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У Д К 811.111 (075.

4)
Б Б К 8 1 . 2 Англ
X 93

Содержание
Предисловие 6
Unit 1
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect (1) 8
Unit 2
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect and Past Simple compared 23

Unit 3
T O P I C : Holidays 31
Unit 4
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect Continuous. Present Perfect (2) . . . . 47
Unit 5
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect Continuous
and Present Perfect compared 57
Unit 6
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect, Present Perfect
Христе>рождественская Л . П .
X 93 Английский язык. В 2-х ч. Часть II / Л.П. Христорождествен- Continuous and Past Simple compared 62
ская. — М. : Эксмо, 2009. — 576 с. — (Иностранный язык : шаг Unit 7
за шагом). G R A M M A R : Review of tenses 66
ISBN 978-5-699-21944-5
Unit 8
Перед вами принципиально новый, современный, наиболее полный курс, C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Socializing 72
основанный на проверенном временем комплексном системном подходе к изуче­
нию английского языка. Unit 9
Методика коммуникативного обучения, положенная в основу курса, с пер­ G R A M M A R : Relative clauses 87
вых шагов дает возможность учащимся общаться на английском языке и помогает
получить быстрый результат независимо от уровня подготовки. Данная методика, Unit 10
включающая пошаговую отработку материала, делает процесс создания речевых на­
T O P I C : Finding the way
выков легким и доступным, позволяет учащимся с первых же шагов почувствовать
реальные успехи в обучении и, что очень важно, формирует интерес к обучению. C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Gratitude. Arresting someone's attention . . . 98
Автор — известный ученый, методист с большим опытом успешного препода­
вания английского языка — предлагает огромный языковой материал, подобранный Unit 11
из современных английских и американских источников, ясные и доходчивые объ­
G R A M M A R : Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous.
яснения с многочисленными примерами, а также разговорные клише, авторские
модели диалогов и большое количество функциональных упражнений, позволяю­
Future Perfect. Future Perfect Continuous 115
щих сделать разговорную речь наиболее эффективной в различных сферах комму­ Unit 12
никаций.
Книга будет незаменимым помощником для преподавателей учебных заведе­ G R A M M A R : Reflexive, reciprocal, indefinite pronouns (review). . . 130
ний, курсов, а также студентов и всех, кто изучает язык самостоятельно.
U N I T 13
УДК 811.111 (075.4)
ББК 81.2 Англ G R A M M A R : Modal verbs expressing permission,
requests and offers: can, could, may, might, will, would, shall
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Permission. Requests.
ISBN 978-5-699-21944-5 © ООО «Издательство «Эксмо», 2008
Requests for repetition. Desire. Offers 142
4 Содержание Содержание 5

Unit 14 Unit 29
T O P I C : Meals G R A M M A R : The Participle 379
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Offering things and substances. Preference. . 152
Unit 30
Unit 15 C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Problems and advice
G R A M M A R : Question tags G R A M M A R : The Subjunctive Mood (2).
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Solidarity 171 Wishes. As if/though clauses 388
Unit 16 Unit 31
G R A M M A R : Object clauses. Reported speech (1). T O P I C : Hotel 399
Sequence of tenses 180
Unit 32
Unit 17 G R A M M A R : Modal verbs with Perfect
T O P I C : Cinema and Continuous Infinitive 415
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Suggestions. Opinions. Likes.
Приложения
Dislikes. Preferences
I. Д о п о л н и т е л ь н ы й я з ы к о в о й материал к устным темам 425
G R A M M A R : Clauses of purpose. Clauses of result 197
II. Г р а м м а т и ч е с к и й с п р а в о ч н и к 436
Unit 18 III. П о у р о ч н ы й словарь 505
G R A M M A R : The Passive Voice 221 IV. К л ю ч и к у п р а ж н е н и я м (Self Check) 535
Unit 19 V. С и с т е м н ы й обзор некоторых в а ж н е й ш и х особенностей
G R A M M A R : Reported speech (2). английской грамматики 556
Immediate and remote past report 231 С п и с о к и с п о л ь з о в а н н о й литературы 573

Unit 20
T O P I C : Theatre
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Invitations. Apologies 244

Unit 21
G R A M M A R : The Infinitive 264

Unit 22
T O P I C : Telephoning 280
Unit 23
G R A M M A R : Reported statements, questions,
c o m m a n d s and emotions 288

Unit 24
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Certainty and uncertainty 314

Unit 25
T O P I C : Travelling by train 322

Unit 26
G R A M M A R : The Subjunctive Mood (1). Conditionals 336

Unit 27
G R A M M A R : The G e r u n d 346

Unit 28
T O P I C : Travelling by air
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Introductions 359
Предисловие 7

с и с т е м а т и з и р о в а н ы н а и б о л е е у п о т р е б и т е л ь н ы е с у ф ф и к с ы и пре­
фиксы.
Языковой материал для учебника подобран из современных
Предисловие английских и американских пособий, словарей и справочников,
и з д а н н ы х в п о с л е д н и е годы, ч т о с о з д а е т у с л о в и я д л я о в л а д е н и я
Данная книга является второй частью учебного пособия а у т е н т и ч н о й а н г л о я з ы ч н о й р е ч ь ю . С п и с о к и с п о л ь з о в а н н о й лите­
«Английский язык» и предназначена для лиц, продолжающих ратуры представлен в конце к н и г и .
изучение английского языка. Автор
Во второй части пособия завершается изучение основных
г р а м м а т и ч е с к и х я в л е н и й , б ы т о в ы х т е м и о с у щ е с т в л я е т с я систе­
матизация наиболее употребительных разговорных формул.
К а к и в п е р в о й , во в т о р о й ч а с т и п о с о б и я о б у ч е н и е с т р о и т с я
на о с н о в е т е к с т о в - о б р а з ц о в д и а л о г и ч е с к о г о и м о н о л о г и ч е с к о г о
характера, моделирующих употребление изучаемого я в л е н и я в
р а з л и ч н ы х с ф е р а х к о м м у н и к а ц и и и в с о в о к у п н о с т и с соответ­
ствующим комплексом упражнений обеспечивающих целена­
п р а в л е н н у ю а к т и в и з а ц и ю всех я з ы к о в ы х я в л е н и й в с и т у а т и в н о -
контекстной речи.
I I ч а с т ь п о с о б и я с о д е р ж и т т р и т и п а у р о к о в : у р о к и п о презен­
т а ц и и и а к т и в и з а ц и и г р а м м а т и ч е с к и х я в л е н и й , т е м а т и ч е с к и ори­
ентированные уроки и уроки, систематизирующие разговорные
ф о р м у л ы . Все т р и т и п а у р о к о в о р г а н и ч н о с в я з а н ы м е ж д у с о б о й ,
и у с в о е н и е всех я з ы к о в ы х я в л е н и й п р о х о д и т к о н ц е н т р и ч е с к и , т.е.
одни и те же языковые я в л е н и я (грамматические, лексические,
разговорные штампы) встречаются в различного типа уроках.
Н а к а ж д о м п о с л е д у ю щ е м э т а п е р а б о т ы п р о и с х о д и т «сталкива­
н и е » р а н е е и з у ч е н н ы х я в л е н и й с н о в ы м и и п о с т е п е н н о е расши­
рение сферы ф у н к ц и о н и р о в а н и я изучаемого я в л е н и я в условиях
реальной коммуникации.
П р о ц е с с о б у ч е н и я п р и р а б о т е с д а н н ы м п о с о б и е м целесоо­
бразно строить т а к и м образом, чтобы параллельно шла работа
над определенным грамматическим явлением, соответствующей
этому грамматическому я в л е н и ю устной темой и систематизаци­
ей разговорных формул.
II часть пособия завершают следующие Приложения:
Дополнительный языковой материал к устным темам,
Грамматический справочник, Поурочный словарь, Ключи к
у п р а ж н е н и я м д л я р а з д е л а «Self Check*, а т а к ж е с и с т е м н ы й об­
з о р н е к о т о р ы х в а ж н е й ш и х о с о б е н н о с т е й а н г л и й с к о й граммати­
к и . В п о с л е д н е м с и с т е м а т и з и р о в а н ы п р а в и л а у п о т р е б л е н и я ар­
тиклей, д а н ы основные значения употребительных предлогов,
UNIT 1 9

" H a s t h e L o n d o n t r a i n left y e t ? "


" N o , it hasn't."

[У] W h y are t h e police asking t h e ticket collector about t h e m a n in


t h e p h o t o g r a p h ? W h a t are their questions? W h a t are t h e col­
Unit 1 lector's answers?

G R A M M A R : Present Perfect (1) С. 1. — So you are back from t o w n .


— Yes, a n d I've brought you a b o o k from t h e library.
— T h a t ' s very nice of you.
Illustrative Situations
2. — A u n t h a s p r o m i s e d to take me to t h e t h e a t r e .
T Study and practise. — Will she be able to afford it, do you t h i n k ?
— I h o p e so.
A. Tom is looking for his key. He can't find it. He has lost his key.
W h e n we use t h e P r e s e n t Perfect there is a c o n n e c t i o n with t h e 3. — Will J a n e c o m e t o t h e d a n c e t o n i g h t , d o you t h i n k ?
present: — I d o n ' t t h i n k so.
I've lost the key. (= I haven't got it now.) — W h y not?
Jim has gone to Canada. {- He is in C a n a d a or on his way there.) — Because she h a s n ' t c o m e h o m e yet.
Oh dear! I've forgotten her name. (= I c a n ' t r e m e m b e r it now.)
4. — It's M r s Baker's b i r t h d a y tomorrow.
Have you washed the dishes? (= Are they clean now?)
— I know.
The train hasn't arrived yet. (= T h e t r a i n isn't at t h e station.)
— Have you written to h e r yet?
The train has already arrived. (= T h e t r a i n is at t h e station.)
— N o , I haven't, but I ' m going to.
B. 1. Mr C o l l i n s gave his secretary some letters to type an h o u r
5. — H a s T o m got m a r r i e d ?
ago. He is going h o m e s o o n a n d he wants to sign t h e letters before he
— Yes, he h a s .
leaves. He h a s just picked up t h e p h o n e a n d asked his secretary this
— W h e n did he get m a r r i e d ?
question:
— Last m o n t h .
" H a v e you d o n e those letters y e t ? "
6. — H a s J a n e learnt to drive?
[У| W h e n did Mr C o l l i n s give his secretary t h e letters? W h y d o e s — N o , she h a s n ' t .
he want to sign t h e m now? W h a t h a s he just done? W h a t is his — W h e n is she going to learn?
question? — Next month, I think.

2. A r t h u r ' s secretary h a s just s t o p p e d a n o t h e r secretary in t h e cor­ 7. — I am worried about Paul. H e ' s failed his e x a m again.
ridor. — I say, he m u s t be either u n l u c k y or ill.
" H a v e you seen M r Tigers?" she w a n t s t o know. — He is n e i t h e r u n l u c k y n o r ill. He is simply lazy.
"Yes, I have. I saw h i m only a m o m e n t ago. H e ' s just gone d o w n — You m a y be right.
t h a t c o r r i d o r . " She might c a t c h h i m if she h u r r i e s .
8. — Have you t h a n k e d David for all his wonderful help?
[У| W h a t h a s A r t h u r ' s secretary just done? W h a t d o e s she w a n t to — N o , I haven't.
know? H a s t h e o t h e r secretary seen A r t h u r ? W h a t h a s h e just — W h y haven't you?
done? — I ' m sorry, but I've b e e n unable to get in t o u c h with h i m .

9. — Have you written to A n n ?


3. T h e police are asking t h e ticket collector about a m a n they t h i n k
— N o , I haven't.
might b e o n t h e L o n d o n t r a i n .
— W h y haven't you?
" H a v e you seen this m a n ? "
— I ' m sorry, b u t I've b e e n awfully busy.
" N o , I haven't. I m e a n , I d o n ' t t h i n k so."
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 1 11
10

10. — J i m is going to b e c o m e a professional footballer. — W h y is he so long?


— Is he really? — I t h i n k he has gone to t h e movies.
— Yes, he is, t h o u g h he has never played in t h e school t e a m . 2 1 . — W h a t ' s t h e time?
— How extraordinary! — Sorry, I've left my w a t c h at h o m e .
11. — W h a t ' s t h e m a t t e r ? 2 2 . — You k n o w t h e city well. You have b e e n here before, h a v e n ' t
— I've just fallen off my bicycle. you?
— P o o r boy! — Yes, I have.
12. — M i k e H a n s o n h a s j o i n e d a j u n g l e expedition. 23. "Henry!"
— W h a t for? "Yes, d e a r ? "
— To s h o o t a film about a n i m a l s . " I ' m going u p t o bed now. D o n ' t forget t o d o your little j o b s . "
— T h a t ' s very brave of h i m . " N o , dear."
13. — I've found this p e n . Is it yours? H e n r y t u r n e d off t h e television a n d went i n t o t h e kitchen. He fed
— N o , it isn't m i n e . I t h i n k it's Kate's. t h e cat, washed up several dishes, dried t h e m a n d put t h e m away. T h e n
— I d o n ' t t h i n k so, she h a s a g r e e n o n e . he put t h e cat o u t , locked all t h e d o o r s a n d t u r n e d out all t h e lights.
— But she h a s m o r e t h a n o n e p e n . W h e n he got to t h e b e d r o o m , his wife was sitting up in bed reading a
b o o k a n d eating chocolates.
14. — Have you ever b e e n to Scotland? "Well, dear, have you d o n e all your little j o b s ? "
— I've only b e e n there o n c e , but I've often b e e n to Wales.
" I t h i n k so, m y love."
— I've never b e e n to Wales. Is it pleasant there? " H a v e you fed t h e c a t ? "
— O h , very pleasant, but it frequently rains in s u m m e r . "Yes, dear."
15. — You've missed a lot of English classes lately. " H a v e you p u t h i m o u t ? "
— Yes, I ' m afraid so. "Yes, dear."
— I h o p e you'll c o m e to class on Tuesday. " H a v e you washed u p t h e d i s h e s ? "
— I ' m afraid n o t . I'll be going to M o s c o w on Tuesday. "Yes, dear."
" H a v e you put t h e m all away?"
16. — I d o n ' t see my dictionary on t h e table. W h o has t a k e n it?
"Yes, dear."
— It's m e . I have p u t it on t h e shelf.
" H a v e you t u r n e d o u t all t h e lights?"
17. — Have you ever b e e n to St. Petersburg? "Yes, dear."
— Yes, I've b e e n t h e r e several t i m e s . " H a v e you locked t h e front d o o r ? "
— As for me I've never b e e n t h e r e . "Yes, dear."
— Really? You should see it. It's o n e of t h e most beautiful cities " T h e n you c a n c o m e t o b e d . "
I've ever seen. " T h a n k you, dear."
After a little while they h e a r d a gate b a n g i n g d o w n s t a i r s .
18. — Have you read m a n y books this year?
"Henry."
— I w o u l d n ' t say t h a t . Just a couple.
"Yes, dear."
— W h i c h b o o k h a s interested you most?
" I ' m afraid you've forgotten to shut t h e garden gate."
— " H o t e l " by A. Hailey. " O h dear!.."
19. — I ' m afraid I have caught a cold. I am not feeling well.
— Have you called the d o c t o r ? Practice
— Yes, M o t h e r h a s just p h o n e d h i m .
/. Agree with the following utterances. Show the connection of these
2 0 . — I see Peter h a s n ' t r e t u r n e d yet, eh? completed past actions with the present in their result. Use the words and
— N o , he h a s n ' t . word combinations in brackets.
12 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 1 13

a) — You have washed the dishes, haven't you? (clean) 4. Say that you have already done what you are asked to do.
— Yes, I have. They are clean.
— Don't forget to answer the letters.
b) — M a r y hasn't done the room, has she? (untidy) — I've already answered them.
— N o , she hasn't. It's very untidy.
1. D o n ' t forget to buy t h e tickets. 2. R e m e m b e r to sign t h e papers.
1. You've b r o u g h t t h e C D s , haven't you? (in my bag) 2. You haven't 3. D o n ' t forget to write to Mr S m i t h . 4. D o n ' t forget to wash t h e
h a d d i n n e r yet, have you? ( h u n g r y ) 3. Susan h a s passed h e r e x a m s , dishes. 5. R e m e m b e r to dust t h e bookshelves. 6. D o n ' t forget to fix t h e
h a s n ' t she? (on holiday now) 4. Victor has gone away on business, sink. 7. R e m e m b e r to p h o n e Dr Ray. 8. R e m e m b e r to c o o k t h e pud­
h a s n ' t he? (in M o s c o w now) 5. You haven't fixed t h e TV set, have you? ding. 9. D o n ' t forget to post t h e letter. 10. D o n ' t forget to tell Peter
(still, o u t of order) 6. You have t r a n s l a t e d t h e article, haven't you? (on a b o u t t h e m a t c h . 11. R e m e m b e r t o pack o u r t h i n g s . 12. R e m e m b e r t o
t h e desk) 7. You have m a d e d i n n e r , haven't you? (ready) 8. You have clean your shoes. 13. D o n ' t forget to polish t h e m i r r o r s . 14. R e m e m b e r
worked h a r d today, haven't you? (tired). 9. B o b h a s n ' t c o m e h o m e yet, to send t h e parcel. 15. D o n ' t forget to shave.
h a s he? (still, at work) 10. J a n e h a s c a u g h t a cold a h a s n ' t she? (ill)
5. Say that you can't give your opinion on the subject. Follow the
2. Express your disagreement with the following interrogative—nega­ model.
tive utterances.
— What do you think of the exhibition? (visit)
— You haven't seen Steve today, have you? — I haven't visited it yet.
— Yes, I have. I've just seen him.
1. Do you like t h e M i n s k hotel? (stay) 2. H o w do you like t h e new
1. You haven't laid t h e table, have you? 2. He h a s n ' t found his film? (see) 3. Do you find his sister pretty? (meet) 4. W h a t does she
glasses, h a s he? 3. You haven't written to P a u l , have you? 4. T h e lec­ t h i n k of t h e opera? (hear) 5. Do you like t h e b o o k ? (read) 6. H o w do
t u r e h a s n ' t b e g u n yet, h a s it? 5. She h a s n ' t sent t h e parcel, h a s she? you find Brest? (visit) 7. D o e s t h e suit fit you? (try on)
6. J o h n h a s n ' t c o m e yet, h a s he? 7. You haven't shut t h e door, have
6. Refuse the offers politely.
you? 8. He h a s n ' t paid t h e bill yet, h a s he? 9. You haven't told Dick,
have you? 10. You haven't m a d e tea, have you? 11. You haven't d o n e a) — Would you like something to eat? (have dinner)
your h o m e w o r k , have you? 12. K i t t y h a s n ' t w o k e n up yet, h a s she? — N o , thank you. I've just had dinner.
13. Bill h a s n ' t p h o n e d you, h a s he? 14. T h e boss h a s n ' t left yet, h a s he?
15. T h e p o s t m a n h a s n ' t b r o u g h t t h e mail yet, h a s he? 16. You haven't 1. Would you like a cigarette? (smoke one) 2. Would you like a
washed my shirt yet, have you? 17. You haven't spoken to t h e boss cake? (eat one) 3. Would you like an orange? (have one) 4. Would you
yet, have you? 18. You haven't b o o k e d t h e tickets, have you? 19. You like a c u p of coffee? ( d r i n k one) 5. Would you like a bottle of red wine?
haven't read t h e article yet, have you? 20. You haven't cut t h e bread (buy one) 6. W o u l d you like to taste my biscuits? (taste one)
yet, have you?
b) - Shall I post the letter?
— N o , you needn't, thank you. I've already (just) posted it.
3. Answer the questions. Do it, as in the example.
1. Shall I w a s h t h e windows? 2. Shall I b o o k a ticket for you?
— H a s Simon sent a postcard to his mother? 3. Shall I buy you some medicine? 4. Shall I t y p e y o u r report? 5. Shall
— Yes, he has sent her a postcard. I translate t h e article? 6. Shall I p h o n e Helen? 7. Shall I repair t h e
1. Have you m a d e a sweater for Peter? 2. Have t h e boys b o u g h t a iron? 8. Shall I dust t h e furniture?
present for me? 3. H a s Roger given a n y m o n e y to you? 4. Have you
7. Answer the questions using the words and word combinations in
lent your cell p h o n e to Susan? 5. Have you m a d e a cake for G e o r g e
brackets.
a n d his wife? 6. Have you s h o w n your a l b u m to Jack? 7. Have you sent
a b i r t h d a y card to J a n e ' s parents? 8. H a s Peter written a letter to you a) — What has become of your bicycle, Peter? (break)
a n d your wife? — Don't you know? I've broken it.
14 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT l 15

1. W h e r e is Alec? (leave for Rome) 2. W h a t has b e c o m e of your Dear Chris,


umbrella? (lose) 3. W h e r e are t h e Browns? (go to L o n d o n ) 4. W h y Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.
h a s n ' t M a r y come? (fall ill) 5. W h e r e is your car? (sell) 6. W h y does
J a n e look so upset? (fail h e r finals) 7. I h e a r your b r o t h e r is in hospital.
1. Charles/go/Brazil
W h a t h a s h a p p e n e d t o h i m ? (break his a r m )
2. Jack a n d Jill/decide to get m a r r i e d
b) — Will Lucy take part in the discussion? (not, return from 3. S u s a n / h a v e a baby
Glasgow) 4. Mike/give up s m o k i n g
— I don't think s o . She hasn't returned from Glasgow yet. 5. G e o r g e / p a s s his driving test
6. M a r y / b e c o m e a student
1. Will M i k e go to t h e pictures with us? (not, do his h o m e w o r k )
2. Will D o n a l d c o m e to t h e p a r t y ? (not, pass his exams) 3. Will S a m 7. My parents/retire
M o r g a n play today? (not, recover) 4. Will t h e boss be leaving soon?
11. Answer the questions using the verbs in brackets.
(not, receive all t h e visitors) 5. Will M a r y j o i n us? (not, finish work)
6. Will Peter be leaving for L o n d o n t o n i g h t ? (not, buy a ticket) — Is it a beautiful painting? (see)
— Yes, it's the most beautiful painting I've ever seen.
8. Complete the situations. Use the verbs given.
1. Is she an interesting person? (meet) 2. Is it a long b o o k ? (read)
Tom is looking for his key. He can't find it. (lose)
3. Is it a g o o d opera? (hear) 4. Is t h e article difficult? (translate) 5. Is
He has lost his key.
t h e film funny? (see) 6. Is U n c l e Jack a k i n d m a n ? (know) 7. Is it an
1. Yesterday Bill was playing football. N o w he c a n ' t walk a n d his exciting trip? (have) 8. Is t h e CD expensive? (buy) 9. Is M a r y a tall
leg is in plaster, (break) 2. J a n e was busy c o m p u t i n g some t i m e ago. girl? (meet) 10. Is t h e test hard? (do)
N o w she is free, (finish c o m p u t i n g ) 3. Mr Brown knows m u c h , (read a
lot) 4. K a t e is very happy, (do well in all her exams) 5. T h e girl is cry­ 12. Ask and answer questions using the words and word combinations
ing, (fall down) 6. T h e s t u d e n t s were doing a test at 5. T h e y are having given.
a break at t h e m o m e n t , (write t h e i r test) 7. I am very tired, (do a lot of
a) you/book the tickets
work about t h e house) 8. Betty is pleased, (swim m u c h today) 9. H a r r y
— Have you booked the tickets?
is p r o u d , ( b e c o m e a student) 10. I d o n ' t r e m e m b e r where Steve lives,
— N o , I haven't but I'm going to.
(forget his address)
1. M a r y / t r a n s l a t e t h e article; 2. they/discuss t h e project; 3. you/ eat
9. Complete the situations. Use so far.
at t h e new I t a l i a n r e s t a u r a n t ; 4. you/pack t h e suitcase; 5. Peter/see t h e
I saw Tom yesterday but I haven't seen him so far today. film; 6. you/begin t h e e x p e r i m e n t ; 7. you/tell M a r y about t h e picnic;
8. N a n c y / t r a n s l a t e t h e text; 9. t h e Wests/sell t h e i r house; 10. D a v i d / d o
1. It r a i n e d a lot last week but ... t h i s week. 2. It snowed a lot
his h o m e w o r k ; 11. J a c k / b u y a car; 12. you/have d i n n e r ; 13. she/speak
last w i n t e r b u t ... t h i s winter. 3. We ate a lot yesterday b u t ... today.
to t h e rector; 14. you/ h e a r "Aida"; 15. D i c k / r e a d t h e article; 16. you/
4. I played t e n n i s a lot last year but ... t h i s year. 5. She worked h a r d
p h o n e Lucy; 17. you/choose a present for Bill; 18. you/send for t h e
last t e r m b u t . . . t h i s t e r m . 6. I w a t c h e d television yesterday evening b u t
... t h i s evening. 7. My favourite football t e a m won a lot of m a t c h e s last d o c t o r ; 19. Harry/get m a r r i e d
season b u t ... t h i s season.
b) Peter/get up/have breakfast
10. You are writing a letter to a friend and giving news about the — H a s Peter got up yet?
people you both know. Use the words and word combinations given to — Yes, he has. He is having breakfast now.
make sentences and put the verb into the correct form. 1. T o m / d o his exercises/play chess; 2. Jill/check t h e tests/ w a t c h TV;
Phil/find a new job 3. Lucy/have d i n n e r / w a s h u p ; 4. Mary/clean t h e flat/compute; 5. J a n e /
Phil has found a new job. write t h e letters/dust t h e c a r p e t ; 6. you/ c o o k supper/lay t h e table
16 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 1 17

c) John/get up/sleep p e r f o r m a n c e . 5. T h e Wests have sold their house. 6. Roger has won t h e
— H a s John got up yet? race. 7. My p a r e n t s have never b e e n abroad. 8. D i c k h a s n ' t helped m e .
— N o , he hasn't. H e ' s still sleeping. 9. J a n e has decided to b e c o m e an actress. 10. Mr S m i t h has already

1. E m m a / c o o k d i n n e r / m a k e soup; 2. you/give t h e b o o k back to left. 11. J o h n h a s n ' t fixed t h e sink.


Mike/read; 3. Dick/leave for t h e a i r p o r t / p a c k his suitcase; 4. K a t e /
15. Express solidarity.
find her gloves/look for t h e m ; 5. Miss G r e e n / f i n i s h c o m p u t i n g / c o m ­
p u t e ; 6. t h e boys/return home/play football a) — I have already read this book. And you?
— So have I.
d) you/Warsaw
— Have you ever been to Warsaw? b) — Kate hasn't come yet. And Betsy?
— Yes, I've been there several times, (twice, once) — Neither has Betsy.
( N o , I have never been there.)
1. David h a s caught a lot of fish. A n d Jack? 2. M a r y h a s enjoyed
1. y o u / L o n d o n ; 2. your wife/Brest; 3. your h u s b a n d / P a r i s ; 4. you/
t h e film. A n d Lucy? 3. I haven't h e a r d from Steve yet. A n d you?
I n d i a ; 5. your sister/Georgia; 6. your brother/Siberia; 7. y o u / C h i n a ;
4. A n n h a s never b e e n to S p a i n . A n d Bill? 5. I have already h a d din­
8. your b o s s / F r a n c e ; 9. you/Kiev; 10. you/ Glasgow; 11. you/Yalta
ner. A n d you? 6. Victor h a s already w r i t t e n his test. A n d Bob? 7. N i n a
e) you/hear from George/recently h a s n ' t left yet. A n d Helen? 8. J o h n h a s c o m e . A n d Peter?
— Have you heard from George recently?
— Yes, I have. ( N o , I haven't.) 16. Ask and answer questions, as in the example.

1. you/read much/lately; 2. you/eat a n y t h i n g / t o d a y ; 3. you/ have a Jack is driving a car but he's very nervous and not sure what to do.
holiday/this year; 4. you/see/any g o o d films/lately; 5. you/play t e n n i s / You ask: Is this the first time you've driven a car?
recently; 6. you/see/Tom/in t h e past few days; 7. you/work h a r d / t h i s Jack: Yes, I've never driven a car before.
week; 8. you/often/go out/lately; 9. y o u / s w i m / m u c h / r e c e n t l y ; 10. you/
1. Roger is playing t e n n i s . He is not very good a n d d o e s n ' t k n o w
be a b r o a d / t h i s year
t h e rules.
13. Respond to the following suggestions. You ask: Is this t h e first t i m e
Roger: Yes, I've
— Let's book the tickets tomorrow.
— Haven't you booked them yet? 2. Sue is riding a horse. She d o e s n ' t look very confident or com­
— N o , I haven't. fortable.
You ask:
1. Let's invite H e l e n to t h e party. 2. Let's write a letter to U n c l e
Sue:
Jack. 3. Let's m a k e supper. 4. Let's h e a r " C a r m e n " . 5. L e t ' s see this
film. 6. Let's send h e r a telegram. 7. Let's wash t h e windows. 8. Let's 3. M a r i a is in E n g l a n d . She's just arrived a n d it's very new for her.
visit t h e art exhibition. You ask:
Maria:
14. Express surprise in response to the following statements.
4. Lucy is m a k i n g a cake. But she is not sure it will be a good cake.
a) — Jack has failed his exam.
You ask:
— H a s he?
Lucy:
b) — Robert hasn't come. 5. M r s S m i t h is on b o a r d a p l a n e flying to C a n a d a . She feels very
— Hasn't he?
nervous about it.
1. T h e y have already finished t h e test. 2. We haven't invited t h e You ask:
Blacks. 3. I have never h e a r d t h i s song before. 4. M a r y h a s enjoyed t h e Mrs Smith:
18 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 1 19

17. Ask and answer questions. Use the words and word combinations
given. Prompts:
finish your homework; iron your clothes; telephone your friend;
You/invite/the Baxters/the Hunts repair your old cassette recorder
— You've invited the Baxters, haven't you?
— Yes, I have but I haven't invited the Hunts.
21. Use Present Perfect in response to the following utterances.
1. You/phone/Helen/Alice. 2. D i c k / b r i n g / t h e m a p / t h e c o m p a s s .
3. Y o u / b e / L o n d o n / L i v e r p o o l . 4. Y o u / t e l l / E m m a / T o m . 5. M i k e / s e n d / — She must work hard.
t h e letter/the parcel. 6. You/see/the art gallery/the space m u s e u m — She has failed her exam, (or: She has missed a lot of classes.)

18. Respond to the following statements. 1. We are free now. 2. W h y d o n ' t you read t h e article? 3. D o n ' t for­
get to p h o n e T o m . 4. Shall I send h i m s o m e money? 5. O p e n t h e door,
— I am going to visit Paul.
please. 6. W h e r e are t h e cups? 7. You m u s t b o o k a ticket in advance.
— So you haven't visited him yet, have you?
8. W h a t a b o u t going to a pub? 9. Do y o u r homework. 10. W h a t has
1. I am going to send h e r a telegram. 2. J a n e is going to c h a n g e h a p p e n e d to Paul? 11. L e t ' s invite M a r y . 12. I ' m not hungry. 13. Victor
h e r flat. 3. I am going to visit H e l e n . 4. I am going to h e a r " C a r m e n " . w o n ' t c o m e . 14. Switch off t h e light in t h e kitchen. 15. A n n is upset.
5. Bill is going to buy a car. 6. I am going to write to Lucy. 16. Shall I wash t h e dishes? 17. Will you please fix t h e sink? 18. W h a t
h a s b e c o m e of your bicycle? 19. K a t e looks happy. 20. Will Steve j o i n
19. Answer the questions about yourself.
us? 21. D i d you enjoy t h e b o o k ? 22. Is Peter a clever m a n ? 23. Do you
1. Have you seen any interesting films lately? 2. W h a t new places have like his new car? 24. You m u s t t e a c h h i m to swim. 25. I c a n ' t afford
you visited this year? 3. How m a n y cigarettes have you smoked today? a rest at t h e seaside t h i s year. 26. I ' m going to post t h e letter on my
4. H o w m u c h money have you spent this week? 5. H o w m a n y holidays way h o m e . 27. Would you like a c u p of tea? 28. Dick is d i s a p p o i n t e d .
have you spent at the seaside over the past six years? 6. Have you read 29. W h a t is t h e film a b o u t ? 30. W h a t a b o u t a g a m e of chess? 31. He
m u c h this month? 7. H o w m a n y questions have you answered so far? knows F r a n c e very well. 32. W h y d o n ' t you buy this C D player?
20. Learn the dialogues and make substitutions.
22. Use the prompts to make similar dialogues.
1. A: Be careful!
B: W h y ? A: I've just been to the new Chinese restaurant.
A: I've just p a i n t e d t h e door. B: Oh! Have you? I've just been to an Indian restaurant.
B: It's all right ... I haven't t o u c h e d it.
A: H a v e n ' t you? W h a t ' s t h a t on your a r m ? Prompts:
a new French car/a G e r m a n car; a book by John Wyndham/ a
Prompts: book by Nevil Shute; a new job in London/a new job in Bristol;
shelf/hand; desk/leg; chair/shoulder; wall/elbow lunch in the new canteen/lunch in the cafe round the corner; the
film at the Odeon/the film at the Plaza; a concert on Radio 2/a
2. A: I'm bored. play on Radio 3
B: Well, do s o m t e t h i n g !
A: W h a t , for example?
B: W a s h your hair. Fluency
A: I've already washed it.
T Study and practise.
B: Brush your shoes!
A: I've already b r u s h e d t h e m . 1. Paul: C a n y o u l e n d me $50?
B: W h y d o n ' t you clean your r o o m ? Bill: Sorry, I c a n ' t . . . I h a v e n ' t b e e n to t h e b a n k today.
A: I've already cleaned it. Paul: Oh dear... I haven't b e e n either, a n d I n e e d some
B: Well, ... perfect your English! money. It's t o o late now... it's four o'clock.
20 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 1 21

Bill: W h y d o n ' t you ask Peter? Situation 1. You've just come home from work. You ask your daughter
Paul: O h , has he b e e n to t h e b a n k ? whether she has done the work you told her to do when you were leaving
Bill: Yes, he has. He always goes on M o n d a y s . the house.

2. David: Have you travelled a lot, N o r a ? 5. E l m e r Colt is from K a n s a s . H e ' s on a 14-day t o u r of E u r o p e .


Nora: Yes, I've b e e n to 47 different c o u n t r i e s . T h e t o u r s t a r t e d in L o n d o n . At t h e m o m e n t he's in P r a g u e . It's t h e
David: Really! Have you b e e n to C h i n a ? eighth day of t h e tour. H e ' s already b e e n to seven c o u n t r i e s a n d stayed
Nora: Yes, I've visited C h i n a twice. in t h e capital cities. H e ' s never b e e n to E u r o p e before, a n d he's already
David: W h a t about India? seen a lot of new places. H e ' s d o n e a lot of interesting t h i n g s ... a n d
Nora: I've never b e e n to I n d i a . t h e t o u r h a s n ' t finished yet.

| T ] H a s N o r a travelled m u c h ? H o w m a n y c o u n t r i e s has she visited? Mrs Colt: ... E l m e r ? ... Is that you?
H a s she b e e n t o C h i n a ? She h a s b e e n t o I n d i a , t o o , h a s n ' t Elmer: Yes, M o m m a .
she? W h a t c o u n t r i e s have you visited? Have you ever b e e n to Mrs Colt: W h e r e are you now, E l m e r ?
M a d r i d ? Have you seen Paris?
Elmer: I've just arrived in Prague, M o m m a .
Mrs Colt: You haven't sent me any p o s t c a r d s yet.
3. Father: Your m o t h e r h a s told m e t h a t you've given u p your
job. You d o n ' t w a n t t o work any m o r e . W h a t are your Elmer: Yes, I have... I've sent o n e from every city.
plans? Mrs Colt: Have you b e e n to Paris yet, E l m e r ?
John: Yes, t h a t ' s right. I've d e c i d e d to drive a c a m p i n g Elmer: Yes, I have.
b u s across E u r o p e a n d t h e M i d d l e East t o I n d i a . It's Mrs Colt: Have you b e e n to V i e n n a yet?
s o m e t h i n g I've always w a n t e d to do. I've saved e n o u g h Elmer: N o , I haven't. We are going to V i e n n a tomorrow.
m o n e y a n d I'm going to do it. Mrs Colt: E l m e r ! Are you still there?
Father: I've talked to y o u r m o t h e r a n d she's very u n h a p p y Elmer: Yes, M o m m a .
about w h a t you're doing. Please t h i n k again. Mrs Colt: H o w m a n y c o u n t r i e s have you seen now, E l m e r ?
John: I've t h o u g h t about it carefully a n d it's my decision. Elmer: Well, t h i s is t h e eighth day, so I've already seen eight
countries.
4. Jill: Hello, Steve. I'm h o m e . It's r a t h e r cold in here.
Mrs Colt: Have you spent m u c h money, E l m e r ?
Steve: I've t u r n e d t h e h e a t i n g o n . It's getting w a r m now. I've
b e e n very busy, so I ' m not cold. I've washed all t h e Elmer: Yes, M o m m a . I've b o u g h t a lot of souvenirs... a n d

windows. I've cleaned t h e flat a n d I've answered four I w a n t to buy some m o r e . C a n you send me a thou­
letters. I've also cleared a lot of papers off my desk, so sand dollars?
it looks nice a n d tidy now. I feel exhausted. Mrs Colt: All right, Elmer. ... Elmer, are you listening to me?
Jill: A n d have you washed t h e dishes? Elmer: Yes, M o m m a .
Steve: I've already washed a n d dried t h e dishes. A n d I've Mrs Colt: Have you t a k e n m a n y p h o t o g r a p h s , E l m e r ?
just m a d e a p o t of tea. C o m e a n d have a cup. Elmer: Yes, M o m m a , I've t a k e n a lot. I've used t h r e e rolls
Jill: Wonderful! Have you p a i n t e d t h e kitchen d o o r ? of film.
Steve: N o , I haven't started with t h e d o o r yet. Mrs Colt: Have you met any nice girls yet, E l m e r ?
Jill: You've worked really h a r d , Steve. Congratulations! Elmer: O h , yes. M o m m a . . . there's a girl from Texas on t h e
O h , Steve... I've invited P a m a n d Jeff for d i n n e r . T h e y tour. We've d o n e everything together.
are c o m i n g tonight and... Have you cooked d i n n e r ? Mrs Colt: E l m e r ! E l m e r ! Are you still t h e r e , E l m e r ?
Steve: N o , I haven't.
Jill: O h , good! Your curries are so good, they are b e t t e r Situation 2. Imagine you are on a tour of Europe. It's the tenth day
than mine. of your tour and you are phoning your friend from Paris.
22 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

Self Check
1. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.

1. At last I (do) my homework. I c a n go for a walk now. 2. T h e


delegation already (arrive) but we (not, speak) with its m e m b e r s yet. Unit 2
3. Last m o n t h I (read) two interesting b o o k s but I (not, read) a n y t h i n g
so far t h i s m o n t h . 4. "You (make) any spelling mistakes in your t e s t ? " G R A M M A R : Present Perfect and Past Simple compared
" N o , I (not, make) a n y m i s t a k e s . " 5. " W h e r e is J a n e ? " " S h e (go) to
t h e shops. She'll be back s o o n . " 6. "You ever (be) to t h e U S A ? " "Yes,
I (be) to N e w York several t i m e s . " 7. Hello! I've just (be) to t h e shops.
Illustrative Situations
L o o k ! I (buy) lots of t h i n g s . 8. We (not, see) J o h n this m o r n i n g but T Study and practise.
we (see) h i m a couple of days ago. 9. H a r r y is ill. He (have) an ac­
We use P r e s e n t Perfect (I have done) to give new i n f o r m a t i o n or to
cident. He (break) his leg. 10. " Y o u (finish) c o m p u t i n g ? " " N o t yet.
In fact I just (begin)." 11. " H o w m a n y cassettes you ( b r i n g ) ? " " F i v e . " a n n o u n c e a r e c e n t h a p p e n i n g . But if we c o n t i n u e to t a l k a b o u t it we
12. "You ever (find) a n y t h i n g valuable?" " N o , I ... ." 13. " M r West n o r m a l l y use t h e Past Simple (I did):
(sell) his h o u s e y e t ? " "Yes, he ... . He (sell) it last week." " H e (move) 1. — O h ! I've b u r n t myself.
t o his new h o u s e y e t ? " " N o , not yet." — H o w did you do t h a t ?
— I t o u c h e d a hot dish.
2. Translate into English.
2. — I've b o u g h t a very good r a i n c o a t .
1. Вы к о г д а - л и б о и г р а л и в ш а х м а т ы с В и к т о р о м ? Он х о р о ш о
и г р а е т ? — Не з н а ю . Я н и к о г д а с н и м не и г р а л . 2. К а к п о ж и в а е т — W h e r e did you buy it?
А н я ? Я ее не в и ж у в п о с л е д н е е в р е м я . — С п а с и б о , х о р о ш о . — — In o n e of t h e small shops in Regent Street.
А к а к в а ш с ы н ? О н уже о к о н ч и л ш к о л у ? — Д а , о н уже студент. — H o w m u c h did it cost?
3. Я д о л ж н а у п а к о в а т ь ч е м о д а н . — Не б е с п о к о й с я , я его уже — £ 50.
у п а к о в а л . 4 . М о е м у п л е м я н н и к у т о л ь к о п я т ь лет, н о о н уже
Do n o t use Present Perfect (I have done) w h e n you are t a l k i n g
н а у ч и л с я х о р о ш о ч и т а т ь . 5. Вы к о г д а - л и б о б ы в а л и в А н г л и и ? —
about a finished t i m e in t h e past (for example: yesterday, two years
Д а , я б ы л т а м д в а года н а з а д . 6. Ч т о с л у ч и л о с ь ? — Я р а з б и л а
ago, in 1999, when I was a child, etc.). Use a past tense:
свою л ю б и м у ю чашку. 7. Мы к у п и л и н о в ы й телевизор. М н е он
Tom lost his key yesterday.
очень нравится. 8. Н и н а очень расстроена. О н а не сдала экзамен.
I translated the article on Friday.
9. Н и к п р и д е т на в е ч е р и н к у ? — Нет, он уехал в к о м а н д и р о в к у .
I last saw him in 2005.
10. Будем с м о т р е т ь с е г о д н я в е ч е р о м т е л е в и з о р ? — Я его е щ е не
п о ч и н и л . 11. В ы уже п о д п и с а л и д о к у м е н т ы ? — Д а , в ы м о ж е т е и х U s e a past tense to ask w h e n s o m e t h i n g h a p p e n e d :
забрать. What time (when) did he arrive?

Compare:
I've smoked 20 cigarettes today, (it is still today)
I smoked 20 cigarettes yesterday, (the event is past)

3. Julia has just c o m e to work. She is late again. She is asking one
of t h e colleagues about her boss. He often c o m e s in late, t o o .
" H a s t h e boss c o m e y e t ? "
"Yes, he has. H e ' s in t h e office now."
" W h e n did h e c o m e ? "
" H e c a m e very early. He noticed you weren't here."
24 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 2 25

[У| W h a t has Julia just done? H a s h e r boss c o m e yet? W h a t did he (to) t h e suitcase, (some m i n u t e s ago) 6. W h y d o n ' t you speak to t h e
notice? D i d he c o m e early or late? boss? (the day before yesterday) 7. W h a t about seeing " P i r a t e s of t h e
C a r i b b e a n " ? (on Tuesday) 8. You should build a garage, (last year)
4. — Have you ever studied a language before?
9. W h y d o n ' t you p h o n e Peter? (in t h e afternoon) 10. Tell D i c k about
— Yes, I have.
t h e expedition, (last Friday) 11. W h y d o n ' t you invite t h e Browns? (yes­
— O h , w h i c h o n e did you study?
terday) 12. You must repair t h e TV set. (yesterday m o r n i n g ) 13. You
— I studied F r e n c h at school.
should b o o k t h e tickets in advance, (last Saturday) 14. Give her your
5. — Have you ever b e e n to a wedding? CD player for a few days, (yesterday)
— Yes, I have.
— W h o s e w e d d i n g was it? 2. Say "when".
— It was my b r o t h e r ' s .
Henry has fallen ill.
6. — Have you ever e a t e n at t h e Royal Hotel? He fell ill on Tuesday.
— Yes, I have.
— W h e n did you eat there? 1. T h e y have begun the experiment. 2. I've found my ticket. 3. He has
— M a r y a n d I ate t h e r e two m o n t h s ago. finished the work. 4. T h e y have r u n g h i m up. 5 . 1 have written the letter.
6. He has passed his exam. 7. She h a s paid for t h e furniture. 8. T h e y
7. — Have you ever broken a bone? have bought a boat. 9. T h e y have seen the m u s e u m . 10. T h e porter has
— Yes, I have. already brought o u r suitcases. 11. I've lost my umbrella again. 12. T h e y
— W h a t did you break?
have c h a n g e d their flat. 13. She has broken her watch. 14. T h e y have got
— I broke my leg.
m a r r i e d . 15. I've already h a d dinner. 16. T h e delegation has already ar­
8. — Have you ever h a d flue? rived. 17. T h e t r a i n has left. 18. Victor has gone to Moscow on business.
— Yes, I have. 19. I've already s w u m in the sea today. 20. Kitty has already woken up.
— W h e n did you have it? 21. I have sold my garage. 22. I have told Jack about t h e picnic.
— I h a d it last winter.
3. Answer the questions using the words and word combinations in
9. — Have you seen a n y films lately? brackets.
— Yes, I've seen " T h e M a t r i x " .
— W h e n did you see it? — H a s he seen Ann? (yesterday)
— Last week. — Yes, he saw her yesterday.

10. — Have you sold your car? 1. Have you sold your car? (last m o n t h ) 2. Have you spoken to
— Yes, I have. Jack? (on F r i d a y m o r n i n g ) 3. Have you w r i t t e n to M a r y ? (the day
— W h y did you sell it? before yesterday) 4. Have you t h r o w n t h e letter away? (some m i n u t e s
— I'd like to buy a Jaguar. ago) 5. Have you b u r n t t h e d o c u m e n t s ? (three h o u r s ago) 6. Have you
found your keys? (this m o r n i n g ) 7. H a s your h u s b a n d ever forgotten
Practice your b i r t h d a y ? (last year) 8. Have you r u n g Tom? (yesterday afternoon)
9. H a s Jack ever b e e n to Italy? (in 2003) 10. Have you h e a r d t h e news?
1. Respond to the following utterances using Present Perfect and Past (yesterday) 11. H a s she b e g u n work yet? (at 10 o'clock) 12. Have you
Simple. e a t e n t h e cake? (in t h e m o r n i n g )

— Why don't you buy this dictionary? (yesterday)


4. Ask your friend whether he has done certain things and when he did
— I've already bought it. I bought it yesterday.
them. Use the word combinations given.
1. W h y d o n ' t you send h e r a telegram? (this m o r n i n g ) 2. Will you
buy a house
m a k e tea, please? (a few m i n u t e s ago) 3. Do your homework, (before
— Have you bought a house?
supper) 4. You should read the book, (in s u m m e r ) 5. P u t t h e towel in
— Yes, I have.
26 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 2 27

— When did you buy it? d) H o w long/there


— Two months ago. e) a lot of English
f) prices very high
1. pay the bill; 2. send for t h e d o c t o r ; 3. see " G o n e with the Wind";
4. b o o k a ticket; 5. read " W a r a n d P e a c e " ; 6. have d i n n e r ; 7. receive 3) A r t h u r D o c k e r has a different c a r every year. He h a s a Rolls
t h e d o c u m e n t s ; 8. translate t h e article; 9. do o n e ' s h o m e w o r k ; 10. rest Royce t h i s year. Ask questions with these words:
in t h e C r i m e a ; 11. h e a r "Aida"; 12. c h o o s e a present; 13. write t h e test a) ever/a M e r c e d e s
paper; 14. sell o n e ' s t e n t b) W h e n
c) a good c a r
5. Study the model conversations. Then make up conversations of your
d) fast
own on the same model. Ask WHEN and other questions like the following.
e) expensive
1. Patricia Riley is an Irish girl. She is t r y i n g to get a j o b as a sec­ f) H o w long
retary. At interviews people ask her questions like these:
6. Answer the questions about yourself.
" H a v e you ever d o n e t h i s sort of work before?"
" W h e r e did you work last?" 1. Have you ever b e e n to Kiev? W h e n were you there? D i d you
" H o w long did you work t h e r e ? " go t h e r e on business or for pleasure? H o w long did you stay there?
2. Have you ever travelled by sea? W h e n was it? D i d you enjoy your
2. — Have you ever been to Paris?
voyage? Have you ever travelled by air? W h e n did you last travel by air?
— Yes, I have.
Did you feel airsick? 3. Have you seen your friend t h i s m o n t h ? W h e n
— W h e n were you there?
did you see h i m (her)? D i d you spend m u c h t i m e together? 4. W h e n
— Last spring.
did you go to t h e c i n e m a last? Was t h e film interesting? Have you
— W h a t did you t h i n k of it?
seen m a n y films t h i s m o n t h ? Have you b e e n t o t h e t h e a t r e t h i s week?
— It was very beautiful.
5. Have you ever l e a r n e d F r e n c h ? W h a t language did you l e a r n at
3. R i c h a r d never believes what t h e critics say about a film. He al­ school? D i d you study G e r m a n at t h e Institute? 6. W h e n did you c o m e
ways asks his friends instead. He w a n t s to k n o w if t h e new T a r a n t i n o to work today? You were on t i m e , weren't you? Have you ever b e e n late
film is any good. He is t a l k i n g to a friend now. H i s first question is: for work? W h e n was it?
" H a v e you seen t h e new T a r a n t i n o f i l m ? "
T h e answer is: "Yes, I have."
Fluency
R i c h a r d t h e n asks different questions like: W h e n did you see it?
W h e r e did you see it? Was it good? Study and practise.

Variations 1. George: Hello, K e n .


1) You never believe w h a t travel b r o c h u r e s say. You want to know Ken: Hello, G e o r g e .
about Moscow. P e r h a p s your friends know. W h a t do you ask your George: Have you just b e e n t o t h e c i n e m a ?
friends first? Ask W H E N ? Ask: very cold? a n y o t h e r tourists? t h e bal­ Ken: Yes, I have.
let? by t r a i n or by plane? George: W h a t ' s on?
Ken: "Paris in the Spring".
2) You want to go to a language school in B o u r n e m o u t h , E n g l a n d .
George: O h , I've already seen it. I saw it on a B B C television
You want to know about t h e town, t h e weather, etc. You have a friend
p r o g r a m m e last year. It's an old film, but it's very
w h o h a s travelled a lot. Ask questions with these words:
good.
a) e v e r / B o u r n e m o u t h Ken: Paris is a beautiful city.
b) W h e n George: I have never b e e n t h e r e . Have you ever b e e n t h e r e ,
c) weather/like Ken?
28 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 2 29

Ken: Yes, I have. I was t h e r e in April. 3. O n e of D e b o r a h ' s friends is asking her about all t h e holidays she
George: Paris in t h e spring, eh? has h a d a n d all t h e places she has b e e n t o .
Ken: It was spring but t h e w e a t h e r was awful. It r a i n e d all " H a v e you ever b e e n t o R o m e ? "
the t i m e . "Yes, I have. I was t h e r e in 1999."
George: Just like d e a r old L o n d o n ! " H a v e you ever b e e n t o M e x i c o City o r t o R i o ? "
"Yes, I've b e e n to all those places."
Ask questions with these words: " O h ? W h e n were you in M e x i c o City ... a n d w h e n were you in
a) K e n / c i n e m a Rio?"
b) W h a t / s e e
Make similar dialogues.
c) G e o r g e / " P a r i s in t h e S p r i n g "
d) W h e n
e) W h a t / t h i n k of t h e film Self Check
0 George/Paris
/. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.
g) K e n / P a r i s
h) t h e weather 1. You (hear) about Bob? He (break) his leg. — Really? H o w t h a t
( h a p p e n ) ? 2. I just ( r e t u r n ) from Yalta. — You (go) t h e r e alone? —
Situation 1. You suggest to your friend going to the movies, but he has Together with my son. — H o w long you (stay) there? — T h r e e weeks.
already seen the film you suggest. You ask him some questions about the 3. Your h a i r looks different. You (have) a haircut? — Yes. — You (cut)
film. it yourself? — N o , A n n (cut) it for m e . 4. L o o k ! S o m e b o d y (spill)
2. Peggy: Hello, J o h n . C o m e in. milk on t h e c a r p e t . — Well, it (not, be) m e . — I w o n d e r w h o it (be)
Tom: Hello, J o h n . We're having l u n c h . Do you want to have t h e n . 5. You (see) t h e film on television last night? 6. My bicycle isn't
l u n c h with us? here a n y m o r e . S o m e b o d y (take) it. 7. I (not, eat) a n y t h i n g yesterday

John: N o , t h a n k you, T o m . I've already h a d l u n c h . I h a d b e c a u s e I (not, feel) hungry. 8. W h y J i m (not, want) to play t e n n i s last

l u n c h at half past twelve. Friday? — He (be) busy on Friday. 9. Hello, Susan. Is A l a n here? —

Peggy: Have a c u p of coffee t h e n . N o , I ' m afraid he (go) out. — W h a t a pity! W h e n exactly he (go)
out? — About t e n m i n u t e s ago. 10. You (see) " W a r a n d P e a c e " yet? —
John: I've already h a d a c u p , t h a n k you. I h a d o n e after my
Yes, I . . . . I (see) it last week. — W h a t you ( t h i n k ) of it? — I (not,
lunch.
like) it very m u c h . 11. I (go) to a new I n d i a n r e s t a u r a n t last night with
Tom: Let's go i n t o t h e living r o o m , Peggy. We c a n have o u r
Mary. — To t h a t new place in M a r c h m o u n t Street? — Yes. You ever
coffee t h e r e .
(be) there? — N o , b u t Barbara already (be) t h e r e . She (love) it. She
Peggy: Excuse t h e mess, J o h n . T h i s r o o m ' s very untidy. We're
says she never (eat) such delicious I n d i a n food. W h a t you (order)? —
p a c k i n g o u r suitcases. We're going to leave t o m o r r o w .
I (have) a p r a w n c u r r y a n d M a r y (try) a T a n d o r i chicken. T h e y (be)
T o m a n d I are going to have a holiday.
b o t h fantastic. 12. I never (be) to C a m b r i d g e . — O h , I (go) there last
John: A r e n ' t you lucky!
s u m m e r . I (do) a language course there. — You ever (be) to Oxford? —
Tom: W h e n are you going to have a holiday, J o h n ?
N o , but a friend of m i n e (stay) t h e r e for a m o n t h two years ago. He
John: I d o n ' t know. I've already h a d my holiday t h i s year.
(enjoy) it very m u c h .
Peggy: W h e r e did you go?
John: I stayed at h o m e ! 2. Use Present Perfect or Present Simple in the following clauses of
time referring to the future.
Situation 2. Your friend is in Moscow on business. He's staying at a
hotel. You are free today and can take him sightseeing. But it turns out 1. All right. I'll c o m e d o w n w h e n I (put) on a fresh collar. 2. W h e n
that your friend has already seen most of the sights you wanted to show he (be) off d u t y he'll go t h e r e . 3. "I m u s t k n o w where they are a n d
him. I shall n o t rest till I (see) t h e m again," he t h o u g h t . 4. " N o m o r e , " she
30 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

said to t h e dog, " b u t w h e n I (finish) you may have t h e b o n e . " 5. Go


on with your picture. We'll have a look at it w h e n we (return) from the
party. 6. " I ' l l h a n d t h e b o o k over w h e n I (read) it," he said. 7. " H a s
he g o n e ? " she asked as s o o n as her sister e n t e r e d . " N o . He refuses to
go till he (see) you." 8. I will not leave you till we (talk) t h i s t h i n g out. Unit 3
9. N o b o d y knows where we are. We may stay here till we (die). 10. You
w o n ' t t h i n k so when you (see) a bit m o r e of it. 11. I'll lock t h e d o o r T O P I C : Holidays
w h e n you (go). 12. W h e n I (wake) I'll go for a swim. 13. I know t h a t
w h e n she (refuse) to help h i m he'll m a k e some scene. 14. I'll c o m e
Illustrative Text
w h e n my guests (go). 15. Please d o n ' t start w a t c h i n g TV till we (have)
supper. 16. You'll find it lonely here after t h e s u n (set). 17. Look, call Summer Holidays in England
h i m up again w h e n he (finish) eating. 18. "You'll find," said T o m ,
" t h a t you'll miss h o m e w h e n you (leave) it." 19. I'll keep it with me till Dear Mario,
we (decide) what is to be d o n e w i t h it. 20. " I ' l l give you some p a p e r I was very glad to have a letter from you a n d to know t h a t you a n d
a n d brushes a n d let you m a k e a p i c t u r e w h e n we (ask) your m o t h e r , " your wife are keeping well a n d busy. I ' m glad, t o o , t h a t you are b o t h
she said to t h e girl. c o m i n g t o E n g l a n d again t h i s s u m m e r .
You say you w a n t a different k i n d of holiday t h i s year. P e r h a p s
3. Translate into English.
w h e n you were here last year, I t o o k you to see t o o m a n y historic
1. Я н и к о г д а не б ы в а л в К и т а е , но я б ы л в Я п о н и и . Э т о б ы л о buildings a n d places. You saw most of t h e places t h a t t o u r i s t s usually
т р и года н а з а д . 2. Где м о й у ч е б н и к ? Я т о л ь к о ч т о о с т а в и л его see. So t h i s year you want a rest from sightseeing. You d o n ' t want
здесь. З д е с ь к т о - н и б у д ь б ы л ? 3 . К а т я у ш л а в к и н о д в а ч а с а н а з а д to c o m e as tourists. You want t h e k i n d of holiday t h a t middle-class
и е щ е не в е р н у л а с ь . 4. В и к т о р уже п о ч и н и л т е л е в и з о р ? — Н е т е щ е . English p e o p l e usually have, not t o o expensive, of course. You w a n t to
5. Ты з а к а з а л а б и л е т ы ? — Н е т е щ е . — П о ч е м у ты не с д е л а л а э т о г о m e e t E n g l i s h people w h o are on holiday a n d to have plenty of c h a n c e s
вчера? — Я с о в е р ш е н н о з а б ы л а об э т о м . 6. Вы к о г д а - л и б о б ы в а л и to m a k e friends with t h e m .
в Б о л ь ш о м театре? — Д а . — Ч т о вы с м о т р е л и ? — « Л е б е д и н о е I d o n ' t like crowds when I ' m on holiday. I r e m e m b e r t h a t w h e n
озеро». — Вам п о н р а в и л с я балет? — Д а , м у з ы к а п р е к р а с н а я , I was a small boy we — my brothers a n d sisters a n d I — always tried to
а к т е р ы т а н ц е в а л и в е л и к о л е п н о . 7. Я п о й д у д о м о й п о с л е т о г о , к а к get away from o t h e r people. We always h a d o u r holidays on t h e coast.
я з а к о н ч у работу. 8. О н а будет о б е д а т ь п о с л е т о г о , к а к р а с п а к у е т Sea a n d s u n s h i n e , t h a t ' s what we looked forward to every s u m m e r .
свои в е щ и . 9. Я п р о т е л е г р а ф и р у ю , к а к т о л ь к о п р и е д у в Одессу. We always went to a small fishing village on t h e D e v o n coast. A n d if,
10. Я п о й д у д о м о й т о л ь к о п о с л е того, к а к т е п л о х о д с к р о е т с я из w h e n we got to t h e place where we u s u a l l y b a t h e d , t h e r e were o t h e r
виду. 11. О н а з а п е р л а с ь и не с о й д е т в н и з , п о к а о н и не уйдут. people t h e r e , we s t o p p e d a n d said, " O h , we c a n ' t b a t h e here today!
12. Я с к а ж у ему, ч т о б ы он в е р н у л к л ю ч , когда о с м о т р и т д о м . S o m e b o d y ' s got here before u s ! " Today p e o p l e seem to like crowds.
You say you wish to m e e t a n d make friends with as m a n y p e o p l e as
possible, so I w o n ' t suggest a quiet fishing village.
Hotels in t h e large seaside towns on t h e south coast are expensive.
You say you want to c o m e here in July or August. T h o s e are t h e two
m o n t h s w h e n hotel rates are t h e highest.
You'd s o o n m a k e friends at a hotel, b u t if you want to m e e t lots of
English people, you m i g h t like to go to a holiday c a m p . T h a t d o e s n ' t
m e a n sleeping a n d eating in tents. H o l i d a y c a m p s in E n g l a n d are per­
m a n e n t buildings with every m o d e m c o n v e n i e n c e a n d comfort. T h e r e
are w o o d e n cabins with good beds, electric light, r u n n i n g hot a n d cold
water. T h e r e are large buildings — a d i n i n g hall, a large hall for d a n c -
32 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 3 33

ing (and good d a n c e bands), a c i n e m a , a t h e a t r e , a bar, a cafe', r o o m s Special Difficulties


for g a m e s such as billiards. In fact t h e r e is, in t h e c a m p , everything
you want. T h e c a m p usually h a s its own s w i m m i n g pool a n d t e n n i s 3. Match column A to column B, then ask and answer questions, as
in the example.
courts.
T h e r e are usually lots of c h i l d r e n in holiday c a m p s . T h e r e are SA: Tell someone where you are travelling to.
nurses to look after small c h i l d r e n , so t h a t t h e p a r e n t s c a n be free to SB: Why?
a m u s e themselves. T h a t ' s o n e reason why holiday c a m p s are p o p u l a r SA: They might need to contact you.
with m a r r i e d couples w h o have very y o u n g c h i l d r e n . T h e y not only get
a holiday from work, but also a holiday from t h e c h i l d r e n . When you travel abroad
H e r e ' s a n o t h e r suggestion — a walking holiday. W a l k i n g holidays A. B.
are m u c h c h e a p e r t h a n t h e kind of holidays I've b e e n telling you about. 1) Tell someone where you a) You could have trouble finding
You k n o w s o m e t h i n g about t h e Youth Hostels Association, I ' m sure. are travelling to. a place to stay.
It's i n t e r n a t i o n a l . T h e r e are hostels all over E n g l a n d now where you 2) Have some of the local b) Someone might steal them or
c a n get a bed a n d a c h e a p m e a l . M e m b e r s of t h e Association c a n even currency with you. you might lose them.
take their own food to t h e hostels a n d c o o k it in t h e kitchen. T h e y 3) Reserve a hotel room be- c) You might have to prove your
fore you leave. identity.
have to help by sweeping a n d cleaning t h e r o o m s , or w a s h i n g up af­
4) Don't take any valuables d) They might need to contact
ter meals. But t h a t ' s not a h a r d s h i p , is it? A walking holiday d e p e n d s
with you. you.
for enjoyment u p o n t h e weather, of course. I c a n ' t p r o m i s e you good
5) Always carry your pass- e) You might not find banks open
weather! port with you. when you arrive.
T h a n k you for your very kind invitation to visit you a n d stay with
you. I ' m sorry I c a n ' t a c c e p t it this year; we've already m a d e o u r plans. 4. Report the following suggestions.
But next year, p e r h a p s , if it's convenient to you t h e n .
A (Paul): Shall we start on Friday?
Please write a n d let me k n o w if there's a n y t h i n g else you'd like to
B: Paul suggests starting on Friday.
know. I ' m always glad to help you.
My wife j o i n s me in best wishes to you b o t h . 1. Shall we play tennis? 2. Let's rebuild t h e garage. 3. Shall we
Yours sincerely, hitch-hike? 4. W h y not d r i n k t h e local wine? 5. Let's go for a walk.
John Grant 6. L e t ' s t a k e the dogs out. 7. W h y d o n ' t we bring guitars a n d m a k e o u r
o w n music? 8. Let's climb t h e m o u n t a i n . 9. W h y d o n ' t we c o o k over
an o p e n fire? 10. Shall we eat in restaurants? 11. Let's carry t h e boxes
Comprehension upstairs. 12. Let's go on a m o t o r tour. 13. Shall we sleep in Youth
Hostels? 14. Let's spend t h e day on t h e b e a c h . 15. Shall we find out
1. Listen to the text "Summer Holidays in England" and answer the
about p o p festivals? 16. Let's pick apples. 17. Shall we move t h e piano?
questions.
18. Let's swim across t h e river.
W h e r e are M a r i o a n d his wife going to spend t h e i r holidays? W h e r e
did they spend their holidays last year? W h a t kind of holidays did they 5. Make dialogues using the verb suggest + gerund.
have? W h a t k i n d of holiday would they like t h i s year? W h a t is J o h n ' s — Why didn't you go to his flat?
idea of a good holiday? W h a t are holiday c a m p s in E n g l a n d like? W h y — Well, Ann suggested going to his flat but I didn't think it was
are they convenient for people with children? W h a t services does t h e necessary.
Youth Hostels Association provide?
Why didn't you ...?
2. Read the text and analyse its language peculiarities. Do some exer­ 1. record this conversation; 2. look at his passport; 3. consult a
cises in the next section to remember them. lawyer; 4. discuss it with me; 5. wait a few weeks; 6. check his figures;
2 Английский язык. Часть 2
34 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 3 35

7. read t h e small p r i n t ; 8. find out about his previous work; 9. m a k e y o u r u n i v e r s i t y c o u r s e ; 11. s t a r t y o u r t r a i n i n g ; 12. g o o u t w i t h o u t a n
s o m e enquiries about h i m ; 10. t a k e his p h o t o g r a p h ; 11. follow h i m u m b r e l l a ; 13. o p e n a l a n g u a g e s c h o o l ; 14. w r i t e a b o o k a b o u t y o u r
h o m e ; 12. b o r r o w a t e n t ; 13. see t h e m a n a g e r ; 14. tell your p a r e n t s ; experiences
15. p h o n e Bill
b) A: He wanted to go but I said " N o " .
6. Respond to the following using the verb offer. B: But why didn't you let him go?

