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An excellent book on fundamental Islamic information for children

Fundamental
Teachings of Islam
(Part-I)

Presented by:
Majlis Madrasa-tul-Madinah and Majlis
Al-Madina-tul-‘Ilmiyyah

Translated into English by:


Majlis-e-Tarājim Dawat-e-Islami

Publisher:
Maktaba-tul-Madina Bab-ul-Madina, Karachi
ّٰ َ ۡ َ َ َ ٰ ۡ َ َ َ ٰ ٰ َ َ ّٰ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ ُ ٰ َّ َ
‫ب ا‬ ‫الس ُم عل ۡيك يَا َر ُس ۡول ا و! ال ِك واصحبِك يا حبِي‬‫الصلوة و‬

Book name:
Fundamental Teachings of Islam (Part-I)

Jointly presented by:


Majlis Madrasa-tul-Madinaĥ and Majlis Al-Madina-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ

Translated into English by:


Majlis-e-Tarājim

Year of publication:
Jumadal Aakhir 1439 AH, March, 2018

E.mail:
Ilmia@dawateislami.net

Clarification
The Urdu version of the book ‘Fundamental Teachings of Islam (Part-I)’
(published by Maktaba-tul-Madina) has been scrutinized by Majlis Taftīsh-e-
Kutub-o-Rasāil (Dawat-e-Islami). Majlis Tarājim has translated the scrutinized
Urdu version into English.

All rights reserved


No publisher other than Maktaba-tul-Madina is allowed to publish this book.

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Contents at a Glance
Ażkār 6

Kalimāt (Statements of Faith) 7-8

Du’ās 9-11

Beliefs 12-26

Acts of Worship 28-33

Madanī pearl 34-37

 Ethics 38

Madanī Months 39

Dawat-e-Islami 40

Manqabat-e-‘Aṭṭār 41-42

Invocations 43-44

Manqabat Ghauš-e-A’ẓam    


    
    45

Munājāt 46

Ṣalāt-o-Salām 47-48

Du’ā 49-50

A detailed table of contents can be seen at the end of the book.

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Transliteration Chart

 A/a  Ř/ř  L/l

 A/a  Z/z  M/m

 B/b X/x
N/n

P/p S/s
V/v, W/w
 T/t  Sh/sh

 Ṫ/ṫ  Ṣ/ṣ    Ĥ/ĥ

 Š/š  Ḍ/ḍ  Y/y

 J/j  Ṭ/ṭ  Y/y

 Ch  Ẓ/ẓ  A/a

Ḥ/ḥ ! ‘ " U/u

# Kh/kh $ Gh/gh % I/i

& D/d ' F/f  Ū/ū

( Ḋ/ḋ ) Q/q  Ī/ī

* Ż/ż  K/k
 Ā/ā
+ R/r , G/g

IV

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ۡ ۡ   ٰ     ٰ    ۡ  ٰ ۡ    ٰ ۡ  ۡ 
   
ۡ   
            !   " 
ۡ  ۡ  ٰ ۡ  ٰ ۡ   ٰ   ۡ   
() #$
  % $
  !   & ' () #*
  % +,  %- !  .' /ۡ .0 
 ٰ  ۡ  '.-

Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ
From: Shaykh-e-Ṭarīqat Amīr-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, founder of Dawat-e-Islami, ‘Allāmaĥ
Maulānā Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri Razavi Ziyai          
   
 .

 % ‫ﻀﻞ ﺳ ۡﻮ‬ۡ ۡ  ٰ ‫ﻟ ۡﺤ ۡﻤﺪ ﷲ ﻋ‬


  !  ٖ  
!    #   $  

    ٖ   ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺑ‬
  ‫ﻪ‬
ٖ  ‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺣ‬  


    

Dawat-e-Islami, a global and non-political movement for the preaching of Quran and
Sunnaĥ, is determined to revive Sunnaĥ and spread righteousness as well as the
knowledge of Sharī’aĥ throughout the world. In order to carry out these great and
significant tasks in an excellent way, several Majālis (departments) have been formed
including the Majlis ‘Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ’ which consists of the ‘Ulamā and Muftis
of Dawat-e-Islami. This Majlis has ambitiously taken on the responsibility of serving
religion in the areas of knowledge, research and publication. It has the following six
departments:

C   & '
Department of books of A’lā Ḥaḍrat  # 
      .

C Department of teaching books.

C Department of reforming books.

C Department of translation.

C Department of scrutiny of books.

C Department of referencing and documentation.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

The topmost priority of Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ is to present the precious books of


A’lā Ḥaḍrat, Imām-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, reviver of Sunnaĥ, eradicator of Bid’aĥ, scholar of
Sharī’aĥ, ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Al-Ḥāj, Al-Qārī, Ash-Shāĥ Imām Aḥmad Razā Khān
       in an easily understandable way according to the needs of the present age.
(
'    & '

All the Islamic brothers and sisters should whole-heartedly cooperate in the development
of the Madanī work of knowledge, research and publication, and study every book
published by the Majlis as well as persuade others to do the same.

May all the Majālis of Dawat-e-Islami including Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ progress by


leaps and bounds! May Allah ) * ! +  bestow success upon us in our worldly life as well
in the afterlife by enabling us to perform each and every good deed with sincerity!
May we all be blessed with martyrdom under the green dome, burial in Jannat-ul-
Baqī’ and an abode in Jannat-ul-Firdaus.

ۡ ۡ ۤ
ۡ
ٖ  ٰ  ‫ﺎ* ﻋ ﻠﻴ ﻪ‬
ٰ ‫ ﷲ ﺗﻌ‬-" ‫ﺻ‬
‫ ﻻ ﻣﲔ‬# ‫ﻟﻨ‬ %
 ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺑ‬
 ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ ﻣ‬
"   "
‫ ﺳ "ﻠﻢ‬
   



Praise and Privilege


Sayyidunā Imām ‘Abdullāĥ Bin ‘Umar Bayḍāwī 01 2 ۡ   -  & . /      (who had passed
away in 685 A.H.) stated, ‘The one who obeys Allah ) * ! +  and His Beloved
Prophet   !  ٖ  
!     # 
     %
 $  , is praised in the world and will be privileged in the
Hereafter.’ (Tafsīr Baghwī, Part 22, Sūraĥ Al-Ḥazāb, Taḥat-ul-Āyaĥ 71, Verse 4, p. 388)

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Preface
The Holy Quran is the last book of Allah ) * ! +  . The one reciting and acting upon it
succeeds in his worldly life as well as in afterlife. ) * ! +   -  3 . 4   ! Dawat-e-Islami, a global
and non-political movement for the preaching of Quran and Sunnaĥ, has established
countless Madāris [Islamic institutions] namely Madrasa-tul-Madīnaĥ for Ḥifẓ
[memorizing the Quran by heart] and Nāẓiraĥ [reciting the Quran by looking at it]
within and outside Pakistan. By the time of the writing of this preface, about 75,000
children are acquiring free education of Ḥifẓ and Nāẓiraĥ in Pakistan alone. In these
Madāris, emphasis is placed on Islamic education and upbringing of children besides
the learning of the Holy Quran so that the students completing education from
Madrasa-tul-Madīnaĥ would have Islamic knowledge in addition to the ability of reciting
the Holy Quran correctly, and so that they would emerge in society as knowledgeable,
practicing, decent and well-mannered Muslims who are free from evils, able enough
to distinguish between right and wrong and enthusiastic in striving to reform
themselves and the people of the entire world.

As the children enrolled in Qāidaĥ classes are at their early ages, this book has been
designed in view of their intellectual capacity, covering basic religious topics
ُّ َ َ َّ ۡ َ ََ
including ‫( تعوذ‬Ta’awwuż), ‫( تس ِميه‬Tasmiyyaĥ), ‫( ثناء‬Šanā), short and easy Du’ās, basic
beliefs, essential rulings, knowledge about divine books, initial information about
Prophets 56 7  
   , blessed companions   


     and Auliyā of Allah.
 -  

The presentation of ‘Fundamental Teachings of Islam (Part-I)’ is a joint effort of


Madrasa-tul-Madīnaĥ and Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ, whereas its Shar’ī scrutiny has
been carried out by Dar-ul-Iftā Aĥl-e-Sunnat.

