRHI HeMIX DaxtoD. Bee GouTs AomMKHbI ObITh 3aUKCKPOBAHbI OT CaMOOTBANYNBAHHA. He jonyckaerea peryauponats sasopst Nexay daannamn rHapoMautusl 1 mpi RORHOTO MeXanHaNA 3aTaKKOH KpeMeKHBIX oATOR HAM INK. Basopst NOMKHBL BHOHpATbCA NYTeM HeMpaBAeHHA NaOCKOCTH daHIka MPHBOAHOTO MexaHHaMa HIM ¢ MO- MOMNGIO KOMMeHCANMONNBIX MPOKMAROK. Bans akcHambuo-NOpmIneBsX THAPOMALIMH BCeX THNOB AOKI coeRUHATECA € MpHBORHEIMI MeXanHaMAMN ¢ TOMOMIBIO Myr, cHOcOONLIX KoMTIeHcupopatb yroa lepexcea oceftrizponaumt! npusoxoro Mexaiowa 20 I" 4 Hecocextoensarix ocel Jo 0,2 wm. Hoaymydra xomkna wacaxuparbea ¢ MoMOMIo Conta H pesLGonoro oraeperiia B MpHBORHOM Basly. HaSusame noayayiomy Kamecopunecku sanpewaemca. Tipu coentt- HewWH MpHBORHOTO Baia C BANOM Hacoca MocpetcTuOM syOuaTOIt, KanHOpeMenttoit Haw apyroft nepetayn, cosqaioulel AonoauWTeNbUy!O WarpySKY Ha TORUINNHHKH, HeOOXO/NMO cHleuHaNbiiOe COTMACOBANHe C 2aBOKOM-HsTOTOBHTEAIEM. Maruetpanbubie TpyOonponost AONKHBI HSTOTOBANTECH HS eMBHOTAKYTHIX Tpy6 no OCT 8732—78 TOCT 8734—75. Tlepex yctanoaKoli rpy6st caenyer noquepryts xHMUYeCKO# ouncTKe nyTeM Tpapienus, MpOMbITh HeiTPAMHaylOUlHN PACTBOPOM, MPORYT crATEIM BOILYXOM H eMasarb padouell 2xuqKocTbIO. TpySonpoROAH LOMKHB MOHTHPOBaTbcH Ges HaTADKe- nus. TpyGonponogbi AAHHOf Gosee 2M AOUKHEI HMeTb NpOMexyTOUHOE KperienHe K MaUIHHe, He mpensterayioulee TewnepatypHol neopmamu, oGecnexnparomee XMECTKOCTS 'H HeKsIOYAIOMee BHEPattINO. CoSpaniian rnqpocuctema jomKHa GxiTh TuNATeNbHO MpoMbTa paGovell 2KHA- KoctBio ¢ ToHKocTHIO GustHTpanHH 10 20 MKM ¢ TOMOMIBIO cHenHaKbHoH TexXKoTOTHYe- cxoit_yctanopKn. Banpanka paGouell %HKOCTHIO THAPOCHCTeM, B KOTOPKIX HenowLsyIoTem aKcH- ANbHO-NOpUIMeRNe THAPOMAIIHEL, AOIDKHA CCYMCCTBAATLCH TOAKO Yepes duETpHL © TOHKOCTHIO OUHCTKH 0 20 MKM. 3B. A. Bacunesenxo 65 B amnefinex dpaaetpax daasrpyroumnii matepHam jomKen HMeTb siieliKH pasMe- pom ue Gonee 40 mkw. Tepen nepsiin nycxom mpapoau nponepky: YpoBlt paGouel 2KUAKOCTH B rHApoGaKe; TpapwabHoctn yoraHoBKH My(hTEI Ha Bay MPHBORA THAPOMALIMNU H 2 SaKpett- deus; connageHA HanpaBaeHA BpauleHHn MpHBOAHOrO ABHraTeNA ¢ HanpaBaenneM Bpaujenust Hacoca. Ecau wa Maiuue ycranosiex cascenHiit Hacoc Tuna 223, To Kpome sroro He- o6xoquno: OTKpIIT MpOSKY B KopMyce cRBOeHHOTO Hacoca H BEITYCKATb BOgAyX AO TeX lop, loKa He HawHer BEITeKaTs padovas 2KHAKOCTH; Fa sat B Kopnye Hacoca paGouyi0 XKHAKOCT AO ypoBua AcacMBaIoMero Tpy6o- mpozona. Bo-ppema nycka # 8 npotecce paGoTs HeoGxOAUMO cutemHTh 3a cocTosHMeN Hacoca m0 ypoBHio spyKa. Cryk Buyrp Kopnyca Macoca He AonycKaeTcs. jase Konerpykuna Apenarxnoro tpyGonponoxa AourKHa oGecreNHBaTs nocTomHHOe sanoameHHe KOpnyca THAPOMAWIMM padouell XKHAKOCTMIO MPH AaBAeHHM, He MpenbI- miatomten 0,1 MUTa Aaa rHaponamun tHnopasMepa 210.12 # 210.16 x He Gosee 0,08 MITa AMA THApOMaMN OCTamDHBIx THHOpAsMepoD, Een rigipociicrema wanmust sanpapuena paGoueli xuqKocTbI0 MI-30, a TeM- nepatypa Bosayxa focturaer —20°C, To npuBonuof ABHrAaTe HaxO NycKaT pH MUHUMaNDHOM YacTOTe BpallleHMs u Cea BHeMIHelt HArpy3KH; TOCe paGoTsl ABHTaTeAs B Tevenue 5—10 mui, nocteneuuo ysemuuBat YacTOTy BPAMlentiA AHSeMA, cHenyer TYTeM APOCCeMMPOBAHHA MOTOKA NOBLICHTh TeMmepatypy paGoueit %*KHAKOCTH B TH/LPO- cuerene 0. —5-+--+5 °C. Ecam