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B2+ Name:

Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

LISTENING
Task 1 Task 2
You are going to listen to a woman, Nancy, talking about You are going to listen to three extracts on different topics.
her work as a travel blogger. Complete the sentences with For questions 10–15, choose the answer (A, B or C) which
a word or short phrase. fits best according to what you hear.

Extract 1
Before going to university, Nancy had a (1)
which allowed her to go travelling. A problem for many You hear a girl and her grandfather discussing educational
aspiring travel bloggers is they don’t think about who experiences.
their (2) is going to be. 10 The grandfather suggests that his granddaughter’s learning
experience is
Many people read travel blogs in order to forget about
A a waste of her time.
the (3) in their day-to-day lives.
B more enjoyable than his.
Travel bloggers have to communicate their C tougher than his.
(4)  in a way that is easy to read. 11 Why does the girl think that using digital devices at school
can be useful?
Nancy earns a small income as a (5) for
A It’s more fun than traditional teaching methods.
other people’s websites.
B They can be used for playing games on.
Nancy is provided with sponsorship in exchange for C It’s good preparation for a modern career.
making sure that certain (6) are mentioned
Extract 2
or shown in her blog.
You hear a girl and a boy discussing a concept known as
One of the most difficult parts of Nancy’s job is feeling
‘smart cities’.
(7) when she is away from her family.
12 What do the boy and girl agree on regarding the problems
Nancy thinks it is hard to appeal to readers if you are not related to population growth?
(8) about travelling in your blog. A They are unavoidable.
B They are a cause for concern.
Nancy says that travel writers need to be (9) C They are the result of exploitation.
in order to deal with the different tasks they have to do.
13 The boy points out that new technologies can
A be used to solve various problems at once.
9 B only be used to identify problems in cities.
C have a negative impact on sustainability.

Extract 3

You hear a man and woman talking about what type of holiday
they would like to have.
14 How does the man feel about the holidays?
A He doesn’t appreciate going on cultural tours.
B He prefers going on weekend breaks.
C He would like to do something different.
15 The woman is concerned that if they go on a camping holiday.
A they won’t have enough camping equipment.
B they will have to be more organised than usual.
C it won’t be as much fun as a package holiday.

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B2+ Name:
Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

USE OF ENGLISH
Task 1
Read the text and complete the gaps with one word only.

The Ice Bucket Challenge on social media a few years ago is reported (16) have raised over £100 million for
a worthy charity and was also great fun for all the participants. The unlikely sight and experience of being doused
in freezing cold water is (17) has spawned a series of further challenges, with each new idea far
(18)  creative than the previous one. One amazing idea was the so-called Mannequin Challenge, which
went viral the year after the Ice Bucket Challenge (19) proved so successful. It’s not certain, but it may
(20)  started in a High School in Jacksonville, USA. The challenge involves groups of people finding a
location and standing in an elaborate pose. The participants stand completely still, like mannequins, and hold the positions
long (21) for a person to move among them, videoing the picture, the result of (22) we can
see online. Some of these videos are simply amazing! Check them out.

Task 2
Use the word given in capitals at the end of some lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line.

When a five- year old girl was asked. ‘What lives in the oceans?’ her (23) was RESPOND

‘plastics.’ Although it saddened her father, it proved to be an (24) for him and he INSPIRE

invested in a business that found a use for discarded, single- use plastics. (25) , he EXPECT

also found he was also helping the environment in another way. He came up with the idea after

visiting India and seeing how old plastics were used to fill in potholes in the roads before

resurfacing. He developed a technique that uses discarded plastics as an (26) ALTERNATE

to bitumen, which is usually used to form road surfaces, the production of which uses

(27) fossil fuels. This new type of road-surfacing material recycles over twenty RENEW

different types of plastics from local waste and is (28) because the result is not only VALUE

a cheaper road surface, but one which is also better quality than what is (29) on CURRENT

our roads. So far there are twenty ‘plastic’ roads in the UK and it is hoped that this number will

increase if councils decide to (30) traditional types of road surfacing. CONTINUE

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B2+ Name:
Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

