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Dylaine Jean

Eng 101
June 28, 2019

Methods of Evaluating Arguments


What are evaluations? How many steps are there for Evaluating Arguments? How do you
Evaluate Arguments? These are questions that are asked when talking about Evaluating
Arguments. Of course, there are more questions that are asked about evaluation of arguments.
Evaluations are judgments about a place or subject etc., which eventually leads into an argument.
This essay will talk about the different methods of evaluations that can be used in writing or even
reading arguments. There are many different types of evaluation methods that can be used but,
this essay will go into the main ones that are constantly being used in evaluations of arguments.
The first method is understanding evaluations. Understanding evaluations makes it easier
to incorporate in arguments, whether it be in writing or reading. Although, there is some criteria
that is incorporated in understanding arguments. It can lead to decisions about our everyday
lives, but there are some standards that must be followed. The standards are judgments about
anything such as; an idea, a person or a product. Most of the time criteria is obvious, for
example: A truck that drinks at least 20 miles per gallon is a gas drinker, and a jar of pickles that
does not smell right should not be eaten. It can become more complicated and can cause
someone to push the argument further which can make it become challenging and make it even
more complex to evaluate.
The second method is Characterizing evaluations one can do this by understanding what
type of reasoning they use. There are 2 kinds of evaluations that can help with understanding and
constructing arguments. The first evaluation is Qualitive Evaluation. Qualitive Evaluation is
when it has standards that cannot be measured without bias, such as emotions, values, and
traditions. Here is an example of Qualitive Evaluation: A car is more convenient, eco-friendlier
and more attractive than any other vehicle. This example shows bias that the person would buy a
car just because they think it is more attractive and more convenient to them rather than, an SUV
or a truck. The second evaluation is Quantitative Evaluation. Quantitative Evaluations rely on
evidence such as facts, statistics and testimony as long as it can be measured. Here is an example
of quantitative evaluation: An SUV is smoother, Faster, quieter and offers more space and room
rather than a truck or a car. This example shows that this person likes SUV’s based on facts and
statistics.
The third method is Developing an Evaluative Argument. there are three subcategories
that are underneath the development of evaluating an argument. the three are forming the claim,
presenting evidence and designs and visuals. When forming a claim there are certain standards
that should be incorporated in it such as: reasoning, warrants and evidence. Once these are used
then the evaluation should be a simple process. It is important to pay attention to criteria, claims,
and evidence when developing an evaluative argument. When presenting evidence in an
evaluation it is good to have more evidence, as long as it is relevant and explained very well. It is
best to present evidence that is most likely going to catch the reader’s attention. The best
evidence comes from reliable sources and is often specific. The last part of evaluating an
argument is the design and visual part. They make the evaluation of arguments accessible by
providing charts, graphs and even infographics which makes it available to readers. Visual
explanations are helpful when comparing items and help illustrate quantitative evaluations. An
example of Quantitative Evaluation using visual explanation is when looking for a vehicle online
a person can better understand which one, they want by using a side by side comparison sheet
that shows which car is best for them and the benefits they have to offer.
In conclusion, there are other kinds of methods to Evaluating Arguments that can be just
as helpful as the ones above. These methods above can help when reading arguments and also
when writing them to make it more effective and make the argument more arguable.
Understanding Evaluations, Characterizing Evaluations and Developing an Evaluations are one
of the few methods that is commonly used and is very helpful.