A: Peter paid for me. He wanted to ... but I said "No".


B: He offered to pay for me too, but I refused. 1. stop; 2. help; 3. pay; 4. h i t c h - h i k e ; 5. tell t h e t r u t h ; 6. leave early;
7. drive h o m e ; 8. bring his p a s s p o r t ; 9. decide for himself; 10. sail
Peter... r o u n d t h e island; 11. j o i n t h e club
1. p a i n t e d my d o o r ; 2. waited for m e ; 3. lent me $5; 4. found me
a job; 5. got me a seat; 6. showed me t h e way; 7. w a s h e d my car; Alan is planning an uncomfortable expedition. Bill isn't enthusiastic.
8. h e l p e d m e ; 9. c a r r i e d my luggage; 10. saw me off; 11. m e t my t r a i n ;
c) A: We'll have to walk twenty miles a day.
12. t u n e d my guitar; 13. drove me h o m e ; 14. looked after my dog;
B: Well, I won't come if it means walking twenty miles a day.
15. t r a n s l a t e d my essay; 16. dug my garden; 17. repaired my w a s h i n g
m a c h i n e ; 18. fixed my TV We'll have to ...
1. get up at five; 2. set off at d a w n ; 3. h i t c h - h i k e ; 4. cycle for hun­
7. Fill in the gaps. Use either suggest or offer.
d r e d s of miles; 5. c a r r y heavy rucksacks; 6. swim across lakes; 7. climb
1. I ... h i m an interesting b o o k to read. 2. He ... a visit to t h e the­ m o u n t a i n s ; 8. c a m p in t h e snow
atre. 3. We ... h e r o u r help. 4. M i k e ... to c a r r y my suitcase b u t I said
it w a s n ' t heavy. 5. He ... discussing t h e m a t t e r at o u r next m e e t i n g . 10. Rephrase using one sentence.

6. D i d he ... a n y m o n e y ? 7. W h a t shall we do at t h e weekend? — Well, He was able to pass the exam. He worked very hard.
w h a t do you ...? 8. I was very busy a n d M a r y ... to buy a ticket for He passed his exam by working very hard.
m e . 9. My friend ... to pay for l u n c h b e c a u s e I h a d no c h a n g e . 10. You
have ... a very interesting p l a n . 11. A n n ... t h a t we should play ten­ 1. We m a n a g e d to get to t h e station on t i m e . We t o o k a taxi. 2. He
nis. 12. I ... going t h e c i n e m a . 13. M a r y ... walking back to t h e h o u s e . was able to c o m p l e t e his e d u c a t i o n . He got a p a r t - t i m e job. 3. She
14. T h e y ... h i m t h e p o s t of m a n a g e r . improved h e r p r o n u n c i a t i o n . She listened to British radio. 4. She saved
some money. She t r a n s l a t e d all t h e p a p e r s herself. 5. He was able
8. Fill in the gaps. Use the nouns suggestion or offer. t o finish t h e article b y t h e e n d o f t h e m o n t h . H e worked a t night.
6. I improved my g r a m m a r . I did a lot of exercises. 7. She enlarged her
1. D i d you accept his ... of help? 2. Have you any ... to make? vocabulary. She read a lot.
3. Your ... seems interesting to m e . 4. He offered me s o m e money.
I was surprised at his ... . 5. I like your ... b u t I ' m n o t sure w h e t h e r 11. Make sentences using the following words and word combinations.
I'll be able to j o i n you.
He/rich
9. Make short dialogues, as in the example. He seems to be rich.

a) A: When you get home you'll be able to ski, won't you? 1. S h e / k n o w h i m ; 2. He/have plenty of m o n e y ; 3. She/like chil­
B: Yes, I'm looking forward to skiing. d r e n ; 4. He/afraid of smth.; 5. She/dislike h i m ; 6. H e / i n t e r e s t e d in art;
7. You/tired; 8. She/surprised; 9. She/energetic
When you get home you'll be able to won't you?
1. s w i m in t h e sea; 2. skate; 3. ride y o u r h o r s e a g a i n ; 4. m e e t 12. Complete the sentences using like or as.
y o u r friends; 5. s p e a k y o u r o w n l a n g u a g e a g a i n ; 6. fish in t h e river; 1. I j o i n e d t h e c o m p a n y ... a secretary. 2. T h e i r house is in a terrible
7. have a g o o d h o l i d a y ; 8. s u n b a t h e ; 9. get a g o o d j o b ; 10. c o n t i n u e mess. It looks ... a jungle. 3. I prefer bright colours, ... yellow a n d red.
2*
36 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 3
37

4. W h e n you've finished, put everything back ... it was before. 5. T h e


л о с ь ее п р е д л о ж е н и е . 9. О н а п о с о в е т о в а л а м н е , где и к а к прове­
building looks more ... a c h u r c h t h a n a b a n k . 6. Stop behaving ... a fool.
с т и о т п у с к . 10. Г р а б и т е л и з а б р а л и с ь в д о м , р а з б и в о к н о . 11. Я хо­
7. N o b o d y else c a n make me laugh quite ... she c a n . 8. Sarah looks a
чу тебе д а т ь п о ч и т а т ь и н т е р е с н у ю к н и г у . 12. У м е н я н е т ж е л а н и я
lot ... her brother. 9. He really gets on my nerves. I c a n ' t stand people
и д т и туда. 13. П о й д и и п р о в е р ь р а с п и с а н и е . 14. О к н а в ы х о д я т
... h i m . 10. A few years ago I worked ... a bus driver. 11. We d o n ' t need на м о р е . 15. Э т о т а р т и с т п о л ь з у е т с я п о п у л я р н о с т ь ю у з р и т е л е й .
all the b e d r o o m s in the house, so we c a n use o n e of t h e m ... a study. 16. П о з в о л ь т е м н е п о м о ч ь в а м .
12. H e ' s 35 but he s o m e t i m e s behaves ... a child. 13. You n e e d n ' t take
my advice if you d o n ' t want to. You c a n do ... you like. 14. T h e weather
is terrible for the m i d d l e of s u m m e r . It's ... winter. 15. Tom's idea Text Exercises
seemed a good o n e , so we did ... he suggested. 16. A n n failed her driv­
16. Ask questions about: a) holiday camps in England; b) the Youth
ing test ... we expected. 17. I'll p h o n e you t o m o r r o w evening ... usual, Hostels Association.
okay?

17. Speak on: a) the way John Grant prefers to spend his holidays;
13. Fill in the gaps with a suitable preposition after the verb look.
b) holiday camps and their conveniences; c) a walking holiday.
1. She looked ... h e r n o t e s before t h e e x a m . 2. W h o ' s going to
look ... t h e c h i l d r e n while you're away? 3. I'm l o o k i n g t h e week­ 18. When did you last have your holiday? Where and how did you
e n d . 4. She looked ... me a n d s m i l e d . 5. T h e r o o m looks a park. spend it? What kind of holiday do you prefer?
6. W h e r e have you b e e n ? We've b e e n l o o k i n g ... you. 7. I'll look t h e
word ... in t h e d i c t i o n a r y . 8. We're really l o o k i n g seeing you Conversation Practice
a g a i n . 9. C a n you look ... t h e t i m e of t h e next t r a i n ? 10. Excuse m e .
T Listen, read and practise.
I ' m l o o k i n g ... M o u n t Street. C o u l d you tell me w h e r e it is? 11. He
c a n look ... himself, you n e e d n ' t worry. 12. T h e h o u s e looks the
sea. Likes and Dislikes
Sue, Paul a n d Ted are t a l k i n g a b o u t t h e sorts of places t h a t t h e y
14. Make sentences with the expression to be (not to be) popular with like for t h e i r holidays.
smb. Use the words and word combinations below.
Sue: I like climbing, so I like a place in t h e m o u n t a i n s .
this park/the citizens Paul: Well, I like s w i m m i n g , so I like a place t h a t ' s on t h e sea,
This park is popular with the citizens. or on a lake or on a river. Of course, if t h e weather's cold,
I d o n ' t swim in t h e sea or t h e lake, but I like being n e a r
this singer/women; this film/youngsters; this p r o g r a m m e / t h e pub­
water.
lic; she/men; football/young boys; t h i s b o o k / t h e readers; short skirts/
y o u n g girls; h e / w o m e n Ted: Well, I like a quiet holiday. I d o n ' t like a place t h a t ' s on
a busy road.
15. Translate into English.
A. Write in or on in column 2.

1. К а ж е т с я , о н и з н а ю т друг друга. 2. Он п р о и з в о д и т впечат­ 1. London is the River Thames.


л е н и е о ч е н ь у м н о г о ч е л о в е к а . 3. Я с н е т е р п е н и е м ж д у в с т р е ч и 2. There are fish the River Thames.
с тобой. 4. Н и к предложил мне свою палатку, но я отказался. 3. Quito is the Andes Mountains.
5. Я п р е д л о ж и л о т п р а в и т ь с я в п я т н и ц у у т р о м . М о и д р у з ь я со­ 4. Chicago is Lake Michigan.
г л а с и л и с ь . 6. З а в т р а я у е з ж а ю в к о м а н д и р о в к у . Н и н а п р е д л о ж и л а 5. New York is the Atlantic Ocean.
присмотреть за моим сыно м. 7. Его предложение помочь удивило
6. People swim the Mediterranean Sea.
нас. 8. А н я предложила провести отпуск в Ялте. М н е понрави-
7. Ryde is the road from St Helen's to Cowes.
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 3 39
38

Mary: We went to Ireland two years ago to pay Jill a n d h e r


h u s b a n d a visit. T h e y ' r e in D u b l i n now.
Jane: O h , yes, so they are!
Mary: If you decide on Ireland you c a n call in on t h e m . Jill
would willingly put you up for a few days, I'm sure.
Jane: T h a t ' s a good idea! I haven't seen Jill for more t h a n three
years now a n d I'd like to know how she's getting on.

[ T | W h e n i s J a n e t a k i n g h e r holiday? H a s she m a d e h e r plans yet?


W h y c a n ' t she afford to go abroad this year? W h e r e might she
spend her holiday this year? W h a t makes Ireland a possible
choice?

B. Complete the sentences.


Find in the text appropriate phrases for the following.
T i n a , Paul, Ted a n d Sue stayed in hostels in m a n y different places.
Paul liked hostel С because it was ... a river, a n d hostel D because it was Куда ты едешь? Ты уже п р и н я л а р е ш е н и е ? Я в затруднитель­
... a lake. Sue liked hostel A because it was ... a m o u n t a i n , a n d she liked н о м м а т е р и а л ь н о м п о л о ж е н и и в н а с т о я щ и й момент. Похоже, о н
hostel В even better because it was r i g h t . . . a m o u n t a i n . Ted liked hostel х о р о ш о п р о в о д и т в р е м я . Э т о х о р о ш а я идея. Я н е видела Д ж и л л
F because it was ... t h e road, hostel E because it was ... a wood, a n d of б о л е е трех лет, и м н е бы хотелось з н а т ь , к а к о н а п о ж и в а е т . У тебя
course he liked hostels A a n d B, t o o , because they were ... t h e road. уже б ы л о т п у с к за э т о т год? М о й б р а т т о л ь к о ч т о уехал в М е к с и к у
на две недели. Если ты остановишь свой выбор на И р л а н д и и ,
C. What sort of places do you like for your holidays?
ты м о ж е ш ь н а в е с т и т ь их. Я уже б ы л а в И с п а н и и д в а ж д ы . Я беру
D. Describe a place you liked. о т п у с к в к о н ц е с е н т я б р я . П о ч е м у бы тебе не поехать в М е к с и к у ?
Х о р о ш о в а м , с о с т о я т е л ь н ы м л ю д я м . Я уже п о т р а т и л а м н о г о денег
Holiday Plans в э т о м году. Мы е з д и л и в И р л а н д и ю д в а года н а з а д н а в е с т и т ь
Mary: Have you h a d y o u r holiday for this year, Jane? Д ж и л л и ее м у ж а . Я у в е р е н а , Д ж и л л охотно п р и н я л а бы т е б я на
Jane: N o t yet. I ' m t a k i n g it at t h e end of September. несколько дней. В п р о ш л о м месяце в моей квартире был ремонт.
Mary: W h e r e are you going? Have you m a d e up your m i n d ?
Jane: N o t really. I t h o u g h t of going to Spain again, but I've Situation 1. Your friend and you are making plans for the coming
holidays.
already b e e n t h e r e twice a n d I'd like to try somewhere
new. After the Holidays
Mary: My b r o t h e r ' s just gone to Mexico for two weeks. I had
a card from h i m yesterday a n d he seems to be having a Peter: It's nice to see you, Helen. How are you?
good t i m e . W h y d o n ' t you go there? Helen: G o o d m o r n i n g , Peter. H o p e you are well. Haven't seen
Jane: T h a t ' s OK for you well-off people, but I c o u l d n ' t pos­ you for ages. W h e r e have you b e e n all this time?
sibly afford it. I ' m m u c h t o o hard up at t h e m o m e n t . Peter: I've just arrived from Brighton. I spent my holidays at
Mary: T h e airfare is quite expensive, I a d m i t , but you n e e d n ' t t h e seaside. Have you ever b e e n there?
spend a lot w h e n you get there. Helen: Yes, I was t h e r e last year. It's a nice place, isn't it?
Jane: I've already spent a lot of m o n e y this year. My flat was I h o p e you enjoyed yourself greatly.
d o n e up last m o n t h , so I haven't got m u c h to spare for Peter: O h , yes. I had a very nice t i m e . T h e weather was fine.
expensive holidays abroad. I swam m u c h , lay in t h e sun a n d m a d e a lot of friends.
Mary: O h , I see. Helen: D i d you go to Brighton alone?
Jane: P e r h a p s I'll just go to S c o t l a n d or Ireland in t h e e n d . Peter: N o , together with my c o u s i n Dick. You r e m e m b e r h i m ,
I've h e a r d they are b o t h very beautiful, a n d I haven't d o n ' t you?
b e e n t o either o f t h e m . Helen: Sure. H a s he finished school yet?
40 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 3 41

Peter: Yes, he is a s t u d e n t at Oxford University. A n d how are Mr Smith: Right. T h a t seems t h e best idea. O h ! C o u l d you
you getting on? I haven't heard from you lately. tell me offhand what t h e sports facilities are like
Helen: I ' m quite all right, t h a n k you. C o m e a n d see me some in B e n i d o r m ? My wife a n d I a r e b o t h keen on
day, will you? sport a n d we want to m a k e sure we c a n keep ac­
Peter: I'd be delighted. G o o d b y e . tive d u r i n g t h e holiday.
Helen: See you s o o n . Bye. Travel Agent: Yes. Sure! T h e r e are o p p o r t u n i t i e s for s w i m m i n g ,
skin diving, waterskiing, sailing a n d windsurf­
[~7~| W h e r e did Peter spend his holidays? D i d he have a good t i m e in
ing. T h e r e are also t e n n i s c o u r t s a n d golf c o u r s e s
Brighton? W a s he t h e r e alone? H o w is H e l e n getting o n ?
w i t h i n easy reach of some of t h e hotels. D i d you
A. Find in the text appropriate phrases for the following. have a n y o t h e r s p o r t s in m i n d ?
Mr Smith: N o . That's fine. We wanted to know mainly about
Я только что приехал из Брайтона. К а к поживаешь? Я очень water sports. Right! T h a n k you. I'll take your bro­
х о р о ш о п р о в е л в р е м я . С т о л е т т е б я н е в и д е л а . Где т ы п р о п а д а л все chure a n d be in touch in a few days. Goodbye.
э т о в р е м я ? О н уже к о н ч и л ш к о л у ? П о с л е д н е е в р е м я я н е п о л у ч а л Travel Agent: Goodbye.
от тебя н и к а к и х известий. Заходи ко мне на днях. Ты когда-либо
б ы в а л а в Б р а й т о н е ? С у д о в о л ь с т в и е м . Рад т е б я в и д е т ь . До с к о р о й T ] W h e r e i s M r Smith? W h a t d o e s h e want there? H e ' d like t o g o
в с т р е ч и . Т ы ведь п о м н и ш ь его? К о н е ч н о . t o M o r o c c o , w o u l d n ' t he? W h e n i s h e p l a n n i n g t o g o o n holi­
day? W h e r e c a n he find general i n f o r m a t i o n about B e n i d o r m ?
B. Give synonymous expressions from the text. D o e s h e have t o b o o k i m m e d i a t e l y ? W h a t further i n f o r m a t i o n
I ' m glad to see you. How are you keeping? Certainly. I'd love t o . d o e s M r S m i t h want? W h y d o e s h e want t o k n o w this? W h a t
H o w a b o u t c o m i n g t o see m e o n e o f these days? I ' m f i n e , t h a n k you. sort of sports is Mr Smith particularly interested in? D o e s Mr
S m i t h m a k e his decision i m m e d i a t e l y ?
I h o p e you h a d a good t i m e .

Situation 2. Your friend and you have just returned from your summer A. Read a reported version of the conversation.
holidays. At the moment you are sharing your impressions. Mr S m i t h goes i n t o a travel agency to ask for some information
about package holidays in Spain. T h e travel agent asks h i m which part
Making an Enquiry in a Travel Agency
of Spain he would like to visit. Mr S m i t h says he has b e e n t h i n k i n g of
Travel Agent: Good morning. going to B e n i d o r m a n d asks the travel agent if he r e c o m m e n d s it. T h e
Mr Smith: G o o d m o r n i n g . I w o n d e r if you c o u l d help m e . travel agent tells h i m it is a very p o p u l a r place. He asks Mr Smith when
I'd like s o m e i n f o r m a t i o n about package holidays he is p l a n n i n g to go. Mr Smith wants to go for t h e first two weeks of July
in Spain. a n d asks t h e travel agent if he has any general information on B e n i d o r m :
Travel Agent: Yes, certainly. W h a t p a r t of Spain? t h e beaches, town, restaurants, night life. T h e travel agent gives h i m a
Mr Smith: We've b e e n t h i n k i n g of going to B e n i d o r m . Do brochure which lists all t h e package tours a n d gives details about hotels,
you r e c o m m e n d it? car hire, cruises a n d excursions. He points out that there is a b o o k i n g
Travel Agent: Yes! It's a very p o p u l a r place. W h e n are you plan­ form in the brochure a n d says Mr Smith may like to t h i n k it over for
n i n g t o go? a few days a n d then contact h i m again. Mr Smith agrees a n d t h e n en­
Mr Smith: T h e first two weeks in July. Do you have any quires about t h e sports facilities in B e n i d o r m . He a n d his wife are b o t h
information o n B e n i d o r m : about t h e b e a c h e s , keen on sport a n d want to m a k e sure they can keep active during the
t o w n , restaurants a n d night life etc.? holiday. T h e travel agent tells h i m there are opportunities for s w i m m i n g ,
Travel Agent: Yes. It's all in this brochure. It lists all t h e package skin diving, waterskiing, sailing a n d windsurfing. T h e r e are also t e n n i s
t o u r s we offer a n d gives details about hotels, c a r courts a n d golf courses within easy reach of some of the hotels. He asks
hire, cruises a n d excursions. T h e r e ' s a b o o k i n g if Mr S m i t h h a d any o t h e r sports in m i n d . Mr S m i t h says he w a n t e d
form in the brochure. Perhaps you'd like to t h i n k to know m a i n l y about water sports. He takes the brochure a n d tells the
it over for a few days a n d t h e n c o n t a c t us again. travel agent he will be in t o u c h with h i m in a few days' time.
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 3 43
42

Act out the conversation and reproduce the reported version of the c o o k e d a n d t h e waiters were slow a n d rather rude. I had a tiny r o o m
conversation. First compare the conversation and its reported version. with o n e small w i n d o w a n d a beautiful view of the local fish market.
W h a t a smell! A n d what a noise! At five o'clock every m o r n i n g t h e
B. In pairs, act out a similar conversation on the topic "At a Travel sound of lorries, fishermen a n d people at t h e m a r k e t always woke me
Agency ". u p . I am back in E n g l a n d now a n d I n e e d a holiday.

Listening A. Decide if the following sentences are true or false.


Ann Goes to Italy It didn't rain much.
A n n is a student at L o n d o n University. She studies Italian. Last False. It rained a lot.
s u m m e r she flew to Italy. She t o u r e d Italy by c o a c h . She saw a lot of
1. He spent a lot of t i m e on t h e b e a c h .
interesting places. She ate spaghetti in R o m e , d r a n k coffee in Venice
2. He d i d n ' t spend m u c h money.
a n d t o o k a lot of p h o t o g r a p h s . T h e s u n shone every day. She lay in
3. He d i d n ' t have m u c h good weather.
t h e s u n a n d swam a lot. She stayed in Italy for a m o n t h . She wrote
4. He d i d n ' t visit m a n y places.
p o s t c a r d s to all h e r friends a n d relatives. She m e t a lot of interesting
5. He d i d n ' t read m a n y books.
people in Italy. She b o u g h t a lot of Italian p o p music C D s a n d b r o u g h t
6. T h e r e a r e a lot of b a r s at Vista Beach.
t h e m back t o E n g l a n d .
7. He d i d n ' t d r i n k m u c h wine.
T l W h a t does A n n do? W h e r e did she g o last s u m m e r ? D i d she 8. He d i d n ' t speak to m a n y people.
travel by t r a i n ? H o w did she spend h e r t i m e in Italy? 9. He ate a lot of good meals.
10. He got a lot of sleep.
Situation 3. Your friend has just come back from his holiday. You are
asking him about it. B. Speak about your last holiday. Say what you liked and what you
didn't like about it.
Prompts:
where/spend? how long/stay there? go alone? how/ travel? the I Thought It Was a Shark
weather/fine? where/meals? what/do in the evenings? meet any
interesting people? buy anything? have a good time? when/come Last year my friend R o b e r t went to a small seaside town for a
back? week's holiday. Robert usually takes his holiday in J u n e b u t last year
he t o o k it in August.

What a Terrible Holiday! He d i d n ' t take m a n y clothes with h i m — only a few shirts, a p a i r
o f s h o r t s a n d his s w i m m i n g c o s t u m e . H e went from L o n d o n t o t h e sea
Tom M a c D o n a l d is t a l k i n g about his holiday at Vista Beach. town by t r a i n a n d t h e j o u r n e y t o o k t h r e e h o u r s . R o b e r t likes travelling
I have just c o m e back from a fortnight at Vista Beach. W h a t a ter­ by t r a i n .
rible holiday! T h e weather was awful, t h e t o w n was b o r i n g , t h e hotel He stayed at a small hotel n e a r t h e b e a c h . Every m o r n i n g before
was dreadful a n d I spent all t h e money. It r a i n e d almost every day a n d breakfast he ran d o w n to the sea a n d had a quick swim. S o m e t i m e s he
there was a strong wind which blew from t h e sea, so that even when it t o o k a boat a n d went fishing for the day.
d i d n ' t r a i n it was impossible to sit on t h e b e a c h . O n c e he j u m p e d into t h e water w h e n a big crab bit h i m . He j u m p e d
T h e r e wasn't m u c h to do in t h e town — not m a n y interesting places u p a n d s h o u t e d for help. People r a n from t h e b e a c h i n t o t h e water t o
to visit. So I stayed in the hotel most days a n d read a lot of b o o k s a n d help h i m . T h e y t h o u g h t h e was dead. T h e hotel-keeper ran d o w n t o t h e
watched a lot of rain. In t h e evenings I went out to bars a n d discos a n d beach, t o o . H e t h o u g h t s o m e o n e was d r o w n i n g .
I d r a n k a lot of wine — there were h u n d r e d s of bars. T h e night life was In a very short t i m e there were about fifty or sixty people. T h e y
good, but I d i d n ' t talk to m a n y people, because I d i d n ' t feel well. were s t a n d i n g r o u n d R o b e r t . T h e y all w a n t e d to know what was going
T h e hotel looked beautiful in t h e travel b r o c h u r e but when I got on. Robert b e c a m e red in t h e face. He t h o u g h t a shark was going to
there I found it was small a n d dirty. Most of t h e meals were badly eat h i m . But it was only a crab.
44 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 3 45

С. Choose the correct continuation to complete the following sentences. lar?


6. People talk about some places as being "typical tourist spots".
1. Roger spent his holiday W h a t do you t h i n k they m e a n by t h e phrase?
a) in the m o u n t a i n s .
7. Do you like to spend y o u r holidays at t h e seaside? W h i c h do you
b) at the seaside. prefer: t h e Baltic Sea resorts or t h e Black Sea resorts? W h y ?
2. Last year he t o o k his holiday 8. Discuss some ways of s p e n d i n g a holiday.
a) in J u n e . 9. D e s c r i b e your sightseeing in a t o w n of special historic interest.
b) in August. 10. Speak about a holiday you spent at t h e seaside.

3. Roger went to the sea Situation 4. A family are discussing where they will go for their sum­
a) by car. mer holidays. Even though their tastes are very different they want to go on
b) by t r a i n . holiday together and see if there's a way of reconciling the different ideas
4. O n e day he was frightened b e c a u s e w h e n he was s w i m m i n g they have about what holidays should be.

a) a shark bit h i m .
1. R e a d t h e letter below a n d write a p o s t c a r d h o m e to a
b) a c r a b bit h i m .
friend.

Reading Dear Sam,

Holidays G r e e t i n g s from L o n d o n ! T h e w e a t h e r i s w a r m a n d s u n n y a n d I ' m


having a wonderful t i m e . I'm staying with my U n c l e Douglas. He lives
People have m o r e m o n e y a n d m o r e leisure nowadays a n d even in t h e city c e n t r e .
y o u n g people c a n afford to go abroad. M a n y travel agents offer c h e a p
I have already visited B u c k i n g h a m Palace. We visited it on Friday.
cut-price tickets for flights to all p a r t s of t h e world, so t h e youngsters I bought some postcards there. I have also gone to H a r r o d s . My uncle
c a n avoid t h e crowded, well-known places a n d get to less famous areas took me there yesterday, but I d i d n ' t buy a n y t h i n g . I've eaten at an
w h i c h are off t h e b e a t e n track. I n s t e a d of using public t r a n s p o r t a n d Italian restaurant, t o o ! We went t h e r e last night a n d h a d a very hot
hotels t h e y c a n travel by h i t c h - h i k i n g a n d stay at youth hostels. But curry!
most people prefer s o m e k i n d of package holiday at a p o p u l a r holiday
T h e r e are a lot of t h i n g s I haven't d o n e yet. I haven't gone to
resort, which m e a n s t h a t everything is a r r a n g e d for you a n d t h e price
C o v e n t G a r d e n or Piccadilly C i r c u s yet. We're going to Hyde Park
you pay includes t r a n s p o r t , food a n d a c c o m m o d a t i o n . Try to avoid tomorrow.
t a k i n g your holiday d u r i n g t h e busy peak tourist season. It's m o r e
L o n d o n is a fascinating city — you must visit it o n e day! Anyway,
crowded a n d expensive. If possible, go in t h e quieter off-peak period.
I ' m r e t u r n i n g h o m e o n I 5 t h J u n e , s o I'll call you t h e n .
Best wishes,
Fluency Ann

Talk on the following points. 2. Describe the most memorable holiday you've ever had.

1. W h a t is your idea of a good holiday?


2. Speak in favour or against s p e n d i n g a holiday in a quiet fishing Self Check
village.
3. W h a t are the advantages a n d disadvantages of going on a guided /. Fill in: a, an, or the where necessary.

tour? Last s u m m e r we went to ... (1) seaside for two weeks. Unfortunately,
4. W h a t do you t h i n k of a walking holiday? Do you find it enjoy­ we h a d n ' t b o o k e d ... (2) a c c o m m o d a t i o n before we went, a n d we h a d
able? ... (3) awful t i m e finding ... (4) r o o m to stay in. ... (5) only r o o m we
5 . W h y d o you t h i n k t o u r i s m i s b e c o m i n g m o r e a n d m o r e p o p u -
46 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

could find was very small, but it had ... (6) lovely view of... (7) sea a n d
was only a few m i n u t e s from ... (8) b e a c h . ... (9) weather was very hot,
a n d on ... (10) first day I stayed out so long, that I got ... (11) terrible
s u n b u r n a n d had to stay in ... (12) bed ... (13) next day. After t h a t ,
however, everything went well a n d we had ... (14) wonderful holiday.
Unit 4
2. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect Continuous. Present Perfect (2)
Mr Brown: I say what you a n d you sister (be going) to do for
your holiday this year?
Mr Robinson: Well, I (not, know). I'd like to take my sister Illustrative Situations
a b r o a d , but t h e n she c a n ' t leave h e r c h i l d r e n . T Study and practise.
W h a t you (do)?
Mr Brown: We (go) to t h e sea. 1. Dr C a n t o r is a heart surgeon. He is o p e r a t i n g now. He began at
Mr Robinson: W h e r e you (go) as a rule? 8 t h i s m o r n i n g a n d it is now 4 o'clock.

Mr Brown: We (try) m a n y seaside places on the east a n d He h a s b e e n o p e r a t i n g for 8 hours. He has b e e n o p e r a t i n g since 8
o'clock.
south coasts; on t h e whole, I t h i n k we (prefer) t h e
south. 2. — W h e r e ' s Jack?
Mr Robinson: You (take) r o o m s or (stay) at a hotel?
— He is r e a d i n g s o m e t h i n g in t h e library. He's been reading t h e
Mr Brown: T h i s year we (take) a furnished house. W h y d o n ' t whole day.
you j o i n us? It (be) great fun.
Mr Robinson: I t h i n k it (be) a good idea. I (talk) it over with my 3. — How long have you been studying G e r m a n ?
sister a n d see what she (think) about it. — F o r two years.

4. — Since w h e n have you b e e n p r e p a r i n g for y o u r exam, Peter?


3. Translate into English.
— Since J u n e .
— Привет, Андрей! Рад тебя видеть. 5. — Is it raining?
— З д р а в с т в у й , В и к т о р ! Не видел тебя ц е л у ю в е ч н о с т ь . Где ты
— N o , it isn't, but t h e g r o u n d is wet. It h a s b e e n r a i n i n g .
пропадал?
— В и д и ш ь л и , я т о л ь к о ч т о в е р н у л с я из А н г л и и . Ты когда- 6. You are o u t of b r e a t h . Have you b e e n r u n n i n g ?
либо там бывал?
7. J a n e h a s n ' t c o m e h o m e yet. She's b e e n in t h e library since 9
— К с о ж а л е н и ю , нет. Но я с о б и р а ю с ь поехать туда в следую­ o'clock. (= She's still there.)
щ е м году. Т ы д о в о л е н с в о е й п о е з д к о й ?
— К о н е ч н о . Л о н д о н о д и н и з к р а с и в е й ш и х городов, к о т о р ы е 8. T h e s t u d e n t s have just left. T h e y have b e e n here for two h o u r s .
я к о г д а - л и б о видел. Я п р о б ы л т а м д в е н е д е л и и п р е к р а с н о про­ ( = T h e y are no longer here.)
вел в р е м я . П р и х о д и к о м н е н а д н я х . Я п о к а ж у тебе с в о и фото­
9. I haven't worn this dress since M a r c h . (= from M a r c h u n t i l
графии. now)
— Х о р о ш о . До с к о р о й в с т р е ч и .
10. We haven't seen J o h n since he got m a r r i e d . (= from t h a t day
to this)

11. I have lived in M o s c o w all my life. (= I was b o r n here, I live


here now.)

12. — By t h e way, how long have you k n o w n Mr M o r g a n ?


— F o r ten years.
48 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 4 49

13. My b r o t h e r h a s worked in G r e e c e for t h e last (past) t h r e e years. Pam: Yes, he's been t a l k i n g to her since we c a m e in.
(= He is still there.) Eric: Waiter!
Waiter: Yes, sir ... Do you w a n t t h e bill?
14. — S i n c e w h e n h a s he b e e n absent? Eric: T h e bill! We haven't seen t h e m e n u yet.
— Since Friday.
23. Mrs Baker: Hello, M r s Parker ... are you waiting to see
15. — It's t e n years since we last saw each other. W h a t have you D o c t o r Savage?
b e e n doing all t h i s time? Mrs Parker: Hello, M r s Baker. Yes, I a m .
— O h , I've got m a r r i e d . I've b o u g h t a house. I've c h a n g e d my Mrs Baker: H o w long have you b e e n waiting?
j o b twice. Mrs Parker: I've b e e n waiting since n i n e o'clock.
— I see. You haven't b e e n wasting your t i m e . Mrs Baker: A h , you haven't b e e n waiting long. It's only t e n
16. — H o w long have you b e e n s m o k i n g cigarettes? past n i n e now.

— F o r 20 years. Mrs Parker: N o , n o , I haven't. I've b e e n r e a d i n g t h i s maga­

— Q u i t e an old habit. zine. It's very interesting. T h e r e ' s an article a b o u t


operations.
17. — Have you finished r e a d i n g your b o o k yet?
24. Diane: Hello, Judy. You've b e e n sitting here for an h o u r !
— I've b e e n r e a d i n g it for weeks, but I haven't finished it yet.
W h e r e ' s your h u s b a n d ?
— W h e n are you going to finish it?
Judy: O h , he's d a n c i n g with M r s W i n s t o n .
— O h , probably next m o n t h .
Diane: O h , yes ... he's d a n c i n g very well. H a s he b e e n
18. — W h a t ' s Bill d o i n g at t h e m o m e n t ? d a n c i n g all evening?
— He's reading a book. Judy: Yes, he has ... but he hasn't been dancing with me.
— H o w long h a s he b e e n r e a d i n g it?
2 5 . Jenny: I've b e e n looking for you. H o w long have you
— F o r five h o u r s .
been w a t c h i n g T V ?
19. — W h a t are you d o i n g here? Paul: I've b e e n sitting here for m o r e t h a n an hour.
— I ' m waiting for Elsie. Jenny: I was lucky to find you h e r e . I want to t a l k to
— Waiting for Elsie? you.
— Yes, I've b e e n waiting for her since 5 o'clock.
26. Mr J e n k i n s is in t h e boss's office now. T h e last t i m e he got a
— O h , but she has gone to t h e c i n e m a .
rise was two years ago. He w a n t s a n o t h e r o n e . T h e boss is asking ques­
2 0 . — H a v e you b e e n very busy lately? tions like t h i s :
— Yes, I have. Extremely busy. " H o w long have you been with us n o w ? " " H o w long have you h a d
— Have you b e e n w o r k i n g on your paper? t h e s a m e j o b ? " " H o w long have you b e e n e a r n i n g t h e s a m e m o n e y ? "
— N o , I haven't. I've b e e n p r e p a r i n g for a s e m i n a r .
[У] W h e r e is Mr J e n k i n s now? W h e n did he last get a rise? W h a t
2 1 . — You look tired, Alec. W h a t have you b e e n doing? d o e s he want? W h a t questions is t h e boss asking h i m ?
— I've been working in t h e g a r d e n .
— You must have a good rest.
27. O n e of Tony's friends, P a u l , u s e d to be a t e a c h e r . He did n o t
2 2 . Pam: Eric! C a l l t h e waiter again! e a r n a very g o o d salary t h e n . T h r e e years ago he got a n o t h e r j o b in
Eric: I've b e e n trying to call h i m . i n d u s t r y a n d i m m e d i a t e l y got a very g o o d salary. He h a s a very g o o d
Pam: Eric! We've been sitting here for twenty m i n u t e s j o b now. He h a s b e e n in i n d u s t r y for t h r e e years now. He h a s h a d a
... a n d I ' m not going to wait any longer! g o o d j o b for t h r e e years a n d h a s b e e n e a r n i n g a g o o d salary all t h a t
Eric: I'm sorry, d e a r ... b u t he's t a l k i n g to t h a t girl. time.
50 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 4 51

|У] W h a t did Paul do t h r e e years ago? W h y did he c h a n g e his job? b) — Is Mary still computing? (two o'clock)
H o w long has he been in industry? H a s he been e a r n i n g a good — Yes, she's been computing since two o'clock.
salary all t h a t time? 1. Is D i c k still waiting for Lucy? ( m o r e t h a n an h o u r ) 2. Is Susan
still playing t e n n i s ? (ten o'clock) 3. Are they still sitting in t h e gar­
2 8 . T o m ' s b r o t h e r , Peter, h a s b e e n b a c k in E n g l a n d for o n l y half den? ( l u n c h t i m e ) 4. Is Bill still t r y i n g to learn Japanese? (ten years)
a n h o u r . H e i s waiting t o p h o n e T o m , but t h e w o m a n got t o t h e p h o n e 5. A r e you still living in L o n d o n ? ( t h r e e years now) 6. Are you still
box j u s t a few s e c o n d s before he did. T h a t was t e n m i n u t e s ago. She s m o k i n g t h o s e F r e n c h cigarettes? (a c o u p l e of m o n t h s ) 7. A r e you still
h a s b e e n t a l k i n g for t e n m i n u t e s a n d Peter h a s b e e n w a i t i n g t h a t waiting to see t h e boss? (ages) 8. A r e they still discussing t h e project?
long, t o o . ( n i n e o'clock) 9. Is M r s S m i t h still t e a c h i n g English? ( t h i r t y years)
10. A r e H e l e n a n d Alice still s h o p p i n g ? ( m o r n i n g ) 11. A r e you still
|У| H o w long h a s Peter b e e n back in E n g l a n d ? W h a t is he d o i n g at l o o k i n g for your glasses? (half an h o u r ) 12. A r e you still working for
t h e m o m e n t ? W h e n did t h e w o m a n get t o t h e p h o n e box? How t h e s a m e c o m p a n y ? (I left school) 13. Is Bill still s w i m m i n g ? (an h o u r
long h a s Peter b e e n waiting? already)

3. Give additional information.


Practice
M i k e is ill. (for a week)
/. Say how long the action has been going on.
He has been ill for a week.
a) Ann is looking for a job. She began looking for a job six months 1. My b r o t h e r is m a r r i e d , (for two years) 2. I k n o w Steve Baxter,
ago. (since I was a child) 3. N i c k is absent, (for a week) 4. Jack lives in
Ann has been looking for a job for six months. Bishopton. (since he was b o r n ) 5. Helen is in the library, (all day long)
1. J a n e is writing letters. She began writing letters an h o u r ago. 6. Mr M o r g a n is away, (for two m o n t h s ) 7. Bill is unemployed, (since
2. G e o r g e smokes. He started s m o k i n g five years ago. 3. Helen studies April) 8. A n n h a s a bad cold, (for t h e last few days) 9. My cousin is

F r e n c h . She began studying F r e n c h eight m o n t h s ago. 4. T h e boys are in t h e army, (since he was 18) 10. T h e shop is o p e n , (since 8 o'clock)
11. T h e Baxters are at t h e seaside, (the whole m o n t h )
playing football. T h e y started playing football two h o u r s ago. 5. It is
r a i n i n g . It b e g a n r a i n i n g t h r e e h o u r s ago. 6. Helen is p r e p a r i n g for h e r
4. Answer the questions using the words and word combinations in
exam. She began p r e p a r i n g for it two weeks ago.
brackets.
b) Lucy began computing at 9 o'clock. She is still computing. — When did you last smoke? (for two years)
Lucy has been computing since 9 o'clock. — I haven't smoked for two years.
1. D i c k s t a r t e d r e a d i n g t h a t b o o k on Friday. H e ' s still r e a d i n g it. 1. W h e n did it last rain? (for ages) 2. W h e n did they last visit
2. H e l e n b e g a n t r a n s l a t i n g t h e text at 10 o'clock. She's still translat­ you? (since J u n e ) 3. W h e n did you last play t e n n i s ? (for a long time).
ing it. 3. T h e y b e g a n to discuss t h e plan at 12 o'clock. T h e y are still 4. W h e n did you last drive? (for six m o n t h s ) 5. W h e n did she last write
discussing it. 4. Dick b e g a n to w a t c h TV at 6. H e ' s still w a t c h i n g to you? (since last s u m m e r ) 6. W h e n did you last eat caviar? (never)
it. 5. Mr S m i t h began to work for t h i s c o m p a n y last year. H e ' s still 7. W h e n did you last h e a r from G e o r g e ? (for ages) 8. W h e n did you last
working for t h e c o m p a n y . 6. T h e y b e g a n to t a l k at 12. T h e y are still go to t h e theatre? (for m o n t h s ) 9. W h e n did you last see Bob? (since
talking. F e b r u a r y ) 10. W h e n did you last go to Spain? (never)

2. Answer the questions. Use since or for. 5. Complete with for or since.

a) — Is John still sleeping? (hours) a) Let's visit Aunt Emily. (Christmas)


— Yes, he's been sleeping for hours. We haven't visited her since Christmas.
52 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 4 53

1. Let's invite H a r r y a n d J a n e to d i n n e r . ( M a r c h ) 2. Let's play c) — It is raining.


cards with t h e Kents. (weeks) 3. Let's cook a pizza. (Sally a n d Jack — Since when has it been raining?
were here) 4. Let's walk r o u n d Hyde Park, (years) 5. Let's w a t c h TV.
1. It is snowing. 2. T h e y are writing a test paper. 3. M r s J o h n s o n
(last Friday) 6. Let's h e a r an opera, ( m o n t h s ) 7. Let's p h o n e Jeff a n d
is a teacher. She teaches art. 4. Jill is a student. She studies F r e n c h .
P a m . (two weeks)
5. J a n e is working in t h e laboratory. 6. M i k e collects s t a m p s . 7. I ' m still
b) I'm going to clean the car. (three weeks) p a c k i n g . 8. She is t a k i n g her exams.
I haven't cleaned it for three weeks.
8. Say how long the action has been in progress.
1. I ' m going to wash t h e windows. (Five weeks) 2. I ' m going to
m a k e a cake, (your birthday) 3. I ' m going to clean my shoes. (Tuesday) Bill Parks is in his lorry. He got into it at 9 and it's 12 now. He
4. I'm going to c o o k a p u d d i n g , (last week) 5. I ' m going to p a i n t t h e has (he's) been in his lorry for 3 hours. He has been driving for 3
b a t h r o o m , (three years) 6. I ' m going to water t h e flowers, (three days) hours.
7. I ' m going to buy a suit, (two years) 8. I ' m going to iron, (last Friday) 1. S a m went i n t o t h e library 2 h o u r s ago a n d got a book called
9. I'm going to wash the c u r t a i n s , (your p a r e n t s stayed with us) 10. I ' m " G r e a t Jokes". He is still t h e r e . 2. Tony c a u g h t a bad cold 2 weeks
going to write to U n c l e Jack, ( m o n t h s ) 11. I ' m going to dust t h e book­ ago. He i m m e d i a t e l y went to bed. He is still there. He c o u g h s a lot.
shelves, (last m o n t h ) 3. J a n e c a m e i n t o t h e office at 9. It is 11 now. She is working. 4. Peter
a n d M a r y walked o n t o t h e station platform half a n h o u r ago. T h e y are
6. Give additional information.
waiting for a t r a i n . 5. T h e h e a r t surgeon went i n t o t h e o p e r a t i n g the­
Ann is very tired, (work hard) atre 8 h o u r s ago. He is still t h e r e . 6. Eric a n d all t h e o t h e r s t u d e n t s are
She has been working hard. in t h e lecture hall. T h e y are d o i n g a test. It started 2 h o u r s ago.

1. Bob h a s a black eye a n d Bill h a s a cut lip. (fight) 2. G e o r g e h a s 9. Make dialogues using the following words and word combinations.
just c o m e from t h e b e a c h , (lie in t h e sun) 3. T h e streets are wet. (rain)
4. H e r eyes are red. (cry) 5. My father h a s just c o m e h o m e . (Fish all a) you/married
day long) 6. M i k e is having supper, (skate t h e whole evening) 7. J a n e — How long have you been married?
is hot a n d tired, (play t e n n i s ) — For twenty years.

7. Ask questions. b) Jeff/in Italy


— Since when has Jeff been in Italy?
a) Your friend's hands are covered in oil. (you/work on the car) — Since last autumn.
Have you been working on the car?
1. A n n / o n holiday; 2. Dick/have a car; 3. y o u / k n o w Steve Baxter;
1. You have just arrived to m e e t your friend w h o is waiting for 4. Mary/have flue; 5. Mr S m i t h / b e away; 6. you/ have t h i s job; 7. Bob/
you. (you/wait long) 2. Your sister h a s c o m e h o m e a n d b r o u g h t a new study Spanish; 8. Fred/in Washington; 9. Alec/live in Moscow;
blouse, (you/shop) 3. Your friend c o m e s in. H i s face a n d h a n d s are 10. K a t e / b e absent; 12. Betsy/at t h e seaside
very dirty, (what/you/do) 4. Your sister is out of breath, (you/run)
5. You see a little boy. H i s eyes are red a n d watery, (you/cry) 10. Change the sentences. Do it, as in the example.

b) — I'm looking for a job. I was at school with Jim.


— How long have you been looking for a job? I have not seen Jim since I was at school with him.

1. I ' m waiting for Peter. 2. She d o e s two jobs. 3. I am l e a r n i n g 1. G e o r g e talked to J i m on Wednesday. 2. J u d y visited J i m in
G r e e k . 4. T h e y are travelling a r o u n d E u r o p e . 5. My b r o t h e r is fishing. S c o t l a n d . 3. T h e H u n t s h a d to m e e t J i m at t h e a i r p o r t . 4. Sheila stud­
6. Jack is a j o u r n a l i s t . He writes for t h e Washington Post. 1. J o h n is a ied F r e n c h with J i m . 5. We forgot to invite J i m to t h e party. 6. I left
b u s i n e s s m a n i n M a d r i d . H e exports Spanish antiques. J i m at t h e hotel. 7. P a m played t e n n i s with J i m .
54 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 4 55

Л. Answer the questions about yourself. [У] W h a t is Jill going to do today? How long hasn't she washed t h e
windows? A n d what is Steve going to do? Since when h a s n ' t
1. Since when haven't you seen your friend? 2. How long have you
he cleaned his car? Since when haven't t h e Baxters b e e n to t h e
k n o w n your best friend? 3. Since w h e n haven't you h e a r d from your
theatre? D o e s Jill want to go to a disco? W h a t is she going to
relatives? 4. Since w h e n have you lived in Moscow? 5. H o w long have
d o now?
you b e e n m a r r i e d ? 6. Since w h e n haven't you visited t h e m u s e u m s in
Moscow? 7. Since w h e n haven't you b e e n at t h e c i n e m a ? 8. Since when
haven't you b e e n in St. Petersburg? 9. Since when have you h a d your 2. Doctor: W h a t is t h e problem, Mr Jones?
Mr Jones: Well, for t h e last t h r e e days I've h a d a p a i n at t h e
car? 10. H o w long have you worked for y o u r firm?
b o t t o m of my back. It begins here a n d goes down
12. Respond to the following statements. i n t o my leg.
Doctor: H o w long have you h a d it in your leg?
a) — David hasn't heard the news. (Roger)
Mr Jones: Since last Friday, I t h i n k .
— I wonder whether Roger has heard the news.
Doctor: Have you lifted a n y t h i n g very heavy or t a k e n any
1. Peter h a s seen t h e film. ( J o h n ) 2. Jack h a s w r i t t e n to her. ( A n n ) u n u s u a l exercises?
3. Lucy h a s passed t h e e x a m . (Betty) 4. M i k e h a s never b e e n abroad. Mr Jones: I d o n ' t t h i n k so. I've played t e n n i s every week for
(Victor) 5. Steve h a s n ' t got today's newspaper. (Sam) 6. M a r y h a s n ' t years. I've never h a d any problems before.
d o n e t h e exercise. (Bob) 7. N i c k h a s n ' t brought his C D s . (Helen) 8. J i m
3. Judith: You've b e e n reading t h a t newspaper for t h e last
h a s n ' t b o u g h t a c a r yet. (Steve)
hour. I h a t e when you read it at breakfast.
b) — Sue is absent. Peter: Yes, a n d you've b e e n w a t c h i n g me t h e whole t i m e .
— I wonder how long she has been absent. A n d you know it's a very i m p o r t a n t t i m e of t h e
day for m e . I n e e d to relax before I begin the day's
1. K a t e is ill. 2. D i c k is in C h i n a . 3. D i c k knows Helen. 4. J o h n n y
work.
is s w i m m i n g . 5. Kitty is lying in t h e s u n . 6. M a r y is sleeping. 7. Paul
Judith: O h , but t h i n k of m e . I've b e e n r e a d i n g t h e back of
a n d Roger are playing chess. 8. S a m is waiting for you.
your m o r n i n g newspaper for ten years now a n d I'd
like s o m e o n e to t a l k t o !
Fluency
4. Mother: W h a t on e a r t h have you b e e n doing? You are cov­
T Study and practise. ered in ink. Your clothes are r u i n e d .

1. Jill: I'm going to wash t h e windows. I haven't w a s h e d t h e m Little boy: We've b e e n playing Cowboys a n d I n d i a n s .
Mother: You mean you've been throwing ink around.
for two m o n t h s .
W h a t ' s ink got to do with cowboys?
Steve: A n d I ' m going to clean t h e car. I haven't cleaned it
Little boy: Well, I've b e e n playing with a water pistol a n d my
since your birthday.
a m m u n i t i o n was ink.
Jill: I'd like to go to t h e t h e a t r e t h i s weekend. We haven't
b e e n t o t h e t h e a t r e since " H a m l e t " . 5. I have just received a letter from my b r o t h e r T i m . H e ' s in
Steve: A n d would you like to go to a disco on Saturday? We Australia. He has been t h e r e for six m o n t h s . T i m is an engineer. He
haven't b e e n to a disco since N e w Year. is working for a big firm a n d he has already visited a great n u m b e r of
Jill: N o , I d o n ' t w a n t to go to a disco. I'd prefer to go different places in Australia. He h a s just b o u g h t an Australian c a r a n d
to t h e c i n e m a . But at t h e m o m e n t I want to do t h e has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in t h e c e n t r e of Australia. He
housework. Would you like to help me? will soon visit D a r w i n . F r o m t h e r e he will fly to P e r t h . My b r o t h e r h a s
Steve: N o t really. I'd like a d r i n k . never b e e n abroad before, so he is finding t h i s trip very exciting.
56 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

Self Check
Translate into English.

1. В и к т о р т о л ь к о ч т о в е р н у л с я из Л о н д о н а . Я не видел его
с п р о ш л о г о года. 2. С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и ты ж е н а т ? — Т р и года.
Unit 5
3. Ты к о г д а - н и б у д ь ч и т а л а н г л и й с к и е к н и г и в о р и г и н а л е ? — Нет.
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect Continuous
Я и з у ч а ю а н г л и й с к и й я з ы к т о л ь к о п о л г о д а . 4. Где ты б ы л ? Я ж д у
and Present Perfect compared
т е б я с п я т и ч а с о в . 5. Ч е м ты с е й ч а с з а н и м а е ш ь с я ? — Я уже д в а
ч а с а п е р е в о ж у с т а т ь ю . 6. Я д а в н о не в и ж у т в о ю сестру. — О н а
уже ц е л ы й м е с я ц н а х о д и т с я в К р ы м у . 7. К т о в з я л м о й словарь? Illustrative Situations
Я уже п о л ч а с а и щ у его. 8. Я устал. Ц е л ы й д е н ь я р а б о т а л в саду.
9. С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и ты г о т о в и ш ь с я к э к з а м е н а м ? — Уже м е с я ц . T Study and practise.
10. Р о б е р т а н е т с е г о д н я н а з а н я т и я х . О н уже д в е н е д е л и болеет. A. 1. A n n ' s clothes are covered with p a i n t . She has b e e n p a i n t i n g
11. К а к д а в н о т ы з а н и м а е ш ь с я к о л л е к ц и о н и р о в а н и е м м а р о к ? — the ceiling. (We are interested in the action.)
Д е с я т ь лет. 12. Ч е м ты з а н и м а л с я все э т о в р е м я ? — С м о т р е л теле­
в и з о р . 13. Ты д а в н о здесь с и д и ш ь ? — С д е с я т и ч а с о в . 14. М о й брат 2. T h e ceiling was white. N o w it's blue. She h a s p a i n t e d t h e ceil­
в М о с к в е . Он не п и ш е т м н е уже ц е л ы й м е с я ц . 15. Я не в с т р е ч а ю ing. (We are interested in the result, not the action.)
Н и к а с тех п о р , к а к м ы с д а л и п о с л е д н и й э к з а м е н . 16. С т у д е н т ы
3. T o m ' s h a n d s are very dirty. He h a s b e e n repairing t h e car. T h e
т о л ь к о ч т о у ш л и . О н и н а х о д и л и с ь здесь весь д е н ь .
c a r is going again now. T o m has repaired it.

4. You've b e e n s m o k i n g t o o m u c h recently. You should smoke


less.
S o m e b o d y has smoked all my cigarettes. T h e packet is empty.

5. A n n h a s b e e n writing letters all day. She has written ten letters


today.

