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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

PREAMBLE FOR GENERAL


SPECIFICATIONS FOR ROAD
AND BRIDGE WORKS

These General Specifications are divided into seven


SERIES as follows:
 SERIES 1000: General
 SERIES 2000: Drainage
 SERIES 3000: Earthworks and Pavement Layers of
Gravel or Crushed Stone
 SERIES 4000: Bituminous Layers and Seals
 SERIES 5000: Ancillary Roadworks
 SERIES 6000: Structures
 SERIES 7000: Tolerances, Testing and Quality
Control

Each of the seven SERIES is divided into SECTIONS


comprising a number of CLAUSES, designated by a four
digit number, where the first digit is the SERIES number;
the second digit is the SECTION number and the last two
digits are a sequential number followed by the CLAUSE
title.

Each CLAUSE may have been divided into SUBCLAUSES


designated (a), (b), (c), etc.

These General Specifications may contain cross


references to other SECTIONS and CLAUSES in these
General Specifications or to the Drawings and other
parts of the Contract Documents which shall likewise be
construed as Specifications for the Item of Work
involved.

In the Bill of Quantities, reference may have been made


to certain SECTION(S) or CLAUSE(S) in these General
Specifications corresponding to the main type of Works
involved, but this shall not be construed as limiting the
specifications for such item of work only to the
SECTION(S) or CLAUSE(S) referred to.

All relevant requirements of these General


Specifications for the particular Item of Work shall be
complied with.

The apparent silence of these Special Specifications,


the Drawings or other Contract Documents as to any
detail or the apparent omission from them of a detailed
description concerning any Works or requirements,
shall be regarded as meaning that good engineering
practice shall apply and shall be to the approval of the
Engineer.

THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, HOUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 1
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000
GENERAL
SECTION PAGE
1100 DEFINITIONS AND TERMS 1000-3
1200 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND
PROVISIONS 1000-7
1300 CONTRACTOR’S ESTABLISHMENT ON
SITE AND GENERAL OBLIGATIONS 1000-21
1400 ENGINEER’S ACCOMMODATION AND
ATTENDANCE UPON ENGINEER AND
HIS/HER SITE PERSONNEL 1000-24
1500 ACCOMMODATION OF TRAFFIC 1000-33
1600 OVERHAUL 1000-38
1700 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND
WASTE DISPOSAL 1000-40
1800 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY,
HIV/AIDS AND GENDER 1000-45

CONTENTS OF THE GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS:


SERIES 1000 GENERAL
SERIES 2000 DRAINAGE
SERIES 3000 EARTHWORKS AND PAVEMENT LAYERS OF GRAVEL OR CRUSHED STONE
SERIES 4000 BITUMINOUS LAYERS AND SEALS
SERIES 5000 ANCILLARY ROADWORKS
SERIES 6000 STRUCTURES
SERIES 7000 TOLERANCES, TESTING AND QUALITY CONTROL

APPENDICES

THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, HOUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 2
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

BORROW MATERIAL
SERIES 1000: GENERAL Any gravel, sand, soil, stones or ash obtained from
borrow areas, dumps or sources other than cut within
SECTION 1100: DEFINITIONS the road prism and which is used in the Works. It shall
not include crushed stone, rock or sand obtained from
AND TERMS commercial sources or quarries.

BRIDGE
CONTENTS: A structure for carrying motor, railways, pedestrian or
CLAUSE PAGE other traffic or services over a river, watercourse, or any
other gap, with a single span length, or sum of span
1101 DEFINITIONS AND TERMS 1000-3 lengths, of 4.0 metres or more. The length is measured
between the abutment faces, or pier head faces
respectively, along the centre line of the bridge deck.

1101 DEFINITIONS AND TERMS CARRIAGEWAY


Unless inconsistent with the context, in these The surface normally traversed by vehicles and which
Specifications the following terms, words or expressions consists of one or a number of contiguous traffic lanes,
shall have the meanings hereby assigned to them. include auxiliary lanes and shoulders.

ACCEPTED CATCHWATER DRAIN OR BANK


Accepted in writing by the Engineer (or by the Employer A longitudinal drain or bank outside the road prism for
where appropriate) as meeting the requirements of the diverting water that should otherwise flow into the road
Contract Documents and of any authorised variations prism.
thereto. “Acceptance” means accepted in writing as
aforesaid. “Acceptable” means acceptable to the CERTIFICATE OF GUARANTEE
Engineer as aforesaid. A signed statement by a person having legal authority
to bind a company or supplier to its product, and which
AGGREGATE confirms that the materials and test results conform to
Crushed stone of specified size and quality to be used the standards of the Specifications.
in the Works.
COMMON EXCAVATION
APPROVED Classification of excavation for payment purposes.
Approved in writing by the Engineer, including Denotes all excavation, except rock excavation,
subsequent written approval or confirmation of previous required from the road prism, drains, etc. according to
verbal approval by the Engineer. “Approval” means the Drawings and the Specifications.
approval in writing as aforesaid.
CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT
ASPHALT CONCRETE SURFACING The appropriate edition of the General Conditions of
The layer - or layers - of a bituminous mix constructed Contract together with any Special or Particular
on top of the base course made of a mixture to Conditions of Contract forming part of the Contract.
predetermined proportions of aggregate, filler and
bituminous binder material prepared in a mixing plant to CONTRACTOR’S EQUIPMENT
meet the requirements for surfacing material and placed All the apparatus, machinery, vehicles and other things
by means of a paving machine. required for the execution and completion of the Works
and the remedying of defects. However, Contractor’s
ASPHALT CONCRETE WEARING COURSE Equipment excludes Temporary Works, Employer’s
The uppermost layer of asphalt concrete surfacing. Equipment (if any), Plant, Materials and any other
things intended to form or forming part of the
ASPHALT CONCRETE BINDER COURSE Permanent Works.
The lower layer of asphalt concrete surfacing, if more
than one layer. CONTRACTOR’S PERSONNEL
The Contractor’s Representative and all personnel
BID whom the Contractor utilises on Site, who may include
Shall mean the same as tender. the staff, labour and other employees of the Contractor
and Sub-Contractor(s); and any other personnel
BITUMINOUS BASE COURSE assisting the Contractor in the execution of the Works.
A layer - or layers - of hot or cold mixed bituminous
material constructed on top of the road base or in the COURSE
absence thereof, the subbase layer. Separately defined and specified layer in a road
pavement.
BITUMINOUS MIX
A mixture of a bituminous binder and aggregate. CROSSFILL
Crossfill is earthworks materials taken from cuts in the
BITUMINOUS SEAL road reserve and placed in embankments at a distance
A bituminous surfacing made by the application of one of 50m or less from its original position, measured along
or more layers of bituminous binder with layers of the centreline of the road.
aggregate.
CULVERT
BORROW AREA A structure other than a bridge, which provides an
An area within designated boundaries, approved for the opening under the carriageway or median or access
purpose of obtaining borrow materials. road for drainage or other purposes.

BORROW PIT CUT


The excavated pit in a borrow area. A section of the road where the formation level is below
the original ground level requiring excavations for the
construction of the pavement layers.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

DIRECTED GRADE LINE


Instructed in writing by the Engineer including verbal A reference line in the Drawings of the longitudinal
instruction when subsequently confirmed in writing. sections of the road indicating at regular intervals the
elevations according to which the road is to be
DITCH OR DRAIN constructed. The grade line may refer to the level of the
Lined or unlined open drain constructed for the collection completed road, base or any other layer and may
of surface water from the pavement, shoulders and indicate the elevations either along the carriageway
adjacent land. centre line or along any designated position on the road
cross-section.
DRAWINGS
The contractual Drawings of the Works, including any GRADING COEFFICIENT (GC)
additional and modified drawings issued by (or on behalf ( D30 ) 2
of) the Employer in accordance with the Contract. GC 
D60  D10
EARTHWORKS where D60 , D30 and D10 are the sieve sizes that 60%,
Term describing all soils material placed below the 30% and 10% pass.
formation level including improved subgrade layers, fill
and prepared roadbed. GRADING MODULUS (GM)
The cumulative percentages by mass of material in a
EMBANKMENT representative sample of aggregate, gravel or soil
A section of the road where the formation level is above passing the 2 mm, 0.425 mm and 0.075 mm sieves,
the original ground level. divided by 100.

EMPLOYER   %pass2mm  %pass0.425mm  %pass0.075mm 


The person named as Employer in the Contract and the GM  3   
  100 
legal successors in title to this person.

ENGINEER IMPROVED SUBGRADE


The person appointed by the Employer to act as the The upper layer or layers of the earthworks, which is
Engineer for the purposes of the Contract and named constructed directly onto the fill or in some cases onto
as such in the Contract. the roadbed.

FILL LANE
That portion of the road prism consisting of approved Part of a travelled way intended for a single stream of
imported material, which lies above the roadbed and is traffic in one direction, which has normally been
bounded by the side slopes, on which improved demarcated as such by road markings.
subgrade layers, pavement and shoulders are to be
constructed. Material imported to replace unsuitable LOT
material in the roadbed shall also be classified as fill A portion of the Work or quantity of material, which is
when placed below the improved subgrade layers. assessed as a unit for the purpose of quality control and
selected to represent material or work produced by
FILL WITHIN RESTRICTED AREA essentially the same process and materials.
That part of the fill within a horizontal distance of 3 m
from the vertical and inclined concrete faces of the MEDIAN
structure and that part between the pillars of the spill- The area between the two travelled ways of a dual
through abutments or that part shown on the Drawings carriageway, excluding the inner shoulders.
as “fill within restricted area".
MITRE DRAIN AND BANK
FORMATION LEVEL A drain constructed at an angle to the centreline of the
The level of the top of the final layer of earthworks upon road to divert water from a side drain. Mitre drains
which the pavement layers are placed. include mitre banks placed across the side drains.

FOUNDING LEVEL MUTATIS MUTANDIS


The term "founding level' used in these Specifications With necessary alterations.
shall be deemed to have the following meanings in
respect of: OVERBURDEN
Material within or covering a borrow area or quarry,
(i) Foundation fill which is not required or is unsuitable for use in
The surface of the in situ material that has been construction.
prepared to receive foundation fill.
PAVEMENT
(ii) Bases The upper layers of the road comprising the improved
The underside of the base. subgrade, subbase, base or gravel wearing course or
bituminous surfacing for flexible pavements and
(iii) Piles concrete surfacing for rigid pavements and the shoulder
The underside of the underream, bulbous base or layers.
rock socket; the tip of the pile shoe or lower pile
end, as may be relevant. PERMANENT WORKS
The permanent works to be executed by the Contractor
(iv) Caissons under the Contract.
The underside of the cutting edge.
PIONEER LAYER
FRENCH DRAIN An initial layer constructed over a weak roadbed where
A subsoil drainage system of permeable material selected material is used to provide a stable platform for
constructed to intercept and remove subsoil water. the construction of subsequent layers.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SLOPE
PLANT Unless otherwise apparent from the context, slope is
The apparatus, machinery and the like intended to form the ratio of the vertical difference in elevation and the
or forming part of the Permanent Works. horizontal distance between two points. This ratio may
also be expressed as a percentage.
PLASTICITY MODULUS (PM)
PM = Plasticity Index x percentage passing the 0.425 SPECIFICATIONS
mm sieve. The Specifications relating to a specific project, which
form part of the Contract documents for such project,
QUARRY and which contain the General Specifications together
Area outside the road prism where rock is extracted for with supplementary specifications issued in the Special
production of crushed aggregate and which is used in Specifications.
the construction of the Works.
SPOIL (MATERIAL)
ROAD BASE Material originating from construction operations and
A layer of natural gravel or crushed aggregate which is not utilised for construction purposes.
constructed on top of the subbase or in the absence
thereof, the improved subgrade layer. The road base CHEMICAL STABILISATION
may extend to outside the carriageway. The treatment of the materials used in the construction
of the roadbed, earthworks or pavement layers by the
ROADBED addition of a cementitious binder such as lime or
The natural in situ material after removal of topsoil etc. cement. Asphalt mixes and concrete shall not be
on which the fill layers, or in their absence any considered as materials that have been stabilised.
pavement layers, are to be constructed.
STRUCTURE
ROAD PRISM Structures shall comprise all objects constructed of
That portion of the road construction included between materials other than earth, required by the Contract to
the original ground level and the outer boundaries of the be built or to be removed, but not including pavement
slopes of cuts, fills and side drains. It shall not include layers.
the selected layer, subbase, base course, surfacing,
shoulders or roadbed. SUBBASE
The layer of material on top of the subgrade layers or fill
ROAD RESERVE OR RIGHT-OF-WAY and below the base course and shoulders.
The entire area included by the boundaries of road area
as proclaimed. SUBGRADE
The surface upon which the pavement structure and
ROCK EXCAVATION shoulders are constructed.
Classification of excavation for payment purposes.
Denotes excavation required from the road prism, SUBSTANTIAL COMPLETION
drains, etc. according to the Drawings and the Works completed so that they can be used for the
Specifications, that requires drilling and blasting or the purpose for which they were designed, apart from minor
use of pneumatic or hydraulic jackhammers in order to outstanding works and omissions.
be loosened sufficiently for loading and transportation.
SUBSTRUCTURE
SERVICES All of that part of the structure below the bearings of
Cables, pipes or other structures, such as conduits for simple and continuous span bridges, below skewbacks
electricity, telephone and telegraph connections, water, of arches, below deck slab of box and slab culverts,
sewage, etc. together with return walls and wingwalls.
SHOULDER SUBSOIL DRAINAGE
(a) When referring to this as a surface: The area Subsoil drainage pipes (including any permeable
between the outside edge of the travelled way and material) constructed to intercept and remove subsoil
the shoulder break point. water.
(b) When referring to this as a pavement layer: The
upper pavement layer lying between the outside SUITABLE MATERIAL
edge of the base course and the shoulder Materials that comply with the requirements of these
breakpoint. Specifications in respect of the relevant layer or position
where the material is intended to be used.
SHOULDER BREAKPOINT
The line along which the extended flat planes of the SUPERSTRUCTURE
surface of the shoulder and the outside slope of the fill All of that part of the structure above and including the
and pavement intersect. bearings of simple and continuous span bridges, skew
backs of arches, deck slab of box and slab culverts,
SHRINKAGE PRODUCT (SP) including headwalls and parapets but excluding return
The product of Linear Shrinkage (LS) and the walls and wingwalls.
percentage passing the 0.425 mm sieve:
SURFACE TREATMENT
SP = (LS)*(%pass 0.425 mm). A bituminous seal made with a bituminous binder and
chippings, graded aggregate or sand or a mix of
SIDE DRAIN bitumen emulsion and crusher dust.
An open longitudinal drain situated adjacent to and at
the bottom of cut or fill slopes. TEMPORARY WORKS
All temporary works of every kind (other than the
SIDEWALK Contractor’s Equipment) required for the execution and
That portion of the road prism constructed for use of completion of the Works and the remedying of any
pedestrians. defects.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 5
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

TOPSOIL
Soils containing organic or vegetable materials in the
upper strata of the natural ground.

TRAVELLED WAY
That portion of the carriageway, which includes the
various traffic lanes and auxiliary lanes but excludes the
shoulders.

UNSUITABLE MATERIAL
Materials that do not comply with the requirements of
these Specifications in respect of the relevant layer or
position where the material is intended to be used.

VERGE
The area between the outer edge of the road prism and
the boundary of the road reserve.

WORKING DRAWINGS
Shop drawings, steel bending schedules, stress sheets,
fabrication and erection drawings, falsework drawings,
and any other supplementary drawings or data which
the Contractor is required to submit to the Engineer for
approval before such Works commence.

WORKS
The Permanent Works and the Temporary Works, or
either of them as appropriate.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL otherwise require repetition in other Sections of the


Specifications are also covered by Clauses in this
Section. Matters covered by the Conditions of Contract
SECTION 1200: GENERAL are not repeated in this Section, except where
necessary for providing more detailed information.
REQUIREMENTS AND
(b) Modifications of and amendments to the
PROVISIONS General Specifications
The General Specifications are to be read together with
CONTENTS: modifications, additions or amendments which are
written in the Special Specifications.
CLAUSE PAGE
1201 SCOPE 1000-7 (c) Precedence of Specifications
1202 SERVICES 1000-7 In any case where there appears to be any conflict
1203 ROAD INTERSECTIONS AND JUNCTIONS 1000-8 between the General Specifications and the Special
1204 PROGRAMME OF WORKS AND Specifications, the Special Specifications shall govern.
TEMPORARY WORKS 1000-8
1205 WORKMANSHIP AND QUALITY CONTROL 1000-9 (d) Intent of the Contract
1206 THE SETTING OUT OF WORK AND The intent of the contract is to prescribe a complete
PROTECTION OF BEACONS 1000-10 outline of work that the Contractor undertakes to do in
1207 NOTICES, SIGNS AND ADVERTISEMENTS 1000-11 full compliance with the drawings and specifications.
1208 METHODS OF MEASUREMENTS 1000-11 The Contractor shall perform all works i.e., earthwork,
1209 METHODS OF PAYMENT 1000-11 subbase, base and surface courses, structures, and
1210 CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION OF THE such additional, extra, and incidental construction as
WORKS 1000-13 may be necessary to complete the work to the finished
1211 TRAFFIC OVER COMPLETED PAVEMENT lines, grades and materials, equipment, tools, labour,
LAYERS 1000-13 and incidentals, unless otherwise provided in the
1212 VARIATION FROM SPECIFIED NOMINAL Contract, and shall include the cost of these items in the
RATES OF APPLICATION OR NOMINAL unit prices tendered for the several bill items.
MIX PROPORTIONS 1000-13
1213 CONTRACTOR’S ACTIVITIES IN RESPECT (e) Differing Site Conditions
OF PROPERTY OUTSIDE THE ROAD During the progress of the work, if subsurface or latent
RESERVE AND OF SERVICES MOVED, physical conditions are encountered at the Site differing
DAMAGED OR ALTERED 1000-13 materially from those indicated in the Contract or if
1214 LAND ACQUISITION 1000-14 unknown physical conditions of an unusual nature,
1215 INFORMATION FURNISHED BY THE differing materially from those ordinarily encountered
EMPLOYER 1000-15 and generally recognised as inherent in the work
1216 PROTECTION OF THE WORKS AND provided for in the Contract, are encountered at the
REQUIREMENTS TO BE MET BEFORE Site, the party discovering such conditions shall
CONSTRUCTION OF WORK 1000-15 promptly notify the other party in writing of the specific
1217 FAULTY WORK, REMEDIAL WORK 1000-16 differing conditions before they are disturbed and before
1218 WATER 1000-16 the affected work is performed.
1219 AUTHORISED MEASUREMENTS AND
TOLERANCES 1000-17 Upon written notification, the Engineer will investigate
1220 DRAWINGS PROVIDED BY THE the conditions, and if he/she determines the conditions
CONTRACTOR 1000-17 materially differ and cause an increase or decrease in
1221 USE OF EXPLOSIVES 1000-17 the cost or time required for the performance of any
1222 WORK ON, OVER, UNDER OR work under the Contract, an adjustment, excluding loss
ADJACENT TO RAILWAY LINES 1000-18 of anticipated profits, will be made and the Contract
1223 THE HANDING-OVER OF THE SITE 1000-18 varied in writing accordingly. The Engineer will after
1224 HAUL ROADS 1000-18 consultations with the Employer, notify the Contractor of
1225 MEASUREMENT OF DEPTH OF his/her determination whether or not a variation to the
TRENCHES AND FOUNDATION Contract is warranted.
EXCAVATIONS 1000-18
1226 ACCESS TO CONTRACTOR’S RECORDS, No contract adjustment which results in a benefit to the
MONTHLY SITE MEETINGS AND Contractor will be allowed unless the Contractor has
PROGRESS PHOTOGRAPHS 1000-18 provided the required written notice. No contract
1227 LEGAL PROVISIONS 1000-19 adjustment will be allowed for any effects caused on
1228 FINAL CLEARANCE 1000-19 unchanged work.
1229 EXTENSION OF TIME ARISING FROM
ABNORMAL RAINFALL 1000-19 Any adjustment in compensation because of a change
1230 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY 1000-19 or changes, resulting from one or more of the conditions
1231 POSITION OF WORKS 1000-19 described in the foregoing paragraph will be made
1232 ACCESS TO SITE 1000-19 according to the provisions of the contract.
1233 CO-OPERATION AT SITE 1000-20
1234 ROADS AND SITE TO BE KEPT TIDY 1000-20
1235 SECURITY OF THE WORKS 1000-20 1202 SERVICES
1236 SAFETY 1000-20
1237 METHOD OF WORKING 1000-20 (a) Location of Services
1238 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-20 The Contractor shall acquaint himself/herself with the
position of all existing services, such as drains,
underground and overhead telephone and electricity
lines, ducts, poles, water mains, fittings, railway lines,
1201 SCOPE etc. before any excavation or other work likely to affect
the existing services is commenced.
(a) General
This Section covers matters which relate to the Contract The Employer will, in the Contract documents, provide
as a whole. Definitions, phrases or wording which would information regarding the location of existing utility

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

services, but the Employer does not accept (e) Negotiations with owners of services
responsibility for the accuracy of this information. The Contractor shall work in close co-operation with
private Owners or public authorities controlling services,
The Contractor shall check and determine on the Site which have to be protected, moved or relocated.
the position of any services. This shall be done by
consultation with owners of services, visual inspections, Details regarding the state of negotiations concluded
using detecting apparatus and by making excavations between the Employer and the Owner at the time of
as required to expose the position of the service. This bidding in respect of the time when either the Owner is
shall also be done where no services are nevertheless prepared to start moving such services or when the
believed to be present. The positions of all services so Contractor is required to or will be allowed to start
detected shall be marked carefully and then drawn in on moving the services, and the duration of such
the Drawings. These services will then be defined as operations, will either be stated in the bid documents or
known services. be made available within 30 days of the
Commencement Date for the Works.
(b) Damage to Services
The Contractor shall take all reasonable precautions not Further such consultations and negotiations with private
to damage the services during the search, when the owners or public authorities shall be carried out as
onus shall rest with him/her to prove that, in the event of required by the Contractor. Should the Owners of
damage being done to such services during the search, services refuse to co-operate with the Contractor in a
it was not his/her fault that they had been damaged. reasonable manner in connection with the protection or
The Contractor will be held responsible for any damage moving of services belonging to them, the Contractor
caused by him/her to known services, unless he/she shall refer the matter to the Engineer.
can prove that he/she has taken all the above
precautions to the satisfaction of the Engineer. (f) Programming relocation of services
When the Contractor details his/her program of work as
The Contractor shall take all reasonable precautions to referred to in the relevant clause of the Conditions of
protect existing services during construction and during Contract, he/she shall, in consultation with the
the relocation of such services. Where protective Engineer, clearly indicate as to when he/she proposes
measures involve the construction of permanent work, to start with and conclude the moving of each service or
the Contractor shall execute the work in accordance when he/she will require the Owner to start with and
with the Engineer’s instructions, and payment shall be conclude the moving of each service.
made as provided for in the Special Specifications.
Should it there after, through delays on the part the
All pipes, cables, conduits or other known services of Employer or the Owner of the service to be moved, be
any nature whatsoever damaged as a result of the impossible to adhere to the programme of work, such
Contractor’s operations shall be repaired and reinstated programme shall be suitably amended by the
forthwith by the Contractor or by the Authority Contractor in consultation with the Engineer so as to
concerned, to the satisfaction of the Engineer, all at the limit, in so far as is possible, the extent of any damages
expense of the Contractor. or delays. Should it be impossible to limit entirely the
damages or delays resulting from the amendments
(c) Safety by overhead power lines necessary to the programme of work, the Contractor
Where work is to be carried out in the vicinity of shall be reimbursed for any additional costs incurred or
overhead power lines, the Contractor shall ensure that damages suffered by him/her.
all persons working in such areas are aware of the
relatively large distance that high voltage electricity can (g) Payment
“short” to earth when cranes, or other large masses of Any work required to be undertaken by the Contractor
steel, are in the vicinity of power lines. The Contractor in protecting or moving and relocation of public services
shall be required to work outside the clearances stated for which no provision is made in the Contract
in BS 7354:1990 which gives safe clearance for the Documents, will be classified and paid for at Daywork
various voltages. Rates, or if no applicable Daywork Rates exist, the
Contractor shall submit a quotation for the Engineer’s
(d) Relocation of services approval.
It shall be clearly understood that, in certain instances,
existing services can be relocated only after the
Contractor has advanced sufficiently on or has 1203 ROAD INTERSECTIONS AND JUNCTIONS
completed certain sections of earthworks or certain Except where otherwise specified, no additional
structures. Whenever services are encountered which payment over and above payment for the various items
interfere with the execution of the Works and which of work included in this Contract will be made for the
require to be moved and relocated, the Contractor shall construction, in a confined space, of curves, tapers, bell
advise the Engineer, who will determine the extent of mouths, traffic islands, farm accesses and other
work, if any, to be undertaken by the Contractor in appurtenant Works in connection with the construction
moving, relocating and reinstating or protecting such and maintenance of road intersections and junctions.
services.
The Contractor shall be required to provide the safe and
The Contractor shall be responsible for arranging the unrestricted flow of public traffic at all times during the
removal or alteration of such services in conjunction construction and maintenance of such intersections and
with and to specifications of the relevant statutory junctions.
authority subject to the prior agreement of the Engineer
and where necessitated by the Works.
1204 PROGRAMME OF WORKS AND
When relevant a Provisional Sum for such relocation
work has been included in the Bill of Quantities. Subject TEMPORARY WORKS
to prior agreement of the Engineer, and upon
production of receipts, the Contractor will be reimbursed (a) Programme of works
the net cost of such work plus the percentage inserted In accordance with relevant clauses of the Conditions of
by the Contractor in the Bill of Quantities for his/her Contract and prior to commencement of permanent
overheads and costs, in making the arrangement, for works, the Contractor shall submit a fully detailed and
co-ordinating the work and effecting payment. time related programme showing the order of procedure