rwapocuctema sanpasmena ruqpanauyeckum wacom BMPS, ro auasoraa- Hnle MeponpHATHA cHeRyeT BUIomHatS pH TeMIeparype oKpyxcaroulero BosRyxa singe, 40°C nam nontintennn reumeparypit padovell xuutKoer 0 —Jb-+ 30°C. Tp sxenayaranm axcasbHo-nopmmessix THApONAMINH AOMKUEI MpHMeHATDC copra pa6ownx %kuAKocTeil, cneuNanbHO CosmaHHELe AMA OOKEMHBIX THAPONPHBOROD, HAH HX SaMeHHTENH, Mepesucuentite B rt, 2, Henonyctuma skcnatyaraiua runpomauln Ges paGouell aKUAKocTH B Kopnyce THAPOMAWNHHEL HB peyKTOPe cBOeHHOTO Hacoca. OGcAyaxUBAIOMAi Mepcotalt NOA- kell HMETb TONHBIE CHeReHNs O cOpTe Macila B rHspocHcTeNe H KapTepe pemykTopa ‘enBoeHHoro Hacoca. Kamezopuuecku sanpeuyaemen skenayamayua eudponauun na paGowx ocudko- omax, He ykasaKnoe 6 nacnopme UAL uAcmpyRYuN nO ux axcnayamayun Tkas ‘conepxanus ruapomamun B cocToaHAM mocrosuHol axcrayarauHonnolt ToTOBHOCTH célelyer HX eXKeHeDHO OcMaTpHBATS. TIpH STOM HeoGxoguMo OGpallatb ocoGoe miuManHe Ma yponenb paGovel xKHAKOCTH B THAPOMAUINHe; CocToRHHe MecT Pasuenon KPLLUeK, YCTaHODKH NpOOK HT. 4; cocTOAHMe ConTOB, KpenaMNX THAPO- Maly K YeTaHODKe, a TAKKe Ha KaeCTAO COeAMHEHHA BATA THAPOMAIIHH ¢ MPH BORUBIM MeXAHHSMOM. HapaGorka 40 nepporo orkasa ‘qomma cocrapaath He Menee 1500 4 paGoret npit HOMHHAABHOM AABNEHHH, ONTHMANDHBIX BABKOCTH H TOHKOCTH HAbTPALUM; 9a STOT nepHon oGpemnnii KIVL we qomnen cnuautaca Gone vem na 6%. Sasof-HarOToBHTeN TapantHpyer cooTRETCTBNe THAPONALIHN TeXHHYECKHM XA~ pakrepHcTHkan B Tevenne 18 Mecaties CO Jt BBORA THAPOMAMIMHB! B 9KcTUyaTAlMMIO, Ho ue Gozee 1500 4 paGorit Mauuua1 mpH COGmONeHHH noTpeOUTeseM MpABA MOHTAKA, SKenaAyaTanMH H TeXHMYECKOTO OGcAYKUBANUS. TIpH 9TOM MpofomKuTeNbHOCT CO UA OTTPYSKH ¢ SABONA AO BONA B SKCHAYATANHIO He AOWKHA MpenbMATD Tpex MeCs- nes. TapaHTHH He pacnpoctpansiorca wa rMqpoMauliNubi, 9KcIyaTHpyeMble ¢ OT CTYMAeHHEM OT TeXHHYecKHX YenoBHik Ges npeABapHTeNbHOTO cOMtacoBAHA ¢ gaBO- ACM-HSTOTOBHTeNeM, a TAKKE Ha THRpOMAUIMBL, pas6opKa KOTOPKIX MpoBontace nlorpeduresen. Tlesanoctonpouentustit pecype ruapomammuet 10 KanHtanbHorO peMorta B Ho MuambuoM pexne padors! (np HOMMHAMbHEIX sHAYeHAX YacTOTHM BpAMeHus, PO ABHTATEAA HY2KHO NPOHSBECTH KONTPOABHYIO RABNEHHA) NPH ONTHMANBHOM BABKOCTH H HONHHAMBHOH TOHKOCTH gumBTPAWITH OM dkeH COCTAMIIT He MeHee: 5500 4 sian rHapomaumn 210.12.XX.XXB, 210.16.XX.XX! 5000 u jum ranpomaumy 210.32. XX.XXJ1, 207.20.XX.XXB, 223.25.XX.XXJI; 4500 ¥ quia rHapomamun 210.20.XX.XXB, 210.25.XX.XXB, 207.20, 223.20, 224.20. Tlocne ykasautoro pecypca paSorm rHgpomaumy nomustit KT we xomKen mpKatbca Gonee ven wa 15%. 3.5. AKCHAJIbHO-NOPUIHEBBIE TH /POMAUIMHBI CEPHH 300 3.5.1. Hanpassenna yaudakanun H ocoGennocTH KOHCTpyKUHH Tlanvuefimee nopenuenwe TexHHuecKoro YpOBHs CTPOHTeEMbHLIX, OPOrKHLIX HW APYTHX MOGHAIDULIX MALIMH OCHOBEIBACTCA TAABHBIN OOpasom Wa YcoBepuleltcTBOBA- HH HacocoB # THAPOMOTOPOR. OcHOBHEIMH KaNpaBAeHHAMH cOBeplleNCTBOBANIHA aKcH- ANbHO-TOPUIHEBHIX THAPOMAMIHA ABAAIOTCA MORIMEHHe TeXHHYECKOrO pecypca B 1,5— 2 pasa, HoMMHanbHOrO AanmenKA No 32 MITa W MaKcuwambuoro Aapacenm 10 40 MTTa. Hacocti 1 ruapomoropst cepun 300 (rad, 3.15) yaosnerBopsior coppenenHuist tpe- GoDANHAN HX NpUMeHEHHA B MOGHABHEIX MalLMHAX C OOKEMHBIM THAPOMPHBOAOM, JIM KOTOPHX TeXHHYECKH