В. 1. Bank Manager: C o m e in. You're Mr C a r s o n , a r e n ' t you? Please


sit d o w n .
Mr Carson: T h a n k you.
Bank Manager: W h a t c a n 1 do for you, Mr C a r s o n ?
Mr Carson: Well, I want to borrow some money.
Bank Manager: W h a t for?
Mr Carson: I w a n t to buy a car. I've b e e n saving for two
years.
Bank Manager: A h , how m u c h have you saved?
Mr Carson: I've saved about four thousand p o u n d s .

2. Judith: W h a t are you reading?


Maureen: " T h e G o d f a t h e r " . It's about Mafia in A m e r i c a .
J o h n told me to read it.
Judith: It's a very long book.
Maureen: I know. I've been reading it for a m o n t h , a n d
I haven't finished it yet!
58 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 5 59

Judith: H o w m a n y pages have you read? Practice


Maureen: About 400. I d o n ' t like long books.
Judith: N e i t h e r do I. /. Complete the situations. Do it, as in the example.

3. Karen: Hello, Jenny. Are you still working? It's t i m e for Tom is reading a book. He started reading two hours ago and he
lunch. is on page 5 3 .
Jenny: I know. But I haven't finished these letters yet. He has been reading for two hours. He has read 53 pages so far.
T h e y ' r e i m p o r t a n t . M r Power w a n t s t h e m this
1. C a p t a i n H a y is a " m i l l i o n - m i l e " pilot. He started flying 20 years
afternoon.
ago. 2. It is a 3-mile walk from Bob's house to t h e city c e n t r e . He start­
Karen: H o w long have you b e e n typing? ed an h o u r ago a n d he h a s just reached it. 3. L a u r a started t h e w a s h i n g
Jenny: Since n i n e o'clock. I d i d n ' t stop for coffee. m a c h i n e up an h o u r ago. T h e r e are now 30 clean shirts in t h e basket.
Karen: H o w m a n y have you done? 4. You are just finishing t h e 5th a n d last page of homework. You sat
Jenny: Most of t h e m . T h e r e are only two left. d o w n at t h e writing desk two h o u r s ago. 5. T h e tourist c a m e i n t o t h e
Karen: Well, do t h e m after l u n c h . old town an h o u r ago. He is leaving now with 60 new p h o t o g r a p h s .
Jenny: N o . I'll do t h e m now. 6. T h e t r a n s l a t o r started an h o u r ago. Six letters are ready now. 7. Bill
Karen: O K . See you this afternoon. is smoking. W h e n he started s m o k i n g t h e r e were 20 cigarettes in the
packet. H e ' s s m o k i n g his last cigarette.
4. Attendant: Petrol, sir?
Motorist: Please ... fill it u p . 2. Ask questions.
Attendant: W h i c h grade?
a) — I've been picking pears.
Motorist: F o u r star. It's nearly empty. I've b e e n driving all
— How many have you picked?
day.
Attendant: O h , how far have you driven? b) — H e ' s been making a lot of money.
Motorist: About 400 miles. I've driven from Scotland. — How much has he made?
Attendant: O h , t h a t ' s a long way. Shall I check t h e oil a n d
1. I've been p l a n t i n g apple trees. 2. I've b e e n m a k i n g cakes. 3. H e ' s
water?
b e e n writing letters. 4. I've b e e n saving money. 5. I've b e e n i r o n i n g
Motorist: Please.
shirts. 6. A n n ' s b e e n losing weight. 7. Sue has b e e n w a s h i n g blankets.
С. 1. Peter c a m e back to E n g l a n d a m o n t h ago. He h a s b e e n stay­ 8. H e ' s b e e n selling tea. 9. H e ' s b e e n collecting s t a m p s . 10. I've b e e n
ing with T o m a n d Susan since t h e n . He h a s b e e n looking for a j o b for c u t t i n g sandwiches. 11. M a r y ' s b e e n s e n d i n g out invitations. 12. I've
a m o n t h but has not found o n e yet. " S o m e employers d o n ' t like people been taking photographs.
with long hair," T o m says. " P e r h a p s you'd better get a h a i r c u t ! "
3. Make sentences using the words and word combinations given.
[У] W h e n did Peter c o m e back to E n g l a n d ? H o w long h a s he b e e n
r
staying with T o m a n d Susan? H o w long h a s he b e e n looking I've been ... f° .... but I haven't... yet.
since
for a job? H a s he found o n e yet?
a) job/three weeks
2. Julia is going to meet her boyfriend. She h a s b e e n waiting for the I've been looking for a job for three weeks, but I haven't found
bus for some t i m e but it has not c o m e yet. She is going to be late again one yet.
if it does not c o m e soon. A taxi h a s just c o m e r o u n d t h e corner. Perhaps b) the bus/9 o'clock
she had better take it. I've been waiting for the bus since 9 o'clock, but it hasn't come yet.

|У] W h a t is Julia going to do? W h a t is she doing now? H o w long? 1. my homework/half an hour; 2. the train/twenty minutes; 3. the
W h a t is going to h a p p e n if the bus does not c o m e soon? W h a t concert/7.30; 4. the p o s t m a n / 8 o'clock; 5. this book/ 2 weeks; 6. English/18
has just h a p p e n e d ? W h a t had she better do? m o n t h s ; 7. this letter/6 o'clock; 8. a sports car/last C h r i s t m a s

±
60 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 5 61

Fluency I (cook) it for nearly an hour. 6. W h a t you (do) for t h e last two hours? —
I (sit) here working at this problem. 7. I (lose) my key. C a n you help
• Study and practise. me look for it? 8. You look tired. You (work) hard? 9. My brother is an
actor. He (appear) in several films. 10. Hello! I (clean) the windows. So
1. Steve: Hello, P a m . W h a t are you all doing?
far I (clean) five of t h e m a n d there are two more to do. 11. Sorry! I'm
Pam: O h , hello, Steve. W h a t a surprise! Jeff's outside. H e ' s
late. — T h a t ' s all right. I (not, wait) long.
cleaning t h e car. In fact, he h a s b e e n c l e a n i n g it for
over an hour, but he h a s n ' t Finished yet.
2. Translate into English.
Steve: A n d where are t h e children? Well, I c a n h e a r w h a t
K a t e ' s doing. 1. Ц е л ы й в е ч е р я п и ш у п и с ь м о . Я уже н а п и с а л а п я т ь с т р а н и ц .
Pam: Yes, she's b e e n practising t h e violin since after l u n c h . 2 . М ы п и ш е м к о н т р о л ь н у ю р а б о т у уже 4 5 м и н у т . Н е к о т о р ы е сту­
A n d Mark's i n t h e garden. H e h a s b e e n p a i n t i n g t h e д е н т ы уже з а к о н ч и л и ее. 3. Ты д а в н о ж д е ш ь м е н я ? — Нет, я толь­
fence all a f t e r n o o n . He hates it. He h a s only p a i n t e d ко что пришел. 4. Чем вы з а н и м а л и с ь сегодня утром? — С а ж а л и
half of it. д е р е в ь я в саду. — С к о л ь к о д е р е в ь е в вы п о с а д и л и ? — С е м ь .
Steve: A n d what are you d o i n g , P a m ? 5. Я п е р е в о ж у с т а т ь ю уже д в а ч а с а , но е щ е не п е р е в е л а ее.
Pam: Well, n o t h i n g at t h e m o m e n t b u t I've b e e n reading a
new novel by M a r g a r e t Drabble. I haven't finished it
yet, b u t it's very interesting. I c a n r e c o m m e n d it. In
fact I've read all her novels. She's my favourite author.
A n d w h a t ' s Jill doing?
Steve: She's busy. In fact, she's b e e n working all day. She h a s
to p r e p a r e a test for tomorrow.
Pam: Well, how a b o u t a nice c u p of coffee?

2. Brian: O h , hello. I've b e e n in t h e library.


Steve: A n d what have you b e e n doing there?
Brian: I've b e e n r e a d i n g a b o o k about e d u c a t i o n in E n g l a n d
for o u r lesson t o m o r r o w . I ' m going h o m e now.
Steve: It h a s b e e n r a i n i n g again, b u t it's s t o p p e d now.
Brian: Well, I've got an umbrella in my briefcase, in case it
starts again. W h a t are you d o i n g now?
Steve: I ' m waiting for M i k e . I have b e e n waiting for over t e n
m i n u t e s . O h , look. T h e r e he is now.
Mike: Hello, sorry, I ' m a bit late. I've d o n e s o m e shopping.
Have you b e e n waiting long?

Self Check

1. Fill in with Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

1. L o o k ! S o m e b o d y (break) t h e window. 2. I wonder if J o h n (for­


get) my n u m b e r . I (expect) h i m to call for t h e past two h o u r s . 3. You
look very upset. W h a t ( h a p p e n ) ? 4. You (not, finish) t h a t b o o k yet?
You (read) it for m o r e t h a n a week. 5. T h e m e a t must be nearly ready.
UNIT 6 63

1. M a r y got a j o b in the b a n k 5 years ago. She left the j o b last week.


2. Tom got a j o b in the b a n k 10 years ago. He's still there. 3. I started
teaching 6 years ago. As you can see I'm still a teacher. 4. My grand-

_____
father b e c a m e a teacher at 20. He was still one when he died 40
Unit 6 years later. 5. Betty opened the book at 6. She put it down again at
12. 6. Peter opened that book 6 hours ago and he hasn't closed it yet!
G R A M M A R : Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous 7. My brother started coughing at this time last year. He still has the
cough. 8. T h e baby started crying a n d stopped an hour later.
and Past Simple compared
2. Respond to the following statements.
Illustrative Situations
a) — I last smoked a cigarette a month ago.
T Study and practise. — You haven't smoked a cigarette for a month.
1. Patrick O ' C o n n o r was b o r n in D u b l i n . He lived there until he b) — They last came to see us at Christmas.
was 18. He went to India for five years. T h e n he spent another five — They haven't come to see us since Christmas.
years in C a n a d a . Five years ago he c a m e to L o n d o n where he is living
1. I last played football ten years ago. 2. He last ate at 6 o'clock
now.
this m o r n i n g . 3. We last had a holiday three years ago. 4. It last rained
He lived in D u b l i n for 18 years. T h e n he lived in India for five t h r e e weeks ago. 5. I last had a bath a week ago. 6. Mr Fox last wrote
years a n d in C a n a d a for five years. He has been living in L o n d o n for to me in February. 7. I last won a race five years ago. 8. We last went
the last five years. to the theatre three m o n t h s ago. 9. I last called Mike on Tuesday.
fyi W h e r e was Patrick born? H o w long did he live in India and 10. I last rode a bicycle ten years ago. 11. He last wrote to me when
Canada? W h e r e is he now? H o w long has he been in London? I was in America. 12. W h e n I last met h i m he was 15 years old.

3. Ask questions with how long and when.


2. Two people are waiting at the bus stop. It is 9.30. T h e y are
waiting for the 9.10 bus. O n e person is very angry. " T h i s bus is never It is raining.
on time!" he says. "I've been waiting for it for twenty m i n u t e s now. How long has it been raining?
Yesterday I waited half an hour for it!" When did it start raining?

1. A n n is learning Italian. 2. Paul is preparing for his exam. 3. T h e


ryi W h a t are the people doing? How late is the bus? W h a t does one
J o h n s o n s are travelling around France. 4. Bill is doing his homework.
of the people say? How long has the m a n been waiting for the
5. Bob a n d Alice are married. 6. Mr M o r g a n is in Moscow on business.
bus? How long did he wait for it yesterday?
7. It is snowing. 8. Lucy is s w i m m i n g .

Practice 4. Ask and answer questions using the words and word combinations
below.
/. Notice the change in form as the situation changes.
a) write to Peter/ages
a) Mary got to the station at 9. The train came at 10. — When did you last write to Peter?
She waited for an hour. — Oh, I haven't written to him for ages.

b) Peter got to the station at 9. It is 12 now and the train hasn't b) see Tom/January
come yet. — When did you last see Tom?
He has been waiting for 3 hours. — I haven't seen him since January.

J I •
64 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 6 65

1. drive a car/two years; 2. shave/summer; 3. speak to Bill/we t h e shelf u n d e r t h e d a s h b o a r d . T h a n k s , M u m .


quarrelled; 4. h e a r from N i c k / O c t o b e r ; 5. fly by plane/ages; 6. c a t c h
a fish/weeks; 7. eat o u t / m y birthday; 8. discuss t h e matter/a m o n t h ;
9. take p a r t in a c o m p e t i t i o n / I was at school; 10. sleep w e l l / m o n t h s Self Check
1. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.
5. Complete the utterances.
1. Mr Clark (work) in a b a n k for 15 years. T h e n he gave it u p .
a) I know Tom. I first met him six months ago. I have . . . .
2. M a r y lives in D u b l i n . She (live) t h e r e all her life. 3. Bob a n d Alice
I have known Tom for six months.
are m a r r i e d . T h e y (be) m a r r i e d for 20 years. 4. W h e n we (be) on
b) It started raining at 2 o'clock. It has . . . . holiday t h e weather (be) awful. 5. T h e weather (be) very nice recently,
It has been raining since 2 o'clock. d o n ' t you t h i n k ? 6. I d o n ' t k n o w C a r o l ' s h u s b a n d . I never (meet) h i m .
7. Yesterday I met my s c h o o l m a t e . We (speak) about o u r school years
1. T o m ' s ill. He b e c a m e ill t h r e e days ago. He h a s ... . 2. We have for an hour. 8. H o w ' s your son getting on at school? — I d o n ' t really
b e e n m a r r i e d for five years. We got ... . 3. J i m h a s a beard. He grew it know. I (not, speak) to t h e t e a c h e r s for some t i m e .
t e n years ago. He h a s ... . 4. P a u l h a s b e e n in F r a n c e for t h r e e weeks.
He went ... . 5. He h a s h a d his c a r since February. He b o u g h t ... . 2. Translate into English.
6. Dick last wrote to me a m o n t h ago. He h a s n ' t ... . 7. K a t e c a m e to
t h e university at 9. She h a s ... . 8. It started snowing at 11. It h a s ... . 1. Вчера мы с А н е й д о г о в о р и л и с ь п о й т и в к и н о . Я п р о ж д а л а
9. I have b e e n collecting s t a m p s for t e n years. I began ... . ее п о л ч а с а у к и н о т е а т р а , но о н а не п р и ш л а . Я не з н а ю , ч т о с н е й
с л у ч и л о с ь . 2. К о г д а ты в п о с л е д н и й р а з в и д е л Р о б е р т а ? — Я не
в и д е л его уже д в е н е д е л и . 3. К а к д о л г о ты ж е н а т ? — Я ж е н и л с я т р и
Fluency
года н а з а д . 4. Где ты о т д ы х а л п р о ш л ы м л е т о м ? — На К а в к а з е . —
T Study and practise. С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и ты т а м п р о б ы л ! — О к о л о м е с я ц а . 5. Вчера я
в е р н у л с я д о м о й с р а б о т ы в 6 ч а с о в , отдохнул о к о л о часа, а з а т е м
1. Jill: H o w ' s P a m ? I haven't seen her in town lately.
п о ш е л н а в е с т и т ь друга. 6. Где к л ю ч ? Я и щ у его уже п о л ч а с а .
Jeff: O h , she's fine. She h a s b e e n very busy. Last week she
7. Ты д а в н о здесь н а х о д и ш ь с я ? — Я п р и ш е л с ю д а ч а с н а з а д . — Ты
s t a r t e d an office job, only for s u m m e r m o n t h s . She
в с т р е т и л В и к т о р а ? — Д а , мы п о г о в о р и л и с н и м м и н у т д е с я т ь , и
h a s never worked in an office before, so it's difficult
он у ш е л . 8. С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и у т е б я э т о т а в т о м о б и л ь ? — П я т ь лет.
for her. She h a s o n l y b e e n there a week, but she has
9. С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и вы ж и в е т е в М о с к в е ? — С 1978 года.
already learnt a lot about office life.

2. Mike: Have you seen my new tie, M u m ?


Mother: W h i c h new tie?
Mike: T h e red o n e I bought in L o n d o n a couple of weeks ago.
I wore it to the d i n n e r p a r t y at t h e D a w s o n s ' place on
Saturday a n d I haven't w o r n it or seen it since.
Mother: N o , I d o n ' t t h i n k I've seen it this week, but have you
looked for it properly? I expect you t h r e w it carelessly
i n t o t h e back of t h e w a r d r o b e after t h e p a r t y — t h e
way you usually do.
Mike: I've looked for it everywhere.
Mother: You probably wore it when you went out with Janet on
Friday.
Mike: A h ! I r e m e m b e r now. It was a bit hot a n d I took my tie
off in t h e car on t h e way h o m e . I suppose it's still on

3 Английский язык. Часть 2


UNIT 7 67

Mrs Fenton: T h a n k you, Sarah... you look very well, too. A n d


the children... they're both so tall!
Mrs Hunt: Well... you haven't seen t h e m for five years.
Mr Hunt: Sarah, you've forgotten to introduce Sheila.
Unit 7 Mrs Hunt: I'm very sorry. Carol, we've brought a friend
with us. This is Sheila Morgan. She hasn't vis-
G R A M M A R : Review of tenses ited London before.
Mrs Fenton: Hello, Sheila.
Sheila: How do you do, M r s Fenton?
Illustrative Situations
Mrs Fenton: Please call me Carol. N o w sit down everyone.
• Study and practise. I've m a d e some tea. It's in the kitchen. C a n
Jane help me?
1. Steve: W h a t have you been doing?
Mrs Hunt: Of course, she can.
Jill: I've been preparing lessons for tomorrow, but I've fin-
ished now. W h a t have you been doing? 4. Mrs Fenton: How long have you been here?
Steve: I've been watching a very interesting p r o g r a m m e Mrs Hunt: We've been here since Sunday. Today's
on television about education in C h i n a . It's just fin- Wednesday... we've been here for t h r e e days.
ished. Mrs Fenton: A n d what have you seen since Sunday?
Jill: Oh, dear, t h e n I've missed it. I thought it was on t o - Mrs Hunt: We've been very busy but we haven't seen very
morrow, not today. T h a t was P a m on the phone ten m a n y things. London's so big! We've seen some
minutes ago. She's been sewing new curtains all the of the sights and we've shopped in Oxford
evening, and Jeffs been painting radiators. Apparently, Street.
they've been working hard all the week. By the way, Mrs Fenton: A n d have you bought anything?
have you put the car in the garage? Mrs Hunt: I've seen a few nice things but I haven't bought
Steve: Yes, why? H a s it been raining again? a n y t h i n g yet.
Mrs Fenton: I ' m going to Oxford Street on Friday. C o m e
Situation 1. You had a very busy day at the office and stayed there with me. I know the good shops.
later than usual. You are at home at last. Your wife wants to know what
5. Mrs Hunt: How are your sons?
kept you late. You ask what she and the kids have been doing.
Mrs Fenton: Tim's living with us.
2. Carol Fenton: I ' m Carol F e n t o n . I'm M r s H u n t ' s sister. T h i s Mrs Hunt: H a s he finished University yet?
evening my sister's family is c o m i n g to celebrate my nephew's birthday. Mrs Fenton: Yes, he has. He's worked here in L o n d o n for
I've p l a n n e d a small party but Simon doesn't know about it yet. It's a eighteen m o n t h s .
surprise. I ' m very excited. I haven't seen Sarah's family for five years. Mrs Hunt: W h a t does he do?
My husband and I are from Bristol but we haven't lived there for eight Mrs Fenton: He works in an export company. He's worked
years. M a n y of our friends still live in Bristol. Next m o n t h we're going there since January.
there to visit my husband's family. We're staying at his brother's house. Mrs Hunt: A n d what does C h r i s do?
All my relatives are going, too. Mrs Fenton: He works in D a d ' s c o m p a n y in Bristol.

3. Mr Fenton: Someone's at the door, Carol. 6. Tom: Is everything ready?


Mrs Fenton: Is everything ready? Sue: N o , I haven't bought the melon yet.
Mr Fenton: Yes, dear, everything's fine. Answer the door. Tom: Are there any sandwiches?
Mrs Fenton: Hello! I'm so happy to see you. C o m e in! Sue: Yes ... well... no. I've bought the bread but
Mrs Hunt: Carol, you look very well. I haven't m a d e the sandwiches yet.
68 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 7 69

Тот: Have you m a d e t h e pies? Self Check


Sue: N o , I haven't m a d e t h e m yet.
/. Complete the sentences. Use from ... to/until, since, for.
Tom: Is t h e w i n e here?
Sue: N o , it h a s n ' t arrived a n d t h e shop's closed now. 1. Mr a n d M r s Kelly have b e e n m a r r i e d ... 1980. 2. We waited ...
h a l f an h o u r but t h e y d i d n ' t c o m e . 3. H o w long have you b e e n here?
7. M a r y ' s interview with Pablo
— ... h a l f past eight. 4. J o h n a n d I are g o o d friends. We have k n o w n
Mary: W h e r e do you c o m e from, Pablo?
e a c h o t h e r ... t e n years. 5. We lived in C a n a d a ... 1985 ... 1991. We
Pablo: I c o m e from Barcelona, Spain.
c a m e to J a p a n in 1991. We have lived in J a p a n ... 1991. 6. I've lived
Mary: W h y did you c o m e to E n g l a n d ?
in t h i s h o u s e ... 1 was seven years old. 7. W h e r e have you b e e n ? I've
Pablo: I wanted to study Computer Science at London
b e e n w a i t i n g for you ... t w e n t y m i n u t e s . 8. We w a t c h e d television ...
University. two h o u r s last n i g h t . 9. I h a v e n ' t seen S u s a n ... t h r e e m o n t h s . 10. Bill
Mary: H o w long have you b e e n here? was a t e a c h e r ... 1992 ... 1999. N o w he's a salesperson. He h a s b e e n a
Pablo: Two years. I have j u s t finished my s e c o n d year at t h e s a l e s p e r s o n ... 1999. 11. He h a s n ' t b e e n in B r i t a i n all his life. He lived
university. in I n d i a ... four years. 12. It h a s b e e n r a i n i n g ... I got u p . 13. I felt
Mary: Have you ever lived in a foreign c o u n t r y before? really ill last n i g h t . I c o u l d n ' t eat a n y t h i n g ... t h r e e days. 14. " H o w
Pablo: N o , I haven't. I have visited o t h e r c o u n t r i e s of c o u r s e , long have you k n o w n A n n ? " "... we were at school t o g e t h e r . " 15. J a c k
but only for holidays. T h i s is t h e first t i m e I've ever s t a r t e d a new j o b a few weeks ago. Before t h a t he was o u t of work ...
lived in a n o t h e r country. six m o n t h s .
Mary: H o w are you getting on? Have you h a d problems with
t h e language? 2. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.
Pablo: N o t really. My m o t h e r is English a n d we speak E n g l i s h
1. It still (rain) w h e n I ( c o m e ) in j u s t now. It (rain) all m o r n i n g .
a n d S p a n i s h at h o m e .
2. I (sit) h e r e w a i t i n g for you for n e a r l y an h o u r . I a l r e a d y ( d r i n k )
Mary: W h a t do you like most about living in E n g l a n d ?
four w h i s k i e s . 3. W h a t you (do) all t h i s t i m e ? I ( n o t , see) you for
Pablo: T h e people. I've m a d e a lot of friends here.
weeks. 4. T h e y ( n o t , work) for several days now. T h e y (be) t o o ill.
Mary: W h a t do you dislike about living here? 5. It ( n o t , r a i n ) for a m o n t h now. T h e grass is very dry. 6. I (go) to
Pablo: T h e weather, of course! E n g l a n d is very cold a n d t h i s p u b every e v e n i n g for t h e last t e n years. 7. P e t e r (write) letters
rainy. A n d t h e food at t h e university is awful. I've h a d since t w o o'clock. He a l r e a d y (write) five letters. 8. I (sleep) for t h e
s o m e lovely E n g l i s h food in r e s t a u r a n t s , t h o u g h . last t w o h o u r s a n d I ( n o t , wake) up p r o p e r l y yet. 9. I (buy) a new tie
Mary: A r e you going to stay here long? last week, b u t I ( n o t , wear) it yet. 10. He a l r e a d y (see) t h a t film. He
Pablo: At least two m o r e years, until I have c o m p l e t e d my (see) i t w h e n h e (be) i n L o n d o n . 11. " W h e n you ( m e e t ) M r S m i t h ? "
course. " I ( m e e t ) h i m t h e day before yesterday." 12. " Y o u ever (speak) t o
Mary: W h a t are you going to do after university? W h a t are h i m ? " "Yes. I (speak) to h i m before t h e p a r t y . " 13. P e t e r (live) in
your ambitions? G r e e c e for t h e last t h r e e years. He (live) in Africa before he (go)

Pablo: I ' m going to set up my o w n business. I w a n t to design to G r e e c e . 14. I j u s t (have) my l u n c h . I (finish) e a t i n g five m i n u t e s
ago. 15. I (make) five m i s t a k e s so far today. Yesterday I o n l y ( m a k e )
a n d sell c o m p u t e r games.
t h r e e m i s t a k e s altogether. 16. I never (play) rugby in my life, b u t
Mary: Well, good luck, Pablo. I h o p e you will succeed.
I (play) football w h e n I (be) at s c h o o l . 17. I ( n o t , h e a r ) from K a t e
Situation 2. You've come to Moscow on business. You've got accom­ since she (go) a b r o a d . 18. On S u n d a y I was at t h e b e a c h . I (lie) in
modation at the Minsk hotel. You are sharing the room with another per­ t h e s u n for t w o h o u r s . 19. " Y o u ever (travel) by s e a ? " "Yes, I (go)
to B a t u m i by sea last year." 20. " W h a t a lovely old village O v e r t o n
son who came to Moscow two days ago. You introduce yourself and have
is! You (live) h e r e l o n g ? " "I (live) h e r e all my life. I (be b o r n ) in
a talk with your neighbour.
70 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 7 71

O v e r t o n . " " Y o u (be) to o t h e r c o u n t r i e s ? " "Yes, I (go) to F r a n c e t w o — Х о р о ш а я и д е я . Н и к г о в о р и т , ч т о о н в и д е л и н т е р е с н ы й де­


y e a r s a g o . " 21. " H e l l o , M r T h o m p s o n . G l a d t o see you i n L o n d o n . т е к т и в в к и н о т е а т р е «Россия». Х о ч е ш ь п о с м о т р е т ь его?
H o w long you (be) h e r e ? " " O h , o n l y a few days. I (arrive) h e r e on — Да, я очень люблю детективы.
M o n d a y . " " I s it y o u r first visit to L o n d o n ? " " N o , I (be) h e r e several
t i m e s before." " Y o u (see) m a n y p l a c e s o f i n t e r e s t i n L o n d o n ? " "Yes, 5. — К о г д а ты о к о н ч и л и н с т и т у т ?
— В 1990 году.
q u i t e a lot." 22. C h a r l e s a n d B a r b a r a W i l l i a m s (live) at a village
c a l l e d H a r p o l e . T h e y o n l y (live) t h e r e for a few weeks. T h e y (arrive) — С к о л ь к о в р е м е н и т ы р а б о т а е ш ь н а э т о м заводе?

o n 2 8 A u g u s t a n d t h e y quickly ( a r r a n g e ) t h e f u r n i t u r e i n t h e i r new — П я т ь лет.

h o u s e . T h e y ( n o t , m a k e ) m a n y friends yet, b u t t h e y ( t h i n k ) t h a t t h e y — Где ты р а б о т а л р а н ь ш е ?

s o o n will. T h e n e i g h b o u r s (be) very k i n d s o far, a n d M r W i l l i a m s — В научно-исследовательском институте.


(invite) s o m e of t h e m to a p a r t y he ( h o l d ) next week. H i s friends
from L o n d o n a n d Oxford ( c o m e ) t o t h e p a r t y . T h e W i l l i a m s family
(live) i n L o n d o n before t h e y (come) t o H a r p o l e . M r W i l l i a m s (not,
like) living in L o n d o n . W h i l e he (visit) s o m e friends in S o u t h a m p t o n
last year, he (meet) a c o m p a n y d i r e c t o r w h o (offer) h i m a j o b . M r s
W i l l i a m s (want) to stay in L o n d o n , b u t w h e n t h e y (arrive) in t h e vil­
lage, t h e s u n (shine) a n d she ( b e g i n ) t o enjoy h e r c o u n t r y s u r r o u n d ­
ings. 23. J a c k (look) a t h i s w a t c h for t h e t w e n t i e t h t i m e . S u d d e n l y
Jill (arrive). "I (wait) for over an h o u r , " he (say) angrily. " Y o u never
c o m e o n t i m e . " " O h , i s t h a t s o ? " Jill a n s w e r e d . " Y o u (be) h e r e a t
2 . 3 0 ? " J a c k (go) red. " W e l l , " he (say), "I (get) h e r e five m i n u t e s late
myself, b u t you ( n o t , be) h e r e . " "I (come) h e r e at exactly 2.30," Jill
said, " a n d (wait) for five m i n u t e s , b u t you ( n o t , c o m e ) . " " W h a t you
(do) s i n c e t h e n ? " J a c k (ask). " I j u s t (be) t o t h e h a i r d r e s s e r ' s , " Jill
answered brightly.

3. Translate into English.

1. — Вас ж д е т м и с т е р С м и т .
— Он д а в н о ждет?
— Около двадцати минут.
— П у с т ь войдет.

2. — Где п и с ь м а ? Я хочу о т п р а в и т ь их с е г о д н я .
— Секретарь только что их принесла. Она печатала ц е л ы й
день.

3. — М о г у я п о г о в о р и т ь с м и с т е р о м В о р о н о в ы м ?
— Б о ю с ь , ч т о нет. О н т о л ь к о ч т о в ы ш е л .

4. — Д а в а й с х о д и м в к и н о . Мы не б ы л и в к и н о уже ц е л у ю
вечность.
UNIT 8 73

e) How to express encouragement and consolation:


Cheer up!
Don't worry (about it).
Everything will be all right.
Unit 8 Never mind!
Take it easy!
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Socializing Let's hope for the best.
Forget it!

a) How to greet an acquaintance: f) How to express surprise, incredulity:


Hello, (Mr South). How are you? Is he? (Has she? Do they? etc.)
(Good) morning, (Mrs Ford). How are you feeling? Isn't he? (Hasn't she? Don't they? etc.)
afternoon, (Alan). How are you getting on? Really? Is he really ...? (Does she really ...?)
evening, (Pam). How are things? (informal) Do you really mean it?
How's life? (informal)
What?
Never! Well, I never!
b) How to reply to a greeting:
Oh no! / No!
very well, That is a surprise!
(Mr South),
fine, What a surprise!
(Mrs Ford), all right, thanks. And you?
Oh, hello, Good gracious!
(Alan), pretty good,
(Pam), Good heavens!
not too bad, Dear me! (Oh, dear!)
You can't be serious.
c) How to respond to good news and express pleasure, joy, excitement,
That's incredible!
delight, admiration. I don't believe it!
A: Bill has won the race!
B: I ' m glad (pleased) to hear that. g) How to express annoyance:
Oh, no!
That's good/marvellous/great/terrific, etc.!
How exciting/thrilling/wonderful, etc.! How (very) annoying!
Fantastic! What a nuisance!
Really!
h) How to express disappointment:
d) How to respond to bad news and express sympathy. I was rather (very) disappointed.
A: How's your brother? Oh, how (very) disappointing!
B: N o t too good, I ' m afraid. That's disappointing.
A: I ' m sorry to hear that. Oh, no! (Oh,) what a pity!
awful! That is a shame!
How What a shame!
Oh, no! terrible!
That's That's too bad.
dreadful!
a pity! i) How to take your leave:
What
a shame!
That's Goodbye.
bad luck! I must be off.
Well, Bye./Bye-bye. (informal)
Tom! I must be going.
Poor See you later/soon/tomorrow, etc.
thing!
74 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 75

How to send someone your regards: A. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.

Give my regards to of course. К а к т ы себя ч у в с т в у е ш ь с е г о д н я ? С п а с и б о , х о р о ш о . У ж а с н а я


Regards to (John). and OK.
Yes, погода, н е т а к л и ? К а к П и т ? Уже п о п р а в и л с я после г р и п п а ? Е м у
Remember me to your (wife). reply I will.
намного лучше. П р и я т н о слышать об этом. Это хорошая новость.
Love to the family. Thanks.
Т ы с л ы ш а л о К л э р ? О ч е в и д н о , о н а н е сдала в ы п у с к н ы е э к з а м е н ы .
Не уверен, правда ли это. Д о л ж н о быть, она очень расстроена.
T Listen, read and practise. М е ж д у п р о ч и м , ты с о б и р а е ш ь с я к С а й м о н у на вечер в суббо­
ту? В е р о я т н о я у в и ж у тебя т а м . П е р е д а й п р и в е т П и т у . Ей всегда
Conversation 1 н р а в и л с я д ж а з . Т ы , н а в е р н о е , ш у т и ш ь . Вот м о я о с т а н о в к а . Ч т о
с л у ч и л о с ь ? Б е д н а я К л э р ! Н е д у м а ю . П о - в и д и м о м у , да.
Sally is sitting on a bus, on her way to work. A friend of Peter's
from college — Brian S o u t h g a t e — gets on a n d sits d o w n beside her. B. Insert the missing phrases from the conversation.
It is r a i n i n g .
Sally: M o r n i n g , Brian. 1. — H o w are you feeling today?
Brian: M o r n i n g , Sally. H o w are you feeling today? — ... . A n d you?
Sally: F i n e , t h a n k s , Brian. A n d you? 2. — H o w ' s Peter? ... ?
Brian: O h , pretty good, t h a n k s . S h o c k i n g weather, isn't it? — O h , he is m u c h better, t h a n k s . T h e d o c t o r says ... .
Sally: Yes, terrible.
3. — Talking of news — ... ?
Brian: How's Peter now? H a s he got over t h e flue yet?
— N o , ... ?
Sally: O h , he is m u c h better, t h a n k s . T h e d o c t o r says he'll be
all right in a couple of days. 4. — By t h e way, are you going to S i m o n ' s p a r t y on Saturday?
Brian: O h , I ' m pleased to h e a r t h a t .
Sally: Yes, it is good news.
5. — Well, bye-bye a n d ... .
Brian: Talking of news — have you h e a r d a b o u t Claire? — . Bye.
Sally: N o , what's happened?
Brian: Well, I haven't seen her since t h e e n d of t h e t e r m , so C. Act out conversation I.
I ' m n o t sure if it's t r u e , b u t apparently, she's failed h e r
Conversation 2
Finals.
Sally: O h , n o ! P o o r Claire! She must be so upset!
John: M o r n i n g , Peter. How are you?
Brian: I d o n ' t expect so. She's already found a j o b in a j a z z Peter: F i n e , t h a n k s , J o h n . A n d you?
club. John: O h , I ' m all right. N i c e a n d w a r m today, isn't it?
Sally: You're n o t serious, are you? Peter: Yes, beautiful. F a m i l y О К . ?
Brian: O h , yes. She's always liked jazz. A h ! Here's my stop. (He John: Yes, they're fine, t h a n k s . A n d yours?
gets up.) By t h e way, are you going to S i m o n ' s p a r t y on Peter: Well, Sally's n o t g o o d at t h e m o m e n t . H e r m o t h e r was
Saturday? t a k e n to hospital last week, you know.
Sally: Yes, I expect so. John: O h , I ' m sorry to h e a r t h a t . She must be so upset.
Brian: G o o d . I'll probably see you there t h e n . Well, bye-bye Peter: Yes, she is.
a n d give my regards to Peter. John: By t h e way, have you h e a r d about t h e professor?
Sally: Yes, I will. Bye. Peter: N o , I d o n ' t t h i n k so. W h a t ' s h a p p e n e d ?
John: Well, I ' m not saying it's t r u e , but there's a r u m o u r going
[У| H o w are Brian a n d Sally getting on? How is Peter? W h a t r o u n d t h a t he is leaving.
has h a p p e n e d t o Claire? W h a t are t h e friends going t o d o o n Peter: It c a n ' t be t r u e ! N o t t h e professor! He was here for life,
Saturday? I thought.

J L
76 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 77

John: Well, t h a t ' s what they say. Anyway, I must be off now. [""?] H o w is Mr White? How are t h i n g s with Mr Smith? H o w is
G o t t o catch t h e t r a i n h o m e . G o o b y e ! R i c h a r d getting on? W h o did he go to t h e c o u n t r y with? Is he
Peter: Bye! O h , a n d give my regards to your wife, w o n ' t you? having a good t i m e there?
John: Yes, I will.
A. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.

[У| H o w are J o h n a n d his family? W h y is Sally not good at the


К а к поживаете? С п а с и б о , х о р о ш о . П о ж а л у й с т а , п р и с а ж и в а й ­
m o m e n t ? W h a t does J o h n inform Peter about? W h y must J o h n тесь. К а к о б с т о я т дела у вас? Б о ю с ь , ч т о не с л и ш к о м х о р о ш о и и д у т
be off? от плохого к худшему. Н а д е ю с ь , ч т о дела п о й д у т л у ч ш е . Д а в а й т е
н а д е я т ь с я н а л у ч ш е е . К а к и е н о в о с т и ? К а к п о ж и в а е т в а ш племян­
A. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following. н и к Р и ч а р д ? Ч е м б о л ь ш е о н т а м пробудет, тем л у ч ш е . С к о л ь к о
в р е м е н и о н с о б и р а е т с я т а м п р о б ы т ь ? Э т о п р и н о с и т ему пользу.
К а к п о ж и в а е ш ь ? В с е м ь е все х о р о ш о ? У н и х все х о р о ш о . Не Я т о ч н о не з н а ю . Он с е й ч а с в деревне у своего д я д и У и л ь я м а .
д у м а ю . Х о д и т слух ... В л ю б о м с л у ч а е м н е н у ж н о и д т и . Н е у ж е л и
B. Insert the missing phrases from the conversation.
э т о п р а в д а ? З н а е ш ь , е е м а т ь з а б р а л и в б о л ь н и ц у н а п р о ш л о й не­
деле. Э т о то, ч т о говорят. Т ы с л ы ш а л о п р о ф е с с о р е ? П е р е д а в а й 1. — H o w are you?
привет жене.

2. - ... .
B. Act out conversation 2.
— P r e t t y good, t h a n k you.
Conversation 3 3. — A n d how are t h i n g s with you?

Mr Smith: G o o d a f t e r n o o n , Mr W h i t e , how are you?


Mr White: Very well, i n d e e d , t h a n k you, a n d how are you? 4. — I h o p e t h i n g s will soon improve.
Mr Smith: Q u i t e well, t h a n k you. W o n ' t you sit down? Have a — Yes ... .
cigarette, will you? 5. - ... .
Mr White: T h a n k you. — O h , R i c h a r d ' s getting on quite well, t h a n k you.
Mr Smith: Well, w h a t ' s t h e news, Mr White? H o w ' s business?
6. - ... ?
Mr White: P r e t t y good, t h a n k you. A n d how are t h i n g s with you?
— I d o n ' t k n o w exactly.
Mr Smith: Well, not t o o good, I ' m afraid, a n d going from bad to
worse. In fact, it's t h e worst year we've h a d for a long C. Give synonymous expressions for the following.
time.
1. H o w are you? 2. Very well i n d e e d , t h a n k you. 3. W o n ' t you sit
Mr White: I ' m sorry to h e a r t h a t . I h o p e t h i n g s will soon im­
down? 4. Have a cigarette, will you? 5. H o w ' s your n e p h e w R i c h a r d
prove.
getting on?
Mr Smith: Yes, let's h o p e for t h e best. A n d how's your n e p h e w
R i c h a r d getting on? D. Act out conversation 3.
Mr White: O h , he's getting on quite well, t h a n k you. H e ' s staying
in t h e c o u n t r y just now with his U n c l e W i l l i a m a n d his E. Make a similar conversation and act it out with a partner in class.

cousins.
Conversation 4
Mr Smith: H o w long is he going to stay there?
Mr White: I d o n ' t know exactly, but he's having a very pleasant Mr Innes: C o m e in.
t i m e a n d it's doing h i m a lot of good, so t h e longer he Mike: Excuse m e , D a d , could you spare me a few min­
stays, t h e better. utes?
78 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 79

Mr Innes: Of course. C o m e in a n d m a k e yourself comfortable. 2. — G o o d morning, Mr Ford.


Well, now, what c a n I do for you? — G o o d m o r n i n g , Mr D o b s o n . How do you like t h e w e a t h e r
Mike: I ' m afraid I'm in trouble. today?
Mr Innes: Sorry to h e a r t h a t . W h a t ' s h a p p e n e d ? — Absolutely wonderful, nice a n d w a r m . W h a t ' s t h e w e a t h e r
Mike: I've failed in m a t h s . forecast for t o m o r r o w ? Do you know?
Mr Innes: Bad luck! W h a t ' s wrong? As far as I know you're — Yes, it says it will be bright a n d sunny.
r a t h e r g o o d at m a t h s . — How nice! Goodbye.
Mike: T h a t ' s j u s t it. You see, I was so s u r e of myself t h a t — Bye-bye.
I d i d n ' t b o t h e r to revise a n y t h i n g . T h e n I h a d a bad 3. — Hello, J o h n . We haven't seen you for ages. W h e r e have you
h e a d a c h e t h a t day, a n d w h e n I c o u l d n ' t do t h e be­ been? H o m e ?
g i n n i n g of t h e p a p e r I ' m afraid I got i n t o a p a n i c . — I've b e e n visiting relatives.
Mr Innes: W h a t a n u i s a n c e ! Well, never m i n d . C h e e r u p , boy! — Whereabouts?
You're not t h e first student to fail in an e x a m . I've — I went to Stirling to see an u n c l e of m i n e .
failed in my t i m e , you know.
Mike: Have you? 4. — H o w do you d o , Mr Jones?
Mr Innes: Of c o u r s e , I have. A n d it d i d n ' t prevent me from get­ — H o w do you d o , Mr H a r d y ?
t i n g an h o n o u r s degree. It'll be the s a m e with you, — Sit d o w n , please. W h a t c a n I do for you?
— I've c o m e to Fix an a p p o i n t m e n t with you for my chief.
I ' m sure. D o n ' t worry.
— Will 10 o'clock suit h i m ?
pF| W h a t ' s w r o n g with Mike? Is his father d i s a p p o i n t e d at t h e — Perfectly.
news? Is t h e boy good at m a t h s ? W h y did he fail in m a t h s ? 5. — I've c o m e to say goodbye.
H o w does t h e father t r y to comfort t h e boy? — W h a t t i m e are you leaving?
— I ' m c a t c h i n g t h e 7.25.
A. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following. — Well, goodbye a n d have a g o o d journey.
— G o o d b y e . R e m e m b e r me to your p a r e n t s .
Боюсь, что у м е н я н е п р и я т н о с т и . К а к а я досада! Я не сдал — I m u s t be going. I've got a lot of t h i n g s to do.
э к з а м е н по математике. И з в и н и м е н я . Ты не смог бы уделить — See you t o m o r r o w . It's b e e n nice to see you. G o o d b y e .
м н е н е с к о л ь к о м и н у т ? Н е в а ж н о , у с п о к о й с я . Ч е м я м о г у т е б е по­ — Goodbye.
м о ч ь ? Входи и у с т р а и в а й с я п о у д о б н е е . Ч т о с л у ч и л о с ь ? Я огор­
6. — I must be off. I've got an a p p o i n t m e n t for Five.
ч е н . К а к о е н е в е з е н и е ! В ч е м дело? Не б е с п о к о й с я . В т о м - т о и
— My best regards to your wife.
дело.
— T h a n k you. G o o d b y e .
B. Act out conversation 4. 7. — H o w ' s J o h n ?
— Very m u c h t h e same.
Practice — How's Ron!
T Study and practise. — So, so.

1. — M o r n i n g , F r a n k . It's nice to see you. 8. — H o w are you getting on?


— Hello, J i m . H o w are things? — F i n e , t h a n k you. A n d how are you?
— P r e t t y good, t h a n k you. A n y news from h o m e ? — N o t t o o good, I'm afraid.
— No news. I ' m quite upset. — Why, what's h a p p e n e d ?
— C h e e r u p ! Everything will be O K . — My wife h a s fallen ill, you know.
80 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 81

9. — G o o d m o r n i n g , Bill. N i c e to see you. 5. — П р и в е т ! К а к п о ж и в а е ш ь ?


— Hello, Nick! Pleased to see you, t o o . H o w are you? — Неплохо, благодарю.
— Very well, t h a n k you. A n d you? — А к а к дела у т в о е г о брата?
— N o t bad, t h a n k s . — Хорошо.
— Р а д с л ы ш а т ь об э т о м .
1. Greet:
1. your t e a c h e r 2. your boss 3. your colleague 4. y o u r friend. 6. — Я д а в н о не в и ж у т в о ю сестру. К а к о н а п о ж и в а е т ?
— С п а с и б о , х о р о ш о . О н а с е й ч а с за г р а н и ц е й , в И т а л и и .
2. Respond to the following. — Сколько она там собирается пробыть?
1. G o o d m o r n i n g , Mr M o r g a n ! H o w are you? 2. Hello, Dick! H o w ' s — П о л т о р а года.
life? 3. G o o d m o r n i n g , M r s Baxter! H o w are you getting on? 4. G o o d — П е р е д а й ей от м е н я п р и в е т .
evening, F r e d ! H o w are things? 5. Hello, Steve! H o w are you feeling? — Обязательно.
6. H o w ' s your son? 7. H o w are your parents? 8. H o w ' s your h u s b a n d ?
Т Study and practise.
9. H o w ' s your wife? 10. H o w ' s y o u r friend getting on? 11. H o w ' s every­
b o d y at h o m e ? 12. H o w ' s y o u r family? 13. H o w is business? 1. - H o w ' s Dick?
— G e t t i n g worse, I ' m afraid.
3. Work in pairs. A takes his leave, using the reasons below. В replies
— O h , I ' m sorry to h e a r t h a t .
and asks A to give his/her regards to someone shown in brackets.
2. — I've b o u g h t a crystal vase a n d d r o p p e d it d o w n .
1. I've got to c a t c h a bus. (the family) — W h a t a pity!
2. I must be at t h e l e c t u r e in t e n m i n u t e s . (Tom)
3. I'm meeting Alan in ten minutes, (him) 3. — We were p l a n n i n g to go to t h e c o u n t r y for t h e weekend, b u t
4. I've still got a lot of s h o p p i n g to d o . (Patricia) s o m e t h i n g h a s gone w r o n g with t h e car.
5. I ' m picking my m o t h e r up outside Woolworth's at 2.30. (the — W h a t b a d luck!
boys) 4. — I ' m sorry you c a n ' t use my cassette recorder. It n e e d s re­
pairs.
6. I've got to be b a c k at work in five m i n u t e s , (mother)
— Never m i n d . I c a n ask Peter to do it.
4. Translate the dialogues.
5. — I ' m afraid I ' m going, to be late for t h e 10.40 t r a i n to
1. — З д р а в с т в у й т е ! С т о л е т в а с не в и д е л а ! К а к п о ж и в а е т е ? Moscow.

— С п а с и б о , х о р о ш о . А к а к вы? — D o n ' t worry. We've got plenty of t i m e .


— Благодарю, неплохо. 6. — I ' m nervous about my r e p o r t on Friday.
2. — Д о б р о е у т р о ! Ш е ф у себя? — C h e e r up. Everything will be all right.
— Н е т , он на с о в е щ а н и и . З а й д и т е в 12.
— С п а с и б о , до с в и д а н и я . 5. Respond to a piece of bad news, expressing sympathy and consolu-
tion.
3. — Я д о л ж е н и д т и . У м е н я д е л о в а я в с т р е ч а в 9 ч а с о в . П р и в е т
1. You k n o w J a n e is n o t good at t h e m o m e n t . 2. I ' m afraid Peter is
жене и родителям.
getting worse. 3. You k n o w Jack h a s c a u g h t flu. 4. Sheila has failed h e r
— С п а с и б о , до с в и д а н и я .
exam, you know. 5. I've lost my job. 6. I've b r o k e n my leg. 7. I d i d n ' t
4. — Р а д т е б я в и д е т ь ! К а к т ы ? get t h e job. 8. I d i d n ' t win t h e prize. 9. Brian's m o t h e r h a s just died.
— С п а с и б о , в с е п о - п р е ж н е м у . А к а к дела у т е б я ? 10. My sister J a n e t h a s failed to get a place at university. 11. My par­
— Н е в а ж н о . М о я жена заболела гриппом. e n t s ' h o u s e was burgled last weekend. 12. My c a r was stolen yesterday.
— С о ж а л е ю об э т о м . 13. I've lost $200. 14. My son is going to be o p e r a t e d o n . 15. O u r t e a m
82 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 83

has lost. 16. I've missed t h e 8.30 t r a i n . 17. He h a s got i n t o a c a r ac­ Wife: A new carpet? You're not serious, are you darling?
cident. 18. I ' m so worried. I haven't h e a r d from Peter since last m o n t h . Husband: Oh yes, I a m . A n d we'll get a new TV.
19. I ' m so nervous about t h e c o m i n g English exam. Wife: You c a n ' t expect me to believe t h a t . It all s o u n d s
like a d r e a m .
6. Translate the dialogues. Husband: Well, it's a d r e a m c o m e true. But we'll have to
wait a while. You see, I s h a n ' t get the rise till next
1. — М н е не у д а л о с ь д о с т а т ь б и л е т ы .
autumn.
— Обидно!
Wife: O h , next a u t u m n . I see. I t h o u g h t it was t o o good
2. — Б о ю с ь , ч т о я с а м не с п р а в л ю с ь с э т о й р а б о т о й . to be t r u e .
— Не в о л н у й с я , все будет в п о р я д к е .
2. A: I've m a d e up my m i n d . We're going to Spain for the holidays.
3. — В ч е м дело? B: H o w exciting!
— К а ж е т с я я п о т е р я л т в о ю ручку. A: I've got a whole fortnight off this year.
— Неважно. B: A whole fortnight! T h a t ' s terrific!
A: We'll leave in early July.
4. — М о я д о ч ь не п о с т у п и л а в и н с т и т у т . B: G o o d ! Are we t a k i n g t h e car?
— Я очень огорчен. A: T h e car? Oh no, we're going on a package tour.
B: O h n o !
5. — Я т а к в о л н у ю с ь . М о я д о ч ь сдает с е г о д н я в ы п у с к н о й эк­ A: A n d I t h o u g h t we'd take m o t h e r with us.
замен. B: Oh heavens! Do we have to?
— У с п о к о й т е с ь . Все будет х о р о ш о .
3. A: W h a t do you t h i n k about Mary, Tom?
6. — Р о б е р т б е с п о к о и т с я : его с ы н о ч е н ь б о л е н . B: M a r y ? W h a t do you m e a n ?
— К а к е м у не п о в е з л о ! A: Well, haven't you heard? She's just had her first p o e m pub­
lished.
7. — М н е с е г о д н я о ч е н ь не п о в е з л о . Я п о т е р я л 100 д о л л а р о в .
B: H a s she really? Well, I never! I d i d n ' t even know she c o u l d
— К а к а я жалость!
write.
8. — К а к дела, В и к т о р ?
4. A: Do you k n o w who's just got m a r r i e d ? Old M a c d o n a l d .
— Б о ю с ь , ч т о не о ч е н ь х о р о ш о .
B: Never! H e ' s over eighty, isn't he?
— А в ч е м дело?
A: He's nearly ninety.
— Я не сдал э к з а м е н по б и о л о г и и .
B: G o o d gracious! Are you sure?
— С о ж а л е ю об э т о м . Я у в е р е н , ч т о ты в с к о р е с д а ш ь его.
A: I a m . W h a t ' s m o r e his wife is eighty-four.
— Н а д е ю с ь , ч т о т а к . Я г о т о в л ю с ь к н е м у уже н е д е л ю .
B: She isn't, is she?
• Study and practise. A: Yes, she is. A n d guess what! H e ' s h e r sixth h u s b a n d .
B: Really? Q u i t e a w o m a n , isn't she?
1. Husband: G o o d news, darling.
Wife: N o , I d o n ' t believe you. W h a t is it? 7. Respond with pleasure or excitement when someone tells you:
Husband: I ' m getting a rise. 1) he's got a new job; 8) we're going to Italy this s u m m e r ;
Wife: N o ! But t h a t ' s incredible. 2) it's an exciting job; 9) he has won a c a r in t h e lottery;
Husband: A 5 0 % rise. 3) he's got a new car; 10) we're going out to celebrate tonight:
Wife: A 5 0 % rise? I refuse to believe it. 4) it cost $5000; 11) we'll take a holiday;
Husband: We'll be able to buy a car. 5) he's got a new girlfriend; 12) M o t h e r ' s c o m i n g to stay;
Wife: Really? 6) she's a j o u r n a l i s t ; 13) we'll go to a show on Saturday;
Husband: Yes. A n d a new c a r p e t . 7) t h e y ' r e getting m a r r i e d ; 14) I'll speak on TV.
84 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 8 85

8. Express surprise. Do it, as in the example. b) Мэри: Джон, давай навестим Д ж у л и ю в больнице.
Джон: А что с ней?
— Jack has won the race.
Мэри: О н а с л о м а л а ногу.
— H a s he (really)?
Джон: Невероятно, я только вчера видел ее в
1. T h e y are showing " S t a r W a r s " on television t o n i g h t . 2. I c a n ' t библиотеке.
r e m e m b e r his t e l e p h o n e n u m b e r . 3. J o h n Brown h a s b e e n given t h e Мэри: Ее мать з в о н и л а мне вечером.
job. 4. T o m failed his A level e x a m s . 5. T h e y d i d n ' t invite h i m to the Джон: Неужели?
w e d d i n g reception. 6. M a r y wasn't present at t h e lecture. 7. I've b e e n Мэри: О н а д о л ж н а п р о б ы т ь в б о л ь н и ц е н е м е н е е двух
to C h i n a twice. 8. I enjoy walking in t h e rain. 9. My wife d o e s n ' t недель.
k n o w where I a m . 10. She gave b i r t h to t w i n s . 11. T h e y are going to Джон: К а к а я досада!
build an a i r p o r t n e a r here. 12. He forgot to post your letter. 13. R o n
w o n ' t c o m e to t h e party. 14. My h u s b a n d is keen on boxing. 15. H e l e n Т Study and practise.
d o e s n ' t like jazz. 16. Susan will c h a n g e h e r m i n d soon. 17. She isn't 1. Gentleman M a y I see your father, boy?
going to t a k e p a r t in t h e p i c n i c . 18. D i c k hates ballet. 19. H e ' l l p u t
Johnny: I ' m sorry, you c a n ' t , sir. He h a s gone out.
up at t h i s hotel. 20. Victor h a s got m a r r i e d . 21. M i c h a e l c a n ' t afford a
Gentleman. H o w very a n n o y i n g ! I w a n t my umbrella! I lent
new car. 22. I love t h e s o u n d of traffic. 23. J a n e a n d David are going
him mine yesterday. A n d now I c a n ' t have it!
to get m a r r i e d . 24. H e ' l l s o o n be back h o m e . 25. He h a s already left.
Johnny: I ' m afraid you c a n ' t , for my father h a s t a k e n it
26. My friends d o n ' t w a n t to go on holiday with m e .
with h i m .
Gentleman. W h a t a n u i s a n c e ! D o n ' t you see it's r a i n i n g a n d
9. Tell someone:
here I am w i t h o u t an umbrella. W h a t shall I d o ,
1) you've b e e n sacked/robbed/proposed t o ; I'd like to know?
2) you like h a r d work/cold weather/frozen food; Johnny: Just d o what m y father h a s d o n e . C o a n d b o r r o w
3) you prefer rain to s u n s h i n e / w a t e r to w i n e ; one.
4) you t h i n k English is easy/driving a c a r is difficult;
5) you c a n speak C h i n e s e fluently; 2. A: Flight BE to R o m e is delayed. Will passengers please wait in
6) you never d r i n k water; t h e lounge.
7) you keep a lion as a p e t ; B: O h , how a n n o y i n g !
8) you h a t e travelling; A: T h e t i m e of d e p a r t u r e will be a n n o u n c e d as s o o n as pos­
9) you are in love again. sible.
B: W h a t a n u i s a n c e ! I h a d to be in R o m e by five.
He/she will express surprise at your statements.
3. John: D i d you like t h e p a r t y ?
10. Translate into English. Mary: N o t particularly. I was r a t h e r d i s a p p o i n t e d .
John: Why?
a) 1. В и к т о р с о б и р а е т с я э м и г р и р о в а т ь . — П р о с т и т е , но я не Mary: It wasn't exciting e n o u g h . M o s t of t h e people were
м о г у в а м п о в е р и т ь . 2 . Говорят, ч т о Д ж о н п о с т у п и л в у н и в е р с и т е т . boring.
— В е р и т с я с трудом. 3. Р о б е р т с о б и р а е т с я с т а т ь к о с м о н а в т о м . —
Н е у ж е л и ? 4. Я не л ю б л ю театр. — Н е у ж е л и ? 5. Я н и к о г д а не бы­ //. Respond to the remarks. Express annoyance or disappointment.
в а л а в М о с к в е . — В с а м о м деле? 6. Их о г р а б и л и . — Б о ж е м о й ! 7. Я
— I've lost my car keys.
достала только один билет на этот спектакль. — Неужели? Боже
— How very annoying!
мой, это значит, что я на него не попаду! К а к жаль! 8. Завтра
Д ж е й н будет п е т ь по телевизору. — В с а м о м деле? 9. Мы прове­ 1. I've b u r n e d t h e din пег. 2. Peter was late again! 3. W h a t was t h e
д е м о т п у с к в С о ч и . — Ф а н т а с т и к а ! 10. Мы п р о в е д е м т р и м е с я ц а w e a t h e r like? 4. I m u s t be off now. 5. L o o k o u t of t h e window. It's
в Англии. — Замечательно! r a i n i n g again. 6. Flight BE to Warsaw is delayed. 7. You've got p a i n t
86 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

all over your jeans. 8. Sorry, I have no small change. 9. I've missed
the train. 10. T h e r e is no r o o m for you. 11. N o , you c a n ' t wait outside.
12. N o , I can't let you in. 13. W h a t was the j o u r n e y like? 14. Did you en­
joy the meal? 15. I'm afraid t h e class is full. 16. Sorry, t h e lesson is over.
17. T h e football m a t c h was cancelled. 18. I'm sorry we're sold out. Unit 9
12. Translate into English. G R A M M A R : Relative clauses

1. Р о б е р т о т к а з а л с я от н а ш е г о о б щ е с т в а . — Ж а л ь . 2. К а к тебе
п о н р а в и л с я ф и л ь м ? — Я б ы л р а з о ч а р о в а н . 3. Я не сдал э к з а м е н Illustrative Situations
п о ф и з и к е . — К а к а я д о с а д а ! 4 . Том н е с м о ж е т н а м п о м о ч ь п р и
переезде. — Э т о плохо. 5. Н а ш а к о м а н д а п р о и г р а л а . — К а к а я жа­ • Study and practise.
лость! 6. М н е не удалось достать билеты на этот матч. — К а к о е
1. That (or which,), subject, for things:
р а з о ч а р о в а н и е ! 7. М а г а з и н з а к р ы т на р е м о н т . — К а к а я д о с а д а !
8 . К а к тебе п о н р а в и л с я его н о в ы й р о м а н ? — О н м е н я разоча­ T h i s is t h e plane t h a t t o o k me to Switzerland.
р о в а л . 9 . Д ж е й н н е п р и д е т . — О ч е н ь ж а л ь . 10. М ы о п о з д а л и н а T h e s e are two of t h e steamers t h a t take people r o u n d t h e lake.
с е м и ч а с о в о й п о е з д . — Д о с а д н о . 11. Он не п о л у ч и л п р и з . — Ж а л ь .
12. О н и п р и д у т с о в с е м и д е т ь м и . — К а к д о с а д н о . 2. That (or which,), subject, for animals:

T h i s is t h e dog t h a t bit h i m .
13. Act out the following situations.
T h i s is t h e kitten t h a t was found yesterday.
1. G o i n g to your English classes you m e e t a friend of yours. Have a
chat with h i m / h e r . Ask h i m / h e r how he/she is feeling, m a k e enquiries 3. Who (or t h a U subject, for persons:
about your close friends. T h e day is fine, b u t you c a n ' t stay b e c a u s e T h a t ' s t h e m a n w h o loves J a n e .
you have your classes at 10.
A m a n who drives a car when he is tired may be a dangerous driver.
2. You see your n e i g h b o u r waiting at t h e b u s stop. You greet h i m / Accidents s o m e t i m e s h a p p e n t o people w h o are usually careful.
her, m a k e a c o m m e n t about t h e w e a t h e r a n d ask h i m / h e r a b o u t h i s /
h e r family. 4. That (or which,), object, for things or animals:
3. On your way h o m e you r u n i n t o your s c h o o l m a t e . You haven't
H e r e are s o m e of t h e t h i n g s (that) you may h e a r in a L o n d o n bus.
seen e a c h o t h e r for a long t i m e . You've got a lot of t h i n g s to discuss.
T h e s e are t h e b o o k s (that) I b o r r o w e d from Mr Brown.
4. T h e o t h e r day a friend of yours called on you. He looked
s o m e w h a t u n h a p p y . You w a n t e d to know how he was getting o n . 5. That (or whom), object, for persons:

T h e m a n (that, w h o m ) you saw in my office was Mr G r e e n .