Yiĥī ĥay ārzū Ta’līm-e-Quran ‘ām ĥo jāye


Ĥar aik parcham say aūnchā parcham Islam ĥo jāye

May the teachings of Quran all over the world spread


May the flag of Islam flies higher than all other flags

Majlis Madrasa-tul-Madīnaĥ and Majlis Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ


Translated into English by: Majlis-e-Tarajim

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Hamd Bari Ta’ala

Tū ĥī Mālik-e-baḥr-o-bar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah


Tū ĥī Khāliq-e-jinn-o-bashar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Tū Abadī ĥay Tū Azalī ĥay Tayrā nām ‘Alīm-o-‘Alī ĥay


Żāt Tayrī sab say bar-tar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Waṣf bayān kartay ĥayn sāray sang-o-shajar aur chānd sitāray


Tasbīḥ ĥar khushk-o-tar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Tayrā charchā galī galī ĥay ḋālī ḋālī kalī kalī ĥay
Wāṣif ĥar aīk pĥūl-o-šamar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Khalqat jab pānī ko tar-say rim jĥim rim jĥim barkĥā bar-say
Ĥar aīk par Raḥmat kī naẓar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Rāt nay jab sar apnā cĥupāyā chiřyaun nay yeĥ żikr sunāyā
Naghmaĥ bār nasīm-e-saḥar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

Bakhsh day Tū ‘Aṭṭār ko Maulā wāsiṭaĥ Tujĥ ko us piyāray kā


Jo kaĥ Nabiyaun kā Sarwar ĥay Yā Allahu Yā Allah

(Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, pp. 42)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Na’at-e-Mustafa 

Ānkĥaun kā tārā nām-e-Muhammad 


Dil kā ujālā nām-e-Muhammad 
Dawlat jo chāĥo dauno jaĥān kī
Kar lo waẓīfaĥ nām-e-Muhammad 
Nūḥ-o-Khalīl-o-Mūsā-o-‘Īsā
Sab kā ĥay Āqā nām-e-Muhammad 
Pāyaīn murādayn dauno jaĥān mayn
Jis nay pukārā nām-e-Muhammad 
Pūcĥay gā Maulā layā ĥay kyā kyā
Mayn yeĥ kaĥūn gā nām-e-Muhammad 
Apnay Razā kay qurbān jāon
Jis nay sikĥāyā nām-e-Muhammad 
Apnay Jamīl Rizwī kay dil mayn
Ājā samā jā nām-e-Muhammad 
(Maddaḥ-e-Ḥabīb Shaykh Maulānā Jamīl-ur-Raḥmān Razavi 01 2 ۡ  - & . /      )

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Ażkār
Ṣalāĥ

Šanā
‫ﻚ اﻟﻠّٰ ُﻬ َّﻢ َو ِﺑ َﺤ ْﻤ ِﺪ َك‬
َ ‫ُﺳ ْﺒ ٰﺤ َﻨ‬
ُ ْ  ‫ﺎﱃ َﺟ ُّﺪ َك َو َﻻ اِﻟ ٰ َﻪ‬
‫ط‬
‫َﲑ َك‬ ٰ ‫ﻚ َو َﺗ َﻌ‬
َ ‫اﺳ ُﻤ‬
ْ ‫ﺎر َك‬
َ ‫َو َﺗ َﺒ‬
Translation:
Glory to You, Yā Allah! I praise You, Your name is Blessed;
greatness and glory to You in the highest and none is worthy of worship except You.

Ta’awwuż
‫ط‬
‫اﻟﺮ ِﺟ ْﻴ ِﻢ‬ َّ ‫ ِﻣ َﻦ ا‬$‫ﺎ‬
َّ ‫ﻟﺸ ْﻴ ٰﻄ ِﻦ‬ ِ ّٰ ‫ا َ ُﻋ ْﻮ ُذ ِﺑ‬

Translation:
I seek refuge by Allah from Satan, the accursed.

Tasmiyyaĥ
‫ط‬

Translation:
Allah’s name I begin with, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Kalimāt (Statements of Faith)

Kalimaĥ Ṭayyibaĥ

ُ ّٰ ‫َﻻ ٓاِﻟ ٰ َﻪ اِ َّﻻ‬


‫ط‬
ِ ّٰ ‫ ُﻣ َﺤ ّﻤ ٌَﺪ َّر ُﺳ ْﻮ ُل‬$‫ا‬
$‫ا‬
Translation:
There is none worthy of worship
except Allah, Muhammad   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  is the Prophet of Allah.

Kalimaĥ Shaĥādat

ُ ّٰ ‫ا َ ْﺷ َﻬ ُﺪ ا َ ْن َّﻻاِﻟ ٰ َﻪ اِ َّﻻ‬
‫ط‬
‫ﻚ ﻟَ ٗﻪ َوا َ ْﺷ َﻬ ُﺪ ا َ َّن ُﻣ َﺤ ّﻤ ًَﺪا َﻋ ْﺒ ُﺪ ٗه َو َر ُﺳ ْﻮﻟُ ٗﻪ‬
َ ‫ َو ْﺣ َﺪ ٗه َﻻ َﺷ ِﺮ ْﻳ‬$‫ا‬
Translation:
I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is alone and He has no
partner and I testify that Muhammad is His (Distinguished) Servant and His Prophet.

Kalimaĥ Tamjīd

ِ ّٰ ‫ُﺳ ْﺒ ٰﺤ َﻦ‬
ِ ّٰ ِ ‫ َواﻟْ َﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ‬$‫ا‬
‫ َو َﻻ ٓاِﻟ ٰ َﻪ‬$
‫ط‬
ِ ّٰ ‫ْﱪط َو َﻻ َﺣ ْﻮ َل َو َﻻﻗ َُّﻮةَ اِ َّﻻ ِﺑ‬
‫ اﻟ َْﻌﻠِ ِّﻲ اﻟ َْﻌ ِﻈ ْﻴ ِﻢ‬$‫ﺎ‬ ُ َ ‫ ا َ ﮐ‬$‫ا‬ ُ ّٰ ‫اِ َّﻻ‬
ُ ّٰ ‫ َو‬$‫ا‬
Translation:
Glory be to Allah and all praise be to Allah and there is none worthy of worship except
Allah, and Allah is Great and there is no power to keep away from sins and no ability to do
good but from Allah who is the greatest.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Ṣalat-‘Alan-Nabī 
The Holy Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  has stated, ‘Wherever you are, recite Ṣalāt upon me
as your Ṣalāt reaches me.’ (Sunan Abī Dāwūd, Kitāb-ul-Manāsik, Bāb: Ziyārat-il-Qubūr, Vol. 2, p. 315,
Ḥadīš 2042)

v---v---v
ٰ ‫ﻪ ﺗﻌ‬2‫ ٰﻠ‬2‫ ﻟ‬- " ‫ﺻ‬
‫ ﻣﺤ " ﻤﺪ‬-ٰ ‫ﺎ* ﻋ‬ ‫ ﻟﺤ ﺒ ۡﻴﺐ‬- ‫ﺻ "ﻠ
ۡﻮ ﻋ‬

 
"    

v---v---v

ّٰ ‫ﻚ َﻳﺎ َر ُﺳ ْﻮ َل‬
$‫ا‬ َّ ‫ﻟﺼﻠٰﻮةُ َو‬
َ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم >َﻠ َْﻴ‬ َّ َ ‫ا‬
May Ṣalāt and Salām be to you, O Rasūl of Allah

ّٰ ‫ﺐ‬
$‫ا‬ َ ‫ ْﻴ‬Cِ ‫ﻚ َﻳﺎ َﺣ‬ َ ِ‫ ٰا ﻟ‬Eَٰ >‫َو‬
َ ‫ﻚ َوا َ ْﺻ ٰﺤ ِﺒ‬
And to your descendants and your companions, O Beloved of Allah

َّ ِ ‫ﻚ َﻳﺎ ﻧ‬
ّٰ ‫َﱮ‬
$‫ا‬ َّ ‫ﻟﺼﻠٰﻮةُ َو‬
َ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم >َﻠ َْﻴ‬ َّ َ ‫ا‬
May Ṣalāt and Salām be to you, O Prophet of Allah

ّٰ ‫ﻚ َﻳﺎ ُﻧ ْﻮ َر‬
$‫ا‬ َ ِ‫ ٰا ﻟ‬Eَٰ >‫َو‬
َ ‫ﻚ َوا َ ْﺻ ٰﺤ ِﺒ‬
And to your descendants and companions, O Nūr of Allah

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Du’ās

Du’ā before Quranic recitation


‫ط‬
‫اﻟﺮ ِﺟ ْﻴ ِﻢ‬ َّ ‫ِﻦ ا‬
َّ ‫ﻟﺸ ْﻴ ٰﻄ ِﻦ‬ َ ‫ ﻣ‬$‫ﺎ‬
ِ ّٰ ‫ا َ ُﻋ ْﻮذُ ِﺑ‬
Translation:
I seek refuge by Allah from Satan, the accursed.

Du’ā to be recited when moving to


higher place
‫ط‬
ُ َ ‫ اَ ﮐ‬$
‫ْﱪ‬ ُ ّٰ َ ‫ا‬
Translation:
Allah is the Greatest.

Du’ā to be recited when moving from


higher to lower place
‫ط‬
$ّٰ ‫ُﺳ ْﺒ ٰﺤ َﻦ ا‬
Translation:
Glory be to Allah.

Du’ā to be recited before drinking water


‫ط‬

Translation:
Allah’s name I begin with,
the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Du’ā to be recited after drinking water


‫ط‬
‫ﲔ‬ ِ ّٰ ِ ‫ا َﻟ َْﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ‬
َ ْ ‫ َر ِّب اﻟ ْٰﻌﻠ َ ِﻤ‬$
Translation:
All praise to Allah, Rab of the worlds.

Du’ā to be recited before eating food


‫ط‬
ِ ّٰ ‫ َﺑ َﺮ َﮐ ِﺔ‬Eَٰ >‫ َو‬$‫ا‬
$‫ا‬ ِ ّٰ ‫ِﺑ ْﺴ ِﻢ‬
Translation:
Allah’s name I begin with,
and with the bounty of Allah I eat.