READING
Task 1
You are going to read an article in which four experts discuss the importance of training for a career in the arts. For
questions 31–40, choose from the experts A–D. The experts may be chosen more than once.
Which expert(s):
31 warn about the hardships of a particular career?
32 mention training courses that do not require physical attendance?
33 discuss an art form that has not always been admired?
34 suggest that the success of others gives them a goal?
35 emphasise a need for repetition to achieve perfection?
36 point out how a type of training can include actively helping to promote a career?
37 cite a possible influence on the development of modern training techniques?
38 point out a public misconception regarding an art form?
39 praise training that prepares students for two possible career paths?
40 describe how gender issues used to be significant for people choosing a particular career?

10

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B2+ Name:
Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

You’d like to be a … what?


Four experts comment on the importance of training for a career in the arts.
A C
So, you’re a budding author and wondering just how There was a time when if a child showed an interest in
to write a best seller. You’ve seen the bookstores with dance, the main option was steady progress and ending up,
paperbacks which are stamped with declarations such as if they were very lucky and talented, with a dance company
‘Number-One Bestseller’ and you know you could write that produced classical ballets such as Swan Lake or Giselle.
something just as good! How do you go about it? There’s If you were a young girl at that time and your parents were
a school of thought that believes that a writer is born and tall, you were dissuaded from pursuing a ballet career
not made. A writer doesn’t need any form of training, but because you would potentially grow too tall to become a
simply inspiration. And it’s true that a large number of classic ballerina. Female dancers who were taller than their
bestsellers have been written by people without any formal male counterparts when they were dancing on the tips of
training. However, more and more frequently, creative their toes were unwanted. However, times have changed
writing courses are springing up, both residential and and with the emergence and popularity of a whole variety
online, and the trainers insist that although it isn’t possible of modern dance genres, this is certainly no longer the case.
to train writers with no talent, what they can do is pass on Latin styles of dancing and ballroom are just two relatively
techniques and skills that will improve a talented writer’s new forms of dance that have become popularised by TV
chances. Great writers in the past may not have had the shows. For all dancers, some form of formal training is
benefit of these courses, but, for them the writing came useful in that it develops strength and technique. But most
quite naturally – indeed it is perhaps the work and skills of importantly, whatever type of dance you are interested in
these writers that have informed the training techniques of requires practice, practice and more practice. It is said that
modern-day tutors. the top dancers are as fit, if not fitter than athletes, and
there’s a reason for that.
B
Becoming a successful actor is certainly not an easy D
task, and yet it is one that many young people aim for. It’s usually automatically assumed that artists learn their
Perhaps they have performed in a school play and loved craft by attending formal training courses where they learn
the experience. Perhaps they’ve been told that they have different techniques as well as more practical things relating
natural talent. Whatever the reason, those who focus on to how to mix paints, prepare canvases and so on. However,
acting as a career should be aware that the route to success most people would not think that graffiti artists do the same.
is a hard and potentially long one, and even for those Once again, it is assumed that this type of artist learns how to
actors who reach the top, rarely is it a secure way to earn a use spray paint from fellow artists who use public buildings
living. Having said that, there are paths to follow that can as their canvases, most often illegally. Although many such
ensure that a prospective actor acquires the right skills and artists do in fact learn the essentials from each other, there
exposure to be given suitable roles. Drama schools offer are courses in graffiti art which those who seriously want
excellent training in everything a future actor will need to develop a skill in this form of painting can attend. The
and this doesn’t only focus on the techniques that a stage question then arises as to what type of career is it possible
performance requires, but takes into consideration the to have doing something which is most often perceived as a
different skills required for becoming a theatre performer or crime. It might come as a surprise to many people to learn
an actor who goes into the TV or film industry. Attending that it has now become a respected profession. Artists are
one of these schools gives actors discipline and through sometimes employed by councils to cover inappropriate
regular performances, showcases their talents to producers graffiti with work of a higher standard. And advertising
and agents, which is invaluable when entering such a companies are using commissioned graffiti art in campaigns
competitive profession. aimed at young people.