Is she t h e w o m a n (that, w h o m ) we m e t yesterday?

6. That (or which,), prepositional object, for things:

T h i s is t h e hotel (that) I stayed in.


T h i s is t h e hotel in w h i c h I stayed.
T h a t ' s t h e h u t (that) we slept in.

7. That (or whom), prepositional object, for persons:

T h e m a n (that) I lent my d i c t i o n a r y to h a s n ' t b r o u g h t it back.


T h e m a n to w h o m I lent my d i c t i o n a r y h a s n ' t brought it back.
88 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 9 89

W h o was t h e w o m a n (that) you were t a l k i n g to w h e n I saw you Bob: Let me see it, Bill. T h i s is a good p h o t o g r a p h . W h o
yesterday? are these people?
W h o was t h e w o m a n to w h o m you were t a l k i n g w h e n I saw you Bill: T h e y ' r e people I met d u r i n g t h e trip. T h a t ' s t h e ship
yesterday? we travelled o n .
Bob: W h a t a beautiful ship! W h o is this?
8. Whose, possessive, for persons:
Bill: T h a t ' s t h e m a n I told you about. R e m e m b e r ?
T h o s e are t h e people whose h o u s e I stayed at. Bob: Ah yes. T h e o n e w h o offered you a j o b in Australia.
T h a t is t h e m a n whose d a u g h t e r J o h n is going to marry. Bill: T h a t ' s right.
Bob: W h o ' s this?
Illustrative Dialogues Bill: Guess!
Bob: It's not you, is it?
At a Party
Bill: T h a t ' s right. I grew a beard d u r i n g t h e t r i p b u t
Steve: Look, t h a t ' s t h e m a n w h o knows Jeff well. H i s n a m e ' s I shaved it off w h e n I c a m e h o m e .
Carver. Bob: W h y did you shave it off?
Jill: A n d w h o is t h e w o m a n w h o is t a l k i n g to M a r y ? Bill: My wife d i d n ' t like it!
Steve: I t h i n k she's t h e w o m a n w h o works in M a r y ' s office.
Be careful, Jill. D o n ' t sit on t h a t chair. It's t h e o n e
t h a t ' s wet. I spilt beer on it! I ' m going to have s o m e Practice
of t h a t food now.
/. Join the sentences. Use: who, whom or which.
Jill: D o n ' t eat t o o m u c h . T h o s e are all t h i n g s w h i c h will
m a k e you fat. a) S h e is the girl. She met me yesterday.
Steve: But I like food t h a t m a k e s me fat. She is the girl who met me yesterday.

At a Bookshop b) She is the girl. I met her yesterday.


She is the girl whom I met yesterday.
Customer: I b o u g h t two expensive dictionaries here half an h o u r
ago, b u t I forgot to t a k e t h e m with m e . c) This is the book. I bought it yesterday.
Manager: W h o served you, sir? This is the book which I bought yesterday.
Customer: T h e lady w h o is s t a n d i n g b e h i n d t h e counter.
Manager: D i d you serve t h i s g e n t l e m a n half an h o u r ago, Miss 1. T h i s is t h e car. T h e m e c h a n i c repaired it yesterday. 2. H e ' s t h e
Roberts? H e says he's t h e m a n w h o b o u g h t these m a n . I invited h i m to t h e party. 3. T h e s e are t h e t h i n g s . I b o u g h t t h e m
books. yesterday. 4. H e ' s t h e m a n . He c a m e here last week. 5. He is t h e police­
Miss Roberts: I c a n ' t r e m e m b e r , sir. T h e m a n w h o m I served was m a n . He c a u g h t t h e thieves. 6. She is t h e nurse. She looked after m e .
w e a r i n g a hat. 7. I ' m t h e p e r s o n . I wrote to you. 8. T h e y are t h e people. I saw t h e m
Manager: Have you got a hat, sir? yesterday. 9. T h e y are t h e trees. We cut t h e m d o w n yesterday.
Customer: Yes, I have.
Manager: Would you p u t it o n , please? 2. Join the sentences. Use that.
Customer: All right.
a) That's the doctor. He gave me the tablets.
Manager: Is t h i s t h e m a n t h a t you served, Miss Roberts?
That's the doctor that gave me the tablets.
Miss Roberts: Yes, sir. I recognize h i m now.
b) That's the car. It won the race.
Back from Australia That's the car that won the race.
Bill: L o o k , Bob. T h i s is a p h o t o g r a p h I t o o k d u r i n g my
1. T h a t ' s t h e m a n . He stole my car. 2. T h a t ' s t h e football club.
trip to Australia.
It w o n every g a m e last year. 3. T h a t ' s t h e school. It has t h e best repu-
90 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 9 91

t a t i o n . 4. T h a t ' s t h e factory. It makes good c a m e r a s . 5. T h a t ' s t h e Which girl is Judy?


shop. It sells foreign books. 6. T h a t is t h e girl. She told me about you. — S h e is the girl who works in the newsagent's.
7. T h a t ' s t h e teacher. He is going to give t h e lesson. 8. T h a t is t h e word.
1. T h e r e is my car. It is outside t h e garage.
It s o u n d s u n n a t u r a l .
T h e r e is Bob's car. It is outside t h e t h e a t r e .
3. Join the following sentences together. W h i c h car is Bob's car?

a) She is the girl. I met her yesterday. 2. T h e r e is T o m . He is always hungry.


T h e r e is Bob. He does not talk m u c h .
She is the girl I met yesterday.
W h i c h m a n is Bob?
b) This is the book. I bought it yesterday.
3. T h e r e is J o h n ' s house. It has a lot of windows.
This is the book I bought yesterday.
T h e r e is Pat's house. It h a s four floors.
c) This is the ship. I travelled on it. W h i c h h o u s e is J o h n ' s house?
This is the ship I travelled on.
4. T h e r e is o u r hotel. It looks expensive.
1. She is t h e w o m a n . I drove h e r to L o n d o n . 2. T h a t ' s t h e film. T h e r e is t h e H u n t s ' hotel. It h a s seventy-five b e d r o o m s .
I saw it. 3. T h a t ' s t h e m a n . I spoke to h i m . 4. T h e y are t h e thieves. T h e W h i c h hotel is your hotel?
police c a u g h t t h e m . 5. T h e s e are t h e letters. I t r a n s l a t e d t h e m . 6. T h e s e
5. T h e r e is G u y ' s coat. It is on t h e chair.
are t h e people. You asked me about t h e m . 7. T h e s e are t h e shoes. T h e
T h e r e ' s M i k e ' s coat. It seems old.
boy t o o k t h e m off. 8. T h i s is t h e m a n . I served h i m . 9. T h a t ' s t h e
W h i c h c o a t is G u y ' s coat?
h o u s e . H e ' s going to buy it. 10. T h a t is t h e girl. I d a n c e d with her.
11. T h a t ' s t h e book. She's b e e n r e a d i n g it. 12. T h a t is t h e m a n . I love 6. T h e r e is Sue. She is c o m i n g out of t h e shop.
h i m . 13. T h a t ' s t h e p l a n e . I flew in it. 14. T h e r e ' s t h e h o u s e . We used T h e r e is Judy. She is going i n t o t h e shop.
to live in it. 15. T h e r e ' s t h e bridge. We crossed it. 16. T h i s is t h e m a n . W h i c h girl is Judy?
I w a n t to see h i m . 17. T h i s is t h e girl. I w a n t to m a r r y her. 18. T h i s is
7. T h e r e is M u m . She is t a l k i n g to t h e waiter.
t h e word. I d o n ' t k n o w it. 19. T h a t ' s t h e t h i n g . I d o n ' t u n d e r s t a n d it.
T h e r e is A u n t A n n . She is d r i n k i n g a glass of water.
20. T h a t ' s t h e school. I study at it.
Which woman is Aunt Ann?
4. Make progressive substitutions. 8. T h e r e are Simon's football b o o t s . T h e y are u n d e r t h e table.
That's the man that makes chocolate. T h e r e are Peter's football b o o t s . T h e y are o n t h e chair.
who = That's the man who makes chocolate. W h i c h football b o o t s are Peter's?
1) sells c h o c o l a t e 9) repairs radios
6. Put a relative pronoun: who, whom, which or that into the follow­
2) t h e s h o p t h a t 10) t h e s h o p t h a t
ing sentences (if necessary).
3) buys old b o o k s 11) t h e m a n t h a t
4) t h e s t u d e n t t h a t 12) w h o 1. T h e only g a m e s ... I play are football a n d t e n n i s . 2. We d o n ' t
5) w h o 13) gives m o n e y away k n o w t h e m a n ... lives here. 3. He is t h e only s t u d e n t ... u n d e r s t a n d s
6) t h e t e a c h e r w h o 14) t h e organisation t h a t English well. 4. Have you sent t h e b o o k ... I left on this table? 5. T h e
7) has a good r e p u t a t i o n 15) helps old people p o l i c e m a n is looking for t h e m a n ... left his c a r in t h e street. 6. I gave
8) t h e firm t h a t h i m t h e b o o k ... I was reading. 7. T h i s is t h e hotel a t . . . we are staying.
8. Is t h i s t h e m o n e y ... you lost? 9. T h e c a r ... he is driving is n o t his.
5. Answer the questions.
10. T h i s is t h e m a n ... we saw at t h e station yesterday. 11. T h o s e ... have
There is Judy. She works in the newsagent's. finished their work m a y go h o m e . 12. T h i s is t h e horse ... w o n t h e race.
There is Ruth. She works in an office. 13. He is t h e sort of p e r s o n ... everybody a d m i r e s . 14. T h i s is t h e plane
92 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 9 93

... t o o k me to Paris. 15. Mr West put t h e bag ... he was c a r r y i n g on t h e George: Yes, t h a t ' s a t r a i n on t h e railway t h a t goes up t h e
table. 16. T h e table ... he put t h e bag on was n e a r the door. 17. Both Jungfrau.
t h e letters ... c a m e t h i s m o r n i n g are bills. 18. T h a t ' s t h e music ... is Mary: You said you went climbing! D i d you go up the Jungfrau
popular. 19. T h a t is t h e city ... I was b o r n in. 20. T h i s is t h e island ... by train? T h a t isn't climbing.
was bought by a m i l l i o n a i r e . 21. T h i s is t h e hotel ... was built last year. George: T h e railway d o e s n ' t go to t h e t o p ! We c l i m b e d from t h e
22. T h e b o o k ... you lent me is n o t very interesting. 23. T h e flowers ... e n d of t h e railway.
I love best are roses. 24. T h e m a n ... you met yesterday is an actor. Mary: H e r e ' s a p h o t o g r a p h of a steamer.
George: T h a t ' s a lake steamer. It takes passengers r o u n d o n e of
the two lakes at Interlaken. Interlaken is between t h e
Fluency
t w o lakes.
T Study and practise. Mary: T h a t ' s w h a t t h e n a m e Interlaken m e a n s , isn't it? W h o
are these t h r e e m e n ?
George: T h e m a n on t h e left is an Italian w h o h a s c l i m b e d most
Holidays in Switzerland
of the m o u n t a i n s in t h e Swiss Alps. T h e m a n in t h e
George: G o o d evening, M a r y . I ' m glad to see you. C o m e in. m i d d l e is a F r e n c h m a n w h o h a s d o n e a lot of climbing
Mary: Hello, G e o r g e ! I haven't seen you for several weeks. in t h e P y r e n e e s . T h e t h i r d m a n , on t h e right, is a Swiss
You've b e e n away from h o m e , haven't you? guide. H e ' s t h e m a n w h o t o o k u s u p several m o u n t a i n s .
George: I've b e e n in Switzerland. I got back yesterday. You must have a good guide in t h e Alps. It is d a n g e r o u s
Mary: I h o p e you h a d a good holiday. D i d you enjoy your­ t o c l i m b alone.
self? Mary: A n d what's this?
George: Very m u c h . Shall I show you s o m e of my photo­ George: T h a t ' s o n e of t h e m o u n t a i n huts we slept in w h e n we
graphs? were doing a two-day climb.
Mary: O h , d o , please. I like looking at p h o t o g r a p h s . Mary: A n d this? It's a hotel, isn't it?
George: H e r e they are. T h i s is t h e plane t h a t t o o k me to George: Yes, t h a t ' s t h e hotel I stayed in while I was in G e n e v a
Switzerland. for a few days.
Mary: O h , you went by air, did you? Do you like flying? Mary: T h a t ' s a pretty little village.
George: Yes, I like flying. I t h i n k it's m u c h better t h a n going George: Isn't it? It's a place where I stayed for two days after my
by rail a n d steamer. T h e airliners of British E u r o p e a n longest climb. I was very tired.
Airways are very comfortable. They've carried m i l l i o n s Mary: A n d w h o are these people?
of passengers quite safely. A n d of course, flying is m u c h George: T h e y ' r e t h e people at whose house I stayed in t h e vil­
quicker. H e r e ' s a n o t h e r p h o t o g r a p h . lage.
Mary: T h a t ' s you, isn't it? W h o ' s t h e girl at your side? Mary: Well, you certainly h a d a good holiday.
George: T h a t is a girl w h o was with me in t h e plane. We b e c a m e George: Yes, I enjoyed every m i n u t e of it. I h o p e I shall be able
quite friendly a n d spent a lot of t i m e together. to go again next s u m m e r .
Mary: A n d w h o is t h e girl in this p h o t o g r a p h ?
Situation. You've just returned from your holiday. You had a very
George: She is a girl w h o was staying at my hotel in Interlaken.
good time. At the moment you are speaking to your friend about your holi­
I b e c a m e quite friendly with her, t o o .
day and showing him/her your photographs.
Mary: Well, here's a n o t h e r girl! T h a t ' s t h r e e ! W h o ' s this girl?
George: She's a girl w h o went up several m o u n t a i n s with m e .
Look!
She was staying at my hotel, t o o . She's very fond of
climbing, so we often went climbing together. 1. N i c k O w e n is a g u i d e for B r i t a n n i a t o u r s . S o m e n e w tour­
Mary: You like t h e girls a n d t h e girls like you. W h a t ' s this? It's ists have j u s t a r r i v e d i n E x m o u t h . H e ' s s h o w i n g t h e m a r o u n d t h e
a t r a i n , isn't it? town.

i
l
94 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 9 95

" I ' m sure you'll enjoy your stay here. T h e r e ' s t h e beach t h a t ' s t h e Miss Dexter: N o , he was with a w o m a n .
safest for s w i m m e r s . T h e o t h e r b e a c h e s a r e n ' t as good. A n d t h a t ' s t h e Lawyer: Now, look a r o u n d t h e c o u r t again... c a n you see
shop t h a t sells picnic lunches. Over there's t h e s h o p t h a t sells souve­ that w o m a n ?
nirs. I'll meet you back here at four o'clock." Miss Dexter: Yes, t h e r e ! She's t h e w o m a n I saw.
Lawyer: I see, Miss Dexter. N o w look at t h e m a n a n d t h e
2. Paul's showing Angela some holiday p h o t o s .
w o m a n again. T h i s is very i m p o r t a n t . Are you ab­
" L o o k ... this is the hotel I stayed in ... a n d here's the r e s t a u r a n t
solutely sure about t h e m ?
I used to go t o . I used to eat t h e r e every day. T h i s is t h e b e a c h we used
Miss Dexter: Absolutely sure. T h e y ' r e t h e people I saw.
to lie o n . It was a marvellous holiday."
Lawyer: Now, Miss Dexter. W h a t was the m a n wearing
3. A n n has just had an accident. She's telling a policeman about it. when he went i n t o t h e b a n k ?
" T h e c a r in front of me s t o p p e d suddenly. I m a n a g e d to stop, but Miss Dexter: I d o n ' t r e m e m b e r everything... but I r e m e m b e r his
t h e van b e h i n d me d i d n ' t . It hit my car a n d p u s h e d it i n t o t h e c a r in hat a n d his bag.
front. T h e r e ' s my car. T h e r e ' s t h e van t h a t hit my car. A n d t h a t ' s t h e Lawyer: L o o k at t h e hat on t h e table. Is t h a t t h e hat?
car my car h i t . " Miss Dexter: Yes, t h a t ' s t h e hat he was wearing.
4. Paul's showing Angela an old school p h o t o . Lawyer: ... a n d t h e bag?
" T h e headmaster's in the middle. He's the one that taught us Latin. Miss Dexter: Yes, t h a t ' s t h e bag he was carrying.
H i s lessons were very boring. T h e fat o n e on t h e left is Mr Bunter. Lawyer: Do you r e m e m b e r a n y t h i n g about t h e w o m a n ?
H e ' s t h e o n e t h a t used to hit us with a c a n e . Mr C h e r r y ' s on t h e right. Miss Dexter: Yes. She was wearing a blonde wig a n d black plat­
H e ' s t h e o n e that t a u g h t us F r e n c h ... a n d football. I was never b o r e d form shoes.
at his lessons." Lawyer: H o w do you k n o w it was a wig, Miss Dexter?
Miss Dexter: Because it fell off w h e n she was r u n n i n g to t h e
5. T h i s is a p i c t u r e of R o n a l d Rigg. He's t h e m a n t h e police ar­
car.
rested yesterday. H e ' s s t a n d i n g next t o P C . M a r t i n . M a r t i n ' s t h e po­
Lawyer: L o o k at t h e wig on t h e table. Is t h a t t h e wig?
liceman that caught h i m .
Miss Dexter: Yes, t h a t ' s t h e wig she was wearing.
Lawyer: A n d t h e shoes... look at t h e shoes.
A Court Case
Miss Dexter: Yes, t h e y ' r e t h e shoes she was wearing.
A few m o n t h s ago t h e r e was a b a n k robbery in Stanford. T h e police Lawyer: T h a n k you, Miss Dexter.
arrested a m a n a n d a w o m a n . T h e y ' r e in c o u r t now. A w o m a n saw the
robbery. She's s t a n d i n g in t h e witness box. T h e j u d g e a n d t h e twelve
m e m b e r s of t h e j u r y are listening to her. A lawyer is asking her s o m e Self Check
questions.
1. Determine the nature of attributes and insert articles if neces­
Lawyer: Now, Miss Dexter. You saw t h e b a n k robbery,
sary.
d i d n ' t you?
Miss Dexter: Yes, I did. 1. ... b o o k s t h a t are on t h e table a r e m i n e . 2. I shall tell you
Lawyer: You saw a m a n , d i d n ' t you? ... i n t e r e s t i n g story. 3. T h a t ' s ... m a n you are l o o k i n g for. 4. I have
Miss Dexter: T h a t ' s right. I saw h i m w h e n he went i n t o t h e b a n k passed ... sleepless n i g h t . 5. S u d d e n l y ... violent s t o r m arose. 6. ...
a n d w h e n h e c a m e out. t o p s of t h e m o u n t a i n s were covered w i t h snow. 7. It was ... s u n s e t of
Lawyer: Now, look a r o u n d t h e court... c a n you see t h a t ... great beauty. 8. A l l a d i n h a d ... wonderful l a m p . 9. I t h i n k he is ...
man? m a n of sense. 10. It was o n e by ... clock on t h e tower. 11. T h a t child
Miss Dexter: Yes. H e ' s t h e m a n I saw. h a s ... slight cold. 12. I often t h i n k of ... h a p p y days of c h i l d h o o d .
Lawyer: H e w a s n ' t a l o n e w h e n h e went i n t o t h e b a n k , 13. I k n o w ... h o u s e t h a t he lives in. 14. I have lost ... w a t c h you
was he? gave m e . 15. B r i n g me ... letters w h i c h t h e p o s t m a n left. 16. D i d you
96 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 9

receive ... letter t h a t I sent yesterday? 17. I h a t e ... c h i l d r e n w h o are у з н а л . 12. О н с а м ы й и н т е р е с н ы й ч е л о в е к , к о т о р о г о и


К ГДа
c r u e l . 18. ... p e n t h a t you gave me is a very g o o d o n e . 19. I r e m e m b e r л и б о п р и х о д и л о с ь в с т р е ч а т ь . 13. Э т о в е щ ь , к о т о р а я м ^ ° "
НС н у ж н а
... day t h a t he c a m e . 2 0 . ... boy t h a t you see t h e r e is my c o u s i n . 2 1 . ... 14. В нашем учреждении есть много людей к о т ^ -
рые
IT п о - а н г л и й г . ™ IS r ™ U T „ l m — JL'— i «~»ирые° хорошо
water from a well is always cold. 2 2 . I have ... wonderful clock w h i c h
г о в о р я т п о - а н г л и й с к и . 15. С т у д е н т , ч ь ю т е т р а д ь я в а м п о к а з а л ,
is o n e h u n d r e d years old. 2 3 . We got i n t o ... t r a m w h i c h was full
у ч и т с я о ч е н ь х о р о ш о . 16. Где п и с ь м о , к о т о р о е я д а л т е б е почи­
of p e o p l e . 2 4 . ... t a s k w h i c h you have to do is easy. 2 5 . H e r e is ... тать? 17. О н п о д н я л с в е р т о к , к о т о р ы й о н а у р о н и л а . 18. В о т день­
book which has pictures. 26. T h e boys gave ... loud s h o u t w h i c h was г и , к о т о р ы е в ы п о т е р я л и . 19. Э т о г о р о д , в к о т о р о м я р о д и л с я .
h e a r d across t h e river. 27. I have found ... b o o k w h i c h I lost. 2 8 . He 20 Это человек, который помог мне. 21. Это новость, которая
says ... small c o m p u t e r s a r e n ' t expensive. 2 9 . She h a s w r i t t e n me ... всех у д и в и л а . 2 2 . К т о т а д е в у ш к а , н а к о т о р у ю т ы с м о т р и ш ь ?
long letter. 3 0 . Take ... cold shower before breakfast. 3 1 . Yesterday 23. Это школа, в которой я училась.
we h a d ... lovely day on t h e river. 3 2 . You m u s t b u y y o u r s e l f . . . new
h a t . 3 3 . G r a n d f a t h e r asked me to ... wonderful m e a l . 3 4 . A few days
later I received ... long answer. 3 5 . It was ... lovely little h o u s e sur­
r o u n d e d by ... p r e t t y g a r d e n . 3 6 . I saw ... m a n of a b o u t fifty in t h e
h o u s e . 37. On t h e table t h e r e was ... big vase full of flowers. 3 8 . H a r r y
offered h i m ... c i g a r e t t e w h i c h he refused. 3 9 . T h e dog a n s w e r s to ...
n a m e o f T i d o . 4 0 . T h e m a n r a n t o ... c a r w h e r e t h e c h i l d r e n were.
4 1 . T h e r e are a lot of flowers in ... w o o d over t h e r e . 4 2 . I have lost ...
key t o m y r o o m . 4 3 . T h e y o w n ... w h i t e c o t t a g e o p p o s i t e t h e c h u r c h .
4 4 . A r e ... E n g l i s h p e o p l e friendly? 4 5 . A r e ... E n g l i s h p e o p l e you
k n o w friendly? 4 6 . Do you like ... s t r o n g black coffee? 47. D i d you
like ... coffee we h a d w i t h o u r m e a l last n i g h t ? 4 8 . I like w o r k i n g
w i t h ... people w h o are lively. 4 9 . I like ... p e o p l e I work w i t h . 5 0 . All
... b o o k s o n t h e t o p shelf belong t o m e . 5 1 . D o you k n o w ... p e o p l e
w h o live next d o o r ? 5 2 . Do you like ... m u s i c t h i s b a n d is playing?
5 3 . We live in ... old h o u s e in ... m i d d l e of t h e village. T h e r e is ...
beautiful g a r d e n b e h i n d t h e h o u s e . ... roof of t h e h o u s e is in very b a d
c o n d i t i o n . 5 4 . He is ... m a n of ... great energy. 5 5 . ... j o u r n e y s to ...
u n k n o w n places r e q u i r e a lot of p r e p a r a t i o n .

2. Translate into English.

1. Э т о д о м , в к о т о р о м я ж и в у . 2. Э т о к о л ь ц о , к о т о р о е он
м н е п о д а р и л . 3 . М а ш и н а , к о т о р а я б ы л а н а й д е н а в ч е р а , при­
н а д л е ж и т е е брату. 4 . Вазу, к о т о р а я з д е с ь с т о я л а , в ч е р а разби­
л и . 5. М у ж ч и н а , с которым она разговаривает, мой н а ч а л ь н и к .
6. Девушка, которая принесла телеграмму, выглядела очень
усталой. 7. Это г о с т и н и ц а , которая была построена в п р о ш л о м
году. 8. Ч е л о в е к , о к о т о р о м вы г о в о р и т е , н а х о д и т с я в с о с е д н е й
к о м н а т е . 9. Вот т о т студент, к о т о р о г о мы в и д е л и в ч е р а в теа­
т р е . 10. К н и г а , к о т о р у ю я ч и т а ю , о ч е н ь и н т е р е с н а я . 11. В ч е р а
я встретил старого школьного приятеля, которого я сразу
4 Английский язык. Часть 2
UNIT 10 99

2. Read the text and analyse its language peculiarities. Do some exer-
cises in the next section to remember them.

Special Difficulties
U n i t 10 Means of transport: by, on, in
TOPIC: Finding the way 1. We use by + n o u n to say how we travel.
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Gratitude. Arresting someone's by car by bus by coach by bicycle by motorbike
attention by train by Underground/Tube by tram by plane
by boat/ship by road by rail by air by sea
I always c o m e to school by bus.
Illustrative Text T h e y travelled to Paris by rail.
But we say: on foot (= walking).
Public Transport
Does he usually go to school on foot?
A taxi, sometimes called a cab, is the most comfortable way to
2. W h e n we use my/a/the etc. before car/bus/train etc. we c a n n o t
travel. You simply hail a taxi in the street or go to a taxi rank where
use by. We use in with cars and on with bicycles, motorbikes and public
there are several taxis waiting, for example, at a station. At the end of
transport e.g. buses, trains.
your j o u r n e y you can see how much the fare is by looking at the meter.
I usually go to work in my car. (Not: ... by my ear.)
You add a tip to this, and that's all. Very simple. But expensive!
T h e y went for a ride on a motorbike. (Not: ... by a motorbike.)
W h a t about taking a bus? If it has two floors, it's called a double-
Did you go to L o n d o n on the train? (Not: ... by the train?)
decker and you can get a good view from the top. If it has only one
floor, it's called a single-decker. Most buses have a two-person crew: Note: It is possible, but less usual, to say in the train, etc.
the driver who drives, of course, and the conductor (or the conductress
/. Complete the sentences using: by, on or in (to).
if it's a woman) w h o takes your money. Keep your ticket because an
inspector might want to check it. You catch a bus by waiting at a bus 1. A n n i e usually goes to school ... her bicycle, but sometimes she
stop. You can see where a bus is going because the destination is writ- goes ... bus. 2. T h e journey takes 10 minutes ... bus and about 25 m i n -
ten on the front. But try to avoid the rush hour. utes ... foot. 3. Robert didn't c o m e to work ... his car yesterday m o r n i n g .
Quicker t h a n the bus is the u n d e r g r o u n d (called the tube in L o n d o n , His car had broken down and he had to c o m e ... taxi. 4. Did you travel
the subway in N e w York a n d the metro in Paris and m a n y other cities). right across L o n d o n ... the Underground? 5. We've decided to travel to
N e w York ... sea rather t h a n go ... air. 6. Did you c o m e here ... car or ...
You buy your ticket at the ticket office. Go down to the platform on the
foot? 7. Quick! G e t ... the train. It's ready to leave. 8. He g o t . . . the car
escalator or in the lift. T h e train comes. T h e sliding doors open. You
and drove off. 9. I saw Jane this morning. She was ... a bus which passed
get on. You look at the m a p of the u n d e r g r o u n d system. Very simple.
me. 10. T h e easiest way to get a r o u n d London is ... Underground.
For longer distances take a train or a long distance bus, usually
11. I didn't feel like walking so I came home ... a taxi. 12. I like travel-
called a coach which is slower but cheaper. T h e train is very fast. Put ling ... bike. I travelled around Italy ... my cousin's bike. 13. I ' m not
your luggage on the rack a n d sit a n d wait till you arrive. going to R o m e ... my car. I've decided to go ... train instead.

Comprehension On time and in time


1. On time m e a n s "at exactly the right time".
1. Listen to the text "Public Transport" and answer the questions.
T h e buses are very unreliable. T h e y never arrive on time. (= at
What is the most comfortable way to travel? How do you take a taxi? exactly the right time)
W h a t are the buses in England like? W h i c h is the quickest means of In my school, the classes always start on time. (= at exactly the
transport? How do you travel by (the) underground? What is a coach? right time)
100 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 10 101

2. In time m e a n s "early e n o u g h " . b) I live in a house that was built more than a hundred years ago.
I live in a house built more than a hundred years ago.
He discovered the fire in t i m e to stop it spreading. (= early e n o u g h
to stop it) 1. W h a t is t h e n a m e of t h e t e a c h e r w h o is e x a m i n i n g G r o u p 3?
I h o p e my leg gets better in t i m e for t h e football m a t c h on Saturday. 2. I always read b o o k s w h i c h d e s c r i b e t h e lives of great p e o p l e with
(= early e n o u g h for t h e m a t c h ) i n t e r e s t . 3. In t h i s s h o p you c a n buy t h i n g s w h i c h a r e m a d e in dif­
ferent p a r t s of t h e c o u n t r y . 4. You m u s t l e a r n all t h e w o r d s w h i c h
2. Complete the sentences using on time or in time.
a r e given on page 127. 5. T h e vase w h i c h s t a n d s on t h e table is
1. T h e b u s service is terrible; t h e buses are never ... . 2. I h o p e my m y d a u g h t e r ' s p r e s e n t . 6 . T h e q u e s t i o n w h i c h was d i s c u s s e d a t t h e
c a r will be repaired ... for t h e weekend. 3. She's very p u n c t u a l . She al­ m e e t i n g was very i m p o r t a n t . 7. T h e c h i l d r e n w h o are p l a y i n g in t h e
ways arrives ... . 4. She d i d n ' t arrive ... to say goodbye to h i m . 5. I d o n ' t g a r d e n a r e very noisy. 8. T h e r e was a lot of work w h i c h was w a i t i n g
t h i n k I'll be h o m e ... to see t h e film on TV t h i s evening. 6. I d i d n ' t for u s .
arrive ... to see her before she left.

3. Use the information given to complete the sentences. Text Exercises


If I leave my house at 9 o'clock and drive to London, I arrive at
6. Ask questions about the means of public transport in England.
about 12 o'clock.
So it's about three hours' drive to London from my house. 7. Speak about the public transport in England.
1. I ' m going on holiday on the 12th. I have to be back at work on
8. Speak about the public transport in your city.
t h e 26th.
So I've got ... holiday.
Gratitude. Arresting someone's attention
2. I went to sleep at 3 o'clock t h i s m o r n i n g a n d woke up an h o u r
later at 4 o'clock. a) How to arrest someone's attention:
So I only h a d ... sleep.
Excuse me (please) ...
3. If I leave my h o u s e at 8.50 a n d walk to work, I get to work at 9 Pardon me ...
o'clock. Sorry to ... (interrupt, interfere, bother), but ...
So it's only ... walk from my house to work. Look here!
Just a minute!
4. Use avoid + gerund.

An old man is talking to his doctor.


b) How to reply:
A: I travelled overnight and felt awful afterwards.
B: Then try to avoid travelling overnight. Yes?
Well?
/ ... and felt awful afterwards. What is it?
1. got very angry; 2. d r a n k t o o m u c h ; 3. went to bed t o o late; What can I do for you?
4. r u s h e d about; 5. stood for a long t i m e ; 6. m a d e a long s p e e c h (Use
speeches); 7. read in a bad light; 8. c a r r i e d a heavy suitcase (Use suit­ c) How to thank someone:
cases); 9. played cards all n i g h t ; 10. t o o k sleeping pills; 11. travelled by Thank you (very much)/so much.
jet; 12. worked all weekend 13. quarrelled with my n e i g h b o u r s Thanks.
Thank you very much indeed.
5. Rephrase the sentences using Participle I or Participle II. That's nice (kind) of you.
Thank you anyway.
a) The woman who is looking out of the window is my aunt.
I'm very grateful to you.
The woman looking out of the window is my aunt.
102 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 10 103

d) How to reply to gratitude: Go along t h i s street as far as t h e traffic lights, t h e n t a k e t h e street


on your right.
(Oh) that's OK/all right.
Go straight along t h i s road as far as t h e c h e m i s t ' s , t h e n take t h e
Not at all.
You're welcome. first t u r n i n g on your right.
Don't mention it.
It's a pleasure. Take a n u m b e r 24 bus a n d go as far as t h e s u p e r m a r k e t . T h e n
c h a n g e for a 131 bus.
Take t h i s b u s a n d go t h r e e stops. T h e n take a trolleybus.
Conversation Practice C a t c h a 22 bus a n d go as far as Fifth Avenue. T h e r e you'll have to
c h a n g e for t h e subway.
1. Learn the following phrases.
H o w do I get there? H o w do I get to N e w York from here?
W h e r e is it? It's on t h e m a i n street.
At what stop do I get off? W h e r e do I get off?
Here. It's on Fifth Avenue.
At what station do I get off? Do I get off here?
There. W h i c h way?
To t h e right. T h i s way? Do I get off at t h e next stop? Do I c h a n g e buses here?
To t h e left. T h a t way? W h a t b u s do I take to get there? Do I take t h e U n d e r g r o u n d to
O n t h e corner. get there?
W h e r e is t h e place you are t a l k i n g about? Will t h i s b u s take m e t o t h e G r a n d Hotel? D o e s t h i s bus g o t o t h e
It's here. It's a little farther. bank?
It's right here. It's near. Will you please let me k n o w w h e n we get to Regent Street?
It's t h e r e . It's n o t very far. W h i c h is t h e right way to L o n d o n Bridge?
It's farther. It's far from here. W h i c h is t h e shortest way to t h e railway station?
W h i c h is t h e quickest way to Oxford Street?
— Is it far? — N o , it's a five m i n u t e s ' walk from here.
— Is it far from here? — It's an h o u r ' s ride away. Am I right for t h e centre? Am I right for D a r w i n Street?
— Is it n e a r here? — N o , it's quite a long way from here. Am I right for Hyde Park? Am I on t h e right bus?
— H o w far is it? — It's t e n m i l e s from here. Is t h i s t h e right bus to t h e C e n t r a l Park?
— H o w far is it from here to there? — It's twenty miles from Is t h e r e a b u s from here to t h e Bristol Hotel?
here. Is t h e r e an u n d e r g r o u n d station n o t far from here?

H o w far are we from N e w York? H o w m a n y miles is it from here C o u l d you give me some i n f o r m a t i o n ? — Gladly.
t o N e w York? C a n you tell me t h e way to Liverpool Station?
— W h e r e is t h e b u s stop? — It's just r o u n d t h e corner. C o u l d you please show m e t h e way t o t h e centre?
— W h e r e is t h e p o s t office? — It's on t h e o t h e r side of t h e street. C a n you tell me how to get to t h e Bristol Hotel?
— W h e r e is t h e police station? — It's at t h e e n d of t h e street. C a n you d i r e c t m e t o t h e British M u s e u m ?
— W h e r e is t h e hospital? — T h e hospital is two blocks from here C a n you tell me where K i n g Street is, please?
j u s t before you c o m e to t h e highway.
C a n you tell me how I c a n get to t h i s place?
— W h e r e is t h e chemist's? — It's t h e t h i r d block to t h e right.
C a n you tell me how I c a n get to t h i s address?
T u r n right. T u r n t o t h e right. Follow t h i s road.
H o w c a n I get to Broadway?
T u r n left. T u r n to t h e left. Take route seven.
I ' m t r y i n g to find my way to C o l u m b i a University.
G o t h i s way. G o straight a h e a d . G o t o t h e c o r n e r a n d t u r n left. I want to get to t h e British M u s e u m .
G o straight t h r e e blocks a n d t h e n t u r n t o t h e right. I ' m looking for a post office.
G o along t h i s street a s far a s t h e m o n u m e n t a n d t u r n t o t h e left. I d o n ' t k n o w t h i s t o w n a n d I c a n ' t find my way r o u n d .
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 10 105
104

I ' m afraid I've lost my way. = I ' m afraid I ' m lost. 7. — Is this the right bus for t h e Town Hall?
You see I ' m a stranger here. — N o , you should have c a u g h t a 12. J u m p out at t h e bridge a n d
W h a t ' s t h e fare, please? get o n e there.
— C o u l d you tell me w h e n we get there?
Give me two tokens, please.
— It's t h r e e stops after t h i s o n e .
2. Learn the following dialogues. Make similar dialogues.
8. — Excuse m e .
1. — Excuse m e , c a n you tell me where S o u t h Street is, please? — Yes?
— Take t h e s e c o n d t u r n i n g on t h e left a n d t h e n ask again. — C o u l d you tell me t h e way to t h e hospital, please?
— Is it far? — Yes, go along this street a n d t u r n right at t h e traffic lights.
— N o , it's only a b o u t five m i n u t e s ' walk. T h e hospital is on t h e left.
— T h a n k you.
— Many thanks.
— That's OK.
2. — Excuse m e , please. C o u l d you tell me t h e way to t h e sta­
9. — E x c u s e m e .
tion?
-Yes?
— T u r n r o u n d a n d t u r n left at t h e traffic lights.
— C o u l d you tell me how to get to t h e b a n k , please?
— Will it take me long to get there?
— Yes, of course. Go along t h i s r o a d as far as t h e traffic lights.
— N o , it's no d i s t a n c e at all.
T h e n t u r n left i n t o t h e H i g h Street a n d it's on t h e right.
— T h a n k you. — Is it far?
— That's OK. — N o , n o t very far.
3. — Excuse m e , but I ' m trying to find t h e Town H a l l . — T h a n k you very m u c h .
— Take t h e t h i r d on t h e right a n d go straight o n . — You're welcome.
— Should I t a k e a bus? 10. — Excuse m e , miss. Is t h i s where t h e 33 b u s stops?
— N o , you c a n walk it in u n d e r five m i n u t e s . — Well, several buses stop here. T h e 33 stops here, t o o . W h e r e
— T h a n k you very m u c h i n d e e d . do you want to go?
— T h a t ' s quite all right. — I w a n t to get to La G u a r d i a A i r p o r t .
— T h e 33 will take you t h e r e .
4. — Excuse m e , please. C o u l d you tell me how to get to t h e t o w n
— T h a n k you.
centre?
— N o t at all.
— First right, second left. You c a n ' t miss it.
— Is it t o o far to walk? 11. — Excuse me... I w a n t to get to t h e P a l l a d i u m T h e a t r e . Do
— N o , it's only a couple of h u n d r e d yards. I get off at t h e next stop?
— T h a n k s very m u c h . — Well, what's t h a t stop? Oh n o ! You go farther. Two or t h r e e
— It's a pleasure. stops m o r e . Oh ... wait a m o m e n t . You m a y get off here a n d
take a n o t h e r route bus. It'll be probably quicker.
5. — D o e s t h i s b u s go to t h e station? — Yes, it surely is m o r e convenient.
— N o , you'll have to get off at t h e b a n k a n d take a 192.
— C a n you tell me where to get off? T Study and practise the texts. Observe the use of prepositions of
— It's t h e next stop b u t o n e . place and movement.

6. - Am I OK for St M a r y ' s C h u r c h ? 1. T h e office of British Tourist Books is in Regent Street. It is at 22


Regent Street, in a large building called Tourism H o u s e . T h i s is near
— N o , we only go as far as t h e park, b u t you c a n walk from
Piccadilly C i r c u s , but rather far from Oxford C i r c u s . Tourism H o u s e
there.
is on the corner of C a r l t o n Street. T h e r e is a c i n e m a opposite it a n d a
— H o w m u c h further is it?
b a n k next to it.
— It's quite a way yet, b u t I'll tell you in good t i m e .
106 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 10 107

2. Sue is t a l k i n g to T i n a on t h e t e l e p h o n e . Taxi driver: Castle Road? Let me t h i n k now... Yes... Go along this
" S o you a n d Paul c a n c o m e on Tuesday! G o o d ! Now, o u r of­ road as far as Tesco's — t h a t ' s a large s u p e r m a r k e t .
fices are in Tourism H o u s e . We're on t h e second floor. T h e Regency T h e n t u r n left a n d Castle Road is t h e first t u r n i n g on
R e s t a u r a n t is above us. It is at the top of Tourism H o u s e , a n d we are t h e right.
just below it. You'll r e c o g n i z e t h e building easily, t h e r e are s o m e flags Brian: I see. Straight on as far as t h e s u p e r m a r k e t t h e n left...
on top of it." t h e n right.
Taxi driver: Yes, t h a t ' s right.
3. T h e r e is a c h u r c h in N o r t h Street. Next to t h e c h u r c h , on the
Brian: It's not t o o far from here, is it?
corner of East Street, t h e r e is a b o o k shop, just south of it, t h e r e is a
Taxi driver: Oh no, only a few m i n u t e s .
post office. In front of t h e post office there is a tree, a n d behind t h e Brian: O h , good. Well, t h a n k you very m u c h .
post office there is a s w i m m i n g p o o l . Opposite t h e post office t h e r e is Taxi driver: N o t at all.
a coffee bar.
[ T | W h a t i s Brian looking for? C a n t h e w o m a n help h i m ? W h o
A. Describe the location of your house/your office.
helps h i m find t h e way to Castle Road?

B. Describe your neighbourhood/the centre of the city/town.


Conversation 2
4 . T i n a a n d Paul are i n Brighton i n t h e Tourist I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t r e .
An assistant is telling t h e m t h e way from the C e n t r e to t h e D o m e Student: Excuse me, c a n you tell me t h e way to London
C o n c e r t H a l l . " W h e n you leave this building, t u r n right into B a r t o n University, please?
Street. T u r n right again into East Street. Go along East Street as far Londoner: I ' m afraid I c a n ' t . I ' m sorry. Ask t h e p o l i c e m a n over
as N o r t h Street. Cross N o r t h Street, a n d go past t h e Royal Pavilion, there. He will be able to tell you.
c o n t i n u i n g towards Victoria G a r d e n s . T u r n left into C h u r c h Street a n d Student: W h e r e is t h e p o l i c e m a n ? I c a n ' t see h i m .
there's t h e D o m e . " Londoner: Over there, on t h e o t h e r side of t h e road.
Student: O h , yes, I'll go a n d ask h i m . T h a n k you very m u c h .
Give similar instructions to a stranger who doesn't know your town
C o u l d you tell me how to get to L o n d o n University,
and can *t find his/her way round.
please?
T Listen, read and practise. Policeman: L o n d o n University? G o t o Oxford C i r c u s a n d t h e n
t a k e a bus. You c a n ' t get a b u s direct from here.
Conversation 1 Student: H o w do I get to Oxford Circus?
Policeman: Go straight along this street till you get to t h e traffic
Brian: Excuse m e . lights, t u r n right at t h e light, keep straight on a little
Woman: Yes? way, t h e n take the second t u r n i n g on your left a n d
Brian: Sorry to b o t h e r you, b u t could you tell me t h e way to t h a t brings you to Oxford Circus. You c a n ' t miss it.
Castle R o a d , please? Student: A n d what bus must I take w h e n I get there?
Woman: I ' m afraid I've no idea. I ' m a stranger here myself. Policeman: T h e 73.
Brian: O h , I see. Well, t h a n k you anyway. Student: A n d what stop must I go to?
Woman: Sorry, I c o u l d n ' t help. Policeman: G o o d g e Street. Book to G o o d g e Street a n d ask t h e
b u s c o n d u c t o r to tell you when you get t h e r e .
(He walks for a little while. He comes up to a taxi driver.)
Student: O n e m o r e t h i n g , how long will it take me to get to
Brian: Excuse m e . the University?
Taxi driver: Yes? W h a t is it? Policeman: About half an hour, I t h i n k .
Brian: C o u l d you tell me how to get to Castle R o a d , please? Student: 1 must h u r r y t h e n . I m u s t n ' t be late. M a n y t h a n k s .
108 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 10 109

(Later at Oxford Circus) " I ' l l tell you where to get off," answered t h e c o n d u c t o r .
I sat in the front of t h e bus to get a good view of t h e countryside.
Student: D o e s t h e 73 b u s stop here?
After s o m e t i m e t h e b u s s t o p p e d . L o o k i n g r o u n d , I realized with a
Passer-by: N o , you're i n t h e w r o n g q u e u e .
shock t h a t I was t h e only passenger left on t h e bus.
Student: W h e r e does it stop, please?
"You'll have to get off h e r e , " said t h e c o n d u c t o r . " T h i s is as far as
Passer-by: It stops just r o u n d t h e corner.
we go."
Student: T h a n k you.
" I s t h i s Woodford G r e e n ? " I asked.
Passer-by: T h e r e ' s a 73 c o m i n g now. If you h u r r y you'll
" O h dear," said t h e c o n d u c t o r suddenly. "I forgot to put you off."
c a t c h it.
" I t d o e s n ' t m a t t e r , " I said. " I ' l l get off h e r e . "
Student (to bus conductor): D o e s t h i s bus go to G o o d g e Street? " W e are going back now," said t h e c o n d u c t o r .
Bus conductor: G o o d g e Street? Yes, t h a t ' s right.
"Well, in t h a t case, I prefer to stay on t h e b u s , " I answered.
Student: W o u l d you tell me w h e n I get t h e r e , please?
Bus conductor: Yes, I'll tell you. J u m p on now. You're h o l d i n g up [У| W h e r e did t h e writer w a n t to go? D i d he k n o w t h e way or not?
t h e queue. W h a t did t h e c o n d u c t o r p r o m i s e to do? D i d t h e y arrive at t h e
b u s t e r m i n u s o r not? W h a t did t h e writer ask? W h a t did t h e
[У] W h a t is t h e student looking for? W h o helps h i m find L o n d o n c o n d u c t o r realize t h e n ? W h y did t h e writer stay o n t h e bus?
University? W h a t d i r e c t i o n s does t h e p o l i c e m a n give t h e stu­
dent? Linda Is Going to Marble Arch
A. Now work in pairs taking turns to ask for and give directions from L i n d a Blake is a y o u n g j o u r n a l i s t . Yesterday she went to an inter­
point X to the following: view for a j o b with t h e E B C .

1. t h e b a n k ; 2. t h e post office; 3. t h e police station; 4. t h e chem­ T h e interview was at 10 o'clock. T h e c o m p a n y ' s h e a d q u a r t e r s was
near Marble Arch, in the centre of London.
ist's; 5. t h e c i n e m a ; 6. t h e s u p e r m a r k e t ; 7. t h e library; 8. t h e railway
She got on a b u s at 9.15. It was a n u m b e r 79. T h e c o n d u c t o r asked
station; 9. t h e hotel; 10. t h e hospital
for h e r fare. She told h i m she was going to Marble A r c h .
B. Act out the following situations. " W e d o n ' t go to M a r b l e A r c h . T h i s is a 79. You w a n t a 79A," he
said. T h e n he told h e r she could c a t c h a 79A at t h e next stop.
1. You've got a new flat a n d are going to have a h o u s e - w a r m i n g
She got off a n d waited at t h e next stop. She looked at her w a t c h .
party. You've invited some of your friends. At t h e m o m e n t you are tell­
She did not have very m u c h t i m e . A n o t h e r w o m a n was at t h e stop, t o o .
ing your friend how to get to your place.
She told L i n d a t h a t t h e 79A did n o t stop t h e r e but up t h e r o a d .
2. You a r r a n g e d to m e e t your friend at his/her office. At t h e mo­
T h e n she asked L i n d a where she w a n t e d to go.
m e n t he/she is telling you how to get t h e r e .
" M a r b l e A r c h , " L i n d a answered. " Y o u w a n t an 89B t h e n , n o t a
3. It's d i n n e r t i m e . You are hungry. You stop a passer-by a n d ask
79A!" t h e w o m a n said.
h i m / h e r t h e way t o t h e nearest r e s t a u r a n t .
L i n d a got on an 89B. It was now 9.45. M a r b l e A r c h was only a m i l e
away. She asked the c o n d u c t o r how long it t o o k to get there.
Listening " I t takes about half an h o u r t h i s t i m e of t h e day. It's all t h e traffic.

I Forgot to Put You Off If you're in a hurry, you o u g h t to t a k e t h e U n d e r g r o u n d or walk. It's


m u c h faster!" t h e c o n d u c t o r answered.
I love travelling in t h e country, b u t I d o n ' t like losing my way.
I went on an excursion recently, b u t my t r i p t o o k me longer t h a n I ex­ [У| W h e r e did L i n d a want to go? W h y did she w a n t to go there?
pected. W h a t h a p p e n e d o n t h e first bus? W h a t did L i n d a f i n d out
" I ' m going to Woodford G r e e n , " I said to t h e c o n d u c t o r as I got w h e n she got off t h e first bus? D e s c r i b e what h a p p e n e d on t h e
on t h e bus, " b u t I d o n ' t k n o w where it is." second b u s (the 89).
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 10 111
по
street. It's easier to call a taxi c o m p a n y listed in t h e Yellow Pages a n d
On a London Bus
ask t h e m to send a cab to your door. T h e m e t e r will show the a m o u n t
A strange t h i n g h a p p e n e d to H e n r i yesterday. He was on a b u s a n d you have to pay. T h e driver will usually expect a tip of at least 10%.
w a n t e d to get off. So he stood up a n d rang t h e bell. To m a k e sure t h e In N e w York, cabs are everywhere on t h e streets, a n d cabbies expect
driver heard h i m , he rang it twice, but t h e b u s d i d n ' t stop, a n d t h e a tip of 15%.
conductor came and shouted at him.
T h e c o n d u c t o r was s o a n n o y e d a n d spoke s o fast, t h a t H e n r i d i d n ' t Fluency
u n d e r s t a n d a word. T h e bus s t o p p e d at t h e next b u s stop a n d H e n r i got
/. Answer the questions.
off. As he got off he h e a r d s o m e o n e say: "I t h i n k h e ' s a foreigner."
W h e n H e n r i got h o m e , h e told his landlady about t h e incident. A. W h a t is t h e traffic in your city like? W h a t k i n d of city t r a n s p o r t
" H o w m a n y t i m e s did you ring t h e b e l l ? " she asked. " T w i c e , " said do you like? W h a t is t h e most convenient k i n d of city t r a n s p o r t ? At
H e n r i . "Well, t h a t ' s t h e signal for t h e driver to go o n , " his landlady what t i m e d o e s t h e bus service begin in your city? Till what t i m e do
explained. " O n l y t h e c o n d u c t o r is allowed to ring t h e bell twice. T h a t ' s buses r u n ? W h a t do we call t h e h o u r s w h e n t h e city t r a n s p o r t carries
why h e got s o a n n o y e d . " H e n r i n o d d e d . " I see," h e said. t h e greatest n u m b e r of passengers? W h e n are buses usually full? W h a t
do we call t h e m o n e y passengers pay for t h e i r t r i p on buses? W h a t
|У] W h e r e was H e n r i ? W h a t did he w a n t to do? H o w did H e n r i in­ is t h e fare on t h e M o s c o w buses? A r e t h e r e c o n d u c t o r s on buses in
dicate to t h e driver t h a t he w a n t e d to get off? H o w m a n y t i m e s M o s c o w ? Have you ever travelled abroad? W h a t c o u n t r i e s have you
did he ring t h e bell? D i d t h e b u s stop? W h a t did t h e c o n d u c t o r visited? Is t h e public t r a n s p o r t in t h o s e c o u n t r i e s different from t h e
do? W h y c o u l d n ' t H e n r i u n d e r s t a n d t h e c o n d u c t o r ? Was t h e public t r a n s p o r t in this c o u n t r y ?
c o n d u c t o r a n n o y e d ? W h o is allowed to ring t h e bell twice?
B. W h a t street do you live in? W h e r e do you work? Is your office
far from your house? H o w do you get to work? W h a t n u m b e r bus do
Reading you t a k e to get to work? Do you have to c h a n g e on your way to work?
Getting Around W h e r e do you change? H o w long d o e s it take you to get to work? H o w
did you get here? H o w long did it take you? Have you ever b e e n lost in
G e t t i n g a r o u n d a city on public t r a n s p o r t a t i o n in t h e US is gener­
a large city? W h e r e ? W h e n ? Have you ever h a d to give directions to a
ally n o t as easy as it is in m a n y o t h e r c o u n t r i e s , but it is possible. O n l y
stranger in this town/city? Do you always buy a m a p w h e n you go to a
a few cities have subways, but most t o w n s of 50 000 or m o r e have s o m e
new city in t h i s c o u n t r y or abroad? W h y / W h y not?
k i n d of city b u s service.
T h e r e are several ways to pay for b u s t r a n s p o r t a t i o n in t h e city. 2. Speak on:
In s o m e cities, you d r o p your m o n e y i n t o t h e fare box. In o t h e r s , you
a) t h e public t r a n s p o r t in your city/town;
have to buy tickets before you get on the bus. In s o m e you c a n buy a
b) how you get to work;
special pass to be used for t h e day, week or m o n t h . A n d in s o m e you
buy tokens, w h i c h look s o m e t h i n g like c o i n s , a n d you use t h e m to get c) your experience in finding t h e way in this c o u n t r y or abroad.
on t h e b u s a n d e n t e r t h e subway.
3. Compare the public transport in your city/town and the public
Subways in cities are k n o w n by different n a m e s . In B o s t o n , t h e
transport in the country you visited some time ago.
system i s t h e M T A , s o m e t i m e s called " t h e T " . W a s h i n g t o n , D.C., h a s
a new subway they call t h e M e t r o , a n d t h e San F r a n c i s c o Bay Area's 4. Act out the following situations.
system is B A R T — Bay A r e a R a p i d Transit. In N e w York, it's t h e sub­
way, but people often say t h e n a m e of t h e line, e.g., t h e 8th Avenue. 1. An English speaker stops you in t h e street in your h o m e town or
A n d in C h i c a g o , t h e tracks are partly u n d e r g r o u n d a n d partly elevated, city a n d asks you t h e way (in English) to the post office (the railway
a n d people call t h e system " t h e el". station, etc.). W h a t do you say: a) if you are not sure where it is or are

If you c a n ' t get where you w a n t to by bus or subway, you c a n always in t o o m u c h of a h u r r y to give c o m p l i c a t e d directions to a stranger; b) if
take a cab. In m a n y cities it is a l m o s t impossible to stop a cab on t h e you know where it is a n d c a n explain quite easily how to get there.
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь 11 UNIT 10 113
112

2. You are t a l k i n g to an English visitor to t h i s c o u n t r y . He/she asks t h e road ... (12) t h e b a n k . S o m e c h i l d r e n a n d a dog are r u n n i n g ... (13)
you about places t h a t he/she should visit. You m a k e suggestions where the street ... (14) t h e cafe*. A c a r is waiting ... (15) some traffic lights
to go, what to see a n d h o w to get t h e r e . ... (16) t h e s u p e r m a r k e t . S o m e people are crossing t h e road ... (17) t h e
car. T h e r e is a telephone box ... (18) t h e c o r n e r of t h e street ... (19) t h e
Write a conversation in dialogue form between a businessman s u p e r m a r k e t . A y o u n g m a n is walking ... (20) t h e corner.
and an old woman. The man is in a hurry to get to an ap­
pointment, but can't find the street. He asks the old woman, 2. Fill in the gaps with prepositions.
who wants to be as helpful as she can.
— Excuse m e , c a n you tell me t h e way ... (1) Trafalgar Square?
— Certainly. Go ... (2) Regent Street ... (3) Piccadilly C i r c u s a n d
Self Check t h e n go ... (4) t h e H a y m a r k e t . T u r n ... (5) t h e left... (6) t h e b o t t o m a n d
... (7) less t h a n a m i n u t e you'll be ... (8) Trafalgar Square.
Complete the description of the scene in the picture using the words
— T h a n k you very m u c h . H o w far is it ... (9) here?
from the box. Use each word only once.
— If you walk, it'll take you 10 m i n u t e s or a q u a r t e r ... (10) an
behind in front of outside inside up down on hour.
onto off into out of along across at round
— Is there a bus?
towards near past next to opposite between
— T h e r e ' s sure to be, b u t you'd better ask t h e p o l i c e m a n over t h e r e .
H e ' l l give you all t h e i n f o r m a t i o n you want.
— T h a n k you.
— Excuse m e , officer, is there a b u s ... (11) here ... (12) Trafalgar
Square?
— Yes, sir, a n y bus will take you. T h e r e ' s a b u s stop just over t h e r e .
Ask t h e c o n d u c t o r to p u t you d o w n ... (13) Trafalgar Square.
— T h a n k you.
— D o e s this b u s go ... (14) Trafalgar Square?
— Yes, sir. C o m e along. H u r r y u p . No r o o m ... (15) t o p , ... (16)
only. No s t a n d i n g ... (17) t h e platform. Pass ... (18) t h e bus, please.
Sorry, full u p . Sorry, sir, you c a n ' t smoke ... (19), you'll have to wait
until t h e r e ' s r o o m upstairs. Fares, please.
— Trafalgar Square, please, a n d will you tell me w h e n we get
there?
— Trafalgar Square. T h i s is where you get ... (20), sir.
— T h a n k you.