Du’ā to be recited after eating food

ْ ‫ اﻟَّ ِﺬ‬$
‫ط‬
َ ْ ‫ی ا َ ْﻃ َﻌ َﻤ َﻨﺎ َو َﺳﻘَﺎ َﻧﺎ َو َﺟ َﻌﻠ َ َﻨﺎ ُﻣ ْﺴ ِﻠ ِﻤ‬
‫ﲔ‬ ِ ّٰ ِ ‫ا َﻟ َْﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ‬
Translation:
Gratitude to Almighty Allah Who has given us food
and drink and has made us Muslims.
(Sunan Abī Dāwūd, Kitāb-ul-Aṭ’imaĥ, Vol. 3, p. 513, Ḥadiš 3850)

Du’ā to be recited before going to sleep

ْ ‫ا َﻟﻠّٰ ُﻬ َّﻢ ِﺑـ‬


‫ط‬
‫ﮏ ا َ ُﻣ ْﻮ ُت َو ا َْﺣ ٰﲕ‬
َ ‫ﺎﺳ ِﻤ‬
Translation:
O Allah! With Your name I die and become alive
(i.e. sleep and wake up).
(Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī, Kitāb-ud-Da’wat, vol. 4, pp. 193, Ḥadīš 6314)

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Madani Nisab

Du’ā to be recited after awakening from


sleep

ْ ‫ اﻟَّ ِﺬ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ا َﻟ َْﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪﻟِﻠ‬


‫ اﻟ ُّﻨ ُﺸ ْﻮ ُر‬Sِ ‫ی ا َ ْﺣ َﻴﺎ َﻧﺎ ﺑَ ْﻌ َﺪ َﻣﺎ ا َ َﻣﺎ َﺗ َﻨﺎ َو اِﻟ َْﻴ‬
‫ط‬

Translation:
All praise to Allah who has revived (awakened) us
after death (sleep), and we are to return towards Him.
(Al-Marja’-us-Sābiq)

Du’ā to be recited when meeting a


Muslim
‫ط‬
S‫ َﲝ ُﺗ‬U‫ َو َﺑ َﺮ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم >َﻠ َْﻴﳊ ُْﻢ َو َر ْﺣ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﻠ‬
َّ َ ‫ا‬
Translation:
Peace be upon you,
and also the bounty and blessing of Allah.

Du’ā to be recited when shaking hands


with others
‫ط‬
‫ ﻟ َ َﻨﺎ َو ﻟَﳊ ُْﻢ‬Sُ ّٰ‫َﻳ ْﻐ ِﻔ ُﺮ اﻟﻠ‬
Translation:
May Allah forgive you and me.

Du’ā of thanking someone


‫ط‬
‫ﲑا‬ ٰ َ ‫َﺟ َﺰ‬
ً ْ ‫ َﺧ‬Sُ ّ ‫اک اﻟﻠ‬
Translation:
May Allah give you better reward.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Beliefs

Faith and types of its descriptions


Question 1: What is faith?

Answer: To believe in all commandments and teachings Prophet Muhammad


  !  ٖ  
!    #  %  
 $  has brought from Allah ) * ! +  and to accept all of them

    
whole-heartedly is called faith.

Question 2: What are the types of the descriptions of faith? Describe them.

Answer: There are 2 types of the descriptions of faith:

(1) Īmān-e-Mujmal (2) Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal

Question 3: What is ‘Īmān-e-Mujmal’?

Answer: A brief description of faith is called ‘Īmān-e-Mujmal’.

Question 4: Recite aloud Īmān-e-Mujmal with its translation.

Answer:

Īmān-e-Mujmal

Sٖ ِ‫ ﮐ ََﻤﺎ ُﻫ َﻮ ِﺑﺎ َ ْﺳ َﻤﺂﺋ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ٰا َﻣ ْﻨ ُﺖ ِﺑﺎﻟﻠ‬


ۢ ٌ ‫ﲝن َو َﺗ ْﺼ ِﺪ ْﻳ‬ ‫ﺟ ﻤﻴ‬
‫ْﺐ‬
ؕ ِ ‫ﻖ ِﺑﺎ ﻟْ َﻘﻠ‬ ٌ ‫ اِﻗ َْﺮ‬Sٖ ‫َﲝ ِﻣ‬b‫ َوﻗ َِﺒﻠ ُْﺖ َ ِ ْ َﻊ ا َ ْﺣ‬Sٖ ِ‫َو ِﺻﻔَﺎﺗ‬
ِ ‫ار ۢ ِﺑﺎﻟﻠِ َّﺴ‬
Translation:
I solemnly declare my belief in Allah as He is with all His names and attributes, and
I have accepted (to obey) all His commandments by pledging with my tongue and
testifying them with my heart.

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Madani Nisab

Question 5: What is Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal?

Answer: A detailed description of faith is called ‘Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal’.

Question 6: Recite aloud Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal with its translation.

Answer:

Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal

Sٖ ِ‫ َو ُر ُﺳﻠ‬Sٖ ‫ ِﺒ‬jُ ‫ َو ُﮐ‬Sٖ ‫ َو َﻣﻠ ٰۤ ِﺌ َﮑ ِﺘ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ٰا َﻣ ْﻨ ُﺖ ِﺑﺎﻟﻠ‬


ؕ‫ﺚ َﺑ ْﻌ َﺪ اﻟ َْﻤ ْﻮ ِت‬
ِ ‫ﺎﱃ َو اﻟ َْﺒ ْﻌ‬ ٰ ‫ َﺗ َﻌ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ﲑ ٖہ َو َﺷ ِّﺮ ٖہ ِﻣ َﻦ اﻟﻠ‬ ِ ْ ‫َواﻟْ َﻴ ْﻮ ِم ْاﻻٰﺧ ِِﺮ َواﻟْﻘ َْﺪ ِر َﺧ‬
I believe in Allah, His Angels, His (revealed) Books, His Prophets, the Day of
Judgment and (I believe that) good and bad destiny is from Allah and (I believe
that) there will be resurrection after death.

Five before five


Dear children! Certainly, life is very short. The time we have once spent will
never come back, and any hope of having time in future is deception as we do
not know what would happen to us in future. Perhaps we may have met our
death the next moment. The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   !   ٖ  
!    # 
     %
 $  has
stated, ‘Value five things before five things: (1) Youth before old age (2) Health
before illness (3) Wealth before poverty (4) Leisure before busyness [i.e. being
busy]. (5) Life before death.’ (Al-Mustadrak, vol. 5, pp. 435, Ḥadīš 7912, Dar-ul-Ma’rifaĥ,
Allah
Beirut) 

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Question 1: Who has created us?

Answer: Allah ) * ! +  has created us.

Question 2: Who has created the earth, the sky, the sun, the moon and the stars?

Answer: The earth, the sky, the sun, the moon and the stars have all been
created by Allah ) * ! +  .

Question 3: Who do we worship?

Answer: We worship Allah ) * ! +  .

Question 4: Who listens to and sees everything?

Answer: Allah ) * ! +  listens to and sees everything.

Question 5: Can anything be hidden from Allah ) * ! +  ?

Answer: No! Nothing can be hidden from Allah ) * ! +  . He knows everything.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Our Beloved Prophet ‫ﷺ‬

Question 1: What is the blessed name of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  ?

Answer: The blessed name of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 

     %
 $  is
Muhammad   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  .

Question 2: In which city did the blessed birth of our Beloved Prophet
  !  ٖ  
!    #  %
 $  take place?

   

Answer: The blessed birth of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
   $ % took place
in Makka-tul-Mukarramaĥ, a famous city of Arabia.

Question 3: What is the date and month of the birth of our Beloved Prophet
  !  ٖ  
!    #  %
 $  ?

   

Answer: The blessed birth of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  took place
th
on 12 Rabī’-ul-Awwal.

Question 4: On which day was our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  born?

Answer: Our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  was born on a Monday.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Question 5: What is the name of the father of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  ?

Answer: The name of the father of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 

     %
 $  is
Sayyidunā ‘Abdullāĥ    
    
    .

Question 6: What is the name of the mother of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  ?

Answer: The name of the mother of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
     $ % is
Sayyidatunā Āminaĥ  
    
    .

Question 7: Where is the blessed tomb of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
     %
 $ 
situated?

Answer: The blessed tomb of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  is situated
in Madīna-tul-Munawwaraĥ.

Question 8: What was the age of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
   %
  $  ?

Answer: The age of our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  was 63 years.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Our Religion
Question 1: Who are we by religion?

Answer: We are Muslim by religion.

Question 2: What is our religion?

Answer: Our religion is Islam.

Question 3: Who is a Muslim?

Answer: One who believes in Islam is a Muslim.

Question 4: Who do the Muslims worship?

Answer: The Muslims worship Allah ) * ! +  only.

Question 5: What does Islam teach us?

Answer: Islam teaches us truthfulness, neatness, goodness and righteousness.

Question 6: What is the Kalimaĥ [i.e. statement of faith] of Islam?

Answer: The Kalimaĥ [i.e. statement of faith] of Islam is:

ُ ّٰ ‫َﻻ ٓاِﻟ ٰ َﻪ اِ َّﻻ‬


ِ ّٰ ‫ ُﻣ َﺤ ّﻤ ٌَﺪ َّر ُﺳ ْﻮ ُل‬$‫ا‬
$‫ا‬
‫ط‬

There is none worthy of


worship except Allah, and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Pillars of Islam

Question 1: How many pillars of Islam are there?