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

and method in which the Contractor proposes to carry No separate payment will be made for Temporary
out the Works. The programme shall be so detailed as Works, the relevant cost being included in the rates of
to show: the Bill of Quantities for other work.
 The order of work.
 Planned rate of progress.
 Amount and type of equipment proposed. 1205 WORKMANSHIP AND QUALITY
 Details of methods to be employed. CONTROL
 Details of Temporary Works.
(a) General
The programme shall not be in form of a bar chart only, The Contractor shall, not later than 4 weeks after the
but shall show clearly the anticipated quantities of work notice to commence the Works, submit a Quality
to be performed each month, as well as the anticipated Management System, including the Work Method
earnings for the various sections of work. Further it shall Statements and Quality Audit for major items of work,
show the critical path of activities. showing how all the Contractor’s system will ensure that
all the works will conform to the Contract documents.
The Works shall be carried out so as to achieve a The onus rests with the Contractor to produce work
continuous and consecutive output of fully completed which conforms in quality and accuracy of detail to all
road. The order of execution of the Works shall be the requirements of the Specifications and Drawings,
subject to reasonable adjustment as requested by the and the Contractor shall, at his/her own expense,
Engineer. institute a quality control system and provide
experienced engineers, foremen, surveyors, materials
Should the Contractor fall behind with the programme technicians, other technicians and other technical staff,
submitted by him/her in terms of the relevant clause of together with all transport, instruments and equipment,
the Conditions of Contract, which programme has been to ensure adequate supervision and positive control of
approved by the Engineer, or if the sequence of the Works at all times. The Contractor shall provide
operations is altered, or if the programme is deviated chainmen and labourers as necessary for the Engineer
from in any other way, the Engineer may, without to carry out checks on the Works.
prejudice to the Employer’s rights in terms of the
relevant clause of the Conditions of Contract, require The Contractor shall conduct tests or have them
the Contractor to submit, within seven days of the date conducted continually on a regular basis, to check the
on which he/she has received a notice to this effect, a properties of natural materials and processed natural
revised programme in terms of this Clause, which materials and of products manufactured on the site,
indicates the manner in which the Contractor such as concrete and asphalt. Although not a
undertakes to complete the Works within the required requirement for the Contractor to conduct regular tests
time. Any proposal in the revised programme to on any commercially produced products such as
accelerate the rate of progress shall be accompanied cement, bitumen, steel and pipes, the Contractor shall
by positive steps to increase production by more and/or remain fully responsible for any defective material or
better labour and equipment being provided on the Site equipment provided by him/her. Similarly, the quality of
or by the available labour and equipment being utilised all elements of the Works shall be checked on a regular
more effectively. basis so as to ensure compliance with the specified
requirements.
Failure on the part of Contractor to work according to
the programme or revised programmes, shall be The intensity of control and of tests to be conducted by
sufficient reason for the Employer to take steps as the Contractor in terms of these obligations is not
provided for in the Conditions of Contract and shall be specified but shall be adequate to ensure that proper
construed, as not executing the Works in accordance control is being exercised.
with the Contract.
Where any natural materials or products made from
The approval by the Engineer of any programme shall natural materials are supplied, and upon completion of
have no contractual significance other than that the each element of the construction work, the Contractor
Engineer would be satisfied if the work is carried out in shall test and check such materials, products and/or
accordance with such programme and that the elements for compliance with the specified
Contractor undertakes to carry out the work in requirements and shall submit his/her results to the
accordance with the programme. Engineer for approval. Such submission shall include all
his/her measurements and test results and shall furnish
(b) Temporary works adequate proof of compliance with the specified
The Contractor shall supply the Engineer with drawings requirements.
for approval showing the layout and general
arrangement of all Temporary Works he/she proposes No specific pay items are provided as compensation for
to construct for the purpose of the Contract including, the above obligations, including the provision of all
but not limited to: samples delivered to the Engineer, the repair of places
from which samples were taken, and the provision of
 Camps, including accommodation for staff and the necessary personnel and testing apparatus and
labour. facilities, for which compensation shall be included in
 Offices the bid rates of the Contractor for the various items of
 Laboratory work to which these obligations apply.
 Workshops
 Stores The Contractor’s attention is also drawn to the
 Aggregate crushing plants provisions of CLAUSE 7208 in regard to instituting
 Bitumen storage facilities, etc. specific process-control systems. The Contractor's
 Concrete manufacturing plants attention is also drawn to the provisions of the various
 Precast concrete yards Sections of the Specifications regarding the minimum
 Temporary river crossings frequency of testing that will be required to undertake
process control. The Contractor shall at his/her own
 Temporary bypass and access roads.
discretion increase this frequency where necessary to
ensure adequate control.

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

examination, the results of all relevant tests, (f) Handling materials


measurements and levels indicating compliance with All materials shall be handled in such manner as to
the Specifications on completion of every part of the preserve their quality and fitness for the work.
Work. Aggregates shall be transported from the storage sites
to the work in tight vehicles as to prevent loss or
(b) Source of supply and quality requirements segregation of materials after loading.
The materials used on the work shall meet all quality
requirements of the Contract. In order to expedite the
inspection and testing of materials, the Contractor shall 1206 THE SETTING OUT OF WORK AND
notify the Engineer of the proposed sources of materials
PROTECTION OF BEACONS
prior to delivery. At the option of the Engineer, materials
The Contractor’s attention is drawn to the requirements
may be approved at the source of supply before
of the relevant clause of the Conditions of Contract, and
delivery is started. If it is found after trial that sources of
he/she shall also comply with all legal provisions in
supply for previously approved material do not produce
regard to surveying and setting out work.
uniform and satisfactory products, or if the product from
any source proves unacceptable at any time, the
The Contractor shall be responsible for the proper and
Contractor shall furnish acceptable materials from other
accurate setting out of the works as required in the
sources.
Contract Documents. The Contractor shall provide all
survey and measuring equipment and instruments
All materials to be permanently incorporated in the work
necessary for his/her use in the execution of the
shall be new unless otherwise specifically prescribed in
scheduled Works.
the Contract Documents.
The Contractor shall allow in his/her bid rates for being
All iron and steel products, which are to be incorporated
unable to use up to 30% of the Engineer’s control points
in the work shall be manufactured, produced or
where such are provided in the Contract, through loss
fabricated at recognised factories meeting specified
or damage occasioned prior to the commencement
standards. Where domestically manufactured materials
date. When the Contractor requires the establishment
meet the Specifications, the Contractor should take
of a new control point or points due to the above
them as the first choice of material supply before
mentioned loss or damage he/she shall advise the
consideration of another source. The Contractor shall
Engineer who will, if he/she deems it necessary,
obtain from the iron or steel producer and or fabricator a
arrange for the establishment of a new control point or
certification that all materials meet the specified
points.
standards.
Control points not affected by the Works shall be
(c) Unacceptable materials
protected and preserved by the Contractor. In the case
All materials not conforming to the requirements of the
of negligence on the part of the Contractor, or his/her
Contract at the time they are used shall be considered
employees, resulting in the destruction of control points,
as unacceptable and all such materials will be rejected
an amount equal to the cost of replacing the same may
and shall be removed immediately from the site of the
be deducted from subsequent payments due the
work unless otherwise instructed by the Engineer. If in
Contractor.
place, they shall be removed by the Contractor at
his/her expense and replaced with acceptable
Control points affected by the Works shall be offset by
materials. No rejected material, the defects of which
the Contractor to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
have been corrected, shall be used until approval has
been given by the Engineer. Upon failure of the
The Contractor shall, prior to any setting out, submit to
Contractor to comply forthwith with any other of the
the Engineer for his/her approval, the method of setting
Engineer pursuant to the provisions in the Conditions of
out he/she proposes to employ. The plan shall include
Contract, the Engineer shall have authority to remove
the accuracy, positions of the various types of stakes,
and replace defective materials and to deduct the cost
method of marking stakes, and methods to be used for
of removal and replacement from any monies due or
protecting stakes, etc. No survey work shall proceed
becoming due to the Contractor.
prior to the Engineer's approval of the Contractor's plan.
At least 24 hours before he/she intends to survey any
(d) Samples and tests
portion of the Works, the Contractor shall give written
All materials should be inspected, tested, and approved
notice to the Engineer. Such notice shall include time,
by the Engineer before incorporation in the work. The
location and type of Works to be set out. The Contractor
Contractor shall give sufficient advance notice of
shall set out the Works and obtain approval of his/her
placing orders to permit tests to be completed before
setting out before proceeding with construction.
the materials are incorporated in the work, and the
Contractor shall afford such facilities as the Engineer
In general, the Contractor shall check for the existence
may require for collecting and forwarding samples and
of original marks, lines and levels of reference not less
making inspections. All samples shall be furnished
than one month prior to commencing works in any
without charge to the Employer.
section, to allow sufficient time for reinstatement of
markings, and checking of lines and levels. Any
(e) Stored materials
discrepancies encountered shall be immediately
If it is necessary to store materials, they shall be
reported to the Engineer, for instruction and co-
protected in such a manner as to ensure the
ordination. The Contractor shall be deemed to have
preservation of their quality and fitness for the work. All
allowed in his/her bid price for checking and
stored materials shall be inspected at the time of use in
reinstatement of original markings.
the work, even though they may have been inspected
and approved before being placed in the storage. The
Special care shall be exercised during construction not
Contractor may use the road reserve for storage of
to damage, displace or disturb property and cadastral
materials, but the stockpiles shall be confined to such
survey beacons. If such beacons are disturbed or
cleared areas as may be approved by the Engineer. If
destroyed by the Contractor they shall be replaced
the stockpiling is done outside the road reserve, the
without delay by a registered land surveyor at the
additional space required shall be provided by the
Contractor's expense.
Contractor at his/her own expense.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

The Engineer may if he/she deems it necessary, revise they are inflexible and will not warp and do not suffer
the line and grade and will require the Contractor to from abrasion.
adjust the stakeout accordingly.
The setting-out of work will not be measured and paid
The Contractor shall check the condition of all reference for separately, and compensation for the work involved
and level beacons and shall satisfy himself/herself that will be deemed to be covered by the rates bid and paid
they have not been displaced and are true in regard to for in the various items of work included in this Contract.
position and level. If beacons have been destroyed, No separate payment will be made to the Contractor for
displaced or damaged before the site is handed over to the provision of camber boards, straight edges and
the Contractor, the Engineer will arrange to have new measuring wedges, their cost being included by the
beacons installed. A beacon, which has been displaced, Contractor in his/her rates in the Bill of Quantities.
shall not be used unless its true position and level have
been re-established and the new values verified by the No separate payment will be made for stakeout,
Engineer. adjustments to the stakeout, or to establish and
compute new points/benchmarks the relevant costs
Where a beacon is likely to be displaced during being deemed to be included in the bid rates for other
construction operations, the Contractor shall establish items in the Bill of Quantities.
suitable reference beacons at locations where they will
not be displaced during construction. No beacon shall
be covered over, displaced or destroyed before 1207 NOTICES, SIGNS AND
accurate reference beacons have been established and
ADVERTISEMENTS
details of the positions and levels of such beacons have
The Contractor and subcontractors shall not erect any
been submitted to and approved by the Engineer. The
signs, notices or advertisements on or along the Works
Contractor’s reference beacons shall be of at least the
or the site of the works without the approval of the
same quality and durability as the existing beacons.
Engineer or according to format given by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the method
No sign boards other than those specified above will be
of setting-out he/she proposes to employ. To ensure
permitted on or adjacent to the Works, except that the
beyond all doubt that the complex elements of the road,
Contractor may permit each of his/her sub-contractors
such as traffic interchanges, structures and other
to display one, and only one, signboard of less than 2
important features are located truly and correctly, the
m2 at the works office.
Contractor shall check all setting-out by a second
method. The Engineer may at any time request the
At each end of the Works the Contractor shall provide
Contractor to submit proof that his/her setting-out has
and erect, as part of his/her obligations under SECTION
been satisfactorily checked.
1300, and on approved locations, at the starting and
ending points of the Works, sign boards of sound,
In cases where the displacement of or damage to
weather proof construction, painted by an approved firm
property beacons or cadastral survey beacons is
of sign writers in accordance with the details shown on
unavoidable, the Contractor shall notify the Engineer in
the Drawings or the description in SUBCLAUSE 1302(c)
good time so that he/she may arrange to have such
of these Specifications.
beacons suitably referenced and later on reinstated.
The cost of such work, if paid for by the Contractor,
These signs are to be erected not later than one month
shall be reimbursable as extra work, as provided for in
after the Contractor has been given access to the Site.
the Conditions of Contract.
The Engineer shall have the right to have any sign,
For the purposes of this Clause and of the relevant
notice or advertisement moved to a better position or to
clause of the Conditions of Contract, any beacon made
have it removed from the site of the Works if it should in
from a metal peg cast in concrete and any boundary
any way prove unsatisfactory, inconvenient or
beacon, whether or not cast in concrete, shall be
dangerous to the general public.
regarded as a beacon. Centre-line pegs shall not be
classified as beacons.
All advertisements, notices and signs shall be removed
by the Contractor upon issuance of the final certificate
To protect beacons, the boundary fences of the road
of completion.
reserve shall be splayed at corners so as to avoid the
use of corner posts in the same position as property or
cadastral survey beacons, all as shown on the
Drawings. 1208 METHODS OF MEASUREMENTS

Accurate control of line and level shall be provided by (a) Units of measurements
the Contractor at all stages of construction as detailed All work shall be measured in accordance with the SI
in SECTION 7300 of these Specifications. system of metric units.

Where directed by the Engineer, the Contractor shall (b) Bill of Quantities
provide to the Engineer camber boards to the profile of The quantities set out in the Bill of Quantities are
the normal camber, 3.0 m long straight edges and estimated quantities and are used for the comparison of
measuring wedges. bids and for awarding the Contract. It must be clearly
understood that only the actual quantities of work done
The camber boards shall be constructed of stout timber, or materials supplied will be measured for payment, and
angle iron or metal tubes so as to span 6.5 m without that the scheduled quantities may be increased or
deflection, and preferably supported on trollies and decreased as provided for in the Conditions of Contract.
fitted with a device for raising and lowering the board.
The bottom of a timber board shall be shoed with steel (c) Measurement of completed Work
plate, the width of the timber, and at least 5 mm thick. All distances along the centre line of the road as shown
The construction of the boards shall be to the on the Drawings are horizontal distances, which will be
satisfaction of the Engineer. used in calculating the quantities of fill and pavement
layers for purposes of payment. All cross-sections shall
The 3.0 m long straight edges and measuring wedges be taken in a vertical plane.
shall be made of durable strong materials such that

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

No material shall be measured in the vehicle for transport costs involved, but excluding overhaul.
payment purposes.
In the case of borrow materials, stone and sand, it
The quantity of bituminous and similar materials to be shall also include all negotiations with the Owners
paid by volume shall be measured at the temperature of concerned, excavating, producing, preparing,
application and paid for in accordance with approved processing, testing, hauling and delivering the
application rates. material to the point of use; the construction, repair,
maintenance and making good after completion of
The quantity of bitumen in mixes and stabilisers in all access roads, and all work required in opening,
cemented materials shall be paid by mass in using and finishing off borrow pits unless covered
accordance with approved mix design proportions. by other pay items in the Bill of Quantities.

Structures shall be measured to the neat lines shown (ii) Placing material
on the Drawing and shall include any changes ordered The phrase “placing material” shall mean the off-
in writing by the engineer and, for purposes of payment, loading, spreading, blending, processing, watering,
the calculated volume of concrete structures shall mixing, shaping and compacting (where specified)
include the volume of reinforcing steel, and minor ducts of the material in the pavement layer, fills and
up to 150 mm in diameter. bypasses, as well as the procuring, furnishing,
applying and admixing of water, the breaking-down
of oversize material, the removing of oversize
1209 METHODS OF PAYMENT material which cannot be broken down, correcting
irregular or uneven surfaces or layers, the thickness
(a) Contract rates of which is not to specification, finishing-off to within
In computing the final Contract amount, payment shall the specified tolerances, the refilling of test holes
be based on the actual quantity of authorised work and maintaining the completed work. In the case of
done in accordance with the specifications and asphalt course and bituminous seals, it shall also
drawings. The bid rates shall apply, subject to the mean the heating and spraying of binder, the
provisions of the Conditions of Contract, irrespective of spreading of aggregate or asphalt mixtures, rolling,
whether the actual quantities are more or less than the compacting, finishing-off to within the specified
scheduled quantities. tolerances, and maintaining the completed work.

Where no rate or price has been entered against a pay The phrase, “procuring, furnishing and placing”
item in the Bill of Quantities by a bidder it shall be shall mean procuring and furnishing in addition to
understood that he/she does not require any placing, all as defined herein.
compensation for such work. Where, however, a pay
item described in these Specifications or in the Special (d) Pay Items
Specifications does not appear in the Bill of Quantities, The description under the pay items in the various
the Contractor will receive reasonable compensation for Sections of the Specifications, indicating the work for
such work if required, unless anything to the contrary which allowance shall be made in the bid rates for such
has been determined elsewhere. pay items, are for the guidance of the Contractor and do
not necessarily repeat all the details of work and
(b) Rates to be inclusive materials required by and described in the
The Contractor shall accept the payment provided for in Specifications.
the Contract and represented by the rates bid by
him/her in the Bill of Quantities, as payment in full for These descriptions shall be read in conjunction with the
executing and completing the work as specified; for relevant Specifications and Drawings, and the
procuring, furnishing, placing and installing all materials, Contractor shall, when bidding, bear in mind that his/her
for procuring and providing labour, supervision, rates shall be inclusive as specified in SUBCLAUSE
constructional plant, tools and equipment, for wastage, 1209(b) above.
transport, loading and off-loading, handling,
maintenance, temporary work, testing, quality control (e) Materials on the Site
including process control, overheads, profit, risk and Payment in respect of Materials on Site for subsequent
other obligations and for all other incidentals necessary incorporation into the Permanent Works will be in
for the completion of the work and maintenance during accordance with the relevant clause of the Conditions of
the Defects Liability Period. Contract, subject to such payment being allowable in
said clause.
The Contractor shall note that the cost of all Works and
materials for minor construction details at bridges, for (f) Rights in and use of materials found on the
example small quantities of caulking compound and Work
joint filler (other than expansion joints), anchor-bar The Contractor with the approval of the Engineer, may
covers, etc, not shown in the Bill of Quantities, shall be use on the Work such stone, gravel, sand, or other
included in the bid rates for concrete. material determined suitable by the Engineer as may be
found in the excavation, and will be paid both for the
This CLAUSE shall apply in full to all pay items except excavation of such materials at the corresponding
where these requirements may be specifically amended contract unit rate and for the pay item for which the
in each case. excavated material is used.

(c) The meaning of certain phrases in payment The Contractor shall replace, at his/her own expenses,
Clauses with other acceptable material, all of that portion of the
excavation material so removed and used which was
(i) Procuring and furnishing (material). needed for use in the embankments, backfills,
Where any of the words “supply”, “procure”, approaches, or otherwise. No charge for the materials
“provide”, “provision of”, “furnish (material)”, are so used will be made against the Contractor.
used in the description of a pay item, it shall mean
the supply and delivery to the point of use of all Unless otherwise provided, the material from existing
materials of any kind required for the work covered old structure may be used temporarily by the Contractor
by the particular pay item, including all tax, in the erection of the new structure. Such material shall
purchase costs, claims, damages, royalties and

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

not be cut or otherwise damaged except with approval The Contractor's traffic over structures or the completed
of the Engineer. road will be restricted to the maximum axle load
permitted in terms of statutory provisions. Any damage
(g) Rate-only items to structures or completed layers caused by the
Against an item in the Bill of Quantities where no Contractor's traffic shall be repaired at his/her own cost.
quantity is given but a rate only is required, the
Contractor shall fill in a rate or amount which will
constitute payment for work which may be done in 1212 VARIATION FROM SPECIFIED NOMINAL
terms of this item. Such rate only item is used where it
RATES OF APPLICATION OR NOMINAL
is estimated that little or no work will be required under
the item, or where the item is to be considered as an MIX PROPORTIONS
alternative for another item where a quantity is given, or The various Sections of these specifications specify
for variations in rates of application or mix proportions in nominal rates of application or nominal mix proportions
terms of CLAUSE 1212. for materials such as bituminous materials, aggregates,
fillers, stabilising agents, paint and the like. Bidders
Work under rate-only items will be paid for only if it has shall base their bids on these nominal rates of
been executed in terms of a written instruction by the application and mix proportions.
Engineer.
Allowance is made in the various Sections of these
(h) Provisional Sums Specifications where such rates of application mix and
The Bill of Quantities may contain Provisional Sums, so mix proportions are given, for variations arising out of
designated, which are entered as a preliminary different rates of application or mix proportions ordered
allowance to cover the cost of work, materials, goods or by the Engineer to suit the materials and conditions on
services to be provided by the Contractor and which the Site in every particular case.
have not been fully specified or measured or to cover
the cost of unforeseen items of work or contingent Where the actual rates of application or mix proportions
expenditure, for which no rates are applicable but for used in the works vary from the nominal specified rates
which the Contractor is to be paid according to the or mix proportions, adjustment or compensation will be
applicable provisions of the Contract. made:

Work done under such Provisional Sums shall only be  as a payment to the Contractor in respect of any
executed upon a written order by the Engineer which authorised increase in quantities from those
order shall also specify the method of payment. The specified, where such increase has been ordered in
expenditure in respect of a Provisional Sum for work writing by the Engineer
ordered by the Engineer shall be entirely at his/her OR
discretion and any final expenditure in respect of a  as a refund to the Employer in respect of any
Provisional Sum may be more, less or equal to the authorised decrease in quantities from those
amount provided in the Bill of Quantities. specified which has been ordered in writing by the
Engineer.
Payment as specified in the order given by the Engineer
shall be either at Contract rates, where such are Payment for a varied rate of application or mix
applicable, or where none is applicable, the Contractor proportion shall be based on the actual rate of
shall submit a separate quotation to the Engineer. application or mix proportion used or ordered by the
Engineer, provided that the actual rate of application or
mix proportion is within the specified tolerance.
1210 COMPLETION OF THE WORKS
Completion of the Works (Substantial Completion / If the actual rate of application or mix proportion is
Taking Over) in terms of the relevant clause of the below the prescribed rate of application or mix
Conditions of Contract will be certified by the Engineer proportion ordered, payment shall be based on the
only if the following sections of the Works as may be actual rate of application or mix proportion regardless of
applicable have, inter alia, been duly completed any tolerance allowed. Notwithstanding the above, the
according to the Specifications. Engineer shall be fully entitled to reject work which has
not been constructed in accordance with the
 the gravel wearing course, seals, asphalt or
specifications or the rate of application or mix
concrete pavement.
proportions prescribed by him/her.
 all above-ground and subsoil drainage structure
 all fencing. The Employer shall be refunded for any decrease in the
 the finishing-off of medians and slopes of cuts and specified rates of application or mix proportions at the
fills. same rate per unit of measurement as that tendered by
 all the necessary road signs and road-surface the Contractor for additional materials required by an
markings. increase in the rates of application or mix proportions.
 all guardrails.
 all structures.
 reinstatement of all areas employed by the 1213 CONTRACTOR’S ACTIVITIES IN
Contractor as required in CLAUSE 1703.
RESPECT OF PROPERTY OUTSIDE THE
ROAD RESERVE AND OF SERVICES
1211 TRAFFIC OVER COMPLETED PAVEMENT MOVED, DAMAGED OR ALTERED
LAYERS
The Contractor's traffic including that for hauling (a) Statutory provisions
materials over structures or pavement layers of an The Contractor shall exercise any rights that may be
uncompleted road shall, in so far as is possible, and in ceded to him/her by an Authority in terms of any
addition to other restrictions specified elsewhere, be statutory provisions for purposes of executing the
limited to a minimum by planning of the sequence of Contract, on condition that:
operation and the use of construction roads and
diversions. (i) the Contractor complies strictly with the
requirements of such statutory provisions,
particularly in regard to the matters relating to

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

serving notice on the Owner or consultation with (e) Use of land outside provided area
him/her. Should the Contractor wish to use land outside the area
provided by the Employer for storing or keeping
(ii) In each case a written agreement is made with the material or equipment required for the construction of
Engineer regarding the details of the Contractor’s the permanent works, it will be subject to the following:
proposed actions before the rights of the Contractor
in terms of the statutory provisions are exercised. (i) That the Engineer approves any area selected for
this purpose.
The provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis to:
 those areas approved for the purpose of disposing (ii) That such land be physically separated from any
of spoil material; and production plant or activities and suitably fenced in.
 those areas occupied by the Contractor for his/her
establishment on the Site or for any other purpose (iii) That the area used for the aforesaid purpose be
and for the Engineer's houses, office and surveyed, and, where the land does not belong to
laboratory. the Contractor, he/she shall enter into a contract of
lease with the Owner of such land in respect of the
(b) Agreements with Owners or Legal Users of full period for which such land shall be used for
property such purpose,
The Contractor shall put in writing all his/her
agreements with Owners of property outside the road (iv) Which contract shall stipulate that the Owner shall
reserve or of services inside or outside the road reserve not have any right whatsoever to any material
in respect of the following matters: stockpiled on such land during the currency of the
contract of lease. That suitable, permanent
(i) The location, extent and use of borrow pits, haul reference beacons, approved by the Engineer, be
roads, construction roads and bypasses outside the placed next to the area, at the cost of the
road reserve. Contractor, for use by the Engineer with a view to, if
applicable, taking cross-section for determining
(ii) Compensation, if applicable, for land or materials quantities.
taken or for land temporarily used or occupied.
(v) That only material use for this contract shall be
(iii) The reinstatement of property occupied, used, stored on such land.
damaged or destroyed, or compensation therefore
in lieu of reinstatement. (f) Fences, gates and signs (private)
The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that
(iv) The procedure for the moving of services and livestock cannot stray as a result of his/her operations
details as to how and when this is to be done. or enter a construction area including borrow areas.
When existing fences and gates have to be removed or
(v) Any similar matter directly related to the altered for the proper execution of the Works or are
Contractor’s activities on or in respect of private required to exclude livestock, the Contractor shall, at
property or services. his/her own expense, erect temporary fencing and
gates, and if necessary, provide watchmen to ensure
These agreements shall be signed by all the parties that livestock cannot stray. New tension wires shall be
concerned and delivered to the Engineer. used when re-erecting existing mesh fences. For
permanently relocated existing fences and new fences,
Where the Contractor cannot obtain the Owner’s each horizontal wire shall be tensioned between braced
agreement in writing, he/she shall refer the matter to the posts using a wire strainer. Each wire shall also be
Engineer and shall furnish him/her with details, in securely fixed to each post using wire ties through
writing, of any verbal agreement made. drilled holes.