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B2+ Name:
Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

Task 2
Read the article and choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
41 The writer starts the article with a question to
A make readers aware of their own inadequacies.
B introduce readers to a particular problem.
C focus readers on the nature of recognition.
D find out readers’ differing abilities.
42 In the second paragraph the writer makes the point that
A everyone has the ability to recognise someone they’ve seen before.
B some people are easier to recognise than others.
C we need to see people more than once to be able to recognise them.
D the ability to recognise differs from one person to the next.
43 What does the writer say is true about our ability to recognise people?
A It is the same for men and women.
B It is stressful to try to recognise unfamiliar people.
C It is affected by the gender of the person we are recognising.
D It is made easier if the subject is outgoing and sociable.
44 The writer gives the example of ‘twins’ to
A support the theory of inherited abilities.
B show how difficult they are to distinguish between.
C illustrate the condition of face blindness.
D show how they communicate recognition.
45 The writer uses the word ‘reassuring’ in paragraph six because super-recognisers
A can make our lives safer.
B are human and not machines.
C can teach police officers important skills.
D reduce our dependence on technology.

10

Total: 50

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B2+ Name:
Class:
2ND EDITION Pre-Advanced

END OF YEAR TEST A

Never forget a face? You might be a ‘super recogniser’


How good are your face recognition skills? Like most exposure to. For example, one super recogniser spotted
people, you probably take your ability to recognise family a pre-school friend who he hadn’t seen for twenty-five
and friends for granted. But it’s really not that simple. Your years – a face that had substantially changed since early
recognition skills are supported by a complex network childhood. Other super recognisers register faces they have
of brain regions that rapidly develop during infancy and only glimpsed before. While this can be useful in some
childhood, finally peaking at the age of thirty. You might circumstances, it can lead to embarrassing situations when
also be surprised to know that this peak is by no means the other person doesn’t know the super recogniser. Some
identical in all people. have even found themselves accused of stalking.

A broad spectrum of face recognition exists. At the bottom My research has investigated the causes of super-
extreme are those who cannot recognise faces (a condition recognition, and found it to be a highly specific skill. Many
known as ‘prosopagnosia’ or ‘face blindness’), which affects super recognisers are excellent only at recalling faces – and
two percent of people, whereas there are some at the top not other types of object, or scenes. They do not have an
end who have an extraordinary ability to recognise faces – unusually high IQ or superior vision. I’ve also found that
even those they have had little exposure to. Most people fall super recognisers spend more time focusing on the nose
between these two extremes, yet still vary substantially in than typical people, who tend to look more at someone’s
their face recognition ability. This is an innate ability and eyes. Central fixations on the nose may extract more
one that we cannot acquire. information relevant to facial identity, whereas the eyes
provide distracting information about a person’s emotions
So what causes this variation? Some studies have found that
and intentions.
women are slightly better at face recognition than men.
What’s really interesting about this finding is that both I have also been working with a police force to investigate
men and women are equally as good at the recognition of more practical uses of super recognisers. We have
male faces, yet women are better than men at recognising developed screening tests that can identify officers
female faces. Personality also has an impact. More empathic who may be particularly good at face recognition tasks.
people are better at face recognition – a trait that has also This may involve the matching of faces that have been
been linked to gender, being traditionally seen as more captured on CCTV, or spotting missing or wanted faces in
‘feminine’. Extroverted or gregarious people also have a crowd. Super recognisers can even outperform current
better face recognition skills, as do those with lower levels face recognition technology. This finding is somewhat
of anxiety. reassuring, as it indicates that human face recognition is
a highly specialised and complex skill – one that’s very
While gender and personality have small influences on
unlikely to be replaced by robots in the near future. Indeed,
face recognition skills, there is stronger evidence to suggest
the opposite may be true: human super recognisers could
that the ability is largely pre-dictated by genetics. Face
help unlock the mysteries of the brain and help computer
recognition ability is more similar in pairs of identical than
technology further develop.
non-identical twins, and face blindness is known to run in
families. People with extraordinarily good recognition do
not report any unusual circumstances during development,
and are more likely to simply be predisposed to it.
Sometimes referred to as ‘super recognisers’, these people
report incredible instances where they clock someone
they haven’t seen for many years, or have had little prior

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