Answer: There are five pillars of Islam: (1) To testify that there is no one worthy
to be worshipped except Allah ) * ! +  , and Muhammad   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  is
a distinguished Servant and Prophet of Allah ) * ! +  . (2) To offer Ṣalāĥ
(3) To pay Zakāĥ (4) To perform Hajj (5) To keep fasts in Ramaḍān.
(Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī, Kitāb-ul-Īmān, Vol. 1, p. 14, Ḥadīš 8)

Question 2: How many Ṣalāĥs are Farḍ (obligatory) in a day and night?

Answer: Five Ṣalāĥs are Farḍ (obligatory) in a day and night.

Question 3: Tell the name of the five Farḍ Ṣalāĥs.

Answer: (1) Fajr (2) Ẓuĥr (3) ‘Aṣr (4) Maghrib (5) ‘Ishā

Question 4: In which month is it Farḍ for the Muslims to keep fasts?

Answer: It is Farḍ for the Muslims to keep fasts in the blessed month of
Ramadan.

Question 5: For whom is Hajj Farḍ?

Answer: Hajj is Farḍ once, in lifetime, for every such Muslim who is capable of
performing it.

Question 6: Where is Hajj performed?

Answer: Hajj is performed in Makka-tul-Mukarramaĥ and ‘Arafāt.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

The Angels

Question 1: Who are the angels?

Answer: The angels are a creation of Allah ) * ! +  and are created from Nūr (light).

Question 2: What do the angels do?

Answer: The angels do exactly what Allah ) * ! +  orders them.

Question 3: Who is the chief of the angels?

Answer:    .
The chief of the angels is Jibrīl 56 7 

Question 4: What is the total number of the angels?

Answer: Only Allah ) * ! +  and His Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  better know the total
number of the angels.

Question 5: What do the angels eat and drink?

Answer: The angels do not eat and drink anything.

Paradise under the feet of mother


Sayyidunā Anas Bin Mālik    
     
    has narrated that the Prophet of mankind,
the Peace of our heart and mind, the most Generous and Kind   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  has
stated, ‘Paradise lies under the feet of mothers.’ (Kanz-ul-‘Ummāl, Kitāb-un-Nikah, Vol. 16, p. 192,
Ḥadīš 45431)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

َ
َّ ‫َعـل ۡيـه ُم‬
َّ ‫الـصلوةُ َو‬ ٰ َ
The Prophets ‫الـسم‬ ِ

Question 1: Who is called a Prophet?

Answer: The human to whom Allah ) * ! +  has sent revelation for guidance is
called a Prophet.

Question 2:    did Allah ) * ! +  create first?


Which Prophet 56 7 

Answer:    first.


Allah ) * ! +  created Sayyidunā Ādam 56 7 

Question 3: Who is the last Prophet sent in the world?

Answer: The last Prophet sent in the world is our Beloved Prophet Muhammad
Mustafa   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  .

Question 4: After our Beloved Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 

     $ %
 , can any Prophet come
in the world?

Answer: No Prophet can come in the world after our Beloved Prophet
  !  ٖ  
!    #  %
 $  .

   

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Question 5: If anyone makes a false claim of Prophethood, what is he called?

Answer: If someone makes a false claim of Prophethood, he is called a ‘Każżāb


(biggest liar)’.

Question 6:  !   81


9
Are all the Prophets 56 7   alive in their graves?
  

Answer: Yes!

Question 7: Who is the chief of all the Prophets 56 7 


  #?

Answer: The chief of all the Prophets is our Beloved Prophet Muhammad
Mustafa   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  .

Question 8: What meaning of the word ‘Prophet’ has A’lā Ḥaḍrat #     & '

      
stated in Kanz-ul-Īmān?

Answer: ‘The one who gives the news of Ghayb [unseen].’

Question 9:  !   81


9
Tell the names of some of the Prophets 56 7   .
  

Answer:

1.   
Sayyidunā Adam 56 7  4.   
Sayyidunā Nūḥ 56 7 

2.   
Sayyidunā Mūsā 56 7  5.   
Sayyidunā ‘Īsā 56 7 

3.    
Sayyidunā Dāwūd 56 7 6.   
Sayyidunā Sulaymān 56 7 

7. Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad Mustafa   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  .

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

َّ ‫َو‬ َ ُ‫الـصلٰوة‬
َّ ‫َعـلَ ۡيـه ُم‬
Mu’jizāt of Prophets ‫الـسم‬ ِ 

Question 1: What is a Mu’jizaĥ [miracle]?

Answer: A supernatural act performed by a Prophet


after he has made the declaration of his
Prophethood is called a Mu’jizaĥ.

   who would


Question 2: Which is the Prophet 56 7 
turn iron soft like wax when he took it in his
hand?

Answer:    took iron


When Sayyidunā Dāwūd 56 7 
in his hand, it would become soft like wax.

   who made a


Question 3: Which is the Prophet 56 7 
passage through a river by hitting his staff
(i.e. stick) over the river water?

Answer: Sayyidunā Mūsā 56 7 


   made a passage

through a river by hitting his staff over the


river water.

Question 4: Which is the Prophet who smiled to have


heard the sound of an ant from 3 miles?

Answer:    smiled to have


Sayyidunā Sulaymān 56 7 
heard the sound of an ant from 3 miles.

Question 5: Which Prophet had the she-camel of Paradise


that would drink all the water of the pond
on its turn?

Answer:    had the she-camel


Sayyidunā Ṣāliḥ 56 7 
of Paradise that would drink all the water of
the pond on its turn.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

The Revealed Books


Question 1: Which books are called the revealed books?

Answer: The books revealed by Allah ) * ! +  are called the revealed books.

Question 2: Whom were these books revealed to?

Answer:  !   81


9
These books were revealed to the Prophets 56 7   .
  

Question 3: Why were these books revealed?

Answer: These books were revealed for the guidance of mankind.

Question 4: Which are the famous revealed books?

Answer: (1) The Tawrāt (2) The Zabūr (3) The Injīl (4) The Holy Quran

A prominent quality of Islam


Great importance has been attached to modesty in Islam. It is stated in a Ḥadīš,
‘Verily, every religion has a quality and the quality of Islam is modesty.’ (Sunan Ibn
Mājaĥ, Vol. 4, p. 460, Ḥadīš 4181; Dār-ul-Ma’rifaĥ, Beirut) In other words, every Ummaĥ has
one such quality that is more prominent than its other qualities, and that
prominent quality of Islam is modesty.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

َ
The Companions ‫الر ۡض َوان‬
ّ ُ ۡ َ
ِ ‫عـلي ِهم‬

Question 1: Who is called a companion (a Ṣaḥābī)?

Answer: A companion is the one who ‘in the state of Īmān’ saw the Beloved
and Blessed Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
     %
 $  and who passed away in the
state of Īmān either.

Question 2: Which companions are referred to as Khulafā-e-Rāshidīn?

Answer: The four blessed companions who became the first four caliphs of
the Muslims after the apparent demise of the Holy Prophet
  !  ٖ  
!    #  %
 $  are known as the Khulafā-e-Rāshidīn.

   

Question 3: Tell the names of the Khulafā-e-Rāshidīn.


Answer:
Amīr-ul-Mūminīn Sayyidunā Abū Bakr Ṣiddīq    
    
C     .

Amīr-ul-Mūminīn Sayyidunā ‘Umar Fārūq A’ẓam    


    
C     .

Amīr-ul-Mūminīn Sayyidunā ‘Ušmān Ghanī    


    
C     .

Amīr-ul-Mūminīn Sayyidunā ‘Alī-ul-Murtaḍā    


    
C     .

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Question 4: Tell the names of some other companions of the Holy Prophet
  !  ٖ  
!    # 

   $ %
 .

Answer: The names of some other companions of the Holy Prophet


  !  ٖ  
!    #  %
  $  include:

  

Sayyidunā ‘Abdullāĥ Bin ‘Abbās .    


    
C     .

Sayyidunā ‘Abdullāĥ Bin ‘Umar .   


    
C    

Sayyidunā ‘Abdullāĥ Bin Mas’ūd    


    
C    

Sayyidunā Amīr Mu’āwiyaĥ    


    
C    

C Sayyidunā Imām Ḥasan    


    
   

C Sayyidunā Imām Ḥusaīn    


    
 

Plant a tree in Paradise


Dear children! You can realize the importance of time by the fact that whilst living
in the world you can have a tree planted for you in Paradise within a second!
To have a tree planted in Paradise is very easy. According to a Ḥadīš stated in Ibn
Mājaĥ, ‘A tree will be planted in Paradise for the one who recites any of these four
ّٰ َ ٰ ُۡ ّٰ ُ ۡ َ ۡ َ ُ ّٰ َّ َ ٰ َ َ ۡ َ ُ ّٰ َ
phrases: (1) ِ ‫( سبحن ا‬2) ِ ِ ‫( المد‬3) ‫ ا‬7ِ ‫( ل ا ِل ا‬4) ‫’ا اكب‬

(Sunan Ibn-e-Mājaĥ, Vol. 4, p. 252, Ḥadīš 3807, Dār-ul-Ma’rifaĥ, Beirut)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

َ
َ ِ ‫َر‬
ُ ‫ح ُه ُم الـل‬
َّ ‫ـه‬ ّٰ
Auliyā Allah ‫السم‬

Question 1: Who is called a Walīyullāĥ (friend of Allah ) * ! +  )?

