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# A pebble bed heater is being used for heating air.

## The bed is composed of 20mm spherical

particles and the average voidage of the bed is 0.5. The particles are initially heated to a
temperature of 70oC. Air at 10oC is passed through the bed at a superficial mass velocity of
0.5kg/ m2 s. Determine the height of bed required if the initial outlet temperature of air is to be
65oC.

Solution:

## Specific heat = 1005 J/kg K; viscosity = 19 X 10-6kg/ m s; density =1.137kg/m3; thermal

conductivity = 0.0274 W/m K

Voidage = ε= 0.5

## 𝐷𝑣𝑠 𝑉𝑜 𝜌𝑔 0.02 𝑋 0.5

𝑅𝑒𝑝 = µ𝑔 (1−𝜀)
= 1.9 𝑋 10−6 (1−0.5) = 1052.63

Since Rep is between 20 & 10000 and ε between 0.34 & 0.78
2⁄ 𝜀 1
𝑁𝑢𝑔𝑝 = [0.5√𝑅𝑒𝑝 + 0.2(𝑅𝑒𝑝 3 )] [
1−𝜀
] 𝑃𝑟 ⁄3

𝐶𝑝,𝑔 µ𝑔
𝑃𝑟 = 𝑘
= (1005 X 1.9 𝑋 10−6 )/ 0.0274 = 0.697

ℎ𝑔𝑝 𝐷𝑣𝑠
𝑁𝑢𝑔𝑝 =
𝑘𝑔

## where m is mass flow rate of gas; A is cross-section of bed

∆𝑇 = 65 − 10 = 55

## 𝑄 = 0.5 𝐴 𝑋 1005 𝑋 55 = 27637.5𝐴

Q can also be written as 𝑄 = ℎ𝑔𝑝 𝑆𝑝 𝐿𝑀𝑇𝐷 here, 𝑆𝑝 is total surface area of particles

𝐿𝑀𝑇𝐷 = = 22.13
70 − 10
𝑙𝑛
70 − 65

## 27637.5𝐴 = 44.85 𝑆𝑝 𝑋 22.13 … … … … (1)

1
𝑆𝑝 = 𝜋D2𝑝 & 𝑣𝑝 = 6 𝜋D3𝑝

𝑆𝑝 6 6 𝑚2
= = = 300 3
𝑣𝑝 𝐷𝑝 0.02 𝑚

ε is Void Vol/ Total Vol of bed & 1- ε = Vol of solid/Total Vol of bed

## 27637.5𝐴 = 44.85 𝑋 150 𝐴𝐿 𝑋 22.13

L= 0.1856m

_____________________________________________________________________________

Pebble heaters operate batchwise. As time pass , temp of bed decreases and outlet air temp also
decreases.
For very low Re. No.

1.075
𝑗𝐻 = 𝑅𝑒𝑝−0.826
𝜀
ℎ𝑔𝑝 2
𝑗𝐻 = [ ] 𝑃𝑟 ⁄3
𝐶𝑝,𝑔 𝑉𝑜 𝜌 𝑔

𝑅𝑒𝑝𝑚 = 𝑅𝑒𝑝 (1 − 𝜀)