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Unit 9 Cars and Driving

(I) Conversation
Mason: Brad! Long time no see.
Brad: Mason! you’re right. It has been a long time. How’ve you been?
Mason: I can’t complain. What about you? How ‘s the family?
Brad: Great! I was just going in here to pick up a present for Marissa. Tomorrow’s
our fifth anniversary.
Mason: Congratulations! Hey! Let’s have a cup of coffee and catch up on old times.
There’s a nice coffee place right around the corner. (15 minutes later…)
Brad: You won’t believe what I just saw.
Mason: What?
Brad: The taxi was coming around the corner and he was hit a bus! Someone said
the guy was texting while he was driving.
Mason: You’ve got to be kidding! Was anyone hurt?
Brad: I don’t think so.
Mason: Thank goodness for that.
Brad: I just can’t stop thinking about that accident.
Mason: I know. The driving in this city has always been bad, but now everyone’s
texting and talking on the phone instead of paying attention to the road.
Brad: You can say that again! You shouldn’t multitask while you’re driving a car.
*Focus on Language:
1. I have been fine. __________________________________________________
2. I totally agree with you. ____________________________________________
3. I’m so happy for you. _______________________________________________
4. I’m glad nothing terrible happened. ____________________________________
5. Really? That’s unbelievable. _________________________________________
6. It’s great to see you again. ___________________________________________

(II) Grammar
a. Review: Passive or active???
arrive destroy deteriorate develop follow exist happen need prevent recede
release wear
1. So far a number of priceless works of art _______________ in the earthquake.
2. By the time Carol _________________, we had finished eating and were ready
to go.
3. No record _______________ of the visit he claimed to have made to Paris in
4. Because my visa had expired, I ________________ from re-entering the
5. It is generally agreed that new industries _________________ for the southern
part of the country at the moment.
6. If Nick hadn’t along, I don’t know what would _____________________.
7. The economic situation in the region _____________________ quite sharply
over the last year.
8. The coastline _________________ into the distance as our ship sailed further
9. It’s incredible to think that these clothes _________________ by Queen Victoria.
10. A new drug ____________________ to combat asthma in small children now.
11. When Kathy left the room, everyone ______________________.
12. A number of political prisoners ___________________ within the next few days.
(b) Reporter speech:
alleged conceded denied estimated recalled repeated
1. “I have never been in love with James.” She denied that she had ever been in
love with James.
2. “Thomas has stolen jewelry from my house.”
She ______________________________________________________________
3. “I think the vase is around 250 years old.”
She ______________________________________________________________
4. “I’ve told you once. I’ve already seen the film.”
She ______________________________________________________________
5. “Well, perhaps you’re right. Maybe Idid treat Jane unkindly.”
She ______________________________________________________________
6. “I seem to remember that Michael ‘s great grandfather was from Spain.”
She ______________________________________________________________.

(c)participle clauses with adverbial meaning: We can use present participle (-ing)
clauses and past participle (-ed) with an adverbial meaning.
EX: Looked after carefully, the plant can live through the winter.
(If the plant is looked after carefully, it can live through the winter.)
Having completed the book, he had a holiday.
(When / Because he had completed the book, he had a holiday.)
1. When she saw the dog coming towards her, she quickly crossed the road.

2. As she dressed all in black, she couldn’t be seen in the starless night.

3. As I don’t have a credit card, I found it difficult to book an airline ticket over the
4. Keith spent a lot of time filling in job application forms because he was
5. Because I was walking fast, I soon caught up with her.

6. The house was built of wood, so it was clearly a fire risk.

7. I was eager to catch the bus in good time because I had been told off the day
before for arriving late.

8. She didn’t know where the theater was, so she asked for directions at the hotel

9. As she was a nurse, she knew what to do after the accident.

10. He had spent his childhood on Oslo so he knew the city well.

b. When we use not in a participle clause, it usually comes before the participle.
However, it can follow the participle, depending on the part of the sentences
affected by not.
EX: Wishing not to go out that night, I made an excuse. VS
Not wishing to go out that night, I made an excuse.
EX: Choose the more correct appropriate position for not in the sentences.
1. _______ wishing _______ to boast, she said nothing about her success.
2. _______ pretending ________ to notice that people were staring at me, I carried
on looking on the floor for my lost contact lens.
3. ______ determined ______ to be beaten, she put all her energy into the serve.
4. ______ feeling ______well, she went home early.
5. ______ bothering ______ to put on his coat, he left the house.
6. ______ trying ______ to cry, she waved to Mark as the train pulled out.

(III) Listening:
Write down each reason of the accidents and the part that needs to be fixed.
Reason 1 2 3 4

The part
needs to
be fixed

(IV) Reading: Six Tips for Defensive Driving

Vocabulary: Aggressive driving behavior
stare / gesture / honk the horn / flash the lights / tailgate / weave through traffic /
cut sb. off

We all know that ________ _________________ drives well. Some people tailgate,
gesture, weave through traffic, and honk – _____________ _____________ of the
aggressive driving that causes _______ ___________ of all car crashes. But
____________ ______ ___________ people are now talking on the phone, eating,
and even watching TV as they drive – examples of the _______________ and
________________ driving that is a growing cause of accidents. Although we can’t
______________ the actions of other drivers, the following ______________
_____________ ______ can help us reduce the __________ ________________
by our own driving and the bad driving of others.
1. Slow down. Driving too fast for weather or __________ _______________
gives you less time to ____________ to dangers on the road ahead of you. Also, as
you _______________ your speed, your car becomes harder to control and
___________ _____________ to come to a stop.
2. Following the “3-second rule”. The greatest chance of a _______________ is
in front of you. Maintaining a __________ ______________ _______________ of
three seconds behind the car in front of you will give you __________ _________
to react if that car slows or stops _______________.
3. Pay attention to your surroundings. _____ __________ ____ where other
vehicles are and what it is happening on the road. __________ your rearview and
side-view mirrors _________________. Before changing ___________, always
look over your shoulder to check your “_________ ________” – areas to the side
and the rear of tour car that __________ _____________ in your mirrors.
4. Signal your intentions early. Use _________ ______________ to let other
drivers know what you are going to do before you do it. This helps other drivers
understand your _________, so they can __________ their own defensive driving
5. Expect the unexpected. ______________ that other drivers will make mistakes.
_________ __________ what you are will do if another driver ____________ a
traffic law or ______ you ______. For example, don’t _______________ that a
vehicle coming to a stop sign or a red light is going to stop. Be prepared to stop
your own car ____ ______________.
6. Don’t take others’ aggressive driving personally. Other people will drive
badly. They’re not thinking about you. If you _____________ them to make you
angry, it can ____________ your own driving and ________ ____ an accident.
When other drivers show signs of ______________ driving, just slow down or
__________ _________ to let them pass.

Relevant Listening…
1. The other driver just _______________ them ________________.
2. Jim’s mother says he is _____________________________.
3. The other driver behind them is __________________________ at them.
4. The driver opened his window and _________________________ at them.
5. The driver is _____________________________ because he wants to pass.
6. The driver is _____________________________.
7. The driver is ____________________________ at them.
(V) Video
Put Paul’s story about his accident in the order you hear it in the video
____“A car on the opposite side of the road hit a stop sign.”
____“When I tried to stop, I hit a parked car.”
____“I tried to turn, but I had a problem with the steering wheel.”
____“I was driving on Sixth Street, and there were a lot of fish on the road.”
____“The car behind me was tailgating, so he hit me.”
____“I drove over the fish. The fish made the road slippery.”
____“The stop sign fell and smashed my hood.”
____“When I got out to look at the damage, a piano fell on the van.”