Answer: The Muslim who gives up his desires in devotion to Allah ) * ! +  and
His Prophet   !  ٖ  
!     # 
     $ % , and always obeys them is called a
Walīyullāĥ.

Tell the names of some Auliyā Allah -    and also tell where are
Question 2:   '
 
their shrines situated?

Answer: In relation to the 8 doors of Paradise, here are the names of 8 Auliyā
Allah with the names of the cities where their shrines are situated.

C   & '
Sayyidunā Shaykh ‘Abdul Qādir Jīlānī (Ghauš-e-A’ẓam # 
      ): His
shrine is situated in Baghdad, Iraq.

C    & '
Sayyidunā Mu’īnuddīn Chishtī # 
       : His shrine is situated in
Ajmer, India.

C    & ' : His shrine


Sayyidunā Shaykh Shaĥābuddīn Suĥarwardī # 
    
is situated in Suhrward, Iran.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

C    & '
Sayyidunā Shaykh Baĥāuddīn Naqshband # 
       : His shrine is
situated in Bukhara, Uzbekistan.

C    & '
Sayyidunā ‘Alī Ĥajwaīrī (Dātā Ganj Bakhsh) # 
       : His shrine
is situated in Markaz-ul-Auliyā Lahore, Pakistan.

C    & '
Sayyidunā Baĥāuddīn Zikriyaĥ Multānī # 
       : His shrine is
situated in Madina-tul-Auliyā Multan, Pakistan.

C Sayyidunā Bābā Farīduddīn Ganj Shakar #     & '



       : His shrine is
situated in Pakpattan, Pakistan.

Sayyidunā Imām Aĥl-e-Sunnat Maulana Shah Imām Ahmad Razā Khān        :
(
'    & '

His shrine is situated in Bareilly, India.

Cleanliness
The Holy Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
   $ % has stated: Cleanliness is half faith.
(Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Kitāb-ut-Ṭaĥārat, p. 140, Ḥadīš 223)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Acts of Worship

Wuḍū

Question 1: What and how many Farāiḍ [obligations] are there in Wuḍū?

Answer: There are four Farāiḍ in Wuḍū:

1. To wash the face.

2. To wash both forearms up to the elbows.

3. To pass a wet hand over one fourth part of the head.

4. To wash both feet up to the ankles. (Namāz key Aḥkām, p. 14)

Question 2: What should we recite before we make Wuḍū?

Answer: It is a Sunnaĥ to recite ﷽ before making Wuḍū.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Question 3: What is the excellence of reciting Sّٰ ‫ ِﺑ ْﺴ ِﻢ اﻟﻠ‬before making Wuḍū?

Answer: If a person recites Sّٰ ‫ َواﻟ َْﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ ﻟِﻠ‬Sِ ّٰ ‫ ِﺑ ْﺴ ِﻢ اﻟﻠ‬before he makes Wuḍū, the angels
will keep on writing virtues for him for as long as his Wuḍū exists.
(Mu’jam-ul-Zawāid, Kitāb-ut-Ṭaĥārat, Vol. 1, p. 513, Ḥadīš 112)

Question 4: What is the excellence of reciting ‫ َﻳﺎ ﻗَﺎ ِد ُر‬while making Wuḍū?

Answer: The one who recites ‫ َﻳﺎ ﻗَﺎ ِد ُر‬during Wuḍū, will not be kidnapped by
his enemy.

Sins fall during Wuḍū


The Holy Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
     %
 $  has stated: When a person makes Wuḍū, his
sins fall, those of hands when washing hands, those of face whilst washing the
face, those of head whilst passing wet hands over the head and those of feet whilst
washing the feet. (Al-Musnad Imām Aḥmad, bin Ḥanbal, Al-Ḥadiš 415, Vol. 1, p.130)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Ṣalāĥ
Question 1: Should children also offer Ṣalāĥ?

Answer: Yes, children should also offer Ṣalāĥ.

Question 2: How many preconditions of Ṣalāĥ are there?

Answer: There are 6 preconditions of Ṣalāĥ.

Question 3: How many Farāiḍ of Ṣalāĥ are there?

Answer: There are 7 Farāiḍ of Ṣalāĥ.

Question 4: How many and which types of Rak’āt are there in Ṣalat-ul-Fajr?

Answer: There are 4 Rak’āt in Ṣalat-ul-Fajr: 2 Sunnat-e-Muakkadaĥ and 2 Farḍ.

Question 5: How many and which types of Rak’āt are there in Ṣalat-uz-Ẓuĥr?

Answer: There are 12 Rak’āt in Ṣalat-uz- Ẓuĥr: 4 Sunnat-e-Muakkadaĥ, 4 Farḍ,


2 Sunnat-e-Muakkadaĥ and 2 Nafl.

Question 6: How many and which types of Rak’āt are there in Ṣalat-ul-‘Aṣr?

Answer: There are 8 Rak’āt in Ṣalat-ul-‘Aṣr: 4 Sunnat-e-Ghayr Muakkadaĥ and 4


Farḍ.

Question 7: How many and which types of Rak’āt are there in Ṣalat-ul-Maghrib?

Answer: There are 7 Rak’āt in Ṣalat-ul-Maghrib: 3 Farḍ, 2 Sunnat-e-Muakkadaĥ


and 2 Nafl.

Question 8: How many and which types of Rak’āt are there in Ṣalat-ul-‘Isha?

Answer: There are 17 Rak’āt in Ṣalat-ul-‘Isha: 4 Sunnat-e-Ghayr Muakkadaĥ, 4


Farḍ, 2 Sunnat-e-Muakkadaĥ, 2 Nafl, 3 Witr and 2 Nafl.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Good intentions

12 Good intentions for the recitation of the


Holy Quran

1. I will learn the Holy Quran with the intention of gaining the pleasure of
Allah ) * ! +  and reward.

2. I will respect the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran.

3. Obeying the Quranic commandment, I will touch the Madanī Qāidaĥ and
verses of the Holy Quran with Wuḍū.

4. I will kiss the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran with the intention of
showing respect and honour.

5. I will make a routine of reciting it at home also.

6. For the pleasure of Allah ) * ! +  , I will always recite it slowly with correct
pronunciation of letters.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

7. I will donate the reward of recitation of the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran
to my kind Murshid, teachers, parents and the entire Ummaĥ of the Beloved
Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  .

8. I will obey the commandments of the Holy Quran throughout my life.

9. I will not put unnecessary marks on the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran.

10. I will take care that the pages of the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran will
neither tear nor come off the binding.

11. I will keep the Madanī Qāidaĥ and the Holy Quran in a cover to protect them from
dust.

12. (Acting upon the Sunnaĥ of keeping the gaze down) I will avoid looking here
and there while reciting the Holy Quran, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .

Forgiveness of sins by acquisition of knowledge


The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  has stated, ‘The one who wears
Madīnaĥ Madīnaĥ Ĥamārā Madinaĥ
shoes or socks or clothes [so that he would depart to acquire religious knowledge
having worn them] his sins are forgiven as he steps out of his house.’(Al-Mu’jam-ul-
Awsaṭ, Vol. 4, p. 204, Ḥadīš 5722)

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Madina Madina Hamara Madina

Madīnaĥ Madīnaĥ ĥamārā Madīnaĥ


Ĥamayn jān-o-dil say ĥay piyārā Madīnaĥ

Suĥānā suĥānā dil āra Madīnaĥ


Dīwānaun kī ānkĥaun kā tārā Madīnaĥ

Yeĥ ĥar ‘Āshiq-e-Mustafa keĥ raĥā ĥay


Ĥamayn tau ĥay Jannat say piyārā Madīnaĥ

Waĥān piyārā Ka’baĥ yaĥān Sabz Gumbad


Woĥ Makkaĥ bĥī mīṫĥā tau piyārā Madīnaĥ

Bulā lī-jiyay apnay qadmaun mayn Āqā


Dikĥā dī-jiyay ab tau piyārā Madīnaĥ

Pĥirūn gird Ka’baĥ piyūn Āb-e-Zam Zam


Mayn pĥir ā kay daykĥūn tumĥārā Madīnaĥ

Khudā gar qiyāmat mayn farmāye māngo


Lagāyain gey dīwānay na’raĥ Madīnaĥ

Madīnay mayn Āqā ĥamayn maut āye


Banay kāsh! Madfan ĥamārā Madīnaĥ

Ziyā Pīr-o-Murshid kay Ṣadaqay mayn Āqā


Yeĥ ‘Aṭṭār āye do-bāraĥ Madīnaĥ
(Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, pp. 187)
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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Madanī pearls

The Holy Prophet   !  ٖ  


!    # 
    %
 $  has stated: Whoever loved my Sunnaĥ loved me and
whoever loved me will be with me in Paradise. (Mishkāt-ul-Maṣābīḥ, Vol. 1, p. 55, Ḥadīš 175)

Madanī pearls of making Salām


C We should make Salām to every Muslim.

C When a Muslim makes Salām to us, we should reply to it.