3. Fill in the gaps with prepositions. Add other words if necessary (e.g.
the, a).

In N e w York 1 went a r o u n d ... (1) foot mainly. You c a n visit t h e


T h e r e is a cafd between a s u p e r m a r k e t a n d a post office. A w o m a n Statue of Liberty ... (2) b o a t , a n d ... (3) boat I met a n o t h e r E n g l i s h m a n .
is c o m i n g ... (1) t h e s u p e r m a r k e t . S o m e people are sitting ... (2) t h e We d e c i d e d to go together to S a n F r a n c i s c o ... (4) bus, b e c a u s e it's
cafe". ... (3) t h e post office is a b a n k . A m a n is getting ... (4) a b u s ... c h e a p e r t h a n going ... (5) t r a i n or ... (6) plane. Altogether we spent
(5) t h e b a n k . ... (6) t h e b u s t h e r e is a girl getting ... (7) a motorbike. four days a n d nights ... (7) bus. We w a n t e d to go r o u n d San F r a n c i s c o
An old m a n is going ... (8) s o m e steps ... (9) t h e post office; a y o u n g ... (8) car, a cousin of m i n e lent me his car, but after we'd b e e n ... (9)
w o m a n is c o m i n g ... (10) t h e steps. A n o t h e r w o m a n is w a l k i n g ... (11) c a r for only a few h o u r s , it broke d o w n . By this t i m e it was m i d n i g h t ,
114 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

a n d we started to go back to my cousin's house ... (10) foot, but a lorry


driver stopped a n d t o o k us back ... (11) lorry. I c a m e back to L o n d o n
... (12) air, a n d I c a n tell you I was t o o tired to t a l k to a n y o n e ... (13)
plane! I t h i n k it would be great to do t h e trip from N e w York to San
F r a n c i s c o ... (14) motorbike. T h e r e ' s a b o o k about a m a n w h o t o o k his U n i t 11
small son right across t h e States ... (15) old motorbike.
G R A M M A R : Past Perfect. Past Perfect Continuous.
4. Translate into English.
Future Perfect. Future Perfect Continuous
1. — И з в и н и т е , с э р . З д е с ь о с т а н а в л и в а е т с я автобус № 27?
— Д а . Куда вы х о т и т е проехать? PAST P E R F E C T
— В аэропорт. PAST P E R F E C T C O N T I N U O U S
— 27 довезет в а с туда.
— Спасибо. Illustrative Situations
T Study and practise.
2. — И з в и н и т е , с э р , б о ю с ь , ч т о я з а б л у д и л а с ь . Вы не м о ж е т е
мне помочь? A. 1. I went to a p a r t y last week. T o m went to t h e party, t o o . T o m
— Куда в а м н а д о п р о й т и ? went h o m e at 10.30. So, when I arrived at 11 o'clock, Tom wasn't t h e r e .
— В гостиницу «Минск». He had gone h o m e .
— Э т о в п я т и к в а р т а л а х отсюда. И д и т е п о э т о й у л и ц е д о 2. As I was going to t h e station some days ago it began to rain.
с в е т о ф о р а . В ы в и д и т е его? F o r t u n a t e l y I h a d t a k e n an umbrella a n d put on my r a i n c o a t .
-Да. 3. Yesterday I h a d a spare ticket for a c o n c e r t . I knew t h a t my
— З а т е м п о в е р н и т е н а л е в о у с в е т о ф о р а , п р о й д и т е т р и квар­ c o u s i n had already passed her e x a m s a n d I invited her to t h e c o n c e r t .
тала и вы у в и д и т е г о с т и н и ц у « М и н с к » . 4. T h e o t h e r day I met my s c h o o l m a t e . He said he had spent a
— Спасибо. m o n t h at t h e seaside a n d enjoyed his holidays there.
— Не с т о и т б л а г о д а р н о с т и . 5. R i c h a r d went h o m e a few m i n u t e s early yesterday. A few min­
utes after he h a d left, his boss p h o n e d a n d asked to see h i m urgently.
3. — П р о с т и т е , к а к доехать до Ц е н т р а л ь н о г о У н и в е р м а г а ?
He was very a n g r y w h e n R i c h a r d ' s secretary told h i m he had gone.
— С а д и т е с ь на автобус 84 и п о е з ж а й т е до о с т а н о в к и
R i c h a r d had already gone when his boss p h o n e d .
« Ц е н т р а л ь н ы й Универмаг». У вас уйдет около двадцати
6. Last Saturday we had a party. S o m e guests were late. We sat
м и н у т , ч т о б ы д о е х а т ь туда. П о п р о с и т е к о г о - н и б у д ь ска­
d o w n to d i n n e r only w h e n all t h e guests h a d arrived.
з а т ь в а м , где в ы й т и .
7. I went to t h e movies after I h a d d o n e my test.
— Спасибо.
8. W h e n Mr H a n s o n was leaving t h e office he asked his secretary
— Н е за ч т о .
to type s o m e letters. She h a d t y p e d all t h e letters by t h e t i m e Mr
4. — П р о с т и т е , э т о т автобус и д е т до в о к з а л а ? H a n s o n c a m e back.
— Нет, в а м н у ж е н № 31. Он д о в е з е т вас п р я м о до в о к з а л а . 9. By 7 o'clock I had packed my suitcases a n d was ready to start.
10. Last m o n t h I was in L o n d o n . I had d o n e a lot of sightseeing
5. — К а к и м т р о л л е й б у с о м ты е д е ш ь на работу? before I left L o n d o n .
— Я не е з ж у т р о л л е й б у с о м . В н а ч а л е я еду на автобусе, а за­ 11. W h e n I called on Peter last week, 1 found h i m in b e d . He
тем п е р е с а ж и в а ю с ь н а м е т р о . looked pale, as he h a d b e e n seriously ill for a m o n t h .
12. S o m e weeks ago I had a party. My friend Victor d i d n ' t c o m e
6. — Вы не с к а ж е т е , е с т ь ли н е д а л е к о о т с ю д а п о ч т а ?
to t h e p a r t y as he h a d left for G e n e v a t h e day before.
— В конце улицы.
13. W h e n I met R o b e r t last m o n t h he told me he h a d b o u g h t a c a r
the previous week.
116 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 117

14. Yesterday m o r n i n g I got up a n d looked out of t h e window. T h e 3. Mr J o h n s o n was no longer alive. He (die).
s u n was s h i n i n g but t h e g r o u n d was wet. It h a d been r a i n i n g . 4. I d i d n ' t recognize M r s J o h n s o n . She (change) a lot.
It wasn't r a i n i n g w h e n I looked out of t h e window; t h e sun was 5. Bill no longer h a d his car. He (sell) it.
s h i n i n g . But it h a d b e e n r a i n i n g . T h a t ' s why t h e g r o u n d was wet.
15. W h e n the boys c a m e into t h e house, their clothes were dirty, 2. Complete the sentences, as in the example. Use the verbs in brackets.
their hair was untidy a n d o n e h a d a black eye. T h e y h a d been fighting.
Mr and M r s Davis were in an aeroplane. They were very nervous
16. W h e n I entered J a n e ' s r o o m yesterday I saw t h a t her eyes were
as the plane took off because they (fly) ...
red. I u n d e r s t o o d t h a t she h a d b e e n crying.
17. W h e n I called on my friend t h e o t h e r day he was writing a They were very nervous because they had never flown before.
report. He said he h a d b e e n working at it for a m o n t h . 1. T h e w o m a n was a c o m p l e t e stranger to m e . I (see) ... 2. M a r g a r e t
В. 1. — Fred h a d studied F r e n c h for ten years before he went to was late for work. H e r boss was very surprised. She (be late) ... 3. J a n e t
France. played t e n n i s yesterday — at least she tried to play t e n n i s . She wasn't
— C o u l d he u n d e r s t a n d F r e n c h people w h e n he arrived in very good at it because she (play) ... 4. It was Keith's first driving les­
France? son. He was very nervous a n d d i d n ' t know what to do. He (drive) ...
— Yes, he could, b u t not very well. 5. She found it difficult to c o m p u t e . She (compute) ...

2. — I m e t Bill last Friday. He told me he h a d w r i t t e n a b o o k . 3. Make sentences using the words and word combinations in brackets.
— Wasn't he j o k i n g ?
— Yes, he probably was. I wasn't hungry. (I/just/have/lunch)
I had just had lunch.
3. — I p h o n e d H a r r y yesterday. He said he h a d m a d e a discovery.
— Wasn't he joking? 1. T o m w a s n ' t at h o m e w h e n I arrived, (he/just/go out) 2. We
— Yes, he m i g h t have. arrived at t h e c i n e m a late, (the film/already/begin) 3. T h e y w e r e n ' t
4. — K a t e was very clever as a child. e a t i n g w h e n I went to see t h e m , (they/just/finish/their d i n n e r ) 4. I in­
— Was she really? vited A n n t o d i n n e r last n i g h t but she c o u l d n ' t c o m e , (she/already/
— O h , yes. By t h e t i m e she was t h r e e , she'd learned to d a n c e . a r r a n g e / t o do s m t h . else) 5. I was very pleased to see N o r a after such
— H o w remarkable! a long t i m e . (I/not/see/her/for 5 years) 6. I knew t h e a c t o r well. ( I /
s e e / h i m / i n / m a n y plays) 7. J a n e was busy in t h e kitchen, (she/not/
5. — H o w long have you k n o w n J i m Black?
c o o k / d i n n e r / y e t ) 8. R o b e r t was late for t h e lecture, ( h e / m i s s / t h e 8
— F o r six years. I m e t h i m at my uncle's six years ago.
o'clock t r a i n )
— H o w long h a d he b e e n a t e a c h e r at t h a t time?
— F o r about two years. 4. Join the sentences together. Do it, as in the examples.
6. — I h e a r you h a d a t e l e p h o n e call from E d w a r d yesterday.
a) We came to the stadium. The football match started.
— Yes, I did. He p h o n e d to tell me he h a d got m a r r i e d .
When we came to the stadium the football match had already
— W h a t else did he say?
— He said he was going to F l o r i d a . started.

1. She p h o n e d m e . I packed my luggage. 2. I found h e r carriage.


Practice She got off the t r a i n . 3. I r e t u r n e d h o m e . T h e guests left. 4. We got to
t h e station. O u r t r a i n went out. 5. I c a m e h o m e . My son went to t h e
1. Complete the following sentences using the verbs in brackets.
c i n e m a . 6. I p h o n e d Lucy. She left t h e house.
You went back to your home town after many years and found that
many things were different. b) The inspector examined my suitcases. I went to the train.
1. My friend H e n r y was no longer there. He (go) away. After the inspector had examined my suitcases I went to the
2. T h e local c i n e m a was no longer o p e n . It (close) d o w n . train.
118 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 119

1. Не had d i n n e r . Не went to t h e movies. 2. She wrote t h e letter. b e a c h , she looked very red from t h e s u n . (she/lie in t h e s u n / t o o long)
She went to t h e post office. 3. He finished work. He left t h e office. 3. T h e two boys c a m e i n t o t h e house. T h e y h a d a football a n d they
4. He saw his friend off. T h e n he r e t u r n e d h o m e . 5. She felt well. She were b o t h very tired, (they/play) 4. A n n woke up in t h e m i d d l e of t h e
t o o k some pills. night. She was frightened a n d she d i d n ' t k n o w where she was. (she/
d r e a m ) 5. T h e streets were wet. (it/rain)
c) The rain stopped. We went out.
The rain had stopped before we went out. 7. Make sentences for the following situations.

1. She got off t h e t r a i n . I reached t h e platform. 2. She passed all It was 3 o'clock when Jill went out to look for her son and 6 o'clock
h e r exams. She left for Moscow. 3. I listened to t h e news. I began to do when she found him.
my exercises. 4. She studied English well. She went to L o n d o n . 5. We Jill had been looking for her son for three hours before she found
r e t u r n e d h o m e . It got dark. him.

d) I booked a ticket. I phoned Bill. 1. Roger M o r g a n got his first j o b in t h e film industry w h e n he was
As soon as I had booked a ticket I phoned Bill. 20. He m a d e his first film w h e n he was 25. 2. Roy s t a r t e d studying
for his d o c t o r a t e w h e n he was 25. He got it w h e n he was 30. 3. M a r y
1. He reserved a r o o m at t h e hotel. He went to t h e post office.
s t a r t e d in t h e s h o p w h e n she was 19. W h e n she was 29, she b e c a m e
2. He paid t h e bill. He left the hotel. 3. She finished work. She went
t h e m a n a g e r e s s . 4. Miss R o a c h began her driving lessons in J a n u a r y
out for a walk. 4. I cooked d i n n e r . I b e g a n to lay t h e table. 5. I did the
2006. She d i d n ' t pass her test u n t i l J a n u a r y 2007. 5. She s t a r t e d t h e
test. I left t h e I n s t i t u t e .
c o m p o s i t i o n at 8 in t h e evening. She gave it up at m i d n i g h t a n d went
e) Mr Jones came home. H i s son repaired the TV set. to bed. 6. Roger went to t h e b u s stop at 7. It was 7.30 w h e n t h e b u s
By the time Mr Jones came home his son had repaired the c a m e . 7. You ordered t h e meal at 2, a n d t h e waiter b r o u g h t it at 3. 8.
TV set. T h e y went for a walk in t h e p a r k at 11. It was 12 w h e n it b e g a n to r a i n .
9. Peter a n d I a r r a n g e d to m e e t at 6 but he c a m e only at 6.30. 10. T h e
1. T h e boss r e t u r n e d . T h e secretary xeroxed t h e d o c u m e n t s . 2. I got p r o g r a m m e was interesting. I s t a r t e d to w a t c h TV at 9 w h e n t h e tele­
to t h e station at six. My friend b o o k e d t h e tickets. 3. He c a m e h o m e . p h o n e rang at 10.
H i s wife m a d e supper. 4. She p h o n e d m e . I packed my suitcases. 5. We
reached t h e station. T h e t r a i n left. 8. Fill in with Past Perfect Continuous or Past Continuous.

1. T o m was l e a n i n g against t h e wall, out of b r e a t h . He ( r u n ) .


5. Complete the following.
2. I tried to c a t c h Tom b u t I c o u l d n ' t . He (run/very fast). 3. J i m was
By five o'clock yesterday ... o n his h a n d s a n d k n e e s o n t h e floor. H e (look/for his cigarette lighter).
By five o'clock yesterday I had translated the article. 4. We (walk) along t h e road for about 20 m i n u t e s when a c a r stopped
a n d t h e driver offered us a lift. 5. W h e n I arrived everyone was sitting
1. By t h e e n d of t h e m o n t h ... . 2. ... by 2003. 3. ... by 6 o'clock.
r o u n d t h e table with t h e i r m o u t h s full. T h e y (eat). 6. W h e n I arrived,
4. By the b e g i n n i n g of t h e year ... . 5. By 8 o'clock ... . 6. By J a n u a r y
A n n (wait) for m e . She was r a t h e r a n n o y e d with me because she (wait)
... . 7. ... by t h e e n d of t h e lesson.
for a long t i m e .
6. Complete the situations.
9. Fill in with Past Simple or Past Perfect.
Tom was watching television. He was feeling very tired, (he/study/
1. T h e house was very quiet w h e n I got h o m e . Everybody (go) to
hard/all day) bed. 2. I felt very tired w h e n I got h o m e , so I (go) straight to bed.
He had been studying hard all day. 3. I h a d b e e n looking for my textbook for an h o u r w h e n at last I (find)
1. W h e n I entered t h e r o o m , it was empty. But t h e r e was a smell it in t h e laboratory. 4. M a r y looked happy. She said she (find) h e r ring.
of cigarettes. S o m e b o d y (smoke). 2. W h e n M a r y c a m e back from t h e 5. Julia (not, finish) work w h e n J i m got to the office. 6. I (finish) my
120 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 121

h o m e w o r k at 6 a n d went o u t for a walk. 7. J a n e (wash) t h e dishes, dried work at 6.30, t i r e d a n d hungry. He was l o o k i n g forward to a g o o d
t h e m a n d p u t t h e m i n t o t h e c u p b o a r d . 8 . Tom called m e t h i s a f t e r n o o n meal a t h o m e , b u t w h e n h e arrived h o m e , Jill h a d gone o u t . T h e r e was
a n d invited me to go out for a walk, but I c o u l d n ' t as I (not, wash) t h e a n o t e for h i m o n t h e k i t c h e n table: " G o n e out. C h e e s e sandwiches
w i n d o w s yet. in t h e fridge."

Fluency The Most Important Thing

T Study and practise. Roger t h o u g h t he was all p r e p a r e d for his d i n n e r p a r t y last night.
He h a d sent invitations to his boss a n d all t h e people at t h e office.
An Amusing Experience H e h a d looked t h r o u g h several c o o k b o o k s a n d h a d found some very
interesting recipes. He h a d even gone all t h e way d o w n t o w n to buy im­
I h a d an a m u s i n g e x p e r i e n c e last year. After I h a d left a s m a l l
p o r t e d fruit, vegetables, a n d cheese w h i c h he n e e d e d for his d i n n e r .
village i n t h e s o u t h o f F r a n c e , I drove o n t o t h e n e x t t o w n . O n t h e
However, as s o o n as Roger's doorbell r a n g a n d his guests arrived,
way a y o u n g m a n waved to m e . I s t o p p e d a n d he asked me for a
he realized t h a t he h a d forgotten to p u t t h e food in t h e oven.
lift. A s s o o n a s h e h a d got i n t o t h e car, I said g o o d m o r n i n g t o h i m
Roger felt very foolish. He c o u l d n ' t believe what he h a d d o n e . He
in F r e n c h a n d he replied in t h e s a m e l a n g u a g e . A p a r t from a few
t h o u g h t he was all p r e p a r e d for his d i n n e r party, but he h a d forgotten
w o r d s I d o n o t k n o w a n y F r e n c h a t all. N e i t h e r o f u s spoke d u r i n g
to do the most important thing.
t h e j o u r n e y . I h a d nearly r e a c h e d t h e t o w n w h e n t h e y o u n g m a n
said very slowly, " D o you s p e a k E n g l i s h ? " As I s o o n l e a r n t he was
Days Gone By
English himself.
M i c h a e l t o o k a very special t r i p last m o n t h . He went back to
He Often Does This F u l l e r t o n , his h o m e t o w n . Michael's visit to F u l l e r t o n was very special
t o h i m . H e was b o r n t h e r e . H e grew u p t h e r e . But h e h a d n ' t b e e n back
After I h a d h a d l u n c h at a village i n n , I looked for my bag. I h a d
t h e r e since he finished h i g h school.
left it on a c h a i r beside t h e d o o r a n d now it wasn't t h e r e . As I was
H e went t o places h e h a d n ' t gone t o i n ( = for) years. H e walked
looking for it, t h e i n n - k e e p e r c a m e in. " D i d you have a good m e a l ? "
t h r o u g h t h e p a r k i n t h e center o f t o w n a n d r e m e m b e r e d t h e days h e
he asked. "Yes, t h a n k you," I answered, " b u t I c a n ' t pay t h e bill.
h a d walked t h r o u g h t h a t s a m e p a r k with his first girlfriend. H e p a s s e d
I haven't got my bag." T h e i n n - k e e p e r smiled a n d i m m e d i a t e l y went
by t h e e m p t y field where he a n d his friends h a d played baseball every
out. In a few m i n u t e s he r e t u r n e d with my bag a n d gave it back to m e .
day, after school. A n d he stood for a while in front of t h e movie the­
" I ' m very sorry," h e said. " M y dog h a d t a k e n i t i n t o t h e g a r d e n . H e
ater a n d t h o u g h t a b o u t all t h e Saturday a f t e r n o o n s h e h a d spent t h e r e
often d o e s t h i s . "
sitting in t h e balcony, w a t c h i n g his favorite movie heroes, a n d eating
A Busy Day popcorn.
H e did t h i n g s h e h a d n ' t d o n e i n a long t i m e . H e h a d some home­
Steve was very busy at t h e office today. At 10.15 he h a d a l r e a d y m a d e ice c r e a m a t t h e ice c r e a m shop. H e r o d e o n t h e m e r r y - g o - r o u n d
m a d e eleven p h o n e calls. By 11.15 he h a d w r i t t e n t h r e e s e p a r a t e re­ in t h e park. A n d he went fishing at t h e lake on t h e outskirts of t o w n .
p o r t s on an a c c i d e n t , a h o l d - u p , a n d a b o m b scare. At 12 o'clock he F o r a little while, he felt like a kid again. He h a d n ' t h a d h o m e - m a d e
arrived at H e a t h r o w A i r p o r t — t h e week before, he h a d a r r a n g e d an ice c r e a m , r i d d e n on a m e r r y - g o - r o u n d , or gone fishing since he was
interview with a British Airways representative. U n f o r t u n a t e l y , t h e
a y o u n g boy.
m a n was late. Steve was hungry, b u t h e c o u l d n ' t g o t o l u n c h u n t i l h e
He also saw people he h a d n ' t seen in years. He visited several of
h a d interviewed t h e representative, so he o n l y h a d a cheese s a n d w i c h .
his old neighbors w h o h a d n ' t ever moved o u t of t h e n e i g h b o r h o o d . He
T h e representative finally arrived at 12.45. He h a d j u s t c o m e from an
said hello to t h e owners of t h e c a n d y store n e a r his house. A n d he even
i m p o r t a n t m e e t i n g . T h e interview lasted till 1.30 a n d at 2.15 Steve
b u m p e d i n t o M r s Hiley, his t e n t h - g r a d e science teacher!
h a d a n o t h e r a p p o i n t m e n t in t o w n . At 3 o'clock he still h a d n ' t h a d
D u r i n g his visit t o his h o m e t o w n , M i c h a e l r e m e m b e r e d places h e
a n y l u n c h , s o h e b o u g h t a n o t h e r cheese sandwich. H e finally finished
h a d n ' t gone t o , t h i n g s h e h a d n ' t d o n e , a n d p e o p l e h e h a d n ' t seen since
122 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 123

his c h i l d h o o d . M i c h a e l ' s t r i p back t o F u l l e r t o n b r o u g h t back m a n y away. It t o o k me twenty m i n u t e s to find a n o t h e r space. As soon as


m e m o r i e s of days gone by. I h a d parked t h e car, I r u s h e d back to t h e b a n k . I was ten m i n u t e s late
for my interview. I went to t h e m a n a g e r ' s office, k n o c k e d a n d walked
Notes: center а м е р . = c e n t r e
in. T h e m a n a g e r was sitting b e h i n d the desk. He was t h e m a n w h o h a d
t h e a t e r амер. — t h e a t r e
t a k e n my p a r k i n g space!
favorite амер. = favourite
neighbor амер. = n e i g h b o u r
Everything Except the Weather
Readers' Letters My old friend, H a r r i s o n , h a d lived in t h e M e d i t e r r a n e a n for m a n y
years before he r e t u r n e d to England. He h a d often d r e a m e d of retiring
Have you ever h a d an e m b a r r a s s i n g experience? Last week we
i n E n g l a n d a n d h a d p l a n n e d t o settle d o w n i n t h e country. H e h a d n o
asked readers to tell us about e m b a r r a s s i n g experiences. We received
s o o n e r r e t u r n e d t h a n he b o u g h t a fine h o u s e a n d went to live t h e r e .
h u n d r e d s of letters! H e r e is a selection.
A l m o s t i m m e d i a t e l y he began to c o m p l a i n about t h e weather, for even
t h o u g h it was still s u m m e r , it r a i n e d c o n t i n u a l l y a n d it was often bit­
1) A Smart Teacher
terly cold. After so m a n y years of s u n s h i n e , H a r r i s o n got a shock. He
My most embarrassing experience h a p p e n e d w h e n I h a d just left a c t e d as if he h a d never lived in E n g l a n d before. In t h e end, it was
t h e university. I h a d just started t e a c h t i n g in a Liverpool s e c o n d a r y m o r e t h a n h e could bear. H e h a d hardly h a d t i m e t o settle d o w n w h e n
school. O n e m o r n i n g my a l a r m clock d i d n ' t ring. I h a d forgotten to he sold t h e h o u s e a n d left t h e country. T h e d r e a m he h a d had for so
w i n d it u p . I woke up at half past eight a n d school b e g a n at n i n e . m a n y years e n d e d there. H a r r i s o n h a d t h o u g h t of everything except
I quickly washed, shaved, dressed, j u m p e d i n t o my c a r a n d drove to t h e weather.
school. W h e n I arrived t h e s t u d e n t s h a d already gone i n t o class. After
two or t h r e e m i n u t e s t h e s t u d e n t s b e g a n laughing, a n d I c o u l d n ' t un­ Herbert's Homecoming
d e r s t a n d why. S u d d e n l y I looked d o w n a n d u n d e r s t o o d . I h a d p u t on
H e r b e r t M a r s h a l l was a student at C a m b r i d g e , b u t his h o m e t o w n
o n e black shoe a n d o n e b r o w n shoe!
was St Albans. It was August a n d t h e family h a d gone to t h e seaside.
H e r b e r t went to F r a n c e for his holiday, b u t he r a n out of money, a n d
2) Hand in Hand
c a m e h o m e a week earlier t h a n he h a d expected to.
T h e m o s t e m b a r r a s s i n g experience I've ever h a d h a p p e n e d two H i s t r a i n d i d n ' t get i n t o St A l b a n s u n t i l just before m i d n i g h t . T h e
years ago. My wife a n d I h a d driven i n t o t o w n to do s o m e shopping. last b u s h a d gone, so he had to walk h o m e . He let himself i n t o t h e
T h e streets were very busy a n d we were holding h a n d s . S u d d e n l y my kitchen, a n d as he was feeling h o t a n d sticky, he t o o k off his shirt to
wife saw a dress t h a t she liked in a s h o p window, a n d stopped. I s t a r t e d have a wash.
l o o k i n g at s o m e radios in t h e next window. After a m i n u t e or two S u d d e n l y h e h e a r d heavy footsteps r u n n i n g u p t h e p a t h . T h e back
I r e a c h e d for my wife's h a n d . T h e r e was a loud s c r e a m , a n d a w o m a n d o o r burst o p e n , a n d he found himself s u r r o u n d e d by p o l i c e m e n . T h e y
slapped my face. I h a d n ' t t a k e n my wife's h a n d , I'd t a k e n t h e h a n d of p u s h e d h i m i n t o t h e living r o o m next door, m a d e h i m sit d o w n , a n d
a c o m p l e t e stranger! began asking h i m questions.
" W h a t ' s your n a m e ? "
3) A Parking Problem " W h e r e d o you live?"
My h u s b a n d a n d I h a d decided to buy a new house, a n d I'd m a d e " W h a t ' s in that case?"
a n a p p o i n t m e n t t o see o u r b a n k m a n a g e r . I'd never m e t h i m before " W h a t are you doing h e r e ? "
a n d I was a bit nervous. I drove i n t o town a n d I was lucky e n o u g h to "I live h e r e , " said Herbert. " I ' v e b e e n on holiday." But n o b o d y lis­
find a p a r k i n g place outside t h e b a n k . I'd just started reversing i n t o t e n e d t o h i m . T h e y just went o n asking questions. T h e n s u d d e n l y o n e
t h e space w h e n a n o t h e r c a r drove i n t o it. I was furious! I o p e n e d my of t h e p o l i c e m e n said: " W a t c h h i m F r a n k — we'll go a n d search t h e
w i n d o w a n d s h o u t e d a t t h e o t h e r driver. H e ignored m e a n d walked h o u s e . " T h e y left o n e tall, very y o u n g p o l i c e m a n to g u a r d h i m .
124 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 125

" C a n I put my shirt o n ? " asked H e r b e r t . Ann: Is it all right if I c o m e at about 8.30?
" N o , " said t h e p o l i c e m a n , "stay where you a r e . " Tom: N o , d o n ' t c o m e t h e n . I'll be w a t c h i n g t h e m a t c h on
T h e n the o t h e r s c a m e back with an older m a n , a sergeant. He television.
asked the same questions, but he listened to H e r b e r t ' s answers. Ann: O h . Well, what about 9.30?
" I live h e r e , " said H e r b e r t , " a n d I w a n t t o put m y s h i r t o n . " Tom: Yes, t h a t ' l l be fine. T h e m a t c h will have finished by
T h e sergeant looked a t h i m thoughtfully. " W e ' l l s o o n settle t h i s , " h e then.
said.
He went out a n d c a m e back with a small, sandy-haired m a n wear­ 2. Bill Rawlings a n d all t h e o t h e r m e n in t h e factory have just h a d
ing a shabby, brown dressing gown. It was H e r b e r t ' s n e x t - d o o r neigh­ t h e i r last tea break. It is 2.30. T h e y are all working again. T h e y ' l l go
bour. He looked at Herbert intently t h r o u g h thick spectacles. on working a n d t h e n , at 4 o'clock, a whistle will blow a n d they will all
" O h yes, Sergeant," he said, " t h a t is Mr M a r s h a l l . " T h e n he disap­ stop. Most of t h e m will r u n out immediately. A few will stay for a few
p e a r e d very quickly. T h e p o l i c e m e n all looked dreadfully d i s a p p o i n t e d . m i n u t e s but t h e last o n e will be out before 4.10.
T h e y were c o n v i n c e d t h a t they h a d caught a burglar. T h e y will all work until 4. T h e last o n e will have left by 4.10.
" D i d h e ring you u p ? " asked Herbert. T h e police sergeant n o d d e d .
3. L a w r e n c e M o r r e l , t h e writer, is t r y i n g to finish a story. He must
" H e saw a light a n d u n d e r s t o o d your family h a d all gone away to t h e
get it in t h i s evening's post. T h e post is collected at 5.30. " I ' l l go on
seaside."
writing until I finish t h i s ! " he says to himself. " I ' l l write u n t i l 5.30, but
W h e n they'd all gone, H e r b e r t m a d e himself a c u p of tea.
I must finish it by t h e n . I h o p e I'll have finished it by t h e n ! "

What's Up?
4. My father works at o n e of t h e city hospitals. By next m o n t h he
Do you like stories? I w a n t to tell you a t r u e story. It h a p p e n e d to will have b e e n working t h e r e for 40 years.
a friend of m i n e a year ago.
5. I'm writing a thesis. By t h e e n d of t h i s year I'll have b e e n writ­
W h i l e my friend, G e o r g e , was r e a d i n g in b e d , two thieves c l i m b e d
ing it for 5 years.
i n t o his k i t c h e n . After they h a d e n t e r e d the h o u s e , they went i n t o t h e
d i n i n g r o o m . It was very dark, so they t u r n e d on a t o r c h . S u d d e n l y
Practice
t h e y h e a r d a voice b e h i n d t h e m . " W h a t ' s up? W h a t ' s u p ? " s o m e o n e
called. T h e thieves d r o p p e d t h e t o r c h a n d r a n away as quickly as 1. Make sentences with Future Perfect.
t h e y c o u l d . G e o r g e h e a r d t h e noise a n d c a m e d o w n s t a i r s quickly.
Tom and Ann are going to the cinema. The film begins at 7.30 and
H e t u r n e d o n t h e light, b u t h e c o u l d n ' t see a n y o n e . T h e thieves h a d
it is already 7.20 and it will take them 20 minutes to get there.
a l r e a d y gone. But G e o r g e ' s p a r r o t , H e n r y , was still t h e r e . " W h a t ' s u p ,
When they get there, the film will have already started.
G e o r g e ? " h e called. " N o t h i n g , H e n r y , " G e o r g e said a n d s m i l e d . " G o
back to sleep." 1. J i m goes to bed at 11 o'clock. Tom is going to visit h i m at 11.30
this evening. W h e n T o m arrives, J i m (go) to bed. 2. Dick is on holiday.
FUTURE PERFECT
He h a s very little m o n e y a n d he is s p e n d i n g t o o m u c h t o o quickly.
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Before t h e e n d of his holiday he (spend) all his money. 3. Mike c a m e
Illustrative Situations to Britain from t h e US nearly t h r e e years ago. N e x t M o n d a y it will be
exactly t h r e e years since he arrived. N e x t M o n d a y he (be) in Britain
T Study the following example situations. exactly t h r e e years. 4. I know J a n e t S m i t h . By t h e e n d of t h e m o n t h
1. T o m is a football fan a n d t h e r e is a football m a t c h on television I (know) her a whole year. 5. T h e t r a i n arrives at 6. Peter t h i n k s it ar­
t h i s evening. T h e m a t c h begins at 7.30 a n d ends at 9.15. A n n w a n t s rives at 6.30. It is 6 o'clock now. Peter is on his way to t h e station to
t o c o m e a n d see Tom t h i s evening a n d w a n t s t o know what t i m e t o m e e t his m o t h e r . By t h e t i m e he reaches the station his m o t h e r (get)
come. off t h e t r a i n .
126 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 127

2. Make one sentence with either by or until for each situation. my wife was i r o n i n g in t h e kitchen, my d a u g h t e r
a) All the men in the factory are working. The whistle blows at 4. Margaret a n d my niece Lilian, w h o is staying with
us for a while, were in t h e sitting r o o m . T h e n
They will work until 4.
my wife left h e r i r o n i n g a n d c a m e i n t o t h e sitting
b) Sometimes the boss goes home at 5.30, but he never goes home
r o o m , a n d this is what I h e a r d .
later than six. He'll have gone home by 6.
Mrs Priestley: Margaret, I want you to go to t h e baker's before
1. Richard is watching a p r o g r a m m e that ends at 9. He wants to six o'clock. 1 have t h i s i r o n i n g to d o , but I shall
go to bed t h e n . 2. T h e latest possible t i m e R i c h a r d can get up is 7.30. have d o n e it in half an h o u r a n d I n e e d t h e loaf
3. T h a t bus never leaves later t h a n 8. 4. Old Mr Howard is reading a very for supper.
good b o o k in the library. It closes in a few m i n u t e s , at 9. 5. Mr Jackson Margaret: C a n I go after six o'clock, M o t h e r ? I want to listen
is staying at a hotel. He will leave on Friday. 6. S o m e students are sitting to the p r o g r a m m e on the radio a n d it w o n ' t have
in t h e language laboratory at t h e Institute. T h e lesson ends at 3 o'clock. finished by six o'clock.
7. T h e professor sometimes comes at 9.15 a n d never later t h a n 9.30. 8. It
Mrs Priestley: I ' m sorry, M a r g a r e t , but t h e baker's s h o p will have
is the middle of the m o r n i n g a n d Lawrence Morrel is writing. He always
closed by t h e t i m e the radio p r o g r a m m e finishes.
has lunch at 12. 9. Lawrence may finish today at 4, certainly, not later
Lilian: I'll go, A u n t Mary. I d o n ' t want to listen to t h e
t h a n 4.30. 10. Lawrence is waiting for some money from his publisher.
radio a n d I shall have written my h o m e w o r k les­
T h e publisher has told h i m t h a t it will arrive not later t h a n Tuesday.
son before six o'clock.
3. Answer the questions using the words and word combinations in Margaret: O h , t h a n k you, Lilian. I s h a n ' t even have b e g u n
brackets. my h o m e w o r k by six o'clock, but I'll begin it as
soon as supper is over.
a) — Have you been waiting for two hours? (midday)
Mrs Priestley: I h o p e you will, M a r g a r e t . We shall have had sup­
— By midday I'll have been waiting for three hours.
per, a n d Susan will have cleared t h e table by half
1. Have you been l e a r n i n g English for t h r e e years? (July) 2. Have past seven, so you c a n do an h o u r ' s work before
they b e e n staying here for five weeks? ( M o n d a y ) 3. Have you b e e n liv­ your b e d t i m e . Will you have d o n e it all by half
ing here for n i n e t e e n years? ( C h r i s t m a s ) 4. H a s he b e e n playing t e n n i s past eight?
for t h r e e hours? (teatime) 5. H a s she b e e n studying in L o n d o n for a Margaret: O h , yes, I shall have finished everything by eight
year? (next J u n e ) 6. H a s he b e e n sleeping for eight hours? (breakfast o'clock. T h a n k you again, Lilian.
t i m e ) 7. Have I b e e n t a l k i n g n o n - s t o p for an hour? (seven o'clock)

b) — Can you tell me what you want to do by Monday? (decide) ***


— N o . I won't have decided by then. Mr Priestley: I have given you t h a t piece of conversation not to
show you M a r g a r e t ' s love of p u t t i n g off work as
1. C a n Sid bring t h e c a r b a c k t o m o r r o w ? (repair) 2. C a n they go to
long as she c a n , but to show you t h e use of t h e
Spain on Tuesday? (finish school) 3. Shall we have breakfast at seven?
F u t u r e Perfect Tense.
(wake up) 4. C a n we leave in t e n m i n u t e s ' time? (eat) 5. Shall I go
to meet t h e plane at two o'clock? (land) 6. C a n you let me k n o w on
Saturday? (make u p o n e ' s m i n d ) Self Check

Fluency 1. Use Future Perfect or Future Perfect Continuous.


T Study and practise. 1. We (finish) this exercise by 8 o'clock. 2. We are late. T h e lesson
(start) by now. 3. By t h e end of M a r c h he (live) here for t h r e e years.
Mr Priestley and the Students
4. Young Billy is growing up. By this t i m e next year he (begin) school.
Mr Priestley: I w a n t to give you a little conversation t h a t I heard 5. T h e y will be tired when they get t h e r e . T h e y (travel) all day. 6. She
in my h o u s e yesterday. It was about five o'clock; (have) lunch by t h e t i m e we arrive. 7. T h e y (build) t h e road by t h e end
128 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 11 129

of t h e year. 8. I (spend) all my m o n e y by tomorrow. 9. We (fly) for Б ы л о о к о л о 12. О н а р а б о т а л а н а д д о к л а д о м в т е ч е н и е 6 ч а с о в .


twelve h o u r s by t h e t i m e t h e plane lands. 10. T h e play (begin) before 5. К к о н ц у и ю н я я с д а л все э к з а м е н ы и б ы л с в о б о д е н . 6. В пят­
we reach t h e t h e a t r e . 11. Before t h e end of t h e year they (complete) the н и ц у е г о н е б ы л о н а р а б о т е . Н а к а н у н е о н уехал в к о м а н д и р о в к у .
project. 12. I (work) for this c o m p a n y n o n - s t o p for t h i r t y years by the 7. К о г д а я п о з в о н и л Н и к у , я у з н а л , ч т о он уже д в е н е д е л и бо­
end of October. леет. 8. Я р а б о т а л на з а в о д е до т о г о , к а к п о с т у п и л в и н с т и т у т .
9 . С о б р а н и е е щ е н е н а ч а л о с ь , когда м ы п р и ш л и . 10. К о г д а я
2. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form. вернулся д о м о й , дети уже с п а л и . Ж е н а сказала, что о н и с п я т
с 9 ч а с о в . 11. В и к т о р с к а з а л , ч т о он з а к а з а л н о м е р в г о с т и н и ­
1. D e b o r a h woke up w i t h a terrible h e a d a c h e b e c a u s e she a n d
ц е « У к р а и н а » . 12. О н ж и л т р и г о д а з а г р а н и ц е й д о т о г о , к а к
A r t h u r (hold) a p a r t y t h e n i g h t before. 2. W h e n P e t e r (go) along
приехал в Москву.
t h e street, he (see) a friend of his w h o m he (not, m e e t ) for a long
t i m e . 3. I (not, fall asleep) yet w h e n I ( h e a r ) t h e s o u n d of t h e bell.
4. I (speak) to t h e w o m a n b e c a u s e I ( t h i n k ) I (meet) h e r s o m e w h e r e
before. 5. W h e n we (get) to t h e s t a t i o n , we (find) t h a t t h e 8 o'clock
t r a i n a l r e a d y (leave) a n d w e h a d t o wait u n t i l t h e next t r a i n c a m e
in. W h i l e I (wait), I (read) a newspaper. 6. As s o o n as t h e y (go),
I (go) straight to b e d . 7. W h e n I (get) back to t h e s h o p , t h e y (sell)
t h e b o o k I w a n t e d . 8. He (be) t i r e d b e c a u s e he (work) in t h e g a r d e n
all day. 9. First she (open) t h e p a r c e l , a n d t h e n she (read) t h e let­
ter. 10. T h e y (sit) t h e r e for m o r e t h a n an h o u r w h e n t h e t a x i finally
(arrive). 11. T h e y (leave) t h e r o o m as s o o n as he (finish) s p e a k i n g .
12. He quickly (forget) all he (learn) at school. 13. W h e n we (come)
to H a r p o l e , t h e S m i t h s a l r e a d y (live) t h e r e for t e n years. 14. He (tell)
me t h a t he (fish) in t h e river every weekend for t h e last t w o years b u t
he never (catch) a n y t h i n g . 15. As s o o n as she (hear) t h e news, she
( p h o n e ) h e r m o t h e r . 16. W h e n h e (look) a r o u n d , h e ( u n d e r s t a n d ) t h a t
he (get off) at t h e w r o n g s t a t i o n . 17. Jack (do) his work by 8 o'clock.
He (go) o u t i n t o t h e street. T h e w e a t h e r (be) fine. It (stop) snowing
a n d t h e m o o n (shine) h i g h in t h e sky. 18. Errol a n d his girlfriend,
Judy, were very excited b e c a u s e J u d y ' s father ( m a n a g e ) to get t h e m
t w o tickets for t h e football C u p F i n a l a t Wembley S t a d i u m . T h e y
(catch) a n early t r a i n t o L o n d o n a n d (spend) t h e m o r n i n g l o o k i n g
r o u n d t h e s h o p s . T h e y (arrive) at W e m b l e y at t w o o'clock a n d (join)
t h e q u e u e t o get i n . I m a g i n e t h e i r h o r r o r a t t h e t u r n s t i l e w h e n t h e y
(realize) t h e y (leave) t h e tickets at h o m e .

3. Translate into English.

1. К о г д а я п р и ш е л к В и к т о р у , е г о не б ы л о д о м а . Он у ш е л
н а в о к з а л в с т р е ч а т ь с в о е г о п р и я т е л я . 2 . Т у р и с т ы ж д а л и авто­
бус о ч е н ь д о л г о , и к о г д а о н п о д о ш е л , б ы л о у ж е о ч е н ь п о з д н о ,
и им у ж е н и к у д а не х о т е л о с ь ехать. 3. К о г д а я р а с с к а з а л е м у
все, то он п о н я л , ч т о случилось. 4. О н а посмотрела на часы.
5 Английский язык. Часть 2
UNIT 12 131

m e e t ? " "... ." 7. " W h a t do you w a n t ? " "... ." 8. " W h o saw you?" "... ."
9. I'll do this j o b alone. I don't need ... to help me. 10. ... has broken
the window. I don't know who. 11. There isn't ... in the box. It's empty.
12. I'm looking for my keys. H a s ... seen them? 13. Would you like ... to
Unit 12 drink? 14. I didn't eat ... because I wasn't hungry. 15. "Would you like
... to e a t ? " " N o , t h a n k you. I'm not hungry." 16. " W h a t are you doing
G R A M M A R : Reflexive, reciprocal, indefinite t o n i g h t ? " "... . W h y ? " 17.1 went out alone. ... saw me. 18. Jack has a bad
pronouns (review) memory. He can't remember ... . 19. Be quiet! D o n ' t say ... . 20. I didn't
know about the meeting. ... told me. 21. " W h a t did you have to e a t ? "
Practice "... . I wasn't hungry." 22. D a n has gone somewhere. ... knows where
he is. He didn't tell ... where he was going. 23. There was ... on the bus.
/. Put in: some, any or no. 24. " H o w much does it cost to visit the m u s e u m ? " "... . It's free." 25.
She was sitting alone. She wasn't with ... . 26. I heard a knock at the
1. She asked if we had ... questions. 2. Will you get me ... sugar?
door, but when I opened it there was ... there. 27. You can have ... you
3. Carol doesn't have ... free time. 4. There is ... gas in the car. 5. You
want for your birthday present. 28. If... wants to leave early, they can.
can take ... sweets you like. 6. Tom and Alice don't have ... children. 7. Is
29. C a n I have ... to eat? 30. You can tell h i m ... you like. 31. If... needs
there ... mail for me this morning? 8. I don't have ... stamps, but A n n
help, they can ask me. 32. T h e film is really great. You can ask ... who
h a s . . . . 9. Do you know ... good hotels in Miami? 10. "Would you like ...
has seen it. 33. Would you like ... to drink? 34. They live ... in the south
tea?" "Yes, please." 11. He is free to choose ... of these books. 12. D o n ' t
of France. 35. D i d you go ... interesting for your vacation? 36. I'm stay-
buy rice. We don't need ... . 13. " L o o k at those birds!" "Birds? Where?
ing here. I'm not going ... . 37. I don't like this town. There is ... to go.
I can't see ... birds." 14. My brother is married, but he has ... children.
38. T h e dictionary isn't here. It must be ... else.
15. They want to take a vacation, but they have ... money. 16. We don't
have ... bread, so I'm going out to buy ... . 17. W h e n we were on vaca- 3. Complete the sentences with: no, none, no one, nobody, nothing,
tion, we visited ... very interesting places. 18. I'm thirsty. C a n I have ... nowhere, any, anyone, anybody, anything, anywhere.
water, please? 19. I went out to buy ... milk, but they didn't have ... in
1. There were ... shops open. 2. I don't want ... to eat. 3. T h e bus
the store. 20. There wasn't ... furniture in the room. It was completely
was completely empty. There wasn't ... on it. 4. " W h e r e did you go for
empty. 21. He's always alone. He has ... friends. 22. C a n I have ... milk
your holiday?" "... . I stayed at h o m e . " 5. I couldn't make an omelette
in my coffee, please? 23. Last night I went to a restaurant with ... friends
because I had ... eggs. 6. I didn't say ... . N o t a word. 7. T h e accident
of mine. 24. "Would you like ... fruit?" " N o , t h a n k you. I've had enough
looked serious but fortunately ... was injured. 8. We took a few p h o -
to eat." 25. T h e m a n asked me for advice, but I couldn't give h i m ... . 26.
tographs but ... of t h e m were very good. 9. I can't find my watch ... .
It's hot in this office. I'm going out for ... fresh air. 27. Sorry, we're late. I've looked all over the house. 10. " W h a t did you have for breakfast?"
We had ... problems with the car. 28. "I haven't got ... money." "Would "... . I d o n ' t usually have ... for breakfast." 11. We cancelled the party
you like me to lend you ... ?" 29. Tell me if you w a n t . . . help. 30. We can because ... of the people we invited could come. 12. ... intelligent per-
get the tickets from ... travel agency. 31. I can come and see you ... day son could do such a stupid thing. 13. There was complete silence in
next week. 32. Could I have ... cake please? 33. If... letters arrive for me, the r o o m . ... said ... . 14. " H o w m a n y cinemas are there in this t o w n ? "
can you send them to this address? 34. ... colour will do. "... . T h e last one closed six m o n t h s ago." 15. T h e four of us wanted
to go to a restaurant but we couldn't because ... of us had ... money.
2. Put in: somebody (or someone), something, anybody (or any-
16. ... of my family are rich. 17. Unfortunately, there were ... tickets left
one), anything, nobody (or no one), nothing, somewhere, anywhere,
for the concert. 18. " W h a t did you d o ? " "... ." 19. " H o w m u c h money
nowhere.
is yours?" "... ." 20. ... c a m e to visit me while I was in hospital. 21. ...
1. She said... but I didn't understand it. 2. " W h a t ' s w r o n g ? " "There's system of government is perfect. 22. She didn't tell ... about her plans.
... in my eye." 3. Do you know ... about politics? 4. I went shopping, 23. I haven't got any money at the m o m e n t . ... at all. 24. My friends
but I didn't buy ... . 5. " W h a t did you say?" "... ." 6. " W h o did you and I would all like to go to the concert, but ... of us has got a ticket.
132 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 12 133

4. Answer the questions with I have ... . ." 5. "Are you going out a l o n e ? " " N o , I'm going with ... ." 6. " H a v e
you ever b e e n to T a i w a n ? " " O h , yes ... ." 7. I live in a very small t o w n .
— Do you have any money? T h e r e is a store, a post office, a n d ... — t h a t ' s all. 8. I'm going out for
— I have some but not much. a walk. 1 n e e d ... fresh ... . 9. T h e r e wasn't m u c h furniture in t h e r o o m
1. Do you have any coffee? 2. Do you have any books? 3. Do you — just a table a n d ... .
have any stamps? 4. Do you have a n y cheese? 5. Do you have any en­ 9. Complete the sentences. Use very little/very few + one of these
velopes? 6. Do you have any flour? 7. Do you have any friends? words:

5. Complete the sentences with a lot of, much, many. coffee hotels rain time people money mistakes

1. I like reading. I have ... books. 2. Have we got ... p o t a t o e s left?


3. H o w ... m o n e y did you spend on holiday? 4. We had a little wine with 1. Her English is very good. She m a k e s ... . 2. I d r i n k ... . I d o n ' t
like it m u c h . 3. In s u m m e r the weather is very dry. T h e r e is ... . 4. It's
o u r meal, but not very ... . 5. I d o n ' t speak F r e n c h very well. I m a k e ...
h a r d to Find a place to stay in this town. T h e r e are ... . 5. We have to
mistakes. 6. We enjoyed o u r visit to t h e m u s e u m . We saw ... interest­
hurry. We have ... . 6. ... went to t h e football m a t c h . 7. I c a n ' t spend
ing things. 7. 1 d i d n ' t enjoy t h e party on Saturday very ... . T h e r e were
m u c h . I've got ... .
t o o ... people there a n d there wasn't ... food or d r i n k , so everybody was
h u n g r y a n d thirsty. 8. She's got ... classical music C D s . 9. We enjoyed 10. Put in: little, a little/few or a few.
o u r vacation. We had ... fun. 10. How ... questions did t h e interviewer 1. T h e r e was... food in the refrigerator. It was nearly empty. 2. " W h e n
ask you? 11. " D i d you take ... p h o t o g r a p h s ? " "I t o o k some but n o t . . . ." did you see K i m ? " "... days ago." 3. He's very lazy. He does ... work.
12. Do you d r i n k ... coffee? 13. Do you know ... people here? 4. They're not rich, but they have ... money — enough to live. 5. Last
night I went to a restaurant with ... friends. 6. T h e TV stations aren't very
6. Use the prompts to make short dialogues.
good. T h e r e are ... good programs. 7.1 c a n ' t decide now — I need ... t i m e
— Do you go to the movies much? to t h i n k about it. 8. Nearly everybody has a job. There is ... unemploy­
— N o , not much. (Yes, a lot.) m e n t in this town. 9. He's not well known. ... people have heard of h i m .

//. Complete the sentences using: all, every, each, everybody, every­
Prompts:
thing, everywhere.
w a t c h T V ; g o s w i m m i n g ; play t e n n i s ; t r a v e l ; s m o k e ; play c a r d s ;
eat 1. I tried ... key in t h e lock, but n o n e of t h e m Fitted. 2. ... enjoyed
the film except Peter. 3. I ' m really tired. ... I w a n t to do is to go to bed.
7. Answer the questions with a little or a few. 4. Listen to m e . I c a n explain ... . 5. H a s S a r a h told you ... about her
holiday in Australia? 6. It was late w h e n S i m o n arrived h o m e a n d ...
— Do you have any time?
was asleep. 7. D i d you r e m e m b e r to switch off... t h e lights? 8. I believe
— A little.
... word he says. 9. Have you packed ... i n t o t h i s suitcase? 10. I l e a r n t . . .
1. Do you have any envelopes? 2. Do you have any sugar? 3. D i d he I know about physics at school. 11. Yesterday it rained ... day. 12. Have
ask any questions? 4. Do you have any gas? 5. D o e s he speak English? you spent ... t h e m o n e y I gave you? 13. Bill watches TV ... evening.
6. Do you know m a n y people? 7. Would you like some soup? 14. I was sick yesterday, so I stayed in bed ... day. 15. ... n e e d s friends.
16. She knows ... about c o m p u t e r s . 17. ... student in t h e class passed
8. Put in a little or a few + one of these words:
the e x a m i n a t i o n . 18. ... I've eaten t o d a y is a sandwich. 19. Why are you
air chairs days friends houses milk Russian times letters always t h i n k i n g of money? M o n e y isn't ... . 20. I d i d n ' t spend m u c h
m o n e y in t h e shops. ... I b o u g h t was a p a i r of gloves. 21. C a n ... write
1. Last evening I wrote ... letters to my family a n d friends. 2. C a n their n a m e s on a piece of paper? 22. I t a l k e d to ... person in the r o o m .
I have ... in my coffee, please? 3. " W h e n did J o h n go away?" "... ... p e r s o n gave a different answer. 23. ... t h e t e a m played well. ... mem­
ago." 4. " D o you speak any foreign languages?" "Yes, Italian a n d ... ber of t h e t e a m received a m e d a l . 24. ... h a s gone wrong. 25. I practise
UNIT 12 135
134 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

13. Make sentences with: both ... and, neither ... nor and either ... or.
t h e violin ... day. 26. T h e y were given $20 ... . 27. Nearly ... h o m e
in t h e c o u n t r y h a s a television. 28. H e r e is s o m e t h i n g for ... of you. a) Tom was late. So was Ann.
29. N o t ... student is capable of l e a r n i n g English. 30. I've p h o n e d h i m Both Tom and Ann were late.
twice but he's b e e n out on ... occasion. 31. T h e r e ' s a good bus service
to t h e c e n t r e . T h e buses r u n ... five m i n u t e s . 32. T o m is very popular. ... b) He didn't write. He didn't telephone.
He neither wrote nor telephoned.
likes h i m . 33. ... was very k i n d to u s . T h e y did ... they c o u l d to help u s .
34. ... h a s got their faults. N o b o d y is perfect. 35. 1 lost my watch. I've 1. T h e hotel wasn't clean. A n d it wasn't comfortable. 2. It was a
looked for it ... . 36. I like t h e people here. ... is very friendly. 37. K e n very boring Film. It was very long, t o o . 3. Is that m a n ' s n a m e Richard?
never uses his car. He goes ... by motorcycle. Or is it Robert? It's o n e of the two. 4. I haven't got the t i m e to go on
holiday. A n d I haven't got the money. 5. We can leave today or we c a n
12. Put in: both, either, neither. Sometimes you need of.
leave t o m o r r o w whichever you prefer. 6. He gave up his j o b because
1. A n n h a s two sisters a n d a brother. ... sisters are m a r r i e d . 2. T h e r e
he n e e d e d a change. Also because the pay was low. 7. G e o r g e doesn't
were two pictures on the wall. I d i d n ' t like ... t h e m . 3. It was a very good
smoke. A n d he doesn't drink. 8. Barry works at the b a n k . M a r k works at
t e n n i s m a t c h . ... players played well. 4. It wasn't a good t e n n i s m a t c h .
the b a n k , t o o . 9. We could eat now. Or we could wait until later. 10. Sue
... player played well. 5. " I s your friend C a n a d i a n or A m e r i c a n ? " "... .
plays the piano. A n d she sings. 11. My father c o u l d n ' t read Arabic. A n d
She's Australian." 6. We went away for two days, but the weather wasn't
he c o u l d n ' t write it. 12. Ken didn't know the address. A n d Kate didn't
very good. It r a i n e d ... days. 7. "I b o u g h t two newspapers. W h i c h o n e know the address. 13. I d i d n ' t see his sister. A n d I d i d n ' t see his brother.
do you w a n t ? " "... . It d o e s n ' t m a t t e r which o n e . " 8. I invited Jack a n d
14. Simon passed t h e exam easily. A n d Sarah passed the exam easily.
L i n d a to my party, but ... t h e m c a m e . 9. " D o you go to work by c a r
15. T h e j o u r n e y wasn't very comfortable. A n d it wasn't very interesting.
or by b u s ? " "... . I always walk." 10. " W h i c h jacket do you prefer, this
16. My new flat is larger t h a n my old flat. A n d it is closer to my office.
o n e o r that o n e ? " " I d o n ' t like ... t h e m . " 11. " D o you work o r are you
a s t u d e n t ? " "... . I have a job, but I study, t o o . " 12. A n n a n d I d i d n ' t 14. Choose the correct version.
k n o w t h e t i m e because ... us h a d a watch. 13. " H a v e your p a r e n t s 1. Not all/all o/birds c a n fly. 2. T h e t e a c h e r interviewed each/each of
got a c a r ? " " N o , ... t h e m c a n drive." 14. T h e y d o n ' t like e a c h o t h e r student in t u r n . 3. I've heard some/some o/those music C D s , but not all/
a n d I m a d e a mistake of inviting t h e m ... to my party. 15. " W h i c h of all of t h e m . 4. I c a n ' t lend you any/any of money because I haven't got
these shirts do you prefer?" "I d o n ' t really like ... t h e m very m u c h . " any/any of. 5. Most/ Most of people like K a t e . 6. Neither/Neither of my
16. " W h a t ' s t h e capital of Switzerland, G e n e v a or Z u r i c h ? " "... t h e m . parents will be at h o m e this evening. 7. Neither/Neither of these jackets
It's B e r n e . " 17. T h e r e are two windows in my r o o m . It was very w a r m , fits me properly. 8. " H o w much/much of coffee have we g o t ? " " N o t a
so I h a d ... t h e m o p e n . 18. After t h e a c c i d e n t . . . cars stopped. ... drivers lot/a lot of?' 9. A few/few of Simon's friends went to t h e c o n c e r t , but
got out a n d started shouting at each other. ... t h e m were very agressive. not many/many of. 10. Are there many/many of m u s e u m s in Brighton?
19. " W h i c h of t h e two films did you prefer: t h e first o n e or t h e s e c o n d 11. We tried several c h e m i s t s ' a n d every/every one of t h e m was closed.
o n e ? " "Actually I d i d n ' t like ... t h e m . " 20. T h e r e are two ways to t h e 12. He spends most/most of 'his t i m e w a t c h i n g TV. 13. My sister h a s read
city c e n t r e . You c a n go along t h e footpath by t h e river or you c a n go nearly every/every one of book in the library. 14. I answered each/each
along t h e m a i n road. You c a n go ... way. 21. ... these pullovers are very of question carefully. 15. Do either/either of these books belong to you?
nice. I d o n ' t k n o w which o n e to buy. 22. ... my p a r e n t s is English. My 16. We haven't p a i n t e d the whole house yet, but we've d o n e about half/
father is Polish a n d my m o t h e r is Italian. 23. " D o you m i n d w h i c h half of it. 17. They've got Five c h i l d r e n a n d each of/each one is quite dif­
s a n d w i c h I t a k e ? " " N o , t a k e ... ." 24. " I s t o d a y t h e I8th or I 9 t h ? " ferent. 18. Every/every one of their C D s h a s been a hit.
"... . It's t h e 2 0 t h . " 25. W h e n t h e b o a t started to sink, we were really
15. Complete the sentences. Use the words in brackets (some, most,
frightened because ... us c o u l d swim. 26. " D i d you go to S c o t l a n d or
etc.). Sometimes you need of (some of, most of, etc.).
Ireland for your holidays?" " W e went to ... . A week in Scotland a n d a
week in I r e l a n d " . 27. " D o you want tea or coffee?" "... . I really d o n ' t 1. ... people like Jack, (most) 2. ... this m o n e y is yours, (some) 3. ...
m i n d . " 28. ... us went to t h e party. 29. ... these roads goes to t h e sta­ people are very rude, (some) 4. ... t h e stores in t h e city center close at
tion. 30. C a n ... your p a r e n t s speak F r e n c h ? 6.00. (most) 5. You c a n c h a n g e m o n e y in ... b a n k s , (most) 6. I d o n ' t
136 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 12 137

like ... t h e pictures in t h e living r o o m , (any) 7. ... c o u n t r i e s have a capi­ to a few people a n d tried to m a k e conversation, b u t
tal city, (all) 8. ... my friends went on vacation last year, (none) 9. Do t h e music was t o o loud — you c o u l d n ' t h e a r e a c h
you k n o w ... t h e p e o p l e in t h i s p h o t o g r a p h ? (any) 10. ... birds c a n fly. other. T h e r e was n o w h e r e to sit a n d not e n o u g h food,
(most) 11. I enjoyed ... t h e movie, b u t I d i d n ' t like t h e ending, (most) a l t h o u g h Steve helped h i m s e l f m o r e t h a n o n c e . T h e
12. ... sports are very dangerous, (some) 13. We c a n ' t find anywhere r o o m was t o o crowded, p e o p l e were a l m o s t p u s h i n g
to stay. ... t h e hotels are full, (all) 14. Try ... t h i s cheese. It's delicious, o n e a n o t h e r a r o u n d . A girl spilt s o m e w i n e on my
(some) 15. T h e weather was b a d w h e n we were on vacation. It r a i n e d dress. She b l a m e d herself, a l t h o u g h it w a s n ' t really
... t h e t i m e , (most) 16. Do ... y o u r friends speak Spanish? (any) 17. We h e r fault in t h a t crowd. We left early — I ' m sure no­
went o u t a n d it started to rain. We all gat wet because ... us h a d an body noticed.
umbrella, (none) 18. I d o n ' t w a n t all t h i s cake. Do you w a n t ... it?
(some) 19. T h e club is m a i n l y for younger people. ... t h e m e m b e r s are 2. Pam: We h a d a few little a c c i d e n t s at t h e weekend. M a r k fell
over 25. (few) 20. J i m won a lot of m o n e y last year. He s p e n t . . . it on a a n d h u r t himself. K a t e cut herself w i t h a knife a n d I b u r n t myself.
new car. (half) 21. T h i s is a very old building. ... t h e buildings are over Jeff wasn't very u n d e r s t a n d i n g . He said we weren't careful e n o u g h a n d
800 years old. (many) 22. W h e n t h e p o s t arrived, she looked t h r o u g h t h a t we c o u l d only b l a m e ourselves for t h e accidents. Jeff h a d b o u g h t
it hopefully b u t ... t h e letters was for her. (none) a Do-it-yourself b o o k o n c a r p e n t r y a n d o n S u n d a y h e started t o m a k e
a w o o d e n table for t h e balcony. I said to h i m : " B e careful, d o n ' t cut
16. Answer the following questions using the words in brackets. yourself," b u t h e hit his t h u m b with t h e h a m m e r t h r e e t i m e s .

