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-Ministers didnt have political power but influenced church members who were the

people who were in office.


- The Gov protected ministers, taxed people to support church, enforced law requ
iring being at services.
-Theocracy: a society in which the line between the church and the state was har
d to see.
- during there first winter almost 1/3rd of them died.
- they quickly bounced back and grew and prospered with help from pilgrims and i
ndians.
The Expansion of New England:
- People of different religions started showing up and so they wer not allowed t
o vote. Some decided to stand up for themselfs and leave.
- Connecticut valley began attracting english families in the 1630s
- Thomas Hooker, a minister of newtown defied the massachusetts government in 16
35/ Led congrigation to establish Hartford
- Hartford established there own colonial gov and adopted a constitution called
the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
- Roger Williams: interesting but controversial young man that lived in salem, M
assachusets for a while.
- Williams thought that you should abandon all alliances to the Church of Englan
d.
- The colonial government banished him alarmed at his spiritual authority.
- He Then went on to establish rhode island and in 1644 he recieved a charter to
establish a gov.
- This government allowed all sorts of religions. You could worship anything.
- Anne Hudchinson: came to massachusetts with her husband in 1634.
- She antagonized the leaders of the colony, she argued that massachusetts clerg
y who were not among the "elect" had no right to spiritual office.
- she eventualy said all ministers in massachusetts were not among the elect.
- Her influence was growing so the massachusetts leadership mobilized to stop he
r.
- Her influence was so strong that Winthrop was not reelected in 1636
- She was banished as a woman unfit for their society.
Settlers and Natives:
- Indians were less of a problem to the early New England immigrants.
- Indians gave important assistance to the early settlers.
- The niceness between whites and natives did not last forever.
- From overhunting they became more and more into raising their own domestic ani
mals so they had to keep getting more land going into more and more indian terra
tory.
- they started to view indians as heathens and savages and some wanted to civili
ze them and turn them christian.
- others wanted to eliminate them.
- they siezed land, cleared forests, killed their animals,
- there was over 100,000 indians at first and then there was 10,000 by 1675.
- drove some indians to alcoholism and others to conversion to christianity. Som
e to war.
The Pequot War, King Philip's War, and the Technology of Battle:
-White raiders under captain john Mason set pequot stronghold afire, hundreds of
indians died from fire, running away and survivors wer sold as slaves.
- King Philips War was a deadly encounter between whites and indians in 1675.
- for 3 years the natives terrorized some massachusets towns and in 1676 the whi
tes fought back and prevailed.
- Wampanoags and their allies were now powerless to resist the english.
- The flinlock rifle was something they were redily using. could be fired withou
t a match
- the english wanted to still use older matchlocks while indians realized soon t
hat the flinlock was way better.
THE RESTORATION COLONIES
- end of 1630s: enlish settlers established 6 colonies in the new world: virgini
a, massachusettls, maryland, connecticut, rhode island, and new hampshire.