C The best words of Salām are:

S‫ َﲝ ُﺗ‬U‫ َو َﺑ َﺮ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ﳊ ْﻢ َو َر ْﺣ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﻠ‬ َّ َ ‫ا‬


ُ ‫ﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم >َﻠ َْﻴ‬
C The best words of the reply to Salām are:

S‫ َﲝ ُﺗ‬U‫ َو َﺑ َﺮ‬Sِ ّٰ‫اﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم َو َر ْﺣ َﻤ ُﺔ اﻟﻠ‬ ُ ‫َو>َﻠ َْﻴ‬


َّ ‫ﳊ ُﻢ‬
C Ninety mercies descend on the person who makes Salām first and 10 on the one
who replies to the Salām. (Al-Jāmi’-uṣ-Ṣaghīr, Ḥadīš 4870, Mulakhkhaṣān)

C Salām should be made in a fairly loud voice.

C It is Wājib (necessary) to reply to the Salām immediately.

C It is a Sunnaĥ to be the first to make Salām.

C The younger should make Salām to the elder.

C It is a Sunnaĥ to make Salām while one is entering or leaving the house.

C One should make Salām every time he meets anyone.


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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Madanī pearls of drinking water


C One should drink water while sitting.

C One should see water in light before he drinks it.

C One should drink water with the right hand.

C One should drink water whilst his head is covered.

C One should recite ﷽ before he drinks water.

C َ ْ ‫ َر ِّب اﻟْ ٰﻌﻠ َ ِﻤ‬Sِ ّٰ ‫ ا َﻟْ َﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ ﻟِﻠ‬after he has drunk water.


One should recite ‫ﲔ‬

C One should drink water in 3 breaths.

C One should drink water slowly with both lips touching the glass.

C One should take care that water should neither fall nor drip whilst he is drinking it.

C Leftover water should not be thrown away.

Madanī pearls of eating food


C It is a Sunnaĥ to wash both hands up to the wrists before and after the eating. (Sunan
Ibn-e-Mājaĥ, Kitāb-ul-Aṭ’imaĥ, Vol. 4, p. 9, Ḥadīš 3260) Rinse and wash the mouth as well.

C One should eat food whilst sitting according to Sunnaĥ. A Sunnaĥ of sitting whilst
eating is to keep the left leg folded on the ground so that the thigh rests on the calf
and the right knee is straight up. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, Part. 16, p. 21)

C One should eat food with 3 fingers of the right hand (the thumb, the forefinger
and the middle one). (Mirqāt, Kitāb-ul-Aṭ’imaĥ, Vol. 8, p. 8)

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C It is a Sunnaĥ to recite ﷽ before eating food. (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Kitāb-ul-


Sharī’aĥ, p. 1116, Ḥadīš 20170)

C One should eat small morsels chewing them properly.

C One should wipe the plate etc. clean after one has finished.

C One should recite ‫ﲔ‬


َ ْ ‫ب ا ﻟْ ٰﻌﻠ َ ِﻤ‬ ِ ّٰ ‫ﺪ ﻟِﻠ‬
ِّ ‫ َر‬S َ ْ‫ ا َﻟ‬after one has finished.
ُ ‫ﺤ ْﻤ‬

C If one forgets to recite Sّٰ ‫ﻢ اﻟﻠ‬ ِ ‫ﺴ‬


ْ ‫ ِﺑ‬or Du’ā in the beginning, one should recite
‫ِﺮہ‬ ِ ّٰ ‫ﻢ اﻟﻠ‬
َ ‫ َو ٰاﺧ‬Sُ َ ‫ ا َ َّو ﻟ‬S ِ ‫ﺴ‬
ْ ِ‫ ﺑ‬when he recalls it. (Sunan Abī Dāwūd, Kitāb-ul-Aṭ’imaĥ, Vol. 3, p. 487,
Ḥadīš 37667)

C Break the loaf with the right hand whilst holding it in the left hand.

C Do not take extra food in your plate etc., and take care that it should not fall.

C If rice or crumbs of bread have fallen down, pick them up and eat them as there
are tidings of forgiveness for the one doing so.

C Wash and dry your hands properly after you have finished.

Madanī pearls of sneezing


C While sneezing, keep your head downwards and cover your mouth. Voice should
be quiet.

C It is a Sunnaĥ to recite Sّٰ ‫ ا َﻟْ َﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ ﻟِﻠ‬after sneezing.

C It is Wājib for the hearer to recite Sّٰ ‫ﮏ اﻟﻠ‬


َ ‫ َﻳ ْﺮ َﺣ ُﻤ‬.

C When the sneezing person listens to the reply of the hearer, he should recite
‫ ﻟَ َﻨﺎ َو ﻟَﳊ ُْﻢ‬Sُ ّٰ ‫ َﻳ ْﻐ ِﻔ ُﺮ اﻟﻠ‬.

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Madanī pearls of yawning


C It is stated in a Ḥadiš, ‘When a person yawns, Satan laughs.’ (Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī, Kitāb
Al-Adab, Vol. 4, p. 163, Ḥadīš 6226)

C Yawning is from Satan; one should avoid it as much as possible. (Al-Marja’ Al-Sābiq)

C While yawning, cover your mouth with the back of your left hand.

C A tried and trusted way of stopping yawn is to imagine in the heart that the
Prophets 56 7 
  # never yawned. (Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, Vol. 1, p. 538, part. 2)

Madanī pearls of trimming nails


C Long nails are a seat of Satan. That is, Satan sits on them. (Kīmiyā-e-Sadat, Vol. 1, p. 168)

C Biting nails is Makruĥ [undesirable] and can cause leukoderma.


(Rad-ul-Muḥtār, Vol. 9, p. 668)

C Start trimming nails from the forefinger of the right hand and carry on trimming
in sequence until the nail of the little finger gets trimmed, leaving the thumb.

C Then start from the little finger of the left hand and carry on trimming until the
nail of the thumb gets trimmed in sequence.

C In the end, trim the nail of the right hand’s thumb.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Ethics

Good and bad deeds

C Always treat your parents and elders with respect.

C It is rude to talk with parents aloud.

C When parents come, stand up in their honour.

C Kiss your father’s hand and mother’s foot at least once a day.

C Whole-heartedly do every permissible task given to you by your parents.

C Make Du’ā for your parents, Murshid and teachers after every Ṣalāĥ.

C Lying is a very grave sin.

C Calling someone names is impermissible and a sin.

C Stealing is also a grave sin.

C Causing harm to any Muslim is a sin.

C Laughing and making noises in Masjid are both forbidden.

C Backbiting is a Ḥarām act leading to Hell.

C Tale-teller will not enter Paradise.

C The one who remained silent got salvation.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Madanī Months

Names of Islamic months


Question 1: How many Madanī (Islamic) months are there?

Answer: There are twelve Madanī (Islamic) months:

C Muḥarram-ul-Ḥarām

C Ṣafar-ul-Muẓaffar

C Rabī’-ul-Awwal (Rabī’-un-Nūr)

C Rabī’-ul-Ākhir (Rabī’-ul-Ghauš)

C Jumādil Awwal

C Jumādil Šānī

C Rajab-ul-Murajjab

C Sha’bān-ul-Mu’aẓẓam

C Ramaḍān-ul-Mubārak

C Shawwāl-ul-Mukarram

C Żul-Qa’daĥ-tul-Ḥarām

C Żul-Ḥajjaĥ-tul-Ḥarām

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Dawat-e-Islami

Basic information

Question 1: Tell the name of a global and non-political movement for the
preaching of Quran and Sunnaĥ.
Answer: Dawat-e-Islami
Question 2: Tell the name of the founder of Dawat-e-Islami.
Answer: Amīr-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas
Attar Qadiri Razavi          
 .

Question 3: What is the Madanī aim of Dawat-e-Islami?


Answer: The Madanī aim of Dawat-e-Islami is: ‘I must strive to reform myself
and the people of the entire world, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .’
Question 4: What is the name of the global Madanī Markaz of Dawat-e-Islami
and where is it situated?
Answer: The name of the global Madanī Markaz of Dawat-e-Islami is Faīzān-e-
Madina situated in Bāb-ul-Madinaĥ (Karachi, Pakistan).
Question 5: After Quran and Aḥādīš, which religious book in Urdu language is
read the most?
Answer: According to an approximation, the most read Islamic book in Urdu
language after Quran and Aḥādīš is Faīzān-e-Sunnat. ) * ! +  -  3 . 4    It is
a world-famous book and has been translated in English, Hindi,
Gujrati, Sindhi and Bengali languages.
Question 6: Who is the author of Faīzān-e-Sunnat?
Answer: Shaykh-e-Tarīqat Amīr-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat founder of Dawat-e-Islami
‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Abu Bilal Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri
Razavi            .
 