(c) Notice on owner The permanent relocation of existing fences and private
Where, in addition to any agreement with the Owner of signs and the construction of new permanent fences as
any property to be entered upon or temporarily shown or as directed by the Engineer shall be paid for
occupied or any service to be moved, it is understood or at the contract price per unit of measurement shown in
required that the Contractor shall serve notice on the the Bill of Quantities which price shall include for
Owner immediately before actually entering upon or furnishing and placing all materials, including all labour,
occupying the private property or moving a service, and equipment, tools and incidentals necessary to complete
shall give proper notice thereof in writing, and the the work.
Engineer shall be supplied with a copy of such notice,
together with acknowledgement of receipt.
1214 LAND ACQUISITION
(d) Completion statement from owner All land to be permanently used or occupied by the
On completion of his/her operations, the Contractor Works will be provided by the Employer, but the
shall obtain, from the owner concerned, a written approval of the Engineer must be sought before entry
statement to the effect. upon the land.

(i) that the Contractor has fulfilled his/her obligations It is entirely the Contractor's own responsibility to obtain
under a written agreement all land required for the erection of his/her offices,
stores, workshop, quarters, camps and the like,
(ii) in the absence of a written agreement, that the including land required for the Engineer's
Owner has received all the compensation he/she is accommodation, offices and laboratory as specified in
entitled to and is also satisfied that all property SECTION 1400. Such provision of land shall be
occupied, including borrow pits, haul roads and considered part of the Contractor's general obligations
construction roads, has been properly restored and as defined in SECTION 1300.
is in a satisfactory condition.
Unless specified in the Special Specifications, all land
All such statements shall be signed, dated and that may be required by the Contractor outside the road
delivered to the Engineer. reserve for opening of borrow pits and quarries,
including access roads, will be the responsibility of the

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

Contractor, but the approval of the Engineer must be the flows in the rivers, the surface of the ground and
sought before entry upon such land. nature of the materials to be excavated, the possibility
of subsidence from soft ground and bad and broken
In all cases, the Contractor shall be required to make all materials, and falls of rock in or arising out of the
necessary arrangements with local authorities and Works, and the possibility of floods and landslides, and
owners or legal occupants of the land and to pay the the rates and prices in the Bill of Quantities will be held
cost of compensation on behalf of the Employer, unless to cover all such contingencies.
otherwise specified in the Special Specifications. For
this purpose, the Contractor will liaise with the regional In order to minimise the possible adverse effects of
administration or the appropriate authority and advice of flooding the drainage of the natural ground in the
the intention to commence work of any kind. vicinity of the earthworks and the drainage works
generally shall be carried out in advance of the rest of
The Employer will refund to the Contractor such the Works.
payments, as provided in the Bill of Quantities, and all
lands so purchased shall be the property of the (b) Landslides
Employer. In that case and subject to the agreement of The removal of materials in slips, slides or subsidences
the Engineer in advance and upon production of and overbreaks of rock extending beyond the lines and
receipts, the Contractor will be reimbursed the net cost slopes or below the levels shown on the Drawings or
of such compensation by the Provisional Sum included required by the Engineer will not be paid for unless
in ITEM 12.01(a) of the Bill of Quantities, plus the per- such occurrences were, in the opinion of the Engineer,
centage inserted by the Contractor in ITEM12.01(b) of beyond the control of the Contractor and could not have
the Bill of Quantities for overheads and profit in that been prevented by the exercise of due care and
respect. diligence.

The attention of the Contractor is drawn to the Where payment is made for the removal of such
provisions of CLAUSE 1213 as regards his/her activities materials, it will be paid as a variation at the appropriate
on private land and to SECTION 3400 for acquisition of rate inserted in the Bill of Quantities having regard to
land for borrow pits, quarries and temporary works. the condition and situation of the material at the time of
removal and regardless of its condition and situation
The Contractor shall observe all the legal provisions prior to the slip.
and the provisions of the Special Specifications in
respect of his/her activities at borrow pits, quarries, (c) Drainage
camp sites etc. and when finishing off such areas. The provision of temporary drainage work such as
drains, open channels, banks, etc and providing and
The Contractor shall satisfy himself/herself that all operating temporary pumps and such other equipment
necessary negotiations have been made with the as may be necessary for adequately protecting,
Owner or Legal Occupants of the ground prior to entry. draining and de-watering the Works and temporary
works. This will be in addition to any permanent
drainage works specified and installed, and in addition
1215 INFORMATION FURNISHED BY THE to any temporary drainage works specifically paid for
separately as in the case of diversions.
EMPLOYER
Certain information contained in these contract
(d) Damage by wet material
documents or provided separately is being offered in
Material in borrow pits shall not be allowed to become
good faith, but, in the circumstances pertaining to the
excessively wet. All completed layers shall be properly
type of information furnished, no guarantee can be
drained, dumps of material on completed layer work
given that all the information is necessarily correct or
shall not inhibit surface drainage or form wet spots
representative of the in situ condition.
under and around dumps, and all parts of the Works
shall be protected against erosion by floods and rain.
This applies more specifically to all soil tests, soil
mapping, drilling results, geophysical survey, geological
Material shall not be spread on a layer that is so wet as
reports, borrow-pit information, material surveys and
to result in the danger of any damage being caused to
reports, and similar information, the accuracy of which
the layer during compaction of a subsequent layer, or
is necessarily subject to the limitations of testing,
when opened to traffic.
sampling, the natural variation of material or formations
being investigated and the measure of certainty with
When material is spread out on the road, the Contractor
which conclusions can be drawn from any
shall ensure that, during wet periods, it will have a good
investigations made. It also applies to any materials
cross-fall and a light compaction on the surface in order
utilisation plan provided, as the diagram may be subject
to facilitate run-off during rainy weather.
to major alterations during the progress of the work,
depending on site conditions.
Materials or works that are damaged by wet weather
due to the Contractor’s work method shall be repaired
The Employer will not accept any liability for the
or replaced as necessary at the Contractor’s expense.
correctness or otherwise of the information furnished or
for any resulting damage, whether direct or
(e) Fill and cut slopes
consequential, should it appear, during the course of
Fill and cut slopes shall be repaired immediately
the Contract, that the information supplied is either
whenever damaged by surface water. Where erosion
incorrect or not representative.
occurs on high fills, the slopes shall be repaired by
cutting back to form benches and by compacting the
backfill mechanically to the specified densities, using
1216 PROTECTION OF THE WORKS AND suitable light equipment.
REQUIREMENTS TO BE MET BEFORE
CONSTRUCTION OF WORK (f) Excavations
Excavations for pipe drains, culverts, service ducts and
(a) Nature of ground and condition of work similar structures shall be adequately protected against
The Contractor must satisfy himself/herself as to the the possible ingress of water during rainstorms.
general circumstances at the site of the Works and the
construction thereon, the form of river beds, and banks,

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

(g) Completed layer work (b) Earthworks


All completed layer work shall be protected and
maintained until the following layer is constructed. (i) Where a cut slope has been over excavated or
Maintenance shall include immediate repairs to any undercut or where the floor of a cutting has been
damage or defects which may occur and shall be taken too deep, back filling and re-compaction shall
repeated as often as may be necessary to keep the be carried out as set out in SECTION 7400. All
layer continuously intact and in good condition. necessary measures shall be taken to drain away
groundwater that may accumulate in back filled
(h) Preparation of layer work sections.
Before any completed layer is primed or a succeeding
layer is constructed thereon, any damage to the existing (ii) Excess width of fills shall to be trimmed down if
layer shall be repaired, so that, after repair or required by the Engineer.
reconstruction if necessary, it will conform in all
respects to the requirements specified for that layer. All (iii) Where erosion has damaged the surface of cuts or
repair work other than minor surface damage repairs fills, the damage shall be made good by back filling
shall be submitted to the Engineer for inspection before with suitable material and re-trimming. In more
it is covered up. serious cases in the opinion of the Engineer, the
slopes shall be cut back by benching, back filled
The previously constructed layer shall be thoroughly and compacted to the required standard of
cleaned by the removal of all foreign material before compaction with suitable light equipment and then
construction of a succeeding layer or application of a re-trimmed, all in accordance with SECTION 7400.
prime coat, surfacing or surface treatment. In the case
of all bituminous work in particular, the existing layer (c) Stabilising
shall be thoroughly broomed and all dung, clay, mud Any sections failing to meet the requirements specified
and other deleterious material completely removed. or damaged to the extent that they require breaking-up
Where necessary, the surface shall be sprayed with and re-compaction will have to be re stabilised with the
water before, during and after brooming to remove all type and quantity of stabilising agent ordered by the
foreign material. Engineer. The Engineer may also order that the layer
be removed entirely and replaced with fresh material to
Work performed as part of the above obligations shall be stabilised.
not be measured and paid for separately, and the cost
thereof shall be included in the rates bid for the various (d) Local defects in pavement layers
items of work requiring protection and the items for the Where remedial measures are taken to make good
Contractor’s establishment on the site, as specified in local defects, the width of the area to be repaired by
SECTION 1300. machines shall be such as will be necessary to
accommodate the full width of the machines used, and
it shall be of a reasonable length to ensure effective
1217 FAULTY WORK, REMEDIAL WORK operation by the machinery. The depth to which
material will have to be removed will depend on the
(a) General type of material. Gravel will require breaking up to a
Any work which fails to comply with the Specifications depth of at least 75mm and crushed stone will usually
shall be rejected and the Contractor shall, at his/her require breaking up over its full depth. Asphalt material
own expense, make good any defects, as directed by will normally require removal over its full depth.
and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
(e) Concrete
When any part of the Works or any equipment or Concrete work will normally require the cutting-back
material is found, upon examination by the Engineer, and complete removal of any weak or honey combed
not to conform to the requirements or at any stage sections and making good by using special epoxy
before final acceptance is damaged so that it no longer adhesives to bind fresh concrete to old concrete.
conforms to the requirements of the Specifications, the Cracks, when permitted to remain, shall be injected with
Engineer may order its complete removal and suitable epoxy compounds, and test cores shall then be
replacement, at the Contractor’s expenses, with drilled for testing the efficacy of the injection process.
satisfactory work, equipment or material, or he/she may
permit the Contractor to apply remedial measures in
order to make good any such defects or damage. The 1218 WATER
actual remedial measures taken shall at all times be It is the Contractor’s responsibilities to provide clean
entirely at the Contractor’s own initiative, risk and costs, and sufficient supply of fresh water for both construction
but subject to the Engineer’s approval regarding the purposes and also for all the houses, camps, offices,
details thereof. workshops, laboratories, etc.

In particular, remedial measures shall ensure full In this respect the Contractor's attention is drawn to the
compliance with the requirements of the Specifications Water Statute, including the Water Resources
of the final product, shall not endanger or damage any Regulations, the Water (Waste Discharge) Regulations,
other part of the Works, and shall be carefully controlled the Water Supply Regulations and the Sewerage
and submitted to the Engineer for examination when Regulations, which the Contractor must comply with.
completed or at any intermediate stage as may be
required. The construction water shall be clean, free from
suspended solids and undesirable concentrations of
For the guidance of the Contractor, an indication is deleterious salts and from any matter in quantities
given below of what would normally be required in the considered by the Engineer to be deleterious to the
more common cases of defects or damage, but the proposed work. The water shall be applied at the
Engineer will in no way be bound to accept or approve location, in the amounts, and during the hours, including
the measures given below, as the actual remedial nights, as directed by the Engineer.
measures will be dictated by the circumstances of each
particular case. The distributors used for watering shall be equipped
with spray bar and shall be of ample capacity and of
such design as to ensure uniform application of water in
the amounts directed by the Engineer.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

Water supplied to the Resident Engineer’s offices, construction purposes and/or used for the manufacture
laboratories and all houses and camps shall be of any item. Notwithstanding the approval and/or
drinkable to the satisfaction of the Medical Officer of the acceptance and signing of the Drawings, the Contractor
Area and the Engineer. The water for drinking and shall take full responsibility for all details, discrepancies,
cooking purposes shall be filtered, boiled or treated as omissions, errors, etc, in respect of the said Drawings
necessary for human consumption. All water sources as well as for the consequences thereof.
used shall be approved by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall submit only fully complete
The Contractor’s attention is drawn to the fact that no Drawings in accordance with this specification and shall
separate payment will be made for the provision of not be entitled to claim for delays resulting from the
water and the Contractor shall include in his/her rates submission of incomplete drawings. The Engineer will
and lump sum items for the provision of all water require a period of four to eight weeks, depending on
required in and for the Works. circumstances, for reviewing the complete drawings.

No direct payment for design, preparation and


1219 AUTHORISED MEASUREMENTS AND submission of Drawings will be made and all costs shall
be included in the rates bid for the relevant pay items as
TOLERANCES
provided in the Bill of Quantities. The cost of reviewing
The work specified in the various Sections of these
the design/drawings shall be for the Contractor’s
Specifications shall comply with the various dimensional
account.
and other tolerances specified in each case. Where no
tolerances are specified, the standard of workmanship
shall be in accordance with normal good practice. No
representation is made that the full specified tolerances 1221 USE OF EXPLOSIVES
will be available independently of each other, and the For handling of explosives and blasting, the Contractor
Contractor is cautioned that the liberal or full use of any shall employ only persons experienced in blasting and
one or more tolerances relating to other aspects of the these persons must be in possession of an approved
Work may lead to its rejection. The latter would apply current blasting certificate and be able to demonstrate
particularly in respect of level tolerances on layer work their experience to the satisfaction of the Engineer. The
and the related requirements regarding layer purchase, transport, storage and use of explosives shall
thicknesses. be carried out in accordance with the most recent
Explosive Ordinance and Rules issued by the
In the description of certain pay items, where it is stated Government of Uganda.
that quantities will be determined from the authorised
dimensions, this shall be taken to mean the dimensions The Contractor shall use explosives for blasting in
as specified or shown on the Drawings, or, if changed, connection with the Works only at such times and
as finally instructed by the Engineer, without any places and in such a manner as the Engineer may
allowance for tolerances being specified. If the work is approve but such approval shall not relieve the
therefore constructed in compliance with the authorised Contractor from his/her responsibilities for injury, loss,
dimensions, plus or minus any tolerances allowed, inconvenience and annoyance to persons, damage to
quantities will be based on the authorised dimensions the work and adjoining structures, roads, places and
regardless of the actual dimensions to which the work is things, and injury or damage to animals and property
constructed. consequent to the use of such explosives. The
Contractor shall be entirely liable for any accident which
Where the work is not constructed in accordance with may occur and shall save the Employer and the
the authorised dimensions, plus or minus any Engineer harmless and indemnified from all claims
tolerances allowed, the Engineer may nevertheless, in arising therefrom. Where loss, inconvenience, injury or
his/her sole discretion, accept the work for payment. In accident is likely to be caused to persons, animals,
such cases no payment will be made in respect of works, property, places and things, the Engineer shall
quantities of work or material in excess of those have the power to regulate or prohibit blasting and in
calculated from the authorised dimensions and where the event of such regulations or prohibition the
the actual dimensions are less than the authorised Contractor shall have no claims against the Employer.
dimensions, minus any tolerance allowed. Quantities for
payment shall be based on the actual dimensions as Contractor will be permitted to use explosives for
constructed. breaking up rock and hard materials during excavation,
for demolishing existing structures, and for such other
purposes for which it may normally be required, on the
approval of the Engineer and subject to the following
1220 DRAWINGS PROVIDED BY THE
conditions:
CONTRACTOR
Where the Contractor is required to prepare any  The Engineer will have the right to prohibit the use
drawings for the purpose of this Contract, they shall be of explosives in cases where, in his/her opinion, the
prepared as specified below and in accordance with risk of injury to persons or damage to property or
any further requirements specified by the Engineer. adjoining structures is too high. Such action by the
Engineer shall not entitle the Contractor to any
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for his/her additional payment for having to resort to other less
adjudication one transparent polyester print, 0.05mm economical methods of demolition unless otherwise
thick, of each drawing prepared by him/her. The provided in the Special Specifications or the Bill of
standard of detailing and quality of print shall be the Quantities.
same as those of the Drawings supplied to the  The provisions of SECTION 3300 shall be complied
Contractor under the Contract. with.
 Legal provisions in regard to the use of explosives
The Drawings shall be compiled in the English and the requirements of the Inspector of Explosives
language and shall comply in all respect with the or equivalent shall be strictly complied with.
requirements of the Employer.
 The Contractor shall, at his/her own cost, make
arrangements for supplying, transporting, storing
Accepted Drawings shall form an integral part of the
and using explosives.
Contract documents, and any drawing not accepted and
 Before any blasting is undertaken, the Contractor
signed will not be permitted on the site of the Works for
together with the Engineer, shall examine and

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

measure up any buildings, houses or structures in specified in the Special Specifications regarding matters
the vicinity of the proposed blasting and establish such as the sequence in which sections will be handled
and record, together with the Owner thereof, the over and must be completed, the maximum total length
extent of any cracks or damage that may exist of bypasses that will be allowed to be in operation at
before blasting operations are commenced. It shall any time and any other matters relating to the
be the responsibility of the Contractor to make Contractor’s use and occupation of the Site.
good, at his/her own expense, any further damage
to such houses, buildings or structure which results
from the blasting operations. 1224 HAUL ROADS
 Where there is danger of damage to power or The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for
telephone lines or underground or other services or approval full details of any haul construction roads
any other property, the Contractor shall suitably he/she proposes to build. Such details shall be
adapt his/her method of blasting and the size of the submitted well in advance in order to afford the
charges, and shall take adequate protective Engineer sufficient time to investigate their implications.
measures, such as cover blasting, in order to limit Haul roads may not be built without the Engineer’s prior
the risk of damage as far as possible. approval, and shall be kept to a minimum, particularly in
 The Engineer shall, twenty-four hours before each areas where their impact on the environment may be
blasting operations is carried out, be advised serious.
thereof, in writing, unless otherwise agreed on the
Engineer.
 No explosives of any kind shall be used by the 1225 MEASUREMENT OF DEPTH OF
Contractor without the prior consent of the Engineer
in writing. The Contractor shall purchase and import
TRENCHES AND FOUNDATION
his/her own explosives for use in connection with EXCAVATIONS
the Works and shall comply with all relevant Where trenches or foundation excavations are required
ordinances, instructions and regulations which the below the level of mass excavations for the road prism,
Employer, or other person or persons having due the depth of excavation of the trenches or foundation
authority, may issue from time to time regarding the shall be measured from ground level after completion of
handling, transportation, storage and use of the mass excavation, unless the Engineer is satisfied
explosives. that the excavation of the trenches or foundation from
 The Contractor shall comply with the Statutory the original ground level or any lower lever was
Regulations in force in Uganda regarding the use unavoidable. The Contractor shall ensure that he/she
and storage of explosives. obtains such instructions in good time and, where
 Before commencing demolition work on any unit the required, shall submit proposals to the Engineer for
Contractor shall ensure that all affected public approval.
utilities have been disconnected as directed by the
Engineer and any necessary temporary
arrangements made. Any material or equipment 1226 ACCESS TO CONTRACTOR’S RECORDS,
required by the Employer shall be transferred to MONTHLY SITE MEETINGS AND
his/her own store and the remaining debris shall PROGRESS PHOTOGRAPHS
become the property of the Contractor who shall
The Engineer shall at all times have full access to all
dispose of it from the Site.
files, drawings, documents, records and whatsoever in
 The Contractor shall at all times when engaged in connection with the execution of the Works.
blasting operations post sufficient warning flags and
other measures to the full satisfaction of the The Contractor or his/her authorised representative
Engineer. shall attend monthly meetings on the site with
 The people likely to be affected by the blasting shall representatives of the Employer and Engineer, at dates
be informed in advance and no such blasting and times to be determined by the Employer. Such
should be carried out at night. meetings will be held for evaluating the progress of the
 Special care to be taken near pipelines especially Contract which any of the parties represented may wish
those conveying oil and sewage because of risk of to raise.
contamination in case of damage.
The Contractor shall arrange with a photographer
approved by the Engineer for the taking of progress
1222 WORK ON, OVER, UNDER OR photographs during the construction of the Works. The
ADJACENT TO RAILWAY LINES Contractor shall submit each month good quality
All work carried out on, over, under or adjacent to photographs of at least 5 different subjects as agreed
railway lines shall be carried out strictly in accordance with the Engineer. For each subject, the Contractor
with the latest edition of the Specifications of the shall supply at least three colour photographs plus the
Uganda Railways Corporation, a copy of which will negatives reproduced in three sets in size 100 x 150
normally be included in the Special Specifications or mm. The photographs shall be arranged in plastic
where the copy included in the Special Specifications is photo-pockets with 3 photographs on each side and
amended or superseded by another, the Contractor with a label next to the photograph giving appropriate
shall obtain the latest edition, which shall be kept on the title and a number with reference to a suitable key plan.
site before any work of this nature is commenced. Negatives shall also be suitably filed and referenced.

Attention is drawn particularly to the requirements If so specified in the Special Specifications the progress
contained in the Specifications regarding the approval photographs shall be taken by digital camera (min. 2.1
that must be obtained from the Uganda Railways million pixels). In this case a CD-ROM with the
Corporation for a work permit or occupation of its photographs as well as prints as specified above shall
property and the approval of falsework and formwork be provided. No separate payment will be made for
plans. attending site meetings or furnishing progress
photographs, the relevant cost being included by the
Contractor in his/her rates in the Bill of Quantities.
1223 THE HANDING OVER OF THE SITE
The Site will be handed over to the Contractor for
construction, subject to such conditions as may be

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

1227 LEGAL PROVISIONS The factor (Nw – Nn) shall be considered to represent a
The Contractor shall keep himself/herself fully fair allowance for variations from the average number of
conversant with the latest enactment, provisions and days during which rainfall exceeds Y mm.
regulations of all legislative and statutory bodies and in
all respects and at all time shall comply with such The factor (Rw – Rn)/x shall be considered to represent
enactment, provisions and regulations in regard to a fair allowance for variations from the average in the
executing the Contract. number of days during which rainfall does not exceed Y
mm but wet conditions prevented or disrupted work.

Information regarding existing rainfall records, if


1228 FINAL CLEARANCE
available from a suitable rainfall station near the Site,
Upon completion of each section of the Works,
will be supplied in the Special Specifications together
Contractor shall cleanup the Site, remove all temporary
with calculations of extensions of the time for previous
buildings, plant and debris. He/she shall level off and
years in accordance with the above formula.
fine grade all excavated material, which is surplus to
requirements. The whole of the site shall be left in a
If no suitable rainfall records are available, the above
clean and workmanlike condition to the satisfaction of
formula will not apply, and rain gauges shall be installed
the Engineer. No separate payment shall be made for
by the Meteorological Department at locations approved
any work included in the paragraph and the costs shall
by the Engineer. These shall include all sections where
be deemed to be included in the rates of the relevant
the Contractor is working including Borrow Pits. All
items entered in the Bill of Quantities.
readings shall be taken by the Meteorological
Department and agreed jointly with the Engineer on a
daily basis.
1229 EXTENSION OF TIME ARISING FROM
ABNORMAL RAINFALL As soon as is practicable after the end of each month,
Extension of time as provided in the General Conditions the Contractor shall collect daily records for that month
of Contract arising from abnormal rainfall shall be and shall calculate V for that month, as specified. The
calculates separately for each calendar month or part records and calculations shall be submitted to the
thereof in accordance with the formula given below. It Engineer without undue delay.
shall be calculated for the whole period for completion
of the Contract including any extensions thereof: No separate payment shall be made to the Contractor
in respect of the requirements of this Clause, and the
V = (Nw – Nn) + (Rw – Rn) Contractor shall allow for any related costs elsewhere in
x his/her rates

If V is negative and its absolute value exceeds Nn the V


shall be taken as equal to minus Nn. 1230 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
The Contractor shall provide and maintain at his/her
The symbols shall have the following meanings: own expense his/her own electricity supply. This supply
V = Extension of time in calendar days in respect of the must be adequate to supply the area set aside for the
calendar month under consideration. housing of his/her staff and for his/her own and the
Engineer's office, site laboratory as well as for the
Nw = Actual number of days during the calendar month housing of the Engineer's staff.
which a rainfall of Y mm or above has been
recorded. The Contractor shall provide and maintain all necessary
temporary power and lighting and all associated
Rw = Actual rainfall in mm for the calendar month under apparatus for the duration of the Contract at his/her own
consideration obtained from the Meteorological expense. He/she must make allowances for the use of
Department of the Ministry of Water, Lands and the said supplies and equipment by all sub-contractors.
Environment, or from a source agreed to in writing
by the Engineer. Once equipment becomes redundant and having
received the approval from the Engineer, the Contractor
Nn = Average number of days, as derived from the shall disconnect and remove said equipment and make
existing rainfall records of the Department of good any works disturbed at his/her own expense.
Meteorology provided in the Special Specifications,
or as agreed to, in writing by the Engineer, on which
a rainfall of Y mm or more has been recorded for
1231 POSITION OF WORKS
the calendar month.
The Works are shown on the Drawings, but the precise
positions, lines and directions of all the Works are not
Rn = Average rainfall in mm for the calendar month, as
necessarily indicated and will be determined by the
derived from the rainfall records of the Department
Engineer as the Contract proceeds.
of Meteorology provided in the Special
Specifications, or as agreed to, in writing, by the
Engineer.
1232 ACCESS TO SITE
x = 20 unless otherwise provided in the Special The Contractor shall make his/her own arrangements
Specifications. for access to the various parts of the Site where works
are to be constructed but all such accesses shall be
Y = 10 unless otherwise provided in the Special subject to the approval of the Engineer.
Specifications.
Where the access to the Site proposed to be used by
The total extension of time shall be the algebraic sum of Contractor lies across the land of any third party, the
the monthly totals for the period under consideration. Contractor shall produce to the Engineer the written
Extensions of time for part of a month shall be consent of the owner and the occupier of the land over
calculated using pro rata values of Nn and Rn. which the access lies before making use of the same.