H 9KOHOMHYECKH UeNeCoo6pasHO HeMIOABIOBAHKe BEICOKOTO napnenis. Tuapomaumun cep 300 2 oGocHovanusx cayyasx samensior rHxpomanmitnDt cepun 200 nosnonsior pacuiuputs NoMeHKaaTypy CepHiivo nEInycKaeMLIX THApOMa- 3.15, OcHosuse napanerpst aKcnasbHo-nopulmeniix rHaposaum cepun 300 How | pasoun | wanenan | Suepro- Tuapomauinna Tunopaanep | GAG" | "Nom: | eunocre, me cane nocts, | ‘xBr/en® or Hacoc-otop neperyaupyemun | 310.20 56 “4 310.95 12 10,5 310.92 204 ne Hacoc peryanpyensin onuono- | 313.20 56 4 soma PveNAS Om 313.95 re 10,5 313.92 224 ue aco peryaupyensin asyxno- | 323.20 56 + 56 88 0,786 pcm aaa oxaisco | 864 88 ut O08 Hacoc peryaupyemsit tpexno-| 333.20 | 56+ 564.28 | 110 0,786 roma 2x3is.25 + | 1124 112456 | 176 0163, + 310.20 (aan 28) Tuaposotop peryaupyenun 312.20 56 “4 0,786 312.95 12 70.5 | 0,63 312.92 204 12 08 Trp ww euan un, 1, Houmagsitoe Aanaene Ax ocex ruqpomaumn cocran- amer 32/MIla, MaxenMansioe — 40 Mila, suxonoe — 50 Mila. 2, Homiuanbian MouiocTs onpegenexa np yrae Hakaoxa GnoKa wnamn- pon 25° 1 MepenaTounon oTHOWeNAM peayKTopa HW = | 3t 67 uni, Ocaoenne Hx cepiiinoro npousnojicrBa cBAsAHO ¢ HEOGXORHMOCTEIO NpoBene- nia caenyiouwx. meponpuatait: yanuxanint c BbInYcKaeMBIMH THAPOMALLHAMH cepHH 200 H yyeTa TpeGopanHi cranaaptos; TOBBIMICHHA THAPORHHAMHYCCKO! TpySONOALeMHOCTH OMlop KayeHHs NoAWHNHH- KoBoro ysaa H ynpowenia ocHoButAx nerastell; HeHOmbsoRAHHA TOBOpoTHOTO pactipeneMMTens AAX peryauposanus padouero OGpeMa pH UaMeHeHHH yruia HAkJOHA GNOKA LHAKHAPOB COBMeCTHO c pacnpemenHTe- JeM, MpHHYAWTesIDHO NepeMeMaoUleNtcs OTHOCHTeALHO HeNORBHAKHO! KPLLUIKH Hacoca, HosBoAsioWe HCKMOUnTS TIpHMeHsemEi paxee nonopotutii Kopnyc (aombKY), YNPOCTHTh KONCTpYKUWMIO PerysHpyeMbIX THAPOMALIHH, YMCHLUHTb HX ra6apHTHHIe pasmepst H maccy; coananus peryaupyemoro rHqpomotopa Ha Gase Heperyaupyenoro H yunduKaMN ero KONCTpYKUMH C KOKCTPyKUMelt perysupyeMoro OANONOTOYHOTO Hacoca; HeKMONEHHA OGoCOGAeHHOH PeLyXTOPHOH YaCTH B ABYXMOTOWHBIX Hacocax H HCNOMLSOBAHHA BaNOB-IecTepeH, YCIAHOBNeHHBIX B KOpnyce Hacoca, Ji MPHBONA Kawaiouux yao. Yauduxauus paga ruapomawne cepun 300 ocHonana Ha HenoabsonannH oGueX Jui THaponaumn cepin 200 KOHCTpyKTHBHBIX pemeHHi, npeRycMaTpHBaIOU\HX HC~ Tlombsoparine HOBOrO MPHNUUNA HaMeHeHHA paGouero OBbEMa C NOBOPOTHEM pacnpee- arene. Kawaiomnit ysen ananeten o6ueit yunpuunponantio# cOopowoii enuunuelt nam Beex rHaponamnit cepxn 300. Jum ncex THnopasMepos rHxpoMautH (Kpome THNOpas- Mepa c padounn OOpeMOM 224 cw) NORWKMNHKH KaveHHA sBAAIOTeR TaKOKE YUH poBannbia. B saxpursix ruapocucremax uafiayr mpumeweute pesepcusibie peryanpyembie Hacocht ¢ HenOABIDKHLIM OTHOCHTeNbHO KPHIKH pacnpeyenTenem W peryanpyeMue THAPOMOTOPH C MOROPOTHEIM OTHOCHTENbHO KPEINKH pacnpegeMuTeNeN. ayxnorounit Hacoc cepxn 300 He mMeeT orgemstoro penyKropa. Kauaroue yams npupoxstca c¢ MOMOLIbIO BasOB-WecTepel, ycTaHOBAeHHDIX B Kopnyce Hacoca. TaKoe pachonoxeHne mlecTepel MOSBOALHA cosRaTs KOMTIAKTHYIO KOHCTPYKIUO ABYXNOTOUOTO Wacoca H CHHSHT MarpysKH Ha NOAUIMMAUKH. B Kowerpyxuun AByXMOTOUHOTO HAacoca THNOpasMepa 323.20 npeaycnorpena BosMOKHOCTS YCTAHOBKH TpeTbero HeperyaupyeNoTO Katiaroulero yaaa ¢ paGoun OGnenom 28 cx? Vcnonbsopanue ysnunuposaunoro penykropa juin ycranoBku HM MpHBOna