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Manqabat-e-‘Aṭṭār
‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Terā karam ĥay Żāt-e-bārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī


Nisbat kiyā ĥay piyārī piyārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Āqā day do bayqarārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī


Kartā raĥūn mayn ashk bārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Āqā sun lo ‘arz ĥamārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī


Pūrī karūn mayn żimmaĥdārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Āqā teray sadqay wārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī


Nāzān ĥūn nisbat pay ĥamārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Mayn ĥūn Zīyāyī mayn ĥūn Razavī Sag ĥūn Ghauš-e-Pāk kā


Qādrī ĥūn Qādrī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Dars-o-bayān say kiyūn gĥabrāun kaysā darr kiyā khauf ĥo


Kiyūn ĥo kisī kā rau’b ṭārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Daytā raĥūn naykī kī da’wat chaĥta ĥūn istiqāmat


Guzray yūn hī ‘umr sārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

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Piyāray Āqā bakhshwānā Nār-e-Dauzakh say bachānā


‘Iṣyān kā ĥay bojĥ bĥārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Mayn bĥī daykĥūn Makkaĥ Madīnaĥ Murshid terī ānkĥaun say


Kab āye gī mayrī bārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Rauḍa-e-aqdas mimbar nūr mayn bĥī dekĥūn kāsh! Ḥuzūr


Piyārī dikĥā Jannat kī kīyārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Mītĥay Murshid mītĥā Ḥaram ĥo Maulā ab to aysā karam ĥo


Ḥasrat niklay pĥir to ĥamārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Meray Bāpā meray Dātā bĥar do mayrā bĥī tum kāsaĥ


Fayz tayrā ĥay jag pay jārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Day dau Murshid Qufl-e-Madīnaĥ Bāpā ‘aṭā ĥo Fikr-e-Madīnaĥ


Mayn ĥūn mangtā mayn ĥūn bĥikārī ‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī

Express Thanks
The Holy Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  has stated, ‘One who has not expressed thanks
to people has not expressed gratitude to Allah ) * ! +  .’ (Sunan-ut-Tirmiżī, Kitāb-ul-
Bar-e-Waṣilat Vol. 3, p. 384, Ḥadīš 1962)

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Invocations

S‫ ْﻴ ِﺢ ﻓَﺎ ِﻃ َﻤ‬Cِ ‫َﺗ ْﺴ‬


1.

Recite Sِ ّٰ‫ ُﺳ ْﺒ ٰﺤ َﻦ اﻟﻠ‬33 times, Sِ ّٰ‫ ا َﻟ َْﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪﻟِﻠ‬33 times and ‫ْﱪ‬ ٰ
ُ َ ‫ ا َ ﮐ‬Sُ ّ ‫ ا َﻟﻠ‬34 times after every Ṣalāĥ.

2. ‫َﻳﺎ َﺳ َﻼ ُم‬

Recite it 111 times and blow on the patient. He will be cured, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .

3.
ُ ‫َﻳﺎ َو َّﻫ‬
‫ﺎب‬

Whoever recites it 7 times daily, every Du’ā of his will be fulfilled.

4. ‫َﻳﺎ َﻋ ِﻈ ْﻴ ُﻢ‬

Recite it 7 times, blow on water and then drink the water. This will relieve
stomach pain, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

5. ‫ﺐ‬
ُ ‫َﻳﺎ ُﻣ ِﺠ ْﻴ‬
Recite it 3 times and blow on the one suffering from headache, his headache
will be relieved, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .

6. ‫ی‬
ُّ ‫َﻳﺎ ﻗ َِﻮ‬

Recite it after the five Farḍ Ṣalāĥ placing your right hand over your head, your
memory will improve, ) * ! +  -:;<=  > .

Ṣalat-‘Alan-Nabī 

‫ ُﻣ َﺤ ّﻤَﺪ‬Eَٰ > Sُ ّٰ‫ اﻟﻠ‬Eَّ ‫َﺻ‬


Seventy doors of mercy are
opened for the one who recites this Ṣalat-‘Alan-Nabī.
(Al-Qaul Al-Badī’, p. 277)

v---v---v

َ ‫ اﻟْ َﻤ ْﻘ َﻌ َﺪ اﻟْ ُﻤﻘ ََّﺮ َب ِﻋ ْﻨ َﺪ‬Sُ ْ‫ َّﻢ ا َ ْﻧ ِﺰﻟ‬qُ ّٰ‫ا َﻟﻠ‬


‫ک َﻳ ْﻮ َم اﻟْ ِﻘ َﻴﺎ َﻣ ِﺔ‬
The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
    %
 $  has stated,
‘My intercession will become Wājib for the one who recites this Ṣalat.’
(Al-Mu’jam az Zawāid, Vol. 10, p. 254, Ḥadīš 17304;
Musnad Imām Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal, Vol. 6, p. 46, Ḥadīš 16988)
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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Manqabat Ghauš-e-A’ẓam    


   
 

 

Asīraun kay Mushkil Kushā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam    



    
   

Asīron kay Mushkil kushā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam


Faqīraun kay Ḥājat-rawā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Gĥirā ĥay balāun may bandaĥ tumĥārā


Madad kay liay āo Yā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Teray ĥāth mayn ĥāth mayn nay diyā ĥay


Teray ĥāth ĥay lāj Yā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Murīdaun ko khatraĥ naĥī baḥr-e-gham say


Kay bayřay kay ĥayn Nā-Khudā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Zamānay kay dukh dard kī ranj-o-gham kī


Teray ĥāth may ĥay dawā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Nikālā ĥay peĥlay to dūbay ĥūaun ko


Aur ab dūbtaun ko bachā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Mayrī mushkilaun ko bĥī āsan kījīay


Kay ĥayn āp Mushkil Kushā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Kĥilā day jo murjĥāyi kaliyān dilaun kī


Chalā koyī aysī ĥawā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam

Kaĥay kis say ja kar Ḥasan apnay dil kī


Sunay kaun teray siwā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam
(Żauq-e-Na’at, pp. 124-128)

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Munājāt
َّ َ َ
Maḥabbat mayn apnī gumā Yā Ilāĥī ‫ع َّز َوجل‬

Maḥabbat mayn apnī gumā Yā Ilāĥī


Nā pāūn mayn apnā patā Yā Ilāĥī

Raĥūn mast-o-baykhud mayn tayrī wilā mayn


Pilā jām aysā pilā Yā Ilāĥī

Mayn baykār bātaun say bach kar ĥamayshaĥ


Karūn tayrī Ḥamd-o-Sanā Yā Ilāĥī

Mayray ashk beĥtay raĥayn kāsh ĥar dam


Tayray khauf say Yā Khudā Yā Ilāĥī

Gunāĥaun nay mayrī kamar tauř dālī


Mayrā ḥashar mayn hogā kiyā Yā Ilāĥī

Banā day mujĥay nayk naykaun ka sadqaĥ


Gunāĥaun say ĥar dam bachā Yā Ilāĥī

Mayrā ĥar ‘amal bas tayray wāsṭay ĥo


Kar ikhlāṣ aysā ‘aṭā Yā Ilāĥī

‘Ibādat mayn guzray mayrī zindagānī


Karam ĥo karam Yā Khudā Yā Ilāĥī

Musalmān ĥay ‘Attar tayrī ‘aṭā say


Ĥo īmān par khatimaĥ Yā Ilāĥī
(Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, p. 45)
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Ṣalāt-o-Salām
Mustafa Jān-e-Raḥmat pay Lākĥaun Salām
Mustafa Jān-e-Raḥmat pay lākĥaun Salām
Sham’-e-bazm-e-Ĥidāyat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Ĥam gharībon kay Āqā pay bay-ḥad Durūd
Ĥam faqīron kī Šarwat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Dūr-o-nazdīk kay sun-nay wālay woĥ kān
Kān-e-la’l karāmat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Jis kay mātĥay shafā’at kā Seĥrā raĥā
Us Jabīn-e-Sa’ādat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Jis kay sajday ko Miḥrāb-e-Ka’bah jĥukī
Un bĥawaun kī laṭāfat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Jis ṭaraf uṫĥ gayī dam mayn dam ā-gayā
Us Nigāĥ-e-‘ināyat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Patlī patlī gul-e-quds kī pattīyān
Un Labuan kī nazākat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Jis kī taskīn say rautay ĥūay ĥans pařay


Us Tabassum kī ‘ādat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Kul jaĥān milk aur jaw kī rotī ghizā
Us Shikam kī qanā’at pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Jis sūĥānī gĥařī chamkā Ṭaybaĥ ka chānd
Us dil Afrauz-e-Sā’at pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Ghauš-e-A’ẓam Imām-ut-Tuqā-Wannuqā
Jalwaĥ-e-shān-e-qudrat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Kāsh Maḥshar mayn jab un kī āmad ĥo aur
Bĥayjayn sab un kī shaukat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Mujĥ say khidmat kay qudsī kaĥayn ĥān Raḍā
Mustafa Jān-e-Raḥmat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Fayḍ say jin kay lākĥaun ‘Imām-e-sajay
Mayray Shaykh-e-Ṭarīqat pay lākĥaun Salām
****
Jis nay Naykī kī Da’wat ka jazbaĥ diyā
Us Amīr Aĥl-e-Sunnat pay lākĥaun Salām
(Ḥadāiq-e-Bakhshish, pp. 211-229)
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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Du’ā
Manners of Du’ā

C Express glory to Allah ) * ! +  before you make Du’ā: For example, say:

َ ْ ‫ َر ِّب اﻟ ْٰﻌﻠ َ ِﻤ‬Sِ ّٰ‫ا َﻟْ َﺤ ْﻤ ُﺪ ﻟِﻠ‬


‫ﲔ‬
C Du’ā is accepted if made with Ṣalāt-‘Alan-Nabī before and after it. For
example, recite the following:

ّٰ ‫ﻚ ﻳَﺎ َر ُﺳ ْﻮ َل‬
$‫ا‬ َّ ‫ﻟﺼﻠٰﻮةُ َو‬
َ ‫اﻟﺴ َﻼ ُم >َﻠ َْﻴ‬ َّ َ ‫ا‬

ّٰ ‫ﺐ‬
$‫ا‬ َ ‫ ْﻴ‬Cِ ‫ﻚ َﻳﺎ َﺣ‬ َ ِ‫ ٰا ﻟ‬Eَٰ >‫َو‬
َ ‫ﻚ َوا َ ْﺻ ٰﺤ ِﺒ‬

C Keep your gaze down while making Du’ā.