— Do you like this music? (some) 3. Monika: We went on a t o u r of t h e L a k e District.


— Some of it. Jill: O h , how n i c e ! D i d you enjoy yourselves?
1. D i d you w a t c h t h e film? (most) 2. D i d you take t h e s e photo­ Monika: Yes, t h a n k s . We m e t s o m e n i c e people. A n n e g r e t a n d
graphs? (some) 3. Have you read these books? (a few) 4. Are t h o s e I were t a l k i n g G e r m a n t o each o t h e r o n t h e b u s a n d
people English? (most) 5. H o w m u c h of this luggage is yours? (all) w e noticed t h a t t h e m a n a n d t h e w o m a n opposite u s
6. H o w m a n y of these p e o p l e do you know? (not m a n y ) 7. D o e s this were listening. T h e y smiled at e a c h other. Finally, t h e
f u r n i t u r e belong to you? (some) 8. Have you spent all t h e m o n e y I gave m a n i n t r o d u c e d himself a n d said: " M y wife a n d I are
you? (not all) 9. H o w m u c h of this m o n e y is yours? (half) l e a r n i n g G e r m a n , so we n e e d practice. We're going to
G e r m a n y o n holiday next m o n t h . I've just b e e n saying
17. Fill in the gaps with reflexive pronouns. some irregular verbs to myself." He laughed, t h e n t h e y
1. T h e dog enjoyed ... with t h e c h i l d r e n . 2. You n e e d n ' t help t h e m . b o t h said a few sentences in G e r m a n . T h e y s e e m e d to
T h e y c a n do it ... . 3. I cut ... while shaving. 4. D i d he h u r t . . . ? 5. She be quite p r o u d of themselves b e c a u s e it was t h e first
i n t r o d u c e d ... as M a r y S m i t h . 6. D o n ' t b l a m e ... . It isn't your fault. t i m e they h a d spoken G e r m a n t o G e r m a n speakers.
7. H e l p ... to some cake. 8. We enjoyed ... at t h e party. 9. Your h a i r is At h o m e , they c o u l d o n l y practise with e a c h other.

untidy. L o o k a t . . . in t h e m i r r o r . 10. I d o n ' t like people w h o always t a l k 4. Steve: W h i c h of these two ties do you like, Jill?
about ... . 11. He was very a s h a m e d of... . 12. She h a s w o n t h e g a m e ////: N e i t h e r of t h e m .
a n d she feels p r o u d of... .
Steve: W h y not? I like b o t h of t h e m . A n d this red a n d blue
o n e is nice. Now, w h i c h of t h e t h r e e do you like
Fluency best?
Jill: N o n e of t h e m . T h e colours are all t o o dark.
• Study and practise. Steve: I like all of t h e m .
1. Pam: D i d you enjoy yourself at t h e p a r t y on Saturday? Jill: A n d w h i c h are you going to buy?
Jill: Steve did, b u t I ' m afraid I d i d n ' t have a very g o o d Steve: I d o n ' t know. I haven't looked at t h e prices yet. (Looks
t i m e . T h e r e were t o o m a n y p e o p l e t h e r e a n d w e at the prices) O h , dear! I d i d n ' t realize they were so
d i d n ' t k n o w a n y o f t h e m . W e i n t r o d u c e d ourselves expensive. N o n e o f t h e m !
UNIT 12 139
138 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

Tom: Everybody wants to have lunch in t h e garden.


5. Conductor: Fares, please!
It's nice a n d w a r m out here.
Man: Trafalgar Square, please.
Pat: C o m e a n d have s o m e t h i n g t o d r i n k .
Fm sorry, sir! I c a n ' t c h a n g e a p o u n d note!
Jim: T h a n k s , Pat. M a y I have a glass of beer,
Conductor: H a v e n ' t you got any small change?
please?
F v e got no small c h a n g e , I'm afraid.
Pat: Beer? T h e r e ' s n o n e left. You c a n have s o m e
Man: I'll ask some of t h e passengers. ... Have you a n y
lemonade.
Conductor: small c h a n g e , sir?
Jim: Lemonade!
1st Passenger: I ' m sorry. I've got n o n e . Tom: D o n ' t believe her, J i m . She's only joking. Have
2nd Passenger: I haven't got any either. s o m e beer!
Conductor: C a n you c h a n g e t h i s p o u n d n o t e , m a d a m ?
3rd Passenger: I ' m afraid I c a n ' t . 8. Bill G r a i g a n d J o h n Fitzgerald are pilots. Last year t h e i r p l a n e
4th Passenger: N e i t h e r c a n I. crashed in t h e Pacific O c e a n . T h e y were in a rubber d i n g h y for four
Conductor: I ' m very sorry, sir. You m u s t get off t h e bus. weeks. T h e y d i d n ' t have m u c h water, a n d they d i d n ' t have m a n y t h i n g s
N o n e o f o u r passengers c a n c h a n g e t h i s n o t e . to eat. T h e y h a d a few b a n a n a s a n d a little b r a n d y from t h e plane. T h e y
T h e y are all m i l l i o n a i r e s ! c a u g h t a lot of fish. T h e y h a d o n l y a little chocolate. T h e y h a d o n l y a
few biscuits a n d a few apples. After four weeks they saw a ship a n d t h e
Two Tramps: Except us, c o n d u c t o r .
ship rescued t h e m .
1st Tramp: I've got s o m e small c h a n g e .
2nd Tramp: So have I. 9. I was outside F r a n k ' s h o u s e at five o'clock s h a r p , a n d a few mo­
m e n t s later he c a m e o u t of t h e side door, p u s h i n g his bike. It d i d n ' t
6. Steve: W h e r e ' s t h e L a t i n A m e r i c a ' s file? I've looked for
take us m a n y m i n u t e s to cycle to t h e river. We s t o p p e d at t h e bridge,
it everywhere, b u t I c a n ' t find it anywhere. I've
lifted o u r bikes over t h e gate, a n d hid t h e m b e h i n d t h e hedge.
asked everybody, a n d n o b o d y knows. Last week
T h e r e were some cows in t h e meadow. T h e y raised t h e i r h e a d s ,
I p u t it somewhere in my c u p b o a r d , a n d now it's
a n d looked a little surprised to see visitors so early in t h e m o r n i n g . But
nowhere! I n e e d s o m e i n f o r m a t i o n for my re­
t h e r e was n o b o d y about, a p a r t from ourselves.
p o r t . Mr Short w a n t s it tomorrow, a n d I haven't
We r e a c h e d t h e island a n d fixed up o u r rods. T h e r e were a lot of
m u c h progress.
small fish n e a r t h e surface, but we d i d n ' t catch a n y t h i n g for an h o u r or
Barbara: If I see a n y o n e w i t h it, I'll tell you. Don't
so. T h e n suddenly F r a n k gave a cry, " G o t o n e ! "
worry. S o m e b o d y h a s t a k e n it a n d will b r i n g it
A l m o s t at t h e s a m e m o m e n t s o m e t h i n g big t o o k my bait. I p u l l e d
back.
up my fishing r o d a n d t h e h o o k was gone.
Harry: I've got some good news for you, Steve. T h e file
But F r a n k was luckier. " L o o k at t h i s , " he said happily, p o i n t i n g to
is on Mr Short's desk! Mr Short is waiting for
a large Silver B r e a m , w h i c h lay on t h e b a n k .
you. H e r e ' s a bit of advice, go a n d see h i m im­
I c o n g r a t u l a t e d h i m , b u t felt a bit d i s a p p o i n t e d about losing my
mediately. own fish. T h e s u n was up now. It was getting w a r m e r every m o m e n t ,
Steve: O h , dear! A n d you call t h a t g o o d news? a n d t h e r e wasn't m u c h p o i n t in c o n t i n u i n g to fish. I got o u t t h e ther­
I s n ' t t h e r e anyone at h o m e ? m o s a n d we d r a n k a little tea a n d ate a few biscuits.
7. Helen:
Jim: I'll k n o c k again, Helen. Everything is very qui­ Complete with: both, neither, all or none.
et. I ' m sure there's no o n e at h o m e .
Helen: But t h a t ' s impossible. Pat a n d Tom invited us to Monika: W h i c h of these blouses do you like? T h i s o n e or t h a t
l u n c h . L o o k t h r o u g h t h e window. C a n you see one?
anything? Maria: N e i t h e r of t h e m . T h e colours are t o o bright.
Jim: L o o k ! Everyone's in t h e garden. Monika: Well, I like b o t h of t h e m , a n d n e i t h e r of t h e m is
Hello, Helen. Hello, J i m . expensive. I t h i n k I'll try t h e striped o n e .
Pat:
140 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 12 141

Maria: Have you seen these skirts? W h i c h do you like? T h e н и х п о л у ч и л п р и г л а ш е н и е н а вечер. 47. М н е н е н р а в и т с я н и э т а
blue o n e , t h e red o n e or the green one? к н и г а , ни та. 48. Гости с и д е л и с т о й и д р у г о й с т о р о н ы д л и н н о г о
Monika: O h , yes. T h e y are nice. I like all of t h e m . T h e y a r e n ' t стола. 49. И л и о н , и л и я д о л ж е н п о й т и туда. 50. К а к у ю и з э т и х
expensive. N o n e of t h e m costs m o r e t h a n £10. двух к н и г м о ж н о м н е взять? — Вы м о ж е т е в з я т ь л ю б у ю . 51. Я не
могу с о г л а с и т ь с я ни в т о м , ни в д р у г о м с л у ч а е . 52. П о д о ж д и т е не­
м н о г о , п о ж а л у й с т а . Я д о л ж е н н а д е т ь д р у г о й п и д ж а к . 53. П о ч е м у
Self Check т а к м а л о с т у д е н т о в в классе? Где другие? 54. У н е г о д в а брата.
О д и н из н и х ж и в е т в М о с к в е , а д р у г о й в Б р е с т е . 55. Н е к о т о р ы е
Translate into English.
из н а с п о е х а л и п о е з д о м , а д р у г и е с а м о л е т о м . 56. Я с а м о т в е ч у на
1. Я ходил на п о ч т у и к у п и л м а р к и и к о н в е р т ы . 2. Не хотите э т о п и с ь м о . 57. О н н е л ю б и т г о в о р и т ь о себе. 58. О н и хотят э т о
ли чаю? 3. У м е н я н е т в р е м е н и , ч т о б ы п о й т и туда. 4. Вы м о ж е т е сделать с а м и . 59. Не б р е й т е с ь в т е м н о т е . Вы п о р е ж е т е с ь . 60. О н а
з а с т а т ь его здесь в л ю б о й д е н ь м е ж д у п я т ь ю и ш е с т ь ю . 5. Е с л и у с а м а п р и н е с е т в а м с л о в а р ь . 61. Н е б е с п о к о й т е с ь . М ы с д е л а е м э т у
вас будет в р е м я , п р о ч т и т е эту к н и г у . 6. Ч а с т ь р а б о т ы уже г о т о в а . р а б о т у с а м и . 62. Н е у ш и б и т е с ь , д е т и !
7. Е с т ь ли а н г л и й с к и е ж у р н а л ы в в а ш е й б и б л и о т е к е ? 8. Н е к о т о р ы е
из книг, которые вы мне дали, очень интересные, а некоторые
с о в е р ш е н н о н е и н т е р е с н ы е . 9 . Н е можете л и в ы м н е д а т ь бумагу
и р у ч к у ? Я хочу н а п и с а т ь п и с ь м о . 10. П р и х о д и т е ко м н е в лю­
б о е в р е м я . 11. Где я могу к у п и т ь к о н в е р т ы ? 12. Н е к о т о р ы е сту­
д е н т ы п е р в о г о к у р с а уже с д а л и э к з а м е н п о а н г л и й с к о м у я з ы к у .
13. К т о - т о о с т а в и л д в е р ь о т к р ы т о й . 14. З в о н и л м н е к т о - н и б у д ь ?
15. К т о - н и б у д ь п р и х о д и л сюда, п о к а м е н я не было? 16. Не мо­
ж е т е л и в ы р а с с к а з а т ь м н е ч т о - н и б у д ь о ж и з н и э т о г о писате­
л я ? 17. Я не ч и т а л ни о д н о й из э т и х к н и г , а Том п р о ч и т а л обе.
18. Я н и к о м у не г о в о р и л об э т о м . 19. Мы н и к о г о не в с т р е т и л и
в к о р и д о р е . 20. Где я могу д о с т а т ь ч т о - н и б у д ь п о п и т ь ? 21. Вы
ч и т а л и ч т о - н и б у д ь п о э т о м у в о п р о с у ? 22. К т о - т о и з вас г о в о р и л
м н е о б э т о м . 23. Е с л и в ы н а й д е т е ч т о - н и б у д ь и н т е р е с н о е в э т о м
ж у р н а л е , п р и ш л и т е м н е его, п о ж а л у й с т а . 24. Л ю б о й и з вас м о ж е т
э т о сделать. 25. В с я к и й м о ж е т п о н я т ь э т о . 26. Н и к т о н е з н а л и х
а д р е с а . 27. Н и ч е г о еще н е и з в е с т н о о б э т о м . 28. Н и к т о и з н и х н е
п р и х о д и л вчера. 29. Х о д и л и ли вы к у д а - н и б у д ь вчера? — Н е т , я не
ходил, но я п о й д у к у д а - н и б у д ь з а в т р а . 30. Вы е д и т е м н о г о фрук­
тов? 31. С к о л ь к о вы з а п л а т и л и за в а ш словарь? 32. Я п о л у ч и л
о т н е г о м н о г о п о л е з н ы х с в е д е н и й п о э т о м у вопросу. 33. М н о г и е
и з э т и х к н и г п р и н а д л е ж а т м н е . 34. В ч е р а в п а р к е б ы л о м а л о де­
тей. 35. В ы к у п и л и с л и ш к о м м а л о м я с а . 36. У м е н я е с т ь н е м н о г о
с в о б о д н о г о в р е м е н и . Я могу п о м о ч ь тебе. 37. У м е н я е с т ь не­
с к о л ь к о р о д с т в е н н и к о в , н о все о н и ж и в у т в С а н к т - П е т е р б у р г е .
38. В ы с д е л а л и о ч е н ь м а л о о ш и б о к в в а ш е м с о ч и н е н и и . 39. М ы
все б ы л и о ч е н ь в з в о л н о в а н н ы . 40. В ы оба п р а в ы . 41. О б а путе­
ш е с т в е н н и к а в ы г л я д е л и у с т а л ы м и . 42. О н и о б а н е з н а л и в а ш е г о
адреса. 43. О н и оба могут п о м о ч ь в а м . 44. Все б ы л и г о т о в ы к эк­
замену. 45. К а ж д ы й ш к о л ь н и к з н а е т э т о п р а в и л о . 46. К а ж д ы й и з
UNIT 13 143

c) How to refuse permission:

Please don't.
I'm sorry, but you can't/mustn't /may not (use the fax).
(No,) I'm afraid not.
Unit 13 No, of course not.
Yes, I'm afraid I do.
G R A M M A R : Modal verbs expressing permission, requests I'm sorry, but I do.
and offers: can, could, may, might, will, would, shall
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Permission. Requests. Requests for
repetition. Desire. Offers
Practice
1. Choose the correct verb.
Permission
1. A: C o u l d I sleep at my friend's h o u s e t o n i g h t ?
a) How to ask permission to do something: B: Yes, of c o u r s e you c o u l d / c a n .
Can
2. A: I could/was allowed to go to t h e disco last night.
Could
I B: Was it good fun?
May
Might (go home early tonight)?
3. A: C a n / M i g h t I have a biscuit please, M u m ?
Do you think j could/might
I wonder if B: Of course. H e l p yourself.
Is it all right if I 4. A: Excuse m e , sir. M a y I/Am I allowed to leave t h e r o o m ?
Do you mind if I (smoke)?
B: Yes, b u t d o n ' t be t o o long.
Do you mind (my smoking?)
5. A: M u s t / M i g h t I b o r r o w these files for a m o m e n t , sir?
We c a n use can, could, may a n d might to ask for p e r m i s s i o n , de­
B: Certainly. Take whatever you n e e d .
p e n d i n g o n t h e situation.
6. A: M i g h t I use your p e n ?
1) Can is t h e c o m m o n e s t a n d m o s t informal: Can I borrow your
B: Of c o u r s e you may/might.
umbrella (please)?
2) Could is m o r e polite t h a n can: Could I borrow your umbrella 7. A: M a y I/Am I allowed to park in t h e c o m p a n y car park?
(please)? B: Of c o u r s e you are!
3) M a y is m o r e " r e s p e c t f u l " t h a n can a n d could: May I borrow your
8. A: Alison, you m u s t n ' t / m i g h t not t o u c h t h o s e files.
umbrella (please)?
В: I d i d n ' t k n o w t h a t .
4) Might is t h e m o s t polite b u t t h e least c o m m o n : Might I borrow
your umbrella (please)? 9. A: Excuse me, sir. Visitors may not/couldn't park here, I ' m afraid.
b) How to give permission: B: O h , I ' m sorry. W h e r e c a n I park instead?
certainly,
sure. 10. A: C a n / A m I allowed to b o r r o w y o u r ruler, P a m ?
of course you (may, can), B: Sure. H e r e you are.
(Yes,) all right,
that's OK. 11. A: Excuse m e . M a y / M u s t n ' t I ask you a question?
please do. B: Yes, of course.
go ahead.
of course not. 12. A: We could/were allowed to leave work early yesterday.
No,
not at all. B: Really? T h a t ' s nice.

4
144 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 13 145

13. A: M u m , could I go out with J a m e s tonight? 5. Fill in: can, couldn't, may, mustn't, can't or (not) be allowed to.
B: Yes, of c o u r s e you c a n / c o u l d . Act out the conversation.
David: ... I go to t h e c i n e m a t o n i g h t ?
14. A: C o u l d I use your c o m p u t e r ?
Mrs Stone: You know you ... go o u t d u r i n g t h e week.
B: Sorry, but you c o u l d n ' t / c a n ' t . David: But I ... go out last Saturday either. I t h i n k D a d is
t o o strict.
2. Give or refuse permission.
Mrs Stone: You ... speak about your father like t h a t . H e ' s d o i n g
1. C o u l d I b o r r o w y o u r c a r t o n i g h t ? 2. May I leave early? 3. C a n what he t h i n k s is best.
I use I your p h o n e ? 4 . 1 w o n d e r if I m i g h t take t h e day off. 5. M a y I bring David: ... I have some friends over, t h e n ?
a friend with me t h i s afternoon? 6. C a n I speak to Emily? 6. C a n I go Mrs Stone: I ' m afraid you ... . We're having some friends to din­
s w i m m i n g now? 7. M a y I c o m e in for a m o m e n t ? 8. M i g h t I use your ner.
bicycle? 9. Do you t h i n k I could close t h e w i n d o w ? 10. C o u l d I have a David: ... I at least watch TV for a while?
look at your magazine? 11. C a n I stay here for a while? 12. M a y I ask Mrs Stone: Yes, you but you must do your h o m e w o r k first.
you a question? 13. C a n I study here? 14. C o u l d I have a look at your David: But I haven't got a n y homework!
notes? 15. I w o n d e r if I m i g h t use your c o m p u t e r . 16. C o u l d I speak Mrs Stone: O h ! Well, in t h a t case, you ... go o u t , but you ... be
to t h e m a n a g e r ? 17. M a y I just say a word? 18. M i g h t I b o r r o w your h o m e late.

umbrella? 19. M a y I miss t h e next English class? 20. C a n I go now? David: I'll be h o m e by 11, I p r o m i s e .

21. Is it all right if I c o m e in now, Mr D o b s o n ? 22. Do you m i n d if 6. Translate into English.


I sit down? 23. Do you m i n d if I t u r n up t h e radio? 24. Do you m i n d
1. М о ж н о я в к л ю ч у м а г н и т о ф о н ? — П о ж а л у й с т а , не н а д о .
m y o p e n i n g t h e window?
Я устала и хочу п о с п а т ь . 2. М о ж н о я в о с п о л ь з у ю с ь в а ш е й руч­
3. Ask someone permission to: к о й ? — К о н е ч н о . 3. Д о к т о р , м н е м о ж н о к у п а т ь с я в море? — Д а ,
н о т о л ь к о н е к у п а й т е с ь с л и ш к о м д о л г о . 4 . М о ж н о м н е з а д а т ь во­
play t h e p i a n o ; use t h e p h o n e ; b o r r o w his/her car; c o m e a n d see прос? — К о н е ч н о , т о л ь к о я не з н а ю , с м о г у ли я на н е г о о т в е т и т ь .
h i m / h e r ; take t h e day off; t a k e h e r / h i m h o m e ; keep t h e b o o k for an­ 5. М о ж н о м н е в з я т ь в а ш словарь? — Б о ю с ь , ч т о нет. Он м н е ну­
o t h e r week; smoke; c o m e in; listen to t h e r e c o r d ; switch on t h e TV set; ж е н с а м о й . 6. Вы не в о з р а ж а е т е , е с л и я в о с п о л ь з у ю с ь в а ш и м те­
help h i m / h e r w i t h his/her suitcases; o p e n t h e window; invite Peter; л е ф о н о м ? — К о н е ч н о , нет. 7. М о ж н о з д е с ь к у р и т ь ? — Нет, н е л ь з я .
use h i s / h e r v a c u u m cleaner; speak to t h e d e a n ; see his new car; use 8. Здесь нельзя оставлять машину. 9. Н а м р а з р е ш и л и пойти на
t h e lavatory. п р о г у л к у в е ч е р о м . 10. Я д у м а ю , ч т о н а м р а з р е ш а т п о л ь з о в а т ь с я
э т о й б и б л и о т е к о й . 11. Е й н е р а з р е ш а ю т п р и х о д и т ь п о з д н о .
He/she will either give or refuse permission.
7. Ask permission to do things. Someone will either give or refuse you
4. Fill in: can, may, could, mustn't or can't. Act out the conversa­ permission.
tion.
Jim: M u m , ... I go to t h e library? Requests. Requests for repetition. Desire
Mother: Of c o u r s e you J i m , but you ... stay very long.
a) How to make a request:
Jim: ... I stay u n t i l 8 o'clock?
Mother: N o , you because t h e c o n c e r t starts at 8.30. Can
Could
you
(At the library) Would (give me a lift home tonight),
Will please?
Jim: ... I look at t h e latest " M u s i c i a n " m a g a z i n e , please? you d
I wonder if '
Librarian: Yes, you but r e m e m b e r t h a t you ... take it out of you could
t h e library. Would you mind (giving me a lift home)?

I
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 13 147
146

2. A: I'm dying of thirst. Would you m a k e a c u p of tea?


C a n you? (informal request) C a n you help m e , please?
B: O K . I'll p u t t h e kettle o n .
Will you? (very friendly, familiar) Will you get me my glasses,
please? A: A n d c o u l d you bring me some biscuits?
C o u l d you m a k e m e some tea? B: Yes, I'll o p e n t h e new packet.
C o u l d you? (polite request)
M a y 1? (formal request) M a y I have a glass of water? (re­
3. A: Would you m i n d o p e n i n g t h e w i n d o w ?
quest)
B: N o t at all. It's t o o stuffy in here.
compare: M a y I o p e n t h e
window?(asking for permission) 4. A: Would you m i n d looking after my bag?
M i g h t I? (very formal request) M i g h t I use your p h o n e ? B: I ' m sorry?
Would you/Would you m i n d ? Would you post this letter for me?
A: C o u l d you possibly look after my bag?
(more polite and formal than Would you m i n d xeroxing these
B: Oh yes, of course. No problem.
"could you ") letters for me?
5. A: Would you m i n d m a i l i n g these letters for me?
b) How to respond favourably to a request:
B: All right. I'll do it w h e n I go d o w n t o w n this afternoon.
of course,
certainly, 6. A: C o u l d you give me a lift?
Yes, sure. B: Pardon?
no problem. A: I said: " C o u l d you give me a lift?"
not at all. B: Certainly.
No,
of course not.
7. A: M o m !
c) How to refuse a request politely: B: Yes, honey.
I'm sorry, I can't. A: C a n you help me w i t h my homework? I really c a n ' t under­
Sorry, I can't I'm afraid. (I have to rush off to my sister's s t a n d these history questions.
I'm afraid I can't because after the lesson).
B: Yes, in a m i n u t e .
I'm terribly sorry but
8. A: You k n o w this b o o k is difficult to read!
d) How to ask people to repeat what they have said: B: O h , really?
Sorry? A: Yes. C o u l d you lend me your dictionary? I'll only n e e d it for
Pardon? about an hour.
What B: Sorry, I ' m using it.
When (did you say)?
Where 9. A: I w o n d e r if you could tell me where t h e library is.
B: Certainly. It's just r o u n d t h e corner.
e) How to express a desire:
I'd like 10. A: Anita, will you c o m e here for a minute? Could you get me t h e
(a ticket for the 5 o'clock train).
I want file on sales in France? I just n e e d to check something. O h ,
a n d Anita, I'd love a c u p of coffee, if that's at all possible.
Practice B: Yes, Mr P a r k i n s o n .

T Study and practise. /. How can you make these requests more polite?

1. A: Excuse m e . C o u l d you o p e n t h e d o o r for m e , please? 1. Post t h e letter. 2. Answer t h e t e l e p h o n e . 3. Switch off t h e TV


B: Yes, of course. set. 4. Pass me t h e salt. 5. Show me t h a t grey suit. 6. L e n d me t e n
A: T h a n k you very m u c h . dollars. 7. Bring me your cassettes. 8. F i x my sink. 9. Give me your
148 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 13 149

lighter. 10. H e l p me with my English. 11. O p e n t h e window. 12. Close Я хочу с х о д и т ь на почту за п о с ы л к о й . Ты не п р и с м о т р и ш ь за А н е й ,
t h e door. 13. Show me your c o m p o s i t i o n . 14. Tell me t h e right t i m e . п о к а м е н я не будет? — К о н е ч н о , я с е й ч а с же зайду. 9. М о ж н о м н е
15. Water t h e flowers. и с п о л ь з о в а т ь э т у к о м н а т у д л я з а н я т и й ? 10. Вы не поможете м н е

2. Ask someone to: с ч е м о д а н а м и ? — К о н е ч н о , помогу. И. Не могли бы вы пока­


з а т ь н а м с в о й город? — С у д о в о л ь с т в и е м . 12. П о д о ж д и н е м н о г о .
help you to move i n t o your new house; o p e n t h e window; take the Я уже з а к а н ч и в а ю . 13. М а м а , м о ж н о я п р и д у позже, чем о б ы ч н о ?
c a r to t h e garage; switch t h e lights off w h e n he/she goes to bed; tell 14. Будьте л ю б е з н ы , п о м о г и т е м н е . 15. Ты бы хотела сходить на
J o h n you c a n ' t see h i m t o m o r r o w ; lend you his/her rubber; see who's п л я ж завтра? 16. Ч т о бы ты хотел на обед с е г о д н я ? 17. Я бы хотела
at t h e door; take these letters to t h e post office; call back later; do you п р о в е с т и с в о й о т п у с к в К р ы м у . 18. Где к л ю ч и ? — П р о с т и , ч т о ты
a favour; show you t h e way; tell you t h e t i m e ; bring you t h e bill; wait a сказал?
m i n u t e ; give you a lift; r e p a i r your TV set; carry your bag; take a mes­
sage to ... ; xerox a letter for you; lend you £ 20; work overtime tonight;
pick you up from t h e t h e a t r e . Offers

He/she will comply or refuse. a) How to offer to do something:

3. You are going away on business tomorrow. You need your friend's Shall I
help in a number of ways. Make requests in varying degrees of politeness. Would you like me to
Do you want me to
4. Speaking indistinctly, someone:
b) How to accept the offer:
asks you t h e t i m e ; asks you where you live; tells you where h e / s h e
lives; tells you s o m e t h i n g a b o u t t h e weather; says h e / s h e c a n ' t go to
Yes, please.
y o u r p a r t y ; says h e / s h e will p h o n e you at n i n e . That's very kind of you. Thank you.
I'd be very grateful. Thanks a lot.
You haven't heard properly. Ask the person to repeat what he/she That would be nice. Thank you very much.
said.
c) How to refuse the offer politely:
5. Ask someone: No, thank you/thanks. I can manage.
No, there's no need. But thank you/thanks all the same.
what film h e / s h e would like to see; where he/she would like to live;
No, that's all right, thank you.
if h e / s h e wants to be rich; if h e / s h e would like to be a p o p singer; w h o Well, that's very kind of you, but I think I can manage, thanks.
h e / s h e would like to m a r r y ; w h e n h e / s h e w a n t s to start; what h e / s h e
would like for dessert.
Practice
He/she will respond.
1. Offer someone to:

6. Translate into English. xerox t h e letters; help you with t h e luggage; give you a lift; get you
an aspirin; help you move house; p u s h t h e car; lend some m o n e y ; m a k e
1. He м о г л и бы вы м н е д а т ь к о н с у л ь т а ц и ю с е г о д н я ? 2. Не при­
coffee; call a d o c t o r ; translate t h e article; wash t h e windows; fix t h e
н е с е т е л и в ы м н е с т а к а н воды? 3 . Будьте д о б р ы , с к а ж и т е , к о т о р ы й
CD player; u n p a c k t h e suitcase; give h i m / h e r a c u p of tea; wake h i m /
час. 4. Пожалуйста, брось письмо в почтовый я щ и к по дороге на
h e r up in t h e m o r n i n g ; buy this d i c t i o n a r y for h i m / h e r ; switch on the
работу. 5. П е р е д а й т е , п о ж а л у й с т а , газету. 6. П о ж а л у й с т а , п о д о ж д и
TV set ; b o o k a ticket for h i m / h e r .
м е н я н е м н о г о . — Х о р о ш о . 7. Вы не м о г л и бы п о д в е з т и м е н я на
в о к з а л ? — С у д о в о л ь с т в и е м . 8. Ты не с д е л а е ш ь м н е о д о л ж е н и е ? He/she will either accept or refuse the offer.
150 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 13 151

2. Write down suitable offers to the following and accept or politely


A: Could you work overtime on Friday?
refuse the offer. B: I'm terribly sorry, but I've already m a d e a r r a n g e m e n t s to go
1. A: Oh dear! My library b o o k is overdue a n d I'm going to L o n d o n s o m e w h e r e on Friday.
today. A: O h , I see. (pause) M a y I go now?
B: B: W h a t ? O h , yes... yes, of course.
A: 2. Joanna: O h , S i m o n , could you help me move t h e table,
2. A: O h , J o h n ! I've left my m o n e y at h o m e ! please?
B: Simon: Yes, of course. W h e r e do you want it?
Joanna: Er, over t h e r e , by the wall, I t h i n k . It'll give us a bit
A:
m o r e r o o m for d a n c i n g , won't it?
3. A: O h , n o ! I've just missed t h e last bus! Simon: Yes, g o o d idea.
B:
A: (They move the table.)

4. A: I ' m moving i n t o my new flat on Saturday. Joanna: T h a n k s . N o w , what else?


B: Simon: Shall I move t h e sofa, too?
A: Joanna: N o , there's no need, t h a n k s . It c a n stay where it
is. O h , S i m o n , t h e light's gone. W h a t a n u i s a n c e !
5. A: I've got an awful h e a d a c h e .
I haven't got any spare bulbs.
B:
Simon: Shall I go a n d buy one?
A:
Joanna: O h , will you, S i m o n ? I'd be ever so grateful!
6. A: It's h o t in here!
B:
A:

3. Translate into English.

1. П о м о ч ь тебе п е р е в е с т и статью? — С п а с и б о , я с п р а в л ю с ь
с а м . 2. В ы к л ю ч и т ь т е л е в и з о р ? — Д а , уже п о з д н о . П о р а с п а т ь .
3. П о д в е з т и в а с д о м о й ? — Нет, с п а с и б о . Я хочу п р о й т и с ь п е ш к о м .
4. Р а з б у д и т ь т е б я у т р о м ? — Д а , п о ж а л у й с т а . 5. Р а з р е ш и т е п о м о ч ь
в а м . — С п а с и б о , не н а д о . 6. З а й т и за х л е б о м по п у т и д о м о й ? —
Д а , п о ж а л у й с т а . 7. П о ч и н и т ь в а ш телевизор? — Д а , с п а с и б о . Э т о
очень любезно с вашей стороны.

4. Read the following dialogues, replacing the phrases in bold with


phrases of similar meaning. Then write out the new dialogues and act them
out with a partner in class.

1. A: O h , Miss Brown, would you post this letter, please?


B: Yes, certainly. A n d shall I t a k e this parcel to t h e post office,
too?
A: Yes, please. O h , a n d Miss Brown ...
B: Yes?
UNIT 14 153

the station in their car. So all the guests leave together. Mr and M r s
Brown see t h e m off at the garden gate. T h e guests t h a n k their hosts for
a pleasant evening and drive off.

U n i t 14 Comprehension
TOPIC: Meals
1. Listen to the text "The Browns Give a Dinner Party" and answer
C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Offering things and substances.
the questions.
Preference
W h a t are the Browns doing this evening? W h a t do the Browns
treat their guests to? W h a t is the conversation at table like? Is M r s
Illustrative Text Brown a good hostess? W h a t do the guests do after dinner? W h e n do
the guests leave the Browns' house? Do you t h i n k they are pleased
The Browns Give a Dinner Party with the party?
T h i s evening the Browns have invited some friends to dinner. It is
just a small d i n n e r party for four of their friends: Mr and M r s C a r t e r 2. Read the text and analyse its language peculiarities. Do some exer-
cises in the next section to remember them.
a n d M r and M r s M a c d o n a l d .
T h e guests arrive at about half past seven and are shown into the
sitting r o o m where Mr Brown pours drinks for them. Sherry is the Special Difficulties
most popular wine in England; m e n usually prefer dry sherry, but
women prefer sweet. At eight o'clock M r s Brown says d i n n e r is ready, 3. Make sentences using the word combination to be good at smth./
and they move into the d i n i n g room. doing smth.
M a r y Brown does all the cooking in her house. She is always a lit- He/chess, (play chess)
tle worried in case something goes wrong, but this evening everything He is good at chess. (= playing chess)
goes well and the guests make m a n y kind remarks about her cooking.
There are four courses: soup, fish, meat a n d a sweet which is p u d - 1. Roger/cycle; 2. Mike/chemistry; 3. I/play football in my youth;
ding today. Cheese and biscuits and coffee will be served after the 4. S i m o n / m a t h s at school; 5. Sheila/tennis when she was young; 6. My
sweet. friend/Spanish; 7. My wife/cook; 8. T h e boy/swim; 9. Lucy/ d a n c e
T h e conversation at table is lively and interesting. M r s Brown will
4. Fill in the gaps with either do or make.
not let the m e n talk about trade and politics all the time; when she
t h i n k s anyone is getting tired, she changes the subject. She is very 1. Look! W h a t a nice table he has ... . 2. I ... myself a cup of tea.
good at getting people to talk in an interesting way, and there is always 3. Shall we ... this translation now? 4. Why! He's crying. W h a t have
plenty of laughter at her d i n n e r table. Mr Brown often wonders how you ... to h i m ? 5. You've ... so much for her. She must be grateful to
his wife can manage to make sure that all her guests enjoy themselves, you. 6. Don't... a n y t h i n g till I c o m e back. 7. T h i s cover is ... of plas-
and at the same time the d i n n e r is well served. tic. 8. Mr J e n k i n s is ... a lecture on geography upstairs. 9. We all ...
But t h e n , he has k n o w n for a long time that his wife is a very clever mistakes when we were seventeen. 10. I have never ... a speech in my
woman! life. 11. W h a t are you ... here? — I'm waiting for Lucy. 12. You are ...
W h e n d i n n e r is over they go to the sitting room. For a while the your homework, aren't you? 13. D r i n k some milk. It will ... you good.
ladies sit and talk while the m e n stand about smoking their cigars and 14. He ... a h a m - a n d - e g g sandwich. 15. I wonder what present she will
talking business. Presently Mr Brown brings out some of his new r e - ... for h i m . 16. T h i s factory ... agricultural m a c h i n e s . 17. I advise you
cords he t h i n k s his guests will like to hear. not to put off till t o m o r r o w what you can ... today. 18. T h e remark he
At about eleven o'clock the M a c d o n a l d s decide they must go as ... was so strange that I didn't know what to say in reply. 19. W h a t shall
they have to get back to L o n d o n . T h e Carters offer to r u n t h e m to I ... next? 20. He is ... very well at school.
154 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 14 155

5. Fill in the gaps with either good or well. 1. We got h o m e after m i d n i g h t . 2. W h i l e you're at t h e shops, could
1. My friend speaks several foreign languages ... , he h a s a ... you get s o m e t h i n g for supper? 3. C a n we stop for a while? I'm getting
m e m o r y for words. 2. Tony is n o t very ... w h e n he speaks in public, but tired. 4. I'm getting t h e ten o'clock t r a i n . 5. She gets t h r e e h u n d r e d
he spoke ... at t h e p a r t y yesterday. 3. Mr S m i t h t e a c h e s English ... . H i s p o u n d s a week. 6. C o u l d you get my slippers for me? 7. We c a n get
lessons are usually very ... . 4. I was pleased w h e n t h e t e a c h e r said my s o m e t h i n g to eat on t h e t r a i n . 8. Did you get my last letter?
son was ... at physics. 5. He is a ... footballer. He usually plays football
... . 6. T h e w e a t h e r was ... yesterday. It was w a r m a n d sunny. 7. I ' m not 9. Make dialogues, as in the example.
very ... either. I c a u g h t a cold five days ago. 8. T h e m a c h i n e works ... .
— We shan't be able to watch television tonight.
It has a ... engine. 9. T h e food in t h a t r e s t a u r a n t is very ... . L e t ' s go
— H a s anything gone wrong? (= What's wrong?)
t h e r e . 10. D i d A d a m do ... in t h e test?
— There's something wrong with the TV set.
6. Fill in the gaps with either hard or hardly. Translate the sentences (= Something has gone wrong with the TV set.)
into Russian.
Prompts:
1. T h e r e ' s ... any tea left. 2. I c a n ... keep my eyes o p e n . 3. It's ... send a fax — t h e f a x m o d e m ; go to t h e c o u n t r y — t h e c a r ; l i s t e n
to m a k e o u t w h a t he m e a n s . 4. It's ... t h e t i m e to discuss it now. 5. It t o t h e r a d i o — t h e r a d i o set; i r o n t h e l i n e n — t h e e l e c t r i c i t y ; r i d e
must be ... for her, b r i n g i n g up four c h i l d r e n on her own. 6. She ... ever to the shop — the bicycle; t y p e the article — the c o m p u t e r
calls m e . 7. It's ... to believe t h a t she's only n i n e . 8. I could ... believe
it when I read t h e letter. 9. He ... said a word t h e whole evening. 10. ...
10. Rephrase using the expression be over.
anyone has b o t h e r e d to reply. 11. We ... k n o w each other. 12. It always
gives me pleasure to help people w h o work ... . 13. She was ... 16 w h e n By the time we arrived the meeting had ended.
she left h o m e . 14. " W h e n will t h e j o b be f i n i s h e d ? " " I t ' s ... to say." By the time we arrived the meeting was over.
15. We c a n ' t stop for coffee now, we've ... s t a r t e d . 16. I ' m t h i n k i n g ...
over t h i s p r o b l e m . 17. We h a d ... sat d o w n to s u p p e r w h e n t h e p h o n e 1. T h a n k g o o d n e s s t h a t ' s e n d e d ! 2. W h e n t h e war h a d finished, he
rang. 18. It's ... for old people to c h a n g e t h e i r ways. 19. T h e r e is ... r e t u r n e d to his native town. 3. I was glad w h e n it h a d e n d e d . 4. W h e n
a n o t h e r e n g i n e e r w h o c a n do it b e t t e r t h a n you. 20. He was so tired t h e talks e n d e d , t h e reporters left t h e hall. 5. After t h e classes we
t h a t he could ... walk. 21. It r a i n e d ... t h e whole day yesterday. 22. It's r u s h e d to t h e c a n t e e n . 6. After t h e p e r f o r m a n c e we decided to talk to
... surprising she was tired; she never did any work. t h e p r o d u c e r . 7. As soon as the professor finished the lecture we asked
h i m various questions.
7. Fill in the gaps with either bring or take in the correct form.
//. Translate into English.
bring = move s m t h . towards smb./smth. else
take = move s m t h . away from smb. a) Use the verb get.

1. Please ... t h i s box outside to t h e garden. 2. ... me a c h a i r from


1. Я у б е д и л его п о з в о н и т ь е й . 2. Я не могу з а с т а в и т ь его схо­
t h e kitchen, please. 3. He ... t h e c h i l d r e n to play in t h e p a r k yesterday
д и т ь туда. 3. О н а з а с т а в и л а его з а г о в о р и т ь . 4. Я у г о в о р и л его д а т ь
evening. 4. Will you ... me t h e dishes from t h e d i n i n g r o o m , please.
м н е в з а й м ы 50 ф у н т о в . 5. Я не м о г у д о б и т ь с я , ч т о б ы о н а при­
5. D o n ' t forget to ... your b o o k s with you. 6. ... t h i s to t h e b a n k for
х о д и л а в о в р е м я . 6 . Т ы м о ж е ш ь с д е л а т ь т а к , ч т о б ы д в е р ь закрыва­
m e , would you? 7. Shall I ... a gift to my host family? 8. She ... her
лась? 7. Я д у м а ю , ч т о он з а с т а в и т их к о н ч и т ь работу.
boyfriend to t h e party. 9. ... a present for H e l e n .
b) Use the verb let.
8. In the following sentences replace the verb get by one of the verbs
from the box. 1. О н а р а з р е ш и л а м н е п о л ь з о в а т ь с я ее к о м п ь ю т е р о м . 2. Д а в а й
fetch earn receive arrive
я п о м о г у тебе. 3. Я д у м а ю , р о д и т е л и не р а з р е ш и л и ей п р и н я т ь
catch buy become have
у ч а с т и е в э к с к у р с и и . 4. У ч и т е л ь р а з р е ш и л тебе о т с у т с т в о в а т ь на
156 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 14

з а н я т и я х ? 5. Я п о з в о л и л а ей у й т и с е г о д н я п о р а н ь ш е . 6. Д у м а е ш ь , Offering things and substances. Preference


о т е ц В и к т о р а р а з р е ш и т е м у п о е х а т ь с н а м и ? 7. М о я м а т ь не раз­
a) How to offer things and substances:
р е ш а е т м н е к у п а т ь с я о д н о й . 8 . О н р а з р е ш и л тебе п о л ь з о в а т ь с я
его м а ш и н о й ? Would
you like a sandwich/some coffee?
Wouldn't
12. a) Focus on the following.
b) How to respond:
This structure is used to give reason for doing something:
Yes, I'd like one/some, please.
Take t h i s r o a d m a p in case you get lost. No, thank you.
T h e " i n case c l a u s e " gives t h e reason for t h e " m a i n clause",
i.e. t h e reason for t a k i n g a m a p . c) How to ask about preference:
Which do you prefer/like better, tea or coffee?
b) What's the difference in meaning? prefer to
1. I'll buy some apples if I get hungry. What would you <^ do, study Arts or Science?
2. I'll buy some apples in case I get hungry. rather

c) Complete the following sentences with if or in case. d) How to respond:

1. I'll t a k e a plastic bottle of water ... I get thirsty. 2. C a n you buy I prefer . . . .
I like ... better.
me a newspaper ... you pass a kiosk on your way h o m e ? 3. We'll have
^ prefer to
a swim ... we see a nice place by t h e river. 4. I'll c h a n g e a travellers' I'd
c h e q u e ... t h e b a n k is o p e n . 5. He t o o k some extra travellers' c h e q u e s ... rather ...
he r a n o u t of money. 6. ... t h e post office is o p e n , c a n you buy me s o m e
stamps? 7. W h e n you drive to t h e m o u n t a i n s t h i s winter, p u t c h a i n s on
your wheels ... t h e roads are icy. Conversation Practice
T Listen, read and practise. Make substitutions where necessary.
13. Translate the sentences using won't or wouldn't to express re­
fusal. Treating Guests
1. П р и н е с и т е д р у г о й к у с о ч е к м е л а . Э т о т м е л не п и ш е т . 2. М о й 1. A: I ' m thirsty. Is t h e r e a n y t h i n g to d r i n k ?
м у ж н и з а ч т о н е хочет ехать н а юг. 3 . Ч а й н и к н и к а к н е к и п и т . B: W o u l d you like s o m e o r a n g e juice?
4 . О к н о н е о т к р ы в а е т с я . 5 . Э т о т н о ж н е режет. 6 . М о т о р н и к а к н е A: N o , t h a n k s . I d o n ' t like o r a n g e juice.
з а в о д и л с я . 7 . О н м е н я н е хотел с л у ш а т ь . 8 . О н н е п о з в о л я л м н е B: H o w about s o m e coke?
пользоваться своей м а ш и н о й . A: O h , yes, please! I'd love s o m e coke!
(coffee/tea; b e e r / m i n e r a l water)

Text Exercises
2. A: I ' m hungry. Is t h e r e a n y t h i n g to eat?
14. Ask questions about the Browns' dinner party.
B: W o u l d you like a h a m sandwich?

15. Speak about the Browns' party. A: N o , t h a n k s . I d o n ' t like h a m .


B: H o w about a cheese sandwich?
16. When did you last go to a party? What was it like? Did you enjoy A: O h , yes, please! I'd love a cheese sandwich!
the party? Was the cooking good? What did you eat? (spaghetti/soup; c h i p s / h a m b u r g e r )
UNIT 14 159
158 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

3. — H o w about a nice c u p of t e a before you go? Thanks for Hospitality


— Yes, I'd love o n e . 10. — I really must be going now.
— H o w do you like it? — But you've only just c o m e . W o u l d n ' t you like to stay for a
— A strong o n e with t h r e e s p o o n s for m e , please, snack?
(coffee, c o c o a ) — T h a t ' s very kind of you, but I m u s t n ' t be t o o late.
— W h a t a pity!
4. — A n o t h e r piece of m e a t pie?
— T h a n k s very m u c h for t h e party.
— N o , t h a n k s , really. I ' m on a diet.
— It was a pleasure to have you.
— Please, do. You've hardly eaten a n y t h i n g .
— It's delicious, but I don't think I ought to. 11. — I t h i n k I m u s t be off.
(chicken, p u d d i n g , cake) — So soon? C a n ' t you stay a little longer?
— I'd love t o , but I have to get up early tomorrow.
5. — Do have t h e rest of t h e chicken!
— What a shame!
— N o , t h a n k you. I've h a d t o o m u c h already.
— T h a n k you for a wonderful meal.
— Just t a k e it to please m e .
— O K , but o n l y a small piece or I s h a n ' t have r o o m for my p u d d i n g . — I ' m glad you enjoyed it.

(meat, cheese)
In a Restaurant
6. — Are there any biscuits, please?
— Yes, of course. Would you like one? a) Choosing a dish and a drink
— Yes, please.
1. — W h a t do you w a n t to d r i n k ?
— H e r e you are.
— I feel like a c u p of tea.
(sweets, apples, oranges, t o m a t o e s )
— Do you fancy s o m e t h i n g to eat?
7. — Will you please give me a little m o r e salad? — Yes, I'd rather like some of t h a t fruit cake.
— Just a m o m e n t . H e r e you are. W h a t a b o u t b a c o n a n d eggs? — T h a t ' s a g o o d idea. I t h i n k I'll j o i n you.
Will you have some? (a c u p of coffee/apple pie; a glass of o r a n g e j u i c e / p u d d i n g )
— Yes. I'll have s o m e , please. A n d t h e n a c u p of strong tea.
2. — W h a t would you like to d r i n k ?
(cheese, fish) — A black coffee for m e , please.
8. — Please, c o m e in. — H o w about s o m e t h i n g to eat?
— T h a n k you. — Yes, I'd like a portion of that strawberry tart.
— Please, sit d o w n . Would you like a c u p of tea? (a glass of m i n e r a l water/cake; a bottle of lemonade/meat pie)
— Yes, please.
— H o w about a biscuit? 3. — W h a t will you have for the m a i n course?
— N o , t h a n k s . I ' m on a diet. — C h i c k e n s o u p a n d beefsteak.

(a c u p of coffee/a sandwich; a glass of milk/a piece of cake; — I d o n ' t want s o u p today. I'll take a m u t t o n c h o p with
mashed potatoes.
a glass of l e m o n a d e / a n apple pie)
(noodle soup, veal, chicken, cauliflower)
9. — Is there any coffee, please?
— Yes, t h e r e is. 4. — Do you w a n t a n y t h i n g to start with, Simon?
— M a y I have some, please? — Yes, s o m e t o m a t o juice.

— H e l p yourself, — As for m e , I'd like s o m e salad to begin with,


(chocolate, beef, cake) (fish/cold m e a t ; apple j u i c e / h a m )
U !\ I I 14 101
160 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

C o u l d you b r i n g us some m o r e tea, please?


5. — W h a t shall we have for d i n n e r today?
Of c o u r s e , sir.
— Let's have t o m a t o s o u p a n d beefsteak.
... a n d could you b r i n g me t h e bill, please. I ' m in a hurry.
— I'd r a t h e r have a m u t t o n c h o p .
(clear soup, m i l k soup, roasted m e a t , chicken) 5. Customer: Waiter! I'd like t h e m e n u , please.
Waiter: H e r e you are, sir.
6. A: Shall we have s o m e soup first? Customer: T h a n k s . . . I'd like some soup.
B: N o , t h a n k you. I d o n ' t like soup. I'd rather have some fruit Waiter: T o m a t o soup?
juice to start with, (prefer to) Customer: Yes, please, a n d I'd like a steak.
A : O K . A n d w h a t a b o u t t h e m a i n course? W h i c h would you Waiter: R a r e , m e d i u m o r well-done?
rather have, fish or m e a t ? (prefer to) Customer: M e d i u m , please.
B: M e a t , I t h i n k . Waiter: W h i c h vegetables would you like?
A: D o n ' t you like fish, t h e n ? Customer: I'd like s o m e p o t a t o e s , s o m e p e a s a n d a salad,
В: I d o , but I prefer meat, (like ... better) please.
A: Shall we have some white wine? Waiter: C e r t a i n l y , sir.
B: I'd rather have red, please, (prefer to) Customer: A n d I'd like some wine.
A: D o n ' t you like white wine, t h e n ? Waiter: W h i c h w i n e would you like, sir?
B: Yes, but I prefer red w i n e with m e a t , (like ... better) Customer: A bottle of red wine, please.

A: W h a t would you like for dessert? S o m e cheese? 6. Waiter: May I help you?
B: I'd rather just have a coffee, I t h i n k , (prefer (just to)) Customer: I'd like a steak.
A: F i n e . A n d ... er, after d i n n e r ? Shall we go to a disco? Waiter: H o w would you like it?
B: No thanks. I'd rather go straight home. I'm very tired, (prefer to) Customer: Rare.
Waiter: Okay. A n d would you prefer a baked p o t a t o or rice
b) Ordering a meal with it?
Customer: I'd prefer a b a k e d p o t a t o .
1. — Have you decided on s o m e t h i n g ?
Waiter: Anything to drink?
— Yes. H a d d o c k a n d chips for m e , please.
Customer: H o w about a nice c u p of coffee, please?
— H o w about t h e sweet?
Waiter: Okay. T h a t ' s a r a r e steak with a b a k e d p o t a t o a n d a
— No sweet. Just coffee.
c u p of coffee.
(chicken a n d rice; roasted meat a n d m a s h e d p o t a t o e s )
Eating Dinner
2. — M a y I take your order, sir?
— Yes, I'd like to t r y t h e steak, please. Tim: It's a q u a r t e r past two (2.15). I haven't h a d a n y t h i n g
— A n d to follow? to eat since breakfast. I ' m hungry.
— Ice c r e a m , please, Sheila: So a m I.
(chicken/a couple of oranges) Tim: You'd like d i n n e r now, w o u l d n ' t you?
Sheila: Yes.
3. — C a n I take y o u r order, sir? Tim: W h y d o n ' t we eat in t h a t r e s t a u r a n t ?
— I'll just take a small salad, please. Sheila: T h a t ' s a good idea.
— Do you w a n t any sweet?
— Apple pie a n d c u s t a r d would be nice. (In the restaurant)
(a steak/a c u p of coffee; fried p o t a t o e s / a n ice c r e a m )
Tim: Waiter! Waiter! Bring us t h e m e n u , will you?
Waiter: Sorry, what did you say?
4. — O h , excuse m e !
Tim: Will you please b r i n g us t h e m e n u ?
— Yes, sir?
6 Английский язык. Часть 2
162 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 14 163

Waiter: Yes, of course. Here you are. A. Listen to the conversation once more. Imitate the phrases expressing
Tim: We'll n e e d a while to choose. C o u l d you c o m e back requests and volition and the replies to them.
in a m i n u t e ?
Waiter: All right. B. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.
Tim: Is t h e r e a n y t h i n g to your taste on t h e m e n u ?
Я хочу есть. — Я тоже. П о ж а л у й с т а , п р и н е с и т е м н е с а л ф е т к у .
Sheila: Yes, all k i n d s of t h i n g s .
П о ч е м у б ы н а м н е п о о б е д а т ь в т о м р е с т о р а н е ? О ф и ц и а н т , при­
Tim: Would you like a n y t h i n g to start with?
н е с и т е н а м м е н ю , п о ж а л у й с т а . Я б ы хотела с а л а т и з о г у р ц о в д л я
Sheila: Yes, I'd like to t r y t h e c u c u m b e r salad.
н а ч а л а . В м е н ю е с т ь ч т о - н и б у д ь н а т в о й вкус? М ы х о т и м обед н а
Tim: So would I. A n d what about t h e m a i n course?
д в о и х . М о ж н о у вас п р и н я т ь с е й ч а с з а к а з ? Т ы б ы хотела пообе­
Sheila: I can't decide between the veal cutlet a n d the chicken.
д а т ь , не т а к л и ? П р о с т и т е , ч т о вы с к а з а л и ? Я с с а м о г о з а в т р а к а
Tim: Let's take t h e veal cutlet. It's t h e speciality of t h e
н и ч е г о н е ел. Х о т и т е ч т о - н и б у д ь в ы п и т ь ? Н а м п о н а д о б и т с я не­
house.
м н о г о в р е м е н и , ч т о б ы в ы б р а т ь . Я п р е д п о ч и т а ю в а р е н ы й карто­
Sheila: All right.
ф е л ь . К а к тебе н р а в и т с я котлета? Вот, п о ж а л у й с т а . О н и о ч е н ь
Tim: W h a t would you like with t h e veal?
с о ч н ы е . О ф и ц и а н т , счет, п о ж а л у й с т а .
Sheila: Cauliflower.
Tim: A n d 1 prefer boiled p o t a t o e s . Do you w a n t s o m e
C. Give synonymous expressions for the following.
fruit?
Sheila: I'd like an orange. You'd like d i n n e r now, w o u l d n ' t you? W h y d o n ' t we eat in t h a t
Waiter: C a n I t a k e your order now? r e s t a u r a n t ? Bring us t h e m e n u , will you? Sorry, w h a t did you say?
Tim: We w a n t d i n n e r for two. Bring us two veal cutlets C o u l d you c o m e back in a m i n u t e ? Would you like a n y t h i n g to start
with cauliflower a n d boiled p o t a t o e s , two c u c u m b e r with? I'd like to t r y t h e c u c u m b e r salad. Let's take t h e veal. C a n I t a k e
salads a n d a couple of oranges. your o r d e r now? We want d i n n e r for two. Would you please b r i n g me
Waiter: A n y t h i n g to d r i n k ? a n a p k i n ? H o w is t h e cutlet? H o w m u c h is it?
Sheila: A half of cider, please.
Tim: A half of cider a n d a p i n t of bitter, please. I h o p e it's D. Give a brief account of the conversation.
cold.
E. Act out the conversation "Eating Dinner".
Waiter: Would you like a n y t h i n g else?
Tim: N o , t h a t ' l l be all right. F. Act out the following situations.
Sheila: Would you please bring me a n a p k i n ?
Waiter: Certainly. 1. You've c o m e to a r e s t a u r a n t . You call t h e waiter a n d o r d e r din­
n e r of t h r e e courses. At t h e e n d of t h e m e a l you ask for t h e bill.
(Some minutes later) 2. Your friend a n d you are at a r e s t a u r a n t . At t h e m o m e n t you are
looking at t h e m e n u a n d choosing t h e dishes you would like to try.
Tim: H o w is t h e cutlet? Your tastes differ.
Sheila: Very tender, t h a n k you. A n d I like t h e oranges. T h e y 3. You are at y o u r friends' h o u s e . T h e hostess is treating you to a
are very juicy. substantial d i n n e r a n d t h e host is p o u r i n g wine. You enjoy t h e m e a l
Tim: Waiter, o u r bill, please. H o w m u c h is it? a n d c o m p l i m e n t t h e hostess o n her c o o k i n g . O n leaving t h e h o u s e you
Waiter: H e r e you are, sir. Eight p o u n d s a n d twenty p e n c e . t h a n k t h e hostess for a wonderful m e a l .
77m: T h a n k you. H e r e is ten p o u n d s . K e e p t h e c h a n g e .
Waiter: T h a n k you, sir. Booking in Advance
[ г ] W h e r e is t h e scene t a k i n g place? W h o are t h e speakers? Are A m a n is calling a r e s t a u r a n t to reserve a table.
they having breakfast or d i n n e r ? W h a t have they decided on? Maitre D': G o o d evening, Le Cuisinier.
H o w does Sheila find t h e cutlet a n d t h e oranges? Have they Mr Novak: Hello. I'd like to m a k e a reservation for next Saturday
tipped t h e waiter? night.
e*
164 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 14 165

Maitre D': All right. How m a n y are t h e r e in your party, sir, a n d [Y] W h e r e did S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y celebrate t h e i r w e d d i n g an­
what t i m e would you like to c o m e ? niversary? W h a t dishes did they o r d e r at t h e restaurant? How
Mr Novak: At 7.30 a n d there'll be four of us. did they Find t h e c o o k i n g ?
Maitre D': Just a m o m e n t , please... I'm afraid I d o n ' t have any­
t h i n g for four at 7.30. Would 8 be all right? Bon Appetit
Mr Novak: Yes, it would.
An A m e r i c a n a n d a F r e n c h m a n who knew only their own languages
Maitre D': Your n a m e , please.
were d i n i n g at the same table on board a ship. On the first day the
Mr Novak: Novak.
F r e n c h m a n c a m e to the restaurant first. W h e n the A m e r i c a n c a m e , he
Maitre D': All right, Mr Novak, I've reserved a table for a p a r t y
stood up, made a l o n g b o w a n d said: " B o n appetit." T h e American thought
of four at 8 t h i s c o m i n g Saturday.
Mr Novak: T h a n k you. G o o d b y e . he was introducing himself. So he also bowed a n d said: " W a t s o n . "
T h i s h a p p e n e d several t i m e s a n d t h e A m e r i c a n w h o could not un­
Maitre D': Goodbye.
d e r s t a n d why t h e F r e n c h m a n i n t r o d u c e d h i m s e l f s o m a n y t i m e s asked
[У| W h a t is Mr N o v a k doing at t h e m o m e n t ? W h e n would he like his friend about it. H i s friend explained t h a t " B o n a p p e t i t " m e a n t
to c o m e ? H o w m a n y people are t h e r e in t h e i r party? D o e s 8 " G o o d a p p e t i t e " . T h e A m e r i c a n d e c i d e d t o c o r r e c t his mistake. Next
o'clock suit M r N o v a k ? m o r n i n g he was t h e first at t h e table a n d w h e n t h e F r e n c h m a n c a m e ,
h e s t o o d u p a n d said: " B o n appetit." T h e F r e n c h m a n i m m e d i a t e l y
r e t u r n e d t h e bow a n d said: " W a t s o n . "
Situation. It is your wife's/your husband's birthday tomorrow. You are
going out to celebrate. At the moment you are phoning a restaurant and
[У] W h e r e did t h e A m e r i c a n a n d t h e F r e n c h m a n meet? How did the
booking a table for eight people.
F r e n c h m a n greet the A m e r i c a n when they met at breakfast? D i d
t h e A m e r i c a n u n d e r s t a n d what the F r e n c h m a n said? W h a t did
Listening he answer in reply? How did the A m e r i c a n correct his mistake?