OgONOTOUNHX THAPOMALINH sAIAeTCH HanpaBeHMeM HaHGoxee mepcreKtHDHDIM, TaK KAK MOSBOARET COgMaTb MpaKTHYECKH BCe HEOOXORUMBIe COuETAHH MHOTOTOTOU- MBX HacocHMx arperaton, KoMMUeKTYeMBIX HS ORHHAPHLIX yuNpMMNpOBAMHEIX pery- JIMpYeMUIX 1 HeperysNpyeMbIx HACocoB H HCKANOYHT HeOGXORUNOCTL HSTOTORAEHHA CAOKKUX KOPHYCOB AMA ABYX-, TpexMOTOVHEIX Hacocos. Peryantop MouloctH WacocoD H THApOMOTOpOD tlenpaNoro felicTBHA NosBOAHA SHAWHTebHO YMenbILNT» UX PasMepbl. PeryssTop AByxMOTOMHOTO Hacoca OGecrteNH~ Baer Kak CyMMaplloe, TaK HpaslebHoe GeccryneHuaToe HsMeHeHe paouero OGueMa xaxksoro Kavalouero ysia, BosMokHO TaKske perysMpOBaHHe B 3aBUCUMOCTH OT paGouero (BicoKoro) AaBIeHUA H OT AABNEHA ynpaBNeHHA, cosqapaeMoro aBTOHOM HEI HCTOUHHKOM FHAPABAMUECKON sHePTHH, a;TaioKe AUCTAHLOHHOe ynpaBaeHHE one- pATOpoM C ABTOMATHYCCKHM NOMepAAHHeM SaanHOrO sHaveHUA NapameTpa peryaH- POBAHHS B SABHCHMOCTH OT BHEWMeH HarpysKH. MaxcuManbunsi ANanasoH peryaH- ponauus padovero oGbema cocranaser 3,5. 3.5.2. Heperyaupyembie Hacocbl HM rHApOMOTOpbI tunos 311 “ 310 Yunduumponanusih pag akctansuo-nopuiiessix Heperytupyemsix Hacocop ‘rana 311 H rapomoTopos Tuna 310 (ra6zr. 3.16 H 3.17, puc. 3.26) ocHoBalt Ha Henlomb- SOBAKHH OGWHX KONCTPYKTHBHEIX PeMIeHAit, NPHHATEIX AN THAPOMAMIMA cep 200 ¢ yieTom A@abueiiuiero coBepulencTBonauia HX KONCTPYKIAH. cr 3.18, OcHosHule napamerpur HeperymNpyeMMIx rHApOMAMINH THNOD BIL H 310 Tapawerp ee a Pacowit obyen, ext ss 12 2 Jlasnenne, Mila: cece wo | — | | — lo | — Resaatanas % | me] | te (8 | ve Seen — | | — | 2 20 bsaaecaassd Re] ae | 28" | oe 7 posses 1500 | 1s00 | 1200 | 1200 | 960 | 960 Resesnnaaas 5809 | 4880 | $200 | 3868 | 4886 | 1238 ears ogy | soe | 2488 | Pes | See | 1838 Hownuanniad nonava (pacxon), a/mun | 80,6 | 87,5 | 129 | 140 | 2064 | 224 HomianpHan somiocts, «BT! saTpaunpaenast 295] — | 4639] — | ma | — kn fone 26,35 | 26 | 421 | 41,7 | 6715 | 66,8 JL mpi Homuuanenux napanerpax: ‘oGuentiutt 96 | FuqponexannsecKntl - | 995 | — | 095 | — | 0 hoamt 0.91 | 0,91 O91 0 Bpamaiouyal oment, Hea: 69,4 38,8 6r 447] — | 2808) = | 57 36 Howmnansiat - spauaioumxea sac, | 0,057 0,0175 0,05: crparunai Moment nnepuy Xapaxrepuetuxa paGowel xuaKocra Kunlewaruueckas BASKOCTS, wMt/c: STEM AATEI AR 8 Maxcumamoian 1600 | — | 12001 — | 1000} — rennepatypa, *C: Minaatbtast —40 Maxenstautbias +75, xalaee unctori no TOCT 17216—71 12-13 Teunepatypa oxpyxarouel epemsi, °C: MTHS ~60 MakcuMatbnas 45 Macca (6e2 paGovell xupKocrH), Kr 23 | 23 1 41 | 4l 1 86 1 86 Tipumewvanns. 1. Homnnanpnoe # Maxcuwanbuoe qanaenun yKasaue Ana Gnoxa unamgpon us 6ponsis. 2. Tuxpomaunint THnopasmepon 310.20, 310.25, 311.20, 311.25 usroronager cnepanonckoe TIO , F¥APOMOTOPH THTOpasMepa FHApABANKGD. 312.25 ugroronnser csepaaoncKoe MO 312.32 — oneccxnit Sabon «Crpoil- 3.5.4. Jlayx- u TpexnoTouHbIe peryampyempre Hacocbl THMOB 323 uw 333 Tayxnoroumuh peryanpyewsil Hacoc Tunopasmepa 323.20 (pwc. 3.28) cocrour eaaioulux akcHatbHo-nlopumeBbix yai0B 17 ¢ MAKCHMAMDIEIM THOM HaKAOH mmmunpon 25°. Peryauponaune paGovero oGvema jocturaerca uamenenieMt 3.19, OcHoniste napamerpht AAyx= HM TpeXMOTONNDX peryaHpyeNtIx HACoCOR ‘punon 825 4 333 Mapamerp |seae 333.20 Tlapamerp: 323.20] 333.20 Tasos coven ow | 2x30 |23566,4] Homann nonove | 16.2 | 204.0 154] Meee Aavaenne, Mis: Howunanoian —ntorped- | 63,8 | 79.8 ino pL EEE tHe ree rencew6-| ogo | fates attaoet 20 paar 0.08 Beet 96 Yactora ppamenita, none 0,86 wegen Seen MakcuMaabHas mpi 2400 TouKocTH puss enero BAAS on | 299 sei tae eMac. | 180 semepangt Se seer nto gS eeu ; acca ten | 00 | M0 1500 maf Tipuweuanua. |. Hom RAR GaoKa UUNHHAPOD U3 Opousss. 