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Safaa Hameed Faisal Heat Transfer Lecture

1- Compare the heat loss from an insulated and an uninsulated copper pipe under the following
conditions. The pipe (k = 400 W/m K) has an internal diameter of 10 cm and an external diameter
of 12 cm. Saturated steam flows inside the pipe at 110°C. The pipe is located in a space at 30°C
and the heat transfer coefficient on its outer surface is estimated to be 15 W/m2 K. The insulation
available to reduce heat losses is 5 cm thick and its conductivity is 0.20 W/m K. take L=1m
Answ(452 W,138 W)

2- A hot fluid at an average temperature of 200°C flows through a plastic pipe of 4 cm OD and 3
cm ID. The thermal conductivity of the plastic is 0.5 W/m2 K, and the convection heat transfer
coefficient at the inside is 300 W/m2 K. The pipe is located in a room at 30°C, and the heat
transfer coefficient at the outer surface is 10 W/m2 K. Calculate the overall heat transfer
coefficient and the heat loss per unit length of pipe. Answ(8.62 W/m2 K, 184 W/m )

3- A steel (k = 15 W/mK) tube with 5 cm inner diameter and 7.6 cm outer diameter is covered
with an insulation (k = 0.2 W/m K) of thickness 0.2 cm. A hot gas at 330°C flows through the
tube with hi = 400 W/m2 K. The outer surface of the insulation is exposed to air at 30°C with ho
= 60 W/m2 K. Calculate:
(a) the heat loss from the tube which is 10 m long.
(b) the temperature drops resulting from the thermal resistances of the hot gas flow, the steel
tube, the insulation layer and the outside air.
Ans. (a) 7251 W, (b) l2°C, 3.3°C, 253°C and 31.7°C)

4- Water flows on the inside of a steel pipe (k = 43 W/mK) with an ID of 2.5 cm. The wall
thickness is 2 mm, and the convection coefficient on the inside is 500 W/m2.◦C. The convection
coefficient on the outside is 12 W/m2 .◦C. Calculate the inside overall heat-transfer coefficient.?
Answ(Ui=13.54 W/m.K)

5- Air flows at 120◦C in a thin-wall stainless-steel tube with h=65 W/m2.◦C. The inside diameter
of the tube is 2.5 cm and the wall thickness is 0.4 mm. k =18 W/m・ ◦C for the steel. The tube is
exposed to an environment with h=6.5 W/m2.◦C and T∞ =15◦C. Calculate the overall heat-
transfer coefficient and the heat loss per meter of length. What thickness of an insulation having k
=40 mW/m・ ◦C should be added to reduce the heat loss by 90 percent?. Answ(q=220W)

6- A thick-walled tube of stainless steel [k =19 W/m· ◦C] with 2-

cm inner diameter (ID) and 4-cm outer diameter (OD) is covered
with a 3-cm layer of asbestos insulation [k =0.2 W/m· ◦C]. If the
inside wall temperature of the pipe is maintained at 600◦C,
calculate: the heat loss per meter of length. Also calculate the
temperature between the tube and insulation (interface

Ans: 680 W/m, T =595.8◦C