At the Continental Restaurant A Rainy Day Episode


Yesterday was S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y J o h n s o n ' s t w e n t y - t h i r d an­ It h a d b e e n r a i n i n g h a r d t h e whole m o r n i n g when I h a d to leave
niversary. T h e y went to t h e C o n t i n e n t a l R e s t a u r a n t for d i n n e r . T h i s t h e h o u s e . I w a n t e d to take an umbrella but I saw t h a t out of my five
r e s t a u r a n t is a very special place for S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y b e c a u s e
u m b r e l l a s t h e r e wasn't a single o n e w h i c h I could use. I decided to t a k e
they went t h e r e on t h e i r first date twenty-four years ago.
all my u m b r e l l a s to the repair shop. " I ' l l be back for my u m b r e l l a s on
S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y sat at a quiet, r o m a n t i c table in t h e cor­
my way h o m e in t h e evening," I said to t h e umbrella-maker.
ner. T h e y h a d two glasses of w i n e a n d t h e n they ordered d i n n e r . First
At o n e o'clock in t h e afternoon I felt h u n g r y a n d went to t h e cafd.
D o r o t h y o r d e r e d a bowl of vegetable soup, a n d S h e r m a n o r d e r e d a
It was still r a i n i n g heavily. I entered t h e cafe\ sat down at o n e of t h e
glass of t o m a t o juice.
tables a n d o r d e r e d l u n c h . A few m i n u t e s later a y o u n g lady with an
F o r t h e m a i n course D o r o t h y ordered baked chicken with rice a n d
umbrella in h e r h a n d c a m e in a n d sat down at t h e s a m e table. I fin­
S h e r m a n o r d e r e d fish with p o t a t o e s .
ished my l u n c h , got up a n d t o o k her u m b r e l l a by mistake. I must tell
F o r dessert D o r o t h y ordered a piece of apple pie a n d S h e r m a n
o r d e r e d a bowl of strawberries. you I ' m a very a b s e n t - m i n d e d m a n ! " T h i s is my u m b r e l l a ! " cried t h e
S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y enjoyed t h e i r d i n n e r very m u c h . T h e soup w o m a n . " E x c u s e m e , " I said r e t u r n i n g t h e umbrella to her. " I ' m aw­
was delicious a n d t h e t o m a t o j u i c e was fresh. T h e chicken was wonder­ fully sorry."
ful a n d t h e rice was tasty. T h e fish was fantastic a n d the p o t a t o e s were In t h e evening on my way h o m e I called for t h e umbrellas, w h i c h
excellent. T h e apple pie was magnificent a n d the strawberries were out were ready by t h a t t i m e . T h e n I went to t h e nearest u n d e r g r o u n d sta­
of t h i s world! tion, got i n t o a carriage, put my five u m b r e l l a s by my side a n d began
S h e r m a n a n d D o r o t h y h a d a wonderful evening at t h e C o n t i n e n t a l to read a newspaper. Suddenly I h e a r d a voice: " O h , you've h a d a suc­
R e s t a u r a n t . It was a very special anniversary. cessful day today, haven't y o u ? " I looked up a n d saw t h e w o m a n with
Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 14 167
166

w h o m I h a d h a d l u n c h at t h e cafe\ or a c a n d y c o u n t e r , or you c a n get a bite to eat at o n e of t h e m a n y fast


food c h a i n s , like M c D o n a l d ' s , Burger K i n g , K e n t u c k y Fried C h i c k e n ,
[У] W h a t was t h e w e a t h e r like t h a t day? W h y did t h e m a n have to or T a c o T i m e . Or you c a n get a h e r o or s u b m a r i n e sandwich " t o s t a y "
g o t o t h e repair shop? W h a t h a p p e n e d a t l u n c h ? W h a t hap­ or " t o g o " from a sandwich s h o p or deli. S o m e of these places have ta­
p e n e d in t h e evening? bles, b u t m a n y d o n ' t . People eat in t h e i r cars or t a k e t h e i r food h o m e ,
to t h e i r offices or to parks. If you prefer sitting d o w n b u t still d o n ' t
want to spend m u c h , you c a n t r y a cafeteria. At all of these places, you
Reading
pay at a c a s h register before you sit d o w n , a n d you d o n ' t have to tip
Meals in Britain a n y b o d y — b u t you usually have to clear t h e table w h e n you finish!

A t r a d i t i o n a l English breakfast is a very big meal — sausages, ba­ Glossary


c o n , eggs, t o m a t o e s , m u s h r o o m s . . . But nowadays m a n y people just candy: very sweet sugary food
have cereal with m i l k a n d sugar, o r toast with m a r m a l a d e , j a m , o r deli: s h o r t for "delicatessen", a s h o p where you c a n buy salads a n d
honey. M a r m a l a d e a n d j a m are n o t t h e s a m e . M a r m a l a d e i s m a d e c o o k e d m e a t s a n d have sandwiches m a d e
from oranges a n d j a m is m a d e from o t h e r fruit. T h e t r a d i t i o n a l break­ junk food: snack foods t h a t are n o t g o o d for you
fast d r i n k is tea, w h i c h people have with cold m i l k . S o m e people have
coffee, often i n s t a n t coffee, w h i c h is m a d e with just hot water. M a n y
visitors to Britain find t h i s coffee disgusting! Fluency
F o r m a n y people l u n c h is a quick meal. In cities t h e r e are a lot of /. Answer the questions about yourself.
sandwich bars, where office workers c a n choose t h e k i n d of b r e a d t h e y
w a n t — b r o w n , white, or a roll — a n d t h e n all sorts of salad a n d m e a t W h a t d o e s y o u r u s u a l d i n n e r consist of? W h a t are your favourite
or fish to go in t h e sandwich. P u b s often serve good, c h e a p food, b o t h dishes? A r e you a g o o d cook? C a n you give me a recipe of o n e of t h e
hot a n d cold. S c h o o l c h i l d r e n c a n have a hot m e a l at school, b u t m a n y dishes you c a n c o o k best? Have you got a n y children? W h a t are t h e i r
just take a snack from h o m e — a sandwich, a d r i n k , s o m e fruit, a n d likes a n d dislikes as far as food is c o n c e r n e d ? Do you always eat at
p e r h a p s s o m e crisps. h o m e or do you s o m e t i m e s d i n e out? W h e n did you last go to a restau­
" T e a " m e a n s two t h i n g s . It is a d r i n k a n d a meal. S o m e people rant? D i d you like t h e service a n d t h e c o o k i n g ? W h i c h of t h e M o s c o w
have a f t e r n o o n tea, with sandwiches, cakes, a n d , of c o u r s e , a c u p of r e s t a u r a n t s do you prefer? W h y ? Have you ever travelled abroad? H o w
tea. C r e a m teas are p o p u l a r . You have scones (a k i n d of cake) with did you find t h e food in t h e c o u n t r i e s you visited? W h a t is t h e c a n t e e n
cream and jam. in your office like? Do you often have your m e a l s there?
T h e evening m e a l is t h e m a i n m e a l of t h e day for m a n y people.
2. Discuss the following.
T h e y usually have it quite early, between 6.00 a n d 8.00, a n d often t h e
whole family eats together. 1. M a n y p e o p l e Find it very convenient to have d i n n e r at a c a n t e e n
On Sundays m a n y families have a t r a d i t i o n a l l u n c h . T h e y have or a cafe" on weekdays. A r e you of t h e s a m e o p i n i o n ? Why?
roast m e a t , either beef, lamb, c h i c k e n , or pork, with p o t a t o e s , veg­ 2. It is convenient to have a party at a restaurant rather t h a n at
etables, a n d gravy. G r a v y is a sauce m a d e from t h e m e a t juices. T h e h o m e . No trouble at all. All pleasure a n d fun. W h a t do you t h i n k of it?
British like t h e food from o t h e r c o u n t r i e s , t o o , especially I t a l i a n ,
F r e n c h , C h i n e s e a n d I n d i a n . People often get take-away m e a l s — you 3. Act out the following situations.
buy t h e food at t h e r e s t a u r a n t a n d t h e n bring it h o m e to eat. E a t i n g in 1. You w a n t to a r r a n g e a business lunch for yourself a n d represen­
B r i t a i n is quite i n t e r n a t i o n a l . tatives of a n o t h e r c o m p a n y . C a l l the r e s t a u r a n t to reserve a table for
t h e n u m b e r of people a n d t i m e you w a n t . Ask what they have on t h e i r
Getting Something to Eat in the US menu.
You'll find r e s t a u r a n t s for every situation in t h e U S . If you are in a 2. Your friend a n d you are having l u n c h in a r e s t a u r a n t in L o n d o n .
hurry, you may j u s t w a n t to grab s o m e " j u n k " food at a grocery store Before paying t h e bill you decide on how m u c h to tip t h e waiter (the
168 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 14 169

m e a t w a s o v e r d o n e , t h e service was slow, s o m e i t e m s on t h e table were


missing). 15. Will you please buy ... loaf of ... b r o w n bread? 16. He is fond of
... cabbage soup. 17. I liked ... pork we h a d for ... supper. 18. I h a d ...
4. Speak on: big d i n n e r today. 19. D i d you enjoy ... meal? 20. ... j u i c e was delicious.
21. ... d i n n e r is cold already. We must w a r m it u p . 22. It is ... very
a) y o u r favourite dishes; b) y o u r usual breakfast (dinner, supper);
substantial breakfast, isn't it? 23. I enjoyed ... l u n c h they served at t h e
c) y o u r last visit to a r e s t a u r a n t .
restaurant.
Write about a party you enjoyed.
3. Fill in the gaps with articles if necessary. Get ready to retell the text
in class.
Self Check
T h i s is ... (1) story about two cities, o n e w o m a n a n d ... (2) t o m a t o
1. Fill in the gaps with prepositions if necessary. sauce. ... (3) story began nearly o n e h u n d r e d years ago in ... (4) k i t c h e n
of ... (5) small house in ... (6) a n c i e n t city of ... (7) Melfi in ... (8)
A. M i k e a n d Peter have c o m e ... t h e c a n t e e n to have d i n n e r . It is
s o u t h e r n Italy. It e n d e d with o n e of... (9) USA's best-selling sauces.
o n l y h a l f ... o n e b u t t h e r e are a lot of people ... t h e c a n t e e n already.
In July 1892, ... (10) baby girl was b o r n in ... (11) Melfi. She was
T h e boys go ... a small r o u n d table ... a window, t a k e a m e n u c a r d ...
called ... (12) A s s u n t a G a l a . H e r father, ... (13) Michelangelo, a n d his
t h e next table a n d begin to read it. T h e r e is a great c h o i c e ... dishes ...
wife A m e l i a h a d ten c h i l d r e n altogether. F o u r of t h e m died.
t h e m e n u . M i k e w a n t s to have cabbage s o u p ... t h e first c o u r s e . Peter
In t h o s e days ... (14) life in ... (15) s o u t h e r n Italy was very h a r d .
prefers m i l k soup. ... t h e s e c o n d c o u r s e t h e boys will have fish ... po­
O n e way of ... (16) escape was ... (17) ticket to ... (18) U S A . ... (19)
t a t o e s . B o t h ... t h e m are fond ... ice c r e a m , so t h e y are going to have
it... dessert. M i k e h a s t a k e n a n e w s p a p e r ... his bag. He likes to read whole family e m i g r a t e d a n d A s s u n t a arrived in ... (20) N e w York on

s o m e t h i n g ... d i n n e r . ... (21) t e n t h of May, 1914. T h e y went straight to " L i t t l e I t a l y " in N e w


York State a n d settled in ... (22) city of Rochester. A s s u n t a h a d no
B. J u s t listen ... t h i s . To b e g i n with, I h a d to wait t w e n t y m i n u t e s skills e x c e p t . . . (23) c o o k i n g a n d she worked in h e r b r o t h e r ' s r e s t a u r a n t
... t h e waitress. W h e n I asked h e r ... t h e m e n u , she h a d to go a n d look for several years. In 1927 she m a r r i e d G i o v a n n i C a n t i s a n o a n d s t a r t e d
... it; t h e r e was o n l y o n e , a n d s o m e t h i n g h a d h a p p e n e d ... it. T h e n , ... (24) family.
w h e n I spoke ... h e r she d i d n ' t listen ... m e , so she b r o u g h t s o m e To e a r n ... (25) little extra money, A s s u n t a b e g a n to m a k e ... (26)
c h e e s e w h i c h I d i d n ' t w a n t . I h a d n ' t asked ... it, but she w a n t e d me spaghetti sauce. She used h e r m o t h e r ' s old recipe, m a d e ... (27) sauce in
t o pay for it! T h e r e s t a u r a n t b e l o n g s ... T a m a r a L a n e , t h e T V c o o k e r y her k i t c h e n a n d sold it locally. S o o n everyone w a n t e d ... (28) sauce a n d
expert. I shall write ... her. T h e waitresses should look ... t h e custom­ ... (29) C a n t i s a n o s moved ... (30) k i t c h e n to ... (31) factory. T h e y p u t . . .
ers better. (32) sauce i n t o ... (33) c a n s , called it " R a g u " a n d sold it t h r o u g h o u t . . .
(34) n o r t h e a s t e r n states.
2. Fill in the gaps with articles if necessary.
In 1969, ... (35) A m e r i c a n food c o m p a n y b o u g h t ... (36) "golden
1. I d o n ' t like ... m i n e r a l water. I prefer ... c u p of... tea. 2. Is t h e r e r e c i p e " for over forty m i l l i o n dollars! A s s u n t a began h e r life in ... (37)
a n y t h i n g to your taste on ... m e n u ? 3. She is going to c o o k ... fish s o u p poverty a n d died ...(38) millionairess. H e r sauce was ... (39) best-selling
for ... d i n n e r . 4. W h a t c a n you r e c o m m e n d for ... first course? 5. ... spaghetti sauce in ... (40) whole of... (41) U S A .
m e a t is just to my liking. 6. W h a t do you usually have for ... s e c o n d
course? 7. ... cheese was fresh a n d tasty a n d he ate it with ... appetite. 5. Translate into English.
8. At ... d i n n e r we sat far from e a c h o t h e r a n d c o u l d not talk. 9. After
— Ты уже о б е д а л ?
... d i n n e r sit a while, a f t e r . . . s u p p e r walk a mile. 10. W h o is c o m i n g to
— Нет еще.
... tea? 11. I h a d ... s u p p e r at t h e hotel r e s t a u r a n t . 12. F o r ... breakfast
— Я т о ж е . Я о ч е н ь хочу е с т ь . Д а в а й п о о б е д а е м г д е - н и б у д ь
I h a d ... boiled egg a n d ... c u p of... strong tea. 13. He prefers ... roasted
вместе.
m e a t for ... s e c o n d c o u r s e . 14. She likes ... black coffee for ... breakfast.
— Х о р о ш о . П о й д е м в к а ф е на у л и ц е Ц е н т р а л ь н о й ?
170 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

— С у д о в о л ь с т в и е м . Я т а м не р а з б ы в а л . Э т о к а ф е м н е о ч е н ь
нравится. Там хорошо готовят и обслуживают.

(В кафе)
Unit 15
— Что сегодня в меню?
— М н о г о б л ю д на м о й вкус. Я хочу в з я т ь к у р и н ы й б у л ь о н , G R A M M A R : Question tags
б и ф ш т е к с и стакан апельсинового сока. А ты?
— Ч т о к а с а е т с я м е н я , то я в о з ь м у б а р а н ь ю о т б и в н у ю и бутыл­ C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Solidarity
ку п и в а . Я не хочу с у п с е г о д н я .
— Ты х о ч е ш ь м о р о ж е н о г о ? SOLIDARITY
— Н е т , я не л ю б л ю м о р о ж е н о е .
— Ты не хочешь выпить? Illustrative Situations
— Д а в а й в о з ь м е м б у т ы л к у сухого в и н а .
T Study and practise.
— Ч т о - н и б у д ь еще?
— Нет, э т о все. Д а в а й п о з о в е м о ф и ц и а н т а и с д е л а е м з а к а з . 1. — Bill is very athletic. He c a n swim very well.
— So c a n Jack.
— Yes, t h e y are b o t h very good at sports.

2. — I am going to t h e c i n e m a .
— So a m I.
— I h o p e t h e film will be good.
— So d o I.

3. - W h e r e is Kate?
— She's got to stay at h o m e a n d look after t h e c h i l d r e n .
— So h a s Bill, as a m a t t e r of fact.
— T h e n we c a n ' t play bridge, c a n we?

4. — J i m played cards yesterday.


— So did P a u l .
— D i d n ' t they get i n t o trouble?
— Yes, I expect so.

5. — I ' m afraid Jack and Jim aren't getting on very well in


English.
— N o , they a r e n ' t .
— Particularly Jack, he ought to work harder.
— So o u g h t J i m .
— I quite agree.

6. — Have you ever b e e n to Australia?


— N o , I haven't.
— N e i t h e r have I, b u t I've b e e n to J a p a n .
— So have I.
172 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 15 173

7. — I ' m not going to t h e club, I'm afraid. A: ... not to t h e Hotel del Sol?
— N e i t h e r am I. B: Yes ... why?
— It's a pity, isn't it? A: Well, I'll see you. I'm staying t h e r e , t o o !
— Yes, I suppose so. 14. Pascale: I like tea with m i l k a n d sugar.
Luisa: So do I, but I d o n ' t like t h e coffee here, a n d neither
8. — Have you got a radio?
d o e s M a r i a . It's t o o weak. C a n you cook English
— N o , I haven't. But I've got a p i a n o .
food?
— So have I.
Pascale: N o , n o t very well.
9. — W h a t do you t h i n k of space travel? Luisa: N e i t h e r c a n I. But we had a good meal last night
— I t h i n k it's very exciting. at Stone's C h o p H o u s e . T h e y call it " T h e h o m e of
— So do I, but M a r y d o e s n ' t . traditional English food."
Pascale: Yes, in Leicester Square. But isn't eating out in
— D o e s n ' t she?
L o n d o n expensive! I've spent so m u c h m o n e y on
— N o , she t h i n k s it's rather useless.
food.
10. — As a child I c o u l d j u m p well. Luisa: So have I, a n d I've also put on weight.
— I c o u l d n ' t but I could climb trees.
— So could I, but I c a n ' t now.
Practice
— N e i t h e r c a n I.
1. Express solidarity.
11. — Would you like to buy a bicycle?
— N o , not particularly. I'd rather buy a motorbike. a) A: Tom is going by taxi. (Bill)
— So would I. B: And so is Bill.

12. — D i c k will get a rise next m o n t h . 1. T h e y h a d cornflakes for breakfast. (I) 2. G e o r g e has l u n c h in
— So will Bill. t h e c a n t e e n . ( G e r a l d ) 3. J o h n h a s a car. (Alan) 4. A n n got a p a r k i n g
ticket. (Alice) 5. M a r y ' s t a k i n g p h o t o g r a p h s . ( M i c h a e l ) 6. I ' m tired of
13. A: I ' m on holiday next m o n t h .
this, (we all) 7. R i c h a r d h a s just got h o m e . (Philip) 8. Bill should take
B: So a m I.
a holiday. (Peter) 9. Emily offered to help. (Jean) 10. H u g h liked t h e
A: I n e e d a c h a n g e .
film. ( M a r y ) 11. Jack must go. (his wife) 12. A n n m a d e six mistakes,
B: O h , so do I. I ' m tired of t h e s a m e office a n d t h e s a m e (you) 13. T h e y ' r e looking for a flat, (we) 14. T h e y missed t h e pro­
people every day! g r a m m e , (we) 15. P h i l i p will have to take lessons. (Pat) 16. Dick speaks
A: W h e r e are you going? C h i n e s e . ( P a u l ) 17. F r e d has b o u g h t a car. ( M a r k ) 18. Steve c a n swim
B: Spain. well. ( D o n a l d ) 19. I ' m happy. (I) 20. I was here last week. (I) 21. I
A: O h , I went t h e r e last year. studied m a t h e m a t i c s at school. ( I )
B: So did I. We always go to Spain... b u t we never go to t h e
C o s t a Brava. b) A: Jack couldn't understand it. (Tom)
B: Neither could Tom.
A: N o , neither do I. T h e r e are t o o m a n y E n g l i s h people
there. 1. Peter h a s n ' t t i m e to study. (Bill) 2. G e o r g e m u s t n ' t be late.
B: W h e r e exactly are you going? (Arthur) 3. Paul d i d n ' t get any sleep, (his m o t h e r ) 4. A n n d o e s n ' t
A: San Pedro... it's a little village on t h e n o r t h coast. smoke. ( I ) 5. N a n c y won't c o m e , (her h u s b a n d ) 6. Paul d o e s n ' t be­
B: You're j o k i n g ! lieve you. (James) 7. Bill h a s n ' t b e e n waiting long. (Bob) 8. A n d r e w
A: N o , I ' m not. I've b e e n there t h r e e t i m e s . wasn't d r u n k . (Peter) 9. T h e y d o n ' t k n o w t h e way. (I) 10. A n n w o n ' t
B: So have we... a n d we're going there t h i s year, t o o . write letters. (Lucy) 11. C h a r l e s wasn't m a k i n g a noise. (Jack) 12. He
174 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 15 175

w o n ' t be ready by six. (she) 13. T h e S m i t h s a r e n ' t rich, (the Browns) Steve: Probably because it's new. They only opened last week.
14. He c a n ' t explain it. (anyone else) 15. Peter h a s n ' t started work yet. Jill: T h e y a r e n ' t very busy, are they?
( H a r o l d ) 16. A n n c o u l d n ' t lift it. (Alice) 17. I wasn't late this morn­ Steve: N o , not yet, but it's still early. O n l y 6.30 p . m . A n d it
ing. (I) 18. I d i d n ' t go to t h e c i n e m a last night. (I) 19. I haven't got a is M o n d a y night. It will probably be m u c h busier at
Rolls-Royce. (I) weekends.

2. Express solidarity in response to your friend's statements (both posi­ 4. Hans: T h e bus leaves at 8.30, d o e s n ' t it?
tive and negative). Ali: Yes, we'll have to get up early.
Hans: A n d we have lunch in Winchester, d o n ' t we?
Ali: T h a t ' s right. After t h e visit to t h e C a t h e d r a l . T h e n on
Q U E S T I O N TAGS
to Salisbury a n d S t o n e h e n g e .
Illustrative Situations Hans: I w o n d e r w h e n t h e b u s will get back. We got back
from t h e last t o u r at about 6.30, d i d n ' t we?
T Study and practise the conversations. Observe the question tags Ali: Yes, in t i m e for t h e t h e a t r e . But you d o n ' t w a n t to go
used in the conversations. out after t h e tour, do you?
1. Steve: You d i d n ' t have a very good holiday, did you? Hans: Well, I'd like to go to a c o n c e r t , b u t I'll probably be
Diana: N o , but how do you know? O h , I expect G e o r g e told t o o tired.

you, d i d n ' t he?


Steve: Yes, I met h i m in town last week. You went to Spain, Practice
d i d n ' t you?
Diana: Yes, I like Spain, b u t /. Make question tags.
Steve: ... b u t it r a i n e d all t h e t i m e , d i d n ' t it? A n d you d i d n ' t a) I'm not late.
like t h e hotel, did you? I'm not late, am I?
Diana: T h a t ' s right. You went to Spain last year, d i d n ' t you?
Steve: Yes, b u t we h a d a lovely t i m e . In fact, we'll probably 1. You w o n ' t tell Peter. 2. You n e e d n ' t start at o n c e . 3. H i s p a r e n t s
go there again next year. weren't angry. 4. A n n never reads reviews. 5. We s h a n ' t have to wait
long. 6. You d o n ' t expect me to wait all night. 7. T h i s b u s service isn't
2. ////: W h a t shall I m a k e w h e n you c o m e to tea on Sunday, very reliable. 8. You haven't read t h i s book. 9. You c a n ' t play poker.
M a r k ? You like chocolate cake, d o n ' t you? 10. She d i d n ' t translate t h e article yesterday. 11. A n n d o e s n ' t like de­
Mark: O h , yes, please. It's my favourite. tectives. 12. You d o n ' t have to work h a r d . 13. Jack wasn't at t h e party.
Jill: A n d K a t e likes strawberry jelly, d o e s n ' t she? 14. He c o u l d n ' t get t h e tickets. 15. Lucy d i d n ' t c o m e . 16. You w o n ' t
Mark: Yes, a n d so do I. invite P a u l . 17. You haven't talked to t h e boss.
////: A n d you also like chocolate ice c r e a m , d o n ' t you?
Mark: Yes, I love it. U n c l e Steve likes ice c r e a m , t o o , d o e s n ' t b) The coffee was terrible.
he? The coffee was terrible, wasn't it?
Jill: Yes, t h a t ' s right. By t h e way, I t h i n k you've eaten
1. T o m a n d A n n have a n n o u n c e d their e n g a g e m e n t . 2. T h e y are
e n o u g h of those sweets, M a r k . T h e bag's almost emp­
getting m a r r i e d next m o n t h . 3. Bill will be d i s a p p o i n t e d . 4. He was
ty. You d o n ' t want to be ill, do you?
h o p i n g to m a r r y her himself. 5. You e a r n twice as m u c h as your broth­
3. Steve: T h e c u r r y is excellent, isn't it? er. 6. A n d he works m u c h h a r d e r t h a n you. 7. He ought to ask for m o r e
Jill: Yes, you're glad we c a m e now, a r e n ' t you? money. 8. T h e y m a d e an e n o r m o u s profit last year. 9. Dick c a n swim
Steve: Yes, of c o u r s e . It's better t h a n t h e curries I m a k e at well. 10. He c a n also dive very well. 11. He is good at waterskiing, t o o .
home. 12. Last year he won t h e waterskiing c o m p e t i t i o n .
////: A n d it isn't very expensive here, is it? Note: I am younger t h a n you, aren't I?
176 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 15 177

c) You didn't have to wait long. Pascale: ... M o n i k a . She loved it. It was crowded a n d noisy a n d
You didn't have to wait long, did you? full of a t m o s p h e r e . T h e t h i n g s they sell t h e r e are very
interesting.
d) A bus came almost at once. Ann: A n d ... t h e people w h o sell t h e m , I expect. Let's go t h e r e
A bus came almost at once, didn't it? next Saturday.
1. You w o n ' t be late. 2. You'll be on t i m e . 3. T h e y w e r e n ' t very
2. Translate into English.
g o o d jokes. 4. N o b o d y l a u g h e d . 5. It's no use crying over spilt m i l k .
6. You will be careful. 7. We haven't m e t before. 8. I ' m on t i m e .
1. В и к т о р х о р о ш о г о в о р и т п о - а н г л и й с к и . — Е г о ж е н а т о ж е .
9. You d i d n ' t expect h i m to get t h e j o b . 10. He was quite a s t o n i s h e d
2. Я е щ е не в и д е л э т о т ф и л ь м . — Я т о ж е . 3. Мы с о б и р а е м с я на
himself. 11. But it'll m e a n living in L o n d o n . 12. He w o n ' t like t h a t .
э к с к у р с и ю в выходные д н и . — Мы тоже. 4. А н я не п р и ш л а на
13. You c a n m a n a g e on y o u r o w n . 14. You d o n ' t w a n t me to help you.
к о н ц е р т вчера. — Ее б р а т т о ж е . 5. Я не у м е ю и г р а т ь в г о л ь ф . —
15. Anyway, I ' m n o t m u c h use. 16. You a r e n ' t listening to t h e r a d i o .
Я т о ж е . 6. В ч е р а м н е п р и ш л о с ь м н о г о р а б о т а т ь . — М н е т о ж е .
17. P a u l c a u g h t t h e 8.40. 18. A n n h a s n ' t c o m e yet. 19. You d o n ' t t h i n k
7. Д ж о н л ю б и т ф и г у р н о е к а т а н и е . — Е г о ж е н а т о ж е . 8. Я не
it was my fault. 20. You like Peter. 21. T h e y d i d n ' t t a k e y o u r pass­
з н а ю его а д р е с а . — Я т о ж е . 9. Р о б е р т п р и д е т . — В и к т о р т о ж е .
p o r t . 22. T h e bottle was full t h i s m o r n i n g . 23. You a r e n ' t going to do
10. Я уже з а к а з а л билет. — Я т о ж е . 11. Вчера я в и д е л А н н у . —
a n y t h i n g stupid. 24. You c a n sail a b o a t . 25. We d o n ' t have to start
Я т о ж е . 12. М н е не п о н р а в и л с я к о н ц е р т . — М н е т о ж е . 13. Р а д в а с
at o n c e . 26. You d i d n ' t find y o u r w a t c h . 27. You k n o w P e t e r Brown.
в и д е т ь . — Я т о ж е . 14. Я не буду п р и с у т с т в о в а т ь на с о б р а н и и . —
28. B o b will drive t h e car. 29. She d o e s n ' t speak F r e n c h . 30. Lucy is
Я тоже.
at h o m e now.
3. Put in the correct question tags.
2. Ask your friend for some information using question tags. Ask him/
her about: a) sports; b) food; c) entertainments.
An Interrogation
Police C o n s t a b l e = PC; S m i t h e r s = S
Self Check
PC: You are J o h n Alfred S m i t h e r s , ... ?
/. Complete with so or neither. S: Yes, I a m .
Pascale: Are you enjoying t h e course? PC: You're 36, ... ?
Ann: Yes, very m u c h . S: Yes, t h a t ' s right. It was my b i r t h d a y yesterday.
Pascale: ... I. I t h i n k o u r English is really improving. PC: You sell cars, ...?
Ann: My p r o n u n c i a t i o n h a s improved a lot. S: Yes, I do. A n d o t h e r t h i n g s .
Pascale: By t h e way, how did you do in t h e last test? PC: You live in E a l i n g , ... ?
Ann: Q u i t e well. I t h o u g h t most of it was fairly easy. S: Yes, I d o . I've lived here all my life.
Pascale: ... I. I d i d n ' t do very well in t h e first test t h o u g h . PC: You went to Ascot races yesterday, ... ?
Ann: N o , ... I. T h a t ' s why I was surprised at my last test re­ S: T h a t ' s right.
sult. PC: You weren't alone, ... ?
Pascale: ... t h e rest of us. Everybody passed. But I still d o n ' t like S: N o , I wasn't. I was with Isadora Bell.
tests. A n d ... M o n i k a . She gets so nervous! PC: But you're m a r r i e d , ... , Smithers?
Ann: I ' m looking forward to a rest over t h e weekend. S: Yes, but I haven't seen my wife for t h r e e years.
Pascale: Yes,... I. T h e r e are so m a n y interesting t h i n g s to do here. PC: I see. N o w you left your flat at o n e o'clock, ... ?
I haven't seen any of t h e m a r k e t s yet, for i n s t a n c e . S: Yes, about o n e o'clock.
Ann: N o , ... I. I'd like to go to Portobello R o a d . Luisa's b e e n PC: You were in your Jaguar, ... ?
there. S: Yes, I was.
178 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 15 179

PC: You d i d n ' t stop for petrol, ... ? — Нет.


S: No. — Но он ведь в е р н е т с я к субботе?
PC: You h a d l u n c h in an I n d i a n restaurant, ... ? — Думаю, что вернется.
S: Oh, no we d i d n ' t . We h a d l u n c h in a pub.
3. — Ты не у м е е ш ь и г р а т ь в ш а х м а т ы , не т а к л и ?
PC: You d o n ' t r e m e m b e r t h e n a m e of t h e pub, ... ?
— Д а , не у м е ю .
S: No, I ' m afraid I d o n ' t .
— Но ты ведь и г р а е ш ь в ш а ш к и ?
PC: You h a d chicken a n d chips, ... ?
-Да.
S: N o , n o , n o . We had beer a n d sandwiches outside.
— Тогда д а в а й п о и г р а е м в ш а ш к и .
PC: You arrived in t i m e for t h e first race, and stayed u n t i l
t h e last race, ...?
S: Yes!
PC: You were very lucky, ... ?
S: Yes, I was.
PC: You won £ 5,000, ... ?
S: N o , I can't r e m e m b e r exactly how much.
PC: T h e r e was £ 5,000 in your flat, ... ?
S: Was there?
PC: You don't know where Miss Bell is now, ... ?
S: N o , I'm not her husband, ... ?
PC: But you left her in Central L o n d o n , because she wanted
to buy some clothes.
S: Yes, yes.
PC: It's very interesting, Mr Smithers?
S: W h a t do you m e a n ?
PC: T h e last race at Ascot began late and it didn't finish
until twenty-five past five, so you drove from Ascot to
Central L o n d o n a n d back to Ealing in 35 m i n u t e s , in the
rush hour. T h a t ' s impossible, Mr Smithers!

4. Translate into English.

1. — Ты ж и в е ш ь на у л и ц е Ц е н т р а л ь н о й , не т а к л и ?
— Д а , я ж и в у т а м уже п я т ь лет.
— Ты ведь з н а е ш ь Олега Л о б о в а ?
— Д а , он м о й сосед.
— Ты м о ж е ш ь п е р е д а т ь ему з а п и с к у ?
— Конечно.

2. — Н и к уехал в С а н к т - П е т е р б у р г на п р о ш л о й неделе, не
правда ли?
-Да.
— Он еще не в е р н у л с я , не т а к л и ?
UNIT 16 181

where she lives?


what they are doing now?
when he was in London last?
what he was doing at 5 yesterday?
U n i t 16 Can you tell me
how long she has been here?
since when she has been waiting for me?
G R A M M A R : Object clauses. Reported speech (1). how he will get there?
where they will be travelling?
Sequence of tenses

Other introductory phrases often used in the principal clause:


Object clauses
D o you know D o you u n d e r s t a n d D o you remember Have
he speaks English. Present Simple you any idea etc.
they are playing chess now. Present Continuous whose book it is.
he came on time. Past Simple who is playing the piano.
when she saw Peter last.
she was skating at 6. Past Continuous Tell me what Dick was doing at 7.
Ask her if Jane has brought the books.
I think they have seen this film. Present Perfect
(that) how long she has been translating.
she has been waiting long. Present Perfect Continuous if they will come.
what they will be doing at 9.
he will phone me tonight. Future Simple
they will be leaving soon. Future Continuous Practice
he'll have done the work
Future Perfect I. Ask about another person. Begin your questions with: "Iwonder
by 7.
"I'd like to know "I want to know

Other introductory phrases often used in the principal clause:
— Kate is a student.
I believe I suppose I know I hope I am sure I am — I wonder whether Mary is a student, too.
afraid I see I remember I understand He says etc. 1. Peter doesn't play chess. 2. Alec has seen this film. 3. Lucy
speaks French. 4. Dick went fishing on Sunday. 5. Jane won't take
he knows French.
part in the expedition. 6. Steve is not keen on p o p music. 7. Roger has
she is still dreaming.
he was at the cinema yesterday. a car. 8. F r a n k speaks Italian. 9. Paul will j o i n us. 10. I have a boat.
I wonder if you were watching TV last night. 11. Susan is fond of theatre. 12. Mike says Betty has c o m e . 13. Victor
(whether) they have seen him. will go abroad next m o n t h .
he has been working hard.
he will be at home at 10. 2. Ask for additional information.
she will be leaving tonight. a) — Robert has left for Moscow, (why)
— I wonder why Robert has left for Moscow.
Other introductory phrases often used in the principal clause:
1. Lucy dines at two. (where) 2. J a n e has brought some dictionar-
I'd like to know I d o n ' t know I want to know I ' m not ies, (what dictionaries) 3. He doesn't want to come, (why) 4. We've
sure I don't understand I've no idea I don't remember got a lot of time, (how much) 5. He receives m a n y newspapers, (what
I can't tell you She asks He wonders etc. newspapers) 6. Betty saw Alec not long ago. (when)
182 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 16 183

b) — Steve is a journalist, (his wife) 1. H a s she got any brothers? 2. C a n she drive? 3. D o e s she speak
— Do you know if his wife is also a journalist? Spanish? 4. D o e s she like w a t c h i n g television? 5. Did she go out last
1. Victor works at a plant. ( M i k e ) 2. Mr Brown is at h o m e , (his night? 6. H a s she ever m e t the Q u e e n ? 7. Will she be at school tomor­
son) 3. T h e r e is a c i n e m a in t h e street, (a theatre) 4. T h e y rest at the row? 8. W h e r e did he buy his watch? 9. W h o did he speak to last night?
seaside, (the Blacks) 5. Mr S m i t h stayed at a hotel. ( M r M o r g a n ) 10. W h a t h a s she d o n e today? 11. H o w m a n y c h i l d r e n have they got?
12. W h y m u s t he go to t h e police station? 13. H o w old is he? 14. H o w
c) — She has lunch at 12. (where) m u c h did she pay for her car?
— Do you know where she has lunch?

1. She d o e s n ' t like h i m . (why) 2. T h e y ' l l leave soon, (when) 6. Ask for additional information. Begin your questions with: "Do you
3. S o m e b o d y h a s b o o k e d the tickets, (who) 4. She was late, (why) know ...?", "Can you tell me ...?", "Do you remember ...?"
5. T h e y will be resting in J u n e , (where)
— Victor studies at school.

3. Make sentences with object clauses. — Do you know at what school he studies?

Helen knows English well. ( I ' m sure ...) 1. Jack d i d n ' t c o m e to t h e party. 2. My b r o t h e r was at t h e c i n e m a
I'm sure Helen knows English well. yesterday. 3. My friend is going abroad s o o n . 4. My h u s b a n d left for
Kiev yesterday. 5. M i k e h a s b r o u g h t s o m e cassettes. 6. Helen missed
1. She has missed t h e t r a i n . ( I ' m afraid ...) 2. T h e y t o o k a b u s in t h e lecture on Saturday. 7. I saw Peter not long ago. 8. Roger speaks
K i n g Street. ( T h e y say ...) 3. She goes to work by M e t r o . (I k n o w ...) t h r e e foreign languages. 9. D o n a l d says he's travelled a lot.
4. W h e r e has T o m gone? ( D o you know ...?) 5. W h a t ' s t h e time? (I
w o n d e r ...) 6. She h a s lost her way. ( I ' m afraid ...) 7. W h e r e did you
7. Say that you don't know the answer to the questions you are asked.
p a r k your car? ( C a n ' t you r e m e m b e r ...?) 8. She will go s h o p p i n g to­
Begin your answers with: "I've no idea "I can't tell you ..." "/ don't
morrow. (I suppose ...) 9. T h e y w o n ' t be late. (I h o p e ...) 10. W h y was
know "I don't remember ..." "I'm not sure ..."
M a r y absent o n M o n d a y ? ( D o you k n o w ...?) 11. W h y d i d n ' t A n n
c o m e to t h e party? (I d o n ' t k n o w ...) 12. W h e r e does Jack live? (Have — Where does Dick live?
you any idea ...?) 13. She has b e e n waiting for an hour. (She says ...) — I've no idea where he lives.
14. W h e n did they arrive? ( D o you k n o w ...?) 15. W h e r e does she work?
(I've no idea ...) 16. W h a t qualifications do I need? (I w a n t to k n o w ...) 1. W h y d i d n ' t he c o m e ? 2. W h i c h English word h a s most mean­
17. W h e r e c a n I c h a n g e s o m e m o n e y ? (Could you tell me ...?) 18. W h a t ings? 3. Is t h a t a c a c t u s or what? 4. W h e r e did you rest in 2004?
d o e s t h i s word m e a n ? ( D o you k n o w ...?) 19. W h y d i d n ' t he p h o n e us? 5. Will Steve c o m e to t h e p a r t y ? 6. W h o w r o t e t h e story " T h r e e at
(I w o n d e r ...) 20. I was w a t c h i n g TV at 10. (I r e m e m b e r ...) T a b l e " ? 7. W h e r e is M a r y ? 8. W h a t g a m e s does your friend prefer?
9. W h o is she? 10. W h o did Helen t a l k to? 11. H o w old are t h e i r chil­
4. Ask for additional information. dren? 12. W h a t k i n d of c a r does Peter have? 13. W h y is R o n angry?
14. W h o s e c a r is that?
— M a r y says Alec will come soon, (when)
— Ask her when he will come.
8. Respond to the following questions.
1. D i c k says he h a s b o u g h t s o m e interesting books, (what books)
— What's that girl's name?
2. She says she w o n ' t j o i n us. (why) 3. He says she is having d i n n e r
— I don't know. Ask her.
now. (where) 4. He says he was late, (why) 5. She says they were at t h e
theatre, (when) — All right. I'll ask her what her name is.

1. W h e r e does she c o m e from? — I d o n ' t know. Ask her. 2. W h a t


5. Respond to the following questions.
are t h o s e boys doing? — I d o n ' t know. Ask t h e m . 3. W h y are they still
— Is she bored? in t h e classroom? — I d o n ' t know. Ask t h e m . 4. How do you spell re­
— I don't know. You ask her if she's bored. ceive? — I d o n ' t know. Ask t h e teacher. 5. W h e r e did J o h n get t h a t c a r
UNIT 16 185
184 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

you see Brian yesterday? 7. Mrs Smith to her children: Are you h a p p y ?
from? — I d o n ' t know. Ask h i m . 6. H o w m u c h did it cost? — I d o n ' t 8. Your teacher to you: Do you work h a r d at English? 9. Mike to his
know. Ask h i m . 7. W h e n will t h e p a r t y end? — I d o n ' t know. Ask sister: C a n you help me?
Charles.
c) Mary to you: Since when have you known Mr Fox?
9. Complete the sentences. M a r y asks since when I have known Mr Fox.

1. I ' m afraid ... 2. A r e you sure ...? 3. He t h i n k s ... 4. T h e y d o n ' t d) Ben to Lucy: Are you busy?
k n o w ... 5. C a n you tell me ... ? 6. I h o p e ... 7. B o b says ... 8. I ' m n o t Ben asks Lucy if (whether) she is busy.
sure ... 9. Do you k n o w ... ? 10. Do you u n d e r s t a n d ...? 11. I d o n ' t re­
1. Robert to you: W h e r e will you spend your holidays? 2. Mr Baxter
m e m b e r ... 12. Tell h i m ... 13. Ask h e r ... 14. He asks ... 15. I w o n d e r ...
to Mr Robinson: Were you at t h e t h e a t r e yesterday? 3. Donald to his
16. Do you r e m e m b e r ...? 17. I'd like to k n o w ... 18. I d o n ' t t h i n k ...
brother: W h e n did you send the telegram? 4. Your father to you: Were
19. I suppose ... 20. Will you ask h i m ...? 21. I believe ... 22. No
you at h o m e yesterday afternoon? 5. Mr Parker to his neighbour: Have
o n e knows ... 23. A n n w a n t s to k n o w ... 24. L e t ' s ask t h e t e a c h e r ...
you b o u g h t a car? 6. Nina to Lucy: W h y d i d n ' t you p h o n e me yes­
25. C o u l d you please tell me ...?
terday? 7. Mrs Robinson to her son: Have you d o n e your h o m e w o r k ?
10. You are making a phone call. You want to speak to Sue but she isn't 8. Mr Lee to his secretary: H o w m a n y letters have you typed? 9. Ann
to Helen: A r e you fond of t e n n i s ? 10. Alec to Victor: H o w long haven't
there. Someone else answers the phone. You want to know three things.
you h e a r d from your brother? 11. George to Steve: W h a t were you d o i n g
1. W h e r e h a s she gone? 2. W h e n will she be back? 3. D i d she go yesterday afternoon? 12. Mary to her brother: Will you be seeing Peter
out alone? today? 13. Mr Baxter to Mr Short: Have you signed t h e papers yet?

Complete the conversation. 2. Learn the dialogues below and make similar dialogues.
1. " D o you k n o w ... ?" " S o r r y . I've got no i d e a . " 2. " N e v e r m i n d . 1. — T h e t r a i n is late.
I d o n ' t s u p p o s e you k n o w ... ." " N o , I ' m afraid I d o n ' t . " 3. " O n e — W h a t do you say?
m o r e t h i n g . D o you h a p p e n t o k n o w ... ? " " I ' m afraid I d i d n ' t see — I say t h e t r a i n is late.
h e r go o u t . "
2. — A r e you fond of travelling?
— W h a t do you ask?
REPORTED SPEECH (PRESENT)
— I ask w h e t h e r you are fond of travelling.
/. Report the following utterances. 3. — W h e r e do you live?
a) Peter: I'm fond of playing tennis. — W h a t do you ask?
Peter says he is fond of playing tennis. — I ask where you live.

1. Mr Smith: My son h a s travelled a lot. 2. Jack: T h e y are staying at


t h e M i n s k hotel. 3. Mrs Baxter: I'll b o o k a r e t u r n ticket. 4. Helen: I ' m Fluency
going to take my English exam tomorrow. 5. Roger: M i k e h a s n ' t visited 1. Report Pam's message:
us since September. 6. Mary: We d i d n ' t go to t h e c o u n t r y on Sunday.
P a m w a n t s to speak to Jill on t h e p h o n e , but Jill is w a s h i n g her
b) Dick: Is Lucy married? hair. Steve shouts i n t o t h e b a t h r o o m .
Dick asks if (whether) Lucy is married. Pam: I shall be on my own at t h e weekend.
Steve: It's P a m ! She says...
1. Sam to Peter: Do you often visit your parents? 2. George to his
Pam: Jeff's going to M a n c h e s t e r a n d Kate's gone to stay with
brother: A r e you going to take a taxi? 3. Jane to Mary: D i d you go
a friend.
away on business last m o n t h ? 4. Bob to Susan: Will you c o m e to t h e
Steve: She says...
meeting? 5. Kate to Betsy: Do you like coffee? 6. Donald to Roger: D i d
186 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 16 187

Рат: A n d M a r k went c a m p i n g yesterday. Mary: T h e Y.H.A., mother. T h e Youth H o s t e l s


Steve: She says... Association.
Рат: So, if it's all right, I'd like to c o m e a n d stay with Grandmother: W h a t else d o e s he say?
you for the weekend. Mary: I'll write a letter s o o n . I h o p e you are all well.
Steve: She says... W h a t ? Speak u p , Mary. I'm afraid I c a n ' t h e a r
Jill: O h , yes, fine. Tell her I'd love h e r to c o m e . Grandmother: you.
Steve: Jill says... He says he'll write a letter soon. He h o p e s we are
Mary: all well. " L o v e , J i m m y " .
2. Study and practise the following conversations. Grandmother: Is t h a t all? He d o e s n ' t say very m u c h , does he?
1. T h i s is the R a d i o I Newsdesk. In D o r s e t , a helicopter is t r y i n g Mary: He c a n ' t write very m u c h on a c a r d , m o t h e r .
to rescue a m a n w h o h a s fallen d o w n a cliff. H e ' s lying on a small 4. Harry: How was t h e e x a m i n a t i o n , Dick?
b e a c h . An air-sea rescue helicopter h a s arrived at t h e scene, a n d o n e Dick: N o t t o o bad. I t h i n k I passed in English a n d
of t h e crew h a s c l i m b e d d o w n a ladder to t h e b e a c h . H e ' s s p e a k i n g to M a t h e m a t i c s . T h e questions were very easy. H o w
a d o c t o r by radio. about you, H a r r y ?
Crewman: Hello. C a n you h e a r m e , d o c t o r ? Harry: T h e English a n d M a t h s papers weren't easy
Doctor: Yes, I c a n h e a r you clearly. Is he u n c o n s c i o u s ? e n o u g h for m e . I h o p e I haven't failed.
Crewman: N o , he's conscious. But h e looks p r e t t y bad. Dick: I t h i n k I failed t h e Intelligence Test. I could
Doctor: O K . Ask h i m if he c a n move. answer sixteen of t h e questions. T h e y were very
Crewman: C a n you move? easy. But I c o u l d n ' t answer the rest. T h e y were
Man: No... t o o difficult for m e .
Doctor: Ask h i m if he is in p a i n . Harry: Intelligence tests are awful, a r e n ' t they?
Crewman: A r e you in p a i n ? Dick: I hate t h e m . I ' m sure I've got a low IQ.
Man: Oh... yes Harry: O h , c h e e r u p ! P e r h a p s w e d i d n ' t d o t o o badly.
Doctor: Ask h i m where it h u r t s . T h e fellow next t o m e wrote his n a m e a t t h e t o p
Crewman: W h e r e d o e s it h u r t ? of t h e paper.
Man: It's my back. Dick: Yes?
Doctor: R i g h t . D o n ' t move h i m . I ' m c o m i n g d o w n . Harry: T h e n he sat t h e r e a n d looked at it for t h r e e h o u r s !
2. F r a n k Aitken is t h e e d i t o r of t h e Daily News. H e ' s s e n d i n g a He d i d n ' t write a word!

t r a i n e e j o u r n a l i s t t o interview t h e A m e r i c a n singer, B o b S o n a t a .
Study and practise the conversations and their reported versions.
" N o w , I've a r r a n g e d t h e interview for four o'clock ... at his hotel.
Ask h i m lots of questions. You k n o w ... ask h i m if he likes E n g l a n d . How to Go the News-Stand
Ask h i m what his next r e c o r d will be, w h e n he r e c o r d e d it ... a n d ask
h i m where. Ask h i m all t h e usual questions ... but d o n ' t ... d o n ' t ask John: W h a t ' s on television t o n i g h t ?
Susan: I d o n ' t know. W h y d o n ' t you go a n d buy a news­
h i m how old he is. OK?»
p a p e r at t h e news-stand?
3. Grandmother. R e a d J i m m y ' s card t o m e please, M a r y . John: W h e r e is it?
Mary: I have just arrived in Scotland a n d I ' m staying at Susan: Do you k n o w where t h e bakery is?
a Youth Hostel. John: Yes.
Grandmother. Eh? Susan: Well, you go past t h e bakery u n t i l you c o m e to
Mary: He says he's just arrived in S c o t l a n d . He says the lights, t h e n t u r n right.
he's staying at a Youth Hostel. You k n o w he's a John: And then?
m e m b e r of the Y.H.A. Susan: It's along on t h e left, next to t h e s u p e r m a r k e t .
Grandmother: T h e what? John: O K . I'll find it. See you later.
188 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 16 189

A reported version of the conversation: 2. — J a n e is leaving for the C a u c a s u s t o n i g h t .


— But she said she w a n t e d to go to t h e C r i m e a .
J o h n asks Susan w h a t ' s on television. She says she d o e s n ' t know.
— She h a s c h a n g e d her m i n d .
She tells J o h n to go o u t a n d buy a newspaper at t h e news-stand. J o h n
asks where it is. Susan asks h i m if he knows where t h e bakery is a n d 3. — W h y d i d n ' t you call on me yesterday evening?
J o h n says h e does. She tells h i m t o g o past t h e bakery, a n d t o t u r n — I d i d n ' t k n o w you were at h o m e .
right at t h e traffic lights. She tells h i m t h e news-stand is on t h e left,
4. Yesterday on my way h o m e I m e t M a r y . She was in a hurry.
next t o t h e s u p e r m a r k e t .
I t h o u g h t she was h u r r y i n g to t h e Institute but she said she was going
to t h e station to m e e t a friend of hers w h o was c o m i n g by t h e 9 o'clock
At a Language School
train.
Diane: G o o d morning!
5. Last S u n d a y t h e weather was Fine. I k n e w t h a t my uncle would
Receptionist: G o o d morning!
go to t h e c o u n t r y . I rang h i m up a n d said t h a t I would also c o m e with
Diane: I'd like to have s o m e F r e n c h lessons.
h i m . He said he would start in an h o u r a n d asked me n o t to be late.
Receptionist: A r e you a b e g i n n e r ?
I p r o m i s e d t h a t I would be at his place in half an hour. We enjoyed t h e
Diane: Yes, I a m .
t i m e we spent in t h e c o u n t r y t h a t day.
Receptionist: W h e n do you w a n t to start?
Diane: T h i s week, if possible. 6. A week ago my d a u g h t e r asked me to t a k e h e r to the circus.
Receptionist: Of course. T o m o r r o w is Tuesday. We have a g r o u p I p r o m i s e d t h a t we would go t h e r e on t h e next day. On t h e following
at 9 o'clock. W h a t ' s your s u r n a m e ? day I t o o k h e r to t h e circus.
Diane: Casey.
7. — I t h o u g h t you were going to call on me last n i g h t . W h y
Receptionist: Would you spell it, please?
d i d n ' t you?
Diane: C-A-S-E-Y.
— I d i d n ' t k n o w M a r y would c o m e to visit me but she did.
Receptionist: T h a t ' s fine. See you t o m o r r o w .
8. Last week on my way h o m e I m e t G e o r g e . He said he would be
A reported version of the conversation: leaving for Warsaw in an hour.

D i a n e goes i n t o a language school. She says good m o r n i n g a n d tells 9. Last m o n t h I saw Alec. He looked very s u n b u r n t . He said he h a d
t h e receptionist she would like to have some F r e n c h lessons. T h e recep­ spent a m o n t h in t h e south.
tionist asks her if she is a beginner. D i a n e says she is. T h e receptionist
10. — Betty told me some days ago t h a t M i k e h a d got m a r r i e d .
asks h e r w h e n she w a n t s to start. D i a n e tells her she w a n t s to start t h e
— W a s n ' t she joking?
s a m e week, if possible. T h e receptionist says they have a g r o u p at 9
— I d o n ' t t h i n k so.
o'clock on Tuesday. T h a t ' s fine for D i a n e , so t h e receptionist asks h e r
for h e r s u r n a m e a n d asks her to spell it, t o o . D i a n e spells her n a m e . 11. W h e n I e n t e r e d J a n e ' s r o o m yesterday I saw t h a t her eyes were
red. I u n d e r s t o o d t h a t she h a d b e e n crying.
SEQUENCE OF TENSES 12. W h e n I called on my friend t h e o t h e r day he was writing a
Illustrative Situations r e p o r t . He said he h a d b e e n working at it for a m o n t h .

T Study these example situations.