The Contractor shall also make a record to be agreed


by the Engineer of the conditions of the surfaces of any

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

land (and of any crops on such land) over which access Works shall be of a design and be used in a manner
lies before he/she uses it for access purposes and approved by the Engineer.
he/she shall keep all such surfaces in a reasonable
state of repair during the execution of the Works. On The Engineer may at any time withdraw his/her
the termination of the Contractor's use of such access approval and Contractor shall immediately adopt
he/she shall restore the lands to a condition at least another method of working. The Contractor shall have
equal to that existing before his/her first entry on them. no claim against the Employer for costs incurred by
him/her in changing the method of working or in the
provision and use of other equipment.
1233 CO-OPERATION AT SITE
All work shall be carried out in such a way as to allow
access and afford all reasonable facilities for any other 1238 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT
Contractor and his/her workforce and for all the
workforce of the Employer and any other person who ITEM UNIT
may be employed in the execution and/or operation at 12.01 LAND ACQUISITION:
or near the Site of any work in connection with the
Contract or otherwise. (a) ARRANGE AND PAY COMPENSATION PROVISIONAL
FOR ACQUISITION OF LAND FOR THE SUM
The Contractor shall use his/her best endeavours to co- PERMANENT WORKS.
operate with such persons without interfering with them (b) ALLOW FOR CONTRACTOR’S PERCENT (%)
and shall observe all the instructions and orders of the OVERHEADS AND PROFITS AS A
Engineer in that connection. PERCENTAGE OF SUBITEM 12.01(a)

In the preparation of his/her programme of work the The Provisional Sum shall be for reimbursed the net
Contractor shall at all times take full account of and co- cost for compensation and purchase of land subject to
ordinate with the programming of work of other the agreement of the Engineer, and upon production of
contractors. receipts. The percentage inserted by the Contractor
shall be for overheads and costs.

1234 ROADS AND SITE TO BE KEPT TIDY


The Contractor shall take all necessary care and ITEM UNIT
precautions to ensure that roads and thoroughfares 12.02 RELOCATION OF SERVICES:
used by him/her either for the construction of the Works
or for the transport of equipment, labour and materials (a) ARRANGE AND PAY FOR REMOVAL PROVISIONAL
are kept in good repair and conditions and not damaged AND/OR ALTERATION TO SERVICES SUM
or made untidy as a result of such construction or PROVIDED BY AGENCIES FOR
transport. In the event of their becoming thus dirtied in ELECTRICITY SUPPLY, WATER
the opinion of the Engineer, the Contractor shall SUPPLY OR TELECOMMUNICATION
immediate take all necessary steps to rectify as SERVICES.
required by the Engineer. (b) ALLOW FOR CONTRACTOR’S PERCENT (%)
OVERHEADS AND PROFITS AS A
PERCENTAGE OF SUBITEM 12.02(a)
1235 SECURITY OF THE WORKS
Security of the Works shall be provided by the The Provisional Sum shall be for reimbursement of the
Contractor at his/her own expense. If the Engineer net cost for arranging the removal or alteration of all
considers it necessary he/she will order in writing that existing services, such as drains, underground and
additional watchmen be provided, all at the Contractor's overhead telephone and electricity lines, ducts, poles,
expense. water mains, fittings, railway lines, etc. before any
excavation or other work likely to affect the existing
services is commenced. Payment is subject to the
1236 SAFETY agreement of the Engineer, and upon production of
The Engineer shall be notified by the Contractor receipts
immediately any accident occurs whether on Site or off
Site in which the Contractor is directly involved which The percentage inserted by the Contractor shall be for
results in any injury to any person whether directly the Contractor’s his/her overheads and costs in making
concerned with the Site or whether a third party. Such the arrangement, for co-ordinating the work and
initial notification may be verbal and shall be followed effecting payment.
by a written comprehensive report within 24 hours of
the accident.

Transportation of any material by the Contractor shall


be in suitable vehicles which when loaded does not
cause spillage and all loads shall be suitably secured.
Any vehicle that does not comply with this requirement
or any of the local traffic regulations and laws shall be
removed from the Site.

Arrangement shall be made with the appropriate


Authority before entering in or working on existing and
associated works.

1237 METHOD OF WORKING


The method of working to be adopted shall be such as
to permit the satisfactory completion of the Works and
to limit disturbance and damage to a minimum.
Constructional equipment used in the execution of the

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 20
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES: 1000 GENERAL (c) Sign boards


The Contractor shall provide and erect a sign board at
the main entrances to the Site and at the site camp,
SECTION 1300: CONTRACTOR’S where directed by the Engineer. The boards, with
suitable inscription, shall include the name of the
ESTABLISHMENT ON Project, the name of the Employer, the name of the
Financing Institution, the name of the Consultant and
SITE AND GENERAL the name of the Contractor etc. The boards approx.
OBLIGATIONS 3.30 m x 3.20 m size, shall be approved by the
Engineer, before erection.

CONTENTS: Suitable inscription shall include the logos of the


CLAUSE PAGE respective entities, and both text and logo shall be in
colours to be approved by the Engineer.
1301 SCOPE 1000-22
1302 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 1000-22 (d) Maintenance during construction
1303 CONTRACTOR’S OFFICES, STORES, During construction the Contractor’s camps, staff living
WORKSHOPS, CAMPS, ETC. 1000-22 quarters and other facilities shall be maintained in a
1304 PAYMENT 1000-23 neat and tidy condition.

(e) Legal and contractual requirements and


responsibility to the public
1301 SCOPE The Contractor shall take all the necessary steps to
This Section covers the establishment of the comply with the Conditions of Contact, particularly in
Contractor’s organisation, camp and constructional respect of the insurance’s and sureties required and
plant on the Site and their removal on completion of the his/her general obligations to the public and the
Contract. It also covers payment for certain general Employer. He/she shall comply with all the regulations
obligations, risk and liabilities and general items of cost of statutory bodies.
not covered elsewhere.
(f) Liaison with Government and Police Officials
The Contractor shall take all the necessary steps to
1302 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS comply with the Conditions of Contract.

(a) Camps, constructional plant and testing The Contractor shall keep in close contact with the
facilities Police and other Government officials of the area
The Contractor shall establish his/her construction regarding their requirements in the control of traffic and
camps, offices, stores, workshops and testing facilities other matters and shall provide all assistance or
on the Site. The exact location of these facilities shall facilities which may be required by such officials in the
be approved beforehand by the Engineer. execution of their duties.
Accommodation, ablution and other facilities for site
staff shall also be provided as required and the
standard of accommodation and the location of all 1303 CONTRACTOR’S OFFICES, STORES,
facilities shall comply with the requirements of the WORKSHOPS, CAMPS, ETC
authorities concerned and those of the Engineer.
(a) General
The requirements specified in CLAUSES 1703 and 1705 It is entirely the Contractor's own responsibility to obtain
concerning preservation of landscape and trees shall be land or make whatever arrangements with Land
complied with when selecting sites for construction Owners or Legal Occupiers regarding use of land for
camps, offices, stores, workshops etc. This implies that the purpose of erecting his/her offices, stores,
it is undesirable to locate such facilities in woodland and workshops, garages, stockpiling of materials, camps
forest areas requiring the felling of trees with a diameter and quarters for housing of labour and staff, welfare
of more than 0.25 metre in a height of 1.0 metre above facilities, etc, including land required for the Engineer's
ground level. accommodation, offices and laboratory as specified in
SECTION 1400. All costs incurred in connection with
Before choosing the sites for work camps it shall be obtaining, lease or rental of such land shall be at the
assured that waste and sewage can not pollute the Contractor’s expense.
local water resources for instance by placing the work
camps away from human habitation. Preferably work Offices for the Contractor’s supervisory staff and
camps should be located more than 500 metres from administration, stores, workshop, camps etc. shall be
larger water courses. According to Ugandan law it is not erected by the Contractor at his/her own expense at a
permitted to build anything closer than 200 meters from location to be agreed upon with the Engineer.
rivers.
Before giving such approval the Engineer will give
Prior to starting with construction, the Contractor shall particular attention to the temporary and permanent
also move all constructional plant and personnel to the effects of the proposed activities on the drainage of the
Site. On completion of the work and after receiving area and the Contractor’s proposals for reinstatement.
approval in writing from the Engineer, all constructional
plant, buildings, fencing and other temporary structures (b) Contractor’s offices, stores and workshops
shall be removed and the camp site shall be restored to The Contractor shall provide and maintain at an
its original condition and left neat and tidy. approved location a suitable main office together with
such site offices as may be necessary for the efficient
(b) Building regulations control of the Works. He/she shall also provide and
All buildings erected by the Contractor upon the site maintain on approved sites sufficient suitable stores,
and camp site or sites and the layout of the buildings tanks and workshops for the proper storage of
and the sites shall comply with the Laws of Uganda and materials, fuel, plant and equipment and the efficient
all Bye-Laws in so far as they are applicable. maintenance of all such plant and equipment.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 21
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

The stores shall be of such size and construction as to the effecting of insurance and providing the sureties
provide adequate storage and protection for stocks of required.
materials, fuel, spares and the like in quantities
ensuring uninterrupted progress of the work and the (iii) All general site and office overheads, profit,
workshops shall be suitably equipped for carrying out financing costs, risks, legal and contractual
major repairs, overhaul or modification by the responsibilities and other costs and obligations of a
Contractor of all plant and equipment in or on the Works preliminary or general nature which are not
and other work connected with the permanent work. specifically measured for payment under any other
items of payment.
(c) Contractor’s quarters and camps
The Contractor shall provide, erect, maintain and clear The lump sum tendered under SUBITEM 13.01(a) above
away on completion all quarters and camps for staff and shall represent full compensation for the fixed part of
labour necessary for the efficient control and execution the Contractor’s general obligations (i.e. that part which
of the Works. Suitable, sufficient and properly equipped is substantially fixed and is not a function of the time
messing, cooking and sanitary accommodation, an required for the completion of the Contract) or of the
adequate supply of clean water, proper disposal of value of the work. This lump sum shall not be subject to
refuse and sewerage and sufficient labour in variation.
attendance shall be provided. The Contractor shall be
responsible for meeting the requirements of the local Payment of the lump sum tendered under SUBITEM
authorities, labour officers and other officers regarding 13.01(a) will be made in three instalments, as follows:
the camp accommodation, sanitation and messing of all
workforce and provide the staff necessary for proper (1) The first instalment, 50% of the lump sum, will be
control and supervision. paid in the first payment certificate after the
Contractor has met all his/her obligations under this
All sites selected by the Contractor for the erection of Section and has made a substantial start with
offices, stores, workshops, quarters, camps and the like construction in accordance with the approved
are subject to the prior approval of the Engineer. The programme.
Contractor shall, by notice in writing, indicate his/her
requirements for sites well in advance in order that the (2) The second instalment, 35% of the lump sum, will
Engineer and the Regional Administration may consult be paid when the value of the work done reaches
local interests. one half of the tendered amount, excluding
contingencies and price adjustments in terms of the
(e) First aid General Conditions of Contract.
The Contractor shall provide, equip and maintain
adequate first-aid stations throughout the Works, and (3) The third and final instalment, 15% of the lump
erect conspicuous notice boards directing where these sum, will be paid when the Works have been
are situated and provide all requisite transport. The completed and the Contractor has fulfilled all the
Contractor shall comply with the government medical or requirements of this Section.
labour requirements at all times and provide, equip and
maintain base dressing stations where directed and at Before any payment is made under this Subitem, the
all times have experienced first-aid personnel and Contractor shall satisfy the Engineer that he/she has
dressers available throughout the Works for attending provided camps and constructional plant of good quality
minor injuries. on the site, the value of which exceeds that of the first
instalment.
(f) Measurement and payment
Compliance with the requirements, performance of all The Contractor may also be required to furnish
work, furnishing of all equipment, materials, including documentary proof that he/she owns the camps and
water, labour, tools and incidentals necessary to constructional plant on the site, the value of which shall
complete the work prescribed in this Clause shall not be exceed that of the first instalment.
measured for direct payment but shall be considered as
a subsidiary obligation of the Contractor, covered under In the event of the Contractor not being able to satisfy
the prices quoted for other contract items. the Engineer as to the ownership of the camps and
constructional plant, the Engineer shall have the right to
withhold parts of any payments to be made under this
1304 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT Subitem, until the Works have been completed.

The lump sum tendered under SUBITEM 13.01(b) shall


ITEM UNIT
represent full compensation for that part of the
13.01 CONTRACTOR'S GENERAL Contractor’s general obligations, which are a function of
OBLIGATIONS: only the value of the work, but not of the period of
(a) FIXED OBLIGATIONS LUMP SUM completion. Should the final value of the work
(excluding any payments in terms of the General
(b) VALUE-RELATED OBLIGATIONS LUMP SUM
Conditions of Contract) increase or decrease by 20% or
(c) TIME-RELATED OBLIGATIONS MONTH less in relation to the tendered amount (less any
allowances, if any, in the tender for price adjustments in
Payment of the lump sums tendered under SUBITEMS terms of the General Conditions of Contract), the lump
(a), (b) and (c) shall, for the three SUBITEMS together, sum tendered for SUBITEM 13.01(b) will be increased or
include full compensation for all the Contractor’s decreased pro rata in full settlement of any difference in
charges in respect of the following items, collectively value-related general obligations resulting from an
termed the “Contractor’s General Obligations”. increased or decreased value of the work.

(i) Setting up and maintaining his/her organisation, However, should the said increase or decrease in the
camps, accommodation and construction plant on final value of the work exceed 20% of the tendered
the site and their removal on completion of the amount, the above-mentioned pro rata increase or
Contract. decrease in the lump sum tendered under SUBITEM
13.01(b) shall apply up to the limit of 20%, and the
(ii) Complying with the requirements of the General provisions of the General Conditions of Contract shall
Conditions of Contract and SECTION 1200, including apply to that portion of the said increase or decrease

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 22
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

which is in excess of the said limit of 20% of the


tendered amount.

The lump sum tendered in SUBITEM 13.01(b) will be


payable monthly in instalments in relation to the value
of work done (excluding the value of any price
adjustments in terms of the General Conditions of
Contract).

The tendered rate per month for SUBITEM 13.01(c)


represents full compensation for that part of the
Contractor’s general obligations, which are mainly a
function of construction time. The tendered sum will be
paid monthly, pro rata for parts of a month, from the
date on which the Contractor has received a written
instruction, in terms of the General Condition s of
Contract, to start the work until the end of the period for
completion of the Works, plus any extension thereof as
provided for in the General Conditions of Contract,
provided that:

(a) should the works be certified as having been


completed before the contractual date for
completion of the Works, the Contractor will then be
entitled to payments in regard to the unexpired
period for completion;

(b) should the progress of the Contractor in terms of


the value of work done be in arrears in regard to
his/her approved original programme, payments in
respect of this item may be limited to payments for
that period, which, in this original programme (after
suitable adjustments in respect of the extension of
time granted) agree with the actual value of work
done.

The adjustments specified in SUBITEMS (b) and (c) will


be made only if the value of the work or the period for
completion were to change and it is agreed that such
adjustments will be in full settlement of the changed
compensation for amended general obligations.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 23
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL towels, drinking cups, materials and accessories and at
all times ensure proper and continuing functioning of all
components and parts of the Engineer’s houses and
SECTION 1400: ENGINEER’S office.

ACCOMMODATION AND The houses, offices and installations, etc. including all
required equipment to be provided under this Contract
ATTENDANCE UPON ENGINEER shall be handed over to the Engineer in finished and
AND HIS/HER SITE PERSONNEL fully habitable condition not later than 3 months after
the Engineer’s order to commence Work (according to
the relevant clause of the Conditions of Contract) and
CONTENTS: such buildings shall be to the entire satisfaction of the
Engineer. Suitable temporary office and residential
CLAUSE PAGE
accommodation for the Engineer and his/her staff shall
1401 SCOPE 1000-24 be provided from the date of the order to commence the
1402 FACILITIES FOR THE ENGINEER 1000-24 Works until such time as the permanent office and
1403 HOUSES FOR THE ENGINEER 1000-25 residential accommodation are available for use.
1404 OFFICE FOR THE ENGINEER 1000-27
1405 WASH HOUSE 1000-28 (b) Siteworks for “Engineers Compound”
1406 SITE CABIN / OFFICE 1000-28 The houses and buildings shall be sited within the
1407 VEHICLES FOR THE ENGINEER AND “Engineers Compound” to the satisfaction of the
EMPLOYER 1000-28 Engineer. The Type I, II and III houses shall be placed
1408 ATTENDANCE UPON ENGINEER 1000-29 on separate plots of approximately 0.2 hectares each.
1409 PROVISION OF SURVEY EQUIPMENT 1000-29 The location of the houses shall be separate from that
1410 LABORATORY FOR THE ENGINEER 1000-29 of the Contractor’s staff housing.
1411 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-30
Separate access roads 3 m wide shall be provided for
each house and shall be surfaced with at least 150mm
consolidated thickness of gravel properly graded,
1401 SCOPE cambered, drained and culverted.
The Section covers the provision of accommodation
and facilities for the Engineer, his/her supervisory staff The Contractor shall be responsible for raising the
and for the Employer. ground (if necessary), grading and drainage in the
vicinity of each facility, with suitable access walkways,
gravelling, seeding and sodding of the ground, all as
1402 FACILITIES FOR THE ENGINEER directed and approved by the Engineer. Also, the
Contractor shall construct a roofed parking area for the
(a) General Engineer near the buildings, large enough for 8
The Contractor shall provide and maintain an office, vehicles, and a satisfactory access road to the parking
area. The ground around the buildings, the parking area
houses, site cabins, vehicles, survey equipment etc. for
and the access road shall be raised high enough for
the Engineer, his/her staff and for the Employer.
Materials and workmanship shall be to generally them not to be inundated during the rainy season.
recognised standards for permanent buildings of this
Outside lighting, around the buildings and on the
type. Detailed drawings showing the design, the
construction details, the type of materials proposed and parking area, shall be installed to the satisfaction of the
Engineer, and appropriate signs shall be erected to
their characteristics, shall be submitted by the
inform the public of the purpose of the facilities.
Contractor for the Engineer’s approval, which shall be
obtained before starting the construction of the office or
The whole of the “Engineer’s Compound” shall be
houses or ordering the relevant materials.
fenced with chain link fencing (or equivalent) 2.0 m
All buildings for accommodation, offices and high, with necessary gates complete with padlock and
chain as directed by the Engineer. The Contractor shall
laboratories shall be constructed from approved
be responsible for the security of the compound and
materials. Materials containing asbestos shall not be
used. shall provide such gatemen and watchmen, etc., as
required to ensure this security.
The Contractor shall provide the buildings with potable
(c) Construction
water, electricity, sanitary installations, sewage disposal
The housing shall consist of concrete block masonry or
arrangements, air-conditioning, furniture and
prefabricated timber units on concrete floors raised not
equipment, and shall maintain them, all to the
satisfaction of the Engineer 24 hours of the day during less than 150 mm above natural ground level.
the Contract Period.
The roofs shall be constructed from aluminium or
All facilities shall conform to the best standards for the corrugated iron roof sheeting and the roof space
between the sheeting and the ceilings shall be
required types. The facilities described herein shall be
adequately ventilated and the openings shall be
understood to represent the minimum requirements.
screened with mesh screening to prevent the entry of
The Contractor shall provide all additional incidentals
vermin, etc. into the roof space.
necessary, so that the facilities will be completely
adequate and satisfactory in every respect for the
The ceilings shall not be less than 2.8 m inside height
intended use. All equipment and furniture shall be new
and shall be of 10 mm hard boarding or similar
and unused when initially put in place.
approved materials.
The Contractor shall maintain, replace and/or restore as
Air conditioners shall be wall mounted - not window
directed, any facilities or parts thereof that become
mounted.
damaged, worn out, lost or stolen, except through
Internal wall partitions shall be of timber framed
causes due to negligence of the occupying Engineer’s
construction lined both sides. All doors shall be of flush
staff. The Contractor shall also provide an adequate
timber type, plywood faced and a minimum size of 2.0
stock of all expendable items, such as light bulbs, light
m x 0.80 m. All timber construction shall be termite
tubes, kitchenware, soap, towels, toilet paper, paper

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 24
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

proofed.
(i) Type I House
The windows shall be dust proof, of aluminium framing As illustrated in the Drawings or described in the
with glass tightly fitted or similar approved and shall be Special Specifications having an internal floor area
located in the design to provide the maximum amount of approximately 150 m2 complete with furnishings
of cross ventilation. and equipment as listed in TABLE 1403/1. The cost
of providing the houses, furnishings, equipment,
The kitchens shall be equipped with adequate benches, water, electrical supply, drainage and maintenance
wall cupboards and shelves and with a stainless steel during the whole period of the Contract shall be
double sink with hot and cold running water built into a deemed to be included in the Bill of Quantities.
special sink cabinet.
TABLE 1403/1
The bedrooms shall be provided with built in wardrobes TYPE I HOUSE FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT.
and wall mirrors. NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF
THE ENGINEER.
Bathrooms shall be provided with western flush type
WC with hinged cover, shower with hot and cold Furniture
running water and soap dish on wall, wash basin with Kitchen Table (Formica Top) 1 No.
hot and cold running water, and wall mirror with light Kitchen Chair 4 No.
above. Dining Table 1 No.
Dining Chairs 6 No.
Toilets shall be provided with western flush type WC Dining Chairs with arms 2 No.
with hinged cover, wash basin with hot and cold running Writing Desk (3 drawer) 1 No.
water and wall mirror with light above. Bookshelf 1 No.
Settee (3 cushions) 1 No.
(d) Finishing Easy Chairs 4 No.
All external walls and doors shall be provided with one Coffee Tables 2 No.
prime coat, one undercoat and two finishing coats of Sideboard 2 No.
gloss paint. Internal walls, doors and ceilings shall be Beds, double with inner-spring mattress 2 No.
painted with one prime coat, one undercoat and two Beds, single with inner-spring mattress 3 No.
finishing coats of P.V.C. emulsion paint. All paint shall Pillows 10 No.
be from an approved manufacturer. The concrete floor Side Tables 5 No.
shall be covered with an approved type of P.V.C. floor Dressing Tables with mirrors 2 No.
tiles or sheeting. Dressing Table Stools 2 No.
Chest of Drawers 3 No.
All windows and doors shall be burglar-proofed and Bedside Chairs 5 No.
insect-screened to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Bathroom Cabinet with Mirror 1 No.
Bathroom Stool 1 No.
(e) Services Floor Rugs 5 No.
The Contractor shall provide, maintain and install the
following services to the Engineers approval: Equipment
Air Conditioner 12,000 BTU/hr 4 No.
(i) Adequate piped supply of clean potable water Refrigerator min. 0.40 m2 (Electric frost-
connected to toilets, bathrooms and kitchens in free) 1 No.
each house. Electric or gas cooker with 4 burners,
separate grill and oven 1 No.
(ii) An automatic 270 litre electric immersion water Fume Hood 1 No.
heater in each house Types I-III (see below) Water Filter 2 No.
connected to the piped water supply. Dust Bin metal with lid (outdoor type) 1 No.
Door Mats 2 No.
(iii) 220 Volt, 50 cycle A.C. electricity supply with Vacuum Cleaner (electric) 1 No.
sufficient wiring, light fittings and socket outlets Ceiling Fans 3 No.
in each house. The power shall be adequate to Set of 8 pieces crockery, cutlery, Glassware 1 Set
operate the electrical equipment specified. Set of Kitchen utensils 1 Set
Socket outlets shall be provided in each room Set of Pots, pans, etc. 1 Set
to the Engineers approval. Deep-Freeze cabinet 0.40 m2 1 No.
Water cooler / dispenser 1 No.
(iv) Suitable soil and waste water drainage. Fire Extinguisher 2 No.
Standard lamps 2 No.
(v) Water borne sewage disposal Table Lamps 2 No.
Toilet Tissue Holders 2 No.
(vi) Rubbish disposal by providing outside bins and Waste Baskets 5 No.
a daily collection service to a central disposal Vacuum Cleaner (electric) 1 No.
area. Mixer (Electric Portable) 1 No.
Bedside lights 5 No.
Wall lights 6 No.
1403 HOUSES FOR THE ENGINEER Pelmets and runners all windows
Curtains all windows
(a) General Bed sheets 20 No.
Upon completion of the Contract, the houses, furniture, Pillow cases 10 No.
equipment and services specified herein shall revert to Blankets 10 No.
either the Contractor or the Employer depending on Towel rails 2 No.
which of the pay items in CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in
the Special Specifications. (ii) Type II House
As illustrated in the Drawings or described in the
(b) Furniture and equipment Special Specifications having an internal floor area
The general description of the type of houses to be of approximately 130 m2 complete with furnishings
supplied is as follows: and equipment as listed in TABLE 1403/2. The cost