C Looking here and there during Du’ā may cause poor eyesight.

C During Du’ā, raise both hands in the straightness of your chest.

C Palms should face the sky during Du’ā.

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Māšūraĥ Du’ā

ٰ
‫ط‬
◌ِ m i 
f
 fi fm i  fm  i 3
‫ﻟ "ﻠ‬
 f!fm i f mm i  f ifi  f mm i fm ifi "
Translation:
O our Rab! Grant us the good of this world and
the good of the Hereafter and save us from the torment of the Hell.

v---v---v
‫ا َﻟﻠّٰ ُﻬ َّﻢ َر ِّب ِز ْد ِﱏْ >ِﻠْ ًﻤﺎ‬
Translation:
Yā Allah! Enhance my knowledge.

v---v---v

Thanks to a little favour


The Beloved and Blessed Prophet   !  ٖ  
!    # 
   $ % has stated, ‘The one who has not
expressed thanks to a little favour has not also expressed thanks to a greater (favour).’
(Musnad Imām Aḥmad, bin Ḥanbal, Al-Ḥadīš, Vol. 6, p. 394, Ḥadīš 18477)

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Bibliography
Al-Jāmi’-uṣ-Ṣaghīr, Imām Jalāluddīn Suyūṭī, Dār-ul-Kutub ‘Ilmiyyaĥ, Beirut.

Al-Musnad Imām Aḥmad, Imām Aḥmad Bin Ḥanbal, Dār-ul-Fikr, Beirut.

Al-Qaul-ul-Badī’, Imām Ḥāfiẓ Muhammad Bin Sakhāwī, Muwassasa-tul-Riyān.

Baĥār-e-Sharī’at, Muftī Muhammad Amjad ‘Alī A’ẓamī, Ziyā-ul-Quran, Publisher, Lahore.

Ḥadāiq-e-Bakhshish, Ala Haḍrat Imām Aḥmad Razā Khān, Maktaba-tul-Madina, Karachi.

Kīmiyā-e-Sa’ādat, Imām Muhammad Bin Muhammad Ghazālī

Majma’-uz-Zawāid, Imām Nūruddīn Ĥayshamī, Dār-ul-Fikr, Beirut.

Mirāt-ul-Manājīḥ, Muftī Aḥmad Yār Khān Na’īmī, Dār-ul-Fikr, Beirut.

Mishkāt-ul-Maṣābīḥ, Imām Muhammad Bin ‘Abdullāĥ Khaṭīb, Karachi.

Namāz kay Aḥkām, Amir-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Muhammad Ilyas Attar Qadiri,
Maktaba-tul-Madina, Karachi.

Quran Majīd, Ziyā-ul-Quran, Publisher, Lahore

Rad-dul-Muḥtār, ‘Allāmaĥ Ibn ‘Ābidīn Amīn Shāmī, Dār-ul-Ma’rifaĥ, Beirut.

Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī, Imām Muhammad Bin Ismā’īl Bukhārī, Dār-ul-Fikr, Beirut.

Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Imām Muslim Bin Ḥajjāj Nayshāpūrī, Dār Ibn Ḥazm, Beirut.

Sunan Abī Dāwūd, Imām Sulaymān Bin Ash’aš, Dār Iḥyā-ut-Turāš-ul-‘Arabī, Beirut.

Sunan Ibn-e-Mājaĥ, Imām Muhammad Bin Yazīd Ibn Mājaĥ, Dār-ul-Ma’rifaĥ, Beirut.

Wasāil-e-Bakhshish, Amir-e-Aĥl-e-Sunnat, ‘Allāmaĥ Maulānā Muhammad Ilyas Attar


Qadiri, Maktaba-tul-Madina, Karachi.

Żauq-e-Na’at, Maulānā Ḥassan Razā Khān


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Table of Contents

Al-Madīna-tul-‘Ilmiyyaĥ ..................................................................................... 1
Preface............................................................................................................................ 3
Hamd Bari Ta’ala.......................................................................................................... 4
Na’at-e-Mustafa ............................................................................................................ 5
________________________________________________________________

Ażkār .................................................................................... 6
Ṣalāĥ ........................................................................................................................... 6
Šanā ............................................................................................................................ 6
Ta’awwuż ................................................................................................................... 6
Tasmiyyaĥ ................................................................................................................. 6

Kalimāt (Statements of Faith) ............................................. 7


Kalimaĥ Ṭayyibaĥ .................................................................................................... 7
Kalimaĥ Shaĥādat .................................................................................................... 7
Kalimaĥ Tamjīd ........................................................................................................ 7
Ṣalat-‘Alan-Nabī  ................................................................................................8
Du’ās ..................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Du’ā before Quranic recitation ............................................................................... 9
Du’ā to be recited when moving to higher place .................................................. 9
Du’ā to be recited when moving from higher to lower place ............................. 9
Du’ā to be recited before drinking water ................................................................. 9

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

Du’ā to be recited after drinking water .................................................................. 10


Du’ā to be recited before eating food ..................................................................... 10
Du’ā to be recited after eating food ........................................................................ 10
Du’ā to be recited before going to sleep................................................................. 10
Du’ā to be recited after awakening from sleep ...................................................... 11
Du’ā to be recited when meeting a Muslim ........................................................ 11
Du’ā to be recited when shaking hands with others .......................................... 11
Du’ā of thanking someone .................................................................................... 11

Beliefs ................................................................................. 12
Faith and types of its descriptions .......................................................................... 12
Īmān-e-Mujmal ....................................................................................................... 12
Īmān-e-Mufaṣṣal ..................................................................................................... 13
Allah  .................................................................................................................. 13
Our Beloved Prophet ‫ﷺ‬.........................................................................................15
Our Religion ............................................................................................................ 17
Pillars of Islam ......................................................................................................... 18
The Angels ............................................................................................................... 19
َ َّ ُ ٰ َّ َ َ
The Prophets ‫ عـل ۡيـ ِه ُم الـصلوة َوالـسم‬................................................................................ 20
َ َّ ُ ٰ َّ ُ ۡ َ َ
Mu’jizāt of Prophets ‫َوالـسم‬ ‫عـليـ ِهم الـصلوة‬.................................................................... 22

The Revealed Books ................................................................................................ 23


ّ ُ ۡ ۡ َ َ
The Companions ‫الرض َوان‬
ِ ‫ عـلي ِهم‬............................................................................... 24
َ َّ ُ ّٰ َ
Auliyā Allah ‫ َر ِح ُه ُم الـلـه السم‬.................................................................................. 26

Acts of Worship ................................................................. 28


Wuḍū ....................................................................................................................... 28
Ṣalāĥ ......................................................................................................................... 30
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Table of Contents

Good intentions ...................................................................................................... 31


Madina Madina Hamara Madina......................................................................... 33

Madanī pearls ..................................................................... 34


Madanī pearls of making Salām ........................................................................... 34
Madanī pearls of drinking water .......................................................................... 35
Madanī pearls of eating food ................................................................................ 35
Madanī pearls of sneezing ..................................................................................... 36
Madanī pearls of yawning ..................................................................................... 37
Madanī pearls of trimming nails .......................................................................... 37

Ethics .................................................................................. 38
Good and bad deeds............................................................................................... 38

Madanī Months .................................................................. 39


Names of Islamic months ...................................................................................... 39

Dawat-e-Islami ................................................................... 40
Basic information ................................................................................................... 40

Manqabat-e-’Aṭṭār: ............................................................ 41
‘Aṭṭārī ĥūn ‘Aṭṭārī ................................................................................................... 41

Invocations ......................................................................... 43
1. S‫ ْﻴ ِﺢ ﻓَﺎ ِﻃ َﻤ‬Cِ ‫ َﺗ ْﺴ‬.......................................................................................................... 43

2. ‫ َﻳﺎ َﺳ َﻼ ُم‬.................................................................................................................. 43

ُ ‫ َﻳﺎ َو َّﻫ‬.................................................................................................................. 43
3. ‫ﺎب‬

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Fundamental Teachings of Islam

4. ‫ َﻳﺎ َﻋ ِﻈ ْﻴ ُﻢ‬................................................................................................................. 43

5. ‫ َﻳﺎ ُﻣ ِﺠ ْﻴ ُﺐ‬................................................................................................................ 44

6. ‫ی‬
ُّ ‫ َﻳﺎ ﻗ َِﻮ‬................................................................................................................... 44
Ṣalat-‘Alan-Nabī ..................................................................................................... 44

Manqabat Ghauš-e-A’ẓam ................................................. 45


Asīraun kay Mushkil Kushā Ghauš-e-A’ẓam ..................................................... 45

Munājāt .............................................................................. 46
َّ َ َ َّ َ
Maḥabbat mayn apnī gumā Yā Ilāĥī ‫ عزوجل‬........................................................... 46

Ṣalāt-o-Salām ..................................................................... 47
Mustafa Jān-e-Raḥmat pay Lākĥaun Salām ........................................................ 47

Du’ā..................................................................................... 49
Manners of Du’ā ..................................................................................................... 49
Māšūraĥ Du’ā ......................................................................................................... 50
Bibliography ............................................................................................... 51

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