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# 2.

Subtraction
Fill in the boxes to help the mouse reach the piece of cheese.
Mathematics

500 + 50
– 30

+5
–2
– 14

+7
+ 20
536

We know that putting together two or more quantities of the same kind is called addition.
the sum. The symbol used to indicate addition is plus (+).
2 + 3 + 4 = 9
{

sum

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The method for adding large numbers is the same as for adding smaller numbers.
Examples:
Find the sum of the following numbers.
1.  2476 and 8009 2.  45632 and 13247
TTh Th H T O
1 TTh Th H T O
2 4 7 6 4 5 6 3 2  otice the
N
+ 8 0 0 9 + 1 3 2 4 7 order in which
1 0 4 8 5 5 8 8 7 9 these numbers
are placed in
the two cases.
3.  24609, 125, and 42007

Mathematics
What do you
TTh Th H T O TTh Th H T O conclude?

2 2
2 4 6 0 9 2 4 6 0 9
1 2 5 or 4 2 0 0 7
+ 4 2 0 0 7 + 1 2 5
6 6 7 4 1 6 6 7 4 1

Take care
Common mistake (avoid it) to place the
ones under
TTh Th H T O TTh Th H T O the ones, the
2 4 6 0 9 2 4 6 0 9 tens under the
1 2 5 4 2 0 0 7 tens, and so
on.
+ 4 2 0 0 7 + 1 2 5
 

1. 25932 + 100 = ...........
(a) 26032 (b) 25942 (c) 29032 (d) 28042
2. 100 more than 29648 = ..........
(a) 29748 (b) 29658 (c) 30448 (d) 28900
3. 100 more than 64729 = ..........
(a) 64819 (b) 64829 (c) 65729 (d) 65739
4. 1000 more than 98432 = ...........
(a) 98532 (b) 99432 (c) 984420 (d) 99456
5. 64390 + 1000 = ...........
(a) 64490 (b) 65390 (c) 66780 (d) 69834
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Adding numbers that have 1 and 0
Add 10:  Just add 1 to the digit in the tens place.
Add 100:  Just add 1 to the digit in the hundreds place.
Add 1000: Just add 1 to the digit in the thousands place.
Examples:
1.  10 more than 79647 2.  100 more than 3496 3.  1000 more than 72539
TTh Th H T O Th H T O TTh Th H T O
7 9 6 4 7 3 4 9 6 7 2 5 3 9
+ 1 0 + 1 0 0 + 1 0 0 0
7 9 6 5 7 3 5 9 6 7 3 5 3 9
Mathematics

Examples:
1. Find 304 + …………… = 332
304 + x = 332 (Let the unknown number be x)
x = 332 − 304 (Take all the known numbers to one side and let only x remain)
x = 28 (Subtract the two known numbers to find x)
2. 44 + 90 + 186 = ........... + 264
44 + 90 + 186 = x + 264 (Let the unknown number be x)
320 = x + 264 (Add all the known numbers on the left of ‘=’)
x = 320 − 264 (Take all the known numbers to one side and let only x
remain)
x = 56 (Subtract the two known numbers to find x)
44 + 90 + 186 = 56 + 264 (Check your answer)

EXERCISE 2.1

(a)
TTh Th H T O (b)
TTh Th H T O (c) TTh Th H T O
3 4 1 6 2 4 1 8 2 3 5 1 2 3 8
+ 1 5 2 3 6 + 2 8 1 5 6 + 2 4 2 7 6

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2. Arrange in columns and find the sum.
(a)  2432 + 146 (b)  12068 + 2437 (c)  9689 + 473
(d)  2763 + 2436 + 723 (e)  12909 + 69 + 9989 (f)  1780 + 190 + 20

## 3. Find the number that is 127 more than 65349.

4. Add the greatest four-digit number to the sum of the smallest five-digit number and
the greatest three-digit number.

## 5. Fill in the missing digits.

TTh Th H T O TTh Th H T O
2 7 9 4 5

Mathematics
(a) (b)
+ 3 8 6 + 7 0 6

8 0 4 6 4 3 8

## 6. Fill in the blanks.

(a) 189 + ........... = 378 (b)   243 + ........... = 672
(c) ........... + 7864 = 7864 + 347 (d)   347 + ........... = 617
(e) 64 + 100 + 986 = ........... + 164 (f) 80 + 324 = ............ + 315

Word Problems
Example:
In a public library, there are 1236 fiction books, 20457 reference books, 389
encyclopaedias, and 1064 non-fiction books. Find the total number of books in the
library. TTh Th H T O
Number of reference books = 2 0 4 5 7
Number of fiction books = 1 2 3 6
Number of non-fiction books =  1 0 6 4
Number of encyclopaedias = +  3 8 9
Total number of books = 2 3 1 4 6

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