2. Sanoa-HaroToBuTeA — MocKOBCKNIT M.-H. Kaaunua, dKNAKOCTH), Kr Wanbnoe H MaKenNanbuoe AaBAeHUs ykasamut MauHocrpowrensusi — anon mM. R ws @ no o 4g Puc. 8.28, Mpogoannuti paspes anyxnorounoro wacoca (a) m ruapanausecKas ‘cxema (6): 7 — san Kayatoulero ysna; 2 — Bal npusoxa Macoca; J — Kopmye Wacoca; 4 — GOK wH- Jumapon; “5 = nosoporieit pacnpexenutens; 6 — Kopnye pacnpenentrena; 7 — navunk Raoneuna; 8 —cnenmuun sonorinn, 9 — Aidpepenwianush nayracep; 19 — nopuiel Fee eivaiyh; 72 —-badculectepin; /3 — paHanbHo-ynopkue moxWHnHHKit: {4 — paRwastb> ‘ia nonwtrunG 75° pswar opatiof enxait; 16 — mpyxiina peryastopa; 17 — Kawai iii ysen; 78 — Marlopiian rpms; 19 — oGparmEA KaanaH 3.20. TaGapurmuxe m npucocgunueasiute pasmepEt (mim) ‘qoyxs i rpextiorounetx pervanpyembix Hacocos Tinopassepon 323.20 (pic. 3.29) 383.20 (pac. 3.30) pea | guavenue | B&R | snavenne Paswep suavonne > noses | 4 | sons h Fi ‘as oe | anata F | et B i "Paote iB , 8:08 it 4, } tt 4 Bono Ms a4 9, 50X2,5% hts X 1883qX fe ds 99°+0,28 ooze ee 4 | ior SEO in AUSsd on Meee wine M27X2-6H * " no TOCT 23360—78 ¥ TombKo Ana wacocon tunopasepa 333.20. 3B ft LiGopuaum) pire dy flpabxa dag Gonyexa Bora Puc. 3.29. FaGaputHure HM npHcoequmuTeaHeie pasmepul AByxNOoTOIMOro acoca 323.20 yraa naksowa Ga0Ka unaMHApoR 4 ¢ TOPOBLIM pacnperenutenem 5 oTHOCHTEADHO den pana 1. PaGowaa 2KHAKOCTh moctynaer B paGouHe KaMeps MH OTBOANTER uepes okHa B TOpuonOM pacnpeneantene 5 Mu Kananst B Kopnyce pacnpenentt- Tens 6. B wacocax tinos 323 v 333 ycranosaeum noxwununKn ¢ Gombunn pecypcom H yMeHbuleHio nex KoucomSHOH HarpyaKu. Hlecrepun /2 an npHmona Kavaiouix yanos Hapesanbl HerlocpeneTBeHHO Ha YUIMpeHHbIx daanuax Bason J. TaKoe Kor- erpyxrunitoe pemienie MOsBOMTHNIO YMeHbUINT» TaGapuTHbe pasMepHt aa cHeT HCKIMOYE- Hus TIpHBORHOTO pexyKTopa. Tan nopsmenua pecypca O10K uMAMHAPOR HsTOTOBAeH cTaAbHLIM C_ AHTH- Qpmeuvonniim —nOKpsrTHeM —TpyimUxcT —MOBepxnocreli, cme —_KperentHem iMlatyop Bo duaiuax Bana, pacUlMpeHs BcacsiBalomue H HanopHnte OKHA Wa Mopepsyocrax pacnpexemmess, neaewaroulay raponums ooxereHa oT Ape: HaxKHol. Kopnycne eraau usroropmenst M3 BBICOKOMpONHOTO amioMHMenoro cnuaBa no TY 22016-183—76. Tlocagouiie Mecta noRWAnUMKoB ynpoutentt no THepaocTH HRC 54—58. Pas- Mepst TlOcafOUHBIX MecT paCcyHTAHLI ¢ YYTOM BOSMOXHBIX KOMeGAHHH TeMMepaTypE oxpyxaiouelt cpensi H padovelt xKUAKOCTH. Jaa peryauposauus padoyero oOseMa Kaxkoro Kayarouero sua mpumenert perynsatop Henpamoro zeiicTaHA, KoIopult coctouT Hs cneRMero THAPoyCHANTEAR C naranKoM jaBnenux 7 NopuHenorO Tuna, HMeIOMUAN ABE paBliBle alcTUBHBIe TO MAAKH ynpaBmeHKA, CREAM GOAOTHHKOM 8, THTaeMEM OT HarlopHoit rARpOANKHH aNGombumero aBreinA, KOMTeKTOM MpyaxuH 76, oecneYMBAIOMNNX sananHBlli saKOH peryanposanua, m WcnoAHUTeMbHOTO THApOUMAMNAPA c RUdypepeHUMambHDIM NTYH- 3eepoM 9. TIpHMeHeHHe TaKorO peryasTopA