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 25
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

of providing the house, furnishings, equipment, the Bill of Quantities.


water, electrical supply drainage and maintenance
during the whole period of the Contract shall be
deemed to be included in the Bill of Quantities. TABLE 1403/3
TYPE III HOUSE FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT.
NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF
TABLE 1403/2 THE ENGINEER.
TYPE II HOUSE FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT.
NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF Furniture
THE ENGINEER. Kitchen Table (Formica top) 1 No.
Kitchen Chair 4 No.
Furniture Dining Table 1 No
Dining Chairs 4 No.
Kitchen Table (Formica top) 1 No. Writing Desk (2 drawers) 1 No.
Kitchen Chair 4 No. Book Shelf 1 No.
Dining Table 1 No. Settee (3 Cushion) 1 No.
Dining Chairs 4 No. Easy Chairs 2 No.
Dining Chairs with arms 2 No. Coffee Table 1 No.
Writing Desk (3 drawers) 1 No. Sideboard 1 No.
Bookshelf 1 No. Beds, single with inner-spring mattresses 2 No.
Settee (3 cushions) 1 No. Pillows 2 No.
Easy Chairs 3 No. Side Table 1 No.
Coffee Tables 2 No. Dressing Table 1 No.
Sideboard 1 No. Dressing Table Stool 1 No.
Beds, single with inner-spring mattress 3 No. Chest of Drawers 1 No.
Beds, double with inner-spring mattress 1 No. Bathroom Cabinet with Mirror 1 No.
Pillows 8 No. Bathroom stool 1 No.
Side Tables 4 No. Floor Rugs 4 No.
Dressing Tables with mirrors 1 No.
Dressing table stools 1 No. Equipment
Chest of Drawers 2 No. Air Conditioner 12,000 BTU/hr 2 No.
Bedside Chairs 4 No. Refrigerator min. 0.40 cu.m (Electric frost-
Bathroom Cabinet with Mirror 1 No. free) 1 No.
Bathroom Stool 1 No. Beds, single with inner-spring mattress 2 No.
Floor Rugs 4 No. Electric or gas cooker with 2 burners,
separate grill and oven 1 No.
Equipment Fume Hood 1 No.
Air Conditioner 12,000 BTU/hr 2 No. Water Filter 1 No.
Refrigerator min. 0.40 m2 (Electric frost- Dust Bin Metal with Lid (outdoor type) 1 No.
free) 1 No. Door Mats 2 No.
Electric or gas cooker with 4 burners, Vacuum Cleaner (electric) 1 No.
separate grill and oven 1 No. Ceiling Fans 2 No.
Fume Hood 1 No. Set of 4 pieces crockery, cutlery, glassware 1 Set
Vacuum Cleaner (electric) 1 No. Set of Kitchen utensils 1 Set
Fire Extinguisher 2 No. Set of Pots, pans, etc. 1 Set
Mixer (Electric Portable) 1 No. Mixer (Electric Portable) 1 No.
Water Filter 1 No. Water cooler / dispenser 1 No.
Dust Bin Metal with lid (outdoor type) 1 No. Fire Extinguisher 1 No.
Door Mats 2 No. Standard lamps 1 No.
Ceiling Fans 2 No. Bedside lights 2 No.
Set of 6 pieces crockery, cutlery, glassware 1 Set Wall lights 3 No.
Set of Kitchen utensils 1 Set Pelmets and runners all windows
Set of Pots, pans, etc. 1 Set Curtains all windows
Deep-Freeze cabinet 0.40 m2 1 No. Bed sheets 8 No.
Water cooler / dispenser 1 No. Pillow cases 4 No.
Standard lamps 2 No. Blankets 4 No.
Bedside lights 4 No. Towel rails 1 No.
Wall lights 5 No. Toilet Tissue Holder 1 No.
Pelmets and runners all windows Waste Baskets 2 No.
Curtains all windows
Bed sheets 16 No. (iv) Multiple Living Accommodation
Pillow cases 8 No. 1 block of 4 units of multiple living accommodation
Blankets 8 No. each unit consisting of 17m2, containing two rooms
Towel rails 2 No. with common ablution block, kitchen, dining room
Table Lamps 1 No. and external veranda all to the approval of the
Toilet Tissue Holders 1 No. Engineer, as shown in the Drawings, complete with
Waste Baskets 4 No. furnishings and equipment as listed in TABLE
1403/4.

(iii) Type III House


As illustrated in the Drawings or described in the
Special Specifications having an internal floor area
of approximately 70 sq. m. complete with
furnishings and equipment as listed in TABLE
1403/3. The cost of providing the house,
furnishings, equipment, water, electrical supply,
drainage and maintenance during the whole period
of the Contract shall be deemed to be included in

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

TABLE 1403/4 line. The Engineer’s telephone and telefax shall be


MULTIPLE LIVING ACCOMMODATION, HOUSE FURNITURE completely independent of the Contractor’s telephones
AND EQUIPMENT. and telefaxes. The Contractor shall pay all charges
NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF associated with the Engineer’s electricity supply and
THE ENGINEER. telephone/fax including toll calls lawfully demanded by
the electricity authority and the telecommunication
Furniture service throughout the Contract Period.
Kitchen Table (Formica Top) 1 No.
Kitchen Chair 4 No. The Contractor shall provide an access road at least 3.0
Dining Table 1 No. m wide to the Engineer’s office and parking area for 10
Dining Chairs 8 No. cars. The road and car park shall be surfaced with a
Sideboard 2 No. minimum of 150 mm compacted thickness of gravel.
Beds, single with mattresses 8 No.
Pillows 8 No. The office shall be erected and handed over to the
Side Table 8 No. Engineer fully furnished and equipped, within three
Bedside Chair 16 No. months from the date of the Engineers order to
Bathroom Cabinet with Mirror 2 No. commence work.
Bathroom stool 2 No.
(b) Construction
Equipment The office shall be dimensioned as shown in the
Electric Fan 8 No. Drawings with a minimum of 2.8 m headroom internally,
Refrigerator min. 0.40 m2 (Electric or complete with ceiling, smooth concrete or wooden floor
equivalent) 1 No. and a 2.7 m wide covered veranda extending along the
Fire Extinguisher 4 No. full length of the front. The rooms shall be adequately
Vacuum Cleaner 1 No. ventilated and lighted.
Electric Cooker with 4 burners, separate
large grill and oven 1 No. The roofs shall be constructed from aluminium or
Water Filter 1 No. corrugated iron roof sheeting and the roof space
Water cooler / dispenser 1 No. between the sheeting and the ceilings shall be
Dust Bin Metal with Lid (outdoor type) 1 No. adequately ventilated and insulated and the openings
Door Mats 2 No. shall be screened with mesh screening to prevent the
Ceiling Fans 2 No. entry of vermin, etc. into the roof space.
Set of 10 pieces crockery, cutlery,
glassware 1 Set Internal wall partitions shall be timber framed and lined
Set of Kitchen utensils 1 Set both sides. All doors shall be of flush timber type,
Set of Pots, pans, etc. 1 Set plywood faced and a minimum size of 2.0 m x 0.80 m.
Mixer (Electric Portable) 1 No. All doors shall be provided with locks with three keys
Wall lights 3 No. outside doors with cylinder locks. All external walls and
Pelmets and runners all windows doors shall be provided with one prime coat, one
Curtains all windows undercoat and two finishing coats of gloss paint.
Bed sheets 32 No. Internal walls, doors and ceilings shall be painted with
Pillow cases 16 No. one prime coat, one undercoat and two finishing coats
Blankets 16 No. of P.V.C. emulsion paint. All paint shall be from an
Towel rails 3 No. approved manufacturer.
Toilet Tissue Holder 1 No.
Waste Baskets 2 No. (c) Furniture and equipment
The Site office for the Engineer shall be complete
Each unit shall be furnished with one bed, complete with furnishings and equipment as listed in TABLE
with mattress, one table and 2 chairs and one electric 1404/1.
fan. The cost of providing the block of 4 units, furniture,
equipment, water, electrical supply, drainage and
maintenance during the whole period of the Contract TABLE 1404/1
shall be deemed to be included in of the Bill of OFFICE FOR THE ENGINEER. FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT.
Quantities. NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF
THE ENGINEER.

1404 OFFICE FOR THE ENGINEER - Meeting table 3.0 m x 1.2 m with 6 chairs 1 No.
- Ceiling fans 6 No.
(a) General - Air conditioners 12,000 BTU/hr. 4 No.
Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s office - Water cooler / dispenser 1 No.
buildings, furniture, equipment and services specified - Desks 1.5 m x 0.75 m with 2 chests of
herein shall revert to either the Contractor or the drawers. 8 No.
Employer depending on which of the pay items in - Chairs with arms. 8 No.
CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in the Special Specifications. - Table 1.5 m x 0.75 m with 2 drawers and
2 chairs. 1 No.
The Contractor shall provide, furnish and maintain office - Typist’s table with 1 chest of drawers and
accommodation for the Engineer as detailed hereunder. chair. 1 No.
- Typewriter, Electric 430 mm carriage. 1 No.
The Site office shall be erected at a location to be - Plan tables and stools. 2 No.
agreed with the Engineer. The plot shall be not less - Personal computers in number and
than 0.3 hectares in area and if so required shall be equipped as specified in Special
fenced with a 2.0 m high chain link fence and gate, with Specifications.
padlock and chain. - Laptop computers in number and
equipped as specified in Special
A telephone and telefax shall be provided for the use of Specifications.
the Engineer and the offices shall be provided with - A3 laser printer or equivalent, compatible
electric lighting all to the satisfaction of the Engineer. with the above personal computer with
The telefax shall have a separate dedicated telephone supply of A4 and A3 paper and

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

consumables, as specified and number Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s wash
as in Special Specifications. house, furniture, equipment and services specified
- Colour printer inkjet or equivalent herein shall revert to either the Contractor or the
compatible with above laptop computer Employer depending on which of the pay items in
with supply of A4 paper and CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in the Special Specifications.
consumables, in number and as specified
in Special Specifications.
- UPS (Uninterruptable Power Supply) with 1406 SITE CABIN / OFFICE
surge protector, capable to support and The Contractor shall, if so instructed by the Engineer,
back-up all computer equipment as provide and maintain during the duration of the Contract
specified in Special Specifications. portable site cabins. Each site cabin shall have a floor
- Complete set of the latest editions of area of at least 10 m2 and shall be equipped with one
software complete with manuals and bedstead including mattress, blankets, pillows, bed
floppy discs/CD-ROM of a type sheets, one wardrobe, one desk with drawers, one
compatible with the personal computer metal cabinet, shelves, two chairs and a small gas
disc drives, as specified in Special refrigerator These units shall be positioned always
Specifications. close to the Work and moved from one location to
- Safe for cash and valuables, min. size another by the Contractor as may be directed by the
approx. 0.8 m x 0.5 m x 0.4 m, to be Engineer. The Contractor shall supply the units with
concreted in place (either wall or floor light, potable water if possible and sanitary facilities.
mounted) complete with lock and keys. 1 No.
- 2 Drawing tables A1 size with Drawing The cost of providing the Site Cabins furnishing,
machines 2 No. equipment, water, electrical supply (where available),
- 2 Drawing table stools 2 No. moving the site cabins to different locations and
- 1 Set plan drawers (6 drawers) 1 No. maintenance during the whole period of the Contract
- 1 Two drawer steel lockable filing cabinet 1 No. shall be deemed to be included in the price inserted in
- Set of transparent plastic curve guides, ITEM 14.04 of the Bill of Quantities.
metric. 1 No.
- Electronic calculators, in number and type Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s site
as specified in Special Specifications cabin/office, furniture, equipment and services specified
- Electronic desk calculators with printer, herein shall revert to either the Contractor or the
type as specified in Special Specifications 1 No. Employer depending on which of the pay items in
- Fire Extinguisher, type as specified in CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in the Special Specifications.
Special Specifications 3 No.
- First aid kits 2 No.
- Snake bite kit 1 No.
1407 VEHICLES FOR THE ENGINEER AND
- Adjustable planimeters 2 No.
- Stapling machines 8 No. EMPLOYER
- Paper punches 8 No. The Contractor shall provide new vehicles as listed
- Binding machine 1 No. below licensed and comprehensively insured for
- A3 size photocopy machine with replacement value and shall maintain and provide fuel,
accessories and supplies as specified in oil and replacement parts during the whole of the
Special Specifications 1 No. Contract period. The vehicles shall be for the exclusive
- Single side band multi-channel radio use of the Engineer, his/her staff and the Employer
communication equipment of minimum during the Contract period. The Contractor shall also
2,500 km range together with free insure the vehicles and passengers fully
standing antenna of appropriate heights comprehensively for any driver at all times throughout
and one set of matching crystals with that the Contract Period.
of the Employer’s communication system,
base and mobile sets in number and as (i) 4 Wheel Drive Station Wagon with a minimum
specified in the Special Specifications. engine cubic capacity of 3.2 litres
- Water filters 4 No. (ii) 4 Wheel Drive Pickup, with double cabin with a
- Thermos jug 4.5 litres capacity 8 No. minimum engine cubic capacity of 2.5 litres
- 12 Cups, 12 glasses and coffee sets
- All other office equipment necessary The vehicles shall have factory installed air-conditioning
including stationery. units and power steering. The vehicles shall have
diesel-engines and be provided with the following
The Site office shall be connected to a water and an optional equipment, factory installed seat belts, rear
electricity supply. The Contractor shall be responsible pintle hook, front hook, door mirrors, two spare wheels,
for cleaning and maintaining the office and toilets and toolbox with necessary tools, jack etc. Makes of
shall provide soap, towels and all necessary fittings and vehicles shall be approved by the Engineer prior to
cleaning materials. ordering.

The Contractor shall service and maintain in good


working order the vehicles at all times. In the event of
1405 WASH HOUSE
any vehicle being unavailable for the use due to
The Contractor shall provide a Washhouse comprising
accident, damage or its being maintained or repaired,
two rooms of 20 m2 each with electricity, water, waste
the Contractor shall immediately provide a substitute
water outlet and water borne sewage disposal and
acceptable to the Engineer.
equipped with two automatic washing machines, two
stainless steel tubs with hot and cold running water and
In the event of the Contractor defaulting on this
automatic electric water heater, all to the approval of
obligation, the Engineer shall be authorised to hire a
the Engineer.
substitute similar vehicle for the period of non-
availability of the Contractor’s vehicles, and the cost
The cost of providing the house, furnishing, equipment,
incurred will be recovered from the Contractor.
water, electrical supply and maintenance during the
whole period of the Contract shall be deemed to be
Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s
included in the rates the Bill of Quantities.
vehicles specified herein shall revert to either the

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

Contractor or the Employer depending on which of the Reflectors with mounts 5 No.
pay items in CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in the Special Triple prism mount with reflectors 1 No.
Specifications. Tribrachs 4 No.
Steel hammers (4 kg) 2 No.
Spirit levels for staves 6 No.
1408 ATTENDANCE UPON ENGINEER Metal pocket rules (5m) 10 No.
Surveying umbrella 2 No.
(a) Staff Reflective road safety vests 12 No.
The Contractor shall provide night and day watchmen, Drawing boards (field book frames A4 size,
gardeners, labourers, cleaners and sanitary staff as well metal or wood with plastic cover) 10 No.
as all necessary cleaning materials as may be required
by the Engineer to keep the offices, the laboratory and The Contractor shall be solely responsible for the
houses in first class condition. maintenance of all such instruments and shall ensure
that they are at all times in good condition and
(b) Stationery adjustment. Repairs shall only be carried out by
The Contractor shall provide any stationery required for persons or organisations approved by the Engineer.
the office and laboratory of the Engineer.
Supply of miscellaneous survey items (e.g. spray paint,
(c) Assistance to the Engineer beacon materials, spades, axes, rubber boots,
The Contractor shall provide all assistance such as assistants, drawing equipment, approved surveying
labourers, all tools and protective clothing, wooden forms A4 size and field-surveying books).
pegs, iron pins and pickets, water, cement and
aggregate for concreting, transport for labour and
materials, as may be required by the Engineer and 1410 LABORATORY FOR THE ENGINEER
his/her staff for checking, setting out, surveying and
measuring or testing the work. (a) General
The Contractor shall provide, erect and maintain for the
(d) Payment duration of the Contract a laboratory adjacent to the
No separate payment will be made for attendance upon Engineers Representative’s office or where directed by
the Engineer the relevant cost being included by the the Engineer.
Contractor in rates in the Bill of Quantities or elsewhere.
If the Contractor fails in his/her obligations under this As specified in the Special Specifications the laboratory
Specifications, the Engineer is authorised to employ shall either:
any staff and/or labourer and to buy any material, as
mentioned above, and the costs incurred will be (i) be for the sole use of the Engineer; or
recovered from the Contractor.
(ii) be a combined laboratory used both for the
Contractor's own testing and the independent
1409 PROVISION OF SURVEY EQUIPMENT testing of the Engineer.
The Contractor shall provide at all times during the
period of the Contract all such workforce and In case of the latter the laboratory building shall be
instruments for the exclusive use of the Engineer as provided with a two person office of minimum 10 m2 for
he/she may deem to be necessary for carrying out the exclusive use of the Engineer's site personnel and
his/her duties in connection with the Contract. The be provided with new furniture as listed in TABLE
workforce shall be selected for their intelligence and 1410/1. A telephone line extension to the Engineer's
knowledge of the English language and as far as office building shall be provided.
possible the same men shall be provided throughout
the period of the Contract.
TABLE 1410/1
Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s survey NEW FURNITURE, TO THE APPROVAL OF THE ENGINEER.
equipment specified herein shall revert to either the
Contractor or the Employer depending on which of the Item Number
pay items in CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in the Special Desk 1.6 x 0.9 m with lockable single chest
Specifications. of drawers 2 No.
Table lamps 2 No.
2
The instruments to be provided include those given in Table with smooth flat top, min. area 2 m 1 No.
TABLE 1409/1 or equivalent as specified in Special Swivel type desk chairs 2 No.
Specifications: Visitors chairs 2 No.
Waste paper baskets 2 No.
Wall boards 2.4 x 1.2 m 2 No.
TABLE 1409/1 Steel cupboard with shelves 1 No.
NEW SURVEY EQUIPMENT, TO THE APPROVAL OF THE Steel filing cabinet 1 No.
ENGINEER. Filings trays 2 No.
Air conditioner12,000 BTU/hr 1 No.
Item Number
Electronic Theodolite 1 No. Upon completion of the Contract, the Engineer’s
Electronic Distance Meter 1 No. laboratory building, laboratory equipment, air
Digital Level Instrument 2 No. conditioners and furniture specified herein shall revert
Tripods 3 No. to either the Contractor or the Employer depending on
Metal levelling staves 5m (foldable) 3 No. which of the pay items in CLAUSE 1411 are invoked in
Steel tape 50 m 2 No. the Special Specifications. If a combined laboratory
Steel tape 25 m 5 No. building is provided it shall revert to the Contractor upon
Fibre-glass tapes 50 m 4 No. completion of the Contract.
Ranging rods, 2.5 m long 8 No.
Ranging rods 2.5 m (metal, joinable) 6 No. In case a laboratory for the sole use of the Engineer
Optical squares 1 No. shall be provided, the laboratory shall be dimensioned
Spare batteries 2 No. as shown in the Drawings or described in the Special
Rapid Charger 1 No. Specifications with a minimum of 2.8 m headroom

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

internally complete with ceiling, smooth concrete floor 1411 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT
and a 5m wide covered veranda extending along the
length of the front with a concrete floor for drying of ITEM UNIT
material and sufficient covered outdoor space for
location of soaking basins for CBR testing where 14.01 HOUSES FOR THE ENGINEER:
required. (a) PROVIDE TYPE I HOUSE FULLY LUMP SUM
FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED FOR THE
The rooms shall be adequately ventilated and lighted. ENGINEER
Walls shall be constructed of prefabricated timber (b) PROVIDE TYPE II HOUSE FULLY LUMP SUM
sections or sand cement blocks. All external doors shall FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED FOR THE
be provided with cylinder locks with three keys. ENGINEER
(c) PROVIDE TYPE III HOUSE FULLY LUMP SUM
The working area floor shall have a strengthened
FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED FOR THE
section incorporated consisting of 3.0 m x 3.0 m x 450
ENGINEER
mm mass concrete plinth. A separate sample store of at
least 12 m² floor area shall be provided. (d) PROVIDE MULTIPLE ACCOMMODATION LUMP SUM
UNITS FULLY FURNISHED AND
The laboratory shall be provided with electric lighting EQUIPPED FOR THE ENGINEER
and power points to the satisfaction of the Engineer (to (e) PROVIDE FULLY FURNISHED AND LUMP SUM
be 220 Volts, 50 cycles). EQUIPPED TEMPORARY
ACCOMMODATION AND OFFICES FOR
The permanent fixtures in the laboratory shall include THE ENGINEER
 2 no. double draining board stainless sinks, piped
(f) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (HOUSE
drinkable water supply to each and waste water
MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR TYPE I UNIT)
outlets.
HOUSE FULLY FURNISHED AND X (MONTH)
 Work benches, comprising a working surface and EQUIPPED FOR THE ENGINEER
one full length and width shelf under, of seasoned
timber 1.0 m wide and 0.9 m high. (g) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (HOUSE
 Soaking tanks for CBR and concrete specimens MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR TYPE II UNIT)
shall be provided at floor level, in the stores section HOUSE FULLY FURNISHED AND X (MONTH)
of the laboratory and on the veranda. The CBR tank EQUIPPED FOR THE ENGINEER
shall have drainage pipes built in. (h) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (HOUSE
MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR TYPE III UNIT)
The laboratory for the Engineer shall be complete with HOUSE FULLY FURNISHED AND X (MONTH)
furnishings and equipment as listed in TABLE 1410/2. EQUIPPED FOR THE ENGINEER
(i) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (HOUSE
MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR MULTIPLE UNIT)
TABLE 1410/2 ACCOMMODATION UNITS FULLY X (MONTH)
LABORATORY FOR THE ENGINEER. FURNITURE AND FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED FOR THE
EQUIPMENT. NEW FURNITURE AND EQUIPMENT, TO THE ENGINEER
APPROVAL OF THE ENGINEER
(j) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (HOUSE
Desks 1.5 m x 0.75 m with 2 chests of MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR FULLY UNIT)
drawers 2 No. FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED X (MONTH)
Arm chairs 2 No. TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION AND
Chairs 6 No. OFFICES FOR THE ENGINEER
Air conditioners 12,000 BTU/hr. 5 No. 2 No.
Work benches in numbers as given in the All SUBITEMS 14.01(a) to (j) shall be applied in the case
Special Specifications where the houses, furniture and equipment revert to the
Curing tanks. 3 No. Employer upon completion of the Contract.
Stationery cupboard 2 cu. m. 2 No.
Book-cases, purpose made to accept box Only SUBITEMS 14.01(f) to (j) shall be applied in the
files 2 No. case where the houses, furniture and equipment revert
Shelves 2.0m long 2 No. to the Contractor upon completion of the Contract.
Stools, lm high 4 No.
Stools, 0.4m high 4 No.
Metal filing cabinet with 2 drawers 2 No. ITEM UNIT
14.02 OFFICES FOR THE ENGINEER
(b) Testing equipment, materials and testing
standards (a) PROVIDE FULLY FURNISHED AND LUMP SUM
EQUIPPED OFFICES FOR THE ENGINEER
The Contractor shall provide and install in the laboratory
2 stainless steel fan-circulated drying ovens, minimum (b) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (OFFICE
70 litre capacity, and all the necessary apparatus and MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR FULLY UNIT)X
materials for the performance of all tests required for FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED OFFICES (MONTH)
the testing and control of the works and materials. FOR THE ENGINEER

The Contractor shall supply one new copy of the latest Both SUBITEMS 14.02(a) and (b) shall be applied in the
edition of the Specifications for all referred material case where the houses, furniture and equipment revert
standards and testing standards used for the Contract. to the Employer upon completion of the Contract.
All the laboratory equipment, including air conditioners, Only SUBITEM 14.02(b) shall be applied in the case
shall be new and of a make approved by the Engineer. where the houses, furniture and equipment revert to the
Contractor upon completion of the Contract.
The Contractor shall immediately after the award of the
Contract prepare and submit for the approval of then
Engineer a list showing all instruments and apparatus to
be purchased.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

ITEM UNIT (c) OPERATE VEHICLES SPECIFIED FOR KILOMETRES


14.03 WASH HOUSE FOR THE TRAVEL DISTANCE IN EXCESS OF (km)
ENGINEER: AVERAGE 3,000 KM PER MONTH

(a) PROVIDE AND MAINTAIN FULLY LUMP SUM


FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED WASH All SUBITEMS 14.06(a) to (c) shall be applied in the case
HOUSE FOR THE ENGINEER where the vehicles revert to the Employer upon
completion of the Contract.
(b) MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS AND (WASH HOUSE
MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR FULLY UNIT) X Only SUBITEMS 14.06(b) and (c) shall be applied in the
FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED WASH (MONTH) case where the vehicles revert to the Contractor upon
HOUSE FOR THE ENGINEER completion of the Contract.

