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Chapter 1 Learning Activities

Coaching Activity: Introduction to Health and Wellness


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Even though you may think you know what health is, it can actually be a difficult concept to define. In fact,
the definition of health has evolved over the years as physicians, public health workers, and other
researchers have developed a better appreciation of what it means to be truly healthy. Wellness is the
achievement of the highest level of health in the six different dimensions of wellness from a more
personalized point of view. Achieving optimal wellness may require changing your behavior.

Part A - Dimensions of Wellness


Part complete
Consider each dimension of wellness and what it really means. Each dimension has unique
considerations for you to understand as you explore what maintaining health means to your life.
Remember that the dimensions of wellness complement each other.
Drag the appropriate phrases to their respective bins, representing the different dimensions of
wellness.
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healthy curiosity Selected
Physical WellnessPhysical Wel
lness

 fitness and
recuperative abilities
 performing
activities
of daily living
 susceptibilit
y to disease
or disorders

Social WellnessSocial Wellness

 satisfying
interpersonal
relationships
 adapting to
various
social situations

Intellectual WellnessIntellectua
l Wellness

 learning
from successes
and mistakes
 responsible
decision
making
 healthy
curiosity

Emotional WellnessEmotional 
Wellness

 self-esteem
and
self-confidence
 trust and
love

Spiritual WellnessSpiritual Wel
lness

 meaning and
purpose in life
 feeling a
part of a
greater spectrum
of existence

EnvironmentalWellnessEnvironment
alWellness

 working to
preserve,
protect, and improve
conditions in the world
 protecting
yourself
from hazards at
work and home

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 Correct
The dimensions of wellness are useful in evaluating your state of wellness and deciding how to improve it.
All of these dimensions are interrelated, so if one is diminished, total health and wellness is diminished. If
you understand the dimensions, you can begin to make decisions about what areas need improvement.

Part B - Wellness Continuum


Part complete
Dimensions of wellness are interrelated, and you can evaluate and work to improve them whenever
possible. Despite best efforts, every person will most likely have some areas of concern. Perhaps,
someone has a genetic tendency toward a certain disease and will always have to work to maximize
physical wellness. Perhaps, an individual will face severe emotional issues at sometime in his or her life
and will have to work in that dimension to regain health. The journey to wellness is one that moves along
a continuum, a wellness continuum. As you move out of balance in one or more dimensions of wellness,
you slide toward the illness side of the continuum, and as you raise more dimensions to their optimal
level, you move closer to optimal wellness. This image captures the wellness continuum concept.
Considering what you know about the dimensions wellness and answer the question below.

Wellness is a concept that includes:


Select all that apply.
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Select all that apply.

three to five dimensions of wellness at high levels

an unattainable state you can only aspire to achieve


a way of expressing the complexity of health by recognizing different levels of wellness
depending on the situation at the time

a dynamic, ever changing process of trying to achieve maximum potential in each of the
dimensions
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Wellness is a continually fluctuating state of being that is dependent on each of the dimensions of
wellness. Everyone will always face challenges to health, but as long as each individual pays attention to
all the dimensions and does his or her best to keep them at personal optimal levels, he or she will be
“well.”

Part C - Transtheoretical Model


Part complete
Everyone wants to be healthy and knows that some behaviors are barriers to realizing optimal wellness.
People often may know that they need to change, but are often reluctant to try or are unsuccessful in their
efforts. It isn’t enough to want to change, an individual has to have a plan to change. According to the
transtheoretical model, you need to prepare to change and take a step-by-step approach to realize your
goals.
Drag each of the following stages of the transtheoretical model of behavior change to its
respective target, a statement made by someone undergoing behavior change.
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Termination
Termination
Precontemplation
Precontemplation
Contemplation
Contemplation
Maintenance
Maintenance
Preparation
Preparation
Action
Action
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You have considered one model or roadmap to change your behavior. Understanding the steps you need
to take to modify behaviors that endanger your health is critical to success. With reinforcement and
support, you can navigate through the six stages: (1) precontemplation, (2) contemplation, (3)
preparation, (4) action, (5) maintenance, and (6) termination. By eliminating detrimental habits and
creating new, healthful routines, you can move closer to a state of optimal wellness.
Part D - Identifying Barriers to Change
Part complete
In preparing for change, it is important to anticipate barriers to your efforts and plan how to deal with
them.

Sort each scenario below according to the type of barrier to change it describes.
Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins.

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Connie is anxious to improve
her muscular strength and
endurance. She hasn't exercised
formally since high school,
but she decides she will be
able to run a 5K and signs
up for one in 2 weeks. Selected

 Overambitious Goals
 Leonard wants to lose 30 lb
after his doctor told him
that his BMI puts him in
the obese category. He sets a
goal to lose 7 lb per week by
dieting and exercising
every day at the gym.

 Self-Defeating Beliefs and Attitudes


 Bailey smokes about a half
a pack a day, but figures
that since her uncle wasn't
diagnosed with lung cancer
until he was 62, she has
plenty of time to
break the habit.

 Failure to Assess Current State of


Wellness
 Connie is anxious to improve
her muscular strength and
endurance. She hasn't exercised
formally since high school,
but she decides she will be
able to run a 5K and signs
up for one in 2 weeks.

 Lack of Support and Guidance


 Griffin's two best friends binge
drink on the weekends and
have a couple of beers nearly
every night. They don't
understand his desire to
cut down his alcohol intake
and kid him about it
every day.

 Temptations in the Environment


 Two of Mark's classes meet on
the first floor of Conner Hall.
He walks past the pastry shop
in the lobby every morning of
the week to get to
those classrooms.

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 Correct
Stumbling blocks to behavior change can slow down or even derail a plan completely. Planning ahead to
avoid temptation, gather social support, identify and eliminate self-defeating beliefs and attitudes,
recognize current health status, and set SMART goals will help in keeping your behavior change plan on
track.

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Correct. Followup. Stumbling blocks to behavior change can slow down or even derail a plan completely.
Planning ahead to avoid temptation, gather social support, identify and eliminate self-defeating beliefs
and attitudes, recognize current health status, and set SMART goals will help in keeping your behavior
change plan on track. End of followup.

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