BMeCTO TpaRHIIWOHHOTO peryaATopa Mps- 7” wa Puc. 8.80, Fa6apuruute MW npHcoeANMUTeMLHMe pASNepAt TPexHOTONHOrO Hacoca 989.20 Moro feficraia ¢ MexannuecKoft cHuxpo- — &7/mui1 nusauneit oGecreyAso yMenbilleHHe pas- Mepon npy2KHH, BOMoDiOCTh KAK CyM- MapHoro CHHXpOHHOTO, TAK H pagnembHo- TO peryHponanna ‘paGouero o6tema kanqoro Kavialomero ya.ta. Kowerpyxuns AByxnoroutoro Haco- ca tunopasmepa 323,20 (ra6z. 3.19, pic. 3.29) mpeayemarpusaer BosMoxs: Hocts yerawoBKH TpeTbero weperyslK- pyeMoro Kavaromero yaaa, xKoTopti B 50 SaBHCHMOCTH OT HaSHaveHHA MalUHHBE 0 10 20 30 (p;tp2},Mia Noxer Gut McHOMSGOBaH AMA MHTA- pyc, 9.91. Xapaxrepuerua peryauponauua HHA OTAEMbHBIX HCHOAHUTEMBHBX Mexa- oxaui Macoca THnopasMepa 328.20.'8 9aBN= Hilgop cere (pyaenoe ympabmrenne, chwocta or nanaenia Ha nbIxoxe npM NOCTO- ToBopor rpefiepa, mpuson BeHTHstaTopa — *HHOH NouocTH (n= 1800 06/4, —=0,78) WT. A.) HJM fark MpHBOAA paounx opra- HOB MalUMH, TO yBemHIMBaeT COMMA NOTOK paGoxelt xxNAKoCTH. TpexnoTOuHEIH Ha- coc uMeer inp 333.20 (cx. ta6m. 3.19, 3.20, puc. 3.30). Xapaxtepueruxa pery- ANpowaHus MojayM Hacoca THNIOpasMepa 323.20 npuBeaena ua puc. 3.31. 100 3.6. BBICOKOMOMEHTHBIE THfPOMOTOPDI 3.6.1. HasHayenne Osnemusifi ruapoaBuraren» npamarenbHoro ABIDKeHHA, paccuiTanHEtl Ha cosnas nite Gonbulioro Kpytaulero MoMeHTa MpH Mazofi wacroTe Bpaulenia, UpHuATO yesOBHO HagHBaTs BBICOKOMOMeHTHLIM (HHKOOGopoTatiM) THpoMoTOPOM., 75 Le 6 nocacanne roger aiid npuso_a HenoAUHTeEADUBIX MexaHHaMoB BpautarerDHoro Wxennia np Maoh dactore Bpaulenna (No 1,5—206/milH) Boe Cones wHpOKO MpH- Menor palanHo-nOpuIHensIe BMICOKONOMEHTHAe THApoMOTOps! (BMT) B nbyx HenoANeHuax (no MHCALy WAKMOB): MHOTOKPATHOTO AeficTAHA (mHOrOXOROBHIE) H ONHO- KpaTHoro jelicTBHs — sKceHTPHKORHIe CO SBesROOSpasHibim GNOKOM MLHALHHIAPOB (oatoxononsre) KaK c BpaUaroU\NneR BAOM, TAK HC BpaUalouyintes KOpycoM, © OAMOPAAHEIM HK MHOTOPARNEIM pacnoroxeHHeN nopulnelt. Ycrpolictso, nepena- joulee ppaularenbuoe ABIKeHHe ¢ ToMoMbto BMI’, no cpabitenmo c yerpoilcTsoM, TepenaouUM BpaularensiHoe ABIKEHHE ¢ TOMOMEI HUSKOMOMENTHOTO, (BEICOKOOGO- potuoro) THAPONOTOpa H MexaNu¥ecxorO peAYKTOpa, XapaxtepHsyercn Combuelt KOM FOKrHocTEIO H MeHbieR Maccoll, Gomee BRICOKMMH NyCKOBLIM MoMeHTOM (Ro 90 %) i RIL (na 4—6 %); Menbut $ag0poM B Hlepenave H SHANHTEALHO MeHBINHA DNB” JeHHMM MOMEHTOM HHEPHH BpaUlaioMNNXc Macc, CHIDKaIOULNM AUHAMHUECKHe Ha~ Tpyaxu. Py Gewoutioe npemmymtecrso BMI saxaiouaeres B criocoSuoctn passat» Gombitiok xpyrauyih monext (0 30 XH-m) Ges npuMenenust RonomMITTeNbHBX MeKanHueckHX pelyxTopos HtH Mpit HCMOMbsOBAHHH HMeION\erOC B Matte PERYKTOPA c HEGOADUNN Repesarowibim HuCTOM. OTO MOsBONAET HO MHOTHX CAYNARK HCKMOUTD MpoMerkyTOk HUe peyKTOPE UH HNKOMOMeHTHBIe AKCHaNbHO-NOpUINeDLLe THRPOMOTOpH BAeCTe € APYTHN TPALWIONKO NPHMENSIEMEIMH aeMeHTAMT KOHCTPYKUNH (My*praMH, TOP- Mogan). 