Both SUBITEMS 14.03(a) and (b) shall be applied in the


case where the houses, furniture and equipment revert ITEM UNIT
to the Employer upon completion of the Contract. 14.07 SURVEY EQUIPMENT FOR THE
ENGINEER
Only SUBITEM 14.03(b) shall be applied in the case
where the houses, furniture and equipment revert to the (a) PROVIDE SPECIFIED SURVEY LUMP SUM
Contractor upon completion of the Contract. EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENGINEER
(b) MAINTAIN SPECIFIED SURVEY MONTH
EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENGINEER
ITEM UNIT
14.04 SITE CABIN/OFFICE FOR THE Both SUBITEMS 14.07(a) and (b) shall be applied in the
ENGINEER: case where the survey equipment reverts to the
(a) PROVIDE FULLY FURNISHED AND LUMP SUM Employer upon completion of the Contract.
EQUIPPED SITE CABIN / OFFICE
FOR THE ENGINEER Only SUBITEM 14.07(b) shall be applied in the case
where the survey equipment reverts to the Contractor
(b) cabin / office for the Engineer (SITE CABIN upon completion of the Contract.
MAINTAIN AND PAY ALL RENTS /OFFICE UNIT)
AND MUNICIPAL SERVICES FOR X (MONTH)
FULLY FURNISHED AND EQUIPPED ITEM UNIT
SITE
14.08 LABORATORY FOR THE
ENGINEER
Both SUBITEMS 14.04(a) and (b) shall be applied in the
case where the houses, furniture and equipment revert (a) PROVIDE LABORATORY FULLY LUMP SUM
to the Employer upon completion of the Contract. FURNISHED FOR THE ENGINEER
(b) MAINTAIN LABORATORY FULLY MONTH
Only SUBITEM 14.04(b) shall be applied in the case FURNISHED FOR THE ENGINEER
where the houses, furniture and equipment revert to the
Contractor upon completion of the Contract. Both SUBITEMS 14.08(a) and (b) shall be applied in the
case where the laboratory and furniture reverts to the
Employer upon completion of the Contract.
ITEM UNIT
14.05 FOUR WHEEL DRIVE STATION Only SUBITEM 14.08(b) shall be applied in the case
WAGON FOR THE ENGINEER: where the laboratory and furniture reverts to the
(a) PROVIDE VEHICLES FOR THE LUMP SUM Contractor upon completion of the Contract.
ENGINEER (SPECIFY TYPE AND
NUMBER)
ITEM UNIT
(b) OPERATE AND MAINTAIN VEHICLES VEHICLE X
(SPECIFY TYPE AND NUMBER) FOR AN MONTH 14.09 LABORATORY EQUIPMENT FOR
AVERAGE OF 3,000 KM PER MONTH THE ENGINEER

(c) OPERATE VEHICLES SPECIFIED FOR KILOMETRES (a) PROVIDE SPECIFIED LABORATORY LUMP SUM
TRAVEL DISTANCE IN EXCESS OF (km) EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENGINEER
AVERAGE 3,000 KM PER MONTH (b) MAINTAIN SPECIFIED LABORATORY MONTH
EQUIPMENT FOR THE ENGINEER
All SUBITEMS 14.05(a) to (c) shall be applied in the case
where the vehicles revert to the Employer upon Both SUBITEMS 14.09(a) and (b) shall be applied in the
completion of the Contract. case where the laboratory equipment reverts to the
Employer upon completion of the Contract.
Only SUBITEMS 14.05(b) and (c) shall be applied in the
case where the vehicles revert to the Contractor upon Only SUBITEM 14.09(b) shall be applied in the case
completion of the Contract. where the laboratory equipment reverts to the
Contractor upon completion of the Contract.

ITEM UNIT Payment for providing vehicles, for providing and


14.06 FOUR WHEEL DRIVE DOUBLE maintaining houses, offices, laboratory, survey
CAB PICK-UP FOR THE ENGINEER equipment, wash house and site cabin for the
Engineer’s Representative will be made at the Lump
(a) PROVIDE VEHICLES FOR THE LUMP SUM Sum entered in the Bill of Quantities, for each single
ENGINEER AND EMPLOYER (SPECIFY (LS) item of each type, on the following basis:
TYPE AND NUMBER)
(b) OPERATE AND MAINTAIN VEHICLES VEHICLE X (i) 80% of the Lump Sum when the respective facilities
(SPECIFY TYPE AND NUMBER) FOR MONTH are completed, and accepted by the Engineer, fully
AN AVERAGE OF 3,000 KM PER furnished and equipped.
MONTH

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

(ii) 20% of the Lump Sum will be paid at the end of the
Contract period.

Payment for operating and maintaining vehicles under


ITEMS 14.05 and 14.06, SUBITEMS (b) and (c) above, for
the Engineer, his/her staff and the Employer, will be
made as follows:

(i) By rates per vehicle month, SUBITEM (b). Such rates


shall include for the first 3,000 km per vehicle
travelled in any calendar month. Should a vehicle
be used for less than 3,000 km in a particular
month, then the unused distance shall be offset
against months when the distance travelled
exceeds 3,000 km.

(ii) By a rate per km, SUBITEM (c), over and above the
first 3,000 km per vehicle travelled in any one
calendar month, subject to the condition mentioned
in above.

The rates bid by the Contractor shall include for


provision of the vehicle all licensing, insurance, fuel,
lubricants, maintenance and repairs, drivers’ salaries
and allowances and replacement of the vehicles should
this be considered necessary by the Engineer.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 32
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL traffic.

Further, the passage of public traffic on sections of a


SECTION 1500: road may be allowed prior to the "Taking-Over
Certificate" where this is clearly in the interest of the
ACCOMMODATION OF public and the traffic can be accommodated on the road
surface in a safe manner without damage to structures
TRAFFIC or pavement layers and without undue disruption of the
Contractor's work. The Contractor shall be responsible
CONTENTS: for the control of public traffic over such sections,
including temporary traffic control facilities, as provided
CLAUSE PAGE in CLAUSE 1503.
1501 SCOPE 1000-33
1502 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 1000-33 (d) Minimum vertical clearance
1503 TEMPORARY TRAFFIC CONTROL The minimum vertical clearance over any section of a
FACILITIES 1000-33 diversion shall be 5 m.
1504 CONSTRUCTION OF DIVERSIONS 1000-34
1505 TEMPORARY DRAINAGE WORKS 1000-35 (e) Property and survey beacons
1506 EARTHWORKS FOR DIVERSIONS OR Where possible, diversions shall be constructed so as
EXISTING ROADS USED AS DIVERSIONS 1000-36 not to damage or displace property or trigonometrically-
1507 GRAVELLING OF DIVERSIONS OR OF survey beacons. In exceptional cases where this is not
EXISTING ROADS USED AS DIVERSIONS 1000-36 possible, the Contractor shall notify the Engineer in
1508 ASSISTANCE TO THE PUBLIC 1000-36 good time so that he/she may arrange to have them
1509 USE OF MINOR PRIVATE ROADS AS suitably referenced before they are displaced.
DIVERSIONS 1000-36
1510 RIDING QUALITY AND MAINTENANCE OF (f) Access to properties
DIVERSIONS AND EXISTING ROADS The Contractor shall also provide and grant access to
USED AS DIVERSIONS 1000-36 persons whose properties fall within or adjoin the area
1511 SIGNS, BARRIERS AND TEMPORARY over which he/she is working, and in this respect the
FENCING, GATES AND GRID GATES 1000-37 Contractor’s attention is drawn to the Conditions of
1512 ACCOMMODATION OF TRAFFIC W HERE Contract.
THE ROAD IS CONSTRUCTED IN HALF
WIDTHS 1000-37 (g) Approval of diversions
1513 THE USE OF DIVERSIONS BY THE The need for details concerning all diversions shall be
CONTRACTOR 1000-37 approved by the Engineer before the construction of
1514 OBLITERATION OF DIVERSIONS 1000-37 such diversions commences, and the Contractor shall
1515 PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY satisfy himself/herself before bidding that he/she can
WITH THESE SPECIFICATIONS 1000-37 make arrangements in respect of any diversions as may
1516 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-38 be necessary for the safe and convenient passage of
traffic.

(h) Temporary Works


1501 SCOPE The diversions provided by the Contractor shall include
This Section covers the construction and maintenance the construction of temporary gates, grid gate, fences,
of the necessary diversions and detours, barricades drainage works and other incidentals considered by the
and signs, and everything necessary for the safe and Engineer to be necessary.
easy passage of all public traffic during the construction
and maintenance periods, as well as the obliteration of (i) Public services
diversions as they become redundant. The Contractor, in co-operation with the Engineer, shall
make arrangements for all public services such as
power lines, telephone lines, water mains, etc, to be
moved where required for the construction of diversions
1502 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS and he/she shall be solely responsible for the safety of
such services. No payment will be made for any
(a) Handing over the Site
additional expenses caused by delays in moving such
The Site will be handed over to the Contractor in the services. Where the moving of services is not required,
lengths and sequence specified in the Special
the Contractor shall clearly indicate where such
Specifications. Where no other provision is made in the services cross the diversion so that these points will be
Special Specification, the Contractor will be given clearly visible to the operating staff.
possession of the Site in sections in accordance with
the approved Performance Programme, sufficiently
ahead of road construction works to enable diversions
to be constructed in good time and to the Engineer's 1503 TEMPORARY TRAFFIC CONTROL
satisfaction. FACILITIES
(b) Providing diversions a) Programme for control of traffic
Except where the existing road is to remain in use for Following the award of the Contract, the Contractor
through traffic, the Contractor shall provide, construct or shall submit to the Engineer a detailed Traffic Control
put in order such diversions as may be provided for Plan. Such Plan shall be approved by the Engineer
deviating traffic from such sections of the road as are before the Contractor commences work, and shall show
handed over to him/her. amongst other things the method of protection of the
public and give details of the hours of operation,
(c) Passage of public traffic location, types and numbers of traffic safety devices,
The Contractor shall be responsible for the safe and barricades, warning signs, flagmen and the like. The
easy passage of public traffic past or over sections of Traffic Control Plan shall be in accordance with and
roads of which he/she has occupation. The Contractor complementary to the Programme of Works submitted
shall at all times in all his/her operations and in using under SECTION 1200 above.
his/her constructional equipment take the necessary
care to protect the public and to facilitate the flow of

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 33
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

In the preparation of this Traffic Control Plan, the


Contractor should take into consideration the following: (c) Passage and control of traffic
 The Contractor shall conduct his/her operation in It is an intention of the Contract that public traffic should
such a manner that no greater length or amount of be able to pass along the road to be reconstructed/
work is undertaken than he/she can carry out rehabilitated including bridges at all times during
efficiently having due regards to the rights and construction and in all weather. For this purpose, the
convenience of the public. Contractor will be required to order his/her work etc. in
 If the Contractor proposes a road closure he/she such a way as to assure that a single lane at least
shall provide an alternative routing of the traffic, 3.25m wide is available for public traffic at all times and
which must be approved by the Engineer. he/she shall furnish sufficient pilot-cars and drivers,
 No revisions shall be made to the approved Traffic competent flagmen and the like to control and regulate
Control Plan without the prior written permission of the flow of traffic under one-way traffic operations.
the Engineer, and the Contractor shall allow 14
days for the Engineer to review any request for a The frequency and duration of delays to traffic while
revision of the Traffic Control Plan. passing through, over or across the Works, shall be
 The Traffic Control Plan shall conform in all kept to a minimum. They shall, in no case exceed half
respects with the requirements of this Specification. an hour and should normally be less than 20 minutes.
Any method of working which requires road closures in
(b) Traffic control devices excess of 30 minutes shall be the subject of 48 hours
Traffic control devices involve, but are not restricted to, prior notice to and agreement of the Engineer, who may
the use of flagmen, traffic lights, portable STOP and GO refuse to allow such closure in default of due notice.
signs or STOP and SLOW signs, and all temporary
traffic management signs, whichever may be the most The Contractor shall take particular care, when passing
suitable methods under prevailing circumstances. The traffic through his/her Works, that all excavations and
STOP and GO or STOP and SLOW signs, plus all other hazards are properly protected with barriers and
temporary traffic control signs should conform to are illuminated at night.
standard international signage complying with BS 873,
BS EN 12368:2000 or equivalent.
1504 CONSTRUCTION OF DIVERSIONS
The type of construction, spacing and placement of
traffic control facilities shall be in accordance with the (a) General
prescriptions and recommendation of the latest editions Where in the opinion of the Contractor it is preferable
of the Safety at Roadworks Manual and the Traffic not to pass traffic through the Works, the Contractor
Signs Manual. The Contractor shall present suitable will, upon previous approval of the Engineer, be allowed
proposals for the approval of the Engineer. The various to construct and maintain diversions provided that such
traffic- control facilities which may be required are the diversions are passable to traffic at all times, subject to
following, or as directed by the Engineer: the provisions of SECTION 1507 below.

(i) Road signs and barricades The length of the diversions shall be of the shortest
Road signs shall comply with the requirements of practical length having regard to gradient and
SECTION 5400. obstruction and shall be sited as agreed between the
Engineer and the Contractor.
(ii) Channelisation devices and barricades
Channelisation devices shall include cones, Where required in the Special Specifications or by the
delineators and drums. Barricades include barrier Engineer, temporary diversions shall be provided with
lattices, movable barricades or other types bituminous surfacing in accordance with the
approved by the Engineer. requirements of the Special Specifications or of SERIES
4000, or as may be prescribed by the Engineer.
Steel drums shall be cut, painted in black and white
stripes and provided with reflective tape strips. (b) Widths, gradient, camber
Drums shall be kept in position with ballast of sand For the diversion of an existing trunk road, the
or soil. Stones shall not be used for this purpose. carriageway width of the temporary road shall be the
Drums shall be maintained in a clean and width of the existing carriageway or 6.0m whichever is
serviceable condition. the lesser. If wider diversions are required, such widths
shall be specified in the Special Specifications or on the
(iii) Barriers Drawings.
Barriers for preventing vehicles from leaving the
permitted lanes may consist of guardrails on both For the diversion of a minor public road or a private
sides of steel drums for separating two opposite road, the width of the temporary carriageway shall be
traffic streams, movable concrete barriers (New the same as the existing carriageway, or such lesser
Jersey type), or ordinary guardrails which comply width as agreed by the Engineer.
with the provision of SECTION 5200.
Where in the opinion of the engineer, it is impracticable
(iv) Warning devices and traffic lights to provide a two-lane diversion, a single lane
Warning devices consist of amber flicker lights. carriageway not less than 3.0 m wide with traffic control
Traffic lights shall be operated automatically, by and passing places shall be provided.
radio or manually in a proper manner by adequately
trained staff. The verges of the diversion shall be cleared and
maintained clear for a width of at least 1.5 m beyond
(v) Road markings the edge of the carriageway or such lesser width as the
Road markings, as specified in SECTION 5500, may Engineer may agree.
required on sealed surfaces and will include road –
marking studs wherever necessary. The road The temporary traffic diversions shall have a minimum
markings shall be made in accordance with the horizontal radius of 30 metres and a maximum gradient
provisions of SECTION 5500. Any painted road of 8 percent unless otherwise agreed to by the Engineer
markings which no longer apply shall be removed in exceptional cases. Any acute intersection of gradient
or over painted with black road paint. Road marking shall be properly graded to a smooth vertical curve, to
studs shall be removed completely. the satisfaction of the Engineer.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 34
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

Wherever possible, fords shall be constructed from rock


fill or course material. Pollution and siltation of water
1505 TEMPORARY DRAINAGE WORKS courses shall be controlled. The Contractor shall
construct cuttings where required.
(a) General
Temporary ditches and culverts of adequate size and
strength shall be provided alongside and under the 1507 GRAVELLING OF DIVERSIONS OR
temporary road to the satisfaction of the Engineer. EXISTING ROADS USED AS DIVERSIONS
The diversions shall be provided with a wearing course
The Contractor shall construct the necessary temporary of suitable gravel approved by the Engineer.
drainage works such as side drains, catch water drains,
mitre drains, culverts, etc to deal adequately with The Contractor shall provide, spread, water, mix and
surface run- off. The temporary culverts of adequate compact such material to a density where it can carry
type and size shall be installed on existing drainage traffic without undue wear and tear. In case of
channels wherever required by the Engineer. Any disagreement between the Engineer and the Contractor
suitable prefabricated culverts salvaged from an as to the adequacy of compaction, a dry density equal
existing road or an abandoned diversion may be re- to 90% of BS-Heavy density shall be taken as the
used if in a good condition and approved by the required minimum density.
Engineer.

(b) Temporary bridges


1508 ASSISTANCE TO THE PUBLIC
Where it is necessary to construct a diversion to permit
The Contractor shall be responsible for safely
construction of a new bridge the Contractor shall
maintaining and directing traffic through or around any
provide and maintain a temporary bridge over the
part of the Works included in the Contract, with the
waterway. The minimum clear width of a temporary
maximum practical convenience, for the full twenty four
bridge shall be 3.5 m and the strength shall be
hours of each day.
adequate for normal road vehicles. The bridge design
and specification shall be approved by the Engineer
The Contractor shall render to the public all possible
before construction is commenced. Approach roads
assistance when they are passing over roads
shall comply with CLAUSE 1504 above.
maintained by him/her and over minor, private or
temporary roads or bridges when used as diversion or
(c) Drifts
when passing through the Works.
Where a road is deviated to cross a large watercourse
which is impracticable to bridge or culvert, a drift shall
Whenever the Contractor’s operations create a
be constructed of stones or small boulders with the
condition hazardous to traffic or to the public, he/she
intersections filled with spalls to make a firm bottom.
shall furnish, erect and maintain such fences,
This pitching shall be carried up the banks of the
barricades, lights, signs and other services, as are
watercourse above the flood level of the stream. The
necessary to prevent accidents or damage or injury to
dimension of the drift shall be such that there is less
the public.
than 0.15 m of water over the road at all times, except
in flood. The edge of the drift shall be defined with posts
The Contractor shall also train and furnish such guards
or other markers and a gauge installed to indicate the
and flagmen as are necessary to give adequate
maximum depth of water over the road. The minimum
warning to traffic or to the public of any dangerous
width of the drift shall be 3.5 m.
conditions that might be encountered and shall provide
prompt assistance to any vehicle experiencing difficulty
The Contractor shall render to the public all possible
in passing over the Works under construction, or
assistance, particularly in times of flood, and if
through any diversions or roads maintained by the
necessary shall provide a vehicle, labour and tow rope
Contractor, if necessary by providing a towing vehicle,
to extract vehicles immobilised in the drift.
labour and tow rope to assist such vehicles.

Should the Contractor appear to be neglectful or


1506 EARTHWORKS FOR DIVERSIONS OR negligent in furnishing warning and protective
EXISTING ROADS USED AS DIVERSIONS measures, as above provided, the Engineer may direct
The Contractor shall shape and grade the diversions attention to the existence of hazard, and the necessary
and shall make full use of all material that can be warning and protective measures shall be furnished and
obtained from alongside the diversion, from side cuts or installed at the Contractor’s expense. Should the
from the immediate vicinity. If an adequate quantity of Engineer point out the inadequacy of warning and
material cannot be obtained in this manner, he/she shall protective measures, such action on the part of the
import material from other sources. Where necessary, Engineer shall not relieve the Contractor from
cuttings shall be made to obtain a satisfactory vertical responsibility for public safety or relieve him/her of
alignment. The Contractor shall also perform the his/her obligation to furnish and pay for these devices.
necessary clearing and grubbing, including the removal
of all trees and stumps. Where the subgrade is not
sufficiently dense in its natural state, it shall be given 1509 USE OF MINOR PRIVATE ROADS AS
three roller passes compaction as specified in SERIES
DIVERSION
3000 prior to the construction of the earthworks.
Where agreed by the Engineer that the Contractor may
use a minor or private road as a diversion, the
Contractor shall be entirely responsible for negotiation
All material shall be watered, mixed and compacted
with and obtaining the prior consent of the authorities
with suitable compaction equipment to give sufficient
and owners, and shall pay for any additional
density to the material so that it will be capable of
maintenance costs or shall if necessary, himself/herself
carrying traffic without undue wear or distress. In case
maintain the minor road for the period it is used as a
of disagreement between the Engineer and the
diversion, shall reinstate the road afterwards to the
Contractor as to the adequacy of this compaction, dry
satisfaction of the authority or owner, and shall
density of 90% of BS-heavy density shall be taken as
compensate the authority or owner for any damage
the required minimum density.
arising out of the use of the road as a diversion.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 35
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

The standard of such minor or private road when used


as a diversion shall at least comply with CLAUSE 1504 Where ordered by the Engineer or specified on the
above for temporary roads and if necessary the Drawings or in the Special Specifications, the
Contractor shall, at his/her own expense improve the Contractor shall make his/her own arrangements for
road to bring it to this standard before it is used as a providing either new fencing and gates or moving and
diversion, and shall maintain it to that standard while it subsequently reinstating existing fencing and gates in
is used as diversion. accordance with the provisions of SECTION 5300.

The length of the diversion shall not be excessive and


shall be kept as short as practicable. As a guide, any 1512 ACCOMMODATION OF TRAFFIC WHERE
part of the diversion shall generally not exceed twice
THE ROAD IS CONSTRUCTED IN HALF
the undeviated length of the corresponding part of the
original road, while the total route distance via all WIDTHS
diversions shall generally not exceed that via the Whereby for reasons of difficult terrain or for any other
original road by more than 25%. reason, the construction of diversions is not feasible,
the Contractor shall upon the written instruction of the
Engineer, construct the road in half widths to allow
traffic to use that half of the road not under construction.
1510 RIDING QUALITY AND MAINTENANCE
The length of the half width construction shall be kept to
OF DIVERSIONS AND EXISTING ROADS a minimum, with provision for traffic travelling in
USED AS DIVERSIONS opposite directions to pass at frequent intervals.
The surface of all diversions shall be maintained
smooth, free from ruts and potholes and loose material, The length of half-width construction, where the other
and shall be graded and watered as required. roadway lane is open to one-way traffic only, shall be
restricted to 1 km in length. Traffic control for short
Where existing roads are to be used as diversions, the sections of maximum 250 m in length of one-way traffic
Contractor shall after consultation with the Owner or may be controlled by qualified flagmen and portable
Authority having control of such road, carry out any STOP and GO signs. Traffic lights shall be used for
improvements, repairs, alterations or additions to such longer sections unless otherwise agreed to by the
roads as may be required to bring them to a condition Engineer.
suitable for traffic and to the satisfaction of the
Engineer. The Contractor shall arrange his/her work so as to allow
traffic to have free one way access to at least half the
All diversions and existing roads used as diversion shall width of the roadway at all times during the
be maintained by the Contractor in a safe trafficable Construction period. He/she shall maintain that half of
condition. The roads and diversions shall be graded the road, which is being used for traffic for the time
and watered to provide a smooth riding surface free being, free from corrugations, to the satisfaction of the
from corrugations and to keep dust down. All potholes Engineer
shall be repaired immediately.
Should the road be not in a safe trafficable condition for
The Contractor shall also water the diversions to keep two way traffic over the entire width at the end of each
down dust or to facilitate the proper suppressant as day’s work the Contractor shall provide adequate
may be required instead of water if considered by the flagmen, signs, traffic lights, barricades, light and the
Engineer to be more effective. All drainage works shall necessary staff at his/her own cost to ensure a free flow
be maintained in a good working order. of traffic alternatively in each direction through the
entire period when the roadway is open to one way
Diversions shall be maintained to a standard that traffic only.
generally allows a travelling speed of at least 30 km/h
for all vehicular groups.
1513 THE USE OF DIVERSIONS BY THE
CONTRACTOR
1511 SIGNS, BARRIERS AND TEMPORARY Where the Contractor constructs haul or construction
FENCING, GATES AND GRID GATES roads for accommodating construction traffic, he/she
The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision, shall construct and maintain them at his/her own cost
erection, maintenance and removal of all temporary and in accordance with details previously agreed with
signs and barriers necessary for safety and the Engineer, in writing. Such roads shall be obliterated
convenience, to pass traffic not only upon the existing and their surfaces properly reinstated when no longer
road to be constructed or realigned and such temporary required, all at the Contractor’s owns cost.
roads or bridges as he/she may construct, but also on
all minor and private roads off the site of the Works The Contractor shall have the right to use public roads,
which are used as diversions. including diversions open to public traffic, but where
his/her own traffic causes excessive damage or wear to
Temporary “Diversion Ahead Signs” shall be erected such roads or constitutes a condition hazardous to
before any road junction and a “Diversion Sign” shall be public traffic, the Engineer shall have the right to
erected at the junction of the diversion route and other regulate his/her traffic over such diversions and require
minor roads where there is any possibility of the the Contractor to provide at his/her own cost, such
diverted traffic mistaking the route of the diversion, and maintenance as in the Engineer’s opinion will be
there shall be mounted on the same posts, a sign necessary.
bearing the inscription “Diversion Ahead” or “Diversion”.

In addition, any hazard such as a narrow bridge, drift,


level crossing, steep hill, sharp bend, etc. occurring on 1514 OBLITERATION OF DIVERSIONS
the diversion shall be marked by the Contractor with the When traffic is routed permanently onto the new road
appropriate sign, if the existing sign is inadequate or following the completion of construction, the diversions
none existent. All sharp bends and all places where the which are no longer required and, unless otherwise
shoulder is higher than 2.0 m above the natural ground instructed by the Engineer, such sections of obsolete
shall be marked with painted posts. roads and road marking as instructed by the Engineer,
shall be obliterated in accordance with SECTION 5700.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 36
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

1515 PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY


WITH THESE SPECIFICATIONS
The failure or refusal of the Contractor to construct
and/or to maintain bypasses at the proper time, or to
take the necessary precautions for the safety and
convenience of public traffic as required by statutory
authorities or as instructed by the Engineer, shall be
sufficient cause for the closing down of all work under
this contract until all provisions prescribed have been
complied with to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

The Employer shall deduct from any payments due to


the Contractor all reasonable expenses necessitated by
the failure of the Contractor to comply with the
provisions of these Specifications.

1516 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT


No separate payment will be made in respect of work
undertaken in compliance with the provisions of this
SECTION. The relevant cost shall be included by the
Contractor in his/her rates in the Bill of Quantities or
elsewhere, except where separate payment is specified
in the Special Specifications and included in the Bill of
Quantities.

