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Name: ___________________________________ Block: ________ Date: ______________

Chapter 7.1 and 7.2 – Static Charge and Electric Force. Balloons & Static Electricity
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Search through ‘Google’ and type “PhET Simulations”. Located in the top right hand corner, you will
see a search box and type “Balloons & Static Electricity” simulation. The click on the first simulation,
titled Balloons & Static Electricity, click to download simulation to your computer.

Lab Questions: Answer questions #1-3 using full sentences.

1. Play with the simulation and observe what process occurs when the balloon is rubbed on the
sweater. Explain why these charges are being moved towards the sweater.

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2. Once your balloon has been ‘charged’, bring your balloon near the wall and describe what
happens to the wall in terms of the wall’s charges). Explain why this happens using the objects.

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3. The effect you observed in the wall in #2 is called polarization. Now, take your charged balloon
and place it somewhere between the wall and the sweater. Observe what happens, and describe
it here. Explain why this happens!

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Name: ___________________________________ Block: ________ Date: ______________
Post-Lab Questions: Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank provided.
_____ 1. When charging an object by friction,
a. only the positive charges move from one object to the other.
b. only the negative charges move from one object to the other.
c. both the positive and negative charges move from one object to the other.
d. neither the positive nor the negative charges move from one object to the other.

_____ 2. When an object becomes polarized,


a. only the positive charges move within the object.
b. only the negative charges move within the object.
c. both the positive and negative charges move within the object.
d. neither the positive nor the negative charges move within the object.

_____ 3. Based upon what you saw in this lab, then, it can be said that
a. positive charges are stationary within objects.
b. negative charges are stationary within objects.
c. positive charges are mobile within objects.
d. negative charges are mobile within objects.
e. both a and b
f. both a and d
g. both b and c
h. both c and d
Name: ___________________________________ Block: ________ Date: ______________
John Travoltage

Go to Google and search “PhET Simulations”. On the right top, type in the search engine “John
Travoltage” simulation. The click on the second simulation, titled John Travoltage, click to download
simulation.

Lab Questions:
Answer questions #1-3 using COMPLETE SENTENCES!!!

1. Rub John Travoltage’s foot on the carpet and observe what happens. What action is this called?
_________________________________________
2. Name another example of this.
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3. Explain why this happens.

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4. Watch after you stopped rubbing John Travoltage’s foot on the carpet, what happened to the

charges in his body? _____________________________

5. Were the charges in his body positive or negative? _____________________________

6. Explain why the charges do what they did.

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7. Now, touch John Travoltage’s hand to the door knob. Observe what happens. Explain why this

happens.

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Name: ___________________________________ Block: ________ Date: ______________
Post-Lab Questions:
Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank provided.
_____ 1. Over time, all the negative charges in an object,
a. remain clustered together where they were placed.
b. spread out over a small area on the object.
c. spread out over a large area on the object.

_____ 2. When a charged object touches a conductor,


a. the positive charges move to the conductor and exit the object.
b. the negative charges move to the conductor and exit the object.
c. both the positive and negative charges move to the conductor and exit the object.
d. neither the positive nor the negative charges move to the conductor and exit the object.

_____ 3. Based upon what you saw in this lab, then, it can be said that
a. a person cannot be shocked if they have an excess charge on them.
b. a person cannot be shocked if they have neutral charge.
c. a person can be shocked at any time because it doesn’t depend on the charge the person has.

Below, answer the following questions from your class notes or the text book:

1. ______ Which of the following best describes static charge?

a) Electric charges that can be collected and held in one place


b) Electric charges that are only found on the inside of objects
c) Electric charges that are neutral
d) Electric charges that cannot move

2.. ______ Which of the following best describes the charges in an atom?

a) Protons are the heaviest, negatively charged atomic particles


b) Electrons are the lightest, positively charged atomic particles
c) Electrons are located in the nucleus
d) Electrons are the lightest, negatively charged atomic particles

3. ______ Due to an interaction with another atom, a neutral atom of sodium loses an electron. How is the charge of the
sodium atom affected?

a) The sodium atom now has a negative charge


b) The charge of the sodium atom is unaffected
c) The neutral charge of the sodium atom is increased
d) The sodium atom now has a positive charge

4. ______ The unit of electric charge is the?

a) electron
b) coloumb
c) volt
d) newton

5. ______ Which of the following best describes a conductor?

a) A material that prevents electron flow


b) A material that can retain a static charge
c) A material that allows electrons to travel freely
d) A material that holds protons on its surface

6. Antistatic carpets have metal fibers woven into their material. Explain how these fibers could prevent a static charge build-
up on a person shuffling across the carpet.