3.6.2. OcHoBHEIe_ mapameTpbi W pacueTHbie 3aBMCHMOCTH PaGounit o6sem BMI V apanercs ocHopisi mapaMeTpoM, onpenerniourim nepe- jasaembii npamarouut moment. Jit pannamHo-nopumesoro BMI’ onwoxpatioro Reficraua V = ad?hz/4, ra€ dq —ANaerp opus; h — xoR nopunnn; 2 — sieso mopuen. ‘Teoperuueckas yactora npamenus nana BMT mp pacxoxe Qe ¥ paGowe o6%- ene V ny = QrlV. Jleiicrourersnan vactora apamenua sata BMI ¢ yuerom oGsennoro KI n= Qany/V- Spppextusar momnocrs (KBr) BMT Nuc = Qu Apn/61,2, me yg —B ANP! Ap —B MITA; ny —~ momma KITA. Bpamaowmit womenr, passunaembili BMT, My = ApVow/(20), rae V =n ca; Ap —8 MIG; Nyy — ApoMexanvecieni KIL. Crenens paniomepiocti Bpamaiomero MoMenta xapaxtepuayeres Koodppriten- ‘tom nymbcaMitit: Oy = (Mu max — Moe mn)/ Ma ops TRE Myg max Mag min Mt meoughs Mowe Tina npH6mmxennoro noxcyera xosfpuunenra nymcaunn BMP moxHo noxb- soBaTBCA SaBHCHMOCTAMH: Jit HeNeTHOTO UHcMA MOpUIHEl Oy jas veTHorO YHeAa MOpuIKelt ,, accep — MAKEHMAMDHOE, MHIDNasbMO® M epeRvee SHAHN BPA 3.6.3. PagnaspHo-nopunenpie rHApomoToppt tana MP Paguasuo-nopumessie BME ogtioKpatioro jeitersi1 tana MP uneior nan6o- alee Mpoctylo H TexHOsOrHUNtyIO KoNeTpyKuMo (pic. 3.32) B pacroukax gpesqoo6pasnoro Kopnyca 9 H xpnuxn 0, cramtbx HS ceporo uyryna, Ha ABYXDAAUBIX POAHKOBHX NOAWNNANKAX ycTaHoRAeH SXCHICHTPHKOBLII naa 11. Ban wneer cbepleckyio MoBepXHOCTS, NOKpLITYIo NyTeM HanbITeHHH YHCTHIM MomHOneHoM TomuNOH 0,4 mM. Ha oxcuenTpuKonEIt Bam [1 onupaloTes MAT MOALX Topulnelt 2 co chepuyeckuni MoBepXxHocTaMH, KOTOpbIe Mepenemiaiores B UWI Apax /, TawKe HMeIouMx oMopuylo chepHuecKyIo NoBepxHocTs. TIpoTHBoNOsOXKHO! CropoHoll unAMNApE f onMpaioTeA Ha chepuYEcKHit ANCK 3, ycTaHoBAeHHEIi B KpbIL- KaXx 4 UMANMApa C HenTpOM cibepr Ha reoMerpHuecKoH OCH SKcuelTpPHKOBOrO Basa, Tkaa uexmovenus nepexoca nopums 2 orHocutensHo unsHApa J mpeayeMotpeH Hanpazamouuit crepacenb. Tpeasapirenbioe npixxarue nopunis H uNaMHApA K che pHUeCKHM onlopam oGecnexmBaeTeR NpyaKHHOIt. Ha sbterynaromem u3 Kopmyca KOHIe Bata HapesaHb! MINUS Ana Mepenauit Kpytauero Nomenta vepes mydty HA mectepHto. C Apyroit cropon K Kopnycy THApoMOTOpa BHLITAMH NpHKpenaen nAOCKHi pacnpeenuTeMb TopuoBoro THNa, coctosuyuit ua uyryHnoit KpuNKH 5, Bpauaiouterocs pacnpenemuteboro AucKa 7, peaktusHoro 6 m OnopHoro 8 AHCKOB U3 BLICOKOMpoNHoTO uyrya. PacripenemuTenb- Hbiii qucK 7 MpHBOAHTCA BO BpAUeHHe NpoMexyTOUHEIM BasoM 12, CoenHHeHHLIM NBYMS UINHTDKAMH C 9KCILeHTPHKOBLIM BaNOM 11. PaGouas KUAKOCTS OT HACOCA TlORBOAHTES B paGoune Kamepht B TpeGyeMo;t nocme- opatenbHocTH wepes AUTH KAHANE B KpoimMKe 5 pacnpenenitens, oTBepeTHA Bpa- iaiouerocs pacnpenenurenbHoro qucKa 7 # onopHoro ANCKa 8, BHYTpeHHMe Kaname Kopnyca 9, KpuliKH 4 MWJIMHAPA H OTBepCTHA B ciepuuecKOM ONOpHOM AHCKe 3. Tlockoabxy wwannap H nlopulenb npexcranantor coGolt ABa TOMBIX UHLIMEApHYeCKHX crakawa ¢ OTBepCTHiAMH, TeMeCKOMMUECKH COeRHHEHHLIX MEKMY CoG! ¢ TOMOMIbIO nanpapasiouero wrudra, 70 paouad 2uAKOCTS Aelicrayer HenocpeneTBeHHO tla cibe- pilteckHe nonepxnoctH 9kceHTpHkOBOTO Bama H OMtoptioro ANCKA, Cosmapas KpyTAUMtE MoMeHT sa cueT axcheHtpHcHTeTa. [Lia HeKMONeNtA yreveK padovell %*HAKOCTH B Ha~ Naabusi MoMeHT BHYTPH TOpMINs M MHaKHApA YeTaHoBTeHa BHHTOBAX Mpy2KuHAa, APHXUMAIOMAT YITOTHHTENDUBIE KomUeDHe MOBEPXNOCTH MopulNA HM MUNUApA K lopepxuoctit SKCUeHTPHKA H OMOpHOTO AUCKA. Tepmermunocth Mey CKOABIAMLUMH MoBepXHOCTAMH MOpulNA mM _uMIMHApA ocTuraeret ycTaHoBKOl KPyTTOTO PesHHOBOTO KOmbUA H MIOCKOTO KomBIKA HB Tet) sloHa ¢ LOGaBreHHeM cepuicToro MomMOgeNa. ‘Mexaniueckiie noTepH MpH MepenewienMH nopulneit orHocHTeNbHO sxcHeNTpHKA it MUMHApa