Construction of temporary diversions provided with


bituminous surfacing shall be taken to require separate
payment under the relevant items provided in SERIES
4000.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 37
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL along the shortest route approved by the Engineer. The
haul distance for borrow materials shall be measured to
the nearest 0.1 km.
SECTION 1600: OVERHAUL
Any handling of materials such as stabilisation, crushing
and/or screening oversize materials, etc. shall not have
any effect on the haul distance.
CONTENTS:
CLAUSE PAGE If the Contractor chooses not to utilise all the identified
suitable borrow areas and quarry sites, but haul
1601 SCOPE 1000-39 material over some longer distance, the overhaul
1602 DEFINITIONS 1000-39 computations will be based on the identified suitable
1603 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-39 sources and not the actually utilised sources.

(c) Free- haul distance


The free haul distance shall be the distance which
1601 SCOPE material as described in SUBCLAUSE 1602(a) must be
This Section covers the hauling of overhaul materials as transported on any trip before overhaul becomes
defined herein from the place of excavation to the payable. This distance shall be as given in TABLE
position of placement, where such haul distance is in 1602/1 for material in the respective layers.
excess of free haul distance as defined herein.
Overhaul will be paid for as specified in the Special Overhaul shall apply to all overhaul in excess of the
Specification. distance given for materials where the following
material types are prescribed as a minimum quality in
the Specifications or on the Drawings:
1602 DEFINITIONS
(a) Layers to which overhaul applies TABLE 1602/1
The Contractor’s attention is drawn to that overhaul will FREE HAUL DISTANCES
only be paid for in the cases where it is so specified in
the Special Specifications. Overhaul material shall be Free haul
transported material to which overhaul applies when Material for layer distance
hauled in excess of the free haul distance and shall (km)
include only the gravel materials, soil or rock materials Fill and improved subgrade layers (G3, 5.0
used in the construction of fills, pavement layers, banks G7, G15, DR)
and dykes as follows: Subbase and base course (G30, G45, 10.0
G60, G80, C1.5, C1.0, C0.7, CM)
(i) Earthworks where the following material types are Gravel wearing course (GW) 10.0
prescribed as the minimum quality:
 Fill materials: G3, G7 and Dumprock
 Improved subgrade: G7 and G15 (d) Overhaul distance
The overhaul distance shall be the total haul distance,
(ii) Pavement layers where the following material types minus the free haul distance measured to the nearest
are prescribed as the minimum quality: 0.1km.
 Subbase or base course: G30, G45, G60, G80,
C1.5, C1.0, C0.7 and CM (e) Quantity of material
 Gravel wearing course: GW The quantity of material overhauled shall in all cases be
measured after placing and compaction in its final
Overhaul shall not be paid for materials made from position calculated in the same manner as the item for
crushed stone or crushed rock such as material types the layer to which the overhaul applies.
CRR and CRS, nor for materials used in side fill,
bituminous layers and bituminous seals, concrete and
rip-rap. 1603 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT
Overhaul will only be paid for in the cases where it is so
(b) Haul distance specified in the Special Specification. In the cases
The haul distance shall be the distance between the where overhaul is paid for, the measurement and
centre of volume of the overhaul material in the cut or payment shall be as follows:
borrow pit before excavation and the centre of volume
of the portion of the fill constructed with the overhaul
material. ITEM UNIT
16.01 OVERHAUL OF MATERIAL
The distance between the centres of volume shall be HAULED IN EXCESS OF ITS
measured along the centre line of the road, and any RESPECTIVE FREE HAUL DISTANCE
additional distance of haul ascribed to the following of a
different haul route will not be considered. Cut and fill (a) MATERIAL FOR FILL OR IMPROVED CUBIC METRE
SUBGRADE LAYERS X KILOMETRE
volumes for ramps, road approaches and connections
on either side of the road shall be considered as (m3km)
concentrated at the centre line of the main roadway (b) MATERIAL FOR PAVEMENT LAYERS CUBIC METRE
AS SPECIFIED X KILOMETRE
under construction for computing overhaul quantities for
payment, unless otherwise specified in the Special (m3km)
Specifications. (c) MATERIAL FOR GRAVEL WEARING CUBIC METRE
COURSE X KILOMETRE
The haul distance for material from borrow pit shall be (m3km)
measured along the shortest route determined by the
Engineer as being feasible and satisfactory. Should the The unit of measurement shall be the cubic metre of
Contractor choose to haul material over some other overhaul material for layers described in SUBCLAUSE
longer route, computations for payment shall 1602(a), measured in accordance with SUBCLAUSE
nevertheless be based on the haul distance measured 1602(e), hauled in excess of free haul distance

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 38
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

prescribed in SUBCLAUSE 1602(c), multiplied by the


overhaul distance measured for payment purposes in
as described SUBCLAUSE 1602(d).

The bid rates for overhaul shall include full


compensation for hauling material in excess of the free
haul distances.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 39
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL


During the course of the project, the Contractor shall
when required prepare detailed, project specific
SECTION 1700: Decommissioning Plan(s) covering all aspects of the
project including but not limited to; quarries, borrow-pits,
ENVIRONMENTAL road diversions, camp sites, workshop, field laboratory,
equipment and its accessories, electricity lines, water
PROTECTION AND WASTE supply, unused construction materials, and housing
DISPOSAL facilities. The Decommissioning Plans should be
submitted to the Engineer who will forward them to the
Employer and NEMA for approval.
CONTENTS:
CLAUSE PAGE The Contractor shall afford the officials of the relevant
authorities free access to inspect the project site, plant,
1701 SCOPE 1000-40 workshops and the like to check whether the provisions
1702 GENERAL 1000-40 in the Statute are being complied with.
1703 LANDSCAPE PRESERVATION AND
REVEGETATION 1000-40 The Contractor shall at the end of the project prepare
1704 TEMPORARY SOIL EROSION CONTROL 1000-41 and submit to the Engineer a final environmental
1705 PRESERVATION OF TREES AND management report detailing how the environmental
SHRUBBERY 1000-42 issues have been addressed during the course of the
1706 PREVENTION OF W ATER POLLUTION 1000-42 project and how the decommissioning plan has been
1707 ABATEMENT OF AIR POLLUTION 1000-42 complied with. The Engineer shall if satisfied with the
1708 DUST ABATEMENT 1000-43 Contractor's submissions and compliance with the
1709 NOISE ABATEMENT 1000-43 environmental obligations forward the Environmental
1710 LIGHT ABATEMENT 1000-43 Management Report to the employer and NEMA for
1711 PRESERVATION OF HISTORICAL AND approval and issuance of Compliance Certificate.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL DATA 1000-43
1712 PESTICIDES, TOXIC W ASTE AND
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES 1000-43 1703 LANDSCAPE PRESERVATION AND RE-
1713 CLEANUP AND DISPOSAL OF W ASTE
MATERIALS 1000-43 VEGETATION
1714 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-44
(a) General
The Contractor shall exercise care to preserve the
natural landscape and shall conduct his/her
construction operations so as to prevent any
1701 SCOPE unnecessary destruction, scarring, or defacing of the
This Section covers the environmental protection and natural surroundings in the vicinity of the work. Except
waste disposal to be exercised by the Contractor in all where clearing is required for permanent works,
work on the Contract. The obligations herein do not approved construction roads, or excavation operations,
prejudice any other Clauses in this Specification. all trees, native shrubbery, and vegetation shall be
preserved and shall be protected from damage by the
Contractor’s construction operations and equipment.
1702 GENERAL The edges of clearings and cuts through trees,
The Contractor shall comply with the Statutory shrubbery, and vegetation shall be irregularly shaped to
Regulations in force in Uganda regarding environmental soften the undesirable visual impact of straight lines.
protection and waste disposal and shall liase with the Movement of labour and equipment within the right-of-
National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) way and over routes provided for access to the work
the responsible national and local authorities. shall be performed in a manner to prevent damage to
grazing land, crops, or property.
The Contractor shall prepare an Environmental
Management Plan for the project and his/her Except as otherwise provided in this Specifications
operations, relating to the Environmental Impact special reseeding or replanting will not be required
Assessment (EIA) studies and the approved under these specifications; however, on completion of
Environmental Impact Statement. The Environmental the work, all work areas not seeded shall be scarified
Management Plan shall outline the potential and left in a condition which will facilitate natural
environmental hazards and risks and provide an action revegetation, provide for proper drainage, and prevent
plan to deal with the hazards, minimise the risks and erosion. All unnecessary destruction, scarring, damage,
mitigate adverse environmental impacts, including a or defacing of the landscape resulting from the
general decommissioning plan covering all relevant Contractor’s operations shall be repaired, replanted,
aspects of the project. reseeded or otherwise corrected as directed by the
Engineer, and at the Contractor’s expense.
The Environmental Management Plan shall be
submitted to the Engineer not later than 4 weeks after The species used for replanting must not be listed as a
the notice to commence the Works. noxious weed and the seed blends used must not
contain seeds from such.
The Contractor shall for those of his/her activities which
have, or are likely to have, an impact on the The use of fertiliser can only be carried out with the
environment, keep records relating to: approval of the Engineer. Especially near open water
- The amount of waste and by-products generated by and at sandy soils near drinking water interests, the use
the activity of fertilisers should be avoided. Leaching from manure
- The economic value of the activity to open water areas could also cause nutrients pollution
- The observable effects of the environment to the waters, and the application of such should
- How far, in the opinion of the Contractor, the therefore be avoided, and only carried out if approved
provisions of the Statute have been complied with. by the Engineer. When available well-decomposed
compost should be preferred to manure.
And the Contractor may from time to time be required to
submit progress environmental reports to the Engineer.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 40
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

These Works shall consist of temporary control


(b) Construction roads measures as shown on the Drawings or required by the
The location, alignment, and grade of construction Engineer during the process of the Works, to control
roads shall be subject to approval of the Engineer. soil erosion and water pollution, by use of berms,
When no longer required by the Contractor, dykes, silt fences, brush barriers, dams, sediment
construction roads shall, if required by the Engineer, be basins, filter mats, netting, gravel, mulches, grasses,
restored to the original contour and made impassable to slope drains, and other erosion control devices or
vehicular traffic. The surfaces of such construction methods. Appropriate control measures will be required
roads shall be scarified as needed to provide a to avoid emission of high concentration of sediments
condition which will facilitate natural revegetation, into wetlands, swampy areas and other particular
provide for proper drainage, and prevent erosion. sensitive areas.

(c) Construction facilities The temporary erosion control provisions shall be


The Contractor’s workshops, office, and yard area shall coordinated with permanent erosion control features to
be located and arranged in a manner to preserve trees assure economical, effective and continuous erosion
and vegetation to the maximum practicable extent. On control throughout the period of the Works.
abandonment, all temporary buildings, including
concrete footings and slabs, and all construction (b) Construction
materials and debris shall be removed from the site. A schedule of proposed temporary (and permanent) soil
The area shall be regraded, as required, so that all erosion control Works shall be developed by the
surfaces drain naturally, blend with the natural terrain, Contractor at the commencement of the Contract, in
and are left in a condition that will facilitate natural consultation with the Engineer and to his/her
revegetation, provide for proper drainage, and prevent satisfaction.
erosion.
The Contractor shall carry out (and maintain) temporary
(d) Blasting precautions erosion control to prevent soil erosion that will adversely
In addition to any requirements of local regulations, the affect construction operations, damage adjacent
Contractor shall adopt precautions when using properties, or cause contamination of adjacent streams
explosives which will prevent scattering of rocks, or other watercourses, lakes, ponds, swamps or other
stumps, or other debris outside the work area, and areas of water impoundment. Such Works may involve
prevent damage to surrounding trees, shrubbery, and construction of temporary berms, dykes, dams,
vegetation. sediment basins, slope drains or use of temporary
mulches, mats, seeding or other control devices or
(e) Quarries, borrow pits and storage areas etc. methods as necessary to control erosion. Cut and fill
Problems with erosion in the borrow pit must be slopes shall be seeded and mulched as the excavation
avoided, if necessary by the construction of temporary proceeds, to the extent considered desirable and
banks, but preferably by the choice of pits. practicable by the Engineer.

When they are no longer required, all quarry sites, Temporary erosion control may include construction
borrow pits and areas used for the disposal or storage outside the right-of-way where such work is necessary,
of surplus materials and asphalt plants shall be as a result of roadway construction, such as borrow pit
reinstated by landscaping including the replacement and quarry operations, haul roads and equipment
and spreading of topsoil as directed by and to the storage sites.
satisfaction of the Engineer. Steep quarry walls shall be
fenced to prevent livestock and people falling in the The Contractor shall incorporate all permanent erosion
quarry. Permanent water holes shall be left unchanged control features as shown on the Drawings into the
unless very close to settlements. Under these Works at the earliest practicable time as outlined in
circumstances the local people should decide on the his/her schedule, to minimise the need for temporary
future of the water holes. erosion control measures.

Material not capable of supporting vegetation shall be Where erosion is a problem, clearing and grubbing
used as fill and subsequently evenly covered with soft operations shall be so scheduled and performed that
materials. Spoil from road building, excess stockpiled grading operations and permanent erosion control
material etc. can only be used for fill in the borrow pit, features can follow immediately thereafter if conditions
provided it does not effect the hydrology of the site. If permit; otherwise, temporary erosion control measures
there is not sufficient soft material the remaining may be required between successive construction
portions shall be scarified along the contours to avoid stages.
erosion.
The Engineer will limit the area of clearing and
Haul roads must be obliterated, scarified and earth grubbing, excavation, borrow and embankment
banks constructed to prevent erosion and all damaged operations in progress commensurate with the
fences and structures reinstated. Contractor’s capability in keeping the finished grading,
mulching, seeding and other permanent erosion control
Erosion mitigating measures shall be given priority to measures current in accordance with the schedule.
ensure proper drainage, being of the great importance Should seasonal limitations make such co-ordination
around human habitation, where permanent water holes unrealistic, temporary erosion control measures shall be
might be a health risk. taken immediately to the extent feasible and justified.

It must be noted that the Taking-Over Certificate will not The Engineer may increase or decrease the amount of
be issued, before a proper reshaping and replanting of surface area of erodible earth material to be exposed at
borrow pits has been carried out to the satisfaction of one time by clearing and grubbing, excavation, borrow
the Engineer. and fill operations as determined by his/her analysis of
project conditions.

1704 TEMPORARY SOIL EROSION CONTROL In the event that temporary erosion control measures
are required due to the Contractor’s negligence,
(a) Scope carelessness or failure to install permanent controls as
part of the Works, scheduled or ordered by the

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 41
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

Engineer, such Works shall be carried out by the


Contractor at his/her own expense. 1706 PREVENTION OF WATER POLLUTION
The Works prescribed in this Clause shall not be
measured for direct payment, but shall be considered (a) General
as subsidiary Works, the costs of which will be deemed The Contractor’s construction activities shall be
to be included by the Contractor in his/her rates in the performed by methods that will prevent entrance, or
Bill of Quantities for other items of work. accidental spillage, of solid matter, contaminants,
debris, and other pollutants and wastes into streams,
flowing or dry watercourses, lakes, and underground
1705 PRESERVATION OF TREES AND water sources. Such pollutants and wastes include, but
SHRUBBERY are not restricted to, refuse, garbage, cement, concrete,
sanitary waste, industrial waste, radioactive
(a) Preservation substances, oil and other petroleum products,
All trees and shrubbery which are not specifically aggregate processing tailings, mineral salts, and
required to be cleared or removed for construction thermal pollution.
purposes shall be preserved and shall be protected
from any damage that may be caused by the Dewatering work for structure foundations or earthwork
Contractor’s construction operations and equipment. operations adjacent to, or encroaching on, streams or
Special care shall be exercised where trees or shrubs watercourses shall be conducted in a manner to
are exposed to injuries by construction equipment, prevent muddy water and eroded materials from
blasting, excavating, dumping, chemical damage, or entering the streams or watercourses by construction of
other operations; and the Contractor shall adequately intercepting ditches, bypass channels, barriers, settling
protect such trees by use of protective barriers or other ponds, or by other approved means. Excavated
methods approved by the Engineer. The removal of materials or other construction materials shall not be
trees or shrubs will be permitted only after prior stockpiled or deposited near or on stream banks, lake
approval by the Engineer. shorelines, or other watercourse perimeters where they
can be washed away by high water or storm runoff or
The layout of the Contractor’s construction facilities can in any way encroach upon the watercourse itself.
such as workshops, ware houses, storage areas, and
parking areas; location of access and haul routes; and Turbidity increases in a stream or other bodies of water
operation in borrow and spoil areas shall be planned that are caused by construction activities shall be
and conducted in such a manner that all trees and strictly controlled. When necessary to perform required
shrubbery not approved for removal by the Engineer construction work in a stream channel, the turbidity may
shall be preserved and adequately protected from either be increased as approved by the Engineer for the
direct or indirect damage by the Contractor’s shortest practicable period required to complete such
operations. Except in emergency cases or when work. This required construction work may include such
otherwise approved by the Engineer, trees shall not be work as diversion of a stream, construction or removal
used for anchorage. Where such use is approved, the of cofferdams, specified earthwork in or adjacent to a
trunk shall be wrapped with a sufficient thickness of stream channel, pile driving, and construction of
approved protective material before any rope, cable, or turbidity control structures. Mechanised equipment shall
wire is placed. not operate in flowing water except as necessary to
construct crossings or to perform the required
(b) Repair or treatment of damage construction.
The Contractor shall be responsible for injuries to trees
and shrubs caused by his/her operations. The term Wastewaters from aggregate processing, concrete
“injury” shall include, without limitation, bruising, batching, or other construction operations shall not
scarring, tearing, and breaking of roots, trunk or enter streams, watercourses, or other surface waters
branches. All injured trees and shrubs shall be repaired without the use of such turbidity control methods as
or treated without delay, at the Contractor’s expense. If settling ponds, gravel-filter entrapment dikes, approved
damage occurs, the Engineer will determine the method flocculating processes that are not harmful to fish,
of repair or treatment to be used for injured trees and recirculation systems for washing of aggregates, or
shrubs as recommended by an experienced other approved methods. Any such wastewaters
horticulturist or a licensed tree surgeon provided by and discharged into surface waters shall contain the least
at the expense of the Contractor. All repairs or concentration of settleable material possible. For the
treatment of injured trees shall be performed under the purpose of these specifications, settleable material is
direction of an experienced horticulturist or a licensed defined as that material which will settle from the water
tree surgeon provided by and at the expense of the by gravity during a 1-hour quiescent detention period.
Contractor.
(b) Compliance with laws and regulations
(c) Replacement The Contractor shall comply with all applicable
Trees or shrubs that, in the opinion of the Engineer, are Ugandan laws, orders, regulations, and water quality
beyond saving shall be removed and replaced early in standards concerning the control and abatement of
the next planting season. The replacements shall be the water pollution.
same species, or other approved species, and of the
maximum size that is practicable to plant and sustain If wells or other water sources, nevertheless, are
growth in the particular environment. Replacement polluted, it is the responsibility of the Contractor to
trees and shrubs shall be stayed, watered, and compensate for this and provide the consumers with
maintained for a period of 1 year. Any replacement tree clean drinking water transported through pipes from an
or shrub that dies shall be removed and replaced, as unpolluted source if required in the opinion of the
directed by the Engineer, with such replacements being Engineer.
maintained for a period of 1 year from the date of
replacement.
1707 ABATEMENT OF AIR POLLUTION
To obtain the maximum success with the planting, the The Contractor shall comply with applicable Ugandan
trees shall be well suited for the environment. This will laws and regulations concerning the prevention and
normally mean native species of trees or cultivated control of air pollution.
trees from local nurseries.
Notwithstanding the above in conduct of construction

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 42
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

activities and operation of equipment, the Contractor


shall utilise such practicable methods and devices as The Contractor shall be responsible for correcting
are reasonably available to control, prevent, and lighting problems when they occur as directed by the
otherwise minimise atmospheric emissions or Engineer.
discharges of air contaminants.

The emission of dust into the atmosphere shall be 1711 PRESERVATION OF HISTORICAL AND
strictly controlled during the manufacture, handling, and
ARCHAEOLOGICAL DATA
storage of concrete and road aggregates and the
The Contractor agrees that should he/she or any of
Contractor shall use such methods and equipment as
his/her employees in the performance of this contract
are necessary for the collection and disposal, or
discover evidence of possible scientific, historical,
prevention, of dust during these operations. The
prehistoric, or archaeological data he/she will notify the
Contractor’s methods of storing and handling cement
Engineer immediately giving the location and nature of
and pozzolans shall also include means of eliminating
the findings. Written confirmation shall be forwarded
atmospheric discharges of dust.
within 2 days. The Contractor shall exercise care so as
not to damage artefacts or fossils uncovered during
Equipment and vehicles that show excessive emissions
excavation operations and shall provide such
of exhaust gases due to poor engine adjustments, or
cooperation and assistance as may be necessary to
other inefficient operating conditions, shall not be
preserve the findings for removal or other disposition by
operated until corrective repairs or adjustments are
the Employer.
made.
Where appropriate by reason of a discovery, the
Burning of materials resulting from clearing of trees and
Engineer may order delays in the time of performance,
brush, combustible construction materials, and rubbish
or changes in the work, or both. If such delays, or
will be permitted only when atmospheric conditions for
changes, or both, are ordered, the time of performance
burning are considered favourable and when authorised
and contract price shall be adjusted in accordance with
by the Engineer. In lieu of burning, such combustible
the applicable clauses in the Conditions of this
materials may be disposed of by other methods as
Contract.
provided in this SPECIFICATION. Where open burning is
permitted, the burn piles shall be properly constructed
The Contractor agrees to insert this Clause in all
to minimise smoke, and in no case shall unapproved
subcontracts which involve the performance of work on
materials, such as tires, plastics, rubber products,
the terrain of the site.
asphalt products, or other materials that create heavy
black smoke or nuisance odours, be burned.
1712 PESTICIDES, TOXIC WASTE AND
1708 DUST ABATEMENT HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
During the performance of the work required by these Pesticides include herbicides, insecticides, fungicides,
specifications or any operations appurtenant thereto, rodenticides, piscicides, surface disinfectants, animal
whether on right-of-way provided by the Employer or repellents, and insect repellents. Should the Contractor
elsewhere, the Contractor shall furnish all the labour, find it necessary to use pesticides in work areas of this
equipment, materials, and means required, and shall contract, he/she shall submit his/her plan for such use
carry out proper and efficient measures wherever and to the Engineer for written approval.
as often as necessary to reduce the dust nuisance, and
to prevent dust which has originated from his/her The Contractor shall read and comply with all labelling
operations from damaging crops, orchards, cultivated requirements when using pesticides.
fields, and dwellings, or causing a nuisance to persons.
The Contractor will be held liable for any damage Toxic waste must be collected in appropriate containers
resulting from dust originating from his/her operations (depending on the compound) and kept in approved
under these specifications on the right-of-way or storage. Depending on the compound in question
elsewhere. The Engineer may direct sprinkling or other different ways of destruction will be necessary.
measures for dust abatement if necessary to obtain
adequate control. It is the responsibility of the Contractor to seek the
required permissions to handle substances or
compounds that are defined as hazardous, i.e. the
Contractor must be up to date on the definitions and
1709 NOISE ABATEMENT
regulations pertaining to hazardous substances. These
The Contractor shall comply with applicable Ugandan
are defined as substances (or compounds thereof)
laws, orders, and regulations concerning the
which may endanger health of human, animals or the
prevention, control, and abatement of excessive noise.
environment by reason of its toxic, corrosive, irritant,
sensitising, inflammable or radioactive nature.
Workers shall be sufficiently supplied with ear-
Hazardous substances are also such as depletes the
protection as required in the opinion of the Engineer
ozone layer.
and instructed in using them.
For hazardous substances a permit for the possessing,
Blasting, the use of jackhammers, pile driving, rock
handling, import etc. is needed. The Contractor must
crushing, or other operations producing high-intensity
assure that he/she gets the needed permits for
impact noise may be performed at night only upon
hazardous substances from a Licensing Officer
approval of the Engineer.
appointed by the Minister. The Contractor must allow a
certified inspector to control the Contractor's handling of
hazardous compounds.
1710 LIGHT ABATEMENT
The Contractor shall exercise special care to direct all
stationary floodlights to shine downward at an angle
1713 CLEANUP AND DISPOSAL OF WASTE
less than horizontal. These floodlights shall also be
shielded so as not to be a nuisance to surrounding MATERIALS
areas. No lighting shall include a residence in its direct
beam. (a) Cleanup
The Contractor shall, at all times, keep the construction

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 43
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

area, including storage areas used, free from The pits shall be covered by at least 0.6 metre of
accumulations of waste materials or rubbish. earth material prior to abandonment.