Illustrative Texts
1. Yesterday evening w h e n I r e t u r n e d from work my friend p h o n e d
m e . He said he h a d a spare ticket for a c o n c e r t a n d invited me to j o i n /. Read the following text and analyse the use of tenses. Retell the text.
h i m . But I answered t h a t I was t o o tired a n d d i d n ' t w a n t to go any­ T h e secretary told me t h a t Mr H a r m s w o r t h would see m e . I felt
where. very nervous w h e n I went i n t o his office. He did not look up from
190 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 16
191

his desk w h e n I entered. After I h a d sat down, he said t h a t business anybody in the world. He also said he had beaten Leo Fink before.
was very bad. He told me t h a t t h e firm could not afford to pay such He said he had knocked Fink out in M i a m i , and that he was going to
large salaries. Twenty people had already left. I knew t h a t my t u r n h a d knock h i m out in Sao Paulo. He also said he would be the champion
come. forever!
" M r H a r m s w o r t h , " I said in a weak voice.
" D o n ' t i n t e r r u p t , " h e said.
T h e n he smiled a n d told me I would receive an extra £ 3000 a
Practice
year! 1. Complete the following utterances using the words and word combi-
nations in brackets. Express:
2. Read another text. Observe the difference in the use of tenses in the
original and reported utterances. Retell the text. 1) a simultaneous action
Laura Bruce is a trainee reporter for the London Evening Echo.
a) I didn't want to phone Mary at that late hour. I knew she (go
Last week several famous people arrived at L o n d o n Airport. Laura was to bed early).
sent to interview t h e m . N o b o d y told her very much!
I knew she went to bed early.
Doctor Sowanso, Secretary General, UNO: 1. 1 decided not to invite Mike to the theatre. I remembered he
" I ' m very busy. I've got a lot of appointments. I can't say very (not, like opera). 2. I gave that s t a m p to Peter. He said he (collect
m u c h . I love England. I've been here m a n y times before. I enjoyed my stamps). 3. We m a d e up our m i n d s to spend the holidays in the m o u n -
visit in January. I'll only be in England for twelve hours. I'm going to tains. We thought it (be a great idea). 4. We sent a ticket to Mr Smith.
meet the P r i m e Minister. I have no other c o m m e n t s . " We knew he (be keen on ballet). 5. We were not sure Paul would find
Mary. We were afraid he (not, know her address). 6. I didn't introduce
Laura's report Jack to Helen. I was sure they (know each other) but it appeared they
Dr Sowanso visited England yesterday. He arrived at L o n d o n didn't.
Airport at 10 a.m. and we asked h i m to c o m m e n t on the international
situation. He just m a d e a brief statement. He said he was very busy, b) I couldn't talk to Helen when I met her on my way to the super-
and that he'd got a lot of appointments. He said he couldn't say very market. She said she (hurry to the cinema).
m u c h , but he said he loved England. He said that he had been here She said she was hurrying to the cinema.
m a n y times, and that he had enjoyed his visit in January. He said he
would be in England for only twelve hours, and that he was going to 1. T h e Petrovs were away. We learned that they (travel in the
meet the P r i m e Minister. He said he had no other c o m m e n t s . Caucasus). 2. She stayed in the whole evening. She said she (expect
guests). 3. I saw Andrew at the bus stop some m i n u t e s ago. He said he
Brutus Gray, world champion boxer: (wait for Jane). 4. W h e n I p h o n e d Victor the other day he was out. H i s
"I like newspaper reporters, but I haven't got t i m e to say m u c h . sister told me he (play t e n n i s in the park). 5. I met Judy in the depart-
Just that I ' m the greatest, I've always been the greatest a n d I always ment store. She said she (look for a winter coat). 6. W h e n I c a m e h o m e
will be the greatest. I can beat anybody in the world! I've beaten L e o yesterday my brother was busy. I saw t h a t he (pack his things).
F i n k before. I knocked h i m out in M i a m i , and I'm going to knock h i m
out in Sao Paulo. I'll be the c h a m p i o n forever! Excuse me..." 2) a prior action

Laura's report a) I didn't think Mike would come with us. I knew he (see that
performance before).
Brutus G r a y stopped at L o n d o n Airport on his way from Frankfurt
to Sao Paulo. I managed to see h i m in the V.I.P. lounge. Brutus was I knew he had seen that performance before.
in a hurry. He said he liked newspaper reporters, but he h a d n ' t got 1. W h e n I c a m e to the station I saw my cousin. I understood that
time to say much. He said he was the greatest, he had always been the he (miss the 8 o'clock train). 2. Everybody praised the Film. M a r y was
greatest, and he always would be the greatest. He said he could beat sorry she (not, see it). 3. It was raining hard. Mrs Parker regretted that
192 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II I N11 10 1УЗ

she (not, take an umbrella). 4. My b r o t h e r called on me yesterday. He 2. Use the following sentences in situations.
said he (buy tickets for t h e m a t c h ) . 5. I was surprised t h a t Betsy d i d n ' t
When I came to see my friend Jane some days ago she looked wor­
know t h e news. I was sure h e r h u s b a n d (tell her everything). 6. H a r r y
ried. S h e said her son was running a high temperature. They sent
d i d n ' t c o m e to t h e party. We t h o u g h t he (not, receive o u r invitation).
for a doctor. The doctor came and said it was flue.
7. I c o u l d n ' t translate t h e article yesterday. It a p p e a r e d I (leave my
dictionary at t h e Institute). 8. She c o u l d n ' t get i n t o t h e flat. She said 1. I d i d n ' t h o p e I would get a r o o m at t h e hotel. 2. I saw t h a t he
she (lose her key). was busy. 3. I h o p e d that he would help m e . 4. I u n d e r s t o o d t h a t he
h a d missed his t r a i n . 5. I k n e w t h a t she h a d finished her work. 6. I saw
b) Ann was angry with Andrew. She said she (wait for half an
t h a t he was s p e a k i n g to t h e chief. 7. I l e a r n e d t h a t he h a d n ' t c o m e yet.
hour).
8. She said she h a d a terrible h e a d a c h e . 9. He said he had b e e n waiting
She said she had been waiting for half an hour.
for me for an hour. 10. He told me he would be doing his h o m e w o r k in
1. Alice was busy yesterday. She said she ( c o m p u t e all day long). the evening. 11. He said he h a d already b e e n t h e r e . 12. She p r o m i s e d
2. Jack was h a p p y t h a t he h a d got a ticket. He said he (stand in a q u e u e she would send me a telegram. 13. He said he c o u l d n ' t j o i n us.
for two hours). 3. W h e n I called on my friend yesterday he was writing
an article. He said he (work at it for two m o n t h s ) . 4. I was sorry t h a t
Fluency
Peter had failed his exam. I knew t h a t he ( p r e p a r e for it for a long
t i m e ) . 5. T h e m e e t i n g was over at last. I looked at my w a t c h a n d saw T Study and practise.
t h a t we (discuss t h e p r o d u c t i o n p l a n for two hours). 6. M o t h e r looked
1. Last F r i d a y Mr H a n s o n told his wife, J a n e , t h a t he would not be
very tired w h e n I r e t u r n e d h o m e t h i s afternoon. She said she (clean
t h e flat). c o m i n g early t h a t evening. He said t h a t he h a d several business m a t t e r s
to a t t e n d to at his office a n d they would take h i m two or t h r e e h o u r s
3) a posterior action t o finish. H e h o p e d t h a t she would not b e t o o a n g r y with h i m . H e h a d
h a d a lot of extra work to do d u r i n g t h e previous t h r e e weeks a n d he
a) I was out when my friend dropped in. I didn't think he (come
h a d not b e e n able to c o m p l e t e it. J a n e said that she d i d n ' t m i n d if Mr
so early).
H a n s o n was late. She would go next d o o r a n d t a l k to h e r friends, Eric
I didn't think he would come so early.
a n d Elisabeth Grey.
1. On F r i d a y I saw Lucy. I learned she (go abroad soon). 2. N i c k
2. O n c e a m o t h e r a n d h e r two d a u g h t e r s were visiting L o n d o n .
d i d n ' t want to stay at his relatives'. He said he (put up at a hotel).
While they were doing sightseeing they saw a noticeboard with
3. I felt worried. I was afraid J a n e (be late). 4. J o h n c a m e by t r a i n .
" N a t i o n a l P i c t u r e G a l l e r y " on it. T h e girls said they w a n t e d to go in as
I was sure he (fly). 5. T h e task was t o o difficult for m e . My friend
t h e y h a d never b e e n in any p i c t u r e gallery. T h e y were sure t h e y would
p r o m i s e d he (help me). 6. Paul had already seen t h e play. He was sure
enjoy it. But their m o t h e r d i d n ' t t h i n k so. She said she h a d visited a
we (enjoy it).
p i c t u r e gallery a n d k n e w what it was like. She explained to t h e girls
b) Dick couldn't come with us. He said he (play tennis in the eve­ t h a t they would not see a n y "real p i c t u r e s " (movies she m e a n t ) , b u t
ning). p a i n t i n g s , mere paintings.
He said he would be playing tennis in the evening. 3. O n c e an E n g l i s h m a n went to t h e seaside for his holidays. He
1. M a r y d i d n ' t want to go out. She said she (watch TV t h e whole asked his housekeeper to post h i m all t h e letters t h a t she would receive
day). 2. Susan said she would be busy on Saturday. I was sure she (shop d u r i n g his absence. She p r o m i s e d h i m t o d o t h a t . T h e E n g l i s h m a n
all day long). 3. We d i d n ' t invite J o h n to t h e picnic. We k n e w he (work rested very well. A m o n t h passed b u t he d i d n ' t receive any letters. He
in t h e library on Sunday). 4. I w a n t e d to visit Helen yesterday but t h e n t h o u g h t t h a t it was strange a n d he r a n g up his housekeeper a n d asked
I c h a n g e d my m i n d . I r e m e m b e r e d t h a t she (visit h e r p a r e n t s in the h e r why she h a d n ' t p o s t e d his letters. T h e housekeeper told h i m t h a t
c o u n t r y ) . 5. My friend a n d I agreed to go to t h e p i c t u r e s yesterday eve­ he h a d forgotten to leave h e r t h e key to t h e letter box. T h e E n g l i s h m a n
ning. My friend said he (wait for me outside t h e c i n e m a at six). p r o m i s e d t h a t he would send her t h e key. S o m e days later he p u t t h e
7 Английский ячык. Часть 2
194 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь 11
UNIT 16 195

key i n t o an envelope, wrote d o w n his a d d r e s s on it a n d posted t h e let­ d o n ' t be afraid to ... t h e t r u t h . 6. T h e lecturer ... for an h o u r a n d ...
ter. A n o t h e r m o n t h was passing. But still he d i d n ' t receive any letters. t h e listeners a lot of interesting t h i n g s . 7. He ... n o t h i n g w h e n he h e a r d
T h e n at t h e end of t h e m o n t h he r e t u r n e d h o m e . He spoke angrily with t h e news. 8. I ... her to p h o n e me at 7.00. 9. He ... fluent, idiomatic
his housekeeper. " B u t what could I d o ? " she said. " T h e key w h i c h you English. 10. T h e y ... a great deal of n o n s e n s e . 11. He ... he would r e t u r n
posted was in t h e locked letter box, t o o . " late. 12. It's noisy here. Please ... louder. 13. " C o m e u p s t a i r s , " he ...
4 . W h e n M r Long, t h e M i n i s t e r o f E d u c a t i o n , was asked about t h e quietly. 14. " T a k e t h i s bag for a m i n u t e , " I ... h i m . 15. W h o else ... at
school-leaving age again at a press conference yesterday, he said t h a t t h e m e e t i n g ? 16. T h e y were ... a n d laughing till t h r e e in t h e m o r n i n g .
t h e r e were still a large n u m b e r of p r o b l e m s to be considered. O n e re­ 17. He h a d never ... to her in t h a t m a n n e r before. 18. "You d o n ' t . . . s o ! "
p o r t e r asked what t h e G o v e r n m e n t was going t o d o about c h i l d r e n w h o cried t h e girl. 19. W h a t are you ... about? 20. You'll have to ... to t h e
w a n t e d to go out a n d e a r n m o n e y at t h e age of 16. Mr L o n g said t h a t d e a n . 21. I ... h i m t h a t it was stupid. 22. Please ... h i m not to wait for
he realised a lot of young p e o p l e w a n t e d to s t a n d on t h e i r o w n two feet me if I d o n ' t c o m e at four. 23. Every t i m e I see my friends we ... about
early in life, a n d he t h o u g h t this was very good. But he a d d e d t h a t he old t i m e s . 24. T h e secretary ... t h a t t h e m a n you'd like to ... is c o m i n g
felt young people n e e d e d as m u c h e d u c a t i o n as we could give t h e m , so h e r e t o m o r r o w . 25. Please ... it in English. D o n ' t ... Russian in class.
t h e G o v e r n m e n t was seriously c o n s i d e r i n g raising t h e school-leaving 26. He was ... so fast t h a t it was impossible to follow what he was ... .
age s o m e t i m e in t h e future. 27. W h a t you've just ... us is a little different from w h a t Prof. N i k i t i n
usually ... . 28. It was r a t h e r difficult for R o b e r t to ... before a large
a u d i e n c e , b u t everybody liked w h a t he ... . 29. I'd like to k n o w w h a t
Self Check they ... about. 30. D o e s your watch ... you w h a t t i m e it is now? 31. He
1. Translate into English. ... he c a n do it. 32. Do as I ... you. 33. I ... h i m my n a m e . 34. Please
... your son not to go out.
1. И н т е р е с н о , где о н и о б ы ч н о п р о в о д я т о т п у с к . 2. Я д у м а ю ,
ч т о о н а е щ е не п р и е х а л а . 3. Я н а д е ю с ь , ч т о он не о п о з д а е т на по­ 3. Translate into English.
езд, хотя он п о з д н о в ы е х а л на в о к з а л . 4. Я п о м н ю , ч т о е з д и л в ко­
1. О т к р о в е н н о говоря, мне никогда не нравился этот парень.
м а н д и р о в к у в с е н т я б р е . 5 . И н т е р е с н о , будет л и о н в ы с т у п а т ь н а
2. Заходи ко мне вечером, мы поговорим об этом. 3. Расскажите
с о б р а н и и . 6. О н а г о в о р и т , ч т о не л ю б и т т е а т р . 7. Я не з н а ю , когда
н а м о с в о е м п у т е ш е с т в и и в А ф р и к у . 4. М н е н е ч е г о с к а з а т ь в а м —
о н и вернутся. 8. Он говорит, что вчера опоздал на л е к ц и ю . 9. О н а
в с е и т а к я с н о . 5. П р о с т и т е , ч т о вы с к а з а л и ? 6. Он всегда г о в о р и т
хочет з н а т ь , в к а к о й г о с т и н и ц е о н и о с т а н о в и л и с ь . 10. О н а гово­
о п о л и т и к е . 7. В ч е р а он в ы с т у п а л на с о б р а н и и . Его р е ч ь понра­
рит, ч т о п р е п о д а е т а н г л и й с к и й уже 2 0 лет. 11. О н с п р а ш и в а е т ,
в и л а с ь в с е м . 8. О н а говорит, ч т о з н а е т э т о г о ч е л о в е к а . 9. К т о рас­
п о ч е м у т ы ему н е з в о н и ш ь . 12. Т ы н е з н а е ш ь , когда п о е з д прибы­
с к а з а л в а м э т у и с т о р и ю ? 10. Р а с с к а ж и т е м н е ч т о - н и б у д ь о б э т о м
в а е т в В а р ш а в у ? 13. Ты п о м н и ш ь , где мы о т д ы х а л и в 2003 году?
человеке. 11. Врач говорит, ч т о о н д о л ж е н о с т а в а т ь с я д о м а т р и
14. Б о ю с ь , ч т о о н и н е у с п е л и н а ш е с т и ч а с о в о й п о е з д . 15. С п р о с и
д н я . 12. М ы п о г о в о р и м о б э т о м п о д о р о г е д о м о й . 13. К т о с к а з а л
ее, когда о н а п р и д е т . 16. С к а ж и ему, где о н а ж и в е т . 17. Я не з н а ю ,
в а м , ч т о в ы д о л ж н ы туда ехать? 14. К т о - н и б у д ь и з в а ш и х товари­
п о ч е м у Р о б е р т м н е не п и ш е т . 18. Я не у в е р е н , у в и ж у ли я ее зав­
щ е й г о в о р и т п о - я п о н с к и ? 15. С к а ж и т е м н е правду. 16. Я т о л ь к о
тра. 19. Вы не з н а е т е , есть ли п о ч т а н е д а л е к о отсюда? 20. Я ду­
п о в т о р я ю то, ч т о м н е с к а з а л а М э р и . 17. О н н и к о г д а н е л ж е т .
м а ю , ч т о о н а переведет с т а т ь ю к п я т и ч а с а м . 21. Я не и м е ю ни
18. Ч т о он с к а з а л ? — Он с к а з а л «до с в и д а н и я » . 19. Говорят, ч т о
м а л е й ш е г о п р е д с т а в л е н и я , ч е м о н з д е с ь з а н и м а е т с я . 22. Б о ю с ь ,
л е т о будет ж а р к и м . 20. Не б е с п о к о й т е с ь , я н и к о м у не с к а ж у об
что она заблудилась.
э т о м . 21. О н говорит, ч т о п о м н и т в а с . 22. П р е к р а т и т е разговари­
2. Insert: speak, talk, say or tell as required by sense. вать! Я н е с л ы ш у , ч т о г о в о р и т д о к л а д ч и к . 23. О н всегда г о в о р и т
в г о с т я х (at t h e party) о р а б о т е . 24. Е с л и я у в и ж у его з а в т р а , я
1. He ... t h a t he would be back soon. 2. W h e n I shouted he ... t h a t п о г о в о р ю с н и м о б э т о м . 25. С т р о г о г о в о р я , о н н е д о л ж е н э т о г о
he was not deaf. 3. ... me s o m e t h i n g a b o u t it, please. 4. At last he ... : д е л а т ь . 26. Я не п о м н ю , ч т о о н а м н е с к а з а л а . 27. М о я ж е н а велела
"You must p r o m i s e me to have a g o o d rest." 5. ... what you t h i n k , мне купить кофе.
196 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

4. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form.

1. W h e n t h e t r a i n (stop) I (look) out of t h e w i n d o w but (not, see)


any of my friends there. I (send) t h e m a telegram a n d 1 ( t h i n k ) t h a t
they (meet) me. My friend M i k e said t h a t , p e r h a p s , t h e y (wait) for us in
t h e waiting r o o m . We (go) there but (not, find) t h e m there either. We
U n i t 17
( t h i n k ) t h a t s o m e t h i n g ( h a p p e n ) . We (wait) for half an h o u r and t h e n
we ( u n d e r s t a n d ) t h a t t h e y (not, c o m e ) . Later o u r friends told us they T O P I C : Cinema
(receive) o u r telegram ten m i n u t e s before t h e t r a i n t i m e a n d (not, c a n ) C O M M U N I C A T I O N : Suggestions. Opinions. Likes.
meet us. 2. W h e n I c a m e to Peter's place yesterday I l e a r n e d t h a t he Dislikes. Preferences
(go) to the a i r p o r t to m e e t a friend of his w h o (come) by t h e 9 o'clock
G R A M M A R : Clauses of purpose. Clauses of result
plane. 3. A week ago I (go) to a restaurant. I (take) a seat at o n e of t h e
tables a n d (look) t h r o u g h t h e m e n u . T h e n a waiter (come) a n d asked
me if I (choose) a n y t h i n g . I said I (choose) a t o m a t o salad, a c h o p Illustrative T e x t
a n d black coffee. I also said I (take) an orange. 4. Alice said t h a t she
(enjoy) her last t r i p about t h e C r i m e a and she (spend) her next holidays An Evening at the Cinema
in o n e of t h e seaside towns in t h e C a u c a s u s . 5. S o m e days ago I (offer)
David Brown is a h a r d worker at school a n d his p a r e n t s h o p e t h a t
Helen a ticket for a new film but she refused. She (say) t h a t she (have
he will do well in his e x a m i n a t i o n in t h e s u m m e r , so t h a t he c a n go
a h e a d a c h e ) a n d (not, want) to go anywhere.
up to University next October. He is d e t e r m i n e d to do his best. But he
c a n n o t work all t h e t i m e , so o n c e or twice a week, w h e n he is tired of
5. Translate into English.
work, he goes out with his friend Bob Sandford. T h e y usually go to t h e
1. Вчера в е ч е р о м м н е п о з в о н и л брат и с п р о с и л , не хочу ли я t h e a t r e or t h e c i n e m a , b u t they s o m e t i m e s go to a d a n c e in Bishopton.
п о й т и в к и н о . Я с о г л а с и л с я и не б ы л р а з о ч а р о в а н . Ф и л ь м м н е T h e y do not often go to a t h e a t r e or c i n e m a in L o n d o n as t h e cost
о ч е н ь п о н р а в и л с я . 2. Я н а д е я л с я , ч т о я успею на п о с л е д н и й по­ of t h e j o u r n e y a n d t h e higher price of seats in L o n d o n m a k e t h i s t o o
езд, но я о п о з д а л . 3. Вчера по д о р о г е д о м о й я з а ш е л к Н и к у . Он expensive. It is m u c h c h e a p e r in Bishopton.
сказал, что только что получил телеграмму от матери и через In England the cinema i s usually called "the pictures". The
ч а с п о й д е т на в о к з а л в с т р е ч а т ь ее. 4. Когда я у в и д е л Н и н у , я A m e r i c a n n a m e , " t h e movies", is s o m e t i m e s used. T h e first perfor­
п о н я л , что она чем-то расстроена. Она сказала, что заболела ее m a n c e , or " s h o w i n g " as it is called, begins about two o'clock in t h e
м а м а . 5 . Н а д н я х я в с т р е т и л Д ж о н а . О н с к а з а л , ч т о к у п и л себе a f t e r n o o n , a n d t h e show goes on from t h e n until about half past ten.
н о в ы й а в т о м о б и л ь . 6. К о г д а я з а ш л а к м о е й подруге, ее м а м а T h e c i n e m a is not e m p t i e d b e t w e e n t h e "showings", so t h a t o n c e you
с к а з а л а , ч т о е е н е т д о м а : о н а сдает э к з а м е н , н о с к о р о в е р н е т с я . have paid for your seat you c a n stay in t h e c i n e m a as long as you like.
7. В и ю н е мы с с е с т р о й у е з ж а е м на К а в к а з . Н а ш брат с к а з а л , ч т о T h e r e are usually o n e m a i n film, a shorter o n e , a news film, s o m e ad­
п р и с о е д и н и т с я к н а м , к а к т о л ь к о сдаст э к з а м е н . 8. Вчера я по­ vertisements a n d a " t r a i l e r " telling about t h e film for t h e next week.
п р о с и л а С т и в а п о ч и н и т ь утюг. О н с к а з а л , ч т о его ж д у т д р у з ь я и C i n e m a s in E n g l a n d are usually larger a n d more comfortable t h a n
о н н е м о ж е т п о м о ч ь м н е . О н п о о б е щ а л , ч т о п о ч и н и т его сегод­ t h e t h e a t r e s . T h e r e is often a r e s t a u r a n t , so t h a t it is possible to spend
н я . — В п р о ш л о м месяце он обещал п о ч и н и т ь мой велосипед, a pleasant afternoon a n d evening t h e r e . B e h i n d t h e c i n e m a screen
но т а к и не сделал э т о г о . — Н а д е ю с ь , ч т о на с е й р а з он с д е р ж и т there is a stage, so t h a t t h e building c a n be used for c o n c e r t s a n d o t h e r
с в о е о б е щ а н и е . 9. Я б ы л у д и в л е н , когда у з н а л , ч т о Р о б е р т не сдал performances.
э к з а м е н . О н г о в о р и л , ч т о д о л г о к н е м у г о т о в и л с я . 10. П и т с к а з а л , David a n d Bob enjoy historical films, films about c o u n t r i e s very
ч т о будет ж д а т ь м е н я у входа на с т а д и о н и п о п р о с и л м е н я не different from their own, c r i m e stories a n d films t h a t m a k e t h e m laugh.
опаздывать.
T h e y also like to see foreign films, but it is not often possible to see
these in Bishopton. W h e n they were younger, they enjoyed " c o w b o y "
films, but now they are older they are not so easily satisfied. T h e y do
198 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 17 199

not enjoy these films so m u c h b e c a u s e they find they are all very m u c h 4. Make short dialogues using the words and word combinations below.
alike. T h i s week they saw a film of o n e of Shakespeare's plays. S o m e
A: He told Ann, I hope.
famous actors a n d actresses were in t h i s film. David h a d seen t h e play
B: Yes, I made him tell her.
with t h e s a m e actors a n d actresses at the Royal Shakespeare T h e a t r e
in Stradford-on-Avon t h e previous s u m m e r , so it was interesting to see He ... I hope.
how t h e p e r f o r m a n c e in t h e film was different from t h e p e r f o r m a n c e 1. a p o l o g i z e d ; 2. paid t h e bill; 3. w r o t e to t h e S m i t h s ; 4. c l e a n e d
on t h e stage. t h e b a t h ; 5. t o o k his m e d i c i n e ; 6. r e p o r t e d t h e a c c i d e n t ; 7. w a i t e d
T h e film was very fine a n d exciting, but David t h o u g h t it h a d lost for A n n ; 8. r a n g his p a r e n t s ; 9. a n s w e r e d t h e letter; 10. c l e a n e d h i s
s o m e t h i n g . T h e r e were so m a n y people a n d places t h a t you forgot t h e s h o e s ; 11. i n s u r e d h i s h o u s e ; 12. did h i s exercises; 13. p u t on h i s
m a i n c h a r a c t e r s a n d t h e really i m p o r t a n t t h i n g s t h a t were h a p p e n i n g . gloves
Telling his father about t h e film when he got h o m e , David said he
t h o u g h t he would r e m e m b e r t h e t h e a t r e p e r f o r m a n c e he h a d seen at 5. Make sentences with either make someone do or let someone do

Stradford long after he h a d forgotten t h e film he h a d seen t h a t eve­ for each situation, like this.
ning.
a) The photographer made funny faces at the little girl.
Finally she laughed.
Comprehension He made her laugh.

/. Listen to the text "An Evening at the Cinema" and answer the b) David wanted to go out. H i s mother said he could.
questions. She let him go out.

D o e s David study at school or at University? W h a t d o e s he like 1. T h e r e was an a c c i d e n t a n d a lot of people s t o p p e d to look. A po­
to do in his spare time? W h a t is t h e English c i n e m a like? W h a t k i n d l i c e m a n s h o u t e d " M o v e o n " a n d they did. 2 . J a n e w a n t e d t o g o h o m e
of films do David a n d Bob enjoy? W h a t film did they see t h i s week? early o n e day. H e r boss said it was all right. 3. David w a n t e d to stay
W h a t did David t h i n k of t h e film? up late on Saturday. His m o t h e r said he could. 4. He w a n t e d to do t h e
s a m e on Sunday. " N o , go to b e d , " his m o t h e r said, a n d he did. 5. Jill's
2. Read the text and analyse its language peculiarities. Do some exer­ father said some very sarcastic t h i n g s to her. She cried. 6. A s t u d e n t
cises in the next section to remember them. w a n t e d to criticize a t e a c h e r ' s m e t h o d s . T h e t e a c h e r did not stop h i m .
7. G r e y is not a colour t h a t suits J a n e . She looks pale in it. 8. T h e co­
m e d i a n was very funny. T h e a u d i e n c e laughed.
Special Difficulties
3. Study these example situations. 6. Make sentences with the word combination be tired of smth.

a) M r s Mavis saw a film yesterday. In t h e final scene a beautiful I/cycling


girl died in a h a n d s o m e m a n ' s a r m s . M r s Mavis cried. I'm tired of cycling.
T h e film m a d e her cry.
1. They/travelling; 2. S h e / h e r thesis; 3. I / s w i m m i n g ; 4. T h e a c t o r s /
b) Young David did not want to do his h o m e w o r k yesterday. H i s
rehearsals; 5. T h e children/skating; 6. H e / g a r d e n i n g ; 7. She/this h a r d
m o t h e r told h i m he must do it before he went out to play. H i s m o t h e r
work
m a d e h i m d o his homework.
c) Two m o n t h s ago w h e n Peter flew back from C a n a d a , t h e r e was a
7. Fill in the correct particles.
very p r e t t y girl o n t h e s a m e plane. W h e n Peter went t h r o u g h C u s t o m s ,
they m a d e h i m o p e n his case. T h e y m a d e h i m take everything out. 1. Go ... with your work. 2. I w a n t to be alone now. Just go ... .
T h e y did not m a k e t h e girl do these t h i n g s . T h e y let h e r go t h r o u g h 3. We h a d b e t t e r go ... to t h e h o u s e . It's b e g i n n i n g to r a i n . 4. He used
w i t h o u t any trouble. to go ... to t o w n every Sunday. 5. T h e y ' v e gone ... to B r i g h t o n for a
200 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 17 201

couple of days. 6. She went ... to get a d r i n k . 7. She is very pretty a n d


w a n t s to b e c o m e a doctor. 11. He got t h e c a r out of t h e garage. He
goes ... a lot. 8. W h y d o n ' t we go ... i n t o t h e garden? 9. She goes ...
w a n t e d to wash it. 12. He put t h e letter on t h e table. He w a n t e d his
... t e n n i s . 10. We're going ... on holiday t o m o r r o w m o r n i n g . 11. She
m o t h e r to post it.
d o e s n ' t w a n t to go ... to her h u s b a n d . 12. She is always i n d o o r s . She
d o e s n ' t go ... e n o u g h . 13. T h i s r e s t a u r a n t goes vegetarian dishes. //. Fill in: so, such or such a(n).
14. He went ... in a great hurry. 15. T h i s c a n n o t be allowed to ... .
1. T h e party next d o o r last night was ... loud that I couldn't sleep.
8. Rephrase the following sentences using Participle I. 2. It was ... late when I got h o m e that I d i d n ' t have dinner. 3.1 had ... bad
headache yesterday that I had to leave work a n d go h o m e . 4. They have
When he was doing his homework, he was thinking hard. got ... fashionable furniture in their house that it is often photographed
Doing his homework, he was thinking hard. for magazines. 5. She is ... interesting person that I could spend hours
1. W h e n I was r u n n i n g in the yard, I fell a n d h u r t my k n e e . 2. W h e n talking to her. 6. He had p u t . . . little salt in the soup that it was tasteless.
7. It was ... amusing film that I laughed all the way t h r o u g h . 8. I'm ...
I was looking t h r o u g h some m a g a z i n e s , I c a m e across an interesting
hungry that I could eat anything for lunch. 9. She dresses ... elegantly that
article about e d u c a t i o n in t h e U S A . 3. W h e n she was t a l k i n g to h e r
everyone a d m i r e s her. 10. I bought ... a lot of shopping that I couldn't
n e i g h b o u r in t h e street, she did not notice how a thief stole her money.
carry all the bags. 11. T h e shop sells ... expensive clothes that I never buy
4. W h e n he was sitting n e a r t h e fire, he felt very w a r m . 5. W h e n he was
anything. 12. T h e film was ... boring that I almost fell asleep.
r e t u r n i n g h o m e last night, he h a d a nasty accident. 6. W h e n she was
translating t h e text, she was using a dictionary. 7. W h e n I was walking
12. Complete each sentence with two to five words, including the word
t h r o u g h t h e park, I saw s o m e flowers.
in bold.
9. Translate the sentences. 1. I h a d a lot of h o m e w o r k to d o , so I c o u l d n ' t go out.
so I h a d so m u c h work to do t h a t I c o u l d n ' t go out.
1. She is saving m o n e y so t h a t she c a n go on holiday. 2. She works
h a r d so t h a t everything will be ready in t i m e . 3. I wrote t h e d a t e in my 2. T h e b u s was very late. We d e c i d e d to t a k e a taxi,
diary so t h a t I w o u l d n ' t forget it. 4. I leave t h e w i n d o w o p e n so t h a t the so T h e bus was we d e c i d e d to take a taxi.
cat c a n get in a n d out. 5. I'll give you a m a p so t h a t you w o n ' t get lost.
3. He was sleeping soundly. We c o u l d n ' t wake h i m .
6. H e l e n played t h e p i a n o so t h a t everyone else c o u l d d a n c e . 7. Speak
so He was sleeping we c o u l d n ' t wake h i m .
louder so t h a t everybody c a n hear. 8. I moved t h a t vase so t h a t t h e dog
w o u l d n ' t b r e a k it. 9. S o p h i a b o u g h t a sailing boat so t h a t she c o u l d sail 4. It was very exciting news a n d I c o u l d n ' t wait to tell everyone,
a r o u n d t h e world. such It was I c o u l d n ' t wait to tell everyone.

5. She is a very clever girl a n d h e r p a r e n t s are very p r o u d of her.


10. Join the sentences using clauses of purpose introduced by so
that. such She is h e r p a r e n t s are very p r o u d of her.

6. Jane doesn't spend m u c h time studying. She may fail her exams,
I'll leave you my address. You can send me a postcard.
little Jane spends she may fail h e r exams.
I'll leave you my address so that you can send me a postcard.
7. Peter did a lot of work yesterday, so he has n o t h i n g to do today,
1. Debbie h i d h e r diary. She d i d n ' t w a n t a n y o n e to read it. 2. She
much Peter did yesterday t h a t he h a s n o t h i n g to do today.
saved money. She w a n t e d to buy a flat. 3. He speaks F r e n c h . T h e y
c a n u n d e r s t a n d h i m . 4 . W e b o u g h t s o m e m o r e coffee. W e d i d n ' t w a n t 8. H i s luggage was heavy. He d e c i d e d to call a porter,
to r u n o u t . 5. Lisa got up early. She w a n t e d to finish her h o m e w o r k . such He h a d that he d e c i d e d to call a porter.
6. D o r a is going to leave class early. T h e n she c a n go to a dentist.
7. I left early. I w a n t e d to be t h e r e on t i m e . 8. I r e c o r d e d t h e m a t c h . 13. Translate into English.
I i n t e n d e d to w a t c h it later. 9. E m m a h a s b o o k e d a first-class ticket. 1. He заставляй ее так много работать. О н а устала от этой
She w a n t s to travel in c o m f o r t . 10. She is s t u d y i n g m e d i c i n e . She работы. 2. Я заставила секретаря перепечатать письмо, так к а к
202 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 17 203

в н е м б ы л о м н о г о о ш и б о к . 3. З а ч е м ты з а с т а в и л его и д т и ту­ Shall we


да т а к поздно? 4. Я сделаю все возможное, чтобы п о м о ч ь ей. Let's
Why don't we
5. Ф и л ь м очень отличается от к н и г и . Он гораздо интереснее.
W h y not spend the weekend in Brighton(?)
6 . О н а г о р д и т с я с в о и м с ы н о м . О н о ч е н ь т р у д о л ю б и в ы й и хоро­ W o u l d you like to
шо успевает в школе. 7. Д о к т о р не р а з р е ш и л м н е выходить на We could (might)
у л и ц у в т е ч е н и е н е д е л и . 8. Я р а з р е ш и л а ей в з я т ь с в о й м а г н и т о ­ I suggest we
ф о н на несколько дней. 9. Я дал ему учебник, чтобы он в ы у ч и л
(смог в ы у ч и т ь ) у р о к . 10. О н н а р и с о в а л п л а н ( д е р е в н и ) , ч т о б ы c) How to accept a suggestion:
о н а б е з труда н а ш л а д о м . 11. Г о в о р и г р о м ч е , ч т о б ы я т е б я слы­
g o o d idea.
шал. 12. О н а т и х о о т к р ы л а д в е р ь , ч т о б ы д е т и н е п р о с н у л и с ь . t h a t ' s a m a r v e l l o u s idea,
Yes,
13. Я с к а з а л и м о б э т о м е щ е р а з , ч т о б ы о н и н е з а б ы л и . 14. О н that w o u l d be nice,
п о с о в е т о в а л м н е о с т а в и т ь д е н ь г и д о м а , ч т о б ы н е п о т е р я т ь их. t h a t seems a l l r i g h t .
15. О н г о в о р и л т а к б ы с т р о , ч т о я е д в а м о г п о н я т ь его. 16. К н и г а
б ы л а т а к а я и н т е р е с н а я , ч т о я ч и т а л е е в е с ь д е н ь . 17. О н т а к о й d) How to half-accept a suggestion:
способный человек, что я уверен, что он изучит н е м е ц к и й я з ы к
we could,
в довольно короткий срок. but (there aren't any g o o d
Yes, that's a g o o d idea, I suppose, f i l m s on at the m o ­
it's n o t a b a d i d e a , ment).
Text Exercises
14. Ask questions about: e) How to reject a suggestion:
I'm afraid I can't.
a) David's p a s t i m e ; b) c i n e m a s in E n g l a n d ; c) David's a n d Bob's
likes a n d dislikes as far as films are c o n c e r n e d ; d) t h e film David a n d No, I'm sorry I can't.
B o b saw last. I d o n ' t r e a l l y feel l i k e ( g o i n g t o t h e c i n e m a ) .
Well, I'd r a t h e r n o t , i f y o u d o n ' t m i n d .
15. Speak on:

a) c i n e m a s in E n g l a n d ; b) t h e boys' visit to t h e c i n e m a . f) How to make a counter-suggestion:

I'd r a t h e r
Well, go to the cinema (pub) if you don't m i n d .
I'd p r e f e r t o
Suggestions
a) How to ask for a suggestion: Conversation Practice
shall we
What w o u l d you like to do tonight? • Listen, read and practise.
do you want to

Where
Conversation 1
do you fancy g o i n g for the weekend?
Sally: Do you feel like doing anything tomorrow evening, Peter?
b) How to make a suggestion: Peter: Yes, all right. W h a t do you suggest?
W h a t about Sally: H o w about going to see " S t a r W a r s " ? It's on locally a n d
H o w about they say it's very good.
going to the cinema?
D o y o u feel l i k e Peter: Well, we could, I suppose, but I don't really like science fic­
D o you fancy
tion films all that much. Of course, if you'd like to see it...
204 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II U N I T 17 205

Sally: N o , no... I d o n ' t m i n d . It was just a suggestion, that's all. Bob: Well, what do you suggest t h e n ?
Peter: We could always go to Dave's party, 1 suppose. Alex: H o w about going out for a meal?
Sally: Dave? Bob: N o , I d o n ' t feel like e a t i n g a n y t h i n g .
Peter: Yes, Dave Wilkins. You know — t h a t c h a p w h o works for Alex: All right. A n d what about going to t h e p u b t h e n ?
t h e B B C . H e ' s having a h o u s e - w a r m i n g party. Everyone's Bob: Well, I'd rather go d a n c i n g , if you d o n ' t m i n d .
invited. Alex: T h a t ' s OK by m e . A n d why not go to a r e s t a u r a n t after­
Sally: N o , I d o n ' t t h i n k so s o m e h o w ! You know w h a t Dave's wards?
parties are like. I still haven't recovered from t h e last o n e Bob: Yes, t h a t ' s a marvellous idea.
we went t o .
\f\ W h a t are t h e boys t a l k i n g about? W h y d o e s n ' t Alex w a n t to go
Peter: Well, it was only an idea.
to t h e c i n e m a ? D o e s Bob feel like going out for a meal? W h e r e
Sally: N o , I'd prefer to go s o m e w h e r e else, if you d o n ' t m i n d .
do t h e y agree to go?
Just t h e two of u s .
Peter: Would you like to go out for a m e a l , t h e n ? We could go
to t h a t super r e s t a u r a n t in Chelsea. Brian told me t h e A. Reproduce the phrases expressing suggestions and replies to sugges­
food was really great. tions used in conversation 2. Rephrase them.
Sally: Yes, t h a t would be nice. L e t ' s do t h a t . A n d why d o n ' t we
call in on Bob a n d Sue on t h e way h o m e ? We've b e e n B. Respond to the following suggestions using the phrases from con­
p r o m i s i n g to go a n d see t h e m for ages. versation 2.

Peter: Yes, good idea. 1. W h a t shall we do t o n i g h t ? 2. A n d why not go to a r e s t a u r a n t


afterwards? 3. A n d what about going to t h e p u b t h e n ? 4. H o w about
ПЛ W h a t are Sally a n d Peter discussing? W h a t does Sally suggest?
going o u t for a meal? 5. W h y d o n ' t we go to t h e c i n e m a ?
D o e s Peter feel like seeing " S t a r Wars"? W h a t does Peter sug­
gest? D o e s Sally like his suggestion? W h a t do they agree u p o n ? C. Accept the suggestions.

A. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following. 1. W h a t about going to Spain? 2. W h y not go to t h e pub? 3. I sug­
gest we go a n d see her at Easter. 4. W h y d o n ' t we ask o u r English
Ч т о т ы п р е д л а г а е ш ь ? К а к н а с ч е т того, ч т о б ы с х о д и т ь посмо­ t e a c h e r ? 5. Let's go for a walk. 6. Shall we visit t h e a r t exhibition on
т р е т ь ф и л ь м « З в е з д н ы е в о й н ы » ? Говорят, ч т о э т о и н т е р е с н ы й Sunday? 7. H o w about going out of town on Saturday? 8. W h y d o n ' t
ф и л ь м . Я не в о з р а ж а ю . Д а в а й т а к и с д е л а е м . Я бы п р е д п о ч л а we play cards? 9. How about a n i c e curry? 10. L e t ' s go a n d stay with
сходить куда-нибудь еще. Это было бы прекрасно. Почему бы my sister in Brighton. 11. Would you like to j o i n us? 12. Do you feel
нам не зайти к Бобу и С ь ю по пути домой? Не хочешь ли ты like going to t h e theatre? 13. W h y d o n ' t we have a p a r t y on Saturday?
п о й т и пообедать? Х о р о ш а я м ы с л ь (идея). М ы м о г л и б ы , я пола­ 14. H o w about travelling by ship?
г а ю . У н е г о н о в о с е л ь е . Мы м о г л и бы сходить в т о т в е л и к о л е п н ы й
р е с т о р а н в Ч е л с и . М ы д а в н о о б е щ а л и н а в е с т и т ь их. D. Reject the suggestions. Give reasons for your refusal.

1. Do you feel like w a t c h i n g t h e film? 2. L e t ' s visit t h e S m i t h s .


B. Pick out the phrases expressing suggestions and replies to sugges­
3. W h a t about having a snack? 4. Would you like to go on a picnic for
tions used in conversation 1. Rephrase them.
t h e weekend? 5. W h a t about going for a walk? 6. W h y d o n ' t we d i n e
out t o n i g h t ? 7. H o w about playing a g a m e of chess? 8. W h y n o t go to
Conversation 2 Bulgaria this s u m m e r ? 9. Shall we go skiing t o m o r r o w ?
Alex: W h a t shall we do t o n i g h t ?
E. Make counter-suggestions.
Bob: W h y d o n ' t we go to t h e c i n e m a ?
Alex: Well, we could, I suppose, b u t t h e r e a r e n ' t really a n y 1. W h y n o t s p e n d t h e w e e k e n d in t h e c o u n t r y ? 2. Shall we play a
good films on at t h e m o m e n t . g a m e of t e n n i s ? 3. W o u l d you like to go fishing t o m o r r o w ? 4. L e t ' s
206 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 17

s e n d h e r a letter. 5. W h y n o t stay at a hotel? 6. L e t ' s have a s t e a k . John: Well, they say "A M a n a n d his H o r s e " is very good. It's
7. Do you feel like t r a v e l l i n g by sea? 8. W h y d o n ' t we go o u t on playing at the R i a l t o T h e a t r e .
Saturday? 9. How about watching " C o r o n a t i o n Street" tonight? Peter: "A M a n a n d his H o r s e ? " T h a t ' s a western, isn't it?
John: I t h i n k so.
F. Suggest to your friend:
Peter: Well, to tell t h e t r u t h , I d o n ' t like westerns very m u c h .
going to t h e c i n e m a ; s p e n d i n g t h e weekend in t h e c o u n t r y ; having John: O h , well, is t h e r e a n y p a r t i c u l a r movie you'd like to
a swim; playing cards; going s h o p p i n g ; starting at 6 a.m.; going by air; see?
o r d e r i n g a steak. Peter: H o w a b o u t " T h e R e t u r n of t h e M o n s t e r ? " It's playing at
t h e S h o p p i n g Mall C i n e m a , a n d I h e a r it's excellent.
Your friend will accept or turn down the suggestion.
John: " R e t u r n of t h e M o n s t e r ? " H m m . . . Isn't t h a t a science
G. Learn the dialogues below and make similar dialogues. fiction movie?
Peter: Yes, d o n ' t you like science fiction movies?
1. — W h y d o n ' t we go for a drive in t h e c o u n t r y ? John: N o , n o t really. M a y b e we s h o u l d n ' t see a movie. M a y b e
— T h a t would be n i c e . T h a n k you. we should do s o m e t h i n g else.
— I'll pick you up a b o u t 7.30. Peter: Okay. Would you be interested in doing s o m e t h i n g out­
2. — W h a t about playing a g a m e of tennis? doors?
— It's nice of you to ask, but I d o n ' t feel like playing t e n n i s . John: Sure. A n y suggestions?
— Well, how a b o u t c o m i n g to see Tony? Peter: Well, we could go ice skating.
— N o , honestly I c a n ' t afford t h e t i m e . John: O h , I ' m afraid I d o n ' t really enjoy going ice skating.
H o w a b o u t going hiking?
3. — Let's go ice skating.
Peter: Well, to tell t h e t r u t h , I've g o n e h i k i n g several t i m e s in
— N o , I ' m really not in t h e m o o d for it t h i s evening.
t h e past few weeks.
— T h e n , why d o n ' t we just go out for a coffee?
John: Really? T h e n I guess you m u s t be pretty tired of hik­
— N o , really. I've p r o m i s e d myself an early night.
ing.
4. — Do you feel like going to t h e t h e a t r e t o n i g h t ? Peter: I a m . Let's do s o m e t h i n g else.
— N o , I'd prefer to go somewhere else, if you d o n ' t m i n d . John: W h y d o n ' t we just have d i n n e r together somewhere t h i s

5. — W h y d o n ' t you call me up at t h e office at 7? Saturday?


— Well, I'd r a t h e r pick you up at 7.30. Peter: T h a t s o u n d s like a good idea. W h e r e would you like to
— T h a t ' s settled. go?
John: Well, o n e of my favourite places to eat is " T h e C a p t a i n
6. — Shall we play a g a m e of billiards? Table".
— All right. Peter: H m m . " T h e C a p t a i n Table?" W h a t k i n d o f food d o they
7. — W h y not go to t h e forest on Sunday? serve there?
— T h a t ' s not a b a d idea, but I ' m afraid I'll be busy on Sunday. John: Seafood. But if you d o n ' t like seafood, we could go
s o m e p l a c e else.
Peter: N o . On t h e contrary, I love seafood.
Conversation 3
John: You do? G r e a t .
John: Would you like to get together t h i s weekend? Peter: T h e n it's settled. " T h e C a p t a i n T a b l e " for d i n n e r on
Peter: Sure. W h a t would you like to do? Saturday. W h a t time?
John: Well, how a b o u t seeing a movie? John: H o w about 7 o'clock?
Peter: T h a t s o u n d s good. D i d you have any p a r t i c u l a r movie in Peter: Is 8 okay?
mind? John: Fine.
208 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 17 209

[Г] W h a t are J o h n a n d Peter t a l k i n g a b o u t ? W h a t d o e s J o h n sug­ I don't.


gest? D o e s Peter feel like seeing "A M a n a n d his H o r s e " ? Disagreeing:
I'm not.
D o e s J o h n like science fiction movies? J o h n enjoys ice skating,
d o e s n ' t he? W h y d o e s n ' t Peter feel like going h i k i n g ? W h e r e do c) How to express dislikes:
t h e two friends agree to go?
don't like
dislike loud music.
A. Reproduce the phrases expressing suggestions and replies to sugges­ I hate Chinese food.
tions used in conversation 3. Rephrase them. can't stand people who smoke.
can't bear
B. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.
d) How to agree or disagree with a person's dislikes:
К а к н а с ч е т д л и т е л ь н о й п е ш е й п р о г у л к и ? Тогда р е ш е н о .
Neither do I.
К о н е ч н о . Н а о б о р о т . П о ч е м у б ы н а м п р о с т о н е пообедать где-нибудь
Agreeing: So do I.
в э т о в о с к р е с е н ь е ? Куда бы ты хотел п о й т и ? М о ж е т б ы т ь , н а м не Neither can I.
стоит смотреть к и н о ф и л ь м . Я слышал, это о т л и ч н ы й фильм. Ты
I don't.
имел какой-то к о н к р е т н ы й ф и л ь м в виду? Разве ты не л ю б и ш ь Disagreeing:
I can.
научно-фантастические фильмы? Какие-нибудь предложения?
Т ы , д о л ж н о б ы т ь , устал о т п р о г у л о к . Э т о к а ж е т с я х о р о ш е й и д е е й . e) How to express preferences:
А ч т о за еду т а м подают? Е с л и тебе не н р а в я т с я м о р е п р о д у к т ы , то
м ы м о г л и б ы сходить куда-нибудь еще. Т ы н е хотел б ы встретить­ apples oranges.
I prefer to
с я н а э т о й неделе? Э т о в е с т е р н ( к о в б о й с к и й ф и л ь м ) , н е т а к л и ? П о watching TV listening to music.
правде говоря, мне не очень нравятся ковбойские ф и л ь м ы . prefer to
I'd go to the cinema than (go) to the theatre.
rather
C. Act out the following situations.

1. Your friend a n d you are p l a n n i n g how to spend t h e evening. Conversation Practice


2. An interesting film is on at your local c i n e m a . You suggest to Conversation 4
your friend seeing it. Your friend asks you some questions about t h e
film a n d m a k e s up h i s / h e r m i n d to see it. You a r r a n g e about t h e tickets Susan: G u e s s what? T h e y ' r e showing " C h i n a S e a s " w i t h Clark
a n d agree to m e e t outside t h e c i n e m a at 6 o'clock. Gable on TV tonight.
Lucy: Are they really? O h , I m u s t w a t c h t h a t . If there's o n e
a c t o r I love w a t c h i n g , it's Clark G a b l e .
LIKES. DISLIKES. PREFERENCES
Susan: Yes, so do I, especially w h e n h e ' s playing opposite J e a n
a) How to express likes: Harlow.
Lucy: J e a n Harlow? O h , I c a n ' t s t a n d her!
like jazz.
I (quite/really) enjoy Susan: C a n ' t you? But why not?
football.
love cooking. Lucy: I d o n ' t know. I just d o n ' t like t h e way she acts, t h a t ' s all.
fond of music. Susan: But she was a very good actress!
I'm (very) jogging.
keen on Lucy: You must be joking!
Susan: N o , I ' m not. I really like t h e way she acts. Anyway,
b) How to agree or disagree with a person's likes: I'd m u c h rather w a t c h " C h i n a S e a s " t h a n t h e o p e r a o n
B B C 2 " L a Traviata".
So do I. Lucy: You are not serious, are you? You really m e a n to say t h a t
Agreeing:
So am I.
you'd prefer t o w a t c h " C h i n a Seas"?
UNIT 17 211
210 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II

Susan: Yes, any day. nis? 5. Would you like to go to a c o n c e r t ? 6. W h y not go abroad for o u r
Lucy: Well... if t h a t ' s the sort of films you enjoy w a t c h i n g , t h e n holidays? 7. Do you feel like going for a walk? 8. W h y d o n ' t we have
all I c a n say is t h a t I d o n ' t t h i n k very m u c h of your taste! d i n n e r at this cafeteria? 9. Let's go fishing on Sunday.
I shall w a t c h t h e o p e r a !
G. Ask your friend about his/her likes as far as sport is concerned.
[7] W h a t are they showing on TV tonight? W h a t do the girls t h i n k
Situation 1. Your friend and you are speaking about your likes and
of Clark Gable? Do they b o t h t h i n k m u c h of J e a n Harlow's act­
dislikes as far as entertainments are concerned.
ing? W h a t p r o g r a m m e s are t h e girls going to watch t o n i g h t ?

OPINIONS. AGREEMENT A N D DISAGREEMENT


A. Reproduce the phrases expressing likes, dislikes and preferences
a) How to ask for an opinion:
used in conversation 4.
What do you think of/about
B. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.
What's your opinion of British television?
М н е д е й с т в и т е л ь н о н р а в и т с я , к а к о н а играет. Я невысоко­ How do you find
го м н е н и я о т в о е м вкусе. Т ы , н а в е р н о , ш у т и ш ь . Я ее т е р п е т ь не
могу. Е с л и т а к о г о рода ф и л ь м тебе н р а в и т с я . . . М н е просто не b) How to give an opinion:
нравится, к а к она играет. Я бы предпочла посмотреть фильм. I think
there is too much violence on the screen
C. Express your agreement or disagreement with your friend's likes. I believe
today.
In my opinion
1. I like detectives. 2. I enjoyed t h e o p e r a . 3. I'm keen on jazz.
4. I'm fond of folk songs. 5. I love football. 6. I liked sweets w h e n
c) How to agree with an opinion:
I was a girl. 7. I enjoy classical music. 8. I ' m keen on fishing. 9. I like
jogging. 10. I'm fond of figure-skating. 11. I liked the film very m u c h . I (quite) agree (with you).
12. I ' m fond of science fiction. You are (quite) right.
(Yes), he does (did, was, will, etc.).
D. Express your agreement or disagreement with your friend's dislikes. (No), he doesn't (isn't, didn't, etc.).
I think so, too.
1. I hate football. 2. I c a n ' t stand loud music. 3. I dislike the way she
dances. 4. I c a n ' t bear I n d i a n films. 5 . 1 d o n ' t like opera. 6 . 1 hate shop­ d) How to disagree with an opinion:
ping. 7. I dislike the songs he sings. 8 . 1 d i d n ' t enjoy the ballet. 9. I d o n ' t
like coffee with milk. 10. I hate being late. 11. I c a n ' t bear h i m . I don't (quite) agree (with you).
I disagree.
E. Work in pairs. A expresses his/her preferences using the words I don't think so.
below. В agrees or disagrees accordingly. No, I don't (didn't, wasn't, etc.).
That's not my opinion.
1. watch TV or listen to t h e radio; 2. go to bed early or late; 3. r e a d That's your opinion, not mine.
detective stories or science fiction; 4. large cars or small cars; 5. t o m a t o I don't think you're right.
juice or o r a n g e juice; 6. receive letters or write letters; 7. tea or coffee;
8. travel by air or by sea; 9. cabbage soup or chicken soup; 10. s u n b a t h e Conversation Practice
or swim
Conversation 5
F. Respond to the following suggestions expressing preferences. Peter: Jack, you've seen " S t a r Wars", haven't you?
1. Shall we go to t h e c i n e m a ? 2. W h a t about seeing a detective? Jack: Yes, t h a t ' s right.
3. Let's go to t h e t h e a t r e t o n i g h t . 4. W h y d o n ' t we play a g a m e of t e n - Peter: W h a t do you t h i n k of it?
212 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II UNIT 17 213

Jack: Well, I was a bit d i s a p p o i n t e d , really. I d i d n ' t t h i n k D. Express disagreement.


it was a particularly good film at all.
a) — You didn't enjoy the film, did you?
Peter: O h , I disagree, Jack. I t h o u g h t it was great. It's o n e
— Yes, I did. I enjoyed every minute of it.
of t h e best films I've ever seen. I enjoyed every min­
ute of it. b) — You liked the acting, didn't you?
Jack: I t h i n k it was pretty b o r i n g . - N o , I didn't.
Peter: I really c a n ' t agree with you there, Jack. I d o n ' t see
how you c a n say it was boring. It was full of excite­ 1. You d i d n ' t enjoy t h e book, did you? 2. You are keen on the­
ment. atre, a r e n ' t you? 3. T h e scenery is good. 4. Your friend likes d a n c i n g ,
Jack: In my o p i n i o n , it wasn't. I was bored... m a i n l y because d o e s n ' t she? 5. T h e play was exciting. 6. You d i d n ' t b o o k t h e tickets,
I was expecting so m u c h more to h a p p e n , I suppose. did you? 7. He is fond of detectives, isn't he? 8. M a r y d o e s n ' t like
Peter: O h , c o m e o n ! A lot h a p p e n e d ! It's really exciting. o p e r a , d o e s she? 9. Lucy d o e s n ' t enjoy science fiction films, does she?
You are t h e first p e r s o n I've met w h o h a s n ' t enjoyed 10. T h e play was a success.
the film.
E. Agree or disagree with an opinion using one of the following con­
Jack: Tastes differ, you know. versational formulas:

|У| W h a t are t h e boys t a l k i n g about? W h a t d o e s Peter t h i n k of t h e I (quite) agree with you. You are right. I t h i n k so. I d o n ' t (quite)
film " S t a r W a r s " ? W h a t is Jack's o p i n i o n ? agree with you. I disagree. I d o n ' t t h i n k so. T h a t ' s n o t my o p i n i o n .
T h a t ' s your o p i n i o n , not m i n e .

A. Pick out the phrases expressing opinions, agreement and disagree­ 1. A m e r i c a n films are awful. 2. W o m e n are less intelligent t h a n
ment used in conversation 5. m e n . 3. English is a very difficult l a n g u a g e to learn. 4. T h e taxes are
t o o high. 5. P a r e n t s should have to pay for t h e i r children's e d u c a t i o n .
B. Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following. 6. T h e r e ' s t o o m u c h discussion about w o m e n ' s rights today. 7. We n e e d
m o r e nuclear power stations. 8. I n d i a n films are exciting. 9. T h e cli­
Я п о л а г а ю , о в к у с а х не с п о р я т . Я не с о г л а с е н . Я п о л а г а ю , он
m a t e here is pleasant. 10. Jogging is useful for h e a l t h .
очень с к у ч н ы й . Я скучал (мне было скучно). По моему мнению...
Что ты думаешь об этом фильме? Я был немного разочарован. Это F. Ask questions to which the following may serve as responses.
о д и н из л у ч ш и х фильмов, которые я когда-либо видел. Потому
что я ожидал большего. Ф и л ь м действительно захватывающий. 1. It was a success. 2. It was a failure. 3. I h a d a good t i m e . 4. On
t h e whole I liked it. 5. N o t b a d at all. 6. It is marvellous. 7. I've never
C. Express agreement. seen a n y t h i n g like t h a t before. 8. In my o p i n i o n it's a little b o r i n g .
9. I was a bit d i s a p p o i n t e d .
a) — Не isn't here (hasn't come, won't do it, etc.).
— N o , he isn't (hasn't, won't). Situation 2. Your friend and you are discussing the fdm you've just
seen. You liked everything about the film and you enjoyed the acting. Your
b) — He is here (has come, etc.).
friend has a different opinion of the film.
— Yes, he is (has, etc.).

1. T h e film is p r e t t y b o r i n g . 2. D i c k d o e s n ' t like ballet. 3. K a t e Conversation 6


is fond of musicals. 4. Betsy d o e s n ' t like detectives. 5. T o m is fond of
football. 6. Television is t h e greatest invention of t h e twentieth century. Mr Alden: Shall we see a film t h i s evening?
7. T h e films of t h i s p r o d u c e r are always a great success. 8. T h e y d i d n ' t Miss Brown: T h a t would be delightful. I haven't seen a film in
enjoy t h e p e r f o r m a n c e . 9. T h e play is really exciting. 10. H i s a c t i n g is m a n y weeks.
marvellous. 11. T h e c o s t u m e s were perfect. 12. You d i d n ' t like t h e first Mr Alden: T h e r e are several c i n e m a s in my n e i g h b o u r h o o d
act, did you? which show t h e latest pictures.
214 Английский язык. Ч А С Т Ь II
UNIT 17 215

Miss Brown: Let's c o n s u l t t h e newspaper to see what films they


p r o g r a m m e a t the C a s i n o ? W h a t did M r Alden t h i n k o f t h e
are showing in town.
A m e r i c a n plot? W h e r e is Mr Alden going to invite Miss Brown
Mr Alden: T h a t ' s a splendid idea. I believe Shakespeare's in t h e n e a r future?
" M i d s u m m e r N i g h t ' s D r e a m " is on at o n e of t h e
c i n e m a s t o n i g h t . I've h e a r d it is o n e of t h e best Find in the text appropriate English phrases for the following.
pictures of t h e year.
Miss Brown: My sister a n d I have already seen it. We enjoyed it Д у м а е т е , м ы с м о ж е м д о с т а т ь б и л е т ы ? П о с м о т р и м к и н о сегод­
very m u c h . ня вечером? Я не л ю б л ю смотреть к и н о ф и л ь м с балкона. Ф и л ь м
Mr Alden: T h e C a s i n o m a y have a good p r o g r a m m e . T h e y начинается через пятнадцать минут. С б о л ь ш и м удовольствием.
are showing two m a i n pictures, a F r e n c h film a n d Я п о л а г а ю , « С о н в л е т н ю ю ночь» Ш е к с п и р а идет в о д н о м из
кинотеатров сегодня вечером. М н е , конечно, понравились оба
an A m e r i c a n . I h o p e you haven't seen t h e m .
ф и л ь м а . Будет м н о г о с в о б о д н ы х м е с т п о с л е того, к а к ф и л ь м за­
Miss Brown: I haven't seen either of t h e m .
к о н ч и т с я . Я с л ы ш а л , ч т о э т о о д и н и з л