OTHOCHTENDHO cibepHecKOH OMopK! cBEAeHAI K MHUNMYMY NYTeN THRPO- cramiueckoi pasrpysKH naaHmogeficrsyiomNx sueMeHtos. Koncrpyxinelt mpeny- eMoTpeHo TakOe COOTHOMeHHe MuIOAReH NopuMNs H MHTHAApA, MpH KoTOpoM BeerAa RelictayeT USOLITOMHOE YcHAHe, MPIKHMaloMee MlopuIeHL K OMopHoit noBepxocTHL SKCHHTPHKa H UMTHHAP K onoplomy AHCKy. Takua O6pasom oGecneumpaIoTes Tep- MeTHYHOCTs B COMPMKeHHUIX cibepHecKHX MOBePXHOCTRX Opus H HNMUAPA H BEICoKHit oObemubiti KIL. TloKpuitHe MomHOReHOM TpyWLHXCH NoBepxHocTeit He TOMBKO OGecrieyMBaeT BEICO- Kyl Thepmoct, HO H CogqdeT MMKPoNOpHCry!o CTpyKTypy MoBepxHocTH, yslyullla- TOWylo yenOBHA rpaHHUHOH cMasKH H MOBLIMeHHYI0 HsHOCOCTOIKoCTD. Hanpasaenne 1 vacrora ppaulenia Baa ripomoTopa omlpenensores: Hanpapme- HeM 1 BeMNUAHOH NORBOAUMOTO MoTOKa pa6oyelt *UAKOCTH. Ockiopubie Tapamerpst BHICOKOMOMeHTHEIX THAPOMOTOpoR TuNa MP B cooTReT- creun c TY 22—3765—76 npunenensi b ta61. 3.21, a OcHOBHHe saBHICHMOCTH! — Ha puc. 3.33. TaGapuriie u mpHcoeaMHMrenbHEe pasMepHt yKasaNst Ha pH. 3.34 H B raGn, 3.22. ‘Ouenka Kouctpykunn 1 BbiGop THnopasmepa, Jax cpapHurenbHoit ONeHKH pas- AKYHBIX KOHCTPYKINH nepenad BpaUMaTebHOTO ABIDKEHHA UcHOMsyIOT yeTHY!O Maccy km (OTHOMeHHe Maccbl K MepemabaeMof MoU\NOCTH, xt/KBt) 4 YAeabHYIO MOUL- 7 en Puc. 3.82, BuicoxomomeTasiit raapomorop Tuna MP Puc. 3.33. Ocn nas BME Tuna M be aanucumocrs Mates Hoctb hy (oTHouIeHHe nepenanae- Moi MomHocTH K OObeMy, gaMH- Maemomy MexaHHaMoM, KBr/pm), Yen [wenbure 'ém H Gombure ky, ‘Tem copepirenHee ruponepenaya. 10? {10% Ilan Tunponepenay ¢ aKcnanb- = Ho-OpIIHeBbIMi HHSKOMOMEHTHEI- Mi THAPOMOTOPAMH B KoMMIeKTe © penyKropom (nepenatoutioe or- nourene i= 20+ 30) fim=10 2 KBr, a ky = 0,044- + 0,2 xBr/an®; nepenay ‘c Bu COKOMOMeHTHLIMH rHApoMoTOpaNH, 3 nanpumep, tuna MP, woryr mer wll, 7 lot km B 1,8—2,3 paga nenbuie, a ky 20 0 Kew? 2'2,5—3,75 pasa Gombure. TIpuMenene Gespenyxropuoro mpunona c BMI ne Bo neex cayuanx apaseren TeXHHYeCKH BOSMOAHLIM H SKOHOMHUECKH HerecooOpasubim. Hanpumep, B npHBoxe Tycenmmuoro xoja oMjoxonionoro 9xeKaBaropa eronysosantte BMI Gee npowexty- ‘Touro peslykTopa HcKuiovaeTcn HeBOSMORHOCTHIO pasmemeHua BME p raGapirax, orpannuenibix uIMpHuol rycenHYHOl AeHTM M AWaNeTpOM BenyuKeTO KoNeCA. ‘Tkis nponsposteioro coverana OcHOBIKIx NapaMeTpoB ¢ yYeTOM ycnopnit 9KC- nayaraium (tap.tenit Ap, vacTort patent Basia nH pecypea f), a TakcKe KonKper- UbIX KOHCTPYKTHBHLIX H TeXHOOTHYeCKHX OoGeHHocTel M cBolicTE NpHMeHseNEX MaTepHaion MoxHO BUu6paTb ocHopibte apaxerpst BMI npu ucroabsosanun Gespas- Meptioro Kpurepua sdppexrusiocra K, yanrstpaiouero reowerpuyeckute (V), cionbie (Ap), sHepreniueckue (Mix) XapakTepHeTHKH rAApoMOTopa H ero NomroBeNHOcT [18]: K == ApV nu (nt)?-3/(20m VDL), hepenan Aawsets Merkay HanopHioll 1 caKDHON ruapoanuHen; V — paGounit oGvem: annmeesuit KIIJk. n— dactore apauenus Basia; ¢— npogoweirenbHoct» paGorb; acca ripoworopa; Dw L — Mapykusiil Auame®p H Amuta rHqpoMoTopa. 0? Yerauonka n oxenayarausia BHIcoKOMOMeHTHLIX riApoMoTopos. TIpH sxcnya- sau BMP tana MP WeoOXxonHMo Y4HTHBATL B9AHMOCBAS AaBMeNNA HM vaCTOTEL Puc, 3.94, PaGapwTHute M npHcoeRHMiTenDIUe pasMepAt BLICOKOMONEHTHDIX rHAPOMOTOPOD ‘muna MP. 79

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