All waste water and sewage from office, residential and (iii) Disposal of material by burning
mobile camps shall be piped to soak pits or other All materials to be burned shall be piled in
disposal areas constructed in accordance with local designated burning areas in such a manner as will
government regulations, and where and when such cause the least fire hazards. Burning shall be
regulations require it the Contractor shall obtain a thorough and complete and all charred pieces
permit or other appropriate documentation approving remaining after burning, except for scattered small
the disposal methods being used. pieces, shall be removed from the construction area
and disposed of as otherwise provided in this
All used fuels, oils, other plant or vehicle fluids, and old Subclause.
tyres and tubes shall be collected to a central disposal
point, on a regular basis and disposed of as specified The Contractor shall, at all times, take special
below. precautions to prevent fire from spreading beyond
the piles being burned and shall be liable for any
All household, office, workshop and other solid waste damage caused by his/her burning operations. The
shall be collected to a central disposal area, on a daily Contractor shall have available, at all times, suitable
basis and disposed of in a manner approved by the equipment and supplies for use in preventing and
Engineer. suppressing fires and shall be subject to all laws
and regulations locally applicable for pre-
Servicing of plant, equipment and vehicles shall, suppression, suppression, and prevention of fires.
whenever possible, be carried out at a workshop area.
This workshop area shall be equipped with secure (iv) Disposal of material by removal
storage areas for fuels oils and other fluids constructed Material to be disposed of by removal from the
in such a way as to contain any spillages which may construction area shall be removed from the area
occur, and similar storage where used fluids can be prior to the completion of the work under these
stored securely prior to their disposal. specifications. All materials removed shall become
the property of the Contractor.
When servicing of plant, equipment and vehicles is
carried out away from the workshop area it shall be Materials to be disposed of by dumping shall be
done at locations and in such a manner as to avoid hauled to an approved dump. It shall be the
spillage and contamination of streams and other responsibility of the Contractor to make any
drainage courses. Any spillages shall be cleaned up by necessary arrangements with private parties and
either burning in place or collecting the contaminated with local officials pertinent to locations and
soils and burning them at the central disposal area, all regulations of such dumping. Any fees for charges
to the satisfaction of the Engineer. required to be paid for dumping of materials shall
be paid by the Contractor and shall be included in
Prior to completion of the work, the Contractor shall the prices bid in the Bill of Quantities for other items
remove from the vicinity of the work all plant facilities, of work.
buildings, rubbish, unused materials, concrete forms,
and other like material, belonging to him/her or used
under his/her direction during construction. All work 1714 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT
areas shall be graded and left in a neat manner
conforming to the natural appearance of the landscape ITEM UNIT
as provided elsewhere in the Specifications.
17.01 ENVIRONMENTAL LUMP SUM
MANAGEMENT PLAN AND REPORTING
Any residue deposited on the ground from washing out
transit mix trucks or any similar concrete operations
shall be buried or cleaned up in a manner acceptable to Payment for preparation of the Environmental
the Engineer. Management Plan, Decommissioning Plan(s) and
environmental reporting will be made at the lump sum
In the event of the Contractor’s failure to perform the entered in the Bill of Quantities for ITEM 17.01 on the
above work, the work may be performed by the following basis:
Employer, at the expense of the Contractor, and his/her
surety or sureties shall be liable therefor. (i) 50% of the lump sum will be paid upon approval of
the Contractor’s Environmental Management Plan; and
(b) Disposal of waste material
(i) General (ii) 50% of the lump sum will be paid upon approval of
Waste materials including, but not restricted to, the Contractor’s final environmental management
refuse, garbage, sanitary wastes, industrial wastes, report.
and oil and other petroleum products, shall be
disposed of by the Contractor. Disposal of Except as provided in ITEM 17.01 above and entered
combustible materials shall be by burying, where into the Bill of Quantities no separate payment will be
burial of such materials is approved by the made for any work included in this Section. The costs of
Engineer; by burning, where burning of approved complying with these requirements shall be included in
materials is permitted; or by removal from the the Contractor’s rates for other items of work.
construction area. Disposal of non-combustible
materials shall be by burying, where burial of such
materials is approved by the Engineer, or by
removal from the construction area. Waste
materials removed from the construction area shall
be dumped at an approved dump.

(ii) Disposal of material by burying


Only materials approved by the Engineer may be
buried. Burial shall be in pits the location, size and
depth of which shall be approved by the Engineer.

THE REPUBLIC OF U GANDA, MINISTRY OF W ORKS, H OUSING AND COMMUNICATIONS PAGE 1000 - 44
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

SERIES 1000: GENERAL c) Care for workers and staff who are infected
with HIV/AIDS and STIs including provision of
counselling and clinic services.
SECTION 1800: OCCUPATIONAL
d) Encourage the recruitment of men and
HEALTH AND SAFETY, women as well as addressing their specific
gender working and living needs in the road
HIV/AIDS AND GENDER construction environment.

CONTENTS: The OHS, HIV/AIDS and Gender Management Plan


CLAUSE PAGE shall be submitted to the Engineer not later than 4
weeks after the notice to commence the Work.
1801 SCOPE 1000-45
1802 GENERAL 1000-45
1803 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 1000-45 1803 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
1804 HIV/AIDS AND STI PREVENTION 1000-48
The Contractor shall ensure, so far as is reasonably
1805 GENDER 1000-49 practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of
1806 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT 1000-49 his/her employees including those of his/her sub-
contractors and of all other persons on the Site. The
Contractor shall comply with the Factories Act, the
Public Health Act, the Worker's Compensation Act and
1801 SCOPE other Statutory Regulations, rules and byelaws
The Section covers measures and methods which the regarding occupational health, safety and gender. In
Contractor shall put in place to ensure occupational this respect the Contractor shall liaise with the various
health and safety (OHS), to prevent the spread of local authorities.
HIV/AIDS and STIs and to ensure equal employment
opportunities for men and women as well as addressing The Contractor's responsibilities shall among others
their specific gender needs. include the requirements specified in the following
SUBCLAUSES (a) through (l):

1802 GENERAL (a) Safe constructional plant, equipment and


The Contractor shall comply with among others the methods of work
following Statutory Regulations, rules and bylaws with This covers the provision and maintenance of
respect to OHS, HIV/AIDS and STI prevention and constructional plant, equipment and systems of work
Gender equity: that are lighted, safe and without risks to health. This
shall include maintaining equipment, engines, and
1) OHS: The Public Health Act, the Factories Act, the related electrical installations in good working order;
Workers’ Compensation Act, the Trade Union maintaining a clean and tidy work space; providing
Decree, the Employment Decree and other guards and rails, signals and lighting; providing work
statutory regulations, rules and bylaws that may be site rules, safe working procedures and allocating
enacted from time to time by Government in appropriate places to carry out the work.
respect of OHS.
(b) Safe handling, storage, transport and disposal
2) HIV/AIDS: The National multi-sectoral AIDS This covers the execution of suitable arrangements for
control approach (MAC) and the National Strategic ensuring safety and absence of risks to health in
Framework (NSF) for the HIV/AIDS prevention and connection with the use, handling, storage, transport
care, which obligate line Ministries and the private and disposal of articles and substances.
sector to ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS
are not discriminated against at the work places. The Contractor must ensure that all stores are located
such as reduce risks to the workers on site and
3) Gender Equity: The Local Government Act and arrangements for the safe use, handling, storage,
National Gender Policy (1997) and the Social transport and disposal of articles and substance are
Development Sector Strategic Investment Plan made before work commences to the satisfaction of the
(2003) which provide for a legal basis for Engineer.
protecting women and their rights and to ensure
affirmative action on the basis of gender. (c) Protective clothing, equipment etc.
This covers the provision of protective clothing and
Together with the above, the Contractor's attention is equipment, first aid stations with such personnel and
also drawn to any current international protocols or equipment as are necessary and such information,
convention on OHS in which Government of Uganda is instruction, training and supervision as are necessary to
a signatory to. In compliance with above mentioned ensure the health and safety at work of all persons
government and international regulations on OHS, employed on the Works all in accordance with the Laws
HIV/AIDS and Gender equity and on the basis of of Uganda. The Contractor shall provide, at his/her own
available social impact assessment studies related to expense, the protective clothing and safety equipment
the project, the Contractor shall prepare an OHS, to all staff and labour engaged on the Works to the
HIV/AIDS and Gender Management Plan which shall satisfaction of the Engineer.
include details of measures he/she proposes to adopt in
a bid to: Such clothing and equipment shall include, at a
minimum:
a) Prevent and reduce accidents and injuries to - high visibility vest for workers directing traffic;
the staff and workers and minimise health - protective boots and gloves for the workforce
hazards to the adjacent community and undertaking concrete mixing work;
general public. - protective boots, gloves and masks for the
workforce performing bituminous pavement works;
b) Prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS and STIs - protective footwear, gloves, goggles, and dust
between his staff, labourers and the mask for the workforce undertaking screening,
immediate local community. crushing or grinding;

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

- protective footwear and hard hats for the - Specification of the type of equipment, where and
workforce engaged in bridge construction and in when to use it and how it shall be used, stored,
all locations subject to rock fall; cleaned and maintained correct.
- ear protectors and dust mask for the workforce - Placement and content of first aid equipment.
engaged in rock drilling or in using vibrating - How to use the equipment and information on who
equipment such as rollers and compactors. are specially trained in first aid and how to contact
them.
If the Contractor fails to provide such clothing and - How to transport an injured person to a medical
equipment, the Employer shall be entitled to provide the doctor or to the hospital.
same and recover the costs from the Contractor. - Safety rules for the site, e.g. in relation to the use of
different equipment, tools, vehicles, fuel, oil,
(d) Safety Officer chemicals, explosives and abrasives.
The Contractor shall designate a qualified Safety Officer - Cleaning, housekeeping and maintenance of the
(Accident Prevention Officer) from one of his/her senior site, including vehicles, equipment, tools,
staff who has specific knowledge of safety regulations, workshops, houses etc.
experience of safety precautions on similar works and - If work permits are required for specific tasks.
who shall advise on all matters affecting the safety of - Manual handling, transport, storage and disposal of
the workforce and on measures to be taken to promote equipment, goods, etc. in a safe way preventing
such safety. accidents and too heavy burdens.
- How to ensure that equipment, goods, etc. will not
The Safety Officer shall work full time directly on the be an obstacle imposing a risk to other persons due
project at the construction site. He/she might have other to inadequate placement and protection of it.
obligations in relation to similar topics, e.g. - Welfare facilities and access to drinking water and
environment, social and/or medical aspects including water in case of skin burns on the site when
HIV/AIDS prevention, as long as at least half time is handling asphalt.
devoted to Occupational Health and Safety. - Procedure for specific instruction when working with
new work function, machinery, tool, chemicals, etc.
The Safety Officer shall have specific training in the - The use of safety signs and protective barriers.
Contractor's safety and health management system and - Safe use of fuel, oil, chemicals, explosives.
procedures, practice, etc. and before commencement of - Prevention of dust generation and exposure.
the Works, the Safety Officer shall receive training in (or - Road safety aspects, sign posting and principles
receive a refresher course in) industrial first aid (or the and measures for minimising the risk of traffic
equivalent). accidents.
- HIV/AIDS prevention (only an introduction, more
The Safety Officer shall routinely provide workers with information shall be provided within one month of
training in safe work practices and general awareness the employment on the Site).
of potential danger situations to avoid injuries. Trained - Consequences of breach of discipline and not
first aid personnel, transport for sick or injured workers, complying with rules.
and an industrial first aid kit shall be available at each
site at all times. The Contractor shall establish Different induction courses can be held for different
emergency evacuation procedures to enable a rapid types of workers ensuring the correct weight on relevant
response to accidents. topics, e.g. vehicle operators, workers in the quarry,
workers in the asphalt plant, work shop workers.
(e) Safety courses
All employees shall be given training on how to ensure A Safety Booklet written in English shall spell out the
their own personal safety and on ways to reduce the most important aspects of occupational safety and
accident risk on those sites where large, mobile heavy health. The Safety Booklet may take its starting point in
vehicles and equipment or equipment with moving parts the Contractor's general description of safety and
are in use. The Safety Officer shall provide training in health, but it shall be very specific for contract works.
safe work practices and general awareness of potential The safety booklet shall be handed to all staff at the
danger situations to avoid injuries. In addition, all introduction course and used as training material. More
employees handling dangerous/toxic materials shall be training material might be relevant to use at the
trained on how to handle dangerous/toxic materials. induction course.

All the Contractor's personnel shall, before starting to (f) Safe access
work, have an induction course on safety and health at The Contractor shall provide and maintain access to all
the site. The information and training shall be on the places on the Site in a condition that is safe and without
site and have duration of at least two hours. It shall be risk of injury.
conducted in English and, if necessary, also in relevant
local language to ensure that all personnel can (g) Sanitation
understand the information and instruction. The Site The Contractor shall provide adequate waterborne
Manager shall take part in at least the first part of the sanitation; and refuse collection and disposal,
training. He/she shall present the Contractor's safety complying with the Laws of Uganda, all local Bye-laws,
policy and goal, the responsibilities and roles in relation to the satisfaction of the Engineer, for all houses,
to safety and health of all individuals, and the more offices, workshops and laboratories erected on the
specific responsibilities and roles of key staff (Site camp site or sites.
Manager, Safety Officer, superintendents, foremen, and
others). (h) Latrines and other sanitary arrangements
The Contractor shall provide an adequate number of
The topics of the course can be, but is not limited to be: suitable latrines and other sanitary arrangements at
- Contractor's safety policy and goal. sites where work is in progress to the satisfaction of the
- Organisation of safety and health work and the Engineer and the Medical Officer in the area.
responsibilities and roles of the Site Manager, the
superintendents/supervisors/foremen, the Safety (i) Control of harmful insects
Officer and of each individual worker. The Contractor shall execute appropriate measures in
- Mandatory use of personal protective equipment on consultation with the Public Health Authority to control
the Site. within the Site, including the camp sites, mosquitoes,
flies and pests including the application of suitable

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

chemicals to breeding areas. Insect repellents and


mosquito nets, preferably pre-treated, shall be supplied (5) Providing easily movable equipment to reduce
in areas of high malaria risk. risk of injury associated with heavy lifting or
strenuous work.
(j) Reporting of accidents
The Contractor shall report details of any accident to (6) Varying job functions (to avoid excessive
the Engineer and the Uganda Police, if appropriate, as repetitive motions).
soon as possible after its occurrence.
(7) Providing on the Site, throughout working hours,
(k) Contagious diseases adequate and easily accessible supplies of safe
The Contractor shall manage the risk of spreading drinking water (including water supply to the
contagious diseases (e.g. cholera, tuberculosis) through Engineer’s offices and laboratories), access to
awareness raising programmes, especially when washing facilities (because of chemical and
workers come from outside the locality. The Contractor biological hazards), proper eating places and
shall manage the risk of harassment and sexual waste disposal facilities. The water for drinking
assaults, especially for the female workers. The Safety and cooking purposes shall be filtered, boiled or
Officer or Health Services shall inform the workers and treated as necessary for human consumption. All
the community about the danger of communicable water sources used shall be approved by the
diseases included those transmitted by insects, water, Engineer. The Contractor’s attention is drawn to
faecal / oral and sexual contact. Prophylaxis shall be the fact that no separate payment will be made
provided to all workers free of charge if recommended for the provision of water and the Contractor shall
by the Public Health Authority. include in his/her rates and lump sum items for
the provision of all water required in and for the
The Contractor shall comply with Government Works.
regulations in case of epidemic outbreaks.
(8) Provide adequate signing, fencing and guards to
(l) Occupational health hazards ensure that unauthorised persons shall be kept
The Contractor shall reduce occupational health off the Site. This is especially relevant for the
hazards, such as: dangerous parts of the Site, e.g. the quarry, the
asphalt plant, the storage areas for oil, fuel,
(i) Physical hazards (continuous noise and chemicals, machines, the car park, the work
vibrations, prolonged stay in high temperatures). shop, near deep holes, bridges, villages and
power lines.
(ii) Chemical hazards (exposure to fumes, chemicals
and dust including solvents, paints, exhaust (9) The Contractor shall keep the site free from all
gases and possible carcinogens such as unnecessary obstructions, and shall store or
bitumen). dispose any equipment or surplus of materials.
The Contractor shall clear away and remove from
(iii) Mechanical hazards (unguarded or exposed the site any wreckage, rubbish and temporary
moving objects and other dangers from the use works which are no longer required.
and operation of machines).
(10) The Contractor is responsible for providing safe
(iv) Risk of accidents with hand tools (slips, falls, eye passage around and through the work site for all
injuries) heavy items (the accidental dropping of kinds of traffic, including non-motorised traffic and
heavy items) and vehicles. pedestrians. Traffic signs, traffic control signals
and barriers shall be used for direction and
(v) Thermal hazards (heat stroke from long hours control of traffic and to inform drivers of the
working in direct sunlight and burns due to importance to slow down and drive carefully. The
contact with hot items (e.g. heated bitumen or the signs shall be reflectorised or adequately
burner). illuminated at night in a manner approved by the
Engineer. The goal is to minimise road accidents
(vi) Electrical, fire or explosion hazards. in general, including accidents involving
pedestrians and persons living, working and
(vii) Ergonometric risk factors (personal injuries playing next to the construction site.
associated with poor working postures, heavy
lifting, repetitive work, repetitive hand arm (11) Vehicles shall at all times be maintained in
vibrations, manual transport). accordance with original manufacturer’s
specifications and service manual. This will
(viii) Sanitation hazards (including contaminated ensure low noise generation, low emission of
drinking water, poor food practices, improper diesel particulate emission and that the vehicle
waste disposal, unhygienic toilet and washing will not result in accidents due to inadequate
facilities, contact with solid and/or biological maintenance. Special inspection and
waste). maintenance is required for brakes, steering
wheel, light, horn, tyres, oil and water. Seat belts
The means of reducing the occupational health hazards shall be installed and used. All heavy vehicles
shall include: shall have reverse warning signal. The operators
shall be instructed in avoiding spillage, not
(1) Using vibration-reduced and sound-reduced overturning or overloading and not to drive at too
equipment. fast speed. Operators shall be protected against
the sun and a cabin shall protect against injuries if
(2) Providing shade at stationary work places and at the vehicle is tipping around.
welfare facilities.
(12) All accidents shall be recorded and analysed by
(3) Having only trained and experienced persons use the Contractor in order to prevent similar
dangerous chemicals and operate the machines. accidents in the future. The Contractor shall notify
the Engineer immediately any accident occurs, at
(4) Providing safety awareness training for all the latest within 24 hours. Accident records shall
workers.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

be submitted to the authorities according to


regulations, but also send to the Engineer. The Contractor (Safety Officer) shall at least on a
monthly basis monitor and carry out a report on
(13) Special precaution shall be taken when working the result of the monitoring. The report shall be
close to the overhead power lines. Special submitted to the Engineer and include:
instruction shall be given to operators of vehicles - number and type of accidents, and preventive
working close to the power lines. Signs and measures implemented to minimise future
barriers shall also be placed adequately to similar accidents.
prevent from accidents. - number of workers who have attended (and not
attended) an induction course.
(14) The Contractor shall comply with the regulation - number of workers who have received special
on explosives. The Contractor shall not use or training because they started on a new work
bring onto the site explosives of any kind without function, and the total number of workers who
the prior consent in writing of the Engineer. The should have received such training.
explosives shall be stored in a manner and - number of workers who have participated in the
quantities acceptable to the Engineer in HIV/AIDS awareness training.
magazines provided by the Contractor at suitable - stock of personal protective equipment.
positions. The Contractor shall be responsible for - maintenance of the vehicles: tyres, brakes,
the prevention of unauthorised issue or improper light, steering wheel, oil, water.
use of explosives brought on the site, and shall - is first aid equipment in place with sufficient
employ only experienced and responsible men to number of each item?
handle explosives for the purpose of the works. - the change in number of workers and their work
functions.
The shots shall be properly loaded, tamped and
where necessary, the Contractor shall use heavy
blasting nets. Blasting shall be restricted to such 1804 HIV/AIDS AND STI PREVENTION
periods as the Engineer may agree to. If in the The Contractor’s Management Plan for HIV/AIDS and
opinion of the Engineer, blasting would be STI shall include details of the measures he/she
dangerous to persons or property, or to any proposes to adopt to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS
finished work, or is being carried out in a reckless and sexually transmitted Infections (STI) between
manner, he/she may prohibit it and require his/her staff, labour and the local community. The plan
excavation by other means. Use of explosives by shall also outline workplace policies and programmes
the Contractor in large blasts as in seams, drifts, for employees living with HIV/AIDS, information and
shafts, pits or large holes is prohibited unless awareness campaigns and effective screening and
authorised in writing by the Engineer. counselling policies for STI and HIV/AIDS cases of
his/her project staff.
(15) Internal quarry roads shall be kept free of
obstacles and spillage shall be removed. The The contractor will work closely with Uganda Aids
crusher and other very noisy equipment shall be Commission and MoH to put in place non-discriminatory
placed in a distance and with noise workplace measures to protect the employees living
shield/embankment, so personnel working other with HIV/AIDS and to ensure that they are treated and
places on the site will be exposed to as low noise counselled. Prevention measures will also be
level as possible. If persons are working at the established to protect others against any risk of illness
crusher, they must either be in a separate cabin and injury, which can result in HIV/AIDS infection and
(noise insulated) or wear noise and breathing transmission.
protection. Personnel working at noise levels
above 90 dB(A) shall wear hearing protection. If The Contractor shall advise all site staff and labour of
dust can not be controlled, the persons shall wear the danger and impacts of STI’s in general and
filter masks. HIV/AIDS in particular. To this end, the Contractor shall
conduct information, education and consultation (IEC)
Experienced operators, who have received campaigns at least every other month, targeting the
special instruction on safe methods of operating aforementioned site staff, labour, and the immediate
the vehicle, shall operate dozers, dumpers and local communities. The Safety Officer or another of the
other heavy vehicles. Contractor’s staff may carry out the awareness training
if qualified; otherwise a person from outside (e.g. from
(16) The Contractor shall take every precaution to Hospital) may be hired to carry out the awareness
avoid fire and health hazards at the asphalt plant. training.
He/she shall always ensure that:
- bitumen is heated only to temperature required The Contractor shall throughout the Contract provide,
for the particular application, maintain, and operate at least one STI and HIV/AIDS
- hot bitumen never comes in contact with water, clinic on each site or make alternative arrangements
- suitable protective clothing and gloves are used with an existing suitably qualified and equipped local
when handling hot bitumen, clinic. Each clinic shall be suitably staffed and equipped
- dust is reduced to a minimum. for the screening, diagnosis and counselling of STI and
HIV/AIDS cases of the project staff and labour. The
(17) The Contractor shall by daily inspections monitor Contractor shall pay the clinic to provide free treatment
if: for general STI cases for his/her workers, whereas the
- the specified personal protective equipment is HIV/AIDS cases shall be referred to the national
used, HIV/AIDS programme coordinated by the Ministry of
- the working area is tidy and clean with no Health (MoH).
unnecessary obstacles
- dust generation and exposure is sufficiently low The Contractor shall throughout the Contract liaise with
and if the area is wetted. MoH and designated local representatives to report
- there are any new workers on the site, or progress and coordinate the STI and HIV/AIDS
planned to be hired in the near future, and alleviation measures on Site with the MoH national
therefore a need for induction courses programmes.
- signing, barriers and fencing are adequately in
place.

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GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR R OAD AND BRIDGE WORKS SERIES 1000 - GENERAL

The Contractor shall also make available 100 condoms the Contractor’s obligations, which are mainly a function
per year for each member of the above mentioned site of time. The tendered sum will be paid monthly, pro rata
staff and labour. for parts of a month, from the date of commencement of
Works until the completion of the Works or
All of the above provisions shall be provided free of demobilisation of the local workforce, whichever comes
charge for the workers. first.

ITEM UNIT
1805 GENDER 18.02 GENDER
The Contractor’s Management Plan for Gender shall (a) GENDER SENSITISATION AND NUMBER
include description of recruitment policy and AWARENESS RAISING MEETINGS/
procedures, awareness raising meetings, gender WORKSHOPS.
sensitive working conditions and facilities to be provided
at the workplace, and participatory gender sensitive (b) GENDER MANAGEMENT PLAN AND MONTH
monitoring. GENDER SENSITIVE MONITORING
AND REPORTING
The Contractor shall throughout the contract period
liase with both government and non-government The tendered rate per number of meetings/workshops
organisations at all levels dealing with gender and for SUBITEM 18.02(a) represents full compensation for
social development issues. The local leaders and production and distribution of awareness raising
Community Development Officers shall be contacted to material and conduction of the meetings/workshops,
advise and mobilise communities during the recruitment including venue and making all arrangements. The
process. tendered sum will be paid upon submission to the
Engineer of an acceptable meeting/workshop report.
The Contractor shall ensure that recruitment
procedures and working conditions/facilities are gender The tendered rate per month for SUBITEM 18.02(b)
sensitive and in particular that: represents full compensation for this part of the
1) Announcement notices of equal employment Contractor’s obligations, which is mainly a function of
opportunities are posted in visible and popular time. The tendered sum will be paid monthly, pro rata
places in the local communities and that such for parts of a month, from the date of commencement of
notices also reach women and youth leaders. Works until the completion of the Works or
demobilisation of the local workforce, whichever comes
2) Both men and women are represented in any first.
information and consultative meetings held at the
site and that gender and social issues are raised Except as provided in ITEMS 18.01 and 18.02 above and
and analysed. entered into the Bill of Quantities no separate payment
will be made for any work included in this Section. The
3) Equal payment is made to men and women for costs of complying with these requirements, in
similar work and that payment of wages is made to particular all the OHS requirements shall be included in
the workers and not to representatives. the Contractor’s rates for other items of work.

4) Flexible working hours are introduced to the extent


possible to take account of multiple roles of
women and cultural norms.

5) Separate toilet and accommodation facilities are


provided for women, including sanitary facilities
and shades for children of working mothers.

The Contractor shall submit monthly reports of labour


attendance disaggregated by gender, and the
Contractor shall use gender compliance monitoring and
evaluation forms to assess and report how gender
concerns are addressed in recruitment, promotion,
payment, provision of gender sensitive facilities, on-the-
job training, etc.

1806 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT


ITEM UNIT
18.01 HIV/AIDS AND STI
PREVENTION AND COUNSELLING
(a) INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND MONTH
CONSULTATION CAMPAIGNS
INCLUDING REGULAR DISTRIBUTION
OF CONDOMS TO THE WORKFORCE
(b) PROVIDE, MAINTAIN AND OPERATE MONTH
STI AND HIV/AIDS CLINIC OR MAKE
ALTERNATIVE ARRANGEMENTS WITH
EXISTING LOCAL CLINIC

The tendered rates per month for SUBITEMS 18.01(a)


and (b) represent full compensation for these parts of

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